396 - 430 by USCensus

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Parks, Recreation, and Travel
Figure 7.1

Participation in 10 Most Popular Sports Activities, by Sex: 1994
Exercise walking Swimming Bicycle riding Exercising with equipment Camping Fishing (fresh water) Bowling Basketball Hiking Golf 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

Male Female

45

50

Percent of the population 7 years old and over
Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 414.

Figure 7.2

Attendance for Various Activities: 1992
Attendance at Movies Sports events Amusement parks Participation in Exercise Playing sports Outdoor activities Home improvement Gardening 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Percent of the population 18 years old and over
Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 411.

Section 7

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
This section presents data on national parks and forests, State parks, recreational activities, the arts and humanities, and domestic and foreign travel. Parks and recreation—The Department of the Interior has responsibility for administering the national parks. As part of this function, it issues reports relating to the usage of public parks for recreation purposes. The National Park Service publishes information on visits to national park areas in its annual report, National Park Statistical Abstract. The National Parks: Index (year) is a biannual report which has appeared under a variety of Index titles prior to 1985. Beginning with the 1985 edition, the report has appeared under the current title. The Index contains brief descriptions, with acreages, of each area administered by the Service, plus certain “related” areas. A statistical summary of service-administered areas is also presented. The annual Federal Recreation Fee Report summarizes the prior year’s recreation fee receipts and recreation visitation statistics for seven Federal land managing agencies. Statistics for State parks are compiled by the National Association of State Park Directors which issues its annual Information Exchange. The Bureau of Land Management, in its Public Land Statistics, also issues data on recreational use of its lands. The Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service, in its Report of the Forest Service, issues data on recreational uses of the national forests. Visitation—Data on visitation to reporting areas are collected by several different agencies and groups. The methodology used to collect these results may vary accordingly, from visual counts and estimates to the use of electromagnetic traffic counters. In using and comparing these data, one should also be aware of several different definitions that follow: Recreation visit, which is the entry of any person into an area for recreation purposes; nonrecreation visits, which include visits going to and from inholdings, through traffic, tradespeople and personnel with business in the area; and visitor hour, which constitutes the presence of a person in a recreation

In Brief
Persons who golf: 1975 1994 Expenditures for sound recordings: 1990 1993

13 million 24 million

$7.5 billion $10.0 billion

area or site for recreational purposes for periods of time aggregating 60 minutes. Recreation and leisure activities—Statistics on the participation in various recreation and leisure time activities are based on several sample surveys. Data on participation in fishing, hunting, and other forms of wildlife-associated recreation are published periodically by the U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. The most recent data are from the 1991 survey. Data on participation in various sports recreation activities are published by the National Sporting Goods Association. Travel—Information on foreign travel and personal expenditures abroad, as well as expenditures by foreign citizens traveling in the United States, is compiled annually by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and published in selected issues of the monthly Survey of Current Business. Statistics on arrivals to the United States had been reported by the U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration (USTTA), in cooperation with the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, and are published in Summary and Analysis of International Travel to the United States. Sources of statistics on departures from the United States included USTTA’s in-flight survey, the Department of Transportation’s International Air Travel Statistics, and other sources. Data on domestic travel, business receipts and employment of the travel industry, and travel expenditures are published by the U.S. Travel Data Center, the national nonprofit center for travel and tourism research which is located in Washington, DC. Other data on household transportation characteristics may be found in section 21.

250

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 396. Visitation to Federal Recreation Areas: 1980 to 1994

[In millions of visitor hours. For years ending September 30. Covers persons entering and using a recreation area over a specified period of time. For definition of visitor hour, see text, section 7] ADMINISTERING FEDERAL AGENCY All areas . . . . . . . . . . . . Fish and Wildlife Service . . . . . Forest Service . . . . . . . . . . . . U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 1 National Park Service . . . . . . . Bureau of Land Management 2 . Bureau of Reclamation . . . . . . Tennessee Valley Authority 3 . . .
3

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,367 17 2,819 1,926 1,042 68 407 87

1985 6,403 65 2,705 1,721 1,298 246 289 79

1987 7,332 72 2,861 2,176 1,394 515 306 8

1988 7,419 81 2,908 2,290 1,376 461 294 9

1989 7,475 45 3,030 2,296 1,315 493 286 10

1990 7,567 (NA) 3,157 2,280 1,322 518 280 10

1991 7,829 (NA) 3,346 2,306 1,344 540 280 13

1992 7,995 (NA) 3,452 2,306 1,390 563 269 14

1994 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,338 (NA) (NA) (NA)

. . . . . . . .

1 Beginning 1987, not comparable with previous years. 2 Data not comparable for all years. NA Not available. Beginning in 1989, the TVA discontinued reporting visitation to nonfee charging areas. Data for 1987 and 1988 have been adjusted to reflect this policy.

Source: 1980, U.S. Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service, Federal Recreation Fee Report, annual; thereafter, U.S. National Park Service.

No. 397. National Park System—Summary: 1985 to 1994
[For fiscal years ending in year shown, except as noted; see text, section 10. Includes data for five areas in Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, one area in American Samoa, and one area in Guam. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 806-828] ITEM Finances (mil. dol.): 1 Expenditures reported . . . . . . . . . . . Salaries and wages . . . . . . . . . . . Improvements, maintenance . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Funds available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Revenue from operations . . . . . . . . . Recreation visits (millions): 3 All areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National parks 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . National monuments . . . . . . . . . . National historical, commemorative, archaeological 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . National parkways . . . . . . . . . . . . National recreation areas 4 . . . . . . National seashores and lakeshores. National Capital Parks . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous other areas. . . . . . . Recreation overnight stays (millions) 3 In commercial lodgings . . . . . . . . . In Park Service campgrounds . . . . In tents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . In recreation vehicles . . . . . . . . In backcountry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land (1,000 acres): 6 Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acquisition, gross . . . . . . . . . . . . . . By purchase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . By gift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . By transfer or exchange . . . . . . . . Exclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acquisition, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 848.1 369.4 127.4 84.7 266.6 1,248.2 821.6 426.6 50.6 263.4 50.0 15.9 61.9 40.0 49.4 25.3 8.3 12.6 15.8 3.5 7.3 3.6 3.8 1.7 3.2 75,749 45,739 3,335 26,675 34 29 2 3 (Z) 34 1988 922.9 423.9 154.7 86.3 258.0 1,338.4 874.6 463.8 77.2 282.5 56.4 23.2 61.2 42.0 54.5 23.2 9.0 12.9 17.0 3.8 7.9 3.9 3.9 1.6 3.7 76,176 45,955 3,339 26,882 38 37 (Z) 1 (Z) 38 1989 1,036.8 441.4 197.5 85.2 312.7 1,440.0 996.7 443.3 86.3 269.4 57.4 23.7 63.9 31.2 49.6 21.9 8.9 12.8 17.4 3.9 7.8 3.9 3.9 1.6 4.1 76,331 46,081 3,342 26,907 73 14 58 1 1 71 1990 986.1 459.1 160.0 108.5 258.5 1,505.5 1,052.5 453.0 78.6 258.7 57.7 23.9 57.5 29.1 47.2 23.3 7.5 12.5 17.6 3.9 7.9 4.1 3.8 1.7 4.2 76,362 46,089 3,344 26,929 21 18 2 3 1 21 1991 1,104.4 495.3 179.6 134.1 295.4 1,988.4 1,284.7 703.7 78.1 267.8 57.4 25.8 61.0 28.8 49.8 24.4 7.5 13.1 17.7 4.0 7.8 4.2 3.6 2.0 3.9 76,607 46,135 3,346 27,126 66 15 43 8 (Z) 66 1992 1,268.7 518.1 212.1 193.3 345.2 2,274.8 1,392.8 882.0 88.3 274.7 58.7 26.6 63.3 30.7 50.3 23.9 8.1 13.1 18.3 4.1 8.1 4.4 3.7 2.2 3.9 76,492 46,208 3,347 26,937 23 21 1 1 (Z) 23 1993 1,429.4 596.1 224.8 226.8 379.7 2,346.5 1,334.0 1,012.5 89.5 273.1 59.8 26.5 61.9 30.4 50.8 24.1 9.1 10.5 17.7 4.0 7.5 4.1 3.4 2.4 3.8 75,515 45,521 3,349 26,645 39 29 10 1 (Z) 39 1994 1,404.0 627.2 222.9 205.6 348.3 2,307.7 1,388.8 918.9 97.0 267.6 60.1 26.5 59.5 29.3 52.3 24.0 5.4 10.5 18.3 3.9 7.6 4.2 3.4 2.4 4.4 74,905 48,111 3,351 23,443 26 25 (Z) (Z) (Z) 26

.. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Z Less than 500 acres. 1 Financial data are those associated with the National Park System. Certain other functions of the National Park Service (principally the activities absorbed from the former Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service in 1981) 3 4 are excluded. 2 Includes funds carried over from prior years. For calendar year. Combined data for North Cascades 5 Includes military areas. National Park and two adjacent National Recreation Areas are included in National Parks total. 6 Federal land only, as of Dec. 31. Federal land acreages, in addition to National Park Service administered lands, also include lands within national park system area boundaries but under the administration of other agencies. Year-to-year changes in the federal lands figures include changes in the acreages of these other lands and hence often differ from ‘‘net acquisition.’’ Source: U.S. National Park Service, Visits, National Park Statistical Abstract, annual; and unpublished data. Other data are unpublished.

National Forests — Public Lands
No. 398. National Forest Recreation Use, Summary: 1980 to 1993

251

[For year ending September 30. Estimated. Represents recreational use of National Forest land and water in States which have a Forest Service recreation program. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 829-835] YEAR AND ACTIVITY 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ 1993, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation visitor-days 1 (1,000) 233,549 235,709 233,438 227,708 227,554 225,407 226,533 238,458 242,316 252,495 263,051 278,849 287,691 295,473 99,573 79,319 26,632 19,230 17,279 17,086 16,299 2,711 17,343 Percent 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 33.7 26.8 9.0 6.5 5.8 5.8 5.5 0.9 6.0 STATE U.S. . . . . . . AL . AK . AZ . AR . CA . CO. FL . GA . ID . IL. . IN . KS . KY . LA . MA. MI . MN. MS. MO MT . NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation visitor-days 1, 1993 (1,000) STATE OR OTHER AREA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation visitor-days 1, 1993 (1,000) 3,677 3,243 8,775 35 6,158 135 680 358 19,285 2,950 944 3,352 2,957 2,303 15,157 1,728 4,477 18,735 1,354 2,733 7,454 296

295,473 NV . NH . 833 NM. 5,515 NY . 30,973 NC . 2,106 ND . 69,981 OH. 30,106 OK . 3,124 OR. 3,033 PA . 13,455 SC . 1,029 SD . 501 TN . 83 TX . 2,106 533 114 5,011 5,676 1,318 1,931 11,001 260 UT . VT . VA . WA WV WI . WY

Mechanized travel and viewing scenery . . Camping, picnicking, and swimming. . . . . Hiking, horseback riding, and water travel . Winter sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resorts, cabins, and organization camps . Fishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nature studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

PR . . . . . . .

One recreation visitor-day is the recreation use of National Forest land or water that aggregates 12 visitor-hours. This may entail 1 person for 12 hours, 12 persons for 1 hour, or any equivalent combination of individual or group use, either continuous or intermittent. 2 Includes team sports, gathering forest products, attending talks and programs, and other uses. Source: U.S. Forest Service, unpublished data.

No. 399. Recreational Use of Public Lands Administered by Bureau of Land Management: 1982 to 1993
[In thousands. For year ending Sept. 30. Beginning 1987, increase due to an estimated longer length of stay per visit, especially in California. See text, section 7] TYPE OF RECREATION USE (visitor hours) Snowand icebased recreational activity, winter sports 5,663 2,917 2,894 5,023 6,025 3,259 3,015 3,119 7,816 3,898 3,657 3,724 122 4 253 323 1,534 317 163 4 556 114 334

YEAR AND STATE

Number of visits

Total

OffOther highway motorvehicle ized travel travel

Nonmotorized travel

CampHunting ing

Misc. site based

Fishing Boating

Misc. water based

1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .

