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									Section 14

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
This section presents data on gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), national and personal income, saving and investment, money income, poverty, and national and personal wealth. The data on income and expenditures measure two aspects of the U.S. economy. One aspect relates to the national income and product accounts (NIPAs), a summation reflecting the entire complex of the Nation’s economic income and output and the interaction of its major components; the other relates to the distribution of money income to families and individuals or consumer income. The primary source for data on GDP GNP , , national and personal income, gross saving and investment, and fixed reproducible tangible wealth is the Survey of Current Business, published monthly by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). A comprehensive revision to the NIPAs was completed in January 1996. Discussions of the revision appeared in the July, September, and October 1995 the January/February 1996, and the May 1997 issues of the Survey of Current Business. Summary historical estimates appeared in the August 1997 issue of the Survey of Current Business. Detailed historical data appear in the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94. Sources of income distribution data are the decennial censuses of population and the Current Population Survey (CPS), both products of the U.S. Census Bureau (see text, Section 1). Annual data on income of families, individuals, and households are presented in Current Population Reports, Consumer Income, P60 series. Data on individuals’ saving and assets are published by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in the quarterly Flow of Funds Accounts; and detailed information on personal wealth is published periodically by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in SOI Bulletin. National income and product—Gross domestic product is the total output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States, valued at market prices. GDP can be viewed in terms of the expenditure categories that comprise its major components—purchases of goods and services by consumers and government, gross private domestic investment, and net exports of goods and services. The goods and services included are largely those bought for final use (excluding illegal transactions) in the market economy. A number of inclusions, however, represent imputed values, the most important of which is rental value of owner-occupied housing. GDP in this broad , context, measures the output attributable to the factors of production located in the United States. Gross state product (GSP) is the gross market value of the goods and services attributable to labor and property located in a state. It is the state counterpart of the Nation’s gross domestic product. As part of the comprehensive revision released in January 1996, BEA replaced its fixed-weighted (1987 dollars) index as the featured measure of real GDP with an index based on chain-type annual weights. Changes in the new featured measures of real output and prices are calculated as the average of changes based on weights for the current and preceding years. (Components of real output are weighted by price, and components of prices are weighted by output.) These annual changes are “chained” (multiplied) together to form a time series that allows for the effects of changes in relative prices and

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changes in the composition of output over time. Quarterly and monthly changes are also based on annual weights. The new output indexes are expressed as 1992=100, and for recent years, in 1992 dollars; the new price indexes are based to 1992=100. Chained (1992) dollar estimates of most components of GDP are not published for periods prior to 1982, because during periods far from the base period, the levels of the components may provide misleading information about their contributions to an aggregate. Values are published in index form (1992=100) for 1929 to the present to allow users to calculate the percent changes for all components, changes which are accurate for all periods. In addition, the Bureau of Economic Analysis publishes estimates of the contribution of major components to the percent change in GDP for all periods. Gross national product measures the output attributable to all labor and property supplied by United States residents. GNP differs from “national income” mainly in that GNP includes allowances for depreciation and for indirect business taxes (sales and property taxes); see Table 727. In December 1991, the Bureau of Economic Analysis began featuring gross domestic product rather than gross national product as the primary measure of U.S. production. GDP is now the standard measure of growth because it is the appropriate measure for much of the short-term monitoring and analysis of the economy. In addition, the use of GDP facilitates comparisons of economic activity in the United States with that in other countries. National income is the aggregate of labor and property earnings which arises in the current production of goods and services. It is the sum of employee compensation, proprietors’ income, rental income of persons, corporate profits, and net interest. It measures the total factor costs of the goods and services produced by the economy. Income is measured before deduction of taxes. 456 Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

Capital consumption adjustment for corporations and for nonfarm sole proprietorships and partnerships is the difference between capital consumption based on income tax returns and capital consumption measured using empirical evidence on prices of used equipment and structures in resale markets, which have shown that depreciation for most types of assets approximates a geometric pattern. The tax return data are valued at historical costs and reflect changes over time in service lives and depreciation patterns as permitted by tax regulations. Inventory valuation adjustment represents the difference between the book value of inventories used up in production and the cost of replacing them. Personal income is the current income received by persons from all sources minus their personal contributions for social insurance. Classified as “persons” are individuals (including owners of unincorporated firms), nonprofit institutions that primarily serve individuals, private trust funds, and private noninsured welfare funds. Personal income includes transfers (payments not resulting from current production) from government and business such as social security benefits, public assistance, etc., but excludes transfers among persons. Also included are certain nonmonetary types of income—chiefly estimated net rental value to owner-occupants of their homes and the value of services furnished without payment by financial intermediaries. Capital gains (net losses) are excluded. Disposable personal income is personal income less personal tax and nontax payments. It is the income available to persons for spending or saving. Personal tax and nontax payments are tax payments (net of refunds) by persons (except personal contributions for social insurance) that are not chargeable to business expense and certain personal payments to general government that are treated like taxes. Personal taxes include income, estate and gift, and personal property taxes and motor vehicle licenses. Nontax payments include passport fees, fines and forfeitures, and donations.

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

Consumer Expenditure Survey—The Consumer Expenditure Survey program was begun in late 1979. The principal objective of the survey is to collect current consumer expenditure data which provide a continuous flow of data on the buying habits of American consumers. The data are necessary for future revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The survey conducted by the Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics consists of two components: (1) An interview panel survey in which the expenditures of consumer units are obtained in five interviews conducted every 3 months, and (2) a diary or recordkeeping survey completed by participating households for two consecutive 1-week periods. Each component of the survey queries an independent sample of consumer units representative of the U.S. total population. Over 52 weeks of the year, 5,000 consumer units are sampled for the diary survey. Each consumer unit keeps a diary for two 1-week periods yielding approximately 10,000 diaries a year. The interview sample is selected on a rotating panel basis, targeted at 5,000 consumer units per quarter. Data are collected in 88 urban and 16 rural areas of the country that are representative of the U.S. total population. The survey includes students in student housing. Data from the two surveys are combined; integration is necessary to permit analysis of total family expenditures because neither the diary nor quarterly interview survey was designed to collect a complete account of consumer spending. Distribution of money income to families and individuals—Money income statistics are based on data collected in various field surveys of income conducted since 1936. Since 1947, the Census Bureau has collected the data on an annual basis and published them in Current Population Reports, P60 series. In each of the surveys, field representatives interview samples of the population with respect to income received during the previous year. Money income as defined by the Bureau of the

Census differs from the BEA concept of ‘’personal income.” Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Census Bureau cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits (see Section 12) such as food stamps, health benefits, and subsidized housing; that some farm families receive noncash benefits in the form of rent-free housing and goods produced and consumed on the farm; or that noncash benefits are also received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational expenses, etc. These elements should be considered when comparing income levels. For data on noncash benefits, see Section 12. None of the aggregate income concepts (GDP national income, or , personal income) is exactly comparable with money income, although personal income is the closest. In October 1983, the Census Bureau began to collect data under the new Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The information supplied by this survey is expected to provide better measures of the status and changes in income distribution and poverty of households and persons in the United States. The data collected in SIPP will be used to study Federal and state aid programs (such as food stamps, welfare, medicaid, and subsidized housing), to estimate program costs and coverage, and to assess the effects of proposed changes in program eligibility rules or benefit levels. The core questions are repeated at each interview and cover labor force activity, the types and amounts of income received, and participation status in various programs. The core also contains questions covering attendance in post-secondary schools and private health insurance Income, Expenditures, and Wealth 457

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coverage. Various supplements or topical modules covering areas such as educational attainment, assets and liabilities, and pension plan coverage are periodically included. Poverty-—Families and unrelated individuals are classified as being above or below the poverty level using the poverty index originated at the Social Security Administration in 1964 and revised by Federal Interagency Committees in 1969 and 1980. The poverty index is based solely on money income and does not reflect the fact that many low-income persons receive noncash benefits such as food stamps, medicaid, and public housing. The index is based on the Department of Agriculture’s 1961 Economy Food Plan and reflects the different consumption requirements of families based on their size and composition. The poverty thresholds are updated every year to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index. The following technical changes to the thresholds were made in 1981: (1) distinctions based on sex of householder have been eliminated; (2) separate thresholds for farm families have been dropped; and (3) the matrix has been expanded to families of nine or more persons from the old cutoff of seven or more persons. These changes have been incorporated in the calculation of poverty data beginning with 1981. In the recent past, the Census Bureau has published a number

of technical papers that presented experimental poverty estimates (see Table 770) based on income definitions that counted the value of selected government noncash benefits. The Census Bureau has also published annual reports on after-tax income (see Tables 745 and 746). The Current Population Reports, Series P60-186RD brings together the benefit and tax data that previously appeared in the separate reports. This report shows the distribution of income among households and the prevalence of poverty under the official definition of money income and under definitions that add or subtract income components. The poverty statistics presented by the Census Bureau and Congressional Budget Office reflect alternative adjustments for inflation. The study used a variation of the Consumer Price Index to adjust poverty thresholds for the effects of changing prices since 1967. The alternative measure of inflation uses estimates of the cost of renting equivalent housing to assess homeownership costs; this methodology has been used in the official Consumer Price Index since 1983. See text, Section 15, and source for more details. Statistical reliability—-For a discussion of statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures, and measures of statistical reliability pertaining to Census Bureau data, see Appendix III.

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No. 721. GDP in Current and Real (1992) Dollars: 1960 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (526.6 represents $526,600,000,000). For explanation of gross domestic product and chained dollars, see text, this section] Item CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP). . Personal consumption expenditures . . . Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . . . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change in business inventories . . . . Net exports of goods and services . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP). . Personal consumption expenditures . . . Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . . . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change in business inventories . . . . Net exports of goods and services . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,262.9 3,397.6 4,615.0 5,140.1 5,323.5 5,487.7 . 1,432.6 2,197.8 3,009.7 3,407.6 3,566.5 3,708.7 . (NA) (NA) (NA) 374.9 411.4 448.4 . (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,151.8 1,178.3 1,215.9 . (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,883.0 1,977.3 2,041.4 . 270.5 426.1 628.3 833.4 823.8 811.8 . (NA) (NA) (NA) 762.4 799.3 805.0 . (NA) (NA) (NA) 75.3 30.2 11.1 . (NA) (NA) (NA) -127.3 -147.9 -163.9 . 86.8 158.1 331.4 328.4 337.3 362.2 . 108.1 223.1 321.3 455.7 485.2 526.1 . . . . 617.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1990 CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP). . Personal consumption expenditures . . . Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . . . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change in business inventories . . . . Net exports of goods and services . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP). . Personal consumption expenditures . . . Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . . . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change in business inventories . . . . Net exports of goods and services . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, May 1999. . . . . . . . . . . . 6,136.3 4,132.2 493.3 1,316.1 2,321.3 815.0 805.8 10.4 -61.9 564.4 626.3 6,079.4 4,105.8 462.0 1,302.9 2,341.0 738.1 741.3 -3.0 -22.3 599.9 622.2 6,244.4 4,219.8 488.5 1,321.8 2,409.4 790.4 783.4 7.0 -29.5 639.4 669.0 6,389.6 4,343.6 523.8 1,351.0 2,468.9 863.6 842.8 22.1 -70.2 658.2 728.4 6,610.7 4,486.0 561.2 1,389.9 2,535.5 975.7 915.5 60.6 -104.6 712.4 817.0 6,761.7 4,605.6 589.1 1,417.6 2,599.6 996.1 966.0 27.7 -96.5 792.6 889.0 6,994.8 4,752.4 626.1 1,450.9 2,676.7 1,084.1 1,050.6 30.0 -111.2 860.0 971.2 7,269.8 4,913.5 668.6 1,486.3 2,761.5 1,206.4 1,138.0 63.2 -136.1 970.0 1,106.1 7,551.9 5,153.3 737.1 1,544.1 2,879.5 1,330.1 1,267.8 57.4 -238.2 984.7 1,222.9 1,296.9 453.3 300.4 843.8 . . . . . . . . . . . 5,743.8 3,839.3 476.5 1,245.3 2,117.5 799.7 791.6 8.0 -71.3 557.3 628.6 5,916.7 3,975.1 455.2 1,277.6 2,242.3 736.2 738.5 -2.3 -20.5 601.8 622.3 6,244.4 4,219.8 488.5 1,321.8 2,409.4 790.4 783.4 7.0 -29.5 639.4 669.0 6,558.1 4,459.2 530.2 1,370.7 2,558.4 876.2 855.7 20.5 -60.7 658.6 719.3 6,947.0 4,717.0 579.5 1,428.4 2,709.1 1,007.9 946.6 61.2 -90.9 721.2 812.1 7,269.6 4,953.9 611.0 1,473.6 2,869.2 1,043.2 1,012.5 30.7 -83.9 819.4 903.3 7,661.6 5,215.7 643.3 1,539.2 3,033.2 1,131.9 1,099.8 32.1 -91.2 873.8 965.0 8,110.9 5,493.7 673.0 1,600.6 3,220.1 1,256.0 1,188.6 67.4 -93.4 965.4 1,058.8 8,511.0 5,807.9 724.7 1,662.4 3,420.8 1,367.1 1,307.8 59.3 -151.2 959.0 1,110.2 1,487.1 520.6 340.4 966.5 866.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1991 5,649.5 3,822.3 454.9 1,239.3 2,126.9 821.5 799.4 26.4 -156.2 402.0 558.2 5,865.2 3,972.7 483.5 1,274.4 2,212.4 828.2 818.3 11.7 -114.4 465.8 580.2 6,062.0 4,064.6 496.2 1,303.5 2,262.3 863.5 832.0 33.3 -82.7 520.2 603.0 1,213.9 531.5 401.6 682.6 1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526.6 1,035.6 2,784.2 3,902.4 4,180.7 4,422.2 4,692.3 5,049.6 332.2 648.1 1,760.4 2,492.3 2,704.8 2,892.7 3,094.5 3,349.7 43.3 85.0 213.5 325.1 361.1 398.7 416.7 451.0 152.9 272.0 695.5 883.6 927.6 957.2 1,014.0 1,081.1 136.0 291.1 851.4 1,283.6 1,416.1 1,536.8 1,663.8 1,817.6 78.8 150.2 465.9 715.6 715.1 722.5 747.2 773.9 75.5 148.1 473.5 648.1 688.9 712.9 722.9 763.1 3.2 2.2 -7.6 67.5 26.2 9.6 24.2 10.9 2.4 1.2 -14.9 -102.0 -114.2 -131.5 -142.1 -106.1 25.3 57.0 278.9 303.1 303.0 320.7 365.7 447.2 22.8 55.8 293.8 405.1 417.2 452.2 507.9 553.2 113.2 65.6 54.9 47.6 236.1 115.9 90.6 120.2 572.8 248.4 174.2 324.4 796.6 372.6 282.7 424.0 875.0 410.1 312.4 464.9 938.5 435.2 332.4 503.3 992.8 1,032.0 455.7 457.3 350.4 354.0 537.2 574.7 5,438.7 3,594.8 472.8 1,163.8 1,958.1 829.2 797.5 31.7 -80.4 509.3 589.7 1,095.1 477.2 360.6 617.9 1960 1970 1980 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

941.4 1,018.4 1,080.1 1,135.0 1,165.9 1,180.9 (NA) 463.7 495.6 518.4 534.4 524.6 (NA) 348.1 374.1 393.4 409.2 405.5 (NA) 555.0 584.7 616.9 631.8 656.6 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

. 1,176.1 1,225.9 1,263.8 1,283.4 1,313.0 1,356.4 1,405.2 1,454.6 . 503.6 522.6 528.0 518.3 510.2 509.1 518.4 520.2 . 373.1 383.5 375.8 360.7 349.2 344.4 351.0 346.0 . 672.6 703.4 735.8 765.0 802.8 847.3 886.8 934.4

. 1,250.4 1,258.0 1,263.8 1,252.1 1,252.3 1,254.5 1,268.2 1,285.0 . 541.9 539.4 528.0 505.7 486.6 470.6 465.6 458.0 . 401.5 397.5 375.8 354.4 336.9 323.5 319.1 308.9 . 708.6 718.7 735.8 746.4 765.7 783.9 802.7 827.1

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459

No. 722. Gross Domestic Product in Current and Real (1992) Dollars, by Industry: 1990 to 1997
[In billions of dollars (5,743.8 represents $5,743,800,000,000). Data are based on the 1987 SIC. Data include nonfactor charges (capital consumption allowances, indirect business taxes, etc.) as well as factor charges against gross product; corporate profits and capital consumption allowances have been shifted from a company to an establishment basis] Industry Current dollars 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 1996 1997 Chained (1992) dollars 1990 1995 1996 1997 7,269.8 6,395.3 127.6 90.3 38.0 109.9 274.4 1,369.9 838.6 33.1 19.7 29.3 48.0 93.0 215.2 261.2 77.8 44.1 36.3 23.1 537.6 106.7 21.3 25.7 28.2 48.9 76.7 141.2 32.4 53.7 4.3 644.3 241.5 28.2 11.3 87.3 11.0 72.6 6.8 25.1 196.4 160.6 37.3 206.3 532.0 713.5 1,286.0 191.9 39.3 120.5 93.5 43.1 814.8 1,398.6 56.8 44.1 323.1 64.4 26.6 56.2 379.0 87.0 50.4 46.3 201.3 884.0 286.9 597.4

Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,743.8 7,269.6 7,661.6 8,110.9 6,136.3 6,761.7 6,994.8 Private industries . . . . . . . . . . . . Agriculture, forestry, and fishing . Farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural services . . . . . . . Mining 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,951.4 6,306.9 6,667.9 7,083.3 5,246.0 5,896.5 6,119.9 . 108.7 109.5 130.4 131.7 99.3 106.2 114.2 . 79.5 72.3 91.6 90.2 70.7 72.0 78.6 . 29.1 37.2 38.8 41.5 28.6 34.7 36.2 . 112.3 98.7 113.8 120.5 96.9 107.4 103.0 . 245.2 286.4 311.9 328.8 247.5 254.2 268.5 . 1,031.4 1,282.2 1,309.1 1,378.9 1,090.0 1,271.6 1,293.8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572.8 31.8 15.4 24.8 42.6 69.4 114.8 94.9 46.1 60.5 52.2 20.2 458.6 94.2 16.4 21.7 25.2 45.3 73.9 110.3 33.0 34.0 4.6 482.1 176.4 19.6 9.0 75.8 9.7 39.4 5.0 17.8 716.8 40.9 19.4 30.2 51.7 87.6 141.5 136.7 85.2 46.1 49.1 23.3 570.5 123.2 17.3 24.5 27.4 58.9 84.7 156.1 28.3 44.9 5.2 616.4 226.1 22.9 12.2 98.0 10.9 53.9 4.9 23.2 737.3 39.1 20.5 31.3 51.5 93.1 148.8 141.6 82.4 49.0 55.5 24.6 571.8 116.0 17.0 24.7 26.7 56.6 92.4 155.8 29.6 48.6 4.4 649.3 237.0 23.4 13.0 92.9 11.7 65.2 5.2 25.5 784.0 42.8 22.1 33.7 53.2 99.3 158.9 157.3 85.4 50.7 55.9 24.8 594.9 118.5 18.4 25.5 28.4 55.0 98.4 158.8 35.2 52.0 4.8 676.3 255.5 24.1 13.8 97.9 12.8 74.4 5.6 26.8 600.4 37.0 15.8 25.5 39.0 72.6 113.2 92.5 56.8 69.1 58.7 22.2 489.4 103.2 24.9 22.6 26.5 44.1 84.5 117.3 28.4 34.4 4.8 491.7 176.7 18.7 10.3 73.7 10.7 39.5 4.8 19.2 727.0 31.7 18.7 27.2 44.1 87.8 162.9 178.7 77.7 43.3 42.0 22.8 545.1 125.8 23.8 26.4 28.6 44.4 77.1 139.6 30.4 47.1 4.7 592.2 216.1 26.1 11.4 89.1 11.0 50.6 4.9 23.2 769.0 31.4 18.6 27.6 46.9 88.6 183.2 213.2 73.2 43.9 40.2 23.3 527.8 105.7 22.5 25.6 27.0 46.4 76.1 140.3 32.3 49.5 4.1 626.4 229.7 28.2 11.3 86.5 10.7 63.5 6.3 24.0

Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lumber and wood products . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products. . . . . Primary metal industries . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . Industrial machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic & other electric equipment . Motor vehicles and equipment . . . . . Other transportation equipment . . . . . Instruments and related products . . . Misc. manufacturing industries . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . . . . . . Tobacco manufactures . . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel and other textile products . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . Rubber and misc. plastic products . . . Leather and leather products . . . . . . Transportation and public utilities . . . . . . . Transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Railroad transportation . . . . . . . . . . Local & interurban passenger transit . Trucking and warehousing . . . . . . . . Water transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation by air . . . . . . . . . . . . Pipelines, except natural gas . . . . . . Transportation services . . . . . . . . . .

Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone and telegraph . . . . . . . . . . . . Radio and television broadcasting . . . . . . Electric, gas, and sanitary services . . . . . . . Wholesale trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance, insurance, and real estate 2 . . . . . . . Depository institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondepository institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security and commodity brokers. . . . . . . . . Insurance carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance agents, brokers & services . . . . . Real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels and other lodging places . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Business services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auto repair, services, and garages . . . . . . . Motion pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amusement and recreation services . . . . . . Health services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Social services & membership organizations. Other services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 146.6 193.3 207.5 211.6 149.2 180.7 191.5 . 119.1 145.2 157.0 158.6 120.6 138.6 152.4 . 27.6 48.1 50.4 53.1 28.6 41.8 39.5 . 159.1 197.0 204.9 209.2 168.4 195.5 205.3 . 367.2 491.4 519.8 562.8 360.5 455.8 486.6 . 503.5 641.0 673.0 712.9 546.4 626.4 665.9 . 1,024.1 1,362.3 1,448.6 1,570.3 1,109.0 1,206.2 1,246.0 . 169.2 229.1 240.6 266.4 214.9 193.4 192.0 . 21.5 39.7 44.3 56.3 25.6 32.6 35.4 . 39.7 73.4 96.5 106.6 41.2 78.4 104.1 . 69.3 118.5 122.0 146.0 70.2 91.2 87.6 . 37.1 46.7 48.0 50.7 40.8 42.1 41.7 . 671.9 843.8 892.2 935.0 706.8 776.6 799.5 . 1,059.4 1,445.4 1,544.2 1,656.8 1,181.7 1,305.3 1,349.1 . 46.1 61.3 65.6 69.0 49.2 56.2 57.5 . 38.2 47.4 47.8 51.5 41.7 43.2 42.4 . 199.0 284.9 322.1 364.7 216.5 271.3 295.7 . 48.9 63.6 68.3 73.3 54.0 56.5 60.2 . 20.4 26.3 28.4 30.5 22.1 24.4 25.2 . 39.1 56.6 61.3 66.7 42.8 50.5 52.7 . 307.9 0.0 445.5 460.1 356.9 373.3 377.3 . 80.7 96.6 100.7 106.6 91.5 85.7 86.0 . 39.8 55.3 58.1 61.5 44.3 49.0 49.4 . 29.6 46.4 49.0 52.2 32.5 43.4 44.6 . 147.8 198.8 214.6 234.6 160.4 183.7 192.8 . 792.5 962.7 993.7 1,027.6 867.0 876.5 877.8 . 293.5 327.7 334.8 338.1 327.7 296.8 290.2 . 499.0 635.0 658.9 689.6 539.4 579.7 587.6
2

1 For additional natural resource industries, see Table 1147. Table 794.

For additional finance, insurance, and real estate data, see

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, November 1998.

