Mr. Durkin/Mrs. Despines/Mrs. Rentscher September 2004
Most of the information given in this help sheet was taken from I. Lee’s website, entitled,
A Research Guide for Students. You can access his site and its links at:
How to Write Footnotes and Endnotes in MLA Style
Endnote Entry VS. Bibliography/Works Cited Entry
Endnote example: Bibliography example:
G. Wayne Miller, King of Miller, G. Wayne. King of Hearts:
Hearts: The True Story of the The True Story of the
Maverick Who Pioneered Open Maverick Who Pioneered
Heart Surgery (New York: Open Heart Surgery.
Times, 2000) 245. New York: Times, 2000.
Do NOT invert author’s name Invert author’s name
Parentheses go around the city, No parentheses used
publisher, and copyright date No page numbers given
Give page number used from Works Cited Page: entries are in
source alphabetical order by author’s last
Endnotes Page: entries are in name
order by number of note Use a hanging indent
Do NOT use a hanging indent
First Footnotes and Endnotes -Examples in MLA Style
1. Book with one author or editor:
Frank Feather, Canada's Best Careers Guide 2000 (Toronto: Warwick, 2000) 152-3.
Jerry White, ed. Death and Taxes: Beating One of the Two Certainties in Life (Toronto: Warwick,
2. Book with two authors or editors:
R.D. Hogg and Michael G. Mallin, Preparing Your Income
Tax Returns: 2001 Edition for 2000 Returns (Toronto: CCH Canadian, 2001) 969:519.
Andrew Cohen and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau's Shadow: The Life and Legacy of Pierre Elliott
Trudeau (Toronto: Random, 1998) 391.
3. Article in a collection by several authors, with an editor:
Carmen DaSilva, "Life Insurance as a Tool for Estate
Planning," Death and Taxes: Beating One of the Two Certainties
in Life, ed. Jerry White (Toronto: Warwick, 1998) 57-71.
4. Article from an encyclopedia with no author stated:
"Malcolm X," Encyclopedia of Social Issues, 1997 ed.
5. Article from an encyclopedia with one author:
Lawrence A. Presley, "DNA Fingerprinting," World Book Encyclopedia, 2000 ed.
6. Article from a magazine, journal, or newspaper with one or more authors:
Jonathan Alter and Geoffrey Gagnon, "The Future of New York," Newsweek 9 Sept. 2002: 50+.
Michael Friscolanti, "Convicts 'Morally' Fit to Vote: Supreme Court Ruling," National Post
[Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: A4.
Tom Fennell, "From Misfit to Murderer," Maclean's 4 Nov. 2002: 32-34.
7. Pamphlet, with no author stated:
2001 Chevy Tracker: Chevy Trucks (General Motors of Canada, 2000).
Fosamax (Kirkland, PQ: Merck Frosst Canada, 2002).
8. Government document:
Canada, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Gathering Strength: Canada's
Aboriginal Action Plan (Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2000)
United States, National Council on Disability, Carrying on the Good Fight - Summary Paper from
Think Tank 2000 - Advancing the Civil and Human Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse
Cultures (Washington: GPO, 2000) 6.
Helmut Longin, President, Industry Union of Austria, Personal interview, 3 Sept. 2003.
10. Film or video recording:
Eternal Earth, prod. Rhombus Media, dir. Larry Weinstein, 1987.
Note: First date = Web page creation or modification date. Second date = the date you accessed the
Web page. If the Web page does not have a modification or creation date, leave it out, but always
indicate your access date just before the URL.
Canada, Indian and Northern Affairs, "Aboriginal Peoples Survey: From APS I to APS II." Facts
from Stats, Corporate Information Management Directorate, Issue No. 15, Mar. 2000, 8 Oct. 2001
James Henretta, et al., "Richard Allen and African-American Identity," America's History, Spring
1997, 2 Nov. 2002 <http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/spring97/allen.html>.
"Edsitement," 3 Sept. 2003 <http://edsitement.neh.gov>.
If you want to see a sample paper that uses endnotes and a works
cited page, go to this link:
Sample Endnotes in MLA Style
Question: How do I get those little numbers at the beginning of my endnote and in the paragraphs
in the text of my paper?
Answer: You mean the endnote number?
Question: Is that what they are called?
Answer: Yes. Here’s how to insert them. In Microsoft Word, go to FORMAT, FONT, under the
EFFECTS section, choose SUPERSCRIPT, and click OK. Then type the number of the note in your
Next page please…
Other Helpful Tidbits!
The following examples show how to put an endnote in your text, write the endnote in
proper form, how to cite additional quotes from the same source, and how to do a works
cited entry for your Works Cited page.
Eample in text:
In his article, “Making Defense Defensible,” Bruce Russett states that “…we must not forget that a
failure of deterence can also come from neglect of our weapons, both current and projected.”
An example of first Footnote or Endnote citation of the above quote taken from The
Military and American Society Part 2,”The Military-Industrial Complex,” Article Number 6
by Bruce Russett entitled, “Making Defense Defensible” on page 117 would look like:
Bruce Russett, “Making Defense Defensible,” The Military and American Society, ed. Stephen
Ambrose and James Alden BarberJr. (New York: The Free Press, 1972) 117.
Subsequent citation of the same quote:
Citation of a different quote from the same book:
List under Works Cited:
Russett, Bruce “Making Defense Defensible,” The Military and American Society, eds. Stephen
Ambrose and James Alden BarberJr. New York: The Free Press, 1972. 100-118.
For Sources used more than once:
1. If a source was footnoted earlier, you can use a shortened…Endnote providing only the author's
surname and the reference page number:
2. When two or more books by the same author are used as reference material, or there are sources
by two or more authors with the same last name, include the short title or an abbreviated form of the
King, Fire-Starter 279.
King, It 13.
See a librarian for specific questions on creating endnotes.