544 - 575 by USCensus

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Figure 11.1

Military and Civilian Personnel: 1985 to 1996
100 Percent

80

Reserve and National Guard

60

40

Civilian

20 Active duty military 0 1985 1990 1995 1996

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 548.

Figure 11.2

Military and Civilian Expenditures, by Major Location: 1996
St. Louis, MO San Diego, CA Arlington, VA Norfolk, VA Fort Worth, TX Long Beach, CA Washington, DC Marietta, GA Sunnyvale, CA 0 1 2 3 4 Billions of dollars
Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 548.

5

6

7

8

Section 11

National Defense and Veterans Affairs
This section presents data on national defense and its human and financial costs; active and reserve military personnel; ships, equipment and aircraft; and federally sponsored programs and benefits for veterans. The principal sources of these data are the annual Selected Manpower Statistics and the Atlas/Data Abstract for the United States and Selected Areas issued by the Office of the Secretary of Defense; Annual Report of Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Department of Veterans Affairs, and The Budget of the United States Government, Office of Management and Budget. For more data on expenditures, personnel, and ships, see section 31. Department of Defense (DOD)—DOD is responsible for providing military forces of the United States. The President serves as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces; from him, the authority flows to the Secretary of Defense and through the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the commanders of unified and specified commands (e.g., United States European Command). Reserve components—Reserve personnel of the Armed Forces consist of the Army National Guard, Army Reserve, Naval Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve, and Coast Guard Reserve. They provide trained personnel available for active duty in the Armed Forces in time of war or national emergency and at such other times as authorized by law. The National Guard has dual Federal-State responsibilities and uses jointly provided equipment, facilities, and budget support. The President is empowered to mobilize the National Guard and to use such of the Armed Forces as he considers necessary to enforce Federal authority in any State. The ready reserve includes selected reservists who are intended to assist active forces in a war and the individual ready reserve who, in a major war, would be used to fill out active and reserve units

In Brief
1997 U.S. military expenditures $267 bil. Defense outlays as percent of gross domestic product 3.4% and later would be a source of combat replacements; a portion of the ready reserve serves in an active status. The standby reserve cannot be called to active duty unless the Congress gives explicit approval. The retired reserve represents a low potential for mobilization. Department of Veterans Affairs— The Department of Veterans Affairs administers laws authorizing benefits for eligible former and present members of the Armed Forces and for the beneficiaries of deceased members. Veterans benefits available under various acts of Congress include compensation for service-connected disability or death; pensions for nonservice-connected disability or death; vocational rehabilitation, education, and training; home loan insurance; life insurance; health care; special housing and automobiles or other conveyances for certain disabled veterans; burial and plot allowances; and educational assistance to families of deceased or totally disabled veterans, servicemen missing in action, or prisoners of war. Since these benefits are legislated by Congress, the dates they were enacted and the dates they apply to veterans may be different from the actual dates the conflicts occurred. VA estimates of veterans cover all persons with active duty service during periods of war or armed conflict and until 1982 include those living outside the United States. Veteran population estimates for September 1982 are for the 50 States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Veterans whose active duty service was entirely during periods of peacetime are eligible for some veterans benefits and, where appropriate, are included in VA estimates.

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No. 544. National Defense Outlays and Veterans Benefits: 1960 to 1997

[For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Includes outlays of Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, and other agencies for activities primarily related to national defense and veterans programs. For explanation of average annual percent change, see Guide to Tabular Presentation. Minus sign (-) indicates decline] NATIONAL DEFENSE AND VETERANS OUTLAYS Defense outlays YEAR Total outlays (bil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.5 56.3 64.0 78.1 88.9 90.1 90.4 88.7 89.9 88.7 92.7 103.1 108.1 26.2 115.2 123.5 136.2 155.2 180.5 209.3 234.7 253.0 279.0 299.8 308.8 319.8 333.7 328.4 304.6 332.5 326.1 319.2 310.0 302.7 306.8 Current dollars (bil. dol.) 48.1 50.6 58.1 71.4 81.9 82.5 81.7 78.9 79.2 76.7 79.3 86.5 89.6 22.3 97.2 104.5 116.3 134.0 157.5 185.3 209.9 227.4 252.7 273.4 282.0 290.4 303.6 299.3 273.3 298.4 291.1 281.6 272.1 265.7 267.2 Constant (1987) dollars (bil. dol.) 257.2 245.6 270.8 320.0 349.2 333.5 310.7 283.0 262.3 239.6 228.3 224.1 216.8 52.1 216.4 217.4 221.8 229.3 241.8 263.7 284.0 287.4 306.2 324.8 330.0 333.9 338.3 324.6 283.3 298.4 286.2 270.9 255.5 242.1 237.4 Veterans outlays (bil. dol.) 5.4 5.7 5.9 6.7 7.0 7.6 8.7 9.8 10.7 12.0 13.4 16.6 18.4 4.0 18.0 19.0 19.9 21.2 23.0 24.0 24.8 25.6 26.3 26.4 26.8 29.4 30.1 29.1 31.3 34.1 35.7 37.6 37.9 37.0 39.7 Total outlays Defense outlays Veterans outlays Federal outlays Gross domestic product 2 9.3 7.4 7.7 8.8 9.4 8.7 8.1 7.3 6.7 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.6 3.4 ANNUAL PERCENT CHANGE
1

DEFENSE OUTLAYS, PERCENT OF—

1960 . . . . 1965 . . . . 1966 . . . . 1967 . . . . 1968 . . . . 1969 . . . . 1970 . . . . 1971 . . . . 1972 . . . . 1973 . . . . 1974 . . . . 1975 . . . . 1976 . . . . 1976, TQ 3 1977 . . . . 1978 . . . . 1979 . . . . 1980 . . . . 1981 . . . . 1982 . . . . 1983 . . . . 1984 . . . . 1985 . . . . 1986 . . . . 1987 . . . . 1988 . . . . 1989 . . . . 1990 . . . . 1991 . . . . 1992 . . . . 1993 . . . . 1994 . . . . 1995 . . . . 1996 . . . . 1997, est. .

2.5 -6.8 13.7 22.1 13.8 1.3 0.3 -1.9 1.4 1.3 4.6 11.2 4.8 (X) 6.7 7.1 10.4 13.9 16.3 15.9 12.1 7.8 10.3 7.4 3.0 3.6 4.3 -1.6 -7.2 12.0 -1.9 -2.3 -2.9 -2.4 1.4

2.4 -7.6 14.8 22.9 14.7 0.7 -1.0 -3.5 0.4 -3.1 3.5 9.0 3.6 (X) 8.5 7.5 11.3 15.2 17.6 17.6 13.3 8.3 11.1 8.2 3.1 3.0 4.5 -1.4 -8.7 12.4 -2.4 -3.3 -3.4 -2.3 0.5
2

3.1 0.7 3.5 13.8 4.4 8.5 13.6 12.7 9.8 12.0 11.4 24.0 11.0 (X) -2.1 5.2 5.0 6.3 8.5 4.2 3.3 3.2 2.7 0.4 1.5 9.7 2.4 -3.3 7.6 8.0 4.6 5.3 0.8 -2.4 7.2

52.2 42.8 43.2 45.4 46.0 44.9 41.8 37.5 34.3 31.2 29.5 26.0 24.1 23.2 23.8 22.8 23.1 22.7 23.2 24.8 26.0 26.7 26.7 27.6 28.1 27.3 26.5 23.9 20.6 21.6 20.7 19.3 17.9 17.0 16.4

1 Change from prior year shown; for 1960, change from 1955. X Not applicable. definition, see text, section 14. 3 Transition quarter, July-Sept.

Represents fiscal year GDP; for

Source: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Historical Tables, annual.

No. 545. Federal Budget Outlays for National Defense Functions: 1980 to 1997
[In billions of dollars, except percent. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Minus sign (-) indicates decline] DEFENSE FUNCTION 1980 1985 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997, est. 267.2 0.5 254.3 70.1 27.6 92.1 45.6 36.0 6.6 4.4 -0.5 11.9 1.0

Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134.0 252.7 290.4 303.6 299.3 273.3 298.4 291.1 281.6 272.1 265.7 Percent change 1 . . . . Defense Dept., military . . . . . Military personnel . . . . . . . Percent of military . . . . . Operation, maintenance. . . Procurement . . . . . . . . . . Research and development Military construction . . . . . Family housing. . . . . . . . . Other 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.2 11.1 3.0 4.5 -1.4 -8.7 9.2 -2.4 0.6 -3.4 -2.3 . 130.9 245.2 281.9 294.9 289.8 262.4 286.9 278.6 268.6 259.4 253.2 . 40.9 67.8 76.3 80.7 75.6 83.4 81.2 75.9 73.1 70.8 66.7 . 31.2 27.7 27.1 27.0 26.1 31.8 28.3 27.2 27.2 27.3 26.3 . 44.8 72.4 84.5 87.0 88.3 101.8 92.0 94.1 87.9 91.1 88.8 . 29.0 70.4 77.2 81.6 81.0 82.0 74.9 69.9 61.8 55.0 48.9 . 13.1 27.1 34.8 37.0 37.5 34.6 34.6 37.0 34.8 34.6 36.5 . 2.5 4.3 5.9 5.3 5.1 3.5 4.3 4.8 5.0 6.8 6.7 . 1.7 2.6 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.8 . -1.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 -1.2 -46.2 -3.3 -6.4 2.7 -2.4 1.8 2.9 0.2 7.1 0.5 7.9 0.5 8.1 0.6 9.0 0.6 10.0 0.9 10.6 0.8 11.0 1.5 11.9 1.1 11.8 0.8 11.6 0.9

Atomic energy activities 3 . . . . . Defense-related activities 4 . . . .