58,135 56,270 59,228 51,739 54,253 56,427 57,460 60,957 71,820

316,959 334,010 271,373 244,612

19,471 24,397 21,348 36,995

32,646 35,534 25,433 24,053 25,866 34,325 35,748 74,075 83,445 85,835 93,477 61,113 466 619 10,159 6,122 1,326 967 11,309 5,137 8,291 15,988 729

11,237 12,237 9,579 10,047 14,397 19,172 19,761 36,676 41,316

63,928 108,996 84,066 92,974 73,032 73,898 65,397 51,842 95,196 195,315 178,703 173,597 165,366 35,570 57,624 55,285 46,760 47,053 49,593 44,557 47,246 567 2,334 7,727 9,204 1 2,568 2,822 2,192 5,329 6,627 4,868 3,007

44,587 39,734 37,650 23,098 19,331 38,412 38,340 45,871 57,958 59,928 59,857 42,500 201 8,748 9,213 1,535 1 1,588 418 2,708 2,917 9,718 3,985 1,468

19,287 20,290 14,263 14,254 18,227 22,932 21,617 23,392 28,664 20,939 19,768 19,466 432 756 2,745 791 6 2,288 1,734 1,434 600 7,232 465 983

10,101 16,869 11,184 11,710 15,891 15,140 13,294 18,491 20,806 19,676 18,735 17,127 173 4,927 1,584 1,710 2 1,433 476 262 392 3,026 2,812 330

1,043 4,992 2,092 2,193 3,951 5,212 4,979 5,425 8,313 8,353 7,586 7,009 5 2,061 1,688 54 42 570 57 172 71 1,902 336 51

284,142 49,688 514,716 123,325 492,756 122,014 493,214 65,808 523,753 63,016 50,849 46,411 40,197 152 749 24,989 1,418 1,032 2,523 1,668 926 1,828 4,618 294

1991 . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . 1993, total . AK . . . . AZ 1 . . . CA . . . . CO. . . . Eastern States. . ID . . . . MT 2 . . . NV . . . . NM. . . . OR 3 . . UT . . . . WY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

72,541 539,779 69,418 519,429 (NA) 428,825 (NA) 5,924 (NA) 59,022 (NA) 132,143 (NA) 27,795 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 52 18,199 13,004 26,897 20,098 60,564 56,008 9,119

44,398 196,310 43,845 181,536 27,780 162,663 87 2,473 7,177 946 692 503 2,798 1,721 5,625 5,481 277 3,719 36,351 66,608 5,692 5,168 3,187 4,191 3,001 15,759 17,341 1,646

1 Includes concession visitation data. These data relate to Bureau of Land - Represents zero. NA Not available. Management concession leases along the Colorado River. The leases consist of boat docks and storage areas, trailer parks, restaurants, etc. The visitation by the recreating public to these areas and facilities is monitored and recorded. 2 Includes North Dakota and South Dakota. 3 Includes Washington.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Public Land Statistics, annual.

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Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 400. State Parks and Recreation Areas—States: 1992

[For year ending June 30. Data are shown as reported by State park directors. In some States, park agency has under its control forests, fish and wildlife areas, and/or other areas. In other States, agency is responsible for State parks only] REVENUE STATE Acreage Visitors (1,000) (1,000) 1 Percent of operTotal ating ($1,000) expenditures 488,984 23,427 1,063 3,734 12,046 73,563 13,373 3,498 4,176 18,061 15,029 1,161 1,958 3,528 9,111 1,804 2,523 36,529 2,142 1,478 6,176 9,256 21,108 7,472 5,607 45.0 81.4 19.9 35.9 56.0 49.3 109.0 47.9 43.0 38.9 42.5 14.7 79.8 11.6 73.7 24.0 45.5 63.3 25.0 34.9 26.0 64.9 77.4 41.6 48.0 STATE Acreage Visitors (1,000) (1,000) 1 REVENUE Percent of operTotal ating ($1,000) expenditures 4,300 1,330 8,600 751 4,341 6,123 2,932 36,657 2,108 809 13,178 17,127 9,171 8,053 2,584 10,955 3,946 20,270 16,366 3,923 4,222 2,635 7,360 14,806 8,338 275 22.4 48.6 71.1 14.5 51.5 22.8 29.0 33.5 18.3 49.1 30.8 76.7 38.5 15.4 44.8 60.7 64.5 59.0 49.8 31.9 96.2 27.6 36.1 64.6 70.0 10.2

United States . . . Alabama . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . Arizona . . . . . . Arkansas. . . . . California. . . . . Colorado . . . . . Connecticut . . . Delaware. . . . . Florida . . . . . . Georgia . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . Idaho . . . . . . . Illinois . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . Iowa . . . . . . . . Kansas . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . Louisiana . . . . Maine . . . . . . . Maryland . . . . . Massachusetts . Michigan . . . . . Minnesota . . . . Mississippi. . . .
1

11,831 50 3,169 33 47 1,323 340 173 13 444 57 25 42 403 57 391 324 43 39 75 241 274 264 231 23

724,805 6,268 6,321 1,750 6,725 67,301 9,522 7,053 3,619 12,232 16,284 19,255 2,697 38,555 10,570 12,230 4,425 27,831 1,226 2,005 8,891 11,549 21,172 7,932 4,033

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Missouri . . . . . Montana . . . . . Nebraska . . . . Nevada . . . . . . New Hampshire New Jersey . . . New Mexico. . . New York . . . . North Carolina . North Dakota . . Ohio . . . . . . . . Oklahoma . . . . Oregon . . . . . . Pennsylvania . . Rhode Island . . South Carolina . South Dakota . . Tennessee. . . . Texas . . . . . . . Utah . . . . . . . . Vermont . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . Washington . . . West Virginia . . Wisconsin . . . . Wyoming. . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

122 41 142 142 75 305 122 260 135 19 208 77 91 277 9 80 92 133 501 97 64 66 241 202 125 120

16,103 4,491 9,227 2,679 1,737 10,607 4,089 63,520 9,713 990 49,861 16,183 42,334 35,542 3,423 7,876 5,166 27,360 24,423 5,577 839 3,975 47,289 8,753 11,646 1,949

Includes overnight visitors.

Source: National Association of State Park Directors, Tallahassee, FL, 1993 Annual Information Exchange.

No. 401. Personal Consumption Expenditures for Recreation in Real (1992) Dollars: 1970 to 1994
[In billions of dollars, except percent. Represents market value of purchases of goods and services by individuals and nonprofit institutions, For explanation of real dollars, see text, section 14] TYPE OF PRODUCT OR SERVICE Total recreation expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of total personal consumption 1 . . . . . . Books and maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magazines, newspapers, and sheet music . . . . . . . . Nondurable toys and sport supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wheel goods, sports and photographic equipment 2 . . Video and audio products, computer equipment, and musical instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Radio and television repair. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flowers, seeds, and potted plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admissions to specified spectator amusements . . . . . Motion picture theaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Legitimate theaters and opera, and entertainments of nonprofit institutions 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spectator sports 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clubs and fraternal organizations except insurance 5 . Commercial participant amusements 6 . . . . . . . . . . . Pari-mutuel net receipts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 93.8 4.3 12.8 16.7 10.8 11.7 6.2 3.2 4.8 10.9 5.5 1.7 3.7 4.5 7.7 3.8 14.2 1980 159.7 5.3 12.5 23.3 20.1 21.4 12.7 4.1 7.0 13.1 5.1 3.5 4.5 4.8 15.3 4.8 32.2 1985 215.8 6.1 13.9 21.7 25.7 25.2 24.7 4.0 8.7 14.2 4.7 4.7 4.8 7.5 20.0 4.1 52.7 1990 291.8 7.1 17.6 23.8 32.6 31.2 47.9 4.6 12.5 16.5 5.6 6.1 4.8 9.5 24.9 3.7 68.3 1991 295.0 7.2 17.3 22.8 33.3 30.0 53.6 4.2 11.8 16.3 5.5 6.2 4.6 9.9 24.6 3.5 68.0 1992 310.8 7.4 17.7 21.6 34.2 29.9 61.2 4.2 12.3 16.6 5.0 6.8 4.8 10.3 27.2 3.3 72.4 1993 337.2 7.8 18.4 21.8 36.2 32.5 73.4 4.4 12.9 17.9 5.1 7.8 5.0 11.0 30.4 3.1 75.5 1994 369.9 8.3 19.1 22.5 39.3 38.2 89.0 4.4 14.0 18.3 5.2 8.2 4.9 11.5 32.9 3.0 79.3

1 See table 695. 2 Includes boats and pleasure aircraft. 3 Except athletic. 4 Consists of admissions to professional and amateur athletic events and to racetracks, including horse, dog, and auto. 5 Consists of dues and fees excluding insurance premiums. 6 Consists of billiard parlors; bowling alleys; dancing, riding, shooting, skating, and swimming places; amusement devices and parks; golf courses; sightseeing buses and guides; private flying operations; casino gambling; and other commercial participant amusements. 7 Consists of net receipts of lotteries and expenditures for purchases of pets and pet care services, cable TV, film processing, photographic studios, sporting and recreation camps, video cassette rentals, and recreational services, not elsewhere classified.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States, forthcoming, and Survey of Current Business, January/February, 1996.

Entertainment—Recreation Services

253

No. 402. Expenditures per Consumer Unit for Entertainment and Reading: 1985 to 1994
[Data are annual averages. In dollars, except as indicated. Based on Consumer Expenditure Survey; see text, section 14, for description of survey. See also headnote, table 704. For composition of regions, see table 27] ENTERTAINMENT AND READING YEAR AND CHARACTERISTIC Total 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1986 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1987 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1988 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1992 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of reference person: Under 25 years old. . . . . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . . . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . . . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . . . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . . . . . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . . . . . . . . . 75 years old and over . . . . . . . . . Origin of reference person: Hispanic . Non-Hispanic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Region of residence: Northeast . . . . Midwest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Size of consumer unit: One person. . Two or more persons . . . . . . . . . Two persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . Three persons . . . . . . . . . . . . Four persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . Five persons or more . . . . . . . 1,311 1,289 1,335 1,479 1,581 1,575 1,635 1,662 1,792 1,732 1,083 1,655 2,209 2,308 1,767 1,224 789 1,013 1,790 836 1,908 1,708 1,712 1,553 2,066 1,072 1,994 1,814 1,918 2,314 2,210 Percent of total expenditures 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.2 4.9 4.1 3.8 5.6 3.8 5.7 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.4 Total 1,170 1,149 1,193 1,329 1,424 1,422 1,472 1,500 1,626 1,567 1,018 1,519 2,025 2,104 1,565 1,055 656 937 1,618 759 1,724 1,517 1,551 1,417 1,875 945 1,814 1,623 1,757 2,128 2,042 ENTERTAINMENT Television, Other Fees and radios, and equipment admissions sound and equipment services 1 320 308 323 353 377 371 378 379 414 439 226 364 574 560 477 373 253 194 459 143 498 500 404 383 514 273 505 469 463 588 563 371 371 379 416 429 454 468 492 590 533 475 563 669 635 478 392 240 461 539 442 551 528 531 510 578 351 606 522 606 721 697 479 470 491 560 618 597 627 629 621 595 317 592 782 908 609 290 164 282 620 173 675 490 615 525 783 322 703 632 688 818 782 Reading

141 140 142 150 157 153 163 162 166 165 65 136 184 204 202 169 133 76 172 77 184 191 161 136 191 127 180 191 161 186 168

1 Other equipment and services includes pets, toys, and playground equipment, and sports, exercise, and photographic equipment.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, annual.

No. 403. Motion Pictures and Amusement and Recreation Services—Annual Receipts: 1989 to 1994
[In billions of dollars. For taxable employer and nonemployer firms] KIND OF BUSINESS Motion pictures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production, distribution, and allied services Theaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Video tape rental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1987 SIC code 1 78 781, 782 783 784 79 791 792 793 794 7941 7948 799 7991 7992 7993 7996 7997 1989 36,173 26,415 5,408 4,350 44,539 701 8,447 2,788 7,571 3,046 4,525 25,032 3,379 1,790 1,933 4,562 4,457 1990 39,982 28,888 6,088 5,006 50,126 626 10,735 2,800 8,636 3,702 4,934 27,329 3,623 2,254 2,146 4,922 4,825 1991 42,838 31,590 6,213 5,035 51,654 662 11,694 2,747 8,597 3,719 4,878 27,954 3,449 2,386 2,301 4,820 5,151 1992 45,662 34,288 5,879 5,495 57,699 784 13,054 2,915 9,010 3,978 5,032 31,936 4,135 2,609 2,566 5,366 5,397
2

1993 50,185 38,042 6,121 6,022 64,017 868 15,788 2,881 9,087 4,594 4,493 35,393 4,063 2,913 2,754 5,662 5,992

1994 54,238 41,106 6,512 2 6,620 69,210 879 16,877 3,010 9,359 5,004 4,354 39,085 4,231 3,245 2,946 5,903 6,437

Amusement and recreation services . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dance studios, schools, and halls. . . . . . . . . . . . . Theatrical producers (except motion picture), bands, orchestras, and entertainers . . . . . . . . . . Bowling centers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commercial sports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional sports clubs and promoters . . . . . . Racing, including track operation . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous amusement and recreation services 3. Physical fitness facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public golf courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coin-operated amusement devices . . . . . . . . . . Amusement parks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Membership sports and recreation clubs . . . . . .
3

1 1987 Standard Industrial Classification code; see text, section 13. NA Not available. Includes kinds of businesses, not shown separately.

