692 - 750 by USCensus

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									Section 14

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
This section presents data on gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), national and personal income, saving and investment, money income, poverty, and national and personal wealth. The data on income and expenditures measure two aspects of the U.S. economy. One aspect relates to the national income and product accounts (NIPA’s), a summation reflecting the entire complex of the Nation’s economic income and output and the interaction of its major components; the other relates to the distribution of money income to families and individuals, or consumer income. The primary source for data on GDP, GNP, national and personal income, gross saving and investment, and fixed reproducible tangible wealth is the Survey of Current Business, published monthly by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). A comprehensive revision to the NIPA’s was completed in January 1996. Discussions of the revision appeared in the July, September, and October 1995 the January/February 1996, and the May 1997 issues of the Survey of Current Business. Summary historical estimates appeared in the May 1997 issue of the Survey of Current Business. Detailed historical data will appear in the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94. Sources of income distribution data are the decennial censuses of population and the Current Population Survey (CPS), both products of the Bureau of the Census (see text, section 1). Annual data on income of families, individuals, and households are presented in Current Population ReportsConsumer Income, P60 series. Data on individuals’ saving and assets are published by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in the quarterly Flow of Funds Accounts; and detailed information on personal wealth is published periodically by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in SOI Bulletin. National income and product— Gross domestic product is the total output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States,

In Brief
Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rose in 1996 at an annual rate of 2.4% marking the fifth consecutive annual increase. Real GDP per capita also increased in 1996 to $26,016. Consumer spending rose to $32,264 per consumer unit in 1995, a 1.7% increase over 1994. The change in expenditures in 1995 was less than the rates for 1993 and 1994 of about 3% each. The number of persons in poverty fell 1.6 million between 1994 and 1995 to 36.4 million. The median net worth of families was $56,400 in 1995, up slightly from 1992 in real terms, but unchanged from 1989.

valued at market prices. GDP can be viewed in terms of the expenditure categories that comprise its major components— purchases of goods and services by consumers and government, gross private domestic investment, and net exports of goods and services. The goods and services included are largely those bought for final use (excluding illegal transactions) in the market economy. A number of inclusions, however, represent imputed values, the most important of which is rental value of owner-occupied housing. GDP, in this broad context, measures the output attributable to the factors of production located in the United States. Gross State product (GSP) is the gross market value of the goods and services attributable to labor and property located in a State. It is the State counterpart of the Nation’s gross domestic product. As part of the comprehensive revision released in January 1996, BEA replaced its fixed-weighted (1987 dollars) index as the featured measure of real GDP with an index based on chain-type annual weights. Changes in the new featured measures of real output and prices are calculated as

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produced by the economy. Income is measured before deduction of taxes.

the average of changes based on weights for the current and preceding years. (Components of real output are weighted by price and components of prices are weighted by output.) These annual changes are “chained” (multiplied) together to form a time series that allows for the effects of changes in relative prices and changes in the composition of output over time. Quarterly and monthly changes are also based on annual weights. The new output indexes are expressed as 1992 = 100, and for recent years, in 1992 dollars; the new price indexes are based to 1992 = 100. Chained (1992) dollar estimates of most components of GDP are not published for periods prior to 1982, because during periods far from the base period, the levels of the components may provide misleading information about their contributions to an aggregate. Values are published in index form (1992 = 100) for 1929 to the present to allow users to calculate the percent changes all components, changes which are accurate for all periods. In addition, the Bureau of Economic Analysis publishes estimates of the contribution of major components to the percent change in GDP for all periods.

Capital consumption adjustment for corporations and for nonfarm sole proprietorships and partnerships is the difference between capital consumption based on income tax returns and capital consumption measured using empirical evidence on prices of used equipment and structures in resale markets, which have shown that depreciation for most types of assets approximates a geometric pattern. The tax return data are valued at historical costs and reflect changes over time in service lives and depreciation patterns as permitted by tax regulations. Inventory valuation adjustment represents the difference between the book value of inventories used up in production and the cost of replacing them. Personal income is the current income received by persons from all sources minus their personal contributions for social insurance. Classified as “persons” are individuals (including owners of unincorporated firms), nonprofit institutions that primarily serve individuals, private trust funds, and private noninsured welfare funds. Personal income includes transfers (payments not resulting from current production) from government and business such as Social Security benefits, public assistance, etc., but excludes transfers among persons. Also included are certain nonmonetary types of income—chiefly estimated net rental value to owneroccupants of their homes and the value of services furnished without payment by financial intermediaries. Capital gains (net losses) are excluded. Disposable personal income is personal income less personal tax and nontax payments. It is the income available to persons for spending or saving. Personal tax and nontax payments are tax payments (net of refunds) by persons (except personal contributions for social insurance) that are not chargeable to business expense, and certain personal payments to general government that are treated like taxes. Personal taxes include income, estate and gift, and personal property taxes and motor vehicle licenses. Nontax payments include passport fees, fines and forfeitures, and donations.
Consumer Expenditure Survey—The Consumer Expenditure Survey program

Gross national product measures the output attributable to all labor and property supplied by United States residents. GNP differs from “national income” mainly in that GNP includes allowances for depreciation and for indirect business taxes (sales and property taxes); see table 691.
In December 1991, the Bureau of Economic Analysis began featuring gross domestic product rather than gross national product as the primary measure of U.S. production. GDP is now the standard measure of growth because it is the appropriate measure for much of the short-term monitoring and analysis of the economy. In addition, the use of GDP facilitates comparisons of economic activity in the United States with that in other countries.

National income is the aggregate of labor and property earnings which arises in the current production of goods and services. It is the sum of employee compensation, proprietors’ income, rental income of persons, corporate profits, and net interest. It measures the total factor costs of the goods and services

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
was begun in late 1979. The principal objective of the survey is to collect current consumer expenditure data which provide a continuous flow of data on the buying habits of American consumers. The data are necessary for future revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The survey conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics, consists of two components: (1) An interview panel survey in which the expenditures of consumer units are obtained in five interviews conducted every 3 months; and (2) a diary or recordkeeping survey completed by participating households for two consecutive 1-week periods. Each component of the survey queries an independent sample of consumer units representative of the U.S. total population. Over 52 weeks of the year, 5,000 consumer units are sampled for the diary survey. Each consumer unit keeps a diary for two 1-week periods yielding approximately 10,000 diaries a year. The interview sample is selected on a rotating panel basis, targeted at 5,000 consumer units per quarter. Data are collected in 88 urban and 16 rural areas of the country that are representative of the U.S. total population. The survey includes students in student housing. Data from the two surveys are combined; integration is necessary to permit analysis of total family expenditures because neither the diary nor quarterly interview survey was designed to collect a complete account of consumer spending. The Diary survey is designed to obtain expenditures on small, frequently purchased items which are normally difficult for respondents to recall. Detailed records of expenses are kept for food and beverages, both at home and in eating places, tobacco, housekeeping supplies, nonprescription drugs, and personal care products and services. The Interview survey is designed to obtain data on the types of expenditures which respondents can be expected to recall for a period of 3 months or longer. In general, these include relatively large expenditures, such as those for property, automobiles, and major appliances, or expenditures which occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance premiums. Including “global estimates” for food, it is estimated that about 95 percent of expenditures are covered in the interview.

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Excluded are nonprescription drugs, household supplies, and personal care items. The interview survey also provides data on expenditures incurred while on trips. Both surveys exclude all business related expenditures for which the family is reimbursed. Distribution of money income to families and individuals—Money income statistics are based on data collected in various field surveys of income conducted since 1936. Since 1947, the Bureau of the Census has collected the data on an annual basis and published them in Current Population Reports, P60 series. In each of the surveys, field representatives interview samples of the population with respect to income received during the previous year. Money income as defined by the Bureau of the Census differs from the BEA concept of “personal income.” Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Bureau of the Census cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, Social Security, union dues, Medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits (see section 12) such as food stamps, health benefits, and subsidized housing; that some farm families receive noncash benefits in the form of rent-free housing and goods produced and consumed on the farm; or that noncash benefits are also received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational expenses, etc. These elements should be considered when comparing income levels. For data on noncash benefits, see section 12. None of the aggregate income concepts (GDP, national income, or personal income) is exactly comparable with money income, although personal income is the closest. Several changes were made in the collection and processing of the March 1994 CPS data. These changes included (1) a change in the data collection method from paper and pencil to computer-assisted interviewing, (2) revisions allowing for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items (limits either increased or decreased in the following

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different consumption requirements of families based on their size and composition. The poverty thresholds are updated every year to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index. The following technical changes to the thresholds were made in 1981: (1) distinctions based on sex of householder have been eliminated; (2) separate thresholds for farm families have been dropped; and (3) the matrix has been expanded to families of nine or more persons from the old cutoff of seven or more persons. These changes have been incorporated in the calculation of poverty data beginning with 1981. In the recent past, the Bureau of the Census has published a number of technical papers that presented experimental poverty estimates based on income definitions that counted the value of selected government noncash benefits. The Census Bureau has also published annual reports on after-tax income. The Current Population Reports, series P60-186RD brings together the benefit and tax data that previously appeared in the separate reports. This report shows the distribution of income among households and the prevalence of poverty under the official definition of money income and under definitions that add or subtract income components. The poverty statistics presented by the Bureau of the Census and Congressional Budget Office reflect alternative adjustments for inflation. The study used a variation of the Consumer Price Index to adjust poverty thresholds for the effects of changing prices since 1967. The alternative measure of inflation uses estimates of the cost of renting equivalent housing to assess homeownership costs; this methodology has been used in the official Consumer Price Index since 1983. See text, section 15, and source for more details. Statistical reliability—For a discussion of statistical collection and estimation, sampling procedures, and measures of statistical reliability pertaining to Census Bureau data, see Appendix III.

categories: earnings increased to $999,999, Social Security increased to $49,999, Supplemental Security Income and Public Assistance increased to $24,999, Veterans’ Benefits increased to $99,999, Child Support and Alimony decreased to $49,999), and (3) the introduction of 1990 census population controls. A detailed description of these changes and their effects on estimates can be found in Current Population Reports, Series P60–189. In October 1983, the Census Bureau began to collect data under the new Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The information supplied by this survey is expected to provide better measures of the status and changes in income distribution and poverty of households and persons in the United States. The data collected in SIPP will be used to study Federal and State aid programs (such as food stamps, welfare, Medicaid, and subsidized housing), to estimate program costs and coverage, and to assess the effects of proposed changes in program eligibility rules or benefit levels. The core questions are repeated at each interview and cover labor force activity, the types and amounts of income received, and participation status in various programs. The core also contains questions covering attendance in postsecondary schools and private health insurance coverage. Various supplements or topical modules covering areas such as educational attainment, assets and liabilities, and pension plan coverage are periodically included. Poverty—Families and unrelated individuals are classified as being above or below the poverty level using the poverty index originated at the Social Security Administration in 1964 and revised by Federal Interagency Committees in 1969 and 1980. The poverty index is based solely on money income and does not reflect the fact that many low-income persons receive noncash benefits such as food stamps, Medicaid, and public housing. The index is based on the Department of Agriculture’s 1961 Economy Food Plan and reflects the

Gross Domestic Product
No. 692. GDP in Current and Real (1992) Dollars: 1960 to 1996
[In billions of dollars. For explanation of gross domestic product and chained dollars, see text, section 14] ITEM CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP) Personal consumption expenditures . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment. . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change in business inventories . . . Net exports of goods and services . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment. . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP) Personal consumption expenditures . . Gross private domestic investment. . . Net exports of goods and services . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment. . . . . . . . . . . 1960 526.6 332.2 43.3 152.9 136.0 78.8 75.5 49.2 26.3 3.2 2.4 25.3 22.8 113.2 65.6 54.9 47.6 2,262.9 1,432.6 270.5 -21.3 86.8 108.1 617.2 1988 CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP) Personal consumption expenditures . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment. . . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change in business inventories . . . Net exports of goods and services . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment. . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product (GDP) Personal consumption expenditures . . Gross private domestic investment. . . Net exports of goods and services . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government consumption expenditures and gross investment. . . . . . . . . . . 5,049.6 3,349.7 451.0 1,081.1 1,817.6 773.9 763.1 530.6 232.5 10.9 -106.1 447.2 553.2 1,032.0 457.3 354.0 574.7 5,865.2 3,972.7 828.2 -114.4 465.8 580.2 1,180.9 1970 1,035.6 648.1 85.0 272.0 291.1 150.2 148.1 106.7 41.4 2.2 1.2 57.0 55.8 236.1 115.9 90.6 120.2 3,397.6 2,197.8 426.1 -65.0 158.1 223.1 866.8 1989 5,438.7 3,594.8 472.8 1,163.8 1,958.1 829.2 797.5 566.2 231.3 31.7 -80.4 509.3 589.7 1,095.1 477.2 360.6 617.9 6,062.0 4,064.6 863.5 -82.7 520.2 603.0 1,213.9 1980 2,784.2 1,760.4 213.5 695.5 851.4 465.9 473.5 350.3 123.2 -7.6 -14.9 278.9 293.8 572.8 248.4 174.2 324.4 4,615.0 3,009.7 628.3 10.1 331.4 321.3 941.4 1990 5,743.8 3,839.3 476.5 1,245.3 2,117.5 799.7 791.6 575.9 215.7 8.0 -71.3 557.3 628.6 1,176.1 503.6 373.1 672.6 6,136.3 4,132.2 815.0 -61.9 564.4 626.3 1,250.4 1982 3,242.1 2,076.8 239.3 786.8 1,050.7 501.1 515.6 409.9 105.7 -14.5 -20.5 282.6 303.2 684.8 313.2 230.9 371.6 4,620.3 3,081.5 587.2 -14.1 311.4 325.5 960.1 1991 5,916.7 3,975.1 455.2 1,277.6 2,242.3 736.2 738.5 547.3 191.2 -2.3 -20.5 601.8 622.3 1,225.9 522.6 383.5 703.4 6,079.4 4,105.8 738.1 -22.3 599.9 622.2 1,258.0 1983 3,514.5 2,283.4 279.8 830.3 1,173.3 547.1 552.0 399.4 152.5 -4.9 -51.7 277.0 328.6 735.7 344.5 255.0 391.2 4,803.7 3,240.6 642.1 -63.3 303.3 366.6 987.3 1992 6,244.4 4,219.8 488.5 1,321.8 2,409.4 790.4 783.4 557.9 225.6 7.0 -29.5 639.4 669.0 1,263.8 528.0 375.8 735.8 6,244.4 4,219.8 790.4 -29.5 639.4 669.0 1,263.8 1984 3,902.4 2,492.3 325.1 883.6 1,283.6 715.6 648.1 468.3 179.8 67.5 -102.0 303.1 405.1 796.6 372.6 282.7 424.0 5,140.1 3,407.6 833.4 -127.3 328.4 455.7 1,018.4 1993 6,553.0 4,454.1 530.7 1,368.9 2,554.6 871.1 850.5 598.8 251.7 20.6 -62.7 657.8 720.5 1,290.4 522.6 362.2 767.8 6,386.1 4,339.5 857.0 -74.4 658.2 730.2 1,261.0 1985 4,180.7 2,704.8 361.1 927.6 1,416.1 715.1 688.9 502.0 186.9 26.2 -114.2 303.0 417.2 875.0 410.1 312.4 464.9 5,323.5 3,566.5 823.8 -147.9 337.3 485.2 1,080.1 1994 6,935.7 4,700.9 580.9 1,429.7 2,690.3 1,014.4 954.9 667.2 287.7 59.5 -94.4 719.1 813.5 1,314.7 516.4 352.0 798.4 6,608.4 4,473.2 979.3 -108.1 712.0 817.6 1,260.0 1986 4,422.2 2,892.7 398.7 957.2 1,536.8 722.5 712.9 494.8 218.1 9.6 -131.5 320.7 452.2 938.5 435.2 332.4 503.3 5,487.7 3,708.7 811.8 -163.9 362.2 526.1 1,135.0 1995 7,253.8 4924.9 606.4 1,485.9 2,832.6 1,065.3 1,028.2 738.5 289.8 37.0 -94.7 807.4 902.0 1,358.3 516.6 345.7 841.7 6,742.2 4,577.8 1,009.4 -114.2 775.4 883.0 1,260.2

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1987 4,692.3 3,094.5 416.7 1,014.0 1,663.8 747.2 722.9 495.4 227.6 24.2 -142.1 365.7 507.9 992.8 455.7 350.4 537.2 5,649.5 3,822.3 821.5 -156.2 402.0 558.2 1,165.9 1996 7,576.1 5,151.4 632.1 1,545.1 2,974.3 1,117.0 1,101.5 791.1 310.5 15.4 -98.7 855.2 953.9 1,406.4 523.1 (NA) 883.3 6,906.8 4,690.7 1,056.6 -113.6 825.9 939.5 1,270.6

NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

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No. 693. Gross Domestic Product in Current and Real (1992) Dollars, by Industry: 1990 to 1994

[In billions of dollars. 1980 data are based on the 1972 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC), and 1990-94 are based on the 1987 SIC. Data include nonfactor charges (capital consumption allowances, indirect business taxes, etc.) as well as factor charges against gross product; corporate profits and capital consumption allowances have been shifted from a company to an establishment basis] INDUSTRY Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . . . . Private industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agriculture, forestry, and fishing . . . . . . . . . . . Farms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agricultural services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mining 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lumber and wood products . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stone, clay, and glass products. . . . . . . . Primary metal industries . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic & other electric equipment . . . . Motor vehicles and equipment . . . . . . . . Other transportation equipment . . . . . . . . Instruments and related products . . . . . . Misc. manufacturing industries . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food and kindred products . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco manufactures . . . . . . . . . . . . . Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apparel and other textile products . . . . . . Paper and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . Printing and publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemicals and allied products . . . . . . . . Petroleum and coal products . . . . . . . . . Rubber and misc. plastic products . . . . . . Leather and leather products . . . . . . . . . Transportation and public utilities . . . . . . . . . . Transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Railroad transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local & interurban passenger transit . . . . Trucking and warehousing . . . . . . . . . . . Water transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation by air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pipelines, except natural gas . . . . . . . . . Transportation services . . . . . . . . . . . . . Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone and telegraph . . . . . . . . . . . . Radio and television broadcasting . . . . . . Electric, gas, and sanitary services . . . . . . . Wholesale trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance, insurance, and real estate 2 . . . . . . . Depository institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondepository institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security and commodity brokers. . . . . . . . . Insurance carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Services 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels and other lodging places . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Business services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auto repair, services, and garages . . . . . . . Motion pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amusement and recreation services . . . . . . Health services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Legal services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Social services & membership organizations. Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

CURRENT DOLLARS 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,743.8 4,951.4 108.7 79.6 29.1 112.3 245.2 1,031.4 572.8 31.8 15.4 24.8 42.6 69.4 114.8 94.9 46.1 60.5 52.2 20.2 458.5 94.2 16.4 21.7 25.2 45.3 73.9 110.3 33.0 34.0 4.6 482.3 176.4 19.6 9.0 75.8 9.7 39.4 5.0 17.8 146.6 119.0 27.6 159.3 367.3 503.5 1,025.2 169.2 21.5 39.7 69.3 673.0 1,059.4 46.1 38.2 199.0 48.9 20.4 39.1 307.9 80.7 29.6 792.5 293.5 499.0 1992 6,244.4 5,370.8 112.4 80.5 31.9 92.2 229.7 1,063.6 573.4 32.0 16.2 25.1 39.0 70.1 108.6 98.6 52.8 56.5 54.2 20.1 490.2 102.1 18.4 25.4 27.2 45.8 79.7 120.5 28.2 38.1 4.8 528.8 192.8 22.1 10.9 82.2 10.3 43.0 4.9 19.6 161.0 129.5 31.5 175.0 406.5 544.3 1,148.8 200.1 28.3 49.5 83.4 735.8 1,200.8 51.0 41.0 218.9 51.1 20.0 47.9 369.1 90.1 36.9 873.6 321.4 552.2 1993 6,550.2 5,650.0 105.3 72.0 33.3 89.0 243.6 1,116.5 612.3 35.3 17.6 25.7 40.8 74.5 111.9 111.8 66.2 53.2 53.6 21.8 504.3 103.7 16.5 25.5 27.3 47.6 81.7 126.5 29.8 41.1 4.6 566.2 207.6 23.0 11.3 88.4 10.3 48.6 5.2 20.8 173.4 137.4 35.9 185.2 423.1 571.1 1,214.0 202.0 35.3 62.9 99.6 762.4 1,266.1 54.6 44.5 233.4 54.0 22.1 48.7 384.8 92.3 40.1 900.2 322.5 577.7 1994 6,931.4 6,000.0 117.8 82.2 35.7 90.1 269.2 1,197.1 673.1 41.0 19.0 27.9 44.2 82.5 119.3 130.0 84.1 47.6 54.5 23.1 524.0 108.1 16.6 25.6 27.8 49.0 85.7 132.4 29.7 45.0 4.1 606.4 222.8 24.3 11.7 95.1 10.6 51.1 5.7 24.3 188.3 148.6 39.7 195.3 461.9 609.9 1,273.7 212.1 31.0 69.5 104.1 802.3 1,342.7 56.1 46.5 253.5 57.4 24.8 52.2 408.3 94.4 43.4 931.3 327.1 604.3

CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS 1990 6,138.7 5,271.5 101.5 72.8 28.6 96.9 247.5 1,090.1 600.7 37.0 15.8 25.5 39.0 72.6 113.4 92.6 56.8 69.1 58.6 22.2 489.3 103.1 24.9 22.6 26.5 44.1 84.5 117.3 28.4 34.4 4.8 494.7 176.7 18.7 10.3 73.7 10.7 39.5 4.8 19.2 149.3 120.7 28.6 168.7 360.6 546.4 1,109.9 214.9 25.6 41.2 70.2 706.8 1,181.7 49.2 41.7 216.5 54.0 22.1 42.8 356.9 91.5 32.5 867.0 327.7 539.4 1992 6,244.4 5,370.8 112.4 80.5 31.9 92.2 229.7 1,063.6 573.4 32.0 16.2 25.1 39.0 70.1 108.6 98.6 52.8 56.5 54.2 20.1 490.2 102.1 18.4 25.4 27.2 45.8 79.7 120.5 28.2 38.1 4.8 528.8 192.8 22.1 10.9 82.2 10.3 43.0 4.9 19.6 161.0 129.5 31.5 175.0 406.5 544.3 1,148.8 200.1 28.3 49.5 83.4 735.8 1,200.8 51.0 41.0 218.9 51.1 20.0 47.9 369.1 90.1 36.9 873.6 321.4 552.2 1993 6,383.8 5,508.7 103.3 70.9 32.3 90.7 236.1 1,095.3 601.2 28.7 17.8 25.0 41.9 74.2 115.8 113.6 60.6 51.6 51.3 21.1 494.1 102.2 17.5 25.9 26.9 49.9 77.3 122.1 27.1 40.9 4.6 555.8 205.1 24.0 10.9 88.3 10.4 45.2 5.7 20.8 170.1 136.3 33.7 180.6 418.6 563.2 1,159.8 196.9 32.0 65.1 74.0 740.4 1,222.1 52.5 42.8 234.3 51.0 21.9 47.0 363.1 87.9 39.3 875.1 314.7 560.3 1994 6,604.2 5,728.7 115.7 83.9 32.1 96.7 253.1 1,168.0 657.9 31.5 18.4 26.2 42.9 82.9 127.6 138.4 72.8 45.1 50.9 22.4 510.2 104.8 22.0 27.3 27.8 49.7 78.2 125.1 26.8 45.7 3.9 585.3 215.5 26.2 11.1 89.6 10.9 49.9 6.0 21.9 182.1 143.7 38.1 188.0 450.0 595.4 1,192.8 197.2 34.0 74.4 76.3 758.4 1,249.6 52.6 43.1 247.0 51.6 23.6 48.4 368.3 86.7 41.2 875.8 305.0 570.8

772.

For additional mining industries, see table 1131. 2 For additional finance, real estate, and insurance industries, see table 3 For additional service industries, see table 1261.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 1996.