1 Change from immediate prior year; for 1970, change from 1965. 2 Revolving and management funds, trust funds, special foreign currency program, allowances, and offsetting receipts. 3 Defense activities only. 4 Includes civil defense activities.

Source: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Historical Tables, annual.

Budget Authority and Personnel
No. 546. National Defense—Budget Authority and Outlays: 1980 to 1997

355

[In billions of dollars, except percent. For fiscal year ending in year shown, except as noted; see text, section 9] ITEM Budget authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Defense-Military 2 . . . Atomic energy 1 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Outlays (Defense) 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Department of Defense-Military . . . . Atomic energy 1 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

1980 143.9 140.6 3.2 134.0 130.9 3.1

1985 294.7 286.8 7.3 252.7 245.2 7.6

1989 299.6 290.8 8.1 303.6 294.9 8.7

1990 303.3 293.0 9.7 299.3 289.8 9.6

1991 288.9 276.2 11.6 273.3 262.4 10.0

1992 295.1 282.1 12.0 298.4 286.9 10.6
2

1993 281.1 267.2 12.1 291.1 278.6 11.0

1994 263.3 251.4 10.9 281.6 268.6 11.9

1995 266.3 255.7 10.1 272.1 259.4 11.8
3

1996 266.0 254.4 10.7 265.7 253.2 11.6

1997, est. 262.3 250.0 11.3 267.2 254.3 11.9

1 Includes defense budget authority, balances, and outlays by other departments. defense related activities.

Excluding accruals.

Includes other

Source: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Historical Tables, annual.

No. 547. Defense-Related Agencies: 1980 to 1995
[In thousands, except percent. Annual averages] EMPLOYMENT 1980 1985 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 124,900 (NA) (NA) 2,943 874 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Total U.S. employment 1 . . . . . . . . . . 100,907 108,856 119,030 120,430 119,282 120,058 121,744 123,060 Federal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,386 4,608 4,662 4,577 4,541 4,549 4,403 (NA) Resident Armed Forces . . . . . . . 1,604 1,706 1,688 1,637 1,564 1,566 1,485 (NA) Civilian personnel 2 . . . . . . . . . . 2,987 3,001 3,133 3,233 3,101 2,983 2,918 2,993 948 1,073 1,067 1,024 1,083 1,044 973 926 DOD-Civilian employment 3 . . . . . . . . Percent of Federal civilian personnel. 31.7 35.8 34.1 31.7 34.9 35.0 33.3 30.9 DOD-Military and civilian employment . 2,552 2,779 2,755 2,661 2,647 2,610 2,458 (NA) Percent of total Federal . . . . . . . . . 58.2 60.3 59.1 58.1 58.3 57.4 55.8 (NA) Percent of total U.S. . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0 (NA) NA Not available. 1 Includes resident Armed Forces. Civilian Manpower Statistics, annual (Sept. issues).
2

See table 537.

3

Source: Beginning 1980, U.S. Dept. of Defense,

Source: Except as noted, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, monthly.

No. 548. Military and Civilian Personnel and Expenditures: 1990 to 1996
ITEM Personnel, total 1 (1,000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Active duty military . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reserve and National Guard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expenditures, total (mil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . . . . Payroll outlays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Active duty military pay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian pay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retired military pay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reserve and National Guard pay. . . . . . . . . . . . Prime contract awards 2 (mil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . Supply contracts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R and D contracts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civil function contracts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Major area of work (mil. dol.): Aircraft, fixed wing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Research, devel’mt, testing and evaluation (RDTE) RDTE/Aircraft-Engineering development . . . . . . . RDTE/Missile and space systems-op systems . . . Gas turbines and jet engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guided missiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guided missile handling and servicing equip. . . . . Major location of expenditures (mil. dol.): San Diego, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pico Rivera, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . St. Louis, MO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Norfolk, VA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arlington, VA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fort Worth, TX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Washington, DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marietta, GA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Long Beach, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunnyvale, CA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 3,693 1,185 931 1,577 209,904 88,650 33,705 28,230 21,159 5,556 121,254 66,895 28,540 21,955 2,088 1,775 6,329 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,856 928 446 4,820 (NA) 5,616 2,741 2,527 3,594 2,771 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1992 3,889 1,214 899 1,777 211,534 99,250 39,447 31,205 23,936 4,661 112,285 54,880 30,503 21,508 2,894 2,500 8,197 1,266 1,266 (NA) 974 (NA) (NA) 5,289 4,284 3,462 3,257 2,974 2,948 2,828 2,573 (NA) (NA) 1993 3,762 1,171 847 1,744 214,655 100,510 38,782 31,619 25,658 4,451 114,145 54,856 32,163 22,076 2,829 2,222 6,926 1,422 1,422 (NA) (NA) 793 757 6,405 2,428 5,442 3,265 3,246 3,136 3,045 2,734 2,236 2,625 1994 3,623 1,131 810 1,682 210,138 99,822 37,694 30,587 26,386 5,154 110,316 48,642 33,040 21,513 4,786 2,335 6,277 3,256 1,769 1,487 (NA) 494 (NA) 4,748 3,272 6,087 3,228 3,284 2,492 2,347 2,828 3,550 3,088 1995 3,391 1,085 768 1,538 209,695 98,396 35,188 29,932 27,595 5,681 109,005 46,471 34,981 21,266 3,846 2,440 7,543 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 495 (NA) 5,280 (NA) 5,770 3,399 3,483 3,343 2,347 2,349 2,563 2,222 1996 3,252 1,056 732 1,464 211,740 99,794 38,389 29,230 27,817 4,357 109,408 47,725 35,366 20,033 3,974 2,309 6,521 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 625 (NA) 5,245 (NA) 7,049 3,170 3,573 3,239 2,759 2,612 3,030 2,061

NA Not available. 1 Includes those based ashore and excludes those temporarily shore-based, in a transient status, or afloat. 2 Represents contract awards over $25,000. Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Atlas/Data Abstract for the United States and Selected Areas, annual.

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National Defense and Veterans Affairs

No. 549. Military Prime Contract Awards to All Businesses, by Program: 1980 to 1994
[In billions of dollars. Net values for fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Includes all new prime contracts; debit or credit changes in contracts are also included. Actions cover official awards, amendments, or other changes in prime contracts to obtain military supplies, services, or construction. Excludes term contracts and contracts which do not obligate a firm total dollar amount or fixed quantity, but includes job orders, task orders, and delivery orders against such contracts] DOD PROCUREMENT PROGRAM Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intragovernmental 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . For work outside the U.S . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educ. and nonprofit institutions . . . . . . . . . With business firms for work in the U.S. 2 . . Major hard goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronics and communication equip. . Missiles and space systems . . . . . . . Ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tanks, ammo. and weapons . . . . . . . Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2

1980 83.7 10.2 5.4 1.5 66.7 41.0 12.5 9.6 7.9 6.0 5.1 5.9

1985 163.7 12.4 8.6 3.1 139.6 98.1 34.6 22.0 18.7 10.4 12.5 9.1

1988 151.4 8.9 8.2 3.5 130.8 85.9 25.0 17.8 19.7 13.7 9.7 12.0

1989 139.3 9.6 6.4 3.3 120.0 79.9 24.2 18.1 18.7 9.6 9.2 11.7

1990 144.7 10.0 7.1 3.5 123.8 79.1 24.0 18.5 17.1 10.3 9.2 14.6

1991 150.9 11.9 9.2 3.6 125.9 74.1 23.6 15.2 16.4 9.3 9.6 16.9

1992 136.3 9.6 5.9 3.4 117.2 67.1 24.1 14.2 13.1 8.3 7.4 17.3

1993 132.2 11.1 5.6 3.3 112.0 59.2 23.5 12.4 11.6 6.8 4.9 17.7

1994 131.4 12.3 5.6 3.3 110.0 56.0 18.8 12.3 10.6 9.1 5.3 18.6

1 Covers only purchases from other Federal agencies and reimbursable purchases on behalf of foreign governments. Includes Department of Defense. Includes other business not shown separately. Contracts awarded for work in U.S. possessions, and other areas subject to complete sovereignty of United States; contracts in a classified location; and any intragovernmental contracts entered into overseas.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Prime Contract Awards, semiannual.