Revised since published.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Business Reports, Service Annual Survey: 1994, BS/94.

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Parks, Recreation, and Travel

No. 404. Quantity of Books Sold and Value of U.S. Domestic Consumer Expenditures: 1982 to 1994
[Includes all titles released by publishers in the United States and imports which appear under the imprints of American publishers. Multi-volume sets, such as encyclopedias, are counted as one unit] TYPE OF PUBLICATION AND MARKET AREA Total 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardbound, total . . . . . . . . . . Softbound, total . . . . . . . . . . Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adult . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Juvenile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bookclubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elhi text. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . College text . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mail order publications . . . . . . Mass market paperbacks-rack sized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General retailers . . . . . . . . . . College stores . . . . . . . . . . . Libraries and institutions 2 . . . . Schools 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Direct to consumers. . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . UNITS SOLD (mil.) 1982 1,723 646 1,077 459 315 144 144 106 133 233 115 134 382 756 224 80 262 319 82 1985 1,788 694 1,094 553 360 193 134 110 130 234 110 121 382 829 225 80 260 300 94 1990 2,005 824 1,181 705 403 301 130 131 108 209 137 138 433 1,010 255 88 244 304 104 1993 2,079 810 1,269 762 463 299 139 137 111 225 135 102 452 1,074 264 94 258 277 106 1994 2,127 811 1,316 806 489 317 142 142 116 211 136 96 461 1,122 269 96 246 284 110 CONSUMER EXPENDITURES (mil. dol.) 1982 9,889 6,190 3,699 2,484 2,028 456 706 1,630 510 1,067 1,388 581 1,102 3,743 1,910 888 1,313 1,889 146 1985 12,611 7,969 4,642 3,660 2,871 789 926 2,043 582 1,415 1,575 650 1,244 5,103 2,309 1,090 1,685 2,214 210 1990 19,043 11,789 7,254 6,498 4,777 1,721 1,362 2,957 705 1,948 2,319 752 1,775 8,465 3,403 1,592 2,365 2,901 316 1993 22,635 13,840 8,795 8,353 6,393 1,960 1,651 3,646 766 2,220 2,498 601 2,078 10,597 3,916 1,911 2,692 3,144 375 1994 23,798 14,465 9,333 9,162 7,155 2,006 1,690 3,867 850 2,074 2,536 576 2,156 11,456 4,061 2,012 2,556 3,320 394
2

1 Types of publications include university press publications and subscription reference works, not shown separately. libraries included in schools. Source: Book Industry Study Group, Inc., New York, NY, Book Industry Trends, 1995, annual, (copyright).

Elhi

No. 405. Book Purchasing by Adults: 1991 and 1994
[In percent. Excludes books purchased for or by children under 13. Based on a survey of 16,000 households conducted over 12 months ending in December of year shown. For details, see source] CHARACTERISTIC Total . . . . . . . . . . . . Age of purchaser: Under 25 years old . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . 65 years old and over . . Household income: Under $30,000 . . . . . . . $30,000 to 49,999 . . . . . $50,000 to 59,999 . . . . . $60,000 to 69,999 . . . . . $70,000 and over . . . . . Household size: Singles . . . . . . . . . . . . Families with no children Families with children . . Age of reader: Under 25 years old . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . . . 65 years old and over . . Category of book: Popular fiction . . . . . . . General nonfiction . . . . . Cooking/crafts . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales outlet: Independent. . . . . . . . . Chain book store . . . . . Book clubs . . . . . . . . . Other 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TOTAL 1991 100.0 3.9 16.8 28.6 20.8 14.2 15.7 31.2 29.4 8.6 8.8 22.0 21.1 37.9 41.0 8.5 17.1 26.3 19.0 13.5 15.6 52.4 10.5 9.6 27.5 24.2 23.5 16.0 36.3 1994 100 4.2 16.3 27.3 21.1 14.8 16.3 31.4 28.1 9.3 8.5 22.7 21.1 41.5 37.4 8.3 16.9 25.5 19.0 13.7 16.6 50.2 9.9 10.9 29.0 21.4 24.6 17.5 36.5 MASS MARKET 1991 100.0 3.4 13.8 26.6 20.9 15.6 19.7 36.3 32.8 7.2 7.0 16.7 21.0 40.4 38.6 5.9 13.5 25.3 19.9 15.6 19.8 92.4 3.6 0.4 3.6 15.6 19.6 15.2 49.8 1994 100.0 3.7 12.5 25.0 21.8 16.1 20.9 37.9 28.5 9.9 7.3 16.4 21.0 43.7 35.3 6.0 12.4 24.0 20.8 15.5 21.3 93.4 3.3 0.4 2.9 14.0 20.6 16.4 49.0
1

TRADE 1991 100.0 4.7 19.8 31.7 20.4 12.1 11.3 27.2 27.9 9.4 10.1 25.4 21.3 34.2 44.5 11.4 20.6 28.0 18.2 10.9 10.9 15.4 15.3 17.4 51.9 35.9 28.5 8.7 26.9

2

HARDCOVER 1991 100.0 3.7 17.2 27.7 21.1 14.7 15.6 28.9 26.4 9.5 9.6 25.6 20.9 38.9 40.2 8.5 17.8 25.7 18.9 13.8 15.3 40.7 14.4 13.1 31.8 22.4 22.6 25.6 29.4 1994 100.0 4.1 16.2 26.4 21.2 15.3 16.8 28.7 27.6 8.9 9.1 25.7 21.4 41.5 37.1 8.1 17.4 25.1 19.1 13.7 16.6 37.2 13.8 15.2 33.8 19.3 25.2 25.6 29.9

1994 100.0 4.8 20.4 30.4 20.0 13.2 11.2 26.7 28.0 9.0 9.3 27.0 21.0 39.1 39.9 10.8 21.4 27.3 17.1 11.8 11.6 15.0 13.5 18.5 53.0 31.2 28.2 11.7 28.9

........ ........ ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 ‘‘Pocket size’’ books sold primarily through magazine and news outlets, supermarkets, variety stores, etc. 2 All paperbound books, except mass market. 3 Includes mail order, price clubs, discount stores, food/drug stores, used book stores, and other outlets. Source: Book Industry Study Group, Inc., New York, NY, 1995 Consumer Research Study on Book Purchasing, (copyright).

Music—Cable TV—Gardening
No. 406. Profile of Consumer Expenditures for Sound Recordings: 1990 to 1993
[In percent, except total value. Based on monthly telephone surveys of the population 10 years old and over] ITEM Total value (mil. dol.) . . . . PERCENT DISTRIBUTION 1 Age: 10 to 14 years . 15 to 19 years . . . 20 to 24 years . . . 25 to 29 years . . . 30 to 34 years . . . 35 to 39 years . . . 40 to 44 years . . . 45 years and over Sex: Male . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . Sales outlet: Record store . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 7,541.1 6.3 17.1 17.1 15.0 13.5 10.1 8.3 11.8 57.2 42.8 71.5 1992 1993 ITEM Other store . . . . . . . Music club . . . . . . . Mail order . . . . . . . . Music type: 2 Rock . . . . . . . . . . . Country . . . . . . . . . Pop . . . . . . . . . . . . Urban contemporary . Rap . . . . . . . . . . . . Classical . . . . . . . . Jazz . . . . . . . . . . . Gospel . . . . . . . . . . Soundtracks . . . . . . Children’s . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . ..... ..... ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 16.2 8.8 3.5 37.4 8.8 13.6 (NA) (NA) 4.1 5.2 2.4 1.0 0.4 7.9 1992 22.8 10.6 4.0 33.2 16.5 11.4 8.8 7.9 4.4 4.0 2.7 0.9 0.5 7.8

255

1993 24.2 11.3 4.4 32.6 17.5 11.7 9.9 7.8 4.0 3.3 3.1 0.8 0.3 7.2

9,023.9 10,046.6 7.0 17.9 16.2 14.3 12.8 11.2 7.3 12.3 54.6 45.4 62.1 7.2 16.0 15.1 13.6 12.4 11.6 8.7 14.6 52.8 47.2 59.1

.......

1 2 Percent distributions exclude nonresponses and responses of don’t know. As classified by NA Not available. respondent. Source: Recording Industry Association of America, Inc., Washington, DC, Inside the Recording Industry: A Statistical Overview: 1993, and earlier issues.

No. 407. Profile of Adults Living in Cable and Non-Cable TV Households: 1994-95
[Based on survey and subject to sampling error] CABLE TV STATUS CHARACTERISTIC ALL ADULTS Any cable No cable 68.1 Total 121.5 Basic cable only 66.2 Pay cable 55.3

Total (mil.). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PERCENT DISTRIBUTION Age: 18 to 34 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 to 54 years old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 years old and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Household income: Under $20,000 . . . $20,000 to 39,999 . $40,000 to 59,999 . $60,000 to 74,999 . $75,000 and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

189.6

36 36 28 25 29 21 10 15

38 32 30 36 32 16 7 9

34 39 27 20 28 23 11 18

30 36 34 23 30 22 11 14

39 44 17 14 26 25 13 22

Source: Media Dynamics, Inc. New York, NY, TV Dimensions ’96. Based on data from Mediamark Research, Inc., (copyright).

No. 408. Household Participation in Lawn and Garden Activities: 1990 to 1994
[Based on national household sample survey conducted by the Gallup Organization. Subject to sampling variability; see source] ACTIVITY Total . . . . . . . . . Lawn care. . . . . . . . . Indoor houseplants . . . Flower gardening . . . . Insect control. . . . . . . Shrub care . . . . . . . . Vegetable gardening . . Tree care . . . . . . . . . Landscaping . . . . . . . Flower bulbs . . . . . . . Fruit trees . . . . . . . . . Container gardening . . Raising transplants 1 . . Herb gardening . . . . . Growing berries . . . . . Ornamental gardening. Water gardening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PERCENT HOUSEHOLDS ENGAGED IN— 1990 80 66 43 48 39 38 37 31 31 31 19 15 15 9 9 7 (NA) 1991 78 62 42 41 35 32 31 27 26 26 15 13 12 9 7 7 (NA) 1992 75 54 34 39 27 27 31 20 22 23 13 9 8 7 6 5 (NA) 1993 71 54 31 39 24 28 26 21 24 22 13 11 10 8 6 6 (NA) 1994 74 56 37 44 28 30 31 22 26 28 14 12 11 10 6 5 5 1990 20,802 6,412 928 2,275 1,370 1,099 1,384 1,445 3,837 579 502 359 181 84 79 268 (NA) RETAIL SALES (mil. dol.) 1991 22,134 6,890 852 2,302 1,260 1,030 1,652 1,443 4,828 520 371 330 141 161 90 264 (NA) 1992 22,824 7,460 926 2,167 1,593 1,437 1,440 1,664 4,444 503 350 239 169 135 62 235 (NA) 1993 22,410 6,446 689 2,396 1,080 1,274 1,063 2,011 5,006 453 759 441 201 175 126 290 (NA) 1994 25,897 8,417 999 3,147 1,127 1,133 1,476 1,408 5,797 635 389 359 182 112 85 264 367

NA Not available. 1 Starting plants in advance of planting in ground. Source: The National Gardening Association, Burlington, VT, National Gardening Survey, annual, (copyright).

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Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 409. Sport Fishing and Hunting Licenses—Number and Cost: 1970 to 1994
[In millions, except as indicated. For fiscal years ending in year shown; see text, section 9. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 875-876] ITEM 1970 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31.1 26.8 4.3 24.4 91 22.2 21.0 1.2 15.4 102 2,072 1975 34.7 30.0 4.7 27.5 142 25.9 24.7 1.3 16.6 155 2,222 1980 35.2 30.1 5.1 28.0 196 27.0 25.6 1.4 16.3 222 2,090 1985 35.7 30.5 5.2 29.7 282 27.7 26.1 1.6 15.9 301 1,914 1989 36.6 31.0 5.6 30.3 341 29.3 27.3 2.0 15.9 400 1,395 1990 37.0 31.0 6.0 30.7 363 30.0 27.4 2.3 15.8 422 1,401 1991 37.0 31.1 5.9 30.7 375 30.7 28.5 2.2 15.7 439 1,420 1992 37.4 31.4 6.0 30.6 398 31.3 29.1 2.2 15.7 481 1,330 1993 37.9 31.8 6.1 30.2 412 31.6 29.5 2.0 15.6 492 1,401 1994 37.9 31.6 6.3 30.2 425 31.6 29.7 2.0 15.3 502 1,449

Fishing licenses: Sales . . . Resident. . . . . . . . . . Nonresident . . . . . . . Paid license holders 1 . . Cost to anglers (mil. dol.) Hunting licenses: Sales . . . Resident. . . . . . . . . . Nonresident . . . . . . . Paid license holders 1 . . Cost to hunters (mil. dol.)