Gross Domestic Product
No. 694. Gross Domestic Product in Current and Real (1992) Dollars, by Type of Product and Sector: 1990 to 1996
[In billions of dollars. For explanation of chained dollars, see text, section 14] ITEM CURRENT DOLLARS Gross domestic product . . . . . PRODUCT Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTOR Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Households and institutions . . . . . . . General government . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product . . . . . PRODUCT Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTOR Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Households and institutions . . . . . . . General government . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 5,743.8 2,203.8 938.2 1,265.7 3,016.9 523.1 4,796.9 4,717.3 79.6 237.9 709.0 252.7 456.3 6,136.3 2,304.8 966.5 1,337.9 3,295.4 533.3 5,097.0 5,026.5 70.8 264.1 774.7 280.3 494.5 1991 5,916.7 2,234.0 910.0 1,323.9 3,201.3 481.4 4,908.5 4,835.6 72.9 257.4 750.7 268.1 482.6 6,079.4 2,262.7 917.2 1,345.6 3,332.3 484.5 5,026.4 4,954.9 71.6 272.1 781.1 281.0 500.1 1992 6,244.4 2,321.0 955.0 1,366.0 3,411.1 512.3 5,184.4 5,103.8 80.6 279.1 781.0 274.4 506.6 6,244.4 2,321.0 955.0 1,366.0 3,411.1 512.3 5,184.4 5,103.8 80.6 279.1 781.0 274.4 506.6 1993 6,553.0 2,422.0 1,030.0 1,392.0 3,584.0 547.0 5,451.6 5,379.5 72.1 294.9 806.5 276.6 529.9 6,386.1 2,389.7 1,023.1 1,366.8 3,467.1 529.4 5,315.4 5,244.7 70.7 287.9 782.9 267.3 515.6 1994 6,935.7 2,593.9 1,118.0 1,475.9 3,746.5 595.3 5,798.4 5,716.1 82.3 310.3 827.0 275.7 551.4 6,608.4 2,524.0 1,099.3 1,425.1 3,526.1 559.8 5,530.0 5,446.6 83.7 296.2 782.4 256.8 525.8 1995 7,253.8 2,699.2 1,182.1 1,517.1 3,926.9 627.6 6,078.2 5,999.6 78.6 323.0 852.6 278.2 574.4 6,742.2 2,588.5 1,157.4 1,432.3 3,583.9 571.8 5,662.7 5,587.2 75.3 302.5 777.5 246.4 531.7

449

1996 7,576.1 2,799.8 1,232.3 1,567.5 4,105.2 671.1 6,360.6 6,262.3 98.3 340.9 874.7 277.0 597.7 6,906.8 2,662.0 1,212.0 1,451.9 3,649.2 598.3 5,824.0 5,740.7 83.8 309.2 774.6 238.5 536.9

..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

No. 695. GDP Components—Annual Percent Change: 1987 to 1996
[Change from previous year; for 1987, change from 1986. For explanation of chained dollars, see text, section 14. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease] ITEM CURRENT DOLLARS Gross. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal consumption expenditures Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Govt. consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal consumption expenditures Durable goods. . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable goods . . . . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Govt. consumption expenditures and gross investment . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National defense . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1987 6.1 7.0 4.5 5.9 8.3 3.4 1.4 0.1 4.3 14.0 12.3 5.8 4.7 5.4 6.7 2.9 2.0 0.1 0.4 1.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.8 -0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 1988 7.6 8.2 8.2 6.6 9.2 3.6 5.5 7.1 2.2 22.3 8.9 3.9 0.4 1.0 7.0 3.8 2.6 0.6 0.6 1.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.1 1.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.4 1989 7.7 7.3 4.8 7.7 7.7 7.1 4.5 6.7 -0.5 13.9 6.6 6.1 4.4 1.9 7.5 3.4 1.5 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.4 -0.2 1.0 -0.4 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.4 1990 5.6 6.8 0.8 7.0 8.1 -3.6 -0.7 1.7 -6.7 9.4 6.6 7.4 5.5 3.5 8.9 1.2 1.1 -0.1 0.2 0.9 -0.8 -0.5 -0.1 -0.4 0.8 -0.4 0.6 0.2 0.4 1991 3.0 3.5 -4.5 2.6 5.9 -7.9 -6.7 -5.0 -11.4 8.0 -1.0 4.2 3.8 2.8 4.6 -0.9 -0.4 -0.5 -0.2 0.3 -1.3 -1.1 -0.6 -0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2 1992 5.5 6.2 7.3 3.5 7.5 7.4 6.1 1.9 18.0 6.3 7.5 3.1 1.0 -2.0 4.6 2.7 1.9 0.4 0.3 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.5 0.6 -0.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.3 1993 4.9 5.6 8.6 3.6 6.0 10.2 8.6 7.3 11.6 2.9 7.7 2.1 -1.0 -3.5 4.4 2.3 1.9 0.6 0.4 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.3 -1.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.3 1994 5.8 5.5 9.5 4.4 5.3 16.5 12.3 11.4 14.3 9.3 12.9 1.9 -1.2 -2.9 4.0 3.5 2.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.9 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.8 -1.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.3 1995 4.6 4.8 4.4 3.9 5.3 5.0 7.7 10.7 0.7 12.3 10.9 3.3 -1.8 5.4 2.0 1.6 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.8 0.9 -0.1 0.9 -0.9 -0.3 -0.3 0.3 1996 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.0 5.0 4.9 7.1 7.1 7.1 5.9 5.7 3.5 1.3 0.4 4.9 2.4 1.7 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.7 -0.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

- Represents or rounds to zero. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

450

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
No. 696. Gross State Product in Current and Real (1992) Dollars: 1990 to 1994
[In billions of dollars. For definition of gross State product or chained dollars, see text, section 14] REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE CURRENT DOLLARS 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1990 CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS 1991 1992 1993 1994 6,518.5 1,436.5 369.7 24.6 28.1 12.6 177.3 22.7 104.3 1,066.8 544.7 242.2 279.9 1,491.4 1,057.5 261.6 131.6 317.2 227.4 119.7 433.9 118.7 65.3 121.8 13.0 16.5 39.6 59.0 2,137.4 1,130.3 25.2 125.6 44.7 170.6 33.5 177.2 76.7 175.0 301.8 336.7 83.2 120.7 84.6 48.2 670.5 48.3 97.0 63.5 461.5 1,454.5 357.1 16.0 23.0 15.6 95.3 36.5 89.5 39.7 41.5 1,097.4 136.3 70.1 833.9 22.3 34.7

United States . . . . . . . . . 5,662.0 5,837.4 6,135.0 6,430.5 6,835.6 6,023.9 5,989.2 6,135.0 6,256.5 Northeast . . . . . . . . New England . . . . Maine. . . . . . . . New Hampshire . Vermont . . . . . . Massachusetts . . Rhode Island . . . Connecticut . . . . Middle Atlantic . . . New York . . . . . New Jersey . . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,295.4 1,318.7 1,379.6 1,439.1 1,509.6 1,384.8 1,353.7 1,379.6 1,398.3 . 337.7 341.1 353.2 369.4 389.3 360.6 349.7 353.2 358.2 . 23.2 23.2 24.0 25.1 26.1 24.8 23.9 24.0 24.3 . 23.8 24.8 26.1 27.2 29.4 25.3 25.4 26.1 26.5 . 11.5 11.4 12.2 12.7 13.3 12.2 11.7 12.2 12.4 . 159.3 160.3 165.8 174.8 186.2 170.2 164.5 165.8 169.9 . 21.5 21.6 22.4 23.3 23.9 23.1 22.2 22.4 22.6 . 98.4 99.7 102.7 106.3 110.4 105.1 101.9 102.7 102.5 . 957.8 977.6 1,026.4 1,069.6 1,120.4 1,024.2 1,004.1 1,026.4 1,040.1 . 497.5 501.4 525.6 542.8 571.0 534.5 516.1 525.6 528.2 . 214.8 220.2 231.5 244.8 254.9 228.3 225.6 231.5 237.8 . 245.4 256.0 269.4 282.0 294.4 261.3 262.4 269.4 274.0 . 1,264.0 1,302.4 1,382.8 1,451.4 1,566.6 1,344.1 1,334.6 1,382.8 1,411.1 . 896.7 920.3 976.8 1,030.9 1,111.6 955.0 943.5 976.8 1,002.2 . 226.9 232.4 245.0 256.1 274.8 241.4 238.2 245.0 249.1 . 108.8 112.5 120.3 127.4 138.2 115.3 115.1 120.3 124.0 . 273.4 281.9 298.4 312.6 332.9 290.7 288.6 298.4 303.9 . 188.4 190.5 202.6 217.1 240.4 202.6 196.3 202.6 210.4 . 99.3 103.0 110.4 117.8 125.3 105.0 105.3 110.4 114.8 . 367.3 382.0 406.0 420.5 455.0 389.1 391.0 406.0 408.9 . 99.6 102.9 110.7 115.2 124.6 105.3 105.2 110.7 111.9 . 54.9 56.4 59.9 61.6 68.3 57.9 57.6 59.9 59.9 . 104.1 109.0 114.7 118.6 128.2 111.2 111.9 114.7 115.2 . 11.4 11.5 12.6 12.7 13.5 11.9 11.7 12.6 12.4 . 12.8 13.8 14.9 16.1 17.3 13.7 14.2 14.9 15.7 . 33.2 35.0 37.2 38.2 41.4 34.9 35.7 37.2 37.2 . 51.2 53.3 56.1 58.1 61.8 54.3 54.6 56.1 56.6 . 1,803.1 1,875.4 1,980.5 2,088.8 2,232.0 1,914.3 1,924.5 1,980.5 2,035.1 . 955.9 994.3 1,050.1 1,111.0 1,182.1 1,027.5 1,024.7 1,050.1 1,082.4 . 20.9 22.2 23.4 24.3 26.7 23.0 23.1 23.4 23.5 . 113.9 116.2 119.1 124.6 132.7 122.3 119.6 119.1 121.0 . 40.8 42.7 45.2 47.3 48.0 45.1 44.5 45.2 45.7 . 148.0 152.9 160.6 169.4 177.7 160.1 158.3 160.6 165.4 . 28.2 29.1 30.6 32.1 34.7 29.4 29.6 30.6 31.6 . 143.5 150.1 161.4 169.6 181.5 156.0 155.6 161.4 166.3 . 65.4 67.9 71.1 75.1 79.9 69.5 69.6 71.1 73.3 . 140.1 147.2 158.8 170.1 183.0 149.3 151.2 158.8 165.7 . 255.0 265.9 279.8 298.5 317.8 272.7 273.3 279.8 289.9 . 270.7 285.2 308.2 324.4 352.3 287.9 292.6 308.2 316.2 . 67.4 69.8 76.1 80.4 86.5 71.9 71.7 76.1 78.6 . 94.2 100.3 109.1 115.3 126.5 100.4 103.0 109.1 112.3 . 71.1 75.0 79.7 82.6 88.7 75.4 76.9 79.7 80.5 . 38.0 40.1 43.3 46.1 50.6 40.2 41.1 43.3 44.7 . 576.5 595.9 622.2 653.3 697.6 598.8 607.2 622.2 636.6 . 37.9 40.6 44.2 46.7 50.6 40.0 41.5 44.2 45.5 . 91.4 91.9 90.8 94.3 101.1 93.9 93.5 90.8 91.7 . 57.0 59.0 61.4 63.9 66.2 59.6 60.2 61.4 62.3 . 390.2 404.5 425.8 448.4 479.8 405.3 412.0 425.8 437.2 . 1,299.5 1,340.9 1,392.2 1,451.3 1,527.4 1,380.6 1,375.8 1,392.2 1,411.7 . 275.9 292.7 316.3 342.5 374.0 291.0 299.7 316.3 333.8 . 13.3 14.0 15.1 16.1 16.9 13.9 14.3 15.1 15.7 . 17.5 18.3 20.1 22.2 24.2 18.5 18.8 20.1 21.6 . 13.5 13.8 14.1 14.8 15.7 13.4 13.8 14.1 14.7 . 74.3 79.0 85.4 93.2 99.8 78.8 81.0 85.4 90.8 . 26.7 30.2 31.8 34.4 37.8 27.8 30.9 31.8 33.6 . 68.4 71.0 78.4 84.5 94.1 72.8 72.8 78.4 82.2 . 31.1 33.4 35.3 38.0 41.7 32.9 34.2 35.3 37.0 . 31.1 33.2 36.0 39.3 44.0 33.0 34.0 36.0 38.2 . 1,023.5 1,048.2 1,075.9 1,108.7 1,153.4 1,089.6 1,076.1 1,075.9 1,077.9 . 114.2 121.2 128.8 136.5 143.9 122.2 124.7 128.8 132.5 . 57.0 59.8 63.3 68.9 74.4 60.8 61.5 63.3 66.5 . 794.4 810.3 826.5 842.1 875.7 846.6 831.7 826.5 819.2 . 25.5 23.0 22.2 25.0 22.7 25.2 23.3 22.2 24.6 . 32.5 33.9 35.0 36.3 36.7 34.9 34.9 35.0 35.2

Midwest . . . . . . . . . . East North Central . Ohio. . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . Illinois. . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . West North Central. Minnesota . . . . . . Iowa. . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota . . . . South Dakota. . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . .

South . . . . . . . . . . . . . South Atlantic . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . . District of Columbia. Virginia . . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . . North Carolina . . . . South Carolina . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . East South Central . . Kentucky. . . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . West South Central . Arkansas . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . Mountain . . . . Montana . . . Idaho . . . . . Wyoming . . Colorado. . . New Mexico Arizona. . . . Utah. . . . . . Nevada. . . . Pacific. . . . . . Washington . Oregon . . . . California . . Alaska . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 1997.

Gross State Product by Industry
No. 697. Gross State Product in Chained (1992) Dollars, by Industry: 1994

451

[In billions of dollars. For definition of gross state product or chained dollars, see text, section 14. Industries based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification] Farms, Transforestry, ConManu- portation, fisher- struction facturing public ies 2 utilities 115.7 9.7 2.9 0.5 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.2 0.7 6.7 2.5 1.3 2.9 35.5 15.4 3.1 2.4 4.8 2.3 2.9 20.0 3.3 4.8 2.3 1.4 1.8 3.5 2.9 38.6 18.0 0.3 1.2 1.8 0.3 4.2 1.1 3.2 5.9 7.5 2.3 1.7 2.0 1.5 13.1 2.4 1.2 1.9 7.6 32.1 7.6 1.0 1.5 0.4 1.7 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.3 24.5 3.7 2.2 17.9 0.3 0.5 253.1 47.9 12.4 1.1 1.0 0.5 5.6 0.8 3.4 35.5 15.7 8.7 11.1 60.5 42.4 9.9 6.1 13.2 8.1 5.1 18.0 5.0 2.5 5.5 0.6 0.6 1.6 2.3 85.2 45.9 0.8 6.1 0.4 7.0 1.6 6.7 3.3 6.3 13.7 12.6 3.2 4.4 3.3 1.7 26.7 1.7 4.2 1.9 18.8 59.5 19.0 0.7 1.4 0.6 4.9 1.7 4.8 2.0 2.9 40.4 6.7 3.2 27.5 1.0 2.0 1,168.0 226.3 65.4 4.4 6.1 2.2 30.2 4.1 18.3 160.9 68.9 35.7 56.4 360.7 274.8 71.4 40.4 61.2 67.4 34.4 85.8 24.3 16.5 25.9 1.0 1.9 5.9 10.3 381.7 186.2 5.1 11.1 1.2 27.9 5.6 55.7 21.6 32.2 25.9 82.5 22.7 29.7 18.8 11.4 112.9 12.1 16.4 10.8 73.6 199.2 44.6 1.2 4.3 0.6 12.1 5.1 13.7 5.7 1.9 154.6 19.2 13.7 119.5 1.0 1.1
2

DIVISION AND STATE

Total

1

Wholesale trade 450.0 100.4 25.3 1.5 1.7 0.9 12.9 1.2 7.1 75.1 34.8 22.8 17.6 109.0 75.7 18.1 8.2 26.0 16.0 7.5 33.3 9.8 4.6 9.2 1.2 1.0 3.1 4.4 143.3 74.4 1.0 8.0 0.6 9.4 1.8 11.4 4.3 15.9 22.1 21.8 4.6 9.0 5.4 2.8 47.0 3.0 5.6 3.9 34.5 97.3 20.6 1.0 1.4 0.5 6.2 1.6 5.5 2.5 1.9 76.7 10.6 5.7 58.3 0.7 1.4

Retail trade 595.4 116.0 32.4 3.1 2.8 1.3 14.4 2.2 8.6 83.6 39.1 18.6 25.9 135.9 95.0 25.3 12.4 26.9 19.5 10.9 41.0 10.9 5.8 12.2 1.3 1.6 3.4 5.8 203.1 106.8 1.5 11.5 1.3 14.5 3.0 15.9 7.9 16.3 34.9 34.6 7.5 13.6 8.7 4.9 61.7 5.1 8.5 6.5 41.6 140.3 36.3 1.7 2.4 1.0 9.8 3.5 9.8 4.2 4.0 104.0 14.1 6.6 77.8 1.5 4.0

Finance, insurance, Services real estate 1,192.8 345.8 85.3 4.4 6.0 2.1 40.2 5.1 27.5 260.5 156.8 53.5 50.2 230.7 166.6 38.6 17.1 58.8 34.0 18.2 64.2 20.4 8.8 17.5 1.6 3.3 5.4 7.3 327.0 198.0 9.7 27.3 6.5 28.9 3.6 21.9 9.6 26.6 63.9 39.4 8.9 15.2 10.1 5.3 89.6 5.3 12.4 7.6 64.2 289.1 56.2 2.1 2.9 1.6 15.8 4.8 15.9 5.5 7.6 232.9 24.2 11.6 186.7 2.3 8.0
3

Government 3 815.6 153.9 36.7 3.5 2.7 1.5 16.6 2.7 9.8 117.2 61.2 26.2 29.8 164.0 110.8 27.8 13.5 31.9 24.4 13.1 53.1 13.1 7.7 13.5 2.1 2.2 5.8 8.7 305.4 175.9 2.2 21.9 17.6 33.5 4.4 23.0 12.0 22.9 38.4 46.5 11.2 14.6 13.6 7.2 83.0 5.7 11.7 10.3 55.3 192.3 50.2 2.6 3.1 1.9 13.2 6.5 12.3 6.2 4.4 142.0 20.5 8.9 100.7 4.5 7.4

United States . Northeast . . . . . . . New England . . . Maine . . . . . . . New Hampshire Vermont . . . . . Massachusetts . Rhode Island . . Connecticut . . . Middle Atlantic . . New York . . . . New Jersey . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,518.5 1,436.5 369.7 24.6 28.1 12.6 177.3 22.7 104.3 1,066.8 544.7 242.2 279.9 1,491.4 1,057.5 261.6 131.6 317.2 227.4 119.7 433.9 118.7 65.3 121.8 13.0 16.5 39.6 59.0 2,137.4 1,130.3 25.2 125.6 44.7 170.6 33.5 177.2 76.7 175.0 301.8 336.7 83.2 120.7 84.6 48.2 670.5 48.3 97.0 63.5 461.5 1,454.5 357.1 16.0 23.0 15.6 95.3 36.5 89.5 39.7 41.5 1,097.4 136.3 70.1 833.9 22.3 34.7

585.3 122.7 26.7 1.8 2.2 1.2 12.4 1.7 7.4 96.0 44.9 24.8 26.3 129.8 87.7 21.8 11.0 30.8 15.5 8.5 42.1 9.2 5.2 13.0 1.5 1.3 4.5 7.3 211.9 103.9 1.3 10.7 2.5 14.9 4.4 13.8 6.2 21.1 28.9 32.9 8.0 10.3 8.5 6.0 75.2 6.0 10.8 7.0 51.4 121.1 36.3 2.1 2.1 2.6 10.6 3.6 8.1 3.9 3.3 84.8 11.2 5.7 60.7 3.8 3.4

1,249.6 311.4 82.4 4.4 5.3 2.5 44.0 4.8 21.3 229.0 120.6 50.5 57.8 258.7 184.6 44.4 19.7 62.4 39.3 18.8 74.1 22.2 9.3 22.4 2.1 2.5 6.2 9.3 379.7 214.4 3.2 27.6 14.6 31.5 5.0 24.5 10.8 29.8 67.5 53.5 11.5 22.0 13.0 7.0 111.8 6.7 15.5 10.0 79.6 299.8 71.7 2.8 3.5 1.4 19.3 6.2 16.9 7.7 14.0 228.1 25.8 12.3 180.4 2.5 7.1

Midwest . . . . . . . . . . East North Central . Ohio. . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . Illinois. . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . West North Central . Minnesota . . . . . . Iowa. . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota . . . . South Dakota. . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . South Atlantic . . . . Delaware . . . . . . Maryland. . . . . . . Dist. of Columbia . Virginia . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . North Carolina . . . South Carolina . . . Georgia . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . East South Central . Kentucky. . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Mississippi. . . . . . West South Central Arkansas . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . West. . . . . . . . . Mountain . . . . Montana . . . Idaho . . . . . Wyoming. . . Colorado . . . New Mexico. Arizona . . . . Utah. . . . . . Nevada. . . . Pacific. . . . . . Washington . Oregon . . . . California . . Alaska . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents zero. 1 Includes mining not shown separately. and military and State and local government.

Includes agricultural services.

Includes Federal civilian

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 1997.

452

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 698. Relation of GDP, GNP, Net National Product, National Income, Personal Income, Disposable Personal Income, and Personal Saving: 1990 to 1996
[In billions of dollars. For definitions, see text, section 14] ITEM Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . . . Plus: Receipts of factor income from the rest of the world 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less: Payments of factor income to the rest of the world 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: Gross national product . . . . . . Less: Consumption of fixed capital. . . . . . Equals: Net national product 3 . . . . . . . Less: Indirect business tax and nontax liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plus: Subsidies 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: National income 3 . . . . . . . . . . Less: Corporate profits 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . Net interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contributions for social insurance. . . . . Wage accruals less disbursements. . . . Plus: Personal interest income . . . . . . . . Personal dividend income . . . . . . . . . . Government transfer payments to persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Business transfer payments to persons . Equals: Personal income . . . . . . . . . . . Less: Personal tax and nontax payments . Equals: Disposable personal income . . Less: Personal outlays . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equals: Personal saving . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 5,743.8 177.5 156.4 5,764.9 651.5 5,113.4 442.6 25.3 4,652.1 397.1 467.3 518.5 0.1 704.4 142.9 666.5 21.3 4,804.2 624.8 4,179.4 3,958.1 221.3 1991 5,916.7 156.2 140.5 5,932.4 679.9 5,252.5 478.1 23.6 4,761.6 411.3 448.0 543.5 -0.1 699.2 153.6 749.1 20.8 4,981.6 624.8 4,356.8 4,097.4 259.5 1992 6,244.4 137.9 126.8 6,255.5 713.5 5,542.0 505.6 27.1 4,990.4 428.0 414.3 571.4 -15.8 667.2 159.4 835.7 22.5 5,277.2 650.5 4,626.7 4,341.0 285.6 1993 6,553.0 140.7 130.1 6,563.5 729.7 5,833.8 540.0 31.7 5,238.5 492.1 398.9 592.9 4.6 648.1 186.8 888.6 22.1 5,495.6 689.9 4,805.7 4,575.8 229.9 1994 6,935.7 163.4 167.2 6,931.9 784.8 6,147.2 572.5 25.1 5,535.2 554.1 394.9 628.3 15.5 663.7 199.6 933.8 22.6 5,762.0 731.4 5,030.6 4,832.3 198.3 1995 7,253.8 208.3 215.3 7,246.7 811.1 6,435.7 595.5 18.2 5,828.9 604.8 403.6 660.0 2.7 717.1 214.8 1,000.0 22.6 6,112.4 794.3 5,318.1 5,071.5 246.6 1996 7,576.1 228.4 237.3 7,567.1 845.5 6,721.6 617.9 17.5 6,164.2 670.2 403.3 689.7 738.2 230.6 1,056.7 23.0 6,449.5 863.8 5,585.7 5,314.0 271.6

- Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Consists largely of receipts by U.S. residents of interest and dividends and reinvested earnings of foreign affiliates of U.S. corporations. 2 Consists largely of payments to foreign residents of interest and dividends and reinvested earnings of U.S. affiliates of foreign corporations. 3 Includes items not shown separately. 4 Less current surplus of government enterprises. 5 With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

No. 699. Selected Per Capita Income and Product Items in Current and Real (1992) Dollars: 1960 to 1996
[In dollars. Based on Bureau of the Census estimated population including Armed Forces abroad; based on quarterly averages. For explanation of chained dollars, see text, section 14] CURRENT DOLLARS YEAR Gross domestic product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,913 3,700 5,050 5,419 5,894 6,524 6,998 7,550 8,341 9,201 10,292 11,361 12,226 13,547 13,961 14,998 16,508 17,529 18,374 19,323 20,605 21,984 22,979 23,416 24,447 25,383 26,606 27,571 28,537 Gross national product 2,931 3,728 5,081 5,456 5,935 6,584 7,071 7,611 8,419 9,295 10,392 11,507 12,381 13,698 14,095 15,135 16,640 17,614 18,427 19,359 20,659 22,042 23,064 23,478 24,490 25,424 26,592 27,545 28,503 Personal income 2,277 2,860 4,077 4,328 4,703 5,217 5,672 6,091 6,673 7,315 8,176 9,105 10,037 11,132 11,744 12,379 13,602 14,464 15,200 16,013 17,076 18,194 19,220 19,715 20,660 21,288 22,104 23,233 24,294 Disposable personal income 2,008 2,541 3,545 3,805 4,074 4,553 4,928 5,367 5,837 6,362 7,097 7,861 8,665 9,566 10,145 10,803 11,929 12,629 13,289 13,896 14,905 15,790 16,721 17,242 18,113 18,615 19,298 20,214 21,040 Personal consumption expenditures 1,838 2,286 3,160 3,383 3,671 4,018 4,353 4,765 5,268 5,797 6,418 7,079 7,730 8,440 8,943 9,744 10,543 11,341 12,019 12,743 13,669 14,531 15,360 15,732 16,520 17,253 18,033 18,719 19,404 CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Gross domestic product 12,512 14,792 16,520 16,853 17,579 18,412 18,178 17,896 18,713 19,426 20,185 20,541 20,252 20,542 19,896 20,499 21,744 22,320 22,801 23,264 23,934 24,504 24,549 24,060 24,447 24,737 25,351 25,627 26,016 Gross national product 12,585 14,897 16,616 16,959 17,694 18,572 18,360 18,032 18,878 19,611 20,367 20,794 20,497 20,756 20,076 20,675 21,904 22,418 22,857 23,300 23,988 24,559 24,632 24,121 24,490 24,779 25,340 25,605 25,989 Disposable personal income 8,660 10,292 12,022 12,345 12,770 13,539 13,310 13,404 13,793 14,095 14,662 14,899 14,813 15,009 15,053 15,332 16,309 16,654 17,039 17,164 17,678 17,854 17,996 17,809 18,113 18,136 18,362 18,789 19,158 Personal consumption expenditures 7,926 9,257 10,717 10,975 11,508 11,950 11,756 11,899 12,446 12,846 13,258 13,417 13,216 13,245 13,270 13,829 14,415 14,954 15,409 15,740 16,211 16,430 16,532 16,249 16,520 16,809 17,159 17,400 17,669

1960 1965 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

National Income
No. 700. National Income, by Type of Income: 1990 to 1996
[In billions of dollars] INCOME National income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compensation of employees. . . . . . . Wages and salaries . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplements to wages and salaries Employer contributions for social insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other labor income . . . . . . . . . Proprietors’ income 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . Farm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonfarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rental income of persons 1 . . . . . . . Corporate profits 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 4,652.1 3,352.8 2,757.5 517.2 2,240.3 595.2 294.6 300.6 374.0 35.4 338.6 61.0 397.1 358.2 371.7 140.5 231.2 151.9 79.4 -13.5 38.9 467.3 256.6 455.0 104.7 350.3 -13.5 468.5
2

453

1991 4,761.6 3,457.9 2,827.6 546.0 2,281.5 630.4 307.7 322.7 376.5 29.3 347.2 67.9 411.3 378.2 374.2 133.4 240.8 163.1 77.7 4.0 33.1 448.0 277.9 479.3 114.8 364.5 4.0 475.3

1992 4,990.4 3,644.9 2,970.6 567.8 2,402.9 674.3 323.0 351.3 423.8 37.1 386.7 79.4 428.0 398.9 406.4 143.0 263.4 169.5 93.9 -7.5 29.1 414.3 285.0 491.9 115.5 376.4 -7.5 499.4

1993 5,238.5 3,809.5 3,095.3 584.2 2,511.1 714.2 333.3 380.9 435.9 31.1 404.8 102.2 492.1 457.7 464.3 163.8 300.5 197.3 103.2 -6.6 34.4 398.9 328.3 520.3 131.0 389.3 -6.6 526.9

1994 5,535.2 4,009.8 3,257.3 602.5 2,654.8 752.4 350.2 402.2 464.4 34.3 430.0 112.1 554.1 517.9 531.2 195.3 335.9 211.0 124.8 -13.3 36.2 394.9 358.8 564.2 147.8 416.4 -13.3 577.4

1995 5,828.9 4,222.7 3,433.2 621.7 2,811.5 789.5 365.5 424.0 486.1 27.9 458.2 111.7 604.8 570.8 598.9 218.7 380.2 227.4 152.8 -28.1 34.0 403.6 386.1 594.6 158.7 435.9 -28.1 622.7

1996 6,164.2 4,448.5 3,630.1 641.2 2,988.9 818.4 382.2 436.0 527.3 44.7 482.6 115.0 670.2 631.0 639.9 233.0 406.8 244.2 162.6 -8.9 39.2 403.3 437.1 650.8 192.9 457.9 -8.9 659.7

..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Corporate profits 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Profits before tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Profits tax liability . . . . . . . . . . . . Profits after tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dividends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undistributed profits. . . . . . . . . Inventory valuation adjustment . . . . . Capital consumption adjustment. . . . . . Net interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Addenda: Corporate profits after tax 1 2. . . . . . . . Net cash flow 1 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undistributed profits 1 2 . . . . . . . . Consumption of fixed capital. . . . . Less: Inventory valuation adjustment . Equals: Net cash flow . . . . . . . . . . .

