Denys Pringle, Defence of Byzantine Africa

Document Sample
Denys Pringle, Defence of Byzantine Africa Powered By Docstoc
					          http://www.tabbourt.com/   (Bibliographie du Maghreb antique et médiéval)
                                Denys Pringle
                        The Defence of Byzantine Africa
The Defence of Byzantine Africa, from Justinian to the Arab Conquest. An account of the
military history and archaeology of the African provinces the sixth and seventh centuries.
BAR, International Series 99(part i et ii) 1981.

1) Table des matières.
2) Table des noms de lieux antiques et modernes, complétée par les numéros de page.

1) Table des matières


1er tome
Preface, p. v
Contents, p. vii
List of Maps, p. x
List of Figures, p. xi
List of Plates, p. xiv
Arabie Summary, p. xxi

CHAPTER I. : SOURCES AND SCOPE OF STUDY, p. 1

CHAPTER II. : MILITARY HISTORY, p. 9
1. Vandals, Romans and Moors, p. 9
2. The Vandal War (A. D. 533-534), p. 16
3. Solomon' s first governorship and the mutiny of Stotzas (A.D. 534 -538), p. 22
4. Solomon' s second governorship (A. D. 539-544), p. 27
5. Military crisis (A. D. 544-546), p. 31
6. The governorship of John Troglitas (A. D, 546-c. 552), p. 33
7. The later sixth century and the reforms of the emperor Maurice (A. D. c.552 -602),
p. 39
8. The seventh century, p. 43
Appendix
1.Order of battle of the Byzantine expeditionary force (A. D, 533), p. 51
2. Praetorian prefects and military commanders in Africa, p. 52


CHAPTER III. MILITARY ORGANISATION AND DEFENSIVE STRATEGY

1.The structure of military command in Africa, p. 55.
         The field-commander, magister militum and exarch of Africa, p. 55
         The duces, p. 58
         The provinces of Byzantine Africa, p. 60
2.The composition of the Byzantine army in Africa, p. 65
                The field-army, p. 67
                The ducal armies, p. 70
      3.The garrison structure of Byzantine Africa (1), p. 72
                Direct evidence for types of garrison: comitatenses, limitanei, gentiles, p. 72.
      4.The garrison structure of Byzantine Africa (2), p. 79.
 The relation of settlement status to garrison type, p; 79.
 The sizes of garrisons, p. 83.
      5.The building of fortifications, p. 89.
      6. Strategy and the siting of fortifications (1) , G eneral principles
      7. Strategy and the siting of fortifications (2). The archaeological evidence
      8. Refortification and renovatio in Byzantine Africa
      Appendix
                      1.Cities referred to in de Aedificüs (A. D. 553/555)
                      2. Forts referred to in de Aedificüs (A. D, 553/555)
                      3. Settlements referred to as cities during the reign of Justinian, but not
      referred to as such in de Aedificiis
                      4. Settlements referred to as cities later than the reign of Justinian
                      5.The ranking by size of Byzantine fortifications in Africa
                      6. Sixth- and seventh-century coin hoards from Africa


      CHAPTER IV : MILITARY ARCHITECTURE AND TACTICS
      1.Introduction, p. 131
      2. Building techniques, p. 133
      3. The layout of fortifications, p. 139
            Towers (turres, burgi), p. 140
            Forts castra, castella, p. 143
            Fortresses, citadels and town walls, p. 145
      4. Walls and lines of defence, p. 147
      5. Towers, p. 152
      6. Gateways, p. 158
      7. Internal structures and services, p. 164
      8. Conclusion, p. 166


      CHAPTER V. ENVOI-THE MIDDLE AGES, p. 167

     GAZETTEER
     AA. Sites at which official sixth-century fortifications are attested by documentary
     and/or epigraphic evidence, p. 171
AB. Sites whose structural remains are strongly suggestive of official sixth -century
     fortification, when compared with examples in Gazetteer AA , p. 253
     AC. Sites probably provided with official fortifications in the sixth century, but for
     which the evidence, whether documentary, epigraphic or archaeological, is not
     conclusive, p. 279
B. Sites whose structural evidence suggests only the possibilit y of official sixth-
century fortification, p. 289
CA. Fortified sites referred to by Procopius, p. 305
CB. Corpus of sixth- and seventh-century inscriptions relating to (a) the construction
of fortifications and (b) military matters in general, p. 315