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No. 723. Gross Domestic Product in Current and Real (1992) Dollars, by Type of Product and Sector: 1990 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (5,743.8 represents $5,743,800,000,000). For explanation of chained dollars, see text, this section] Item CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product . . . . . . PRODUCT Goods . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . Nondurable goods. Services . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,203.8 938.2 1,265.7 3,016.9 523.1 4,796.9 4,717.3 79.6 237.9 709.0 252.7 456.3 6,136.3 2,304.8 966.5 1,337.9 3,295.4 533.3 5,097.0 5,026.5 70.8 264.1 774.7 280.3 494.5 2,321.0 955.0 1,366.0 3,411.1 512.3 5,184.4 5,103.8 80.6 279.1 781.0 274.4 506.6 6,244.4 2,321.0 955.0 1,366.0 3,411.1 512.3 5,184.4 5,103.8 80.6 279.1 781.0 274.4 506.6 2,422.1 1,028.8 1,393.3 3,589.5 546.5 5,453.1 5,380.1 73.0 296.5 808.5 276.9 531.6 6,389.6 2,391.5 1,023.1 1,368.5 3,469.5 528.7 5,317.2 5,246.2 71.0 290.1 782.3 267.7 514.5 2,581.4 1,106.1 1,475.3 3,772.3 593.2 5,801.6 5,718.1 83.5 312.7 832.7 275.2 557.5 6,610.7 2,514.2 1,089.7 1,424.9 3,542.9 554.9 5,530.6 5,446.0 85.0 297.9 782.6 258.4 524.2 2,675.6 1,175.7 1,499.9 3,974.9 619.1 6,080.6 6,008.3 72.3 331.4 857.6 275.4 582.2 6,761.7 2,591.0 1,167.0 1,425.8 3,615.7 557.3 5,677.4 5,604.9 72.0 304.8 780.2 248.2 532.1 2,812.4 1,249.5 1,562.9 4,179.5 669.7 6,432.9 6,341.3 91.6 345.0 883.6 279.2 604.4 6,994.8 2,708.8 1,247.7 1,464.2 3,701.7 588.5 5,903.5 5,824.3 78.6 311.8 781.2 240.7 540.8 2,978.5 1,343.8 1,634.8 4,414.1 718.3 6,836.5 6,746.3 90.2 361.4 912.9 281.3 631.7 7,269.8 2,867.9 1,364.8 1,509.6 3,798.7 612.5 6,164.9 6,074.3 90.3 321.5 786.2 235.4 551.3 3,104.0 1,416.2 1,687.8 4,641.0 765.9 7,189.7 7,105.4 84.3 380.6 940.7 281.9 658.8 7,551.9 3,011.6 1,476.1 1,546.9 3,916.5 637.1 6,433.8 6,340.6 92.4 328.8 793.6 231.9 562.5 5,743.8 6,244.4 6,558.1 6,947.0 7,269.6 7,661.6 8,110.9 8,511.0 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

SECTOR Business . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfarm . . . . . . . . . . . Farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . Households and institutions General government . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . .

CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product . . . . . . PRODUCT Goods . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . Nondurable goods. Services . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SECTOR Business . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfarm . . . . . . . . . . . Farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . Households and institutions General government . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, May 1999.

No. 724. GDP Components in Current Dollars—Annual Percent Change: 1989 to 1998
[Change from previous year; for 1989, change from 1988. For explanation of chained dollars, see text, this section. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease] Item Gross domestic product (GDP) . Personal consumption expenditures. Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1989 7.7 7.3 4.8 7.7 7.7 7.1 4.5 6.7 6.1 7.0 -0.5 13.9 14.1 13.4 6.6 7.2 4.1 6.1 4.4 1.9 12.9 7.5 1990 5.6 6.8 0.8 7.0 8.1 -3.6 -0.7 1.7 4.4 0.3 -6.7 9.4 7.2 15.3 6.6 4.9 14.6 7.4 5.5 3.5 11.8 8.9 1991 3.0 3.5 -4.5 2.6 5.9 -7.9 -6.7 -5.0 -9.5 -2.5 -11.4 8.0 7.0 10.5 -1.0 -1.4 0.8 4.2 3.8 2.8 6.6 4.6 1992 5.5 6.2 7.3 3.5 7.5 7.4 6.1 1.9 -6.9 6.3 18.0 6.3 5.2 8.7 7.5 8.8 2.1 3.1 1.0 -2.0 9.5 4.6 1993 5.0 5.7 8.5 3.7 6.2 10.8 9.2 8.3 4.2 10.0 11.5 3.0 2.5 4.3 7.5 8.8 1.9 1.6 -1.8 -4.0 3.6 4.0 1994 5.9 5.8 9.3 4.2 5.9 15.0 10.6 9.1 4.6 11.3 13.7 9.5 10.8 6.4 12.9 14.2 6.9 2.3 -1.6 -3.2 2.1 4.9 1995 4.6 5.0 5.4 3.2 5.9 3.5 7.0 10.1 9.1 10.6 -0.4 13.6 14.6 11.3 11.2 11.9 7.7 3.3 -0.2 -1.4 2.3 5.6 1996 5.4 5.3 5.3 4.4 5.7 8.5 8.6 8.3 7.8 8.5 9.5 6.6 5.9 8.4 6.8 6.8 7.1 3.6 1.8 1.9 1.7 4.7 1997 5.9 5.3 4.6 4.0 6.2 11.0 8.1 9.2 10.7 8.7 5.2 10.5 11.3 8.4 9.7 9.8 9.3 3.5 0.3 -1.4 4.1 5.4 1998 4.9 5.7 7.7 3.9 6.2 8.8 10.0 9.0 2.8 11.4 12.7 -0.7 -1.1 0.4 4.9 5.0 4.3 2.2 0.1 -1.6 3.4 3.4

Gross private domestic investment . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producers’ durable equipment Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports of goods and services Exports of goods . . . . . . . Exports of services . . . . . . Imports of goods and services Imports of goods. . . . . . . . Imports of services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Govt. consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . Nondefense . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, August 1997 and May 1998.

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461

No. 725. Gross State Product in Current and Real (1992) Dollars: 1990 to 1996
[In billions of dollars (5,659.8 represents $5,659,800,000,000). For definition of gross state product or chained dollars, see text, this section] State United States Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Current dollars 1990 ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,659.8 71.1 25.4 68.5 37.9 792.7 74.4 98.5 21.0 40.7 255.2 140.5 32.4 17.5 273.4 109.6 55.0 51.3 67.7 91.1 23.2 113.7 158.9 188.0 99.5 38.7 104.1 13.3 33.2 31.3 23.7 214.1 26.7 498.3 142.5 11.4 227.1 56.9 57.0 245.8 21.5 65.4 12.9 94.2 388.9 31.1 11.6 148.1 114.1 28.0 99.2 13.5 1993 6,440.0 83.0 22.5 85.0 46.5 843.1 92.9 107.5 23.7 47.0 300.7 170.9 35.2 22.4 312.3 129.7 62.0 58.2 79.9 94.7 25.1 124.6 174.0 217.3 114.6 46.6 118.3 16.1 38.4 39.5 27.2 243.9 36.3 541.1 168.6 12.7 256.6 64.0 68.9 283.1 23.3 75.2 16.3 116.7 453.0 38.1 13.0 170.0 136.4 31.9 117.7 14.6 1994 6,868.0 89.3 21.9 95.4 50.4 876.0 100.7 112.6 24.1 48.1 321.7 186.0 35.2 24.5 336.9 141.4 68.7 61.9 86.1 103.9 26.2 132.9 186.0 240.6 124.6 50.8 129.1 16.9 42.1 44.5 29.3 255.8 40.9 565.2 182.3 13.7 276.7 66.0 74.7 296.8 23.9 80.7 17.5 127.9 484.1 42.0 13.6 178.8 144.7 34.5 125.8 14.9 1995 7,228.3 95.0 23.7 104.0 53.4 913.5 107.9 118.6 26.9 49.7 339.0 200.8 36.0 26.9 352.9 148.8 71.4 64.1 90.6 112.9 27.7 137.4 195.9 251.8 131.4 53.6 137.5 17.7 43.7 48.7 31.8 266.1 40.8 587.7 192.2 14.5 292.1 68.6 80.8 313.3 25.0 85.3 18.7 134.9 514.2 45.6 13.9 187.0 150.0 36.0 132.7 15.8 1996 7,631.0 99.2 24.2 111.5 56.4 962.7 116.2 124.0 28.3 51.2 360.5 216.0 36.3 27.9 370.8 155.8 76.3 68.0 95.4 121.1 28.9 143.2 208.6 263.3 141.6 56.4 145.1 18.5 47.2 53.7 34.1 276.4 42.7 613.3 204.2 15.7 304.4 72.8 87.0 328.5 25.6 89.5 20.3 140.8 551.8 50.4 14.6 197.8 159.6 37.2 139.2 16.8 1990 6,046.5 75.5 25.2 72.9 40.0 845.2 79.0 105.2 23.2 45.3 273.0 150.0 34.9 18.5 290.8 116.3 58.0 54.3 72.3 93.7 24.8 122.3 169.9 202.1 105.1 40.8 111.3 13.9 34.9 33.1 25.2 227.7 27.9 535.6 154.5 11.9 241.6 59.5 60.8 261.9 23.1 69.5 13.7 100.5 404.1 32.9 12.3 160.6 122.2 29.3 105.0 13.4

Chained (1992) dollars 1993 6,274.5 80.9 22.1 82.8 45.3 819.1 90.8 103.9 26.0 46.8 291.6 166.4 36.3 21.8 306.8 126.5 60.4 56.7 78.2 92.3 24.4 121.4 168.9 211.2 110.9 45.2 115.5 15.7 37.4 38.6 26.4 236.4 35.6 527.6 165.2 12.4 250.2 62.3 66.5 273.6 22.6 73.6 15.9 113.4 438.9 37.1 12.6 167.1 132.1 31.5 115.1 14.6 1994 6,535.6 85.5 21.5 91.2 48.2 835.5 96.8 107.0 26.2 46.6 305.7 178.2 35.6 23.5 325.6 135.1 66.0 59.4 83.4 100.7 24.9 126.5 177.3 228.9 118.4 48.4 123.4 16.2 40.4 42.3 28.0 242.8 39.8 543.7 177.9 13.2 264.7 63.6 70.6 281.6 22.8 77.7 16.8 121.9 465.5 40.2 13.0 173.4 137.2 33.5 120.8 15.1

1

1995 6,707.6 88.4 22.7 97.3 49.9 855.1 101.6 110.2 27.1 46.7 314.3 187.4 34.9 25.5 333.8 139.6 67.5 60.3 86.4 107.5 25.4 127.6 183.0 234.9 122.0 50.2 128.5 16.6 41.3 44.8 30.0 246.9 39.6 549.6 183.9 13.7 273.6 65.0 75.0 290.6 23.3 80.1 17.5 125.8 486.1 42.4 13.0 177.0 138.7 34.3 124.6 15.7

1996 6,923.8 90.7 21.4 102.6 51.5 880.1 106.8 113.0 28.9 47.8 326.1 197.1 34.9 25.9 345.5 144.1 70.3 62.0 89.3 109.6 26.0 130.2 191.0 241.0 128.7 51.7 132.8 16.9 43.2 48.3 31.7 251.1 40.4 563.3 190.9 14.3 280.7 66.7 79.4 298.7 23.3 82.7 18.4 128.7 502.9 45.9 13.5 183.2 143.8 35.0 128.7 15.8

. . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

For chained (1992) dollar estimates, states will not add to U.S. total.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 1998.

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U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 726. Gross State Product in Chained (1992) Dollars, by Industry: 1996
[In billions of dollars (6,923.8 represents $6,923,800,000,000). For definition of gross state product or chained dollars, see text, this section. Industries based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification] Farms, forestry, fisheries 2 111.7 1.8 0.3 1.7 2.5 18.1 1.8 0.8 0.3 0.0 5.8 3.3 0.4 1.5 4.4 2.4 4.9 2.6 2.1 1.3 0.5 1.2 1.1 2.2 3.6 1.5 2.3 0.8 3.7 0.4 0.2 1.4 0.7 2.5 4.1 1.4 2.9 1.3 2.3 2.9 0.2 1.1 1.7 1.4 6.4 0.5 0.3 1.7 4.0 0.2 2.6 0.3 Transportation, public utilities 611.7 8.8 3.5 8.2 5.9 62.8 12.1 7.2 1.4 2.6 30.4 22.7 3.5 2.4 32.3 11.9 5.8 7.1 7.6 10.2 2.0 10.6 12.4 16.5 10.3 5.7 14.1 2.3 4.9 3.9 2.5 25.6 3.2 46.3 15.2 1.7 22.3 6.9 6.3 27.5 1.7 6.7 1.5 10.3 55.4 4.2 1.2 16.1 12.0 4.8 9.2 2.5 Finance, insurance, Retail real trade estate Services 648.5 9.5 1.5 11.4 5.6 83.0 10.9 8.9 1.6 1.3 39.2 18.8 4.1 2.7 29.0 13.8 6.1 6.4 8.2 9.2 3.1 12.2 15.9 22.7 11.9 5.5 12.8 1.8 3.8 4.9 3.0 19.6 3.7 40.8 17.7 1.4 27.2 7.1 7.4 27.5 2.2 8.9 1.7 14.9 46.6 5.0 1.4 15.7 15.0 3.2 11.7 1.1 1,255.9 10.6 2.3 18.3 5.5 189.7 17.7 30.3 13.0 8.7 67.8 29.9 9.3 3.0 65.3 17.4 9.3 7.4 9.1 13.4 4.6 26.5 43.9 36.0 21.2 5.4 18.8 2.2 5.9 8.6 6.5 55.8 5.1 167.2 25.2 1.7 40.3 7.7 12.1 51.8 5.0 10.3 3.4 16.4 66.6 7.1 2.3 31.2 25.0 3.6 19.7 1.6 1,342.9 13.9 2.5 19.6 7.2 194.8 22.1 23.6 3.5 14.6 73.4 34.0 7.0 4.0 67.2 20.7 10.1 9.9 12.4 16.5 4.7 29.1 47.2 42.5 24.0 7.8 24.1 3.1 7.0 15.1 5.8 52.8 6.6 122.6 27.4 2.4 46.9 11.0 13.9 60.5 5.1 11.7 2.7 24.0 86.7 8.6 2.6 34.7 28.8 5.3 20.0 1.4

State Total United States Alabama . Alaska. . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 1

ConstrucManution facturing 264.3 3.6 0.8 5.6 1.9 27.3 5.4 3.5 0.8 0.4 14.7 7.2 1.5 1.4 13.4 6.2 2.7 2.5 3.2 4.4 1.1 6.2 5.7 8.7 5.3 1.9 5.8 0.8 1.8 3.9 1.0 8.4 1.7 15.2 7.4 0.7 10.1 2.0 4.1 10.8 0.8 3.6 0.6 4.8 20.8 2.5 0.5 7.5 6.6 1.5 5.2 0.5 1,323.7 21.0 1.1 16.8 13.2 138.7 14.4 20.8 5.6 1.1 28.8 37.9 1.0 5.8 71.9 48.3 18.4 11.8 26.6 21.9 4.9 12.0 33.5 68.6 26.7 12.8 29.6 1.3 6.6 2.5 8.1 36.8 8.2 71.7 56.8 1.2 80.7 12.7 17.4 66.7 4.3 23.4 3.1 31.1 90.8 6.8 2.7 30.3 19.4 6.2 38.3 0.9

Wholesale trade 493.3 6.0 0.7 6.7 3.3 62.9 7.0 7.9 1.1 0.6 25.2 18.1 1.4 1.6 27.2 9.0 5.0 5.1 5.3 6.2 1.6 8.6 14.2 18.0 11.2 3.0 10.2 1.1 3.3 2.4 2.0 24.0 1.7 36.0 12.5 1.3 20.6 4.2 6.6 18.4 1.4 4.9 1.2 9.9 38.4 3.0 0.9 10.6 11.3 1.9 8.4 0.5

Government 3 839.6 14.0 4.3 13.0 6.0 99.6 13.8 9.9 2.4 18.6 40.1 24.4 7.0 3.3 33.4 13.7 7.8 8.6 11.7 11.8 3.5 23.6 17.3 24.6 13.8 7.6 14.7 2.7 6.0 4.8 2.8 26.6 6.8 60.9 24.1 2.1 28.6 10.6 9.3 31.0 2.8 11.9 2.2 15.4 57.9 6.7 1.6 34.3 21.5 4.6 13.5 2.0

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,923.8 90.7 21.4 102.6 51.5 880.1 106.8 113.0 28.9 47.8 326.1 197.1 34.9 25.9 345.5 144.1 70.3 62.0 89.3 109.6 26.0 130.2 191.0 241.0 128.7 51.7 132.8 16.9 43.2 48.3 31.7 251.1 40.4 563.3 190.9 14.3 280.7 66.7 79.4 298.7 23.3 82.7 18.4 128.7 502.9 45.9 13.5 183.2 143.8 35.0 128.7 15.8

. . . . .

Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida. . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . . Hawaii. Idaho . Illinois . Indiana Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana . Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts Michigan . . . . Minnesota . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri. . . . .

Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . South Carolina South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes mining not shown separately. 2 Includes agricultural services. 3 Includes Federal civilian and military and state and local government. 4 States will not add to U.S. total as chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 1998.

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No. 727. Relation of GDP, GNP, Net National Product, National Income, Personal Income, Disposable Personal Income, and Personal Saving: 1990 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (5,743.8 represents $5,743,800,000,000). For definitions, see text, this section] Item Gross domestic product. . . . . . . . . . . Plus: Receipts of factor income from the rest of the world 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less: Payments of factor income to the rest of the world 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: Gross national product. . . . . . Less: Consumption of fixed capital . . . . . Equals: Net national product 3 . . . . . . Less: Indirect business tax and nontax liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plus: Subsidies 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: National income 3 . . . . . . . . . Less: Corporate profits 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . Net interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contributions for social insurance . . . . Wage accruals less disbursements . . . Plus: Personal interest income. . . . . . . . Personal dividend income . . . . . . . . . Government transfer payments to persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Business transfer payments to persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: Personal income . . . . . . . . . . Less: Personal tax and nontax payments. Equals: Disposable personal income . . Less: Personal outlays . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: Personal saving. . . . . . . . . . . 1990 5,743.8 177.5 156.4 5,764.9 651.5 5,113.4 442.6 25.3 4,652.1 397.1 467.3 518.5 0.1 704.4 142.9 666.5 21.3 4,804.2 624.8 4,179.4 3,958.1 221.3 1992 6,244.4 137.9 126.8 6,255.5 713.5 5,542.0 505.6 27.1 4,990.4 428.0 414.3 571.4 -15.8 667.2 159.4 835.7 22.5 5,277.2 650.5 4,626.7 4,341.0 285.6 1993 6,558.1 150.8 132.1 6,576.8 727.9 5,848.9 532.5 31.1 5,266.8 492.8 402.5 596.0 4.4 651.0 185.3 889.8 22.1 5,519.2 690.0 4,829.2 4,580.7 248.5 1994 6,947.0 176.5 168.3 6,955.2 777.5 6,177.7 568.5 26.6 5,590.7 570.5 412.3 630.5 13.3 668.1 171.0 930.9 23.7 5,757.9 739.1 5,018.9 4,842.1 176.8 1995 7,269.6 225.2 207.6 7,287.1 800.8 6,486.3 581.2 25.1 5,923.7 672.4 420.6 658.9 13.4 704.9 192.8 990.1 25.8 6,072.1 795.0 5,277.0 5,097.2 179.8 1996 7,661.6 235.5 223.1 7,674.0 832.0 6,842.0 606.4 22.0 6,256.0 750.4 418.6 688.0 9.3 719.4 248.2 1,041.5 26.4 6,425.2 890.5 5,534.7 5,376.2 158.5 1997 8,110.9 265.5 273.5 8,102.9 871.8 7,231.1 627.2 21.9 6,646.5 817.9 432.0 727.0 3.7 747.3 260.3 1,083.3 27.2 6,784.0 989.0 5,795.1 5,674.1 121.0 1998 8,511.0 269.2 289.6 8,490.5 908.0 7,582.5 655.3 27.1 6,994.7 824.6 449.3 767.5 4.0 764.8 263.1 1,120.8 28.2 7,126.1 1,098.3 6,027.9 6,000.2 27.7

1 Consists largely of receipts by U.S. residents of interest and dividends and reinvested earnings of foreign affiliates of U.S. 2 Consists largely of payments to foreign residents of interest and dividends and reinvested earnings of U.S. corporations. affiliates of foreign corporations. 3 Includes items not shown separately. 4 Less current surplus of government enterprises. 5 With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, May 1999.

No. 728. Selected Per Capita Income and Product Items in Current and Real (1992) Dollars: 1960 to 1998
[In dollars. Based on U.S. Census Bureau estimated population including Armed Forces abroad; based on quarterly averages. For explanation of chained dollars, see text, this section] Current dollars Year Personal consumption expenditures 1,838 3,160 3,383 3,671 4,018 4,353 4,765 5,268 5,797 6,418 7,079 7,730 8,440 8,943 9,744 10,543 11,341 12,019 12,743 13,669 14,531 15,360 15,732 16,520 17,273 18,093 18,822 19,639 20,508 21,490 Chained (1992) dollars Personal consumption expenditures 7,926 10,717 10,975 11,508 11,950 11,756 11,899 12,446 12,846 13,258 13,417 13,216 13,245 13,270 13,829 14,415 14,954 15,409 15,740 16,211 16,430 16,532 16,249 16,520 16,825 17,207 17,499 17,894 18,342 19,068

Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,913 5,050 5,419 5,894 6,524 6,998 7,550 8,341 9,201 10,292 11,361 12,226 13,547 13,961 14,998 16,508 17,529 18,374 19,323 20,605 21,984 22,979 23,416 24,447 25,403 26,647 27,621 28,849 30,278 31,492

Gross national product 2,931 5,081 5,456 5,935 6,584 7,071 7,611 8,419 9,295 10,392 11,507 12,381 13,698 14,095 15,135 16,640 17,614 18,427 19,359 20,659 22,042 23,064 23,478 24,490 25,476 26,678 27,687 28,895 30,248 31,416

Disposable Personal personal income income 2,277 4,077 4,328 4,703 5,217 5,672 6,091 6,673 7,315 8,176 9,105 10,037 11,132 11,744 12,379 13,602 14,464 15,200 16,013 17,076 18,194 19,220 19,715 20,660 21,379 22,086 23,071 24,193 25,325 26,368 2,008 3,545 3,805 4,074 4,553 4,928 5,367 5,837 6,362 7,097 7,861 8,665 9,566 10,145 10,803 11,929 12,629 13,289 13,896 14,905 15,790 16,721 17,242 18,113 18,706 19,251 20,050 20,840 21,633 22,304

Gross domestic product 12,512 16,520 16,853 17,579 18,412 18,178 17,896 18,713 19,426 20,185 20,541 20,252 20,542 19,896 20,499 21,744 22,320 22,801 23,264 23,934 24,504 24,549 24,060 24,447 24,750 25,357 25,691 26,338 27,138 27,943

Gross Disposable national personal product income 12,585 16,616 16,959 17,694 18,572 18,360 18,032 18,878 19,611 20,367 20,794 20,497 20,756 20,076 20,675 21,904 22,418 22,857 23,300 23,988 24,559 24,632 24,121 24,490 24,822 25,389 25,758 26,389 27,125 27,891 8,660 12,022 12,345 12,770 13,539 13,310 13,404 13,793 14,095 14,662 14,899 14,813 15,009 15,053 15,332 16,309 16,654 17,039 17,164 17,678 17,854 17,996 17,809 18,113 18,221 18,308 18,640 18,989 19,349 19,790

1960 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 2; and Survey of Current Business, May 1999.