1 With capital consumption adjustment. section 17.

With inventory valuation adjustment. For corporate profits by industry, see

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

No. 701. National Income, by Sector: 1990 to 1995
[In billions of dollars] SECTOR National income . . . . . . . . . . . . Domestic business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporate business . . . . . . . . . . . . Compensation of employees. . . . . Corporate profits 1 . . . . . . . . . . . Net interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sole proprietorships and partnerships Compensation of employees. . . . . Proprietors’ income 1 . . . . . . . . . . Net interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other private business 2 . . . . . . . . . Compensation of employees. . . . . Proprietors’ income 1 . . . . . . . . . . Rental income of persons 3 . . . . . Net interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government enterprises 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 4,652.1 3,785.0 2,704.8 2,222.0 331.3 151.4 660.8 198.6 371.8 90.4 346.2 13.1 2.2 61.0 269.9 73.3 237.9 608.1 21.1 1991 4,761.6 3,844.2 2,745.4 2,264.6 342.6 138.2 660.1 201.9 374.1 84.1 362.1 13.3 2.4 67.9 278.6 76.5 257.4 644.3 15.7 1992 4,990.4 4,029.4 2,865.9 2,387.7 363.1 115.1 708.8 212.6 421.1 75.1 373.7 13.7 2.6 79.4 277.9 81.0 279.1 670.8 11.1 1993 5,238.5 4,241.2 3,040.3 2,502.5 422.5 115.2 732.3 224.6 433.1 74.6 387.3 14.4 2.8 102.2 267.9 81.3 294.9 691.8 10.6 1994 5,535.2 4,521.1 3,257.4 2,652.1 489.9 115.5 772.9 236.8 461.3 74.9 402.7 15.0 3.1 112.1 272.6 88.1 310.3 707.6 -3.8 1995 5,828.9 4,785.7 3,454.1 2,804.5 528.1 121.5 820.6 258.9 482.8 78.8 418.0 16.1 3.2 111.7 286.9 93.0 323.0 727.3 -7.0

Households and institutions 5 . . . . . . . . General government 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rest of the world. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 2 With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments. Consists of all business activities reported on the individual income tax return in Schedule E—Supplemental Income Schedule; tax-exempt cooperatives; and owner-occupied nonfarm housing and buildings and equipment owned and used by nonprofit institutions servicing individuals, which are considered to be business activities selling their current services to their owners. 3 With capital consumption adjustment. 4 Compensation 5 of employees. Compensation of employees in private households; nonprofit social and athletic clubs; labor organizations; nonprofit schools and hospitals; religious, charitable, and welfare organizations; and all other nonprofit organizations serving individuals.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming, and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

454

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 702. Personal Consumption Expenditures in Current and Real (1992) Dollars, by Type: 1990 to 1995
[In billions of dollars. For definition of ‘‘chained’’ dollars, see text, section 14] EXPENDITURE Total expenditures
1

CURRENT DOLLARS 1990 ......... 3,839.3 672.5 404.8 218.0 42.0 262.7 31.9 173.8 31.2 57.3 586.3 410.7 150.1 436.2 39.0 21.2 41.9 138.3 71.9 26.8 27.5 12.0 60.4 615.6 65.1 140.8 32.9 265.7 37.4 31.3 290.1 56.4 41.8 9.0 463.3 426.9 92.4 31.6 29.4 84.1 96.6 7.8 5.2 2.6 28.5 0.8 1.0 23.9 281.6 21.5 31.6 53.8 80.7 44.0 100.4 -7.4 41.2 51.6 1993 4,454.1 732.7 434.9 242.9 47.0 296.6 34.4 201.2 35.6 65.1 673.2 481.1 162.3 503.5 42.6 24.9 48.5 160.2 83.0 32.9 33.7 10.6 74.1 787.1 77.9 172.9 40.9 344.4 51.7 41.9 354.0 68.2 47.9 10.8 503.8 465.4 86.5 40.8 31.6 102.0 108.1 8.3 5.5 2.8 30.1 0.8 0.9 25.5 339.0 22.6 36.5 68.8 99.3 55.9 121.3 -21.4 46.0 68.7 1994 4,700.9 763.3 449.1 258.4 47.7 310.5 35.5 212.3 36.7 67.7 706.6 502.6 172.5 528.1 45.4 26.9 50.6 162.2 84.1 31.6 36.5 10.1 79.8 833.7 81.7 179.8 43.8 363.8 57.0 44.5 361.9 71.0 48.6 11.1 536.6 498.0 91.3 46.1 34.4 113.0 109.9 8.6 5.6 2.9 30.0 0.7 0.8 25.3 374.8 24.0 40.1 80.0 105.4 59.7 131.2 -18.9 49.6 69.9 1995 4,924.9 794.4 466.8 271.9 47.2 320.2 36.2 218.1 38.8 70.0 743.7 528.5 181.6 554.3 47.7 28.8 52.2 166.2 87.1 30.9 38.2 10.0 85.6 883.1 85.7 189.8 46.6 383.6 61.3 47.1 373.4 74.0 50.3 11.7 554.8 514.2 84.6 52.7 36.6 121.2 114.6 8.8 5.8 3.0 31.8 0.7 0.9 26.9 401.7 25.6 42.7 88.3 110.7 63.5 137.4 -19.0 52.8 73.1

CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS 1990 4,132.2 713.5 423.3 231.6 50.9 279.4 34 183.7 34 60.6 627.2 437.6 160 457 40.6 22 43.7 146.7 76.1 27.7 31.9 11.2 61.3 691.1 74.5 158.5 37.7 299 41.3 35.3 331.3 61.2 46.4 10.1 491.3 454.2 98.1 35 30 94.7 108.1 8.6 5.7 2.9 28.6 0.8 1.1 23.7 291.8 23.8 32.6 47.9 89.3 50.2 106.6 -8.2 46.1 57.7 1993 4,339.5 719.4 428.2 238.2 45.2 292.7 34.1 199.1 34.7 63.3 655.0 468.2 158.3 494.0 41.6 24.6 48.3 155.0 81.4 31.0 31.9 10.7 73.4 745.6 75.2 163.8 38.8 329.7 41.9 37.1 347.6 65.5 45.9 10.3 490.3 454.0 84.4 37.2 32.1 98.3 109.1 8.1 5.4 2.7 28.3 0.8 0.9 24.0 337.2 21.8 36.2 73.4 95.1 52.7 118.7 -19.2 46.3 66.9 1994 4,473.2 736.7 432.2 249.0 47.6 306.4 35.3 211.9 34.8 64.1 668.2 475.4 163.7 507.9 42.7 25.4 50.1 154.8 82.4 29.2 32.9 10.3 76.8 757.9 76.8 163.1 39.7 337.6 40.8 37.4 347.6 66.4 45.1 10.1 510.0 472.2 86.2 38.9 35.0 105.3 110.4 8.2 5.4 2.8 29.6 0.7 0.8 25.3 369.9 22.5 39.3 89.0 97.0 53.6 125.3 -16.5 48.7 66.5 1995 4,577.8 748.1 437.9 256.1 46.0 318.4 36.0 221.1 36.2 65.6 681.7 483.7 168.3 525.6 43.9 26.8 49.9 157.3 83.5 30.2 33.3 10.3 82.2 775.6 79.2 165.8 40.3 343.3 41.4 38.2 351.2 67.3 45.2 10.0 511.2 472.2 78.3 39.3 37.0 109.9 113.3 8.2 5.3 2.9 30.9 0.7 0.9 26.4 395.5 23.0 41.8 106.0 97.3 54.2 126.4 -16.2 50.3 67.5

Food and tobacco 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food purchased for off-premise consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased meals and beverages 2 . . . Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clothing, accessories, and jewelry 1 . . . . Shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jewelry and watches . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owner-occupied nonfarm dwellingsspace rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tenant-occupied nonfarm dwellings-space rent. . . . . . . . . . . . Household operation 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Semidurable house furnishings 4 . . . . Cleaning and polishing preparations . . Household utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other sanitary services . . Fuel oil and coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone and telegraph . . . . . . . . . Medical care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drug preparations and sundries 5 . . . . Physicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dentists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospitals and nursing homes 6 . . . . . Health insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medical care 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal business 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expense of handling life insurance 8 . . Legal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Funeral and burial expenses . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . User-operated transportation 1 . . . . . . New autos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net purchases of used autos . . . . . Tires, tubes, accessories, etc. . . . . Repair, greasing, washing, parking, storage, rental, and leasing . . . . . . . Gasoline and oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased local transportation . . . . . . Mass transit systems . . . . . . . . . . Taxicab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased intercity transportation 1. . . Railway (commutation) . . . . . . . . . Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Airline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation 1 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magazines, newspapers, and sheet music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nondurable toys and sport supplies . . Video and audiio products, computing equipment, musical instruments . . . . Education and research . . . . . . . . . . . . Higher education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious and welfare activities . . . . . . . Foreign travel and other, net . . . . . . . . . Foreign travel by U.S. residents . . . . Less: Expenditures in the United States by nonresidents . . . . . . . . .
1

Includes other expenditures not shown separately. 2 Consists of purchases (including tips) of meals and beverages from retail, service, and amusement establishments; hotels; dining and buffet cars; schools; school fraternities; institutions; clubs; and 3 industrial lunch rooms. Includes meals and beverages consumed both on and off-premise. Includes mattresses and bedsprings. 4 Consists largely of textile house furnishings including piece goods allocated to house furnishing use. Also includes 5 lamp shades, brooms, and brushes. Excludes drug preparations and related products dispensed by physicians, hospitals, and other medical services. 6 Consists of (1) current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) of nonprofit hospitals and 7 nursing homes and (2)payments by patients to proprietary and government hospitals and nursing homes. Consists of (1) premiums, less benefits and dividends, for health hospitalization and accidental death and dismemberment insurance provided by commercial insurance carriers and (2)administrative expenses (including consumption of fixed capital) of Blue Cross and Blue 8 Consists of (1) operating expenses of life Shield plans and of other independent prepaid and self-insured health plans. insurance carriers and private noninsured pension plans and (2) premiums less benefits and dividends of fraternal benefit societies. Excludes expenses allocated by commercial carriers to accident and health insurance. 9 For additional details, see table 406. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, January 1997.

Personal Income—Gross Saving
No. 703. Personal Income and Its Disposition: 1990 to 1996

455

[In billions of dollars, except as indicated. For definition of personal income and chained dollars, see text, section 14] ITEM Personal income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wage and salary disbursements . . . . Commodity-producing industries 1 . . Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distributive industries 2 . . . . . . . . . Service industries 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other labor income . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proprietors’ income 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . Rental income of persons 5 . . . . . . . . Personal dividend income . . . . . . . . . Personal interest income . . . . . . . . . Transfer payments to persons . . . . . . Less: Personal contributions for social insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less: Personal tax and nontax payments Equals: Disposable person . . . . . . . . Less: Personal outlays . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal consumption expenditures . . Interest paid by persons . . . . . . . . . . Personal transfer payments to the rest of the world (net) . . . . . . . . Equals: Personal saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 4,804.2 2,757.5 754.2 561.2 634.1 852.1 517.2 300.6 374.0 61.0 142.9 704.4 687.8 1991 4,981.6 2,827.6 746.3 562.5 646.6 888.7 546.1 322.7 376.5 67.9 153.6 699.3 769.9 1992 5,277.2 2,986.4 765.7 583.5 680.3 972.6 567.8 351.3 423.8 79.4 159.4 667.2 858.2 1993 5,495.6 3,090.7 781.3 593.1 698.4 1,026.7 584.3 380.9 435.9 102.2 186.8 648.1 910.7 1994 5,762.0 3,241.8 824.9 621.1 739.2 1,075.2 602.5 402.2 464.4 112.1 199.6 663.7 956.3 1995 6,112.4 3,430.6 863.5 648.4 783.7 1,161.6 621.7 424.0 486.1 111.7 214.8 717.1 1,022.6 1996 6,449.5 3,630.1 902.7 672.5 827.9 1,258.3 641.2 436.2 527.3 115.0 230.6 738.2 1,079.7

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

. . . . . .

223.9 624.8 4,179.4 3,958.1 3,839.3 108.9
9.9 221.3

235.8 624.8 4,356.8 4,097.4 3,975.1 111.9
10.4 259.5

248.4 650.6 4,626.7 4,341.0 4,219.8 111.7
9.6 285.7

259.6 689.9 4,805.8 4,575.8 4,454.1 108.9
12.8 229.9

278.1 731.4 5,030.6 4,832.3 4,700.9 117.1
14.2 198.3

294.5 794.3 5,318.1 5,071.5 4,924.9 131.7
14.9 246.6

307.5 863.8 5,585.7 5,314.0 5,151.4 146.3
16.3 271.6

... ...

Addenda: Disposable personal income: Total, billions of chained (1992) dollars . . . . . . . . . . . Per capita (dollars): Current dollars . . . . . . . . Chained (1992) dollars . . . . Personal saving as percentage of disposable personal income . . .

......
...... ...... ......

4,498.2 16,720 17,996 5.3

4,500.0 17,242 17,809 6.0

4,626.7 18,112 18,113 6.2

4,682.1 18,615 18,136 4.8

4,786.8 19,297 18,362 3.9

4,943.3 20,214 18,789 4.6

5,086.0 21,040 19,158 4.9

1 Comprises agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, construction, and manufacturing. 2 Comprises transportation, communi3 4 Comprises finance, insurance, real estate, services, and rest of world. With capital cation, public utilities, and trade. consumption and inventory valuation adjustments. 5 With capital consumption adjustment. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

No. 704. Gross Saving and Investment: 1990 to 1996
[In billions of dollars] ITEM Gross saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undistributed corporate profits 1 . . . . . Undistributed profits . . . . . . . . . . . Inventory valuation adjustment . . . . Capital consumption adjustment . . . Corporate consumption of fixed capital Noncorporate consumption of fixed capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wage accruals less disbursements. . . Gross government saving Federal . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . Capital grants received by ...... ...... ...... the U.S. .... .... .... (net). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 903.1 860.3 221.3 104.7 79.4 -13.5 38.9 350.3 184.0 42.7 -94.0 136.7 920.5 799.7 199.4 -78.6 17.4 1991 934.0 930.6 259.5 114.8 77.7 4.0 33.1 364.5 191.9 3.3 -132.2 135.5 944.0 736.2 200.5 7.3 10.1 1992 904.3 970.7 285.6 115.5 93.9 -7.5 29.1 376.4 209.0 -15.8 -66.5 -215.0 148.6 949.1 790.4 209.1 -50.5 44.8 1993 934.6 961.6 229.9 131.0 103.2 -6.6 34.4 389.3 206.7 4.6 -26.9 -187.4 160.5 993.5 871.1 210.6 -88.2 58.8 1994 1,055.9 1,006.3 198.3 147.8 124.8 -13.3 36.2 416.4 228.3 15.5 49.6 -119.6 169.2 1,090.4 1,014.4 212.3 -136.4 34.5 1995 1,152.3 1,072.3 246.6 158.7 152.8 -28.1 34.0 435.9 228.5 2.7 80.0 -87.8 167.9 1,150.9 1,065.3 221.9 -136.3 -1.5 1996 1,275.9 1,161.0 271.6 192.9 162.6 -8.9 39.2 457.9 238.6 115.0 -54.6 169.6 1,200.8 1,117.0 233.3 -149.5 -75.1

... ... . . . . . . . . . . . .

Gross investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross private domestic investment . . . . . . . Gross government investment. . . . . . . . . . . Net foreign investment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statistical discrepancy . . . . . . . . . . - Represents or rounds to zero.
1

With inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, 1929-94, forthcoming; and Survey of Current Business, May 1997.

456

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 705. Personal Income in Current and Constant (1992) Dollars, by State: 1980 to 1996
[In billions of dollars, except percent. 1996 preliminary. Represents a measure of income received from all sources during the calendar year by residents of each State. Data exclude Federal employees overseas and U.S. residents employed by private U.S. firms on temporary foreign assignment. Totals may differ from those in tables 698, 699, and 703. For definition of average annual percent change, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] CURRENT DOLLARS REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE CONSTANT (1992) DOLLARS Average annual percent change 19801995 United States . . 2,279.2 4,774.0 6,098.0 6,428.1 3,896.0 5,138.3 5,669.9 5,852.3 Northeast . . . . . . . . New England . . . . Maine . . . . . . . New Hampshire . Vermont . . . . . . Massachusetts . Rhode Island. . . Connecticut. . . . Middle Atlantic . . New York . . . . . New Jersey. . . . Pennsylvania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530.0 1,140.0 1,388.1 1,451.1 131.8 300.3 364.6 382.3 9.3 21.1 25.0 25.9 9.1 23.0 29.4 30.8 4.4 10.0 12.4 13.0 61.7 139.6 170.2 179.4 9.2 19.8 23.6 24.5 38.1 86.7 104.1 108.7 398.2 839.7 1,023.5 1,068.9 193.3 416.4 502.0 523.4 86.3 192.9 237.2 248.1 118.6 230.4 284.4 297.4 905.9 1,227.0 1,290.7 1,321.1 225.3 323.2 339.0 348.0 15.9 22.8 23.2 23.6 15.6 24.7 27.3 28.1 7.5 10.7 11.5 11.9 105.5 150.3 158.2 163.3 15.6 21.3 21.9 22.3 65.1 93.4 96.8 98.9 680.7 903.8 951.7 973.1 330.4 448.2 466.7 476.5 147.6 207.6 220.5 225.8 202.7 247.9 264.4 270.8 2.5 2.4 2.8 2.6 3.8 2.9 2.7 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.5 1.0 2.1 1.6 2.4 1.9 1.8 3.0 3.5 3.3 3.0 1.6 3.3 0.8 3.7 3.1 4.2 4.1 2.6 2.0 3.2 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.4 1.3 1.0 2.8 2.8 3.3 1.5 2.6 -0.1 3.0 3.0 4.2 3.4 5.3 2.7 3.1 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.8 19951996 3.2 2.4 2.7 1.7 2.9 3.5 3.2 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.4 3.5 2.8 2.6 3.1 3.4 2.1 3.1 5.1 5.6 6.0 3.2 9.0 7.5 6.1 4.6 3.4 3.4 4.0 1.8 0.6 2.7 2.0 3.9 2.5 4.4 4.1 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.8 3.3 3.6 3.6 2.5 2.8 4.0 3.6 4.7 2.0 3.9 1.1 4.6 2.8 5.2 5.4 6.9 3.3 4.2 4.8 3.2 0.7 Percent distribution 1980 100.0 23.3 5.8 0.4 0.4 0.2 2.7 0.4 1.7 17.5 8.5 3.8 5.2 25.8 18.7 4.7 2.2 5.5 4.2 2.0 7.2 1.8 1.2 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.6 1.0 30.0 15.1 0.3 2.0 0.3 2.3 0.7 2.1 1.0 2.0 4.3 5.0 1.3 1.6 1.3 0.8 9.9 0.7 1.6 1.3 6.2 20.9 4.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 1.4 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.4 16.1 2.0 1.2 12.3 0.2 0.5 1996 100.0 22.6 5.9 0.4 0.5 0.2 2.8 0.4 1.7 16.6 8.1 3.9 4.6 23.3 16.6 4.1 2.0 4.9 3.7 1.9 6.7 1.9 1.0 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.9 32.2 17.5 0.3 2.1 0.3 2.6 0.5 2.5 1.1 2.6 5.4 5.1 1.2 1.8 1.3 0.7 9.6 0.7 1.3 1.0 6.6 21.9 5.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 1.4 0.6 0.6 16.4 2.1 1.1 12.5 0.2 0.5

1980

1990

1995

1996

1980

1990

1995

1996

Midwest . . . . . . . . . . East North Central . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . West North Central Minnesota. . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota. . . . South Dakota . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . South. . . . . . . . . . . . South Atlantic . . . . Delaware . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . Dist. of Columbia . Virginia. . . . . . . . West Virginia. . . . North Carolina . . . South Carolina . . Georgia . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . East South Central. Kentucky . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . Alabama. . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . West South Central Arkansas . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . Mountain. . . . Montana . . . Idaho . . . . . Wyoming . . Colorado . . New Mexico Arizona . . . Utah . . . . . Nevada . . . Pacific . . . . . Washington. Oregon . . . California . . Alaska . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

588.5 1,103.7 1,419.8 1,500.3 1,006.0 1,187.9 1,320.1 1,365.9 425.1 788.0 1,016.2 1,067.2 726.7 848.1 944.9 971.6 106.6 196.9 251.0 263.0 182.3 211.9 233.4 239.4 51.1 95.4 124.4 131.1 87.4 102.7 115.7 119.3 125.7 234.6 298.4 315.1 214.9 252.5 277.5 286.9 95.1 174.2 228.4 238.0 162.5 187.5 212.3 216.7 46.5 86.9 114.0 120.1 79.6 93.5 106.0 109.3 163.4 315.7 403.5 433.0 279.4 339.8 375.2 394.3 41.5 85.0 110.5 119.1 70.9 91.5 102.7 108.5 27.7 47.1 59.5 64.3 47.4 50.7 55.3 58.6 46.0 90.5 116.2 122.5 78.6 97.4 108.0 111.5 5.1 9.8 11.9 13.3 8.8 10.5 11.1 12.1 5.4 10.8 14.3 15.8 9.3 11.6 13.3 14.3 14.3 27.9 35.2 38.1 24.5 30.0 32.7 34.7 23.4 44.6 56.0 59.9 40.0 48.0 52.1 54.5 683.9 1,481.8 1,961.3 2,070.1 1,169.0 1,594.9 1,823.6 1,884.7 344.2 814.2 1,066.0 1,125.4 588.3 876.3 991.2 1,024.6 6.3 14.5 18.8 20.0 10.8 15.6 17.5 18.2 46.0 107.9 132.8 138.1 78.7 116.1 123.5 125.7 8.0 15.5 18.5 19.0 13.6 16.6 17.2 17.3 53.2 124.3 158.7 166.4 91.0 133.7 147.5 151.5 15.7 25.4 32.3 33.7 26.8 27.3 30.1 30.7 47.6 110.9 151.8 161.2 81.3 119.4 141.2 146.7 23.9 54.0 69.8 73.1 40.9 58.1 64.9 66.5 46.1 113.1 156.6 167.0 78.7 121.7 145.6 152.0 97.4 248.7 326.7 347.1 166.4 267.7 303.7 316.0 114.6 229.8 309.9 325.4 195.9 247.3 288.2 296.2 29.6 55.7 72.8 76.5 50.6 60.0 67.7 69.6 37.4 79.7 110.6 115.8 63.9 85.8 102.8 105.4 30.1 61.6 81.6 85.7 51.5 66.3 75.9 78.0 17.5 32.8 45.0 47.5 29.9 35.3 41.8 43.2 225.1 437.8 585.3 619.3 384.8 471.2 544.3 563.8 17.1 33.0 45.0 47.5 29.2 35.6 41.8 43.3 37.0 62.3 82.4 86.2 63.3 67.0 76.6 78.5 28.7 49.0 60.9 63.9 49.1 52.8 56.6 58.2 142.3 293.5 397.1 421.7 243.2 315.9 369.2 383.9 476.8 1,048.5 1,328.8 1,406.6 109.1 230.7 327.7 350.3 7.0 12.0 16.1 16.7 8.1 15.5 22.0 23.2 5.4 7.7 9.9 10.2 31.2 63.5 89.8 95.9 10.8 21.9 30.7 32.2 25.5 60.9 86.4 92.9 11.8 24.6 35.6 38.3 9.4 24.5 37.3 40.8 367.7 817.8 1,001.1 1,056.3 44.7 96.0 129.1 137.4 26.3 49.8 67.9 72.6 280.6 636.6 760.4 801.5 5.6 11.6 14.5 14.9 10.5 23.7 29.2 29.8 815.0 1,128.5 1,235.6 1,280.6 186.5 248.3 304.7 318.9 11.9 12.9 14.9 15.2 13.9 16.7 20.4 21.2 9.3 8.3 9.2 9.3 53.3 68.4 83.5 87.3 18.4 23.6 28.5 29.3 43.6 65.5 80.4 84.6 20.1 26.4 33.1 34.9 16.0 26.4 34.7 37.1 628.5 880.2 930.8 961.6 76.4 103.3 120.1 125.1 44.9 53.6 63.1 66.1 479.7 685.2 707.0 729.7 9.6 12.5 13.5 13.6 18.0 25.6 27.1 27.1

- Represents or rounds to zero. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1996 and 1997 issues.

Personal Income Per Capita

457

No. 706. Personal Income Per Capita in Current and Constant (1992) Dollars, by State: 1980 to 1996
[In dollars, except ranks. 1996 data preliminary. See headnote, table 705] CURRENT DOLLARS REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE United States . . . Northeast. . . . . . . . New England . . . Maine . . . . . . . New Hampshire. Vermont . . . . . . Massachusetts . Rhode Island . . Connecticut . . . Middle Atlantic . . New York . . . . . New Jersey . . . Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 10,029 10,776 10,655 8,259 9,854 8,583 10,745 9,646 12,246 10,816 11,003 11,703 9,989 9,989 10,193 9,872 9,307 10,986 10,273 9,874 9,495 10,149 9,505 9,341 7,825 7,866 9,096 9,877 9,030 9,266 10,614 10,889 12,487 9,918 8,041 8,067 7,624 8,395 9,894 7,797 8,079 8,123 7,720 6,915 9,420 7,457 8,761 9,444 9,922 10,982 9,530 8,825 8,569 11,414 10,710 8,222 9,328 8,003 11,577 11,502 10,755 9,938 11,792 13,863 10,860 1990 19,142 22,415 22,715 17,167 20,672 17,692 23,203 19,690 26,376 22,310 23,131 24,927 19,365 18,467 18,727 18,126 17,174 20,496 18,711 17,720 17,849 19,374 16,959 17,656 15,324 15,537 17,624 17,988 17,285 18,607 21,695 22,484 25,620 19,997 14,177 16,663 15,420 17,377 19,107 15,109 15,087 16,294 15,225 12,710 16,358 14,032 14,761 15,583 17,218 19,766 16,817 15,042 15,316 17,062 19,224 14,440 16,539 14,204 20,123 20,795 19,583 17,435 21,290 21,048 21,337 1995 23,196 26,951 27,403 20,150 25,587 21,231 28,032 23,798 31,814 26,793 27,595 29,833 23,580 22,999 23,426 22,547 21,457 25,310 23,943 22,265 21,989 23,944 20,911 21,836 18,621 19,564 21,450 21,855 21,328 22,675 26,279 26,352 33,435 23,985 17,714 21,082 19,031 21,718 23,030 19,314 18,866 21,076 19,212 16,690 20,255 18,093 19,000 18,596 21,119 23,033 20,810 18,443 18,860 20,727 23,954 18,158 20,074 18,167 24,336 23,867 23,701 21,554 24,091 24,045 24,749 1996 24,231 28,134 28,633 20,826 26,520 22,124 29,439 24,765 33,189 27,959 28,782 31,053 24,668 24,166 24,470 23,537 22,440 26,598 24,810 23,269 23,448 25,580 22,560 22,864 20,710 21,516 23,047 23,281 22,236 23,636 27,622 27,221 34,932 24,925 18,444 22,010 19,755 22,709 24,104 20,095 19,687 21,764 20,055 17,471 21,144 18,928 19,824 19,350 22,045 24,035 21,735 19,047 19,539 21,245 25,084 18,770 20,989 19,156 25,451 24,909 24,838 22,668 25,144 24,558 25,159 1980 17,144 18,420 18,214 14,118 16,844 14,672 18,368 16,489 20,933 18,489 18,809 20,005 17,075 17,075 17,424 16,875 15,909 18,779 17,561 16,879 16,231 17,349 16,248 15,968 13,376 13,446 15,549 16,884 15,435 15,839 18,144 18,614 21,345 16,954 13,745 13,790 13,032 14,350 16,913 13,328 13,810 13,885 13,197 11,821 16,103 12,747 14,976 16,144 16,961 18,772 16,291 15,085 14,648 19,511 18,308 14,055 15,945 13,680 19,790 19,662 18,385 16,988 20,157 23,697 18,564 CONSTANT (1992) DOLLARS 1990 20,603 24,126 24,448 18,477 22,249 19,042 24,974 21,193 28,389 24,012 24,896 26,829 20,843 19,877 20,156 19,509 18,485 22,060 20,139 19,072 19,211 20,852 18,253 19,003 16,493 16,723 18,969 19,361 18,604 20,027 23,351 24,200 27,575 21,523 15,259 17,935 16,597 18,703 20,565 16,262 16,238 17,537 16,387 13,680 17,606 15,103 15,887 16,772 18,532 21,274 18,100 16,190 16,485 18,364 20,691 15,542 17,801 15,288 21,659 22,382 21,077 18,765 22,915 22,654 22,965 1995 21,568 25,059 25,479 18,735 23,791 19,741 26,064 22,127 29,581 24,912 25,658 27,739 21,925 21,384 21,781 20,964 19,951 23,533 22,262 20,702 20,445 22,263 19,443 20,303 17,314 18,191 19,944 20,321 19,831 21,083 24,434 24,502 31,088 22,301 16,470 19,602 17,695 20,193 21,413 17,958 17,542 19,596 17,863 15,518 18,833 16,823 17,666 17,291 19,636 21,416 19,349 17,148 17,536 19,272 22,272 16,883 18,665 16,892 22,628 22,192 22,037 20,041 22,400 22,357 23,012 1996 22,060 25,614 26,068 18,960 24,144 20,142 26,802 22,546 30,216 25,454 26,204 28,271 22,458 22,001 22,278 21,428 20,430 24,215 22,587 21,184 21,347 23,288 20,539 20,816 18,855 19,588 20,982 21,195 20,244 21,519 25,147 24,782 31,803 22,692 16,792 20,038 17,985 20,675 21,945 18,295 17,923 19,814 18,258 15,906 19,250 17,232 18,048 17,617 20,070 21,882 19,788 17,341 17,789 19,342 22,837 17,088 19,109 17,440 23,171 22,678 22,613 20,637 22,891 22,358 22,905 Income rank 1980 (X) (X) (X) 38 23 35 12 26 2 (X) 7 4 17 (X) (X) 25 31 8 15 24 (X) 16 27 30 47 45 32 22 (X) (X) 14 9 (X) 19 43 42 48 37 21 (X) 40 41 46 50 (X) 49 34 28 20 (X) (X) 33 36 6 13 39 29 44 5 (X) 11 18 3 1 10 1996 (X) (X) (X) 37 8 30 3 17 1 (X) 4 2 18 (X) (X) 21 29 7 16 23 (X) 9 28 25 38 34 24 22 (X) (X) 5 6 (X) 14 49 32 41 26 20 (X) 42 33 39 50 (X) 47 40 44 31 (X) (X) 46 43 35 13 48 36 45 10 (X) 15 27 12 19 11

Midwest . . . . . . . . . . East North Central. Ohio . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . West North Central Minnesota . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota . . . South Dakota . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . .

South . . . . . . . . . . . . South Atlantic . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . District of Columbia Virginia . . . . . . . . West Virginia . . . . North Carolina. . . . South Carolina . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . East South Central . Kentucky . . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . West South Central . Arkansas . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . Mountain . . . Montana . . Idaho . . . . Wyoming . . Colorado . . New Mexico Arizona . . . Utah . . . . . Nevada . . . Pacific . . . . . Washington Oregon . . . California . . Alaska . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

X Not applicable. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1996 and 1997 issues.

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No. 707. Disposable Personal Income Per Capita in Current and Constant (1992) Dollars, by State: 1990 and 1996
[In dollars. 1996 data preliminary] CURRENT DOLLARS 1990 United States . . Northeast . . . . . . . . . New England . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . New Hampshire . . Vermont . . . . . . . Massachusetts . . Rhode Island. . . . Connecticut. . . . . Middle Atlantic . . . New York . . . . . . New Jersey. . . . . Pennsylvania. . . . Midwest . . . . . . . . . . East North Central . Ohio . . . . . . . . . Indiana. . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . Michigan . . . . . . Wisconsin . . . . . . West North Central Minnesota. . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . North Dakota. . . . South Dakota . . . Nebraska . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . South. . . . . . . . . . . . South Atlantic . . . . Delaware . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,642 19,254 19,592 15,067 18,398 15,448 19,806 17,277 22,715 19,135 19,592 21,536 16,880 16,040 16,251 15,795 14,970 17,690 16,277 15,304 15,537 16,567 14,756 15,461 13,640 13,979 15,490 15,700 15,229 16,250 18,591 19,151 1996 20,979 23,995 24,263 18,219 23,329 19,381 24,720 21,659 27,706 23,901 24,380 26,570 21,410 20,827 21,052 20,340 19,433 22,778 21,376 19,858 20,298 21,597 19,723 19,906 18,351 19,381 20,180 20,225 19,531 20,541 23,654 23,158 CONSTANT (1992) DOLLARS 1990 1996 District of Columbia. Virginia. . . . . . . . . West Virginia. . . . . North Carolina . . . . South Carolina . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Florida . . . . . . . . . East South Central. . Kentucky . . . . . . . Tennessee . . . . . . Alabama. . . . . . . . Mississippi . . . . . . West South Central . Arkansas . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . . . . Texas. . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mountain. . . . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . . New Mexico . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . . Pacific . . . . . . . . . . Washington. . . . . . Oregon . . . . . . . . California . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . CURRENT DOLLARS 1990 21,727 17,305 12,653 14,568 13,644 15,206 16,881 13,505 13,229 14,678 13,566 11,578 14,538 12,549 13,259 13,571 15,307 17,103 14,724 13,140 13,441 15,056 16,692 12,898 14,562 12,395 17,442 17,933 17,179 15,111 18,315 18,100 18,148 1996 29,567 21,434 16,494 19,110 17,467 19,664 21,185 17,873 17,192 19,441 17,785 15,911 18,808 16,783 17,786 16,980 19,621 20,785 18,753 16,656 16,722 18,614 21,265 16,674 18,308 16,436 21,805 21,557 21,740 19,189 21,760 21,277 21,776 CONSTANT (1992) DOLLARS 1990 23,385 18,626 13,619 15,680 14,685 16,366 18,169 14,536 14,239 15,798 14,601 12,462 15,647 13,507 14,271 14,607 16,475 18,408 15,848 14,143 14,467 16,205 17,966 13,882 15,673 13,341 18,773 19,301 18,490 16,264 19,713 19,481 19,533 1996 26,918 19,514 15,016 17,398 15,902 17,902 19,287 16,272 15,652 17,699 16,192 14,486 17,123 15,279 16,193 15,459 17,863 18,923 17,073 15,164 15,224 16,946 19,360 15,180 16,668 14,964 19,852 19,626 19,792 17,470 19,811 19,371 19,825

REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE

REGION, DIVISION, AND STATE

17,912 19,100 20,723 21,087 16,217 19,802 16,627 21,317 18,595 24,448 20,595 21,087 23,179 18,168 17,264 17,491 17,000 16,112 19,040 17,519 16,472 16,723 17,831 15,882 16,641 14,681 15,046 16,672 16,898 16,391 17,490 20,010 20,612 21,845 22,089 16,587 21,239 17,645 22,505 19,719 25,224 21,760 22,196 24,190 19,492 18,962 19,166 18,518 17,692 20,737 19,461 18,079 18,480 19,662 17,956 18,123 16,707 17,645 18,372 18,413 17,782 18,701 21,535 21,083

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1996 and 1997 issues.

No. 708. Personal Income, by Metropolitan Area: 1992 to 1994
[As defined June 30, 1994. CMSA=Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area; MSA=Metropolitan Statistical Area. See Appendix II] PERSONAL INCOME METROPOLITAN AREA RANKED BY 1990 POPULATION 1992 (mil. dol.) 1993 (mil. dol.) 1994 (mil. dol.) Annual percent change, 1993-94 PER CAPITA PERSONAL INCOME 1992 (dol.) 1993 (dol.) 1994 (dol.) Percent of national average, 1994 100.0 133.8 99.3 116.4 124.1 130.5 115.5 120.3 112.7 108.1 104.4 101.0 114.2 108.9 105.6 116.3 99.7 109.2 104.9 96.8 98.4 112.4 100.9 102.2 109.4

United States 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI CMSA . . . . Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV CMSA San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA. Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH NECMA . . Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI CMSA . . . . . . . . Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA . . . . . . . . . Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA . . Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . . . . Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA CMSA . . . Atlanta, GA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cleveland-Akron, OH CMSA . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA . . . . . . San Diego, CA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . St. Louis, MO-IL MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pittsburgh, PA MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phoenix-Mesa, AZ MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO CMSA . . . . . Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA . . . Portland-Salem, OR-WA CMSA . . . . . . . . Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 5,138,091 5,365,006 5,648,263 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534,539 321,087 196,420 173,493 171,152 138,314 136,289 113,216 91,499 84,527 63,663 73,606 68,433 60,022 60,964 53,829 54,898 50,679 44,562 40,584 46,969 37,549 38,422 35,318 552,201 324,298 205,074 181,186 177,172 143,257 141,685 118,481 96,436 88,264 70,760 76,373 73,325 62,709 63,873 55,046 56,775 52,431 47,638 43,231 50,477 39,188 41,086 36,884 571,868 329,646 215,361 189,819 184,469 149,311 149,517 128,545 102,300 92,840 74,698 79,941 78,720 66,444 67,831 56,923 60,066 54,647 51,938 46,059 53,390 41,447 43,949 38,849

5.3 $20,147 $20,812 $21,696 3.6 1.6 5.0 4.8 4.1 4.2 5.5 8.5 6.1 5.2 5.6 4.7 7.4 6.0 6.2 3.4 5.8 4.2 9.0 6.5 5.8 5.8 7.0 5.3 27,324 21,316 23,384 25,115 26,699 23,333 24,020 21,622 21,751 21,397 19,193 23,498 21,828 20,790 23,296 20,689 21,819 21,075 19,103 19,172 22,498 20,166 20,230 21,681 28,105 21,321 24,223 25,957 27,386 24,108 24,858 22,585 22,536 21,913 21,098 23,949 22,711 21,669 24,061 21,075 22,457 21,783 19,914 20,232 23,517 20,830 21,131 22,569 29,021 21,542 25,257 26,919 28,322 25,055 26,093 24,458 23,450 22,651 21,918 24,784 23,633 22,921 25,231 21,627 23,685 22,751 20,999 21,358 24,379 21,883 22,172 23,728

1 Includes other areas not listed separately. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 1996 issue. Data for 1995 will appear in the August 1997 issue.

Personal Income Projections

459

No. 709. Projections of Personal Income, Earnings, and Gross State Product in Constant (1987) Dollars, by State: 1992 to 2010
[In billions of dollars. For information on methodology, see source. Gross state product estimates are not available for 1993; therefore, 1992 shown for comparison] STATE United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alabama . . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . . . Arkansas. . . . . . . . California. . . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware. . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia. . Hawaii . . Idaho . . . Illinois . . . Indiana . . Iowa . . . . Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana Maine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PERSONAL INCOME 1993 4,183.9 55.9 10.8 55.7 30.3 533.3 59.8 71.5 11.9 13.5 221.2 103.7 21.4 15.0 205.8 85.5 40.3 39.3 50.1 55.6 18.2 92.7 114.9 152.0 74.1 30.3 79.9 11.4 24.8 24.7 19.5 164.4 20.6 351.9 101.3 8.5 169.9 43.0 46.0 199.8 16.6 47.8 10.0 73.3 269.3 23.4 8.6 109.2 89.3 22.9 78.0 7.2 2000 4,894.5 64.6 12.6 70.4 35.2 638.3 73.3 81.8 14.0 14.3 276.7 126.2 25.4 18.2 234.7 98.4 46.3 45.9 57.8 63.8 20.9 108.3 130.8 170.6 86.8 35.0 92.5 13.6 28.9 32.1 23.1 189.0 25.0 387.6 122.6 9.8 192.6 49.6 55.3 223.9 18.8 57.1 11.9 87.8 323.9 29.9 10.2 127.0 107.3 25.6 90.8 8.5 2010 5,917.2 77.5 15.3 91.0 42.0 795.5 92.5 97.5 17.0 15.5 357.2 157.9 31.0 22.4 277.7 116.8 54.1 54.8 68.6 75.8 25.2 130.4 154.8 197.5 103.6 41.6 110.4 16.6 34.4 42.6 28.0 223.1 31.4 439.6 151.4 11.4 225.0 58.9 68.1 260.5 22.2 70.7 14.4 107.4 398.5 39.3 12.4 154.3 134.7 29.6 108.8 10.2 1993 3,017.5 40.0 9.0 38.5 21.6 390.6 45.0 50.8 9.4 25.1 136.2 79.0 16.4 11.2 151.4 62.4 27.8 27.5 35.6 39.0 12.3 59.7 84.8 109.8 56.2 20.7 57.6 7.6 18.3 18.5 12.7 111.3 14.6 256.5 76.7 6.0 123.1 29.7 33.2 137.3 10.8 34.7 7.2 55.5 205.3 18.2 6.1 77.0 64.5 14.5 55.5 5.1 EARNINGS 2000 3,532.7 46.3 10.4 48.7 25.3 468.0 55.2 58.3 11.0 27.6 170.1 96.1 19.4 13.5 173.1 71.9 32.3 32.2 41.0 44.9 14.2 69.3 97.6 123.2 65.8 24.1 66.5 9.0 21.2 24.0 15.2 128.4 17.7 285.1 92.3 7.0 140.0 34.1 39.9 154.6 12.4 41.6 8.5 66.5 245.7 23.2 7.3 89.5 77.1 16.1 64.5 5.9 2010 4,207.5 54.7 12.4 61.6 29.6 577.1 68.7 68.7 13.1 30.9 215.3 118.3 23.3 16.4 202.1 83.8 37.0 37.8 47.9 52.4 16.8 82.0 114.3 140.1 77.5 28.1 77.9 10.8 24.8 31.2 18.2 150.1 21.9 321.6 111.2 8.0 161.3 39.7 48.3 177.3 14.5 50.7 10.1 79.9 297.4 30.2 8.7 107.3 95.3 18.3 75.8 6.9 GROSS STATE PRODUCT 1992 5,001.4 66.0 23.0 62.3 37.3 652.3 69.0 82.5 18.4 32.0 222.6 128.6 27.2 17.7 246.8 103.3 50.5 47.1 63.7 79.9 20.1 95.4 135.1 171.7 92.9 37.2 93.6 13.0 31.6 31.4 21.6 184.1 27.3 413.1 130.5 11.1 203.2 50.7 52.5 222.1 17.8 58.9 12.7 91.3 350.0 30.0 10.0 125.1 105.8 26.8 92.8 12.0 2000 6,025.6 79.6 26.8 83.3 45.6 783.0 88.8 97.0 22.7 34.2 288.4 164.2 32.0 22.9 292.7 126.8 58.9 56.6 76.9 92.5 23.8 111.4 160.0 201.1 112.2 45.7 111.3 16.2 37.9 43.2 26.8 215.9 35.4 464.6 164.3 12.7 240.4 60.2 65.2 255.7 20.9 74.1 15.8 114.9 433.6 40.6 12.2 148.9 128.8 30.9 113.2 14.7 2010 7,219.4 95.2 30.9 105.8 54.5 969.0 110.5 115.1 27.3 37.7 364.2 203.7 38.4 28.4 345.1 150.5 68.6 67.2 90.9 106.8 28.3 131.7 187.6 231.4 133.8 54.3 131.8 19.6 45.2 56.2 32.4 253.4 43.7 526.9 200.1 14.9 279.7 70.4 79.3 294.5 24.5 91.6 19.2 139.3 525.2 52.6 14.6 179.2 159.7 35.6 135.1 17.6

Maryland . . . . . Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi. . . . Missouri . . . . . Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . New Mexico. . New York . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon . . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . .

South Carolina . South Dakota . . Tennessee. . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . Washington . . . West Virginia . . Wisconsin . . . . Wyoming . . . . .

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, BEA Regional Projections to 2045: Volume 1, States.

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Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 710. Flow of Funds Accounts—Composition of Individuals’ Savings: 1980 to 1996
[In billions of dollars. Combined statement for households, farm business, and nonfarm noncorporate business. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease] COMPOSITION OF SAVINGS Increase in financial assets . . . . . . . . . . Checkable deposits and currency . . . . . Time and savings deposits . . . . . . . . . . Money market fund shares . . . . . . . . . . Securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Open market paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. savings bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Treasury securities . . . . . . . . . Agency securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporate and foreign bonds . . . . . . . Corporate equities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mutual fund shares . . . . . . . . . . . . . Private life insurance reserves. . . . . . . . Private insured pension reserves . . . . . . Private noninsured pension reserves . . . Govt insurance and pension reserves . . . Investment in tangible assets . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous assets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gross investment in tangible assets. . . . Consumption of fixed capital . . . . . . . . . Net investment in tangible assets. . . . . . Residential structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other fixed assets 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inventories 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Net increase in liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage debt on nonfarm homes . . . . . Other mortgage debt 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumer credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Policy loans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other liabilities 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal saving (Flow of Funds measure) 2 Personal saving as a percentage of of disposable personal income . . . . . . . . Includes corporate farms. liabilities.
1 2

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323.2 9.2 125.5 23.9 3.1 -5.0 -7.3 19.6 4.8 8.3 -14.6 -4.3 1.8 9.7 22.3 60.2 35.8 4.1 29.2 407.5 296.0 111.4 58.8 31.5 27.3 -6.2 196.6 94.1 50.9 2.3 6.7 7.3 35.3 238.0 12.1

1985 622.5 41.8 119.7 2.3 81.6 -7.0 5.3 3.7 12.2 94.9 2.6 -111.2 81.2 10.4 55.6 126.6 69.0 11.2 103.5 661.1 409.8 251.3 105.2 35.4 103.9 6.8 435.5 174.7 98.1 73.9 -0.1 18.9 70.1 438.3 14.6

1990 590.8 -19.0 48.7 26.9 198.1 6.2 8.5 61.3 41.5 27.7 45.1 -28.8 36.6 25.3 95.9 64.1 85.7 32.9 30.8 815.8 577.9 237.9 113.3 23.3 98.4 2.9 267.3 226.2 16.9 16.1 4.1 -3.7 7.7 561.4 13.5

1991 418.1 43.2 -54.2 9.1 127.4 -29.9 11.9 -22.0 12.3 40.2 29.6 -23.6 109.0 25.6 46.4 72.5 83.0 17.5 46.4 758.3 612.4 145.8 92.0 4.1 50.9 -1.1 217.4 177.7 5.3 -13.7 4.8 16.3 27.1 346.5 8.0

1992 529.8 98.9 -76.5 -41.3 252.3 -3.3 19.1 59.6 36.8 -27.2 -8.5 33.1 142.8 27.7 76.7 81.8 83.7 -7.1 32.4 823.0 633.9 189.1 114.5 -10.1 79.6 5.1 204.0 188.9 -28.8 5.0 5.7 -1.6 34.8 514.9 11.2

1993

1994

1995

1996

512.4 542.8 492.7 541.5 54.5 -8.9 -38.2 -47.7 -106.9 -5.8 152.6 144.4 5.9 13.7 95.5 90.8 194.3 205.7 -56.5 -35.7 15.6 -10.5 0.3 11.4 14.7 8.0 5.1 2.0 11.8 153.2 5.0 -62.1 -31.4 149.4 -31.9 54.8 -27.2 -51.9 -50.7 -21.4 37.3 2.1 51.4 27.7 -57.7 -138.1 -176.1 -245.5 231.3 93.7 140.4 197.4 35.7 34.3 44.8 35.2 86.3 71.2 66.7 69.2 82.7 87.1 98.3 85.2 81.8 93.7 75.4 97.4 0.9 17.8 -49.7 -25.0 76.9 30.8 101.9 123.5 897.9 1,021.5 1,050.9 1,107.4 674.2 716.3 724.5 756.2 223.7 305.2 326.4 351.2 142.3 164.7 164.0 178.9 4.8 22.2 53.8 60.5 81.5 104.3 109.1 112.8 -4.8 13.9 -0.5 -1.0 297.1 401.6 441.9 478.0 186.6 203.4 195.7 277.4 -17.8 3.7 21.5 45.7 61.5 126.3 141.6 94.4 5.6 7.8 10.5 7.1 22.6 -1.1 3.5 14.5 38.5 61.5 69.1 38.8 439.0 446.4 377.2 414.7 9.2 8.9 7.1 7.4

...

Net acquisition of financial assets plus net investment in tangible assets minus net increase in

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Flow of Funds Accounts, quarterly.

No. 711. Annual Expenditure Per Child by Husband-Wife Families, by Family Income and Expenditure Type: 1995
[In dollars. Expenditures based on data from the 1990-92 Consumer Expenditure Survey updated to 1995 dollars using the Consumer Price Index. For more on the methodology, see report cited below] EXPENDITURE TYPE AGE OF CHILD Total Housing Food Transportation Clothing Health care Child care and education 630 710 420 250 180 300 1,030 1,140 730 480 350 600 1,550 1,690 1,160 810 620 1,090 Miscellaneous 1

INCOME: LESS THAN $33,700 Less than 2 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 to 5 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 to 8 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 to 11 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 to 14 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 to 17 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INCOME: $33,700-$56,700 Less than 2 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 to 5 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 to 8 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 to 11 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 to 14 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 to 17 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INCOME: MORE THAN $56,700 Less than 2 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 to 5 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 to 8 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 to 11 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 to 14 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 to 17 yrs. old . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5,490 5,610 5,740 5,770 6,560 6,460 7,610 7,810 7,870 7,860 8,580 8,710 11,320 11,540 11,500 11,430 12,270 12,550

2,100 2,080 2,010 1,810 2,020 1,630 2,840 2,820 2,750 2,550 2,760 2,370 4,520 4,490 4,420 4,230 4,440 4,050

780 870 1,120 1,340 1,410 1,520 930 1,080 1,370 1,620 1,630 1,810 1,240 1,400 1,690 1,960 2,060 2,170

700 680 790 860 970 1,300 1,050 1,020 1,130 1,200 1,310 1,660 1,470 1,440 1,550 1,620 1,730 2,100

370 360 410 450 760 670 440 430 470 520 880 790 580 570 620 670 1,120 1,010

370 360 410 450 450 480 490 470 540 580 590 620 560 540 620 670 670 710

540 550 580 610 770 560 830 850 880 910 1,060 860 1,400 1,410 1,440 1,470 1,630 1,420

1 Expenses include personal care items, entertainment, and reading materials. Source: Dept. of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Expenditures on Children by Families, 1995 Annual Report.

Consumer Expenditures

461

No. 712. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Race and Age of Householder: 1995
[In dollars. Preliminary. Based on Consumer Expenditure Survey. Data are averages for the noninstitutional population. Expenditures reported here are out-of-pocket] All consumer units White and other AGE Black Under 25 yrs. 25 to 34 yrs. 35 to 44 yrs. 45 to 54 yrs. 55 to 65 yrs. 64 yrs. and over $22,265 3,388 2,367 385 130 255 610 175 127 86 113 81 28 248 98 150 437 151 132 87 67 687 182 1,021 171 7,590 3,668 2,401 511 973 917 931 335 1,982 284 801 129 517 251 466 127 339 423 1,051 67 143 366 132 58 284 876 191 407 18 145 115 3,377 1,166 680 485 604 1,285 78 474 531 201 323 2,647 929 326 161 155 139 603 1,101 802 245 558 1,083

ITEM Expenditures, total . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and bakery products . . . . . . . Cereals and cereal products . . . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs . . . . . . Beef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish and seafood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh milk and cream . . . . . . . . . . . Other dairy products. . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed vegetables . . . . . . . . . . Other food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonalcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . Food away from home . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owned dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage interest and charges . . . . . Property taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance, repair, insurance, other Rented dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other lodging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities, fuels, and public services . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil and other fuels . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other public services . . . . . Household operations . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other household expenses . . . . . . . . Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . . . . Household furnishings and equipment. . Household textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small appliances, misc. housewares . . Miscellaneous household equipment . . Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Men and boys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women and girls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children under 2 years old . . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other apparel products and services . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchases (net outlay) . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, new . . . . . . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, used . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil . . . . . . . . . . . . Other vehicle expenses . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle finance charges . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance and repair . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rent, lease, licenses, other . . . . . . . . Public transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care products and services . . . Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products and smoking supplies . Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal insurance and pensions . . . . . Life and other personal insurance . . . . Pensions and Social Security . . . . . . . Personal taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. $32,277 $33,386 $23,750 $18,429 $31,488 $38,425 $42,181 $32,604 . 4,505 4,650 3,446 2,690 4,470 5,367 5,469 4,539 . 2,803 2,853 2,442 1,407 2,759 3,345 3,223 2,832 . 441 451 371 227 422 539 501 425 . 165 166 163 95 172 208 183 151 . 276 285 208 133 251 331 318 274 . 752 737 866 331 724 900 899 807 . 228 228 221 108 217 273 274 253 . 156 149 207 61 159 181 184 169 . 104 103 107 52 99 129 114 111 . 138 133 172 66 132 170 169 127 . 97 94 120 27 90 111 125 114 . 30 29 39 16 28 36 32 33 . 297 309 209 155 301 352 338 293 . 123 127 92 66 135 147 134 121 . 174 181 117 89 167 206 204 171 . 457 466 388 213 433 509 513 496 . 144 148 117 61 137 157 157 153 . 137 141 108 57 122 148 166 157 . 96 96 94 55 96 110 100 102 . 80 81 69 40 78 94 90 84 . 856 890 609 482 878 1,044 973 811 . 240 248 184 155 246 289 283 230 . 1,702 1,798 1,004 1,283 1,711 2,022 2,246 1,707 . 277 294 157 277 299 314 348 253 . 10,465 10,768 8,144 5,908 10,541 12,631 12,894 10,291 . 5,932 6,114 4,502 3,625 6,162 7,552 7,560 5,358 . 3,754 3,988 1,922 485 3,104 5,066 5,576 3,799 . 2,107 2,236 1,097 306 2,211 3,385 3,201 1,719 . 932 996 425 86 546 986 1,414 1,117 . 716 756 400 93 347 695 961 963 . 1,786 1,703 2,433 2,985 2,873 2,102 1,334 986 . 392 423 147 155 185 384 650 572 . 2,193 2,191 2,206 1,159 1,989 2,388 2,628 2,442 . 268 262 315 95 222 279 314 322 . 870 873 840 436 762 962 1,034 984 . 87 92 48 17 49 86 92 105 . 708 699 781 541 745 778 859 723 . 260 264 222 69 211 284 329 308 . 508 533 318 199 701 604 445 374 . 258 262 226 155 559 378 115 65 . 250 271 92 44 141 226 330 309 . 430 454 255 135 360 490 501 514 . 1,403 1,476 862 790 1,329 1,597 1,760 1,603 . 100 108 46 24 83 112 158 126 . 327 329 319 271 391 434 397 279 . 177 197 34 38 85 142 165 167 . 155 153 170 93 137 171 189 176 . 85 91 41 63 71 85 101 143 . 557 598 252 301 561 653 750 712 . 1,704 1,695 1,765 1,206 1,904 2,079 2,090 1,833 . 425 434 366 279 511 536 519 431 . 660 662 655 383 611 774 868 830 . 81 79 92 95 154 106 59 45 . 278 261 405 230 334 380 311 207 . 259 260 247 219 294 284 333 320 . 6,016 6,209 4,515 4,033 6,188 7,488 8,017 5,726 . 2,639 2,711 2,077 1,913 2,846 3,643 3,516 2,108 . 1,194 1,228 927 555 1,273 1,730 1,332 1,118 . 1,411 1,449 1,111 1,322 1,531 1,873 2,129 953 . 1,006 1,044 713 701 1,014 1,182 1,324 1,063 . 2,016 2,089 1,453 1,236 2,029 2,289 2,725 2,142 . 261 263 245 179 347 322 361 223 . 653 672 507 379 579 720 923 709 . 713 740 503 455 668 781 930 792 . 390 414 198 222 435 465 510 419 . 355 365 273 184 299 374 452 413 . 1,732 1,819 1,059 465 1,096 1,609 1,850 1,909 . 1,612 1,701 925 1,081 1,682 1,951 2,138 1,577 . 403 408 370 243 387 450 517 407 . 163 174 75 71 134 173 199 188 . 471 499 256 667 335 436 1,028 366 . 269 281 176 245 270 310 347 314 . 766 806 456 347 687 815 1,018 948 . 925 972 564 114 455 908 1,463 1,043 . 2,967 3,111 1,842 1,081 3,040 3,894 4,803 3,211 . 374 378 345 69 251 440 563 555 . 2,593 2,733 1,498 1,012 2,788 3,453 4,240 2,656 . 3,055 3,244 1,484 1,075 3,299 3,794 4,916 3,128

1 2 For additional health care expenditures, see table 170. For additional recreation expenditures, see table 407. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1995; and unpublished data.