VOLUME TWO

Notes to Chapters I-V, p. 341
Bibliography
a. Latin, Greek and Oriental (non-Arabie) sources, p. 449
b. Arabie sources, p. 456
c. Works published since 1600, p. 458
Maps 1-7, p. 515
Figures 1-49, p. 543
Plates I-I~V, p. 609
Index of sites listed in Gazetteers AA, AB, AC and B, p. 695


LIST OF MAPS
Pages 515-541
1. Africa: Physical
2. The ad Decimum campaign, A, D, 533
3. Africa: Distribution of Byzantine fortifications under Justinian
4. Africa: Distribution of Byzantine fortifications after Justinian
5. Africa: Location of fortifications of uncertain Byzantine identification
6. Africa: Location of towns referred to by George of Cyprus (A. D, c, 600)
7. Byzantine Africa: Communications (after Salama 1951)
II) TABLE TOPOGRAPHIQUE DE PRINGLE, DEFENCE OF BYZANTINE
AFRICA

Références

Le classement des sites par ordre chronologique rend obligatoire le recours à une table alphabétique, qui est bien
donnée à la fin du volume, mais avec référence au Gazetteers AA, AB, AC et B, sans indication de page. Ceci rend
bien inutilement pénible la consultation de cet ouvrage. Nous avons repris ci-dessous la table géographique en
rajoutant les numéros de pages.




                  Noms antiques en capitales et modernes en bas-de-casse.


                                                                                      Gazette Pages       Planches
                                                                                      er
Aabed (Hr, el-)                           THVNIGABA                                   B       303
AD CENTENARIVM                            Fédj-Deriasse (Hr, )                        AA        178
AD MAIORES                                Besseriani (Hr, )                           B         289
AD TVRRES                                 Tamerza                                     AC        279
AGBIA                                     Bordj Ibrahim, Ain Hedja                    AB        253-5
AGGAR                                     Sidi Amara (Hr, ), Khima (Hr, )             B         289-90
Ain Bou Driês (Hr, )                      -                                           AA        178-9
Ain Djelloula                             CVLVLIS THEODORIANA                         AA        196-7
Ain el-Bordj                              TIGISI                                      AA        246-8 p. 548-9, fig. 4
Ain el—Kebira                             SATAFI                                      B         299
Aïn el-Ksar                               -                                           AA        179
Aïn Fourna                                FVRNOS MAIVS                                B         294-5
Aïn Hedja                                 AGBIA                                       AB        253-5
Aïn Mchira                                -                                           B         290
Aïn Metouia                               -                                           AB        255
Aïn Tachegga                              THIZICA                                     B         302
Aïn Tebournok                             TVBERNVC                                    AA        249-50
Aïn Toumella                              THAMALLVLA                                  AB        267
Aïn Tounga                                TIGNICA                                     AB        270-2
Ain Zana                                  DIANA VETERANORVM                           AB        256-8
AMMAEDARA                                 Haïdra                                      AA        179-81
ANASTASIANA                               Sguidan (Hr, )                              AA        181-2
Annaba                                    HIPPO REGIVS                                AA        200-1
Announa                                   THIBILIS                                    B         301-2
AQUAE THIBILITANAE                        Hammam Meskhoutine                          B         290
Badès                                     BADIAS                                      AA        183
BADIAS                                    Badès                                       AA        183
BAGAI                                     Baghaï                                      AA        183-5
Baghaï                                    BAGAI                                       AA        183-5
Bechilga                 ZABI IVSTINIANA                AA   252
Béja                     VAGA THEODORIANA               AA   250-2
Besseriani (Hr. )        AD MAIORES                     B    289
Bez (Hr, )               VAZI SARRA                     B    303
Bona                     HIPPO REGIVS                   AA   200-1
Bordj el-Ksar            SILA                           B    300
Bordj el-Ksour           -                              AC   279-80
Bordj Hallal             -                              AA   185-7 p. 548-9, fig. 4
Bordj Ibrahim            AGBIA                          AB   253-5
Bordj Oraou              VREV                           B    303-4
Bordj Younga             IVNCI SOFIANA                  AA   202-3
Bou Sebaâ (Hr, )         MASTICANA                      AA   218-9
BVLLA REGIA              Hammam Derradji                B    290-1
BVRGVS SPECVLATORIVS     Kherbet el-Bordj, Loth Bordj   AC   280-1

