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Census of Governments
GC92(1)-2

Volume 1 GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

Number 2

Popularly Elected Officials

U.S. Department of Commerce
Economics and Statistics Administration
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

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Acknowledgments
This report was prepared in the Governments Division by the Program Evaluation Branch, headed by David A. Kellerman, under the general direction of Karl K. Kindel, Assistant Chief for Evaluation and Information. Marshall W. Moore directed planning and preparation of this report with assistance from Stephen D. Owens. Stephen D. Owens conducted the legislative research for this report, and directed updating of the Governments Integrated Directory File, with assistance from Margaret Ferguson and Martha Haselbush. Richard F. Meyer directed operations for the Local Government Directory Survey, assisted by Martha Greene, Henrietta Herrin, Delois Mixon, Ellen Rhodes, and Regina Yates. Data Preparation Division, John E. Halterman, Chief, provided valuable assistance with the collection and processing of data for this survey. Geneva A. Hines and John Youngwirth directed data processing operations, assisted by Mildred Keull and Linda Beaton, under the supervision of Stephen M. Poyta, Chief of the Computer Utilization Branch before March 1993, and Kathleen E. Chamberlain, Chief of the Computer Utilization Branch after March 1993. The staff of the Administrative and Publications Services Division, Walter C. Odom, Chief, performed publication planning, design, composition, editorial review, and printing planning and procurement. Frances Scott provided publication coordination and editing. Special acknowledgment is also due the many State and local government officials whose cooperation has contributed to the publication of these data. For information regarding data in this report, please contact David A. Kellerman or Marshall W. Moore, Governments Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington DC 20233-6800, or phone 301-457-1586.

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Census of Governments
GC92(1)-2

Volume 1 Government Organization

Number 2

Popularly Elected Officials

Issued June 1995

U.S. Department of Commerce Ronald H. Brown, Secretary
David J. Barram, Deputy Secretary Economics and Statistics Administration Everett M. Ehrlich, Under Secretary for Economic Affairs
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director

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Economics and Statistics Administration Everett M. Ehrlich, Under Secretary for Economic Affairs

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director Harry A. Scarr, Deputy Director
Paula J. Schneider, Principal Associate Director for Programs Frederick T. Knickerbocker, Associate Director for Economic Programs Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Assistant Director for Economic Programs ECONOMIC PLANNING AND COORDINATION DIVISION John P. Govoni, Chief GOVERNMENTS DIVISION Gordon W. Green, Chief

For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.

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Contents Popularly Elected Officials
Page Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------V

TABLES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Elected Officials of State and Local Governments by Region and Type of Government: 1992 ---------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of State and Local Governments by State: Census Years 1977 to 1992 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of State and Local Governments in Relation to Population and Number of Governments by State: 1992 ---------------------------------------------Elected Officials of State Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992 ---------Elected Officials of Local Governments Inside and Outside Metropolitan Areas by State: 1992 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government and State: 1992 and 1987 -------------------------------------------------------------------------County Governments by Form of Government, Number of Elected Officials, and State: 1992 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of County Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992 -------Municipal Governments by Form of Government, Number of Elected Officials, and State: 1992 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Town or Township Governments by Form of Government, Number of Elected Officials, and State: 1992 --------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of Municipal Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992 ----Elected Officials of Town or Township Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public School Systems by Number of Elected Officials and State: 1992 ------------Elected Officials of School District Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of Dependent Public School Systems by Type of Office and State: 1992 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Special District Governments by Number of Elected Officials and State: 1992 -----Elected Officials of Special District Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of Local Governments by Sex and Race and State: 1992---------Elected Officials of Local Governments by Sex and Hispanic Origin and State: 1992 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of County Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of Municipal Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Elected Officials of Town or Township Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992 ----------------------------------------------------------------------School District Board Members and Other Elected Officials by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992 -----------------------------------------------------1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 23 24 25 26

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

III

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Page 24. 25. Elected Officials of Special District Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

27 28

APPENDIXES
A. B. C. D. Legally Authorized Elective Offices of State and Local Governments ---------------Definitions --------------------------------------------------------------------------------County-Type Areas Without County Governments ------------------------------------Persons Who Reviewed Individual State Presentations of Legally Authorized Elective Offices -------------------------------------------------------------------------A-1 B-1 C-1 D-1

Publication Program --------------------------------------------------------------- Inside back cover

IV

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Census of Governments

INTRODUCTION
A census of governments is taken at 5-year intervals as required by law under Title 13, United States Code, Section 161. This 1992 census, similar to those taken since 1957, covers four major subject fields—government organization, taxable property values, public employment, and government finances. Volume 1 contains two parts that encompass the organization of State and local governments: Number 1, Government Organization; and Number 2, Popularly Elected Officials. Volume 1, Number 1, Government Organization, was released previously. This report, Number 2, contains the number of popularly elected officials by type of government and type of office. The Government Organization phase of the census, which provides these data, also produces a universe list of government units, classified according to type of government, for use in the remaining phases of the census.

Table 25 gives the number of elected officials in each of the 3,142 county or county-type geographic areas. Following the tables is appendix A, ‘‘Legally Authorized Elective Offices of State and Local Governments,’’ which briefly describes the various elective offices (including their title, term, election area, and method of compensation) authorized in each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia. This section is preceded by an explanation of the procedures used to develop these presentations and an outline of their content and organization. Appendix B contains definitions of various concepts used in this report, including definitions of the various types of governments and of elected officials, as well as a listing of the States included in each region. Appendix C contains a list of county-type areas without county governments. A list of the consultants who reviewed appendix A appears in appendix D.

Changes in Content
This edition of Popularly Elected Officials reflects some changes in content since the 1987 publication. In addition to the breakdown between municipal and township governments, combined statistics are now presented for these two types of governments under the category ‘‘Subcounty general purpose governments.’’

ORGANIZATION OF THIS REPORT
In this introductory text, the number, type, and characteristics of elected officials are discussed and compared with prior census data. Summary tables and charts accompany the text, followed by a description of census methodology, data sources, and limitations of the data. After the introductory text are 25 statistical tables. Tables 1-3 provide summary data on the total number of elected officials by State in 1992 and in prior census years. Table 4 shows the number of elected State government officials by type of office and State. Table 5 contains summary data on the numbers of elected local officials inside and outside metropolitan areas (MA’s). Table 6 provides data on the elected officials of local governments by type and State. Tables 7-17 provide detailed data on the elected officials of specific types of local governments: county governments in tables 7-8; municipal and town or township governments in tables 9-12; public school systems (both school district governments and dependent school systems) in tables 13-15; and special district governments in tables 16-17. Tables 18-24 provide data on the demographic characteristics of elected local government officials, including sex, race, and Hispanic origin. GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

SCOPE Government Units
There were 85,006 government units in the United States as of January 1992. In addition to the Federal Government and the 50 State governments, there were 84,955 units of local government. Of these, 38,978 are general-purpose local governments—3,043 county governments, and 35,935 subcounty general-purpose governments (including 19,279 municipal governments and 16,656 town or township governments). The remainder, more than half the total number, are special-purpose local governments, including 14,422 school district governments and 31,555 special district governments.

Elected Officials
The 85,006 governments in the United States in 1992 had 513,200 elected officials—approximately one elected official for every 485 inhabitants. As shown in table 1, the CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS V

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542 elected Federal and 18,828 elected State government officials accounted for only 3.8 percent of the total, while the majority were officials of the various types of local governments. Some elective offices are legally authorized for the Federal Government, all State governments, all county governments, all municipal governments, and all town or township governments. Most independent school district governments and a substantial portion of all special district governments are also administered by elected officials, although this pattern is not universal. The total number of elected officials in 1992 was 15,503 more than that reported for the 1987 census, an overall increase of 3.1 percent. As table 6 shows, this change reflects an increase in the number of elected officials in county, town or township, school district, and special district governments from 1987 to 1992. This increase was somewhat offset by a decline in the number of municipal government officials. The increase in the number of town or township government officials was particularly noteworthy and is explained further on p. VIII under ‘‘Municipal and Township Governments.’’ Furthermore, as table 2 shows, this change reflects an increase in the number of elected State government officials. Table 2 shows the national count of State and local elected officials by State and the changes that have occurred over the past 15 years. On a State-by-State basis, 30 States and the District of Columbia recorded increases ranging from 18 to 8,542 in their number of elected officials from 1987 to 1992. Three States—Illinois, Kansas, and Massachusetts—reported increases of 1,000 or more officials. However, this increase was partially offset by decreases ranging from 8 to 1,165 in 20 States. One State—Nebraska—reported a decrease of 1,000 or more officials. Over two-thirds (approximately 69 percent) of all elected officials were members of governing boards; i.e., the United States Congress, State legislatures, and local governing boards. Another 8 percent were members of other elected boards. The remaining 23 percent were other elected officials authorized by State law or local charter, including elected executives, administrative officials, and members of the judiciary. The number and type of elected officials varies greatly according to type of government, as table 1 shows.

delegate each from the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. Also included under other elected officials are the President and the Vice President, although they are elected by presidential electors rather than direct election by the people. The number of Federal elected officials has remained at 542 since 1978.

State governments
There were 18,828 directly elected State officials in 1992. The average number per State was 376.6, but Delaware had only 80 while Pennsylvania had 1,200. As shown in table 4, 40 percent of all elected State officials were members of the State legislatures. Approximately half (53 percent) were other elected officials including executives, administrative, and judicial officials. The remaining 7 percent were elected members of State boards, including 167 officials elected to administer State-operated school systems in Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, and New Jersey. This number also includes the elected members of soil conservation district boards in Arizona, Delaware, Louisiana, Missouri, and Washington, where these districts are classified for census reporting as dependent State agencies.

Local Governments
As mentioned previously, 96.2 percent of all elected officials are officials of local governments. The total number of elected officials has been adjusted to count only once 375 local officials in New York and Wisconsin who serve both as county and town(ship) officials. These officials have been included in the figures shown for town or township governments only, to prevent double counting. Of the total elected officials of local governments, 12 percent are officials of county governments, 27 percent of municipal governments, 26 percent of town or township governments, 18 percent of school district governments, and 17 percent of special district governments. However, the distribution of elected local officials within each State reflects marked differences in the pattern of local government structure among the States, as shown in table 6.

Types of Governments
The following paragraphs summarize the characteristics by type of government. See the report Government Organization (Volume 1, Number 1, 1992 Census of Governments) for further information on the criteria for classifying governments and for the application of these criteria to the local government structure in each State.

County Governments
Organized county governments are found throughout the Nation except in Connecticut, Rhode Island, the District of Columbia, and limited portions of other States where certain county areas lack a distinct county government (see appendix C for a listing of countytype areas without county government). In Louisiana, the county governments are officially designated as ‘‘parish’’ governments, and the ‘‘borough’’ governments in Alaska GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

Federal Government
The 542 Federal elected officials includes the 540 members of Congress: 100 Senators, 435 Representatives, a resident commissioner from Puerto Rico, and 1 VI CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS

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resemble county governments in other States. Both are classified as county governments for census statistics on governments. Not all geographic areas known as counties have county governments. Where municipal and county governments have been consolidated, or substantially merged, the composite units are counted as municipal governments, and not as county governments, in census statistics on governments. Moreover, the cities of Baltimore and St. Louis are outside the areas of adjacent counties, and a similar situation exists among 41 independent cities in Virginia. Since these exceptional areas also include New York City, Philadelphia, and several other of the most populous cities in the Nation, almost 10 percent of the total United States population is not served by a county government. Elective offices of these composite governments include offices similar to those of county governments in addition to municipal-type offices. In States where county-wide school systems exist that are counted as independent school district governments in census reporting, their elected officials are reported under ‘‘School District Governments.’’ However, officials elected to administer a school system that is dependent on the county government, or to provide county-wide supervision of independent local school districts in the county, are included as part of the data on county governments. Elected officials of the 3,043 county governments in the Nation totaled 58,818. This was an average of 19.3 elected officials per county government. Of the total number, 17,274 (29 percent) were elected to serve on county governing boards; i.e., county councils, boards of commissioners or supervisors, etc. An additional 10,835 (18 percent) were elected members of other county boards, including 1,567 members of elected boards administering county dependent public school systems. The majority, approximately 52 percent, were other elected officials including those engaged in executive, administrative, and judicial activities (e.g., justices of the peace, county or probate judges, constables, clerks of court, county attorneys, coroners, recorders, treasurers, etc.) The reported number of 6,133 elected county government officials in Iowa includes ‘‘township’’ officials. In Iowa, compensation of township officials (other than fees) is paid by the county government. Thus, the townships in Iowa are classified as administrative subdivisions of the county governments, and are not counted as separate governments, in census statistics on governments. The estimated number of elected officials of county government increased from 55,500 in 1987 to 58,818 in 1992. This reflects most notably the reclassification of constables in Pennsylvania as county government officials. In the 1987 Census of Governments, constables in Pennsylvania were classified as officials of municipal or township governments. In addition, the county agricultural extension councils in Kansas were first identified in the 1992 Census of Governments. GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

Municipal and Township Governments
The 35,935 subcounty general-purpose governments enumerated in 1992 include 19,279 municipal governments and 16,656 town or township governments. These two types of governments are distinguished primarily by the historical circumstances surrounding their incorporation. In many States, most notably in the Northeast, municipal and township governments have similar powers and perform similar functions. In other States, the scope of governmental services provided by these two types of governments varies widely. As defined for census statistics on governments, the term ‘‘municipal governments’’ refers to political subdivisions within which a municipal corporation has been established to provide general local government for a specific population concentration in a defined area, and includes all active governmental units officially designated as cities, boroughs (except in Alaska), towns (except in the six New England States and in Minnesota, New York, and Wisconsin), and villages. This concept corresponds generally to the ‘‘incorporated places’’ that are recognized in Census Bureau reporting of population and housing statistics, subject to an important qualification—the count of municipal governments in this report excludes places that are currently governmentally inactive. Most municipalities are served by independent school district governments. Elected officials of such districts are reported under ‘‘School District Governments.’’ However, officials elected to administer a school system that is dependent on the municipal government are included as part of the data on municipal governments. The 19,279 municipal governments identified in the 1992 Census of Governments had 135,531 elected officials. The average number of elected officials per municipal government was 7.0. This number also includes the elected officials of the District of Columbia and consolidated city-county governments, which are counted as municipal governments for Census of Governments purposes. Over three-fourths (79 percent) of the elected municipal officials were members of governing boards; i.e., city councils and the like. The average number of elected officials per municipal governing board was 5.6. Another 4,157 officials (3 percent) were elected to other municipal boards, including 946 members of boards administering municipal dependent public school systems. The remainder (18 percent) included 11,388 directly elected mayors, as well as administrative officials (auditors, clerks, treasurers, etc.) and judicial officers. The number of elected municipal government officials decreased from 137,542 in 1987 to 135,531 in 1992. This decrease reflects, to some extent, the conversion of certain types of elective offices (other than the mayor or members of the governing body) from elective to appointive status, in localities where State law allows certain offices to be appointive by local option. CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS VII

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The term ‘‘town or township governments’’ is applied here to 16,656 organized governments located in the following 20 States in the Northeast and the Midwest: Connecticut Illinois Indiana Kansas Maine Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska New Hampshire New Jersey New York North Dakota Ohio Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Dakota Vermont Wisconsin

This category includes government units officially designated as ‘‘towns’’ in the six New England States and in New York and Wisconsin, and to some ‘‘plantations’’ in Maine and ‘‘locations’’ in New Hampshire, as well as townships in other areas. In Minnesota, the terms ‘‘town’’ and ‘‘township’’ are used interchangeably with regard to township governments. Although towns in the six New England States and New York, and townships in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, are legally termed ‘‘municipal corporations,’’ perform municipal-type functions, and frequently serve densely-populated urban areas, they have no necessary relation to concentration of population, and are thus counted for census purposes as town or township governments. Excluded from this count of town or township governments are unorganized township areas, townships coextensive with cities where the city government has absorbed the township functions, and townships known to have ceased to perform governmental functions. Also excluded are the townships in Iowa, which are not counted as separate governments, but are classified as subordinate agencies of county governments. Only one State, Indiana, has township governments covering all its area and population. In the other States with town or township governments, this type of government does not cover the entire area of the State, as explained in Volume 1, Number 1 (Government Organization) of the 1992 Census of Governments. The area served by municipal and town or township governments may overlap in 11 States. All municipal governments in Indiana, and some but not all municipalities in 10 other town or township States (Connecticut, Illinois, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, and Vermont) operate within territory that is served also by town or township governments. In the remaining 9 of the 20 town or township States, there is no geographic overlapping of these two kinds of units. Most towns or townships are served by independent school district governments. Elected officials of such districts are reported under ‘‘School District Governments.’’ VIII CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS

However, officials elected to administer a school system that is dependent on the town or township government are included as part of the data on town or township governments. The 16,656 active town or township governments identified in the 1992 Census of Governments had 126,958 elected officials as of January 1992. The average number of elected officials per town or township government was 7.6. Forty-one percent (51,770) of the elected town or township officials were members of governing boards. Of the balance, 25,930 (20 percent) were elected to other town or township boards, including 3,143 elected members of boards administering town or township dependent school systems; and 49,258 (39 percent) were other directly elected officials such as clerks, treasurers, auditors, justices of the peace, constables, and road commissioners. The increase in the number of elected town or township government officials from 118,669 in 1987 to 126,958 in 1992 reflects primarily a significant increase in the number of governing board members of town or township governments since 1987 in the New England States where many towns have adopted a representative town meeting form of government (i.e., a town meeting composed of representatives of the voters). Elsewhere in the Nation, there was a decrease in the number of town or township governments.

Special District Governments
Special district governments are independent, specialpurpose government units (other than school district governments) that exist as separate entities with substantial administrative and fiscal independence from general-purpose local governments. As defined for census purposes, the term ‘‘special district governments’’ excludes school district governments. Special district governments provide specific services not supplied by existing general purpose governments. Most perform a single function, but, in some instances, their enabling legislation allows them to provide several, usually related, types of services. The services provided by these districts range from such basic social needs as hospitals and fire protection to the less conspicuous tasks of mosquito abatement and upkeep of cemeteries. The Census Bureau classification of special district governments covers a wide variety of entities, most of which are officially called districts or authorities. Not all public agencies so termed, however, represent separate governments. Many entities that carry the designation ‘‘district’’ or ‘‘authority’’ are, by law, so closely related to county, municipal, town or township, or State governments that they are classified as subordinate agencies of those governments in census statistics on governments, and are not counted as separate special district governments. Volume 1, Number 1 (Government Organization) of the 1992 Census of Governments contains a summary description in each State of legally authorized special district governments. GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

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Only elected officials for those local districts that qualify as independent units of government are included under the special district government information in this report. Elected officials of other ‘‘districts’’ not considered sufficiently autonomous to be classified as independent governments are included under their appropriate parent type of government. Although special district governments are now the most numerous type of local government, they account for only 17 percent of all local elected officials. The 31,555 special district governments counted in 1992 had 84,089 elected officials. All but 1,459 of them were members of the district governing boards. The 31,555 special district governments counted in 1992 reflect an increase of 2,024 or 6.8 percent since 1987. The number of elected officials of special district governments rose by a similar degree, from 80,538 in 1987 to 84,089 in 1992. Not all special district governments have elected officials. In some instances, special district boards include both elected and appointed members. In a few States, most notably Pennsylvania, all special district board members are appointed. There were 74,913 appointed members of special district boards—nearly half (48 percent) of all members of special district governing boards. Table 17 provides information for both elected officials and appointed governing body members of special district governments by State.

School District Governments and Public School Systems
Of the 15,834 public school systems in the United States in 1992, only the 14,422 independent school districts are included in the count of governments. The other 1,412 ‘‘dependent’’ public school systems are classified as agencies of other governments—State, county, municipal, or town or township-and are not counted as separate governments. Because of the variety of State legislative provisions for the administration and operation of public schools, marked diversity is found in school organization throughout the United States. The number of States providing for public schools solely through independent school districts numbered 33 in 1992. This independent school district arrangement, which prevails in most parts of the country, is practically universal in the West. A ‘‘mixed’’ situation is found in 12 States, with the public schools that provide elementary and secondary education operated in some areas by independent school districts and elsewhere by a county, municipal, town or township, or State government. In the District of Columbia and in five States (Alaska, Hawaii, Maryland, North Carolina, and Virginia), there are no independent school districts; all public schools in those jurisdictions are administered by systems that are agencies of the county, municipal, or State government. Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, and New Jersey also have State-dependent public school systems. All public schools in Hawaii are administered directly as part of the State GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

government. Volume 1 Number 1 (Government Organization) of the 1992 Census of Governments identifies the States that have public school systems that are dependent on county, municipal, and town or township governments. In this report, only the elected officials of school systems that are counted as independent school district governments are included under the ‘‘School District Governments’’ heading. Elected officials of ‘‘dependent’’ public school systems, which are operated by another type of government, are included under the heading of their parent government; i.e., State, county, municipal, or town or township governments. The 14,422 school district governments in existence in 1992 had a total of 88,434 elected officials. All except 4,838 of these officials were members of school district boards. These other elected officials included 307 elected superintendents, plus 4,150 elected members of local school councils in Chicago, Illinois, and 381 various other elected school district officials. Excluded from the number of elected school board members were 3,321 appointed members of school district boards. While most school districts are administered by wholly elected boards, a few school districts are administered by boards composed wholly of appointed members and some others by boards with both elected and appointed members. The increase in the number of elected school district officials from 86,772 in 1987 to 88,434 in 1992—an increase of 1,662 during the 5-year period—reflects primarily the passage of legislation in Illinois in 1989 authorizing election of local school councils in Chicago, in addition to members of the Chicago school district board of education. This increase was offset somewhat by the decrease in the number of school districts in the Nation as a whole from 14,721 in 1987 to 14,422 in 1992. In order to present comprehensive statistics for all local public school systems in the Nation, table 15 provides information on board members and other elected officials for the 1,412 dependent public school systems. Please note that the elected officials of these dependent school systems are included in the counts for their parent government elsewhere in this report.

BASIC CONCEPTS Elected Officials
The term ‘‘elected officials,’’ as used in this report, refers to officials who are directly elected by the voters, plus the President and the Vice President of the United States, who are elected by presidential electors rather than direct election by the people. Officials who are selected by the governing body of one or more governments are not classified as elected officials in the tables of this report. However, statistics for nonelected board members appear in the following tables: in table 15 for dependent public school systems; and in table 17 for special district governments. CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS IX

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Types of Elective Offices
This report distinguishes between three types of elective offices: 1. Governing body—the principal policymaking body for a government. 2. Other boards—boards that perform a specialized function within a particular State or local government. 3. Other elective offices—all other officials that are directly elected by the voters. These three terms are defined in more detail in appendix B. It should be noted that these three types of offices are not comparable to legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. The governing bodies of local governments may perform both legislative and administrative functions in varying degrees, according to the powers granted to them by State law. Furthermore, officers associated with courts may perform both administrative and judicial-type functions. In some instances, it is difficult to determine whether certain court offices can be most properly associated with the State or with a county government, particularly in cases where both the State and the county governments contribute funds for the operation of a particular office. This issue is covered in more detail in appendix A, on page A-1 of this report. State-by-State data on the number of elected officials by type of office appear in table 4 for State governments, in table 8 for county governments, in table 11 for municipal governments, in table 12 for town or township governments, in table 14 for school district governments, in table 15 for dependent public school systems, and in table 17 for special district governments.

or township governments where the basic policy of that government is made by a town meeting (of resident voters) or by a representative town meeting (of representatives of the voters). The various forms of government are defined in appendix B.

Home Rule Charters
Tables 7, 9, and 10 also show the number of county, muncipal, and town or township governments, respectively, that have home rule charters. The form and the organization of such governments is specified by a locally approved charter rather than by general or special State law.

Neighborhood Councils
In a number of localities, most notably in the metropolitan areas, quasi-government neighborhood councils are known to exist. Councils of this type, when established by official legislative or administrative action, and with members elected by the voters or appointed by public officials, may be distinguished from privately organized civic associations and similar organizations. Quasi-government neighborhood councils generally are established through local ordinance or administrative action, although some have been authorized through State legislation, as in the case of the municipal advisory councils in some California localities. Most quasi-government neighborhood councils in the Nation are advisory in nature, but the scope of their powers nevertheless varies; some, like the community school district boards in New York City, deal only with specialized functions like education, whereas others may advise counties or municipalities on a wide variety of functions performed by the parent government, as in the case of the advisory neighborhood commissions in the District of Columbia. Because of the difficulty in identifying quasi-government neighborhood councils in various parts of the Nation, the statistics presented in this report include only the advisory neighborhood councils in the District of Columbia, the local school councils in Chicago, and the community school district boards in New York City, all of which are specifically required by general law to be popularly elected. The members of both the advisory neighborhood councils in the District of Columbia and the community school district boards in New York City are classified in census statistics on governments as officials of the municipal governments they serve. The members of local school councils in Chicago are counted in census statistics on governments as officials of the Chicago Board of Education.

Election Area
Officials of Federal, State, and local governments may be elected at large (from an area comprising the entire area served by a government) or by districts (geographical subdivisions of the area served by a government). Breakdowns between governing body members elected at large and governing body members elected by districts appear in table 8 for county governments, in table 11 for municipal governments, in table 12 for town or township governments, in table 14 for school district governments, and table 15 for dependent public school systems.

Forms of Government
Table 7 shows a breakdown of county governments by form of government—council-commission, council-administrator, council-elected executive, and other forms. Similarly, tables 9 and 10 show a breakdown of municipal and town or township governments, respectively, by form of government— mayor-council, council-manager, commission, selectmen, and other forms. Table 10 also shows the number of town X CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS

CHARACTERISTICS OF ELECTED OFFICIALS
This report includes information on the sex and race of elected officials of local governments. The various races (White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan native, and GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

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Asian or Pacific Islander), as well as the term ‘‘Hispanic origin,’’ are defined in appendix B. It should be noted, however, that the statistics on sex and race of elected officials were not reported by many local governments. No effort was made to impute or otherwise estimate the demographic characteristics for these nonrespondent government units. Consequently, the counts of elected officials by sex and race represent only the officials of local governments that responded to the questions in the Local Government Directory Survey of the 1992 Census of Governments. Additional information about nonresponse to the demographic characteristics data is contained later in this text under ‘‘Limitations of Data.’’ State-by-State data on the number of elected officials of all types of local governments by race and sex appear in table 18. Similarly, State-by-State data on the number of elected officials of all types of local governments by Hispanic origin and sex appear in table 19. Data by type of office, race, Hispanic origin, sex, and region appear for each type of government as follows: in table 20 for county governments; in table 21 for municipal governments; in table 22 for town or township governments; in table 23 for school district governments; and in table 24 for special district governments. Of the total number of local government elected officials holding office in 1992, the majority of those reporting gender (76 percent) were males and 24 percent were females. Of those reporting gender, school districts had the highest percentage of female elected officials (31 percent) followed by town or township governments (27 percent), county governments (22 percent), municipal governments (22 percent), and special districts (14 percent). Of those reporting race, approximately 96.7 percent of all local government elected officials holding office in 1992 were white, 2.8 percent were black, and 0.5 percent were of other races (American Indian/ Alaskan native or Asian/ Pacific Islander). Among those reporting race, the percentage of nonwhite elected officials varied somewhat by type of local government, with school district governments having the highest (6.3 percent) followed by municipal and county governments (4.5 and 3.6 percent respectively); the percentage of nonwhite elected officials was lowest in special district (1.7 percent) and town or township governments (0.5 percent). For those governments reporting ethnicity, approximately 1.4 percent of all local government elected officials were of Hispanic origin. Of those reporting ethnicity, the percentages varied by type of government, with school district governments reporting 3.1 percent, followed by county and municipal governments (1.7 and 1.4 percent, respectively). The percentage of elected officials of Hispanic origin was the lowest in special district (0.9 percent) and town or township governments (0.2 percent). It should be noted that some governments that reported a breakdown on the number of elected officials by gender did not do so by race or by ethnicity. GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

RELATION TO OTHER CLASSIFICATIONS AND LISTINGS Local Areas for Population Statistics
The designations for certain kinds of governments—counties, municipalities, townships, and towns—are the same as those used for presenting statistics on population and other subjects. However, there is an important difference between governments, as defined for this report, and the geographic areas similarly named. The counts of governments in this report reflect only operating governments, whereas some of the areas similarly designated in other statistical reports lack an organized government. Thus, the number of county governments as shown in this report is different from county areas due to the fact that in some county-type areas no distinct county government exists. A listing of county-type areas without county governments is shown in appendix C. The count of municipal governments in this report generally corresponds to the ‘‘incorporated places’’ that are recognized in Census Bureau reporting of population and housing statistics. However, it excludes places that had no municipal government in operation as of early 1992. Those areas that are designated as ‘‘minor civil divisions’’ for population statistics are counted as municipal or township governments only if they had an operating municipal or township government as of early 1992. Many township areas do not have operating township governments.

Local Governments in Metropolitan Areas
Statistics are summarized in table 5 of this report for local governments and public school systems located in metropolitan areas (MA’s) and New England county metropolitan areas (NECMA’s), as designated by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on January 1, 1992.

Intercounty Local Governments
Most local governments in the United States operate entirely within a single county or county-type geographic area, but there are some units whose territory extends into two or more county-type areas. Each of these intercounty governments is counted only once in this report, and has been assigned for purposes of enumeration to the countytype area where its headquarters is located, or, in the case of municipal governments, to the county-type area having the largest share of its population. The elected officials of these governments, as shown in table 26 of this report, likewise are shown only under the county area to which the intercounty government is assigned. The 1992 Census of Governments counted 9,018 intercounty governments: 873 municipal governments; 4,378 school district governments; and 3,767 special district CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS XI

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governments. A breakdown of these data by State appear in the 1992 Census of Governments, Volume 1 Number 1, Government Organization. About 68 percent involved only two county areas, but the remainder involved governments that provided services in three or more county areas.

Survey coverage and data collection methods used in the Local Government Directory Survey are described below. The definitions applied in the collection of data are presented in appendix B.

Survey Coverage
The 1992 Local Government Directory Survey covered all county, municipal, town or township, school district, and special district governments that met the Census Bureau criteria for independent governments. An explanation of these criteria appears in the 1992 Census of Governments, Volume 1, Number 1, Government Organization. That report also explains the methods used to identify operating local governments.

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN COUNTY AREAS
Table 25 provides statistics on local governments and elected officials for each of the 3,142 county or countytype geographic areas in the United States.1 An explanation of the difference between the number of county governments and the total number of county-type geographic areas appears in appendix C. For the Nation as a whole, the number of elected officials per county or county-type geographic area averages 157. This average ranges from 22 per county-type area in Virginia to 1,568 per county-type area in Massachusetts. The average number of elected officials per county area in each State appears in table 3.

Survey Period
The counts of local governments reflect those in operation on January 1, 1992. School enrollment data are for the school year that began September 1991.

Data Collection
The survey was conducted by mail over a 6-month period beginning in October 1991. The final response rate was 88.2 percent.

RELATION TO OTHER CENSUS REPORTS
The counts of governments in this report represent the number of units identified as active in January 1992. The counts of governments in government employment and government finance phases of the 1992 Census of Governments may differ slightly from the counts in this report because of reference period differences. Data from the government employment phase of the 1992 Census of Governments are for October 1992, whereas data for the government finance phase of the 1992 Census of Governments are for fiscal years ending between July 1, 1991 and June 30, 1992. The counts of governments in this report are identical to those in Volume 1, Number 1, (Government Organization) of the 1992 Census of Governments. One noteworthy change occurred to the counts subsequent to the 1992 enumeration. This was in the number of special district governments in Texas. The 2,266 special district governments in Texas reported in Volume 1, Number 1, of the 1992 Census of Governments included county education districts. The authorizing legislation for county education districts in Texas has been declared unconstitutional. Hence the county education districts in Texas no longer exist, but are included in the 1992 Census of Governments count by virtue of their previous existence.

LIMITATIONS OF DATA
Surveys are subject to two types of error, sampling error and nonsampling error. Since the Local Government Directory Survey covered all governments in the universe, there is no sampling error to be accounted for. However, the data are subject to nonsampling error such as nonresponse, lost or mishandled questionnaires, incorrect reporting, misclassification of governments, and inaccurate coding of data. A variety of procedures were applied to keep nonsampling errors to a minimum, including the following: 1. Followup of nonrespondent governments—nonrespondents were mailed second and third requests as necessary; new addresses were obtained for units returned by the U.S. Postal Service as undeliverable; and nonrespondent governments with sufficiently large population or debt were contacted by telephone to provide data. 2. Review of questionnaires for completeness and accuracy—all questionnaires received were subjected to intensive review of each data item, including clerical and computer checks for internal consistency (agreement of information from one item to another) and external consistency (agreement of the data with other sources or previously reported data). Respondents were contacted to verify or correct questionable data. 3. Review of tabulated data—final data were compared with data from the previous census to verify the reasonableness of each item; significant differences were verified or reconciled where necessary. Some error in survey results is inevitable despite steps taken to prevent it. For example, some residual nonresponse is beyond practical control, since not all governments will cooperate in a voluntary survey. The following section discusses the impact of nonresponse on the survey results. GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

SOURCES OF DATA
The data in this report were collected as part of the 1992 Census of Governments through the 1992 Local Government Directory Survey—a mail canvass survey of all local governments conducted in October 1991 through April 1992.
There are two county-equivalent areas with no local governments of any kind-Kalawao County, Hawaii, and Yellowstone National Park, Montana. The counties of Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond in New York are substantially consolidated with the City of New York for governmental purposes, and are not counted as separate county governments in census statistics on governments.
1

XII

CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS

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Nonresponse
The 10,027 units that did not respond to the 1992 Local Government Directory Survey accounted for 11.8 percent of all local governments. Rates of nonresponse, by type of local government, were as follows:
Nonrespondent 10,027 7 2,004 2,844 5,172

Type of government Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or township . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Total 84,955 3,043 19,279 16,656 14,422 31,555

Percent 11.8 0.2 10.4 17.3 0.0 16.5

and the activity status of the remaining 11 percent could not be determined. Based on these results, it was estimated that only 1 percent of all governments on the Bureau’s local government directory file were inactive. This study also showed that nonrespondent governments tend to be smaller than respondent governments of the same type in terms of their economic activity. Thus, while 10.6 percent of special district governments were nonrespondent in the 1982 directory survey, this survey showed that these districts accounted for only 7 - 9 percent of all special district revenue, expenditure and long-term indebtedness, and less than 6 percent of special district employment and payrolls. In instances where a government was nonrespondent, and in cases where the government responded but failed to provide data on the number of elected officials, data on the total number of elected officials were imputed based on authorizing legislation. For State governments, data on the number of elected officials were obtained from State legislative manuals, statutes, and similar sources. As noted earlier under ‘‘Characteristics of Elected Officials,’’ no attempt was made to impute or otherwise estimate the demographic characteristics of for officials of governments that failed to answer the item on race and sex of elected officials in the Local Government Directory Survey of the 1992 Census of Governments. Accordingly, the counts of elected officials by sex and race in this report represent only the officials of local governments that answered this item. The percentages of total local government elected officials for whom both race and sex data were reported, by type of government, are as follows (it should be noted that some governments that did not provide a breakdown by race did provide a breakdown by gender):
Total Officials for whom both race number of and sex data were reported elected local government Percent of officials Number total 493,830 58,818 135,531 126,958 88,434 84,089 419,761 54,647 120,319 103,147 78,864 62,784 85.0 92.9 88.8 81.2 89.2 74.7

These nonresponse rates indicate only that no reply was received for this survey. The Census Bureau attempted, however, to confirm the ‘‘active’’ status of each nonrespondent local government as of January 1992. The ‘‘active’’ status of all nonrespondent county, municipal, and town or township governments was confirmed by researching State directories of these governments, and by performing cross reference checks to findings from the Census Bureau’s Boundary and Annexation Survey. Because National Center for Education Statistics records were used to obtain information on school district governments, there were no nonrespondents for this type of local government. Multiple efforts were used to confirm the ‘‘active’’ status of nonrespondent special district governments. One effort involved a review of special district lists by individual county clerks (or appropriate State official in States having no county governments) to identify any districts within their jurisdiction that were not active as of January 1992. Additionally, Census Bureau staff reviewed and researched (1) available published or unpublished State listings of special districts, (2) current information reported by these districts in the government finances and/ or public employment phases of the 1992 Census of Governments, (3) national directories of selected ‘‘functional’’ organizations (e.g., hospitals, public housing authorities, transit authorities, etc.), and (4) any unique sources identified by Bureau personnel. Whenever these efforts produced convincing evidence that a particular special district was no longer ‘‘active,’’ the district was removed from the final count of active special district governments. Because county clerks (or State officials) were sometimes unable to comply with the Census Bureau’s request to identify inactive special district governments, and no alternative lists, directories, or other sources were available for research, some of the ‘‘nonrespondent’’ special districts were retained in the final count because there was no convincing evidence available to indicate that they were inactive as of January 1992. As part of the 1982 Local Government Directory Survey, an evaluation study of nonrespondent governments was conducted to identify their activity status and, for active government, to obtain certain critical characteristics. The results of this study showed that 78 percent of nonrespondent governments were active, 11 percent were inactive, GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

Type of government

All local governments . . . . General purpose: County . . . . . . . . . . . . Subcounty: Municipal . . . . . . . . . Town or township . Special purpose: School district. . . . . Special district . . . .

Population Data
The 1990 Census of Population provided all population data used in this report. The population data in this Census of Governments volume may differ from published reports in the Census of Population for cases where those documents exclude corrections made after the reports were printed. CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS XIII

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Interarea Comparisons
Use caution in attempting to draw conclusions from direct interstate or intergovernmental comparisons of the number of governments or of elected officials by type of government. Such comparisons should take into account the diversity of responsibilities for various functions between different governments. In some States, for example, county or municipal governments may perform functions that are performed by school district or special district governments elsewhere. Even within the same State, one may observe marked diversity in the scope of functions performed by individual governments or governments of a particular type. In California, for example, transit service may be provided by county or municipal governments in some localities and by special district governments elsewhere. Some individual municipal governments operate in effect as composite city-county units. See appendix C for a list of city-county governments counted as municipal governments. In most States, the administration of local public elementary and secondary schools is by independent school districts. In many instances, however, including several of the largest cities in the Nation, the school system is operated by the county, municipal, or town or township governments. The number of governments and of elected officials in each county or county-type geographic area, presented in table 25, represent all local governments located entirely

or primarily within each particular county-type area. Refer to ‘‘Intercounty Local Governments,’’ on p. XI, for an explanation of how data for intercounty local governments were assigned. Furthermore, the residents of a particular governmental jurisdiction or even an entire county might not be the only beneficiaries of local government operations in the area. For example, public hospitals or solid waste processing facilities located in one county area may provide service to a wider area.

AVAILABILITY OF DATA
Copies of Volume 1, Number 1, Government Organization and subsequent volumes of the 1992 Census of Governments are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC 20402 and U.S. Department of Commerce District Offices. These reports will also be available in electronic form. For details, contact the Governments Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington DC 20233, or telephone 301-457-1586.

MEANING OF ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS
The abbreviations and symbols in the tables have the following meanings: (NA) (X) (Z) Represents zero or rounds to zero. Not available. Not applicable. Less than 500.

XIV

CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIONS

Table 1.

Elected Officials of State and Local Governments by Region and Type of Government: 1992
Elected officials Geographic area Total 1 Members of governing boards 2 350 813 540 7 461 342 812 Members of other elected boards 3 42 253 – 1 331 40 922 Average number of elected officials per government Members of governing boards 7 4.1 540.0 149.2 4.0 Members of other elected boards 8 .5 – 26.6 .5

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Other elected officials 4 120 134 2 10 036 110 096

Number of governments 5 85 006 1 50 84 955

Total 6 6.1 542.0 376.6 5.8

Other elected officials 9 1.4 2.0 200.7 1.3

United States Federal government State governments Local governments General purpose: County Subcounty Municipal Town or township Special purpose: School district Special district

513 200 542 18 828 493 830

58 262 135 126

818 489 531 958

17 159 107 51

274 312 542 770

10 30 4 25

835 087 157 930

30 73 23 49

709 090 832 258

3 35 19 16

043 935 279 656

19.3 7.3 7.0 7.6

5.7 4.4 5.6 3.1

3.6 .8 .2 1.6

10.1 2.0 1.2 3.0

88 434 84 089

83 596 82 630

– –

4 838 1 459

14 422 31 555

6.1 2.7

5.8 2.6

– –

.3 –

Northeast Region State governments Local governments General purpose: County Subcounty Municipal Town or township Special purpose: School district Special district

120 345 3 810 116 535

70 476 1 911 68 565

17 161 28 17 133

32 708 1 871 30 837

13 512 9 13 503

8.9 423.3 8.6

5.2 212.3 5.1

1.3 3.1 1.3

2.4 207.9 2.3

5 82 18 63

367 213 800 413

1 39 13 25

476 504 648 856

17 17 116 958 16 158

3 25 4 21

874 593 194 399

196 6 264 2 122 4 142

27.4 13.1 8.9 15.3

7.5 6.3 6.4 6.2

.1 2.7 .5 3.9

19.8 4.1 2.0 5.2

17 681 11 274

17 303 10 282

– –

378 992

2 417 4 626

7.3 2.4

7.2 2.2

– –

.2 .2

Midwest Region State governments Local governments General purpose: County Subcounty Municipal Town or township Special purpose: School district Special district

220 449 5 302 215 147

145 508 1 765 143 743

20 325 547 19 778

54 616 2 990 51 626

38 745 12 38 733

5.7 441.8 5.6

3.8 147.1 3.7

.5 45.6 .5

1.4 249.2 1.3

24 123 60 63

000 558 013 545

7 73 47 25

103 237 323 914

7 11 2 9

878 900 128 772

9 38 10 27

019 421 562 859

1 20 8 12

051 995 481 514

22.8 5.9 7.1 5.1

6.8 3.5 5.6 2.1

7.5 .6 .3 .8

8.6 1.8 1.2 2.2

39 329 28 260

35 149 28 254

– –

4 180 6

5 997 10 690

6.6 2.6

5.9 2.6

– –

.7 –

South Region State governments Local governments General purpose: County Subcounty Municipal Town or township Special purpose: School district Special district

104 623 6 744 97 879

76 151 2 453 73 698

3 297 216 3 081

25 175 4 075 21 100

18 505 16 18 489

5.7 421.5 5.4

4.2 153.3 4.0

.2 13.5 .2

1.4 254.7 1.1

23 091 41 827 41 827 –

7 112 34 210 34 210 –

2 404 677 677 –

13 575 6 940 6 940 –

1 373 6 440 6 440 –

16.8 6.5 6.5 –

5.2 5.3 5.3 –

1.8 .1 .1 –

9.9 1.1 1.1 –

17 086 15 875

16 819 15 557

– –

267 318

3 027 7 649

5.6 2.1

5.6 2.1

– –

.1 .4

West Region State governments Local governments General purpose: County Subcounty Municipal Town or township Special purpose: School district Special district

67 241 2 972 64 269

58 138 1 332 56 806

1 470 540 930

7 633 1 100 6 533

14 243 13 14 230

4.7 228.6 4.5

4.1 102.5 4.0

.1 41.5 .1

.5 84.6 .5

6 360 14 891 14 891 –

1 583 12 361 12 361 –

536 394 394 –

4 241 2 136 2 136 –

423 2 236 2 236 –

15.0 6.7 6.7 –

3.7 5.5 5.5 –

1.3 .2 .2 –

10.0 1.0 1.0 –

14 338 28 680

14 325 28 537

– –

13 143

2 981 8 590

4.8 3.3

4.8 3.3

0 –

– –

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

NATIONAL SUMMARY

1

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Table 2.