462

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 713. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Region and Size of Unit: 1994
[See headnote, page 461] REGION ITEM Northeast Midwest South West One person SIZE OF CONSUMER UNIT Two persons Three persons Four persons Five or more

Expenditures, total . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and bakery products . . . . . . . Cereals and cereal products . . . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs . . . . . . Beef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish and seafood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh milk and cream . . . . . . . . . . . Other dairy products. . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed vegetables . . . . . . . . . . Other food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonalcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . Food away from home . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owned dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage interest and charges . . . . . Property taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance, repair, insurance, other Rented dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other lodging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities, fuels, and public services . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil and other fuels . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other public services . . . . . Household operations . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other household expenses . . . . . . . . Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . . . . Household furnishings and equipment. . Household textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small appliances, misc. housewares . . Miscellaneous household equipment . . Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Men and boys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women and girls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children under 2 years old . . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other apparel products and services . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchases (net outlay) . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, new . . . . . . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, used . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil . . . . . . . . . . . . Other vehicle expenses . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle finance charges . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance and repair . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rent, lease, licenses, other . . . . . . . . Public transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care products and services . . . Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products and smoking supplies . Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal insurance and pensions . . . . . Life and other personal insurance . . . . Pensions and Social Security . . . . . . . Personal taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. $33,014 $31,937 $30,289 $35,222 $19,390 $33,095 $37,856 $42,800 $41,603 . 4,870 4,348 4,272 4,726 2,500 4,366 5,228 6,280 6,805 . 3,122 2,626 2,626 2,998 1,401 2,587 3,276 4,085 4,761 . 528 411 404 454 221 402 504 667 747 . 195 152 153 171 76 146 190 251 310 . 333 259 251 282 145 256 314 416 437 . 866 669 746 754 343 678 900 1,118 1,359 . 232 221 233 223 97 200 280 360 401 . 156 137 172 153 67 143 179 240 286 . 131 101 93 97 49 89 129 157 182 . 182 116 131 132 64 121 171 191 263 . 129 70 88 116 50 97 110 131 162 . 36 24 29 34 15 27 32 39 65 . 328 279 270 331 148 271 339 436 520 . 132 118 116 132 60 104 140 184 242 . 196 161 154 199 88 166 199 253 278 . 552 412 419 480 250 451 518 607 735 . 175 136 126 154 84 146 157 182 232 . 176 114 127 145 76 141 156 172 215 . 120 87 83 104 50 88 113 142 154 . 81 75 84 77 40 77 92 111 135 . 847 855 787 979 439 786 1,015 1,258 1,400 . 250 244 226 250 127 219 290 348 386 . 1,748 1,722 1,646 1,728 1,098 1,778 1,951 2,195 2,043 . 327 261 242 307 248 309 265 296 253 . 11,485 9,754 9,287 12,265 7,036 10,581 11,768 13,577 13,085 . 6,993 5,198 4,859 7,550 4,359 5,760 6,563 7,717 7,256 . 4,311 3,521 3,026 4,691 1,850 3,901 4,376 5,613 4,935 . 2,212 1,903 1,634 3,026 823 1,857 2,726 3,639 3,253 . 1,439 955 693 807 496 1,172 954 1,209 971 . 659 663 700 859 531 872 696 764 711 . 2,164 1,316 1,524 2,416 2,283 1,360 1,770 1,613 1,982 . 518 361 309 443 226 499 416 492 339 . 2,297 2,184 2,266 1,982 1,423 2,265 2,505 2,734 2,839 . 332 395 159 234 170 286 291 337 352 . 810 783 1,065 713 532 895 1,017 1,119 1,141 . 223 77 47 33 65 99 88 96 95 . 718 706 715 692 507 714 816 839 894 . 214 224 281 311 149 272 293 344 357 . 482 451 544 545 250 429 646 1,006 525 . 238 270 261 258 61 129 414 673 351 . 244 180 283 286 189 301 232 334 173 . 467 418 393 467 235 476 490 530 586 . 1,245 1,504 1,225 1,721 768 1,651 1,565 1,589 1,879 . 122 109 100 70 58 130 108 103 111 . 304 313 327 368 167 320 460 438 428 . 54 221 50 450 96 332 79 119 165 . 132 167 166 145 79 168 174 179 263 . 84 91 82 85 58 98 85 100 99 . 548 603 501 604 311 602 658 650 814 . 1,751 1,721 1,667 1,697 991 1,524 2,097 2,479 2,499 . 421 418 414 457 235 353 512 648 720 . 695 713 622 628 391 642 820 910 853 . 87 75 81 80 16 43 142 151 178 . 278 277 289 262 176 201 322 483 437 . 270 237 261 271 173 285 301 288 311 . 5,468 6,378 6,039 6,069 2,916 6,158 7,852 8,156 8,222 . 2,145 2,954 2,856 2,380 1,036 2,563 3,718 3,789 3,975 . 1,111 1,212 1,327 1,036 551 1,293 1,613 1,533 1,530 . 975 1,696 1,505 1,332 461 1,226 2,071 2,206 2,434 . 877 1,043 1,031 1,045 531 1,016 1,248 1,376 1,382 . 1,960 2,078 1,881 2,214 1,111 2,146 2,552 2,567 2,493 . 182 278 305 244 92 277 342 377 382 . 584 643 632 764 393 702 833 791 742 . 767 689 682 739 411 752 886 908 878 . 427 468 262 467 214 415 492 491 491 . 486 302 271 429 239 433 334 423 372 . 1,757 1,759 1,790 1,584 1,109 2,126 1,775 1,969 1,856 . 1,544 1,602 1,459 1,939 992 1,667 1,834 2,187 1,986 . 438 373 386 435 236 433 470 533 488 . 186 170 135 177 120 187 176 189 146 . 576 492 436 403 293 360 616 759 665 . 260 299 283 217 172 272 325 323 362 . 708 794 722 860 654 822 768 843 797 . 724 962 902 1,113 621 1,213 933 926 883 . 2,920 3,022 2,670 3,432 1,502 3,079 3,751 4,281 3,556 . 353 403 392 330 140 422 434 565 508 . 2,567 2,619 2,277 3,102 1,363 2,657 3,317 3,716 3,048 . 3,215 2,837 2,438 4,101 2,016 3,214 3,610 4,033 3,278

1 2 For additional health care expenditures, see table 170. For additional recreation expenditures, see table 407. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1995; and unpublished data.

Consumer Expenditures

463

No. 714. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Type of Household Unit: 1995
[See headnote, page 461] Husband and wife only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HUSBAND AND WIFE WITH CHILDREN Total Oldest child under 6 40,559 5,129 3,455 533 199 334 849 248 179 115 155 119 33 378 164 214 549 164 153 140 92 1,145 264 1,675 250 14,527 8,030 5,806 4,133 1,016 657 1,963 262 2,346 259 941 88 777 281 1,919 1,632 287 541 1,691 112 599 51 179 63 687 2,471 536 699 470 465 301 7,707 3,584 1,281 2,266 1,221 2,587 414 693 756 724 315 1,746 1,980 401 182 192 248 800 500 4,425 444 3,980 4,287 One Single parent, person at least and other Oldest child Oldest child one child consumer 6 to 17 18 and over under 18 units 45,020 6,592 4,181 688 273 415 1,115 337 221 165 212 135 45 454 194 260 635 194 179 143 119 1,290 362 2,411 304 14,318 8,201 6,199 4,179 1,234 786 1,484 518 2,709 320 1,139 89 808 354 767 464 303 587 2,054 110 531 199 198 100 916 2,453 678 953 86 428 308 8,435 4,060 1,947 2,078 1,397 2,572 400 769 896 507 406 2,026 2,501 561 199 773 316 804 1,091 4,646 628 4,018 4,577 48,294 6,944 4,264 670 243 427 1,207 357 248 187 222 150 44 455 185 270 655 200 201 141 113 1,276 375 2,680 350 13,002 7,101 5,629 3,047 1,495 1,087 747 725 3,121 395 1,241 127 965 395 376 66 311 615 1,788 129 442 107 244 157 709 2,534 671 1,029 50 404 380 10,798 4,798 1,808 2,901 1,764 3,771 418 1,282 1,379 692 465 2,509 2,222 573 235 1,457 352 874 1,306 5,137 652 4,486 5,006 22,626 3,586 2,529 406 172 234 752 241 164 105 134 79 29 273 128 146 372 115 90 90 77 726 202 1,057 95 8,171 4,710 1,788 1,176 404 208 2,808 114 1,880 238 761 42 658 180 589 468 121 270 722 54 236 24 92 51 265 1,655 441 624 120 286 184 3,919 1,913 617 1,274 642 1,151 167 406 450 128 213 803 1,082 305 77 264 234 514 550 1,372 194 1,177 830 22,351 3,017 1,830 284 105 180 490 145 106 66 91 61 21 193 80 112 307 98 96 62 51 555 166 1,187 251 7,643 4,577 2,022 941 537 545 2,341 215 1,685 208 637 70 592 178 276 94 182 266 839 70 183 91 99 63 333 1,188 282 471 33 202 199 3,887 1,635 742 867 669 1,337 148 461 496 232 246 1,225 1,099 294 122 299 239 741 646 1,699 176 1,523 2,039

ITEM

Expenditures, total . . . . . . . . . . . Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereals and bakery products . . . . . . . Cereals and cereal products . . . . . . Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs . . . . . . Beef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish and seafood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh milk and cream . . . . . . . . . . . Other dairy products. . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fresh vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed fruits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Processed vegetables . . . . . . . . . . Other food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonalcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . Food away from home . . . . . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owned dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mortgage interest and charges . . . . . Property taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance, repair, insurance, other Rented dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other lodging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities, fuels, and public services . . . . Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil and other fuels . . . . . . . . . . . Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and other public services . . . . . Household operations . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other household expenses . . . . . . . . Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . . . . Household furnishings and equipment. . Household textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small appliances, misc. housewares . . Miscellaneous household equipment . . Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Men and boys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women and girls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children under 2 years old . . . . . . . . . Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other apparel products and services . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchases (net outlay) . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, new . . . . . . . . . . . . Cars and trucks, used . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil . . . . . . . . . . . . Other vehicle expenses . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle finance charges . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance and repair . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rent, lease, licenses, other . . . . . . . . Public transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health care 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entertainment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal care products and services . . . Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products and smoking supplies . Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cash contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal insurance and pensions . . . . . Life and other personal insurance . . . . Pensions and Social Security . . . . . . . Personal taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36,052 44,989 4,722 6,368 2,772 4,041 430 649 151 249 279 400 717 1,078 214 322 148 218 93 159 126 201 109 135 28 42 285 437 107 185 179 252 490 621 161 189 153 179 93 142 82 112 849 1,256 230 343 1,950 2,327 338 303 11,512 13,997 6,176 7,863 4,637 5,963 2,190 3,857 1,419 1,263 1,029 843 909 1,376 630 524 2,396 2,751 304 328 956 1,128 112 99 723 845 301 351 451 888 93 586 358 302 548 584 1,941 1,911 144 115 367 520 437 145 194 207 109 106 689 818 1,588 2,477 380 647 666 914 41 159 199 431 301 326 6,535 8,936 2,584 4,169 1,417 1,776 1,128 2,343 1,096 1,463 2,337 2,899 286 408 759 888 797 1,002 494 601 518 404 2,438 2,102 1,830 2,319 451 530 211 206 391 847 242 312 798 822 1,457 1,033 3,541 4,738 505 598 3,035 4,140 3,717 4,635

1 2 For additional health care expenditures, see table 170. For additional recreation expenditures, see table 407. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1995; and unpublished data.

464

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 715. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Type of Expenditure: 1989 to 1995
[In dollars. See headnote, table 712] TYPE Number of consumer units (1,000). . . . . . . . Total expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cereal and bakery products . . . Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs . . Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . . Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . . Other food at home. . . . . . . . . Food away from home . . . . . . . . Alcoholic beverages. . . . . . . . . . . . Housing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shelter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuels, utilities, public services . . . Household operations, furnishings. Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . Apparel and services . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vehicle purchase . . . . . . . . . . . . Gasoline and motor oil . . . . . . . . Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . Health care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tobacco products, smoking supplies . Life and other personal insurance . . Pensions and Social Security . . . . . Other expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1989 95,818 $27,810 4,152 2,390 359 611 304 408 708 1,762 284 8,434 4,660 1,835 1,546 394 1,582 5,187 2,291 985 1,911 1,407 261 346 2,125 4,030 1990 96,968 $28,381 4,296 2,485 368 668 295 408 746 1,811 293 8,703 4,836 1,890 1,571 406 1,618 5,120 2,129 1,047 1,944 1,480 274 345 2,248 4,003 1991 97,918 $29,614 4,271 2,651 404 709 294 429 815 1,620 297 9,252 5,191 1,990 1,648 424 1,735 5,151 2,111 995 2,045 1,554 276 356 2,431 4,291 1992 100,019 $29,846 4,273 2,643 411 687 302 428 814 1,631 301 9,477 5,411 1,984 1,649 433 1,710 5,228 2,189 973 2,066 1,634 275 353 2,397 4,198 1993 100,049 $30,692 4,399 2,735 434 734 295 444 827 1,664 268 9,636 5,415 2,112 1,699 410 1,676 5,453 2,319 977 2,157 1,776 268 399 2,509 4,308 1994 102,210 $31,731 4,411 2,712 429 732 289 437 825 1,698 278 10,106 5,686 2,189 1,838 393 1,644 6,044 2,725 986 2,334 1,755 259 398 2,540 4,297 1995 103,024 $32,277 4,505 2,803 441 752 297 457 856 1,702 277 10,465 5,932 2,193 1,911 430 1,704 6,016 2,639 1,006 2,371 1,732 269 374 2,593 4,340

No. 716. Average Annual Expenditures of All Consumer Units, by Metropolitan Area: 1994-95
[In dollars. Metropolitan areas defined June 30, 1983, CMSA=Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area; MSA=Metropolitan Statistical Area; PMSA=Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area. See text, section 1, and Appendix II. See headnote, table 712] HOUSING METROPOLITAN AREA Total expenditures 1 Food Shelter 8,537 7,181 7,716 7,846 5,007 7,984 5,810 5,175 6,267 6,419 9,718 5,588 5,292 8,978 6,250 6,868 7,287 8,948 6,220 4,471 7,318 8,346 9,902 7,689 4,795 9,261 Apparel and services 2,139 2,441 1,459 1,995 1,503 2,525 1,492 1,341 2,152 1,754 1,481 2,416 1,815 2,015 1,564 1,637 1,782 2,323 1,667 1,543 1,777 1,490 2,049 1,466 1,566 2,088 TRANSPORTATION Vehicle purchases 2,257 4,180 2,396 2,284 1,233 3,240 3,174 2,081 3,530 3,205 2,231 4,152 2,847 2,296 2,423 3,828 2,588 1,251 2,147 2,092 2,736 2,314 2,125 2,860 3,678 2,801 Gasoline and motor oil 1,055 991 917 864 781 992 1,088 853 1,272 1,072 911 1,165 1,080 1,079 962 1,055 1,186 764 793 765 972 1,114 1,082 998 987 1,006 Health care

Total

1

Total

1

Anchorage, AK MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Atlanta, GA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baltimore, MD MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY CMSA . . . . Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA . . Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA . . . . . . Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA. . . . . . . Honolulu, HI MSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kansas City, MO-Kansas City, KS CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA . Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . Milwaukee, WI PMSA . . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA . . New York-Northern New JerseyLong Island, NY-NJ-CT CMSA . . . . Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA . . . . . . . . . . Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA CMSA . . Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA CMSA . . San Diego, CA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seattle-Tacoma, WA CMSA . . . . . . . St. Louis-East St. Louis-Alton, MO-IL CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA . . . . . .
1

. $42,662 . $40,214 . $35,025 . $35,529 . $24,828 . . . . . . $37,946 $32,817 $28,199 $38,895 $34,114 $40,996

5,928 4,721 4,483 4,577 4,298 5,099 4,344 4,182 5,300 4,538 5,920 5,709 4,526 4,652 4,701 4,032 4,894 5,442 4,647 3,888 4,414 4,077 5,221 4,496 4,208 4,950

13,474 12,315 12,271 12,807 9,174 13,067 10,462 9,477 11,606 11,025 14,161 10,670 10,016 13,671 10,868 11,191 12,283 14,027 10,275 8,819 11,707 12,208 15,989 11,938 9,432 14,447

6,710 8,284 5,660 5,765 3,619 6,899 6,758 5,198 7,875 7,520 6,349 8,170 6,579 6,141 6,128 7,308 6,884 4,994 5,413 4,790 6,088 6,396 6,465 6,789 6,956 6,775

1,944 2,226 1,822 1,878 1,299 1,820 1,810 1,466 1,840 1,400 1,851 2,036 2,090 1,307 1,389 1,506 1,727 1,824 1,450 1,651 1,559 1,455 1,582 1,522 1,637 1,783

. $38,347 . . . . . $34,254 $36,324 $31,764 $34,907 $39,516

. $36,491 . . . . $31,756 $27,664 $34,853 $34,027

. $41,960 . $36,389 . $31,337 . $41,838

Includes expenditures not shown separately. Sources of tables 715 and 716: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditures in 1994-95.

Household Income

465

No. 717. Money Income of Households—Percent Distribution, by Income Level, Race, and Hispanic Origin, in Constant (1995) Dollars: 1970 to 1995
[Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. Households as of March of following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Number of households (1,000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64,778 82,368 94,312 98,990 99,627 57,575 71,872 80,968 83,737 84,511 6,180 8,847 10,671 11,655 11,577 3,906 6,220 7,735 7,939 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Under $10,000 14.3 13.3 12.5 13.2 12.3 13.0 11.7 10.6 11.3 10.6 25.8 26.7 26.8 26.1 24.0 17.0 17.4 20.1 19.9
2

YEAR

$10,000$14,999 8.0 8.7 8.1 8.9 8.7 7.5 8.1 7.7 8.6 8.4 12.7 13.2 11.2 11.2 11.5 11.6 12.0 12.0 12.2

$15,000$24,999 15.8 16.5 15.5 16.3 15.9 15.2 16.1 15.3 16.1 15.6 21.4 20.3 17.4 18.5 18.8 21.1 18.8 19.9 21.5

$25,000$34,999 16.9 14.6 14.4 14.1 14.2 17.0 14.8 14.5 14.2 14.4 15.2 12.9 13.5 13.0 13.6 16.2 16.2 14.9 15.4

$35,000$49,999 21.3 19.3 17.7 16.3 16.9 22.1 19.9 18.2 16.7 17.3 14.2 13.9 14.1 13.5 14.6 16.9 16.5 14.6 13.3

$50,000$74,999 16.3 17.4 17.6 16.7 17.1 17.1 18.3 18.5 17.5 17.9 8.3 9.8 10.7 10.9 11.2 12.3 12.1 11.5 11.6

$75,000 and over 7.5 10.3 14.2 14.6 14.8 8.1 11.1 15.1 15.6 15.9 2.4 3.4 6.2 6.8 6.2 5.0 7.0 7.0 6.1

Median income (dollars)

ALL HOUSEHOLDS 1 1970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1980 1990 1994 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WHITE ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... BLACK ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32,229 32,795 34,914 33,178 34,076 33,569 34,598 36,416 34,992 35,766 20,432 19,932 21,777 21,623 22,393 25,278 26,037 24,085 22,860

HISPANIC 2 ......... ......... ......... .........

1 Includes other races not shown separately. origin households are not available prior to 1972.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Income data for Hispanic

No. 718. Money Income of Households—Median Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin, in Current and Constant (1995) Dollars: 1970 to 1995
[See headnote, table 717] MEDIAN INCOME IN CURRENT DOLLARS YEAR All households 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,734 17,710 19,074 20,171 20,885 22,415 23,618 24,897 26,061 27,225 28,906 29,943 30,126 30,636 31,241 32,264 34,076 White 9,097 18,684 20,153 21,117 21,902 23,647 24,908 26,175 27,458 28,781 30,406 31,231 31,569 32,209 32,960 34,028 35,766 Black 5,537 10,764 11,309 11,968 12,429 13,471 14,819 15,080 15,672 16,407 18,083 18,676 18,807 18,755 19,533 21,027 22,393 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 32,267 36,102 38,450 36,449 37,801 38,347 40,482 40,614 Hispanic 2 (NA) 13,651 15,300 15,178 15,906 16,992 17,465 18,352 19,336 20,359 21,921 22,330 22,691 22,597 22,886 23,421 22,860 MEDIAN INCOME IN CONSTANT (1995) DOLLARS All households 1 32,229 32,795 32,263 32,155 31,957 32,878 33,452 34,620 34,962 35,073 35,526 34,914 33,709 33,278 32,949 33,178 34,076 White 33,569 34,598 34,088 33,663 33,513 34,685 35,279 36,397 36,836 37,077 37,370 36,416 35,324 34,987 34,762 34,992 35,766 Black 20,432 19,932 19,129 19,079 19,018 19,759 20,989 20,969 21,025 21,136 22,225 21,777 21,044 20,373 20,601 21,623 22,393 Asian, Pacific Islanders (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 41,568 44,371 44,834 40,784 41,061 40,443 41,629 40,614 Hispanic 2 (NA) 25,278 25,879 24,196 24,338 24,924 24,737 25,519 25,940 26,227 26,942 26,037 25,390 24,546 24,137 24,085 22,860

1970 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

3

. . . .

4

. . . . . . . . . .

5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. 3 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years. 4 Beginning 5 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. Based on 1990 census population controls.

Source of tables 717 and 718: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and unpublished data.

466

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 719. Money Income of Households—Percent Distribution, by Income Level and Selected Characteristics: 1995
[See headnote, table 717. For composition of regions, see table 27] Number of households (1,000) 99,627 5,282 19,225 23,226 18,008 12,401 21,486 84,511 11,577 7,939 19,695 23,707 35,143 21,082 24,900 32,526 16,724 15,118 6,631 2,357 1,372 69,594 53,567 3,513 12,514 30,033 13,348 16,685 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Under $10,000 12,189 1,157 1,937 1,632 1,367 1,463 4,634 8,939 2,783 1,578 2,527 2,429 4,917 2,317 7,000 2,384 1,312 816 448 139 90 4,841 1,736 291 2,812 7,349 2,266 5,084 $10,000- $15,000- $25,000- $35,000- $50,000$14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 8,716 707 1,385 1,275 807 863 3,679 7,083 1,336 971 1,666 2,028 3,288 1,735 4,030 2,562 943 600 330 151 100 4,378 2,398 293 1,686 4,339 1,495 2,844 15,848 1,245 3,071 2,883 1,913 1,748 4,988 13,192 2,178 1,707 2,700 3,707 6,024 3,418 5,234 5,680 2,165 1,507 759 301 201 9,870 6,615 669 2,586 5,978 2,634 3,345 14,167 947 3,299 3,154 2,106 1,602 3,059 12,148 1,568 1,222 2,656 3,415 5,298 2,798 3,469 5,280 2,270 1,778 829 319 222 9,824 7,292 570 1,962 4,343 2,195 2,147 16,876 699 4,065 4,504 3,184 2,099 2,326 14,584 1,695 1,058 3,198 4,212 5,922 3,544 2,776 6,103 3,147 2,940 1,242 385 282 13,077 10,445 738 1,892 3,801 2,117 1,683 17,038 416 3,457 5,454 3,942 2,189 1,577 15,093 1,299 918 3,580 4,446 5,329 3,683 1,549 5,622 3,652 3,836 1,528 586 266 14,432 12,752 576 1,105 2,606 1,545 1,062 $75,000 and over 14,792 114 2,007 4,326 4,689 2,435 1,221 13,472 719 485 3,370 3,471 4,364 3,587 844 4,890 3,229 3,640 1,497 475 209 13,173 12,326 375 472 1,618 1,094 524 Median income (dollars) 34,076 20,979 34,701 43,465 48,058 38,077 19,096 35,766 22,393 22,860 36,111 35,839 30,942 35,979 17,063 35,700 42,244 49,531 45,710 44,263 39,013 41,224 47,129 33,534 21,348 19,929 26,023 15,892

CHARACTERISTIC

Total 1 . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years . . . 25 to 34 years . . . 35 to 44 years . . . 45 to 54 years . . . 55 to 64 years . . . 65 years and over

..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Northeast. Midwest. . South . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Size of household: One person . . . Two persons . . . Three persons . . Four persons . . Five persons . . . Six persons . . . Seven or more persons . . . . .

...... . . . . . . .

Type of Household: Family households . . . . Married-couple . . . . . Male householder, wife absent . . . . . . Female householder, husband absent . . . Nonfamily households. . Male householder . . . Female householder . Educational attainment of householder: 3 Total . . . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . . . 9th to 12th grade (no diploma). . . . . . . . . . . . High school graduate . . . . Some college, no degree . Associate degree . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more Bachelor’s degree . . . . Master’s degree. . . . . . Professional degree . . . Doctorate degree . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

94,346 8,062 9,683 29,507 16,951 6,719 23,424 14,871 5,706 1,641 1,206 65,143 32,768 1,716

11,033 2,569 2,363 3,363 1,525 435 778 567 152 32 27 4,944 6,816 429

8,010 1,452 1,551 2,682 1,271 326 726 549 115 36 26 4,351 4,139 225

14,603 1,771 2,259 5,379 2,516 914 1,764 1,315 322 86 39 8,751 6,714 383

13,220 966 1,285 4,976 2,591 978 2,424 1,759 458 137 69 8,720 5,187 258

16,178 688 1,175 5,572 3,339 1,376 4,030 2,730 947 190 161 11,837 4,821 219

16,623 449 731 4,975 3,374 1,647 5,446 3,556 1,386 264 240 13,627 3,285 127

14,678 166 320 2,559 2,335 1,041 8,256 4,394 2,325 896 640 12,911 1,805 74

35,235 15,043 18,298 31,376 37,156 42,118 58,052 52,857 64,960 82,010 80,005 41,832 22,563 19,910

Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . Renter occupied . . . . . . Occupier paid no cash rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Includes other races not shown separately. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 3 25 years old and over. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, <http://ferret.bls.census.gov/ cgi-bin/ferret> (accessed: 23 April 1997).

