NOUNS: by zEmOwYN

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									NOUNS:
  In Italian nouns, pronouns, verbs,
articles, and adjectives are the parts of
    speech which have number. It is
important to be able to identify a word
   as singular or plural because the
     number of one word will often
   influence the number of another.
         Nouns which end in:

-o or -e change to i to form the plural:

         libro       libri
         treno          treni
       giornale        giornali
         leone         leoni
-a changes to -e to form the plural:
          casa        case
        penna        penne
      ragazza      ragazze
 a final -i does not always indicate a
masculine plural noun. The following
  are feminine nouns that end in -e.


       lezione      lezioni
       stazione       stazioni
Invariable Nouns
 Nouns that end in a vowel with a
written accent or in a consonant do
  not change to form the plural:

          città    città
          film     film
       caffè       caffè
          bar      bar
       virtù       virtù
     università      università
nouns that end in -i:


crisi      crisi


tesi        tesi
   nouns that end in -ie:

    serie         series

        Exception:
una moglie       due mogli
nouns that are one syllable:


      re        re

    gru         gru
    abbreviations:

una radio    due radio
 (from radiotelefonia)

un cinema   due cinema
 (from cinematografo)

   un frigo due frigo
   (from frigorifero)
una moto    due moto
  (from motocicletta)

  un'auto due auto
  (from automobile)
             Exceptions

Some feminine nouns which end in -o
  either form the plural in -i or (if
     foreign loan words) remain
             unchanged:

         mano     mani
Some masculine nouns end in -a; they
      form their plural in -i:

      problema      problemi

    programma programmi

          poema    poemi

         dramma drammi
 Some masculine nouns change their
gender to feminine in the plural, with
 a singular looking -a ending rather
    than the usual plural form -e:

         uovo      uova
              dito dita
         braccio braccia
         labbro labbra
         ciglio    ciglia
              paio paia
     -a to -i   poeta     poeti

ista to isti    artista   artisti

     ca to chi duca       duchi

     ga to ghi collega    colleghe
ista to iste   artista     artiste

  ca to che banca        banche

  ga to ghe collega      colleghi
  where the i is not stressed io to i
             negozio negozi
 where the i is stressed io to ii zio
                    zii
 stress on syllable co to chi tedesco
                  tedeschi
  preceding co
 stress is on second co to ci medico
                  medici
syllable preceding co
Exceptions:

amico/amici

nemico/nemici

greco/greci

 porco/porci
the i is not stressed       cia to ce faccia
                    facce
 the i is stressed     cia to cie farmacia
                    farmacie
    the i is not stressed       gia to ge
               spiaggia spiagge

  the i is stressed   gia to gie bugia
             bugie    Exception:
             camicia/camicie
Masuline nouns ending in -go


         go to ghi

     dialogo dialoghi

       ologo to ologi

     psicologo psicologi
ARTICOLI PLURALI
masc. nouns beginning with
        consonant:

    il compito I compiti
masc. nouns beginning with vowel:

     l’orologio   gli orologi
masc. nouns beginning with z or s
            impura:


        lo zaino gli zaini
feminine nouns beginning with
         consonant:



       la sedia le sedie
feminine nouns beginning with vowel:


        l’amica   le amiche

								
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