CAESAREA                 Cherchell                      AA   187-8
CALAMA                   Guelma                         AA   188-91
Cap Matifou              RVSGVNIAE                      AA   222-3
CAPSA IVSTINIANA         Gafsa                          AA   191-2
CAPVT VADA               Ras Kaboudia                   AA   192-3
Carthage                 CARTHAGO IVSTINIANA            AA   171-8    p. 545, fig. 1
CARTHAGO IVSTINIANA      Carthage                       AA   171-8
CASAE (i) and (ii)       El-Madher                      B    291-2
CASTELLVM TIDDITANORVM   Tiddis, Ksantina el-Kdima      B    292
CEBAR ?                  -                                   313
Ceuta                    SEPTEM                         AA   225-6
Chaouach                 SVA                            B    301
Cherchell                CAESAREA                       AA   187-8
Chigarnia (Hr., )        VPPENNA                        AB   276-7
CHOBA                    Ziama                          AB   255-6
CHVSIRA                  La Kesra                       AA   193-4
CILIBIA                  Kilbia (Hr,)                   B    293
CIVITAS A..              Ksar Medoudja                  B    293
CIVITAS POPTHENSIS       Ksiba, Okseiba (Hr, el-)       B    293
CLVPEA                   Ras Mostefa (nr. Kelibia)      AC   281-2
CONSTANTINA              Constantine, Ksantina          AA   194-5
Constantine              CONSTANTINA                    AA   194-5
COREVA                   Dermoulia (Hr. )               B    294
CVICVL                   Djemila                        B    294
CVLVLIS THEODORIANA      Aïn Djelloula                  AA   196-7

Dermoulia (Hr, )         COREVA                         B    294
DIANA VETERANORVM        Aïn Zana                       AB   256-8
Djemila                  CVICVL                         B    294
Djiama                   (= Seba Biar)                  B    300
Douemis (Hr, )           VCHI MAIVS                     B    303
 Dougga                  THVGGA                         AA   244-6
Dougga (Hr. )                  THVGGA TEREBENTINA            AB   269-70
Douimis (Hr. )                 *MAMMA                        AA   217

Ebba Ksour                     OBBA                          A    310

Fedj-Dériasse (Hr, )           AD CENTENARIVM                AA   178
Fragha (Hr. ) = Hr Chigarnia   VPPENNA                       AB   276-7
FVRNOS MAIVS                   Aïn Fourna                    B    294-5

FVSSALA                        -                                  312

Gabès                          TACAPES                       AC   285-6
 GADIAVFALA                    Ksar Sbahi                    AA   198
 GafSa                         CAPSA IVSTINIANA              AA   191-2
 Gambetta                      THAGVRA                       AA   231-2
Gastal, Goussa (Hr. el-)       -                             AA   258-9
GIGTHIS                        Sidi Salem Bou Ghara (Hr. )   B    295
Goussa (Hr. el-)               (= Gastal)                    AB   258-9
Guelâa Bou Atfan               -                             B    295
Guelâa Sïdi Yahia              -                             AB   259-60
Guelma                         CALAMA                        AA   188-91
Guessês                        -                                  296
HADRVMENTVM                    Sousse                        AA   199-200
IVSTINIANVM
Haïdra                         AMMAEDARA                     AA   179-181
Hammam Derradji                BVLLA REGIA                   B    290-1
Hammam Meskhoutine             AQVAE THIBILITANAE            B    290
HIPPO REGIVS                   Annaba, Bona                  AA   200-1
IOMNIVM                        Tigzirt-sur-Mer               B    296-7
IVNCI SOFIANA                  Bordj Younga                  AA   202-3
IVSTINIANOPOLIS                (=HADRVMENTVM IVSTINIANVM     AA   199-200
Jama                           ZAMA MINOR                    B    304

