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The Roller Coaster Almanac - Capital University

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The Roller Coaster Almanac - Capital University Powered By Docstoc
					                             The Roller Coaster Almanac
                              Updated since 05/15/2002
                Compiled by Dave Althoff, Jr. (dalthoff@capital.edu)


                                 ---- January ----

January 3--
       1984:    A woman was killed when she fell from the {Matterhorn
Bobsleds}
                roller coaster at Disneyland.

January 5--
       1926:    Birth of Howard Berni, who was instrumental in the
development
                of Americana Amusement Park, Middletown, Ohio, after World
War
                II.
        2001:   Six Flags, Inc. purchases SeaWorld Ohio, Aurora, Ohio.    The
park
                is to be combined with Six Flags Ohio (Geauga Lake) to form
Six
                Flags Worlds of Adventure.

January 6--
       1893:    Fire on Coney Island burns the West Brighton Hotel,
Balmer's
                Bathing Pavilion, and other buildings.
        1985:   Death of Patrick Duffy, owner of Idora Park, Youngstown,
Ohio.
       2000:    Park River Corporation and park General Manager John
Ellison
                announce that Americana Amusement Park is for sale, will
not
                open in 2000 unless it is purchased, and may be liquidated.

January 8--
       1982:    Fred Moran, owner of the Coney Island, NY. {Thunderbolt}
dies at
                the age of 64. Mr. Moran lived in the house underneath the
                roller coaster.
       1990:    A fire at Americana Amusement Park (Middletown, Ohio)
destroyed
                the bathhouse and the former Stardust Gardens ballroom.

January 9--
       1987:    {Star Tours}, a ride-film simulator ride, opens at
Disneyland,
                Anaheim, California.

January 10--
       1915:    Birth of William Albert Koch, who would develop the first
theme
                park, Santa Claus Land (now Holiday World) along with the
town
                 of Santa Claus, Indiana.
         1929:   William George Bean, one of the founders of the Blackpool
                 Pleasure Beach, sets sail on the {SS Arduna} for a three-
month
                 cruise to South America and the Pacific Ocean.
         2000:   A section of the {Son Of Beast} wooden coaster, under
                 construction at Paramount's Kings Island in Mason, Ohio,
                 collapses in a wind storm. Nobody is hurt and the incident
is
                 not expected to delay the coaster's opening.
         2002:   Press day for {X}, the prototype "Fourth Dimension" roller
                 coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia,
California.
                 The ride features passenger seats that pitch and somersault
                 during the ride.

January 11--
       2001:     Downtown Disney, a mixed-use entertainment complex adjacent
to
                 Disneyland and Disney's California Adventure, opens in
Anaheim,
                 California.

January 12--
       1990:     The {Star Tours} simulator ride opens at Disney-MGM
Studios,
                 Lake Buena Vista, Florida.
       2000:     Disney artist and animator Marc Davis dies at age 86.
Davis was
                 an animator on several Disney features, then joined Walt
Disney
                 Imagineering to develop sharacters and stories for the
theme
                 park attractions.
       2002:     {X}, the Arrow Dynamics-built prototype roller coaster
opens at
                 Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia California, after a
month of
                 season-pass rides.

January 14--
       2002:     One tower of the {VertiGo} attraction, an air-driven
"Absolutely
                 Insane" slingshot ride from S&S Power, collapses at Cedar
Point
                 for no apparent reason.   The ride had been closed for the
season
                 for four months, so nobody was near it when the tower fell.

January 15--
       1975:     {Space Mountain} opens at Walt Disney World.
       2000:     The equipment and business assets of Funni Frite
Industries,
                 Pickerington, Ohio-based manufacturer of dark rides and fun
                 houses, is auctioned.

January 16--
       2002:     Arsonists set fire to the {Castle Dracula} haunted house
                 attraction in Wildwood, New Jersey. The attraction, which
                 opened in 1976, is totally destroyed.

January 17--
       1929:     William George Bean, one of the founding partners of the
                 Blackpool Pleasure Beach, dies of pneumonia aboard the {SS
                 Arduna} and is buried at sea near the Canary Islands.
         1990:   At about 3:00 pm, visitors at Boardwalk & Baseball, Haines
City,
                 Florida, were asked to leave.   The park then closed
permanently.


January 20--
       1885:     LaMarcus A. Thompson granted patent for {Switchback
Railway}.

January 22--
       1998:     Death of Wilbert C. Morey, co-founder of the most
successful
                 amusement piers in Wildwood, New Jersey.
         1999:   A small fire at Six Flags Great America, Gurnee, Illinois
causes
                 $125,000 damage and destroys a pizza restaurant in the
park's
                 {Orleans Square} section.

January 26--
       1993:     {Mickey's Toontown} opens at Disneyland. Anaheim, CA.
       1994:     {Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin} ride opens at Disneyland,
                 Anaheim, California.

January 30--
       1933:     Summit Beach Park (Akron, Ohio) equipment auctioned.   High
bid
                 of $1,100 by a group of bondholders makes continued
operation of
                 the park possible.

January 31--
       1993:     ACE - {<A>merican <C>oaster <E>nthusiasts} - members are
invited
                 to tour the Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters factory.
       2000:     Masatomo Takahashi, former president and chairman of
Oriental
                 Land Co., dies at the age of 86.   Takahashi oversaw the
opening
                 of Oriental Land's theme park project, Tokyo Disneyland.
                                  ---- February ----

February 1--
       1867:    Birth of William F. Mangels, who would become a leading
                developer and supplier of amusement rides and carousels.
                Mangels inventions include the Whip and the Tickler.
       1977:    United States Patent #4,005,877, "Vehicle Passenger
Restraint
                System," granted to Thomas Humphries and assigned to Arrow
                Development Corp. for the Corkscrew seat and bar mechanism.
       1989:    Death of Cyril Wagner, former owner of Walled Lake
Amusement
                Park (Walled Lake, MI) and Edgewater Park (Detroit, MI).
        1992:   Death of Parker Beach, former owner of Chippewa Lake Park,
Ohio,
                at age 86.

February 2--
       1862:    George Arthur Boeckling (1862-1931) born. Boekling was the
                showman largely responsible for the development of Cedar
Point
                into a major seasonal resort.

February 3--
       1934:    Birth of actor George Segal, whose film credits include the
role
                of safety inspector Harry Calder in the 1977 film
                {Rollercoaster}...which is why he is listed here.

February 4--
       1985:    Rides and attractions from Petticoat Junction Amusement
Park
                (Panama City, Florida) auctioned off.
       1986:    Death of Mel Heavener, General Manager, Bushkill Park,
Easton,
                Pennsylvania.

February 5--
[New!] 1901:    Edwin Prescott of Arlington, Mass., patents the loop-the-
loop
                roller coaster.

February 8--
       1992:    Camden Park (Huntington, West Virginia) auctioned off its
                carousel in pieces.
        2001:   Disney's California Adventure, a new theme park adjacent to
                Disneyland, opens in Anaheim, California.

February 10--
       1993: Boblo Island, Amhertsberg, Ontario, auctioned intact.

February 11--
       1958: Death of William F. Mangels, a leading supplier and
inventor of
               amusement rides such as the Whip.
[New!] 2000:   {Goliath}, a gigantic non-looping steel coaster from
Giovanola,
               opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia, California.

February 12--
       1936: A fire consumed the bathhouse at Wildwood Amusement Park,
              Mahtomedi, Minnesota.

February 13--
       1988: The 1917 C. W. Parker carousel from San Antonio's Playland
was
              auctioned in pieces.

February 14--
       1859: Birth of George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr. in Galesburg,
              Illinois. Ferris was the engineer, entrepreneur, and
showman
              responsible for the Ferris Wheel at the World's Columbian
              Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.
       1967: {Pirates of the Carribbean} opens at Disneyland, Anaheim,
              California.
       1987: Circus World, Haines City, Florida, re-opens as Boardwalk
and
              Baseball (closes again in 1990).

February 15--
[New!] 1955: Thomas D. Rebbie is born at Philadelphia Naval Hospital to
              Thomas L. and Kathleen V. Rebbie.

February 16--
       1996: Luna Park, Sydney, Austraila closes after a brief
resurrection.
[New!] 2003: Death of Dick Janas, owner of Powers Great American Midways
              carnival.

February 22--
       1997: Old Indiana Fun Park (Thorntown, Indiana) rides and
equipment
              auctioned.
       2001: Warner LeRoy dies, Age 65. LeRoy designed Great Adventure,
              Jackson, Jew Jersey, in 1974, as well as many New York City
              restaurants.

February 23--
       1966: Demolition of the {Comet} begins at Forest Park Highlands,
St.
              Louis, Missouri.
       1972: Former Euclid Beach dance pavilion burned down.
       1997: The last remaining building from the ill-fated <Six Flags
              AutoWorld> theme park in Flint, Michigan is imploded.
              Constructed in 1929 as the IMA Auditorium, the building
closed
              in 1979, was renovated, and became part of AutoWorld in
1984.
                The site is now part of the University of Michigan Flint
campus.

February 24--
       1990: The Mangels-Illions Carousel at Boblo Island (Amhertsberg,
              Ontario) is auctioned.

February 26--
       1966: Demolition of the {Comet} is completed at Forest Park
Highlands,
              St. Louis, Missouri.
       1971: Kennywood finally purchases the 140 acres on which the park
sits
              from the Kenny family for $1,300,000.
[New!] 2003: "Mister" Fred Rogers dies at age 74 after a battle with
stomach
              cancer. Best known for more than three decades of
children's
              television programming, Mister Rogers Neighborhood was
adapted
              into an attraction at Idlewild Park outside Rogers' native
              Pittsburgh.

                                  ---- March ----

March 1--
       1919:    Death of Theodore Marshall (T. M.) Harton, early coaster
                builder, ride operator, and founder of West View Park.
        1980:   {Judge Roy Scream} opens at Six Flags over Texas. The air
                temperature was 17 degrees (F), and only 180 people were in
the
                park.   One member of the {Apache Bells} drill team passed
out
                due to the cold and wind of the first ride.
[New!] 2003:    A worker is killed while painting the {Big Bad Wolf} roller
                coaster at Busch Gardens Williamsburg when the lift he was
                standing on failed.
[New!] 2003:    An assistant manager is killed at Jeepers! family
entertainment
                center, Livonia, Michigan, when he is run over by the
{Python
                Pit} junior roller coaster he was repairing.

March 4--
       2000:    Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, California, hosts {Coaster
                Solace}, the park's first park-sponsored coaster enthusiast
                event.

March 5--
       2001:    The Idora Park ballroom is destroyed by fire.

March 7--
       1992:    {Ninja}, a Vekoma multi-looping coaster, opens at Six Flags
over
                 Georgia.

March 8--
       1848:     Birth of LaMarcus A. Thompson (1848-1919), the first to
actually
                 patent and build a roller-coaster, the {Switchback
Railway,} in
                 1884.    Thompson was born in Jersey, Ohio, about fifteen
miles
                 Northeast of Columbus.

March 9--
       1988:     Bankrupt Boyertown USA (Altoona, PA) sold at auction.
       1991:     The {Vortex} opens at Great America, Santa Clara,
California.

March 10--
       1999:     Death of (William) Walker LeRoy at the age of 83.    LeRoy
worked
                 at Oaks Park, Portland Oregon from the late 1920's until
his
                 death.

March 11--
       1989:     The {Skyhawk} ride opens at Great America, Santa Clara,
                 California.
         2000:   {Superman Krypton Coaster}, a 'floorless' looping coaster
from
                 Bolliger & Mabillard, opens to the public at (Six Flags)
Fiesta
                 Texas in San Antonio, Texas.

March 12--
       1983:     ACE first EastCoaster event - {ACE Conference East.}
       1997:     The long awaited {Superman: The Escape} ride finally opens
at
                 <Six Flags Magic Mountain>, Valencia, California.    The
first
                 amusement ride to carry passengers at speeds of 100 miles
per
                 hour, {Superman: The Escape} opened about 11 months behind
                 schedule.

March 13--
       2001:     {Wildfire} officially opens at Silver Dollar City, Branson,
                 Missouri.

March 14--
       1992:     Fiesta Texas and the {Rattler,} designed by John Pierce,
open to
                 the public.
         1992:   {Vortex} stand-up coaster by Bolliger & Mabillard opens at
                 Paramount's Carowinds.
         1992:   Death of C. V. Wood, Jr.    Wood was the first vice-president
and
                 general manager of Disneyland, Anaheim, California.
         1998:   {Oblivion}, the first Dive Machine coaster-like drop ride
from
                 Bolliger & Mabillard, opens at Alton Towers, Staffordshire,
                 England.
[New!] 2003:     The {E.T.} attraction closes at Universal Studios
Hollywood.

March 15--
       1997:     {Superman:   The Escape} opens to the public for normal
daily
                 operation. Eleven months behind schedule, it was the first
                 amusement ride to carry passengers at speeds of 100 miles
per
                 hour.   The 415-foot-tall ride opened to the press on March
12,
                 1997 at Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia, California.

March 16--
       1999:     Press day for {Top Gun}, inverted roller coaster at
Paramount's
                 Carowinds, Charlotte, North Carolina.
         2002:   {AIR}, the first "flying" roller coaster from B&M, opens at
                 Alton Towers, North Staffordshire, England.
         2002:   {Ricochet}, a Mack Wild Mouse roller coaster, opens for a
public
                 preview at Paramount's Kings Dominion, Doswell, Virginia.

March 17--
       1910:     A flag-raising celebrated the completion of Hershey Park's
new
                 24-foot-square bandstand.   It replaced the smaller,
original
                 one.
         1936:   Flood devastates Lakemont Park, Altoona, PA.
         2002:   {Primeval Whirl,} a pair of Reverchon Crazy Mouse roller
                 coasters, opens for a public preview at Disney's Animal
Kingdom,
                 Walt Disney World, Reedy Creek, Florida.

March 19--
       1993:     {Top Gun,} designed by Bolliger & Mabillard opens at
Paramount's
                 Great America in Santa Clara, California.
         1996:   Death of Joe Hofner, owner of Vollmar's Park (Bowling
Green,
                 Ohio), at age 58.
         1998:   Fatal ride accident at the Austin-Travis County Livestock
Show
                 and Rodeo.   Three riders were thrown from the {Himalaya};
one
                 was killed when she struck the scenery panel and platform.
March 20--
       1999:     {Top Gun: The Jet Coaster}, a B&M inverted coaster, opens
at
                 Paramount's Carowinds, Charlotte, North Carolina.