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No. 729. Personal Consumption Expenditures in Current and Real (1992) Dollars, by Type: 1990 to 1997
[In billions of dollars (3,839.3 represents $3,893,300,000,000). For definition of ‘‘chained’’ dollars, see text, this section] Expenditure Total expenditures
1

Current dollars 1990 ......... 3,839.3 672.5 404.8 218.0 42.0 262.7 31.9 173.8 31.2 57.3 586.3 410.7 150.1 436.2 39.0 21.2 41.9 138.3 71.9 26.8 27.5 12.0 60.4 615.6 65.1 140.8 32.9 265.7 37.4 31.3 290.1 56.4 41.8 9.0 463.3 426.9 92.4 31.6 29.4 84.1 96.6 7.8 5.2 2.6 28.5 0.8 1.0 23.9 281.6 21.5 31.6 53.8 80.7 44.0 100.4 -7.4 41.2 51.6 1995 4,953.9 780.4 461.9 261.0 48.6 321.8 36.9 216.8 39.4 71.8 750.4 532.4 184.8 559.4 47.7 28.7 52.3 168.0 87.9 31.3 37.9 10.9 87.7 875.0 85.5 191.5 47.6 374.3 57.9 45.6 388.8 75.7 49.4 12.2 574.1 531.9 86.6 53.0 36.2 128.7 115.6 9.1 6.0 3.2 33.0 0.8 1.1 27.9 404.2 25.7 42.3 86.4 112.0 62.4 138.6 -22.7 51.2 75.2 1996 5,215.7 805.2 477.0 268.8 50.2 338.0 38.5 226.9 41.4 75.0 787.4 559.1 193.2 592.8 50.6 30.7 54.6 176.6 90.3 35.2 38.9 12.2 97.1 912.4 91.1 198.2 49.5 389.8 57.4 45.0 416.2 77.4 53.0 13.3 611.6 567.3 85.8 55.8 38.5 143.6 124.5 10.0 6.5 3.5 34.3 0.8 1.1 28.5 432.3 27.6 45.1 92.0 119.7 65.7 151.1 -26.1 54.7 82.0 1997 5,493.7 832.3 494.2 277.2 51.4 353.3 39.8 237.9 43.1 79.4 829.8 590.3 203.2 620.7 54.8 32.8 56.5 178.5 90.2 36.0 41.1 11.2 104.2 957.3 98.1 205.2 52.6 408.1 58.0 46.1 459.1 80.2 55.9 13.8 636.4 588.3 86.2 57.3 38.8 154.9 126.5 10.4 6.8 3.6 37.7 0.8 1.2 31.5 462.9 29.1 47.8 96.5 129.4 69.6 157.6 -24.4 59.9 86.0 1990 4,132.2 713.5 423.3 231.6 50.9 279.4 34.0 183.7 34.0 60.6 627.2 437.6 160.0 457.0 40.6 22.0 43.7 146.7 76.1 27.7 31.9 11.2 61.3 691.1 74.5 158.5 37.7 299.0 41.3 35.3 331.3 61.2 46.4 10.1 491.3 454.2 98.1 35.0 30.0 94.7 108.1 8.6 5.7 2.9 28.6 0.8 1.1 23.7 291.8 23.8 32.6 47.9 89.3 50.2 106.6 -24.4 46.1 57.7

Chained (1992) dollars 1995 4,605.6 736.8 434.9 246.1 47.4 324.2 37.2 222.7 37.7 68.1 688.6 487.4 171.4 533.0 44.3 26.8 50.3 159.0 84.3 30.5 33.1 11.2 85.5 766.9 79.6 166.2 41.1 336.9 37.1 34.8 354.3 68.8 44.4 10.5 531.5 491.1 80.2 41.4 36.7 117.5 114.3 8.5 5.5 3.0 31.9 0.7 1.2 27.2 399.1 23.1 41.9 103.6 98.7 53.7 127.8 -20.1 48.3 69.6 1996 4,752.4 740.0 436.6 247.4 47.5 345.7 39.0 236.9 41.2 70.1 700.9 496.0 174.7 555.6 46.4 28.7 51.2 161.9 85.1 32.9 32.8 11.2 94.7 782.6 83.0 170.8 40.8 341.1 36.2 34.0 364.6 66.2 46.1 10.9 551.7 509.0 78.2 42.4 39.1 128.6 116.0 8.4 5.5 3.0 34.4 0.7 1.2 29.2 429.9 23.9 44.5 123.8 102.0 54.0 137.0 -21.4 50.5 73.0 1997 4,913.5 745.7 442.3 248.4 46.4 361.8 40.4 247.7 44.5 73.0 717.4 508.9 178.7 578.4 50.4 30.6 52.5 160.1 84.6 31.5 33.8 10.3 105.0 803.6 88.2 174.5 41.5 350.2 35.8 33.6 377.2 65.2 46.7 10.7 569.7 525.3 78.5 44.1 39.7 137.0 117.9 8.6 5.7 3.0 35.9 0.7 1.2 30.4 466.9 25.0 47.6 146.8 106.8 54.8 140.4 -17.1 54.5 74.1

Food and tobacco 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food purchased for off-premise consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased meals and beverages 2 . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clothing, accessories, and jewelry 1 . . . . Shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jewelry and watches . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owner-occupied nonfarm dwellingsspace rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tenant-occupied nonfarm dwellings-space rent. . . . . . . . . . . . Household operation 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Semidurable house furnishings 4 . . . . Cleaning and polishing preparations . . Household utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other sanitary services . . Fuel oil and coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone and telegraph . . . . . . . . . Medical care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drug preparations and sundries 5 . . . . Physicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dentists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals and nursing homes 6 . . . . . Health insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medical care 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal business 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expense of handling life insurance 8 . . Legal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Funeral and burial expenses . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . User-operated transportation 1 . . . . . . New autos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net purchases of used autos . . . . . Tires, tubes, accessories, etc. . . . . Repair, greasing, washing, parking, storage, rental, and leasing . . . . . . . Gasoline and oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased local transportation . . . . . . Mass transit systems . . . . . . . . . . Taxicab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased intercity transportation 1. . . Railway (commutation) . . . . . . . . . Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Airline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation 1 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magazines, newspapers, and sheet music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable toys and sport supplies . . Video and audiio products, computing equipment, musical instruments . . . . Education and research . . . . . . . . . . . . Higher education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious and welfare activities . . . . . . . Foreign travel and other, net . . . . . . . . . Foreign travel by U.S. residents . . . . . Less: Expenditures in the United States by nonresidents . . . . . . . . .
1

Includes other expenditures not shown separately. 2 Consists of purchases (including tips) of meals and beverages from retail, service, and amusement establishments; hotels; dining and buffet cars; schools; school fraternities; institutions; clubs; and 3 industrial lunch rooms. Includes meals and beverages consumed both on and off-premise. Includes mattresses and bedsprings. 4 Consists largely of textile house furnishings including piece goods allocated to house furnishing use. Also includes 5 lamp shades, brooms, and brushes. Excludes drug preparations and related products dispensed by physicians, hospitals, and other medical services. 6 Consists of (1) current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) of nonprofit hospitals and 7 Consists of (1) nursing homes and (2)payments by patients to proprietary and government hospitals and nursing homes. premiums, less benefits and dividends, for health hospitalization and accidental death and dismemberment insurance provided by commercial insurance carriers and (2)administrative expenses (including consumption of fixed capital) of Blue Cross and Blue 8 Shield plans and of other independent prepaid and self-insured health plans. Consists of (1) operating expenses of life insurance carriers and private noninsured pension plans and (2) premiums less benefits and dividends of fraternal benefit societies. Excludes expenses allocated by commercial carriers to accident and health insurance. 9 For additional details, see Table 430. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, August 1998.

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465

No. 730. Personal Income and Its Disposition: 1990 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (4,804.2 represents $4,804,200,000,000), except as indicated. For definition of personal income and chained dollars, see text, this section] Item Personal income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wage and salary disbursements . . . . . Commodity-producing industries 1 . . Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distributive industries 2 . . . . . . . . . Service industries 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other labor income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proprietors’ income 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . Rental income of persons 5 . . . . . . . . Personal dividend income . . . . . . . . . Personal interest income . . . . . . . . . . Transfer payments to persons . . . . . . Less: Personal contributions for social insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less: Personal tax and nontax payments. Equals: Disposable person . . . . . . . Less: Personal outlays . . . . . . . . . . . Personal consumption expenditures Interest paid by persons . . . . . . . . Personal transfer payments to the rest of the world (net). . . . . . . Equals: Personal saving. . . . . . . . . Addenda: Disposable personal income: Total, billions of chained (1992) dollars . . . . . . . . . . . . Per capita (dollars): Current dollars . . . . . . . . . . Chained (1992) dollars . . . . Personal saving as percentage of disposable personal income . . . .
1

1990 4,804.2 2,757.5 754.2 561.2 634.1 852.1 517.2 300.6 374.0 61.0 142.9 704.4 687.8 223.9 624.8 4,179.4 3,958.1 3,839.3 108.9 9.9 221.3

1992 5,277.2 2,986.4 765.7 583.5 680.3 972.6 567.8 351.3 423.8 79.4 159.4 667.2 858.2 248.4 650.6 4,626.7 4,341.0 4,219.8 111.7 9.6 285.7

1993 5,519.2 3,089.6 781.2 592.9 699.4 1,024.7 584.3 385.1 450.8 105.7 185.3 651.0 912.0 260.3 690.0 4,829.2 4,580.7 4,459.2 108.2 13.3 248.5

1994 5,757.9 3,240.7 824.4 620.8 741.4 1,072.7 602.2 405.0 471.6 124.4 171.0 668.1 954.7 277.5 739.1 5,018.9 4,842.1 4,717.0 110.9 14.2 176.8

1995 6,072.1 3,428.5 863.9 647.9 782.9 1,158.9 622.7 401.6 488.1 133.7 192.8 704.9 1,015.9 293.6 795.0 5,277.0 5,097.2 4,953.9 127.6 15.7 179.8

1996 6,425.2 3,631.1 909.0 674.6 823.3 1,257.9 640.9 387.0 527.7 150.2 248.2 719.4 1,068.0 306.3 890.5 5,534.7 5,376.2 5,215.7 143.6 16.9 158.5

1997 6,784.0 3,889.8 975.0 719.5 879.8 1,370.8 664.2 392.9 551.2 158.2 260.3 747.3 1,110.4 326.2 989.0 5,795.1 5,674.1 5,493.7 161.5 18.9 121.0

1998 7,126.1 4,149.9 1,026.9 751.5 939.6 1,494.0 689.3 406.9 577.2 162.6 263.1 764.8 1,149.0 347.4 1,098.3 6,027.9 6,000.2 5,807.9 172.4 19.9 27.7

. . . .

. . . .

.. ..

...

4,498.2

4,626.7

4,703.9

4,772.9 19,251 18,308 3.5

4,906.0 20,050 18,640 3.4

5,043.0 20,840 18,989 2.9

5,183.1 21,633 19,349 2.1

5,348.5 22,304 19,790 0.5

. . . 16,721.0 18,113.0 18,706.0 . . . 17,996.0 18,113.0 18,221.0 ... 5.3 6.2 5.1

Comprises agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, construction, and manufacturing. 2 Comprises transportation, communi3 4 Comprises finance, insurance, real estate, services, and rest of world. With capital cation, public utilities, and trade. consumption and inventory valuation adjustments. 5 With capital consumption adjustment. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, May 1999.

No. 731. Gross Saving and Investment: 1990 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (903.1 represents $903,100,000,000)] Item Gross saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undistributed corporate profits 1. . . . . Undistributed profits . . . . . . . . . . . Inventory valuation adjustment . . . . Capital consumption adjustment . . . Corporate consumption of fixed capital Noncorporate consumption of fixed capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wage accruals less disbursements. . . Gross government saving Federal . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . Capital grants received by ...... ...... ...... the U.S. .... .... .... (net) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 903.1 860.3 221.3 104.7 79.4 -13.5 38.9 350.3 184.0 42.7 -94.0 136.7 920.5 799.7 199.4 -78.6 17.4 1992 904.3 970.7 285.6 115.5 93.9 -7.5 29.1 376.4 209.0 -15.8 -66.5 -215.0 148.6 949.1 790.4 209.1 -50.5 44.8 1993 949.5 979.3 248.5 131.9 104.5 -8.5 36.0 388.4 206.1 4.4 -29.8 -182.7 152.9 1,002.1 876.2 204.5 -78.6 52.6 1994 1,079.2 1,030.2 176.8 201.4 166.1 -16.1 51.4 412.3 226.3 13.3 49.0 -117.2 166.2 1,093.8 1,007.9 205.9 -120.0 14.6 1995 1,187.4 1,106.2 179.8 256.1 219.3 -22.6 59.4 431.1 225.9 13.4 81.2 -103.7 184.8 1,160.9 1,043.2 218.3 -100.6 -26.5 1996 1,274.5 1,114.5 158.5 262.4 192.3 -1.2 71.4 452.0 232.3 9.3 160.0 -39.6 199.6 1,242.3 1,131.9 229.7 -119.2 -32.2 1997 1,406.3 1,141.6 121.0 296.7 213.2 6.9 76.6 477.3 242.8 3.7 264.7 49.5 215.2 1,350.5 1,256.0 235.4 -140.9 -55.8 1998 1,468.0 1,090.4 27.7 305.4 198.5 14.5 92.3 500.6 252.7 4.0 377.6 142.5 235.1 1,391.5 1,367.1 237.0 -212.6 -76.5

.. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Gross investment . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment Gross government investment . . . Net foreign investment . . . . . . . .

Statistical discrepancy . . . . . . . . . - Represents or rounds to zero.
1

With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, Vol. 1; and Survey of Current Business, May 1999.

466

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 732. Personal Income, by State: 1990 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (4,778.3 represents $4,778,300,000,000), except percent. 1998 preliminary. Represents a measure of income received from all sources during the calendar year by residents of each state. Data exclude federal employees overseas and U.S. residents employed by private U.S. firms on temporary foreign assignment. Totals may differ from those in Tables 727, 728, and 730. For definition of average annual percent change, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Current dollars Constant (1992) dollars
1

State

Average annual percent change 1990 1995 1997 1998 1990 1995 1997 1998 1990- 199797 98 2.8 3.2 1.4 5.3 3.7 1.6 5.4 1.9 3.2 0.2 3.3 4.7 0.9 4.7 2.7 2.9 2.6 2.6 3.1 2.9 1.2 2.0 2.2 2.6 3.1 3.9 2.7 3.1 2.7 7.0 2.7 1.9 3.9 1.5 4.3 1.5 2.2 2.2 4.4 1.8 1.1 3.0 3.1 4.1 4.4 5.9 2.1 2.7 4.3 1.8 3.1 2.4

Percent distribution

1990

1998 100.0 1.3 0.2 1.5 0.7 12.6 1.6 1.7 0.3 0.3 5.4 2.7 0.4 0.4 4.9 2.0 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.4 2.2 2.8 3.6 1.8 0.7 1.9 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.5 3.9 0.5 8.1 2.5 0.2 3.9 1.0 1.1 4.5 0.4 1.1 0.2 1.8 6.9 0.6 0.2 2.6 2.2 0.5 1.8 0.2

United States. . 4,778.3 6,059.1 6,770.7 7,139.1 5,142.9 5,633.2 6,055.5 6,334.6 Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.6 11.7 61.1 33.0 639.3 63.7 87.0 14.4 15.5 249.0 113.1 24.0 15.5 234.6 95.4 46.9 44.5 55.7 62.3 21.1 107.9 139.7 174.1 84.9 32.7 90.4 12.0 27.7 24.6 23.0 193.0 22.0 416.0 110.8 9.7 196.8 49.1 49.8 230.4 19.8 54.0 10.8 79.8 294.7 24.6 10.0 124.4 96.1 25.4 86.7 7.8 81.3 14.4 86.5 44.5 754.8 90.9 104.6 18.4 17.9 321.5 156.0 29.4 22.1 298.2 124.0 58.0 55.3 71.7 81.5 24.7 131.3 170.2 226.2 109.3 44.6 115.0 15.9 34.4 37.5 29.0 235.4 30.4 500.6 150.9 11.6 247.4 60.7 67.9 280.1 23.3 69.5 13.8 110.5 398.6 36.0 12.4 158.1 128.6 31.8 112.8 9.9 89.3 15.2 100.2 49.4 846.8 105.1 117.2 20.9 18.9 364.0 178.9 30.5 24.7 332.0 136.1 66.0 62.4 80.4 89.1 27.2 146.1 191.0 244.1 123.0 49.4 127.8 17.3 39.1 44.5 32.5 260.7 33.3 548.9 172.2 12.9 270.5 67.4 77.6 308.3 25.3 77.7 15.5 121.9 459.6 41.7 13.5 175.9 148.5 34.0 125.1 10.8 93.3 15.8 107.7 51.6 898.4 113.8 123.1 22.2 19.5 385.6 191.2 31.2 25.9 347.8 142.9 68.5 65.7 84.7 93.3 28.6 153.8 201.6 253.8 130.0 52.2 132.8 17.8 41.2 47.5 34.4 275.4 34.6 576.8 181.4 13.8 281.7 70.5 81.3 321.5 26.5 81.7 16.3 127.9 493.1 44.1 14.3 186.0 159.1 35.1 131.0 11.1 66.3 12.5 65.8 35.5 688.1 68.6 93.6 15.5 16.7 268.0 121.7 25.8 16.7 252.5 102.6 50.5 47.9 60.0 67.1 22.7 116.1 150.3 187.4 91.4 35.2 97.3 12.9 29.8 26.5 24.8 207.8 23.7 447.7 119.3 10.5 211.8 52.9 53.6 248.0 21.3 58.1 11.6 85.8 317.2 26.5 10.7 133.9 103.4 27.3 93.3 8.4 75.6 13.4 80.4 41.4 701.7 84.5 97.3 17.1 16.6 298.9 145.0 27.3 20.5 277.3 115.3 53.9 51.4 66.7 75.8 22.9 122.1 158.2 210.3 101.6 41.5 106.9 14.8 32.0 34.9 27.0 218.9 28.2 465.4 140.3 10.8 230.1 56.4 63.1 260.5 21.6 64.6 12.8 102.7 370.5 33.4 11.5 147.0 119.6 29.5 104.9 9.2 79.9 13.6 89.6 44.2 757.4 94.0 104.8 18.7 16.9 325.5 160.0 27.3 22.0 296.9 121.7 59.0 55.8 71.9 79.7 24.4 130.7 170.8 218.3 110.0 44.2 114.3 15.5 35.0 39.8 29.1 233.2 29.8 490.9 154.0 11.5 241.9 60.3 69.4 275.8 22.7 69.5 13.9 109.1 411.0 37.3 12.1 157.3 132.8 30.4 111.9 9.7 82.8 14.0 95.5 45.8 797.2 101.0 109.2 19.7 17.3 342.1 169.7 27.7 23.0 308.6 126.8 60.8 58.3 75.1 82.8 25.3 136.4 178.9 225.2 115.3 46.3 117.9 15.8 36.5 42.2 30.5 244.4 30.7 511.8 160.9 12.3 250.0 62.6 72.1 285.3 23.5 72.5 14.5 113.5 437.6 39.2 12.7 165.0 141.2 31.1 116.2 9.9

4.6 100.0 3.6 2.9 6.6 3.6 5.3 7.4 4.2 5.3 2.4 5.1 6.1 1.5 4.5 3.9 4.2 3.1 4.5 4.5 3.9 3.7 4.4 4.7 3.2 4.8 4.8 3.1 1.9 4.3 6.0 4.8 4.8 3.0 4.3 4.5 7.0 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.5 4.3 4.3 4.0 6.5 5.1 5.0 4.9 6.3 2.3 3.8 2.1 1.3 0.2 1.3 0.7 13.4 1.3 1.8 0.3 0.3 5.2 2.4 0.5 0.3 4.9 2.0 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.4 2.3 2.9 3.6 1.8 0.7 1.9 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 4.0 0.5 8.7 2.3 0.2 4.1 1.0 1.0 4.8 0.4 1.1 0.2 1.7 6.2 0.5 0.2 2.6 2.0 0.5 1.8 0.2

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

Implicit price deflator for personal consumption expenditures is used as a deflator.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1999, and unpublished data.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

467

No. 733. Personal Income Per Capita in Current and Constant (1992) Dollars, by State: 1990 to 1998
[1998 preliminary. See headnote, Table 732] Current dollars State 1990 United States. . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 1

Constant (1992) dollars

Income rank 1995 23,059 19,041 23,971 20,078 17,934 23,983 24,304 32,073 25,603 32,398 22,676 21,696 24,848 18,961 25,135 21,427 20,412 21,481 18,601 18,826 19,995 26,141 28,097 23,407 23,736 16,574 21,540 18,286 21,029 24,541 25,313 29,568 18,029 27,587 20,996 18,149 22,217 18,544 21,618 23,268 23,520 18,789 18,724 21,109 21,320 18,054 21,246 23,943 23,677 17,441 21,960 20,685 1997 25,288 20,672 24,969 21,998 19,595 26,314 27,015 35,863 28,493 35,704 24,799 23,882 25,598 20,392 27,688 23,202 23,120 23,972 20,570 20,458 21,937 28,674 31,239 24,956 26,243 18,098 23,629 19,660 23,618 26,514 27,766 32,356 19,298 30,250 23,168 20,103 24,163 20,305 23,920 25,670 25,667 20,508 21,076 22,699 23,707 20,185 23,017 26,109 26,451 18,724 24,048 22,596 1998 26,412 21,442 25,675 23,060 20,346 27,503 28,657 37,598 29,814 37,278 25,852 25,020 26,137 21,081 28,873 24,219 23,925 24,981 21,506 21,346 22,952 29,943 32,797 25,857 27,510 18,958 24,427 20,172 24,754 27,200 29,022 33,937 19,936 31,734 24,036 21,675 25,134 21,072 24,766 26,792 26,797 21,309 22,114 23,559 24,957 21,019 24,175 27,385 27,961 19,362 25,079 23,167 1990 20,618 16,374 22,681 17,875 15,095 22,993 20,762 28,472 23,238 27,603 20,587 18,712 23,172 16,517 22,058 18,477 18,174 19,309 16,236 15,900 18,468 24,198 24,981 20,126 20,824 13,676 18,985 16,186 18,874 21,751 22,310 26,782 15,585 24,869 17,919 16,429 19,498 16,804 18,753 20,849 21,201 16,604 16,670 17,554 18,609 15,299 19,026 21,549 21,101 15,258 19,042 18,485 1995 21,438 17,703 22,286 18,667 16,673 22,297 22,596 29,819 23,803 30,121 21,082 20,171 23,102 17,628 23,368 19,921 18,977 19,971 17,294 17,503 18,590 24,304 26,122 21,762 22,068 15,409 20,026 17,001 19,551 22,816 23,534 27,490 16,762 25,648 19,520 16,873 20,655 17,241 20,099 21,633 21,867 17,468 17,408 19,625 19,821 16,785 19,753 22,260 22,013 16,215 20,417 19,231 1997 22,617 18,489 22,332 19,674 17,525 23,535 24,162 32,075 25,483 31,933 22,180 21,359 22,894 18,238 24,763 20,751 20,678 21,440 18,397 18,297 19,620 25,645 27,939 22,320 23,471 16,186 21,133 17,583 21,123 23,713 24,833 28,938 17,260 27,055 20,721 17,980 21,611 18,160 21,393 22,959 22,956 18,342 18,850 20,301 21,203 18,053 20,586 23,351 23,657 16,746 21,508 20,209 1998 23,436 19,026 22,782 20,461 18,053 24,404 25,428 33,361 26,454 33,077 22,939 22,201 23,192 18,705 25,619 21,490 21,229 22,166 19,083 18,941 20,366 26,569 29,101 22,943 24,410 16,822 21,674 17,899 21,965 24,135 25,752 30,113 17,689 28,158 21,327 19,232 22,302 18,697 21,975 23,773 23,777 18,908 19,622 20,904 22,145 18,650 21,451 24,299 24,810 17,180 22,253 20,556 1990 (X) 42 9 35 49 8 18 1 6 (X) 19 28 7 41 11 30 33 22 43 45 31 5 3 20 16 50 25 44 26 12 10 2 46 4 34 40 21 37 27 17 14 39 38 36 29 47 24 13 15 48 23 32 1998 (X) 40 20 35 46 12 9 1 6 (X) 19 23 17 43 8 29 32 24 39 41 36 5 3 18 11 50 28 47 27 14 7 2 48 4 31 38 21 44 26 16 15 42 37 33 25 45 30 13 10 49 22 34

19,156 15,213 21,073 16,608 14,025 21,363 19,290 26,453 21,590 25,646 19,127 17,385 21,529 15,346 20,494 17,167 16,885 17,940 15,085 14,773 17,159 22,482 23,210 18,699 19,348 12,706 17,639 15,038 17,536 20,209 20,728 24,883 14,480 23,106 16,649 15,264 18,116 15,613 17,423 19,371 19,698 15,427 15,488 16,309 17,290 14,214 17,677 20,021 19,605 14,176 17,692 17,174

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . . Maryland

Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . Missouri . . . . .

Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon. . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

X Not applicable.

Implicit price deflator for personal consumption expenditures is used as a deflator.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1999, and unpublished data.

468

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 734. Disposable Personal Income Per Capita in Current and Constant (1992) Dollars, by State: 1990 and 1998
[In dollars. 1998 preliminary] Current dollars 1990 United States . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona . . Arkansas. California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,657 13,554 18,124 14,632 12,542 18,391 16,758 22,792 18,485 21,752 16,901 15,214 18,340 13,470 17,688 14,962 14,682 15,652 13,226 13,272 15,059 19,149 19,813 16,266 16,542 11,575 1998 22,353 18,818 21,645 19,686 17,837 23,044 23,963 30,215 24,959 30,729 22,064 21,273 22,428 18,130 24,173 20,577 20,607 21,254 18,542 18,771 19,762 24,903 26,719 21,710 22,563 17,067 Constant 1 (1992) dollars 1990 17,928 14,588 19,507 15,749 13,499 19,794 18,037 24,531 19,896 23,412 18,191 16,375 19,740 14,498 19,038 16,104 15,802 16,846 14,235 14,285 16,208 20,610 21,325 17,507 17,804 12,458 1998 19,834 16,697 19,206 17,468 15,827 20,447 21,263 26,810 22,146 27,266 19,578 18,876 19,901 16,087 21,449 18,258 18,285 18,859 16,453 16,656 17,535 22,097 23,708 19,264 20,020 15,144 Missouri . . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico. . New York . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Current dollars 1990 15,444 13,136 15,401 17,527 18,455 21,500 12,938 19,568 14,553 13,580 15,786 13,601 15,099 16,886 17,285 13,650 13,930 14,693 15,379 12,405 15,434 17,330 17,201 12,652 15,275 15,168 1998 20,932 17,455 21,286 22,799 24,991 28,313 17,502 26,061 20,491 19,130 21,224 18,308 20,670 22,786 23,017 18,520 19,779 20,689 21,928 17,842 20,773 23,002 24,015 17,120 20,925 19,619 Constant 1 (1992) dollars 1990 16,623 14,138 16,576 18,864 19,863 23,141 13,925 21,061 15,664 14,616 16,991 14,639 16,251 18,175 18,604 14,692 14,993 15,814 16,553 13,352 16,612 18,652 18,514 13,617 16,441 16,325 1998 18,573 15,488 18,887 20,230 22,175 25,122 15,530 23,124 18,182 16,974 18,832 16,245 18,341 20,218 20,423 16,433 17,550 18,358 19,457 15,831 18,432 20,410 21,309 15,191 18,567 17,408

State

State

Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware. . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . . Indiana . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Oklahoma . . . . Oregon . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina . South Dakota . Tennessee. . . Texas . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana Maine . . . Maryland .

Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi. . . .
1

Constant dollars based on the implicit price deflator for personal consumption expenditures. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1999, unpublished data.

No. 735. Personal Income, by Selected Large Metropolitan Area: 1995 to 1997
[As defined June 30, 1994. CMSA=Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area; MSA=Metropolitan Statistical Area. See Appendix II] Personal income Metropolitan area ranked by 1997 population Annual percent 1995 1996 1997 change, (mil. dol.) (mil. dol.) (mil. dol.) 1996-97 5.7 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.8 7.9 4.8 6.3 4.3 9.1 8.4 7.7 4.5 9.2 4.8 8.2 6.1 6.4 5.6 4.1 7.9 6.6 7.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.5 Per capita personal income Percent of national average, 1997 100.0 136.7 100.1 118.6 123.6 137.0 115.8 125.8 108.4 113.5 111.6 111.7 95.4 118.0 105.7 95.4 119.1 98.7 107.5 103.8 119.0 98.4 104.4 102.2 105.3 99.4 110.3

1995 (dol.) 23,059 31,352 23,321 27,296 28,601 30,562 26,493 28,612 25,889 25,612 25,408 25,603 22,619 26,363 24,499 21,887 27,315 22,882 24,785 23,703 27,024 22,440 23,697 23,427 24,233 23,326 25,230

1996 (dol.) 24,164 33,031 24,318 28,555 29,838 32,571 27,936 30,124 26,374 27,023 26,566 26,993 23,459 27,855 25,495 23,025 28,739 23,903 25,824 25,054 28,483 23,654 25,100 24,574 25,450 24,099 26,433

1997 (dol.) 25,288 34,560 25,313 29,981 31,265 34,634 29,292 31,808 27,419 28,709 28,225 28,253 24,131 29,839 26,733 24,137 30,123 24,965 27,177 26,243 30,099 24,879 26,396 25,855 26,627 25,138 27,899

United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,059,091 6,408,103 6,770,650 New York-No. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI CMSA Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Boston-Worcester-Lawrence-LowellBrockton, MA-NH (NECMA). . . . . . . . Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI CMSA . . . . . Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA. . . . . . . . Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA. Atlanta, GA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . . Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA CMSA . Cleveland-Akron, OH CMSA . . . . . . . . Phoenix-Mesa, AZ CMSA . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CMSA . . . San Diego, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . St. Louis, MO-IL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pittsburgh, PA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO CMSA . . . Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL . . Portland-Salem, OR-WA CMSA . . . . . . Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA . . Kansas City, MO-KS . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sacramento-Yolo, CA. . . . . . . . . . . . . Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619,350 355,870 235,526 202,626 200,245 158,253 164,632 139,276 113,904 105,523 87,823 78,661 86,045 71,327 58,249 74,448 60,432 63,014 56,561 60,179 48,799 47,988 44,660 40,847 37,445 41,484 654,862 373,755 248,253 213,221 215,695 166,947 174,335 143,074 123,121 112,366 95,356 83,186 92,306 74,337 63,395 79,350 63,908 65,847 59,485 64,674 51,926 52,031 47,149 43,133 39,292 43,512 688,267 393,604 262,357 225,524 232,660 175,008 185,340 149,232 134,293 121,775 102,678 86,917 100,810 77,920 68,597 84,193 67,998 69,547 61,928 69,800 55,356 55,815 50,006 45,714 41,621 45,898

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1999.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

469

No. 736. Flow of Funds Accounts—Composition of Individuals’ Savings: 1980 to 1996
[In billions of dollars (323.2 represents $323,200,000,000). Combined statement for households, farm business, and nonfarm non- corporate business. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease] Composition of savings Increase in financial assets . . . . . . . . . . Checkable deposits and currency . . . . . Time and savings deposits . . . . . . . . . . Money market fund shares . . . . . . . . . . Securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Open market paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. savings bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Treasury securities . . . . . . . . . Agency securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporate and foreign bonds . . . . . . . Corporate equities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mutual fund shares . . . . . . . . . . . . . Private life insurance reserves. . . . . . . . Private insured pension reserves . . . . . . Private noninsured pension reserves . . . Govt. insurance and pension reserves . . Investment in tangible assets . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous assets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross investment in tangible assets. . . . Consumption of fixed capital . . . . . . . . . Net investment in tangible assets. . . . . . Residential structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other fixed assets 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inventories 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net increase in liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage debt on nonfarm homes . . . . . Other mortgage debt 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Policy loans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other liabilities 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal saving (Flow of Funds measure) 2 Personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income . . . . . . . . . . Includes corporate farms. in liabilities.
1 2

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323.2 9.2 125.5 23.9 3.1 -5.0 -7.3 19.6 4.8 8.3 -14.6 -4.3 1.8 9.7 22.3 60.2 35.8 4.1 29.2 407.5 296.0 111.4 58.8 31.5 27.3 -6.2 196.6 94.1 50.9 2.3 6.7 7.3 35.3 238.0 12.1

1985 622.5 41.8 119.7 2.3 81.6 -7.0 5.3 3.7 12.2 94.9 2.6 -111.2 81.2 10.4 55.6 126.6 69.0 11.2 103.5 661.1 409.8 251.3 105.2 35.4 103.9 6.8 435.5 174.7 98.1 73.9 -0.1 18.9 70.1 438.3 14.6

1990 590.8 -19.0 48.7 26.9 198.1 6.2 8.5 61.3 41.5 27.7 45.1 -28.8 36.6 25.3 95.9 64.1 85.7 32.9 30.8 815.8 577.9 237.9 113.3 23.3 98.4 2.9 267.3 226.2 16.9 16.1 4.1 -3.7 7.7 561.4 13.5

1991 418.1 43.2 -54.2 9.1 127.4 -29.9 11.9 -22.0 12.3 40.2 29.6 -23.6 109.0 25.6 46.4 72.5 83.0 17.5 46.4 758.3 612.4 145.8 92.0 4.1 50.9 -1.1 217.4 177.7 5.3 -13.7 4.8 16.3 27.1 346.5 8.0

1992 529.8 98.9 -76.5 -41.3 252.3 -3.3 19.1 59.6 36.8 -27.2 -8.5 33.1 142.8 27.7 76.7 81.8 83.7 -7.1 32.4 823.0 633.9 189.1 114.5 -10.1 79.6 5.1 204.0 188.9 -28.8 5.0 5.7 -1.6 34.8 514.9 11.2

1993

1994

1995

1996

512.4 542.8 492.7 541.5 54.5 -8.9 -38.2 -47.7 -106.9 -5.8 152.6 144.4 5.9 13.7 95.5 90.8 194.3 205.7 -56.5 -35.7 15.6 -10.5 0.3 11.4 14.7 8.0 5.1 2.0 11.8 153.2 5.0 -62.1 -31.4 149.4 -31.9 54.8 -27.2 -51.9 -50.7 -21.4 37.3 2.1 51.4 27.7 -57.7 -138.1 -176.1 -245.5 231.3 93.7 140.4 197.4 35.7 34.3 44.8 35.2 86.3 71.2 66.7 69.2 82.7 87.1 98.3 85.2 81.8 93.7 75.4 97.4 0.9 17.8 -49.7 -25.0 76.9 30.8 101.9 123.5 897.9 1,021.5 1,050.9 1,107.4 674.2 716.3 724.5 756.2 223.7 305.2 326.4 351.2 142.3 164.7 164.0 178.9 4.8 22.2 53.8 60.5 81.5 104.3 109.1 112.8 -4.8 13.9 -0.5 -1.0 297.1 401.6 441.9 478.0 186.6 203.4 195.7 277.4 -17.8 3.7 21.5 45.7 61.5 126.3 141.6 94.4 5.6 7.8 10.5 7.1 22.6 -1.1 3.5 14.5 38.5 61.5 69.1 38.8 439.0 446.4 377.2 414.7 9.2 8.9 7.1 7.4

...

Net acquisition of financial assets plus net investment in tangible assets minus net increase

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Flow of Funds Accounts, quarterly.

No. 737. Annual Expenditure Per Child by Husband-Wife Families, by Family Income and Expenditure Type: 1998
[In dollars. Expenditures based on data from the 1990-92 Consumer Expenditure Survey updated to 1998 dollars using the Consumer Price Index. For more on the methodology, see report cited below] Expenditure type Age of child Total INCOME: LESS THAN $36,000 Less than 2 yrs. old . 3 to 5 yrs. old . . . . . 6 to 8 yrs. old . . . . . 9 to 11 yrs. old . . . . 12 to 14 yrs. old . . . 15 to 17 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,950 6,060 6,180 6,210 7,020 6,920 2,270 2,240 2,170 1,960 2,180 1,760 850 940 1,210 1,450 1,520 1,650 720 690 810 880 990 1,330 390 380 420 470 780 690 410 390 450 490 500 530 720 820 480 290 210 340 590 600 640 670 840 620 Housing Food Transportation Child care and education Miscellaneous 1

Clothing

Health care

INCOME: $36,000-$60,600 Less than 2 yrs. old . 3 to 5 yrs. old . . . . . 6 to 8 yrs. old . . . . . 9 to 11 yrs. old . . . . 12 to 14 yrs. old . . . 15 to 17 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,240 8,460 8,520 8,470 9,200 9,340 3,070 3,040 2,970 2,760 2,980 2,560 1,010 1,170 1,490 1,750 1,770 1,960 1,070 1,040 1,160 1,230 1,330 1,690 450 440 490 540 910 810 540 520 590 640 640 680 1,190 1,320 850 550 400 700 910 930 970 1,000 1,170 940

INCOME: MORE THAN $60,600 Less than 2 yrs. old . 3 to 5 yrs. old . . . . . 6 to 8 yrs. old . . . . . 9 to 11 yrs. old . . . . 12 to 14 yrs. old . . . 15 to 17 yrs. old . . .
1

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

12,260 12,530 12,440 12,320 13,170 13,510

4,880 4,850 4,780 4,570 4,790 4,370

1,340 1,520 1,830 2,120 2,230 2,350

1,490 1,470 1,580 1,650 1,760 2,130

600 580 640 700 1,150 1,050

620 600 680 730 740 780

1,800 1,960 1,350 940 720 1,270

1,530 1,550 1,580 1,610 1,780 1,560

Expenses include personal care items, entertainment, and reading materials.

Source: Dept. of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Expenditures on Children by Families, 1998 Annual Report.

470

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 738. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age of Householder: 1997
[In dollars. Based on Consumer Expenditure Survey. Data are averages for the noninstitutional population. Expenditures reported here are out-of-pocket] All consumer units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age Black Hispanic Under 25 yrs. 25 to 34 yrs. 35 to 44 yrs. 45 to 54 yrs. 55 to 65 yrs. 64 yrs. and over $24,413 3,486 2,293 360 118 242 580 162 133 77 111 67 30 252 106 146 433 147 128 92 65 668 178 1,193 197 8,082 4,003 2,612 547 1,060 1,006 1,051 340 2,157 338 839 131 551 297 452 108 343 412 1,059 54 190 124 141 65 484 1,045 219 480 22 189 135 3,812 1,482 777 686 648 1,376 95 491 549 241 305 2,855 1,103 441 174 153 156 619 1,326 964 334 630 1,325

Item Expenditures, total . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home. . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and bakery products . Cereals and cereal products Bakery products . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs Beef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other meats . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish and seafood . . . . . . . . Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . Fresh milk and cream . . . . . Other dairy products. . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . Fresh fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh vegetables . . . . . . . . Processed fruits . . . . . . . . Processed vegetables . . . . Other food at home . . . . . . . Nonalcoholic beverages . . . Food away from home . . . . . .

. $34,819 $25,509 $29,333 $18,450 $34,902 $40,413 $45,239 $35,954 . 4,801 3,571 4,869 2,838 4,650 5,666 6,028 5,085 . 2,880 2,515 3,363 1,566 2,758 3,382 3,440 3,139 . 453 376 468 249 432 540 548 470 . 161 148 190 97 168 197 189 160 . 292 228 279 151 264 344 359 310 . 743 861 1,057 385 702 865 915 830 . 224 244 326 125 219 264 284 231 . 157 194 225 75 144 174 193 187 . 96 97 114 51 84 120 111 110 . 145 185 189 78 146 174 172 150 . 89 106 144 37 80 97 117 114 . 33 35 58 20 28 35 38 37 . 314 210 346 169 303 387 359 325 . 128 87 169 79 125 164 138 122 . 186 123 178 90 177 224 221 203 . 476 402 607 242 434 525 558 549 . 150 113 199 77 137 161 174 169 . 143 107 208 64 124 151 174 185 . 102 99 114 55 97 117 117 108 . 80 84 87 46 76 95 93 87 . 895 666 884 520 887 1,066 1,060 965 . 245 194 263 160 232 294 292 267 . 1,921 1,056 1,506 1,272 1,893 2,283 2,588 1,946 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 11,272 6,344 3,935 2,225 971 738 1,983 426 2,412 301 909 108 809 286 548 263 285 455 1,512 79 387 78 169 92 707 1,729 407 680 77 315 250 6,457 2,736 1,229 1,464 1,098 2,230 293 682 755 501 393 1,841 1,813 528 164 571 264 847 1,001 3,223 379 2,844 3,241 137 9,044 5,098 2,235 1,369 469 397 2,721 143 2,461 324 909 41 945 241 379 245 134 289 818 53 277 37 105 30 316 1,631 332 550 78 357 314 4,754 2,036 712 1,307 798 1,640 307 454 596 282 280 1,035 872 631 77 269 170 563 669 2,086 321 1,765 1,548 206 9,907 5,797 2,672 1,750 527 395 2,972 153 2,169 265 761 55 833 256 322 202 120 398 1,220 63 368 26 144 73 547 1,958 490 668 140 417 243 5,585 2,367 772 1,594 1,095 1,785 254 548 675 308 339 1,167 1,137 479 66 456 111 694 398 2,299 205 2,095 1,929
2

Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owned dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage interest and charges . . . . . Property taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance, repair, insurance, other Rented dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other lodging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities, fuels, and public services . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil and other fuels . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other public services . . . . . Household operations . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other household expenses . . . . . . . . Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . . . . Household furnishings and equipment. . Household textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small appliances, misc. housewares . . Miscellaneous household equipment . . Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Men and boys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women and girls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children under 2 years old . . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other apparel products and services . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchases (net outlay) . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, new . . . . . . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, used . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil . . . . . . . . . . . . Other vehicle expenses . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle finance charges . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance and repair . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rent, lease, licenses, other . . . . . . . . Public transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care products and services . . . Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products and smoking supplies . Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal insurance and pensions . . . . . Life and other personal insurance . . . . Pensions and Social Security . . . . . . . Personal taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

253 5,860 3,656 381 224 101 57 3,002 273 1,092 88 390 11 550 55 191 132 58 163 759 45 257 18 76 46 317 1,247 269 466 111 250 151 3,734 1,737 513 1,196 693 1,087 162 324 341 260 217 425 1,051 292 64 1,114 200 275 157 940 47 893 660

380 11,774 6,964 3,435 2,368 639 429 3,291 238 2,229 264 785 69 893 218 659 493 167 403 1,518 70 475 69 149 76 678 1,957 453 700 163 342 300 7,051 3,238 1,159 2,007 1,123 2,295 418 598 746 533 395 1,236 1,865 530 132 483 261 757 484 3,341 239 3,102 3,376

348 13,415 7,864 5,244 3,448 1,054 743 2,234 386 2,694 327 1,015 108 921 323 724 450 274 524 1,609 80 430 57 181 97 764 2,062 496 793 90 390 293 7,254 3,038 1,378 1,594 1,294 2,556 349 788 837 582 365 1,605 2,129 586 160 604 329 989 945 4,322 383 3,939 4,278

358 13,892 7,829 5,586 3,396 1,303 887 1,515 729 2,890 321 1,114 147 952 357 554 146 409 552 2,066 116 515 70 193 131 1,041 2,107 550 834 51 347 325 8,734 3,704 1,808 1,849 1,430 3,079 388 942 994 755 522 1,945 2,416 637 205 1,068 312 1,106 1,431 4,998 604 4,394 4,863

283 11,090 5,783 4,059 1,927 1,195 936 1,145 579 2,654 342 1,013 126 842 331 402 59 343 523 1,728 100 390 101 246 123 768 1,656 357 684 34 337 243 6,708 2,641 1,374 1,267 1,188 2,369 260 760 851 499 509 2,187 1,900 541 198 281 292 1,061 1,208 3,466 523 2,943 3,500

For additional health care expenditures, see Table 184.

For additional recreation expenditures, see Table 431.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1997; and unpublished data.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

471

No. 739. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Region and Size of Unit: 1997
[See headnote, Table 738. For composition of regions, see map, inside front cover] Region Item Northeast Mid west One person Size of consumer unit Two persons Three persons Four persons Five or more

South

West

Expenditures, total . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and bakery products . . . . . Cereals and cereal products . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs . . . . . . Beef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish and seafood . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh milk and cream . . . . . . . . . . Other dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed vegetables . . . . . . . . . . Other food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonalcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . Food away from home . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owned dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage interest and charges . . Property taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance, repair, insurance, other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rented dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other lodging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities, fuels, and public services . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil and other fuels . . . . . . . . . Telephone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other public services . . . Household operations . . . . . . . . . . . Personal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . Other household expenses . . . . . . Housekeeping supplies. . . . . . . . . . . Household furnishings and equipment . Household textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small appliances, misc. housewares Miscellaneous household equipment Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Men and boys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women and girls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children under 2 years old . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other apparel products and services . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchases (net outlay) . . . . . . Cars and trucks, new . . . . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, used . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil . . . . . . . . . . . Other vehicle expenses . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle finance charges . . . . . . . . Maintenance and repair. . . . . . . . . Vehicle insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rent, lease, licenses, other . . . . . . Public transportation . . . . . . . . . . . Health care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care products and services . . . Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products and smoking supplies . Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal insurance and pensions . . . . . Life and other personal insurance. . . . Pensions and Social Security. . . . . . . Personal taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

. $36,070 $33,791 $32,226 $39,037 $20,923 $36,617 $40,926 $45,225 $43,929 . 5,358 4,631 4,426 5,077 2,579 4,886 5,513 6,463 7,177 . 2,970 2,739 2,771 3,125 1,354 2,787 3,370 4,101 4,860 . 504 446 415 474 218 423 522 666 781 . 177 154 149 175 72 142 186 243 311 . 326 292 266 299 146 281 336 423 470 . 789 663 753 774 309 717 877 1,056 1,361 . 214 207 235 233 88 211 264 326 428 . 141 153 173 150 65 156 182 218 289 . 112 101 88 90 42 88 117 138 179 . 177 119 141 151 61 137 175 213 257 . 108 58 85 110 37 94 103 120 146 . 36 25 31 41 15 33 37 41 61 . 327 308 290 345 152 294 361 461 537 . 130 129 119 140 60 115 144 190 243 . 198 179 171 205 92 178 217 270 294 . 525 430 438 541 245 486 542 629 753 . 169 146 131 170 83 159 158 194 235 . 162 122 125 176 72 151 177 172 218 . 115 92 93 116 56 98 115 145 162 . 79 70 89 79 34 79 92 118 137 . 825 892 876 991 430 867 1,066 1,289 1,428 . 228 240 253 251 120 243 280 348 389 . 2,388 1,892 1,655 1,952 1,225 2,099 2,144 2,362 2,318 . 379 306 229 377 246 405 289 285 255 . 12,480 10,532 9,877 13,255 7,586 11,541 12,896 14,346 13,890 . 7,539 5,653 5,070 8,089 4,742 6,249 7,183 7,885 7,645 . 4,704 3,785 3,059 4,818 2,003 4,044 4,637 5,789 5,311 . 2,351 1,955 1,779 3,143 941 2,031 2,806 3,634 3,518 . 1,569 1,088 630 838 550 1,113 1,105 1,260 1,110 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 784 2,298 536 2,480 396 830 255 785 215 473 219 254 418 1,570 86 424 102 145 91 723 1,916 432 722 80 339 343 5,830 2,040 973 1,052 979 2,223 214 584 808 617 587 1,709 1,769 521 192 772 260 821 765 3,298 386 2,912 3,170 742 1,477 391 2,452 446 834 115 778 279 458 248 210 485 1,484 78 354 85 160 95 711 1,707 446 713 63 298 186 6,367 2,784 1,216 1,544 1,107 2,131 307 659 684 480 345 1,903 1,915 506 170 512 302 824 989 3,128 361 2,767 3,318 650 1,694 317 2,463 185 1,094 55 839 290 534 249 286 427 1,383 64 386 63 187 75 608 1,620 350 648 69 323 231 6,473 3,055 1,486 1,541 1,112 2,062 335 657 727 343 243 1,902 1,561 544 130 449 268 806 1,057 2,883 421 2,461 2,399
2

836 2,731 541 2,220 238 762 48 817 355 745 346 399 501 1,699 99 392 72 173 117 847 1,755 432 657 103 298 266 7,120 2,811 1,062 1,633 1,174 2,624 281 838 831 674 511 1,793 2,153 530 186 647 217 965 1,145 3,819 322 3,497 4,529

512 2,512 227 1,563 197 555 66 583 161 265 57 208 222 794 44 220 29 84 56 361 866 197 382 11 162 113 3,239 1,244 650 578 567 1,148 100 391 417 239 280 1,249 1,011 305 125 447 169 694 811 1,597 170 1,427 2,011

900 1,650 555 2,458 311 942 119 789 296 447 86 361 496 1,892 100 478 141 217 99 857 1,703 352 705 44 294 308 6,860 2,958 1,493 1,400 1,116 2,319 305 691 790 533 467 2,301 1,969 573 197 421 266 871 1,242 3,381 431 2,950 3,857

727 2,025 521 2,808 338 1,066 127 954 323 735 460 275 529 1,641 83 385 76 184 106 807 2,053 533 793 139 344 243 8,223 3,588 1,489 2,061 1,364 2,814 416 798 961 640 457 1,915 2,118 631 171 743 339 1,085 927 4,024 474 3,550 3,780

895 1,586 510 3,035 373 1,155 137 995 375 986 648 337 664 1,776 96 496 59 200 135 791 2,420 607 905 149 483 276 8,856 3,788 1,619 2,121 1,512 3,146 411 965 1,019 751 410 1,938 2,462 654 181 830 303 841 980 4,665 543 4,122 3,912

684 2,005 329 3,168 402 1,210 120 1,016 420 738 524 215 552 1,788 85 435 49 199 85 935 2,695 671 926 161 511 426 8,147 3,449 1,107 2,290 1,532 2,799 440 883 906 571 367 1,857 2,191 668 136 736 350 845 951 4,031 426 3,605 3,104

For additional health care expenditures, see Table 184.