No. 550. Department of Defense Contract Awards, Payroll, and Civilian and Military Personnel—States: 1996
[For years ending Sept. 30. Contracts refer to awards made in year specified; expenditures relating to awards may extend over several years. Civilian employees include United States citizen and foreign national direct hire civilians subject to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) ceiling controls and civilian personnel involved in civil functions in the United States. Excludes indirect hire civilians and those direct hire civilian not subject to OMB ceiling controls. Military personnel include active duty personnel based ashore. Excludes personnel temporarily shore-based in a transient status, or afloat. Payroll outlays include the gross earnings of civilian and active duty military personnel for services rendered to the government and for cash allowances for benefits. Excludes employer’s share of employee benefits, accrued military retirement benefits and most permanent change of station costs] Contract awards 1 (mil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109,408 1,838 565 2,911 249 18,230 2,045 2,638 102 1,483 5,863 3,966 928 133 1,256 1,552 371 763 874 1,078 797 4,137 4,675 1,241 960 1,912 Payroll (mil. dol.) 99,794 2,183 879 1,865 730 12,332 2,157 613 332 1,237 6,670 4,332 2,331 346 1,988 1,022 244 1,079 1,723 1,333 525 3,265 843 764 393 1,301 PERSONNEL (1,000) Civilian 732.0 22.0 4.4 8.8 3.9 84.7 12.5 3.4 1.6 14.0 29.0 32.9 16.8 1.4 15.3 12.3 1.4 5.6 10.1 8.4 5.5 35.6 8.6 8.4 2.5 10.3 Military 1,056.1 14.6 16.6 21.8 5.0 118.8 29.4 5.8 4.0 14.5 56.1 63.0 34.4 4.0 29.0 1.2 0.4 17.2 33.4 16.3 1.8 29.9 3.0 1.2 0.9 12.5 MO . MT . NE . NV . NH . NJ. . NM . NY . NC . ND . OH . OK . OR . PA . RI . . SC . SD . TN . TX . UT . VT . VA . WA . WV . WI. . WY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contract awards 1 (mil. dol.) 7,093 91 322 285 568 2,564 676 3,501 1,421 106 2,733 771 203 3,687 334 1,012 110 1,137 8,819 395 225 9,563 2,382 199 551 92 Payroll (mil. dol.) 1,630 298 711 777 240 1,419 1,168 1,688 4,259 439 2,337 2,172 481 2,218 437 2,263 258 1,072 8,383 916 90 11,356 3,813 242 413 233 PERSONNEL (1,000) Civilian 15.8 1.1 3.7 2.2 1.3 19.4 8.5 12.8 17.5 1.7 28.4 19.7 2.9 30.9 4.3 10.4 1.2 5.1 51.7 12.7 0.5 89.4 25.2 1.7 3.3 1.0 Military 14.6 3.7 9.4 7.8 0.4 7.6 14.4 20.4 96.3 9.5 8.4 28.1 0.9 3.3 3.0 33.8 3.3 5.8 115.2 5.0 0.1 89.0 36.4 0.5 0.4 3.6

STATE U.S. .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

STATE

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE DC FL. GA HI . ID . IL . IN . IA . KS KY LA ME MD MA MI . MN MS

1 Military awards for supplies, services, and construction. Net value of contracts of over $25,000 for work in each State and DC. Figures reflect impact of prime contracting on State distribution of defense work. Often the State in which a prime contractor is located in is not the State where the subcontracted work is done. See also headnote, table 549. Undistributed civilians and military personnel, their payrolls, and prime contract awards for performance in classified locations are excluded.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Atlas/Data Abstract for the United States and Selected Areas, annual.

Worldwide Military Expenditures
No. 551. Worldwide Military Expenditures: 1986 to 1994

357

[In billions of dollars. For military expenditures and Armed Forces by country, see section 30. GNP=Gross national product] COUNTRY GROUP Current dollars, total
1

1986 ..... 997 281 28.2 825 172 433 1,297 365 28.2 1,073 224 563 5.4 6.6 5.4 5.4 4.9

1987 1,030 288 28.0 860 170 448 1,298 363 28.0 1,083 214 564 5.2 6.3 5.2 4.9 4.7

1988 1,059 293 27.7 890 169 456 1,285 356 27.7 1,080 205 553 4.9 6.0 5.0 4.5 4.5

1989 1,069 304 28.4 900 169 475 1,241 353 28.4 1,045 196 552 4.6 5.8 4.7 4.2 4.3

1990 1,081 306 28.3 889 193 486 1,203 341 28.3 989 214 540 4.4 5.5 4.4 4.5 4.2

1991 1,027 280 27.3 829 198 469 1,101 300 27.3 889 213 502 4.0 4.9 3.9 4.3 3.7

1992 932 305 32.8 731 200 490 971 318 32.8 762 209 511 3.6 5.1 3.6 3.6 3.8

1993 867 298 34.3 698 169 480 885 304 34.3 712 173 490 3.2 4.7 3.3 2.8 3.6

1994 840 288 34.3 677 164 469 840 288 34.3 677 164 469 3.0 4.3 3.1 2.6 3.3

United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ Developed countries Developing countries . . . . . . . . NATO countries 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Constant (1994) dollars, total 1 United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ Developed countries Developing countries . . . . . . . . NATO countries 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of GNP . . . . . . . . . . . . United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Developed countries 2 . . . . . . . . . Developing countries 2 . . . . . . . . NATO countries 3 . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 . 2 2 . 2

1 Includes countries not shown separately. 2 Twenty-eight developed countries; see table 552 for selected countries; for complete list, see source. 3 North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

No. 552. Arms Trade in Constant (1994) Dollars—Selected Countries: 1992 to 1994
[In millions of dollars, except percent. Because some countries exclude arms imports or exports from their trade statistics and their ‘‘total’’ imports and exports are therefore understated, and because arms transfers may be estimated independently of trade data, the ratio of arms to total imports or exports may be overstated and may even exceed 100 percent] 1994 COUNTRY 1992 1993 Arms imports as percent of total imports 0.5 0.1 0.1 (NA) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 (NA) 1.5 30.0 0.8 0.1 (NA) 14.7 1.3 0.1 (NA) 0.1 0.5
1

1994 COUNTRY 1992 1993 Arms imports as percent of total imports 3.2 4.1 0.1 0.2 1.2 1.2 1.8 (NA) 1.3 2.9 0.3 22.3 1.0 0.6 0.2 4.1 0.1 0.2 0.7 1.9 8.7

Total

Total

World total 1 Exporters: 1 Canada . . . . . . China: Mainland Czechoslovakia. France . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . United Kingdom United States . . Germany . . . . . Importers: 1 Afghanistan . . . Algeria . . . . . . Angola . . . . . . Argentina . . . . . Australia . . . . . Canada . . . . . . Cuba . . . . . . . Czechoslovakia. Egypt . . . . . . . El Salvador . . . Ethiopia . . . . . . Germany . . . . . Greece . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . India . . . . . . . .

. . . . 29,740 28,590 22,120 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,251 791 230 . 965 1,123 800 . 146 (NA) (NA) . 1,564 842 800 . 21 10 30 . 4,797 4,491 3,400 . 14,080 14,080 12,400 . 1,356 1,735 700 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 42 10 240 428 104 1,147 52 1,017 756 678 20 245 20 337 194 102 (NA) 1,429 41 5 587 842 944 265 20 140 600 10 430 170 (NA) 1,500 30 240 270 10 140

Iran . . . . . . . . Iraq . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . Jordan . . . . . . Kuwait. . . . . . . Libya . . . . . . . Morocco . . . . . Nicaragua . . . . North Korea . . . Oman . . . . . . . Pakistan . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . Romania . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . South Korea . . . Spain . . . . . . . Syria . . . . . . . . Turkey. . . . . . . United Kingdom United States . . Venezuela . . . . Vietnam. . . . . . Yemen (Sanaa).

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

375 886 115 860 21 1,043 83 94 5 10 10 469 63 31 8,864 730 282 396 1,043 229 1,668 83 10 5

1,021 1,123 92 536 31 765 71 5 5 122 536 10 6,940 1,327 306 225 1,225 296 1,429 71 10 20

390 1,000 110 650 40 250 130 50 50 260 20 5 5,200 1,000 525 10 950 200 1,100 60 80 230

- Represents or rounds to zero.

NA Not available.

Includes countries not shown separately.

Source of tables 551 and 552: U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, annual.

358

National Defense and Veterans Affairs

No. 553. Arms Transfers—Cumulative Value for Period 1984-94, by Major Supplier and Recipient Country
[In millions of dollars] SUPPLIER RECIPIENT World, total . Africa 1 . . . . . . . . . North Africa. . . . . Algeria . . . . . . Libya . . . . . . . Morocco . . . . . Subsahara Africa . Angola . . . . . . Nigeria . . . . . . Rwanda . . . . . Zimbabwe . . . .
1

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

United States 39,460 395 235 5 160 160 5 80 5 275 120 530 390 140 (X) 365 110 20 90 60 17,585 3,800 2,600 1,800 8,600 360 6,580 30 2,400 90 1,900 1,300 20 240 400 50 20 20 8,175 25 10 8,150 200 170 40 240 1,100 625 280 675 170 430 825 120 70 2,500 675 915 875 40

United Kingdom 12,450 130 5 5 125 60 60 1,420 20 1,400 55 10 5 9,560 10 9,400 800 30 270 450 10 20 65 60 400 400 5 110 10 60 10 20 5 40 60 5 70 (X) 20 10 10
1

Russia 6,550 610 150 150 460 450 205 200 40 10 30 10 95 1,590 30 1,000 300 260 1,855 1,700 5 940 925 1,205 1,025 825 180 60 120 -

West Germany 3,695 20 10 10 10 375 5 370 50 40 385 5 40 310 30 1,315 80 30 1,200 80 80 1,470 90 90 1,380 280 (X) 470 110 10 40 20 360 90 -

France 3,125 255 60 60 195 20 50 20 5 10 210 40 170 180 90 10 60 985 100 525 30 110 155 60 90 150 150 1,180 1,180 30 320 (X) 50 360 80 50 60 220 -

China: Mainland 2,795 180 50 50 140 5 20 120 120 25 865 525 60 170 20 90 580 300 (X) 160 1,015 875 -

Canada 2,160 600 (X) 600 900 900 650 10 640 20 600 20 10 10 -

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

78,615 2,305 600 165 80 275 1,685 865 165 105 100 495 200 120 5,080 775 210 4,095 1,095 240 170 190 0 200 185 34,055 4,060 1,765 2,970 2,040 20,465 600 995 270 12,210 370 1,750 2,400 170 1,960 2,965 520 640 845 2,520 1,075 1,225 14,885 1,535 930 13,350 460 205 815 380 1,840 1,830 300 700 550 560 1,090 160 550 3,070 695 1,195 975 160

Americas: Central America & Carribbean . . Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . North America (NAFTA). Canada . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . United States . . . . . . South America. Brazil . . . . . Chile . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asia: Central Asia & Cauc. . . . . . . . . Middle East. . . . . . . Egypt . . . . . . . . . Iran . . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . Kuwait . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . Syria . . . . . . . . . United Arab Emir. . Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

East Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Burma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . China: Mainland . . Taiwan . . . Indonesia . . . Japan . . . . . . Korea, South . Malaysia . . . . Singapore . . . Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Europe. . Belgium . . . . . Denmark . . . . . Finland . . . . . . France . . . . . . Germany. . . . . Greece . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . Norway . . . . . . Portugal . . . . . Spain . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . Switzerland . . . Turkey . . . . . . United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Oceania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Zealand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . - Represents $2.5 million or less.