Elected Officials of State and Local Governments by State: Census Years 1977 to 1992
Total State Local Change (-denotes decrease) 1987 to 1992 1977 to 1992 Number 12 22 393 234 567 884 -2 278 837 812 1 235 175 -21 707 -131 11 617 1 879 607 -1 243 1 832 56 341 677 -39 10 581 -679 -1.4 -517 -510 775 -1 843 80 1 360 -373 154 1 856 525 -2 560 -524 -11 -40 1 573 35 718 496 -295 2 900 353 1 214 63 267 -121 -1 133 573 Percent 13 4.6 5.3 41.6 36.7 -21.3 4.6 10.4 15.6 17.5 -5.6 14.4 -1.9 6.4 14.8 4.6 5.6 -7.0 10.7 .8 7.2 11.5 -1.8 91.2 -3.5 -9.8 -2.9 17.9 -11.7 7.0 22.7 -4.0 7.5 7.7 10.0 -14.2 -2.6 -.2 -.5 5.5 3.2 22.2 5.4 -4.0 11.7 14.9 16.5 2.1 3.6 -4.1 -6.0 26.4

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area 1992 1 United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming 512 658 4 1 3 8 18 385 929 289 408 925 1987 2 497 155 4 1 3 8 19 315 757 183 331 236 1977 3 490 265 4 1 2 10 18 151 362 405 686 088 1992 4 18 828 436 255 239 349 226 280 333 80 – 934 465 91 171 623 506 319 343 565 629 210 356 225 652 623 296 994 201 201 141 430 121 220 950 593 205 231 362 290 1 200 155 195 155 321 815 200 186 143 537 205 450 121 1987 5 18 134 423 248 215 310 215 265 333 80 – 817 447 91 169 626 475 310 344 560 586 187 345 224 623 579 294 993 200 188 127 430 121 193 926 549 204 224 351 292 1 182 155 195 156 322 797 159 186 143 583 205 366 121 1977 6 15 294 411 209 209 276 194 252 330 80 – 535 400 87 144 537 422 261 265 313 490 185 390 304 564 288 285 739 191 128 115 430 121 193 502 514 188 206 275 180 1 149 155 195 156 294 599 149 186 143 538 204 198 115 1992 7 493 830 3 1 3 8 18 949 674 050 059 699 1987 8 479 021 3 1 2 8 19 892 509 968 021 021 1977 9 474 971 3 1 2 10 17 740 153 196 410 894 Number 10 15 503 70 172 106 77 -311 570 658 -56 23 332 -27 23 97 3 400 269 -565 2 485 -328 85 -422 180 8 542 -589 -17 -190 166 -540 -1 165 44 626 -303 105 -67 289 341 -384 -301 -534 890 18 251 435 109 696 123 513 -8 -308 -66 -413 402 Percent 11 3.1 1.6 8.9 3.3 .9 -1.6 7.1 7.8 -4.5 7.1 6.3 -.4 14.3 2.1 8.7 2.4 -3.3 15.1 -4.4 1.7 -6.0 9.3 62.6 -3.0 -.-273 -3.8 1.0 -9.6 -7.7 3.7 9.3 -3.3 5.0 -.3 5.2 2.2 -1.9 -3.2 -6.3 3.0 1.6 6.8 4.7 1.6 2.6 4.8 6.4 -.3 -3.8 -2.3 -2.2 17.2

8 605 9 147 1 171 348 5 588 6 529 183 4 775 42 336 11 624 16 18 7 5 6 2 22 18 18 4 17 5 13 1 7 9 2 25 5 15 19 8 7 30 1 3 9 6 27 2 8 3 7 2 17 2 479 895 060 051 556 123 173 704 870 754 281 106 899 218 347 042 201 932 820 482 366 989 833 476 138 943 684 950 628 711 534 104 724 772 829 742

8 035 8 489 1 227 325 5 256 6 556 160 4 678 38 936 11 355 17 16 7 4 6 1 13 19 18 4 17 5 15 1 6 9 2 25 5 15 19 9 8 29 1 3 9 6 26 2 8 3 8 2 18 2 044 410 388 966 978 943 631 293 887 944 115 646 064 174 721 345 096 999 531 141 750 290 367 586 120 692 249 841 932 588 021 112 032 838 242 340

7 793 7 912 996 369 4 881 6 660 172 4 158 40 457 11 017 17 17 7 4 5 2 11 19 19 5 17 4 15 1 5 9 2 24 5 18 19 9 7 28 1 3 9 7 24 2 7 3 7 2 18 2 722 063 004 710 879 162 592 383 143 271 791 331 742 138 987 415 047 076 295 042 890 010 873 903 103 225 188 245 728 358 320 041 457 893 962 169

8 325 8 814 1 091 348 4 654 6 064 92 4 604 41 713 11 118 16 18 6 4 6 1 21 18 18 4 16 4 13 1 6 8 1 24 5 15 19 8 7 29 160 552 495 422 346 767 948 052 247 458 287 905 698 077 917 921 981 982 227 277 135 627 543 276 983 748 529 629 813 511 348 961 187 567 379 621

7 770 8 156 1 147 325 4 439 6 109 69 4 509 38 310 10 880 16 16 6 4 6 1 13 18 18 4 16 5 14 1 6 9 1 25 4 14 19 8 8 28 734 066 828 380 791 598 407 670 308 650 122 446 876 047 291 224 903 073 982 937 526 939 075 404 965 497 093 519 135 429 835 969 449 633 876 219

7 541 7 582 916 369 4 346 6 260 85 4 014 39 920 10 595 17 16 6 4 5 1 11 18 18 4 17 4 15 1 5 9 1 23 4 17 19 8 7 27 461 798 691 220 694 772 288 819 855 986 052 140 614 023 557 294 854 574 781 854 684 735 693 754 948 030 032 951 129 209 134 898 919 689 764 054

3 9 6 26 2 8 2 7 2 17 2

3 9 6 26 2 7 2 7 2 17 2

3 9 6 24 2 7 2 6 2 18 2

2

NATIONAL SUMMARY

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Table 3.

Elected Officials of State and Local Governments in Relation to Population and Number of Governments by State: 1992
Elected officials Number Per 10,000 population State and local 5 20.6 10.9 35.1 9.0 35.8 6.4 26.1 27.8 17.6 5.7 4.3 10.1 1.7 47.4 37.0 21.0 59.4 76.3 19.2 12.0 53.4 4.4 36.9 20.1 43.3 18.5 33.8 63.9 88.1 10.1 66.2 11.8 14.5 14.4 8.8 242.3 17.9 28.6 27.6 25.7 11.3 11.3 139.1 14.3 16.3 15.7 151.6 5.0 15.9 15.5 36.5 60.4 Number of State and local governments 7 85 005 1 122 175 591 1 447 4 393 1 761 564 276 2 1 014 1 298 21 1 087 6 723 2 899 1 881 3 892 1 321 459 797 402 844 2 722 3 580 870 3 310 1 276 2 924 208 528 1 513 342 3 299 938 2 765 3 1 1 5 524 795 451 159 126 Average number of elected officials per government Average number of elected local officials for county-type area 11 157.5 58.9 64.4 203.3 107.5 322.4 132.1 1 101.7 363.7 348.0 69.5 38.1 23.0 104.6 409.0 120.8 163.2 176.7 54.1 69.1 396.6 73.6 1 567.7 217.5 209.7 54.4 141.6 87.6 147.2 63.4 691.7 424.8 60.0 430.7 52.3 288.2 217.4 112.0 209.5 437.0 196.6 81.5 144.3 69.8 105.6 86.6 596.3 21.8 184.3 46.7 241.4 114.0

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population1 (1,000) 1 United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Population

State and local 2 512 658 4 1 3 8 18 385 929 289 408 925

State only 3 18 828 436 255 239 349 226 280 333 80 – 934 465 91 171 623 506 319 343 565 629 210 356 225 652 623 296 994 201 201 141 430 121 220 950 593 205 231 362 290 1 200 155 195 155 321 815 200 186 143 537 205 450 121

Local only 4 493 830 3 1 3 8 18 949 674 050 059 699

Local only 6 19.9 9.8 30.4 8.3 34.3 6.3 25.3 26.8 16.4 5.7 3.6 9.4 .8 45.7 36.5 20.1 58.2 74.9 17.6 10.5 51.7 3.7 36.5 19.4 41.9 17.4 31.8 61.5 86.8 9.0 62.4 11.6 13.1 13.9 7.9 239.1 17.7 27.5 26.6 24.6 9.8 10.8 136.9 13.6 15.8 14.6 148.3 4.8 14.8 14.3 35.5 57.7

State and local 8 6.0 3.9 11.0 5.6 5.8 4.3 4.9 16.2 4.2 174.0 5.5 5.0 8.7 4.4 6.3 4.0 8.8 4.9 5.3 11.0 8.3 5.3 26.3 6.9 5.3 5.5 5.2 4.0 4.8 5.9 13.9 6.0 6.5 7.9 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.4 5.9 9.0 5.6 5.4 7.5 5.8 4.3 12.5 6.8 4.4 4.0 6.5 5.0

Local only 9 5.8 3.6 9.6 5.2 5.6 4.3 4.7 15.7 4.0 174.0 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.2 6.2 3.8 8.6 4.8 4.9 9.7 8.0 4.4 26.1 6.6 5.1 5.1 4.9 3.9 4.7 5.2 13.1 5.9 5.8 7.6 5.6 5.5 5.4 4.8 5.2 5.7 7.9 5.4 5.3 7.2 5.6 4.0 12.3 6.5 4.1 3.7 6.3 4.8

Number of county-type areas 10 3 136 67 26 15 75 58 63 8 3 1 67 159 4 44 102 92 99 105 120 64 16 24 14 83 87 82 115 56 93 17 10 21 33 58 100 53 88 77 36 67 5 46 66 95 254 29 14 136 39 55 72 23

248 709 4 041 550 3 665 2 351 29 760 3 294 3 287 666 607 12 938 6 1 1 11 5 2 2 3 4 1 4 6 9 4 2 478 108 007 431 544 777 478 685 220 228 781 016 295 375 573

8 605 9 147 1 171 348 5 588 6 529 183 4 775 42 336 11 624 16 18 7 5 6 2 22 18 18 4 17 5 13 1 7 9 2 25 5 15 19 8 7 30 1 3 9 6 27 2 8 3 7 2 17 2 479 895 060 051 556 123 173 704 870 754 281 106 899 218 347 042 201 932 820 482 366 989 833 476 138 943 684 950 628 711 534 104 724 772 829 742

8 325 8 814 1 091 348 4 654 6 064 92 4 604 41 713 11 118 16 18 6 4 6 1 21 18 18 4 16 4 13 1 6 8 1 24 5 15 19 8 7 29 160 552 495 422 346 767 948 052 247 458 287 905 698 077 917 921 981 982 227 277 135 627 543 276 983 748 529 629 813 511 348 961 187 567 379 621

5 117 799 1 578 1 202 1 109 7 1 17 6 730 515 990 629 639 847 146 842 882 003

10 3 2 11 1

3 487 696 4 877 16 987 1 723 563 187 867 793 892 454

3 9 6 26 2 8 2 7 2 17 2

698 1 786 924 4 792 627 682 455 1 761 692 2 739 550

6 4 1 4

of States as of April 1, 1990.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

NATIONAL SUMMARY

3

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 3 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 4.

Elected Officials of State Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992
Members of State legislature Geographic area House of Representatives 4 5 466 105 40 60 100 80 65 151 41 – 120 180 51 84 118 100 100 125 100 105 151 141 160 110 134 122 163 100 – 42 400 80 70 150 120 106 99 101 60 203 100 124 70 99 150 75 150 100 98 100 99 64 Members of elected boards 5 1 331 11 139 117 – 4 16 – 12 – – 5 13 – 9 – – 10 3 155 15 – 8 32 – 6 448 – 21 22 5 – 13 – – 3 21 3 – – – – 3 3 18 9 – – 207 – – – Other elected State officials 6 10 036 285 56 32 214 102 164 146 6 – 774 224 2 45 437 356 169 168 424 330 9 168 17 472 422 116 349 51 131 56 1 1 95 739 423 43 78 210 200 947 5 25 47 186 616 87 6 3 183 71 318 27

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Total 1

Total 2 7 461 140 60 90 135 120 100 187 62 – 160 236 76 126 177 150 150 165 138 144 186 188 200 148 201 174 197 150 49 63 424 120 112 211 170 159 132 149 90 253 150 170 105 132 181 104 180 140 147 134 132 94

Senate 3 1 995 35 20 30 35 40 35 36 21 – 40 56 25 42 59 50 50 40 38 39 35 47 40 38 67 52 34 50 49 21 24 40 42 61 50 53 33 48 30 50 50 46 35 33 31 29 30 40 49 34 33 30

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska1 Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Nebraska

18 828 436 255 239 349 226 280 333 80 – 934 465 91 171 623 506 319 343 565 629 210 356 225 652 623 296 994 201 201 141 430 121 220 950 593 205 231 362 290 1 200 155 195 155 321 815 200 186 143 537 205 450 121

has a unicameral legislature.

4

STATE GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 4 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 5.

Elected Officials of Local Governments Inside and Outside Metropolitan Areas by State: 1992
All elected local officials Members of local governing boards Outside MA’s 3 280 872 2 1 1 6 4 419 655 345 406 175 Inside MA’s 5 151 453 1 242 11 1 409 1 086 12 637 3 345 2 699 520 13 2 774 1 484 20 336 11 509 2 305 1 1 1 1 1 475 535 522 084 108 Outside MA’s 6 191 359 1 1 1 4 3 874 133 140 009 724 Members of other elected boards Inside MA’s 8 19 350 11 7 – 10 95 3 3 694 17 334 53 – 1 – 2 774 1 464 430 239 8 14 614 43 5 820 406 27 15 5 – 5 12 1 630 5 5 168 326 12 337 3 24 49 181 73 – 262 14 12 112 4 25 – 7 – Outside MA’s 9 21 572 27 408 – 192 66 5 794 3 – 17 – – 93 4 299 2 212 4 117 2 404 74 28 1 243 15 553 267 41 219 222 27 25 48 1 708 – 50 139 506 53 421 24 10 16 34 68 1 656 62 12 373 – 27 3 10 – Other elected local officials Inside MA’s 11 42 155 277 1 296 557 1 792 133 1 075 39 1 394 373 1 22 7 272 1 159 305 478 533 681 225 153 1 951 2 133 897 172 532 29 84 74 592 341 53 4 118 235 461 2 135 270 117 6 674 157 361 164 540 1 619 77 705 311 204 156 1 199 27 Outside MA’s 12 67 941 518 114 205 2 205 385 495 198 11 – 287 1 006 4 376 4 828 1 467 2 240 4 550 1 605 969 776 80 297 3 385 3 188 1 195 2 173 581 2 062 118 817 – 270 3 036 390 3 908 1 893 946 265 5 462 18 463 2 266 1 091 2 747 315 4 395 438 315 477 2 847 264

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Total 1

Inside MA’s 2 212 958 1 530 19 1 705 1 653 14 524 3 481 7 468 576 348 3 221 1 857 22 358 21 555 4 928 2 2 2 1 1 1 20 8 4 210 252 063 779 947 140 629 531 499 560

Total 4 342 812 3 1 2 5 16 116 144 549 095 361

Total 7 40 922 38 415 – 202 161 8 4 488 20 334 70 – 1 93 7 073 3 676 4 547 2 643 82 42 1 857 58 6 373 673 68 234 227 27 30 60 3 338 5 55 307 832 65 758 27 34 65 215 141 1 918 76 24 485 4 52 3 17 –

Total 10 110 096 795 115 501 2 762 2 177 628 1 273 50 1 681 1 379 5 398 12 100 2 626 2 5 2 1 1 545 028 138 650 001 233 248 518 085 367

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

493 830 3 1 3 8 18 949 674 050 059 699

8 325 8 814 1 091 348 4 654 6 064 92 4 604 41 713 11 118 16 18 6 4 6 1 21 18 18 4 16 4 13 1 6 8 1 24 5 15 19 8 7 29 160 552 495 422 346 767 948 052 247 458 287 905 698 077 917 921 981 982 227 277 135 627 543 276 983 748 529 629 813 511 348 961 187 567 379 621

4 844 1 346 515 – 1 433 4 207 70 4 246 20 158 6 190 13 16 4 2 4 950 300 432 643 399 627 319 521 748 898

7 689 3 053 1 021 13 3 903 4 685 86 4 113 22 540 4 816 9 10 4 2 3 1 13 11 14 2 068 881 275 730 488 476 327 861 094 857

4 344 354 501 – 1 129 3 201 66 3 777 11 031 2 511 7 9 2 1 2 593 346 753 646 380

1 9 13 3

944 12 858 5 992 3 575 373 4 199 343 1 548 206 1 039 8 575 286 11 299 1 579 12 38 7 1 2 11 759 926 530 464 532

532 469 5 869 10 519 2 484 9 156 3 925 9 974 619 1 131 – 317 222 191 605 590 458 597 611 61 424 583 782 648 455 303 448 664 386 764 060

2 5 4 1

4 736 372 1 637 292 3 261 8 921 344 15 585 2 140 1 711 10 2 2 18 231 199 671 187 870

11 551 4 533 12 061 785 3 656 – 637 397 087 566 904 428 872 089 113 955 850 529 457 782 071 886 006 866 621 324

13 355 4 268 11 522 825 2 170 8 1 17 3 10 14 7 7 17 575 603 521 770 843 349 384 127 075 593 783 098 080 371 095 763 208 616 931 316 330

2 705 610 2 146 192 1 409 341 323 7 154 625 4 369 4 028 1 216 382 12 136 175 824 2 430 1 631 4 366 392 5 100 749 519 633 4 046 291

1 9 3 13 8 6 4 11

1 6 2 9 6 5 4 5

3 9 6 26 2 8 2 7 2 17 2

1 793 679 2 100 13 356 729 1 277 1 075 3 181 701 5 758 297

1 8 4 13 1 7 1 4 1 11 2

2 7 4 22 2 2 2 6 1 13 2

1 359 515 1 298 11 723 640 460 760 2 952 545 4 552 270

1 6 2 10 1 2 1 3 1 8 2

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS 5

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 5 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 6.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government and State: 1992
General purpose governments Total local governments County Municipal Subcounty

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Number of governments 1992 1 United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming 84 955 1 121 174 590 1 446 4 392 1 760 563 275 2 1 013 1 297 20 1 086 6 722 2 898 1 880 3 891 1 320 458 796 401 843 2 721 3 579 869 3 309 1 275 2 923 207 527 1 512 341 3 298 937 2 764 3 1 1 5 523 794 450 158 125 1987 2 83 185 1 053 172 576 1 396 4 331 1 593 477 281 2 965 1 286 18 1 065 6 627 2 806 1 877 3 803 1 303 452 800 401 836 2 699 3 555 853 3 146 1 243 3 152 197 524 1 625 331 3 302 916 2 787 3 1 1 4 377 802 502 956 125 Elected officials 1992 3 493 830 3 1 3 8 18 949 674 050 059 699 1987 4 479 021 3 1 2 8 19 892 509 968 021 021 Number of governments 1992 5 3 043 67 12 15 75 57 62 – 3 – 66 157 3 44 102 91 99 105 119 61 16 23 12 83 87 82 114 54 93 16 10 21 33 57 100 53 88 77 36 66 – 46 64 93 254 29 14 95 39 55 72 23 1987 6 3 042 67 9 15 75 57 62 – 3 – 66 158 3 44 102 91 99 105 119 61 16 23 12 83 87 82 114 54 93 16 10 21 33 57 100 53 88 77 36 66 – 46 64 94 254 29 14 95 39 55 72 23 Elected officials 1992 7 58 818 768 312 433 1 796 2 013 528 – 36 – 842 1 551 29 482 2 398 1 776 6 3 1 1 133 412 737 622 110 1987 8 55 500 813 256 408 1 763 1 794 551 – 40 – 751 1 765 29 478 2 443 1 758 6 598 882 1 820 1 645 130 308 118 1 635 929 1 843 1 877 681 1 058 272 118 211 322 1 090 1 563 737 1 629 695 383 886 – 788 668 3 694 4 741 353 105 985 671 528 2 426 262 Number of governments 1992 9 19 279 438 148 86 489 460 266 29 57 1 390 536 1 199 1 282 566 952 627 435 301 22 155 39 534 854 294 933 128 534 18 13 320 98 619 516 364 942 588 239 1 022 8 269 310 339 1 171 228 50 230 268 231 583 97 1987 10 19 200 436 149 81 483 442 266 31 57 1 390 532 1 198 1 279 567 955 627 437 301 22 155 39 534 855 293 930 128 534 18 13 320 98 618 495 366 940 591 240 1 022 8 269 309 334 1 156 225 55 229 266 230 580 95 Elected officials 1992 11 135 531 2 694 1 362 589 4 027 2 910 1 973 707 406 348 2 238 3 232 11 1 055 11 456 3 174 6 3 2 2 357 905 767 122 292 1987 12 137 542 2 656 1 253 559 3 962 2 811 1 916 725 424 325 2 255 3 250 10 1 066 12 198 3 122 6 3 2 2 444 964 888 039 291

8 325 8 814 1 091 348 4 654 6 064 92 4 604 41 713 11 118 16 18 6 4 6 1 21 18 18 4 16 4 13 1 6 8 1 24 5 15 19 8 7 29 160 552 495 422 346 767 948 052 247 458 287 905 698 077 917 921 981 982 227 277 135 627 543 276 983 748 529 629 813 511 348 961 187 567 379 621

7 770 8 156 1 147 325 4 439 6 109 69 4 509 38 310 10 880 16 16 6 4 6 1 13 18 18 4 16 5 14 1 6 9 1 25 4 14 19 8 8 28 734 066 828 380 791 598 407 670 308 650 122 446 876 047 291 224 903 073 982 937 526 939 075 404 965 497 093 519 135 429 835 969 449 633 876 219

323 124 1 399 1 024 1 576 1 752 657 1 064 284 72 204 310 1 317 1 658 631 1 429 641 304 3 467 – 765 669 3 835 4 491 299 73 989 445 461 2 313 264

869 794 4 747 4 645 1 961 5 766 825 2 809 117 288 2 184 699 4 151 3 024 2 118 8 3 1 9 829 502 586 694 127 633 596 184 371 328 563 737 905 712 611 531

895 815 4 831 4 697 1 879 5 987 861 2 917 118 253 2 210 633 4 141 2 879 2 160 9 3 1 10 003 516 594 908 125 607 595 163 112 311 621 750 861 725 695 522

697 1 785 923 4 791 626 681 454 1 760 691 2 738 549

707 1 762 904 4 415 530 673 430 1 779 630 2 719 424

3 9 6 26 2 8 2 7 2 17 2

3 9 6 26 2 7 2 7 2 17 2

1 1 2 7 1

1 1 2 7 1

1 1 1 4

1 1 1 4

6

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 6 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

and 1987
General purpose governments con. Subcounty con. School district Town or township Geographic area Number of governments 1992 13 16 656 – – – – – – 149 – – – – – – 1 433 1 008 – 1 353 – – 468 – 312 1 242 1 803 – 324 – 452 – 221 247 – 929 – 1 350 1 314 – – 1 548 31 – 969 – – – 237 – – – 1 266 – 1987 14 16 691 – – – – – – 149 – – – – – – 1 434 1 008 – 1 360 – – 471 – 312 1 242 1 798 – 325 – 454 – 221 247 – 929 – 1 355 1 318 – – 1 548 31 – 984 – – – 237 – – – 1 268 – Elected officials 1992 15 126 958 – – – – – – 5 971 – – – – – – 10 811 4 078 – 4 060 – – 4 450 – 18 935 7 348 9 005 – 1 547 – 1 355 – 5 032 1 285 – 9 721 – 7 824 5 255 – – 11 589 516 – 5 163 – – – 5 914 – – – 7 099 – 1987 16 118 669 – – – – – – 6 003 – – – – – – 11 856 4 072 – 4 082 – – 4 708 – 10 344 7 519 9 058 – 1 561 – 1 377 – 4 403 1 347 – 9 717 – 7 075 5 336 – – 12 125 452 – 4 872 – – – 5 320 – – – 7 442 – Number of governments 1992 17 14 422 129 – 228 321 1 078 180 17 19 – 95 183 – 115 985 294 441 324 176 66 91 – 84 585 458 173 552 537 797 17 167 550 94 713 – 275 666 605 340 516 3 91 180 14 1 100 40 276 – 296 55 440 56 1987 18 14 721 129 – 227 333 1 098 180 16 19 – 95 186 – 118 1 029 304 451 324 178 66 88 – 82 590 441 171 561 547 952 17 160 551 88 720 – 310 621 636 350 515 3 92 193 14 1 113 40 272 – 297 55 433 56 Elected officials 1992 19 88 434 422 – 1 004 1 810 5 396 998 152 98 – 396 984 – 576 10 990 1 498 2 411 2 249 877 660 872 – 539 3 990 2 855 608 3 311 1 828 3 670 108 1 084 4 362 482 4 753 – 1 420 3 2 1 4 087 794 886 526 26 1987 20 86 772 383 – 1 015 1 845 5 453 992 143 96 – 416 954 – 581 7 140 1 429 2 474 2 243 904 678 871 – 621 4 035 2 840 648 3 413 2 364 4 165 101 1 071 4 478 453 4 824 – 1 609 3 2 1 4 098 925 967 472 18 Number of governments 1992 21 31 555 487 14 261 561 2 797 1 252 368 196 1 462 421 16 728 2 920 939 388 1 482 590 30 199 223 396 277 377 320 1 386 556 1 047 156 116 374 116 980 321 722 513 524 835 2 006 83 291 262 477 2 266 329 104 129 1 157 350 377 373 1987 22 29 531 421 14 253 505 2 734 1 085 281 202 1 414 410 14 705 2 783 836 372 1 387 569 24 203 223 391 250 374 307 1 216 514 1 119 146 120 486 112 978 321 703 410 498 876 1 805 83 300 212 462 1 892 236 95 106 1 177 290 366 250 Elected officials 1992 23 84 089 65 – 1 024 426 8 380 4 826 1 984 551 – 1 178 297 52 2 491 6 058 592 1 259 4 926 1 114 18 622 575 1 556 568 718 313 3 911 1 595 4 800 568 441 886 490 5 040 545 3 284 535 1 690 3 767 – 314 765 1 083 533 7 451 680 431 235 3 360 119 526 1 447 1987 24 80 538 40 – 986 451 8 963 United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Special district Special purpose governments

4 311 Colorado 1 285 Connecticut 587 Delaware – District of Columbia 1 017 Florida 140 30 2 384 4 673 499 Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana

1 218 Iowa 4 895 Kansas 1 216 Kentucky 18 Louisiana 791 Maine 395 1 509 650 784 280 3 284 1 540 5 359 556 446 978 495 5 301 540 3 356 Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota

460 Ohio 1 803 Oklahoma 4 131 Oregon 13 Pennsylvania 370 Rhode Island 511 847 585 6 562 557 431 234 3 433 105 469 1 050 South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

585 1 018 77 7 500 204 1 367 – 1 477 275 2 830 379

591 1 111 77 7 720 208 1 358 – 1 484 275 2 844 385

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS 7

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 7 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 7.

County Governments by Form of Government, Number of Elected Officials, and State: 1992
Form of government Number of elected officials per county government With home-rule charter 6 237 3 4 – 1 11 2 – 1 – 15 13 3 – 1 6 20 37 2 11 2 9 2 2 3 4 2 1 – – – 6 1 19 2 3 1 – 8 5 – 20 1 3 1 – – 2 5 1 4 – Total county governments 1

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Councilcommission 2 1 827 35 – – – 8 10 – – – 15 87 – 44 75 88 96 98 – 26 11 5 10 47 58 55 112 53 93 8 5 1 – 15 1 53 60 77 25 57 – – 64 – 254 28 14 1 31 45 39 23

Counciladministrator 3 845 32 4 15 – 49 52 – 2 – 49 68 – – 25 3 3 7 – 26 5 12 2 33 29 27 – 1 – 8 5 15 33 26 99 – 27 – 11 6 – 38 – – – – – 94 4 10 25 –

Councilelected executive 4 371 – 8 – 75 – – – 1 – 2 2 3 – 2 – – – 119 9 – 6 – 3 – – 2 – – – – 5 – 16 – – 1 – – 3 – 8 – 93 – 1 – – 4 – 8 –

Other 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

50 or more 7 125 – 2 1 – 6 – – – – 1 – – – – – 72 – – 1 – – – – 1 – 1 – – – – – – – – – 1 – – 13 – 1 – 20 2 – – – – – 3 –

40 to 49 8 70 – – 1 1 4 – – – – – – – 2 7 1 2 4 1 3 – – – 1 – – – – – 1 – – – 5 – – – – – – – – – 28 – – – – – – 9 –

30 to 39 9 255 – – 1 15 3 – – – – 1 – – – 28 3 2 101 1 17 – – – 4 1 2 1 – – 1 – – – 3 3 – 2 – – – – 3 – 33 4 – – – – – 26 –

20 to 29 10 410 4 – 6 38 24 – – – – 1 – – – 22 23 1 – 14 29 – 3 2 13 1 34 5 1 1 2 – – – 29 22 1 10 – – 2 – 4 – 12 74 – – – – – 31 –

10 to 19 11 1 644 47 10 6 21 19 3 – 2 – 61 105 1 4 41 64 10 – 95 11 – 18 – 64 73 46 105 48 63 9 – 12 17 18 75 49 75 – 7 48 – 38 55 – 172 20 – 75 31 4 2 21

1 to 9 12 539 16 – – – 1 59 – 1 – 2 52 2 38 4 – 12 – 8 – 16 2 10 1 11 – 2 5 29 3 10 9 16 2 – 3 – 77 29 3 – – 9 – 2 9 14 20 8 51 1 2

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

3 043 67 12 15 75 57 62 – 3 – 66 157 3 44 102 91 99 105 119 61 16 23 12 83 87 82 114 54 93 16 10 21 33 57 100 53 88 77 36 66 – 46 64 93 254 29 14 95 39 55 72 23

8

COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 8 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 8.

Elected Officials of County Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992
Elected county officials Members of governing boards1 Members of elected boards County dependent school systems 6 1 567 – 79 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 58 – – – – – – – – – – – – 822 – – – – – – – – 608 – – – – – – – – Average number per county government

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Number of county governments 1

Total 2 58 818 768 312 433 1 796 2 013 528 36 – 842 1 551 29 482 2 398 1 776 6 3 1 1 133 412 737 622 110

Total 3 17 274 339 98 57 – 285 192 – 19 – 351 711 25 132 1 500 297 367 321 69 613 48 115 74 727 454 410 353 169 403 62 30 134 131 946 541 228 279 231 114 216 – 321 302 1 660 1 036 91 28 529 142 167 1 872 85

Elected at-large 4 4 342 103 53 5 – 15 112 – 2 – 164 193 12 66 233 152 216 21 63 208 6 56 33 61 30 35 133 121 82 30 9 114 25 127 346 127 273 33 93 194 – 37 87 33 152 81 20 35 46 99 124 82

Elected by district 5 12 932 236 45 52 – 270 80 – 17 – 187 518 13 66 1 267 145 151 300 6 405 42 59 41 666 424 375 220 48 321 32 21 20 106 819 195 101 6 198 21 22 – 284 215 1 627 884 10 8 494 96 68 1 748 3

Other 7 9 268 27 131 – 182 152 – – – – 38 – – 93 94 599 4 104 2 567 77 26 – – – 66 32 220 221 12 25 60 – – – 17 10 20 150 – – – – 141 – 190 5 – – – 9 – – –

Other elected officials 8 30 709 402 4 376 1 614 1 576 336 17 – 453 840 4 257 804 880 1 662 524 1 591 983 62 150 50 606 538 946 1 178 476 636 162 42 70 179 354 285 383 1 000 410 190 3 251 – 303 367 1 377 3 450 208 45 460 294 294 441 179

Total 9 19.3 11.4 26.0 28.8 23.9 35.3 8.5 – 12.0 – 12.7 9.9 9.7 10.9 23.5 19.5 61.9 32.4 14.5 26.5 6.9 14.0 10.3 16.8 11.7 19.2 15.3 12.1 11.4 17.7 7.2 9.7 9.4 23.1 16.6 11.9 16.2 8.3 8.4 52.5 – 16.6 10.4 41.2 17.6 10.3 5.2 10.4 11.4 8.4 32.1 11.4

Members of governing boards 10 5.7 5.1 8.2 3.8 – 5.0 3.1 – 6.3 – 5.3 4.5 8.3 3.0 14.7 3.3 3.7 3.1 .6 10.0 3.0 5.0 6.2 8.8 5.2 5.0 3.1 3.1 4.3 3.9 3.0 6.4 4.0 16.5 5.4 4.3 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.3 – 7.0 4.7 17.8 4.1 3.1 2.0 5.6 3.6 3.0 26.0 3.7

All others 11 13.7 6.4 17.8 25.0 23.9 30.3 5.4 – 5.7 – 7.4 5.4 1.3 8.0 8.8 16.2 58.2 29.4 14.0 16.5 3.9 9.0 4.2 8.1 6.6 14.2 12.2 9.0 7.1 13.8 4.2 3.3 5.4 6.5 11.2 7.6 13.0 5.3 5.3 49.2 – 9.7 5.7 23.3 13.6 7.2 3.2 4.8 7.8 5.3 6.1 7.8

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Excludes

3 043 67 12 15 75 57 62 – 3 – 66 157 3 44 102 91 99 105 119 61 16 23 12 83 87 82 114 54 93 16 10 21 33 57 100 53 88 77 36 66 – 46 64 93 254 29 14 95 39 55 72 23

323 124 1 399 1 024 1 576 1 752 657 1 064 284 72 204 310 1 317 1 658 631 1 429 641 304 3 467 – 765 669 3 835 4 491 299 73 989 445 461 2 313 264

officials of other governments (township or municipal) who also serve as members of county governing bodies, as follows: New York (298) and Wisconsin (77).

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY GOVERNMENTS 9

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 9 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 9.

Municipal Governments by Form of Government, Number of Elected Officials, and State: 1992
Total municipal governments 1 Form of government1 Mayorcouncil 2 15 176 432 108 12 478 74 201 20 31 1 174 466 1 197 1 158 234 927 575 355 301 7 101 35 309 770 287 748 115 287 7 2 277 83 585 341 335 857 432 155 848 7 232 209 255 874 211 4 140 233 214 380 91 Councilmanager 3 3 147 5 40 74 10 386 64 8 15 – 197 68 – 2 86 145 24 35 16 – 15 32 3 203 84 5 115 11 164 11 11 19 15 32 165 2 84 129 80 153 1 36 32 66 287 17 14 90 31 14 45 6 Commission 4 351 1 – – 1 – 1 – 9 – 19 2 – – 25 23 – 16 63 – – 20 – 5 – 2 9 2 18 – – 23 – 2 9 27 1 9 2 6 – – 19 18 10 – – – 4 1 4 – Selectmen 5 587 – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – 12 154 – 1 1 – – 2 1 17 – – 61 – 64 – – 1 – – 1 – – 16 2 15 – – 50 – – – 32 – – 2 154 – With home-rule charter 7 4 242 32 23 24 22 96 72 25 33 1 304 235 1 10 116 39 347 140 26 53 21 103 23 332 164 33 102 20 2 4 9 27 10 95 96 31 261 121 211 64 6 96 16 110 352 8 26 60 17 74 135 14 Number of elected officials per municipal government 40 or more 8 15 – 1 – – 1 – 2 – 1 – – – – 2 – 1 – – 1 – – – – 1 – – – – – 2 – 1 1 – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – –

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Other 6 10 – – – – – – – 2 – – – – – – 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – 1 – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – –

30 to 39 9 25 – 1 – – – – 9 1 – – – – – – 1 – – 1 2 – – 3 – – – 1 – – – 1 – – – – – 1 1 – – – – – 1 1 – 1 – – – – –

20 to 29 10 80 – – – 1 – – 7 1 – 2 1 – – 14 – 3 1 – 2 1 1 11 1 – – 1 2 – – 2 – – 2 – – 4 – 1 2 1 – – 2 2 1 4 – 1 1 8 –

10 to 19 11 2 105 7 40 – 91 11 20 8 5 – 6 9 1 – 215 40 61 22 11 19 16 3 25 204 8 12 65 10 2 3 6 17 11 38 6 20 367 34 8 435 6 9 3 23 30 2 21 29 17 21 85 3

1 to 9 12 17 054 431 106 86 397 448 246 3 50 – 382 526 – 199 1 051 525 887 604 423 277 5 151 – 329 845 282 866 116 532 15 2 303 86 578 510 344 570 553 230 585 1 260 307 312 1 138 225 24 201 250 209 490 94

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Detail

19 279 438 148 86 489 460 266 29 57 1 390 536 1 199 1 282 566 952 627 435 301 22 155 39 534 854 294 933 128 534 18 13 320 98 619 516 364 942 588 239 1 022 8 269 310 339 1 171 228 50 230 268 231 583 97

may not add to total due to nonresponse.

10

MUNICIPAL AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 10 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 10.

Town or Township Governments by Form of Government, Number of Elected Officials, and State: 1992
Form of government1 Total town or township governments 1 Number of elected officials per township government1 Exihibit: Governments with town meetings Representative town meeting 14 51 – – – – – – 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 47 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Mayorcouncil 2 602 – – – – – – 15 – – – – – – 58 57 – 8 – – 1 – 1 63 10 – 2 – 1 – 1 80 – 193 – 3 8 – – 8 9 – 1 – – – – – – – 82 –

Councilmanager 3 583 – – – – – – 27 – – – – – – 12 11 – 4 – – 95 – 29 25 12 – 2 – 3 – 16 66 – 78 – 3 19 – – 137 16 – 2 – – – 21 – – – 5 –

Commission 4 433 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 14 12 – 129 – – – – 1 27 8 – 29 – 39 – – 14 – 3 – 23 53 – – 58 – – 18 – – – – – – – 5 –

Selectmen 5 14 136 – – – – – – 107 – – – – – – 1 215 629 – 1 146 – – 367 – 280 1 120 1 743 – 290 – 408 – 202 82 – 582 – 1 298 1 127 – – 1 258 6 – 938 – – – 215 – – – 1 123 –

With home-rule Other charter 6 358 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 265 – 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – 2 – – 37 – – 47 – – – – – – – – – – 2 – 7 664 – – – – – – 87 – – – – – – 23 13 – 14 – – 87 – 75 42 59 – 6 – 9 – 24 21 – 36 – 18 16 – – 40 20 – 21 – – – 31 – – – 22 –

40 or more 8 201 – – – – – – 78 – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 – 102 – – – – – – – 16 – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – 2 – – – – –

30 to 39 9 230 – – – – – – 36 – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 – 89 – – – – – – – 35 – – 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – 64 – – – – –

20 to 29 10 325 – – – – – – 25 – – – – – – 4 – – – – – 22 – 71 1 – – – – – – 74 – – 5 – – – – – 1 4 – – – – – 118 – – – – –

10 to 19 11 1 149 – – – – – – 10 – – – – – – 86 1 – – – – 154 – 45 67 2 – – – – – 68 5 – 549 – 4 2 – – 73 24 – 4 – – – 50 – – – 5 –

1 to 9 12 14 750 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 343 1 007 – 1 353 – – 286 – 5 1 174 1 801 – 324 – 452 – 28 242 – 372 – 1 346 1 312 – – 1 474 2 – 965 – – – 3 – – – 1 261 –

Citizen town meeting 13 8 433 – – – – – – 106 – – – – – – 1 039 – – 1 – – 436 – 260 899 1 720 – 1 – 219 – 212 122 – 591 – 946 2 – – 2 17 – 578 – – – 218 – – – 1 064 –

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Detail

16 656 – – – – – – 149 – – – – – – 1 433 1 008 – 1 353 – – 468 – 312 1 242 1 803 – 324 – 452 – 221 247 – 929 – 1 350 1 314 – – 1 548 31 – 969 – – – 237 – – – 1 266 –

may not add to total due to nonresponse.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

MUNICIPAL AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENTS 11

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 11 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 11.

Elected Officials of Municipal Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992
Elected municipal officials Members of governing boards Members of other elected boards Municipal dependent school systems 6 946 – 117 – – – – 162 – 11 – – – – – – – – – – 115 – 276 – – – – – – – 72 – – 23 – – – – – – 50 – – 120 – – – – – – – – Average number per municipal government

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Number of municipal governments 1

Total 2 135 531 2 694 1 362 589 4 027 2 910 1 973 707 406 348 2 238 3 232 11 1 055 11 456 3 174 6 3 2 2 357 905 767 122 292

Total 3 107 542 2 333 1 046 555 2 865 2 336 1 676 367 353 13 2 024 2 793 9 914 8 145 2 429 5 3 2 1 032 406 270 439 154

Elected at-large 4 84 624 1 554 943 512 2 182 2 158 1 360 162 296 5 1 728 2 241 – 857 6 647 1 179 4 582 2 897 2 067 969 109 606 236 2 897 3 533 1 069 2 692 265 2 085 58 63 1 673 367 2 498 2 329 1 313 5 1 1 5 124 884 206 646 27

Elected by district 5 22 918 779 103 43 683 178 316 205 57 8 296 552 9 57 1 498 1 250 450 509 203 470 45 180 220 502 435 519 2 191 415 566 29 83 309 134 576 355 363 1 243 785 155 1 506 44 266 709 309 760 143 33 154 268 309 1 501 145

Other 7 3 211 11 88 – 20 9 8 56 20 323 32 – 1 – 680 46 443 68 5 16 15 – 13 196 34 14 6 15 5 – 62 – 55 44 – 35 598 27 34 41 – – – – 71 24 29 4 43 3 17 –

Other elected officials 8 23 832 350 111 34 1 142 565 289 122 33 1 182 439 1 141 2 631 699 882 431 492 667 8 83 49 1 152 643 359 877 130 153 30 8 202 143 1 010 340 407 1 864 806 191 2 501 6 284 167 243 891 184 288 289 225 339 656 92

Total 9 7.0 6.2 9.2 6.8 8.2 6.3 7.4 24.3 7.1 348.0 5.7 6.0 11.0 5.3 8.9 5.6 6.7 6.2 6.4 7.0 13.2 5.6 20.3 8.9 5.4 6.7 6.2 6.4 5.3 6.5 22.1 6.8 7.1 6.7 5.9 5.8 9.4 6.0 6.6 9.5 15.8 6.1 5.1 6.4 6.3 5.8 11.2 7.6 7.1 7.4 7.9 5.5

Members of governing boards 10 5.6 5.3 7.1 6.5 5.9 5.1 6.3 12.6 6.2 13.0 5.2 5.2 9.0 4.6 6.4 4.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 4.8 7.0 5.1 11.6 6.4 4.6 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.8 11.2 6.2 5.1 5.0 5.2 4.6 6.8 4.5 5.7 7.0 8.9 5.0 4.6 5.4 5.5 4.9 4.9 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.8 4.5

All others 11 1.5 .8 2.1 .4 2.4 1.2 1.1 11.7 .9 335.0 .5 .8 2.0 .7 2.6 1.3 1.4 .8 1.1 2.3 6.3 .5 8.7 2.5 .8 1.3 .9 1.1 .3 1.7 10.9 .6 2.0 1.7 .7 1.2 2.6 1.4 .9 2.5 7.0 1.1 .5 1.1 .8 .9 6.3 1.3 1.0 1.5 1.2 .9

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia1 Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York2 North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Figures 2Figures

19 279 438 148 86 489 460 266 29 57 1 390 536 1 199 1 282 566 952 627 435 301 22 155 39 534 854 294 933 128 534 18 13 320 98 619 516 364 942 588 239 1 022 8 269 310 339 1 171 228 50 230 268 231 583 97

869 794 4 747 4 645 1 961 5 766 825 2 809 117 288 2 184 699 4 151 3 024 2 118 8 3 1 9 829 502 586 694 127 633 596 184 371 328 563 737 905 712 611 531

786 456 3 399 3 968 1 588 4 883 680 2 651 87 146 1 982 501 3 074 2 684 1 676 6 2 1 7 367 669 361 152 71 349 429 821 409 120 246 444 637 370 938 439

1 1 2 7 1

1 1 1 6 1

1 083 720 1 512 5 649 977 213 290 369 061 437 294

1 1 1 4

1 1 1 3

1 1 1 2

under " Members of other elected boards under " Members of other elected boards

other" represent members of advisory neighborhood commissions. other" include 288 members of community school district boards in the City of New York.