For additional recreation expenditures, see Table 431.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1997; and unpublished data.

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No. 740. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Type of Expenditure: 1990 to 1997
[In dollars, except units (96,968 represent 96,968,000). See headnote, Table 738] Type Number of consumer units (1,000) . . . . . Total expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables. . . . . . . Other food at home . . . . . . . . Food away from home. . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuels, utilities, public services . . . Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchase . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil. . . . . . . . Other transportation . . . . . . . . . Health care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products, smoking supplies Personal insurance and pensions . . . Life and other personal insurance . . Pensions and Social Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 96,968 28,381 4,296 2,485 668 295 408 746 1,811 293 8,703 4,836 1,890 1,618 5,120 2,129 1,047 1,944 1,480 1,422 153 274 2,593 345 2,248 1991 97,918 29,614 4,271 2,651 709 294 429 815 1,620 297 9,252 5,191 1,990 1,735 5,151 2,111 995 1,741 1,554 1,472 163 276 2,787 356 2,431 1992 100,019 29,846 4,273 2,643 687 302 428 814 1,631 301 9,477 5,411 1,984 1,710 5,228 2,189 973 1,776 1,634 1,500 162 275 2,750 353 2,397 1993 100,049 30,692 4,399 2,735 734 295 444 827 1,664 268 9,636 5,415 2,112 1,676 5,453 2,319 977 1,843 1,776 1,626 166 268 2,908 399 2,509 1994 102,210 31,751 4,411 2,712 732 289 437 825 1,698 278 10,106 5,686 2,189 1,644 6,044 2,725 986 1,953 1,755 1,567 165 259 2,957 398 2,559 1995 103,024 32,277 4,505 2,803 752 297 457 856 1,702 277 10,465 5,932 2,193 1,704 6,016 2,639 1,006 2,016 1,732 1,612 163 269 2,967 374 2,593 1996 104,212 33,797 4,698 2,876 737 312 490 889 1,823 309 10,747 6,064 2,347 1,752 6,382 2,815 1,082 2,058 1,770 1,834 159 255 3,060 353 2,707 1997 105,576 34,819 4,801 2,880 743 314 476 895 1,921 309 11,272 6,344 2,412 1,729 6,457 2,736 1,098 2,230 1,841 1,813 164 264 3,223 379 2,844

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1997; and earlier reports.

No. 741. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Metropolitan Area: 1996-97
[In dollars. Metropolitan areas defined June 30, 1983, CMSA=Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area; MSA=Metropolitan Statistical Area; PMSA=Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area. See text, Section 1, Population, and Appendix II. See headnote, Table 738] Housing Metropolitan area Total expenditures 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51,276 39,373 34,716 37,069 (NA) 37,787 36,179 36,110 42,355 41,718 35,376 41,992 38,208 35,373 39,400 31,876 35,684 44,025 38,470 34,489 36,537 34,873 40,050 37,974 44,668 40,440 34,717 34,084 47,935 Apparel and servShelices ter 9,709 7,746 6,725 8,377 (NA) 7,685 6,456 5,827 6,656 8,089 6,189 9,371 6,365 5,545 9,676 6,857 7,354 7,752 9,267 8,067 7,024 5,479 7,948 9,927 9,910 8,820 5,293 5,597 10,927 1,623 2,039 1,831 1,956 (NA) 2,415 1,623 1,671 2,060 2,310 2,532 2,215 1,867 1,868 1,804 1,590 1,744 1,943 2,211 1,964 1,790 1,775 2,138 1,682 2,021 1,952 1,906 1,315 2,284 Transportation GasoVehicle line and purmotor chases oil 5,136 3,235 2,401 2,656 (NA) 2,454 3,339 2,828 5,814 3,286 2,240 3,521 4,225 2,399 2,270 1,815 1,926 3,241 1,225 1,755 2,833 3,108 3,598 1,967 2,684 3,521 2,640 2,931 3,184 1,206 1,173 947 1,056 (NA) 1,045 1,036 997 1,385 1,137 1,132 1,046 1,334 1,139 1,238 924 996 1,374 847 1,016 1,110 1,061 1,037 1,052 1,164 1,169 1,070 1,016 1,179

Food 6,782 4,031 5,186 4,297 (NA) 5,141 4,904 4,548 5,572 4,918 5,452 5,672 4,830 5,365 4,952 5,053 4,539 5,571 5,927 3,879 3,954 4,906 5,035 4,666 6,174 5,241 4,861 4,526 5,701

Total

1

Total

1

Health care 1,738 2,087 1,614 1,753 (NA) 1,929 1,810 1,975 1,922 1,743 1,494 1,618 1,901 1,862 1,528 1,325 1,453 2,015 1,736 1,466 1,833 1,804 1,926 1,747 1,808 1,557 1,580 1,953 2,165

Anchorage, AK MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Atlanta, GA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY CMSA . . . . Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA . . Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA . . . . . . Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO CMSA . Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA. . . . . . . Honolulu, HI MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kansas City, MO-Kansas City, KS CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA . Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . Milwaukee, WI PMSA . . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA . . New York-Northern New JerseyLong Island, NY-NJ-CT CMSA . . . . Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA . . . . . . . . . . Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA. . . . . . . . . . Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA CMSA . . Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA CMSA . . San Diego, CA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seattle-Tacoma, WA CMSA . . . . . . . St. Louis-East St. Louis-Alton, MO-IL CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA . . . . . .

16,273 13,663 11,258 13,616 (NA) 12,887 11,572 11,478 12,457 13,218 11,141 13,638 11,810 10,636 14,950 11,322 11,770 12,935 14,234 12,694 12,715 10,967 12,937 15,065 15,074 14,226 10,734 11,059 17,405

10,459 7,603 5,522 6,698 (NA) 6,169 6,970 6,641 10,188 8,138 6,687 7,955 8,590 6,116 6,926 5,045 5,251 8,562 5,202 5,732 7,044 6,769 7,409 5,893 7,301 7,712 6,203 6,958 7,979

NA Not available. 1 Includes expenditures not shown separately. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures, annual; and Internet <http://stats.bls.gov:80/csxmsa.html> (accessed 8 June 1999).

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473

No. 742. Money Income of Households—Percent Distribution, by Income Level, Race, and Hispanic Origin, in Constant (1997) Dollars: 1970 to 1997
[Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. Households as of March of following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Number of households (1,000)
1

Percent distribution Under $10,000 $10,000$14,999 $15,000$24,999 $25,000$34,999 $35,000$49,999 $50,000$74,999 $75,000 and over Median income (dollars)

Year

ALL HOUSEHOLDS 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

64,778 72,867 82,368 88,458 94,312 99,627 101,018 102,528

13.4 12.6 12.4 12.3 11.6 11.4 11.5 11.0

7.5 8.7 8.2 8.2 7.9 8.4 8.4 8.1

15.1 15.9 15.8 15.1 14.8 15.3 15.1 14.9

16.1 15.3 14.0 14.1 13.8 14.0 13.6 13.3

21.1 19.4 19.2 17.9 17.7 16.7 16.1 16.3

17.7 18.3 18.4 17.9 18.2 17.7 18.2 18.1

9.0 9.9 12.0 14.4 16.0 16.5 17.1 18.4

33,942 33,699 34,538 35,229 36,770 35,887 36,306 37,005

WHITE 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57,575 64,392 71,872 76,576 80,968 84,511 85,059 86,106 12.2 11.2 10.8 10.7 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.5 7.0 8.2 7.7 7.8 7.5 8.0 8.0 7.8 14.5 15.6 15.4 14.8 14.6 15.1 14.9 14.6 16.1 15.2 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.0 13.7 13.2 21.8 20.0 19.7 18.4 18.1 17.0 16.4 16.5 18.6 19.3 19.4 18.8 19.1 18.5 19.0 18.8 9.7 10.6 12.8 15.5 17.0 17.7 18.1 19.7 35,353 35,241 36,437 37,154 38,352 37,667 38,014 38,972

BLACK 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

6,180 7,489 8,847 9,797 10,671 11,577 12,109 12,474

24.3 24.6 25.3 25.2 25.8 22.8 22.6 21.4

12.2 13.5 12.8 11.9 11.3 11.3 11.5 10.5

20.9 18.8 19.2 18.3 16.5 18.0 17.6 17.9

15.8 15.9 13.3 13.6 13.0 14.3 13.9 14.2

14.5 14.3 14.7 14.1 15.0 14.6 14.1 14.9

9.2 9.8 10.5 11.1 11.5 11.9 12.6 13.1

3.0 3.2 4.2 5.6 6.9 7.2 7.8 7.9

21,518 21,156 20,992 22,105 22,934 23,583 24,021 25,050

HISPANIC 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

2,948 3,906 5,213 6,220 7,939 8,225 8,590

16.5 16.1 17.3 16.2 18.8 16.7 16.8
2

11.2 10.5 12.1 11.5 11.9 12.0 10.7

21.8 20.2 18.6 18.5 21.0 20.8 19.7

17.2 16.5 15.3 15.7 15.2 14.9 15.0

18.7 17.1 16.9 17.1 14.1 15.0 16.6

10.8 13.6 12.7 12.9 12.1 12.5 12.2

3.8 6.0 7.1 8.1 6.9 8.1 9.1

25,317 26,622 26,051 27,421 24,075 25,477 26,628

1 Includes other races not shown separately. origin households are not available prior to 1972.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Income data for Hispanic

No. 743. Money Income of Households—Median Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin, in Current and Constant (1997) Dollars: 1970 to 1997
[In dollars. See headnote, Table 742] Median income in current dollars Year All households 1 8,734 17,710 23,618 24,897 26,061 27,225 28,906 29,943 30,126 30,636 31,241 32,264 34,076 35,492 37,005 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 32,267 36,102 38,450 36,449 37,801 38,347 40,482 40,614 43,276 45,249 Hispanic 2 (NA) 13,651 17,465 18,352 19,336 20,359 21,921 22,330 22,691 22,597 22,886 23,421 22,860 24,906 26,628 Median income in constant (1997) dollars All households 1 33,942 34,538 35,229 36,460 36,820 36,937 37,415 36,770 35,501 35,047 34,700 34,942 35,887 36,306 37,005 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 43,777 46,729 47,217 42,952 43,243 42,593 43,842 42,773 44,269 45,249 Hispanic 2 (NA) 26,622 26,051 26,875 27,319 27,621 28,374 27,421 26,739 25,850 25,420 25,365 24,075 25,477 26,628

White 9,097 18,684 24,908 26,175 27,458 28,781 30,406 31,231 31,569 32,209 32,960 34,028 35,766 37,161 38,972

Black 5,537 10,764 14,819 15,080 15,672 16,407 18,083 18,676 18,807 18,755 19,533 21,027 22,393 23,482 25,050

White 35,353 36,437 37,154 38,331 38,794 39,048 39,356 38,352 37,201 36,846 36,610 36,852 37,667 38,014 38,972

Black 21,518 20,992 22,105 22,083 22,142 22,260 23,406 22,934 22,162 21,455 21,696 22,772 23,583 24,021 25,050

1970 . . . . . . . . 1980 . . . . . . . . 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 ... ... .. ... ... ... ... 4 .. ... ... ... ... ...
3

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. 3 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 4 Based on 1990 census population controls.

Source of Tables 742 and 743: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200; and Internet site <http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/inchhdet.html> (accessed 8 May 1999).

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U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 744. Money Income of Households—Distribution, by Income Level and Selected Characteristics: 1997
Number of households (1,000) 102,528 5,435 19,033 23,943 19,547 13,072 21,497 86,106 12,474 8,590 19,810 24,236 36,578 21,905 26,327 32,965 17,331 15,358 7,048 2,232 1,267 70,880 54,317 3,911 12,652 31,648 14,133 17,516 Number (1,000) Under $10,000- $15,000- $25,000- $35,000- $50,000- $75,000 $10,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 and over 11,296 1,141 1,635 1,686 1,318 1,440 4,075 8,188 2,672 1,441 2,393 2,418 4,445 2,039 6,692 2,027 1,177 738 436 139 88 4,346 1,471 271 2,604 6,949 2,167 4,782 8,326 595 1,302 1,181 876 871 3,500 6,716 1,316 916 1,546 1,836 3,143 1,800 4,171 2,177 891 586 290 114 96 3,911 2,085 262 1,564 4,415 1,508 2,907 15,244 1,223 2,683 2,702 1,947 1,710 4,979 12,549 2,238 1,691 2,648 3,560 5,840 3,196 5,453 5,255 2,084 1,350 692 239 170 9,068 5,886 605 2,578 6,176 2,715 3,461 13,586 952 2,947 3,000 2,097 1,540 3,052 11,350 1,766 1,290 2,374 3,278 5,143 2,792 3,688 5,099 1,963 1,623 756 296 160 9,157 6,473 711 1,974 4,429 2,193 2,236 16,698 810 3,820 4,319 3,084 2,168 2,496 14,170 1,859 1,429 3,033 4,138 5,981 3,546 3,058 5,894 3,052 2,756 1,310 411 216 12,500 9,981 709 1,810 4,197 2,303 1,895 18,531 460 4,062 5,580 4,406 2,300 1,723 16,190 1,637 1,047 3,532 4,723 6,279 3,997 2,024 6,214 4,028 3,873 1,658 503 231 15,380 13,205 805 1,370 3,151 1,844 1,306 18,847 254 2,584 5,475 5,818 3,044 1,671 16,945 985 778 4,283 4,283 5,748 4,533 1,241 6,299 4,136 4,432 1,906 530 305 16,516 15,216 548 754 2,331 1,402 928 Median income (dollars) 37,005 22,583 38,174 46,359 51,875 41,356 20,761 38,972 25,050 26,628 38,929 38,316 34,345 39,162 18,762 39,343 47,115 53,165 50,407 46,465 42,343 45,347 51,681 36,634 23,040 21,705 27,592 17,613

Characteristic

Total

1

.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Age of householder: 15 to 24 years . . . 25 to 34 years . . . 35 to 44 years . . . 45 to 54 years . . . 55 to 64 years . . . 65 years and over

White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Northeast. Midwest. . South . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Size of household: One person . . . Two persons . . . Three persons . . Four persons . . Five persons . . . Six persons . . . Seven or more persons . . . . .

...... . . . . . . .

Type of household: Family households . . . . Married-couple . . . . . Male householder, wife absent . . . . . . Female householder, husband absent . . . Nonfamily households. . Male householder . . . Female householder . Educational attainment of householder: 3 Total . . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . . 9th to 12th grade (no diploma) . . . . . . . . High school graduate . . . Some college, no degree. . . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . . Master’s degree. . . . . Professional degree . . Doctorate degree . . . .

.. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . .

97,093 7,369 9,686 30,739 17,225 7,263 24,811 16,098 5,735 1,693 1,285 67,873 32,954 1,701

10,155 2,223 2,321 3,254 1,227 417 712 529 136 29 19 4,376 6,505 414

7,731 1,344 1,402 2,657 1,287 389 652 456 140 27 29 4,198 3,882 246

14,021 1,664 2,079 5,245 2,429 900 1,704 1,276 323 58 47 8,567 6,347 331

12,635 843 1,303 4,729 2,591 940 2,229 1,604 462 88 76 8,240 5,135 212

15,888 690 1,240 5,691 3,121 1,357 3,789 2,581 873 213 122 11,474 4,975 249

18,070 375 898 5,755 3,533 1,742 5,768 4,020 1,257 261 231 14,517 3,829 185

18,594 231 443 3,409 3,038 1,518 9,956 5,633 2,544 1,017 762 16,501 2,281 66

38,190 15,541 19,851 33,779 40,015 45,258 63,292 59,048 68,115 92,228 87,232 45,821 24,514 20,376

Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . Renter occupied . . . . . . Occupier paid no cash rent . . . . . . . . . . Work experience of householder: Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked at full-time jobs. 50 weeks or more . . . 27 to 49 weeks . . . . . 26 weeks or less . . . . Worked at part-time jobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 weeks or more . . . 27 to 49 weeks . . . . . 26 weeks or less . . . . Did not work. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

102,528 73,415 63,318 53,665 6,311 3,341 10,098 5,090 2,224 2,784 29,113

11,296 3,551 1,917 755 454 707 1,633 554 326 754 7,745
2

8,326 3,779 2,697 1,649 618 430 1,082 537 206 339 4,546

15,244 9,103 7,263 5,566 1,062 635 1,841 953 417 471 6,141

13,586 9,963 8,681 7,299 914 467 1,283 693 282 308 3,623

16,698 13,673 12,100 10,470 1,189 441 1,574 828 378 367 3,024

18,531 16,342 15,053 13,564 1,122 367 1,289 682 327 280 2,188
3

18,847 17,003 15,608 14,363 951 293 1,396 843 287 266 1,844

37,005 45,877 48,488 51,336 36,263 23,254 28,437 31,640 30,652 21,023 18,143

1 Includes other races not shown separately. and over.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Persons 25 years old

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200, Money Income in the United States: 1997.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

475

No. 745. Household Income Before and After Taxes in Current and Constant (1997) Dollars: 1980 to 1997
[In dollars, except as indicated. Households as of March of the following year. Income in current and 1997 CPI-U-X1 adjusted dollars] Number of households (1,000) 82,368 88,458 94,312 95,669 96,426 97,107 98,990 99,627 101,018 102,528 Current dollars Mean Before taxes 21,063 29,066 37,403 37,922 38,840 41,428 43,133 44,938 47,123 49,692 After taxes 16,272 22,646 29,188 29,640 30,425 32,092 33,315 34,592 36,008 37,656 Median Before taxes 17,710 23,618 29,943 30,126 30,636 31,241 32,264 34,076 35,492 37,005 After taxes 14,551 19,401 24,546 24,955 25,474 26,112 26,973 28,249 29,312 30,648 Constant (1997) dollars Mean Before taxes 41,077 43,356 45,931 44,688 44,432 46,015 46,713 47,326 48,204 49,692 After taxes 31,733 33,780 35,843 34,928 34,806 35,645 36,080 36,431 36,834 37,656 Median Before taxes 34,538 35,229 36,770 35,501 35,047 34,700 34,942 35,887 36,306 37,005 After taxes 28,377 28,939 30,143 29,407 29,142 29,003 29,212 29,750 29,985 30,648

Year

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 1 . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . 1991 . . . . . 1992 2 . . . . 1993 3 . . . . 1994 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1995 5 . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Recording of amounts for earnings from longest job increased to $299,999. Full implementation of 1980 census-based sample design. 2 Implementation of 1990 census population controls. 3 Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer assisted interviewing. In addition, the March 1994 income supplement was revised to allow for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items. Limits either increased or decreased in the following categories: earnings increased to $999,999; social security increased to $49,999; supplemental security income and public assistance increased to 4 Introduction of 1990 $24,999; veterans’ benefits increased to $99,999; child support and alimony decreased to $49,999. 5 census sample design. Full implementation of the 1990 census-based sample design and metropolitan definitions, 7,000 household sample reduction, and revised race edits.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Internet site <http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/incexper.html> (accessed 8 June 1999).

No. 746. Mean-Taxes Paid and Taxes Paid as a Percentage of Total Mean Before-Tax Income by Type of Tax in Current and Constant (1997) Dollars: 1980 to 1997
[Households as of March of the following year. Mean taxes paid in current and 1997 CPI-U-X1 adjusted dollars] Mean taxes paid Constant 1997 dollars (dollars) 10,102 10,362 10,924 10,614 10,499 11,348 11,662 11,892 12,396 13,077 7,822 6,973 7,130 6,954 6,897 7,884 8,221 8,357 8,835 9,445 1,675 1,984 2,100 2,075 2,101 As a percent of mean beforetax income 23.1 22.5 22.4 22.3 22.2 23.1 23.4 23.7 24.3 24.9 15.3 13.2 12.4 12.3 12.1 13.3 13.5 13.7 14.3 14.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 Mean taxes paid As a Conperstant cent of 1997 mean dollars before(doltax lars) income 2,271 2,376 2,418 2,524 2,674 2,173 2,825 3,306 3,308 3,305 3,289 3,365 3,363 3,406 3,508 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.6 5.6 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.1

Type of tax and year Number (1,000) One or more taxes paid: 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal income taxes: 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 1 . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 2 . . . . . . . . . . . 1993 3 . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 4 . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 5 . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . State income taxes: 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 1 . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 2 . . . . . . . . . . .
5

Current dollars (dollars) 5,180 6,947 8,896 9,007 9,178 10,217 10,768 11,292 12,118 13,077 4,011 4,675 5,806 5,901 6,029 7,098 7,591 7,935 8,637 9,445 859 1,330 1,710 1,761 1,837
2

Type of tax and year Number (1,000) 1993 3 . . . . . . . . . . 1994 4 . . . . . . . . . . 1995 5 . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . FICA payroll taxes: 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 1 . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 2 . . . . . . . . . . 1993 3 . . . . . . . . . . 1994 4 . . . . . . . . . . 1995 5 . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . Property taxes on own home: 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 1 . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 2 . . . . . . . . . . 1993 3 . . . . . . . . . . 1994 4 . . . . . . . . . . 1995 5 . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . .
3

Current dollars (dollars) 2,045 2,194 2,296 2,467 2,674 1,114 1,894 2,692 2,807 2,889 2,961 3,107 3,193 3,330 3,508

76,171 81,943 87,597 88,636 89,232 89,561 91,540 92,754 94,236 95,850 61,316 68,019 70,255 69,842 68,957 68,786 69,501 70,926 72,009 73,941 52,591 57,033 61,875 62,314 62,247

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

62,459 63,626 64,827 65,856 67,164 62,061 66,090 70,942 71,466 72,516 72,264 74,050 75,096 76,724 77,999

. . . . . . . . . .

52,328 53,298 58,472 59,403 59,838 60,554 62,121 63,377 64,559 65,998
4

575 811 1,125 1,119 1,213 1,230 1,257 1,361 1,433 1,390

1,121 1,210 1,382 1,319 1,388 1,366 1,361 1,433 1,466 1,390

2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.3

1 See footnote 1, Table 745. See footnote 5, Table 745.

See footnote 2, Table 745.

See footnote 3, Table 745.

See footnote 4, Table 745.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Internet site <http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/rdi02.html> (accessed 8 June 1999).