March 21--
       1989:     Joyland Park (Topeka, Kansas) auctioned.
       1997:     The {Windjammer Surf Racers} dual track racing roller
coaster
                 opens at Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, California.    It is
the
                 first dual-track racing coaster to include looping
elements.
       1998:     {Mad Cobra}, the first LIM-launched coaster in Asia, opens
at
                 Suzuka Circuitland, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
         1999:   Legoland California opens, Carlsbad, California.
         1999:   A raft overturns on the {Roaring Rapids} Rapid River Ride
at Six
                 Flags over Texas. Eleven riders are injured, one becomes
                 trapped and killed. It is the first rider fatality in the
park
                 since its opening in 1961.
         2000:   {Stealth}, Vekoma's prototype "Flying Coaster," opens for
the
                 media at Paramount's Great America, Santa Clara,
California.
                 The ride features a "flying" riding position.

March 22--
[New!] 2003:     {Drop Zone,} a freefall tower from Intamin, opens at
Paramount's
                 Kings Dominion, Doswell, Virginia.

March 23--
       1991:     {Anaconda,} multi-looper designed by Arrow Dynamics, opens
at
                 Paramount's Kings Dominion, Doswell, Virginia.
       1991:     The {Psyclone} roller coaster opens at Six Flags Magic
Mountain,
                 Valencia, California.

March 24--
       2001:     {Hypersonic XLC} officially opens to the public at
Paramount's
                 Kings Dominion, Doswell, Virginia.   It is the first air-
launched
                 coaster from S&S Power.

March 25--
       1989:     The {Chaos} roller coaster opens at Opryland USA
(Nashville,
                 Tennessee).
       1998:    Press day for the long delayed {Mr. Freeze} launched
coaster at
                Six Flags Over Texas.
       1999:    Cal/OSHA fines Disneyland $12,500 for safety violations
leading
                up to the fatal dockside 'sailing ship' accident of
December 24,
                1998.

March 26--
       1998:    {Stampeda}, a CCI-built roller coaster at Port Aventura,
Spain,
                reopens for the first time after its fatal 1997 accident.

March 27--
       1968:    {Thunderbolt,} designed by Andy Vettel, completed at
Kennywood,
                finishing a complete redesign of John Miller's 1924
{Pippin,}
                creating the coaster we know today.
       1982:    The {Grizzly} roller coaster opens at Kings Dominion
(Doswell,
                Virginia).
       1993:    {Batman: The Ride,} a Bolliger & Mabillard inverted
coaster,
                opens at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey.
        1999:   {Apollo's Chariot}, B&M's first non-looping 'hypercoaster'
opens
                at Busch Gardens Williamsburg, Williamsburg, Virginia.

March 28--
       1998:    {Mr. Freeze}, a Premier Rides LIM-launched coaster, opens
at Six
                Flags Over Texas...one year late.
[New!] 2003:    A {Tornado} carnival ride collapses at the Lehigh Spring
Fest in
                Lehigh Acres, Florida, causing minor injuries to four
riders.

March 29--
       1980:    Fatal collision on {Willard's Whizzer} at Great America
(Santa
                Clara, California) killed one and injured eight.
       1996:    Legoland Windsor (England) opens.
       1998:    Death of Dewey Mathis, 33-year Chance Rides employee and
product
                expert, at the age of 52.

March 30--
       1903:    Riverview Park (Aurora, Illinois) takes delivery of its
                carousel.
        1996:   {Megafobia,} a new wood coaster by Custom Coasters
                International, officially opens at Oakwood, Pembrokeshire,
                Wales. Some enthusiasts consider this the most important
new
                wood coaster built in the U.K. for over 50 years.
        1998:   Iwerks Entertainment Inc.'s shareholders reject a plan for
a
                merger with Showscan Entertainment.
        1999:   Press day for {Apollo's Chariot,} new Speed Coaster from
                Bolliger & Mabillard, at Busch Gardens Williamsburg,
                Williamsburg, Virginia. During the ceremonial first ride,
a
                celebrity rider, male model Fabio, is struck in the face by
an
                errant bird.   Fabio was not seriously hurt; the bird may
have
                been killed.
        2002:   {Winja's Fear} and {Winja's Force}, two spinning coasters
from
                Maurer-S&ouml;hne, open at Phantasialand, Bruhl, Germany.

March 31--
       1889:    The Eiffel Tower opens in Paris, France.   While not itself
an
                amusement park attraction, two scale replicas have been
built at
                American amusement parks.
       1994:    Fire at Seabreeze Park destroys PTC carousel #36 and a
number of
                other park accessories, including a coaster train.
        1990:   Nine people were admitted to Kansas City area hospitals for
                treatment of injuries sustained when two trains collided on
the
                {Timber Wolf} at World's of Fun (Kansas City, Missouri).
       1973:    Carowinds, near Charlotte, North Carolina, opens.
       1998:    Financial & Trading Corporation (FITRACO) of Antwerp,
Belgium
                acquires the remains of the closed Magic Springs amusement
park
                in Hot Springs, Arkansas.
        2001:   {Flight of Fear} opens to the public at Paramount's Kings
                Dominion. It's the same ride that opened in 1996 as {The
Outer
                Limits: Flight of Fear} but for the 2001 season, the
                over-the-shoulder restraints were removed from this
electrically
                launched indoor looping coaster.

                                   ---- April ----

April 1--
       1931:    "Kilbourn, Wisconsin" changes its name to "Wisconsin
Dells".
       1996:    The {Colorado Adventure} mine train (Vekoma) opens at
                Phantasialand in Bruhl, Germany.
       1989:    The {Timber Wolf} roller coaster opens at Worlds of Fun
(Kansas
                 City, Missouri).
         1998:   Premier Parks, Inc. completes its acquisition of Six Flags
Theme
                 Parks, a 1.9-billion-dollar deal which made Premier the
world's
                 largest regional theme park operator.
       2000:     The {Nickelodeon Flying Super Saturator}, a swinging
inverted
                 coaster from Setpoint, opens at Paramount's Carowinds,
                 Charlotte, NC. The ride features some 30 different ways
for
                 spectators to get riders wet...and car-mounted sprayers so
that
                 riders can fire back!

April 2--
       1999:     {Medusa}, the world's first floorless roller coaster, opens
at
                 Six Flags Great Adventure, Jackson, New Jersey.

April 3--
       1993:     {Wacky Worm} opens at Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, Missouri.
       1971:     Opening Day for the final season at Palisades Park (Fort
Lee,
                 New Jersey).

April 4--
       1992:     {Drachen Fire,} designed by Arrow Dynamics, opens at Busch
                 Gardens Williamsburg.
         1980:   The {Orient Express} steel roller coaster opens at Worlds
of Fun
                 (Kansas City, Missouri).   Designed by Arrow Development,
this
                 was the first coaster to employ the "Kamikaze Kurve"
looping
                 element, now better known as a "Boomerang".
[New!] 1998:     {Riddler's Revenge,} a stand-up coaster from Bolliger &
                 Mabillard, opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia,
                 California.
         2001:   Press day for {Nickelodeon Central}, a family-themed area
at
                 Paramount's Kings Island. New attractions include {Rugrats
                 Runaway Reptar Roller Coaster}, a junior-sized inverted
coaster
                 from Vekoma, and {The Wild Thornberrys River Adventure}, a
                 rebuild and re-theme of the park's old {Kings Mill Flume}.

April 5--
       1999:     A sensor failure results in a collision of two trains in
the
                 station of {Thunder Road}, a wood racing coaster at
Paramount's
                 Carowinds, Charlotte, North Carolina.   Seven people suffer
minor
                 injuries.
         2001:   {Flight of Fear} opens to the public at Paramount's Kings
                 Island. It's the same ride that opened in 1996 as {The
Outer
                 Limits: Flight of Fear} but for the 2001 season, the
                 over-the-shoulder restraints were removed from this
electrically
                 launched indoor looping coaster.

April 6--
       1984:     Old Orchard Beach in Maine is auctioned.
       2001:     {Nitro}, a non-looping speed-coaster from Bolliger &
Mabillard,
                 opens at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey.

April 7--
       1939:     Now known as the {Texas Tornado,} the {Cyclone} roller
coaster
                 opened in Morecambe, England.   The coaster was originally
built
                 in 1937 for the Paris Exposition by Charles Paige, Harry
Traver,
                 and Leonard Thompson.
         1992:   Death of Carl Theel, founder of Theel Manufacturing.

April 8--
[New!] 1990:     {Viper}, a gigantic multi-looping coaster from Arrow
Dynamics,
                 opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia, California.
         1993:   The {Dreamflight} ride opens at de Efteling, Kaatsheuvel,
The
                 Netherlands.

April 9--
       1988:     {Amazon Falls,} an Intamin Shoot-The-Chute ride, opens at
Kings
                 Island (Kings Mills, Ohio).
         1993:   {Top Gun,} a suspended coaster designed by Arrow Dynamics,
first
                 opens at Paramount's Kings Island.
         1997:   An after-hours fire destroys the Fiberglas shop building at
                 Morgan Manufacturing, LaSelva Beach, California. No one
was
                 hurt, but two clay carousel figure sculptures were
destroyed,
                 along with several carousel parts and a trade-show booth.

April 10--
       1981:     Cambridge Properties, owners of Boblo Island, files for
                 bankruptcy
[New!] 1985:     Governor John Ashcroft declares Looney Tunes Town to be
                 Missouri's newest town at Six Flags over Mid America,
Eureka
                 Missouri.   Present for the dedication ceremony were town
                founders Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Sylvester, Foghorn Leghorn
and
                Yosemite Sam.
        1993:   {Thunderation,} designed by Arrow Dynamics, opens at Silver
                Dollar City in Branson, Missouri.

April 11--
       1987:    The {Vortex} 6-loop roller coaster, designed by Arrow
Dynamics,
                opens at Kings Island (Kings Mills, Ohio).

April 12--
       1984:    The rides at Six Gun Territory (Silver Springs, Florida)
are
                auctioned.

April 13--
       1920:    The dance hall at Celoron Park (Chautauqua Lake, New York)
is
                destroyed by fire.
        1979:   Press day for the {Beast} at Kings Island, Kings Mills,
Ohio.
       1988:    Sparks from a welding torch ignite a fire on the second
floor of
                the Hotel Breakers at Cedar Point, causing $80,000 damage.
        1991:   {Adventure Express,} the first Arrow Dynamics Runaway Train
to
                be built in the U.S. in a decade, opens at Kings Island,
Kings
                Mills, Ohio.

April 14--
       1995:    The   World of Coasters officially opens on the World Wide
Web.
       1979:    {The Beast} first opens at Kings Island, Kings Mills, Ohio.
                {The Beast} is the World's Longest Wooden Roller Coaster
with
                7,400 feet of track.

April 15--
       1983:    Tokyo Disneyland opens.
       1989:    After only one year of operation, Kentucky Kingdom
(Louisville,
                Kentucky) is auctioned.
        2000:   The classic Loof carousel from Whalom Park, Fitchburg, MA,
is
                broken up and sold at auction.   Auction proceeds were about
                $500,000.

April 16--
       1994:    Peony Park (Omaha, Nebraska) auctioned.
       1996:    Rides at Rocky Point Park (Warwick, Rhode Island)
auctioned.
April 17--
       1999:    {Tennessee Tornado}, a looping coaster from Arrow Dynamics,
                opens at Dollywood, Pigeon Forge, Tennessee.

April 18--
       1993:    The {Whirlwind} looping roller coaster opens at Knoebel's
                Amusement Resort, Elysburg, Pennsylvania.
        1996:   42 (of 58) elevator inspectors in New York City, New York
are
                suspended without pay for alleged misconduct/suspected
bribery.
                Some of those suspended also serve as amusement ride
inspectors
                for the city.
        1998:   A mechanical failure causes a train on the {Demon} at Six
Flags
                Great America to become stalled and jammed in a vertical
loop,
                leaving riders stuck upside-down for a couple of hours.
        1999:   The {Exterminator}, an indoor, themed, spinning-car "Crazy
                Mouse" roller coaster, opens at Kennywood, West Mifflin,
                Pennsylvania.

April 19--
       1924:    Death of Paul Boyton, founder of Sea Lion Park (Coney
Island,
                New York).
       1947:    The United States Immigration Department allows ferry
service
                from Amhertsburg, Ontario to Boblo Island to recommence.
                Service had been stopped to prevent illegal aliens from
easy
                entry to the United States through Boblo Island during
World War
                II.
[New!] 2003:    A riot breaks out at Lake Winnepesaukah park, Rossville,
                Georgia, just outside Chattanooga, Tennessee.

April 20--
       1993:    Kumba, designed by Bolliger & Mabillard, opens at Busch
Gardens
                Tampa.
       1996:    The wooden theming structure of the Vekoma {Colorado
Adventure}
                mine train at Phantasialand (Bruhl, Germany) catches fire.
                About 1/8 of the structure is damaged; welding sparks from
                efforts to complete theming installation are suspected.
        1997:   Fatal accident on the {Wildcat} steel coaster at Bell's
                Amusement Park, Tulsa, OK. A car disengaged from the lift
                prematurely, the anti-rollback failed, and the car rolled
                backward down the lift, colliding with another car. One
rider
                was killed, others were injured.
        2002:   Misbehaving concertgoers at Paramount's Great America,
Santa
                Clara, California, roam through the park starting fights.
To
                avert a riot, the park closes several hours early.

April 21--
       1981:    Press day for {The Bat,} a prototype suspended roller
coaster
                from Arrow/Huss, at Kings Island (Kings Mills, Ohio).
        1986:   Pirate Island Amusement Park (Ft. Walton Beach, Florida)
                auctioned.

April 22--
       1908:    The remains of Chutes Park (Chicago, Illinois) are
auctioned.
       1989:    The Herschell-Spillman carousel at Rocky Point Park
(Warwick,
                Rhode Island) is auctioned.
        1998:   {Disney's Animal Kingdom} opens at Walt Disney World.

April 23--
       1983:    The {Thunder River} rapids ride opens at Six Flags over Mid
                America.
       1988:    The {Jetline} roller coaster opens at Grona Lund
(Stockholm,
                Sweden).