X Not applicable.

Includes countries not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, annual.

Military Sales and Assistance

359

No. 554. U.S. Military Sales and Assistance to Foreign Governments: 1987 to 1995
[In millions of dollars, except as indicated. For fiscal year ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Department of Defense (DOD) sales deliveries cover deliveries against DOD sales orders sales orders authorized under Arms Export Control Act, as well as earlier and applicable legislation. For details regarding individual programs, see source] ITEM Military sales agreements . . . . . Military constr. sales agrmts . . . . Military sales deliveries 1 . . . . . . Military sales financing . . . . . . . Military assistance programs 2 . . Military assist. program delivery 3 IMET program/deliveries 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1987 5,963 129 10,849 4,053 958 83 53 1988 11,111 217 9,114 4,049 697 56 45 1989 9,892 76 7,511 4,273 535 53 46 1990 11,667 273 7,969 4,758 137 27 43 1991 20,085 725 8,977 4,693 177 150 46 1992 14,460 682 10,446 4,274 116 87 42 1993 32,067 815 11,262 4,124 540 51 43 1994 12,935 60 9,539 3,917 321 5 22 1995 9,029 25 11,835 3,712 112 9 26

1 Includes aircraft, ships, support vehicles, communications equipment, and other supplies. 2 Includes military construction sales deliveries. 3 Also includes Military Assistance Service Funded (MASF) program data, section 506(a) drawdown authority, and MAP Merger Funds. 4 Includes Military Assistance Service Funded (MASF) program data and section 506(a) drawdown authority.

No. 555. U.S. Military Sales Deliveries, by Country: 1987 to 1995
[In millions of dollars. For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Represents Department of Defense military sales] COUNTRY Total 1 . . . . . . . . . . Australia . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . China: Taiwan . . Egypt . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . Greece . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . Kuwait . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . Portugal . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . South Korea . . . Spain . . . . . . . . Thailand . . . . . . Turkey . . . . . . . United Kingdom .
1

1987 10,849 588 127 366 962 315 79 1,230 71 233 58 413 24 3,199 344 822 95 277 205

1988 9,114 850 212 484 497 382 129 754 62 212 41 321 15 1,297 326 637 291 699 180

1989 7,511 583 144 353 322 632 137 230 64 166 46 387 32 965 316 656 211 619 131

1990 7,969 381 103 460 441 358 114 146 61 220 52 375 72 1,139 328 403 175 720 205

1991 8,977 205 164 556 573 476 124 242 61 317 111 371 40 3,018 230 155 179 600 243

1992 10,446 156 107 708 1,091 501 163 721 52 544 858 319 89 2,632 309 138 102 703 154

1993 11,262 233 122 694 1,263 346 213 787 48 317 882 115 83 3,614 306 203 106 749 227

1994 9,539 350 154 736 1,034 155 193 452 106 600 221 216 228 2,153 374 390 138 885 202

1995 11,835 303 117 1,161 1,788 241 227 332 56 526 487 189 91 3,762 431 115 346 362 108

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Includes countries not shown.

Source of tables 554 and 555: U.S. Defense Security Assistance Agency, Foreign Military Sales, Foreign Military Construction Sales, and Military Assistance Facts, annual.

No. 556. Summary of Active and Reserve Military Personnel and Forces
ITEM Military personnel (1,000): Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guard and Reserve . . . . . Military Forces: Army divisions: Active . . . . . . . . . . . . National Guard . . . . . . Air Force: Fighter wing: Active . . . . . . . . Reserve . . . . . . Navy aircraft carriers: Active . . . . . . . . . Training . . . . . . . . Navy air wings: Active . . . . . . . . . Reserve . . . . . . . . Battle force ships 2 . . Cold War (1990) 2,069 1,128 1998 Force Target 1,422 889 ITEM Marine Corps: Divisions: Active . . . Reserve . Air wings: Active . . . Reserve . Cold War (1990) 1998 Force Target

1,431 892

........ ........ ........ ........

3 1 3 1

3 1 3 1

3 1 3 1

18 10

10 1 8

10 1 8

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

24 12 15 1 13 2 546

13 7 11 1

13 7 11 1

10 10 1 1 346 330-346

Strategic nuclear forces: Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles . . . . . . . . . . Warheads . . . . . . . . Ballistic missile submarines . . . . . . . . Sea-launched ballistic missiles . . . . . . . . . . Warheads . . . . . . . . Heavy bombers. . . . . . . .

1,000 2,450 31 568 4,864 324

550 2,000 18 432 3,456
5

3

500 500
3

14

336 34 1,750
5

87
4

92

1 Plus 15 enhanced readiness brigades. 2 Includes active and reserve ships. 3 Upon entry-into-force of START II. 1,750. 5 Does not include 95 B-1 bombers dedicated to conventional missions.

Not over

Source: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the United States Government, annual.

No. 557. Department of Defense Manpower: 1950 to 1995
[In thousands. As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9. Includes National Guard, Reserve, and retired regular personnel on extended or continuous active duty. Excludes Coast Guard. Other officer candidates are included under enlisted personnel] YEAR 1950 1955 1960 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total
1 2

360

ARMY Total
2

NAVY Officers Enlisted Total 73 122 101 112 118 144 166 173 167 149 121 116 106 103 99 98 98 97 99 102 103 106 108 110 110 108 107 107 104 104 95 88 85 83 519 986 770 855 1,080 1,297 1,402 1,337 1,153 972 687 682 674 678 678 680 670 657 674 675 673 669 668 667 667 668 660 658 624 603 511 480 452 422
2

3

MARINE CORPS Officers Enlisted Total 45 75 70 78 80 82 85 85 81 75 73 71 67 66 64 63 63 62 63 65 67 68 69 71 72 72 72 72 72 71 69 66 62 59 333 583 545 588 659 664 674 684 606 542 511 490 475 466 458 462 463 457 460 470 481 485 491 495 504 510 516 516 503 495 468 439 403 372
2

AIR FORCE
2

White (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 503 502 504 512 520 523 524 519 507 497 466 452 388 365 344 322

Black (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 229 232 230 220 215 211 210 212 213 218 213 204 173 158 147 137

White (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 436 443 450 462 455 459 464 467 466 461 446 439 415 390 355 326

Black (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 55 58 62 66 67 70 75 81 85 91 93 92 88 84 78 75

White (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 142 145 149 152 153 152 151 150 147 146 145 144 138 134 131 130

Black (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 39 39 38 37 36 37 38 38 38 38 38 36 32 30 28 28

Officers Enlisted Total 7 18 16 17 21 24 25 26 25 22 20 19 19 19 19 19 18 18 18 18 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 18 18 18 67 187 154 173 241 262 283 284 235 191 178 177 170 177 174 173 172 167 170 172 173 174 176 178 179 179 177 177 177 174 165 160 156 157

White (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 460 468 476 483 486 488 491 489 462 458 428 409 377 357 341 318

Black (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 80 83 87 88 89 90 92 92 88 87 82 77 70 65 62 58

Officers Enlisted 57 137 130 132 131 135 140 135 130 126 122 115 110 105 100 96 95 96 98 99 102 105 106 108 109 107 105 104 100 97 90 84 81 78
2

1,459 2,935 2,475 2,654 3,092 3,375 3,546 3,458 3,065 2,713 2,322 2,252 2,162 2,128 2,082 2,075 2,062 2,027 2,051 2,083 2,109 2,123 2,138 2,151 2,169 2,174 2,138 2,130 2,044 1,986 1,807 1,705 1,610 1,518

593 1,109 873 969 1,200 1,442 1,570 1,512 1,323 1,124 811 801 783 784 779 782 772 759 777 781 780 780 780 781 781 781 772 770 732 711 610 572 541 509

381 661 617 670 743 750 764 774 691 622 587 564 546 535 525 530 530 523 527 540 553 558 565 571 581 587 593 593 579 570 542 510 469 435

74 205 171 190 262 285 307 310 260 212 198 196 189 196 192 192 191 185 188 191 192 194 196 198 199 200 197 197 197 194 185 178 174 175

411 960 815 825 887 897 905 862 791 755 726 691 644 613 585 571 570 559 558 570 583 592 597 602 608 607 576 571 535 510 470 444 426 400

354 823 683 690 753 759 762 723 657 625 600 572 529 503 481 470 470 459 456 467 476 483 486 489 495 495 467 463 431 409 376 356 341 318

National Defense and Veterans Affairs

NA Not available. 1 Beginning 1980, excludes Navy Reserve personnel on active duty for Training and Administration of Reserves (TARS). From 1969, the full-time Guard and Reserve. and other not shown separately. 3 Prior to 1980, includes Navy Reserve personnel on active duty for Training and Administration of Reserves (TARS). Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual.