476

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 747. Money Income of Households—Median Income and Income Level, by Household Type: 1997
[See headnote, Table 742] Family households Item All households MEDIAN INCOME (dollars) All households White . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . NUMBER (1,000) All households Under $5,000 . . . . . $5,000 to $9,999 . . . $10,000 to $14,999 . $15,000 to $19,999 . $20,000 to $24,999 . $25,000 to $34,999 . $35,000 to $49,999 . $50,000 to $74,999 . $75,000 to $99,999 . $100,000 and over . .
1

Nonfamily households Female householder, husband absent Single-person household Male householder Female householder

Total

Married couple

Male householder, wife absent

Total

1

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

37,005 38,972 25,050 26,628

45,347 47,454 29,915 29,253

51,681 52,199 45,372 34,317

36,634 38,511 28,593 28,249

23,040 25,670 17,962 16,393

21,705 22,380 17,073 16,807

23,871 25,415 17,139 16,524

15,530 15,818 13,738 9,666

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

102,528 3,531 7,765 8,326 7,837 7,406 13,586 16,698 18,531 9,186 9,661

70,880 1,698 2,650 3,910 4,465 4,603 9,157 12,501 15,380 7,999 8,516

54,317 593 878 2,085 2,783 3,102 6,472 9,980 13,205 7,241 7,976
2

3,911 119 152 262 307 299 711 710 804 329 220

12,652 985 1,619 1,564 1,375 1,202 1,974 1,810 1,371 432 321

31,648 1,835 5,116 4,415 3,372 2,804 4,430 4,197 3,151 1,185 1,145

11,010 672 1,367 1,366 1,218 1,091 1,772 1,627 1,136 381 380

15,317 1,055 3,598 2,805 1,802 1,342 1,917 1,432 885 238 241

Includes other nonfamily households not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200.

No. 748. Money Income of Households—Median Income, by State, in Constant (1997) Dollars: 1987 to 1997
[Constant dollars based on the CPI-U-X1 deflator. Data based on the Current Population Survey; see text, Sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. The CPS is designed to collect reliable data on income primarily at the national level and secondarily at the regional level. When the income data are tabulated by state, the estimates are considered less reliable and, therefore, particular caution should be used when trying to interpret the results] State 1987 1990 1995 1996 1997 State MO MT . NE . NV . NH . NJ . NM. NY . NC . ND . OH. OK . OR. PA . RI . SC . SD . TN . TX . UT . VT . VA . WA WV WI . WY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1987 33,513 28,927 32,874 37,975 45,689 48,377 29,328 37,277 32,157 31,897 36,413 30,646 35,375 35,920 39,972 35,391 29,883 29,923 34,927 37,482 35,908 42,380 38,598 24,311 37,255 38,981 1990 33,564 28,705 33,748 39,324 50,109 47,565 30,748 38,794 32,332 31,024 36,856 29,944 35,957 35,618 39,257 35,287 30,173 27,743 34,664 37,014 38,188 43,070 39,434 27,184 37,713 36,177 1995 36,676 29,232 34,679 38,002 41,253 46,259 27,372 34,783 33,679 30,635 36,798 27,709 38,307 36,359 37,238 30,616 31,150 30,557 33,742 38,419 35,622 38,147 37,458 26,202 43,132 33,205 1996 35,051 29,342 34,794 39,424 40,311 48,557 25,662 36,222 36,418 32,192 34,852 28,067 36,306 35,700 37,835 35,460 30,203 31,496 33,831 37,888 33,100 40,111 37,518 25,826 40,919 31,663 1997 36,553 29,212 34,692 38,854 40,998 48,021 30,086 35,798 35,840 31,661 36,134 31,351 37,247 37,517 34,797 34,262 29,694 30,636 35,075 42,775 35,053 42,957 44,562 27,488 39,595 33,423

U.S.. . $36,714 $36,770 $35,887 $36,306 $37,005 AL . AK . AZ . AR . CA . CO. CT . DE . DC . FL . GA . HA . ID . IL. . IN . IA . KS . KY . LA . ME. MD. MA. MI . MN. MS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27,881 46,953 37,792 26,600 42,592 37,407 46,429 41,317 38,790 34,599 37,743 49,481 29,324 38,266 31,816 31,351 36,145 29,208 30,163 33,343 49,407 45,552 39,139 39,676 26,156 28,682 48,258 35,887 27,981 40,880 37,740 47,732 37,827 33,637 32,769 33,845 47,795 31,075 39,962 33,068 33,510 36,738 30,430 27,513 33,726 47,717 44,511 36,763 38,639 24,779 27,372 50,503 32,503 27,186 38,976 42,870 42,382 36,784 32,382 31,326 35,911 45,129 34,413 40,094 35,159 37,407 31,954 31,394 29,434 35,658 43,222 40,624 38,362 39,949 27,948 30,997 53,990 32,363 27,745 39,703 41,890 43,085 40,211 32,699 31,344 33,242 42,730 35,505 40,462 35,953 33,971 33,333 33,157 30,956 35,492 45,002 40,400 40,125 41,932 27,289 31,939 47,994 32,740 26,162 39,694 43,233 43,985 43,033 31,860 32,455 36,663 40,934 33,404 41,283 38,889 33,783 36,471 33,452 33,260 32,772 46,685 42,023 38,742 42,564 28,499

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200; and <http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/ inchhdet.html> (accessed 23 March 1999).

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

477

No. 749. Money Income of Families—Percent Distribution, by Income Level, Race, and Hispanic Origin, in Constant (1997) Dollars: 1970 to 1997
[Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. Families as of March of following year. Beginning with 1980, based on householder concept and restricted to primary families. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Number of families (1,000)
1

Percent distribution Under $10,000- $15,000- $25,000- $35,000- $50,000- $75,000 $10,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 and over

Year ALL FAMILIES 1970 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Median income (dollars)

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

52,227 60,309 63,558 66,322 69,597 70,241 70,884

7.0 6.6 7.5 7.1 6.9 7.3 6.8

6.2 6.2 6.2 5.8 6.2 5.9 5.7

14.5 14.3 13.7 12.9 13.6 13.2 13.0

17.0 14.2 14.0 13.5 13.8 13.4 12.8

24.1 21.4 19.3 19.1 18.0 17.5 17.4

20.6 22.4 21.3 21.5 20.9 21.5 21.3

10.5 14.9 17.9 20.3 20.7 21.2 22.8

38,345 40,999 41,371 43,414 42,769 43,271 44,568

WHITE 1970 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46,535 52,710 54,991 56,803 58,872 58,934 59,515 5.9 5.3 6.0 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.1 13.7 13.6 13.1 12.5 13.0 12.6 12.5 17.0 14.2 14.0 13.6 13.8 13.4 12.7 24.9 22.0 19.9 19.5 18.4 17.9 17.7 21.7 23.6 22.3 22.6 21.9 22.6 22.1 11.3 16.0 19.2 21.5 22.1 22.7 24.5 39,779 42,717 43,484 45,332 44,913 45,783 46,754

BLACK 1970 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

4,928 6,317 6,921 7,471 8,055 8,455 8,408

17.3 17.7 19.9 20.2 18.2 18.5 17.0

12.1 13.1 11.5 11.7 10.5 10.5 9.8

22.1 19.8 18.7 16.2 17.8 17.6 17.7

17.5 14.3 14.2 13.3 14.6 14.1 14.2

16.6 16.7 15.6 16.3 16.0 15.4 15.5

10.9 13.1 13.2 13.7 13.7 14.6 16.0

3.5 5.4 6.9 8.7 9.2 9.4 9.9

24,401 24,717 25,039 26,308 27,350 27,131 28,602

HISPANIC ORIGIN 1980 1985 1990 1995 1996 1997
1

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

3,235 4,206 4,981 6,287 6,631 6,961

12.2 13.9 13.5 15.2 14.2 13.8
2

10.5 12.1 11.3 11.5 11.6 10.9

20.2 18.9 19.2 22.2 21.3 20.1

17.3 15.6 15.4 15.9 15.5 15.3

18.4 17.5 17.6 14.6 15.3 17.2

15.0 14.2 14.0 13.0 13.2 12.7

6.4 7.9 9.0 7.7 8.9 10.0

28,699 28,381 28,773 25,876 26,780 28,142

Includes other races not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

No. 750. Money Income of Families—Median Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin, in Current and Constant (1997) Dollars: 1970 to 1997
[See headnote, Table 742] Median income in current dollars Year All families 1 9,867 21,023 27,735 29,458 30,970 32,191 34,213 35,353 35,939 36,573 36,959 38,782 40,611 42,300 44,568 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 36,560 40,351 42,246 40,974 42,255 44,456 46,122 46,356 49,105 51,850 Hispanic Median income in constant (1997) dollars All families 1 38,345 40,999 41,371 43,139 43,756 43,674 44,284 43,414 42,351 41,839 41,051 42,001 42,769 43,271 44,568 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 49,602 52,229 51,878 48,284 48,339 49,378 49,950 48,820 50,232 51,850 Hispanic 2 (NA) 28,699 28,381 29,281 28,681 29,534 30,347 28,773 28,158 26,946 26,273 26,336 25,876 26,780 28,142

White 10,236 21,904 29,152 30,809 32,385 33,915 35,975 36,915 37,783 38,670 39,300 40,884 42,646 44,756 46,754

Black 6,279 12,674 16,786 17,604 18,406 19,329 20,209 21,423 21,548 21,103 21,542 24,698 25,970 26,522 28,602

2

White 39,779 42,717 43,484 45,117 45,755 46,013 46,564 45,332 44,524 44,238 43,652 44,277 44,913 45,783 46,754

Black 24,401 24,717 25,039 25,780 26,005 26,224 26,158 26,308 25,392 24,141 23,927 26,748 27,350 27,131 28,602

1970 . . . . . . . . 1980 . . . . . . . . 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
3 4

(NA) 14,716 19,027 19,995 20,300 21,769 23,446 23,431 23,895 23,555 23,654 24,318 24,570 26,179 28,142

. .. . .. .. .. .. 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . .. ..

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. 3 Recording of amounts for earnings from longest job increased to $299,999. 4 Implementation of a new March CPS processing 5 Implementation of 1990 census population controls. 6 See text, Section 14, for information on data collection system. change. 7 Introduction of 1990 census sample design. 8 Full implementation of the 1990 census-based sample design and metropolitan definitions, 7,000 household sample reduction, and revised race edits.

Source of Tables 749 and 750: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200.

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No. 751. Share of Aggregate Income Received by Each Fifth and Top 5 Percent of Families: 1970 to 1997
[Families as of March of the following year. Income in constant 1997 CPI-U-X1 adjusted dollars] Income at selected positions (dollars) Year Number (1,000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52,227 56,245 60,309 63,558 66,322 67,173 68,216 68,506 69,313 69,597 70,241 70,884 59,515 8,408 6,961 Upper limit of each fifth Lowest Second 19,820 19,954 20,282 19,816 20,687 20,033 19,119 18,849 19,429 20,084 20,132 20,586 22,576 11,396 12,642 32,333 32,857 34,148 34,138 35,666 34,305 33,946 33,322 33,898 34,738 35,102 36,000 38,258 21,875 22,200 Third 43,910 45,694 48,365 49,451 51,625 50,672 50,335 50,016 50,901 51,589 52,258 53,616 55,783 36,052 34,963 Percent distribution of aggregate income Fourth Highest 5th 5th 23.8 24.2 24.4 24.3 23.8 24.1 24.0 23.3 23.3 23.2 23.1 23.0 22.8 25.1 22.8 40.9 40.7 41.1 43.1 44.3 44.2 44.7 47.0 46.9 46.5 46.8 47.2 46.8 46.8 49.3 Top 5 percent 15.6 14.9 14.6 16.1 17.4 17.1 17.6 20.3 20.1 20.0 20.3 20.7 20.7 17.6 21.6

Low- SecTop 5 est ond Third Fourth percent 5th 5th 5th 94,240 99,099 107,260 117,787 125,696 121,169 121,275 125,714 130,006 130,228 130,937 137,080 142,400 95,684 96,460 5.4 5.6 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.6 3.4 3.9 12.2 11.9 11.6 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.5 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.0 9.9 10.2 9.1 9.2 17.6 17.7 17.6 16.9 16.6 16.6 16.5 15.7 15.7 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7 15.6 14.9

1970 . . . . . . . . 1975 . . . . . . . . 1980 . . . . . . . . 1985 . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . 1992 1 . . . . . . . 1993 2 . . . . . . . 1994 3 . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . Black . . . . . . Hispanic origin

60,357 63,266 67,866 71,940 75,510 74,229 73,272 74,190 75,808 76,101 77,044 80,000 82,442 57,000 53,548

1 2 Based on 1990 census population controls. See text, this section, for explanation of changes in data collection method. 3 Introduction of new 1990 census sample design. 4 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200; and <http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/ index.html> (accessed 23 March 1999).

No. 752. Money Income of Families—Distribution, by Family Characteristics and Income Level: 1997
[See headnote, Table 749. For composition of regions, see map inside front cover] Income level (1,000) Number of fami$10,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $50,000 $75,000 lies Under to to to to to and (1,000) $10,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 over 70,884 3,018 13,639 18,872 14,695 9,391 11,270 59,515 8,408 6,961 13,338 16,594 25,682 15,270 54,321 3,911 12,652 575 67,866 4,667 6,604 21,991 12,107 5,226 17,272 11,201 3,903 1,249 919 4,816 720 1,363 1,151 530 484 567 3,185 1,428 956 904 898 2,008 1,006 1,488 358 2,971 219 4,096 690 1,027 1,439 559 162 221 156 46 10 8
2

Characteristic

Median income (dollars) 44,568 20,820 39,979 50,424 59,959 50,241 30,660 46,754 28,602 28,142 48,328 46,734 41,001 45,590 51,591 32,960 21,023 13,692 45,874 21,208 25,465 40,040 46,936 52,393 73,578 67,230 81,734 106,942 103,203

All families . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years old . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 years old and over White . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin 1 . . . . . . Northeast . . . . . . . . . . Midwest . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4,054 361 922 826 500 407 1,037 3,047 824 759 608 797 1,689 959 2,100 292 1,661 86 3,693 799 753 1,152 562 174 253 185 46 12 10

9,250 659 1,814 1,934 1,112 991 2,739 7,454 1,486 1,397 1,570 1,993 3,718 1,968 5,899 703 2,647 133 8,590 1,267 1,465 3,261 1,358 506 733 581 109 25 18

9,079 456 1,846 2,120 1,420 1,081 2,156 7,552 1,193 1,066 1,596 2,122 3,492 1,869 6,497 707 1,875 69 8,622 728 1,085 3,517 1,666 556 1,071 797 194 50 30

12,357 443 2,637 3,285 2,303 1,700 1,989 10,527 1,302 1,199 2,158 3,093 4,565 2,542 9,978 694 1,685 51 11,913 624 1,101 4,610 2,338 1,005 2,235 1,616 451 111 58

15,112 264 3,080 4,734 3,640 1,997 1,398 13,172 1,344 887 2,853 3,862 5,230 3,167 13,200 716 1,195 14 14,848 341 778 4,991 2,964 1,468 4,306 3,079 868 203 156

16,217 114 1,977 4,820 5,189 2,731 1,385 14,578 832 697 3,648 3,829 4,981 3,760 15,159 440 618 3 16,103 219 395 3,021 2,661 1,355 8,454 4,788 2,188 839 638

Type of family: Married-couple families . . . . . Male householder, wife absent Female householder, husband absent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unrelated subfamilies . . . . . . . .

.... .... .... ....

Education attainment of householder: 2 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9th to 12th grade (no diploma) . . . . . . High school graduate (includes equivalency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some college, no degree . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . Master’s degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Persons 25 years old and over.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

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No. 753. Money Income of Families—Work Experience, by Income Level: 1997
[See headnote, Table 749] Income level (1,000) Number of $10,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $50,000 $75,000 families Under to to to to to and (1,000) $10,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 over ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70,884 9,835 20,494 40,555 31,752 6,638 2,165 53,783 46,789 40,012 4,370 2,407 6,994 3,537 1,560 1,897 4,816 2,168 2,287 361 340 20 2 2,188 1,258 488 272 498 930 312 187 432 4,054 1,378 1,960 716 674 41 2 2,180 1,592 955 365 271 588 273 120 194 9,250 2,624 4,055 2,570 2,348 201 21 5,401 4,376 3,298 656 422 1,025 517 218 290 9,079 1,508 3,483 4,088 3,645 390 53 6,287 5,405 4,526 565 314 882 464 178 240 12,357 1,095 3,455 7,807 6,486 1,128 193 9,860 8,631 7,424 858 350 1,228 633 325 270 15,112 609 2,876 11,628 9,067 2,018 543 13,230 12,111 10,937 871 303 1,120 599 285 236 16,217 454 2,379 13,383 9,192 2,840 1,352 14,637 13,416 12,384 784 249 1,221 738 247 235

Characteristic

Median income (dollars) 44,568 19,731 30,204 58,972 55,443 68,028 85,978 51,268 53,302 56,309 40,651 25,347 35,725 39,213 38,010 26,362

All families. . . . . . . . . . . . Number of earners: No earners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One earner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Two earners or more . . . . . . . Two earners . . . . . . . . . . . Three earners . . . . . . . . . . Four earners or more . . . . . Work experience of householder: Worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked at full-time jobs . . . . . . 50 weeks or more . . . . . . . . . 27 to 49 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . 26 weeks or less . . . . . . . . . . Worked at part-time jobs. . . . . . 50 weeks or more . . . . . . . . . 27 to 49 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . 26 weeks or less . . . . . . . . . .

No. 754. Median Income of Families, by Type of Family in Current and Constant (1997) Dollars: 1970 to 1997
[See headnote, Table 749] Current dollars Married-couple families Year Wife in paid labor Total force 10,516 23,141 31,100 39,895 40,995 41,890 43,005 44,959 47,062 49,707 51,591 12,276 26,879 36,431 46,777 48,169 49,775 51,204 53,309 55,823 58,381 60,669 Wife Male not in housepaid holder, labor no wife force present 9,304 18,972 24,556 30,265 30,075 30,174 30,218 31,176 32,375 33,748 36,027 9,012 17,519 22,622 29,046 28,351 27,576 26,467 27,751 30,358 31,600 32,960
2

Constant (1997) dollars Female householder, no husband present 5,093 10,408 13,660 16,932 16,692 17,025 17,443 18,236 19,691 19,911 21,023 Married-couple families Wife in paid labor Total force 40,867 45,129 46,390 48,991 48,309 47,921 47,767 48,690 49,563 50,848 51,591 47,707 52,419 54,342 57,442 56,763 56,941 56,874 57,733 58,790 59,721 60,669 Wife Male not in housepaid holder, labor no wife force present 36,157 36,999 36,629 37,166 35,441 34,518 33,564 33,763 34,096 34,522 36,027 35,022 34,165 33,744 35,669 33,409 31,546 29,398 30,054 31,972 32,325 32,960 Female householder, no husband present 19,792 20,297 20,376 20,793 19,670 19,476 19,374 19,750 20,738 20,368 21,023

Total 1970 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
3

Total 38,345 40,999 41,371 43,414 42,351 41,839 41,051 42,001 42,769 43,271 44,568

. . . . . 1 . .. 2 . 3 . .. ..

. . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

9,867 21,023 27,735 35,353 35,939 36,573 36,959 38,782 40,611 42,300 44,568

1 Based on 1990 census population controls. Introduction of 1990 census sample design.

See text, this section, for information on data collection change.

No. 755. Married-Couple Families—Number and Median Income, by Work Experience of Husbands and Wives and Presence of Children: 1997
[As of March 1998. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III] Number (1,000) One or more related children under 18 years old Two chilOne dren or child more Median income (dollars) One or more related children under 18 years old Two One children child or more 52,857 54,588 57,974 62,848 41,783 57,220 60,761 65,354 46,109 19,602 25,990 37,405 15,256

All Work experience of husband or wife marriedNo couple related famichillies dren All married-couple families . . Husband worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wife worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wife year-round, full-time worker. Wife did not work . . . . . . . . . . . . Husband year-round, full-time worker . Wife worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wife year-round, full-time worker. Wife did not work . . . . . . . . . . . . Husband did not work . . . . . . . . . . . Wife worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wife year-round, full-time worker. Wife did not work . . . . . . . . . . . . 54,321 43,384 32,834 18,962 10,550 35,618 27,493 16,244 8,125 10,937 2,861 1,600 8,076 27,892 18,404 14,020 8,907 4,384 14,009 11,103 7,392 2,906 9,488 2,084 1,124 7,404

Total

All marriedNo couple related famichillies dren

Total

26,430 10,057 16,372 51,591 48,588 54,395 56,324 24,980 9,365 15,615 57,794 61,190 55,905 58,075 18,814 7,482 11,331 61,837 65,624 59,733 61,486 10,055 4,455 5,600 67,053 70,445 64,859 66,726 6,166 1,882 4,284 43,482 45,421 42,095 42,887 21,609 8,052 13,557 61,495 66,268 58,688 60,667 16,390 6,499 9,891 64,902 69,982 61,713 63,369 8,852 3,921 4,931 69,507 73,280 66,477 68,173 5,219 1,553 3,666 48,510 51,866 46,454 46,864 1,449 693 757 27,639 28,253 22,880 28,329 778 382 396 37,239 39,784 30,014 32,530 476 247 229 44,548 47,962 38,347 39,041 672 311 361 24,986 25,656 17,542 21,406

Source of Tables 753-755: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200; and <http://www.census.gov/ hhes/income/histinc/index.htm> (accessed 23 March 1999).