April 24--
       1907:    M. S. Hershey officially dedicates Hershey Park, Hershey,
                Pennsylvania.
        1961:   Fire destroys the (1900) bandshell at Kennywood. Nearby
                {Pippin} roller coaster (John Miller/1924...now the
                {Thunderbolt} by Andy Vettel/1967) narrowly escapes damage.
        1965:   Three children are killed and two are injured when a tub
comes
                off of a King "Flying Comet" amusement ride in Taylor
Township,
                Michigan.
        1966:   Death of George M. Harton III, president of West View Park
and
                the last member of the Harton family active in the park's
                operation.
        1993:   The {Outlaw} wood coaster, designed by Custom Coasters
                International, opens at Adventureland, Des Moines, Iowa.

April 25--
       1990:    City Park Funland (Alexandria, Louisiana) is auctioned.
       1998:    {Scooby's Ghoster Coaster}, the first Caripro Batflyer
junior
                suspended coaster in the US, opens at Paramount's Kings
Island.

April 26--
       1984:    Fire destroys part of the {Wildcat} roller coaster at Idora
Park
                (Youngstown, Ohio).
        1992:   Death of Dewey Albert, co-founder of Astroland Park (Coney
                Island, New York).
        2001:   Press day for {Titan}, a Giovanola-built 'hypercoaster' at
Six
                Flags over Texas.

April 27--
       1967:    La Ronde opens as the amusement area of Expo 67 in
Montreal,
              Quebec. The park continues today.
       1969: Euclid Beach Park (Cleveland, Ohio) opens for its final
season.
       2001: {Titan}, a Giovanola-built non-looping steel
'hypercoaster',
              opens at Six Flags over Texas.
       2001: The last piece of track is placed for the new {Phantom's
              Revenge} steel coaster at Kennywood, West Mifflin,
Pennsylvania.
               In the tradition of the park's {Thunderbolt}, the new ride
uses
              some structure and parts from the {Steel Phantom}.

April 28--
       1990:    The {Iron Wolf} stand-up roller coaster opens at Six Flags
Great
                America, Gurnee, Illinois.
        1994:   The {Hurler} opens at Paramount's Kings Dominion, Doswell,
                Virginia.
       1995:    The {Viper} roller coaster opens at Six Flags Great
America,
                Gurnee, Illinois.
        2000:   The long-delayed {Son Of Beast} 218-foot-tall wood roller
                coaster with a vertical loop finally opens at Paramount's
Kings
                Island, Mason, Ohio.
[New!] 2003:    LeSourdsville Lake Park, Middletown, Ohio, announces that
it
                will not open for the 2003 season.   The owner noted at the
time
                that he was not shutting diwn the park, but searching for a
new
                management team.

April 29--
       1894:    Work begins to dismantle the Ferris Wheel used at the
World's
                Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois.
        1909:   A roller coaster under construction at Trout Park, Elgin,
                Illinois was heavily damaged in a severe storm.
        1972:   Kings Island first opens to the public.
        1987:   Cedar Fair, L. P. commenced trading on the New York Stock
                Exchange under the symbol FUN. Cedar Fair owns and/or
operates
                Cedar Point, Valleyfair!, Dorney Park, Worlds of Fun,
Knott's
                Berry Farm, Knott's Camp Snoopy, Michigan's Adventure, and
                selected other amusement park properties.
       1989:    The relocated {Rolling Thunder} Intamin bobsled roller
coaster
                opens at Six Flags Great America (Gurnee, Illinois).
       1992:    Fun Village Amusement Park (Two Rivers, Wisconsin)
auctioned.
       1993:    State Fair Amusement Park (Springfield, Illinois)
auctioned.

April 30--
[New!] 2003:    {Superman: Ultimate Flight,} a 'flying coaster' from
Bolliger &
                Mabillard, opens to the media at Six Flags Great America,
                Gurnee, Illinois.

                                    ---- May ----

May 1--
       1878:    Idlewild Park first opens.
       1890:    Elitch Gardens first opens to the public.
       1915:    Construction begins on the {Jack Rabbit} coaster at Luna
Park,
                Cleveland, Ohio.
        1948:   The {Comet Jr.} roller coaster opens at the State Fair of
Texas
                in Dallas.
       1988:    Standing rider thrown from {SooperDooperLooper} at
Hersheypark.
       1989:    Disney-MGM Studios opens at Walt Disney World, Florida.
       2001:    A wooden roller coaster at Phantasialand Pleasure Park in
                Bruehl, Germany catches fire. 36 people are injured, none
                seriously.
[New!] 2003:    {Top Thrill Dragster} opens to the media at Cedar Point.
With a
                420-foot-tall tower and a top speed of 120 miles per hour,
the
                Intamin launched coaster is the world's tallest and fastest
                roller coaster.

May 2--
       1930:    Bankrupt <Luna Park>, Cleveland, Ohio is sold at a
Sheriff's
                auction to J. Harold Bramley, son of the park's president,
for
                $72,534.   Bramley expresses interest in reopening the park,
but
                lacks the funds...and the 1929 season proves to be the last
for
                Luna Park.
        1992:   Death of Nancy L. Loucks, founder, editor, and publisher of
{The
                 Carousel News and Trader.}
         1997:   100 couples participated in a promotional stunt at Six
Flags
                 Great America.   In a 7-minute ceremony, the couples,
dressed in
                 formal attire, repeated their marriage vows, then, 12
couples at
                 a time, were hoisted 206 feet on the park's new Giant Drop
ride
                 to 'take the plunge' together at 62 mph.
         1998:   {Roar}, a wooden twister-style coaster from Great Coasters
                 International (GCI) opens at Adventure World, Largo, MD.
       2002:     Press day for {Wicked Twister,} a double-twisting LIM-
launched
                 Intamin inverted shuttle coaster at Cedar Point, Sandusky,
Ohio.

May 3--
       1975:     Kings Dominion opens, Doswell, Virginia.
[New!] 1986:     Silver Dollar City in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee re-opens as
                 Dollywood.
[New!] 2003:     {Superman: Ultimate Flight} opens at Six Flags Great
America,
                 Gurnee, Illinois. Built by Bolliger & Mabillard, it is a
                 'flying' roller coaster, with riders riding below the track
in a
                 face-down position.
[New!] 2003:     An 11-year-old girl chokes to death on a piece of candy
while
                 riding the {Raging Bull} roller coaster at Six Flags Great
                 America, Gurnee, Illinois.

May 4--
       1969:     Thousands of rioters roam through Fontaine Ferry Park,
                 Louisville, Kentucky, looting stands and injuring
employees.
       2000:     Press day for {The Legend}, a wood coaster from Custom
Coasters
                 International located at Holiday World, Santa Claus,
Indiana.
[New!] 2003:     {Top Thrill Dragster}, a 420-foot-tall, 120-MPH launched
roller
                 coaster from Intamin opens to the public at Cedar Point,
                 Sandusky, Ohio. It opened as the tallest and fastest
roller
                 coaster in the world.

May 5--
       1911:     Birth in Los Angeles, California of Dave Bradley, co-
founder of
                 amusement ride manufacturing company Bradley & Kaye.
         1990:   {Avalanche Run}, an Intamin bobsled coaster, re-opens as
                 {Disaster Transport} at Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio
         2000:   Holiday World, Santa Claus, Indiana, uses its annual {Stark
                 Raven Mad} roller coaster riding event to give coaster
                 enthusiasts a preview of their new wooden roller coaster,
{The
                 Legend}.
         2002:   {Wicked Twister} officially opens to the public at Cedar
Point,
                 Sandusky, Ohio.

May 6--
[New!] 1950:     High winds damage the roller coaster at Muskego Beach Park,
near
                 Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After 1968 the park was known as
                 Dandelion Park.
         1989:   The non-looping steel {Magnum XL-200}, designed by Arrow
                 Dynamics, and the world's first traditional coaster to
exceed
                 200 feet in height first opens at Cedar Point, Sandusky,
Ohio.
       1995:     {The Raven,} designed by Custom Coasters, Inc., opens at
Holiday
                 World.
         2000:   {The Legend,} designed by Custom Coasters, officially opens
at
                 Holiday World, Santa Claus, Indiana.
         2000:   Participants in a company buy-out outing at Cedar Point,
                 Sandusky, Ohio, are the first paying customers to ride
                 {Millennium Force}, the Intamin-designed 310-foot-tall
                 'giga-coaster'.

May 7--
       1950:     The Hershey Park Zoo reopened for the first time since its
                 closure during World War II.
         1972:   Carrousel Circle at Hersheypark is dedicated, signalling a
                 re-birth of the park.
         1994:   {Raptor,} designed by Bolliger & Mabillard, opens at Cedar
                 Point.
         2001:   Cedar Fair, L. P. announces plans to purchase Michigan's
                 Adventure Amusement Park, Muskegon, Michigan.
         2001:   William C. Deem, Chief Engineer for 51 years at the Eli
Bridge
                 Company, dies at the age of 76.   Along with Lee Sullivan,
he
                 designed the Scrambler and trailer-mounted Big Eli Ferris
                 wheels.
[New!] 2003:     Death of Paul Roads, founder and owner of Wonderland Park,
                 Amarillo, TX. Roads was 84 years old.

May 8--
       1919:     Death of LaMarcus A. Thompson.
       1975:     The antique carousel from Natatorium Park reopened at
Spokane,
                 Washington's Riverfront Park.
May 9--
       1992:     {Batman: The Ride,} designed by Bolliger & Mabillard, opens
at
                 Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois.

May 10--
       1915:     <Luna Park>, Cleveland, Ohio, takes delivery of its PTC
                 carousel. After Luna Park closed, the carousel moved to
another
                 park, then eventually ended up at Six Flags over Mid
America
                 (Six Flags St. Louis) where it still operates today.
         1968:   Riverview Park fails to open.
         1991:   Crossroads Village, Flint, Michigan, opens its restored C.
W.
                 Parker Superior Wheel ride.
         1998:   The {Power Tower}, a 300-foot-tall cluster of two Space
Shot
                 rides and two Turbo Drop rides from S&S Sports Power,
officially
                 opens at Cedar Point.

May 11--
       1902:     {S.S. Columbia} (Boblo Island ferry) launched from the
Wyandotte
                 Yard of the Detroit Shipbuilding Company.
         1906:   George Ferris' Wheel dynamited in St. Louis, Missouri.
         1921:   The {Pippin} roller coaster at Riverview Park (Chicago,
                 Illinois) carries its first passengers.
         1984:   Eight teenagers burned to death in the {Haunted Castle}
                 attraction at Six Flags Great Adventure, Jackson, New
Jersey.
                 When he entered a room in which the light had burned out, a
boy
                 lit a cigarette lighter and accidentally ignited the
                 highly-flammable structure, which burned quickly.
         1991:   {Mean Streak,} designed by Curtis Summers, opens at Cedar
Point.

       1991:     The {Sidewinder,} a Vekoma "Boomerang" production steel
coaster,
                 opens at Hersheypark, Hershey, Pennsylvania.
         1992:   Death of coaster designer Curtis D. Summers.
         1996:   {Mantis} (The Coaster Formerly Known as {Banshee}) opens at
                 Cedar Point as the World's Tallest, Steepest, and Fastest
                 Stand-Up Roller Coaster.
         1996:   {Wild Thing,} the first steel coaster produced by Morgan
                 Manufacturing, officially opens at Valleyfair!, Shakopee,
                 Minnesota.
         1999:   The {Silver Comet} coaster is completed at Martin's Fantasy
                 Island, Grand Island, New York.
         2000:   Press day for {Millennium Force} at Cedar Point, Sandusky,
Ohio.
May 12--
       1967:    Opening day of the final season for Riverview
       1991:    The {Dragon} roller coaster opens at Adventureland, near
Des
                Moines, Iowa.
       1994:    The {Pepsi Max Big One} opens to the press at Blackpool
Pleasure
                Beach.
       2001:    Singer Perry Como dies at the age of 88 at his home in
Jupiter
                Inlet Beach Colony, Florida.   Como's career included a
stint at
                Conneaut Lake.

May 13--
       1997:    Plagued by technical problems, {Test Track} misses its
scheduled
                opening date at Epcot, Walt Disney World.
        2000:   {Millennium Force}, the first steel coaster to feature a
                300-foot first drop, officially opens to the public at
Cedar
                Point, Sandusky, Ohio.   Built by Intamin AG, the ride is
310
                feet tall and reaches speeds of 92 MPH.

May 14--
       1904:    Dreamland Park opens, Coney Island, Brooklyn,
       1999:    Press day for the new Intamin mega-coaster, {Superman: Ride
of
                Steel} at Six Flags Darien Lake, Darien Center, New York.

May 15--
       1932:    Fire destroys several attractions at Central Park near
                Allentown, Pennsylvania.
        1993:   {Wild Mouse,} designed by Vekoma, opens at Idlewild Park in
                Ligonier, Pennsylvania.
       1999:    Intamin's first Mega-Coaster, {Superman: Ride of Steel}
opens to
                the public at Six Flags Darien Lake, Darien Center, New
York.

May 16--
       1903:    Thompson and Dundy's Luna Park opens on Coney Island,
Brooklyn,
                New York, to a crowd of 43,000 customers.
        1964:   Lake Contrary Park, St. Joseph, Missouri, is auctioned.
        1905:   Birth of actor Henry Fonda. Fonda appeared in more than
100
                films, and appears here for playing Simon Davenport in the
1977
              film {Rollercoaster}.
       1975: Busch Gardens: The Old Country (now Busch Gardens
Williamsburg)
              first opens, Williamsburg, Virginia.
       1996:     {Montu,} a Bolliger & Mabillard inverted coaster,
officially
                 opens at Busch Gardens Tampa Bay.

May 17--
       1903:     The Zoological Gardens opens at Olentangy Park, Columbus,
Ohio.
                 It's the first permanent zoo in Columbus.
       1940:     The {Cyclone} roller coaster opens at Lakeside Park
(Denver,
                 colorado).

May 18--
       1905:     <Luna Park> opens, Cleveland, Ohio.
       1912:     Birth of singer Perry Como. Before his musical career, he
was a
                 barber at the Conneaut Lake Park hotel...which is why he is
                 included here.
         1924:   The wooden roller coaster at Dorney Park (Allentown,
                 Pennsylvania) opens. The coaster was nameless for decades,
but
                 is now known as the {Thunderhawk.}
         2001:   {Phantom's Revenge} opens at Kennywood. Using parts of the
                 {Steel Phantom} roller coaster (1991-2000), the new ride
carries
                 on the tradition of reworking rides that Kennywood made
famous
                 with their {Thunderbolt}.
         2001:   {Cornball Express,} a steel-structured wood coaster from
CCI,
                 opens at Indiana Beach, Monticello, Indiana.