Includes Cadets

Military Installations
No. 558. Military Installations in the United States: 1995
[Represents bases with active-duty populations of 300 or more. Excludes the Coast Guard] STATE AND BRANCH United States . . Alabama . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps . . . Air Force . . . . . . Arkansas . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . California . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps . . . Air Force . . . . . . Colorado . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Delaware . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . District of Columbia Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps . . . Air Force . . . . . . Florida. . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps . . . Air Force . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Marine Corps . . . Air Force . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Maine . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . Massachusetts . . . Army . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Active duty personnel 1,275,596 20,219 11,297 4,461 4,461 16,688 6,700 475 9,513 23,061 5,750 5,311 12,000 13,678 6839 6,839 188,871 7,698 100,884 56,589 23,700 34,815 15,000 19,815 9,000 9,000 4,040 4,040 9,115 3,555 2,920 1,168 1,472 65,936 39,151 26,785 68,839 53,696 5,907 900 8,336 50,984 15,787 23,128 8,671 3,398 4,274 ( 1) 4,274 25,635 2,120 16,719 6,796 ( 1) (1) 18,621 15,641 2,980 29,906 29,906 18,506 8,851 3,638 6,017 3,474 3,474 30,691 14,255 10,446 5,990 2,622 ( 2) (2) 2,622 Family members 1,568,828 14,969 11,895 1,537 1,537 24,453 9,600 14,853 45,897 11,700 7,197 27,000 14,910 7455 7,455 159,238 9,384 41,044 68,847 39,963 49,671 32,000 17,671 22,000 22,000 6,000 6,000 4,190 4,150 40 108,699 54,312 54,387 100,181 70,376 19,950 1,700 8,155 42,140 12,895 22,962 6,283 3,400 (1) 3,400 22,877 3,560 10,000 9,317 (1) (1) 27,350 20,600 6,750 46,373 46,373 15,362 13,782 1,580 3,550 3,550 24,988 14,304 2,684 8,000 1,755 (2) 1,755
1

361

Civilians 624,294 28,633 20,633 4,000 4,000 4,409 2,580 46 1,783 7,463 4,000 1,064 2,399 2,714 1357 1,357 73,398 5,351 29,333 9,755 28,959 8,982 3,300 5,682 1,800 1,800 1,128 1,128 9,200 3,540 4,620 1,040 27,378 14,346 13,032 40,309 20,005 4,308 3,175 12,821 19,744 3,223 12,554 2,674 1,293 430 430 13,347 8,390 2,418 2,539 (1) (1) 5,755 5,330 425 11,491 11,491 7,559 2,363 3,352 1,844 891 891 45,829 35,755 7,981 2,093 1,872 (2) (2) 1,872

STATE AND BRANCH Michigan . . . . . Air Force . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . Missouri. . . . . . Army . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . Montana . . . . . Air Force . . . . Nebraska . . . . . Air Force . . . . Nevada . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . New Hampshire Navy . . . . . . . New Jersey . . . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . New Mexico . . . Army . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . New York . . . . . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . North Carolina . Army . . . . . . . Marine Corps . Air Force . . . . North Dakota . . Air Force . . . . Ohio . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Army . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . Oregon . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Rhode Island . . Navy . . . . . . . South Carolina . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Marine Corps . Air Force . . . . South Dakota . . Air Force . . . . Tennessee . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Texas . . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . Vermont. . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Marine Corps . Air Force . . . . Washington . . . Army . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . Air Force . . . . West Virginia . . Wisconsin . . . . Army . . . . . . . Wyoming . . . . . Air Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Active duty personnel 1,026 1,026 19,394 7,088 12,306 7,828 4,800 3,028 3,871 3,871 9,780 9,780 7,863 1,100 6,763 401 401 9,748 2,048 2,199 5,501 15,194 786 14,408 14,395 11,895 2,500 112,424 49,000 54,003 9,421 9,940 9,940 8,900 8,900 26,966 14,585 12,381 2,284 713 1,571 3,652 3,677 25,661 8,679 1,072 5,750 10,160 3,500 3,500 2,272 2,272 120,456 67,934 7,996 44,526 4,700 4,700 161,678 23,526 130,152 8,000 8,985 60,884 20,000 31,837 9,047 304 304 3,500 3,500

Family members 18,301 1,655 16,646 12,200 6,000 6,200 5,159 5,159 15,500 15,500 12,133 2,000 10,133 967 967 11,725 2,220 1,100 8,405 25,356 1,637 23,719 22,187 19,187 3,000 173,762 78,000 88,535 7,227 13,546 13,546 12,750 12,750 44,682 38,982 5,700 4,616 1,866 2,750 3,000 3,000 33,326 7,762 9,164 16,400 5,050 5,050 2,192 2,192 150,118 109,854 8,378 31,886 167,722 19,472 144,750 3,500 13,000 91,517 22,100 56,704 12,713 816 816 4,200 4,200

Civilians 1,335 1,335 7,841 2,435 5,406 4,635 4,000 635 441 441 2,920 2,920 2,900 1,400 1,500 3,630 3,630 15,725 9,968 2,795 2,962 21,876 6,927 14,949 6,069 6,069 17,380 4,783 11,083 1,514 1,712 1,712 16,650 16,650 21,762 5,668 16,094 1,729 951 778 3,976 3,897 5,852 931 669 1,477 2,775 500 500 1,707 1,707 59,368 18,854 8,016 32,498 9,800 9,800 77,403 24,314 50,289 2,800 2,256 23,892 5,400 15,325 3,167 2,259 2,259 600 600

- Represents or rounds to zero.

Closed or scheduled to close.

Source: Army Times Publishing Co. Springfield, VA 22159,Guide to Military Installations in the U. S., annual.

362

National Defense and Veterans Affairs
No. 559. Military Personnel on Active Duty, by Location: 1980 to 1996
[In thousands. As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9] ITEM 1980 2,051 1,840 211 1,562 488 1985 2,151 1,920 231 1,636 516 1988 2,138 1,891 248 1,598 541
2

1989 2,130 1,884 246 1,620 510

1990 2,044 1,794 252 1,437 609

1991 1,986 1,743 243 1,539 448
3

1992 1,807 1,589 218 1,463 344

1993 1,705 1,505 200 1,397 308

1994 1,611 1,431 180 1,324 287

1995 1,518 1,351 167 1,280 238

1996 1,472 1,317 155 1,231 240

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shore-based 1 . . . Afloat 2 . . . . . . . . United States 3 . . Foreign countries .
1

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

. . . .

Includes Navy personnel temporarily on shore.

Includes Marine Corps.

Includes outlying areas.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual.

No. 560. Military Personnel on Active Duty in Foreign Countries: 1996
[As of end of fiscal year] COUNTRY In foreign countries 1 . . . . . . Ashore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Afloat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Albania . . . . . . . . . . . . Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antarctica . . . . . . . . . . . Antigua . . . . . . . . . . . . Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . Armenia . . . . . . . . . . . . Australia . . . . . . . . . . . Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . Azerbaijan . . . . . . . . . . Bahamas, The. . . . . . . . Bahrain . . . . . . . . . . . . Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . Barbados . . . . . . . . . . . Belarus . . . . . . . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . Belize . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bosnia and Herzegovina . Botswana . . . . . . . . . . . Brazil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . Burma . . . . . . . . . . . . . Burundi . . . . . . . . . . . . Cambodia . . . . . . . . . . Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . China . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . Congo . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . . Cote D’Ivoire. . . . . . . . . Croatia . . . . . . . . . . . . Cuba (Guantanamo). . . . Cyprus. . . . . . . . . . . . . Czech Republic . . . . . . . Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . Diego Garcia. . . . . . . . . Djibouti . . . . . . . . . . . . Dominican Republic . . . . Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . El Salvador. . . . . . . . . . Eritrea . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

1996 240,421 213,467 26,954 3 8 3 19 2 25 1 328 37 1 53 598 10 11 2 1,646 2 24 15,003 7 47 14 11 5 5 9 208 9 24 32 34 5 9 19 4,007 1,886 50 10 38 878 7 10 70 1,066 26 1

COUNTRY Estonia . . . . . . . . Ethopia . . . . . . . . Fiji . . . . . . . . . . . Finland . . . . . . . . France . . . . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . . . . Germany . . . . . . . Ghana . . . . . . . . . Gibraltar. . . . . . . . Greece . . . . . . . . Greenland . . . . . . Guatemala . . . . . . Guinea . . . . . . . . Haiti . . . . . . . . . . Honduras . . . . . . . Hong Kong . . . . . . Hungary . . . . . . . . Iceland . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . Indonesia . . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . . Italy. . . . . . . . . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . Jordan . . . . . . . . . Kazakhstan . . . . . Kenya . . . . . . . . . Korea, Republic of . Kuwait . . . . . . . . . Kyrgyzstan . . . . . . Laos . . . . . . . . . . Latvia . . . . . . . . . Lebanon . . . . . . . Liberia . . . . . . . . . Lithuania . . . . . . . Luxembourg . . . . . Macedonia . . . . . . Madagascar . . . . . Malaysia . . . . . . . Mali. . . . . . . . . . . Malta . . . . . . . . . . Mexico. . . . . . . . . Moldova . . . . . . . . Morocco. . . . . . . . Mozambique . . . . . Nepal . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . . . New Zealand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1996 2 10 2 17 73 2 48,878 7 4 507 141 17 6 277 865 29 6,523 1,893 24 43 8 44 12,401 10 42,962 24 7 29 36,539 5,531 1 3 1 2 9 2 9 501 6 19 6 8 35 1 17 5 6 747 32