Household Income
No. 720. Money Income of Households—Median Income and Income Level, by Household Type: 1995
[See headnote, table 717] FAMILY HOUSEHOLDS ITEM All households Male householder, wife absent Female householder, husband absent

467

NONFAMILY HOUSEHOLDS Single-person household Total
1

Total

Married couple

Male householder

Female householder

MEDIAN INCOME (dollars) All households White . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34,076 35,766 22,393 22,860 41,224 43,265 26,838 25,491 47,129 47,608 41,362 30,195 33,534 35,129 27,071 25,053 21,348 24,431 15,589 14,755 19,929 20,585 15,007 13,780 26,023 26,898 19,172 17,339 15,892 16,325 11,872 10,196

NUMBER (1,000) All households Under $5,000 . . . . . . $5,000 to $9,999 . . . . $10,000 to $14,999 . . $15,000 to $19,999 . . $20,000 to $24,999 . . $25,000 to $34,999 . . $35,000 to $49,999 . . $50,000 to $74,999 . . $75,000 to $99,999 . . $100,000 and over . .
1

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

99,627 3,651 8,538 8,716 8,294 7,554 14,167 16,876 17,038 7,678 7,114

69,594 1,708 3,133 4,378 4,923 4,947 9,824 13,077 14,432 6,803 6,370

53,567 566 1,170 2,398 3,187 3,428 7,292 10,445 12,752 6,293 6,033
2

3,513 95 196 293 321 348 570 738 576 221 154

12,514 1,046 1,766 1,686 1,415 1,171 1,962 1,892 1,105 289 183

30,033 1,943 5,406 4,339 3,370 2,608 4,343 3,801 2,606 874 744

13,348 787 1,479 1,495 1,357 1,277 2,195 2,117 1,545 577 517

16,685 1,156 3,928 2,844 2,014 1,331 2,147 1,683 1,062 297 227

Includes other nonfamily households not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, <http://ferret.bls.census.gov/cgibin/ferret> (accessed: 23 April 1997).

No. 721. Money Income of Households—Percent Distribution, by Income Quintile and Top 5 Percent: 1995
[See headnote, table 717. For composition of regions, see table 27] Number (1,000) 99,627 5,282 19,225 23,226 18,008 12,401 21,486 84,511 11,577 7,939 19,695 23,707 35,143 21,082 69,594 53,567 3,513 12,514 30,033 13,348 10,288 16,685 14,612 71,070 61,729 9,341 28,557 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Lowest fifth 20.0 33.6 16.7 11.8 11.7 18.2 36.5 18.0 34.3 30.9 20.5 17.8 22.2 18.2 12.5 7.2 15.4 34.6 37.3 26.9 31.4 45.7 50.4 10.2 7.6 27.6 44.3 Second fifth 20.0 29.0 20.3 16.1 13.3 17.3 28.9 19.8 22.7 26.2 17.1 19.6 21.7 20.4 17.8 15.6 23.9 25.2 25.2 25.3 27.3 25.1 25.8 17.6 16.8 23.4 25.9 Third fifth 20.0 21.8 24.4 20.3 18.3 19.3 17.0 20.2 19.0 19.7 19.5 20.3 20.9 18.7 20.8 20.5 24.0 21.5 18.1 21.3 20.8 15.5 14.1 22.0 22.5 18.5 15.0 Fourth fifth 20.0 11.8 23.4 26.2 22.9 20.0 9.9 20.8 14.2 14.3 20.4 22.0 18.3 20.2 23.5 26.2 20.9 12.7 11.8 15.2 12.9 9.1 7.0 24.5 25.7 16.4 8.9 Highest fifth 20.0 3.8 15.2 25.6 33.8 25.2 7.6 21.3 9.8 9.0 22.5 20.3 16.9 22.4 25.4 30.5 15.8 6.1 7.6 11.3 7.6 4.6 2.7 25.7 27.4 14.2 5.9 Top 5 percent 5.0 0.3 2.7 5.9 9.4 7.3 2.2 5.4 1.4 1.6 6.4 4.5 4.3 5.5 6.4 7.9 2.8 0.9 1.8 2.8 2.2 0.9 0.5 6.4 6.7 4.2 1.6

CHARACTERISTIC Total . . . . . . . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years old . . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . 65 years old and over . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin 1 . . . . . . . . Northeast. . . . . . . . . . . . . Midwest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family households. . . . . . . Married-couple families . . Male householder . . . . . Female householder . . . . Nonfamily households . . . . Male householder . . . . . Living alone . . . . . . . . Female householder . . . . Living alone . . . . . . . . Worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked at full-time jobs. . Worked at part-time jobs . Did not work. . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, March 1996, and unpublished data.

468

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 722. Money Income of Households—Median Income, by State, in Constant (1995) Dollars: 1985 to 1995
[Constant dollars based on the CPI-U-X1 deflator. Data based on the Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. The CPS is designed to collect reliable data on income primarily at the national level and secondarily at the regional level. When the income data are tabulated by State, the estimates are considered less reliable and, therefore, particular caution should be used when trying to interpret the results] STATE United States . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 33,452 25,966 49,264 33,818 24,717 38,215 39,916 44,035 32,548 29,851 30,229 29,813 41,019 29,405 35,225 32,116 29,640 32,276 24,589 29,997 29,062 42,683 39,951 34,335 33,789 23,247 31,073 28,661 30,875 32,964 37,396 43,879 28,926 33,481 30,382 30,034 35,655 30,034 31,010 32,402 34,878 28,378 25,696 25,180 33,629 35,746 36,825 40,266 33,993 22,638 32,925 31,275 1988
1

1989 35,526 26,159 44,253 35,091 26,342 40,569 32,945 52,014 39,413 32,879 32,059 33,850 43,059 30,301 38,469 31,829 32,281 33,014 28,616 28,097 34,685 44,265 44,351 37,823 37,098 24,479 32,566 29,118 32,347 36,060 46,128 48,080 27,779 38,710 32,454 31,007 35,668 29,088 35,063 35,261 37,023 29,249 29,630 27,790 31,815 37,752 38,463 41,932 39,281 26,642 35,793 36,282

1990 34,914 27,235 45,823 34,076 26,569 38,817 35,836 45,324 35,918 31,940 31,115 32,137 45,383 29,506 37,945 31,399 31,819 34,884 28,894 26,125 32,024 45,308 42,265 34,907 36,689 23,528 31,870 27,256 32,045 37,340 47,580 45,165 29,196 36,836 30,700 29,459 34,996 28,432 34,142 33,821 37,276 33,506 28,650 26,343 32,915 35,146 36,261 40,896 37,444 25,812 35,810 34,351

1991 33,709 27,242 45,443 34,393 26,222 37,668 35,246 47,168 36,461 33,440 30,493 30,449 41,676 29,222 35,676 30,311 31,949 32,779 26,591 28,308 31,183 41,347 39,962 35,937 32,985 21,791 31,248 27,780 33,064 36,855 40,318 44,813 29,697 35,576 30,047 28,972 33,333 28,491 33,781 33,979 34,504 30,730 27,570 27,362 31,032 31,348 32,623 40,435 38,010 25,900 34,836 32,505

1992

2

1993

3

1994 33,178 27,967 46,653 32,180 26,290 36,332 38,905 42,262 36,890 30,969 30,124 32,359 43,453 32,430 36,075 28,647 34,016 29,125 27,349 26,404 31,175 40,309 41,648 36,284 34,597 26,120 31,046 28,414 32,695 36,888 36,244 43,478 27,667 32,803 30,967 29,079 32,758 27,756 32,347 32,975 32,833 30,692 30,576 29,451 31,627 36,728 36,817 38,714 34,483 24,232 36,391 34,079

1995 34,076 25,991 47,954 30,863 25,814 37,009 40,706 40,243 34,928 30,748 29,745 34,099 42,851 32,676 38,071 33,385 35,519 30,341 29,810 27,949 33,858 41,041 38,574 36,426 37,933 26,538 34,825 27,757 32,929 36,084 39,171 43,924 25,991 33,028 31,979 29,089 34,941 26,311 36,374 34,524 35,359 29,071 29,578 29,015 32,039 36,480 33,824 36,222 35,568 24,880 40,955 31,529

35,073 25,698 42,645 34,055 25,987 39,017 33,770 46,651 39,298 34,449 32,729 34,224 42,543 30,209 38,034 33,872 31,311 32,935 25,645 26,405 34,012 47,088 42,787 37,967 37,471 23,402 30,200 28,639 32,411 36,049 44,606 46,747 24,858 37,250 31,453 31,037 35,736 30,489 35,746 34,450 38,444 32,893 28,720 26,868 32,159 33,898 37,344 42,059 41,645 24,932 38,100 34,034

33,278 28,034 45,407 31,890 25,942 37,913 35,286 44,363 38,755 32,856 29,708 31,281 45,745 30,093 34,272 30,991 31,222 32,963 25,510 27,633 32,171 40,412 39,495 35,050 33,653 22,344 29,721 28,813 32,639 34,660 42,837 42,364 28,090 33,729 30,166 29,284 34,112 27,465 34,681 32,459 33,057 29,956 28,524 26,415 30,364 37,205 35,580 41,492 36,824 22,019 36,181 32,814

32,949 26,453 45,278 32,178 24,299 35,936 36,373 41,676 38,036 28,797 30,111 33,394 44,994 32,705 34,653 31,086 30,230 31,398 25,709 27,751 28,938 42,123 39,090 34,448 35,523 23,404 30,250 27,917 32,703 37,772 40,040 42,714 28,221 33,430 30,396 29,655 32,995 27,696 34,950 32,690 35,341 27,477 29,253 26,474 30,298 37,742 32,763 38,425 37,604 23,647 33,503 31,052

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iowa . . . Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . .

Maryland . . . . Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . .

Missouri . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon. . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Carolina. South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
2

. . . . . .

1 Beginning 1988, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. Implementation of 1990 census population controls. 3 Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer assisted interviewing. In addition, the March 1994 income supplement was revised to allow for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193.

Family Income

469

No. 723. Money Income of Families—Percent Distribution, by Income Level, Race, and Hispanic Origin, in Constant (1995) Dollars: 1970 to 1995
[Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. Families as of March of following year. Beginning with 1980, based on householder concept and restricted to primary families. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] Number of families (1,000)
1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Under $10,000- $15,000- $25,000- $35,000- $50,000- $75,000 $10,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 and over 7.7 7.3 8.3 7.7 8.8 9.1 8.5 7.5 6.7 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.7 6.7 6.5 15.4 15.2 14.7 13.7 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.4 18.0 14.9 14.6 14.2 14.3 14.5 14.1 14.1 24.5 21.9 19.8 19.4 18.5 17.6 17.9 18.5 19.0 21.3 20.8 21.0 20.6 20.0 20.0 20.4 8.8 12.8 15.5 18.0 16.8 17.4 18.3 18.6

YEAR ALL FAMILIES 1970 1980 1985 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Median income (dollars)

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

52,227 60,309 63,558 66,322 68,216 68,506 69,313 69,597

36,410 38,930 39,283 41,223 39,727 38,980 39,881 40,611

1970 1980 1990 1994 1995

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

WHITE ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... BLACK ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

46,535 52,710 56,803 58,444 58,872

6.5 5.8 5.7 6.6 5.8

6.1 5.9 5.4 6.0 5.8

14.6 14.5 13.2 14.2 13.9

18.1 15.1 14.3 14.2 14.2

25.4 22.7 19.9 18.4 18.8

20.0 22.4 22.2 21.0 21.4

9.4 13.8 19.1 19.6 20.0

37,772 40,561 43,044 42,043 42,646

1970 1980 1990 1994 1995

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

4,928 6,317 7,471 8,093 8,055

18.6 19.1 21.4 20.7 19.4

12.6 13.4 11.2 10.9 10.9

23.0 21.2 17.5 17.9 18.3

16.9 14.0 13.7 13.8 14.3

16.5 15.8 15.6 14.8 15.9

9.8 12.3 12.8 13.4 13.3

2.6 4.3 7.8 8.5 8.0

23,170 23,469 24,980 25,398 25,970

HISPANIC ORIGIN 2 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

3,235 4,981 6,202 6,287

13.2 14.6 17.2 16.2
2

11.5 12.0 12.4 11.8

21.2 19.3 20.5 22.8

17.1 16.0 14.9 16.2

18.4 17.3 15.1 13.8

13.4 13.0 12.2 12.7

5.3 7.8 7.6 6.6

27,251 27,321 25,007 24,570

Includes other races not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

No. 724. Money Income of Families—Median Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin, in Current and Constant (1995) Dollars: 1970 to 1995
[See headnote, table 723] MEDIAN INCOME IN CURRENT DOLLARS YEAR All families 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,867 21,023 22,388 23,433 24,580 26,433 27,735 29,458 30,970 32,191 34,213 35,353 35,939 36,573 36,959 38,782 40,611 White 10,236 21,904 23,517 24,603 25,757 27,686 29,152 30,809 32,385 33,915 35,975 36,915 37,783 38,670 39,300 40,884 42,646 Black 6,279 12,674 13,266 13,598 14,506 15,431 16,786 17,604 18,406 19,329 20,209 21,423 21,548 21,103 21,542 24,698 25,970 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 36,560 40,351 42,246 40,974 42,255 44,456 46,122 46,356 Hispanic 2 (NA) 14,716 16,401 16,227 16,956 18,832 19,027 19,995 20,300 21,769 23,446 23,431 23,895 23,555 23,654 24,318 24,570 MEDIAN INCOME IN CONSTANT (1995) DOLLARS All families 1 36,410 38,930 37,868 37,356 37,610 38,772 39,283 40,962 41,548 41,470 42,049 41,223 40,214 39,727 38,980 39,881 40,611 White 37,772 40,561 39,778 39,221 39,411 40,610 41,290 42,840 43,446 43,691 44,214 43,044 42,277 42,005 41,449 42,043 42,646 Black 23,170 23,469 22,439 21,677 22,196 22,634 23,775 24,479 24,693 24,901 24,838 24,980 24,111 22,923 22,720 25,398 25,970 Asian, Pacific Islander (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 47,098 49,593 49,260 45,848 45,899 46,886 47,429 46,356 Hispanic 2 (NA) 27,251 27,742 25,868 25,945 27,623 26,949 27,803 27,233 28,044 28,816 27,321 26,737 25,586 24,947 25,007 24,570

1970 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

3

. . . . .

4

. . . . . . . . .

5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. 3 Beginning 1984, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years. 4 Beginning 5 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. Based on 1990 census population controls.

Source of tables 723 and 724: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, (accessed 24 April 1997).

470

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 725. Share of Aggregate Income Received by Each Fifth and Top 5 Percent of Families, by Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder: 1970 to 1995
[Families as of March of the following year. Income in constant 1995 CPI-U-X1 adjusted dollars] INCOME AT SELECTED POSITIONS (dollars) YEAR Number (1,000) Upper limit of each fifth Lowest Second 1970 . . . . . . . . 1975 . . . . . . . . 1980 . . . . . . . . 1981 . . . . . . . . 1982 . . . . . . . . 1983 1 . . . . . . . 1984 . . . . . . . . 1985 . . . . . . . . 1986 . . . . . . . . 1987 2 . . . . . . . 1988 . . . . . . . . 1989 . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . 1992 3 . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . Black . . . . . . Hispanic origin
2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF AGGREGATE INCOME Lowest 5th 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.8 3.3 4.1 Second 5th 12.2 11.9 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.0 10.9 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.8 10.7 10.5 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.4 8.7 9.5 Third 5th 17.6 17.7 17.6 17.5 17.2 17.2 17.1 16.9 16.9 16.8 16.7 16.5 16.6 16.6 16.5 15.7 15.7 15.8 16.0 15.2 15.1 Fourth 5th 23.8 24.2 24.4 24.6 24.4 24.5 24.5 24.3 24.1 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.8 24.1 24.0 23.3 23.3 23.2 23.0 24.1 23.2 Highest 5th 40.9 40.7 41.1 41.2 42.2 42.4 42.5 43.1 43.4 43.8 44.0 44.6 44.3 44.2 44.7 47.0 46.9 46.5 45.8 48.7 48.1 Top 5 percent 15.6 14.9 14.6 14.4 15.3 15.3 15.4 16.1 16.5 17.2 17.2 17.9 17.4 17.1 17.6 20.3 20.1 20.0 19.5 20.0 19.9

Third 41,694 43,388 45,924 45,260 44,556 45,100 46,474 46,955 48,835 49,370 49,598 50,145 49,020 48,115 47,795 47,492 48,332 48,985 51,000 32,296 30,022

Fourth 57,311 60,073 64,441 63,937 63,928 64,490 66,832 68,309 70,318 71,545 72,021 73,189 71,699 70,483 69,574 70,446 71,982 72,260 75,000 51,016 48,492

Top 5 percent 89,484 94,098 101,847 101,474 104,118 106,134 109,423 111,843 115,969 116,646 118,520 121,629 119,352 115,054 115,155 119,370 123,445 123,656 127,196 84,744 82,380

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

52,227 56,245 60,309 61,019 61,393 62,015 62,706 63,558 64,491 65,204 65,837 66,090 66,322 67,173 68,216 68,506 69,313 69,597 58,872 8,055 6,287

18,819 18,947 19,258 18,631 18,172 18,109 18,445 18,816 19,467 19,584 19,455 19,668 19,643 19,022 18,154 17,898 18,448 19,070 20,916 10,200 11,479

30,701 31,199 32,424 31,715 31,121 31,017 32,085 32,415 33,511 33,783 33,729 34,413 33,866 32,574 32,233 31,640 32,187 32,985 35,046 20,000 19,677

1 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years. Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 3 Based on 1990 census population controls. 4 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, <http://www.census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/index.html> (accessed 24 April 1997).

No. 726. Money Income of Families—Percent Distribution, by Income Quintile and Top 5 Percent: 1995
[See headnote, table 723] Number (1,000) 69,597 3,019 13,727 18,504 13,908 9,134 11,306 58,872 8,055 6,287 53,570 3,513 12,514 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Lowest fifth 20.0 50.4 24.3 15.8 10.9 16.5 27.5 17.3 38.0 38.8 12.7 28.5 48.8 Second fifth 20.0 26.2 21.3 16.8 13.5 17.8 31.6 19.8 22.7 25.2 18.5 26.3 24.5 Third fifth 20.0 15.1 22.8 20.4 18.8 19.7 19.0 20.4 17.4 16.1 21.0 20.5 15.5 Fourth fifth 20.0 6.5 19.3 24.7 24.1 20.0 11.6 21.0 13.2 12.5 23.2 14.6 7.7 Highest fifth 20.0 1.9 12.2 22.3 32.6 26.0 10.2 21.5 8.7 7.3 24.5 10.0 3.4 Top 5 percent 5.0 0.2 2.1 5.3 8.6 7.1 3.1 5.4 1.4 1.3 6.3 1.6 0.5

CHARACTERISTIC All families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years old . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 years old and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of family: Married-couple families . . . . . . . . . . . Male householder, wife absent . . . . . . Female householder, husband absent . Presence of related children under 18 years old: No related children . . . . . . . . . . . . One or more related children . . . . . One child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Two children or more. . . . . . . . .

. . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32,878 36,719 15,046 21,674 66,578 5,063 6,477 21,468 12,166 4,786 16,618 10,421 4,091 1,193 913

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
2

17.2 22.5 22.8 22.3 18.6 46.1 39.9 19.5 15.6 11.0 5.2 6.1 4.2 3.6 2.2

21.4 18.8 19.5 18.3 19.7 28.6 27.1 24.3 19.4 16.1 9.4 11.3 6.5 6.8 5.1

20.6 19.5 18.9 19.9 20.2 14.5 17.6 23.7 23.0 23.1 15.6 17.4 13.4 9.7 11.8

19.6 20.4 19.5 20.9 20.6 7.7 10.5 20.6 23.4 28.4 24.3 26.0 24.0 13.6 19.7

21.3 18.8 19.3 18.6 20.8 3.0 5.0 11.9 18.5 21.4 45.5 39.2 51.9 66.3 61.2

5.5 4.6 4.3 4.8 5.2 0.5 0.9 1.8 3.6 3.8 14.3 10.2 15.7 36.4 26.7

Education attainment of householder: 2 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9th to 12th grade (no diploma). . . . . . . High school graduate (includes equivalency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some college, no degree . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . Master’s degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

25 years old and over.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, unpublished data.

Family Income

471

No. 727. Money Income of Families—Median Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin: 1994
[See headnote, table 723. For composition of regions, see table 27] NUMBER (1,000) CHARACTERISTIC All families . . . . . . . . . . . Region: Northeast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Midwest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of family: Married-couple families. . . . . . Wife in paid labor force . . . . Wife not in paid labor force . Male householder, wife absent . Female householder, husband absent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . With related children, under 18 . . Married couple . . . . . . . . . . . Male householder, wife absent . Female householder, husband absent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number of earners: No earners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One earner . . . . . . . . . . . . . Two earners . . . . . . . . . . . . . Three earners . . . . . . . . . . . . Four or more earners . . . . . . .
1

MEDIAN INCOME (dollars) Hispanic 2 6,202 974 389 2,087 2,752 4,236 2,279 1,957 480 1,485 4,377 2,923 272 1,182 873 2,148 2,359 601 221 All families
1

All families .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

White 58,444 11,636 14,438 19,755 12,616 47,905 29,045 18,860 2,508 8,031 29,548 22,839 1,319 5,390 8,467 15,681 26,845 5,642 1,809
2

Black 8,093 1,384 1,509 4,538 662 3,842 2,626 1,215 536 3,716 5,439 2,147 341 2,951 1,500 2,968 2,831 640 154

White 40,884 45,169 41,453 37,790 40,883 45,474 53,977 31,747 29,460 20,795 41,184 48,272 26,043 16,734 18,575 29,484 50,112 62,412 76,272

Black 24,698 26,414 21,844 24,332 31,104 40,432 47,235 25,396 20,977 13,943 21,412 42,085 19,109 11,914 7,375 17,842 40,654 49,938 70,677

Hispanic 2 24,318 21,478 31,188 23,961 24,462 29,621 38,559 20,676 21,787 12,117 23,045 29,435 17,351 11,133 8,235 16,954 34,411 44,213 52,893

69,313 13,488 16,264 24,873 14,687 53,865 32,902 20,962 3,228 12,220 36,782 26,367 1,750 8,665 10,306 19,455 30,885 6,558 2,109

38,782 42,943 39,760 35,388 40,298 44,959 53,309 31,176 27,751 18,236 37,925 47,244 24,092 14,902 16,445 27,145 48,970 61,017 75,609

.. . . . . . . . . . .

Includes other races not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

No. 728. Money Income of Families—Selected Characteristics, by Income Level: 1995
[See headnote, table 723. For composition of regions, see table 27] INCOME LEVEL (1,000) Number Median of fami$10,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $50,000 $75,000 income Under lies to to to to to and (dollars) (1,000) $10,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 over ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69,597 3,019 13,727 18,504 13,908 9,134 11,306 58,872 8,055 6,287 13,508 16,353 25,101 14,636 53,570 3,513 12,514 588 5,216 807 1,501 1,113 595 549 650 3,390 1,559 1,015 1,009 936 2,198 1,073 1,750 373 3,092 231 4,507 406 999 925 452 495 1,230 3,425 880 743 750 924 1,911 922 2,406 325 1,776 94 10,040 667 2,007 2,146 1,187 1,117 2,916 8,204 1,478 1,433 1,697 2,160 4,064 2,118 6,644 712 2,684 126 9,828 495 2,148 2,270 1,482 1,179 2,254 8,372 1,149 1,016 1,809 2,325 3,762 1,932 7,298 598 1,933 58 12,841 409 2,876 3,578 2,434 1,681 1,864 11,096 1,279 867 2,386 3,165 4,720 2,570 10,447 679 1,715 57 14,204 197 2,643 4,658 3,491 1,901 1,315 12,591 1,070 798 2,939 3,710 4,578 2,977 12,749 518 937 14 12,961 39 1,552 3,813 4,267 2,212 1,077 11,793 640 414 2,918 3,133 3,867 3,042 12,276 309 377 7 40,611 18,756 36,020 46,527 55,029 45,264 28,301 42,646 25,970 24,570 43,909 43,470 36,628 41,967 47,062 30,358 19,691 12,927

CHARACTERISTIC

All families. . . . . . . . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years old . . . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . . . . . 65 years old and over . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Northeast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Midwest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Type of family: Married-couple families. . . . . . Male householder, wife absent . Female householder, husband absent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unrelated subfamilies . . . . . . . . Education attainment of householder: 2 Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade . . . . . . . . . 9th to 12th grade (no diploma) . . High school graduate (includes equiva lency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some college, no degree . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . . . . . . . . Master’s degree . . . . . . . . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree. . . . . . . . . .
1

... ... ... ...

... ... ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

66,578 5,063 6,477 21,468 12,166 4,786 16,618 10,421 4,091 1,193 913

4,409 838 1,027 1,436 652 160 294 201 58 22 13
2

4,101 823 829 1,364 631 169 285 215 57 9 3

9,372 1,404 1,596 3,496 1,557 484 835 618 151 44 23

9,334 848 1,037 3,801 1,747 636 1,264 953 212 61 38

12,433 617 1,026 4,619 2,616 1,029 2,526 1,765 546 108 107

14,007 398 666 4,436 2,881 1,371 4,255 2,821 1,074 177 182

12,923 135 295 2,316 2,081 936 7,159 3,848 1,993 772 546

41,771 20,550 23,331 36,751 43,448 48,700 67,529 61,780 73,926 96,935 90,463

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Persons 25 years old and over.

Source of tables 727 and 728: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-189 and P60-193; and Internet site, <http://ferret.bls.census.gov/cgi-bin/ferret> (accessed: 23 April 1997).

472

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
No. 729. Money Income of Families—Work Experience, by Income Level: 1995
[See headnote, table 723. For composition of regions, see table 27] INCOME LEVEL (1,000) Number Median of $10,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $50,000 $75,000 income families Under to to to to to and (dollars) $10,000 (1,000) $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 over ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69,597 10,180 19,894 39,524 31,041 6,249 2,234 69,597 52,701 46,285 39,506 4,576 2,203 6,416 3,036 1,487 1,893 5,216 2,634 2,104 479 444 28 6 5,216 2,165 1,267 497 277 493 898 256 181 462 4,507 1,660 2,112 735 661 65 8 4,507 2,326 1,772 1,121 390 261 554 278 103 174 10,040 2,621 4,338 3,081 2,750 297 34 10,040 6,109 5,032 3,913 728 391 1,077 533 233 311 9,828 1,491 3,621 4,716 4,094 522 100 9,828 7,088 6,154 5,171 716 267 934 404 262 269 12,841 947 3,443 8,451 7,068 1,107 276 12,841 10,543 9,446 8,204 897 345 1,097 577 257 263 14,204 513 2,370 11,321 8,637 2,001 683 14,204 12,586 11,606 10,419 907 280 980 533 213 234 12,961 312 1,906 10,743 7,387 2,229 1,126 12,961 11,884 11,009 10,181 660 167 875 456 238 180 40,611 17,713 28,423 54,008 50,989 63,924 75,386 40,611 46,983 49,031 51,409 37,639 24,011 31,832 36,008 32,891 24,986

CHARACTERISTIC

All families. . . . . . . . . . . . Number of earners: No earners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 earner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 earners or more . . . . . . . . . 2 earners . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 earners . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 earners or more . . . . . . . Work experience of householder: Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked at full-time jobs . . . . . . 50 weeks or more . . . . . . . . . 27 to 49 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . 26 weeks or less . . . . . . . . . . Worked at part-time . . . . . . . . . 50 weeks or more . . . . . . . . . 27 to 49 weeks . . . . . . . . . . . 26 weeks or less . . . . . . . . . .