May 19--
       1852:     Birth of Dudley Sherman Humphrey II (1852-1933), president,
                 Euclid Beach Park.
         1906:   Wolff's Park opens, Detroit, Michigan.

May 20--
       1907:     New Lakeside Park Casino opened, Akron, Ohio.
       1917:     A windstorm damages several buildings and the {Dixie Flyer}
                 roller coaster, delaying the scheduled opening of Summit
Beach
                 Park, Akron, Ohio.
         1963:   Dutch Wonderland first opens. Lancaster, PA.
         1985:   Death of Carl E. Henninger, Kennywood Park's Chairman of
the
                 Board.
         1995:   The {Mind Eraser} (Vekoma Suspended Looping Coaster) opens
at
                 Adventure World.

May 21--
       1907:     Birth of John Allen (1907-1979), an influential coaster
                 designer, especially for PTC.
May 22--
       1948:     Crystal Beach {Comet} (now at Great Escape) first opens.
       1984:     A car on {The Edge} (Intamin Freefall) at Six Flags Great
                 America broke loose from the lifting mechanism and dropped
about
                 60 feet.   The three passengers, eighth-grade boys from
LaSalle,
                 IL, were hospitalized for five days with relatively minor
                 injuries.
         1992:   Fire destroys engineering section of Vekoma
         1997:   Low-speed launch tests begin on {Mr. Freeze}, a Premier
Rides
                 shuttle-loop magnetic-catapult coaster at Six Flags over
Texas.

May 23--
       1900:     William E. Sullivan opens his first ferris wheel, a 45-foot
                 12-seat model fabricated under contract by the Illinois
Bridge
                 and Machine Company, Jacksonville, Illinois.   Operation
license
                 posted in the name of "The Eli Bridge Co."
[New!] 1976:     Premiere grand opening of the World of Sid and Marty Krofft
                 amusement park at the Omni International complex in
Atlanta,
                 Georgia.   The park lasted only one season, and the facility
is
                 now the headquarters of CNN.
         1906:   West View Park first opens in West View, Pennsylvania (near
                 Pittsburgh).
       1964:     {Blue Streak} (Allen/Hoover/PTC) opens, Cedar Point,
Sandusky,
                 Ohio.
       1981:     {American Eagle} opens at Great America, Gurnee, Illinois.
       1981:     Canada's Wonderland opens in Vaughan, Ontario.
       1986:     Lakemont Park (Altoona, Pennsylvania) re-opens as
Boyertown,
                 USA.
         1987:   Six passengers were injured when they bailed out of their
                 capsizing raft on {Canyon River Rapids} at Hersheypark.
Two
                 rafts had jammed together then a third ran into them.      The
ride
                 was closed for nearly two weeks while that section of the
trough
                 was modified.
         1987:   Kentucky Kingdom opens in Louisville, Kentucky.
         1998:   {Shivering Timbers}, a huge out-and-back wood coaster from
CCI,
                 opens at Michigan's Adventure, Muskegon, Michigan.
         1998:   {Great Bear}, an inverted steel coaster from Bolliger &
                 Mabillard, opens at Hersheypark, Hershey, Pennsylvania.
         1998:   Visionland amusement park opens in Birmingham, Alabama.
         1998:   {Rampage}, a CCI-built wooden roller coaster, opens at
                 Visionland, Birmingham, Alabama.
       2000:     The Eli Bridge Company, builder of Ferris wheels and
Scrambler
                 rides, celebrates its 100th Anniversary with a day-long
party in
                 its hometown of Jacksonville, Illinois. In honor of the
                 occasion, the company offered Ferris wheel rides for a
                 nickel...the admission price for William Sullivan's first
wheel.

May 24--
       1911:     Dreamland Park destroyed by fire.
       1984:     Patrick Camp, age 5, falls from the {Cedar Creek Mine Ride}
at
                 Cedar Point, and fractures his skull in the resulting 30'
fall
                 to grass.
         2001:   After more than 40 years of designing theme parks, the
Duell
                 Corporation files for Chapter 7 bankruptcy.   Its final
project
                 was Bonfante Gardens in Gilroy, California.

May 25--
       1968:     Inaugural performance in Cedar Point's {Golden Palace
Theatre.}

May 26--
       1928:     Fred Church's {Aero-Plane Coaster} opens at Playland, Rye,
New
                 York.
         1939:   Baron Stamp, Chairman of the L.M.S. Railway, officially
opens
                 the new Casino (now known as The Wonderful World) at
Blackpool
                 Pleasure Beach. Designed by Joe Emberton, the new Casino
                 replaces the original, which was constructed in 1913.
         1973:   Worlds of Fun opens in Kansas City, Missouri.
         1985:   In an accident at Astroland Amusement Park on Coney Island,
New
                 York, a twenty-nine year old man was killed when he stood
up and
                 struck his head on a crossbeam while riding the {Cyclone}.
         2001:   {X-Flight}, a Vekoma "Flying Dutchman" roller coaster that
                 carries riders in a nearly-prone position, opens to the
public
                 at Six Flags Worlds of Adventure, the amusement park at
Geauga
                 Lake, Aurora, Ohio.

May 27--
       1905:     White City, Chicago, Illinois opens.
       1911:     Coney Island's Dreamland Park burns to the ground.
       1933:    The {Century of Progress} exposition opens in Chicago,
Illinois.
                 The amusement rides included a {Cyclone} roller coaster
                designed by Harry Traver.
        1973:   The {Sky Streak} roller coaster opens at Boblo Island as
the
                {Thunder Bolt}.
       1977:    {Space Mountain} opens at Disneyland in Anaheim,
California.
       1993:    Pleasure Island Theme Park opens in Cleethorpes, England.
       1994:    {Hoosier Hurricane,} a steel-structured wood coaster built
by
                Custom Coasters, Inc. (CCI) opens at Indiana Beach,
Monticello,
                Indiana.

May 28--
       1899:    Akron, Ohio police raid the Casino at Lakeside Park after a
                Sunday vaudeville performance.
        1906:   Electric Park, Detroit, Michigan, opens, two days later
than
                planned.
        1906:   Luna Park opens in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
        1982:   Kings Island begins running one side of the {Racer} (1972:
John
                Allen/PTC) backwards.
        1988:   The carousel and bumper cars at Americana Amusement Park
                (Middletown, Ohio) are destroyed by fire.
        1994:   The 235-foot-high {Pepsi Max Big One} opens to the public.
                1,000 members of the {235 Club} each paid 18 pounds for a
                guaranteed first-day ride.

May 29--
       1909:    Trout Park opens in Elgin, Illinois.
       1926:    The {Amusement Department Store} opens at Coney Island, New
                York.
        1976:   Great America opens in Gurnee Illinois.
        1976:   Great America(PGA) opens, Santa Clara, California.
        1993:   {Blue Streak,} designed by Ed Vettel, Sr., rededicated at
                Conneaut Lake.

May 30--
       1905:    Oaks Park opens in Portland, Oregon.
       1906:    Wonderland Park opens, Revere Beach, Massachusets.
       1908:    Lakeside Park (Denver, Colorado) opens. At the time, it
was
                known as "White City."
        1921:   Weona Park opens in Pen Argyl, Pennsylvania.
        1924:   The {Pippin} roller coaster opens at Wildwood Amusement
Park,
                Mahtomedi, Minnesota.
        1927:   Will Rogers performs at Hershey Park.
        1929:   Two people sustained minor injuries when two trains on the
                Hershey Park {Wild Cat} collided. A loose rail had stalled
one
                 train at the top of a hill.
         1930:   {Cyclone Racer} (Church/Traver) opens at The Pike in Long
Beach,
                 CA.
         1938:   Amos Wiedrich is killed on the Crystal Beach {Cyclone,}
that
                 legendary coaster's only fatality.
       1972:     An accident occurs on the {Big Dipper} at Battersea in
London,
                 England. A train broke loose and rolled backwards down the
                 lift, colliding with a train in the station. Five children
were
                 killed, numerous other riders were injured.
       1992:     Arkansas Twister opens at Magic Springs.
       1998:     The Island Kingdom waterpark opens at Riverside Park,
Agawam,
                 Massachusetts.

May 31--
       1930:     Birth of Ron Toomer, who will be a noted roller coaster
designer
                 and eventually president of Arrow Dynamics until his
retirement
                 in 1998.
       1983:     The {Extremeroller} (also known as {E.X.T.}) opens at
Worlds of
                 Fun as North America's first stand-up roller coaster.
[New!] 2002:     A fierce storm rips through Kennywood Park, West Mifflin,
                 Pennsylvania, destroying the Whip pavilion, killing one
patron,
                 and injuring dozens of others.
[New!] 2003:     ACE member Tamar Fellner is killed when she apparently
stands up
                 and is thrown from the train on the {Raven} roller coaster
at
                 Holiday World, Santa Claus, Indiana.

                                     ---- June ----

June 1--
       1957:     The newly remodeled {Starlight Ballroom} opens at Hershey
Park.
       1968:     AstroWorld opens.

June 2--
[New!] 1971:     Death of Christian Feucht at age 92.   The designer and
builder
                 of Drop the Dip at Coney Island, NY, considered by some to
be
                 the first high-speed roller coaster, Feucht purchased the
Coney
                 Island Cyclone in 1928.
         1989:   The {Magnum XL-200} at Cedar Point was officially measured
for
                inclusion in the 1990 {Guiness Book of World Records}

June 3--
       1973:    A fifteen year old girl is injured when she is thrown from
the
                {Wild Mouse} at Boblo Island.
       1988:    {Shockwave,} an Arrow Dynamics seven-loop coaster,
officially
                opens at Six Flags Great America, Gurnee, Illinois.

June 4--
       1983:    Rides auctioned at Pine Lake Amusement Park, Caroga Lake,
New
                York.
       1993:    (closed) Idora Park, Youngstown, Ohio, qualifies for
listing on
                the National Register of Historic Places.

June 5--
       1971:    Six Flags over Mid America opens in Eureka, Missouri.
[New!] 2003:    {Timberhawk}, the first wood coaster from S&S Power, opens
at
                Wild Waves and Enchanted Village in Federal Way,
Washington.

June 6--
       1868:    Birth of William George Bean, who with John William
Outhwaite
                formed the Blackpool Corporation.   The Blackpool
Corporation
                turned an impromptu 'country fair' into the Blackpool
Pleasure
                Beach.
        1907:   The {Drop The Dip Railway} opened at Coney Island, New
York.
        1919:   Death of Fred Thompson, whose accomplishments included the
                development of Coney Island's Luna Park and the {A Trip to
the
                Moon} attraction at the 1901 Buffalo Pan-American
Exposition.
       1959:    The {Submarine Voyage} ride opens at Disneyland, Anaheim,
                California.
        1978:   The {Loch Ness Monster} steel coaster with two interlocking
                loops opens at Busch Gardens: The Old Country in
Williamsburg,
                Virginia.
       1994:    Richard Rodriguez begins a fund-raising stunt for the
Juvenile
                Diabetes Foundation by boarding the {Big Dipper} at
Blackpool
                Pleasure Beach in an attempt to set a new world record for
                continuous coaster riding.
[New!] 2002:    After sitting idle for more than two years, Americana
Amusement
                Park in Middletown, Ohio re-opens with its historic name,
                LeSourdsville Lake Amusement Park.

June 7--
       1967:    Six Flags Over Georgia opens in Atlanta, Georgia.
       1970:    Birth of Dave Althoff, maintainer of the {Roller Coaster
                Almanac} 8-)

June 8--
       1905:    A number of attractions open at Indianola Park, Columbus,
Ohio.
       1994:    PTC and Morgan Manufacturing announce the sale of the
Morgan
                wood-coaster-train manufacturing operation to PTC.
[New!] 2002:    {The Lost Coaster of Superstition Mountain}, a unique
                combination wood roller coaster and dark ride, opens at
Indiana
                Beach, Monticello, Indiana.

June 9--
       1929:    Fatal accident on the {Pippin} coaster at Summit Beach
Park,
                Akron, Ohio.
        1978:   {ACE Coaster Conference I} opens at Busch Gardens-The Old
                Country.
        1978:   Exclusive Ride Time (ERT) intruduced to ACE.
        1978:   Fire destroys the {Ghost Train} ride at Luna Park, Sydney,
                Australia. Seven people died in the tragedy.
       1980:    A sculpture commemorating Chicago's Riverview Park was
unveiled
                at the site of the now-defunct park.
        1991:   "Black Sunday" at Kings Island. One (intoxicated) woman
died
                when she fell from the {Flight Commander} ride; two men
were
                electrocuted trying to fish a third from a pond when a
                circulating pump malfunctioned.

June 10--
       1922:    LeSourdsville Lake Amusement Park, LeSourdsville, Ohio
opens.
                LeSourdsville is just South of Middletown, and the park is
now
                known as Americana.
        1968:   Maiden run of the Fairyland {Wildcat} coaster in Kansas
City.
                Designer Aurel Vaszin of NAD was on-board.

June 11--
       1888:    Birth of Arthur Loof, designer of the Santa Cruz {Giant
Dipper}.
       1898:    First scheduled ferry excursion to Boblo Island.
       1905:    Paragon Park (Nantasket Beach, MA) first opens to the
public
         1978:   ACE begins accepting memberships.
         1989:   Carousel Park opens in Buffalo, Wyoming.
         1992:   A five-year-old girl is thrown from the {Scenic Railway}
roller
                 coaster at Dreamland in Margate, England

June 12--
       1896:     The Columbus Street Railway Company opens Olentangy Park,
                 Columbus, Ohio.
       1905:     Hotel Breakers opens, Cedar Point.
       1909:     Death of Jacob Beller at age 85. Beller's Beer Garden
evolved
                 into Detroit's Palace Gardens Amusement Park.
         1957:   Cedar Point Causeway opens.
         1959:   A tornado damages the ferris wheel and {Greyhound} roller
                 coaster at Celoron Park at Chautauqua Lake, New York.
       1976:     {Texas Cyclone,} designed by Bill Cobb, opens.
       1978:     Two thirteen-year-old girls are injured at Boblo Island
when the
                 {Sky Ride} car they are riding in sways, allowing them to
fall
                 out.
         1996:   The {Star Pavilion} officially opens at Hersheypark.
         1996:   {Runaway Mountain} opens at Six Flags Over Texas.