el-Kef                         SICCA VENERIA                 AA   226-7
Kef Benzioune                  ZATTARA                       AB   278
Kef el-Kherraz                                               AB   260
Kelbia (Hr. )                  CILIBIA                       B    293
Kelibia (near)                 CLVPEA                        AC   281-2
la Kesra                       CHVSIRA                       AA   193-4
Khamissa                       THVBVRSICV NVMIDARVM          AB   268-9
Khenchela                      MASCVLA TIBERIA               AA   218
Kherbet el-Bordj               BVRGVS SPECVLATORIVS          AC   280-1
Khima (Hr. )                   AGGAR                         B    289-90
le Krib                        MVSTI                         AB   266-7
Ksantina                       CONSTANTINA                   AA   194-5
Ksantina el-Kdima              CASTELLVM TIDDITANORVM        B    292
Ksar (Hr. el-)                 -                             B    297
Ksar Belezma                   -                             AA   204-5
Ksar Ghazelli (Hr. )           -                             B    297
Ksar Graouch          -                      AB   260-3
Ksar Lebna            -                      B    297
Ksar Lemsa            LIMISA                 AA   212-4
Ksar Medoudja         CIVITAS A...           B    293
Ksar Otsman           -                      AB   263-4
Ksar Sbahi            GADIAV FALA            AA   198
Ksiba                 CIVITAS POPTHENSIS     B    281
Ksour (Hr. el-)       -                      AC
Ksour Abd el-Melek    VZAPPA                 B    304
Ksour Sidi Abdellah   VZAPPA                 B    304
LAMBAESIS             Tazoult                AC   282-4
LAMFVENSIS                                        308
LARES                 Voir LARIBVS           AA   205-7
LARIBVS               Lorbeus (Hr. )         AA   205-7
LARISCVS              La Skhira              AA   207-8
Lebda                 LEPCIS MAGNA           AA   208-12
LEPCIS MAGNA          Lebda                  AA   208-12
LIMISA                Ksar Lemsa             AA   212-4
Lorbeus (Hr, )        LARIBVS                AA   205-7
Loth Bordj            BVRGVS SPECVLATORIVS   AC   280-1
MACTARIS              Maktar                 AB   264-6
MADAVROS              M’daourouch            AA   214-7
el-Madher             CASAE (i) and (ü)      B    291-2
Maktar                MACTARIS               AB   264-6
* MAMMA               Douimis (Hr. )         AA   217
Marsa Zuaga           SABRATHA               AA   223-5
MASCVLA TIBERIA       Khamissa               AA   218
MASTICANA             Bou Sebaâ (Hr. )       AA   218-9
M’daourouch           MADAVROS               AA   214-7
Mdila (Hr. )          MIDILI ?               AC   310
Medinet el-Kedima     THELEPTE               AA   237-8
Mest (Hr, )           MVSTI                  AB   266-7
MIDILI ?              Mdila (Hr. )           AC   316
Mila                  MILEV                  AA   219-20
MILEV                 Mila                   AA   219-20
Mons                  MOPTH..., , , MOPTI    B    298
MOPTH.., , , MOPTI    Mons                   B    298
MVSTI                 Mest (Hr. ), Le Krib   AB   266-7

Nagachia (Hr. )       -                      B    298

OBBA                  Ebba Ksour             AC   310
OEA                   Tripoli, Tarabulus     AA   220-2
Okseiba (Hr. el-)     CIVITAS POPTHENSIS     B    293
Périgotville          SATAFI                 B    299
Philippeville                 RVSICADE                      B    299

