slideshow script (DOC) by panniuniu


									Renato Vidigal

                                 The Olympic Games over time

Topic Sentence: The main principles and the philosophy surrounding the Olympic Games have survived the
      centuries and are still preserved under the concept of Olympism, which contributes to making the
      Olympics’ history so unique and intriguing.

Title slide                                Title Slide Image
“The Olympic Games over time”
                                           Image 1 (Introduction)
Renato Vidigal
April 19, 2010

(Audio Script: Image 1)

According to historical records, such as
Judith Swaddling in the book “The
Ancient Olympic Games” (1999), the
Olympic Games were first ever played in
the year of 776 BC in ancient Greece.
They were held for 1170 years until the
year of 393 AC when the games were
banned along with all “pagan” festivals
by the Byzantine Emperor, Theodosius I.

                                           (Peloponnese Olympics, n.d.)
Economic & Social Contributions

Hosting the Olympics has become both
an economic benefit and a burden to
host cities, nowadays or back in time.
However, the legacy of the games as a
major intercultural event to host (image 2)
countries has always made history. Until
today the impacts of the Olympic in
ancient Greece are visible through the
reminiscences of old sport venues dating
back from the Hellenic era.

                                   (Ancient Greece Olympics, n.d.)

                                   (image 3)

                                   (Ancient Greece buildings, n.d.)

The Modern Olympic Games
                                            (Image 4)
The Olympic event as it is known today
can be traced back to 1896 when the
first modern Games in Athens have
attempted to revive the traditions of the
ancient Olympics. In its modern version,
the Games have acquired                an
international character and attracted
athletes from many countries. From
1896 on, one city is elected every four
years to host different modalities of
sport    competition.     The    modern
Olympics only stopped during World
Wars I and II.
                                            (Olympic games 1986, n.d.)

                                            (The modern Olympics, 2000)
The Importance of the Olympic Games
to the cities in the beginning of the 20th

Since then, the Olympic games have
developed in different ways following the
history of the peoples. Nonetheless, the
main principles and the philosophy
surrounding the Games have survived the
centuries and are still preserved under the
concept of Olympism, which contributes to
making the Olympics’ history so unique and (Image 5)
intriguing. Hunter (2001) refers to Olympism
as an inner faith of a man in himself, a
constant effort of physical and intellectual

                                             (IOC Olympic museum,n.d.)
Back to Athens in 2004

The Olympic Games in its most recent
form have come back to Greece in 2004.
The different environment of a much
more developed Greece has played an
important role in defining the different
face of the Games today.                 (Image 6)

In the first International Olympics of
Athens in 1897, 241 athletes from 14
nations competed, while in the 2004
games over 10,500 athletes from nearly
200 countries were expected in Athens.
Besides the audience and participants,
the Olympic Games have grown in the
breadth and variety of competitions to
include many sports and events such as
basketball, baseball, judo, taekwondo,
cycling, waterpolo, gymnastics, and
beach volleyball. (The 1896 Olympics
                                       (Athens 2004 logo, n.d.)
had 45 separate events; the 2004
Olympics have counted over 300.)       (image 7)

                                        (Veloso, 2009)
                                        (Olympics Opening, 2008)

Paralympics – a new approach for the    (Image 8)

Moreover, since 1960, the Paralympics
Games have added a special meaning to
the traditional event, making it more
inclusive. Also, in 2010 the Olympic
Games will be further complemented by
the Youth Games, allowing athletes
between the ages of 14 and 18 to also

                                        (Beijing-paralympics, 2008/2009)
                                           (image 9)

                                           (Youth Olympics 2010 logo, n.d.)

Olympic Games Today                        (Image 10)

The      Olympic     Movement      today
encompasses different national and
international      organizations,    and
institutions that employ a great amount
of people working continuously to put
forth the Games and its projects.

Furthermore, London-2012 (already is
considered to be the first summer host
city to embed sustainability into the
Games      planning;     which)     has
been setting new standards in regards to
environment and the communities.
                 (Beijing 2008 official images, n.d.)

                 (Image 11)

                 (Architecturelist, 2009)

In Conclusion…   (Image 12)
Looking to the history of the Olympic
Games help us realize the importance of
the event as one of the oldest
celebrations of mankind. It has always
united the peoples as well as producing
positive impacts on everybody’s lives.
The Olympic cities have always had
special remarks in history and are always
remembered through the generations
that follow.

                                               (Royal kingston, n.d.)
                                          Recommended Reading

The brochure about the Modern Olympic Games that was released by the IOC (2007): The Modern Olympic Games
(2007). Retrieved April 19, 2010 from


Pappas, N. & Papanikos, G. (May 30, 2004) Social and Economic Aspects of Olympic Games History: From Ancient
and Modern Times. Retrieved April 10, 2010 from

Hunter, D. (2001) Olympism for the 21st Century: New Life to a Timeless Philosophy. Retrieved April 12, 2010 from

Swaddling,J. The Ancient Olympic Games. (1999) Retrieved April 14, 2010 from

                                                Image Credits

Ancient Greece. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from

Ancient Greece. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from

Peloponnese Olympics. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from

Official Travel Website of British Columbia, Canada. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from

Opening ceremony of Athens 204. Retrieved April 4, 2010 from

Beijing 2008 Paralympics Photo Gallery. Retrieved April 4, 2010 from

Britannica online encyclopedia. Retrieved April 4, 2010 from

Olympia and the Olympic Games. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from

Australian Taekwondo Academy Western Australia official website. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from http://www.ata- content/uploads/image/Singapore_Youth_Olympics_2010_logo.png

London 2012 Olympic Stadium by HOK Sport. Retrieved April 12, 2010 from

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