June 13--
       1884:     LaMarcus Thompson's {Switchback Railway} opens on Coney
Island.
                 We've been riding roller coasters ever since.
         1934:   Mrs. Knott began selling chicken dinners. This eventually
led
                 to the opening of the Knott's Berry Farm amusement park.
       1968:     The {Big Coaster} at Arnold's Park was damaged by a
tornado.
       1990:     The re-built Kentucky Kingdom opens.
       1991:     The Coney Island {Cyclone} was named to the New York State
                 Register of Historic Places.
[New!] 2003:     A man falls about 30' from a chair-lift attraction at
Knoebels
                 Amusement Resort, Elysburg, Pennsylvania.   Though he didn't
plan
                 to fall 30', the man left the ride intentionally.
[New!] 2003:     Virginia Knott Bender, daughter of theme park pioneers
Walter
                 and Cordelia Knott and long-time director of Knott's Berry
Farm,
                 dies at age 90 after a long battle with cancer.

June 14--
       1930:     The Pier Ballroom at Celoron Park, Chautauqua Lake, New
York was
                 destroyed by fire.
         1974:   Ground breaking ceremonies for Marriott's Great America,
Gurnee,
                 Illinois.
       1986:     Fatal accident on the {Mindbender} coaster in the West
Edmonton
                 Mall, Edmonton, AB.   A train on this Schwarzkopf multi-
looper
                 derailed due to an equipment failure.
       1987:     Two trains on the {Orient Express} looping coaster at
Worlds of
                 Fun, Kansas City, Missouri, collide in the station,
injuring
                 several people.
         2000:   A suspicious fire destroys two buildings at the (closed)
Rocky
                 Point Park, Warwick, Rhode Island.   The buildings were once
a
                 bumper car ride and maintenance facility.

June 15--
       1941:     The {Comet} opens at Forest Park Highlands, St. Louis,
Missouri.
       1963:     First Arrow Development log flume ride opens at Six Flags
Over
                 Texas.
         1963:   Birth of actress Helen Hunt, whose screen credits include
the
                 role of Tracy Calder in the 1977 film {Rollercoaster}.
         1982:   Old Chicago, an amusement park/shopping center combination,
goes
                 on the auction block, but there are no bidders.
         1985:   The {Phoenix} (ex {Rocket}, Playland Park, San Antonio,
Texas)
              opens at Knoebel's Amusement Resort, Elysburg,
Pennsylvania.
       2001: Bonfante Gardens opens in Gilroy, California.

June 16--
       1923:     Hershey Park's first roller coaster, {The Joy Ride,} built
by
                 Herbert Schmeck and the Philadelphia Toboggan Company,
opens.
                 It was later renamed {The Wild Cat} and operated until
                 September, 1945.
         1992:   Demolition of CNE {Flyer,} designed by Davis & Mckee,
begins
                 (continues through June 19, 1992).

June 17--
       1971:     Disneyland in Anaheim, California greets it's
       1975:     United States Patent #3,889,605, "Amusement Ride with a
Track
                 Portion Following the Shape of a Helix" granted to Karl W.
Bacon
                 and assigned to Arrow Development Corp. for the Corkscrew
                 coaster.
[New!] 1978:     {Gemini}, a wood structured, steel-tracked dual-track
figure-8
                 racing coaster from Arrow Development, opens at Cedar
Point.    At
                 125' tall with a 55-degree first drop, {Gemini} is one of
the
                 world's biggest and steepest coasters.
         1987:   Fair Park, Nashville, Tennessee, is auctioned.
         1987:   A woman is killed on the {Lightnin' Loops} roller coaster
at Six
                 Flags Great Adventure.   That coaster is now the {Python} at
                 Adventure World.

June 18--
       1890:     Fairview Park opens in Indianapolis, Indiana.
       1898:     Daily excursion service to Boblo Island begins.
       1936:     Boblo Island steamer {Tashmoo} hits a rock, makes for
                 Amhertsberg, and sinks.

June 19--
       1913:     Two statues, one of a deer and one of a soldier, are placed
at
                 the entrance to Hershey Park.   The deer quickly becomes a
symbol
                 of the park.
         1960:   Freedomland, a 201-acre American History theme park, opens
in
                 the Bronx, New York.
       1968:     The {Wildcat} at Fairyland in Kansas City opens to the
public.
       1975:     Fire destroys the {Ghost Ship} dark ride (former dance
pavilion)
                 at Kennywood Park, West Mifflin, Pennsylvania.   The fire
broke
                 out at 12:15 pm and damaged several nearby rides.
         1998:   {Twisted Sisters}, the intertwined pair of wooden roller
                 coasters, open at Kentucky Kingdom, Louisville, Kentucky.

June 20--
       1891:     (Albert William Austin's) River Park opens in Winnipeg,
                 Manitoba, Canada. The park would last half a century.
         1910:   Ballroom opens, Idora Park, Youngstown, Ohio. Designed by
Angus
                 S. Wade, it boasted the largest dance floor between New
York and
                 Chicago.
         1991:   Frontier Fun Park opens in Cherokee, North Carolina.
         1998:   Nashville Shores waterpark opens in Hermitage, Tennessee.

June 21--
       1886:     Coney Island, California, Ohio (near Cincinnati) opens.
       1893:     The 250' tall Ferris Wheel opens at the World's Columbian
                 Exposition, Chicago, Illinois. The Wheel had 36 tubs, each
one
               seating 40 passengers.
       1932:   Birth of Boris "Lalo" Schifrin in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
A
               prolific composer of film and television music, Lalo
Schifrin's
               credits include music for {Mission:Impossible, Mannix,} and
of
               course the film {Rollercoaster.}

June 22--
       1895:   Euclid Beach first opens.
       1906:   The old Casino at Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk is destroyed
by
              fire.
       1907: Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk Casino opens
[New!] 1962: Death of Joseph A. McKee at age 74. Long-time
superintendent of
              construction and maintenance at Palisades Park, McKee
designed
              the Giant Coaster, Cyclone and Wild Mouse at Palisades
Park, and
              the Flyer at the CNE park in Toronto.
       1998: Kentucky Kingdom, Louisville, Kentucky, suddenly becomes
Six
              Flags Kentucky Kingdom.
[New!] 2002: {Xcelerator,} a prototype hydraulically launched coaster
from
              Intamin, opens at Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park,
California.

June 23--
       1931:   Workmen begin the destruction of Luna Park, Cleveland,
Ohio,
               starting with the ballroom.   Within a month, most of the
park is
               gone.
       1989:   Upper Clements Family Theme Park opens in Clementsport,
Nova
               Scotia.   Included among the rides is the {Tree Topper,}
Bill
               Cobb's last wooden roller coaster.

June 24--
       1941:   Coaster designer and inventor John A. Miller dies at age
66.
       1983:   {Riverside Cyclone} (Bill Cobb) first opens at Riverside
Park,
               Agawam, MA.

June 25--
       1994:   The (ex-Crystal Beach) {Comet,} designed by Herb Schmeck,
opens
               at The Great Escape, Lake George, New York.
[New!] 2002:     Death of Richard J. Coulter. Coulter was instrumental in
                 establishing amusement ride safety as a professional
discipline
                 beyond ride maintenance.

June 26--
       1927:     Coney Island Cyclone, designed by Vernon Keenan, opens.
       1982:     Calaway Park opens in Calgary, Alberta.
       1991:     The Coney Island {Cyclone} is officially designated a
National
                 historic Landmark.

June 28--
       1922:     Sunnyside Amusement Park opens in Toronto, Ontario.
       2000:     Management control of Conneaut Lake Park, Conneaut Lake,
                 Pennsylvania, is awarded to the Trustees of Conneaut Lake
Park
                 by a bankruptcy court judge. The trustees are the park's
                 owners, but the park had been (mis?)managed by the Conneaut
Lake
                 Park Management Group.

June 29--
       1985:     Middle Country USA opened in Thorntown, Indiana.   The park
is
                 now known as Old Indiana Fun Park.
       1994:     The {Pepsi Max Big One} officially opens at Blackpool
Pleasure
                 Beach.
       1994:     Richard Rodriguez completes his twenty-third day of
continuous
                 riding on the {Big Dipper} at Blackpool Pleasure Beach, an
event
                 coinciding with the Official Opening of the {Pepsi Max Big
One}.

June 30--
       1977:     A tornado strikes Cedar Point, damaging structures and
trees in
                 Frontiertown, and taking out a few trees on the future
{Gemini}
                 site.
         1978:   First CoasterMania opens at Cedar Point. Runs through July
2,
                 1978.
         1995:   A fourteen-year-old girl died from a massive head injury
caused
                 by a twenty-five foot fall from the Timber Wolf roller
coaster
                 at Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, Missouri.   She was reported
to
                 have been standing or kneeling at the time of the accident.

                                      ---- July ----
July 1--
       1910:     The ferry "Trillium" begins service to Hanlan's Point
Amusement
                 Park.   It would run until 1955 when it was taken out of
service.
                 Restored in the 1970's, the ferry now runs to Toronto
islands.
       1942:     A fourteen year old girl falls from a Boblo Island ferry
                 gangplank and drowns.
       1974:     Great Adventure Amusement Park opens in Jackson, New
Jersey.
       1981:     Paradise Lake opens near Middlebourne, Ohio.   The park
operated
                 for only two seasons.
         1986:   Death of Norm Scott, president of Arrow Dynamics, Inc.

July 2--
       1892:     Rittersville Park (also known as Central Park) opens to the
                 public at a location between Allentown and Bethlehem,
                 Pennsylvania.
       1904:     Riverview Park opens in Chicago, Illinois.
       1927:     Revere Beach {Lightning,} one of the notorious Traver
Cyclone
                 triplets, first opens in Revere Beach, Massachusets.
         1973:   Jeff Putz, creator of CoasterBuzz, is born.
         1988:   Lakemont Park re-opens as Lakemont Park after two seasons
as
                 Boyertown USA.

July 3--
       1861:     William E. Sullivan, founder of the Eli Bridge Company, is
born
                 near Roodhouse, Illinois.
       1897:     Squaw Creek Park (also known as Avon Park) opens in
Youngstown,
                 Ohio.
         1908:   A used Herschell-Spillman carousel is put into operation at
                 Hershey Park.
         1919:   The 75' x 180' {Crystal Pool} opens to swimmers at Summit
Beach
                 Park, Akron, Ohio.
         1927:   Yvonne Salais is killed (either thrown out or jumped) by
the
                 Revere Beach {Lightning}.
         1975:   Coney Island {Cyclone,} designed by Vernon Keenan, re-
opens.
       1989:     At an amusement park in Santa Clara, California, a nine-
year-old
                 boy was crushed to death when he tried to jump out of a
                 log-flume boat he was riding in, and became wedged under
the
                 boat instead.
         1998:   {Supreme Scream}, a 3-tower Turbo Drop ride from S&S Sports
                 Power, opens at Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, California.

July 4--
       1895:     Sea Lion Park opens, Coney Island.
       1906:     Dellwood Park opens in Joliet, Illinois.
       1911:     {Race Thru The Clouds} opens in Venice, California. At the
                 time, it was the world's largest racing coaster.
         1913:   The {Lightning Racer} opens at Redondo Beach, California.
         1917:   Summit Beach Park, Akron, Ohio, opens to the public.
         1925:   The {Giant Dipper} opens at Belmont Park/Mission Beach in
San
                 Diego, California.   This Prior & Church-designed coaster is
the
                 only surviving example of the Prior & Church {Bobs}
coaster.
       1926:     Knoebel's Amusement Resort opens in Elysburg, Pennsylvania.
       1976:     Libertyland opens in Memphis, Tennessee.
       1978:     The {Tornado} roller coaster opens at Adventureland near
Des
                 Moines, Iowa.
       1984:     The ill-fated Six Flags Autoworld opens in Flint, Michigan.
       1986:     The Lake Compounce {Wildcat} re-opens after a major
overhaul
                 (supervised by Charles Dinn) and a change in ownership to
HERCO.

       1997:     {Skloosh!}, a Hopkins Shoot-The-Chute ride, opens at
Knoebel's
                 Amusement Resort.

July 5--
       1918:     Birth of showman Phineas Taylor Barnum.

July 6--
       1960:     Demolition of the {Sky Ride} coaster begins at Summit Beach
                 Park, Akron, Ohio. The coaster had stood idle for nearly
two
                 years.
         1967:   Equipment from Lakeside Park, Dayton, Ohio auctioned.

July 7--
       1903:     The site for Hershey Park is chosen and 150 acres are
reserved.
       1918:     Fatal accident on the {Over The Top} coaster at Summit
Beach
                 Park (Akron, Ohio) kills four riders; injures eleven more.
       1984:     A woman dies in a fall from the {Rail Blazer} roller
coaster at
                 Six Flags over Mid America.
         1994:   A computer failure allows two trains on the {Pepsi Max Big
One}
                 to collide near the station at Blackpool Pleasure Beach. A
                 number of passengers suffered injuries, mostly minor, but
no one
                 was killed.

July 8--
       1924:     Birth of ride designer Anton Schwarzkopf.

July 9--
       1958:     Death of Fred Pearce, park and coaster designer, in a fall
from
                 a ride catwalk.   Pearce pioneered the use of creosoted
treated
                 lumber in the construction of wood coasters. His coasters
                 included the Springlake Park {Radio Streak} and the Summit
Beach
                 {Dixie Flyer,} both in Akron, Ohio.
         1996:   Time Warner, Inc. announces plans to build a Six Flags
theme
                 park in North Stonington, Connecticut, on the Connecticut-
Rhode
                 Island border.

July 10--
       1977:     The New York City Landmarks Commission votes to make Coney
                 Island's {Parachute Tower} a historic landmark.
         1985:   The {Z-Force} roller coaster, an Intamin {Space Diver}
model,
                 opens at Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois.

July 11--
       1969:     The {Timber Mountain Log Ride} opens at Knott's Berry Farm.
       1984:     A three-day auction of Rocky Springs Amusement Park begins
in
                 Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
         1984:   ACE convention begins at Crystal Beach, Ontario.
         1998:   {Drachen Fire} mysteriously closes at Busch Gardens
                 Williamsburg.