Ras el-Hammam                 -                             B    298-9
Ras Kaboudia                  CAPVT VADA                    AA   192-3
Ras Mostefa                   CLVPEA                        AC   281-2
Ras Salakta                   SVLLECTVM                     B    301
RVSGVNIAE                     Tamentfoust, Cap Matifou      AA   222-3
RVSICADE                      Skikda (ex-Philippeville)     B    299
SABRATHA                      Marsa Zuaga                   AA   223-5
SATAFI                        Périgotville, Aïn el-Kebira   B    299
Sbeïtla                       SVFETVLA                      AC   284-5
Sbiba (Hr. ) ,                SVFES                         AA   229-30
Scillium                      -                                  311
Seba Biar                     -                             B    300
SEPTEM                        Ceuta                         AA   225-6
Sétif                         SITIFIS                       AA   227-9
Sguidan (Hr. )                ANASTASIANA                   AA   181-2
SICCA VENERIA                 el-Kef                        AA   226-7
Sidi Ali Belkacem (Hr. )      THVBVRNICA                    B    302
Sidi Amara (Hr. )             AGGAR                         B    289-90
Sidi Bellaoui                 -                             B    300
Sidi Bou Goussa (Hr.)         -                             B    300
Sidi el-Djedidi               ZAMA MINOR                    B    304
Sidi Salem Bou Ghara (Hr. )   GIGTHIS                       B    295
SILA                          Bordj el-Ksar                 B    300
SITI FIS                      Sétif                         AA   227-9
la Skhira                     LARISCVS                      AA   207-8
Skikda                        RVSICADE                      B    299
Sousse                        HADRVMENTVM IVSTINIANVM       AA   199-200
SVA                           Chaouâch                      B    301
SVFES                         Sbiba (Hr, )                  AA   229-30
SVFETVLA                      Sbeïtla                       AC   284-5
SVLLECTVM                     Ras Salakta                   B    301
Tabarka                       THABRACA                      AA   230-1
TACAPES                       Gabès                         AC   285-6
Tamentfoust                   RVSGVNIAE                     AA   222-3
Tamerza                       AD TVRRES                     AC   279
Taoura                        THAGVRA                       AA   231-2
Tarabulus                     OEA, TRIPOLI                  AA   220-2
Tazoult                       LAMBAESIS                     AC   282-4
Tébessa                       THEVESTE                      AA   238-43
Teboursouk                    THVBVRSICV BVRE               AA   243-4
Tehouda                       THABVDEOS                     AC   286-8
THABRACA                      Tabarka                       AA   230-1
THABVDEOS                     Tehouda                       AC   286-8
THAGVRA                       Taoura                        AA   231-2
THAMALLVLA              Aïn Toumella                      AB   267
THAMVGADI               Timgad                            AA   232-6 p. 546-7, fig. 2
THELEPTE                Medinet el-Kedima                 AA   237-8
THEVESTE                Tébessa                           AA   238-43 p. 548-9, fig. 3
THIBILIS                Announa                           B    301-2
THIZICA                 Aïn Tachegga                      B    302
THVBVRNICA              Sidi Ali Belkacem (Hr. )          B    302
THVBVRSICV BVRE         Teboursouk                        AA   243-4 p. 548-9, fig. 3
THVBVRSICV NVMIDIARVM   Khamissa                          AB   268-9
THVGGA                  Dougga                            AA   244-6
THVGGA TEREBENTINA      Dougga (Hr. )                     AB   269-70
THVNIGABA               Aabed (Hr. el-)                   B    303
Tiddis                  CASTELLVM TIDDITANORVM            B    292
Tifech                  TIPASA                            AB   272-4   p. 548-9, fig. 3 p.
TIGISI                  Aïn el-Bordj                      AA   246-8   548-9, fig. 4 4
                                                                       p. 548-9, fig.
TIGNICA                 Aïn Tounga                        AB   270-2
Tigzirt-sur-Mer         IOMNIVM                           B    296-7
Timgad                  THAMVGADI                         AA   232-6
TIPASA                  Tifech                            AB   272-4   p. 548-9, fig. 4
Tobna                   TVBVNAE                           AB   274-6   p. 548-9, fig. 3
TRIPOLI                 (= OEA)                           AA   220-2
Tripoli                 OEA, TRIPOLI                      AA   220-2
TVBERNVC                Ain Tebournok                     AA   249-50
TVBVNAE                 Tobna                             AB   274-6 p. 548-9, fig. 3
VAGA THEODORIANA        Béja                              AA   250-2   p. 548-9, fig. 4
VAZI SARRA              Bez (Hr. )                        B    303
VCHI MAIVS              Douemis (Hr. )                    B    303
VPPENNA                 Chigarnia (Hr. ), Fragha (Hr. )   AB   276-7
VREV                    Bordj Ouraou                      B    303-4
VZAPPA                  Ksour Abd el-Melek, Ksour Sidi         304
                        Abdellah                               252
ZABI IVSTINIANA         Bechilga                          AA
Zaga (Hr. )             -                                 B    304
ZAMA MINOR              Jama, Sidi el-Djedidi             B    304
ZARAI                   Zraïa                             AB   277-8
ZATTARA                 Kef Benzioune                     AB   278
Ziama                   CHOBA                             AB   255-6
Zraïa                   ZARAI                             AB   277-8

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:103
posted:12/10/2011
language:English
pages:9