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No. 756. Money Income of Persons—Selected Characteristics, by Income Level: 1997
[Persons as of March of following year. Covers persons 15 years old and over. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation. For composition of regions, see map, inside front cover] Persons with income Number (1,000) Characteristic All persons Total Under 1 (1,000) (1,000) $5,000 $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $50,000 $75,000 Median to to to to to to and income $9,999 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 over (dollars)

MALE Total . . . . . . 15 to 24 years old . 25 to 34 years old . 35 to 44 years old . 45 to 54 years old . 55 to 64 years old . 65 yr. old and over Northeast. . . . . . . Midwest. . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101,123 . 18,747 . 19,526 . 22,054 . 16,598 . 10,673 . 13,524 . 19,341 . 23,265 . 35,610 . 22,907 . 85,219 . 11,283 . 10,944 94,168 13,905 18,936 21,456 16,203 10,361 13,308 17,953 22,086 32,950 21,179 80,400 9,671 9,585 8,578 5,201 880 887 599 516 495 1,663 2,041 2,898 1,977 6,903 1,254 1,069 9,598 2,969 1,291 1,374 924 917 2,124 1,788 2,024 3,547 2,239 7,527 1,605 1,490 10,695 1,983 2,138 1,554 1,044 1,061 2,916 1,917 2,301 3,880 2,597 8,979 1,264 1,824 17,800 2,329 4,561 3,446 2,290 1,671 3,504 3,163 4,059 6,752 3,826 14,962 2,062 2,338 14,740 950 4,138 3,978 2,438 1,558 1,678 2,515 3,842 5,434 2,949 12,678 1,459 1,237 14,367 307 3,281 4,434 3,366 1,827 1,153 2,883 3,646 4,748 3,089 12,602 1,176 890 10,938 91 1,860 3,555 3,261 1,391 780 2,340 2,612 3,402 2,584 9,829 635 487 7,451 77 787 2,228 2,281 1,419 659 1,683 1,561 2,289 1,918 6,921 216 250 25,212 7,468 25,996 32,851 37,624 31,157 17,768 26,378 26,285 23,896 24,832 26,115 18,096 16,216

Education attainment of householder: 3 Total . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . 9th to 12th grade 4 . . . High school graduate 5 . Some college, no degree. . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . Master’s degree. . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree . . . FEMALE Total . . . . . . 15 to 24 years old . 25 to 34 years old . 35 to 44 years old . 45 to 54 years old . 55 to 64 years old . 65 yr. old and over Northeast. . . . . . . Midwest. . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

82,376 6,159 8,018 26,575 14,122 5,670 21,832 14,090 4,640 1,749 1,353

80,263 5,839 7,601 25,777 13,892 5,591 21,563 13,900 4,583 1,741 1,338

3,377 495 623 1,147 482 191 438 338 62 18 20

6,629 1,633 1,229 1,994 832 295 646 467 115 50 13

8,712 1,439 1,479 3,139 1,366 424 865 650 138 45 33

15,471 1,356 2,020 6,277 2,684 978 2,155 1,647 359 80 69

13,790 492 1,137 5,273 2,776 1,081 3,031 2,288 491 156 96

14,060 271 697 4,729 2,840 1,310 4,214 2,830 936 245 202

10,848 83 289 2,443 1,994 945 5,093 3,244 1,241 292 316

7,375 69 126 774 917 367 5,122 2,436 1,242 855 588

28,919 12,157 16,818 25,453 30,536 32,930 47,126 41,949 52,530 72,274 68,643

. 108,168 . 18,333 . 19,828 . 22,407 . 17,459 . 11,582 . 18,558 . 21,285 . 25,167 . 38,347 . 23,368 . 89,489 . 13,715 . 10,485

97,447 13,626 18,081 20,809 16,231 10,607 18,093 19,283 23,417 34,154 20,592 81,352 11,961 8,055

18,456 5,705 3,005 3,364 2,248 1,930 2,205 3,412 4,435 6,602 4,008 15,500 2,046 1,959

19,077 3,331 2,345 2,657 1,909 2,048 6,786 3,808 4,491 7,101 3,677 15,597 2,779 1,976

14,123 1,918 2,407 2,606 1,924 1,476 3,792 2,717 3,389 4,931 3,085 11,890 1,661 1,384

19,472 1,856 4,573 4,426 3,554 2,072 2,992 3,469 4,954 7,158 3,891 16,060 2,697 1,415

11,813 530 3,054 3,246 2,537 1,341 1,106 2,526 2,800 3,972 2,514 9,898 1,407 668

8,207 179 1,708 2,653 2,176 870 621 1,838 1,970 2,547 1,852 6,950 858 441

4,351 90 717 1,276 1,312 593 363 1,033 1,019 1,257 1,041 3,727 414 152

1,947 17 273 583 570 277 228 480 359 585 523 1,730 99 61

13,703 6,342 17,647 18,706 20,534 14,376 10,062 14,333 13,899 13,036 14,002 13,792 13,048 10,260

Education attainment of householder: 3 Total . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . 9th to 12th grade 4 . . . High school graduate 5 . Some college, no degree. . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . Master’s degree. . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree . . .
4

89,835 6,623 8,758 31,599 15,516 7,198 20,142 14,215 4,592 820 515

83,821 5,647 7,661 29,332 14,667 6,914 19,590 13,787 4,488 807 508

12,752 1,241 1,623 4,797 2,190 804 2,097 1,701 293 70 34

15,746 2,549 2,738 6,145 2,103 755 1,457 1,172 229 28 27

12,205 1,089 1,539 5,076 2,215 834 1,452 1,089 303 47 14

17,616 555 1,204 7,328 3,629 1,715 3,186 2,534 526 95 31

11,283 134 372 3,521 2,324 1,339 3,593 2,643 816 85 49

8,028 42 112 1,656 1,405 959 3,855 2,511 1,064 154 127
3

4,260 26 38 557 602 397 2,641 1,464 918 120 138

1,930 12 36 253 209 110 1,310 673 339 209 90

15,573 7,505 8,861 13,407 17,153 21,073 29,781 26,401 35,882 45,199 46,545

1 Includes persons with income deficit. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. No diploma attained. 5 Includes high school equivalency. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200.

Persons 25 years old and over.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
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481

No. 757. Median Income of Persons With Income in Constant (1997) Dollars, by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1980 to 1997
[Persons as of March of following year. Persons 15 years old and over. Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator] Item NUMBER WITH INCOME (1,000) All races . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asian and Pacific Islander. Hispanic 1 . . . . . . . . . . . White, not Hispanic origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78,661 69,420 7,387 (NA) 3,996 65,564 88,220 76,480 8,820 2,235 6,767 69,987 92,066 79,022 9,339 3,095 8,577 70,754 93,439 80,041 9,410 3,277 9,305 71,084 94,168 80,400 9,671 3,330 9,585 71,150 80,826 70,573 8,596 (NA) 3,617 67,084 92,245 78,566 10,687 2,333 5,903 72,939 96,007 80,608 11,607 3,025 7,478 73,506 96,558 80,741 11,817 3,226 7,744 73,445 97,447 81,352 11,961 3,415 8,055 73,709 Male 1980 1990 1995 1996 1997 1980 1990 Female 1995 1996 1997

MEDIAN INCOME IN CONSTANT (1997) DOLLARS All races . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asian and Pacific Islander. Hispanic 1 . . . . . . . . . . . White, not Hispanic origin . NA Not available.
1

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

24,436 25,992 15,619 (NA) 18,837 26,680

24,920 25,997 15,802 23,816 16,541 26,964

23,761 25,165 16,857 23,340 15,629 26,835

24,381 25,521 16,869 23,190 15,791 26,893

25,212 26,115 18,096 25,046 16,216 27,559

9,595 9,648 8,932 (NA) 8,591 9,712

12,366 12,669 10,227 13,614 9,249 12,993

12,775 12,971 11,544 13,546 9,403 13,488

13,109 13,258 12,042 14,970 9,702 13,824

13,703 13,792 13,048 14,312 10,260 14,389

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

No. 758. Average Earnings of Year-Round, Full-Time Workers, by Educational Attainment: 1997
[In dollars. For persons 18 years old and over as of March 1998] High school Age and sex All workers 18 25 35 45 55 65 18 25 35 45 55 65 Male, total. . . . . to 24 years old . . . to 34 years old . . . to 44 years old . . . to 54 years old . . . to 64 years old . . . years old and over. Female, total . . . to 24 years old . . . to 34 years old . . . to 44 years old . . . to 54 years old . . . to 64 years old . . . years old and over. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43,709 20,294 34,807 45,780 52,429 55,702 51,148 29,261 17,510 27,805 31,273 32,524 28,876 27,567 Less than 9th grade 22,746 13,377 17,714 24,304 23,261 28,510 33,425 14,957 (B) 13,526 13,820 15,419 16,826 (B) High school 9th to 12th graduate grade (no (includes diploma) equivalency) 27,638 15,576 24,517 26,285 35,163 36,561 32,911 18,594 13,915 18,814 19,409 18,430 19,317 (B) 32,611 19,470 28,772 34,790 38,340 38,179 30,549 22,656 15,727 21,289 23,011 24,624 25,243 22,523 Some college, no degree 39,367 21,945 32,354 40,919 45,568 55,987 54,905 26,562 15,506 24,127 28,561 31,350 29,535 27,596 College Bachelor’s degree or more 66,393 28,498 48,688 67,652 74,985 86,816 68,470 41,626 26,297 37,321 46,154 45,105 40,203 36,825

Associate degree 40,465 23,297 34,670 42,968 44,431 44,129 (B) 29,776 19,894 25,431 31,090 35,932 30,773 (B)

B Base figure too small to meet statistical standards for reliability of derived figure.

No. 759. Per Capita Money Income in Current and Constant (1997) Dollars, by Race and Hispanic Origin: 1970 to 1997
[In dollars. Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. As of March of following year] Current dollars Year All races 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,177 7,787 11,013 14,387 14,617 14,847 15,777 16,555 17,227 18,136 19,241 Asian, Pacific Black Islander 1,869 4,804 6,840 9,017 9,170 9,239 9,863 10,650 10,982 11,899 12,351 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 15,691 16,902 16,567 17,921 18,226 Hispanic 2 (NA) 4,865 6,613 8,424 8,662 8,591 8,830 9,435 9,300 10,048 10,773
2 4

Constant (1997) dollars All races 1 12,346 15,186 16,427 17,667 17,225 16,985 17,524 17,929 18,143 18,552 19,241 Asian, Pacific Black Islander 7,263 9,369 10,203 11,073 10,806 10,569 10,955 11,534 11,566 12,172 12,351 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 17,428 18,305 17,448 18,332 18,226 Hispanic 2 (NA) 9,488 9,864 10,345 10,207 9,828 9,808 10,218 9,794 10,279 10,773

White 3,354 8,233 11,671 15,265 15,510 15,785 16,800 17,611 18,304 19,181 20,425

White 13,034 16,056 17,409 18,745 18,277 18,058 18,660 19,073 19,277 19,621 20,425

1970 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994

... ... .. ... ... 4 .. ... ...
3

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3

NA Not available. 1 Includes other races not shown separately. Beginning 1985, data based on revised Hispanic population controls.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Based on 1990 population controls.

Source of Tables 757-759: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-200; and Internet site, <http://www. census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/index.html> (accessed 15 March 1999).

482

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 760. Persons Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level: 1960 to 1997
[Persons as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III] Number below poverty level (1,000) Year All races 1 1960 1970 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
3

Percent below poverty level Asian and Pacific Black Islander (NA) 33.5 31.3 31.1 31.3 30.6 31.0 32.5 34.2 35.6 35.7 33.8 31.3 31.1 32.4 31.3 30.7 31.9 32.7 33.4 33.1 30.6 29.3 28.4 26.5 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 16.1 17.3 14.1 12.2 13.8 12.7 15.3 14.6 14.6 14.5 14.0

Below 125 percent of poverty level Percent of total population 30.4 17.6 17.6 16.7 16.7 15.8 16.4 18.1 19.3 20.3 20.3 19.4 18.7 18.2 17.9 17.5 17.3 18.0 18.9 19.7 20.0 19.3 18.5 18.5 17.8

White 28,309 17,484 17,770 16,713 16,416 16,259 17,214 19,699 21,553 23,517 23,984 22,955 22,860 22,183 21,195 20,715 20,785 22,326 23,747 25,259 26,226 25,379 24,423 24,650 24,396

Asian and Pacific Black Islander (NA) 7,548 7,545 7,595 7,726 7,625 8,050 8,579 9,173 9,697 9,882 9,490 8,926 8,983 9,520 9,356 9,302 9,837 10,242 10,827 10,877 10,196 9,872 9,694 9,116 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,021 1,117 939 858 996 985 1,134 974 1,411 1,454 1,468

Hispanic 2 (NA) (NA) 2,991 2,783 2,700 2,607 2,921 3,491 3,713 4,301 4,633 4,806 5,236 5,117 5,422 5,357 5,430 6,006 6,339 7,592 8,126 8,416 8,574 8,697 8,308

All races 1 22.2 12.6 12.3 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.7 13.0 14.0 15.0 15.2 14.4 14.0 13.6 13.4 13.0 12.8 13.5 14.2 14.8 15.1 14.5 13.8 13.7 13.3

White 17.8 9.9 9.7 9.1 8.9 8.7 9.0 10.2 11.1 12.0 12.1 11.5 11.4 11.0 10.4 10.1 10.0 10.7 11.3 11.9 12.2 11.7 11.2 11.2 11.0

His- Number panic 2 (1,000) (NA) (NA) 23.0 26.9 24.7 22.4 21.6 21.8 25.7 26.5 29.9 28.0 28.4 29.0 27.3 28.0 26.7 26.2 28.1 29.6 30.6 30.7 30.3 29.4 27.1 54,560 35,624 37,182 35,509 35,659 34,155 36,616 40,658 43,748 46,520 47,150 45,288 44,166 43,486 43,032 42,551 42,653 44,837 47,527 50,592 51,801 50,401 48,761 49,310 47,853

3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

5

6

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

39,851 25,420 25,877 24,975 24,720 24,497 26,072 29,272 31,822 34,398 35,303 33,700 33,064 32,370 32,221 31,745 31,528 33,585 35,708 38,014 39,265 38,059 36,425 36,529 35,574

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, this section, and text, Section 1, Population. 4 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years. 5 Beginning 1987, data based on revised 6 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls. processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201.

No. 761. Children Below Poverty Level, by Race and Hispanic Origin: 1960 to 1997
[Persons as of March of the following year. Covers only related children in families under 18 years old. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III] Year 1960 1970 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
3

Number below poverty level (1,000) All races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Percent below poverty level
2

White 11,229 6,138 6,817 7,429 8,282 8,534 8,086 7,838 7,714 7,398 7,095 7,164 7,696 8,316 8,752 9,123 8,826 8,474 8,488 8,441

Black (NA) 3,922 3,906 4,170 4,388 4,273 4,320 4,057 4,037 4,234 4,148 4,257 4,412 4,637 5,015 5,030 4,787 4,644 4,411 4,116

Hispanic

All races

1

White 20.0 10.5 13.4 14.7 16.5 17.0 16.1 15.6 15.3 14.7 14.0 14.1 15.1 16.1 16.5 17.0 16.3 15.5 15.5 15.4

Black (NA) 41.5 42.1 44.9 47.3 46.2 46.2 43.1 42.7 44.4 42.8 43.2 44.2 45.6 46.3 45.9 43.3 41.5 39.5 36.8

Hispanic

2

3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17,288 10,235 11,114 12,068 13,139 13,427 12,929 12,483 12,257 12,275 11,935 12,001 12,715 13,658 14,521 14,961 14,610 13,999 13,764 13,422

(NA) (NA) 1,718 1,874 2,117 2,251 2,317 2,512 2,413 2,606 2,576 2,496 2,750 2,977 3,440 3,666 3,956 3,938 4,090 3,865

26.5 14.9 17.9 19.5 21.3 21.8 21.0 20.1 19.8 19.7 19.0 19.0 19.9 21.1 21.6 22.0 21.2 20.2 19.8 19.2

(NA) (NA) 33.0 35.4 38.9 37.7 38.7 39.6 37.1 38.9 37.3 35.5 37.7 39.8 39.0 39.9 41.1 39.3 39.9 36.4

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years. 4 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 5 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

483

No. 762. Weighted Average Poverty Thresholds: 1980 to 1997
[Official poverty thresholds; see text, this section] Size of unit One person (unrelated individual . . . . Under 65 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . Two persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Householder under 65 years . . . . . Householder 65 years and over . . . Three persons . . . . . Four persons . . . . . . Five persons . . . . . . Six persons . . . . . . . Seven persons . . . . . Eight persons. . . . . . Nine or more persons
1

19801 $4,190 4,290 3,949 5,363 5,537 4,983 6,565 8,414 9,966 11,269 12,761 14,199 16,896

1990 $6,652 6,800 6,268 8,509 8,794 7,905 10,419 13,359 15,792 17,839 20,241 22,582 26,848

1991 $6,932 7,086 6,532 8,865 9,165 8,241 10,860 13,924 16,456 18,587 21,058 23,582 27,942

1992 $7,143 7,299 6,729 9,137 9,443 8,487 11,186 14,335 16,952 19,137 21,594 24,053 28,745

1993 $7,363 $7,518 6,930 9,414 9,728 8,740 11,522 14,763 17,449 19,718 22,383 24,838 29,529

1994 $7,547 7,710 7,108 9,661 9,976 8,967 11,821 15,141 17,900 20,235 22,923 25,427 30,300

1995 $7,763 7,929 7,309 9,933 10,259 9,219 12,158 15,569 18,408 20,804 23,552 26,237 31,280

1996 7,995 8,163 7,525 10,233 10,564 9,491 12,516 16,036 18,952 21,389 24,268 27,091 31,971

1997 8,183 8,350 7,698 10,473 10,805 9,712 12,802 16,400 19,380 21,886 24,802 27,593 32,566

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

Poverty levels for nonfarm families.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201; and <http://www.census.gov/hhes/poverty/histpov/ hstpov1.html> (accessed 15 March 1999).

No. 763. Persons Below Poverty Level, by Selected Characteristics: 1997
[Persons as of March 1998. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III. For composition of regions, see map, inside front cover] Age and region Total . . . . . . . . . Under 18 years old . . . . 18 to 24 years old . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . 55 to 59 years old . . . . 60 to 64 years old . . . . 65 years old and over . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 years old and over Northeast Midwest . South . . . West . . .
1

Number below poverty level (1,000) All races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Percent below poverty level
2

White 24,396 8,990 3,131 3,327 2,928 1,817 778 857 2,569 1,198 1,370 4,373 4,546 8,473 7,004
2

Black 9,116 4,225 1,041 1,106 1,063 489 270 222 700 383 316 1,788 1,696 4,895 738

Hispanic

All races

1

White 11.0 16.1 15.5 10.5 8.0 6.3 7.4 9.9 9.0 7.6 10.7 10.2 8.3 11.7 13.8

Black 26.5 37.2 28.0 20.9 19.3 13.3 22.2 22.1 26.0 23.8 29.3 28.5 27.4 25.7 24.9

Hispanic

2

35,574 14,113 4,416 4,759 4,251 2,439 1,092 1,127 3,376 1,641 1,735 6,474 6,493 13,748 8,858

8,308 3,972 979 1,201 992 427 191 161 384 214 170 1,533 532 2,500 3,744

13.3 19.9 17.5 12.1 9.6 7.2 9.0 11.2 10.5 9.2 12.2 12.6 10.4 14.6 14.6

27.1 36.8 25.8 21.9 21.5 15.8 20.5 22.9 23.8 21.1 28.2 31.8 23.4 25.3 27.4

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

Includes other races not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201; and unpublished data.

No. 764. Persons 65 Years Old and Over Below Poverty Level: 1980 to 1997
[Persons as of March of following year. Based on the Current Population Survey, see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III] Characteristic Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asian and Pacific Islander. Hispanic 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number below poverty level (1,000) 1980 3,871 3,042 783 (NA) 179 (NA) (NA) 1990 3,658 2,707 860 62 245 1,172 2,479 1995 3,318 2,572 629 89 342 1,058 2,260 1996 3,428 2,667 661 63 370 1,190 2,237 1997 3,376 2,569 700 87 384 1,143 2,233 1980 15.7 13.6 38.1 (NA) 30.8 (NA) (NA) Percent below poverty level 1990 12.2 10.1 33.8 12.1 22.5 5.8 24.7 1995 10.5 9.0 25.4 14.3 23.5 5.0 21.4 1996 10.8 9.4 25.3 9.7 24.4 5.6 20.9 1997 10.5 9.0 26.0 12.3 23.8 5.3 21.0

In families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unrelated individuals . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201; and earlier reports.

484

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

No. 765. Persons Below Poverty Level, by State: 1980 to 1997
[Based on the Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III. The CPS is designed to collect reliable data on income primarily at the national level and secondarily at the regional level. When the income data are tabulated by state, the estimates are considered less reliable and, therefore, particular caution should be used when trying to interpret the results; for additional detail, see source] State United States Alabama . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . Arizona. . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number below poverty level (1,000) 1980 29,272 810 36 354 484 2,619 247 255 68 131 1,692 727 81 138 1,386 645 311 215 701 868 158 389 542 1,194 342 591 625 102 199 70 63 659 268 2,391 877 99 1,046 406 309 1,142 97 534 127 884 2,247 148 62 647 538 297 403 49 1990
1

Percent below poverty level 1997 1980 13.0 21.2 9.6 12.8 21.5 11.0 8.6 8.3 11.8 20.9 16.7 13.9 8.5 14.7 12.3 11.8 10.8 9.4 19.3 20.3 14.6 9.5 9.5 12.9 8.7 24.3 13.0 13.2 13.0 8.3 7.0 9.0 20.6 13.8 15.0 15.5 9.8 13.9 11.5 9.8 10.7 16.8 18.8 19.6 15.7 10.0 12.0 12.4 12.7 15.2 8.5 10.4 1990
1

1995 36,425 882 45 700 376 5,342 335 318 74 122 2,321 878 122 167 1,459 545 352 273 572 849 138 520 665 1,174 427 630 484 133 159 173 60 617 457 3,020 877 76 1,285 548 360 1,464 102 744 103 846 3,270 168 61 648 677 300 449 59

1996 36,529 595 54 980 449 5,472 412 392 63 130 2,037 1,097 142 140 1,429 428 279 287 658 873 135 522 622 1,068 458 575 500 155 169 133 73 726 472 3,058 885 69 1,424 556 382 1,374 104 482 82 878 3,180 153 74 795 666 323 460 58

1995 13.8 20.1 7.1 16.1 14.9 16.7 8.8 9.7 10.3 22.2 16.2 12.1 10.3 14.5 12.4 9.6 12.2 10.8 14.7 19.7 11.2 10.1 11.0 12.2 9.2 23.5 9.4 15.3 9.6 11.1 5.3 7.8 25.3 16.5 12.6 12.0 11.5 17.1 11.2 12.2 10.6 19.9 14.5 15.5 17.4 8.4 10.3 10.2 12.5 16.7 8.5 12.2

1996 13.7 14.0 8.2 20.5 17.2 16.9 10.6 11.7 8.6 24.1 14.2 14.8 12.1 11.9 12.1 7.5 9.6 11.2 17.0 20.5 11.2 10.3 10.1 11.2 9.8 20.6 9.5 17.0 10.2 8.1 6.4 9.2 25.5 16.7 12.2 11.0 12.7 16.6 11.8 11.6 11.0 13.0 11.8 15.9 16.6 7.7 12.6 12.3 11.9 18.5 8.8 11.9

1997 13.3 15.7 8.8 17.2 19.7 16.6 8.2 8.6 9.6 21.8 14.3 14.5 13.9 14.7 11.2 8.8 9.6 9.7 15.9 16.3 10.1 8.4 12.2 10.3 9.6 16.7 11.8 15.6 9.8 11.0 9.1 9.3 21.2 16.5 11.4 13.6 11.0 13.7 11.6 11.2 12.7 13.1 16.5 14.3 16.7 8.9 9.3 12.7 9.2 16.4 8.2 13.5

33,585 779 57 484 472 4,128 461 196 48 120 1,896 1,001 121 157 1,606 714 289 259 628 952 162 468 626 1,315 524 684 700 134 167 119 68 711 319 2,571 829 87 1,256 481 267 1,328 71 548 93 833 2,684 143 61 705 434 328 448 51

35,574 665 56 797 515 5,459 320 282 72 113 2,056 1,109 164 183 1,349 515 270 250 623 691 124 422 732 1,006 457 455 627 139 163 190 109 737 387 2,979 839 87 1,231 456 382 1,337 120 500 117 791 3,297 185 54 858 529 286 422 66

13.5 19.2 11.4 13.7 19.6 13.9 13.7 6.0 6.9 21.1 14.4 15.8 11.0 14.9 13.7 13.0 10.4 10.3 17.3 23.6 13.1 9.9 10.7 14.3 12.0 25.7 13.4 16.3 10.3 9.8 6.3 9.2 20.9 14.3 13.0 13.7 11.5 15.6 9.2 11.0 7.5 16.2 13.3 16.9 15.9 8.2 10.9 11.1 8.9 18.1 9.3 11.0

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iowa . . . Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . .

Maryland . . . . Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . .

Missouri . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon. . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Carolina. South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
1

. . . . . .

Beginning 1990, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201, and <http://www.census.gov/hhes/poverty/histpov/ hstpov21.html> (accessed 15 March 1999).

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485

No. 766. Persons Below Poverty Level, by Race and Family Status: 1990 to 1997
Race and family status All persons 1 . . . . In families . . . . . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . Related children under Unrelated individuals . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . ....... ....... ....... 18 years . ....... ....... ....... Number below poverty level (mil.) 1990 33.6 25.2 7.1 12.7 7.4 2.9 4.6 12.6 3.8 7.4 22.3 15.9 4.6 7.7 5.7 9.8 8.2 2.2 4.4 1.5 1994 38.1 29.0 8.1 14.6 8.3 3.3 5.0 14.4 4.2 8.4 25.4 18.5 5.3 8.8 6.3 10.2 8.4 2.2 4.8 1.6 1995 36.4 27.5 7.5 14.0 8.2 3.4 4.9 14.2 4.1 8.4 24.4 17.6 5.0 8.5 6.3 9.9 8.2 2.1 4.6 1.6 1996 36.5 27.4 7.7 13.8 8.5 3.3 5.1 13.8 4.2 8.0 24.7 17.6 5.1 8.5 6.5 9.7 8.0 2.2 4.4 1.6 1997 35.6 26.2 7.3 13.4 8.7 3.4 5.2 13.5 4.0 7.9 24.4 17.3 5.0 8.4 6.6 9.1 7.4 2.0 4.1 1.6 1990 13.5 12.0 10.7 19.9 20.7 16.9 24.0 37.2 33.4 53.4 10.7 9.0 8.1 15.1 18.6 31.9 31.0 29.3 44.2 35.1 Percent below poverty level 1994 14.5 13.1 11.6 21.2 21.5 17.8 24.9 38.6 34.6 52.9 11.7 10.1 9.1 16.3 19.3 30.6 29.6 27.3 43.3 34.8 1995 13.8 12.3 10.8 20.2 20.9 18.0 23.5 36.5 32.4 50.3 11.2 9.6 8.5 15.5 19.0 29.3 28.5 26.4 41.5 32.6 1996 13.7 12.2 11.0 19.8 20.8 17.0 24.2 35.8 32.6 49.3 11.2 9.6 8.6 15.5 18.9 28.4 27.6 26.1 39.5 32.2 1997 13.3 11.6 10.3 19.2 20.8 17.4 24.0 35.1 31.6 49.0 11.0 9.3 8.4 15.4 18.9 26.5 25.5 23.6 36.8 31.0

In families with female householder, no spouse present. . Householder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related children under 18 years . White 1 . . . . . . . . In families . . . . . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . Related children under Unrelated individuals . . . Black 1 . . . . . . . . . In families . . . . . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . Related children under Unrelated individuals . . .
1

....... ....... ....... 18 years . ....... ....... ....... ....... 18 years . .......