July 12--
       1898:     Midway Park opens in Maple Springs, New York.
       1992:     A fire tore through the remains of Lincoln Park, N.
Dartmouth,
                 Massachusets.    The {Comet} roller coaster, a band shell,
and a
                 gift-shop building were reported to be the only survivors.

July 13--
       1929:     Hershey Park officially opened its new swimming facilities.
       1993:     Eight people suffered minor injuries when two sets of cars
on
                 the {Demon} roller coaster collided at Six Flags Great
America,
                 Gurnee, Illinois.   The accident happened in the station
just
                 before 7:25pm; the speed of the moving train was about 3
mph.
July 14--
       1990:     ACE first Preservation Weekend at Conneaut Lake and
Lakemont
                 Park.

July 15--
       1886:     Lake Park (now Lagoon Park) opened in Farmington, Utah.
       1904:     Fatal accident on the {Loop-The-Loop} at Celoron Park,
                 Chautauqua Lake, New York. Two riders fell from the car on
this
                 early looping coaster when it rolled back out of the loop.
One
                 of the victims died two days later; the fate of the other
is not
                 known.    A third rider was able to hold on and stayed with
the
                 car.
         1950:   Summit Beach Park (Akron, Ohio) Ballroom destroyed by fire.
         1990:   Kings Island greets its 50-millionth guest.
         1995:   {EuroStar}, Oscar Bruch's Intamin portable inverted looping
                 coaster, fails to open on-time.

July 17--
       1937:     The {Ice Drome} opens at Blackpool Pleasure Beach.
Designed by
                 Joe Emberton, the {Ice Drome} replaced the 1909 roller-
skating
                 rink.
         1955:   Disneyland in Anaheim, California opens.
         1989:   {Splash Mountain} officially opens at Disneyland, Anaheim,
                 California.
         1991:   The {Ultimate} opened at Lightwater Valley in England, as
the
                 World's Longest Roller Coaster with 7,524 feet of track.

July 18--
       1990:     Fun City Amusement Park, Cheyenne, Wyoming auctioned.
       1992:     {Jupiter,} designed by Summers & Intamin, opens in Kijima,
                 Japan. {Jupiter} is Japan's first wooden coaster.
[New!] 2002:     Custom Coasters International (CCI) abruptly closes up shop
and
                 ceases doing business, leaving at least one coaster project
(the
                 New Mexico Rattler at Cliff's Amusement Park) unfinished.

July 19--
       1902:     Schlitz Park opens in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

July 20--
       1817:     The first double, circular racing slide opened in Paris.
       1963:     Most of Forest Park Highlands, St. Louis, Missouri, burns
to the
                 ground.
         1985:   {Le Monstre,} a dual-tracked wooden coaster, opens at La
Ronde,
                 in Montreal, Quebec.
         1985:   A Superior Court jury in Tom's River, New Jersey cleared
Great
                 Adventure, Inc. and Six Flags Corp. of all charges brought
in
                 the aftermath of the May 11, 1984 {Haunted Castle} fire at
Six
                 Flags Great Adventure, Jackson, New Jersey.
         1995:   {EuroStar}, German showman Oscar Bruch's portable inverted
                 looping coaster (Werner Stengel/Oscar Bruch/Intamin AG)
finally
                 opens in Dusseldorf, at the Schuetzenfest.

July 21--
       1954:     Groundbreaking for Disneyland in Anaheim, California.
       1991:     The votes are counted and the creation of Usenet's
                 {rec.roller-coaster} is authorized.
         1991:   A teenage boy is killed and two girls are injured at the
Myrtle
                 Beach Pavilion Amusement Park when the Ferris wheel seat
they
                 are riding in tips over.   The trio was rocking the seat.

July 22--
       1992:     Cedar Fair L.P. purchases Dorney Park and Wildwater Kingdon
for
                 $48,000,000.
         1994:   {Zach's Zoomer} opens at Michigan's Adventure.   The coaster
was
                 constructed by Custom Coasters International, and named
after
                 the owner's two-year-old son.
         2000:   The Grand Carousel at Whalom Park, Fitchburg, MA, re-opens
to
                 the public.   The carousel was auctioned in pieces on April
15,
                 2000; the Whalom Park Carousel Association purchased the
frame
                 and assembled a collection of figures to run on it.

July 23--
       1894:     Disassembly of the Ferris Wheel from the World's Columbian
                 Exposition completed.
       1977:     Hersheypark was forced to close its gates for the first
time in
                 its history when more than 25,000 people packed into the
park.

July 24--
       1999:     The {Twister}, a wood coaster designed by John Fetterman,
built
                 in-house, and loosely based on the original Elitch Gardens
{Mr.
                 Twister}, opens at Knoebel's Amusement Resort, Elysburg,
                 Pennsylvania
         2001:   Fire destroys six buildings at Calico Ghost Town, Yermo,
                 California. The park was opened in 1951 by Walter Knott,
and
                 later donated to San Bernadino County.

July 25--
       1850:     Britain's Vauxhall Gardens closes.   This was one of the
earliest
                 pleasure gardens, and was influential in defining the
concept of
                 what we know as an amusement park.

July 26--
       2001:     The remains of the long-idled wood coasters at long-closed
Idora
                 Park, Youngstown, Ohio, are demolished.

July 27--
       1998:     After more than a year of delays, the {Typhoon} compact
looping
                 coaster from Top Fun finally opens at Santa's Village, East
                 Dundee, Illinois.
         2001:   After sitting abandoned since 1984, the {Jack Rabbit} and
                 {Wildcat} roller coasters at Idora Park, Youngstown, Ohio,
are
                 demolished.

July 28--
       1907:     Steeplechase Park fire. George Tilyou posts his famous sign
                 about it: {<To enquiring friends:> I have troubles today
that
                 I had not yesterday.   I had troubles yesterday which I have
not
                 today. On this site will be built a bigger, better,
                 Steeplechase Park. Admission to the burning ruins -- Ten
                 cents.}
         1907:   The {Drop The Dip Railway} at Coney Island was destroyed by
                 fire. It was rebuilt and continued to operate.
         1934:   Streetcar service to Summit Beach Park (Akron, Ohio) ends.
         1991:   Usenet's {rec.roller-coaster} is created.

July 29--
       1953:     Death of Bob Ingersoll, operator of Lake Contrary Park, St.
                 Joseph, Missouri.
         1974:   "America Sings" attraction opens at Disneyland in Anaheim,
                 California.
         1995:   Fourteen people are injured when the {Hell Hole} ride...a
                 Rotor...owned by an independent concessionaire on Coney
Island
                 in New York City, New York, suffers a catastrophic
structural
                 failure.   The ride is permanently closed.

July 30--
       2001:     Death of prolific steel coaster and amusement ride
designer,
                 Anton Schwarzkopf.
         2001:   A dozen riders are injured when a Chance "Chaos" partially
                 collapses at Michigan's Adventure Amusement Park, Muskegon,
                 Michigan.

                                    ---- August ----

August 1--
       1895:     The lift cable on an early Shoot-The-Chute ride in Chicago
                 breaks, causing the boat to slide back down the lift and
into
                 the station where it injures 14 people.   Four of the
victims die
                 from their injuries.

August 2--
       1992:     A man riding the {Mean Streak} at Cedar Point had his right
hand
                 outside the train as it entered the station. His hand was
                 nearly severed when it was caught between the train and the
                 station platform.
       1997:     A 45-year-old ride operator was killed when she
accidentally
                 stepped off of the 3-story platform of the {Sidewinder}
(Arrow
                 shuttle loop) coaster at Elitch Gardens, Denver, Colorado.

August 3--
       1911:     Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk takes delivery of a new Loof
                 carousel.
         1946:   Santa Claus Land (now Holiday World) first opens in Santa
Claus,
                 Indiana.
       1998:     {Volcano: The Blast Coaster}, the first suspended roller
coaster
                 to be launched by linear induction motors, opened at
Paramount's
                 Kings Dominion, Doswell, Virginia, after a two-month delay.

August 4--
       1961:     Six Flags Over Texas opens.

August 5--
       1929:     Last performance at the Lakemont Park Playhouse, Altoona,
                 Pennsylvania.

August 7--
       1954:     Trolley service to Lakemont Park ends.
       1998:     The {Doo Wopper}, a prototype Wild Mouse style coaster from
                 Zamperla, opens at Morey's Piers, Wildwood, New Jersey

August 8--
       1929:     Fire destroys the stadium at <Luna Park>, Cleveland, Ohio.
       1999:     Four children suffer minor injuries when an unsecured door
on a
                 kiddie Ferris wheel causes the gondola to overturn.
[New!] 2002:     Six Flags Great America (Gurnee, Illinois) announces that,
                 contrary to earlier announcements, and due at least in part
to
                 public outcry, they will NOT dismantle the {Whizzer} to
make
                 room for a new coaster, but will take down {Shock Wave}
instead.

August 9--
       1995:     The {Antelope} at Gulliver's World carries its first
trainload
                 of passengers.

August 10--
       1816:     The {Russian Mountain,} the first slide to use wheeled
sleds,
                 opened in Paris, France.
       1909:     Fire erupts at Hanlan's Point, Ontario in the Gem
Vaudeville
                 House.   The theater, several nearby buildings, and three
roller
                 coasters are lost in the conflagration.
         1997:   A veteran maintenance worker at AstroWorld (Houston, Texas)
was
                 killed while working on the track of the {Excalibur}
Runaway
                 Train when he was struck by an empty train.
       2000:     Kennywood Park, West Mifflin, Pennsylvania, announces
{Phantom's
                 Revenge}, the replacement for their {Steel Phantom} looping
                 roller coaster.

August 11--
       1990:     The restored Belmont Park {Giant Dipper} roller coaster
                 re-opens.
         1991:   A teenager dies on the ferris wheel at Fantasy Island in
New
                 York.
         1992:   Knott's Camp Snoopy and {Ripsaw,} designed by Zierer, open
in
                 the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota.
       1996:     A miniature train de-rails at Old Indiana Fun Park in
Thorntown,
                 Indiana.   One woman is killed; other riders are injured,
and the
                 State of Indiana orders the park's rides   closed for up to
90
                 days for reinspection.
        1999:    Three children suffer minor injuries when a miniature train
tips
                 over at Hersheypark, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

August 12--
       1951:     Kiddieland opens in Amarillo Texas' Thompson Park.    The
park
                 later changed its name to Wonderland.
        1995:    The all-standing Dentzel carousel at Riverside Park in
                 Logansport, Indiana re-opens in its new building.

August 13--
       1991:     Lakeside Park, Royersford, Pennsylvania, is auctioned.

August 14--
       1975:     Michael Boodley completes his 1,000th circuit on the Coney
                 Island {Cyclone} after 36 hours of riding. Boodley went on
to
                 design wooden coasters and is a co-founder of Great
Coasters
                 International.
        1987:    ACE holds Summercon '87 at Coney Island, Lake Compounce,
Rye
                 Playland, and (defunct) Mountain Park.

August 15--
       1843:     Tivoli Gardens opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.
       1892:     Exposition Park opens at Conneaut Lake.
       1982:     The {LaSalle's Riverboat Adventure} ride at Six Flags over
Texas
                 closes.
        1987:    The Schwarzkopf {Mindbender} at the West Edmondton Mall re-
opens
                 fourteen months after a fatal accident and many
modifications.

August 16--
       1933:     A parachutist fell to her death at Idlewild Park, Ligonier,
                 Pennsylvania, when the balloon she was riding in collapsed.
        1981:    An employee at Six Flags Great Adventure is killed when he
falls
                 from {Rolling Thunder} during a morning test ride.

August 17--
       1893:     First picnic held at Lakemont Park, Altoona, Pennsylvania.
       1979:     Death of John Allen (1907-1979).

August 18--
       1997:     Joseph L. Barnes dies at the age of 82.   He was the owner
and
                 operator of Willow Grove Park and Woodside Park.
        1998:    Santa's Village, Skyforest, California, is auctioned.
        2000:    Ride-simulation film company Showscan Entertainment files
for
                 Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

August 19--
       1925:     Fatality on the {Thunderbolt} at Coney Island.

August 20--
       1998:     The {Mamba} roller coaster gives its 1,000,000th ride at
Worlds
                 of Fun, Kansas City, Missouri.

August 21--
       1993:     Restored car #1 of {Leap the Dips} presented to Lakemont
Park by
                 ACE and PTC.
         1996:   Death of Bob Moegerle, owner of Playland Park, Akron, Ohio.
                 Moegerle was 68.
         1999:   Matthew Henne, a 16-year-old ride attendant, is killed when
he
                 steps into the path of a moving ride at Lake Compounce
Amusement
                 Park, Bristol, Connecticut.   The {Tornado} ride is an
indoor
                 {Scrambler}.

August 22--
       1936:     Birth of engineer and ride designer Werner Stengel.

August 23--
       1902:     Canobie Lake Park (Salem, NH) first opens.
       1904:     Ingersoll Amusement Company incorporated to build Luna
Parks in
                 Cleveland, Ohio and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
         1916:   Much of Luna Park, Scranton, Pennsylvania, was destroyed by
                 fire. Although it was re-built, the park soon closed.
       1988:     An employee fell to his death on the {Cyclone} at Coney
Island.
                 Witnesses said that he stood up and fell during the first
drop.
         1993:   {Canyon Blaster,} designed by Arrow Dynamics, opens at
Grand
                 Slam Canyon.

August 24--
       1965:     At Boblo Island, a car on a ride called {The Bug} breaks
free,
                 killing one rider and injuring eight.
       1988:     Rocky Glen Park, Moosic, Pennsylvania, is auctioned.
       1996:     Jennifer Coleman is awarded $775,000 for an injury
sustained on
                 July 13, 1993 when she was riding the {Demon} roller
coaster at
                 Six Flags Great America.   The collision jolted her
resulting in
                 {aqueductal stenosis}, a brain condition which results in
fluid
                 accumulation due to a blocked duct.
         2001:   Amusement ride manufacturer Vekoma files for bankruptcy
                 reorganization in the Netherlands.
       2001:     Press day for {Deja Vu}, the first of the Vekoma Super
Inverted
                 Boomerang coasters, at Six Flags Magic Mountain.

August 25--
       1990:     ACE celebrates National Coaster Day.
       2001:     {Deja Vu}, the first Vekoma Giant Inverted Boomerang
coaster
                 opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain, several months behind
                 schedule.