12

MUNICIPAL AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 12 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 12.

Elected Officials of Town or Township Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992
Elected town or township officials Members of governing boards Members of other elected boards Town or township dependent school systems 6 3 143 – – – – – – 1 026 – – – – – – – – – – – – 709 – 1 263 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 145 – – – – – – – – – – – Average number per town or township government

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Number of town or township governments 1

Total 2 126 958 – – – – – – 5 971 – – – – – – 10 811 4 078 – 4 060 – – 4 450 – 18 935 7 348 9 005 – 1 547 – 1 355 – 5 032 1 285 – 9 721 – 7 824 5 255 – – 11 589 516 – 5 163 – – – 5 914 – – – 7 099 –

Total1 3 51 770 – – – – – – 799 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 793 – 10 759 3 179 6 100 – 897 – – – 858 1 211 – 4 150 – 4 239 4 081 – – 5 181 183 – 3 266 – – – 922 – – – 4 152 –

Elected at-large 4 37 194 – – – – – – 701 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 724 – 1 847 2 949 5 557 – 689 – – – 776 1 075 – 3 638 – 3 895 3 005 – – 3 896 151 – 2 828 – – – 908 – – – 3 555 –

Elected by district 5 14 348 – – – – – – 98 – – – – – – – – – – – – 69 – 8 912 228 537 – 208 – – – 82 130 – 436 – 344 1 016 – – 1 207 32 – 438 – – – 14 – – – 597 –

Other 7 22 787 – – – – – – 3 244 – – – – – – 6 299 3 031 – 8 – – 1 018 – 4 821 411 2 – – – – – 3 204 5 – 223 – 10 10 – – 24 20 – 1 – – – 456 – – – – –

Other elected officials 8 49 258 – – – – – – 902 – – – – – – 4 512 1 047 – 4 052 – – 930 – 2 092 3 758 2 903 – 650 – 1 355 – 970 69 – 5 348 – 3 575 1 164 – – 6 384 168 – 1 896 – – – 4 536 – – – 2 947 –

Total 9 7.6 – – – – – – 40.1 – – – – – – 7.5 4.0 – 3.0 – – 9.6 – 60.7 5.9 5.0 – 4.8 – 3.0 – 22.8 5.2 – 10.5 – 5.8 4.0 – – 7.5 16.6 – 5.3 – – – 25.0 – – – 5.6 –

Members of governing boards 10 3.1 – – – – – – 5.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.8 – 34.5 2.6 3.4 – 2.8 – – – 3.9 4.9 – 4.5 – 3.1 3.1 – – 3.3 5.9 – 3.4 – – – 3.9 – – – 3.3 –

All others 11 4.5 – – – – – – 34.7 – – – – – – 7.5 4.0 – 3.0 – – 5.7 – 26.2 3.4 1.6 – 2.0 – 3.0 – 18.9 .3 – 6.0 – 2.7 .9 – – 4.1 10.7 – 2.0 – – – 21.1 – – – 2.3 –

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Detail

16 656 – – – – – – 149 – – – – – – 1 433 1 008 – 1 353 – – 468 – 312 1 242 1 803 – 324 – 452 – 221 247 – 929 – 1 350 1 314 – – 1 548 31 – 969 – – – 237 – – – 1 266 –

by election area may not add to total due to item nonresponse.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

MUNICIPAL AND TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENTS 13

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 13 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 13.

Public School Systems by Number of Elected Officials and State: 1992
School district governments 1 Number of elected officials per government Dependent school systems 7 1 412 – 54 12 – 54 – 149 – 3 – – 1 – – – – – – – 197 40 286 – – 4 – – – – 9 76 – 35 191 – – – – – 34 – – 126 – – – 135 – – 6 – 20 or more 8 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Number of elected officials per system

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

20 or more 2 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – 3 – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

10 to 19 3 185 – – – – 1 – 5 1 – – 3 – – – – – 1 – 32 43 – 19 1 1 – 1 2 15 – 18 4 – 1 – – – – – 4 1 6 – – 2 – 22 – – – 2 –

6 to 9 4 7 315 46 – 2 109 120 55 11 6 – 53 115 – 8 972 98 104 319 4 31 21 – 32 549 440 56 544 28 373 12 68 428 10 484 – 53 10 16 114 498 2 53 54 10 1 046 2 31 – 1 – 285 42

1 to 5 5 6 478 25 – 226 212 948 125 1 9 – 14 49 – 107 11 166 336 2 172 3 16 – 15 35 3 78 6 423 391 5 80 116 84 221 – 220 604 588 226 1 – 21 125 4 45 38 222 – 295 55 141 14

None 6 439 58 – – – 9 – – 3 – 28 16 – – 1 30 1 2 – – 8 – 18 – 14 39 1 84 18 – – 2 – 7 – 2 52 1 – 13 – 11 1 – 7 – 1 – – – 12 –

10 to 19 9 45 – 2 – – – – 9 – 1 – – 1 – – – – – – – 1 – 2 – – – – – – – 2 – – – 5 – – – – – – – – 22 – – – – – – – –

6 to 9 10 440 – 25 – – – – 135 – – – – – – – – – – – – 22 3 97 – – – – – – – 5 – – 3 70 – – – – – 13 – – 67 – – – – – – – –

1 to 5 11 489 – 27 – – – – 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – 173 8 184 – – – – – – – 1 1 – – 51 – – – – – 21 – – 20 – – – – – – – –

None 12 437 – – 12 – 54 – 2 – 2 – – – – – – – – – – 1 29 3 – – 4 – – – – 1 75 – 31 65 – – – – – – – – 17 – – – 135 – – 6 –

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

14 422 129 – 228 321 1 078 180 17 19 – 95 183 – 115 985 294 441 324 176 66 91 – 84 585 458 173 552 537 797 17 167 550 94 713 – 275 666 605 340 516 3 91 180 14 1 100 40 276 – 296 55 440 56

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

SCHOOL SYSTEMS 15

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 14 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 14.

Elected Officials of School District Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992
Elected school district officials Number of school district governments 1 District board members Elected at-large 4 53 268 133 – 669 1 169 4 307 532 116 66 – 188 288 – 107 5 007 641 1 567 941 238 13 459 – 171 2 662 2 055 90 2 056 860 2 173 58 520 2 950 264 3 777 – 919 1 1 1 2 933 479 143 563 6 Elected by district 5 30 325 253 – 332 639 1 084 466 36 32 – 162 596 – 469 1 833 857 841 1 287 637 647 412 – 368 1 326 799 456 1 255 964 1 495 50 328 1 412 217 975 – 500 1 153 1 315 743 1 963 20 303 249 52 1 546 157 361 – 759 96 712 168 Average number per district District board only 8 5.8 2.9 – 4.3 5.6 5.0 5.5 8.9 5.1 – 3.6 4.8 – 5.0 6.9 5.1 5.5 6.8 4.9 10.0 9.5 – 6.4 6.8 6.2 3.2 6.0 3.4 4.6 6.3 5.0 7.9 5.1 6.6 – 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.5 8.7 8.6 6.3 5.7 5.3 6.8 5.1 4.4 – 4.9 5.0 6.4 6.7

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Total 2 88 434 422 – 1 004 1 810 5 396 998 152 98 – 396 984 – 576 10 990 1 498 2 411 2 249 877 660 872 – 539 3 990 2 855 608 3 311 1 828 3 670 108 1 084 4 362 482 4 753 – 1 420 3 2 1 4 087 794 886 526 26

Total1 3 83 596 386 – 1 001 1 808 5 391 998 152 98 – 350 884 – 576 6 840 1 498 2 410 2 228 875 660 871 – 539 3 988 2 854 546 3 311 1 824 3 668 108 848 4 362 481 4 752 – 1 419 3 2 1 4 087 794 886 526 26

Other 6 4 838 36 – 3 2 5 – – – – 46 100 – – 4 150 – 1 21 2 – 1 – – 2 1 62 – 4 2 – 236 – 1 1 – 1 – – – – – 4 – 2 13 – 140 – – – 2 –

Total 7 6.1 3.2 – 4.4 5.6 5.0 5.5 8.9 5.1 – 4.1 5.3 – 5.0 11.2 5.1 5.5 6.9 4.9 10.0 9.5 – 6.4 6.8 6.2 3.5 6.0 3.4 4.6 6.3 6.4 7.9 5.1 6.6 – 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.5 8.7 8.6 6.4 5.7 5.5 6.8 5.1 5.0 – 4.9 5.0 6.4 6.7

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois2 Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

14 422 129 – 228 321 1 078 180 17 19 – 95 183 – 115 985 294 441 324 176 66 91 – 84 585 458 173 552 537 797 17 167 550 94 713 – 275 666 605 340 516 3 91 180 14 1 100 40 276 – 296 55 440 56

585 1 018 77 7 500 204 1 367 – 1 477 275 2 830 379

581 1 018 75 7 487 204 1 227 – 1 477 275 2 828 379

278 769 23 5 941 47 866 – 718 179 2 116 211

1Detail may not add to total due to item nonresponse. 2Figures under " Elected school district officials Other"

include 4,150 members of local school councils in Chicago.

16

SCHOOL SYSTEMS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 15 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 15.

Elected Officials of Dependent Public School Systems by Type of Office and State: 1992
Elected officials of dependent school systems Average number per system System board only 8 4.1 6.0 2.7 4.2 5.4 6.2 6.6 7.2 5.3 Average per system 10 6.2 6.8 6.6 6.9 5.5 6.3 6.8 7.2 5.3 Total membership of system boards (including nonelected members) Exhibit: Number of nonelected members of system boards 11 2 922 23 2 281 583 35 3 3 – –

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

System board members Number of dependent school systems 1 Elected at-large 4 4 093 78 702 681 2 632 235 72 46 117 Elected by district 5 1 730 89 865 265 511 100 67 33 –

Total 2 6 199 167 1 646 1 238 3 148 336 139 79 118

Total 3 5 823 167 1 567 946 3 143 335 139 79 117

Other 6 376 – 79 292 5 1 – – 1

Total 7 4.4 6.0 2.8 5.5 5.4 6.2 6.6 7.2 5.4

Total 9 8 745 190 3 848 1 529 3 178 338 142 79 117

United States State dependent systems County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Town or township dependent systems Alaska State dependent systems1 Borough dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Arizona County dependent systems California County dependent systems Connecticut Municipal dependent systems Town dependent systems District of Columbia Municipal dependent systems Hawaii State dependent system Maine State dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Town dependent systems Maryland County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Massachusetts County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Town dependent systems Mississippi County dependent systems New Hampshire Municipal dependent systems New Jersey State dependent systems County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Township dependent systems New York County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems2 North Carolina County dependent systems Rhode Island Municipal dependent systems Town dependent systems Tennessee County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Virginia County dependent systems Municipal dependent systems Wisconsin systems County dependent

1 412 28 581 225 578 54 21 11 22

12

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

54 149 20 129

– 1 188 162 1 026

– 1 188 162 1 026

– 974 118 856

– 214 44 170

– – – –

– 8.0 8.1 8.0

– 8.0 8.1 8.0

– 1 211 179 1 032

– 8.1 9.0 8.0

– 23 17 6

3 1 197 4 17 176 40 39 1 286 3 39 244

11 13 843 15 115 713 59 59 – 1 540 – 276 1 264

11 13 839 15 115 709 58 58 – 1 539 – 276 1 263

3 6 702 – 83 619 36 36 – 1 239 – 201 1 038

8 7 137 15 32 90 22 22 – 300 – 75 225

– – 4 – – 4 1 1 – 1 – – 1

3.7 13.0 4.3 3.8 6.8 4.1 1.5 1.5 – 5.4 – 7.1 5.2

3.7 13.0 4.3 3.8 6.8 4.1 1.5 1.5 – 5.4 – 7.1 5.2

26 13 839 15 115 709 276 267 9 1 554 12 276 1 266

8.7 13.0 4.3 3.8 6.8 4.0 6.9 6.8 9.0 5.4 4.0 7.1 5.2

15 – – – – – 218 209 9 15 12 – 3

4

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

40

10.0

40

9 76 2 47 24 3 35 27 8

72 – – – – – 311 – 311

72 – – – – – 23 – 23

36 – – – – – 17 – 17

36 – – – – – 6 – 6

– – – – – – 288 – 288

8.0 – – – – – 8.9 – 38.9

8.0 – – – – – .7 – 2.9

77 504 20 322 136 26 326 253 73

8.6 6.6 10.0 6.9 5.7 8.7 9.3 9.4 9.1

5 504 20 322 136 26 303 253 50

191 34 8 26 126 93 33 135 94 41

822 195 50 145 809 686 123 – – –

822 195 50 145 728 608 120 – – –

546 163 44 119 136 74 62 – – –

276 32 6 26 592 534 58 – – –

– – – – 81 78 3 – – –

4.3 5.7 6.3 5.6 6.4 7.4 3.7 – – –

4.3 5.7 6.3 5.6 5.8 6.5 3.6 – – –

1 597 195 50 145 886 681 205 840 574 266

8.4 5.7 6.3 5.6 7.0 7.3 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.5

775 – – – 158 73 85 840 574 266

6

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

23

4.6

23

1Includes 2Includes

the Regional Educational Attendance Area boards. the community school boards in New York City, which are classified as adjuncts of the New York City Board of Education in Census statistics on governments.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

SCHOOL SYSTEMS 17

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Table 16.

Special District Governments by Number of Elected Officials and State: 1992
Total special district governments 1 Number of elected officials per government 20 or more 2 33 – – 1 1 8 – – – – – – – – 1 – – – 2 – 2 1 – – – – – – 4 – – – 1 1 – 6 – – – – – 3 – – 1 1 – – – – – – 10 to 19 3 280 – – 1 1 13 2 33 – – 2 3 – 3 4 2 3 18 4 – 3 9 9 2 8 2 2 3 35 1 – 1 – 4 2 49 2 4 2 – 12 8 7 – 11 1 2 3 – 3 2 4 6 to 9 4 2 627 3 – 14 7 116 36 162 1 – 21 11 – 43 305 13 17 222 106 2 14 13 35 14 14 2 196 26 81 8 52 1 3 494 6 93 2 66 63 – 13 26 36 15 115 10 33 15 8 8 14 72 4 to 5 5 9 341 7 – 80 15 1 317 888 48 12 – 148 32 2 199 393 29 114 519 26 – 49 17 235 84 99 3 376 238 683 94 18 173 76 388 16 315 93 166 560 – 14 34 128 21 1 272 70 35 14 118 3 4 116 1 to 3 6 5 295 6 – 164 89 236 45 12 174 – 91 7 14 403 640 109 182 169 82 – 64 92 35 9 6 85 276 69 99 14 10 1 23 19 134 97 6 116 172 – 2 63 39 109 43 78 8 13 920 7 130 133 None 7 13 979 471 14 1 448 1 107 281 113 9 1 200 368 – 80 1 577 786 72 554 370 28 67 91 82 168 250 228 536 220 145 39 36 198 13 74 163 162 410 172 38 2 006 42 157 52 332 824 169 26 84 111 329 227 48

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

31 555 487 14 261 561 2 797 1 252 368 196 1 462 421 16 728 2 920 939 388 1 482 590 30 199 223 396 277 377 320 1 386 556 1 047 156 116 374 116 980 321 722 513 524 835 2 006 83 291 262 477 2 266 329 104 129 1 157 350 377 373

18

SPECIAL DISTRICTS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Table 17.

Elected Officials of Special District Governments by Type of Office and State: 1992
Elected special district officials Geographic area Number of special district governments 1 Average number per district Total membership of district boards (including nonelected members) Average per district 8 5.0 5.1 5.0 3.6 4.3 5.5 5.0 6.6 3.0 12.0 5.1 6.0 4.8 3.8 4.1 5.7 4.3 5.2 5.4 9.5 5.1 4.2 5.3 6.1 5.9 4.6 4.7 4.6 5.3 5.2 4.1 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.3 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.7 5.6 6.6 5.3 5.1 4.3 4.8 4.9 6.8 7.9 3.4 3.9 4.7 4.4 Exhibit: Number of nonelected members of district boards 9 74 913 2 440 71 11 2 032 7 053 1 464 700 47 12 1 197 2 248 26 346 6 048 4 775 441 2 819 2 127 269 400 369 617 1 141 1 543 1 167 2 651 994 749 249 193 1 143 121 375 1 182 1 050 2 290 950 202 11 314 239 1 036 272 1 560 3 508 954 369 788 592 1 259 1 268 242

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Total 2 84 089 65 – 1 024 426 8 380 4 826 1 984 551 – 1 178 297 52 2 491 6 058 592 1 259 4 926 1 114 18 622 575 1 556 568 718 313 3 911 1 595 4 800 568 441 886 490 5 040 545 3 284 535 1 690 3 767 – 314 765 1 083 533 7 451 680 431 235 3 360 119 526 1 447

District board members 3 82 630 58 – 936 422 8 349 4 823 1 735 551 – 1 178 297 52 2 491 6 055 592 1 259 4 926 1 061 18 622 575 1 499 568 718 313 3 911 1 595 4 800 568 288 886 490 4 599 545 3 281 535 1 690 3 766 – 313 532 1 083 524 7 439 680 340 235 3 360 119 526 1 427

Other 4 1 459 7 – 88 4 31 3 249 – – – – – – 3 – – – 53 – – – 57 – – – – – – – 153 – – 441 – 3 – – 1 – 1 233 – 9 12 – 91 – – – – 20

Total 5 2.6 .1 – 3.9 .8 2.9 3.9 5.4 2.8 – 2.5 .7 3.2 3.4 2.1 .6 3.2 3.3 1.8 .6 3.1 2.5 3.9 2.0 1.9 1.0 2.8 2.8 4.5 3.6 3.8 2.3 4.2 5.1 1.6 4.5 1.0 3.2 4.5 – 3.7 2.6 4.1 1.1 3.3 2.0 4.1 1.8 2.9 .3 1.3 3.9

District board only 6 2.6 .1 – 3.5 .8 2.9 3.9 4.7 2.8 – 2.5 .7 3.2 3.4 2.1 .6 3.2 3.3 1.7 .6 3.1 2.5 3.7 2.0 1.9 1.0 2.8 2.8 4.5 3.6 2.4 2.3 4.2 4.6 1.6 4.5 1.0 3.2 4.5 – 3.7 1.8 4.1 1.1 3.3 2.0 3.2 1.8 2.9 .3 1.3 3.8

Total 7 157 543 2 498 71 947 2 454 15 402 6 287 2 435 598 12 2 375 2 545 78 2 837 12 103 5 367 1 700 7 745 3 188 287 1 022 944 116 709 261 480

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

31 555 487 14 261 561 2 797 1 252 368 196 1 462 421 16 728 2 920 939 388 1 482 590 30 199 223 396 277 377 320 1 386 556 1 047 156 116 374 116 980 321 722 513 524 835 2 006 83 291 262 477 2 266 329 104 129 1 157 350 377 373

2 1 2 1

6 562 2 589 5 549 817 481 2 029 611 4 974 1 727 4 331 2 2 3 11 825 640 968 314 552 568 355 084 947 634 709 023 952 378 794 669

1 1 2 10 1

1 3 1 1 1

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

SPECIAL DISTRICTS 19

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Table 18.

Elected Officials of Local Governments by Sex and Race and State: 1992
Male elected officials Female elected officials Asian3 6 373 – 1 11 1 136 12 2 1 – 1 2 45 8 40 2 – 2 – 2 1 1 4 4 1 1 1 4 4 3 1 14 2 8 1 – 4 3 13 1 – – – 2 13 5 – – 14 – 1 1 Total1 7 100 531 538 389 705 1 483 4 149 1 373 2 693 157 135 891 1 035 13 892 10 325 2 274 2 802 2 189 856 522 1 819 403 4 451 5 358 3 209 611 2 761 963 1 900 240 2 421 2 139 392 4 669 929 1 899 4 1 1 8 027 649 601 767 229 American Indian2 10 559 – 201 26 2 24 4 3 – – – – – 11 8 1 1 5 – 1 3 – 7 15 16 – 3 19 8 5 2 3 9 5 5 20 3 64 14 1 – – 20 – 5 – 1 – 26 – 15 3 Asian3 11 141 – – 3 – 52 4 – – – 1 – 9 2 31 1 1 1 1 – 2 – 3 3 – – – 1 2 – – 3 – 2 – – 1 2 5 1 – – – – 4 – – – 3 1 1 1 Not reported 12 69 044 446 359 371 756 2 474 1 424 793 238 11 380 400 – 575 5 935 1 591 889 5 882 650 441 790 253 7 799 1 539 2 094 494 2 443 939 2 528 149 847 987 224 2 947 381 3 536 1 721 1 262 707 1 980 72 594 2 375 271 4 561 294 916 153 784 280 1 084 425

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area

Total 1

Total1 2 324 255 2 965 926 1 974 5 820 12 076 5 528 5 328 696 202 3 383 4 629 79 3 137 25 453 7 253 12 10 4 3 3 1 9 11 12 3 469 481 989 459 737 111 698 155 944 353

White 3 311 366 2 529 506 1 847 5 404 11 106 5 409 5 207 646 2 3 136 4 034 34 3 097 24 453 7 166 12 10 4 2 3 1 9 10 12 2 393 368 807 945 678 027 612 928 876 753

Black 4 7 483 429 6 40 403 291 32 41 30 7 204 582 – 5 942 72 15 59 89 509 3 80 45 193 11 594 126 5 15 7 10 177 22 129 425 6 216 127 16 109 5 397 4 184 587 – 3 153 14 29 29 6

American Indian2 5 1 241 1 402 57 5 30 4 8 – – 2 1 – 8 3 7 – 9 3 2 3 – 7 27 34 – 7 56 15 6 1 – 21 3 17 38 5 307 24 1 – 1 35 – 16 4 3 2 33 – 22 11

White 8 94 539 401 181 663 1 368 3 816 1 344 2 631 144 – 798 859 3 871 8 516 2 234 2 780 2 164 816 423 1 792 358 4 417 5 220 3 164 482 2 697 939 1 884 222 2 358 2 021 373 4 466 772 1 868 3 1 1 8 766 535 557 399 225

Black 9 4 059 134 3 12 112 128 9 37 11 5 75 173 1 – 1 768 34 9 13 32 98 2 40 20 114 9 128 61 1 5 7 19 98 3 63 146 – 107 46 2 68 2 134 – 48 204 – 2 45 8 6 17 –

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Detail by race do 2American Indians 3Asian and Pacific

493 830 3 1 3 8 18 949 674 050 059 699

8 325 8 814 1 091 348 4 654 6 064 92 4 604 41 713 11 118 16 18 6 4 6 1 21 18 18 4 16 4 13 1 6 8 1 24 5 15 19 8 7 29 160 552 495 422 346 767 948 052 247 458 287 905 698 077 917 921 981 982 227 277 135 627 543 276 983 748 529 629 813 511 348 961 187 567 379 621

11 083 3 003 9 270 688 3 649 5 1 17 3 9 13 5 5 18 795 365 366 917 842 387 716 235 529 682 534 114 600 273 817 644 272 896 745 242 746

10 944 2 925 9 229 666 3 600 5 1 16 3 9 12 5 5 17 535 312 737 464 756 653 279 136 707 663 121 936 408 457 808 608 110 824 646 173 706

3 9 6 26 2 8 2 7 2 17 2

2 6 5 18 1 4 2 4 1 12 1

2 5 5 17 1 4 2 4 1 12 1

620 1 040 758 3 979 400 2 788 536 1 507 542 4 053 450

486 1 007 709 3 722 400 2 763 491 1 468 512 4 011 443

not add to total by sex due to item nonresponse. and Alaskan Natives. Islanders.

20

CHARACTERISTICS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Table 19.

Elected Officials of Local Governments by Sex and Hispanic Origin and State: 1992
Male elected officials Geographic area Total 1 Total1 2 324 255 2 965 926 1 974 5 820 12 076 5 528 5 328 696 202 3 383 4 629 79 3 137 25 453 7 253 12 10 4 3 3 1 9 11 12 3 469 481 989 459 737 111 698 155 944 353 Hispanic 3 4 187 5 2 197 22 583 194 31 7 – 52 21 1 15 361 24 34 45 15 14 10 3 13 33 42 6 40 10 15 8 4 65 502 46 3 23 56 66 20 22 7 – 21 20 1 448 14 1 4 22 5 19 16 Non-Hispanic 4 316 276 2 954 913 1 758 5 791 10 980 5 263 5 227 670 9 3 291 4 598 78 3 103 25 077 7 223 12 10 4 3 3 1 9 11 12 3 374 393 884 444 675 105 655 119 880 342 Female elected officials Total1 5 100 531 538 389 705 1 483 4 149 1 373 2 693 157 135 891 1 035 13 892 10 325 2 274 2 802 2 189 856 522 1 819 403 4 451 5 358 3 209 611 2 761 963 1 900 240 2 421 2 139 392 4 669 929 1 899 4 1 1 8 027 649 601 767 229 Hispanic 6 1 672 4 3 82 6 227 48 10 – – 18 4 – 6 559 7 12 7 3 2 4 2 6 19 12 – 14 5 10 4 1 17 123 11 4 10 19 24 14 14 4 – 4 2 327 2 – – 12 3 6 1 Non-Hispanic 7 97 626 531 382 622 1 476 3 793 1 313 2 661 155 5 856 1 028 13 878 9 764 2 263 2 779 2 176 846 520 1 795 396 4 441 5 333 3 177 610 2 747 955 1 889 230 2 378 2 108 262 4 525 919 1 878 3 1 1 8 858 623 564 455 223 Not reported 8 69 044 446 359 371 756 2 474 1 424 793 238 11 380 400 – 575 5 935 1 591 889 5 882 650 441 790 253 7 799 1 539 2 094 494 2 443 939 2 528 149 847 987 224 2 947 381 3 536 1 721 1 262 707 1 980 72 594 2 375 271 4 561 294 916 153 784 280 1 084 425

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
1Detail

493 830 3 1 3 8 18 949 674 050 059 699

8 325 8 814 1 091 348 4 654 6 064 92 4 604 41 713 11 118 16 18 6 4 6 1 21 18 18 4 16 4 13 1 6 8 1 24 5 15 19 8 7 29 160 552 495 422 346 767 948 052 247 458 287 905 698 077 917 921 981 982 227 277 135 627 543 276 983 748 529 629 813 511 348 961 187 567 379 621

11 083 3 003 9 270 688 3 649 5 1 17 3 9 13 5 5 18 795 365 366 917 842 387 716 235 529 682 534 114 600 273 817 644 272 896 745 242 746

11 038 2 980 9 248 674 3 608 5 661 855 16 831 3 904 9 777 12 5 5 17 822 650 169 796 661 519 954 574 625 803 613 261 863 670 206 708

3 9 6 26 2 8 2 7 2 17 2

2 6 5 18 1 4 2 4 1 12 1

2 5 5 16 1 4 2 4 1 12 1

620 1 040 758 3 979 400 2 788 536 1 507 542 4 053 450

620 1 023 755 3 608 398 2 766 536 1 493 516 4 038 446

by ethnicity do not add to total by sex due to item nonresponse.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

CHARACTERISTICS 21

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Table 20.

Elected Officials of County Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992
Total elected officials Members of governing boards Female 3 12 525 11 524 341 206 205 1 46 17 391 Total 4 17 274 15 974 867 219 217 2 66 34 114 Male 5 15 300 14 195 761 199 198 1 57 30 58 Female 6 1 929 1 779 106 20 19 1 9 4 11 Members of other elected boards Total 7 10 835 7 855 297 33 32 1 38 2 2 610 Male 8 6 828 6 573 187 26 25 1 17 2 23 Female 9 1 424 1 282 110 7 7 – 21 – 4 Other elected officials Total 10 30 709 27 978 543 654 649 5 43 44 1 447 Male 11 21 435 19 515 418 475 470 5 27 31 969 Female 12 9 172 8 463 125 179 179 – 16 13 376

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Total 1

Male 2 43 563 40 283 1 366 700 693 7 101 63 1 050

United States White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

58 818 51 807 1 707 906 898 8 147 80 4 171

Northeast Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

5 367 4 298 33 1 1 – – – 1 035

3 330 2 586 21 1 1 – – – 722

2 017 1 712 12 – – – – – 293

1 476 1 428 21 1 1 – – – 26

1 259 1 223 17 1 1 – – – 18

212 205 4 – – – – – 3

17 10 7 – – – – – –

9 7 2 – – – – – –

8 3 5 – – – – – –

3 874 2 860 5 – – – – – 1 009

2 062 1 356 2 – – – – – 704

1 797 1 504 3 – – – – – 290

Midwest Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

24 000 21 184 146 38 37 1 18 3 2 611

16 811 16 634 102 24 23 1 15 2 34

4 617 4 550 44 14 14 – 3 1 5

7 103 6 963 93 12 12 – 9 2 24

6 227 6 133 69 10 10 – 8 2 5

858 830 24 2 2 – 1 – 1

7 878 5 361 13 3 3 – – – 2 501

4 697 4 679 11 2 2 – – – 5

685 682 2 1 1 – – – –

9 019 8 860 40 23 22 1 9 1 86

5 887 5 822 22 12 11 1 7 – 24

3 074 3 038 18 11 11 – 2 1 4

South Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

23 091 20 714 1 456 552 547 5 45 11 313

18 769 16 968 1 183 448 444 4 31 8 131

4 189 3 746 273 104 103 1 14 3 49

7 112 6 176 740 122 120 2 16 4 54

6 521 5 694 666 112 111 1 15 4 30

574 482 74 10 9 1 1 – 7

2 404 1 999 275 23 22 1 6 2 99

1 764 1 554 173 20 19 1 3 2 12

553 445 102 3 3 – 3 – –

13 575 12 539 441 407 405 2 23 5 160

10 484 9 720 344 316 314 2 13 2 89

3 062 2 819 97 91 91 – 10 3 42

West Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

6 360 5 611 72 315 313 2 84 66 212

4 653 4 095 60 227 225 2 55 53 163

1 702 1 516 12 88 88 – 29 13 44

1 583 1 407 13 84 84 – 41 28 10

1 293 1 145 9 76 76 – 34 24 5

285 262 4 8 8 – 7 4 –

536 485 2 7 7 – 32 – 10

358 333 1 4 4 – 14 – 6

178 152 1 3 3 – 18 – 4

4 241 3 719 57 224 222 2 11 38 192

3 002 2 617 50 147 145 2 7 29 152

1 239 1 102 7 77 77 – 4 9 40

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

CHARACTERISTICS 23

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Table 21.

Elected Officials of Municipal Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992
Total elected officials Members of governing boards Female 3 26 825 24 712 1 111 363 347 16 247 24 368 Total 4 107 542 90 4 1 1 346 048 499 454 45 615 78 10 956 Male 5 78 363 72 3 1 1 985 096 195 161 34 444 60 583 Female 6 18 954 17 361 952 304 293 11 171 18 148 Members of other elected boards Total 7 4 157 3 187 111 27 24 3 79 3 750 Male 8 2 372 2 022 52 18 16 2 39 2 239 Female 9 1 428 1 165 59 9 8 1 40 1 154 Other elected officials Total 10 23 832 19 701 352 175 168 7 82 16 3 506 Male 11 14 073 13 515 252 125 122 3 46 11 124 Female 12 6 443 6 186 100 50 46 4 36 5 66

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Total 1

Male 2 94 808 88 3 1 1 522 400 338 299 39 529 73 946

United States White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

135 531 113 4 1 1 234 511 701 646 55 776 97 15 212

Northeast Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

18 800 16 718 279 70 65 5 1 3 1 729

13 343 12 988 188 55 52 3 – 3 109

3 857 3 730 91 15 13 2 1 – 20

13 648 12 364 228 53 49 4 1 1 1 001

10 498 10 211 161 44 41 3 – 1 81

2 245 2 153 67 9 8 1 1 – 15

958 805 26 10 9 1 – 1 116

523 501 11 5 5 – – 1 5

326 304 15 5 4 1 – – 2

4 194 3 549 25 7 7 – – 1 612

2 322 2 276 16 6 6 – – 1 23

1 286 1 273 9 1 1 – – – 3

Midwest Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

60 013 52 258 770 257 234 23 76 14 6 638

41 960 40 744 550 199 184 15 48 9 410

11 965 11 514 220 58 50 8 28 5 140

47 323 41 498 621 213 195 18 59 11 4 921

34 712 33 736 458 169 157 12 37 7 305

8 072 7 762 163 44 38 6 22 4 77

2 128 1 806 48 3 3 – 2 1 268

1 198 1 130 24 1 1 – 2 – 41

725 676 24 2 2 – – 1 22

10 562 8 954 101 41 36 5 15 2 1 449

6 050 5 878 68 29 26 3 9 2 64

3 168 3 076 33 12 10 2 6 – 41

South Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

41 827 32 266 3 310 650 628 22 103 12 5 486

29 449 25 945 2 552 512 496 16 73 10 357

7 420 6 321 758 138 132 6 30 2 171

34 210 26 427 3 074 608 588 20 83 10 4 008

24 671 21 597 2 384 482 466 16 65 8 135

5 696 4 830 690 126 122 4 18 2 30

677 310 31 – – – – – 336

427 219 15 – – – – – 193

237 91 16 – – – – – 130

6 940 5 529 205 42 40 2 20 2 1 142

4 351 4 129 153 30 30 – 8 2 29

1 487 1 400 52 12 10 2 12 – 11

West Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

14 891 11 992 152 724 719 5 596 68 1 359

10 056 8 845 110 572 567 5 408 51 70

3 583 3 147 42 152 152 – 188 17 37

12 361 10 057 125 625 622 3 472 56 1 026

8 482 7 441 93 500 497 3 342 44 62

2 941 2 616 32 125 125 – 130 12 26

394 266 6 14 12 2 77 1 30

224 172 2 12 10 2 37 1 –

140 94 4 2 2 – 40 – –

2 136 1 669 21 85 85 – 47 11 303

1 350 1 232 15 60 60 – 29 6 8

502 437 6 25 25 – 18 5 11

24

CHARACTERISTICS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 22 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 22.

Elected Officials of Town or Township Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992
Total elected officials Members of governing boards Female 3 27 702 27 294 121 56 55 1 37 5 189 Total 4 51 770 39 169 149 106 104 2 40 6 12 300 Male 5 35 205 34 630 112 87 86 1 26 5 345 Female 6 4 665 4 539 37 19 18 1 14 1 55 Members of other elected boards Total 7 25 930 22 653 127 47 46 1 15 5 3 083 Male 8 16 127 15 946 77 38 37 1 9 3 54 Female 9 6 797 6 707 50 9 9 – 6 2 23 Other elected officials Total 10 49 258 40 644 87 63 60 3 31 5 8 428 Male 11 24 881 24 596 53 35 32 3 14 3 180 Female 12 16 240 16 048 34 28 28 – 17 2 111

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Total 1

Male 2 76 213 75 172 242 160 155 5 49 11 579

United States White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

126 958 102 466 363 216 210 6 86 16 23 811

Northeast Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

63 413 51 909 170 77 72 5 25 12 11 220

35 543 35 060 111 57 53 4 14 8 293

17 064 16 849 59 20 19 1 11 4 121

25 856 17 385 94 36 34 2 5 5 8 331

14 786 14 551 69 29 28 1 5 4 128

2 902 2 834 25 7 6 1 – 1 35

16 158 14 947 54 21 21 – 10 4 1 122

9 501 9 409 28 15 15 – 4 2 43

5 599 5 538 26 6 6 – 6 2 21

21 399 19 577 22 20 17 3 10 3 1 767

11 256 11 100 14 13 10 3 5 2 122

8 563 8 477 8 7 7 – 5 1 65

Midwest Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

63 545 50 557 193 139 138 1 61 4 12 591

40 670 40 112 131 103 102 1 35 3 286

10 638 10 445 62 36 36 – 26 1 68

25 914 21 784 55 70 70 – 35 1 3 969

20 419 20 079 43 58 58 – 21 1 217

1 763 1 705 12 12 12 – 14 – 20

9 772 7 706 73 26 25 1 5 1 1 961

6 626 6 537 49 23 22 1 5 1 11

1 198 1 169 24 3 3 – – – 2

27 859 21 067 65 43 43 – 21 2 6 661

13 625 13 496 39 22 22 – 9 1 58

7 677 7 571 26 21 21 – 12 1 46

South Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

West Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – –

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

CHARACTERISTICS 25

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 23 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 23.

School District Board Members and Other Elected Officials by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992
Total elected officials Members of district boards Female 3 24 730 21 080 2 320 979 975 4 175 69 107 Total 4 83 596 69 2 1 1 931 142 717 703 15 558 131 9 117 Male 5 52 918 49 1 1 1 621 364 257 247 11 388 86 202 Female 6 21 869 20 310 778 460 456 4 170 45 106 Other elected officials Total 7 4 838 1 511 2 066 749 749 – 6 53 453 Male 8 1 525 741 524 230 230 – 1 29 – Female 9 2 861 770 1 542 519 519 – 5 24 1 Exhibit: Nonelected members of district boards Total 10 3 321 2 535 324 48 42 6 14 5 395 Male 11 2 074 1 809 217 29 25 4 7 3 9 Female 12 865 726 107 19 17 2 7 2 4

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Total 1

Male 2 54 443 50 1 1 1 362 888 487 479 11 389 115 202

United States White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

88 434 71 4 2 2 442 208 466 452 15 564 184 9 570

Northeast Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

17 681 14 805 308 76 72 4 9 21 2 462

9 811 9 446 169 52 50 2 2 15 127

5 607 5 359 139 24 22 2 7 6 72

17 303 14 575 313 80 75 5 9 21 2 350

9 674 9 309 169 52 50 2 2 15 127

5 478 5 230 139 24 22 2 7 6 72

378 266 – – – – – – 112

137 137 – – – – – – –

129 129 – – – – – – –

638 542 16 5 4 1 1 2 72

384 373 7 1 – 1 – 1 2

187 169 9 4 4 – 1 1 3

Midwest Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

39 329 31 741 2 557 927 927 – 131 70 3 903

23 876 22 573 798 362 362 – 81 40 22

11 580 9 168 1 759 565 565 – 50 30 8

35 149 30 741 503 179 179 – 125 17 3 584

22 715 22 185 284 133 133 – 80 11 22

8 880 8 556 219 46 46 – 45 6 8

4 180 1 000 2 054 748 748 – 6 53 319

1 161 388 514 229 229 – 1 29 –

2 700 612 1 540 519 519 – 5 24 –

1 067 909 31 8 7 1 8 1 110

662 635 19 4 3 1 3 1 –

295 274 12 4 4 – 5 – –

South Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

17 086 13 452 1 159 690 682 8 190 11 1 584

12 588 11 031 822 551 545 6 167 8 9

2 925 2 421 337 139 137 2 23 3 2

16 819 13 220 1 147 689 681 8 190 11 1 562

12 369 10 823 812 550 544 6 167 8 9

2 898 2 397 335 139 137 2 23 3 1

267 232 12 1 1 – – – 22

219 208 10 1 1 – – – –

27 24 2 – – – – – 1

1 397 944 276 27 23 4 – 1 149

929 712 191 19 17 2 – 1 6

325 232 85 8 6 2 – – –

West Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

14 338 11 444 184 773 771 2 234 82 1 621

8 168 7 312 99 522 520 2 139 52 44

4 618 4 132 85 251 251 – 95 30 25

14 325 11 431 184 773 771 2 234 82 1 621

8 160 7 304 99 522 520 2 139 52 44

4 613 4 127 85 251 251 – 95 30 25

13 13 – – – – – – –

8 8 – – – – – – –

5 5 – – – – – – –

219 140 1 8 8 – 5 1 64

99 89 – 5 5 – 4 – 1

58 51 1 3 3 – 1 1 1

26

CHARACTERISTICS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 24 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 24.

Elected Officials of Special District Governments by Selected Characteristics and Region: 1992
Total elected officials Members of district boards Female 3 8 749 8 284 139 68 63 5 54 26 178 Total 4 82 630 60 357 650 559 545 14 223 136 20 705 Male 5 54 679 52 392 512 496 484 12 172 110 997 Female 6 8 402 7 965 138 63 61 2 51 26 159 Other elected officials Total 7 1 459 841 2 11 7 4 4 1 600 Male 8 549 522 1 6 5 1 1 1 18 Female 9 347 319 1 5 2 3 3 – 19 Exhibit: Nonelected members of district boards Total 10 74 913 53 281 2 670 685 653 32 429 94 17 754 Male 11 47 288 43 670 1 797 485 461 24 269 78 989 Female 12 11 271 9 611 873 200 192 8 160 16 411

[Detail may not add to totals due to nonresponse. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text.]