Includes other races and members of unrelated subfamilies not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201; and earlier reports.

No. 767. Monthly Measures of Poverty Status, by Selected Characteristics: 1993-94 Period
[Covers 2-year calendar period. Based on Survey of Income and Program Participation, see text, this section] Persons poor in an average month of 1994 Number (1,000) Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Under 18 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 to 64 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 years old and over . . . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Region: 3 Northeast Midwest . South . . . West. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Characteristic

Persons poor 2 or more months of 1994 Number (1,000) 54,800 22,529 28,317 3,954 38,861 13,059 10,940 9,892 12,069 20,044 12,795 12,221 11,973 8,077 8,991 23,445 Percent 21.4 32.4 18.1 13.5 18.3 40.2 41.8 19.3 18.4 23.3 24.3 33.0 17.3 10.1 29.8 15.9

Persons poor all 24 months of 1993-94 Number (1,000) 13,105 6,489 5,156 1,459 7,793 4,461 3,262 2,822 2,571 5,085 2,628 3,736 2,120 759 2,519 3,444
3

Percent 15.4 24.5 12.3 10.2 12.7 31.2 31.4 14.1 13.2 16.8 16.8 24.8 11.6 6.3 21.6 10.5

Percent 5.3 9.4 3.4 5.4 3.8 14.1 13.5 5.5 4.0 6.1 5.2 10.5 3.1 1.0 8.6 2.4

Median duration of poverty spells (months) 4.5 5.3 4.0 6.7 4.2 6.8 5.0 4.4 3.9 5.6 4.4 6.4 4.0 3.7 5.8 4.0

40,009 17,169 19,652 3,188 27,543 10,304 8,555 7,303 8,740 14,701 9,265 9,507 8,263 5,071 7,059 15,539

Educational attainment: 4 Less than 4 years of high school . . . High school graduate, no college . . . One or more years of college . . . . . Disability status: 5 With a work disability . . . . . . . . . . . With no work disability . . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes other characteristics not shown separately. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. of regions, see map, inside front cover. 4 Persons 18 years old and over. 5 Persons 15 to 69 years old.

For composition

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, unpublished data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation.

486

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No. 768. Families Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level: 1960 to 1997
[Families as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey, see text, Section 1, Population, and text, this section, and Appendix III] Number below poverty level (1,000) Year All races 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,243 5,260 5,450 5,311 5,311 5,280 5,461 6,217 6,851 7,512 7,647 7,277 7,223 7,023 7,005 6,874 6,784 7,098 7,712 8,144 8,393 8,053 7,532 7,708 7,324 White 6,115 3,708 3,838 3,560 3,540 3,523 3,581 4,195 4,670 5,118 5,220 4,925 4,983 4,811 4,567 4,471 4,409 4,622 5,022 5,255 5,452 5,312 4,994 5,059 4,990 Black (NA) 1,481 1,513 1,617 1,637 1,622 1,722 1,826 1,972 2,158 2,161 2,094 1,983 1,987 2,117 2,089 2,077 2,193 2,343 2,484 2,499 2,212 2,127 2,206 1,985 Hispanic 2 (NA) (NA) 627 598 591 559 614 751 792 916 981 991 1,074 1,085 1,168 1,141 1,133 1,244 1,372 1,529 1,625 1,724 1,695 1,748 1,721 Percent below poverty level All races 1 18.1 10.1 9.7 9.4 9.3 9.1 9.2 10.3 11.2 12.2 12.3 11.6 11.4 10.9 10.7 10.4 10.3 10.7 11.5 11.9 12.3 11.6 10.8 11.0 10.3 White 14.9 8.0 7.7 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9 8.0 8.8 9.6 9.7 9.1 9.1 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.8 8.1 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.1 8.5 8.6 8.4 Black (NA) 29.5 27.1 27.9 28.2 27.5 27.8 28.9 30.8 33.0 32.3 30.9 28.7 28.0 29.4 28.2 27.8 29.3 30.4 31.1 31.3 27.3 26.4 26.1 23.6 Hispanic 2 (NA) (NA) 25.1 23.1 21.4 20.4 20.3 23.2 24.0 27.2 25.9 25.2 25.5 24.7 25.5 23.7 23.4 25.0 26.5 26.7 27.3 27.8 27.0 26.4 24.7 Below 125 percent of poverty level Number (1,000) 11,525 7,516 7,974 7,647 7,713 7,417 7,784 8,764 9,568 10,279 10,358 9,901 9,753 9,476 9,338 9,284 9,267 9,564 10,244 10,959 11,203 10,771 10,223 10,476 10,032 Percent 25.4 14.4 14.2 13.5 13.5 12.8 13.1 14.5 15.7 16.7 16.7 15.8 15.3 14.7 14.3 14.1 14.0 14.4 15.3 16.1 16.4 15.5 14.7 14.9 14.2

1960 1970 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994

3

. . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . .

.... .... .... 4 ... .... ... ... .. ... ... ... ... .. ... ... . . . . . . . . . .

5

6

1995 . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . .
3

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, this section. 4 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population 5 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not controls and not directly comparable with prior years. directly comparable with prior years. 6 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201.

No. 769. Families Below Poverty Level, by Selected Characteristics: 1997
Characteristic Number below poverty level (1,000) All races 1 7,324 897 2,204 1,982 849 658 678 2,713 2,179 1,136 344 6,640 3,864 1,279 2,584 2,776
2

Percent below poverty level All races 1 10.3 31.0 16.2 10.5 5.8 7.0 6.0 24.1 9.9 6.6 2.0 11.1 7.5 3.3 21.1 34.3
3

White 4,990 580 1,496 1,323 620 485 457 1,903 1,454 785 240 4,532 2,677 944 1,734 1,855

Black 1,985 299 603 557 176 138 193 674 636 301 55 1,787 1,011 273 738 776

Hispanic 2 1,721 213 540 522 208 121 99 993 285 160 53 1,621 940 422 518 681

White 8.4 26.5 13.6 8.5 5.0 6.0 4.5 21.0 7.8 5.4 1.6 9.2 6.2 2.9 17.5 29.0

Black 23.6 49.6 29.4 23.7 11.1 16.0 21.1 37.9 22.8 14.1 5.2 23.9 16.4 6.3 40.9 58.8

Hispanic 2 24.7 35.8 27.8 26.1 17.8 17.9 18.1 35.1 17.7 13.1 7.8 25.3 17.9 11.2 35.4 58.4

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years old . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 years old and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Education of householder: 3 No high school diploma . . . . . . . . . . . . . High school diploma, no college . . . . . . . Some college, less than Bachelor’s degree Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . . Work experience of householder: Total 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked during year . . . . . . . . Year-round, full-time . . . . . . Not year-round, full-time . . . Did not work . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

over.

Includes other races not shown separately. 4 Persons 16 years old and over.

Hispanic persons may be of any race.

Householder 25 years old and

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201.

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No. 770. Persons Below Poverty Level, by Definition of Income: 1997
[Persons as of March 1998. For explanation of income definitions, see text, this section] Definition number Number below poverty level (1,000) All races 1 White Black 34,458 Hispanic 2 30,637 Percent below poverty level All races 1 White (X) (X) HisBlack panic 2 (X) (X)

Definition

All persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268,480 221,200 INCOME BEFORE TAXES 1 2 3 4 Money income excluding capital gains 3 . . . . . Definition 1 less government money transfers . Definition 2 plus capital gains. . . . . . . . . . . . Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income 4 . . . INCOME AFTER TAXES 5 Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes 6 Definition 5 less Federal income taxes (excluding EITC) 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Definition 6 plus EITC 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Definition 7 less state income taxes . . . . . . 9 Definition 8 plus nonmeans-tested government cash transfers 6 . . . . . . . . . . 10 Definition 9 plus value of Medicare . . . . . . . 11 Definition 10 plus value of regularprice school lunches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Definition 12 plus value of Medicaid . . . . . . 14 Definition 13 plus means-tested government noncash transfers 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57,138 57,520 53,601 54,036 35,849 34,748 34,748 32,113 30,119 26,940 24,659 42,315 42,582 39,800 40,132 24,266 23,503 23,503 21,901 20,624 18,680 16,902 35,574 56,390 56,161 54,573 24,396 41,794 41,620 40,500

9,116 12,027 11,977 11,600

8,308 9,894 9,855 9,472

13.3 21.0 20.9 20.3

11.0 18.9 18.8 18.3

26.5 34.9 34.8 33.7

27.1 32.3 32.2 30.9

12,194 12,276 11,337 11,398 9,418 9,120 9,120 8,267 7,719 6,648 6,200

10,103 10,202 9,038 9,076 7,950 7,801 7,801 7,336 6,803 6,018 5,676

21.3 21.4 20.0 20.1 13.4 12.9 12.9 12.0 11.2 10.0 9.2

17.7 17.8 16.7 16.8 10.3 10.6 10.6 9.9 9.3 8.4 7.6

35.4 35.6 32.9 33.1 27.3 26.5 26.5 24.0 22.4 19.3 18.0

33.0 33.3 29.5 29.6 25.9 25.5 25.5 23.9 22.2 19.6 18.5

X Not applicable. 1 Includes other races not shown separately. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 3 Official 4 Employer contributions to the health definition based on income before taxes and includes government cash transfers. 5 6 insurance plans of employees. Earned Income Tax Credit. Includes social security and railroad retirement, veterans payments, unemployment and workers’ compensation, Black Lung payments, Pell Grants, and other government educational assistance. 7 Includes AFDC and other public assistance or welfare payments, Supplemental Security Income, and veterans payments. Households must meet certain eligibility requirements in order to qualify for these benefits. 8 Includes medicaid, food stamps, subsidies from free or reduced-price school lunches, and rent subsidies. 9 Estimated amount of income a household would receive if it chose to shift amount held as home equity into an interest bearing account. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-201; and unpublished data.

No. 771. Family Net Worth—Mean and Median Net Worth in Constant (1995) Dollars, by Selected Family Characteristics: 1989 to 1995
[Net worth in thousands of constant (1995) dollars (225.9 represents $225,900). Constant dollar figures are based on consumer price index for all urban consumers published by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Families include one-person units and as used in this table are comparable to the U.S. Census Bureau household concept. Based on Survey of Consumer Finance; see Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] 1989 Family characteristic Percent of families ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100.0 28.1 21.5 15.1 13.9 12.5 8.9 15.5 24.5 29.8 22.0 8.3 24.3 32.2 15.6 27.8 63.9 36.1 Net worth Mean 225.9 58.0 180.2 330.8 373.1 341.0 296.2 29.0 70.0 127.3 247.2 1,350.4 99.1 135.8 226.9 440.6 326.8 47.5 Median 57.0 9.5 67.6 114.7 118.7 93.6 89.2 1.6 24.0 56.0 129.5 547.1 28.5 45.0 56.5 136.0 122.0 2.3 Percent of families 100.0 25.8 22.8 16.2 13.2 12.6 9.4 15.5 27.7 29.6 20.1 7.1 20.4 29.9 17.8 31.9 63.9 63.1 1992 Net worth Mean 201.1 50.4 144.8 287.9 362.0 308.9 231.3 30.8 69.8 125.0 241.3 1,284.2 76.2 120.9 186.0 364.3 290.3 43.0 Median 52.9 10.1 46.3 84.2 122.9 105.8 93.2 3.3 27.6 55.1 122.9 498.7 21.3 41.4 63.2 103.1 106.5 3.6 Percent of families 100.0 24.8 23.0 17.9 12.5 12.0 9.8 16.1 26.9 30.6 19.8 6.5 18.5 31.7 19.1 30.7 64.7 35.3 1995 Net worth Mean 208.1 42.0 141.5 290.0 372.4 344.9 257.2 43.6 77.2 117.7 256.0 1,435.3 83.2 128.9 184.9 379.4 297.9 43.5 Median 55.6 10.7 51.0 90.6 111.3 106.9 92.3 4.7 30.0 53.4 121.1 482.0 22.7 50.7 45.2 102.6 101.4 4.5

All families . . . . . . . . . Age of family head: Under 35 years old. . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . . . 75 years old and over . . . Family income in constant (1995) dollars:1 Less than $10,000 . . . . . $10,000 to $24,999 . . . . $25,000 to $49,999 . . . . $50,000 to $99,999 . . . . $100,000 and more . . . . Education of householder: No high school diploma. . High school diploma . . . . Some college . . . . . . . . College degree . . . . . . . Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . Renter occupied or other .
1

... ...

Income for year preceding the survey.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, January 1997, and unpublished revisions. Results from the 1998 survey are expected to be released around the end of 1999.

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No. 772. Nonfinancial Assets Held by Families, by Type of Asset: 1995
[Median value in thousands of dollars (82.8 represents $82,800). Constant dollar figures are based on consumer price index for all urban consumers published by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Families include one-person units and, as used in this table, are comparable to the U.S. Census Bureau household concept. For definition of family, see text, Section 1, Population. Based on Survey of Consumer Finance; see Appendix III. For data on financial assets, see Table 801. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Age of family head, and family income PERCENT OF FAMILIES OWNING ASSET All families, total . . . . . . . . . . . Age of family head: Under 35 years old . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 years old and over Family income: Less than $10,000 . $10,000 to $24,999 . $25,000 to $49,999 . $50,000 to $99,999 . $100,000 and more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.1 87.4 91.0 93.8 94.1 92.7 89.9 68.6 90.2 96.8 99.0 99.4 96.6 93.0 97.1 93.8 86.9 96.1 88.2 67.3 100.0 74.8 84.2 84.1 85.0 88.3 88.4 82.4 72.2 56.6 83.3 92.3 93.4 90.8 91.1 88.0 93.2 92.1 83.7 86.1 76.3 59.7 90.8 72.2 64.7 37.9 64.7 75.4 82.3 79.4 72.5 37.5 56.2 68.0 84.7 90.9 70.5 63.4 67.0 61.0 50.4 74.2 70.5 35.3 100.0 18.0 7.0 14.7 25.0 27.3 27.9 16.3 7.2 11.3 16.6 26.9 51.6 24.8 11.4 16.1 14.1 9.0 33.1 18.9 8.5 22.8 9.0 11.1 8.4 14.4 15.4 12.6 8.7 3.8 4.8 7.0 9.8 16.8 32.6 9.7 6.4 7.4 5.6 3.7 58.2 3.3 4.1 13.7 6.5 9.0 7.3 10.1 11.3 10.2 9.0 5.6 3.7 6.3 9.7 11.3 23.9 14.5 10.9 8.8 6.8 2.1 15.5 5.8 6.0 10.5 6.5 Total Vehicles Primary residence Investment real estate Business Other nonfinancial

Current work status of householder: Professional, managerial . . . . . . Technical, sales, clerical . . . . . . . Precision production . . . . . . . . . Machine operators and laborers . Service occupations . . . . . . . . . Self-employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other not working . . . . . . . . . . .

Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renter occupied or other . . . . . . . . MEDIAN VALUE
1

All families, total . . . . . . . . . . . Age of family head: Under 35 years old . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 years old and over Family income: Less than $10,000 $10,000 to $24,999 . $25,000 to $49,999 . $50,000 to $99,999 . $100,000 and more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

82.8 21.7 95.9 113.0 108.0 94.6 79.0 14.0 44.7 81.9 145.7 304.5 129.1 82.5 72.7 56.3 36.3 180.1 78.0 22.0 115.8 7.5

9.9 8.9 10.7 12.6 11.3 8.2 5.3 3.6 6.1 11.0 16.2 23.8 12.5 10.3 12.1 10.8 7.0 12.7 7.4 6.4 11.9 6.4

89.0 76.0 95.0 100.0 85.0 82.5 80.0 38.5 65.0 80.0 120.0 200.0 130.0 90.0 80.0 65.0 70.0 120.0 75.0 60.0 89.0 (B)

50.0 30.0 47.0 59.0 75.0 57.0 22.4 16.2 26.4 45.0 60.0 130.0 55.5 44.5 37.5 30.0 30.0 100.0 45.0 50.0 50.0 35.0

45.0 22.0 35.0 70.0 65.0 100.5 37.5 50.0 30.0 25.0 33.0 320.0 18.0 24.0 20.0 20.0 80.2 75.0 100.0 21.0 55.0 22.0
1

8.8 5.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 14.0 8.0 5.2 7.5 5.8 15.0 18.0 10.6 9.0 5.0 8.0 10.0 8.0 10.0 7.0 10.0 5.0 Median

Current work status of householder: Professional, managerial . . . . . . Technical, sales, clerical . . . . . . . Precision production . . . . . . . . . Machine operators and laborers . Service occupations . . . . . . . . . Self-employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other not working . . . . . . . . . . .

Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renter occupied or other . . . . . . . .

- Represents or rounds to zero. B Base too small to meet statistical standards for reliability of derived figure. value of financial asset for families holding such assets.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, January 1997, and unpublished revisions. Results from the 1998 survey are expected to be released around the end of 1999.

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999

489

No. 773. Household and Nonprofit Organization Sector Balance Sheet: 1980 to 1998
[In billions of dollars (10,950 represents $10,950,000,000,000). As of December 31. For details of financial assets and liabilities, see Table 800] Item Assets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tangible assets 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durable goods . . . . Financial assets 1 . . . . . . . . . . Deposits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Checkable deposits and currency . . . . . . . . . . . . Time and savings deposits . Money market fund shares . Credit market instruments 1 . . . . U.S. government securities. . . Treasury . . . . . . . . . . . . . Savings bonds . . . . . . . Corporate equities . . . . . . . . . . Mutual fund shares . . . . . . . . . Pension fund reserves . . . . . . . Equity in noncorporate business . Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Credit market instruments Home mortgages . . . . Consumer credit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 10,950 4,366 3,422 918 6,584 1,517 251 1,203 62 425 165 160 73 894 46 971 2,156 1,427 1,376 906 355 9,523 1985 16,684 6,535 5,235 1,265 10,149 2,484 342 1,941 193 849 270 242 80 1,107 198 2,087 2,608 2,330 2,239 1,411 604 14,355 1990 24,308 9,324 7,405 1,866 14,985 3,265 409 2,477 365 1,513 530 405 126 1,778 468 3,497 3,233 3,706 3,582 2,489 805 20,602 1992 27,214 9,731 7,664 2,005 17,483 3,250 547 2,349 339 1,679 630 486 157 2,896 728 4,367 3,128 4,077 3,926 2,797 798 23,137 1993 28,574 9,980 7,805 2,108 18,594 3,183 593 2,236 338 1,672 613 505 172 3,191 991 4,828 3,187 4,321 4,139 2,923 859 24,253 1994 29,529 10,316 8,018 2,226 19,212 3,157 564 2,224 351 1,979 940 689 180 2,990 1,052 5,057 3,370 4,640 4,454 3,097 984 24,889 1995 32,540 10,789 8,398 2,317 21,751 3,365 505 2,388 449 1,938 859 594 185 3,995 1,265 5,821 3,578 5,004 4,804 3,275 1,123 27,536 1996 35,224 11,316 8,833 2,406 23,908 3,538 438 2,556 508 1,969 911 567 187 4,528 1,582 6,568 3,776 5,357 5,135 3,498 1,212 29,867 1997 39,111 12,091 9,517 2,492 27,020 3,790 423 2,725 600 1,795 749 382 187 5,333 2,048 7,681 4,097 5,739 5,472 3,737 1,264 33,372 1998 43,037 12,916 10,202 2,630 30,121 4,089 424 2,882 746 1,738 650 310 187 6,280 2,486 8,770 4,164 6,250 5,958 4,106 1,334 36,787

Net worth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Includes types of assets and/or liabilities not shown separately.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Balance Sheets for the U.S. Economy.

No. 774. Net Stock of Fixed Reproducible Tangible Wealth: 1980 to 1997
[In billions of dollars (10,323 represents $10,323,000,000,000). As of December 31] Item CURRENT DOLLARS Net stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential equipment . . . . . . . Information processing and related equipment . . . . . . . . . Industrial equipment . . . . . . . . . Transportation equipment . . . . . Other equipment . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential structures . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings, excluding farm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durable goods. . . . . . . . . Motor vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and household equipment Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Net stock . . . . . . . . . Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential equipment . Nonresidential structures . Residential. . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,269 16,178 18,586 18,883 19,212 19,603 20,037 20,538 21,097 . 9,950 11,346 12,890 13,078 13,278 13,536 13,830 14,162 14,540 . 1,855 2,178 2,507 2,538 2,579 2,649 2,749 2,880 3,031 . 3,177 3,697 4,142 4,205 4,251 4,300 4,345 4,406 4,476 . 4,921 5,471 6,240 6,335 6,448 6,587 6,738 6,884 7,047 . 3,127 3,382 3,778 3,856 3,936 4,004 4,064 4,137 4,215 969 2,156 1,198 1,022 2,357 1,455 1,126 2,652 1,919 1,139 2,717 1,950 1,149 2,787 1,998 1,150 2,854 2,064 1,147 2,918 2,144 1,144 2,995 2,243 1,147 3,070 2,351 21,689 14,944 3,206 4,552 7,212 4,287 1,138 3,150 2,475 . 10,323 13,737 18,284 18,718 19,480 20,508 21,717 22,706 23,766 . 7,154 9,583 12,707 12,955 13,484 14,199 15,065 15,736 16,497 . 1,375 1,850 2,452 2,520 2,590 2,687 2,823 2,980 3,117 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 525 306 319 2,266 1,169 695 3,513 2,898 2,251 300 1,952 698 483 1,554 918 257 459 203 413 646 395 396 3,155 1,787 853 4,578 3,730 2,889 425 2,464 889 613 2,000 1,265 392 605 268 586 877 473 516 4,107 2,518 1,017 6,098 4,984 3,711 552 3,159 1,090 744 2,621 1,866 591 846 429 603 898 491 527 4,177 2,594 1,032 6,208 5,057 3,827 577 3,250 1,127 768 2,701 1,935 593 885 457 629 917 510 534 4,303 2,686 1,062 6,539 5,327 3,991 600 3,391 1,169 798 2,822 2,005 608 926 471 650 946 539 552 4,529 2,835 1,120 6,928 5,667 4,201 618 3,583 1,227 839 2,974 2,108 629 986 493 674 991 581 577 4,776 3,011 1,160 7,407 6,078 4,426 635 3,791 1,263 858 3,163 2,226 659 1,046 521 692 1,053 627 609 4,977 3,146 1,204 7,718 6,320 4,653 649 4,004 1,295 868 3,358 2,317 688 1,092 537 724 1,090 662 641 5,195 3,306 1,236 8,122 6,641 4,864 650 4,214 1,327 878 3,537 2,406 713 1,141 552 24,883 17,316 3,258 768 1,127 692 670 5,468 3,513 1,269 8,526 6,965 5,075 641 4,434 1,335 866 3,740 2,492 723 1,194 575 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durable goods. . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Fixed Reproducible Tangible Wealth, 1925-95; and Survey of Current Business, September 1998.

490

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999


								
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