August 26--
       1926:     The first Kiddie Day at Hershey Park.   Children age 15 and
under
                 had two hours of free rides.
         1953:   The {Flyer} (Joe McKee) opens at the Canadian National
                 Exposition (CNE). The {Flyer} was demolished in 1992.
         1984:   Beech Bend Park in Bowling Green, Kentucky closes.

August 27--
       1984:     A two-day auction of Beech Bend Park begins in Bowling
Green,
                 Kentucky.
         1997:   The train on the {Scirocco} shuttle loop (Schwarzkopf) at
Walibi
                 Wavre (Wavre, Belgium) suffers a mechanical failure and
gets
                 jammed upside-down in the loop.   Passengers were left
hanging
                 from their lap bars for about 90 minutes.

August 28--
       1990:     A tornado tore through Plainfield, Illinois, destroying the
                 auditorium building from the defunct Electric Park. It was
the
                 last remaining building from the park, and was being
restored.
                 Also lost was the last surviving Chutes boat from Chicago's
                 Riverview Park; it had been stored at the Electric Park
site.
         1997:   The {Scirocco} roller coaster at Walibi Amusement Park near
                 Brussels, Belgium suffers an unusual failure which causes
the
                 Schwarzkopf shuttle-loop's train to stall upside down in a
                 vertical loop.

August 30--
       1951:     Birth of actor Timothy Bottoms, whose film credits include
the
                role of "Young Man," the bomber/extortionist in the 1977
film
                {Rollercoaster}.
        2001:   Press day for the long-delayed {Deja Vu} coaster, a Vekoma
Giant
                Inverted Boomerang, at Six Flags over Georgia.

August 31--
       1910:    Glenn Curtiss flies a biplane from Euclid Beach to Cedar
Point
                and back, setting a new over-water aviation distance
record.
       2001:    A 25-year-old woman suffers a seizure and dies after a ride
on
                {Montezooma's Revenge} at Knott's Berry Farm.

                                ---- September ----

September 1--
       1941: River Park, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada closes.
       1991: Custom Coasters, Inc. opens its doors for business.
       2001: {Deja Vu}, the long-delayed Vekoma Giant Inverted Boomerang
              coaster, opens at Six Flags Over Georgia.

September 2--
       1946: Crystal Beach {Cyclone} closes forever. Demolition began
on
              9/16/46.
       2001: The wire rope used to haul trains up the lift on
{Millennium
              Force}, a 310-foot-tall roller coaster at Cedar Point,
breaks
              during morning test runs, stranding a trainload of park
              employees near the top of the lift. Nobody was hurt, but
the
              incident made headlines and took the ride out of service
for a
              week.

September 3--
       1909: The {Hershey Press,} a weekly newspaper printed in the
Hershey
              Park printing office, is first published.
       1973: Columbia Gardens, Butte, Montana, closes after 74 years of
              operation.
       2001: A bear cub was found sleeping under the roller coaster at
              Lakeside Park, Denver, Colorado.

September 4--
       1967: Riverview Park closes.
       1978: Ohio's Chippewa Lake Park closes.    Portions of the coaster
are
              still standing.
       1989: Crystal Beach Park closes.
September 5--
       1910: Hershey Park's miniature railway first runs.
       1977: West View Park closes what turns out to be its last season.
       1997: A 13-year-old boy is injured while helping his father
repair a
              wood coaster at Stricker's Grove (Ross, Ohio). He was
struck by
              a train and fell through the track six feet to the ground.

September 6--
       1971: Coney Island (OH) closes. Taft Entertainment purchased
Coney
              Island, constructed a new park on higher ground, and moved
many
              of the ride pieces to the new location, Kings Island.
Today,
              Coney Island still operates as a major picnic facility.

September 7--
       1916: Summit Beach Park Company incorporated.
       1933: Death of Dudley Sherman Humphrey II, President of Euclid
Beach
              Park.
       1997: Four passengers on the {American Eagle} racing coaster at
Six
              Flags Great America are slightly injured in a low-speed
              collision on the brake run. The train coupler failed
between
              the second and third cars, allowing the train to separate
and
              cars to bump together.
       1998: {Mr. Toad's Wild Ride} closes at Walt Disney World's Magic
              Kingdom, Reedy Creek, Florida.

September 8--
       1990: Long Point Park, Geneseo, NY, auctioned.

September 9--
       1984: The minor collision in the station of two trains on the
              {American Eagle} at Great America (Gurnee, Illinois) sends
three
              riders to a hospital.
       2001: The {Country Bears Playhouse} closes after 29 years at
              Disneyland, Anaheim, California.

September 10--
       2001: A 7-year-old boy dies of internal injuries when the car he
was
               riding in "stopped short" on a {Flitzer} roller coaster
owned by
               Reithoffer Shows. The incident happened at the York fair
in
               York, Pennsylvania.
September 11--
       1887: {Sliding Hill and Roller Tobboggan} opens, Haverhill,
               Massachusets.

September 12--
       1927: A standing rider was killed on one of Detroit, Michigan's
               riverfront roller coasters.
       1971: The Palisades Amusement Park, located in Cliffside Park,
New
               Jersey, closed its gates for the last time before becoming
an
               apartment complex.
       1990: White Swan Park, Coraopolis, PA auctioned.

September 13--
       1857: Birth of Milton Snavely Hershey, founder of Hershey Park.
       1995: Milton S. Hershey is honored by being pictured on a United
               States postage stamp.

September 14--
       1922: Aloha Amusement Park opens, Waikiki, Hawaii.

September 15--
       1964: Freedomland Park files for bankruptcy.
       1968: Last day of operation for the {Cyclone Racer}
(Church/Traver) at
               The Pike, in Long Beach, CA.
       1977: A tornado rips through Fairyland Park in Kansas City,
causing
               extensive damage. The park never re-opened, but the
{Wildcat}
               roller coaster survived. It did not run again until it was
               relocated to Frontier City (Oklahoma City) in 1991.

September 16--
       1946: Crystal Beach {Cyclone,} designed by Harry Traver, is
               demolished. Some parts of the legendary {Cyclone} were
used in
               the park's {Comet,} which today operates at The Great
Escape.
       1985: Roseland Park (Canandaigua, New York) auctioned. The
{Skyliner}
               roller coaster ended up at Lakemont Park (Altoona,
Pennsylvania)
               where it still runs today.
       2001: {Viper}, a Schwarzkopf weight-drop shuttle loop coaster,
closes
               at Six Flags over Georgia, Atlanta, Georgia. The ride was
moved
               to Six Flags over Georgia in 1995 after operating as the
{Tidal
               Wave} at Marriott's Great America from 1978-1991.
September 17--
       2001: Visionary developer William Albert Koch dies at the age of
86.
               Koch's accomplishments include the first theme park,
Holiday
               World (originally Santa Claus Land), the town of Santa
Claus,
               Indiana, a national park, and a devoted family.

September 18--
       1902: M. S. Hershey's attorney purchases the first of many tracts
               which will be combined to form the town of Hershey,
               Pennsylvania.

September 19--
       1977: Tom Rebbie starts working at the Philadelphia Toboggan
Company
               for $4.25 an hour. In 1991, he would take over the
company.

September 20--
       1964: Steeplechase Park, the last of the great Coney Island
parks,
               closes.
       1994: King's Castle Land Amusement Park (Whitman, Massachusets)
               auctioned.

September 21--
       1938: A hurricane destroys several New England roller coasters,
               including the {Thunderbolt} (Church/Traver, 1925) at Savin
Rock
               (West Haven, CT).

September 22--
       1988: Death of George W. Long, owner of Seabreeze Park
(Rochester, New
               York).
       2001: A rider is killed when she falls from a boat on {Perilous
               Plunge,} a Shoot-The-Chutes ride at Knott's Berry Farm,
Buena
               Park, California.
[New!] 2002: A midnight fire at Wyandot Lake (Columbus, Ohio) destroys
the
               bumper car building and does $500,000 of damage to the
park.
               The adjacent {Sea Dragon} roller coaster is not damaged.

September 24--
       1993: Michael Moodenbaugh, owner of Boblo Island, critically
injured
               in traffic accident.

September 25--
       1925: Euclid Beach {Racing Derby} struck by lightning.
       1960:   Sen. John F. Kennedy and Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson make a
campaign
               stop at Euclid Beach Park.
       1995:   Fire destroys a maintenance building at Williams Grove,
               Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania. The {Cyclone} suffered
roughly
               $15,000 damage.

September 26--
       1961: Death of Harry G. Traver, influential wood coaster designer
and
               builder, best known for the {Cyclone} triplets at Palisades
               Park, Crystal Beach, and Revere Beach.
       1981: Rides and equipment from Edgewater Park (Detroit, Michigan)
are
               auctioned.
       1984: Hanson's Park, Harvey's Lake, Pennsylvania is auctioned.
       1993: Final operating day for Boblo Island, Amhertsburg, ON.

September 27--
       1929: Birth of Curtis D. Summers (1929-1992), influential wood
coaster
               designer responsible for {Hercules, Texas Giant, Mean
Streak,}
               and a number of other major wood coasters of the 1980's and
               1990's.
       1939: The {Indian Theatre} at Blackpool Pleasure Beach catches
fire
               and burns to the ground. Firefighters are able to prevent
the
               blaze from spreading to the nearby {Big Dipper}.
       1961: Death of roller coaster designer and mechanical engineer
Harry
               Guy Traver.

September 28--
       1969: Euclid Beach Park closes.
       1983: A fire at Dorney Park (Allentown, Pennsylvania) destroys
PTC
               Carousel #38 and several other rides and buildings.
[New!] 2002: {The New Mexico Rattler} opens at Cliff's Amusement Park in
               Albequerque, NM. It's the last wood coaster designed by
Custom
               Coasters International (CCI). Cliff's had to finish
               construction in-house when CCI quit business with the
project
               unfinished.

September 29--
       1998: In response to a fatal carnival accident (March 19, 1998),
a
               Travis County, Texas grand jury returns nine murder
indictments.
                It is the first time murder charges have ever been filed
in a
                 ride accident case.

September 30--
       1952: The movie {This Is Cinerama,} which features footage of the
               {Atom Smasher} coaster at Rockaway's Playland, opens at the
               Broadway Theatre in New York.
       1977: West View Park announces that it is permanently closed.
       1978: The National Amusement Park Historical Association (NAPHA)
is
               founded.
       1993: Investor Larry Benaroya gains control of Boblo Island in
court
               and officially closes the park.
       1996: Two trains collide on the {Eurostar}, the Intamin
transportable
               looping coaster, at the Munich Oktoberfest. A block brake
at
               the end of the ride failed to release, causing a following
train
               to collide in the final trim brake.

                                  ---- October ----

October 1--
       1968:     United States Patent #3,403,633, "Amusement Ride", issued
to
                 Anton Schwarzkopf for a ride we know as the {Bayern Kurve.}
         1971:   Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom officially opens.
         1979:   Groundbreaking ceremonies for EPCOT Center at Walt Disney
World.

         1982:   The Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, better
known
                 as EPCOT, opens at Walt Disney World.
         1994:   Elitch Gardens original location closes;

October 2--
       1989:     Quassy Amusement Park (Middlebury, Connecticut) breaks up
and
                 auctions its 1902 E. Joy Morris carousel.
         1991:   Death of Arnold Gurtler, Chairman of the Board for Elitch
                 Gardens.
       1999:     California governor Gray Davies signs legislation to
require
                 State inspections of California's fixed-site amusement
rides.

October 3--
       1973:     West View Park Danceland destroyed by fire.
[New!] 2002:     Death of Myron Hetrick. For 19 years, Hetrick was a
railroad
                 superintendent for the Cedar Point and Lake Erie Railroad
at
                Cedar Point.   One of the locomotives, "Myron H." is named
for
                him.

October 4--
       1922:    The Pippin Coaster Company signs its first concession
agreement
                with Luna Park Cleveland.   The company's first ride was
John
                Miller's {Pippin}.   Within a few years, the company agreed
to
                operate two other rides as well.
        1935:   Luna Park (Sydney, Australia) opens.

October 5--
       1985:    The first {Phoenix Phall Phun Phest} is held at Knoebel's
                Amusement Resort in Elysburg, Pennsylvania, in conjunction
with
                the fourth annual Covered Bridge Festival.
        1988:   Noble Park Funland, Paducah, Kentucky, is auctioned. The
                Pinfari Zyklon coaster ended up at Americana Amusement Park
in
                Middletown, Ohio.
        2000:   After 30 years in operation, Fun City Amusement Park, Sea
Isle,
                New Jersey, is auctioned.

October 6--
       1846:    Thousands of people gather near Bristol, Connecticut to
witness
                the failure of a scientific demonstration.   The turnout
inspires
                Gad Norton to open the area to the public as a picnic park
                called Lake Compounce.

October 7--
       1991:    Groundbreaking for the MGM Grand Hotel and Theme Park in
Las
                Vegas, Nevada.

October 8--
       1992:    The rides at Conneaut Lake Park are auctioned.   A group of
local
                investors is able to purchase most of the rides to keep
them at
                the park.

October 11--
       1984:    Dispensa's Kiddie Kingdom, Oakbrook Illinois is auctioned.

October 12--
       1990:    ACE holds the 1990 Fall Conference at Belmont Park in San
Diego,
                California, and at Magic Mountain in Valencia, California.
October 14--
       1945:     Milton Snavely Hershey, founder of Hershey Park, dies at
the age
                 of 88.

October 15--
       1990:     PTC carousel #18, previously at Roseland Park, reopens in
its
                 new home in the Carousel Center Mall, Syracuse, New York.

October 16--
       1982:     Olympic Park, Rochester, New York, is auctioned.

October 17--
       1983:     One person is killed and two others are injured when a tub
                 breaks free from an Enterprise ride and falls to the ground
at
                 the Texas State Fair in Dallas.
       1986:     Vice-President George Bush visits Boyertown, USA (now
Lakemont
                 Park), Altoona, Pennsylvania.
         1989:   The rides from Crystal Beach Amusement Park are auctioned.
The
                 {Comet} roller coaster eventually ended up at the Great
Escape
                 Fun Park, in Lake George, New York.

October 18--
       1983:     Paradise Lake Amusement Park, near Middlebourne, Ohio, is
                 auctioned.

October 19--
       1991:     Enchanted Forest, Chesterton, Indiana, is auctioned.

October 20--
       1984:     A two-day auction begins to sell off Idora Park,
Youngstown,
                 Ohio.