Geographic area

Total 1

Male 2 55 228 52 914 513 502 489 13 173 111 1 015

United States White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

84 089 61 198 652 570 552 18 227 137 21 305

Northeast Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

11 274 8 437 29 42 42 – 16 6 2 744

7 401 7 077 24 34 34 – 10 5 251

1 431 1 360 5 8 8 – 6 1 51

10 282 7 807 29 37 37 – 15 5 2 389

7 041 6 735 24 31 31 – 10 4 237

1 123 1 072 5 6 6 – 5 1 34

992 630 – 5 5 – 1 1 355

360 342 – 3 3 – – 1 14

308 288 – 2 2 – 1 – 17

15 350 11 307 200 55 44 11 12 3 3 773

10 313 9 919 141 38 30 8 4 3 208

1 534 1 388 59 17 14 3 8 – 62

Midwest Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

28 260 21 083 130 31 27 4 31 9 6 976

18 376 18 116 90 25 25 – 23 5 117

3 037 2 967 40 6 2 4 8 4 12

28 254 21 080 130 28 27 1 31 9 6 976

18 374 18 114 90 25 25 – 23 5 117

3 033 2 966 40 3 2 1 8 4 12

6 3 – 3 – 3 – – –

2 2 – – – – – – –

4 1 – 3 – 3 – – –

25 047 19 194 408 71 64 7 108 4 5 262

15 499 14 944 266 49 45 4 68 3 169

4 584 4 250 142 22 19 3 40 1 129

South Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

15 875 10 164 299 198 191 7 96 3 5 115

9 858 9 166 239 180 173 7 86 2 185

1 110 998 60 18 18 – 10 1 23

15 557 10 076 299 197 191 6 96 3 4 886

9 773 9 085 239 179 173 6 86 2 182

1 103 991 60 18 18 – 10 1 23

318 88 – 1 – 1 – – 229

85 81 – 1 – 1 – – 3

7 7 – – – – – – –

22 191 14 411 1 838 305 295 10 124 7 5 506

13 878 12 136 1 230 206 197 9 77 6 223

3 121 2 275 608 99 98 1 47 1 91

West Region White, not Hispanic Black, not Hispanic Hispanic White Black American Indian/ Alaskan Native Asian/ Pacific Islander Not reported

28 680 21 514 194 299 292 7 84 119 6 470

19 593 18 555 160 263 257 6 54 99 462

3 171 2 959 34 36 35 1 30 20 92

28 537 21 394 192 297 290 7 81 119 6 454

19 491 18 458 159 261 255 6 53 99 461

3 143 2 936 33 36 35 1 28 20 90

143 120 2 2 2 – 3 – 16

102 97 1 2 2 – 1 – 1

28 23 1 – – – 2 – 2

12 325 8 369 224 254 250 4 185 80 3 213

7 598 6 671 160 192 189 3 120 66 389

2 032 1 698 64 62 61 1 65 14 129

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

CHARACTERISTICS 27

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 25 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 14 422 129 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 5 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 4 1 1 4 1 2 3 2 2 2 2 3 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 10 1 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 3 2 4 1 1 1 3 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 3 2 2 3 1 1 2 – – – – – – Special district 7 31 555 487 6 21 8 3 7 7 5 9 5 4 5 7 3 6 3 5 10 6 2 7 5 10 6 6 14 5 6 11 5 7 8 4 4 4 11 8 17 14 7 8 5 3 4 4 11 4 11 12 14 5 13 8 6 8 5 4 3 9 14 4 9 8 14 9 4 3 4 14 – – 3 1 – Town or township 11 126 958 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – School district 12 88 434 422 6 5 5 6 6 5 5 12 6 6 8 6 6 6 6 7 5 5 6 5 6 8 6 5 6 8 7 7 7 5 6 5 5 6 7 11 5 6 6 5 7 6 4 6 10 5 6 6 5 5 8 8 5 6 7 8 7 6 6 5 5 6 7 6 6 6 11 – – – – – – Special district 13 84 089 65 – 19 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 – – – 5 – – – – – – – 9 3 – – – – 2 – – 5 – – – – – – – – – 4 – 6 – – – – – – – 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 United States Alabama Autauga Baldwin Barbour Bibb Blount Bullock Butler Calhoun Chambers Cherokee Chilton Choctaw Clarke Clay Cleburne Coffee Colbert Conecuh Coosa Covington Crenshaw Cullman Dale Dallas De Kalb Elmore Escambia Etowah Fayette Franklin Geneva Greene Hale Henry Houston Jackson Jefferson Lamar Lauderdale Lawrence Lee Limestone Lowndes Macon Madison Marengo Marion Marshall Mobile Monroe Montgomery Morgan Perry Pickens Pike Randolph Russell St. Clair Shelby Sumter Talladega Tallapoosa Tuscaloosa Walker Washington Wilcox Winston Alaska Aleutians East Borough Aleutians West Census Area2 Anchorage City and Borough2 Bethel Census Area2 Bristol Bay Borough 248 709 691 4 040 587 34 98 25 16 39 11 21 116 36 19 32 16 27 13 12 40 51 14 11 36 13 67 49 48 54 49 35 99 17 27 23 10 15 15 81 47 651 15 79 31 87 54 12 24 238 23 29 70 378 23 209 100 12 20 27 19 46 50 99 16 74 38 150 67 16 13 22 222 280 417 576 248 042 892 034 876 543 458 018 240 252 730 240 666 054 063 478 635 613 633 130 651 210 518 840 962 814 647 153 498 374 331 796 525 715 661 513 146 135 658 928 912 084 830 832 643 968 085 043 759 699 595 881 860 009 358 174 107 826 522 670 694 568 053

Subcounty Town or township 5 16 656 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Total 2 84 955 1 121 11 34 16 8 21 11 10 23 13 11 11 16 11 10 9 13 21 11 6 25 13 23 20 11 33 13 15 27 11 15 19 10 10 10 25 23 60 22 17 15 12 11 12 10 20 16 22 24 27 12 16 19 10 18 12 11 8 23 26 13 22 18 21 24 9 10 12 174 4 6 4 20 1

County 3 3 043 67 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 – 1 – – 1

Municipal 4 19 279 438 3 11 5 3 11 2 3 8 5 5 4 7 5 2 4 4 6 3 2 13 6 10 10 2 16 5 6 12 4 5 8 4 4 4 11 12 32 6 7 5 3 5 6 4 6 8 8 7 11 5 1 7 2 8 4 4 2 11 10 7 9 7 4 11 3 5 5 148 4 5 1 19 –

Total 8 493 830 3 949 36 104 50 33 91 28 33 73 47 46 43 59 47 26 38 52 52 38 28 90 53 80 73 29 129 47 54 90 42 54 69 42 39 40 85 96 230 52 64 45 39 48 53 38 65 63 71 75 86 50 34 61 29 63 43 43 34 84 86 59 82 60 42 86 33 47 48 1 674 34 48 19 158 11

County 9 58 818 768 10 13 15 9 10 11 10 12 11 8 11 11 10 8 9 21 14 10 10 10 10 7 9 8 27 7 11 11 12 10 9 13 10 10 9 10 11 10 10 10 11 12 13 8 13 10 16 25 9 14 10 11 12 9 11 11 16 10 12 13 25 11 9 10 9 12 9 312 – 17 – – 11

Municipal 10 135 531 2 694 20 67 30 18 75 12 18 49 30 32 24 42 31 12 23 24 33 17 12 75 37 60 58 16 96 32 36 72 23 30 51 24 24 24 69 73 214 36 43 30 21 30 36 24 42 48 49 44 68 31 10 42 12 48 25 24 11 68 62 41 52 43 26 70 18 29 28 1 362 34 31 19 158 –

550 043 9 478 2 464 226 338 13 656 1 410

See footnotes at end of table.

28

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 26 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Alaska Con. 2 077 4 012 77 720 2 117 26 751 40 802 13 828 13 309 1 668 39 683 8 288 5 979 6 113 6 278 8 588 4 385 5 913 9 952 5 791 7 042 8 478 3 665 228 61 97 96 40 26 8 13 2 122 93 77 666 116 29 107 106 591 624 591 216 554 008 844 101 497 658 880 379 676 714 895 2 8 4 2 3 7 3 8 5 4 17 9 12 7 1 6 2 4 12 5 18 590 22 50 25 26 19 10 18 137 43 40 41 62 12 53 32 1 446 20 19 22 32 21 8 7 12 17 15 21 13 8 17 21 48 26 36 17 11 24 9 20 14 10 25 11 22 18 13 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 – – – – – – – – 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 75 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

Denali Borough Dillingham Census Area2 Fairbanks-North Star Borough Haines Borough Juneau City and Borough2 Kenai Peninsula Borough Ketchikan-Gateway Borough Kodiak Island Borough Lake and Peninsula Borough Matanuska-Susitna Borough Nome Census Area2 North Slope Borough Northwest Arctic Borough Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Census Area2 Sitka City and Borough2 Skagway-Yakutat-Angoon Census Area2 Southeast Fairbanks Census Area2 Valdez-Cordova Census Area2 Wade Hampton Census Area2 Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area2 Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area2 Arizona Apache Cochise Coconino Gila Graham Greenlee La Paz Maricopa Mohave Navajo Pima Pinal Santa Cruz Yavapai Yuma Arkansas Arkansas Ashley Baxter Benton Boone Bradley Calhoun Carroll Chicot Clark Clay Cleburne Cleveland Columbia Conway Craighead Crawford Crittenden Cross Dallas Desha Drew Faulkner Franklin Fulton Garland Grant Greene Hempstead Hot Spring

1 7 2 1 1 6 2 6 4 3 16 7 10 6 1 6 2 3 12 5 18 86 3 7 4 5 3 2 2 24 4 6 4 8 2 8 4 489 6 7 7 17 11 3 4 6 3 7 12 5 2 5 4 10 8 11 4 3 6 5 9 6 3 3 5 5 10 5

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 228 11 24 8 8 8 5 6 56 16 12 16 19 6 23 10 321 4 4 4 7 6 2 1 3 3 3 3 5 3 6 3 8 5 5 3 3 5 2 6 5 3 7 3 5 4 5

– 1 1 – 2 – – 1 – – 1 1 1 1 – – – 1 – – – 261 7 18 12 12 7 2 9 56 22 21 20 34 3 21 17 561 9 7 10 7 3 2 1 2 10 4 5 2 2 5 13 29 12 19 9 4 12 1 4 2 3 14 2 11 3 2

18 61 32 21 16 104 30 66 53 128 149 74 128 57 12 65 14 38 96 83 159 3 050 107 227 131 132 96 49 83 804 191 211 231 316 62 247 163 8 059 120 114 115 216 152 65 63 98 76 90 146 89 53 116 88 162 143 161 74 59 118 73 125 95 64 103 83 107 116 94

11 – 18 14 – 62 15 13 14 107 – 14 16 – – – – – – – – 433 14 24 21 22 13 15 16 121 23 25 48 30 15 27 19 1 796 23 32 19 22 33 23 25 31 24 18 21 17 17 35 26 21 35 19 18 15 21 18 18 19 27 34 24 22 19 23

7 61 14 7 16 42 15 53 39 21 149 60 112 57 12 65 14 38 96 83 159 589 19 47 27 34 19 12 15 171 29 42 26 56 12 52 28 4 027 50 57 58 149 83 25 31 48 31 52 95 44 16 41 32 87 68 95 37 26 52 40 70 47 19 28 39 41 73 42

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 004 44 95 37 37 34 17 25 264 58 60 76 88 26 93 50 1 810 24 22 25 42 33 14 5 16 18 17 18 25 17 32 22 51 30 26 16 15 26 12 34 26 15 36 17 31 21 26

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 024 30 61 46 39 30 5 27 248 81 84 81 142 9 75 66 426 23 3 13 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 12 3 3 8 8 3 10 21 3 3 19 3 3 3 3 5 3 13 3 3

2 350 725 21 24 31 97 28 11 5 18 15 21 18 19 7 25 19 68 42 49 19 9 16 17 60 14 10 73 13 31 21 26 653 319 186 499 297 793 826 654 713 437 107 411 781 691 151 956 493 939 225 614 798 369 006 897 037 397 948 804 621 115

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 29

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 27 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Arkansas Con. Howard Independence Izard Jackson Jefferson Johnson Lafayette Lawrence Lee Lincoln Little River Logan Lonoke Madison Marion Miller Mississippi Monroe Montgomery Nevada Newton Ouachita Perry Phillips Pike Poinsett Polk Pope Prairie Pulaski Randolph St. Francis Saline Scott Searcy Sebastian Sevier Sharp Stone Union Van Buren Washington White Woodruff Yell California Alameda Alpine Amador Butte Calaveras Colusa Contra Costa Del Norte El Dorado Fresno Glenn Humboldt Imperial Inyo Kern Kings Lake Lassen Los Angeles Madera Marin Mariposa Mendocino Merced Modoc Mono Monterey Napa Nevada Orange 13 31 11 18 85 18 9 17 13 13 13 20 39 11 12 38 57 11 7 10 7 30 7 28 10 24 17 45 9 349 16 28 64 10 7 99 13 14 9 46 14 113 54 9 17 569 192 364 944 487 221 643 457 053 690 966 557 268 618 001 467 525 333 841 101 666 574 969 838 086 664 347 883 518 660 558 497 183 205 841 590 637 109 775 719 008 409 676 520 759 12 23 17 31 40 13 14 39 16 14 16 18 28 8 11 19 38 13 10 14 9 16 15 22 12 23 16 22 12 88 16 17 24 6 10 23 11 14 8 20 11 29 39 14 18 4 392 81 6 32 68 45 49 107 23 76 167 48 102 49 37 159 66 44 38 337 35 80 7 73 91 44 27 100 25 44 138 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 57 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

4 8 8 11 6 5 4 14 6 3 5 9 10 3 5 3 16 5 4 7 2 7 7 6 5 8 6 6 5 8 6 8 6 1 4 11 5 6 2 8 3 13 16 5 7 460 14 – 5 5 1 2 18 1 2 15 2 7 7 1 11 4 2 1 86 2 11 – 4 6 1 1 12 4 2 29

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

4 7 4 4 6 4 3 6 1 3 3 4 5 3 3 4 6 3 3 3 4 4 3 5 4 5 5 5 3 3 4 3 5 1 4 6 3 5 3 9 5 9 9 3 6 1 078 21 1 1 16 4 4 19 1 16 40 10 35 17 7 49 14 7 11 94 8 20 1 13 22 3 2 27 6 10 31

3 7 4 15 27 3 6 18 8 7 7 4 12 1 2 11 15 4 2 3 2 4 4 10 2 9 4 10 3 76 5 5 12 3 1 5 2 2 2 2 2 6 13 5 4 2 797 45 4 25 46 39 42 69 20 57 111 35 59 24 28 98 47 34 25 156 24 48 5 55 62 39 23 60 14 31 77

83 142 108 136 137 89 80 162 77 71 88 121 158 67 76 83 212 86 65 87 56 115 86 146 73 151 110 124 83 131 100 121 142 36 76 156 80 93 61 146 68 201 202 89 107 18 699 363 49 142 247 173 167 459 80 327 630 160 429 237 141 681 268 180 161 1 764 133 373 44 283 399 129 135 433 118 200 704

24 34 20 21 38 23 22 21 24 22 27 19 27 21 18 20 37 29 17 20 20 26 19 28 15 34 23 32 16 30 33 31 45 19 20 24 23 17 26 24 16 32 21 23 16 2 013 11 25 15 27 15 19 42 15 24 53 17 20 22 17 42 25 21 13 435 22 29 15 25 24 24 20 30 25 25 115

36 65 64 86 48 40 33 102 45 24 40 75 96 28 40 28 126 37 29 49 13 56 49 65 34 86 45 50 42 77 44 67 61 9 31 93 39 47 16 70 22 116 125 46 57 2 910 99 – 35 30 7 14 110 6 14 93 13 40 48 6 70 20 13 6 530 12 63 – 27 43 7 5 69 22 12 167

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

20 40 21 20 36 23 17 31 5 17 15 22 32 15 15 26 43 17 16 15 20 25 15 36 21 28 30 28 22 21 20 20 26 5 22 34 15 27 16 49 27 50 47 17 31 5 396 111 5 7 82 20 20 95 5 74 195 46 170 87 33 229 72 33 55 488 44 92 5 76 116 15 10 131 36 48 169

3 3 3 9 15 3 8 8 3 8 6 5 3 3 3 9 6 3 3 3 3 8 3 17 3 3 12 14 3 3 3 3 10 3 3 5 3 2 3 3 3 3 9 3 3 8 380 142 19 85 108 131 114 212 54 215 289 84 199 80 85 340 151 113 87 311 55 189 24 155 216 83 100 203 35 115 253

29 760 021 1 279 1 30 182 31 16 803 23 125 667 24 119 109 18 543 101 50 27 8 863 88 230 14 80 178 9 9 355 110 78 2 410 182 113 039 120 998 275 732 460 995 490 798 118 303 281 477 469 631 598 164 090 096 302 345 403 678 956 660 765 510 556

See footnotes at end of table.

30

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 28 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 California Placer Plumas Riverside Sacramento San Benito San San San San San Bernardino Diego Francisco2 Joaquin Luis Obispo Con. 172 796 19 739 1 170 413 1 041 219 36 697 1 418 380 2 498 016 723 959 480 628 217 162 649 369 1 497 229 147 3 43 340 388 370 64 49 13 311 48 623 608 577 734 036 318 531 421 222 522 415 625 063 921 456 72 47 143 118 24 156 177 8 128 60 86 81 85 48 74 16 86 63 105 116 44 53 32 163 38 76 50 45 1 760 62 15 137 12 29 14 57 13 17 12 27 14 10 9 31 25 9 81 40 17 80 21 32 7 32 22 5 16 7 100 13 28 11 40 49 23 16 25 49 4 11 32 25 28 29 9 18 17 18 29 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 62 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

6 1 23 4 2 24 18 1 7 7 20 6 15 4 2 1 9 7 8 9 2 3 – 8 1 10 4 2 266 7 2 10 1 6 1 10 3 2 4 5 2 4 2 6 1 2 3 7 3 8 7 6 2 6 5 1 2 1 8 3 6 1 3 6 6 4 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 2 3 2 5

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

20 2 27 17 11 37 48 2 18 14 24 25 37 12 29 1 30 7 42 30 12 18 11 50 12 21 5 6 180 7 2 7 1 5 2 2 2 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 15 3 3 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 5 2 3 3 6 3 5 3 1 1 3 2 4 6 2 2 2 1 4

45 43 92 96 10 94 110 5 102 38 41 49 32 31 42 13 46 48 54 76 29 31 20 104 24 44 40 36 1 252 47 10 119 9 17 10 44 7 12 6 18 9 4 5 23 23 5 76 31 8 56 10 22 3 23 15 2 11 4 90 7 16 7 33 39 10 8 13 40 1 7 25 18 18 16 4 13 11 14 19

291 179 537 466 108 698 812 81 520 214 384 354 375 220 296 65 345 208 460 491 175 215 129 642 156 323 188 158 8 325 312 62 670 63 119 48 285 72 68 74 93 65 60 48 112 118 43 399 182 95 376 140 138 43 171 109 25 77 32 494 57 122 59 169 232 120 75 125 197 27 45 110 96 138 131 40 87 80 91 125

19 19 13 63 14 69 140 – 44 22 12 36 8 15 25 13 16 20 34 28 22 23 21 28 24 40 19 14 528 9 9 8 9 8 8 9 8 9 9 7 7 7 9 9 – 8 9 9 9 11 8 9 8 9 8 8 7 8 9 9 8 8 9 9 9 10 9 9 8 8 8 8 9 8 8 9 8 8 8

40 7 143 28 14 147 109 67 44 40 119 36 101 26 12 7 58 48 45 56 14 21 – 44 6 60 24 13 1 973 57 15 78 12 44 9 81 23 14 30 35 14 34 14 40 17 15 23 51 21 59 62 42 15 42 33 7 18 7 65 21 41 9 19 43 46 30 42 35 9 14 22 26 35 47 12 16 21 12 35

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

98 10 139 92 51 187 241 14 95 72 120 120 194 68 144 7 131 41 202 152 58 88 49 235 54 106 30 29 998 36 12 39 5 26 11 12 14 10 5 16 11 7 5 5 7 7 7 7 25 77 17 15 5 13 7 5 12 7 5 12 27 12 18 19 37 15 27 15 5 7 17 12 24 30 10 12 14 5 23

134 143 242 283 29 295 322 – 337 80 133 162 72 111 115 38 140 99 179 255 81 83 59 335 72 117 115 102 4 826 210 26 545 37 41 20 183 27 35 30 35 33 12 20 58 94 13 360 115 40 229 53 72 15 107 61 5 40 10 415 15 46 30 123 161 28 20 47 138 5 16 63 50 70 46 10 50 37 66 59

San Mateo Santa Barbara Santa Clara Santa Cruz Shasta Sierra Siskiyou Solano Sonoma Stanislaus Sutter Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba Colorado Adams Alamosa Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Boulder Chaffee Cheyenne Clear Creek Conejos Costilla Crowley Custer Delta Denver2 Dolores Douglas Eagle Elbert El Paso Fremont Garfield Gilpin Grand Gunnison Hinsdale Huerfano Jackson Jefferson Kiowa Kit Carson Lake La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Mineral Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Otero Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers

669 016 141 092 58 228 3 294 394 265 13 391 5 4 5 225 12 2 7 7 3 3 1 20 467 1 60 21 9 397 32 29 3 7 038 617 511 345 556 048 339 684 397 619 453 190 946 926 980 610 504 391 928 646 014 273 974 070 966

10 273 467 6 009 1 605 438 430 1 7 6 32 186 13 4 17 93 11 18 24 21 20 2 7 4 12 13 688 140 007 284 136 765 529 567 145 558 357 672 423 939 185 295 174 189 661 347

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 31

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 29 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Colorado Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt Saguache San Juan San Miguel Sedgwick Summit Teller Washington Weld Yuma Connecticut Fairfield2 Hartford2 Litchfield2 Middlesex2 New Haven2 New London2 Tolland2 Windham2 Delaware Kent New Castle Sussex District of Columbia Washington, DC2 Florida Alachua Baker Bay Bradford Brevard Broward Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia Dade De Soto Dixie Duval2 Escambia Flagler Franklin Gadsden Gilchrist Glades Gulf Hamilton Hardee Hendry Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Holmes Indian River Jackson Jefferson Lafayette Lake Lee Leon Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin Monroe Nassau Con. 123 5 10 14 4 3 2 12 12 051 972 770 088 619 745 653 690 881 468 27 22 16 29 16 3 18 18 31 18 16 95 24 563 123 80 67 51 85 74 34 49 275 94 43 138 2 2 1 013 16 7 17 7 33 64 4 8 6 10 18 8 35 7 5 9 10 10 11 10 8 6 6 7 7 22 10 12 18 10 18 19 4 4 21 38 9 12 3 8 27 14 12 12 9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – – – – – – – – – 3 1 1 1 – – 66 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

3 2 2 4 5 1 4 3 6 3 2 26 3 29 6 3 3 2 9 5 – 1 57 19 13 25 1 1 390 9 2 8 4 15 28 2 1 2 4 2 2 26 1 2 5 2 4 2 6 3 1 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 5 5 11 1 1 14 3 1 7 1 3 6 5 4 3 3

– – – – – – – – – – – – – 149 18 26 25 14 19 19 13 15 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

2 3 3 3 3 1 2 2 1 2 5 13 2 17 1 1 5 3 3 1 2 1 19 5 6 8 – – 95 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1

21 16 10 21 7 – 11 12 23 12 8 55 18 368 98 50 34 32 54 49 19 32 196 69 23 104 1 1 462 4 3 6 1 15 33 – 5 2 4 14 3 6 4 1 2 5 4 7 2 3 3 2 2 2 18 6 6 12 3 11 5 1 1 4 32 5 3 – 2 18 6 6 6 4

125 96 71 134 83 23 76 71 173 94 82 470 108 8 814 1 643 1 257 1 346 840 1 240 1 100 622 766 1 091 328 248 515 348 348 4 654 73 32 68 40 127 274 29 35 34 52 65 32 200 32 33 62 44 52 40 58 46 36 33 38 41 70 36 57 72 47 80 92 30 30 95 166 28 67 26 38 102 49 52 42 49

9 9 8 9 9 8 9 8 9 9 8 10 8 – – – – – – – – – 36 14 13 9 – – 842 15 11 14 10 10 11 12 14 10 19 7 11 36 12 11 – 12 10 11 11 11 12 12 11 10 10 12 11 12 12 12 13 10 13 10 10 12 12 12 11 21 10 9 10 12

24 14 12 28 34 10 27 21 45 19 14 192 21 707 220 82 45 38 236 79 – 7 406 109 134 163 348 348 2 238 48 10 40 24 84 158 11 5 12 20 13 10 145 6 12 50 16 23 10 36 18 7 10 16 20 11 8 19 19 29 26 60 9 6 76 19 5 39 8 16 40 28 22 16 19

– – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 971 858 970 1 038 554 733 746 502 570 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

10 17 15 17 15 5 10 12 7 10 25 70 14 152 8 8 40 27 31 9 20 9 98 20 33 45 – – 396 5 6 6 6 5 7 6 5 6 6 5 6 7 6 5 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 6 5 6 6 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 5 6 6 6 6

82 56 36 80 25 – 30 30 112 56 35 198 65 1 984 557 197 223 221 240 266 100 180 551 185 68 298 – – 1 178 5 5 8 – 28 98 – 11 6 7 40 5 12 8 5 5 10 13 13 5 11 11 5 5 5 43 10 21 34 – 37 13 5 5 3 132 5 10 – 5 36 5 15 10 12

4 812 131 821 8 954 3 287 116 827 851 174 143 804 645 783 092 196 219

254 957 128 699 102 525 666 168 110 993 441 946 113 229 606 900 606 900 12 937 926 181 18 126 22 398 1 255 11 110 93 105 152 42 1 937 23 10 672 262 28 8 41 9 7 11 10 19 25 101 68 834 15 90 41 11 5 152 335 192 25 5 16 211 194 100 78 43 596 486 994 515 978 488 011 975 515 986 099 613 094 865 585 971 798 701 967 105 667 591 504 930 499 773 115 432 054 778 208 375 296 578 104 113 493 923 569 569 707 833 900 024 941

See footnotes at end of table.

32

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 30 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Florida Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam St. Johns St. Lucie Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole Sumter Suwannee Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Walton Washington Georgia Appling Atkinson Bacon Baker Baldwin Banks Barrow Bartow Ben Hill Berrien Bibb Bleckley Brantley Brooks Bryan Bulloch Burke Butts Calhoun Camden Candler Carroll Catoosa Charlton Chatham Chattahoochee Chattooga Cherokee Clarke2 Clay Clayton Clinch Cobb Coffee Colquitt Columbia Cook Coweta Crawford Crisp Dade Dawson Decatur De Kalb Dodge Dooly Dougherty Douglas Early Echols Effingham Elbert Emanuel Evans Fannin Con. 143 29 677 107 863 281 851 405 65 83 150 81 277 287 31 26 17 10 370 14 27 16 776 627 491 728 518 131 659 382 070 829 171 608 776 529 577 780 111 252 712 202 760 919 24 6 31 6 79 13 42 31 12 14 15 15 18 13 8 8 4 7 30 5 11 10 1 297 7 7 5 4 7 4 10 13 6 7 8 5 5 7 4 9 10 8 9 9 7 18 9 6 15 3 10 10 5 5 13 7 18 9 13 6 7 14 4 6 4 4 8 18 8 11 8 6 7 3 6 7 11 9 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 157 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

9 1 13 2 37 6 24 17 5 3 3 3 3 7 5 2 1 3 14 2 3 5 536 2 2 1 1 1 2 6 7 1 4 2 1 2 2 2 4 6 3 4 3 2 7 2 2 8 1 4 5 2 2 6 3 6 4 7 2 4 7 1 2 1 1 4 8 4 6 1 1 3 – 3 2 7 4 4

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 183 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

12 3 15 2 39 4 15 11 4 9 9 10 13 3 1 4 1 2 13 1 6 3 421 3 3 2 1 4 – 2 3 3 1 4 2 1 3 – 3 2 3 3 4 3 8 5 2 5 – 3 3 2 1 5 2 9 3 4 2 1 5 1 2 1 1 2 7 2 3 5 3 2 1 1 3 2 3 2

106 33 112 31 329 61 225 124 49 75 58 78 91 58 50 35 21 38 114 33 59 70 6 064 36 34 25 22 27 25 59 56 33 37 40 20 28 30 27 48 50 33 41 35 24 72 30 29 86 17 39 49 24 27 60 30 61 43 60 31 41 53 18 26 18 17 39 70 34 53 34 21 33 14 34 36 59 42 39

10 11 11 10 14 11 66 10 10 14 10 14 10 11 11 10 10 10 19 12 10 11 1 551 12 9 12 11 10 8 12 8 10 6 9 7 10 11 10 10 9 10 10 12 11 13 9 11 15 8 6 9 – 10 8 10 10 11 12 10 10 10 11 10 6 6 11 12 8 10 11 8 11 8 9 11 10 12 10

58 6 73 10 204 31 132 91 28 17 17 21 17 37 28 14 5 17 75 10 20 48 3 232 13 12 6 5 7 11 34 35 10 23 23 7 12 11 11 24 35 18 23 17 12 37 12 13 57 4 27 32 24 16 35 15 41 27 41 10 25 36 6 10 6 5 22 49 21 38 7 8 17 – 19 12 41 24 23

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

6 5 7 6 7 6 8 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 5 6 6 6 984 6 5 7 6 5 6 9 13 8 8 8 6 6 8 6 8 6 5 8 6 1 12 1 5 9 5 6 8 – 1 12 5 7 5 7 6 6 7 1 6 6 6 6 7 5 5 7 5 5 6 6 6 8 6 6

32 11 21 5 104 13 19 17 5 38 26 38 59 5 5 5 – 5 15 5 23 5 297 5 8 – – 5 – 4 – 5 – – – – – – 6 – – – – – 10 8 – 5 – – – – – 5 – 3 – – 5 – – – – – – – 2 – – 9 – – – – 7 – – –

6 478 216 15 6 9 3 39 10 29 55 16 14 149 10 11 15 15 43 20 15 5 30 7 71 42 8 216 16 22 90 87 3 182 6 447 29 36 66 13 53 8 20 13 9 25 545 17 9 96 71 11 2 25 18 20 8 15 744 213 566 615 530 308 721 911 245 153 967 430 077 398 438 125 579 326 013 167 744 422 464 496 935 934 242 204 594 364 052 160 745 592 645 031 456 853 991 011 147 429 511 837 607 901 311 120 854 334 687 949 546 724 992

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 33

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 31 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Georgia Fayette Floyd Forsyth Franklin Fulton Gilmer Glascock Glynn Gordon Grady Greene Gwinnett Habersham Hall Hancock Haralson Harris Hart Heard Henry Houston Irwin Jackson Jasper Jeff Davis Jefferson Jenkins Johnson Jones Lamar Lanier Laurens Lee Liberty Lincoln Long Lowndes Lumpkin McDuffie McIntosh Macon Madison Marion Meriwether Miller Mitchell Monroe Montgomery Morgan Murray Muscogee2 Newton Oconee Oglethorpe Paulding Peach Pickens Pierce Pike Polk Pulaski Putnam Quitman Rabun Randolph Richmond Rockdale Schley Screven Seminole Spalding Stephens Stewart Sumter Talbot Con. 62 81 44 16 648 13 2 62 35 20 11 352 27 95 8 21 17 19 8 58 89 8 30 8 12 17 8 8 20 13 5 39 16 52 7 6 75 14 20 8 13 21 5 22 6 20 17 7 12 26 179 41 17 9 41 21 14 13 10 33 8 14 2 11 8 189 54 3 13 9 54 23 5 30 6 415 251 083 650 951 368 357 496 072 279 793 910 621 428 908 966 788 712 628 741 208 649 005 453 032 408 247 329 739 038 531 988 250 745 442 202 981 573 119 634 114 050 590 411 280 275 113 163 883 147 278 808 618 763 611 189 432 328 224 815 108 137 209 648 023 719 091 588 842 010 457 257 654 228 524 7 9 4 10 29 7 6 5 9 6 10 21 13 14 6 12 7 6 8 10 13 5 22 7 6 10 6 8 3 7 4 11 5 11 5 3 12 4 8 3 9 10 5 13 5 10 5 9 8 8 5 11 6 6 7 8 8 6 7 10 5 5 3 9 9 10 8 5 10 4 8 8 6 12 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

5 2 1 5 10 2 3 1 5 2 5 12 7 6 1 4 4 2 4 4 3 1 8 2 2 6 1 3 1 3 1 7 2 7 1 1 5 1 2 1 4 6 1 7 1 4 2 6 4 2 2 5 4 4 3 2 3 2 5 3 1 1 1 5 3 3 1 1 5 2 3 3 3 5 4

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

– 4 1 3 16 3 1 2 1 2 3 6 4 5 3 5 1 2 2 4 8 2 10 3 2 2 3 3 – 2 1 1 1 2 2 – 4 1 4 – 3 2 2 4 2 3 1 1 2 4 2 4 – – 2 4 3 2 – 5 2 2 – 2 4 5 5 2 3 – 3 3 1 4 2

42 43 21 44 139 26 30 29 49 28 46 83 51 61 19 40 44 22 34 43 44 18 89 24 28 49 24 36 23 35 22 58 30 57 27 22 70 20 31 21 39 49 20 50 21 51 26 54 36 26 29 52 38 41 32 28 36 30 45 38 19 24 15 45 29 51 30 30 51 29 38 35 40 59 34

11 11 9 11 12 9 9 14 11 10 10 8 7 11 8 8 11 10 5 10 10 11 8 11 11 10 13 11 11 10 10 9 11 12 12 11 10 7 8 10 9 12 8 9 10 9 11 9 10 7 – 11 10 12 7 10 12 10 10 11 6 10 10 10 9 13 8 9 12 11 10 10 10 11 8

25 15 6 27 82 11 15 5 25 12 30 65 38 35 5 21 26 12 23 27 19 6 46 12 9 33 6 14 6 15 7 43 14 38 6 6 29 7 11 5 25 31 6 36 5 27 14 39 21 11 24 33 22 24 17 13 18 14 29 18 5 8 4 29 19 24 7 6 32 12 13 17 24 36 25

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

6 12 6 6 16 6 6 10 13 6 6 10 6 5 6 11 7 – 6 6 8 1 5 1 8 6 5 6 6 5 5 6 5 7 6 5 15 6 7 6 5 6 6 5 6 15 1 6 5 8 – 5 6 5 8 1 6 6 6 9 8 6 1 6 1 9 7 6 7 6 10 8 6 7 1

– 5 – – 29 – – – – – – – – 10 – – – – – – 7 – 30 – – – – 5 – 5 – – – – 3 – 16 – 5 – – – – – – – – – – – 5 3 – – – 4 – – – – – – – – – 5 8 9 – – 5 – – 5 –

See footnotes at end of table.

34

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 32 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Georgia Taliaferro Tattnall Taylor Telfair Terrell Thomas Tift Toombs Towns Treutlen Troup Turner Twiggs Union Upson Walker Walton Ware Warren Washington Wayne Webster Wheeler White Whitfield Wilcox Wilkes Wilkinson Worth Hawaii3 Hawaii Honolulu2 Kauai Maui Idaho Ada Adams Bannock Bear Lake Benewah Bingham Blaine Boise Bonner Bonneville Boundary Butte Camas Canyon Caribou Cassia Clark Clearwater Custer Elmore Franklin Fremont Gem Gooding Idaho Jefferson Jerome Kootenai Latah Lemhi Lewis Lincoln Madison Minidoka Nez Perce Oneida Owyhee Payette Power Shoshone Con. 1 17 7 11 10 38 34 24 6 5 55 8 9 11 26 58 38 35 6 19 22 2 4 13 72 7 10 10 19 915 722 642 000 653 986 998 072 754 994 536 703 806 993 300 340 586 471 078 112 356 263 903 006 462 008 597 228 745 5 10 6 11 7 12 9 9 7 5 11 6 3 6 7 12 15 5 7 12 7 4 7 6 10 8 8 9 8 20 7 4 3 6 1 086 43 16 27 23 20 34 23 15 37 29 21 11 6 55 20 39 7 34 18 20 25 26 16 26 41 28 15 56 40 12 19 18 16 18 24 11 29 22 19 33 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 – 1 1 44 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 5 2 6 4 7 3 3 2 1 3 3 1 1 3 5 7 1 3 7 3 2 2 2 4 4 3 7 4 1 – 1 – – 199 5 2 7 5 4 6 4 4 9 6 2 3 1 8 3 5 2 4 4 2 6 8 1 4 7 7 3 14 9 2 5 3 2 5 4 1 3 3 2 7

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 – – – – – 115 3 2 2 1 2 5 1 3 1 3 1 1 1 8 3 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 1 4 2 3 2 5 5 2 3 3 2 1 4 1 4 3 3 4

1 3 2 3 1 2 4 3 3 2 4 1 – 3 2 4 5 2 2 3 2 – 3 2 3 2 3 – 2 16 6 3 2 5 728 34 11 17 16 13 22 17 7 26 19 17 6 3 38 13 32 3 28 11 14 16 16 13 17 31 17 9 36 25 7 10 11 11 11 15 8 21 15 13 21

18 47 27 55 37 70 43 39 25 27 37 36 24 28 35 46 62 30 31 53 36 22 28 26 47 46 32 59 37 92 29 22 15 26 4 604 163 75 112 80 73 142 86 81 160 127 81 56 34 195 90 146 36 143 86 87 103 128 72 109 158 113 59 249 171 93 83 80 68 87 109 44 126 67 76 162

7 12 9 10 11 13 12 9 7 10 10 11 10 6 10 7 11 10 9 9 11 11 7 9 10 11 10 11 10 29 11 – 9 9 482 9 9 9 8 9 9 8 9 9 9 46 10 9 9 15 9 8 14 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 9 44 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9

10 28 13 37 25 43 17 17 13 6 20 19 8 6 17 29 39 6 19 43 19 10 13 11 22 29 16 42 21 11 – 11 – – 1 055 27 10 38 27 22 32 22 19 47 33 10 15 5 44 15 27 10 22 21 10 30 43 7 21 39 35 12 74 47 12 25 16 12 25 22 5 15 17 12 41

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 7 5 8 1 14 7 13 – 6 7 6 6 6 8 5 7 8 – 1 6 1 8 6 10 6 6 6 6 – – – – – 576 17 10 10 5 12 25 5 13 5 13 5 5 5 40 16 5 5 5 10 15 10 5 6 21 10 17 10 24 27 10 15 15 10 5 18 5 20 15 15 19

– – – – – – 7 – 5 5 – – – 10 – 5 5 6 3 – – – – – 5 – – – – 52 18 11 6 17 2 491 110 46 55 40 30 76 51 40 99 72 20 26 15 102 44 105 13 102 46 53 54 71 50 58 100 52 29 142 88 27 34 40 37 48 60 25 82 26 40 93

1 108 099 120 836 51 100 317 231 177 374

1 006 749 205 3 66 6 7 37 13 3 26 72 775 254 026 084 937 583 552 509 622 207

8 332 2 918 727 90 076 6 963 19 532 762 8 505 4 133 21 205 9 10 11 11 13 16 15 69 30 6 3 3 23 19 33 3 8 16 7 13 232 937 844 633 783 543 138 795 617 899 516 308 674 361 754 492 392 434 086 931

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 35

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 33 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Idaho Teton Twin Falls Valley Washington Illinois Adams Alexander Bond Boone Brown Bureau Calhoun Carroll Cass Champaign Christian Clark Clay Clinton Coles Cook Crawford Cumberland De Kalb De Witt Douglas Du Page Edgar Edwards Effingham Fayette Ford Franklin Fulton Gallatin Greene Grundy Hamilton Hancock Hardin Henderson Henry Iroquois Jackson Jasper Jefferson Jersey Jo Daviess Johnson Kane Kankakee Kendall Knox Lake La Salle Lawrence Lee Livingston Logan McDonough McHenry McLean Macon Macoupin Madison Marion Marshall Mason Massac Menard Mercer Monroe Montgomery Morgan Moultrie Con. 3 53 6 8 439 580 109 550 13 36 17 28 6 722 68 17 28 29 22 114 15 48 36 175 108 34 29 66 82 532 39 28 82 54 74 172 68 18 47 52 55 50 124 30 38 58 29 69 8 31 93 151 55 27 52 27 53 21 101 95 35 72 182 128 36 67 97 68 53 102 133 87 75 143 60 41 53 14 19 48 26 77 27 43 1 1 1 1 102 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

3 8 3 3 1 282 14 4 7 3 4 23 5 7 5 23 13 4 6 13 6 121 6 4 12 7 8 29 8 4 10 7 9 14 20 7 9 12 5 15 3 8 15 21 11 7 9 6 10 7 21 17 6 14 44 23 6 12 14 11 10 24 21 12 26 27 14 8 8 3 5 10 6 20 10 6

– – – – 1 433 23 – 9 9 9 25 – 12 11 30 17 15 12 15 12 29 10 8 19 13 9 9 15 – 15 20 12 12 26 10 13 17 12 25 – 11 24 26 16 11 16 11 23 – 16 17 9 21 18 37 9 22 30 17 19 17 31 17 26 24 17 12 13 – – 15 – 19 – 8

1 9 2 3 985 6 2 2 2 1 22 2 5 3 17 8 3 3 12 4 152 4 2 10 3 5 44 5 1 5 4 4 12 13 1 3 12 1 8 1 2 9 11 8 1 18 1 6 6 11 13 6 6 48 32 2 7 15 9 5 21 10 9 9 15 15 5 4 2 3 3 3 5 5 3

8 18 11 21 2 920 24 10 9 14 7 43 7 23 16 104 69 11 7 25 59 229 18 13 40 30 51 89 39 12 16 20 29 11 64 11 12 16 10 20 3 9 44 92 19 7 8 8 13 7 52 47 13 30 71 35 18 25 37 30 18 39 70 48 13 76 13 15 27 8 10 19 16 32 11 25

69 136 76 113 41 713 420 58 155 135 134 662 78 286 189 745 509 201 174 348 324 7 798 200 158 480 255 320 1 005 317 75 256 287 290 344 543 163 201 346 155 431 38 194 515 554 328 164 352 163 341 113 577 488 213 406 1 125 751 168 368 581 358 340 613 660 437 550 706 377 231 258 60 85 285 107 455 149 188

18 7 9 8 2 398 41 11 11 18 14 34 9 24 16 39 45 14 23 22 20 28 17 12 34 19 14 35 17 11 17 20 18 16 34 12 14 25 13 27 10 25 31 39 21 18 22 21 30 9 35 37 26 33 32 38 14 35 44 21 32 33 29 31 37 43 29 19 17 9 10 16 9 28 10 15

15 42 15 17 11 456 128 30 51 29 33 189 38 59 51 199 114 46 45 119 43 1 388 53 30 127 59 81 312 60 40 75 69 80 109 177 60 73 85 39 122 21 63 120 172 97 63 79 48 79 57 197 143 53 121 401 173 53 106 129 94 98 200 176 94 235 238 112 68 69 32 42 85 60 160 99 45

– – – – 10 811 168 – 67 58 67 191 – 107 73 238 143 107 77 115 86 261 70 59 162 108 74 71 112 – 111 142 110 99 185 67 85 125 77 175 – 81 192 193 116 71 120 76 172 – 133 129 72 151 136 274 64 158 221 123 128 133 268 145 194 208 126 87 96 – – 110 – 154 – 60

5 43 10 15 10 990 42 14 14 14 7 148 14 35 21 119 56 21 21 76 28 5 199 28 14 70 21 35 308 35 7 35 28 28 84 87 7 21 84 7 56 7 14 63 77 56 7 126 7 42 42 76 91 42 42 334 220 14 41 105 63 35 147 70 63 63 105 105 35 28 14 21 21 21 35 35 21

31 44 42 73 6 058 41 3 12 16 13 100 17 61 28 150 151 13 8 16 147 922 32 43 87 48 116 279 93 17 18 28 54 36 60 17 8 27 19 51 – 11 109 73 38 5 5 11 18 5 136 88 20 59 222 46 23 28 82 57 47 100 117 104 21 112 5 22 48 5 12 53 17 78 5 47

11 430 602 66 10 14 30 5 35 5 16 13 173 34 15 14 33 51 5 105 19 10 77 16 19 781 19 7 31 20 14 40 38 6 15 32 8 21 5 8 51 30 61 10 37 20 21 11 317 96 39 56 516 106 15 34 39 30 35 183 129 117 47 249 41 12 16 14 11 17 22 30 36 13 090 626 991 806 836 688 322 805 437 025 418 921 460 944 644 067 464 670 932 516 464 666 595 440 704 893 275 319 080 909 317 337 499 373 189 096 159 787 067 609 020 539 821 347 471 255 413 393 418 913 972 392 301 798 244 241 180 206 679 238 561 846 269 752 164 290 422 728 397 930

See footnotes at end of table.

