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CIS 101 Test Review - Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. An output device is any hardware component that ____. a. enters data or instructions into a computer b. sends and receives data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers c. records (writes) and/or retrieves (reads) items to and from storage media d. conveys information to one or more people 2. A communications device is a hardware component that enables a computer to ____. a. enter data or instructions into a computer b. send and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers c. record (write) and/or retrieve (read) items to and from storage media d. convey information to one or more people 3. A Web page can contain ____. a. text and graphics c. video b. audio d. all of the above Figure 1-1 4. As shown in Figure 1-1, a(n) ____ is a miniature image that represents a program, an instruction, or some other object. a. server c. icon b. processor d. network 5. When a user starts a computer, portions of the ____ (of which Microsoft Vista, shown in Figure 1-1, is an example) load into memory from the computer’s hard disk. a. application software c. graphical user interface (GUI) b. operating system d. podcast 6. ____ is the process of setting up software to work with a computer, printer, and other hardware components. a. Installing c. Executing b. Running d. Entering 7. ____ provide personal organization functions such as a calendar, appointment book, address book, calculator, and notepad. a. Handheld computers c. PDAs b. Tablet PCs d. Smart phones 8. Offering the convenience of one-handed operation, a ____ is an Internet-enabled telephone. a. handheld computer c. PDA b. Tablet PC d. smart phone 9. The ____ unit is a case that contains electronic components of a computer that are used to process data. a. control c. base b. system d. tower 10. A(n) ____ is recorded audio stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable digital audio player. a. blog c. chat b. podcast d. videoconference 11. Each employee or customer who uses a computer in a large business is a(n) ____ user. a. SOHO c. mobile b. large business d. power 12. Many large companies use the words, ____ computing, to refer to the huge network of computers that meets their diverse computing needs. a. online c. enterprise b. strategic d. management 13. Investors often use ____ investing to buy and sell stocks and bonds ― without using a broker. a. dynamic c. managed b. database-driven d. online 14. ____ refers to the use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly. a. CAD c. CAM b. PCX d. USB 15. Some people refer to the series of input, process, output, and storage activities as the information ____ cycle. a. production c. processing b. management d. publishing True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 16. Data conveys meaning and is useful to one or more people. 17. Widely used input devices are a printer, a monitor, and speakers. 18. A Web page is a collection of related Web sites. 19. When you buy a computer, it usually has some software preinstalled on its hard disk. Figure 1-3 20. The most popular type of mobile computer is the desktop computer like the one in Figure 1-3. 21. Notebook computers like those shown in Figure 1-3 are less expensive than desktop computers with equal capabilities. Figure 1-4 22. Mobile devices like that shown in Figure 1-4 usually store programs and data permanently on memory inside the system unit or on small storage media such as memory cards. 23. A handheld computer like the one in Figure 1-4 is a computer small enough to fit in one hand while you operate it with the other hand. 24. With a handheld game console, the controls, screen, and speakers are built into the device. 25. Applications requiring complex, sophisticated mathematical calculations, such as applications in aerospace and automotive design, use desktop computers. 26. The accounting department in a large business uses desktop publishing software to prepare marketing literature. 27. Employees who telecommute have rigid work schedules so they cannot combine work and personal responsibilities. 28. Students use software to assist with learning or to complete assignments. 29. With online investing, the transaction fee for each trade usually is much more than when trading through a broker. 30. Breakthroughs in surgery, medicine, and treatments seldom result from scientists’ use of computers.
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