No. 730. Median Income of Families, by Type of Family in Current and Constant (1995) Dollars: 1970 to 1995
[See headnote, table 723] CURRENT DOLLARS Married-couple families YEAR Total Total Wife in paid labor force 12,276 26,879 36,431 38,346 40,751 42,709 45,266 46,777 48,169 49,775 51,204 53,309 55,823 Wife not in paid labor force 9,304 18,972 24,556 25,803 26,640 27,220 28,747 30,265 30,075 30,174 30,218 31,176 32,375 Male Female househouse- holder, holder, no no huswife band present present 9,012 17,519 22,622 24,962 25,208 26,827 27,847 29,046 28,351 27,576 26,467 27,751 30,358 5,093 10,408 13,660 13,647 14,683 15,346 16,442 16,932 16,692 17,025 17,443 18,236 19,691 CONSTANT (1995) DOLLARS Married-couple families Total Total Wife in paid labor force 45,299 49,774 51,599 53,321 54,669 55,020 55,633 54,543 53,898 54,068 54,003 54,820 55,823 Wife not in paid labor force 34,332 35,132 34,780 35,879 35,739 35,066 35,331 35,290 33,652 32,776 31,870 32,060 32,375 Female Male househouse- holder, holder, no no huswife band present present 33,255 32,441 32,041 34,710 33,818 34,560 34,225 33,868 31,723 29,954 27,914 28,537 30,358
2

1970 . . 1980 . . 1985 . . 1986 . . 1987 1 . 1988 . . 1989 . . 1990 . . 1991 . . 1992 2 . 1993 . . 1994 . . 1995 . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

9,867 21,023 27,735 29,458 30,970 32,191 34,213 35,353 35,939 36,573 36,959 38,782 40,611

10,516 23,141 31,100 32,805 34,879 36,389 38,547 39,895 40,995 41,890 43,005 44,959 47,062

36,410 38,930 39,283 40,962 41,548 41,470 42,049 41,223 40,214 39,727 38,980 39,881 40,611

38,805 42,852 44,049 45,616 46,792 46,878 47,375 46,519 45,871 45,503 45,356 46,233 47,062

18,794 19,273 19,347 18,976 19,698 19,769 20,208 19,743 18,677 18,493 18,397 18,753 19,691 Based on

1 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 1990 census population controls.

No. 731. Median Income of Persons with Income in Constant (1995) Dollars, by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1980 to 1995
[Age as of March of following year. Persons 15 years old and over beginning March 1980. Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator] ITEM NUMBER WITH INCOME (1,000) All races . . . . . . . . White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 3 . . . . . . . . . . White, not Hispanic origin MEDIAN INCOME (dol.) All races . . . . . . . . White. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 3 . . . . . . . . . . White, not Hispanic origin FEMALE 1980 1990 1993
1

MALE 1994
2

1995

1980

1990

1993

1

1994

2

1995

. . . . . . . . . .

80,826 70,573 8,596 3,617 67,084 9,111 9,161 8,481 8,157 9,222

92,245 78,566 10,687 5,903 72,939 11,742 12,030 9,711 8,783 12,338

94,417 79,484 11,267 7,053 73,128 11,650 11,882 10,028 8,543 12,233

95,147 80,045 11,450 7,298 73,665 11,791 11,960 10,843 8,857 12,284

96,007 80,608 11,607 7,478 73,506 12,130 12,316 10,961 8,928 12,807

78,661 69,420 7,387 3,996 65,564 23,203 24,680 14,831 17,886 25,334

88,220 76,480 8,820 6,767 69,987 23,662 24,685 15,004 15,706 25,604

90,194 77,650 8,947 8,208 70,179 22,256 23,183 15,403 14,437 24,438

91,254 78,220 9,199 8,375 70,919 22,336 23,311 15,407 14,911 24,806

92,066 79,022 9,339 8,577 70,754 22,562 23,895 16,006 14,840 25,481

1 Data collection method changed and questionaire was revised to allow for coding of different income amounts. See text, section 14. 2 Introduction of new 1990 census sample design. 3 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Source of tables 729-731: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, <http://www. census.gov/hhes/income/histinc/index.html> (accessed 24 April 1997).

Money Income of Persons

473

No. 732. Money Income of Persons—Selected Characteristics, by Income Level: 1995
[Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. As of March of following year. Covers persons 15 years old and over. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation. For composition of regions, see table 27] PERSONS WITH INCOME ITEM All persons (mil.) Total (mil.) Number (1,000) Median $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $25,000 $35,000 $50,000 $75,000 income to to to to to to and (dollars) $9,999 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 over 10,224 2,828 1,710 1,258 963 924 2,542 1,902 2,108 3,912 2,302 8,220 1,590 1,564 10,793 2,027 2,408 1,552 1,008 983 2,815 1,968 2,343 3,993 2,490 9,084 1,246 1,572 19,018 2,279 5,091 3,940 2,264 1,846 3,598 3,451 4,622 6,928 4,018 16,112 2,204 2,084 14,135 677 4,102 3,653 2,458 1,632 1,614 2,841 3,539 4,830 2,928 12,351 1,203 1,015 13,153 257 3,070 4,276 3,130 1,598 822 2,680 3,428 4,161 2,886 11,760 926 660 9,383 82 1,464 3,160 2,662 1,337 680 2,046 2,367 2,797 2,169 8,619 437 350 5,811 36 586 1,792 1,830 1,050 515 1,292 1,331 1,775 1,411 5,401 186 135 22,562 6,913 23,609 31,420 35,586 28,980 16,484 24,610 24,298 21,162 22,314 23,895 16,006 14,840

Under $5,0001

MALE Total . . . . . . . . . 15 to 24 years old . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . 65 yr. old and over . . . Northeast. . . . . . . . . . Midwest. . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . Education attainment of householder: 3 Total . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . 9th to 12th grade 4 . . . High school graduate 5 . Some college, no degree. . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . Master’s degree. . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree . . . FEMALE Total . . . . . . . . . 15 to 24 years old . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . 65 yr. old and over . . . Northeast. . . . . . . . . . Midwest. . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . White . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic 2 . . . . . . . . . Education attainment of householder: 3 Total . . . . . . . . . Less than 9th grade. . . 9th to 12th grade 4 . . . High school graduate 5 . Some college, no degree. . . . . . . . . . . Associate degree . . . . Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . Bachelor’s degree . . Master’s degree. . . . Professional degree . . . . . . . . . Doctorate degree . . .

98,593 18,254 20,390 21,273 15,324 10,092 13,260 19,326 22,964 34,226 22,077 83,463 10,922 9,826

92,066 13,802 19,617 20,773 14,920 9,863 13,092 17,943 21,839 31,785 20,498 79,022 9,339 8,577

9,548 5,615 1,185 1,144 604 492 506 1,760 2,101 3,392 2,295 7,474 1,547 1,194

80,339 78,264 6,604 6,277 7,931 7,490 25,649 24,909 13,998 13,715 5,303 5,230 20,855 20,644 13,219 13,065 4,812 4,774 1,671 1,152 106,031 18,047 20,528 21,805 16,260 10,992 18,398 21,185 24,872 37,578 22,396 88,134 13,292 9,754 1,657 1,149 96,007 13,550 18,856 20,458 15,139 10,014 17,990 19,248 23,336 33,621 19,801 80,608 11,607 7,478

3,933 634 683 1,256 595 183 580 443 85 26 27 21,135 6,544 3,543 3,642 2,530 2,269 2,607 4,071 4,993 7,828 4,243 17,689 2,493 2,090

7,397 1,916 1,416 2,201 899 270 695 502 145 30 18 19,966 3,051 2,888 2,831 1,958 2,042 7,197 3,960 4,818 7,126 4,063 16,334 2,930 1,991

8,766 1,405 1,428 3,097 1,431 322 1,083 801 184 61 38 13,954 1,805 2,654 2,576 1,904 1,409 3,607 2,656 3,514 5,048 2,736 11,673 1,765 1,137

16,739 1,515 2,100 6,722 2,936 1,174 2,291 1,739 363 109 80 18,775 1,571 4,773 4,427 3,381 1,875 2,749 3,554 4,797 6,744 3,679 15,880 2,241 1,296

13,458 446 1,040 5,023 2,802 1,074 3,071 2,225 584 160 105 10,658 432 2,869 3,043 2,245 1,094 976 2,368 2,565 3,450 2,276 9,043 1,180 547

12,896 235 540 3,954 2,789 1,209 4,168 2,724 1,073 194 177 7,131 81 1,440 2,446 1,927 750 489 1,561 1,705 2,215 1,648 6,095 717 284

9,301 96 193 2,063 1,593 758 4,599 2,742 1,215 331 310 3,136 43 527 1,075 859 378 256 765 690 880 802 2,740 240 101

5,776 27 90 590 667 242 4,159 1,891 1,124 743 398 1,252 22 162 421 340 197 109 314 254 329 355 1,152 41 31

26,346 11,723 15,791 23,365 28,004 31,027 43,322 39,040 49,076 66,257 57,356 12,130 5,310 15,557 17,397 17,723 12,381 9,355 12,482 12,380 11,589 12,457 12,316 10,961 8,928

87,984 82,457 7,019 6,020 9,171 8,122 30,911 28,785 15,203 14,619 6,868 6,642 18,813 18,269 13,321 12,875 4,288 4,205 745 459 732 457

14,591 1,563 2,048 5,436 2,372 896 2,277 1,814 396 45 22

16,915 2,684 2,872 6,617 2,439 853 1,451 1,146 210 69 27

12,148 1,065 1,555 5,000 2,265 817 1,448 1,157 219 45 27

17,204 556 1,184 6,944 3,670 1,651 3,199 2,544 552 74 30

10,226 84 281 2,853 2,168 1,224 3,618 2,623 832 89 74

7,050 33 132 1,357 1,172 822 3,535 2,144 1,117 145 129

3,093 25 35 426 394 303 1,910 1,053 648 120 90

1,231 11 16 153 141 77 833 393 236 146 60

13,821 7,096 8,057 12,046 15,552 19,450 26,843 24,065 33,509 38,588 39,821

1 Includes persons with income deficit. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 3Persons 25 years old and 5 Includes high school equivalency. over. 4 No diploma attained. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, <http://ferret.bls.census.gov/ cgi-bin/ferret> (accessed: 23 April 1997).

474

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 733. Median Income of Married-Couple Families, by Work Experience of Husbands and Wives and Presence of Children: 1995
[As of March 1996. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. F.T.=full-time] NUMBER (1,000) WORK EXPERIENCE OF HUSBAND OR WIFE All No marriedcouple related children families One or more related children under 18 years old Total One child 9,859 9,201 7,309 4,225 1,892 7,808 6,243 3,656 1,565 658 358 222 300 MEDIAN INCOME (dollars) All No marriedcouple related Two children children families or more 16,175 15,392 11,111 5,159 4,281 13,154 9,537 4,491 3,617 783 451 272 332 47,062 52,839 17,943 62,205 39,700 56,256 59,878 64,283 43,128 25,732 34,658 40,486 23,205 44,316 55,843 8,559 65,166 41,777 60,580 63,759 67,418 46,704 26,030 36,362 42,908 23,851 One or more related children under 18 years old Total One child 51,105 52,710 4,225 61,629 36,105 55,763 59,136 63,526 40,044 24,056 31,205 36,277 17,158 Two children or more 49,103 50,295 5,159 59,300 38,126 52,497 56,274 60,872 41,671 21,714 30,108 33,950 14,065

All married-couple families . . . . . . . . . . Husband worked . . . . . . . . . Wife worked . . . . . . . . . . Wife year-round, f.t. worker . . . . . . . . . . . Wife did not work . . . . . . . Husband year-round, full-time worker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wife worked . . . . . . . . . . Wife year-round, f.t. worker . . . . . . . . . . . Wife did not work . . . . . . . Husband did not work . . . . . Wife worked . . . . . . . . . . Wife year-round, f.t. worker . . . . . . . . . . . Wife did not work . . . . . . .

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . .

53,570 42,736 32,118 17,943 10,618 34,698 26,672 15,359 8,025 10,834 2,780 1,459 8,054

27,537 18,143 13,698 8,559 4,445 13,735 10,892 7,212 2,843 9,393 1,971 965 7,422

26,034 24,593 18,420 9,384 6,173 20,962 15,780 8,148 5,182 1,441 809 493 632

49,969 51,118 9,384 60,373 37,518 53,764 57,259 61,857 41,146 23,089 30,523 34,743 15,466

.. ..

No. 734. Average Earnings of Year-Round, Full-Time Workers, by Educational Attainment: 1995
[In dollars. For persons 18 years old and over as of March 1996] HIGH SCHOOL AGE AND SEX All workers Less than 9th grade 9th to 12th grade (no diploma) 23,994 15,186 20,968 26,229 26,934 31,128 22,778 16,666 12,573 14,665 17,379 17,904 19,413 (B) High school graduate (includes equivalency) 31,063 17,816 27,440 32,689 36,886 36,546 51,797 21,298 14,169 20,091 22,257 22,982 22,703 22,117 Some college, no degree 36,546 18,586 29,441 39,268 47,374 45,092 33,630 23,750 15,820 21,589 25,687 28,018 25,031 22,264 COLLEGE Associate degree 37,628 20,450 31,097 41,433 43,287 45,203 (B) 28,510 18,496 25,870 31,025 29,765 32,605 (B) Bachelor’s degree or more 60,880 25,674 44,851 68,328 68,403 67,874 61,767 37,268 22,808 33,332 40,607 40,176 40,630 36,395

18 25 35 45 55 65 18 25 35 45 55 65

Male, total . . . to 24 years old . . . to 34 years old . . . to 44 years old . . . to 54 years old . . . to 64 years old . . . years old and over. Female, total . to 24 years old . . . to 34 years old . . . to 44 years old . . . to 54 years old . . . to 64 years old . . . years old and over.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

40,367 18,389 32,319 44,523 49,566 45,848 45,018 26,547 16,261 25,145 28,761 28,801 26,964 23,295

19,706 15,137 16,288 19,824 21,003 23,149 20,925 14,548 (B) 13,538 14,504 14,810 15,948 (B)

B Base figure too small to meet statistical standards for reliability of derived figure.

No. 735. Per Capita Money Income in Current and Constant (1995) Dollars, by Race and Hispanic Origin: 1970 to 1995
[In dollars. Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. As of March of following year] CURRENT DOLLARS YEAR All races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

CONSTANT (1995) DOLLARS
1

White

Asian, HisAll Black Pacific panic 2 races Islander

White

Black

Asian, HisPacific 2 Islander panic (NA) 9,009 9,366 9,734 10,267 10,249 10,312 9,823 9,692 9,332 9,313 9,702 $9,300

1970 . . 1980 . . 1985 3 . 1986 . . 1987 4 . 1988 . . 1989 . . 1990 . . 1991 . . 1992 5 . 1993 . . 1994 . . 1995 . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 3,177 3,354 1,869 (NA) . 7,787 8,233 4,804 (NA) . 11,013 11,671 6,840 (NA) . 11,670 12,352 7,207 (NA) . 12,391 13,143 7,645 (NA) . 13,123 13,896 8,271 (NA) . 14,056 14,896 8,747 (NA) . 14,387 15,265 9,017 (NA) . 14,617 15,510 9,170 (NA) . 14,847 15,785 9,239 (NA) . 15,777 16,800 9,863 15,691 . 16,555 17,611 10,650 16,902 . $17,227 $18,304 $10,982 $16,567

(NA) 11,723 12,377 6,897 (NA) 4,865 14,420 15,246 8,896 (NA) 6,613 15,598 16,530 9,688 (NA) 7,000 16,227 17,176 10,021 (NA) 7,653 16,623 17,632 10,256 (NA) 7,956 16,906 17,902 10,655 (NA) 8,390 17,275 18,308 10,750 (NA) 8,424 16,776 17,799 10,514 (NA) 8,662 16,356 17,355 10,261 (NA) 8,591 16,127 17,146 10,036 (NA) 8,830 16,640 17,718 10,402 16,549 9,435 17,024 18,110 10,952 17,381 $9,300 $17,227 $18,304 $10,982 $16,567

2 NA Not available. 1 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 3 Beginning 1985, data based on revised Hispanic population controls 4 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 5 Based on 1990 population controls. Source of tables 733-735: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-193; and Internet site, (accessed 24 April 1997).

Poverty
No. 736. Persons Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level: 1960 to 1995

475

[Persons as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III] BELOW 125 PERCENT OF POVERTY LEVEL AVERAGE INCOME CUTOFFS FOR NONFARM FAMILY OF FOUR 3

NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) YEAR All races 1960 1970 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
3

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL

1

White

Black

All Hispanic 2 races (NA) (NA) 2,991 2,783 2,700 2,607 2,921 3,491 3,713 4,301 4,633 4,806 5,236 5,117 5,422 5,357 5,430 6,006 6,339 7,592 8,126 8,416 8,574

1

White

Black

PerAt 125 cent of At percent His- Number total poverty of 2 (1,000) popula- level panic poverty tion level (NA) (NA) 23.0 26.9 24.7 22.4 21.6 21.8 25.7 26.5 29.9 28.0 28.4 29.0 27.3 28.0 26.7 26.2 28.1 29.6 30.6 30.7 30.3 54,560 35,624 37,182 35,509 35,659 34,155 36,616 40,658 43,748 46,520 47,150 45,288 44,166 43,486 43,032 42,551 42,653 44,837 47,527 50,592 51,801 50,401 48,761 30.4 17.6 17.6 16.7 16.7 15.8 16.4 18.1 19.3 20.3 20.3 19.4 18.7 18.2 17.9 17.5 17.3 18.0 18.9 19.7 20.0 19.3 18.5 3,022 3,968 5,500 5,815 6,191 6,662 7,412 8,414 9,287 9,862 10,178 10,609 10,989 11,203 11,611 12,092 12,674 13,359 13,924 14,335 14,763 15,141 15,569 3,778 4,960 6,875 7,269 7,739 8,328 9,265 10,518 11,609 12,328 12,723 13,261 13,736 14,004 14,514 15,115 15,843 16,699 17,405 17,919 (NA) 18,926 19,461

4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

6

7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

39,851 25,420 25,877 24,975 24,720 24,497 26,072 29,272 31,822 34,398 35,303 33,700 33,064 32,370 32,221 31,745 31,528 33,585 35,708 38,014 39,265 38,059 36,425

28,309 17,484 17,770 16,713 16,416 16,259 17,214 19,699 21,553 23,517 23,984 22,955 22,860 22,183 21,195 20,715 20,785 22,326 23,747 25,259 26,226 25,379 24,423

(NA) 7,548 7,545 7,595 7,726 7,625 8,050 8,579 9,173 9,697 9,882 9,490 8,926 8,983 9,520 9,356 9,302 9,837 10,242 10,827 10,877 10,196 9,872

22.2 12.6 12.3 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.7 13.0 14.0 15.0 15.2 14.4 14.0 13.6 13.4 13.0 12.8 13.5 14.2 14.8 15.1 14.5 13.8

17.8 9.9 9.7 9.1 8.9 8.7 9.0 10.2 11.1 12.0 12.1 11.5 11.4 11.0 10.4 10.1 10.0 10.7 11.3 11.9 12.2 11.7 11.2

(NA) 33.5 31.3 31.1 31.3 30.6 31.0 32.5 34.2 35.6 35.7 33.8 31.3 31.1 32.4 31.3 30.7 31.9 32.7 33.4 33.1 30.6 29.3

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. Beginning 1981, income cutoffs for nonfarm families are applied to all families, both farm and nonfarm. 4 Population controls 5 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and based on 1980 census; see text, sections 1 and 14. 6 not directly comparable with prior years. Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 7 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194.

No. 737. Children Below Poverty Level, by Race and Hispanic Origin: 1970 to 1995
[Persons as of March of the following year. Covers only related children in families under 18 years old. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III] YEAR 1970 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
3

NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) All races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL
2

White 6,138 6,817 7,429 8,282 8,534 8,086 7,838 7,714 7,398 7,095 7,164 7,696 8,316 8,752 9,123 8,826 8,474

Black 3,922 3,906 4,170 4,388 4,273 4,320 4,057 4,037 4,234 4,148 4,257 4,412 4,637 5,015 5,030 4,787 4,644

Hispanic

All races

1

White 10.5 13.4 14.7 16.5 17.0 16.1 15.6 15.3 14.7 14.0 14.1 15.1 16.1 16.5 17.0 16.3 15.5

Black 41.5 42.1 44.9 47.3 46.2 46.2 43.1 42.7 44.4 42.8 43.2 44.2 45.6 46.3 45.9 43.3 41.5

Hispanic

2

3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10,235 11,114 12,068 13,139 13,427 12,929 12,483 12,257 12,275 11,935 12,001 12,715 13,658 14,521 14,961 14,610 13,999

(NA) 1,718 1,874 2,117 2,251 2,317 2,512 2,413 2,606 2,576 2,496 2,750 2,977 3,440 3,666 3,956 3,938

14.9 17.9 19.5 21.3 21.8 21.0 20.1 19.8 19.7 19.0 19.0 19.9 21.1 21.6 22.0 21.2 20.0

(NA) 33.0 35.4 38.9 37.7 38.7 39.6 37.1 38.9 37.3 35.5 37.7 39.8 39.0 39.9 41.1 39.3

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years. 4 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 5 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194.

476

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
No. 738. Weighted Average Poverty Thresholds: 1980 to 1995
[Official poverty thresholds; see text, section 14] SIZE OF UNIT 19801 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4,190 4,290 3,949 5,363 5,537 4,983 6,565 8,414 9,966 11,269 12,761 14,199 16,896 1988 $6,022 6,155 5,674 7,704 7,958 7,157 9,435 12,092 14,304 16,146 18,232 20,253 24,129 1989 $6,310 6,451 5,947 8,076 8,343 7,501 9,885 12,674 14,990 16,921 19,162 21,328 25,480 1990 $6,652 6,800 6,268 8,509 8,794 7,905 10,419 13,359 15,792 17,839 20,241 22,582 26,848 1991 $6,932 7,086 6,532 8,865 9,165 8,241 10,860 13,924 16,456 18,587 21,058 23,605 27,942 1992 $7,143 7,299 6,729 9,137 9,443 8,487 11,186 14,335 16,952 19,137 21,594 24,053 28,745 1993 $7,363 $7,518 6,930 9,414 9,728 8,740 11,522 14,763 17,449 19,718 22,383 24,838 29,529 1994 $7,547 7,710 7,108 9,661 9,976 8,967 11,821 15,141 17,900 20,235 22,923 25,427 30,300 1995 $7,763 7,929 7,309 9,933 10,259 9,219 12,158 15,569 18,408 20,804 23,552 26,237 31,280

One person (unrelated individual) Under 65 years . . . . . . . . . . . 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . Two persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Householder under 65 years . . Householder 65 years and over Three persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . Four persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Five persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Six persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seven persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eight persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nine or more persons . . . . . . . .
1

Poverty levels for nonfarm families.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194; and earlier reports.

No. 739. Persons Below Poverty Level, by Selected Characteristics: 1995
[Persons as of March 1996. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. For composition of regions, see table 27] AGE AND REGION Total . . . . . . . . . Under 18 years old . . . . 18 to 24 years old . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . 55 to 59 years old . . . . 60 to 64 years old . . . . 65 years old and over . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 years old and over Northeast Midwest . South . . . West . . .
1

NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) All races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL
2

White 24,423 8,981 3,156 3,601 2,812 1,683 840 777 2,572 1,196 1,375 4,289 4,665 8,712 6,757
2

Black 9,872 4,761 1,117 1,304 995 630 246 191 629 301 328 1,878 1,873 5,283 837

Hispanic

All races

1

White 11.2 16.2 15.9 10.8 7.9 6.3 8.7 9.2 9.0 7.3 11.3 9.9 8.6 12.2 13.8

Black 29.3 41.9 30.5 24.4 18.8 18.2 21.4 19.5 25.4 20.3 32.9 30.8 30.7 28.5 28.0

Hispanic

2

36,425 14,665 4,553 5,196 4,064 2,470 1,163 996 3,318 1,573 1,745 6,445 6,785 14,458 8,736

8,574 4,080 1,097 1,325 942 429 186 174 342 213 129 1,586 403 2,831 3,755

13.8 20.8 18.3 12.7 9.4 7.8 10.3 10.2 10.5 8.6 13.0 12.5 11.0 15.7 14.9

30.3 40.0 30.6 24.7 23.2 19.7 23.0 25.4 23.5 21.7 27.1 36.5 21.3 30.4 29.4

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

Includes other races not shown separately.

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194; and unpublished data.

No. 740. Persons 65 Years Old and Over Below Poverty Level: 1970 to 1995
[Persons as of March of following year] NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) 1970 Total 3 White . . . . . Black . . . . . Hispanic 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,793 4,011 683 (NA) 2,013 2,779 1979
1

CHARACTERISTIC

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL 1970 24.6 22.6 48.0 (NA) 14.8 47.2 1979
1

1990

2

1994 3,663 2,846 700 323 1,254 2,409

1995 3,318 2,572 629 342 1,058 2,260

1990

2

1994 11.7 10.2 27.4 22.6 6.0 23.1

1995 10.5 9.0 25.4 23.5 5.0 21.4

3,682 2,911 740 154 1,380 2,299

3,658 2,707 860 245 1,172 2,479

15.2 13.3 36.2 26.8 8.4 29.4
2

12.2 10.1 33.8 22.5 5.8 24.7

In families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unrelated individuals . . . . . . . . . .
1

Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, section 14. Beginning 1987, data based on NA Not available. revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 3 Beginning 1979, includes members of unrelated subfamilies not shown separately. For earlier years, unrelated subfamily members are included in the ‘‘In families’’ category. 4 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194; and earlier reports.

Poverty by State
No. 741. Persons Below Poverty Level, by State: 1980 to 1995

477

[Based on the Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. The CPS is designed to collect reliable data on income primarily at the national level and secondarily at the regional level. When the income data are tabulated by State, the estimates are considered less reliable and, therefore, particular caution should be used when trying to interpret the results; for additional detail, see source] STATE United States . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona. . Arkansas California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) 1980 29,272 810 36 354 484 2,619 247 255 68 131 1,692 727 81 138 1,386 645 311 215 701 868 158 389 542 1,194 342 591 625 102 199 70 63 659 268 2,391 877 99 1,046 406 309 1,142 97 534 127 884 2,247 148 62 647 538 297 403 49 1990
1

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL 1980 13.0 21.2 9.6 12.8 21.5 11.0 8.6 8.3 11.8 20.9 16.7 13.9 8.5 14.7 12.3 11.8 10.8 9.4 19.3 20.3 14.6 9.5 9.5 12.9 8.7 24.3 13.0 13.2 13.0 8.3 7.0 9.0 20.6 13.8 15.0 15.5 9.8 13.9 11.5 9.8 10.7 16.8 18.8 19.6 15.7 10.0 12.0 12.4 12.7 15.2 8.5 10.4 1990
1

1993 39,265 725 52 615 484 5,803 354 277 73 158 2,507 919 91 150 1,600 704 290 327 763 1,119 196 479 641 1,475 506 639 832 127 169 141 112 866 282 2,981 966 70 1,461 662 363 1,598 108 678 102 998 3,177 203 59 627 634 400 636 64

1994 38,059 704 61 673 369 5,658 335 344 57 129 2,128 1,012 97 137 1,464 816 302 375 710 1,117 113 541 585 1,347 523 515 797 97 146 168 87 730 356 3,097 980 65 1,571 540 373 1,496 99 501 107 779 3,603 154 45 710 614 336 453 45

1995 36,425 882 45 700 376 5,342 335 318 74 122 2,321 878 122 167 1,459 545 352 273 572 849 138 520 665 1,174 427 630 484 133 159 173 60 617 457 3,020 877 76 1,285 548 360 1,464 102 744 103 846 3,270 168 61 648 677 300 449 59

1993 15.1 17.4 9.1 15.4 20.0 18.2 9.9 8.5 10.2 26.4 17.8 13.5 8.0 13.1 13.6 12.2 10.3 13.1 20.4 26.4 15.4 9.7 10.7 15.4 11.6 24.7 16.1 14.9 10.3 9.8 9.9 10.9 17.4 16.4 14.4 11.2 13.0 19.9 11.8 13.2 11.2 18.7 14.2 19.6 17.4 10.7 10.0 9.7 12.1 22.2 12.6 13.3

1994 14.5 16.4 10.2 15.9 15.3 17.9 9.0 10.8 8.3 21.2 14.9 14.0 8.7 12.0 12.4 13.7 10.7 14.9 18.5 25.7 9.4 10.7 9.7 14.1 11.7 19.9 15.6 11.5 8.8 11.1 7.7 9.2 21.1 17.0 14.2 10.4 14.1 16.7 11.8 12.5 10.3 13.8 14.5 14.6 19.1 8.0 7.6 10.7 11.7 18.6 9.0 9.3

1995 13.8 20.1 7.1 16.1 14.9 16.7 8.8 9.7 10.3 22.2 16.2 12.1 10.3 14.5 12.4 9.6 12.2 10.8 14.7 19.7 11.2 10.1 11.0 12.2 9.2 23.5 9.4 15.3 9.6 11.1 5.3 7.8 25.3 16.5 12.6 12.0 11.5 17.1 11.2 12.2 10.6 19.9 14.5 15.5 17.4 8.4 10.3 10.2 12.5 16.7 8.5 12.2

33,585 779 57 484 472 4,128 461 196 48 120 1,896 1,001 121 157 1,606 714 289 259 628 952 162 468 626 1,315 524 684 700 134 167 119 68 711 319 2,571 829 87 1,256 481 267 1,328 71 548 93 833 2,684 143 61 705 434 328 448 51

13.5 19.2 11.4 13.7 19.6 13.9 13.7 6.0 6.9 21.1 14.4 15.8 11.0 14.9 13.7 13.0 10.4 10.3 17.3 23.6 13.1 9.9 10.7 14.3 12.0 25.7 13.4 16.3 10.3 9.8 6.3 9.2 20.9 14.3 13.0 13.7 11.5 15.6 9.2 11.0 7.5 16.2 13.3 16.9 15.9 8.2 10.9 11.1 8.9 18.1 9.3 11.0

Colorado. . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . District of Columbia Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iowa . . . Kansas. . Kentucky Louisiana Maine. . .