36

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 34 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Illinois Con. Ogle Peoria Perry Piatt Pike Pope Pulaski Putnam Randolph Richland Rock Island St. Clair Saline Sangamon Schuyler Scott Shelby Stark Stephenson Tazewell Union Vermilion Wabash Warren Washington Wayne White Whiteside Will Williamson Winnebago Woodford Indiana Adams Allen Bartholomew Benton Blackford Boone Brown Carroll Cass Clark Clay Clinton Crawford Daviess Dearborn Decatur De Kalb Delaware Dubois Elkhart Fayette Floyd Fountain Franklin Fulton Gibson Grant Greene Hamilton Hancock Harrison Hendricks Henry Howard Huntington Jackson Jasper Jay Jefferson Jennings Johnson Knox Kosciusko Lagrange Lake 45 182 21 15 17 4 7 5 34 16 148 262 26 178 7 5 22 6 48 123 17 88 13 19 14 17 16 60 357 57 252 32 957 827 412 548 577 373 523 730 583 545 723 852 551 386 498 644 261 534 052 692 619 257 111 181 965 241 522 186 313 733 913 653 72 85 21 63 67 9 13 22 39 26 80 131 39 101 27 18 69 28 56 106 25 112 25 37 52 52 36 81 157 44 75 64 2 898 27 51 30 36 17 35 13 32 36 36 24 31 21 28 34 24 35 39 37 46 16 19 32 27 24 38 40 41 51 31 35 55 49 27 28 31 32 25 24 18 45 32 51 22 82 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 91 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

12 14 6 8 18 3 7 6 14 5 15 28 6 25 4 7 11 4 11 16 6 20 4 5 12 9 10 11 24 16 11 15 566 4 6 6 6 3 7 1 5 5 6 7 6 6 7 7 6 8 7 5 7 1 3 8 5 4 10 10 7 8 8 9 10 15 3 6 4 4 6 4 2 8 9 13 3 18

25 20 – 8 24 – – 4 – 9 18 22 13 26 13 – 24 8 18 19 – 19 – 15 16 20 10 22 24 – 14 17 1 008 12 20 12 11 4 12 4 14 14 12 11 14 9 10 14 9 15 12 12 16 9 5 11 13 8 10 13 15 9 9 12 12 13 11 12 12 13 12 10 11 9 10 17 11 11

12 17 6 5 7 1 2 1 7 3 10 28 5 13 1 2 9 4 6 20 8 15 2 5 7 8 3 11 30 6 12 9 294 3 4 2 1 1 3 1 2 3 3 1 4 1 3 3 2 3 7 4 7 1 1 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 3 6 5 5 1 4 2 1 2 1 6 3 4 3 16

22 33 8 41 17 4 3 10 17 8 36 52 14 36 8 8 24 11 20 50 10 57 18 11 16 14 12 36 78 21 37 22 939 7 20 9 17 8 12 6 10 13 14 4 6 4 7 9 6 8 12 15 15 4 9 9 7 9 14 12 13 27 9 10 26 15 7 8 10 12 5 7 3 21 9 16 4 36

472 502 103 317 414 53 99 108 203 142 450 751 223 589 143 110 386 175 356 560 146 563 85 246 306 319 199 450 888 218 404 393 11 118 102 186 113 102 63 127 47 118 127 135 103 137 87 109 143 96 156 157 120 167 73 63 118 116 83 136 168 149 145 124 136 168 181 113 108 111 111 109 94 87 151 131 171 95 294

33 36 10 19 16 16 10 13 20 14 34 43 21 38 11 10 33 14 32 33 17 40 10 23 21 21 15 35 37 10 42 39 1 776 18 40 18 19 19 20 19 20 21 23 17 18 15 18 18 20 19 21 18 20 19 19 18 31 20 18 19 20 24 21 33 18 19 20 18 19 18 18 16 19 18 19 18 18 20

113 133 43 74 151 26 65 45 123 37 135 262 42 203 35 66 83 44 91 146 49 181 29 48 107 79 82 97 206 141 91 134 3 174 19 39 32 29 20 39 4 24 32 36 32 35 26 33 40 30 43 47 26 51 9 21 38 21 19 53 68 36 49 44 35 51 73 23 32 23 25 33 26 14 52 45 67 14 141

183 160 – 81 172 – – 30 – 62 136 171 94 205 85 – 160 55 144 144 – 147 – 104 110 141 63 158 202 – 105 118 4 078 48 80 48 44 16 48 16 56 56 48 44 57 36 40 56 36 60 48 49 64 35 20 44 52 33 40 52 60 37 36 48 48 52 45 48 49 51 48 39 44 36 40 68 44 44

84 119 42 35 49 7 14 7 45 21 70 192 35 91 7 14 63 28 42 140 56 106 14 35 49 56 21 77 210 42 84 63 1 498 14 24 12 7 5 17 5 12 15 17 7 24 7 10 21 7 15 35 15 29 7 – 15 7 5 17 26 27 32 20 17 30 29 22 – 17 7 7 10 7 30 15 15 16 74

59 54 8 108 26 4 10 13 15 8 75 83 31 52 5 20 47 34 47 97 24 89 32 36 19 22 18 83 233 25 82 39 592 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 6 3 11 3 3 3 8 8 3 19 6 12 3 3 3 3 5 6 8 3 6 3 3 3 21 8 3 10 3 10 3 3 3 15 12 3 3 15

5 544 159 31 300 63 9 14 38 14 18 38 87 24 30 9 27 38 23 35 119 36 156 26 64 17 19 18 31 74 30 108 45 29 75 48 80 35 37 24 21 29 23 88 39 65 29 475 095 836 657 441 067 147 080 809 413 777 705 974 914 533 835 645 324 659 616 198 015 404 808 580 840 913 169 410 936 527 890 717 139 827 427 730 960 512 797 661 109 884 294 477 594

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 37

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 35 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Indiana La Porte Lawrence Madison Marion2 Marshall Martin Miami Monroe Montgomery Morgan Newton Noble Ohio Orange Owen Parke Perry Pike Porter Posey Pulaski Putnam Randolph Ripley Rush St. Joseph Scott Shelby Spencer Starke Steuben Sullivan Switzerland Tippecanoe Tipton Union Vanderburgh Vermillion Vigo Wabash Warren Warrick Washington Wayne Wells White Whitley Iowa Adair Adams Allamakee Appanoose Audubon Benton Black Hawk Boone Bremer Buchanan Buena Vista Butler Calhoun Carroll Cass Cedar Cerro Gordo Cherokee Chickasaw Clarke Clay Clayton Clinton Crawford Dallas Davis Decatur Delaware Des Moines Dickinson Con. 107 42 130 797 42 10 36 108 34 55 13 37 5 18 17 15 19 12 128 25 12 30 27 24 18 247 20 40 19 22 27 18 7 130 16 6 165 16 106 35 8 44 23 71 25 23 27 066 836 669 159 182 369 897 978 436 920 551 877 315 409 281 410 107 509 932 968 643 315 148 616 129 052 991 307 490 747 446 993 738 598 119 976 058 773 107 069 176 920 717 951 948 265 651 53 26 49 58 34 18 31 30 38 38 25 38 9 27 20 32 24 22 51 31 24 39 36 33 21 44 16 28 25 23 32 26 14 36 16 12 17 22 28 26 26 27 37 47 25 34 23 1 880 11 8 13 16 10 26 23 16 17 16 19 19 21 21 14 16 34 16 14 7 21 26 25 21 25 10 15 18 18 17 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 99 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

11 3 15 16 6 3 6 3 11 7 5 7 1 4 2 7 3 3 11 5 4 6 9 7 3 9 2 2 6 3 6 7 2 6 4 2 2 7 4 5 4 6 8 14 5 7 4 952 5 4 6 11 5 14 9 9 8 11 10 10 11 13 8 8 10 8 8 3 10 18 14 13 14 4 10 12 5 10

21 9 14 9 10 6 14 11 11 14 10 13 4 10 13 13 7 9 12 10 12 13 11 11 12 13 5 14 9 9 12 9 6 13 6 6 8 5 12 7 12 10 13 15 9 12 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

7 2 5 11 5 2 4 2 3 4 2 3 1 3 1 3 3 1 9 3 2 4 5 4 1 5 2 4 2 3 3 2 1 3 2 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 3 5 3 4 2 441 3 2 3 3 2 6 6 5 7 3 5 7 7 4 4 6 6 5 3 2 5 6 7 6 8 1 3 3 5 4

13 11 14 22 12 6 6 13 12 12 7 14 2 9 3 8 10 8 18 12 5 15 10 10 4 16 6 7 7 7 10 7 4 13 3 2 5 7 10 10 8 9 12 12 7 10 7 388 2 1 3 1 2 5 7 1 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 1 17 2 2 1 5 1 3 1 2 4 1 2 7 2

210 94 203 223 115 72 145 104 141 146 93 131 49 107 88 138 80 83 222 97 105 131 134 120 93 170 76 117 98 93 129 113 59 158 72 59 79 100 117 91 99 96 126 206 95 122 89 16 160 77 100 172 187 116 228 139 155 173 99 186 175 129 122 185 173 253 97 140 102 181 253 233 222 215 84 136 180 84 163

27 23 20 – 18 18 21 12 20 21 18 19 18 15 18 19 19 19 29 19 19 19 18 18 19 34 22 17 19 19 19 18 18 22 16 15 18 19 18 19 20 17 12 17 18 16 16 6 133 15 58 98 102 68 97 10 59 73 8 93 81 8 10 74 78 89 10 65 68 75 96 89 106 79 36 38 81 5 71

69 20 91 110 32 17 36 21 51 37 20 35 7 23 8 40 22 15 66 25 18 27 44 33 23 56 11 13 29 16 34 34 7 46 22 10 16 44 23 29 17 29 33 87 24 36 19 6 357 33 27 51 68 30 85 71 66 60 69 66 57 78 82 84 60 72 52 55 17 71 118 94 81 88 27 78 79 29 64

84 36 58 56 40 24 57 46 43 57 40 52 16 40 52 52 28 36 48 40 51 52 44 44 48 53 20 63 35 37 48 37 24 52 24 24 33 20 51 28 48 40 53 60 36 48 37 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

27 12 31 51 22 10 28 12 19 20 12 19 5 21 7 19 5 5 38 10 14 19 25 22 – 24 10 21 12 12 17 10 7 21 7 7 7 14 7 12 5 7 19 29 14 19 14 2 411 15 10 15 12 10 30 38 25 35 17 22 32 35 22 22 30 38 22 15 12 27 34 39 30 40 7 15 15 29 20

3 3 3 6 3 3 3 13 8 11 3 6 3 8 3 8 6 8 41 3 3 14 3 3 3 3 13 3 3 9 11 14 3 17 3 3 5 3 18 3 9 3 9 13 3 3 3 1 259 14 5 8 5 8 16 20 5 5 5 5 5 8 8 5 5 54 13 5 5 8 5 11 5 8 14 5 5 21 8

2 776 755 8 4 13 13 7 22 123 25 22 20 19 15 11 21 15 17 46 14 13 8 17 19 51 16 29 8 8 18 42 14 409 866 855 743 334 429 798 186 813 844 965 731 508 423 128 381 733 098 295 287 585 054 040 775 755 312 338 035 614 909

See footnotes at end of table.

38

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 36 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Iowa Dubuque Emmet Fayette Floyd Franklin Fremont Greene Grundy Guthrie Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Howard Humboldt Ida Iowa Jackson Jasper Jefferson Johnson Jones Keokuk Kossuth Lee Linn Louisa Lucas Lyon Madison Mahaska Marion Marshall Mills Mitchell Monona Monroe Montgomery Muscatine O’Brien Osceola Page Palo Alto Plymouth Pocahontas Polk Pottawattamie Poweshiek Ringgold Sac Scott Shelby Sioux Story Tama Taylor Union Van Buren Wapello Warren Washington Wayne Webster Winnebago Winneshiek Woodbury Worth Wright Kansas Allen Anderson Atchison Barber Barton Con. 86 11 21 17 11 8 10 12 10 16 12 19 14 19 9 10 8 14 19 34 16 96 19 11 18 38 168 11 9 11 12 21 30 38 13 10 10 8 12 39 15 7 16 10 23 9 327 82 19 5 12 150 13 29 74 17 7 12 7 35 36 19 7 40 12 20 98 7 14 403 569 843 058 364 226 045 029 935 071 638 094 730 226 809 756 365 630 950 795 310 119 444 624 591 687 767 592 070 952 483 522 001 276 202 928 034 114 076 907 444 267 870 669 388 525 140 628 033 420 324 979 230 903 252 419 114 750 676 687 033 612 067 342 122 847 276 991 269 26 15 21 17 33 20 14 17 16 16 18 33 28 20 9 17 10 21 24 24 9 17 17 23 21 17 40 25 10 15 14 14 16 21 23 13 24 6 12 23 18 8 18 20 18 15 55 31 13 16 17 32 18 22 25 23 15 16 14 16 28 14 13 29 24 14 29 11 16 3 891 48 39 35 43 45 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 105 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

21 6 13 7 8 8 7 9 9 9 8 12 10 11 5 12 5 7 13 13 6 11 9 16 12 8 17 9 5 8 8 9 9 13 7 8 10 3 6 8 9 5 11 9 11 8 17 14 8 10 9 16 11 13 14 12 9 8 8 7 13 8 8 13 7 8 15 7 8 627 9 7 5 7 9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 353 12 15 8 18 22

2 4 5 3 3 4 4 5 4 4 6 8 5 4 2 3 3 6 5 5 1 4 5 4 7 3 12 4 2 4 3 3 5 6 3 2 4 1 3 3 7 1 4 5 5 5 10 10 3 3 6 5 4 6 7 5 4 3 3 5 5 3 3 5 4 4 8 2 5 324 4 2 2 2 5

2 4 2 6 21 7 2 2 2 2 3 12 12 4 1 1 1 7 5 5 1 1 2 2 1 5 10 11 2 2 2 1 1 1 12 2 9 1 2 11 1 1 2 5 1 1 27 6 1 2 1 10 2 2 3 5 1 4 2 3 9 2 1 10 12 1 5 1 2 1 482 22 14 19 15 8

215 141 209 140 204 166 156 189 169 171 166 239 223 158 102 157 65 186 143 221 114 190 179 222 141 168 251 183 53 155 156 175 154 207 114 161 211 94 108 186 165 61 207 194 120 182 279 309 83 91 166 175 179 229 145 207 157 90 137 163 212 87 157 200 129 174 225 66 170 18 552 227 186 152 191 213

70 67 97 65 74 69 87 71 78 72 77 68 88 60 56 58 8 91 15 84 63 93 83 83 15 81 44 65 8 82 88 96 65 85 8 88 93 63 44 80 67 21 81 95 10 87 10 137 8 8 76 10 80 102 8 92 76 10 64 80 81 8 88 65 8 90 67 8 74 3 412 32 32 32 32 32

131 43 78 42 53 51 44 85 63 70 48 88 63 68 31 79 35 41 86 97 39 70 61 110 82 54 106 56 30 48 48 57 59 81 52 53 67 19 44 54 59 30 89 55 76 65 121 91 51 60 55 110 67 92 90 72 56 54 48 42 84 53 49 84 56 55 92 42 61 3 905 51 39 29 42 60

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 060 36 45 24 54 66

9 20 29 15 15 22 20 25 20 20 30 42 25 22 10 15 17 34 25 29 7 22 27 24 39 19 76 20 10 20 15 17 25 36 15 12 22 7 15 17 34 5 20 31 29 25 66 59 19 15 30 37 22 30 39 29 20 18 17 33 27 21 15 34 24 24 48 11 27 2 249 27 14 14 15 34

5 11 5 18 62 24 5 8 8 9 11 41 47 8 5 5 5 20 17 11 5 5 8 5 5 14 25 42 5 5 5 5 5 5 39 8 29 5 5 35 5 5 17 13 5 5 82 22 5 8 5 18 10 5 8 14 5 8 8 8 20 5 5 17 41 5 18 5 8 4 926 81 56 53 48 21

2 477 574 14 7 16 5 29 638 803 932 874 382

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 39

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 37 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Kansas Con. Bourbon Brown Butler Chase Chautauqua Cherokee Cheyenne Clark Clay Cloud Coffey Comanche Cowley Crawford Decatur Dickinson Doniphan Douglas Edwards Elk Ellis Ellsworth Finney Ford Franklin Geary Gove Graham Grant Gray Greeley Greenwood Hamilton Harper Harvey Haskell Hodgeman Jackson Jefferson Jewell Johnson Kearny Kingman Kiowa Labette Lane Leavenworth Lincoln Linn Logan Lyon McPherson Marion Marshall Meade Miami Mitchell Montgomery Morris Morton Nemaha Neosho Ness Norton Osage Osborne Ottawa Pawnee Phillips Pottawatomie Pratt Rawlins Reno Republic Rice 14 11 50 3 4 21 3 2 9 11 8 2 36 35 4 18 8 81 3 3 26 6 33 27 21 30 3 3 7 5 1 7 2 7 31 3 2 11 15 4 355 4 8 3 23 2 64 3 8 3 34 27 12 11 4 23 7 38 6 3 10 17 4 5 15 4 5 7 6 16 9 3 62 6 10 See footnotes at end of table. 966 128 580 021 407 374 243 418 158 023 404 313 915 568 021 958 134 798 787 327 004 586 070 463 994 453 231 543 159 396 774 847 388 124 028 886 177 525 905 251 054 027 292 660 693 375 371 653 254 081 732 268 888 705 247 466 203 816 198 480 446 035 033 947 248 867 634 555 590 128 702 404 389 482 610 41 44 69 25 41 37 17 13 66 52 41 16 59 38 44 76 42 35 22 31 32 32 18 32 47 26 21 22 6 21 7 40 10 33 40 13 17 49 70 49 53 18 37 13 46 18 38 34 36 19 39 54 70 74 25 36 62 63 36 11 54 54 24 26 60 45 48 32 45 58 23 21 70 52 43 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

6 10 13 5 6 8 2 3 8 6 6 3 7 10 4 9 8 4 4 5 4 5 2 4 8 3 5 3 1 5 2 7 2 7 7 2 2 9 8 7 20 2 7 3 8 1 6 4 6 3 9 8 12 9 3 4 7 9 7 3 8 7 5 5 9 5 5 4 8 11 7 3 14 8 9

11 10 29 9 10 14 7 3 18 18 14 3 25 9 25 24 9 9 10 10 9 19 7 14 16 8 9 13 – 7 – 15 3 6 15 3 9 14 12 25 9 7 23 – 16 8 10 19 11 11 11 25 24 25 9 13 20 12 10 – 20 12 10 5 16 23 20 21 25 23 7 10 31 – 20

3 2 10 1 2 4 2 2 1 3 3 1 6 5 2 5 6 3 2 2 3 2 3 4 4 1 3 2 1 4 1 3 1 2 5 2 2 3 6 3 7 2 2 3 5 2 6 2 3 2 3 5 5 4 2 3 2 6 1 2 3 3 4 3 5 1 2 2 3 4 3 2 7 3 4

20 21 16 9 22 10 5 4 38 24 17 8 20 13 12 37 18 18 5 13 15 5 5 9 18 13 3 3 3 4 3 14 3 17 12 5 3 22 43 13 16 6 4 6 16 6 15 8 15 2 15 15 28 35 10 15 32 35 17 5 22 31 4 12 29 15 20 4 8 19 5 5 17 40 9

165 201 356 138 198 217 91 88 241 222 208 85 296 210 175 298 217 171 104 153 152 144 114 150 222 145 115 108 56 121 67 195 70 167 185 82 95 225 295 199 319 108 168 89 228 101 220 154 182 102 237 241 293 290 123 169 238 309 150 76 220 242 133 124 259 176 192 151 193 258 133 108 312 225 226

32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 34 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 41 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 34 32 32 37 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 31 33 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 41 32 32 41

35 57 79 29 39 71 12 18 51 40 37 19 38 63 24 64 48 27 23 30 24 27 11 23 50 17 30 18 7 32 13 38 14 42 49 12 12 58 63 42 152 13 41 20 50 5 39 24 35 18 53 48 68 58 18 25 45 51 42 19 47 40 29 31 55 32 31 27 50 65 46 18 91 49 60

33 30 87 27 28 42 21 9 54 54 43 9 75 26 75 72 27 27 30 30 27 57 21 42 48 24 27 39 – 21 – 45 9 18 45 9 27 42 36 75 26 21 69 – 48 24 30 57 33 33 33 75 75 75 27 39 60 36 30 – 60 36 30 15 48 69 60 63 79 69 21 30 93 – 60

20 14 70 8 14 28 14 14 7 20 21 7 42 35 14 35 41 22 14 14 21 14 20 27 27 7 21 14 7 28 8 21 7 14 35 14 14 21 44 21 48 14 14 22 34 14 35 15 21 14 20 35 35 28 14 21 17 40 7 14 21 19 28 21 35 7 14 14 22 28 21 14 49 19 29

45 68 88 42 85 44 12 15 97 76 73 18 109 54 30 95 69 63 5 47 48 14 30 26 65 65 5 5 10 8 5 59 8 61 24 15 10 72 120 29 59 28 12 10 64 26 84 26 61 5 99 51 83 97 32 52 84 150 40 10 60 115 14 25 89 36 55 15 10 64 13 5 47 125 36

40

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 38 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Kansas Con. Riley Rooks Rush Russell Saline Scott Sedgwick Seward Shawnee Sheridan Sherman Smith Stafford Stanton Stevens Sumner Thomas Trego Wabaunsee Wallace Washington Wichita Wilson Woodson Wyandotte Kentucky Adair Allen Anderson Ballard Barren Bath Bell Boone Bourbon Boyd Boyle Bracken Breathitt Breckinridge Bullitt Butler Caldwell Calloway Campbell Carlisle Carroll Carter Casey Christian Clark Clay Clinton Crittenden Cumberland Daviess Edmonson Elliott Estill Fayette2 Fleming Floyd Franklin Fulton Gallatin Garrard Grant Graves Grayson Green Greenup Hancock Hardin Harlan Harrison Hart 67 6 3 7 49 5 403 18 160 3 6 5 5 2 5 25 8 3 6 1 7 2 10 4 161 139 039 842 835 301 289 662 743 976 043 926 078 365 333 048 841 258 694 603 821 073 758 289 116 993 39 47 26 36 41 10 93 13 49 21 20 47 48 7 8 70 30 13 39 12 71 6 59 26 19 1 320 8 7 9 10 10 10 10 19 10 18 12 12 7 9 17 11 7 12 34 8 11 8 7 9 6 7 5 6 6 8 7 8 8 4 9 16 9 10 8 7 11 17 9 6 24 6 13 16 7 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 119 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

5 6 8 8 6 1 19 2 5 2 2 6 6 2 2 11 5 2 7 2 10 1 7 3 3 435 1 1 1 5 4 3 2 3 3 2 3 3 1 3 8 3 2 2 15 2 5 2 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 5 1 2 3 1 4 3 3 1 8 2 5 7 2 3

14 12 12 12 18 4 27 3 12 14 13 25 21 – – 30 13 7 13 4 25 – 15 6 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

3 3 2 2 3 1 10 3 6 1 1 2 3 1 2 7 4 1 2 2 4 1 3 1 5 176 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 1

16 25 3 13 13 3 36 4 25 3 3 13 17 3 3 21 7 2 16 3 31 3 33 15 9 590 5 4 6 3 2 5 4 13 4 12 6 6 3 3 7 6 3 7 11 4 4 4 4 2 3 4 2 3 3 3 4 5 4 2 5 9 5 5 3 4 4 11 4 3 12 2 4 6 3 5

167 215 144 175 184 70 474 82 240 96 97 182 219 56 62 316 164 77 172 81 280 55 258 109 118 6 495 39 34 31 51 76 39 60 79 55 54 59 47 40 53 86 44 44 49 164 36 53 32 30 73 38 31 33 32 41 40 31 55 44 44 37 57 35 43 40 36 52 53 43 59 109 38 81 81 42 32

31 31 32 32 32 31 34 32 48 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 33 1 737 21 14 15 8 22 13 16 21 21 14 19 11 16 15 11 10 18 14 12 12 13 11 11 15 21 12 16 10 22 13 12 12 18 – 13 14 13 15 13 16 10 11 12 40 13 12 24 17 15 8

29 33 42 51 35 10 123 11 34 9 11 35 39 12 11 70 33 12 41 12 62 6 40 21 21 2 767 7 7 7 31 32 21 22 21 17 12 19 19 7 21 55 17 14 18 96 12 28 12 7 39 5 7 7 7 7 10 7 7 15 32 12 31 5 11 17 7 26 23 17 7 51 14 35 49 10 19

42 36 35 36 54 12 81 9 36 42 39 75 63 – – 90 39 21 39 12 73 – 45 18 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

21 21 14 14 21 7 70 20 33 8 7 14 22 7 14 50 27 7 14 15 28 7 21 7 34 877 5 5 5 5 15 5 15 10 10 15 10 9 10 10 5 5 5 10 35 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 4 5 5 5 10 10 5 5 10 10 5 5 14 5 15 10 5 5

44 94 21 42 42 10 166 10 89 5 8 26 63 5 5 74 33 5 46 10 85 10 120 31 27 1 114 6 8 4 7 7 – 7 27 7 13 11 8 7 7 15 12 7 7 21 7 7 4 7 14 7 7 5 10 7 7 7 31 7 7 7 7 7 7 5 8 6 9 9 7 31 7 7 5 12 –

3 685 296 15 14 14 7 34 9 31 57 19 51 25 7 15 16 47 11 13 30 83 5 9 24 14 68 29 21 9 9 6 87 10 6 14 225 12 43 43 8 5 11 15 33 21 10 36 7 89 36 16 14 360 628 571 902 001 692 506 589 236 150 641 766 703 312 567 245 232 735 866 238 292 340 211 941 496 746 135 196 784 189 357 455 614 366 292 586 781 271 393 579 737 550 050 371 742 864 240 574 248 890

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 41

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 39 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Kentucky Henderson Henry Hickman Hopkins Jackson Jefferson Jessamine Johnson Kenton Knott Knox Larue Laurel Lawrence Lee Leslie Letcher Lewis Lincoln Livingston Logan Lyon McCracken McCreary McLean Madison Magoffin Marion Marshall Martin Mason Meade Menifee Mercer Metcalfe Monroe Montgomery Morgan Muhlenberg Nelson Nicholas Ohio Oldham Owen Owsley Pendleton Perry Pike Powell Pulaski Robertson Rockcastle Rowan Russell Scott Shelby Simpson Spencer Taylor Todd Trigg Trimble Union Warren Washington Wayne Webster Whitley Wolfe Woodford Louisiana Acadia Allen Ascension Assumption Avoyelles Con. 43 12 5 46 11 664 30 23 142 17 29 11 43 13 7 13 27 13 20 9 24 6 62 15 9 57 13 16 27 12 16 24 5 19 8 11 19 11 31 29 6 21 33 9 5 12 30 72 11 49 2 14 20 14 23 24 15 6 21 10 10 6 16 76 10 17 13 33 6 19 044 823 566 126 955 937 508 248 031 906 676 679 438 998 422 642 000 029 045 062 416 624 879 603 628 508 077 499 205 526 666 170 092 148 963 401 561 648 318 710 725 105 263 035 036 036 283 583 686 489 124 803 353 716 867 824 145 801 146 940 361 090 557 673 441 468 955 326 503 955 8 15 6 18 7 126 9 10 36 11 10 8 9 9 6 7 8 7 10 11 12 9 14 11 10 13 6 11 10 9 10 8 5 10 6 9 14 6 14 11 7 11 26 8 5 10 8 10 8 13 5 8 8 6 7 11 9 8 7 9 7 8 10 11 8 6 13 10 7 9 458 9 7 5 4 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 61 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 5 2 9 2 95 2 2 21 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 3 2 3 4 4 2 2 – 4 2 1 4 3 2 3 3 1 2 1 3 3 1 6 4 1 6 7 3 1 2 2 3 2 5 1 3 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 3 1 2 4 5 3 1 6 2 1 2 301 7 5 3 1 9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 5 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 3 1 1 66 1 1 1 1 1

4 7 2 6 3 28 5 5 9 7 6 4 5 5 3 4 2 3 5 5 5 5 9 9 4 8 3 5 5 5 5 3 2 4 3 4 9 3 6 4 4 3 17 3 2 6 3 4 4 4 2 3 4 2 2 7 6 5 3 4 4 4 4 3 3 2 4 4 4 5 30 – – – 1 –

50 65 36 90 41 619 41 40 200 48 37 38 44 35 33 32 55 34 52 43 67 38 39 41 49 47 29 47 40 37 43 61 31 50 33 41 46 32 56 58 35 60 116 45 23 40 42 54 36 78 30 39 38 35 41 48 32 37 50 41 41 37 70 61 39 34 98 48 31 43 4 422 96 61 51 33 112

17 12 12 14 12 8 15 11 12 15 13 14 20 9 14 15 17 18 10 7 15 10 10 27 20 15 10 12 9 15 14 30 14 13 14 12 11 13 12 14 14 12 26 15 13 11 14 20 12 18 12 16 14 9 10 22 13 19 19 12 22 15 11 19 9 14 15 14 12 15 1 622 30 19 21 19 40

13 29 12 56 14 547 12 12 143 14 7 12 7 12 7 5 21 11 19 22 28 14 10 – 24 14 7 24 19 10 15 19 5 13 7 17 19 7 39 25 7 36 45 18 5 13 11 17 14 38 7 18 12 14 19 12 7 5 14 18 7 10 26 25 17 7 44 12 5 14 2 122 50 35 19 5 59

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

6 10 5 10 5 12 5 10 25 5 10 5 10 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 10 5 10 5 5 11 5 5 5 5 7 5 5 15 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 10 5 15 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 3 10 4 5 5 5 10 4 9 10 15 5 5 660 16 7 11 9 13

14 14 7 10 10 52 9 7 20 14 7 7 7 9 7 7 7 – 18 9 14 9 9 9 – 7 7 6 7 7 7 7 7 9 7 7 11 7 – 9 9 7 40 7 – 11 7 7 5 7 7 – 7 7 7 9 7 10 7 7 7 7 28 7 9 4 29 7 9 9 18 – – – – –

4 219 973 55 21 58 22 39 882 226 214 753 159

See footnotes at end of table.

42

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 40 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Louisiana Beauregard Bienville Bossier Caddo Calcasieu Caldwell Cameron Catahoula Claiborne Concordia De Soto East Baton Rouge2 East Carroll East Feliciana Evangeline Franklin Grant Iberia Iberville Jackson Jefferson Jefferson Davis Lafayette Lafourche La Salle Lincoln Livingston Madison Morehouse Natchitoches Orleans2 Ouachita Plaquemines Pointe Coupee Rapides Red River Richland Sabine St. Bernard St. Charles St. St. St. St. St. Helena James John the Baptist Landry Martin Con. 30 15 86 248 168 9 9 11 17 20 25 380 9 19 33 22 17 68 31 15 448 30 164 85 13 41 70 12 31 36 496 142 25 22 131 9 20 22 66 42 9 20 39 80 43 58 144 85 7 96 20 50 61 43 41 19 12 12 16 083 979 088 253 134 810 260 065 405 828 346 105 709 211 274 387 526 297 049 705 306 722 762 860 662 745 526 463 938 689 938 191 575 540 556 387 629 646 631 437 874 879 996 331 978 086 508 709 103 982 690 055 961 185 989 419 093 915 269 4 12 6 13 12 5 2 5 7 6 10 6 3 7 9 6 7 7 7 10 8 8 9 7 7 8 11 6 7 12 3 7 2 6 13 6 5 9 3 2 4 4 2 15 6 9 10 11 5 3 9 10 8 7 14 5 7 3 7 796 28 104 51 33 49 53 30 34 58 93 34 19 54 39 60 57 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 10 4 11 6 3 – 3 4 4 8 3 1 5 6 4 5 3 5 7 6 5 6 3 4 6 8 4 5 9 1 4 – 4 10 4 3 7 – – 2 2 – 12 4 5 8 8 3 1 7 6 6 4 11 3 5 1 5 22 2 2 3 – 1 4 1 – – 3 – 1 – 1 2 2

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 468 12 65 22 22 36 25 17 19 36 57 20 9 33 25 43 27

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 91 2 13 5 3 7 5 6 3 7 11 3 1 8 5 6 6

– – – – 4 – – – 1 – – 2 – – 1 – – 2 – 1 – 1 1 2 1 – 1 – – 1 1 – – – 1 – – – 1 – – – – 1 – 2 – 1 – 1 – 2 – – 1 – – – – 199 11 23 20 7 4 18 5 11 14 21 10 7 12 7 8 21

53 92 77 122 92 42 28 44 56 58 87 61 34 65 81 58 74 61 77 78 77 81 80 67 63 73 97 53 68 86 29 98 29 70 118 47 56 73 37 37 44 47 39 132 57 89 109 124 42 54 69 91 87 76 115 58 53 27 77 6 346 234 670 452 248 460 402 256 262 463 789 274 147 405 297 515 472

26 21 30 38 31 15 22 19 19 22 27 – 18 23 27 28 30 25 28 24 26 30 30 21 24 24 40 20 31 21 – 16 24 40 39 17 25 23 26 30 22 26 28 34 23 30 32 63 17 – 19 32 34 34 26 27 20 11 35 110 8 9 7 6 5 4 6 6 6 8 6 8 8 7 8 8

17 66 35 72 46 17 – 17 25 27 50 49 7 30 41 25 36 22 34 44 43 38 41 22 29 37 48 25 26 51 22 68 – 22 70 22 22 41 – – 16 14 – 85 25 35 62 52 18 39 41 51 40 27 77 22 26 6 31 292 33 18 48 – 17 47 5 – – 40 – 14 – 6 32 32

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 450 147 461 266 189 389 291 188 204 309 530 191 94 261 207 424 299

10 5 12 12 15 10 6 8 12 9 10 12 9 12 13 5 8 14 15 10 8 13 9 15 10 12 9 8 11 14 7 14 5 8 9 8 9 9 11 7 6 7 11 13 9 15 15 9 7 15 9 8 13 15 12 9 7 10 11 872 24 117 37 27 41 32 48 10 114 133 27 14 106 51 31 60

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 622 22 65 94 26 8 28 9 42 34 78 50 17 30 26 20 73

St. Mary St. Tammany Tangipahoa Tensas Terrebonne2 Union Vermilion Vernon Washington Webster West Baton Rouge West Carroll West Feliciana Winn Maine Androscoggin Aroostook Cumberland Franklin Hancock Kennebec Knox Lincoln Oxford Penobscot Piscataquis Sagadahoc Somerset Waldo Washington York

1 227 928 105 86 243 29 46 115 36 30 52 146 18 33 49 33 35 164 259 936 135 008 948 904 310 357 602 601 653 535 767 018 308 587

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 43

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 41 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 84 4 6 6 1 8 9 3 6 12 – 4 7 – 18 585 1 4 10 2 6 3 3 3 5 2 17 4 11 5 5 4 6 4 6 1 7 4 9 5 22 2 6 5 6 8 9 16 13 10 4 Special district 7 223 13 33 1 2 65 1 2 2 29 3 2 2 1 4 8 4 2 1 8 3 3 14 18 2 396 27 19 31 4 43 31 23 15 58 2 30 29 7 77 277 1 1 10 1 3 2 1 5 6 5 13 3 1 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 5 4 7 2 2 6 2 7 6 3 4 4 1 Town or township 11 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 18 935 924 955 1 545 256 1 266 821 908 1 166 3 323 16 3 843 968 326 2 618 7 348 62 43 147 49 79 62 28 90 93 62 154 85 116 92 77 112 88 94 86 34 79 45 92 89 113 82 32 72 88 95 85 157 95 80 73 School district 12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 539 20 62 35 – 35 58 18 34 75 – 24 37 – 141 3 990 7 26 65 13 42 21 18 21 37 14 110 28 75 34 35 28 42 28 42 6 49 28 55 33 155 14 41 34 42 56 59 88 92 52 28 Special district 13 575 38 224 – – 96 – – 7 78 – – – – 3 42 – – – 15 – – 27 45 – 1 556 147 80 126 5 149 141 96 66 197 9 120 120 10 290 568 3 5 24 5 5 5 5 5 25 10 18 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 3 5 5 5 8 10 5 5 5 5 5 8 5 11 5 5 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Maryland Allegany Anne Arundel Baltimore Calvert Caroline Carroll Cecil Charles Dorchester Frederick Garrett Harford Howard Kent Montgomery Prince George’s Queen Anne’s St. Mary’s Somerset Talbot Washington Wicomico Worcester Baltimore City2 Massachusetts Barnstable Berkshire Bristol Dukes Essex Franklin Hampden Hampshire Middlesex Nantucket2 Norfolk Plymouth Suffolk2 Worcester Michigan Alcona Alger Allegan Alpena Antrim Arenac Baraga Barry Bay Benzie Berrien Branch Calhoun Cass Charlevoix Cheboygan Chippewa Clare Clinton Crawford Delta Dickinson Eaton Emmet Genesee Gladwin Gogebic Grand Traverse Gratiot Hillsdale Houghton Huron Ingham Ionia Iosco 4 781 468 74 427 692 51 27 123 71 101 30 150 28 182 187 17 757 729 33 75 23 30 121 74 35 736 946 239 134 372 035 372 347 154 236 208 138 132 328 842 027 268 953 974 440 549 393 339 028 014

Subcounty Town or township 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 312 15 30 16 7 26 26 19 19 43 1 27 26 1 56 1 242 11 8 24 8 15 12 5 16 14 12 22 16 19 15 15 19 16 16 16 6 14 7 16 16 17 15 6 13 16 18 14 28 16 16 11

Total 2 401 21 36 2 5 75 10 11 6 39 15 11 6 2 10 26 32 9 3 11 9 13 23 23 3 843 47 58 58 13 86 67 50 42 125 3 63 64 11 156 2 721 16 16 54 13 30 24 12 30 30 27 70 29 40 29 30 30 28 27 34 12 27 16 41 30 61 22 18 28 31 43 37 59 42 41 20

County 3 23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 – 1 83 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Municipal 4 155 7 2 – 2 9 8 8 3 9 11 8 3 – 5 17 27 6 1 2 5 9 8 4 1 39 – 2 4 – 8 – 4 1 11 – 1 1 3 4 534 2 2 9 1 5 6 2 5 4 7 17 5 8 5 4 3 2 3 8 1 3 3 10 4 14 2 3 3 6 9 7 11 8 10 3

Total 8 1 767 83 253 14 26 142 63 53 34 130 72 62 27 17 40 152 206 40 18 40 31 75 80 84 25 21 948 1 112 1 141 1 803 269 1 602 1 1 1 3 025 128 320 828 25

County 9 323 10 15 14 12 9 14 10 14 13 11 14 9 17 14 20 25 22 12 17 10 19 12 10 – 124 21 9 8 8 9 5 6 29 7 – 7 8 – 7 1 399 10 13 20 14 19 17 14 15 20 14 21 17 31 18 14 17 14 16 17 14 12 12 21 12 17 13 14 17 18 16 12 13 28 15 11

Municipal 10 869 35 14 – 14 37 49 43 13 39 61 48 18 – 23 90 181 18 6 8 21 56 41 29 25 794 – 35 89 – 143 – 100 25 226 – 16 19 62 79 4 747 20 10 94 5 47 51 20 50 37 62 150 46 73 55 28 26 16 21 77 5 19 17 87 29 109 18 17 26 60 80 62 105 74 93 21

6 016 425 186 139 506 11 670 70 456 146 1 398 6 616 435 663 709 605 352 325 639 080 092 310 568 468 012 087 276 906 705

4 010 1 152 398 3 135 18 052 102 97 350 86 192 156 85 181 212 162 453 181 300 204 159 188 165 164 227 62 164 107 260 171 404 132 109 154 213 252 226 368 300 245 138

9 295 297 10 8 90 30 18 14 7 50 111 12 161 41 135 49 21 21 34 24 57 12 37 26 92 25 430 21 18 64 38 43 35 34 281 57 30 145 972 509 605 185 931 954 057 723 200 378 502 982 477 468 398 604 952 883 260 780 831 879 040 459 896 052 273 982 431 446 951 912 024 209

See footnotes at end of table.