October 21--
       1979:     Walt Disney World (Lake Buena Vista, Florida) greets its
                 100-millionth guest.

October 22--
       1956:     Death of Herbert Schmeck, credited by {The Billboard} with
                 designing 210 roller coaster structures.

October 23--
       1863:     Birth of Theodore Marshall (T. M.) Harton, early coaster
builder
                 and founder of West View Park.
         1894:   Euclid Beach Park Co. incorporated.
         1927:   Fred Ingersoll, a former Detroit amusement park operator,
dies
                in an apparent suicide in Omaha, Nebraska.
        1972:   The Hersheypark bandstand is demolished.
        1982:   Holiday Beach, Douglas, Georgia is auctioned.

October 26--
       1985:    Playland Park (Wasaga Beach, Ontario) is auctioned.

October 28--
       1981:    Rides from Rocky Springs Amusement Park (Lancaster,
                Pennsylvania) are auctioned.

October 30--
       1893:    The World's Columbian Exposition officially closes in
Chicago,
                Illinois.

October 31--
       1873:    Birth of Fred Thompson, who would develop Coney Island, New
                York's famous Luna Park.
       1878:    Birth of Fred Church, influential coaster designer
particularly
                noted for his {Bobs} coasters and his flexible, smooth-
tracking
                trailered cars.
       1934:    Chicago's {Century of Progress} exposition closes.
       2000:    Ramsi (born Ismar) P. Tick dies at age 75. He was
instrumental
                in the (ultimately unsuccessful) effort to revive Crystal
Beach
                Park, Fort Erie, Ontario, in the 1980's.

                                    ---- November ----

November 1--
       1989:    Vollmar's Park (Bowling Green, Ohio) auctions off its
rides.
                The park continues to operate as a picnic park, with rides
                brought in by a concessionaire.

November 2--
       1998:    Knoebel's Amusement Resort, Elysburg, Pennsylvania,
announces
                that it plans to construct {Twister} for the 1999 season.

November 3--
       1920:    Construction   begins on the {Pippin} roller coaster at
Riverview
                Park (Chicago, Illinois).
       1925:    Detroit voters approve a proposal authorizing the
condemnation
                of the land under the city's riverfront amusement parks for
use
                as a public park.
November 4--
       1988:   ACE holds its first Fall Conference at the West Edmonton
Mall.
       2000:   Longtime Chance Industries employee Ed Widger dies at age
78.
               Widger was a design draftsman for the Allan Herschell
Company
               and moved to Chance in 1970 when Chance bought the Allan
               Herschell company, working there until his retirement in
1997.
       2001:   Death of Howard Berni, who was instrumental in the
development
               of Americana Amusement Park, Middletown, Ohio, after World
War
               II.

November 6--
       1990:   A large portion of the backlot at Universal Studios
Hollywood is
               destroyed by fire.
       1991:   Fantasy Farm Amusement Park (Middletown, Ohio) is
auctioned.

November 7--
       1899:   Riverview Park...later known as Fox River Park...opens in
               Aurora, Illinois.

November 9--
       1915:   Birth of (William) Walker LeRoy in Thunder Bay, Ontario.    A
               long-time maintenance consultant for amusement parks
               particularly in the Pacific Northwest, LeRoy was
maintenance
               superintendent for Oaks Park (Portland, Oregon) from the
1920's
               until his death in 1999.

November 10--
       1978: Worlds of Fun (Kansas City, Missouri) unveils plans for the
              {Timber Wolf} wooden coaster.

November 12--
       1994: Fire at (closed) Rocky Glen Park seriously damages {Comet}
              (Allen, 1959) coaster.

November 15--
       1909: The Hershey's sign a deed of trust establishing the Hershey
              Industrial School.
       1932: Summit Beach Park Company goes out of business after being
              ordered into receivership.
       1980: {Big Thunder Mountain Railroad} opens at Walt Disney
World's
              Magic Kingdom.
       1998: Death of longtime Kings Island Public Relations Director
Ruth
               Voss.
       2000:   Ron Toomer, Frederick Savage, and Jack Ray are inducted
into the
               IAAPA Hall of Fame.

November 17--
       2000: The Coney Island {Thunderbolt}, which had been standing but
not
              operating since 1983, is unexpectedly demolished by the
City of
              New York. It was the last surviving 'twister-style'
coaster in
              the United States designed by John Miller.

November 18--
       1997: Chance Industries of Wichita, Kansas is awarded United
States
              Patent #5,688,178 for the ride known as {Chaos}.
       1998: Santaland, the first theme park within the Arctic Circle,
opens
              in Rovaniemi, Finland, inside a cavern blasted out of a
              mountain.

November 19--
       1867: United States Patent #70,985, "Rotary Swing," granted to
Isaac
              N. Forrester. This is the earliest patent for a vertical
              pleasure wheel (Ferris wheel).

November 22--
       1896: George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr., engineer and
businessman
              responsible for building the Ferris Wheel at the World's
              Columbian Exposition, dies at the age of 37.
       1997: The first 300'-tall Skycoaster (the world's tallest when it
              opened) opens at Million Dollar Mulligan's, Kissimmee,
Florida.

November 23--
       1988: A 17-year-old girl was killed when the {Monster} ride she
was
              riding failed at the Broward County Fair in Florida. The
sweep
              holding the car she was riding in snapped and fell about
ten
              feet to the ground; she was then struck in the back of the
head
              by an adjacent sweep. Six other riders were treated,
mostly for
              minor injuries.

November 25--
       1877: Birth of Harry G. Traver (1877-1961),
November 26--
       1985: The {Castle Garden} dance hall at Dorney Park (Allentown,
              Pennsylvania) burns in a fire.

November 27--
       1982: Funtown Amusement Park, Chicago, Illinois, is auctioned.
       1991: Tom Rebbie becomes the head of the Philadelphia Toboggan
              Company, which becomes Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters, Inc.
Tom
              Rebbie first joined PTC in 1977; PTC was established in
1904.

November 29--
       1988: Lincoln Park, North Dartmouth, Massachusets, is auctioned.
       1992: Death of Randall Duell, park designer responsible for
layout of
              Six Flags over Texas, Six Flags over Georgia, Astroworld,
Darien
              Lake, and others.

November 30--
       1914: Hershey Park announces that it will build a 6,000-seat
              Convention Hall for the 1915 season.

                                 ---- December ----

December 1--
       1967:    Riverview Park rides auctioned off.

December 2--
       1684:    Chief John Compound, his wife, and tribal members deeded
the
                land that would eventually become Lake Compounce Amusement
Park,
                recognized today as the oldest operating amusement park in
                America.
        1915:   The Hershey Print Shop in Hershey Park is destroyed by
fire.

December 3--
       1995:    Frank J. Sauzer, Jr., owner of (defunct) Sauzer's
Kiddieland
                dies, one day before the dismantling of the park's
{Galaxie} was
                complete.
       1981:    Death of Walter Knott, founder of Knott's Berry Farm, at
the age
                of 91.
       1998:    Death of "Mr. Kennywood," Anthony S. Sacramento,
Kennywood's
                long-time carousel manager, at the age of 81. His funeral
                procession went through the park and past the carousel.
December 4--
       1939: $3,000 awarded in settlement to the estate of Amos
Weidrich, who
              was killed by the Crystal Beach {Cyclone} on 5/30/1938.
       1972: Birth of Jim Serio Webmaster of the {World of Coasters}

December 5--
       1901:   Birth of Walt Disney.
       1997:   Texas State Highway 360 is renamed {Angus G. Wynne Jr.
Freeway}
               in honor of the founder of Six Flags Over Texas.

December 6--
       1980:   ACE No Coaster Conference I ("Coaster Con 3-1/2").
       1986:   Twin Lakes Amusement Park, Paris, Illinois, was auctioned.

December 7--
       1994:   Rocky Glen {Comet}, designed by John Allen in 1959, is
               demolished.

December 8--
       1998: {GhostRider}, a wood coaster from Custom Coasters
International,
               opens to rave reviews at Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park,
               California.

December 9--
       1977:   Fire damages the motor house of the Coney Island Tornado
and
               destroys adjacent food and souvenir stands.

December 10--
       1919: Traver Engineering Company opens in Beaver Falls, PA.

December 11--
       1938: The skating rink at (closed) <Luna Park>, Cleveland, Ohio
is
              destroyed by arsonists. It is the seventh arson attempt on
the
              old structure, and this time the arsonists are successful.

December 12--
       1981: Moxahala Amusement Park, Zanesville, Ohio, is auctioned.
       1984: PTC carousel #12, from Crystal Beach, Ontario, is auctioned
in
              pieces.

December 13--
       1912: Luna Park, Melbourne, Australia, opens on the site of the
failed
              Dreamland Park.
       1977: Another fire guts the adjacent haunted house and the
station
              structure of the already-damaged {Tornado} at Coney Island.
December 14--
       1981: Dreamworld, Gold Coast, Australia, opens.
       1985: The carousel from Paragon Park, Hull, Massachusets, is
bought at
              auction by a group of local businessmen for $598,800.

December 16--
       1966: Death of Walt Disney.
       1987: Severe weather forces a rare, unscheduled closure of three
              southern California parks: Knott's Berry Farm, Disneyland,
and
              Universal Studios.
       1991: Fire destroys the Fun House at Blackpool Pleasure Beach in
              England.
       1997: Premier Parks announces that it will become the majority
owner
              of the Brussels, Belgium based {Walibi} theme park group.
       1997: Death of Lillian (Mrs. Walt) Disney.
       1998: Ratanga Junction Theme Park opens near Cape Town, South
Africa.
              Opening day attendance at the 24-ride park was 10,000.

December 17--
       1963: United States Patent #3,114,332, "Bobsled Amusement Ride,"
              issued to Karl Bacon and Edgar Morgan and assigned to Walt
              Disney Productions. The vehicle described in this patent
is the
              standard Arrow Runaway Train, still used for all Arrow
              non-looping non-suspended coasters.
       1990: Death of Bill Cobb (1917-1990), designer of several major
wooden
              coasters of the 1970's-1980's.
       1993: {La Montana Rusa,} designed by NAD, re-opens as {Serpiente
de
              Fuego,} designed by NAD & CCI, at Bosque de Chapultpec
which
              re-opens as La Feria.

December 19--
       1936: The Hershey Sports Arena opens at Hershey Park.
       1993: The controversial Splendid China Park opens in Kissimmee,
              Florida.

December 20--
       1942: The Hershey Park Zoo is closed. The facilities are used to
              raise ducks and chickens in support of World War II.
       1971: Death of Roy E. Disney.

December 21--
       1946: Trolley service in the town of Hershey, Pennsylvania ends.
              Trolleys had been important in getting people to and from
              Hershey Park.
December 24--
       1998: An eight-year-old boy suffers a concussion when he falls
from a
              carousel at Disneyland, Anaheim, California.
       1998: An employee is injured, a tourist is injured, and a tourist
is
              killed when a mooring cleat breaks from the deck of the
              {Columbia} and flies into a crowd waiting to ride the
              reproduction sailing vessel at Disneyland, Anaheim,
California.
       2001: {X}, a prototype "Fourth Dimension" roller coaster with
seats
              that somersault during the ride, opens to season pass
holders at
              Six Flags Magic Mountain, Valencia, California.

December 25--
       1985: {Cannonball Run,} a Galaxie coaster, opens as the largest
roller
              coaster in New Zealand.
       1989: Esselworld, Gorai Island, India opens.

December 26--
       1914: Birth of actor Richard Widmark, who has appeared in more
than 70
              films. Of particular interest is his performance as Agent
Hoyt
              in the 1977 film {Rollercoaster}.
       1978: Carol Florez, 5'3" tall and weighing 253 pounds, is fatally
              ejected from the third drop of the {Colossus} racing
coaster at
              Magic Mountain, Valencia, California.

December 27--
       1971: Former Euclid Beach Suprise House burned.
       1973: Death of Irving Rosenthal, last owner of Palisades Park
(Fort
              Lee, New Jersey).

December 28--
       1993: Patent #5,272,984, "Amusement Ride of the Roller Coaster
Type",
              granted to Walter Bolliger & Claude Mabillard for the
inverted
              coaster design.

December 31--
       1989: Two carousel horses are stolen from Idlewild Park,
Ligonier,
              Pennsylvania. The horses were later recovered.

=========================================================================
=======
Send additions or corrections to Dave Althoff, Jr.
(dalthoff@capital.edu or dalloff@gcfn.org)

Thanks to Jeff Putz for hosting a World Wide Web version
as the "Roller Coaster Rollback". Find it at:
http://www.coasterbuzz.com

You can have today's almanac entries on your web page; see
www.coasterbuzz.com for details!

The complete text version of the Almanac is available from:

     http://capital2.capital.edu/admin-staff/dalthoff

The Roller Coaster Almanac is made possible by all of the people who
have generously scoured their archives to provide this information:
o Allan
o Dwayne L. Allen
o Amusement Today
o Ted Ansley
o Stan Barker
o Jim Barrick
o Rick Becker
o Richard Bonner
o Christian Bray
o Chris L.
o Robert H. Brown
o Victor Canfield
o CoasterBuzz News
o The Colorado Skier
o Jared Costanza
o Steve Elliott
o Gary Flinn
o Jim Futrell
o Doug Garner
o Tony Gonzalez
o Michael Graham
o Eric Greer
o Eric Griswold
o Matthew Hooper
o Keith Hopkins
o Will Johannson
o David Johnson
o Brandon Kelly
o Kevin
o Ulrich Kleinpoppen
o Rick Knoebel
o Steve Konopa
o Matt Lynch
o Shawn Mamros
o Tim Melago
o Amiel Mercado
o Tony Milano
o Michael M.
o   National Amusement Park Historical Association
o   Roy Oakley
o   Carl Panko
o   Gordon Peterson
o   Brian Plencner
o   Jeff Putz
o   Robert Reagan
o   Tom Rebbie
o   Larry Ellis Reed
o   Andrea RePass
o   Bradley Rund
o   Mike Schulte
o   Joe Schwartz
o   Jeffrey Seifert
o   Eike Sintram
o   Jeffrey Stanton
o   Richard Sussman
o   Kevin Teufer
o   Daved Thomson
o   Jeff Tolotti
o   Robert Ulrich
o   Jill Unglaub
o   Jim Westland
o   Kevin White
o   Jim Wolgamuth

Copr. 2003, Dave Althoff, Jr.

				
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