Federal duck stamps sold (1,000)
1

Resident and nonresident. Includes multiple counting of license holders who bought nonresident licenses as well as a home State license. ‘‘Licenses’’ includes licenses, tags, permits, and stamps. Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Federal Aid in Fish and Wildlife Restoration, annual.

No. 410. Anglers and Hunters: 1991
[For persons 16 years old and over. An angler or hunter is anyone who has fished or hunted in 1991. Based on the 1991 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation conducted for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by the U.S. Bureau of the Census] HUNTERS Days of ExpenDays of 2 huntPercent fishing 1 ditures TYPE OF HUNTING Number Percent Number of popu(mil. ing 1 of popu(mil.) (1,000) (1,000) dol.) (mil.) lation lation ANGLERS
3 3

TYPE OF FISHING

Expenditures 2 (mil. dol.) 12,336 5,090 1,550 686 255

All fishing . . . . . All freshwater fishing . Freshwater, except Great Lakes. . . . . Great Lakes . . . . . Saltwater . . . . . . . . .

35,578 31,041

19 16 16 1 5

3 3

511

23,990

All hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

14,063 10,745 7,642 3,009 1,411

7 6 4 2 1

3

236 128 77 22 19

440 431 25 75

30,186 2,552 8,885

15,149 Big game . . . . Small game . . 13,812 Migratory birds 1,337 Other animals . 4,992

1 2 Any part of a day constitutes a day. Totals include expenditures for equipment, trips, magazines, membership dues, contributions, land leasing and ownership, licenses, stamps, tags, and other expenditures. Figures by type of fishing and hunting include only expenditures for trips and equipment. 3 Includes duplication for persons who participate in more than one category.

Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1991 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation.

No. 411. Participation in Various Leisure Activities: 1992
[In percent, except as indicated. Covers activities engaged in at least once in the prior 12 months. See headnote, table 419. See also table 420] Adult population (mil.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185.8 89.0 96.8 158.8 21.1 5.9 24.1 42.4 39.8 27.7 21.2 18.3 12.3 14.3 18.6 69.4 39.2 26.2 18.1 ATTENDANCE AT— Movies 59 60 59 60 54 62 82 70 68 58 40 34 19 16 35 54 21 77 81 Sports events 37 44 30 38 32 20 51 47 43 35 23 20 7 9 19 33 45 51 51 Amusement park 50 51 50 51 45 46 68 68 58 44 30 29 14 24 35 51 59 58 54 Exercise program 60 61 59 61 51 51 67 67 62 62 56 50 34 24 39 55 71 75 79 PARTICIPATION IN— Playing sports 39 50 29 40 32 38 59 52 44 34 21 18 7 10 18 34 49 55 57 Outdoor activities 1 34 39 29 37 10 28 43 41 42 36 21 21 5 11 21 31 42 42 51 Home improvement/ repair 48 53 42 50 32 31 33 47 58 57 53 42 20 24 34 47 53 52 65 Gardening 55 46 62 57 39 42 31 51 57 64 63 63 55 44 50 53 55 61 65

ITEM

Total. . . . . . . . . . . Sex: Male . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . Race: White . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . Age: 18 to 24 years old . 25 to 34 years old . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 to 96 years old . . . Education: Grade school Some high school . . . High school graduate. Some college . . . . . . College graduate . . . Graduate school . . . .

1 Camping, hiking, and canoeing. Source: U.S. National Endowment for the Arts, Arts Participation in America: 1982 to 1992.

Spectator Sports
No. 412. Selected Spectator Sports: 1985 to 1994
[See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 865-870 and H 872] SPORT Baseball, major leagues: 1 Attendance . . . . . . . . . . . Regular season . . . . . . . National League. . . . . American League . . . . Playoffs . . . . . . . . . . . . World Series. . . . . . . . . Players’ salaries: 2 Average . . . . . . . . . . . . Basketball: 3 4 NCAA—Men’s college: Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . NCAA—Women’s college: Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . Pro: 5 Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attendance, total 6 . . . . . Regular season . . . . . Average per game . Playoffs . . . . . . . . . . Players’ salaries: Average . . . . . . . . . . Football: NCAA College: 4 Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . National Football League: 7 Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attendance, total 8 . . . . . Regular season . . . . . Average per game . Postseason games 10 . Players’ salaries: 11 Average . . . . . . . . . . Median base salary . . . National Hockey league: 12 Regular season attendance Playoffs attendance . . . . . . Horseracing: 13 14 Racing days. . . . . . . . . . . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . . Pari-mutuel turnover . . . . . Revenue to government . . . Greyhound: 13 Total performances . . . . . . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . . Pari-mutuel turnover . . . . . Revenue to government . . . Jai alai: 13 Total performances . . . . . . Games played . . . . . . . . . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . . Pari-mutuel turnover . . . . . Revenue to government . . . Professional rodeo: 15 Rodeos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performances. . . . . . . . . . Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . Permit-holders (rookies) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unit 1,000 . 1,000 . 1,000 . 1,000 . 1,000 . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 47,742 46,824 22,292 24,532 591 327 371 1987 53,182 52,011 24,734 27,277 784 387 412 1989 55,910 55,173 25,324 29,849 514 223 497 1990 55,512 54,824 24,492 30,332 479 209 598 1991 57,820 56,814 24,696 32,118 633 373 851 1992 56,852 55,873 24,113 31,760 668 311 1,029 1993 71,237 70,257 36,924 33,333 636 344 1,076

257

1994 (NA) (NA) 25,808 (NA) (X) (X) 1,168

. . . $1,000 . .

. . . Number . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . Number . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 1,000 . . 1,000 . . Number 1,000 . . . . . . .

753 26,584 746 2,072 23 11,534 10,506 11,141 985 325

760 26,798 756 2,156 23 13,190 12,065 12,795 1,091 440

772 28,270 765 2,502 25 16,586 15,465 15,088 1,077 603

767 28,741 782 2,777 27 18,586 17,369 15,690 1,203 817

796 29,250 806 3,013 27 18,009 16,876 15,245 1,109 989

813 29,378 815 3,397 27 18,609 17,367 15,689 1,228 1,202

831 28,527 826 4,193 27 19,117 17,778 16,060 1,338 1,348

858 28,390 859 4,557 27 19,333 17,984 16,246 1,349 1,700

. . . $1,000 . .

. . . Number . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 1,000 . . 1,000 . . Number 1,000 . . . . . . .

509 34,952 28 14,058 13,345 59,567 711 194 140 11,621 1,153 13,745 73,346 12,222 625 9,590 23,853 2,702 201 2,736 32,260 4,722 664.0 50 617 1,887 5,239 2,534

507 35,008
9 15,180 9 11,406 9

524 35,116 28 17,400 13,626 60,829 686 295 200 12,580 1,356 14,240 69,551 13,867 585 13,393 33,818 3,278 239 3,835 (NA) 5,227 553.0 39 741 2,128 5,560 3,584

533 35,330 28 17,666 13,960 62,321 848 352 236 12,344 1,442 13,841 63,803 7,162 611 14,915 28,660 3,422 235 3,620 (NA) 5,329 545.5 39 754 2,159 5,693 3,290

548 35,528 28 17,752 13,841 61,792 813 415 250 12,770 1,328 (NA) (NA) 14,094 624 (NA) (NA) 3,422 (NA) 3,619 (NA) (NA) (NA) 39 798 2,241 5,748 3,006

552 35,225 28 17,784 13,829 61,736 815 645 325 13,917 1,346 13,644 49,275 14,078 491.3 17,528 28,003 3,306 204.2 3,288 45,067 4,634 425.9 30.1 791 2,269 5,760 2,888

560 34,871 28 14,772 13,967 62,352 805 683 330 15,714 1,440 13,237 45,688 13,718 473 17,976 (NA) 3,255 194.9 3,200 43,056 4,194 384.2 26.6 791 2,269 5,760 2,888

568 36,460 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 636 325 (NA) (NA) 13,082 42,065 14,143 453 17,035 (NA) 2,948 183.0 3,146 42,607 3,684 330.7 21.5 782 2,245 6,415 3,346

28

54,315 656 203 175 12,118 1,337 14,208 70,105 13,122 608 11,156 26,215 3,193 221 2,906 38,476 6,816 707.5 51 637 1,832 5,342 2,746

. . . $1,000 . . . . . $1,000 . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Number 1,000 . . Mil. dol . Mil. dol . Number 1,000 . . Mil. dol . Mil. dol . Number Number 1,000 . . Mil. dol . Mil. dol . Number Number Number Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Source: The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, New York, NY, National League Green Book; and The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, New York, NY, American League Red Book. 2 Source: Major League Baseball Players Association, New York, NY. 3 Season ending in year shown. 4 Source: National Collegiate Athletic Assn., Overland Park, KS. For women’s attendance total, excludes double-headers with men’s teams. 5 6 7 Source: National Basketball Assn., New York, NY. Includes All-Star game, not shown separately. Source: National Football League, New York, NY. 8 1988 through 1992 includes preseason attendance, not shown separately. 9 Season was 10 11 interrupted by a strike. Includes Pro Bowl, a nonchampionship game and Super Bowl. Source: National Football League 12 Players Association, Washington, DC. For season beginning in year shown. Source: National Hockey League, Montreal, 13 14 Source: Association of Racing Commissioners International, Inc., Lexington, KY. Includes thoroughbred, Quebec. 15 harness, quarter horse, and fairs. Source: Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association, Colorado Springs, CO., Official Professional Rodeo Media Guide, annual, (copyright). Source: Compiled from sources listed in footnotes.

258

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 413. Selected Recreational Activities: 1975 to 1994
[See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 862-864, H 871, H 874, and H 877] ACTIVITY Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Million 1,000 . 1,000 . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . 1975 26 450 66 9 13,036 308,562 11,370 4,770 5,014 1,586
7

1980 30 650 110 18 15,112 357,701 12,005 4,839 5,372 1,794 (NA) (NA) (NA) 72.0 34.0 38.0 8,591 154 9,595 4,688 4,118 789 18 14 4 2,749 2.69 1,022 11.8 6.8 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.5 7.4 8,241 315 554 290 408 56 616 5.3 457

1985 41 712 152 31 17,520 414,777 12,346 4,861 5,573 1,912 13,000 220 14 67.0 32.0 35.0 8,275 155 8,064 3,657 3,714 693 21 18 3 3,749 3.55 1,056 13.8 7.4 1.4 1.2 1.8 1.8 13.3 9,733 392 1,319 305 759 115 1,663 12.2 1,341

1990 41 1,100 188 46 27,800 502,000 12,846 4,810 6,024 2,012 21,000 220 14 71.0 35.4 35.6 7,544 146 6,357 2,922 2,742 693 24 23 1 5,022 4.23 1,187 16.0 7.9 2.2 1.3 2.3 2.3 13.7 11,524 352 1,546 227 978 97 1,794 7.5 1,383

1991 41 1,205 200 51 24,800 479,000 13,004 4,686 6,272 2,046 (NA) 230 14 82.0 40.2 41.8 7,395 144 5,881 2,712 2,523 646 25 24 1 4,803 4.21 1,141 16.3 7.9 2.4 1.3 2.4 2.3 10.6 11,769 289 1,311 195 871 73 1,293 3.6 668

1992 41 1,207 202 57 24,800 505,400 13,210 4,568 6,552 2,090 22,630 230 14 82.0 40.2 41.8 7,250 143 5,601 2,577 2,403 621 26 25 1 4,871 4.15 1,173 16.2 7.7 2.5 1.3 2.4 2.3 10.3 12,000 272 1,268 192 839 75 1,239 3.5 621

1993 42 1,208 200 62 24,600 498,600 13,439 4,492 6,803 2,144 21,500 230 14 79.0 36.3 42.6 7,183 142 5,202 2,455 2,191 556 26 25 1 5,154 4.14 1,244 16.2 7.7 2.7 1.3 2.4 2.1 11.3 12,240 283 1,364 205 914 75 1,244 3.4 655

1994 42 1,208 196 68 24,300 464,800 13,683 4,367 7,126 2,190 18,700 230 14 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 142 4,925 2,370 2,036 519 26 26 (Z) 5,396 4.18 1,292 16.6 7.9 2.9 1.3 2.4 2.1 14.1 12,502 308 1,577 220 1,122 90 1,669 4.2 891

Softball, amateur: 1 Total participants 2 . Youth participants Adult teams 3 . . . . . Youth teams 3 . . . . Golfers (one round or more) 4 5 . . . . . . . . Golf rounds played 5 . Golf facilities . . . . . . Classification: Private. . . . . . . Daily fee . . . . . Municipal . . . . .

. . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . Number . . . . . . . Number . . . . . . . Number . . . . . . . Number . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Million . Million . Million . Number 1,000 . . 1,000 . . . . . . . .

Tennis: 6 Players . . . . . . . . . . . Courts . . . . . . . . . . . Indoor . . . . . . . . . . Tenpin bowling: Participants, total 8 . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . Establishments 9 . . . . . Lanes 9 . . . . . . . . . . . Membership, total 9 10 . American Bowling Congress . . . . . . . Women’s Bowling Congress . . . . . . . Young American Bowling Alliance 11 .

34,000 130 8 62.5 29.9 32.6 8,577 141 8,751 4,300 3,692 759 15 11 4 2,115 2.05 1,033 9.7 5.7 0.8 0.8 2.4 (14) 4.8 7,649 435 411 328 263 70 420 6.5 256

. . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . 1,000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . 1,000 . . Mil. dol. Dollars . Million . Million . Million . Million . Million . Million . Million . Bil. dol.. 1,000 . . 1,000 . . Mil. dol. 1,000 . . Mil. dol. 1,000 . . Mil. dol. 1,000 . . Mil. dol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Motion picture theaters 12 . . Four-wall . . . . . . . . . . . . Drive-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receipts, box office . . . . . Admission, average price . Attendance . . . . . . . . . . Boating: 13 Recreational boats owned Outboard boats . . . . . . Inboard boats . . . . . . . Sailboats . . . . . . . . . . Canoes . . . . . . . . . . . Rowboats and other . . . Expenditures, total 15 . . . . Outboard motors in use Motors sold . . . . . . . . Value, retail . . . . . . Outboard boats sold . . Value,retail . . . . . . . Inboard/outdrive boats sold . . . . . . . . . . . . Value, retail . . . . . . Inboard cruisers sold . . Value, retail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

NA Not available. Z Fewer than 500. 1 Source: Amateur Softball Association, Oklahoma City, OK. 2 Amateur Softball 3 4 Association teams and other amateur softball teams. Amateur Softball Association teams only. Source: National Golf Foundation, Jupiter, FL. 5 Prior to 1990, for persons 5 years of age and over; thereafter for persons 12 years of age and over. 6 Source: Tennis Industry Association, White Plains, NY. Players for persons 12 years old and over who played at least once. 7 8 1974 data. For season ending in year shown. Persons 5 years old and over. Source: National Bowling Council, Arlington, VA. 9 Source: American Bowling Congress, Greendale, WI. Season beginning in year shown. 10 Membership totals are for 11 U.S., Canada and for U.S. military personnel worldwide. Prior to 1985, represents American Jr. Bowling Congress and 12 ABC/WIBC Collegiate Division. Source: Motion Picture Association of America, Inc., Encino, CA. Prior to 1975, figures 13 Source: National Marine Manufacturers Association, Chicago, IL. 14 Included in represent theaters; thereafter, screens. canoes. 15 Represents estimated expenditures for new and used boats, motors, accessories, safety equipment, fuel, insurance, docking, maintenance, storage, repairs, and other expenses. Source: Compiled from sources listed in footnotes.

No. 414. Participation in Selected Sports Activities: 1994
[In thousands, except rank. For persons 7 years of age or older. Except as indicated, a participant plays a sport more than once in the year. Based on a sampling of 10,000 households] ALL PERSONS ACTIVITY Number . . . . . . 232,986 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23,200 9,809 5,424 15,096 28,191 49,818 37,356 8,536 42,932 70,794 43,784 40,477 11,515 15,574 24,551 25,301 16,369 5,340 20,640 10,620 3,627 12,508 18,143 60,277 7,817 12,231 11,590 17,383 Rank Male SEX 7-11 years 18,773 464 859 1,073 5,107 5,554 11,403 4,501 1,178 6,100 2,218 770 4,883 855 3,021 670 2,710 297 255 1,661 646 216 5,494 3,292 10,669 1,056 878 941 1,739 12-17 years 21,579 1,083 1,427 1,099 4,148 7,951 9,363 4,833 1,259 5,566 2,850 3,063 4,632 1,037 4,958 1,885 2,811 2,130 438 3,399 1,966 467 3,536 3,567 9,335 1,283 1,401 2,083 4,222
2

AGE 18-24 years 25,846 4,566 1,501 733 1,548 5,165 4,707 6,476 1,414 4,280 5,870 6,984 3,548 1,026 3,255 2,868 3,125 1,693 1,637 4,614 2,493 395 1,394 3,070 6,565 1,517 1,484 2,155 3,374 25-34 years 42,225 6,945 2,769 1,104 1,820 4,768 8,460 9,215 1,654 9,580 13,032 10,975 9,408 2,532 2,484 5,988 5,690 4,292 1,634 4,782 2,683 599 1,023 4,340 10,645 1,600 3,427 2,655 4,538 35-44 years 41,264 4,994 2,073 778 1,623 3,462 7,580 6,185 1,239 8,832 14,336 9,145 7,599 2,668 1,105 4,901 5,440 3,674 821 3,112 1,620 861 778 2,667 10,470 1,124 2,394 1,725 2,551 45-54 years 29,001 2,236 519 447 418 797 3,750 2,846 682 4,258 11,198 5,795 4,791 1,353 271 3,283 2,808 2,206 351 1,844 931 518 157 893 5,261 702 1,420 1,172 591
3

HOUSEHOLD INCOME (dol.) 55-64 years 21,132 1,280 367 165 203 287 2,202 1,346 371 2,420 8,596 3,379 2,581 784 228 2,207 1,432 1,245 191 759 173 396 59 246 2,742 276 603 480 314 65 years and over 33,166 1,633 293 24 229 208 2,353 1,954 738 1,896 12,695 3,672 3,035 1,260 253 2,748 1,285 831 12 470 107 176 67 68 4,591 258 624 378 55 Under 15,000 42,890 3,161 1,500 1,010 1,979 3,537 6,614 5,217 924 5,584 12,471 5,276 6,580 1,374 2,692 2,025 3,350 2,360 897 2,396 741 327 1,262 1,941 7,206 833 1,657 1,254 2,455 15,00024,999 35,670 2,898 1,304 928 2,061 4,394 6,414 5,708 1,159 6,141 11,257 5,366 6,558 1,399 2,466 2,414 3,826 2,712 831 2,668 883 150 1,614 2,783 7,696 945 2,008 1,491 2,744 25,00034,999 35,957 3,281 1,783 992 1,999 4,428 7,634 5,892 1,189 6,616 10,788 6,290 7,172 1,941 2,274 3,087 3,248 2,852 398 3,447 1,167 398 1,507 3,019 9,399 1,026 2,354 1,058 2,627 35,00049,999 45,148 4,799 2,335 854 3,584 5,580 10,298 8,154 1,851 10,127 12,369 8,932 8,929 2,572 2,626 4,935 5,058 4,014 1,073 3,498 2,011 1,170 2,640 3,666 12,741 1,338 2,801 1,972 3,689 50,00074,999 48,155 5,404 1,740 1,167 3,523 6,603 12,226 7,995 2,170 10,090 16,037 10,749 7,997 2,786 3,586 7,113 6,339 3,103 1,547 5,195 2,881 845 3,414 4,551 14,608 2,199 2,071 3,450 3,984 75,000 and over 25,166 3,657 1,145 473 1,950 3,649 6,632 4,389 1,243 4,374 7,873 7,171 3,241 1,444 1,929 4,978 3,480 1,328 595 3,435 2,936 737 2,070 2,183 8,627 1,478 1,342 2,364 1,882

Female

Total . . . . . . . . Number participated in: Aerobic exercising 1 . Backpacking 2. . . . . Badminton . . . . . . . Baseball . . . . . . . . Basketball . . . . . . .

(X) 113,093 119,892 11 23 26 17 8 3 7 24 5 1 4 6 21 16 10 9 15 27 12 22 28 18 13 2 25 19 20 14 4,435 5,880 2,413 12,254 20,492 26,945 19,544 3,634 23,066 25,451 21,173 27,477 7,941 13,203 18,662 13,976 14,099 3,971 11,981 6,356 1,744 8,223 10,162 28,960 4,965 9,617 6,535 8,492 18,765 3,928 3,011 2,842 7,699 22,872 17,812 4,902 19,866 45,344 22,611 13,000 3,574 2,371 5,889 11,326 2,270 1,369 8,659 4,264 1,883 4,284 7,982 31,317 2,852 2,614 5,055 8,891

Bicycle riding 1 . . . . . . . . . Bowling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calisthenics 1 . . . . . . . . . . Camping 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Exercise walking 1 . . . . . . . Exercising with equipment 1 Fishing—fresh water Fishing—salt water . Football . . . . . . . . . Golf . . . . . . . . . . . Hiking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sports Activities

Hunting with firearms . . Racquetball . . . . . . . . Running/jogging 1 . . . . Skiing—alpine/downhill . Skiing—cross country. . Soccer . . . . . . Softball . . . . . . Swimming 1 . . . Table tennis . . . Target shooting . Tennis . . . . . . . Volleyball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

. . . . . . .

X Not applicable.

Participant engaged in activity at least six times in the year.

Includes wilderness camping.

Vacation/overnight.

Source: National Sporting Goods Association, Mt. Prospect, IL, Sports Participation in 1994: Series I (copyright).

259

260

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 415. Sporting Goods Sales, by Product Category: 1985 to 1995

[In millions of dollars, except percent. Based on a sample survey of consumer purchases of 80,000 households, except recreational transport, which was provided by industry associations. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii] SELECTED PRODUCT CATEGORY Sales, all products . . . . . . Annual percent change 1 . . Percent of retail sales . . . . Athletic and sport clothing 2 . . . . Athletic and sport footwear 3 . . . Walking shoes . . . . . . . . . . . Gym shoes, sneakers . . . . . . Jogging and running shoes . . . Tennis shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . Aerobic shoes . . . . . . . . . . . Basketball shoes . . . . . . . . . Golf shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Athletic and sport equipment 3 . . Firearms and hunting. . . . . . . Exercise equipment . . . . . . . . Golf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Camping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bicycles (10-12-15-18+ speed) Fishing tackle . . . . . . . . . . . . Snow skiing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tennis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Archery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baseball and softball . . . . . . . Water skis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bowling accessories . . . . . . . Recreational transport . . . . . . . . Pleasure boats . . . . . . . . . . . Recreational vehicles. . . . . . . Bicycles and supplies . . . . . . Snowmobiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 29,608 12.1 2.2 3,796 4,025 374 1,124 806 470 178 277 109 9,069 1,699 1,216 730 724 975 681 593 273 212 176 125 106 12,718 6,730 3,717 2,109 162 1987 34,875 10.2 2.3 4,645 4,457 728 1,078 670 367 401 253 130 9,900 1,804 1,191 946 858 930 830 661 238 224 173 148 129 15,873 8,906 4,507 2,272 188 1988 42,080 20.7 2.5 9,555 4,940 1,070 1,315 648 353 327 338 128 10,705 1,894 1,452 1,111 945 819 766 710 264 235 174 160 129 16,880 9,637 4,839 2,131 273 1989 45,638 8.5 2.6 10,286 7,488 1,759 1,889 727 508 425 436 129 11,504 2,139 1,748 1,167 996 906 769 606 315 261 206 96 143 16,360 9,319 4,481 2,259 301 1990 44,886 -1.6 2.4 10,130 8,290 2,146 1,975 731 582 389 638 157 11,964 2,202 1,824 1,219 1,072 1,092 776 606 287 265 217 88 155 14,502 7,644 4,113 2,423 322
2

1991 43,659 -2.7 2.4 10,731 8,342 1,956 1,983 783 597 381 670 173 12,062 2,091 2,106 1,149 1,006 (NA) 711 577 295 270 214 63 155 12,524 5,862 3,615 2,686 362

1992 43,682 0.1 2.2 8,990 8,303 1,955 1,868 810 589 376 680 182 12,848 2,533 2,050 1,338 903 (NA) 678 627 296 334 245 55 164 13,541 5,765 4,412 2,973 391

1993 45,412 4.0 2.2 8,596 7,853 1,945 1,572 809 472 318 604 192 13,894 2,722 2,602 1,248 906 (NA) 716 611 267 285 323 51 159 15,069 6,246 4,775 3,534 515

1994 48,732 7.3 2.2 8,442 7,837 1,850 1,457 702 438 226 600 167 14,956 3,490 2,449 1,342 1,017 (NA) 717 652 257 312 305 51 157 17,499 7,679 5,690 3,470 659

1995, proj. 50,557 3.7 2.2 8,744 8,095 1,887 1,472 730 434 208 624 170 15,260 3,141 2,571 1,436 1,098 (NA) 731 680 244 308 317 55 160 18,458 8,447 5,871 3,435 705

NA Not available. 1 Represents change from immediate prior year. earlier years. 3 Includes other products not shown separately.