44

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 42 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Michigan Con. Iron Isabella Jackson Kalamazoo Kalkaska Kent Keweenaw Lake Lapeer Leelanau Lenawee Livingston Luce Mackinac Macomb Manistee Marquette Mason Mecosta Menominee Midland Missaukee Monroe Montcalm Montmorency Muskegon Newaygo Oakland Oceana Ogemaw Ontonagon Osceola Oscoda Otsego Ottawa Presque Isle Roscommon Saginaw St. Clair St. Joseph Sanilac Schoolcraft Shiawassee Tuscola Van Buren Washtenaw Wayne Wexford Minnesota Aitkin Anoka Becker Beltrami Benton Big Stone Blue Earth Brown Carlton Carver Cass Chippewa Chisago Clay Clearwater Cook Cottonwood Crow Wing Dakota Dodge Douglas Faribault Fillmore Freeborn Goodhue Grant Hennepin Houston Hubbard Isanti 13 54 149 223 13 500 1 8 74 16 91 115 5 10 717 21 70 25 37 24 75 12 133 53 8 158 38 1 083 22 18 8 20 7 17 187 13 19 211 145 58 39 8 69 55 70 175 624 756 411 497 631 701 583 768 527 476 645 763 674 400 265 887 537 308 920 651 147 600 059 936 983 202 592 454 681 854 146 842 957 768 743 776 946 607 913 928 302 770 498 060 21 25 42 40 19 58 8 20 35 23 50 32 8 21 55 27 36 27 28 26 26 22 39 39 14 44 39 96 31 22 18 30 10 16 38 23 17 56 44 37 51 12 39 47 49 46 91 27 3 579 53 37 56 61 24 31 46 31 44 36 79 30 31 54 33 7 33 62 50 25 42 44 46 46 43 32 80 32 39 22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 87 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

7 3 7 9 1 13 1 2 9 3 12 4 1 2 15 6 3 5 5 5 3 2 8 9 1 11 4 39 7 3 1 6 – 2 7 4 1 8 8 8 13 1 11 11 11 8 34 5 854 6 17 7 8 5 8 11 7 10 12 14 5 11 11 5 1 6 18 20 6 11 11 14 14 9 7 42 7 4 3

7 16 19 15 12 21 5 15 18 11 22 16 4 11 12 14 19 15 16 14 16 15 15 20 8 16 24 21 16 14 11 16 6 9 17 14 11 27 23 16 26 8 16 23 18 20 10 16 1 803 40 4 37 42 12 14 23 16 19 11 51 16 10 30 21 3 18 30 13 12 20 20 23 20 21 16 1 17 28 13

2 3 13 10 2 19 1 1 5 4 12 5 1 6 22 4 8 5 3 4 4 3 10 8 2 13 7 29 5 1 3 4 2 3 9 3 3 13 8 10 7 1 8 9 12 11 36 3 458 3 7 5 5 2 3 6 4 7 4 6 4 5 7 3 1 4 4 10 5 6 8 7 6 7 5 18 4 4 2

4 2 2 5 3 4 – 1 2 4 3 6 1 1 5 2 5 1 3 2 2 1 5 1 2 3 3 6 2 3 2 3 1 1 4 1 1 7 4 2 4 1 3 3 7 6 10 2 377 3 8 6 5 4 5 5 3 7 8 7 4 4 5 3 1 4 9 6 1 4 4 1 5 5 3 18 3 2 3

125 148 286 283 108 417 58 130 235 141 338 221 52 131 396 177 218 200 180 156 174 144 262 272 85 333 227 743 222 132 110 189 60 113 261 143 102 400 294 278 342 73 272 297 316 345 721 173 18 247 265 184 277 296 119 150 229 159 199 155 391 146 166 281 172 44 179 307 258 141 216 239 253 226 228 163 448 165 201 109

18 11 24 21 22 41 14 13 12 14 23 12 10 10 33 15 10 23 14 13 19 17 18 12 15 29 13 33 18 15 11 16 13 18 16 12 11 31 15 15 8 11 16 15 13 24 29 17 1 024 11 9 12 10 11 11 10 9 10 9 10 12 10 10 16 14 16 11 10 12 10 11 10 9 11 10 61 11 12 10

49 29 63 74 10 111 9 18 79 27 106 52 9 18 120 54 22 54 42 41 18 19 66 80 9 94 29 325 78 25 10 59 – 18 59 30 9 65 62 74 145 5 113 95 103 78 340 42 4 645 30 87 42 45 27 45 58 39 54 60 74 26 58 68 27 5 31 97 113 30 60 63 80 72 51 36 258 35 21 15

39 82 105 99 61 126 30 92 105 67 122 107 21 65 86 75 123 83 98 69 104 84 103 119 42 106 129 175 88 80 63 81 30 51 118 75 61 207 150 102 130 45 82 119 108 145 78 88 9 005 199 26 181 213 62 70 115 81 94 54 261 78 54 150 105 15 89 151 71 60 101 100 113 101 105 77 7 87 138 65

14 21 89 70 10 134 5 7 34 28 82 35 7 38 154 28 52 35 21 28 28 19 70 56 14 91 45 202 33 7 21 28 14 21 63 21 21 92 55 67 49 7 56 63 80 79 257 21 2 855 20 38 32 24 14 19 41 27 36 27 41 25 30 48 19 5 28 25 59 34 40 49 45 32 53 32 102 27 25 14

5 5 5 19 5 5 – – 5 5 5 15 5 – 3 5 11 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 13 11 8 5 5 5 5 3 5 5 5 – 5 12 20 10 5 5 5 12 19 17 5 718 5 24 10 4 5 5 5 3 5 5 5 5 14 5 5 5 15 23 5 5 5 16 5 12 8 8 20 5 5 5

282 937 2 111 687 26 360 4 375 099 12 243 27 34 30 6 54 26 29 47 21 13 30 50 8 3 12 44 275 15 28 16 20 33 40 6 1 032 18 14 25 425 641 881 384 185 285 044 984 259 915 791 228 521 422 309 868 694 249 227 731 674 937 777 060 690 246 431 497 939 921

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 45

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 43 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Minnesota Itasca Jackson Kanabec Kandiyohi Kittson Koochiching Lac qui Parle Lake Lake of the Woods Le Sueur Lincoln Lyon McLeod Mahnomen Marshall Martin Meeker Mille Lacs Morrison Mower Murray Nicollet Nobles Norman Olmsted Otter Tail Pennington Pine Pipestone Polk Pope Ramsey Red Lake Redwood Renville Rice Rock Roseau St. Louis Scott Sherburne Sibley Stearns Steele Stevens Swift Todd Traverse Wabasha Wadena Waseca Washington Watonwan Wilkin Winona Wright Yellow Medicine Mississippi Adams Alcorn Amite Attala Benton Bolivar Calhoun Carroll Chickasaw Choctaw Claiborne Clarke Clay Coahoma Copiah Covington De Soto Forrest Franklin George Con. 40 11 12 38 5 16 8 10 4 23 6 24 32 5 10 22 20 18 29 37 9 28 20 7 106 50 13 21 10 32 10 485 4 17 17 49 9 15 198 57 41 14 118 30 10 10 23 4 19 13 18 145 11 7 47 68 11 863 677 802 761 767 299 924 415 076 239 890 789 030 044 993 914 846 670 604 385 660 076 098 975 470 714 306 264 491 498 745 765 525 254 673 183 806 026 213 846 945 366 791 729 634 724 363 463 744 154 079 896 682 516 828 710 684 67 34 25 47 46 16 39 13 8 32 28 45 39 22 73 40 35 32 56 45 35 23 41 40 33 102 31 59 28 91 37 35 23 54 50 29 27 50 137 30 21 32 87 24 28 38 54 24 36 29 22 43 26 37 40 49 43 869 6 10 5 10 9 50 18 7 13 6 4 11 6 23 11 6 13 11 6 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 82 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

15 6 4 12 9 7 7 3 2 9 5 11 9 3 11 9 9 8 16 14 9 5 11 8 6 20 3 14 9 15 9 15 4 16 10 6 7 6 27 8 5 7 29 4 5 8 10 4 10 6 4 23 8 9 11 15 9 294 1 3 2 4 2 15 7 3 4 3 1 5 1 6 5 3 6 2 3 1

43 20 15 24 28 – 22 5 – 14 15 20 14 15 48 20 17 17 31 20 20 13 20 24 18 62 21 33 12 59 20 1 13 26 27 14 12 33 71 11 10 17 37 13 16 21 28 15 17 15 12 9 12 22 20 19 21 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

4 4 2 6 4 3 4 1 1 5 5 8 8 2 8 8 5 4 6 6 3 2 5 5 6 9 3 7 4 9 4 6 3 8 10 3 3 4 20 5 3 5 13 4 3 3 9 2 5 5 3 4 3 3 4 8 6 173 1 2 1 2 1 7 1 1 3 1 1 3 2 3 3 1 1 3 1 1

4 3 3 4 4 5 5 3 4 3 2 5 7 1 5 2 3 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 10 3 4 2 7 3 12 2 3 2 5 4 6 18 5 2 2 7 2 3 5 6 2 3 2 2 6 2 2 4 6 6 320 3 4 1 3 5 27 9 2 5 1 1 2 2 13 2 1 5 5 1 1

346 178 123 239 234 76 201 65 31 176 144 220 181 118 377 210 185 164 298 230 183 120 206 209 183 532 157 318 150 446 201 140 118 280 261 140 146 236 646 175 113 173 435 127 145 184 262 124 190 147 117 221 136 199 202 255 208 4 458 35 45 40 56 36 170 72 44 64 42 42 64 35 73 70 46 66 41 49 35

11 10 10 14 10 13 11 9 10 22 10 11 12 10 9 8 10 10 11 11 16 10 10 10 12 15 11 16 11 10 11 9 10 9 11 11 11 11 10 38 10 12 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 11 9 10 10 10 9 10 1 576 23 16 19 22 15 30 20 17 15 16 26 19 18 15 26 16 16 19 21 21

81 32 20 64 48 40 43 19 10 48 25 60 46 15 64 49 49 40 91 75 46 27 59 44 33 106 18 73 48 82 47 79 21 84 52 34 37 31 154 44 25 40 160 23 28 43 53 22 56 32 22 115 41 53 61 75 49 1 961 9 19 12 24 12 105 43 18 34 20 7 32 6 36 34 22 41 11 19 6

213 101 75 119 140 – 108 25 – 70 74 100 70 75 238 100 89 83 155 101 96 65 100 119 90 313 103 163 60 288 100 3 63 128 132 70 60 165 348 55 54 84 182 63 78 105 138 75 85 75 60 52 60 112 98 100 104 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

24 25 13 37 24 18 25 7 6 31 30 44 48 13 49 48 32 26 36 38 20 13 32 31 43 57 20 45 26 56 25 41 19 54 61 20 20 24 116 33 19 32 78 27 19 21 52 12 34 25 19 27 20 19 28 53 31 608 – 7 6 7 6 29 6 6 12 6 6 10 8 7 7 5 6 8 6 5

17 10 5 5 12 5 14 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 17 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 41 5 21 5 10 18 8 5 5 5 5 18 5 18 5 5 5 5 4 10 5 8 5 5 5 5 18 5 5 5 18 14 313 3 3 3 3 3 6 3 3 3 – 3 3 3 15 3 3 3 3 3 3

2 573 216 35 31 13 18 8 41 14 9 18 9 11 17 21 31 27 16 67 68 8 16 356 722 328 481 046 875 908 237 085 071 370 313 120 665 592 527 910 314 377 673

See footnotes at end of table.

46

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 44 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Mississippi Con. Greene Grenada Hancock Harrison Hinds Holmes Humphreys Issaquena Itawamba Jackson Jasper Jefferson Jefferson Davis Jones Kemper Lafayette Lamar Lauderdale Lawrence Leake Lee Leflore Lincoln Lowndes Madison Marion Marshall Monroe Montgomery Neshoba Newton Noxubee Oktibbeha Panola Pearl River Perry Pike Pontotoc Prentiss Quitman Rankin Scott Sharkey Simpson Smith Stone Sunflower Tallahatchie Tate Tippah Tishomingo Tunica Union Walthall Warren Washington Wayne Webster Wilkinson Winston Yalobusha Yazoo Missouri Adair Andrew Atchison Audrain Barry Barton Bates Benton Bollinger Boone Buchanan Butler Caldwell Callaway Camden 10 21 31 165 254 21 12 1 20 115 17 8 14 62 10 31 30 75 12 18 65 37 30 59 53 25 30 36 12 24 20 12 38 29 38 10 36 22 23 10 87 24 7 23 14 10 32 15 21 19 17 8 22 14 47 67 19 10 9 19 12 25 220 555 760 365 441 604 134 909 017 243 114 653 051 031 356 826 424 555 458 436 581 341 278 308 794 544 361 582 388 800 291 604 375 996 714 865 882 237 278 490 161 137 066 953 798 750 867 210 432 523 683 164 085 352 880 935 517 222 678 433 033 506 5 5 11 19 20 13 11 3 8 13 9 4 6 12 6 10 9 9 6 7 19 17 8 11 11 5 8 13 9 6 13 6 9 18 9 8 13 13 11 14 13 9 11 7 10 5 21 17 12 16 10 6 14 4 6 19 6 7 6 7 12 15 3 309 15 24 36 28 51 29 50 16 13 30 26 21 34 27 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 114 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 1 2 5 8 7 4 1 3 4 4 1 2 4 2 3 3 2 3 3 7 5 1 4 4 1 3 6 3 1 5 3 3 6 2 3 4 6 3 5 7 4 3 4 5 1 7 5 2 5 6 1 3 1 1 5 2 4 3 2 3 4 933 5 8 6 8 10 7 10 4 4 8 6 4 7 7 8

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 324 – – – – – 15 24 – – – – – 12 – –

1 1 2 5 4 3 1 – 2 4 3 1 1 3 2 2 2 3 1 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 4 1 2 3 4 2 5 2 4 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 4 3 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 3 2 552 3 4 4 3 8 3 7 3 4 6 4 4 8 4 4

1 2 6 8 7 2 5 1 2 4 1 1 2 4 1 4 3 3 1 2 8 9 4 4 4 1 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 8 2 2 3 4 3 7 3 2 6 1 3 1 9 8 6 7 2 3 8 1 3 8 2 1 1 3 5 8 1 386 6 11 25 16 32 3 8 8 4 15 15 12 6 15 12

42 31 36 70 94 81 51 24 50 72 55 43 46 67 41 47 47 44 45 45 89 61 48 62 55 37 47 71 41 31 78 44 54 84 48 44 65 71 52 65 79 55 42 60 56 33 85 60 40 79 72 35 52 34 35 77 39 49 40 35 50 48 16 287 74 141 161 121 168 160 256 81 68 153 124 103 179 129 114

21 15 15 20 31 17 15 14 21 22 16 26 20 20 19 19 15 23 17 18 27 17 21 25 24 22 16 17 13 16 21 16 22 25 17 15 24 20 21 26 27 17 16 25 14 16 22 16 16 15 21 20 20 19 24 19 16 15 15 14 14 16 1 752 14 14 18 19 14 12 19 14 12 19 13 15 10 14 15

12 8 11 34 54 47 28 7 20 32 26 8 14 31 13 18 18 12 19 18 48 32 11 27 26 6 21 42 20 6 43 19 22 46 12 18 26 40 20 30 44 27 18 26 33 8 51 28 12 33 42 6 22 6 3 33 14 25 17 13 23 22 5 766 25 42 33 52 50 42 57 22 20 46 36 23 41 40 45

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 547 – – – – – 74 117 – – – – – 58 – –

6 5 7 9 6 14 5 – 6 10 10 6 6 6 6 7 11 6 6 6 11 6 8 7 2 6 7 9 5 6 11 6 7 10 16 8 12 8 8 6 5 8 5 6 6 6 9 10 9 10 6 6 7 6 5 15 6 6 5 5 10 7 3 311 18 24 24 18 48 18 42 18 24 36 24 24 48 24 24

3 3 3 7 3 3 3 3 3 8 3 3 6 10 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 6 8 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 6 3 21 3 3 3 3 3 10 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 911 17 61 86 32 56 14 21 27 12 52 51 41 22 51 30

5 117 073 24 14 7 23 27 11 15 13 10 112 83 38 8 32 27 577 632 457 599 547 312 025 859 619 379 083 765 380 809 495

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 47

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 45 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Missouri Con. Cape Girardeau Carroll Carter Cass Cedar Chariton Christian Clark Clay Clinton Cole Cooper Crawford Dade Dallas Daviess De Kalb Dent Douglas Dunklin Franklin Gasconade Gentry Greene Grundy Harrison Henry Hickory Holt Howard Howell Iron Jackson Jasper Jefferson Johnson Knox Laclede Lafayette Lawrence Lewis Lincoln Linn Livingston McDonald Macon Madison Maries Marion Mercer Miller Mississippi Moniteau Monroe Montgomery Morgan New Madrid Newton Nodaway Oregon Osage Ozark Pemiscot Perry Pettis Phelps Pike Platte Polk Pulaski Putnam Ralls Randolph Ray Reynolds 61 10 5 63 12 9 32 7 153 16 63 14 19 7 12 7 9 13 11 33 80 14 6 207 10 8 20 7 6 9 633 748 515 808 093 202 644 547 411 595 579 835 173 449 646 865 967 702 876 112 603 006 848 949 536 469 044 335 034 631 31 62 13 52 27 41 33 19 49 21 24 19 13 38 8 41 24 12 7 46 54 15 25 33 30 43 55 12 35 21 25 18 53 53 68 28 11 21 45 35 24 31 43 32 17 28 9 9 16 20 28 19 15 19 18 16 37 41 54 14 25 13 33 11 19 16 20 58 33 20 26 9 21 44 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

9 8 3 18 4 8 6 6 20 6 9 7 5 6 3 8 7 1 1 9 11 6 6 9 6 8 9 5 9 5 4 6 17 24 13 8 6 4 13 10 6 11 8 6 6 9 4 2 2 3 11 6 5 5 9 6 14 18 16 3 6 4 12 5 6 5 8 17 8 5 5 4 8 13 3

– 20 – – – 15 – – – – – – – 16 – 15 9 – – 8 – – 8 – 13 20 19 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 14 13 – – – – – 9 – – – – – – – – 15 – – – – – – – – – – – 11 – – – –

5 6 2 11 2 4 7 4 6 3 4 6 3 4 1 5 4 5 3 7 10 2 3 8 6 5 7 4 3 3 9 4 13 7 12 7 1 5 6 6 2 4 5 4 1 7 2 2 3 2 5 2 6 5 2 2 4 6 7 4 3 5 8 2 8 4 4 4 6 6 1 1 6 5 4

16 27 7 22 20 13 19 8 22 11 10 5 4 11 3 12 3 5 2 21 32 6 7 15 4 9 19 2 22 12 11 7 22 21 42 12 3 11 25 18 15 15 15 8 9 11 2 4 10 5 11 10 3 8 6 7 18 16 15 6 15 3 12 3 4 6 7 36 18 8 8 3 6 25 4

158 309 64 284 72 204 139 93 232 100 139 114 83 166 40 199 128 66 43 228 277 86 121 164 154 205 232 68 129 105 117 84 301 227 328 140 67 105 178 138 111 156 187 167 62 159 62 52 92 153 132 102 97 99 94 69 203 178 246 70 102 78 170 67 112 101 103 259 121 132 127 59 113 188 77

15 13 13 17 15 13 14 13 11 13 17 13 14 11 14 11 12 15 13 13 16 14 12 14 12 12 12 14 13 19 14 13 12 16 12 16 12 13 16 14 14 14 13 13 13 22 19 13 15 66 13 19 12 14 14 12 18 13 13 19 14 14 23 14 24 19 14 16 14 18 18 18 18 15 19

54 47 19 114 20 50 36 31 123 37 56 44 32 30 17 50 37 5 6 78 75 36 32 60 37 40 54 26 45 37 19 31 140 150 99 47 32 26 83 67 38 56 42 36 39 65 24 12 21 15 60 39 31 30 54 36 100 96 84 16 31 22 78 29 37 42 56 106 50 41 25 18 45 77 17

– 102 – – – 71 – – – – – – – 77 – 72 44 – – 37 – – 39 – 58 95 91 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 65 61 – – – – – 43 – – – – – – – – 67 – – – – – – – – – – – 54 – – – –

30 36 12 66 12 24 42 24 37 18 24 36 18 24 6 30 24 30 18 42 60 12 18 48 36 30 41 24 18 18 53 24 81 42 72 42 6 30 36 36 12 24 30 24 6 42 12 10 18 12 30 12 36 29 12 12 24 36 42 24 18 30 48 12 48 24 24 26 36 36 6 6 36 30 24

59 111 20 87 25 46 47 25 61 32 42 21 19 24 3 36 11 16 6 58 126 24 20 42 11 28 34 4 53 31 31 16 68 19 145 35 17 36 43 21 47 62 37 33 4 30 7 17 38 17 29 32 18 26 14 9 61 33 40 11 39 12 21 12 3 16 9 111 21 37 24 17 14 66 17

31 447 10 726 633 232 90 465 17 1380 42 4 27 31 30 10 28 13 14 16 15 11 7 27 3 20 14 12 9 11 15 20 44 21 9 12 8 21 16 35 35 15 57 21 41 5 8 24 21 6 514 482 158 107 236 233 892 885 592 938 345 127 976 682 723 700 442 298 104 355 574 928 445 709 470 018 598 921 648 437 248 969 867 826 307 079 476 370 971 661

See footnotes at end of table.

48

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 46 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Missouri Con. Ripley St. Charles St. Clair Ste. Genevieve St. Francois St. Louis Saline Schuyler Scotland Scott Shannon Shelby Stoddard Stone Sullivan Taney Texas Vernon Warren Washington Wayne Webster Worth Wright St Louis City2 Montana4 Beaverhead Big Horn Blaine Broadwater Carbon Carter Cascade Chouteau Custer Daniels Dawson Deer Lodge2 Fallon Fergus Flathead Gallatin Garfield Glacier Golden Valley Granite Hill Jefferson Judith Basin Lake Lewis and Clark Liberty Lincoln McCone Madison Meagher Mineral Missoula Musselshell Park Petroleum Phillips Pondera Powder River Powell Prairie Ravalli Richland Roosevelt Rosebud Sanders Sheridan Silver Bow2 Stillwater Sweet Grass Teton 12 212 8 16 48 993 23 4 4 39 7 6 28 19 6 25 21 19 19 20 11 23 2 16 396 303 907 457 037 904 529 523 236 822 376 613 942 895 078 326 561 476 041 534 380 543 753 440 758 685 32 42 27 12 28 156 47 13 16 37 9 19 55 18 31 24 54 47 19 14 12 15 10 29 8 1 275 25 21 29 13 39 11 37 32 21 17 16 4 15 36 68 56 19 17 11 15 33 23 14 27 34 11 33 10 31 8 20 37 11 29 6 21 21 13 19 12 44 22 26 19 29 26 11 25 9 24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 54 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 16 7 4 11 88 12 5 5 13 3 6 9 8 8 7 5 12 4 4 4 6 5 4 1 128 2 2 2 1 5 1 4 3 2 2 2 1 2 5 3 5 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 1 4 1 4 1 2 1 2 2 1 3 2 1 1 1 4 2 6 1 3 4 2 1 1 3

– – – – – – – – – – – – 7 – 12 – 17 20 – – – – – 12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

4 6 4 2 8 24 8 1 4 7 2 2 7 5 3 8 7 6 2 4 2 4 1 5 2 537 10 9 14 3 16 8 13 13 14 6 9 2 5 19 24 22 14 6 4 5 12 8 7 13 12 6 11 6 9 4 7 15 5 12 2 10 10 8 8 2 13 11 13 11 12 9 5 13 6 12

25 19 15 5 8 43 26 6 6 16 3 10 31 4 7 8 24 8 12 5 5 4 3 7 5 556 12 9 12 8 17 1 19 15 4 8 4 1 7 11 40 28 3 8 4 7 18 12 4 10 19 3 17 2 17 2 10 20 3 14 2 7 8 3 9 8 26 8 6 6 13 12 4 10 1 8

111 207 98 76 142 857 208 94 87 168 66 91 248 104 149 129 204 238 104 74 61 83 66 147 56 4 905 108 65 99 47 121 47 154 122 98 50 88 29 60 150 280 201 70 56 34 57 133 90 55 102 134 52 117 41 102 35 78 160 47 115 21 68 66 56 95 36 167 86 97 83 88 90 59 83 50 95

14 14 13 15 15 9 16 34 13 20 18 18 19 19 18 14 7 14 12 13 14 14 13 21 – 657 15 12 13 11 12 12 14 14 11 12 13 – 13 14 11 14 9 11 9 14 13 12 12 12 10 11 12 10 10 9 20 12 16 11 3 11 14 12 19 10 11 14 13 14 11 14 – 12 13 11

11 103 37 28 67 621 73 29 27 77 21 33 53 45 43 40 30 63 24 23 21 36 31 28 38 825 15 13 11 8 28 5 22 17 9 10 15 22 11 34 25 31 5 11 12 12 15 12 12 20 13 10 22 8 25 5 12 15 14 12 6 15 10 6 12 5 24 16 30 5 19 20 27 7 5 15

– – – – – – – – – – – – 29 – 55 – 89 92 – – – – – 57 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

24 36 24 12 42 144 48 6 24 42 12 12 42 30 17 47 42 36 12 24 12 24 6 30 18 1 828 37 27 55 14 45 30 44 43 65 15 44 7 16 65 100 68 51 17 8 18 36 37 21 37 49 16 40 18 25 14 24 61 17 47 5 31 32 33 32 5 37 32 31 41 36 23 22 39 27 42

62 54 24 21 18 83 71 25 23 29 15 28 105 10 16 28 36 33 56 14 14 9 16 11 – 1 595 41 13 20 14 36 – 74 48 13 13 16 – 20 37 144 88 5 17 5 13 69 29 10 33 62 15 43 5 42 7 22 72 – 45 7 11 10 5 32 16 95 24 23 23 22 33 10 25 5 27

799 013 8 11 6 3 8 1 77 5 11 2 9 10 3 12 59 424 337 728 318 080 503 691 452 697 266 505 278 103 083 218

50 463 1 589 12 121 912 2 548 17 7 2 21 47 2 17 2 5 1 3 78 4 14 5 6 2 6 1 25 10 10 10 8 4 33 6 3 6 654 939 282 041 495 295 481 276 989 819 315 687 106 562 519 163 433 090 620 383 010 716 999 505 669 732 941 536 154 271

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 49

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 47 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Montana4 Con. Toole Treasure Valley Wheatland Wibaux Yellowstone Nebraska Adams Antelope Arthur Banner Blaine Boone Box Butte Boyd Brown Buffalo Burt Butler Cass Cedar Chase Cherry Cheyenne Clay Colfax Cuming Custer Dakota Dawes Dawson Deuel Dixon Dodge Douglas Dundy Fillmore Franklin Frontier Furnas Gage Garden Garfield Gosper Grant Greeley Hall Hamilton Harlan Hayes Hitchcock Holt Hooker Howard Jefferson Johnson Kearney Keith Keya Paha Kimball Knox Lancaster Lincoln Logan Loup McPherson Madison Merrick Morrill Nance Nemaha Nuckolls Otoe Pawnee Perkins Phelps Pierce 5 046 874 8 239 2 246 1 191 113 419 1 578 385 29 625 7 965 462 852 675 6 13 2 3 37 7 8 21 10 4 6 9 7 9 10 12 16 9 19 2 6 34 416 2 7 3 3 5 22 2 667 130 835 657 447 868 601 318 131 381 307 494 123 139 117 270 742 021 940 237 143 500 444 582 103 938 101 553 794 460 17 9 24 13 6 56 2 923 48 50 10 5 7 26 19 27 22 66 39 55 46 26 17 46 24 48 27 38 81 17 25 57 11 37 63 114 11 42 32 15 30 58 26 13 8 10 15 40 21 36 6 21 98 6 23 25 19 30 20 14 10 66 48 52 5 4 8 37 30 27 29 28 22 40 17 17 34 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 93 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

3 1 4 2 1 3 534 7 7 1 – 2 5 2 8 3 9 5 12 15 10 3 6 5 10 6 4 11 5 4 7 2 10 10 7 2 8 7 5 8 12 2 1 2 1 4 5 7 6 2 4 8 1 7 9 5 5 3 2 3 11 13 8 2 1 – 6 5 3 3 7 7 10 6 5 5 6

– – – – – – 452 16 24 – – – – – 9 – 26 12 17 – – – – – 16 – 16 31 – – – – 13 14 – – 16 11 – – 24 – – – – – 11 – 16 – – 37 – – – – 14 – – – 30 – – – – – – 11 – 12 – – – – – 14 –

6 2 12 6 2 21 797 14 9 5 1 1 11 12 3 13 15 5 12 10 5 6 31 8 6 12 10 18 3 15 24 2 5 19 14 1 8 5 3 5 6 7 8 2 6 4 12 4 3 1 5 40 1 6 7 6 4 9 9 1 7 14 16 1 1 6 17 5 6 8 8 6 18 3 3 8 7

7 5 7 4 2 31 1 047 10 9 3 3 3 9 4 6 5 15 16 13 20 10 7 8 10 15 8 7 20 8 5 25 6 8 19 92 7 9 8 6 16 15 16 3 3 2 6 11 9 10 2 11 12 3 9 8 7 6 7 2 5 17 20 27 1 1 1 13 8 17 5 12 8 11 7 8 6 5

64 23 77 54 32 218 13 698 233 207 50 27 39 131 87 137 90 268 177 257 224 161 82 223 130 200 138 160 330 89 108 255 59 180 283 595 68 181 148 83 149 269 120 62 50 40 76 210 113 157 22 102 373 32 118 124 113 127 103 53 56 259 259 266 26 23 36 182 140 109 120 128 117 163 90 87 156 86

13 9 11 12 12 14 1 064 16 14 7 6 7 10 12 17 9 17 14 13 12 10 10 11 9 13 10 13 15 12 12 12 8 13 16 15 8 13 21 9 10 16 8 9 9 7 9 17 10 14 6 9 16 6 9 10 9 14 11 8 10 13 14 18 6 7 7 13 15 11 18 11 10 12 9 9 16 9

18 6 23 12 5 28 2 809 39 35 5 – 8 26 10 37 15 46 25 62 79 50 14 34 25 52 32 22 55 29 18 35 10 52 54 45 10 42 37 25 46 64 10 5 10 5 20 33 34 31 10 20 47 5 35 49 27 25 15 10 15 54 70 43 10 5 – 37 27 16 17 37 36 50 30 25 29 30

– – – – – – 1 355 48 72 – – – – – 27 – 78 36 51 – – – – – 48 – 48 93 – – – – 39 42 – – 48 33 – – 72 – – – – – 33 – 48 – – 111 – – – – 42 – – – 90 – – – – – – 33 – 35 – – – – – 42 –

18 5 33 18 5 70 3 670 78 47 18 6 6 54 49 21 44 77 30 60 51 30 27 127 41 33 60 42 79 18 54 90 11 37 89 91 9 39 24 18 30 40 36 38 9 21 23 59 26 18 6 29 131 6 30 30 30 21 49 30 6 40 69 84 5 6 24 74 30 24 30 32 30 56 21 18 43 27

15 3 10 12 10 106 4 800 52 39 20 15 18 41 16 35 22 50 72 71 82 71 31 51 55 54 36 35 88 30 24 118 30 39 82 444 41 39 33 31 63 77 66 10 22 7 24 68 43 46 – 44 68 15 44 35 47 25 28 5 25 62 106 121 5 5 5 58 35 58 20 48 41 45 30 35 26 20

2 141 1 928 769 3 006 48 925 8 3 1 3 12 6 8 4 6 8 1 4 9 213 862 810 222 750 599 793 055 759 673 629 584 029 108 534 641

32 508 878 683 546 32 655 8 5 4 7 5 14 3 3 9 7 042 423 275 980 786 252 317 367 715 827

See footnotes at end of table.

50

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 48 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Nebraska Platte Polk Red Willow Richardson Rock Saline Sarpy Saunders Scotts Bluff Seward Sheridan Sherman Sioux Stanton Thayer Thomas Thurston Valley Washington Wayne Webster Wheeler York Nevada Churchill Clark Douglas Elko Esmeralda Eureka Humboldt Lander Lincoln Lyon Mineral Nye Pershing Storey Washoe White Pine Carson City2 New Hampshire Belknap Carroll Cheshire Coos Grafton Hillsborough Merrimack Rockingham Strafford Sullivan New Jersey Atlantic Bergen Burlington Camden Cape May Cumberland Essex Gloucester Hudson Hunterdon Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Morris Ocean Passaic Salem Somerset Sussex Union Warren Con. 29 5 11 9 2 12 102 18 36 15 6 3 1 6 6 6 5 16 9 820 675 705 937 019 715 583 285 025 450 750 718 549 244 635 851 936 169 607 364 56 20 25 27 16 29 91 91 67 27 52 18 17 16 35 10 30 28 29 21 18 5 32 207 7 19 29 23 6 4 20 8 12 13 6 10 11 3 23 11 2 527 28 50 43 44 82 62 59 87 33 39 1 512 57 151 117 116 56 41 46 67 31 64 38 84 148 109 90 42 40 61 53 47 53 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

9 4 5 10 2 8 5 15 10 11 4 5 1 2 11 3 5 4 6 5 5 2 9 18 1 5 – 3 – – 1 – 1 1 – 1 1 – 2 1 1 13 1 – 1 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 320 17 61 9 29 12 4 3 11 10 12 5 15 38 19 19 13 4 12 9 13 5

18 – – – – – – 24 – – – – – – – – 11 4 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 221 10 18 22 19 38 29 25 36 10 14 247 6 9 31 8 4 10 19 13 2 14 8 10 15 20 14 3 11 9 15 8 18

13 5 9 5 8 13 5 27 15 5 33 6 13 9 7 2 4 8 7 8 3 1 5 17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 167 8 12 13 16 30 21 16 33 8 10 550 17 72 39 41 16 14 17 27 6 28 8 22 54 39 29 17 13 21 25 19 25

15 10 10 11 5 7 80 24 41 10 14 6 2 4 16 4 9 11 10 7 9 1 17 156 4 12 27 18 4 2 17 6 9 10 4 7 8 1 19 8 – 116 8 19 6 7 12 9 15 16 11 13 374 16 8 37 37 23 12 6 15 12 9 16 36 40 30 27 8 11 18 3 6 4

265 93 119 141 69 118 397 389 354 150 205 83 67 70 189 57 128 142 136 105 95 32 178 1 077 35 102 126 109 25 21 93 55 46 80 52 70 49 17 120 61 16 6 917 345 549 712 497 1 042 907 842 1 154 358 511 8 921 332 1 014 627 676 281 230 277 422 140 371 202 508 882 646 457 274 211 375 347 324 325

16 10 10 11 9 11 15 16 15 11 10 9 7 14 10 6 13 13 15 11 11 11 11 284 9 41 13 11 10 11 14 17 16 29 31 27 9 9 18 19 – 72 7 8 7 7 7 7 8 7 7 7 204 13 11 8 11 8 12 14 10 11 6 11 10 8 10 8 11 8 8 8 12 6

48 20 25 57 10 42 37 77 52 59 20 25 5 10 56 15 24 21 32 29 26 10 49 117 4 32 – 18 – – 7 – 4 5 – 4 4 – 20 10 9 288 16 – 15 23 9 60 61 18 77 9 2 184 120 409 65 180 62 23 28 81 75 82 36 111 233 138 125 96 32 86 60 108 34

54 – – – – – – 72 – – – – – – – – 33 12 15 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 032 242 377 586 366 751 674 585 893 187 371 1 285 31 53 151 48 18 38 120 71 9 58 43 77 77 118 73 20 43 50 66 43 78

67 26 38 25 30 47 27 113 88 30 120 24 45 30 36 9 23 31 33 33 18 6 30 108 7 7 7 7 5 5 7 7 5 7 6 7 5 5 7 7 7 1 084 45 66 89 92 221 138 119 194 56 64 4 362 135 541 299 332 113 118 115 225 45 220 72 180 454 305 196 147 113 171 213 161 207

80 37 46 48 20 18 318 111 199 50 55 25 10 16 87 27 35 65 41 32 40 5 88 568 15 22 106 73 10 5 65 31 21 39 15 32 31 3 75 25 – 441 35 98 15 9 54 28 69 42 31 60 886 33 – 104 105 80 39 – 35 – 5 40 130 110 75 55 – 15 60 – – –

4 279 948 14 428 1 201 833 17 741 27 33 1 1 12 6 3 20 6 17 4 2 254 9 40 938 459 637 530 344 547 844 266 775 001 475 781 336 526 667 264 443

1 109 252 49 35 70 34 74 336 120 245 104 38 216 410 121 828 929 073 005 845 233 592

7 730 188 224 825 395 502 95 138 778 230 553 107 325 671 553 421 433 453 65 240 130 493 91 327 380 066 824 089 053 206 082 099 776 824 780 124 353 203 060 294 279 943 819 607

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 51

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 49 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 94 2 2 4 1 4 4 1 3 3 2 2 2 2 6 5 1 1 2 2 3 5 4 4 3 5 4 3 1 2 4 3 2 2 713 13 14 13 15 7 19 3 9 8 7 5 12 14 28 11 7 7 8 6 7 11 11 5 8 10 17 5 56 – 10 16 17 9 18 5 9 12 6 13 9 17 12 6 7 2 Special district 7 116 6 2 6 7 4 1 2 5 6 3 2 1 1 3 5 1 1 6 2 3 2 7 2 5 6 3 2 2 3 9 5 2 1 980 22 7 9 23 11 15 10 27 14 17 10 26 28 34 17 2 3 5 13 5 10 26 3 5 17 29 8 42 2 3 36 21 8 33 3 6 23 4 28 21 20 25 20 9 3 Town or township 11 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9 721 122 266 160 323 242 256 93 199 151 216 138 240 218 306 229 176 114 121 148 97 205 243 182 167 141 164 94 25 – 123 287 205 195 203 110 247 271 61 136 50 326 203 46 178 73 School district 12 482 14 10 20 5 20 20 5 15 15 10 10 10 11 30 23 5 5 10 10 17 25 20 20 16 27 22 15 5 9 24 15 9 10 4 753 86 81 92 103 49 131 25 59 60 49 35 70 101 193 67 53 46 52 44 31 67 73 39 52 64 127 35 319 – 78 106 129 68 136 41 69 72 40 85 54 125 88 42 37 14 Special district 13 490 20 10 38 31 18 5 8 27 24 5 10 5 5 13 16 5 7 22 10 13 10 28 10 25 21 10 6 9 10 29 25 10 5 5 040 114 39 44 131 57 85 58 142 78 98 46 138 150 181 102 9 10 24 70 28 40 85 18 28 64 146 16 230 – 16 202 112 39 192 16 33 103 21 148 114 86 120 105 51 – Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 New Mexico Bernalillo Catron Chaves Cibola Colfax Curry De Baca Dona Ana Eddy Grant Guadalupe Harding Hidalgo Lea Lincoln Los Alamos Luna McKinley Mora Otero Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Santa Fe Sierra Socorro Taos Torrance Union Valencia New York Albany Allegany Broome Cattaraugus Cayuga Chautauqua Chemung Chenango Clinton Columbia Cortland Delaware Dutchess Erie Essex Franklin Fulton Genesee Greene Hamilton Herkimer Jefferson Lewis Livingston Madison Monroe Montgomery Nassau New York City5 Niagara Oneida Onondaga Ontario Orange Orleans Oswego Otsego Putnam Rensselaer Rockland St. Lawrence Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Schuyler 1 515 480 2 57 23 12 42 2 135 48 27 069 577 563 849 794 925 207 252 510 605 676

Subcounty Town or township 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 929 10 29 16 32 23 27 11 21 14 18 15 19 20 25 18 19 10 13 14 9 19 22 17 17 15 19 10 3 – 12 26 19 16 20 10 22 24 6 14 5 32 19 5 16 8

Total 2 341 12 6 15 11 15 10 5 13 14 10 7 6 6 15 16 3 5 10 6 10 12 14 12 15 15 10 7 6 8 17 14 9 7 3 298 55 62 47 86 52 79 31 66 43 48 35 68 73 106 51 35 26 34 39 23 52 81 35 40 54 77 35 168 3 34 101 74 43 92 23 50 71 20 63 55 84 68 35 39 18

County 3 33 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 57 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Municipal 4 98 3 1 4 2 6 4 1 4 4 4 2 2 2 5 5 – 2 1 1 3 4 2 5 6 3 2 1 2 2 3 5 4 3 619 9 11 8 15 10 17 6 8 6 5 4 10 10 18 4 6 5 7 5 1 11 21 9 9 11 11 11 66 1 8 22 16 9 20 4 12 11 3 7 19 14 11 3 6 4

Total 8 1 981 71 34 98 60 84 61 27 80 82 47 40 34 38 89 81 18 36 46 33 60 66 75 72 91 133 58 42 34 45 81 75 48 42 24 982 444 471 369 673 429 604 239 475 339 430 274 526 581 854 444 285 240 258 312 169 402 530 297 328 339 551 218 994 336 293 769 582 369 692 207 457 521 155 450 355 636 476 227 322 124

County 9 310 10 8 9 12 8 10 8 10 11 9 8 9 8 10 8 8 11 8 9 10 9 11 11 10 10 10 11 8 10 10 8 8 10 1 317 49 22 22 29 27 31 20 28 16 29 25 24 40 40 26 13 17 17 23 8 25 16 14 28 7 33 11 10 – 26 47 29 13 29 15 43 22 17 23 25 26 10 15 24 14

Municipal 10 699 27 6 31 12 38 26 6 28 32 23 12 10 14 36 34 – 13 6 4 20 22 16 31 40 75 16 10 12 16 18 27 21 17 4 151 73 63 51 87 54 101 43 47 34 38 30 54 72 134 20 34 53 44 27 5 65 113 44 53 63 81 62 410 336 50 127 107 54 132 25 65 53 16 58 112 73 55 19 32 23

4 156 987 5 958 55 765 12 219 18 18 60 4 51 10 34 16 63 91 25 98 9 14 23 115 110 686 264 928 823 365 702 319 605 743 928 912 764 118

10 285 4 124 45 235 17 990 455 292 50 212 84 82 141 95 51 85 62 48 47 259 968 37 46 54 60 44 5 65 110 26 62 69 594 470 160 234 313 895 195 768 969 982 963 225 462 532 152 540 191 060 739 279 797 943 796 372 120

713 968 51 981 1 287 348 7 322 564 220 756 250 468 95 307 41 121 60 83 154 265 111 181 149 31 18 836 973 101 647 846 771 517 941 429 475 974 276 285 859 662

See footnotes at end of table.