COUNTRY Nicaragua . . . . . . . Niger . . . . . . . . . . . Nigeria. . . . . . . . . . Norway . . . . . . . . . Oman . . . . . . . . . . Pakistan. . . . . . . . . Panama . . . . . . . . . Paraguay . . . . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . . . . Philippines . . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . . . . . Portugal . . . . . . . . . Qatar. . . . . . . . . . . Rep. of Korea . . . . . Romania . . . . . . . . Russia . . . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . Senegal . . . . . . . . . Serbia . . . . . . . . . . Sierra Leone . . . . . . Singapore . . . . . . . Slovakia . . . . . . . . . South Africa . . . . . . Spain . . . . . . . . . . Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . St. Helena . . . . . . . Suriname . . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . . . . Switzerland. . . . . . . Syria . . . . . . . . . . . Tanzania, U. Rep. of Thailand. . . . . . . . . Togo . . . . . . . . . . . Trinidad and Tabago. Tunisia. . . . . . . . . . Turkey . . . . . . . . . . Turkmenistan . . . . . Uganda . . . . . . . . . Ukraine . . . . . . . . . United Arab Emirates United Kingdom. . . . Uruguay . . . . . . . . . Uzbekistan . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . Vietnam . . . . . . . . . Yemen . . . . . . . . . . Zaire . . . . . . . . . . . Zambabwe . . . . . . . Zambia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1996 15 6 16 104 30 26 6,435 10 26 138 20 1,075 43 36,539 12 74 1,587 11 8 6 158 4 23 2,746 7 3 2 13 24 11 5 242 6 32 19 2,922 1 9 8 23 11,662 9 1 30 6 11 9 8 6

Includes areas not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual.

No. 561. Coast Guard Personnel on Active Duty: 1970 to 1995
[As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9] YEAR 1970 . 1975 . 1980 . 1985 . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total 37,689 36,788 39,381 38,595 36,939 Officers 5,512 5,630 6,463 6,775 6,876 Cadets Enlisted 653 1,177 877 733 927 31,524 29,981 32,041 31,087 29,136 1991 . 1992 . 1993 . 1994 . 1995 . . . . . . YEAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total 38,377 39,388 39,234 37,802 36,731 Officers 7,192 7,507 7,628 7,656 7,462 Cadets Enlisted 900 919 907 881 841 30,285 30,962 30,699 29,265 28,401

Source: U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Annual Report of the Secretary of Transportation.

National Defense and Veterans Affairs
No. 562. Armed Forces Personnel—Summary of Major Conflicts

363

[For Revolutionary War, number of personnel serving not known, but estimates range from 184,000 to 250,000; for War of 1812, 286,730 served; for Mexican War, 78,718 served. Dates of the major conflicts may differ from those specified in various laws providing benefits for veterans] ITEM Personnel serving 2 . . . . . . . . . . Average duration of service . . . . . Service abroad: Personnel serving. Average duration 8 . . . . . . . . . . . Casualties: 9 Battle deaths 2 . . . . . Wounds not mortal 2 . . . . . . . . Draftees: Classified. . . . . . . . . . . Examined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rejected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inducted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1,000 . . Months . Percent . Months . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . Civil War 1 2,213 20 (NA) (NA) 140 282 777 522 160 46 SpanishAmerican War 307 8 6 29 1.5 (Z) 2 (X) (X) (X) (X) World War I 4,735 12 53 6 53 204 24,234 3,764 803 2,820 World War II
3

Korean conflict
4

Vietnam conflict 8,744 23 (NA) (NA) 10 47 10 153 5 75,717 5 8,611 5 3,880 5 1,759
5

16,113 33 73 16 292 671 36,677 17,955 6,420 10,022

5,720 19 7 56 13 34 103 9,123 3,685 1,189 1,560

NA Not available. X Not applicable. Z Fewer than 500. 1 Union forces only. Estimates of the number serving in Confederate forces range from 600,000 to 1.5 million. 2 Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual. 3 Covers Dec. 1, 1941, to Dec. 31, 1946. 4 Covers June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953. 5 Covers Aug. 4, 1964, to 6 7 Army and Marines only. Excludes Navy. Covers July 1950 through Jan. 1955. Far East area only. Jan. 27, 1973. 8 During hostilities only. 9 For periods covered, see footnotes 3, 4, and 5. 10 Covers Jan. 1, 1961, to Jan. 27, 1973. Includes known military service personnel who have died from combat related wounds. Source: Except as noted, the President’s Commission on Veterans’ Pensions, Veterans’ Benefits in the United States, vol. I, 1956; and U.S. Dept. of Defense, unpublished data.

No. 563. Enlisted Military Personnel Accessions: 1990 to 1996
[In thousands. For years ending Sept. 30] BRANCH OF SERVICE Total . . . . . . . . . . . First enlistments. . Reenlistments . . . Reserves to active Army . . . . . . . . . First enlistments Reenlistments . . Navy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... .... .... duty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 461.1 216.4 237.0 15.6 181.7 84.8 96.5 135.3 1994 373.1 160.5 188.5 24.0 138.0 60.3 77.6 105.9 1995 1996 BRANCH OF SERVICE First enlistments Reenlistments . . Marine Corps . . . First enlistments Reenlistments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 62.1 58.6 47.7 32.9 14.4 104.4 36.6 67.5 1994 37.6 45.0 44.6 32.2 11.7 84.5 30.5 54.0 1995 36.4 41.4 46.7 34.4 11.9 81.3 31.4 49.7 1996 39.2 40.6 48.7 34.5 0.4 81.6 31.2 50.3

357.3 367.6 160.0 174.6 180.8 181.0 16.6 12.0 135.9 146.0 57.7 69.7 77.7 76.2 93.4 91.3

Air Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First enlistments . . . . . . . . Reenlistments . . . . . . . . . .

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics annual.

No. 564. Military Personnel on Active Duty: 1990 to 1996
[As of Sept. 30] RANK/GRADE Total
1

1990 2,043.7 97.6 140.3 280.1 427.8 361.5 239.1 134.1 38.0 15.3 3.2 3.0 31.9 37.9 106.6 53.2 32.3 14.0 0.5 0.4 0.1 (Z)

1991 1,985.6 74.6 125.8 275.6 426.1 355.5 238.9 134.2 36.1 14.8 2.8 3.0 27.3 37.6 106.1 53.1 32.2 13.7 0.5 0.3 0.1 (Z)

1992 1,807.2 83.2 110.9 233.5 383.5 305.1 227.4 130.5 33.2 13.5 2.2 2.7 25.8 33.5 100.2 50.4 30.9 13.2 0.5 0.3 0.1 (Z)

1993 1,705.1 75.4 114.1 214.6 352.2 295.6 214.6 124.7 31.6 12.8 2.4 2.4 25.0 29.7 93.0 48.0 29.5 12.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 (Z)

1994 1,610.5 73.3 108.2 208.4 322.2 281.0 198.1 119.7 29.9 12.1 2.4 2.4 24.8 27.3 89.2 44.8 29.0 12.2 0.5 0.3 0.1 (Z)

1995 1,518.2 63.4 99.7 197.1 317.2 261.4 180.5 109.3 28.8 11.1 2.0 2.2 25.6 26.1 84.3 43.9 28.7 11.7 0.4 0.3 0.1 (Z)

1996 1,471.7 69.3 99.0 200.4 283.8 254.8 172.6 107.7 28.8 10.7 2.1 2.0 25.2 25.8 81.0 43.9 28.2 11.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 (Z)

....................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Recruit—E-1 . . . . . Private—E-2 . . . . . Pvt. 1st class—E-3 . Corporal—E-4 . . . . Sergeant—E-5 . . . . Staff Sgt.—E-6 . . . . Sgt. 1st class—E-7 . Master Sgt.—E-8 . . Sgt. Major—E-9 . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Warrant Officer—W-1 Chief Warrant—W-4 . 2d Lt.—0-1 . . . . . . . 1st Lt.—0-2 . . . . . . . Captain—0-3 . . . Major—0-4 . . . . Lt. Colonel—0-5 . Colonel—0-6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Brig. General—0-7 . Major General—0-8 Lt. General—0-9. . . General—0-10 . . . .

Z Fewer than 50.

Includes cadets and midshipmen and warrant officers, W-2 and W-3.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics, annual, and Office of the Comptroller, unpublished data.