Category expanded in 1988; not comparable with

Source: National Sporting Goods Association, Mt. Prospect, IL, The Sporting Goods Market in 1995; and prior issues (copyright).

No. 416. Consumer Purchases of Sporting Goods, by Consumer Characteristics: 1994
[In percent. Based on sample survey of consumer purchases of 80,000 households. Excludes Alaska and Hawaii] FOOTWEAR CHARACTERISTIC Total households JogGym Aero- shoes/ ging/ bic runshoes sneak- ning ers shoes 100.0 8.4 3.8 10.4 29.8 21.0 21.6 5.0 10.1 89.9 4.8 20.8 36.9 37.5 10.8 14.4 14.8 18.6 23.0 18.4 100.0 41.3 9.6 5.4 12.4 13.0 13.3 5.0 53.5 46.5 5.8 26.6 34.4 33.2 10.3 13.6 15.4 23.5 22.6 14.6 100.0 11.6 10.6 6.0 19.1 23.8 24.8 4.1 58.0 42.0 5.0 14.7 31.6 48.7 8.0 11.0 14.1 19.6 23.9 23.4 Walking shoes 100.0 5.1 2.8 3.3 11.9 18.2 34.9 23.8 38.2 61.8 6.6 24.8 34.8 33.8 13.6 15.8 15.6 19.5 21.5 14.0 Fishing tackle 100.0 8 3 5 18 24 28 4 9 82 12 6 9 26 39 27 10 16 17 21 21 14 EQUIPMENT Camp- Exering cise equip- equipment ment 100.0 12 8 8 22 22 19 2 7 66 28 6 5 19 36 39 8 13 15 22 24 17 100.0 1 2 3 21 27 34 8 4 40 55 5 4 18 37 40 6 8 13 21 27 25 Hunting equipment 100.0 4 4 7 27 31 22 4 1 88 11 1 7 25 40 27 12 16 13 24 24 12 Team sports equipment guns 100.0 48 20 8 11 7 3 1 1 80 20 1 4 18 32 44 6 10 11 21 29 22 Golf equipment 100.0 8 8 5 18 18 33 10 81 18 2 13 32 53 4 7 14 15 27 33

Total. . . . . . . . . . . . Age of user: Under 14 years old . . . . . . 14 to 17 years old . . . . . . . 18 to 24 years old . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years old . . . . . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . . . . . 45 to 64 years old . . . . . . . 65 years old and over . . . . Multiple ages . . . . . . . . . . Sex of user: Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Both sexes . . . . . . . . . . . . Education of household head: Less than high school . . . . High school . . . . . . . . . . . Some college . . . . . . . . . . College graduate . . . . . . . . Annual household income: Under $15,000 . . . . . . . . . $15,000 to $24,999 . . . . . . $25,000 to $34,999 . . . . . . $35,000 to $49,999 . . . . . . $50,000 to $74,999 . . . . . . $75,000 and over . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

100.0 21 5 10 16 16 19 13 49 51 10 26 34 30 22 17 15 18 17 11

- Represents or rounds to zero. Source: National Sporting Goods Association, Mt. Prospect, IL, The Sporting Goods Market in 1995 (copyright).

Gun Ownership—Arts and Humanities
No. 417. Gun Ownership: 1974 to 1993

261

[In percent. For the 50 States and DC, except prior to 1984 excludes Alaska and Hawaii. Represents respondents indicating there is a gun in the home or garage. Based on samples of noninstitutionalized English speaking persons 18 years old and older. For details, see source] CHARACTERISTIC Total . . . . . . . . . . . Age: 18 to 20 years old . . . . 21 to 29 years old . . . . 30 to 49 years old . . . . 50 years old and older . Sex: Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Race: White . . . . . . . . . . . . Black/other . . . . . . . . Education: Grade school . . . . . . . High school . . . . . . . . College . . . . . . . . . . . Religion: Protestant . . . . . . . . . Catholic. . . . . . . . . . . Jewish . . . . . . . . . . . None . . . . . . . . . . . . Politics: Republican . . . . . . . . Democrat . . . . . . . . . Independent. . . . . . . . 1974 46 34 48 49 44 51 42 48 32 49 48 42 52 37 7 40 49 45 47
1

1976 47 38 45 52 44 52 43 58 37 42 50 44 53 36 26 43 50 45 48

1980 48 48 48 50 46 56 41 50 29 51 51 41 56 36 6 39 53 46 47

1984 45 44 37 48 49 53 40 48 30 43 48 42 52 34 22 36 56 42 40

1987 46 43 35 51 47 51 43 49 33 44 50 43 52 36 25 39 51 44 44

1990 43 40 34 46 42 53 34 45 29 47 47 37 48 36 6 34 48 40 42

1991 40 22 36 40 42 50 32 42 29 39 46 34 46 30 10 31 42 41 37

TYPE OF FIREARM, 1993 Total
1

Pistol 24 21 21 27 22 28 20 25 17 18 25 24 27 17 24 29 18 26

Shotgun 27 34 23 27 28 38 19 29 14 30 32 22 31 23 4 17 34 21 28

Rifle 23 21 17 24 25 31 17 26 9 27 27 20 26 20 4 20 28 17 25

42 48 38 44 42 53 34 45 26 47 46 38 47 36 9 37 51 35 42

- Represents or rounds to zero.

Includes other types of firearms, not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics, annual.

No. 418. Arts and Humanities—Selected Federal Aid Programs: 1980 to 1994
[In millions of dollars, except as indicated. For fiscal years ending in year shown, see text, section 9] TYPE OF FUND AND PROGRAM National Endowment for the Arts: Funds available 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Program appropriation . . . . . . . . . Matching funds 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants awarded (number). . . . . . . . . Funds obligated 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State programs . . . . . . . . . . . . Museums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Theater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Media arts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Challenge 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Visual arts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . National Endowment for the Humanities: Funds available 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Program appropriation . . . . . . . . . Matching funds 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants awarded (number). . . . . . . . . Funds obligated 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . Education programs . . . . . . . . . State programs . . . . . . . . . . . . Research grants . . . . . . . . . . . Fellowship program . . . . . . . . . Challenge 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public programs . . . . . . . . . . . . Preservation and access 5 . . . . . National Capital Arts and Cultural Affairs Program . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 2

1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188.1 97.0 42.9 5,505 166.4 13.6 22.1 11.2 8.4 8.0 8.4 50.8 7.3 36.6 186.2 100.3 38.4 2,917 185.5 18.3 26.0 32.0 18.0 53.5 25.1 (X) (X) 12.6

1985 171.7 118.7 29.5 4,801 149.4 15.3 24.4 11.9 10.6 9.0 9.9 20.7 6.2 41.3 125.6 95.2 30.4 2,241 125.7 17.9 24.4 24.4 15.3 19.6 24.1 (X) (X) (X)

1988 171.1 122.2 32.9 4,628 156.3 15.3 24.9 12.6 10.7 9.2 12.4 24.8 6.0 40.4 125.2 96.7 28.5 2,113 125.2 16.6 25.3 21.9 15.3 16.5 24.9 4.7 (X) (X)

1989 166.7 123.5 23.6 4,604 148.3 15.3 25.5 12.7 10.7 9.5 12.7 15.4 6.1 40.2 137.1 108.3 28.7 2,285 137.1 16.5 29.0 22.1 15.3 16.7 25.1 12.3 (X) (X)

1990 170.8 124.3 32.4 4,475 157.6 16.5 26.1 12.1 10.6 9.6 13.9 19.7 5.9 43.1 140.6 114.2 26.3 2,195 141.0 16.3 29.6 22.5 15.3 14.6 25.4 17.5 (X) (X)

1991 166.5 124.6 32.4 4,239 158.0 14.1 37.7 11.3 9.4 8.5 11.8 19.7 5.3 40.2 152.1 125.1 27.0 2,171 149.8 18.5 30.8 24.0 16.2 15.1 25.3 19.9 (X) (X)

1992 163.0 123.0 30.3 4,229 154.6 14.9 37.0 11.1 9.4 8.2 12.0 13.8 5.6 42.7 156.5 131.2 25.2 2,199 159.1 20.0 31.8 25.3 17.4 12.4 27.0 25.1 (X) (X)

1993 159.7 120.0 27.4 4,096 148.4 12.4 42.0 9.9 8.3 7.9 10.2 11.7 5.1 40.9 158.5 131.9 26.5 2,197 160.3 20.8 32.4 23.7 18.9 14.2 26.7 23.5 (X) (X)

1994 158.1 116.3 29.4 3,843 145.2 10.9 40.7 9.4 8.8 7.6 10.9 9.6 4.8 42.5 157.9 131.4 26.5 1,881 159.0 19.6 32.2 23.4 17.7 14.4 27.5 24.1 (X) (X)

.. ..

Includes other funds, shown separately. Excludes administrative funds. Gifts are included through 1980; X Not applicable. excluded thereafter. Represents Federal funds obligated only upon receipt or certification by Endowment of matching 3 non-Federal gifts. Includes obligations for new grants, supplemental awards on previous years’ grants, and program contracts. 4 Program designed to stimulate new sources and higher levels of giving to institutions for the purpose of guaranteeing long-term stability and financial independence. Program requires a match of at least 3 private dollars to each Federal dollar. Funds for challenge grants are not allocated by program area because they are awarded on a grant-by-grant basis. 5 Program designed to support projects which preserve and guarantee access to print and nonprint media in danger of disintegration or deterioration. Source: U.S. National Endowment for the Arts, Annual Report; and U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities, Annual Report.

262

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 419. Attendance Rates for Various Arts Activities: 1992

[In percent. For persons 18 years old and over. Excludes elementary and high school performances. Based on 1992 household survey Public Participation in the Arts conducted January through December 1992. Data are subject to sampling error; see source. See also tables 411 and 420] ATTENDANCE AT LEAST ONCE IN THE PRIOR 12 MONTHS AT— ITEM Jazz performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 12 9 10 16 6 11 14 13 11 8 7 2 1 2 6 14 20 25 6 5 5 9 11 18 11 Classical music performance 13 12 13 13 7 12 10 10 12 17 15 14 8 2 3 7 14 23 36 5 6 6 11 13 23 13 Opera 3 3 4 3 2 5 3 3 3 4 4 4 2 1 1 1 3 6 12 2 1 2 2 3 8 4 Musical play 17 15 20 18 14 11 16 16 19 22 19 17 9 3 5 12 21 30 37 8 7 8 14 18 33 18 Nonmusical play 14 12 15 14 12 10 13 12 14 17 15 13 7 2 4 8 16 23 35 8 6 7 11 14 24 15 Ballet 5 4 6 5 3 6 5 5 5 5 5 4 2 1 1 2 6 9 12 2 3 2 3 5 10 5 Art museum 27 27 27 28 19 29 29 29 30 29 25 20 10 4 7 16 35 46 59 12 14 13 23 29 44 28 Historic park 35 35 34 37 18 23 33 36 40 41 33 29 12 8 15 26 43 52 64 17 16 20 31 40 51 33 Reading literature 1 54 47 60 56 45 42 53 54 59 57 53 50 40 17 32 49 65 71 79 37 40 43 50 58 71 50

Total . . . . . . . . . . . Sex: Male. . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . . Race: White . . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . Age: 18 to 24 years old . 25 to 34 years old . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 to 96 years old . . . Education: Grade school . Some high school. . . . High school graduate . Some college . . . . . . College graduate . . . . Graduate school. . . . . Income: Under $5,000 . . $5,000 to $9,999 . . . . $10,000 to $14,999. . . $15,000 to $24,999. . . $25,000 to $49,999. . . $50,000 and over . . . . Not reported . . . . . . .

1 Includes novels, short stories, poetry, or plays. Source: U.S. National Endowment for the Arts, Arts Participation in America: 1982 to 1992.