52

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 50 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 New York Con. Seneca Steuben Suffolk Sullivan Tioga Tompkins Ulster Warren Washington Wayne Westchester Wyoming Yates North Carolina Alamance Alexander Alleghany Anson Ashe Avery Beaufort Bertie Bladen Brunswick Buncombe Burke Cabarrus Caldwell Camden Carteret Caswell Catawba Chatham Cherokee Chowan Clay Cleveland Columbus Craven Cumberland Currituck Dare Davidson Davie Duplin Durham Edgecombe Forsyth Franklin Gaston Gates Graham Granville Greene Guilford Halifax Harnett Haywood Henderson Hertford Hoke Hyde Iredell Jackson Johnston Jones Lee Lenoir Lincoln McDowell Macon Madison Martin Mecklenburg Mitchell Montgomery Moore Nash New Hanover 33 99 1 321 69 52 94 165 59 59 89 683 088 864 277 337 097 304 209 330 123 24 81 206 66 31 29 80 31 44 53 123 35 21 937 15 4 3 9 5 8 18 10 17 22 13 12 6 10 2 14 4 11 7 7 7 4 19 14 14 13 1 7 8 6 13 4 13 9 8 18 6 4 10 6 13 12 10 10 6 12 3 6 9 6 18 6 5 7 4 5 4 9 17 12 5 10 14 14 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 100 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

5 15 30 6 6 7 4 2 9 9 29 9 4 516 7 1 1 7 3 6 7 8 7 17 6 7 4 7 – 9 2 8 3 2 1 1 15 8 8 8 – 5 3 2 10 1 7 6 5 13 1 2 4 3 6 7 5 5 3 6 1 – 5 3 9 3 2 3 1 2 2 3 9 7 2 5 11 12 4

10 32 10 15 9 9 20 11 17 15 17 16 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

5 16 71 10 6 7 10 9 11 11 46 5 2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

3 17 94 34 9 5 45 8 6 17 30 4 5 321 7 2 1 1 1 1 10 1 9 4 6 4 1 2 1 4 1 2 3 4 5 2 3 5 5 4 – 1 4 3 2 2 5 2 2 4 4 1 5 2 6 4 4 4 2 5 1 5 3 2 8 2 2 3 2 2 1 5 7 4 2 4 2 1 3

188 627 1 276 476 232 222 681 250 324 370 833 297 160 5 227 65 26 19 67 34 54 71 58 76 121 60 58 51 63 13 84 32 79 37 31 58 18 115 74 61 76 13 50 47 30 89 39 65 56 51 106 21 22 57 38 79 83 52 58 32 58 22 23 53 33 85 35 32 37 22 31 29 27 78 67 23 45 80 91 39

12 24 24 22 15 18 37 26 25 19 20 24 23 1 658 13 14 10 25 13 14 23 12 21 14 15 15 19 13 13 24 19 28 12 13 19 11 23 22 16 18 13 20 12 13 26 23 13 18 21 19 11 10 18 13 32 31 15 22 15 13 13 12 18 11 21 13 16 16 14 16 13 12 22 18 12 13 16 18 14

26 101 181 32 39 48 35 18 50 53 208 46 22 3 024 39 4 6 42 18 37 39 43 39 96 34 40 29 47 – 52 10 48 19 12 8 4 82 44 45 49 – 27 27 11 60 13 46 35 27 80 4 9 26 17 39 46 31 25 14 36 6 – 33 19 53 16 13 18 5 12 13 12 50 46 8 29 61 70 22

98 335 111 165 90 82 263 107 173 146 153 170 78 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

35 94 442 68 43 45 81 61 71 81 294 35 16 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

17 73 518 189 45 29 265 38 5 71 158 22 21 545 13 8 3 – 3 3 9 3 16 11 11 3 3 3 – 8 3 3 6 6 31 3 10 8 – 9 – 3 8 6 3 3 6 3 3 7 6 3 13 8 8 6 6 11 3 9 3 11 3 3 11 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 6 3 3 3 3 3 3

874 866 42 507 22 810 6 628 637 108 27 9 23 22 14 42 20 28 50 174 75 98 70 5 52 20 118 38 20 13 7 84 49 81 274 13 22 126 27 39 181 56 265 36 175 9 7 38 15 347 55 67 46 69 22 22 5 92 26 81 9 41 57 50 35 23 16 25 511 14 23 59 76 120 213 544 590 474 209 867 283 388 663 985 821 744 935 709 904 556 693 412 759 170 506 155 714 587 613 566 736 746 677 859 995 835 558 878 414 093 305 196 345 384 420 516 822 942 285 523 856 411 931 846 306 414 374 274 319 681 499 953 078 433 433 346 013 677 284

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 53

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 51 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 North Carolina Con. Northampton Onslow Orange Pamlico Pasquotank Pender Perquimans Person Pitt Polk Randolph Richmond Robeson Rockingham Rowan Rutherford Sampson Scotland Stanly Stokes Surry Swain Transylvania Tyrrell Union Vance Wake Warren Washington Watauga Wayne Wilkes Wilson Yadkin Yancey North Dakota Adams Barnes Benson Billings Bottineau Bowman Burke Burleigh Cass Cavalier Dickey Divide Dunn Eddy Emmons Foster Golden Valley Grand Forks Grant Griggs Hettinger Kidder La Moure Logan McHenry McIntosh McKenzie McLean Mercer Morton Mountrail Nelson Oliver Pembina Pierce Ramsey Ransom Renville Richland Rolette 20 149 93 11 31 28 10 30 107 14 106 44 105 86 110 56 47 33 51 37 61 11 25 3 84 38 423 17 13 36 104 59 66 30 15 798 838 851 372 298 855 447 180 924 416 546 518 179 064 605 918 297 754 765 223 704 268 520 856 211 892 380 265 997 952 666 393 061 488 419 13 9 6 11 5 8 5 4 25 5 12 10 25 9 14 12 10 7 11 5 7 5 5 4 10 7 23 5 6 7 20 5 11 7 3 2 764 32 82 73 4 88 41 52 66 126 75 59 45 17 32 36 31 25 78 31 35 48 59 65 22 85 21 46 72 27 35 82 61 9 65 28 57 42 44 90 35 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 53 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

9 5 3 8 1 6 2 1 10 3 8 6 15 5 9 8 8 4 8 3 4 1 2 1 7 3 12 3 3 4 7 3 7 5 1 364 4 13 9 1 13 4 7 4 26 13 6 4 4 2 5 4 3 9 4 3 3 6 8 3 13 5 4 12 6 6 7 7 1 11 4 8 5 6 14 5

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 350 20 42 37 – 44 24 28 41 49 40 32 32 – 18 10 18 11 41 13 20 32 37 32 10 45 1 18 30 – 2 49 27 – 24 15 34 24 24 36 8

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 275 2 6 7 1 6 4 4 12 11 5 4 1 4 2 8 3 2 8 4 3 3 5 7 2 8 4 7 9 5 9 5 6 2 7 3 4 5 3 7 5

3 3 2 2 3 1 2 2 14 1 3 3 9 3 4 3 1 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 2 3 10 1 2 2 12 1 3 1 1 722 5 20 19 1 24 8 12 8 39 16 16 7 8 9 12 5 8 19 9 8 9 10 17 6 18 10 16 20 15 17 20 20 5 22 5 10 7 10 32 16

70 59 46 62 25 48 21 22 102 29 79 53 112 66 68 63 70 45 81 31 42 22 32 23 61 36 97 41 32 36 96 32 60 48 18 15 277 176 444 397 31 445 191 272 382 660 421 337 241 116 161 215 164 128 437 188 187 318 332 363 137 476 110 218 456 140 232 470 311 59 316 155 330 239 251 480 181

13 15 21 16 16 12 11 13 22 14 25 15 14 32 14 14 20 20 22 13 16 12 17 11 20 16 19 18 12 12 25 12 16 15 11 631 10 12 12 14 13 9 10 14 14 14 12 10 10 11 10 10 10 13 11 12 12 8 13 12 12 9 13 12 10 13 23 12 10 13 13 12 13 10 10 13

51 30 22 43 9 36 10 6 56 12 51 35 85 32 48 43 47 22 53 15 23 5 12 6 39 17 75 20 17 21 46 17 41 30 4 2 118 19 66 42 5 74 19 34 22 150 68 40 22 23 12 32 27 18 73 27 19 26 35 45 18 62 29 24 72 50 40 40 38 11 72 22 43 31 30 78 27

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 824 115 247 221 – 231 118 153 259 284 249 197 172 – 100 62 97 57 232 72 118 200 219 176 67 262 8 97 181 – 9 306 146 – 133 87 217 134 149 195 53

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 420 10 32 35 5 36 16 22 46 72 28 20 9 20 10 33 15 10 39 22 17 15 25 33 10 37 20 31 52 25 53 25 31 8 37 15 19 22 15 39 32

6 14 3 3 – – – 3 24 3 3 3 13 2 6 6 3 3 6 3 3 5 3 6 2 3 3 3 3 3 25 3 3 3 3 3 284 22 87 87 7 91 29 53 41 140 62 68 28 63 28 78 15 33 80 56 21 65 45 96 30 103 44 53 139 55 117 76 84 30 61 18 39 39 47 158 56

638 800 3 12 7 1 8 3 3 60 102 6 6 2 4 2 4 3 2 70 3 3 3 3 5 2 6 4 6 10 9 23 7 4 2 9 5 12 5 3 18 12 174 545 198 108 011 596 002 131 874 064 107 899 005 951 830 983 108 683 549 303 445 332 383 847 528 021 383 457 808 700 021 410 381 238 052 681 921 160 148 772

See footnotes at end of table.

54

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 52 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 North Dakota Sargent Sheridan Sioux Slope Stark Steele Stutsman Towner Traill Walsh Ward Wells Williams Ohio Adams Allen Ashland Ashtabula Athens Auglaize Belmont Brown Butler Carroll Champaign Clark Clermont Clinton Columbiana Coshocton Crawford Cuyahoga Darke Defiance Delaware Erie Fairfield Fayette Franklin Fulton Gallia Geauga Greene Guernsey Hamilton Hancock Hardin Harrison Henry Highland Hocking Holmes Huron Jackson Jefferson Knox Lake Lawrence Licking Logan Lorain Lucas Madison Mahoning Marion Medina Meigs Mercer Miami Monroe Montgomery Morgan Morrow Muskingum Noble Ottawa Paulding Perry Pickaway Con. 4 549 2 148 3 761 907 22 832 2 22 3 8 13 420 241 627 752 840 51 30 14 32 30 33 99 49 56 87 106 61 95 3 523 28 42 35 60 38 33 47 35 39 28 30 36 41 31 49 40 32 102 52 27 35 33 41 21 70 29 31 37 38 39 83 41 42 31 31 35 20 27 42 22 48 45 40 35 60 40 58 41 33 48 37 42 30 38 42 39 58 24 31 50 26 34 27 35 33 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 88 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

7 3 3 2 6 4 11 7 8 13 12 7 9 942 7 10 9 10 10 9 13 10 11 5 7 10 12 8 13 6 7 57 19 4 7 8 14 5 25 7 6 5 10 11 36 11 9 9 9 7 3 5 8 4 20 7 18 7 14 12 15 10 6 10 8 10 5 9 12 10 19 4 7 10 6 8 10 11 9

24 16 1 22 – 20 62 28 25 36 57 36 55 1 314 15 12 15 27 14 14 16 16 13 14 12 10 14 13 18 22 16 3 19 12 18 9 13 10 17 12 15 16 12 19 12 17 15 15 13 17 11 14 19 12 14 22 5 14 26 17 18 11 14 14 15 17 12 14 12 18 12 14 16 25 15 12 12 14 15

3 2 3 3 6 3 9 4 5 9 13 5 7 666 1 10 5 8 6 6 8 6 10 2 5 8 10 4 12 4 6 34 7 5 5 8 8 2 17 7 3 7 8 3 23 8 6 2 5 5 1 2 7 3 6 6 11 8 11 5 16 8 5 15 6 8 3 7 10 1 18 1 4 7 2 7 3 4 4

16 8 6 4 17 5 16 9 17 28 23 12 23 513 4 9 5 14 7 3 9 2 4 6 5 7 4 5 5 7 2 7 6 5 4 7 5 3 10 2 6 8 7 5 11 4 11 4 3 5 4 5 7 2 7 9 5 5 8 5 8 11 7 8 7 6 9 7 7 9 8 4 3 7 2 6 1 5 4

264 177 81 192 172 192 549 279 293 438 605 335 534 19 135 149 211 188 252 195 193 246 208 212 142 161 179 235 165 269 175 186 755 305 126 179 160 252 114 418 159 159 162 188 215 530 236 201 168 183 173 105 133 211 117 305 201 233 167 309 228 323 197 148 253 197 225 133 203 221 180 321 109 160 268 134 187 175 205 196

12 14 10 10 13 12 13 12 13 11 13 12 12 1 429 12 15 17 16 18 13 13 19 21 14 17 16 25 17 11 12 21 54 17 11 19 19 13 12 32 10 14 14 14 12 29 12 18 11 11 13 18 14 12 12 16 14 16 13 14 17 17 23 13 23 18 13 17 18 15 13 35 12 12 15 12 16 11 19 19

42 19 16 11 36 19 61 34 48 76 82 39 50 8 829 67 98 86 89 86 94 131 95 90 47 66 84 104 71 126 53 66 527 172 39 63 65 139 44 223 61 52 44 86 106 337 111 89 83 91 62 34 48 80 37 203 70 147 58 135 118 161 85 54 97 80 99 49 89 107 85 151 32 61 97 49 72 97 106 88

119 91 5 140 – 118 360 169 137 199 334 202 327 5 255 60 48 60 107 56 56 62 64 51 57 48 39 56 52 72 90 64 12 76 46 72 36 52 40 68 48 60 64 48 77 47 68 59 59 51 68 43 56 76 48 56 87 20 56 105 68 70 44 56 56 60 68 47 56 49 72 48 55 62 98 58 47 47 55 64

17 10 19 14 30 17 51 21 28 48 60 25 39 3 087 5 45 20 35 25 30 35 25 45 10 25 35 45 20 55 15 30 157 35 25 20 35 40 10 85 35 10 35 35 15 112 40 30 10 20 25 5 10 35 15 25 25 45 35 50 20 70 40 20 72 32 35 15 35 45 5 82 5 20 30 10 35 15 20 20

74 43 31 17 93 26 64 43 67 104 116 57 105 535 5 5 5 5 10 – 5 5 5 14 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 8 8 10 5 23 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 5 8 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 7 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 28 5 17 5 5 5

57 921 5 864 21 129 10 847 115 25 109 47 99 59 44 71 34 291 26 36 147 150 35 108 35 47 1 412 53 39 66 76 103 27 961 38 30 81 136 39 866 65 31 16 29 35 25 32 56 30 80 47 215 61 128 42 271 462 37 264 64 122 22 39 93 15 573 14 27 82 11 40 20 31 48 371 755 507 821 549 585 074 966 479 521 019 548 187 415 276 427 870 140 619 350 929 779 461 466 437 498 954 129 731 024 228 536 111 085 108 728 533 849 240 230 298 473 499 834 300 310 126 361 068 806 274 354 987 443 182 497 809 194 749 068 336 029 488 557 255

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 55

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 53 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Ohio Pike Portage Preble Putnam Richland Ross Sandusky Scioto Seneca Shelby Stark Summit Trumbull Tuscarawas Union Van Wert Vinton Warren Washington Wayne Williams Wood Wyandot Oklahoma Adair Alfalfa Atoka Beaver Beckham Blaine Bryan Caddo Canadian Carter Cherokee Choctaw Cimarron Cleveland Coal Comanche Cotton Craig Creek Custer Delaware Dewey Ellis Garfield Garvin Grady Grant Greer Harmon Harper Haskell Hughes Jackson Jefferson Johnston Kay Kingfisher Kiowa Latimer Le Flore Lincoln Logan Love McClain McCurtain McIntosh Major Marshall Mayes Murray Muskogee Noble Nowata Okfuskee Oklahoma Con. 24 142 40 33 126 69 61 80 59 44 367 514 227 84 31 30 11 113 62 101 249 585 113 819 137 330 963 327 733 915 585 990 813 090 969 464 098 909 254 461 27 50 34 43 43 38 31 42 34 35 62 63 67 59 25 31 21 40 40 50 32 61 28 1 794 22 18 21 14 17 19 27 42 21 24 19 18 9 21 14 33 13 16 41 19 23 19 11 32 23 33 19 10 6 12 18 24 21 20 22 31 17 24 15 44 34 23 12 26 34 21 13 13 32 13 38 15 20 22 44 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 77 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

3 10 11 15 9 7 7 5 8 9 19 21 11 19 5 9 4 13 7 15 9 25 8 588 3 10 5 4 5 7 13 13 6 9 2 4 2 7 5 10 4 5 12 6 7 7 4 14 7 10 9 3 2 4 6 8 8 8 7 7 6 8 2 16 13 10 3 10 7 6 5 5 13 4 13 5 6 7 20

14 18 12 15 18 16 12 16 15 14 17 11 24 22 14 12 12 11 22 16 12 19 13 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

5 12 6 9 10 8 6 11 7 8 18 18 21 9 3 4 1 9 7 11 7 10 3 605 13 4 8 5 6 5 8 13 11 10 12 7 4 8 4 13 3 6 16 7 9 4 4 10 9 12 4 2 1 2 5 7 8 4 7 9 7 5 5 17 10 5 5 8 15 6 4 2 8 4 12 4 5 7 19

4 9 4 3 5 6 5 9 3 3 7 12 10 8 2 5 3 6 3 7 3 6 3 524 5 3 7 4 5 6 5 15 3 4 4 6 2 5 4 9 5 4 12 5 6 7 2 7 6 10 5 4 2 5 6 8 4 7 7 14 3 10 7 10 10 7 3 7 11 8 3 5 10 4 12 5 8 7 4

127 242 201 264 238 197 154 181 194 191 373 348 343 341 135 174 105 215 209 282 183 389 156 8 627 86 91 92 67 82 89 146 167 108 138 83 80 39 93 55 149 56 86 186 101 113 81 53 181 112 156 96 38 28 48 70 118 108 84 102 130 89 111 84 224 151 109 68 129 142 119 65 51 186 51 187 80 98 99 231

11 12 12 13 19 17 13 18 10 12 20 15 23 20 17 18 10 21 13 14 12 19 11 641 9 8 9 8 8 9 8 8 8 9 9 8 9 9 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 9 8 8 8 9 8 8 9 8 9 9 8 8 9 9 9 9 8 8 8

28 94 106 142 87 73 63 44 84 79 195 199 119 188 42 87 37 105 73 149 84 241 74 3 502 17 53 20 23 34 47 75 73 37 53 13 30 9 45 23 62 20 35 73 33 41 37 22 86 46 61 51 17 12 22 36 50 54 48 36 36 32 72 20 99 68 50 25 55 39 42 27 25 82 18 82 35 31 36 125

63 72 48 59 82 67 48 64 60 55 68 43 96 88 56 49 48 44 88 63 47 76 51 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

20 55 30 45 45 35 25 50 35 40 85 86 100 40 15 15 5 40 30 51 35 45 15 2 794 47 20 34 23 30 24 44 65 49 48 43 31 18 36 18 57 15 30 70 35 39 20 20 52 43 54 20 10 5 10 23 35 38 18 31 43 35 25 27 77 46 25 21 38 65 27 20 10 34 16 60 20 23 30 95

5 9 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 8 5 1 690 13 10 29 13 10 9 19 21 14 28 18 11 3 3 6 21 13 13 35 25 25 16 3 35 16 32 17 3 3 8 3 25 8 10 28 42 14 6 29 39 29 26 13 28 29 41 10 8 61 8 36 16 36 25 3

36 956 113 269 22 254 3 145 585 18 6 12 6 18 11 32 29 74 42 34 15 3 174 5 111 6 14 60 26 28 5 4 56 26 41 5 6 3 4 10 13 28 7 10 48 13 11 10 43 29 29 8 22 33 16 8 10 33 12 68 11 9 11 599 421 416 778 023 812 470 089 550 409 919 049 302 301 253 780 486 651 104 915 897 070 551 497 735 605 747 689 559 793 063 940 023 764 010 032 056 212 347 333 270 216 011 157 795 433 779 055 829 366 042 078 045 992 551 611

See footnotes at end of table.

56

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 54 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Oklahoma Con. Okmulgee Osage Ottawa Pawnee Payne Pittsburg Pontotoc Pottawatomie Pushmataha Roger Mills Rogers Seminole Sequoyah Stephens Texas Tillman Tulsa Wagoner Washington Washita Woods Woodward Oregon Baker Benton Clackamas Clatsop Columbia Coos Crook Curry Deschutes Douglas Gilliam Grant Harney Hood River Jackson Jefferson Josephine Klamath Lake Lane Lincoln Linn Malheur Marion Morrow Multnomah Polk Sherman Tillamook Umatilla Union Wallowa Wasco Washington Wheeler Yamhill Pennsylvania Adams Allegheny Armstrong Beaver Bedford Berks Blair Bradford Bucks Butler Cambria Cameron Carbon Centre Chester 36 41 30 15 61 40 34 58 10 4 55 25 33 42 16 10 503 47 48 11 9 18 490 645 561 575 507 581 119 760 997 147 170 412 828 299 419 384 341 883 066 441 103 976 36 40 32 22 21 41 30 37 19 12 32 31 30 23 20 19 41 24 18 20 18 16 1 450 33 30 90 36 37 55 17 42 35 76 16 30 20 22 45 18 15 57 28 86 46 63 50 90 21 52 25 14 59 68 34 18 34 45 9 34 5 158 66 296 78 122 65 152 56 79 127 94 134 13 51 84 135 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 36 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 66 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

8 13 10 12 6 13 7 15 4 4 9 7 9 7 7 7 12 8 6 10 6 6 239 7 4 14 5 7 7 1 3 3 12 3 9 2 2 11 3 2 5 2 12 7 13 5 19 5 6 4 4 7 12 8 4 6 12 3 10 1 022 13 86 17 31 13 31 9 14 22 24 34 2 12 11 16

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 548 21 42 28 22 25 44 15 37 31 33 30 5 11 25 57

11 13 9 3 8 14 10 16 7 3 10 13 13 9 9 6 17 4 5 7 5 5 340 5 9 30 7 6 8 1 9 6 18 4 6 13 1 11 5 3 3 7 18 1 22 15 36 1 15 5 5 7 14 7 5 9 14 4 10 516 6 43 4 16 5 19 7 7 14 8 12 1 5 4 12

16 13 12 6 6 13 12 5 7 4 12 10 7 6 3 5 11 11 6 2 6 4 835 20 16 45 23 23 39 14 29 25 45 8 14 4 18 22 9 9 48 18 55 37 27 29 34 14 30 15 4 44 41 18 8 18 18 1 13 2 006 25 124 28 52 21 57 24 20 59 28 57 4 22 43 49

179 199 147 104 102 191 159 182 80 54 174 133 136 111 99 86 194 128 100 112 90 81 7 543 181 153 468 187 184 280 76 206 177 421 90 162 109 108 260 99 84 259 138 460 229 351 231 463 113 266 142 78 294 341 170 96 183 237 56 191 29 276 335 1 826 458 605 341 748 264 697 604 552 695 72 268 355 683

8 8 8 9 8 9 8 9 9 8 9 9 9 8 8 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 304 11 6 9 5 7 8 8 11 8 12 8 9 8 7 9 8 8 9 9 7 9 10 9 9 9 7 7 8 10 7 7 11 9 7 10 8 3 467 15 274 12 14 15 13 14 221 25 14 12 13 16 13 13

51 79 61 65 36 83 47 91 20 20 62 38 50 36 42 39 68 50 35 60 41 35 1 586 51 29 82 27 44 49 7 18 21 77 18 55 16 15 86 19 14 35 10 88 45 83 36 122 34 37 41 24 40 81 54 24 40 75 18 71 9 694 121 831 190 293 112 271 78 145 212 230 330 14 123 109 146

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11 589 145 343 220 164 173 303 109 268 250 245 245 36 84 197 416

49 57 41 13 38 64 48 72 29 13 46 59 53 43 41 28 83 20 27 35 18 25 1 886 31 47 161 43 42 54 4 47 33 103 22 40 63 7 62 27 19 15 35 106 5 118 77 187 7 90 27 26 38 85 39 29 46 73 23 55 4 526 54 378 36 134 41 161 63 63 117 63 108 9 45 36 108

71 55 37 17 20 35 56 10 22 13 57 27 24 24 8 10 34 50 30 9 23 13 3 767 88 71 216 112 91 169 57 130 115 229 42 58 22 79 103 45 43 200 84 259 170 140 109 145 63 132 67 20 206 168 70 32 88 82 5 57 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

2 842 321 15 70 278 33 37 60 14 19 74 94 1 7 7 16 146 13 62 57 7 282 38 91 26 228 7 583 49 1 21 59 23 6 21 311 1 65 317 811 850 301 557 273 111 327 958 649 717 853 060 903 389 676 649 702 186 912 889 227 038 483 625 887 541 918 570 249 598 911 683 554 396 551

11 881 643 78 1 336 73 186 47 336 130 60 541 152 163 5 56 123 376 274 449 478 093 919 523 542 967 174 013 029 913 846 786 396

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 57

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 55 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Pennsylvania Clarion Clearfield Clinton Columbia Crawford Cumberland Dauphin Delaware Elk Erie Fayette Forest Franklin Fulton Greene Huntingdon Indiana Jefferson Juniata Lackawanna Lancaster Lawrence Lebanon Lehigh Luzerne Lycoming McKean Mercer Mifflin Monroe Montgomery Montour Northampton Northumberland Perry Philadelphia2 Pike Potter Schuylkill Snyder Somerset Sullivan Susquehanna Tioga Union Venango Warren Washington Wayne Westmoreland Wyoming York Rhode Island Bristol2 Kent2 Newport2 Providence2 Washington2 South Carolina Abbeville Aiken Allendale Anderson Bamberg Barnwell Beaufort Berkeley Calhoun Charleston Cherokee Chester Chesterfield Clarendon Colleton Darlington Dillon Dorchester Edgefield Fairfield Con. 41 78 37 63 86 195 237 547 34 275 145 4 121 13 39 44 89 46 20 219 422 96 113 291 328 118 47 121 46 95 678 17 247 96 41 1 585 27 16 152 36 78 6 40 41 36 59 45 204 39 370 28 339 699 097 182 202 169 257 813 651 878 572 351 802 082 837 550 164 994 083 625 039 822 246 744 130 149 710 131 003 197 709 111 735 105 771 172 577 966 717 585 680 218 104 380 126 176 381 050 584 944 321 076 574 62 100 51 60 82 79 94 106 38 102 88 12 49 22 49 75 72 60 27 84 139 54 65 65 149 81 57 86 37 49 155 23 93 70 50 14 19 46 131 47 98 20 57 65 33 54 46 128 44 147 32 140 125 6 22 13 54 30 697 14 27 8 26 9 13 21 10 6 28 9 18 12 9 11 13 8 14 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – – – – – – 46 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

12 20 8 9 16 12 17 28 3 17 18 1 6 2 6 18 15 11 4 19 19 11 8 9 39 10 7 17 6 4 24 2 21 13 9 1 2 6 31 6 25 4 13 10 4 11 6 35 6 44 5 37 8 – 1 1 6 – 269 5 10 4 9 5 7 4 6 2 13 2 5 8 4 6 4 3 5 3 2

22 30 21 24 35 22 23 21 10 22 24 8 15 11 20 30 24 23 13 21 41 16 17 15 36 42 15 31 10 16 38 9 17 23 21 – 11 24 36 15 25 9 27 30 10 20 21 32 22 21 18 35 31 3 4 5 10 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

7 8 1 6 3 9 12 16 3 13 6 1 5 4 5 4 7 3 1 10 16 8 6 10 13 8 5 12 1 4 22 1 9 6 4 2 1 5 13 2 11 1 6 3 2 5 1 14 3 18 2 15 3 – – – 1 2 91 1 1 1 5 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 3 2 1 1

20 41 20 20 27 35 41 40 21 49 39 1 22 4 17 22 25 22 8 33 62 18 33 30 60 20 29 25 19 24 70 10 45 27 15 11 4 10 50 23 36 5 10 21 16 17 17 46 12 63 6 52 83 3 17 7 37 19 291 7 15 2 11 1 2 15 2 2 13 5 11 2 1 3 7 1 6 1 2

376 472 382 349 490 371 451 614 160 444 412 84 469 157 281 671 391 337 169 424 698 285 269 281 710 527 278 498 142 192 742 147 419 371 286 27 122 306 709 210 744 125 530 530 137 297 250 1 402 238 728 336 733 983 134 128 113 380 228 3 748 82 131 48 181 45 93 55 82 32 136 46 78 68 53 62 56 45 82 45 42

13 12 128 16 19 14 14 9 16 13 14 13 244 14 9 245 14 15 16 11 103 12 8 17 14 12 56 15 14 14 14 59 18 12 13 – 13 14 19 13 246 11 133 170 16 15 13 710 13 20 133 14 – – – – – – 765 13 16 11 20 13 34 15 18 11 17 13 13 13 11 14 14 13 21 11 14

132 177 88 88 171 106 171 289 30 148 171 11 56 20 69 162 135 116 48 172 170 90 74 77 344 109 70 144 47 31 235 20 197 121 89 9 23 59 282 63 229 44 140 105 29 105 65 322 51 402 50 333 127 – 14 14 99 – 1 633 35 58 24 54 29 41 28 50 12 95 11 31 43 26 35 24 19 29 19 10

169 210 157 191 273 170 164 181 87 166 173 51 124 87 158 228 179 179 96 151 281 111 134 106 254 334 107 231 72 111 304 59 132 184 148 – 77 187 288 116 170 61 203 228 74 132 163 244 147 153 135 251 516 134 54 76 139 113 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

62 73 9 54 27 81 102 135 27 117 54 9 45 36 45 36 63 27 9 90 144 72 53 81 98 72 45 108 9 36 189 9 72 54 36 18 9 46 120 18 99 9 54 27 18 45 9 126 27 153 18 135 26 – – – 9 17 585 9 9 5 33 – 15 9 8 6 9 9 7 9 13 5 12 – 7 7 –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 314 – 60 23 133 98 765 25 48 8 74 3 3 3 6 3 15 13 27 3 3 8 6 13 25 8 18

1 003 464 48 161 87 596 110 859 135 194 270 006

3 486 703 23 120 11 145 16 20 86 128 12 295 44 32 38 28 34 61 29 83 18 22 862 940 722 196 902 293 425 776 753 039 506 170 577 450 377 851 114 060 375 295

See footnotes at end of table.

58

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 56 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 South Carolina Con. Florence Georgetown Greenville Greenwood Hampton Horry Jasper Kershaw Lancaster Laurens Lee Lexington McCormick Marion Marlboro Newberry Oconee Orangeburg Pickens Richland Saluda Spartanburg Sumter Union Williamsburg York South Dakota Aurora Beadle Bennett Bon Homme Brookings Brown Brule Buffalo Butte Campbell Charles Mix Clark Clay Codington Corson Custer Davison Day Deuel Dewey Douglas Edmunds Fall River Faulk Grant Gregory Haakon Hamlin Hand Hanson Harding Hughes Hutchinson Hyde Jackson Jerauld Jones Kingsbury Lake Lawrence Lincoln Lyman McCook McPherson Marshall Meade Mellette Miner Minnehaha Moody 114 46 320 59 18 144 15 43 54 58 18 167 8 33 29 33 57 84 93 285 16 226 102 30 36 131 344 302 167 567 191 053 487 599 516 092 437 611 868 899 361 172 494 803 894 720 357 800 637 337 815 497 26 9 35 12 13 15 5 11 9 14 5 26 7 13 11 14 10 29 15 15 6 60 12 27 9 21 1 785 28 52 6 14 45 70 30 5 12 8 43 39 19 34 27 13 25 44 28 9 24 45 23 35 34 30 8 27 45 20 5 14 42 7 13 23 25 29 35 18 32 37 30 17 40 24 23 27 51 27 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 64 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

9 3 7 5 9 8 2 3 3 5 2 15 3 4 5 8 5 17 7 5 3 13 3 4 5 9 310 3 8 1 5 8 10 3 – 4 4 7 7 2 6 3 5 3 9 7 3 3 4 3 7 9 6 2 6 3 4 2 3 6 1 4 3 2 9 5 5 7 4 5 5 5 2 2 5 11 5

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 969 20 35 – – 23 44 22 1 2 – 24 27 12 17 18 – 12 28 16 – 14 32 6 23 17 16 – 13 35 12 – 4 23 3 6 15 16 13 16 1 16 26 16 5 25 6 17 16 23 16

5 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 5 1 4 1 1 1 8 1 2 1 7 2 1 1 4 180 3 4 1 3 5 5 2 – 2 2 4 2 2 5 3 2 3 4 1 3 2 3 3 2 4 3 2 3 2 2 1 2 4 1 1 2 1 4 4 2 3 1 4 2 3 2 2 2 7 3

11 4 26 3 1 5 1 6 4 6 1 5 2 4 4 4 3 3 6 7 1 39 6 21 2 7 262 1 4 3 5 8 10 2 3 3 1 7 2 2 5 2 5 6 2 3 2 4 5 10 2 3 4 3 4 4 1 1 4 8 1 1 2 5 2 9 9 5 5 4 4 6 13 1 3 9 2

131 49 144 64 72 107 33 68 69 89 40 150 46 48 58 66 69 199 84 77 38 197 69 131 57 131 9 529 156 280 30 95 256 354 164 22 71 49 229 194 103 182 144 59 126 228 151 58 144 236 116 180 165 146 52 145 243 110 29 76 241 46 71 117 137 153 172 88 159 182 170 89 192 121 133 145 267 143

15 13 19 11 12 18 11 14 13 19 13 16 11 20 15 13 13 53 12 33 11 13 26 13 14 39 669 10 11 11 10 10 11 11 7 11 11 9 11 9 11 11 9 11 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 9 10 10 11 11 8 11 11 9 11 11 10 8 10 11 12 10 10 11 11 11 11 10 11 10 11

56 19 53 31 47 48 10 15 19 29 12 86 20 24 28 43 33 92 45 27 17 78 17 25 31 55 1 596 16 28 7 33 49 42 16 – 20 23 39 27 12 28 17 21 19 40 33 21 21 28 19 28 35 30 10 36 13 21 8 15 34 7 17 13 11 47 17 27 33 18 31 24 24 16 8 27 65 23

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 163 104 190 – – 133 230 116 5 11 – 121 139 62 91 95 – 60 152 91 – 74 164 31 117 91 79 – 71 192 66 – 27 122 16 31 77 93 66 85 6 91 136 84 27 129 31 96 87 124 87

39 9 12 19 10 13 9 9 9 14 7 35 7 1 7 7 10 40 9 14 7 65 14 9 9 29 1 018 19 24 5 21 26 31 12 – 14 10 28 12 10 25 15 12 15 20 5 15 16 15 17 10 20 17 12 14 10 10 5 10 26 7 7 12 5 25 24 10 17 9 24 10 15 14 14 10 37 17

21 8 60 3 3 28 3 30 28 27 8 13 8 3 8 3 13 14 18 3 3 41 12 84 3 8 1 083 7 27 7 31 38 40 9 10 15 5 32 5 10 27 6 17 21 5 11 11 22 18 40 14 10 10 20 13 17 5 5 13 50 5 5 5 20 5 35 33 8 9 20 17 13 49 5 10 31 5

696 004 3 18 3 7 25 35 5 1 7 1 9 4 13 22 4 6 17 6 4 5 3 4 7 2 8 5 2 4 4 2 1 14 8 1 2 2 1 5 10 20 15 3 5 3 4 21 2 3 123 6 135 253 206 089 207 580 485 759 914 965 131 403 186 698 195 179 503 978 522 523 746 356 353 744 372 359 624 974 272 994 669 817 262 696 811 425 324 925 550 655 427 638 688 228 844 878 137 272 809 507

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 59

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 57 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 South Dakota Con. Pennington Perkins Potter Roberts Sanborn Shannon2 Spink Stanley Sully Todd2 Tripp Turner Union Walworth Yankton Ziebach Tennessee Anderson Bedford Benton Bledsoe Blount Bradley Campbell Cannon Carroll Carter Cheatham Chester Claiborne Clay Cocke Coffee Crockett Cumberland Davidson2 Decatur De Kalb Dickson Dyer Fayette Fentress Franklin Gibson Giles Grainger Greene Grundy Hamblen Hamilton Hancock Hardeman Hardin Hawkins Haywood Henderson Henry Hickman Houston Humphreys Jackson Jefferson Johnson Knox Lake Lauderdale Lawrence Lewis Lincoln Loudon McMinn McNairy Macon Madison Marion Marshall Maury 81 3 3 9 2 9 7 2 1 8 6 8 10 6 19 2 343 932 190 914 833 902 981 453 589 352 924 576 189 087 252 220 48 59 8 48 26 3 56 4 6 5 55 38 31 10 23 4 923 12 10 5 5 12 6 9 5 19 13 8 4 8 6 5 8 10 10 14 8 10 14 11 13 6 15 29 12 6 13 11 7 23 4 19 9 20 5 7 12 4 6 7 8 12 7 13 7 8 15 4 7 12 12 14 5 12 13 7 7 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 93 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

8 2 4 10 3 1 10 1 2 2 3 10 5 6 6 1 339 4 4 2 1 6 2 4 2 8 2 3 2 3 1 2 2 5 3 7 3 4 6 3 9 2 5 10 5 2 4 6 1 10 1 9 4 5 2 3 4 1 2 3 1 5 – 2 2 4 5 1 2 4 5 9 2 2 8 3 3

19 50 – 30 16 – 37 – – – 46 18 12 – 9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

5 3 2 5 3 1 5 1 2 1 2 5 6 2 3 1 14 – – – – – – – – 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – 5 – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – –

15 3 1 2 3 1 3 1 1 2 3 4 7 1 4 1 477 7 5 2 3 5 3 4 2 5 10 4 1 4 4 2 5 4 6 7 4 5 7 7 3 3 9 14 6 3 8 4 5 12 2 9 4 14 2 3 6 2 3 3 6 6 45 10 4 3 9 2 4 7 6 4 2 9 3 3 3

253 327 47 244 143 15 313 28 38 22 304 206 167 60 116 27 6 629 83 81 65 36 84 48 66 42 134 72 50 56 66 45 58 72 84 50 93 68 66 111 75 75 65 81 152 72 58 75 66 53 92 47 128 67 84 56 49 82 67 49 72 57 85 37 74 45 88 59 54 60 66 71 116 57 84 74 61 65

11 11 10 11 11 – 11 11 11 – 11 10 11 11 11 10 3 835 47 51 50 28 40 37 39 25 51 44 32 40 39 31 44 54 54 34 – 42 38 71 39 27 51 39 45 38 40 51 35 45 23 38 38 41 45 42 29 43 53 32 49 38 56 5 55 28 52 39 46 43 36 29 47 41 53 35 39 41

46 14 20 40 13 3 62 7 10 12 17 53 37 29 29 7 2 184 33 22 12 5 36 8 24 14 49 22 15 13 21 4 11 15 27 13 90 23 25 37 30 45 11 27 73 31 15 16 28 5 66 6 63 23 33 10 17 23 11 14 20 4 26 – 16 14 26 17 5 14 27 35 52 13 16 34 19 21

101 272 – 155 90 – 203 – – – 241 93 62 – 46 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

27 19 12 33 10 5 25 5 12 5 14 27 34 12 15 5 77 – – – – – – – – 31 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 26 – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2 – –

68 11 5 5 19 7 12 5 5 5 21 23 23 8 15 5 533 3 8 3 3 8 3 3 3 3 6 3 3 6 10 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 6 3 3 15 8 3 3 8 3 3 3 3 27 3 6 4 3 13 3 3 3 15 3 3 3 3 10 3 3 3 3 7 17 3 15 3 3 3

4 877 185 68 30 14 9 85 73 35 10 27 51 27 12 26 7 29 40 13 34 510 10 14 35 34 25 14 34 46 25 17 55 13 50 285 6 23 22 44 19 21 27 16 7 15 9 33 13 335 7 23 35 9 28 31 42 22 15 77 24 21 54 250 411 524 669 969 712 079 467 514 505 140 819 137 238 141 339 378 736 784 472 360 061 854 559 669 725 315 741 095 853 362 480 536 739 377 633 565 437 844 888 754 018 795 297 016 766 749 129 491 303 247 157 255 383 422 906 982 860 539 812

See footnotes at end of table.

60

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 58 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Tennessee Meigs Monroe Montgomery Moore2 Morgan Obion Overton Perry Pickett Polk Putnam Rhea Roane Robertson Rutherford Scott Sequatchie Sevier Shelby Smith Stewart Sullivan Sumner Tipton Trousdale Unicoi Union Van Buren Warren Washington Wayne Weakley White Williamson Wilson Texas Anderson Andrews Angelina Aransas Archer Armstrong Atascosa Austin Bailey Bandera Bastrop Baylor Bee Bell Bexar Blanco Borden Bosque Bowie Brazoria Brazos Brewster Briscoe Brooks Brown Burleson Burnet Caldwell Calhoun Callahan Cameron Camp Carson Cass Castro Chambers Cherokee Childress Clay Cochran Con. 8 30 100 4 17 31 17 6 4 13 51 24 47 41 118 18 8 51 826 14 9 143 103 37 5 16 13 4 32 92 13 31 20 81 67 033 541 498 721 300 717 636 612 548 643 373 344 227 494 570 358 863 043 330 143 479 596 281 568 920 549 694 846 992 315 935 972 090 021 675 3 7 9 2 7 16 7 6 3 9 12 7 14 13 9 12 4 11 14 11 5 16 17 14 4 7 6 4 10 5 8 10 9 15 14 4 791 17 5 24 8 14 4 19 12 7 10 18 7 16 41 51 9 2 21 36 66 15 10 7 6 19 12 18 12 17 14 60 7 10 28 10 12 21 6 18 9 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 254 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

1 4 1 1 3 8 1 2 1 3 4 3 4 7 4 3 1 4 7 3 2 3 7 8 1 1 2 1 4 2 3 5 2 4 3 1 171 3 1 6 2 6 1 6 4 1 1 3 1 1 10 22 3 – 7 9 23 3 1 2 1 4 3 6 3 3 4 17 2 4 9 3 5 8 1 6 2

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 1 1 100 7 1 7 1 4 1 5 3 2 2 4 1 5 11 16 2 1 8 14 10 2 4 1 1 7 3 2 3 1 4 11 1 3 8 3 3 5 1 5 3

1 2 7 1 3 7 5 3 1 5 7 3 9 5 4 7 2 6 6 7 2 12 9 5 2 5 3 2 5 2 4 4 6 9 9 2 266 6 2 10 4 3 1 7 4 3 6 10 4 9 19 12 3 – 5 12 32 9 4 3 3 7 5 9 5 12 5 31 3 2 10 3 3 7 3 6 3

36 56 58 37 51 152 44 47 31 60 70 63 82 83 95 70 53 70 101 66 47 98 108 101 43 48 64 41 64 79 60 93 49 82 71 26 813 117 30 127 58 106 30 105 69 45 69 105 36 74 202 311 53 17 121 184 398 80 52 43 35 106 91 90 64 82 74 313 40 69 134 60 86 110 33 95 54

26 30 41 – 38 78 34 29 24 39 43 38 40 35 65 32 44 46 34 42 32 62 57 37 35 30 45 27 40 54 33 50 29 51 46 4 491 20 12 21 19 17 11 20 19 16 19 20 12 18 23 33 15 10 15 23 29 27 16 12 19 13 19 19 19 21 17 32 13 13 17 13 24 21 12 18 14

7 23 14 34 10 56 7 12 4 12 21 22 39 31 24 15 6 21 64 18 10 30 48 54 5 6 11 6 21 22 15 31 14 22 19 7 371 19 6 37 11 56 9 37 24 5 6 33 5 6 62 140 19 – 41 58 144 20 6 12 4 25 30 36 19 19 24 98 13 25 56 16 31 49 7 32 9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 3 7 500 49 7 49 7 28 5 36 21 14 14 28 7 35 77 85 14 7 50 88 74 14 20 7 7 49 21 14 21 7 28 82 7 21 51 21 21 35 7 35 21

3 3 3 3 3 18 3 6 3 9 6 3 3 17 6 17 3 3 3 6 5 6 3 10 3 12 8 8 3 3 12 12 6 3 3 7 451 29 5 20 21 5 5 12 5 10 30 24 12 15 40 53 5 – 15 15 151 19 10 12 5 19 21 21 5 35 5 101 7 10 10 10 10 5 7 10 10

16 986 510 48 14 69 17 7 2 30 19 7 10 38 4 25 191 1 185 024 338 884 892 973 021 533 832 064 562 263 385 135 088 394

5 972 799 15 125 81 665 191 707 121 8 1 8 34 13 22 26 19 11 260 9 6 29 9 20 41 5 10 4 862 681 971 204 371 625 677 392 053 859 120 904 576 982 070 088 049 953 024 377

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 61

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 59 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Texas Con. Coke Coleman Collin Collingsworth Colorado Comal Comanche Concho Cooke Coryell Cottle Crane Crockett Crosby Culberson Dallam Dallas Dawson Deaf Smith Delta Denton De Witt Dickens Dimmit Donley Duval Eastland Ector Edwards Ellis El Paso Erath Falls Fannin Fayette Fisher Floyd Foard Fort Bend Franklin Freestone Frio Gaines Galveston Garza Gillespie Glasscock Goliad Gonzales Gray Grayson Gregg Grimes Guadalupe Hale Hall Hamilton Hansford Hardeman Hardin Harris Harrison Hartley Haskell Hays Hemphill Henderson Hidalgo Hill Hockley Hood Hopkins Houston Howard Hudspeth 3 9 264 3 18 51 13 3 30 64 2 4 4 7 3 5 1 852 14 19 4 273 18 2 10 3 12 18 118 2 85 591 27 17 24 20 4 8 1 225 7 15 13 14 217 5 17 1 5 17 23 95 104 18 64 34 3 7 5 5 41 2 818 57 3 6 65 3 58 383 27 24 28 28 21 32 2 424 710 036 573 383 832 381 044 777 213 247 652 078 304 407 461 810 349 153 857 525 840 571 433 696 918 488 934 266 167 610 991 712 804 095 842 497 794 421 802 818 472 123 399 143 204 447 980 205 967 021 948 828 873 671 905 733 848 283 320 199 483 634 820 614 720 543 545 146 199 981 833 375 343 915 14 13 51 9 14 11 13 10 23 20 5 4 5 12 6 7 70 11 9 10 56 16 7 11 13 13 22 10 7 37 35 15 13 36 18 10 9 6 126 8 15 10 9 55 7 9 4 6 16 13 51 26 11 17 17 10 10 10 9 21 518 22 6 15 21 5 37 75 36 18 12 18 19 13 12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 3 24 2 3 2 3 2 6 6 1 1 – 3 1 2 27 3 1 2 33 3 2 3 3 3 6 2 1 15 6 2 4 10 6 2 2 1 15 1 5 2 2 13 1 1 – 1 4 3 17 9 2 5 5 4 2 2 2 6 28 6 1 5 9 1 19 18 14 6 3 4 5 3 1

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

2 4 15 2 3 2 4 2 9 5 1 1 1 3 1 2 16 4 2 2 11 6 2 2 3 4 7 2 2 10 10 7 4 8 5 2 2 1 5 1 4 2 3 11 2 3 1 1 3 5 14 8 4 4 5 3 2 3 2 5 24 6 2 4 4 1 9 15 13 7 3 7 5 4 4

9 5 11 4 7 6 5 5 7 8 2 1 3 5 3 2 26 3 5 5 11 6 2 5 6 5 8 5 3 11 18 5 4 17 6 5 4 3 105 5 5 5 3 30 3 4 2 3 8 4 19 8 4 7 6 2 5 4 4 9 465 9 2 5 7 2 8 41 8 4 5 6 8 5 6

65 81 316 55 88 56 69 59 147 117 29 36 35 56 40 50 436 84 55 54 370 91 49 44 67 73 126 65 42 220 205 97 76 176 100 63 49 28 641 31 83 49 59 312 44 58 28 32 76 73 252 138 66 119 102 58 51 45 50 111 2 587 111 28 81 120 37 210 338 204 108 71 95 99 86 72

14 13 21 12 24 20 13 13 17 20 11 18 13 12 17 11 50 13 13 13 25 20 12 14 12 17 20 22 12 21 29 14 20 17 18 13 12 10 23 13 20 19 15 31 14 16 11 14 18 18 28 18 21 20 12 13 14 11 11 23 57 25 10 13 22 12 25 28 20 19 15 18 17 17 18

12 30 153 12 18 13 19 12 36 39 6 6 – 18 6 15 207 19 7 12 220 19 12 11 21 18 38 12 7 100 38 20 27 60 38 21 13 6 99 6 24 12 11 88 6 5 – 6 23 17 111 53 8 37 45 26 14 10 13 37 193 39 3 30 55 8 110 101 78 35 18 19 30 19 6

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

14 28 104 14 21 13 27 13 62 35 7 7 7 21 7 14 114 24 12 14 77 42 15 14 22 24 49 16 14 67 69 43 24 55 34 14 14 7 28 7 28 13 21 79 14 22 7 7 21 33 98 52 28 28 35 19 14 19 14 31 175 42 10 28 28 7 64 104 91 49 20 48 34 28 23

25 10 38 17 25 10 10 21 32 23 5 5 15 5 10 10 65 28 23 15 48 10 10 5 12 14 19 15 9 32 69 20 5 44 10 15 10 5 491 5 11 5 12 114 10 15 10 5 14 5 15 15 9 34 10 – 9 5 12 20 2 162 5 5 10 15 10 11 105 15 5 18 10 18 22 25

See footnotes at end of table.