364

National Defense and Veterans Affairs
No. 565. Military Reserve Personnel: 1980 to 1996

[In thousands. As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9. Excludes U.S. Coast Guard Reserve. The ready reserve includes selected reservists who are intended to assist active forces in a war and the individual ready reserve who, in a major war, would be used to fill out active and reserve units and later would be a source of combat replacements; a portion of the ready reserve serves in an active status. The standby reserve cannot be called to active duty unless the Congress gives its explicit approval. The retired reserve represents a low potential for mobilization] RESERVE STATUS AND BRANCH OF SERVICE Total reserves Ready reserve . . . . Standby reserve . . . Retired reserve . . . Army . . . . . . . . . . Navy . . . . . . . . . . Marine Corp . . . . . Air Force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1,550 1,523 28 530 921 262 102 265

. 1,349 1,610 1,653 1,657 1,677 1,661 1,671 1,786 1,883 1,867 1,805 1,659 . 1,263 1,566 1,612 1,620 1,642 1,631 1,641 1,758 1,858 1,841 1,779 1,633 . 86 44 41 38 34 29 29 28 25 26 26 26 . 338 372 390 412 469 477 462 474 442 461 482 506 . 804 1,045 1,067 1,064 1,070 1,062 1,050 1,124 1,156 1,132 1,077 1,001 . 207 214 228 238 244 248 252 271 297 302 317 280 . 94 92 93 88 87 82 83 96 107 112 109 104 . 243 259 266 268 275 270 286 295 323 321 302 274

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Official Guard and Reserve Manpower Strengths and Statistics, quarterly.

No. 566. Ready Reserve Personnel Profile—Race, and Sex: 1990 to 1996
RACE ITEM 1990 1993 1994 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total 1,641,475 1,840,650 1,779,436 1,633,497 White 1,289,367 1,425,255 1,366,387 1,254,592 Black 271,470 309,699 297,519 273,847 249,120 187,425 13,080 174,345 61,695 6,748 54,947 Asian 14,616 21,089 22,190 21,792 21,241 18,239 2,386 15,853 3,002 529 2,473 American Indian 7,695 9,068 8,870 8,591 8,390 6,896 457 6,439 1,494 92 1,402 White 78.5 77.4 76.8 76.8 76.6 78.6 86.1 77.2 65.7 76.0 63.3 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Black 16.5 16.8 16.7 16.8 16.4 14.5 6.7 15.9 26.9 15.5 29.6 Asian 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 American Indian 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.8

1996, total 1. . . . . . 1,522,518 1,166,681 Male . . . . . . . . . . . 1,293,133 1,016,025 Officers . . . . . . . . 195,489 168,394 Enlisted. . . . . . . . 1,097,644 847,631 Female. . . . . . . . . . Officers . . . . . . . . Enlisted. . . . . . . .
1

229,385 43,462 185,923

150,656 33,019 117,637

Includes unknown sex.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, Official Guard and Reserve Manpower Strengths and Statistics, annual.

No. 567. Military Reserve Costs: 1980 to 1995
[In millions of dollars. As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9. Army and Air Force data include National Guard] TYPE OF COST Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operations and maintenance Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . Active-duty support . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 7,969 3,526 2,456 1,459 408 120 1985 19,414 5,734 7,703 5,009 566 402 1989 19,797 6,694 8,637 3,520 611 605 1990 21,526 6,687 8,621 4,914 638 666 1991 21,811 7,398 8,543 4,480 700 690 1992 21,867 7,714 9,272 3,533 731 617 1993 22,825 8,095 9,062 4,398 682 588 1994 20,269 8,173 9,564 1,168 632 732 1995 20,424 8,832 9,258 1,102 658 574

Source: U.S. Dept. of Defense, unpublished data.

No. 568. National Guard—Summary: 1980 to 1995
[As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9. Includes Puerto Rico] ITEM Army National Guard: Units Personnel 1 . . . . . . . . . Funds obligated 2 . . . . . Value of equipment . . . . Air National Guard: Units . . Personnel 1 . . . . . . . . . Funds obligated 2 . . . . . Value of equipment (est.) . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . Unit Number . 1,000 . . Bil. dol. . Bil. dol. . Number . 1,000 . . Bil. dol. . Bil. dol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 3,379 368 1.8 7.6 1,054 96 1.7 5.2 1985 4,353 438 4.4 18.8 1,184 109 2.8 21.4 1989 5,715 457 5.4 30.1 1,339 116 3.2 27.5 1990 4,055 444 5.2 29.0 1,339 118 3.2 26.4 1991 6,470 446 5.4 29.0 1,450 115 1.2 27.1 1992 6,727 427 6.3 29.0 1,425 119 1.9 38.3 1993 6,339 410 6.3 31.0 1,330 117 2.6 41.7 1994 6,000 397 6.0 31.0 1,665 114 3.1 40.2 1995 5,872 375 6.0 33.0 1,604 110 4.2 38.3

1 2 Officers and enlisted personnel. Federal funds; includes personnel, operations, maintenance, and military construction. 3 Beginning 1985, increase due to repricing of aircraft to current year dollars to reflect true replacement value. Beginning 1993 includes value of aircraft and support equipment.

Source: National Guard Bureau, Annual Review of the Chief, National Guard Bureau; and unpublished data.

Veterans
No. 569. Veterans—States: 1995

365

[In thousands. As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9. Data were estimated starting with veteran’s place of residence as of April 1, 1980, based on 1980 Census of Population data, extended to later years on the basis of estimates of veteran interstate migration, separations from the Armed Forces, and mortality; not directly comparable with earlier estimates previously published by the VA. Excludes 423,000 veterans whose only active-duty military service occurred since September 8, 1980, and who failed to satisfy the minimum service requirement. Also excludes a small indeterminate number of National Guard personnel or reservists who incurred service-connected disabilities while on an initial tour of active duty for training only] STATE United States . . . . . . . . . Alabama . Alaska . . Arizona . . Arkansas . California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total veterans War veterans World War I 13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 World War II 7,410 118 8 139 78 759 89 104 22 15 613 150 27 31 315 160 86 76 103 108 40 133 191 259 119 69 166 27 47 48 34 242 46 478 187 15 345 102 106 446 37 97 20 137 425 41 16 167 154 63 140 12 Korean conflict 4,465 80 8 83 46 495 66 58 13 10 316 109 20 18 180 97 52 45 62 63 25 87 104 148 77 43 104 16 31 36 22 133 29 260 120 11 192 64 59 230 19 64 14 87 278 24 10 122 105 36 83 8 Vietnam era 2 8,237 136 30 146 79 944 146 99 24 14 484 247 42 36 320 181 87 86 117 118 51 174 166 293 150 68 183 31 52 64 46 201 60 416 232 19 356 118 124 376 31 130 21 170 582 44 20 260 232 59 152 17 Persian Gulf War 1,442 36 3 22 21 119 22 12 5 4 82 49 6 8 57 34 18 14 24 34 9 27 21 56 22 23 34 7 10 6 6 27 11 79 46 4 69 20 19 67 5 29 6 33 108 9 3 40 32 13 28 3

1

1

26,067 427 65 459 258 2,818 385 339 78 50 1,709 685 116 112 1,074 593 291 263 367 378 153 530 594 949 462 233 586 95 168 186 135 741 172 1,538 711 59 1,188 350 371 1,363 109 380 74 516 1,647 138 62 705 631 199 507 48

20,072 334 45 353 204 2,122 295 260 59 39 1,343 507 85 87 839 453 233 207 288 300 117 389 459 730 355 184 456 76 132 139 101 577 132 1,189 539 47 923 278 289 1,070 85 288 58 398 1,265 110 46 522 475 161 389 38

Colorado . . . . . . . . Connecticut . . . . . . Delaware. . . . . . . . District of Columbia . Florida . . . . . . . . . Georgia. Hawaii . Idaho . . Illinois . . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Iowa . . . . Kansas . . Kentucky . Louisiana Maine . . .

Maryland . . . . . Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi . . . . Missouri . . . . . Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . New Mexico . . New York . . . North Carolina North Dakota . Ohio . . . . . . Oklahoma . . Oregon . . . . Pennsylvania Rhode Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

South Carolina . South Dakota . . Tennessee . . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . Virginia . . . . Washington . West Virginia Wisconsin . . Wyoming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- Represents zero. 1 Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are counted only once. ‘‘All Veterans’’ includes Vietnam era (no prior wartime service), Korean conflict (no prior wartime service), World War II, post Vietnam era, Persian Gulf War era, and other. 2 Excludes reservists. Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Management Sciences Service (008B2), Annual Report of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

366

National Defense and Veterans Affairs
No. 570. Veterans Living in the United States and Puerto Rico, by Age and by Service: 1995

[In thousands, except as indicated. As of July, 1. Estimated. Excludes 500,000 veterans whose only active duty military service of less than two years occurred since Sept. 30, 1980. See headnote, table 569] WARTIME VETERANS AGE Total veterans . . . . . . . . . .
1

Total

1

Persian Gulf 1,450 735 259 146 153 105 37 11 3 -

Vietnam era 8,273 298 1,591 3,402 1,878 526 265 312

Korean conflict 4,499 361 2,226 1,912

World War II 7,433 35 7,398

World War I 13 13

Peacetime veterans 6,029 396 1,018 1,161 333 113 757 1,518 569 165

All ages . . . . . . Under 30 years old . . 30-34 years old . . . . 35-39 years old . . . . 40-44 years old . . . . 45-49 years old . . . . 50-54 years old . . . . 55-59 years old . . . . 60-64 years old . . . . 65 years old and over

26,198 1,133 1,277 1,587 1,969 3,535 2,646 2,362 2,899 8,791

20,169 735 259 426 1,636 3,422 1,889 844 2,331 8,626

- Represents zero.

Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are counted only once.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Office of Information Management and Statistics, Veteran Population, annual.