No. 420. Participation in Various Arts Activities: 1992
[In percent, except as indicated. Covers activities engaged in at least once in the prior 12 months. See headnote, table 419. See also table 411] Adult population (mil.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185.8 89.0 96.8 158.8 21.1 5.9 24.1 42.4 39.8 27.7 21.2 18.3 12.3 14.3 18.6 69.4 39.2 26.2 18.1 8.6 15.2 19.2 32.9 62.2 32.1 15.6 IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS PERCENT ENGAGED AT LEAST ONCE IN— Playing classical music 4 3 5 4 3 5 6 3 4 5 5 4 3 1 1 2 6 8 9 2 2 3 4 5 6 4 Modern dancing 1 8 8 8 8 8 9 11 10 7 6 6 9 5 4 4 8 10 8 10 7 7 7 9 8 8 8 Pottery work 2 8 8 9 9 8 5 9 10 10 9 6 6 3 2 7 8 12 9 8 7 4 8 8 10 8 8 Needlework 3 25 5 43 26 15 24 18 24 25 26 27 29 26 22 25 25 26 26 21 22 27 26 26 25 23 24 Photography 4 12 13 10 12 11 9 11 15 13 13 10 7 2 3 5 9 15 16 22 6 7 8 9 13 17 12 Painting 5 10 9 10 10 5 10 19 10 10 8 6 6 4 1 5 9 13 12 13 8 8 8 10 10 11 11 Creative writing 7 7 8 7 6 11 14 7 8 7 5 5 2 (Z) 3 4 11 12 16 7 7 6 7 7 9 9 Buying art work 22 22 22 24 12 8 13 19 27 29 26 20 17 4 11 15 27 32 49 10 10 14 17 22 40 24

ITEM

Total. . . . . . . . . . . Sex: Male . . . . . . . . . . Female . . . . . . . . . . Race: White . . . . . . . . Black . . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . Age: 18 to 24 years old . 25 to 34 years old . . . 35 to 44 years old . . . 45 to 54 years old . . . 55 to 64 years old . . . 65 to 74 years old . . . 75 to 96 years old . . . Education: Grade school Some high school . . . High school graduate. Some college . . . . . . College graduate . . . Graduate school . . . . Income: Under $5,000. . $5,000 to $9,999 . . . $10,000 to $14,999 . . $15,000 to $24,999 . . $25,000 to $49,999 . . $50,000 and over . . . Not reported . . . . . .

Z Less than .05 percent. 1 Dancing other than ballet (e.g. folk and tap). 2 Includes ceramics, jewelry, leatherwork, and metalwork. 3 Includes weaving, crocheting, quilting, and sewing. 4 Includes making movies or video as an artistic activity. 5 Includes drawing, sculpture, and printmaking. Source: U.S. National Endowment for the Arts, Arts Participation in America: 1982 to 1992.

Performing Arts—Boy and Girl Scouts
No. 421. Performing Arts—Selected Data: 1980 to 1994
[Receipts and expenditures in millions of dollars. For season ending in year shown, except as indicated] ITEM Legitimate theater: 1 Broadway shows: New productions . . . . . . . . . Playing weeks 2 3 . . . . . . . . . Number of tickets sold (1,000) Gross box office receipts . . . . 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993

263

1994

. . . .

67 1,541 9,380 143.4 1,351 181.2

31 1,062 7,156 208.0 993 225.9

40 1,031 6,968 207.2 901 224.2

31 1,114 8,142 253.4 893 222.9

29 1,097 7,968 262.0 869 255.5

35 1,062 8,039 283.3 944 367.1

28 970 7,314 267.2 1,152 450.2

36 901 7,365 292.4 1,171 502.7

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 231 455.1 277.4 177.7 460.2 2,929 59,542 20.7

Road shows: Playing weeks 3 . . . . . . . . . . . Gross box office receipts . . . . . Nonprofit professional theatres: Companies reporting . . . . . Gross income . . . . . . . . . . Earned income. . . . . . . . Contributed income . . . . . Gross expenses . . . . . . . . Productions . . . . . . . . . . . Performances . . . . . . . . . . Total attendance (mil.). . . . .
4

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. 147 217 188 189 192 185 184 182 177 . 113.6 234.7 271.2 276.4 349.0 307.6 333.9 359.1 342.5 . 67.3 146.1 165.2 167.0 224.6 188.4 202.6 222.5 209.7 . 46.3 88.6 106.0 109.4 124.4 119.2 131.3 136.6 132.8 . 113.6 239.3 272.8 277.9 349.2 306.3 336.7 365.6 349.3 . 1,852 2,710 2,427 2,369 2,469 2,265 2,277 2,310 2,319 . 42,109 52,341 46,768 46,149 53,263 46,131 48,695 46,184 44,933 . 14.2 14.2 14.6 13.9 18.7 15.2 16.9 16.0 16.5

OPERA America professional member companies: 5 Number of companies 6 . . . . . . . Expenses 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performances 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total attendance (mil.) 7 8 . . . . . . Main season attendance (mil.) 7 9 . Symphony orchestras: 10 Concerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attendance (mil.) . . . . . . . . . Gross revenue . . . . . . . . . . Concert income . . . . . . . . Endowment income . . . . . Other earned income . . . . Operating expenses . . . . . . . Artistic personnel . . . . . . . Concert production . . . . . . Advertising and promotion . General and administrative . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax supported grants. . . . . Private sector support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

79 122.4 1,372 5.5 (NA)

97 216.4 1,909 6.7 3.3

100 260.1 2,254 6.6 3.8

99 294.4 2,378 6.8 3.9

101 311.7 2,429 7.4 4.0

98 321.2 2,336 7.5 4.1

98 346.7 2,283 7.6 4.3

100 371.8 2,424 7.3 4.3

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 17,795 24.4 442.5 303.6 60.4 78.5 710 389.9 129.3 67.3 74.4 49.1 293.1 46.4 246.7

(NA) 19,573 19,319 21,306 20,630 18,931 18,074 19,778 18,599 (NA) 24.0 24.5 27.4 25.8 24.7 26.7 26.3 24.3 (NA) 252.4 306.9 325.3 353.2 377.5 394.5 414.0 429.8 (NA) 168.6 200.4 218.0 231.0 253.3 273.8 284.1 293.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) 42.6 46.8 52.1 52.5 55.3 59.8 (NA) 83.8 106.5 64.7 75.4 72.1 68.2 74.6 76.6 (NA) 426.1 503.5 541.2 583.5 621.7 662.2 683.0 690.5 (NA) 231.9 270.0 288.0 310.2 327.3 355.8 398.9 378.9 (NA) 69.2 79.5 85.8 89.0 104.3 110.3 117.2 114.3 (NA) 32.5 40.4 42.0 47.5 51.3 57.3 58.3 63.3 (NA) 51.3 59.4 61.5 68.4 73.3 75.6 76.2 73.7 (NA) 41.3 54.3 63.9 68.4 65.6 63.2 32.4 60.3 (NA) 188.1 219.5 229.2 249.0 257.8 281.2 279.6 293.9 (NA) 42.2 49.3 52.1 54.5 55.6 58.3 49.1 48.2 (NA) 145.9 170.1 177.1 194.5 202.1 222.9 230.5 245.8

NA Not available. 1 Source: Variety, New York, NY, various June issues, (copyright). 2 All shows (new productions and holdovers from previous seasons). 3 Eight performances constitute one playing week. 4 Source: Theatre Communications Group, New York, NY. For years ending on or prior to Aug. 31. 5 Source: OPERA America, Washington, DC. 6 United States 7 8 9 companies. United States and Canadian companies. Includes educational performances, outreach, etc. For paid 10 Source: American Symphony Orchestra League, Inc., Washington, DC. For years ending Aug. 31. Data performances. represent all United States orchestras, excluding college/university and youth orchestras. Source: Compiled from sources listed in footnotes.

No. 422. Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts—Membership and Units: 1970 to 1994
[In thousands. Boy Scouts as of Dec. 31; Girl Scouts as of Sept. 30. Includes Puerto Rico and outlying areas] ITEM 1970 1975 1980 1985 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 5,378 4,188 1,190 129

BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,287 5,318 4,318 4,845 5,364 5,356 5,448 5,319 5,334 5,354 Boys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,683 3,933 3,207 3,755 4,228 4,247 4,293 4,150 4,146 4,165 Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,604 1,385 1,110 1,090 1,136 1,109 1,155 1,168 1,188 1,189 Total units (packs, troops, posts, groups). 157 150 129 134 131 130 130 128 128 128 GIRL SCOUTS OF THE Membership . . . . . . . . . . . Girls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total units (troops, groups) . U.S.A. ..... ..... ..... .....

. . . .

. . . .

. 3,922 3,234 2,784 2,802 3,052 3,166 3,269 3,383 3,510 3,438 . 3,248 2,723 2,250 2,172 2,345 2,415 2,480 2,561 2,647 2,612 . 674 511 534 630 707 751 788 822 863 826 . 164 159 154 166 189 196 202 210 219 221

3,363 2,561 802 218

Source: Boy Scouts of America, National Council, Irving, TX, Annual Report; and Girl Scouts of the United States of America, New York, NY, Annual Report.

264

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 423. Travel by U.S. Residents—Summary: 1985 to 1994
[In millions, except party size. See headnote table 424] TYPE OF TRIP 1985 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497.8 808.3 1.5 156.6 196.1 1.3 301.2 539.5 1.8 264.5 487.8 1.8 1987 567.3 893.5 1.6 185.0 218.3 1.2 348.6 603.0 1.7 285.0 518.9 1.8 1988 584.9 924.5 1.6 182.8 224.1 1.2 356.7 620.5 1.7 308.4 556.2 1.8 1989 592.2 945.2 1.6 199.3 245.6 1.2 358.3 632.5 1.8 324.4 587.9 1.8 1990 589.4 956.0 1.6 182.8 221.8 1.2 361.1 649.4 1.8 328.7 591.6 1.8 1991 1992 1993 1994 688.2 1,127.4 1.6 220.8 289.1 1.3 434.3 781.2 1.8 366.7 671.3 1.8

All travel: Total trips 1 . Person trips . . . . . . . Party size. . . . . . . . . Business travel: Total trips . Person trips. . . . . . . . . . . Party size . . . . . . . . . . . . Pleasure travel: Total trips . Person trips. . . . . . . . . . . Party size . . . . . . . . . . . . Vacation travel: Total trips . Person trips. . . . . . . . . . . Party size . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

592.4 650.7 648.2 980.1 1,063.0 1,057.5 1.7 1.6 1.6 176.9 210.8 210.4 224.0 278.0 275.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 364.3 411.7 413.4 666.6 736.4 740.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 327.7 352.8 352.2 605.3 637.1 633.2 1.9 1.8 1.8

Includes other trips, not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Travel Data Center, Washington, DC, National Travel Survey, annual, (copyright).

No. 424. Characteristics of Business Trips and Pleasure Trips: 1985 to 1994
[Represents trips to places 100 miles or more from home by one or more household members traveling together. Based on a monthly telephone survey of 1,500 U.S. adults. For details, see source] CHARACTERISTIC Total trips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average household members on trip . Average nights per trip 1 . . . . . . . . . Average miles per trip 2 . . . . . . . . . . Traveled primarily by auto/truck/RV 3 rental car . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Traveled primarily by air . . . . . . . . . Used a rental car while on trip . . . . . Stayed in a hotel while on trip. . . . . . Used a travel agent . . . . . . . . . . . . Also a vacation trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male travelers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female travelers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Household income: Less than $40,000 . . . . . . . . . . . $40,000 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . Million. Number Nights . Miles . . Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent . . . . . . . . . . . .

BUSINESS TRIPS 1985 156.6 1.3 3.6 1,180 51 44 20 62 28 13 67 33 58 42
3

PLEASURE TRIPS 1994 220.8 1.3 3.0 1,027 56 43 23 70 24 12 74 26 21 79 1985 301.2 1.8 5.6 1,010 73 21 6 39 13 80 48 52 73 27 1990 361.1 1.8 4.4 867 77 18 7 37 12 82 49 51 63 38 1993 413.4 1.8 4.0 858 79 18 9 40 8 76 55 45 47 53 1994 434.3 1.8 3.7 821 78 17 9 40 8 75 52 48 49 51

1990 182.8 1.2 3.7 1,020 58 37 14 71 21 17 71 29 42 56

1993 210.4 1.3 3.5 1,192 55 43 26 73 25 14 72 28 30 70

. Percent . . Percent .

Includes no overnight stays.

2

United States only.

Recreational vehicle.

Source: U.S. Travel Data Center, Washington, DC, National Travel Survey, annual, (copyright).