Maryland . . . . Massachusetts. Michigan. . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . .

Missouri . . . . . . Montana . . . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire . New Jersey . . . New Mexico . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . Oregon. . . . . Pennsylvania . Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Carolina. South Dakota . Tennessee . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . Virginia. . . . . Washington . . West Virginia . Wisconsin . . . Wyoming . . .
1

. . . . . .

Beginning 1990, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194.

478

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
No. 742. Persons Below Poverty Level, by Race and Family Status: 1979 to 1995

[Persons as of March of following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III] RACE AND FAMILY STATUS .... In families . . . . . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . Related children under Unrelated individuals . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . White 4 . . . . . . . . In families . . . . . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . Related children under Unrelated individuals . . . All persons
4

NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (mil.) 1979
1

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL 1979
1

1990

2

1993

3

1994 38.1 29.0 8.1 14.6 8.3 3.3 5.0 25.4 18.5 5.3 8.8 6.3 10.2 8.4 2.2 4.8 1.6 14.4 4.2 8.4

1995 36.4 27.5 7.5 14.0 8.2 3.4 4.9 24.4 17.6 5.0 8.5 6.3 9.9 8.2 2.1 4.6 1.6 14.2 4.1 8.4

1990

2

1993

3

1994 14.5 13.1 11.6 21.2 21.5 17.8 24.9 11.7 10.1 9.1 16.3 19.3 30.6 29.6 27.3 43.3 34.8 38.6 34.6 52.9

1995 13.8 12.3 10.8 20.2 20.9 18.0 23.5 11.2 9.6 8.5 15.5 19.0 29.3 28.5 26.4 41.5 32.6 36.5 32.4 50.3

....... ....... ....... 18 years . ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... 18 years . .......

26.1 20.0 5.5 10.0 5.7 2.0 3.8 17.2 12.5 3.6 5.9 4.5 8.1 6.8 1.7 3.7 1.2 9.4 2.6 5.6

33.6 25.2 7.1 12.7 7.4 2.9 4.6 22.3 15.9 4.6 7.7 5.7 9.8 8.2 2.2 4.4 1.5 12.6 3.8 7.4

39.3 30.0 8.4 15.0 8.4 3.3 5.1 26.2 19.0 5.5 9.1 6.4 10.9 9.2 2.5 5.0 1.5 14.6 4.4 8.5

11.7 10.2 9.2 16.0 21.9 16.9 26.0 9.0 7.4 6.9 11.4 19.7 31.0 30.0 27.8 40.8 37.3 34.9 30.4 48.6

13.5 12.0 10.7 19.9 20.7 16.9 24.0 10.7 9.0 8.1 15.1 18.6 31.9 31.0 29.3 44.2 35.1 37.2 33.4 53.4

15.1 13.6 12.3 22.0 22.1 18.1 25.7 12.2 10.5 9.4 17.0 20.1 33.1 32.9 31.3 45.9 33.4 38.7 35.6 53.7

Black 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . In families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related children under 18 years . Unrelated individuals . . . . . . . . . . In families with female householder, no spouse present . . . . . . Householder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related children under 18 years .

1 Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, section 14. 2 Beginning 1990, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years. 3Population controls based on 1990 census. 4 Includes other races and members of unrelated subfamilies not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194; and earlier reports.

No. 743. Monthly Measures of Poverty Status, by Selected Characteristics: 1992-93 Period
[Covers two-year calendar period. Based on Survey of Income and Program Participation, see text, section 14] PERSONS POOR IN AN AVERAGE MONTH OF 1992 Number (1,000) Total . . . . . . . . Under 18 years old . . . 18 to 64 years old . . . 65 years old and over .
1

CHARACTERISTIC

PERSONS POOR 2 OR MORE MONTHS OF 1992 Number (1,000) 52,725 20,782 28,066 3,877 37,195 13,199 10,022 9,320 12,656 19,909 10,840 12,122 11,853 7,968 7,984 23,874 Percent 20.8 30.3 18.1 13.3 17.6 41.1 40.0 18.4 19.4 23.0 21.4 32.4 17.2 10.2 31.4 15.9

PERSONS POOR ALL 24 MONTHS OF 1992-93 Number (1,000) 11,887 5,659 4,907 1,321 6,480 4,682 2,383 2,560 2,668 4,939 1,720 3,424 2,056 749 2,072 3,595
3

Percent 14.6 22.3 12.0 10.2 11.8 31.7 29.0 13.3 13.3 16.4 14.5 23.9 11.3 6.2 21.6 10.5

Percent 4.8 8.3 3.2 4.9 3.1 15.1 10.3 5.2 4.2 5.8 3.5 9.5 3.0 1.0 8.2 2.5

Median duration of poverty spells (months) 4.9 5.2 4.7 7.2 4.6 6.2 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.2 4.0 6.5 4.7 3.8 6.2 4.3

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

37,597 15,464 18,999 3,134 25,474 10,346 7,553 6,845 8,718 14,346 7,688 9,224 7,977 4,931 5,919 15,787

White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hispanic origin 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Region: 3 Northeast. Midwest. . South . . . West. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Educational attainment: 4 Less than 4 years of high school . . . . . . . High school graduate, no college . . . . . . . One or more years of college . . . . . . . . . Disability status: 5 With a work disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . With no work disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes other characteristics not shown separately. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. of regions, see table 27. 4 Persons 18 years old and over. 5 Persons 15 to 69 years old. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P70-45.

For composition

Poverty
No. 744. Families Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level: 1960 to 1995

479

[Families as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey, see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III] NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) All races 1960 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
3 1

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL All races White 14.9 8.0 7.9 7.1 6.6 6.8 7.7 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.9 8.0 8.8 9.6 9.7 9.1 9.1 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.8 8.1 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.1 8.5 Black (NA) 29.5 28.8 29.0 28.1 26.9 27.1 27.9 28.2 27.5 27.8 28.9 30.8 33.0 32.3 30.9 28.7 28.0 29.4 28.2 27.8 29.3 30.4 31.1 31.3 27.3 26.4 Hispanic 2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 20.6 19.8 21.2 25.1 23.1 21.4 20.4 20.3 23.2 24.0 27.2 25.9 25.2 25.5 24.7 25.5 23.7 23.4 25.0 26.5 26.7 27.3 27.8 27.0

YEAR

BELOW 125 PERCENT OF POVERTY LEVEL Number (1,000) 11,525 7,516 (NA) 7,347 7,044 7,195 7,974 7,647 7,713 7,417 7,784 8,764 9,568 10,279 10,358 9,901 9,753 9,476 9,338 9,284 9,267 9,564 10,244 10,959 11,203 10,771 10,223 Percent 25.4 14.4 (NA) 13.5 12.8 12.9 14.2 13.5 13.5 12.8 13.1 14.5 15.7 16.7 16.7 15.8 15.3 14.7 14.3 14.1 14.0 14.4 15.3 16.1 16.4 15.5 14.7

White 6,115 3,708 3,751 3,441 3,219 3,352 3,838 3,560 3,540 3,523 3,581 4,195 4,670 5,118 5,220 4,925 4,983 4,811 4,567 4,471 4,409 4,622 5,022 5,255 5,452 5,312 4,994

Black (NA) 1,481 1,484 1,529 1,527 1,479 1,513 1,617 1,637 1,622 1,722 1,826 1,972 2,158 2,161 2,094 1,983 1,987 2,117 2,089 2,077 2,193 2,343 2,484 2,499 2,212 2,127

Hispanic 2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 477 468 526 627 598 591 559 614 751 792 916 981 991 1,074 1,085 1,168 1,141 1,133 1,244 1,372 1,529 1,625 1,724 1,695

1

. . . . . . . . . .
3

4

. . . . . .

5

6

. . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8,243 5,260 5,303 5,075 4,828 4,922 5,450 5,311 5,311 5,280 5,461 6,217 6,851 7,512 7,647 7,277 7,223 7,023 7,005 6,874 6,784 7,098 7,712 8,144 8,393 8,053 7,532

18.1 10.1 10.0 9.3 8.8 8.8 9.7 9.4 9.3 9.1 9.2 10.3 11.2 12.2 12.3 11.6 11.4 10.9 10.7 10.4 10.3 10.7 11.5 11.9 12.3 11.6 10.8

1 2 Includes other races not shown separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. NA Not available. Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, section 14. 4 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population 5 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not controls and not directly comparable with prior years. directly comparable with prior years. 6 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194.

No. 745. Families Below Poverty Level, by Selected Characteristics: 1995
[Families as of March 1996. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III] NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) All races ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

CHARACTERISTIC

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL
1

White 4,994 653 1,457 1,301 606 521 443 1,867 1,371 780 309 4,548 2,658 1,003 1,656 1,890

Black 2,127 294 719 536 271 152 151 752 641 383 53 1,976 934 322 612 1,042

HisAll panic 2 races 1,695 255 571 473 183 114 92 967 297 144 27 1,604 901 406 495 703

White 8.5 28.4 13.0 8.4 5.1 6.6 4.4 20.3 7.5 5.4 2.1 9.3 6.2 3.0 17.3 31.6

Black 26.4 55.6 36.9 23.5 18.3 16.8 17.0 39.5 24.3 18.9 5.6 27.6 16.9 8.1 39.4 63.9

Hispanic 2 27.0 44.9 30.9 26.5 19.2 19.1 17.8 35.7 20.6 13.8 5.3 27.8 19.4 12.2 38.0 62.0

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of householder: 15 to 24 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 years old and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education of householder: 3 No high school diploma . . . . . . . . . . . . . High school diploma, no college . . . . . . . Some college, less than Bachelor’s degree Bachelor’s degree or more . . . . . . . . . . . Work experience of householder: Total 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Worked during year . . . . . . . . Year-round, full-time . . . . . . Not year-round, full-time . . . Did not work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7,532 993 2,286 1,959 947 706 618 2,776 2,113 1,222 403 6,909 3,768 1,392 2,375 3,141

10.8 33.6 16.7 10.6 6.8 7.7 5.5 24.1 9.8 7.2 2.4 11.9 7.5 3.6 20.5 39.2

1 Includes other races not shown separately. 2 Hispanic persons may be of any race. 3 Householder 25 years old and over. 4 Persons 16 years old and over. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194; and unpublished data.

480

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth
No. 746. Persons Below Poverty Level, by Definition of Income: 1995
[Persons as of March 1996. For explanation of income definitions, see text, section 14]

Definition number

DEFINITION

NUMBER BELOW POVERTY LEVEL (1,000) All races
1

PERCENT BELOW POVERTY LEVEL
1

White

Black 33,740 9,872 12,563 12,567 12,117 12,555 12,643 11,980 12,059 10,262 9,979 9,970 8,945 8,324 7,048 6,600

HisAll panic 2 races 28,344 8,574 10,380 10,385 9,960 10,453 10,540 9,764 9,807 8,564 8,423 8,423 7,818 7,198 6,307 6,009

White (X) 11.2 19.4 19.3 18.7 19.5 19.7 18.6 18.7 11.3 11.0 11.0 10.2 9.5 8.5 7.6

Black (X) 29.3 37.2 37.2 35.9 37.2 37.5 35.5 35.7 30.4 29.6 29.5 26.5 24.7 20.9 19.6

Hispanic 2 (X) 30.3 36.6 36.6 35.1 36.9 37.2 34.4 34.6 30.2 29.7 29.7 27.6 25.4 22.3 21.2

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

All persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263,733 218,028 INCOME BEFORE TAXES Money income excluding capital gains 3 . . . . . 36,425 24,423 Definition 1 less government money transfers . 57,643 42,285 Definition 2 plus capital gains. . . . . . . . . . . . 57,515 42,149 Definition 3 plus health insurance supplements to wage or salary income 4 . . . 55,558 40,743 INCOME AFTER TAXES Definition 4 less Social Security payroll taxes . 57,930 42,605 Definition 5 less Federal income taxes (excluding EITC) 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58,388 42,936 Definition 6 plus EITC 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55,061 40,449 Definition 7 less State income taxes . . . . . . . 55,505 40,788 Definition 8 plus nonmeans-tested government cash transfers 6 . . . . . . . . . . . 37,176 24,685 Definition 9 plus value of Medicare . . . . . . . . 36,193 23,998 Definition 10 plus value of regularprice school lunches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36,177 23,992 Definition 11 plus means-tested government cash transfers 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33,062 22,160 Definition 12 plus value of Medicaid . . . . . . . 30,871 20,725 Definition 13 plus means-tested government noncash transfers 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27,190 18,492 Definition 14 plus net imputed return on equity in own home 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24,823 16,647

(X) 13.8 21.9 21.8 21.1 22.0 22.1 20.9 21.0 14.1 13.7 13.7 12.5 11.7 10.3 9.4

X Not applicable. 1 Includes other races not shown separately. 2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. 3 Official 4 definition based on income before taxes and includes government cash transfers. Employer contributions to the health insurance plans of employees. 5 Earned Income Tax Credit. 6 Includes Social Security and Railroad Retirement, veterans payments, unemployment and workers’ compensation, Black Lung payments, Pell Grants, and other government educational assistance. 7 Includes AFDC and other public assistance or welfare payments, Supplemental Security Income, and veterans payments. Households must meet certain eligibility requirements in order to qualify for these benefits. 8 Includes Medicaid, food stamps, subsidies from free or reduced-price school lunches, and rent subsidies. 9 Estimated amount of income a household would receive if it chose to shift amount held as home equity into an interest bearing account. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P60-194.

No. 747. Family Net Worth—Mean and Median Net Worth in Constant (1995) Dollars, by Selected Family Characteristics: 1989 to 1995
[Net worth in thousands of constant (1995) dollars. Constant dollar figures are based on consumer price index for all urban consumers published by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Families include one-person units and as used in this table are comparable to the Bureau of Census household concept. Based on Survey of Consumer Finance; see Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] 1989 FAMILY CHARACTERISTIC Percent of families 100.0 27.2 23.4 14.4 13.9 12.0 9.0 15.4 24.3 30.3 22.3 7.7 24.3 32.1 15.1 28.5 63.8 36.2 Net worth Mean 216.7 66.3 171.3 338.9 334.4 336.8 250.8 26.1 77.9 121.8 229.5 1,372.9 92.1 134.4 213.8 416.9 311.7 49.4 Median 56.5 9.2 69.2 114.0 110.5 88.4 83.2 1.6 25.6 56.0 128.1 474.7 28.5 43.4 56.4 132.1 119.9 2.4 Percent of families 100.0 25.8 22.8 16.2 13.2 12.6 9.4 15.5 27.8 29.5 20.0 7.1 20.4 29.9 17.7 31.9 63.9 36.1 1992 Net worth Mean 200.5 50.3 144.3 287.8 358.6 308.3 231.0 30.9 71.2 124.4 240.8 1,283.6 75.8 120.6 185.4 363.3 289.6 42.7 Median 52.8 10.1 46.0 83.4 122.5 105.8 92.8 3.3 28.2 54.8 121.2 506.1 21.6 41.4 62.6 103.1 106.1 3.6 Percent of families 100.0 24.8 23.2 17.8 12.5 11.9 9.8 16.0 26.5 31.1 20.2 6.1 19.0 31.6 19.0 30.5 64.7 35.3 1995 Net worth Mean 205.9 47.2 144.5 277.8 356.2 331.6 276.0 45.6 74.6 119.3 256.0 1,465.2 87.2 138.2 186.6 361.8 295.4 42.2 Median 56.4 11.4 48.5 90.5 110.8 104.1 95.0 4.8 30.0 54.9 121.1 485.9 26.3 50.0 43.2 104.1 102.3 4.5

All families . . . . . . . . . Age of family head: Under 35 years old. . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . . . 75 years old and over . . . Family income in constant (1995) dollars:1 Less than $10,000 . . . . . $10,000 to $24,999 . . . . $25,000 to $49,999 . . . . $50,000 to $99,999 . . . . $100,000 and more . . . . Education of householder: No high school diploma. . High school diploma . . . . Some college . . . . . . . . College degree . . . . . . . Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . Renter occupied or other .
1

... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

... ...

Income for year preceding the survey.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, January 1997.

Family Nonfinancial Assets
No. 748. Nonfinancial Assets Held by Families, by Type of Asset: 1995

481

[Median value in thousands of dollars. Constant dollar figures are based on consumer price index for all urban consumers published by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Families include one-person units and, as used in this table, are comparable to the Bureau of Census household concept. for definition of family, see text, section 1. Based on Survey of Consumer Finance; see Appendix III. For data on financial assets, see table 778. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation] AGE OF FAMILY HEAD AND FAMILY INCOME PERCENT OF FAMILIES OWNING ASSET 1995, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of family head: Under 35 years old. . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 years old and over . Family income: Less than $10,000 . $10,000 to $24,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $100,000 and more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91.1 87.6 90.9 93.7 94.0 92.5 90.2 69.8 89.4 96.6 99.1 99.4 96.7 92.9 97.2 93.8 86.9 96.1 88.3 67.9 100.0 74.8 84.2 83.9 85.1 88.2 88.7 82.0 72.8 57.7 82.7 92.2 93.3 90.2 90.8 88.0 93.4 91.9 83.8 85.7 76.6 60.6 90.8 72.2 64.7 37.9 64.6 75.4 82.1 79.0 73.0 37.6 55.4 68.4 84.4 91.1 71.1 63.4 66.9 61.2 50.5 73.9 70.3 34.8 100.0 0.0 17.5 7.2 14.4 23.9 26.9 26.5 16.6 6.9 11.5 16.5 24.9 52.3 24.6 10.5 16.2 14.0 8.6 32.1 18.6 8.0 22.3 8.7 11.0 9.3 13.9 14.8 11.7 7.9 3.8 4.8 6.2 9.8 17.5 32.1 11.8 6.4 7.3 5.1 3.5 58.0 2.9 3.7 13.4 6.4 9.0 7.6 10.2 10.7 9.8 8.9 5.4 3.8 6.2 9.6 11.5 22.6 14.5 10.6 9.0 6.5 2.0 16.1 5.6 5.9 10.3 6.5 Any nonfinancial asset Vehicles Primary residence Investment real estate Business Other nonfinancial

Current work status of householder: Professional, managerial . . . . . . Technical, sales, clerical . . . . . . Precision production . . . . . . . . . Machine operators and laborers . Service occupations . . . . . . . . . Self-employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retired. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other not working . . . . . . . . . .

Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . . . . . . . Renter occupied or other . . . . . . . MEDIAN VALUE
1

1995, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of family head: Under 35 years old. . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 years old and over . Family income: Less than $10,000 . $10,000 to $24,999 . . $25,000 to $49,999 . . $50,000 to $99,999 . . $100,000 and more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

83.0 21.5 95.6 111.7 107.0 93.5 79.0 13.1 44.5 81.5 145.2 319.3 133.5 83.1 72.9 57.9 35.8 175.6 78.0 17.4 115.4 7.5

10.0 9.0 10.7 12.4 11.9 8.0 5.3 3.6 6.1 11.1 16.2 22.8 12.4 10.4 12.2 10.8 7.2 12.0 7.3 6.2 11.9 6.4

90.0 80.0 95.0 100.0 85.0 80.0 80.0 40.0 65.0 80.0 120.0 200.0 130.0 90.0 78.0 68.0 69.0 120.0 76.0 80.0 90.0 (B)

50.0 33.5 45.0 55.0 82.5 55.0 20.0 16.2 30.0 40.0 57.3 130.0 57.3 40.0 37.5 36.0 17.5 100.0 45.0 59.0 53.0 35.0

41.0 20.0 35.0 60.0 75.0 100.0 30.0 50.6 30.0 26.3 30.0 300.0 15.0 17.5 30.0 24.0 80.2 71.0 90.0 12.0 50.0 26.0

10.0 5.0 9.0 12.0 10.0 16.0 15.0 2.5 8.0 6.0 14.0 20.0 10.0 10.0 5.0 8.0 10.0 8.0 10.0 7.0 10.0 5.0

Current work status of householder: Professional, managerial . . . . . . Technical, sales, clerical . . . . . . Precision production . . . . . . . . . Machine operators and laborers . Service occupations . . . . . . . . . Self-employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retired. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other not working . . . . . . . . . .

Tenure: Owner occupied . . . . . . . . . . . . Renter occupied or other . . . . . . .
1

Median value of financial asset for families holding such assets.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, January 1997.

482

Income, Expenditures, and Wealth

No. 749. Household and Nonprofit Organization Sector Balance Sheet: 1980 to 1993
[In billions of dollars. As of December 31. For details of financial assets and liabilities, see table 777] ITEM Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tangible assets . . . . . . . . . . . . Reproducible assets . . . . . . . Residential structures. . . . . Owner-occupied housing . Nonprofit institutions . . . . Nonprofit plant & equipment Consumer durable goods . . Land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Owner-occupied 1 . . . . . . . Nonprofit institutions . . . . . Financial assets. . . . . . . . . . . . Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Home mortgages . . . . . . . . . . . Net worth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 11,109 4,703 3,339 2,109 2,062 47 216 1,014 1,364 1,227 137 6,406 1,443 905 9,666 3,289 28 1985 16,271 6,603 4,392 2,693 2,634 58 308 1,391 2,211 2,016 195 9,668 2,333 1,379 13,938 4,650 30 1986 17,781 7,100 4,758 2,903 2,841 62 328 1,527 2,343 2,138 205 10,680 2,602 1,574 15,178 4,978 32 1987 19,036 7,656 5,157 3,148 3,082 66 350 1,660 2,499 2,287 211 11,380 2,859 1,795 16,177 5,369 33 1988 20,448 8,103 5,409 3,223 3,157 67 377 1,808 2,694 2,463 231 12,346 3,174 2,023 17,274 5,620 36 1989 22,510 8,709 5,774 3,440 3,370 70 404 1,930 2,935 2,688 247 13,802 3,496 2,253 19,014 6,059 37 1990 22,797 8,775 6,107 3,633 3,560 73 427 2,047 2,668 2,456 212 14,023 3,738 2,455 19,059 6,016 41 1991 24,820 9,286 6,358 3,777 3,704 73 443 2,139 2,928 2,780 148 15,534 3,920 2,614 20,900 6,484 40 1992 26,022 9,557 6,662 3,975 3,902 73 464 2,222 2,895 2,807 88 16,465 4,143 2,788 21,879 6,709 42 1993 27,511 9,973 7,067 4,239 4,164 75 493 2,336 2,906 2,836 70 17,538 4,464 2,970 23,047 7,000 42

Addendum: Owner-occupied real estate 2 . . . Home mortgages as percent of owner-occupied real estate . .
1

Includes vacant land.

2

Owner-occupied housing plus owner-occupied land.

Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Balance Sheets for the U.S. Economy.

No. 750. Stock of Fixed Reproducible Tangible Wealth: 1980 to 1995
[In billions of dollars. As of December 31] ITEM CURRENT DOLLARS Net stock . . . . . . . . . . . . Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential equipment . . . Information processing and related equipment . . . . . . Industrial equipment . . . . . Transportation equipment. . Other equipment . . . . . . . Nonresidential structures . . . . Nonresidential buildings, excluding farm . . . . . . . . Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing units. . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durable goods . . . . . Motor vehicles. . . . . . . . . . . Furniture and household equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAINED (1992) DOLLARS Net stock . . . . . . . . . . . . Private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential equipment . . . Nonresidential structures . . . . Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local . . . . . . . . . . Consumer durable goods . . . . . NA Not available. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, May 1997. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 10,323 7,154 1,375 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,266 (NA) (NA) 3,513 (NA) 2,251 (NA) (NA) 698 (NA) 1,554 918 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1985 13,737 9,583 1,850 414 647 395 396 3,155 1,787 853 4,578 3,730 2,889 425 2,464 889 613 2,000 1,265 392 605 268 1988 16,501 11,500 2,196 526 770 443 456 3,702 2,216 951 5,603 4,566 3,360 479 2,881 994 681 2,366 1,641 527 753 362 1989 17,447 12,149 2,322 558 823 456 485 3,916 2,372 997 5,911 4,808 3,535 511 3,024 1,042 712 2,493 1,763 564 804 396 1990 18,284 12,707 24,582 586 877 473 516 4,107 2,518 1,017 6,147 4,984 3,711 552 3,159 1,090 744 2,621 1,866 591 846 429 1991 18,718 12,955 2,520 603 898 491 527 4,177 2,594 1,032 6,259 5,057 3,827 577 3,250 1,127 768 2,701 1,935 593 885 457 1992 19,480 13,484 2,590 629 917 510 534 4,303 2,686 1,062 6,591 5,327 3,991 600 3,391 1,169 798 2,822 2,005 608 926 471 1993 20,484 14,194 2,701 662 945 542 552 4,504 2,815 1,115 6,989 5,674 4,180 629 3,552 1,232 844 2,948 2,110 636 983 491 1994 21,603 14,980 2,863 705 991 586 581 4,704 2,971 1,152 7,413 6,022 4,389 665 3,724 1,284 879 3,105 2,234 669 1,043 522 1995 22,608 15,686 3,051 757 1,052 626 616 4,903 3,110 1,201 7,733 6,255 4,584 665 3,919 1,298 873 3,286 2,339 689 1,100 550

.. ..

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

14,269 9,950 5,033 3,177 4,921 3,124 969 2,156 1,198

16,178 11,347 5,876 3,698 5,471 3,378 1,022 2,357 1,455

17,692 12,318 6,348 3,968 5,969 3,617 1,093 2,524 1,757

18,160 12,617 6,502 4,051 6,115 3,693 1,109 2,584 1,850

18,586 12,890 6,650 4,142 6,240 3,778 1,126 2,652 1,919

18,883 13,078 6,743 4,205 6,335 3,856 1,139 2,717 1,950

19,212 13,278 6,830 4,251 6,448 3,936 1,149 2,787 1,998

19,610 13,533 6,947 4,298 6,587 4,010 1,150 2,861 2,067

20,059 13,833 7,095 4,340 6,738 4,076 1,144 2,934 2,152

20,556 14,171 7,280 4,399 6,891 4,147 1,137 3,014 2,241


								
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