No. 571. Disabled Veterans Receiving Compensation: 1980 to 1995
[In thousands, except as indicated. As of end of fiscal year; see text, section 9. Represents veterans receiving compensation for service-connected disabilities. Totally disabled refers to veterans with any disability, mental or physical, deemed to be total and permanent which prevents the individual from maintaining a livelihood and are rated for disability at 100 percent] MILITARY SERVICE Disabled, all periods 1 . . . . . Peace-time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . World War I 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . World War II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vietnam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persian Gulf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Totally disabled, all periods 1 . Peace-time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . World War I 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . World War II. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vietnam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persian Gulf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compensation (mil. dol.) . . . X Not applicable. 1980 2,274 262 30 1,193 236 553 (X) 121 20 3 51 16 31 (X) 6,104
1

1985 2,240 352 12 1,049 223 604 (X) 136 26 1 54 17 38 (X) 8,270

1988 2,199 398 6 947 215 633 (X) 131 26 1 47 16 41 (X) 8,722

1989 2,192 421 5 912 212 643 (X) 131 26 (Z) 45 16 43 (X) 8,937

1990 2,184 444 3 876 209 652 (X) 131 27 (Z) 43 16 44 (X) 9,284

1991 2,179 468 3 841 205 662 (X) 131 27 (Z) 41 16 46 (X) 9,612

1992 2,181 500 2 805 202 671 (X) 132 28 (Z) 39 15 49 (X) 10,031

1993 2,198 471 1 769 198 682 76 135 28 (Z) 37 15 52 2 10,545

1994 2,218 492 1 731 195 694 106 138 29 (Z) 36 15 56 2 10,977

1995 2,236 514 1 692 191 705 134 143 30 34 15 61 3 11,644

Z Less than 500.

Includes Spanish-American War and Mexican Border service, not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Annual Report of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and unpublis

No. 572. Veterans Benefits—Expenditures, by Program: 1980 to 1995
[In millions of dollars. For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Beginning with fiscal year 1989, data are for outlays] PROGRAM Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medical programs . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . General operating expenses . Compensation and pension . Vocational rehabilitation and education . . . . . . . . . . . . All other 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 23,187 6,042 300 605 11,044 2,350 2,846 1985 29,359 9,227 557 765 14,037 1,164 3,609 1989 30,041 10,745 703 766 15,009 589 2,228 1990 28,998 11,582 661 811 14,674 452 818 1991 31,214 12,472 608 884 16,080 541 629 1992 33,900 13,815 639 920 16,282 695 1,549 1993 35,460 14,603 622 904 16,882 863 1,586 1994 37,401 15,430 695 906 17,188 1,119 2,062 1995 37,775 16,255 641 954 17,765 1,127 1,034

...... ......

1 Includes insurance and indemnities, and miscellaneous funds and expenditures. (Excludes expenditures from personal funds of patients.)

Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Trend Data, annual.

National Defense and Veterans Affairs

367

No. 573. Veterans Compensation and Pension Benefits—Number on Rolls and Average Payment, by Period of Service and Status: 1980 to 1993
[As of Sept. 30. Living refers to veterans receiving compensation for disability incurred or aggravated while on active duty and war veterans receiving pension and benefits for nonservice connected disabilities. Deceased refers to deceased veterans whose dependents were receiving pensions and compensation benefits] PERIOD OF SERVICE AND VETERAN STATUS Total . . . . . . . . . . Living veterans . . . . . . . Service connected . . . Nonservice connected Deceased veterans . . . . Service connected . . . Nonservice connected Prior to World War I. . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . World War I . . . . . . . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . World War II. . . . . . . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . Korean conflict 2 . . . . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . Peacetime . . . . . . . . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . Vietnam era 3 . . . . . . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . Persian Gulf War 4 . . . . Living . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VETERANS ON ROLLS (1,000) 1980 4,646 3,195 2,273 922 1,451 358 1,093 14 (Z) 692 198 2,520 1,849 446 317 312 262 662 569 (X) (X) 1990 3,584 2,746 2,184 562 838 320 518 4 (Z) 198 18 1,723 1,294 390 305 495 444 774 685 (X) (X) 1991 3,509 2,709 2,179 530 800 318 482 4 (Z) 172 13 1,638 1,226 388 304 518 468 789 698 (X) (X) 1992 3,428 2,674 2,181 493 754 314 440 3 (Z) 146 9 1,543 1,153 387 300 550 500 804 711 (Z) (Z) 1993 3,374 2,660 2,198 462 714 310 404 3 (Z) 124 6 1,453 1,083 377 296 518 471 821 727 78 76 AVERAGE PAYMENT (annual basis) 1980 2,370 2,600 2,669 2,428 1,863 3,801 1,228 1,432 2,634 1,683 2,669 2,307 2,462 2,691 2,977 3,080 2,828 2,795 2,709 (X) (X) 1985 3,505 3,666 3,692 3,581 3,066 5,836 1,809 1,855 4,436 2,461 4,439 3,317 3,460 4,114 4,260 3,973 3,589 4,021 3,849 (X) (X) 1990 4,335 4,320 4,250 4,591 4,382 7,349 2,548 2,616 10,502 3,435 6,922 4,052 4,123 5,105 5,103 4,132 3,709 4,945 4,671 (X) (X) 1991 4,552 4,491 4,406 4,837 4,761 7,815 2,748 2,921 10,441 3,674 7,239 4,238 4,278 5,330 5,288 4,216 3,789 5,242 4,936 (X) (X)
1

(dol.)

1992 4,712 4,611 4,593 4,689 5,071 8,244 2,810 3,073 8,176 3,754 6,476 4,334 4,333 5,462 5,390 4,292 3,866 5,551 5,234 1,673 1,386

X Not applicable. Z Fewer than 500. 1 Averages calculated by multiplying average monthly payment by 12. 2 Service during period June 27, 1950, to Jan. 31, 1955. 3 Service from Aug. 5, 1964, to May 7, 1975. 4 Service from August 2, 1990 to the present. Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Annual Report of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and unpublished data.

No. 574. Veterans Administration Health Care Summary: 1980 to 1995
[For years ending Sept. 30] ITEM Facilities operating: Hospitals . . . . . . . Domiciliaries . . . . . Outpatient clinics . . Nursing home units Employment 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit Number Number Number Number 1,000. . 1980 172 16 226 92 194 1990 172 32 339 126 199 1995 173 39 391 131 205 ITEM Obligations 2 . . . . . . . . Prescriptions dispensed . Laboratory . . . . . . . . . . Inpatients treated 3 . . . . Average daily . . . . . . Outpatient visits . . . . . . Unit Mil. dol. Millions Millions 1,000. . 1,000. . Millions 1980 6,215 36.7 215 1,359 105 18.0 1990 1995

11,827 16,548 58.6 66.1 188 (NA) 1,113 1,035 88 81 22.6 27.6

NA Not available. 1 Net full-time equivalent. 2 1980, cost basis; thereafter, obligation basis. 3 Based on the number of discharges and deaths during the fiscal year, plus the number on the rolls (bed occupants and patients on authorized leave of absence) at the end of the fiscal year. Excludes interhospital transfers. Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Annual Report of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; Directory of VA Facilities, biennial; and unpublished data.

No. 575. Veterans Assistance—Education and Training: 1980 to 1995
[In thousands, except where indicated. For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, section 9. Represents persons in training during year] PROGRAM Veteran Education Assistance 1 . . . . . . Institutions of higher education . . . . . Resident schools other than college . . Correspondence schools . . . . . . . . . On-the-job training . . . . . . . . . . . . . Children’s Educational Assistance . . . . . Institutions of higher education . . . . . Schools other than college . . . . . . . . Special restorative training . . . . . . . . On-the-job training . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spouses, Widows/Widowers Educational Assistance Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . Institutions of higher education . . . . . Schools other than college . . . . . . . . Disabled Veterans Vocational Rehab.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 1,107 842 149 42 74 82.6 75.5 6.5 0.1 0.5 13.0 10.8 2.2 25.5 297.4 14,815 6,370 1985 402 326 54 7 15 55.3 50.0 5.2 (Z) 0.2 6.6 5.7 1.0 26.9 178.9 11,452 4,363 1990 102 94 6 1 1 37.5 35.3 2.1 (Z) 0.1 4.5 4.1 0.4 27.8 196.6 15,779 5,561 1991 143 132 9 1 1 37.3 35.2 2.1 (Z) (Z) 4.4 4.0 0.4 35.9 181.2 15,454 5,299 1992 195 177 14 3 2 37.2 35.1 2.1 (Z) (Z) 4.5 4.0 0.4 36.8 266.0 22,960 7,819 1993 246 223 18 3 2 36.4 34.3 2.0 (Z) (Z) 4.4 4.0 0.4 40.7 383.3 34,635 11,601 1994 284 258 19 4 3 35.7 33.7 1.9 (Z) (Z) 4.6 4.1 0.4 44.2 602.2 55,141 18,332 1995 292 264 19 (NA) 4 34.8 33.1 1.7 (Z) (Z) 4.6 4.2 0.4 47.9 263.1 25,341 8,383

Guaranteed and insured loans, (1,000) . . . Guaranteed and insured loans, (mil. dol.) . . Guaranty and insurance (mil. dol.) . . . . . . .

NA Not available. Z Fewer than 50. 1 Data for 1980-85 are for Post-Korean Conflict GI Bill (Title 38 USC Chapter 34). Data for 1990-94 are for the Active Duty Montgomery GI Bill (Title 38 USC Chapter 30). Source: U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Annual Report of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and unpublished data.


								
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