No. 425. Arrangement of Passenger Transportation—Receipts and and Expenses, by Source: 1989 to 1994
[In millions of dollars. For taxable employer firms. Data are for SIC 472. Based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification code; see text, section 13] ITEM RECEIPTS Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Air carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water carriers . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels and motels. . . . . . . . . Motor coaches . . . . . . . . . . . Railroads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rental cars . . . . . . . . . . . . . Packaged tours . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1989 9,822 5,401 394 693 343 106 157 1,978 750 1990 10,921 5,837 474 771 403 127 175 2,250 884 1991 10,152 5,527 520 676 385 130 171 1,931 812 1992 10,573 5,881 523 744 379 110 187 1,989 760 1993 11,073 6,138 528 758 388 125 189 2,158 789 1994 11,795 6,375 584 808 397 126 204 2,425 876

EXPENSES Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annual payroll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employer contributions to Social Security and other supplemental benefits . . . . . Lease and rental payments . . . . . . . . . Advertising and promotion . . . . . . . . . . Taxes and licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purchased office supplies. . . . . . . . . . . Purchased repair services . . . . . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

...... ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8,799 3,468 464 825 588 148 295 371 306 124 2,210

9,912 3,891 519 919 722 158 352 409 321 156 2,465

9,469 3,740 516 874 636 134 341 379 295 139 2,415

9,705 3,924 526 873 653 135 371 326 300 124 2,473

10,136 4,031 558 908 713 144 386 339 294 134 2,629

10,889 4,526 628 908 746 163 388 361 325 152 2,692

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Business Reports, Service Annual Survey: 1994, BS/94.

Travel Expenditures—Foreign Travel
No. 426. Domestic Travel Expenditures, by State: 1993
[Represents U.S. spending on domestic overnight trips and day trips of 100 miles or more away from home. Excludes spending by foreign visitors and by U.S. residents in U.S. territories and abroad] Total (mil. dol.) Share of total Rank (percent) 100 1.1 0.3 1.7 0.8 13.1 1.9 1.1 0.3 1 8.9 2.8 1.8 0.5 4.3 1.3 0.8 (X) 28 46 19 33 1 17 30 48 31 2 9 18 41 5 26 32 Total (mil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,457 3,567 4,848 1,483 4,922 7,452 7,498 4,492 2,236 6,215 1,434 1,751 12,539 1,408 11,134 2,695 19,950 7,884 Share of total Rank (percent) 0.8 1.1 1.5 0.5 1.5 2.3 2.3 1.4 0.7 1.9 0.4 0.5 3.9 0.4 3.4 0.8 6.2 2.4 37 29 22 40 21 14 13 24 38 16 42 39 6 43 7 36 4 12 Total (mil. dol.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 828 8,546 2,698 3,795 10,060 708 4,831 834 6,779 20,215 2,712 1,030 9,076 5,318 1,371 4,453 1,142

265

STATE

STATE KS . KY . LA . ME . MD . MA . MI . MN . MS . MO . MT . NE . NV . NH . NJ . NM . NY . NC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

STATE ND . OH . OK . OR . PA . RI. . SC . SD . TN . TX . UT . VT . VA . WA . WV . WI . WY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Share of total Rank (percent) 0.3 2.6 0.8 1.2 3.2 0.2 1.5 0.3 2.1 6.3 0.8 0.3 2.8 1.6 0.4 1.4 0.4 50 11 35 27 8 51 23 49 15 3 34 47 10 20 44 25 45

U.S., total . 323,272 AL . AK . AZ . AR . CA . CO . CT . DE . DC . FL . GA . HI. . ID. . IL . . IN. . IA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,682 1,085 5,525 2,745 42,480 6,122 3,458 836 3,169 28,629 9,186 5,866 1,462 13,804 4,220 2,746

X Not applicable. Source: U.S. Travel Data Center, Washington, DC, Impact of Travel on State Economies, 1993 (copyright).

No. 427. International Travelers and Expenditures, With Projections: 1970 to 1995
[For coverage, see tables 428 and 429. Beginning 1985, receipts, payments, and fares not comparable with previous years. See source for details. Minus sign (-) indicates deficit. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 921, 928, 941, and 945] TRAVEL AND PASSENGER FARE (mil. dol.) YEAR Payments by U.S. travelers Total 1970 . . . . 1980 . . . . 1985 . . . . 1987 . . . . 1988 . . . . 1989 . . . . 1990 . . . . 1991 . . . . 1992 . . . . 1993 . . . . 1994, est. . 1995, proj. . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Receipts from foreign visitors Total
1

Expenditures abroad 3,980 10,397 24,558 29,310 32,114 33,418 37,349 35,322 39,007 40,564 43,059 44,825

U.S. net travel and passenger payments (mil. dol.) Travel receipts 2,331 10,588 17,762 23,563 29,434 36,250 43,007 48,384 54,284 57,621 60,001 58,370 -2,487 -1,354 -8,869 -6,027 -1,434 5,197 10,426 18,904 21,642 22,191 22,035 18,585

U.S. travelers to foreign countries (1,000) (NA) 22,365 34,715 39,410 40,669 41,138 44,623 41,566 43,897 44,385 46,426 47,419

Foreign visitors to the U.S. (1,000) 12,362 22,326 25,399 29,500 34,095 36,564 39,539 42,986 47,261 45,779 45,504 42,983

5,195 14,004 31,042 36,593 39,843 41,666 47,879 45,334 49,614 51,980 55,618 57,900

2,708 12,650 22,173 30,566 38,409 46,863 58,305 64,237 71,257 74,171 77,653 76,485

2

NA Not available. 1 Includes passenger fares not shown separately. 2 Mexico visitation data are under-reported. Source: Travelers and visitors: U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration (USTTA), and unpublished data. Fares and Payments: Through 1980, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, (BEA) Survey of Current Business; beginning 1985, USTTA, based on data from BEA.

No. 428. U.S. Travel to Foreign Countries, With Projections: 1985 to 1995
[Travelers in thousands; expenditures in millions of dollars. Covers residents of the United States, its territories and possessions. See source for details. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 921-940] ITEM AND AREA Total travelers . . . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total overseas . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . Latin America 1 . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . Expenditures abroad. . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total overseas . . . . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . . . . Latin America 1 . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . Fares to foreign carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 34,715 11,558 10,461 12,696 6,780 3,592 2,324 24,558 2,506 2,548 19,504 9,403 3,995 6,106 6,444 1989 41,138 12,184 14,163 14,791 7,233 4,392 3,166 33,418 3,396 4,276 25,746 11,967 5,123 8,656 8,248 1990 44,623 12,252 16,381 15,990 8,043 4,749 3,198 37,349 3,541 4,879 28,929 13,996 5,395 9,538 10,530 1991 41,566 12,003 15,042 14,521 6,316 5,155 3,050 35,322 3,705 5,111 26,506 11,524 3,072 11,910 10,012 1992 43,897 11,818 16,114 15,965 7,136 5,285 3,544 39,007 3,554 5,159 30,293 13,951 6,351 9,991 10,608 1993 44,385 11,998 15,285 17,102 7,491 5,729 3,882 40,564 3,692 5,158 31,714 14,437 6,987 10,290 11,416 1994, est. 1995, proj. 46,426 12,543 15,759 18,124 (NA) (NA) (NA) 43,059 3,826 5,062 34,172 15,512 7,570 11,090 12,558 47,419 12,920 15,759 18,740 (NA) (NA) (NA) 44,825 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

NA Not available. 1 Includes Central and South America and the Caribbean. Source: Travelers: U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration (USTTA), unpublished data. Expenditures: USTTA, based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

266

Parks, Recreation, and Travel
No. 429. Foreign Travel to the United States, With Projections: 1985 to 1995

[Travelers in thousands; receipts in millions of dollars. Includes travelers for business and pleasure, foreigners in transit through the United States, and students; excludes travel by foreign government personnel and foreign businessmen employed in the United States. See source for details. See also Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series H 946-951] AREA OF ORIGIN International travelers . Canada . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . Total overseas . . . . . Europe . . . . . . . . Latin America 1 . . . Other . . . . . . . . . Total travel receipts Canada . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . Total overseas . . . Europe . . . . . . Latin America 1 . Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985 25,399 10,721 7,141 7,537 2,905 1,795 2,837 17,762 2,580 2,101 13,081 4,774 3,122 5,185 4,411 1989 36,564 15,325 7,240 13,999 6,251 2,627 5,121 36,250 5,385 3,926 26,939 11,004 4,418 11,517 10,613 1990 39,539 17,263 7,217 15,059 6,659 2,877 5,523 43,007 7,093 5,108 30,806 12,602 5,126 13,078 15,298 1991 42,986 19,113 7,718 16,155 7,360 3,080 5,715 48,384 8,499 5,367 34,518 14,332 5,927 14,259 15,854 1992 47,261 18,598 10,872 17,791 8,262 3,255 6,274 54,284 8,182 5,696 40,407 17,706 6,883 15,818 16,972 1993 45,779 17,293 9,824 18,662 8,630 3,678 6,354 57,621 7,458 5,119 45,044 19,204 8,300 17,540 16,550 1994, est. 45,504 14,970 11,325 19,209 8,509 3,672 7,028 60,001 6,321 4,930 48,749 20,033 8,816 19,900 17,651 1995, proj. 42,983 13,668 9,610 19,705 8,803 3,751 7,151 58,370 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

Fares to U.S. carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
1

Includes Central and South America and the Caribbean.

Source: Travelers: U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration (USTTA), unpublished data. Receipts: USTTA, based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

No. 430. Foreign Visitors for Pleasure Admitted, by Country of Last Residence: 1985 to 1994
[In thousands. For years ending September 30. See headnote, table 7, section 1] COUNTRY Total
1

1985

1990

1993

1994

COUNTRY Africa 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . Oceania 2 . . . . . . . . . . Australia. . . . . . . . . . New Zealand. . . . . . . North America. . . . . . . . Canada . . . . . . . . . . Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . Caribbean 2 . . . . . . . Bahamas, The . . . . Barbados . . . . . . . Cayman Islands . . . Dominican Republic Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . Jamaica . . . . . . . . Netherlands Antilles Trinidad and Tobago Central America 2. . . . Costa Rica . . . . . . El Salvador . . . . . . Guatemala . . . . . . Panama . . . . . . . . South America 2 . . . . . . Argentina . . . . . . . . . Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . Colombia . . . . . . . . . Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1985 101 16 25 282 195 74 1,664 79 773 584 211 17 18 57 56 74 27 71 228 41 38 53 38 606 66 148 28 123 42 44 122
3

1990 105 16 11 562 380 153 2,463 119 1,061 963 332 34 31 137 57 132 31 81 320 62 46 91 43 1,016 136 300 54 122 57 97 199

1993 127 16 11 535 381 117 2,712 160 1,259 888 289 41 31 145 31 117 39 69 405 89 64 104 55 1,593 312 446 91 162 70 102 343

1994 138 17 10 478 334 103 2,763 144 1,324 886 269 38 33 150 27 129 39 68 408 91 63 108 58 1,717 338 507 96 174 78 99 353

......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,609 13,418 16,918 17,155 2,048 34 39 36 24 226 34 55 155 82 41 40 2 64 71 110 598 373 1,866 83 64 52 80 1,277 26 59 31 23 5,383 87 95 75 83 566 43 81 308 214 80 55 53 183 230 236 1,899 969 3,830 187 111 75 128 2,846 120 76 33 32 7,349 146 147 80 56 698 44 111 491 302 79 32 47 272 178 283 2,566 1,667 4,501 289 141 63 142 3,177 270 94 45 42
2

Europe 2 . . . . . . . Austria . . . . . . . Belgium . . . . . . Denmark . . . . . Finland . . . . . . France . . . . . . . Greece . . . . . . Ireland . . . . . . . Italy . . . . . . . . . Netherlands . . . Norway . . . . . . Poland . . . . . . . Soviet Union . . . Spain. . . . . . . . Sweden . . . . . . Switzerland . . . . United Kingdom . Germany 3 . . . .

6,944 132 153 79 48 686 47 126 457 302 80 33 44 236 154 294 2,461 1,450 5,023 353 145 67 150 3,506 361 87 47 47

Asia 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . China (Mainland China and Taiwan) . . . . . . Hong Kong . . . . . . . . India . . . . . . . . . . . . Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . Japan . . . . . . . . . . . Korea . . . . . . . . . . . Philippines . . . . . . . . Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . Singapore. . . . . . . . .

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Includes countries unknown or not reported. West Germany.

Includes countries not shown separately.

Data prior to 1993 for former

Source: U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook, annual.


								
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