62

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 60 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Texas Con. Hunt Hutchinson Irion Jack Jackson Jasper Jeff Davis Jefferson Jim Hogg Jim Wells Johnson Jones Karnes Kaufman Kendall Kenedy Kent Kerr Kimble King Kinney Kleberg Knox Lamar Lamb Lampasas La Salle Lavaca Lee Leon Liberty Limestone Lipscomb Live Oak Llano Loving Lubbock Lynn McCulloch McLennan McMullen Madison Marion Martin Mason Matagorda Maverick Medina Menard Midland Milam Mills Mitchell Montague Montgomery Moore Morris Motley Nacogdoches Navarro Newton Nolan Nueces Ochiltree Oldham Orange Palo Pinto Panola Parker Parmer Pecos Polk Potter Presidio Rains 64 25 1 6 13 31 1 239 5 37 97 16 12 52 14 343 689 629 981 039 102 946 397 109 679 165 490 455 220 589 34 12 4 11 16 18 5 36 7 14 25 18 20 33 9 2 5 12 7 3 7 10 16 24 17 10 9 16 9 14 33 17 15 10 8 2 23 12 11 52 5 9 8 10 5 24 10 17 7 10 19 10 12 18 99 9 11 7 24 35 9 13 38 5 10 27 20 13 26 11 11 20 14 8 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

10 4 1 2 3 3 1 8 – 4 10 5 4 13 2 – 1 2 1 – 2 1 4 7 6 2 2 4 2 7 11 6 4 2 2 – 7 4 2 20 – 2 1 1 1 2 1 5 1 1 5 2 3 3 15 3 4 2 5 18 1 3 7 1 2 7 5 3 12 3 2 5 1 2 3

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

10 5 1 3 3 5 2 6 1 5 9 5 4 7 2 1 1 5 1 1 1 5 4 6 6 2 1 6 3 5 7 3 4 2 1 – 8 4 3 19 1 2 1 2 1 5 1 5 1 3 6 4 3 7 6 2 2 1 9 8 3 4 13 1 4 5 6 4 9 4 3 6 5 2 1

13 2 1 5 9 9 1 21 5 4 5 7 11 12 4 – 2 4 4 1 3 3 7 10 4 5 5 5 3 1 14 7 6 5 4 1 7 3 5 12 3 4 5 6 2 16 7 6 4 5 7 3 5 7 77 3 4 3 9 8 4 5 17 2 3 14 8 5 4 3 5 8 7 3 2

192 83 29 63 95 103 35 193 41 85 152 99 91 183 56 21 34 71 36 22 43 51 76 129 97 61 53 96 62 93 177 102 106 64 50 21 138 76 61 311 31 52 52 47 25 106 46 96 39 58 106 55 58 114 488 54 57 40 136 196 50 77 192 35 57 124 116 72 165 75 75 112 69 40 36

20 15 11 15 16 23 13 25 19 22 21 14 18 19 20 18 11 21 11 10 14 17 14 22 15 18 19 21 19 17 25 19 11 19 20 16 27 12 14 27 10 19 19 12 10 22 19 20 11 16 19 9 13 15 25 14 19 10 20 16 19 14 27 12 11 19 21 17 20 14 20 21 17 12 12

56 28 6 12 26 19 3 52 – 22 63 31 18 90 12 – 6 12 6 – 12 5 24 43 31 14 12 23 12 42 66 37 30 17 9 – 42 24 15 124 – 9 4 6 3 12 5 30 6 7 29 12 19 19 93 17 24 13 27 108 6 18 43 6 12 43 32 17 69 19 14 29 5 9 18

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

70 35 7 21 21 32 14 42 7 31 63 35 28 49 14 3 7 33 7 7 7 29 28 39 41 14 7 42 22 34 49 21 27 13 6 – 54 28 18 135 6 14 7 14 7 35 7 31 7 23 42 24 21 49 41 13 14 7 63 56 21 27 88 7 22 32 42 28 63 28 21 40 37 14 6

46 5 5 15 32 29 5 74 15 10 5 19 27 25 10 – 10 5 12 5 10 – 10 25 10 15 15 10 9 – 37 25 38 15 15 5 15 12 14 25 15 10 22 15 5 37 15 15 15 12 16 10 5 31 329 10 – 10 26 16 4 18 34 10 12 30 21 10 13 14 20 22 10 5 –

460 1 010 36 304 4 122 354 3 30 4 43 15 13 5 18 12 12 52 20 3 9 11 222 6 8 189 10 9 4 3 36 36 27 2 106 22 4 8 17 182 17 13 1 54 39 13 16 291 9 2 80 25 22 64 9 14 30 97 6 6 See footnotes at end of table. 119 274 837 949 072 521 254 690 854 665 726 946 143 556 631 107 636 758 778 123 817 931 984 956 423 928 378 312 252 611 946 531 016 274 201 865 200 532 753 926 569 594 145 128 278 509 055 035 785 863 675 687 874 637 715

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 63

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 61 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Texas Con. Randall Reagan Real Red River Reeves Refugio Roberts Robertson Rockwall Runnels Rusk Sabine San Augustine San Jacinto San Patricio San Saba Schleicher Scurry Shackelford Shelby Sherman Smith Somervell Starr Stephens Sterling Stonewall Sutton Swisher Tarrant Taylor Terrell Terry Throckmorton Titus Tom Green Travis Trinity Tyler Upshur Upton Uvalde Val Verde Van Zandt Victoria Walker Waller Ward Washington Webb Wharton Wheeler Wichita Wilbarger Willacy Williamson Wilson Winkler Wise Wood Yoakum Young Zapata Zavala Utah Beaver Box Elder Cache Carbon Daggett Davis Duchesne Emery Garfield Grand 89 4 2 14 15 7 1 15 25 11 43 9 7 16 58 5 2 18 3 22 2 151 5 40 9 1 2 4 8 1 170 119 1 13 1 24 98 576 11 16 31 4 23 38 37 74 50 23 13 26 133 39 5 122 15 17 139 22 8 34 29 8 18 9 12 673 514 412 317 852 976 025 511 604 294 735 586 999 372 749 401 990 634 316 034 858 309 360 518 010 438 013 135 133 103 655 410 218 880 009 458 407 445 646 370 447 340 721 944 361 917 390 115 154 239 955 879 378 121 705 551 650 626 679 380 786 126 279 162 10 7 6 19 15 14 4 15 13 16 20 10 8 10 31 9 7 8 8 17 7 25 5 13 7 5 7 7 11 69 21 4 12 8 15 18 84 12 14 17 9 12 10 21 18 14 14 14 10 12 19 14 19 10 16 46 15 7 25 18 7 13 7 10 626 15 44 38 16 5 30 16 18 22 17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 29 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

3 1 2 5 3 4 1 4 5 3 5 3 2 4 11 2 1 1 2 5 2 9 1 2 1 1 1 1 3 34 8 – 3 2 4 1 14 2 3 5 2 2 1 7 1 3 6 6 2 3 2 3 5 1 3 11 4 2 11 6 2 3 – 1 228 3 16 19 7 1 15 5 9 8 2

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 1 1 4 2 3 1 5 2 4 8 2 2 2 7 3 1 4 2 6 2 9 1 3 1 1 1 1 3 18 5 1 4 2 5 6 8 4 5 7 2 5 3 7 5 2 3 2 3 5 6 7 5 4 4 11 4 2 7 6 2 3 1 2 40 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

5 4 2 9 9 6 1 5 5 8 6 4 3 3 12 3 4 2 3 5 2 6 2 7 4 2 4 4 4 16 7 2 4 3 5 10 61 5 5 4 4 4 5 6 11 8 4 5 4 3 10 3 8 4 8 23 6 2 6 5 2 6 5 6 329 10 26 16 7 2 13 9 7 12 13

58 45 38 95 89 84 30 77 76 96 118 57 53 67 154 50 41 54 48 104 53 157 35 65 35 36 40 41 56 426 115 31 77 41 86 108 393 73 80 104 59 74 57 109 80 74 89 84 65 77 105 92 104 65 91 244 85 43 145 109 51 63 45 53 2 511 52 151 160 72 27 151 77 77 80 47

15 13 14 18 21 19 12 19 19 19 29 21 20 19 23 12 11 14 9 21 14 23 14 23 14 10 12 11 11 37 20 14 12 11 14 19 28 19 18 20 18 21 18 18 20 19 20 19 20 19 20 15 21 14 23 22 18 17 14 18 14 15 19 19 299 12 9 13 10 8 10 12 11 10 11

19 6 12 34 24 21 6 24 33 18 30 17 14 24 65 12 6 7 15 31 17 54 6 6 5 9 6 6 14 244 44 – 27 12 27 8 79 12 18 31 12 13 7 42 7 21 33 36 14 17 14 18 31 12 15 68 24 12 67 38 13 17 – 5 1 328 17 86 109 43 5 102 28 51 41 11

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

7 6 7 28 13 21 7 34 14 25 54 14 14 14 49 21 7 28 12 41 12 65 7 21 6 7 7 7 21 115 34 7 26 13 35 42 58 28 34 48 14 35 15 49 27 14 21 14 21 36 41 42 35 29 27 77 26 14 49 42 14 21 6 14 204 5 5 12 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

17 20 5 15 31 23 5 – 10 34 5 5 5 10 17 5 17 5 12 11 10 15 8 15 10 10 15 17 10 30 17 10 12 5 10 39 228 14 10 5 15 5 17 – 26 20 15 15 10 5 30 17 17 10 26 77 17 – 15 11 10 10 20 15 680 18 51 26 14 9 34 32 10 24 20

1 722 850 4 36 70 20 187 12 10 3 6 765 485 183 228 690 941 645 332 980 620

See footnotes at end of table.

64

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 62 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Utah Con. Iron Juab Kane Millard Morgan Piute Rich Salt Lake San Juan Sanpete Sevier Summit Tooele Uintah Utah Wasatch Washington Wayne Weber Vermont Addison Bennington Caledonia Chittenden Essex Franklin Grand Isle Lamoille Orange Orleans Rutland Washington Windham Windsor Virginia Accomack Albemarle Alleghany Amelia Amherst Appomattox Arlington Augusta Bath Bedford Bland Botetourt Brunswick Buchanan Buckingham Campbell Caroline Carroll Charles City Charlotte Chesterfield Clarke Craig Culpeper Cumberland Dickenson Dinwiddie Essex Fairfax Fauquier Floyd Fluvanna Franklin Frederick Giles Gloucester Goochland Grayson Greene Greensville 20 5 5 11 5 1 1 725 12 16 15 15 26 22 263 10 48 2 158 789 817 169 333 528 277 725 956 621 259 431 518 601 211 590 089 560 177 330 11 10 13 25 6 7 16 57 9 20 18 31 20 15 53 12 26 12 44 681 58 43 46 55 30 41 15 35 47 52 79 59 59 62 454 17 6 3 1 4 3 2 4 2 2 2 6 5 2 4 4 3 3 1 5 1 3 2 4 1 5 3 5 5 4 3 3 4 4 6 1 2 6 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 95 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

5 4 5 10 1 4 4 12 2 13 11 6 7 3 21 4 14 4 13 50 2 3 2 5 – 4 1 6 3 7 2 6 6 3 230 14 1 1 – 1 2 – 1 – – – 3 3 1 1 2 2 1 – 4 – 2 1 1 – 3 1 1 3 3 1 1 2 2 5 – – 3 1 1

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 237 22 16 17 14 13 14 5 10 17 18 27 18 22 24 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 2 1 3 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 276 27 18 15 20 13 15 5 11 19 23 35 22 26 27 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

4 3 6 13 3 1 10 40 5 4 5 21 11 10 28 6 10 6 28 104 6 5 11 15 3 7 3 7 7 3 14 12 4 7 129 2 4 1 – 2 – 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 – 2 1 – 1 – – – – – 2 – 1 1 3 1 – 1 1 1 1 – – 1 2 – –

50 43 49 84 33 38 51 203 31 115 84 111 79 65 216 52 110 44 159 8 348 749 533 559 606 336 503 168 382 573 588 962 686 851 852 2 961 112 24 25 10 24 22 10 24 10 16 13 43 35 19 23 26 22 16 7 39 10 22 18 24 8 30 20 28 35 32 23 15 31 35 40 10 14 36 15 16

10 6 10 12 10 8 10 11 9 10 9 11 13 14 14 9 10 9 8 73 6 3 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 5 5 5 5 3 989 14 9 10 10 10 8 10 12 10 12 9 10 10 12 12 12 9 11 7 12 10 10 8 12 8 10 10 9 12 10 10 9 12 11 9 10 10 9 10 9

30 22 29 54 6 20 22 79 12 87 61 34 39 18 123 22 79 20 78 563 30 30 28 75 – 40 6 53 31 67 38 84 53 28 1 737 98 7 7 – 6 14 – 6 – – – 23 25 7 7 14 13 5 – 27 – 12 10 9 – 20 6 8 20 22 5 6 14 14 31 – – 21 5 7

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5 914 547 390 396 361 273 356 114 240 411 402 684 418 659 663 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

5 10 5 5 5 5 5 22 5 10 5 15 5 5 15 5 5 5 10 1 367 132 85 71 116 48 74 27 49 96 104 179 127 126 133 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

5 5 5 13 12 5 14 91 5 8 9 51 22 28 64 16 16 10 63 431 34 25 59 49 9 27 15 34 28 10 56 52 8 25 235 – 8 8 – 8 – – 6 – 4 4 10 – – 4 – – – – – – – – 3 – – 4 11 3 – 8 – 5 10 – – 4 6 – –

562 758 32 35 27 131 6 39 5 19 26 24 62 54 41 54 953 845 846 761 405 980 318 735 149 053 142 928 588 055

6 187 358 31 68 13 8 28 12 170 54 4 45 6 24 15 31 12 47 19 26 6 11 209 12 4 27 7 17 20 8 818 48 12 12 39 45 16 30 14 16 10 8 703 040 176 787 578 298 936 677 799 656 514 992 987 333 873 572 217 594 282 688 274 101 372 791 825 620 960 689 584 741 005 429 549 723 366 131 163 278 297 853

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 65

TIPS UPF [APS_PPGB,F_SCOTT] 5/ 17/ 95 11:53:18 MCVX26 TLP:1-2.TLP;73 5/ 8/ 95 09:24:19 DATA:NONE UPF:GC921.UPF PAGE: 63 TSF:TIPS92-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:41 UTF:TIPS93-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:31:42 META:TIPS96-11311019.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:46:55

Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Virginia Halifax Hanover Henrico Henry Highland Isle of Wight James City King and Queen King George King William Lancaster Lee Loudoun Louisa Lunenburg Madison Mathews Mecklenburg Middlesex Montgomery Nelson New Kent Northampton Northumberland Nottoway Orange Page Patrick Pittsylvania Powhatan Prince Edward Prince George Prince William Pulaski Rappahannock Richmond Roanoke Rockbridge Rockingham Russell Scott Shenandoah Smyth Southampton Spotsylvania Stafford Surry Sussex Tazewell Warren Washington Westmoreland Wise Wythe York Alexandria city2 Bedford city2 Bristol city2 Buena Vista city2 Charlottesville city2 Chesapeake city2 Clifton Forge city2 Colonial Heights city2 Covington city2 Danville city2 Emporia city2 Fairfax city2 Falls Church city2 Franklin city2 Fredericksburg city2 Galax city2 Hampton city2 Harrisonburg city2 Hopewell city2 Lexington city2 Con. 29 63 217 56 2 25 34 6 13 10 10 24 86 20 11 11 8 29 8 73 12 10 13 10 14 21 21 17 55 15 17 27 215 34 6 7 79 18 57 28 23 31 32 17 57 61 6 10 45 26 45 15 39 25 42 111 6 18 6 40 151 4 16 6 53 5 19 9 7 19 6 133 30 23 6 033 306 881 942 635 053 859 289 527 913 896 496 129 325 419 949 348 241 653 913 778 445 061 524 993 421 690 473 655 328 320 394 686 496 622 273 332 350 482 667 204 636 370 550 403 236 145 248 960 142 887 480 573 466 422 183 073 426 406 341 976 679 064 991 056 306 622 578 864 027 670 793 707 101 959 8 4 3 2 2 4 2 1 1 2 4 5 10 4 3 2 1 8 2 5 1 2 9 1 4 3 4 3 5 1 3 3 8 6 2 3 3 3 10 5 9 7 8 9 2 3 4 4 7 2 6 3 10 3 1 1 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 2 3 3 2 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

4 1 – 1 1 2 – – – 1 3 3 7 2 2 1 – 5 1 2 – – 5 – 3 2 3 1 3 – 1 – 4 2 1 1 1 2 7 3 6 6 3 6 – – 3 3 5 1 3 2 6 2 – 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

3 2 2 – – 1 1 – – – – 1 2 1 – – – 2 – 2 – 1 3 – – – – 1 1 – 1 2 3 3 – 1 1 – 2 1 2 – 4 2 1 2 – – 1 – 2 – 3 – – – 1 – – 2 2 – – 2 – 1 – – 1 1 2 2 1 3 1

41 19 11 18 15 30 10 10 11 18 30 32 66 25 26 15 10 59 17 26 9 19 49 9 36 22 30 19 36 10 27 14 39 26 17 27 15 23 66 35 53 55 48 58 20 12 28 31 49 15 36 25 54 23 10 10 9 9 10 9 20 10 12 10 14 12 9 10 12 12 7 12 6 12 9

12 10 8 11 8 10 10 10 11 10 8 9 13 12 12 10 10 14 10 12 9 9 11 9 10 10 10 10 12 10 13 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 12 11 12 12 12 12 9 11 10 10 12 10 13 12 10 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

26 5 – 7 7 14 – – – 8 22 20 50 13 14 5 – 37 7 14 – – 34 – 26 12 20 6 21 – 8 – 26 16 7 8 5 13 50 21 38 44 22 41 – – 19 20 36 5 19 15 35 11 – 10 9 9 10 9 16 10 12 10 14 12 9 10 12 12 7 12 6 12 9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

3 4 3 – – 6 – – – – – 3 3 – – – – 8 – – – 10 4 – – – – 3 3 – 6 4 3 – – 9 – – 6 3 3 – 14 5 8 – – – 3 – 5 – 6 – – – – – – – 4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

See footnotes at end of table.

66

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Virginia Con. 66 27 6 16 170 261 4 38 11 103 15 203 96 23 6 24 52 393 18 11 21 049 957 734 162 045 229 247 386 005 907 940 056 397 756 997 461 141 069 549 530 947 1 1 1 3 2 5 1 3 1 1 1 4 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 5 1 760 30 10 49 49 33 42 12 34 32 17 24 6 72 54 48 27 140 56 33 37 61 32 40 55 33 25 85 25 75 19 93 69 33 45 17 49 67 63 69 691 10 12 13 10 12 17 6 5 4 26 4 9 15 8 12 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 39 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 55 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

Lynchburg city2 Manassas city2 Manassas Park city2 Martinsville city2 Newport News city2 Norfolk city2 Norton city2 Petersburg city2 Poquoson city2 Portsmouth city2 Radford city2 Richmond city2 Roanoke city2 Salem city2 South Boston city2 Staunton city2 Suffolk city2 Virginia Beach city2 Waynesboro city2 Williamsburg city2 Winchester city2 Washington Adams Asotin Benton Chelan Clallam Clark Columbia Cowlitz Douglas Ferry Franklin Garfield Grant Grays Harbor Island Jefferson King Kitsap Kittitas Klickitat Lewis Lincoln Mason Okanogan Pacific Pend Oreille Pierce San Juan Skagit Skamania Snohomish Spokane Stevens Thurston Wahkiakum Walla Walla Whatcom Whitman Yakima West Virginia Barbour Berkeley Boone Braxton Brooke Cabell Calhoun Clay Doddridge Fayette Gilmer Grant Greenbrier Hampshire Hancock

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 268 5 2 5 5 3 7 2 5 5 1 4 1 14 9 3 1 30 4 5 3 9 8 1 13 4 5 18 1 8 2 19 11 6 7 1 4 7 16 14 231 3 2 4 4 4 3 1 1 1 10 2 2 8 2 3

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 296 5 2 6 7 5 9 2 6 6 5 4 1 10 13 3 5 19 5 6 10 14 8 7 8 6 3 15 4 7 4 14 14 12 8 1 7 7 13 15 55 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

– – – 2 1 4 – 2 – – – 3 1 – – – – 1 – 1 4 1 157 19 5 37 36 24 25 7 22 20 10 15 3 47 31 41 20 90 46 21 23 37 15 31 33 22 16 51 19 59 12 59 43 14 29 14 37 52 33 39 350 5 8 7 4 6 12 3 2 1 14 – 5 5 4 7

12 9 7 10 12 12 8 12 9 12 9 13 12 9 10 12 12 14 10 9 18 7 187 130 42 163 190 120 184 53 133 129 72 104 36 296 238 164 102 627 208 140 152 253 152 135 254 131 102 354 95 268 75 388 277 153 175 60 191 244 304 293 2 567 45 37 39 39 49 56 20 20 20 100 27 25 70 39 35

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 445 11 9 15 10 10 10 7 15 10 12 10 10 12 10 11 9 11 13 10 10 12 10 10 9 18 10 17 10 9 7 18 10 17 16 9 9 14 11 14 461 8 8 8 8 9 8 8 8 8 9 8 8 8 8 8

12 9 7 10 12 12 8 12 9 12 9 13 12 9 10 12 12 14 10 9 18 1 905 37 14 37 31 21 56 15 33 30 6 26 10 95 77 21 8 249 34 39 19 61 51 3 91 21 30 125 7 55 12 134 71 41 46 7 33 49 117 93 1 712 24 20 26 26 35 26 7 7 7 74 14 12 51 16 22

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 477 25 10 30 35 25 45 10 30 30 25 20 5 50 65 15 25 96 25 30 50 70 40 35 40 30 15 75 20 35 20 70 69 59 40 5 34 35 65 74 275 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 360 57 9 81 114 64 73 21 55 59 29 48 11 139 86 117 60 271 136 61 73 110 51 87 114 62 47 137 58 169 36 166 127 36 73 39 115 146 111 112 119 8 4 – – – 17 – – – 12 – – 6 10 –

4 866 692 13 17 112 52 56 238 4 82 26 6 37 2 54 64 60 20 1 507 189 26 16 59 8 38 33 18 8 586 10 79 8 465 361 30 161 3 48 127 38 188 603 605 560 250 464 053 024 119 205 295 473 248 758 175 195 146 319 731 725 616 358 864 341 350 882 915 203 035 555 289 642 364 948 238 327 439 780 775 823

1 793 477 15 59 25 12 26 96 7 9 6 47 7 10 34 16 35 699 253 870 998 992 827 885 983 994 952 669 428 693 498 233

See footnotes at end of table.

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 67

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Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 West Virginia Hardy Harrison Jackson Jefferson Kanawha Lewis Lincoln Logan McDowell Marion Marshall Mason Mercer Mineral Mingo Monongalia Monroe Morgan Nicholas Ohio Pendleton Pleasants Pocahontas Preston Putnam Raleigh Randolph Ritchie Roane Summers Taylor Tucker Tyler Upshur Wayne Webster Wetzel Wirt Wood Wyoming Wisconsin Adams Ashland Barron Bayfield Brown Buffalo Burnett Calumet Chippewa Clark Columbia Crawford Dane Dodge Door Douglas Dunn Eau Claire Florence Fond du Lac Forest Grant Green Green Lake Iowa Iron Jackson Jefferson Juneau Kenosha Kewaunee La Crosse Lafayette Langlade Lincoln Con. 10 69 25 35 207 17 21 43 35 57 37 25 64 26 33 75 12 12 26 50 8 7 9 29 42 76 27 10 15 14 15 7 9 22 41 10 19 5 86 28 977 371 938 926 619 223 382 032 233 249 356 178 980 697 739 509 406 128 775 871 054 546 008 037 835 819 803 233 120 204 144 728 796 867 636 729 258 192 915 990 5 29 10 10 45 8 12 10 15 28 18 13 18 14 15 23 7 6 12 11 4 5 7 17 14 18 17 10 9 7 11 9 8 9 12 9 13 4 15 21 2 738 25 24 52 38 40 31 33 27 42 58 51 29 87 56 29 28 37 30 11 46 24 74 33 24 32 16 32 38 37 38 20 29 35 29 25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 72 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

2 10 2 5 14 2 2 5 10 9 5 6 6 5 5 6 2 2 2 6 1 2 3 10 6 5 7 6 2 1 2 5 3 1 4 3 6 1 4 3 583 2 3 10 3 8 6 3 7 7 11 13 10 25 17 5 6 8 5 – 11 1 19 7 6 11 2 6 8 9 5 4 6 8 2 2

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 266 17 13 25 25 16 17 21 9 23 33 21 11 34 24 14 16 22 13 8 21 14 33 16 10 14 10 21 16 19 7 10 12 18 17 16

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 440 1 4 7 4 9 4 3 5 7 8 10 4 17 9 5 3 4 5 1 8 3 12 6 4 5 2 3 7 5 14 3 6 7 3 2

1 17 6 3 29 4 8 3 3 17 11 5 10 7 8 15 3 2 8 3 1 1 2 5 6 11 8 2 5 4 7 2 3 6 6 4 5 1 9 16 377 4 3 9 5 6 3 5 5 4 5 6 3 10 5 4 2 2 6 1 5 5 9 3 3 1 1 1 6 3 11 2 4 1 6 4

27 96 29 52 154 29 32 47 84 81 67 69 54 44 47 61 26 29 37 59 21 26 36 83 55 49 67 54 26 19 28 49 38 20 43 34 62 21 50 41 17 379 148 156 311 216 294 185 188 164 274 336 320 179 597 362 184 196 236 170 63 312 145 446 217 169 221 100 196 251 229 240 140 206 223 173 167

8 8 6 10 9 8 10 8 7 9 9 8 8 8 9 9 8 10 8 9 9 8 10 8 8 8 8 9 8 9 9 8 8 8 9 8 9 9 9 8 2 313 25 27 36 25 53 23 27 25 38 35 38 24 48 43 25 35 34 34 18 45 26 40 35 27 28 25 25 36 28 33 24 39 22 27 28

14 76 18 37 138 16 14 34 72 64 45 47 41 31 33 41 13 14 19 45 7 13 21 70 42 36 54 40 13 5 14 36 22 7 29 21 48 7 29 19 4 611 14 30 73 17 88 45 26 58 55 72 89 74 222 122 35 45 54 40 – 86 13 140 54 42 78 12 42 66 60 54 33 58 53 21 23

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7 099 91 66 143 142 104 93 108 48 132 174 118 57 206 131 86 94 120 68 38 123 77 180 85 60 80 53 108 94 103 56 62 66 97 92 92

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 2 830 9 26 47 26 48 24 21 33 43 48 66 24 115 63 35 19 28 22 7 49 17 86 43 34 35 10 21 49 35 67 21 37 51 21 18

– 7 – – 2 – 3 – – 3 8 9 – – – 6 – – 5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3 – – – – – 7 9 526 9 7 12 6 1 – 6 – 6 7 9 – 6 3 3 3 – 6 – 9 12 – – 6 – – – 6 3 30 – 6 – 12 6

4 891 769 15 16 40 14 194 13 13 34 52 31 45 15 367 76 25 41 35 85 4 90 8 49 30 18 20 6 16 67 21 128 18 97 16 19 26 682 307 750 008 594 584 084 291 360 647 088 940 085 559 690 758 909 183 590 083 776 264 339 651 150 153 588 783 650 181 878 904 076 505 993

See footnotes at end of table.

68

COUNTY AREAS

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Table 25.

Local Governments and Elected Officials by Type of Government in Individual County Areas: 1992 Con.
Local governments General purpose governments Special purpose governments Elected officials General purpose governments Subcounty School district 6 Special district 7 Town or township 11 School district 12 Special district 13 Special purpose governments

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see text]

Geographic area Population, 19901 1 Wisconsin Con. Manitowoc Marathon Marinette Marquette Menominee Milwaukee Monroe Oconto Oneida Outagamie Ozaukee Pepin Pierce Polk Portage Price Racine Richland Rock Rusk St. Croix Sauk Sawyer Shawano Sheboygan Taylor Trempealeau Vernon Vilas Walworth Washburn Washington Waukesha Waupaca Waushara Winnebago Wood Wyoming Albany Big Horn Campbell Carbon Converse Crook Fremont Goshen Hot Springs Johnson Laramie Lincoln Natrona Niobrara Park Platte Sheridan Sublette Sweetwater Teton Uinta Washakie Weston 80 115 40 12 3 959 36 30 31 140 72 7 32 34 61 15 175 17 139 15 50 46 14 37 103 18 25 25 17 75 13 95 304 46 19 140 73 421 400 548 321 890 275 633 226 679 510 831 107 765 773 405 600 034 521 510 079 251 975 181 157 877 901 263 617 707 000 772 328 715 104 385 320 605 46 71 39 28 4 43 44 39 34 48 23 16 34 62 35 28 42 28 45 42 48 48 26 51 45 36 41 42 26 54 36 39 69 48 42 30 46 549 16 54 27 30 15 10 35 35 13 11 22 40 43 11 29 15 26 19 27 16 14 27 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Subcounty Town or township 5

Total 2

County 3

Municipal 4

Total 8

County 9

Municipal 10

12 14 7 5 – 19 10 5 1 11 8 3 8 11 10 5 9 6 8 9 12 15 5 11 13 5 11 11 1 11 4 7 24 12 7 5 12 97 2 9 2 10 4 4 6 5 3 2 4 8 6 3 3 5 4 3 6 1 3 2 2

18 42 18 14 1 – 24 23 20 20 6 8 17 24 17 17 9 16 20 24 21 22 16 25 15 22 15 21 14 15 21 13 13 22 18 16 22 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

6 8 8 2 1 18 4 5 6 8 5 3 6 8 4 3 12 2 9 4 6 5 2 5 10 3 7 6 4 16 4 9 20 7 3 5 7 56 1 4 1 2 2 1 10 2 1 1 3 2 2 1 4 2 4 2 3 1 3 2 2

9 6 5 6 1 5 5 5 6 8 3 1 2 18 3 2 11 3 7 4 8 5 2 9 6 5 7 3 6 11 6 9 11 6 13 3 4 373 12 40 23 17 8 4 18 27 8 7 14 29 34 6 21 7 17 13 17 13 7 22 9

285 446 271 175 23 338 249 251 194 338 175 99 199 334 232 171 256 174 283 232 294 311 150 307 313 205 251 265 154 327 206 254 483 329 228 238 325 2 621 87 227 116 130 87 61 193 159 74 67 121 199 176 51 161 71 102 88 118 76 80 107 70

37 44 36 23 7 31 35 38 25 51 38 18 23 29 40 27 37 27 35 27 36 37 21 36 39 23 29 35 28 42 26 36 40 33 26 52 45 264 10 12 12 14 10 11 11 11 13 12 9 12 11 14 14 11 11 12 9 11 10 11 13

97 109 60 41 – 193 70 49 9 109 61 23 49 75 77 34 86 46 61 50 87 113 29 90 110 38 79 74 6 91 35 59 204 97 49 44 113 531 12 45 12 52 20 20 34 26 15 10 25 42 35 15 19 25 22 17 36 5 17 15 12

105 235 113 78 9 – 120 128 112 115 35 41 88 134 86 87 65 84 120 126 114 118 82 139 100 118 79 107 82 92 114 79 88 131 93 105 130 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

40 52 56 18 7 114 24 33 33 54 35 17 39 42 26 23 65 14 60 26 42 37 18 39 61 23 47 42 22 81 25 53 119 51 23 37 34 379 9 27 6 15 14 9 63 14 7 9 23 12 16 9 26 12 23 12 21 7 19 12 14

6 6 6 15 – – – 3 15 9 6 – – 54 3 – 3 3 7 3 15 6 – 3 3 3 17 7 16 21 6 27 32 17 37 – 3 1 447 56 143 86 49 43 21 85 108 39 36 64 133 114 13 102 23 46 47 52 53 34 69 31

453 588 30 10 29 16 11 5 33 12 4 6 73 12 61 2 23 8 23 4 38 11 797 525 370 659 128 294 662 373 809 145 142 625 226 499 178 145 562 843 823 172

18 705 8 388 6 518

area equivalent which had no local governments as of January 1992. 5Includes the population of all five county areas comprising the City of New York Bronx County (1,203,789 inhabitants), Kings County (2,300,664 inhabitants), New York County (1,487,536 inhabitants), Queens County (1,951,598 inhabitants), and Richmond County (378,977 inhabitants). The five county areas comprising the City of New York are substantially consolidated with the city for governmental purposes, and are not counted as separate governments.

1April 1, 1990 population except for Denali Borough, Alaska, which was incorporated December 7, 1990. Population for Denali Borough, Alaska is a 1992 estimate. 2County-type area without county government, see appendix C. 3Does not include the population of Kalawao County (130 inhabitants). Kalawao County had no local governments as of January 1992. 4Does not include the population of the Montana portion of Yellowstone National Park (52 inhabitants). The Montana portion of Yellowstone National Park is a county

GOVERNMENTS GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

COUNTY AREAS 69

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Appendix A. Legally Authorized Elective Offices of State and Local Governments

The following section of this report provides a presentation of the legally authorized Federal Government elective offices, followed by a presentation of legally authorized State and local government elective offices in each State and the District of Columbia.

REVIEW OF LEGISLATION
Data on popularly elected officials are presented as part of the Census of Governments. Prior to 1987, these data were presented every 10 years. A detailed analysis of the legal provisions authorizing elective offices in each State was first made for the 1957 Census of Governments. The legislation has been reviewed periodically since 1957 to update and verify the research of previous years. The results of those efforts were published as part of the 1957, 1967, 1977, and 1987 censuses of governments. The legislative review conducted for this 1992 Census of Governments covered State legislation enacted between 1987 and 1991. The existing presentations of legally authorized elective offices were revised as necessary and then sent to political scientists or public officials in each State for their review. The individuals who reviewed this material are listed in appendix D. With very few exceptions, the Census Bureau classification of elective offices is in accordance with the views expressed by these advisers. In a few instances, however, it was necessary to depart from their views in order to maintain consistency of classification among the States.

CONTENT AND ORGANIZATION
Following the presentation of legally authorized offices for the Federal Government are the presentations of legally authorized elective offices of State and local governments for each State. The presentations of State and local government elective offices for each State are divided into sections corresponding to the basic types of governments recognized for the Census Bureau classification of governments. The section covering the State government is followed by a section for each of the five types of local governments recognized in census reporting. Of these five types, three are general purpose governments—county, municipal, and township governments. The other two types are special purpose governments— school district governments and special district governments. Definitions of GOVERNMENTS–GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

these five types of local governments are presented in appendix B.1 If any one of these five types of local governments does not exist in a particular State, that fact is noted. Within each type of government in a particular State, information for each legally authorized elective office is presented by type of office—i.e., legislature or governing body, other boards, and other elective offices. Definitions of each type of elective office appear in appendix B. Types of elective offices for which no legally authorized elective office exists are omitted. Facts shown for each legally authorized elective office include the office title, the length of term (in years), the geographic area for election, and the basis of compensation. For purposes of this report, compensation has been defined to exclude reimbursement for expenses unless such reimbursement comprises the only renumeration received or a substantial part of it. Thus, while many salaried public officials receive reimbursement for expenses, that fact is not reflected in this appendix. For elective boards and commissions and for other multipleperson offices, the number of authorized members per government is shown in parentheses after the office title. The diversity of governmental structure and of legal provisions has necessitated some variation from State to State in the pattern of presentation, with additional explanatory notes in many instances. The presentation is, for the most part, limited to offices covered by constitutional provisions or general State laws. However, some offices established by special or local legislation are also listed where applicable provisions have been included in the State code or where a marked departure from the usual pattern of local government exists—for example, in the scattered instances of city-county consolidation. While this appendix includes all offices authorized in the constitutions and the general State laws, not all of these authorized offices are necessarily filled. For example, the full quota of authorized justices of the peace are not elected for many local governments. It is sometimes difficult to determine whether particular court offices can be most properly associated with the State or with a county government. In general, where judicial districts of a State are commonly larger than a single county, all the elected officers of those districts have

1 The criteria for classifying governments are presented in Volume 1, Number 1, Government Organization, of the 1992 Census of Governments.

APPENDIX A A-1

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been assigned to the State. Furthermore, if a particular officer is paid by the State, that officer is assigned to the State. Otherwise, officers authorized for courts whose jurisdiction does not extend beyond the county line are classified as part of the county government. In States that have township governments, elected justices of the peace, magistrates, and constables are classified as township government officials, but such offices authorized in States without township governments are classified as county government officials. Additional information is presented for specific types of local government, as follows: For county governments, the presentation designates county areas, if any, within the State that are not served by county government. In States that have county-dependent public school systems governed by an elected board, board members of such systems are presented under the sub-heading, ‘‘County dependent public school systems.’’ For subcounty general purpose governments (municipal and town or township governments), the following information is presented: For municipal governments, the presentation includes a brief explanation of how municipal governments, as defined for census purposes, are designated under State law. In States that have municipal-dependent public school systems governed by an elected board, board members of such systems are presented under the sub-heading, ‘‘Municipal dependent public school systems.’’ In States with township governments, the presentation on municipal governments also explains whether municipal governments exist within the area of a governmentally active town or township.

For town or township governments (including town governments in the six New England States and in Minnesota, New York, and Wisconsin), the presentation includes, in States that have township governments, a brief description of the areas of the State that are served by township government. In States that have township-dependent public school systems governed by an elected board, board members of such systems are presented under the subheading, ‘‘Township dependent public school systems.’’ For school district governments, the description includes only those types of districts that have an elected governing body, other elected officials, or both. If all types of school district governments in a State are governed entirely by appointed officials, that fact is noted. School district governments shown under this heading exclude ‘‘dependent’’ public school systems—systems that are administratively or fiscally dependent on a State, county, municipal, or township government. Information on the elected officials of ‘‘dependent’’ public school systems is shown under the headings ‘‘State Government,’’ ‘‘County Governments,’’ ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ or ‘‘Town or Township Governments,’’ as appropriate for a particular State. For special district governments, the presentation includes only those types of districts that have an elected governing body, other elected officials, or both. Districts that are governed entirely by appointed officials are excluded. If all types of special district governments in a State are governed entirely by appointed officials, that fact is noted.

A-2

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS–GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Federal Government

Type of government and title of elective office Legislative body—Congress: Representatives (435) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 2

Election area Congressional district

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Each of the 50 States is entitled to one or more representatives on the basis of population, and is divided into one or more Congressional districts in accordance with the method of equal portions. The number of districts to which each State is entitled is certified by the President. However, boundaries of Congressional districts are determined by State law.

Resident Commissioner (to the House of Representatives) from Puerto Rico. . . . . . . . . Delegates (to the House of Representatives) from: American Samoa (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District of Columbia (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guam (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Virgin Islands (1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2 2 2 2 6

Puerto Rico at large American Samoa at large District of Columbia at large Guam at large Virgin Islands at large State at large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Two Senators are elected from each State. Each represents the State at large. Although the President and the Vice President are elected by Presidential electors rather than directly by the people, they are counted as elected official officials in census statistics on elected officials.1 No person shall be elected President for more than two full terms. See ‘‘President,’’ above.

4

United States at large

Salary

Vice President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

United States at large

Salary

1 The Presidential electors are elected by the voters of each State and the District of Columbia every 4 years for the purpose of selecting the President and the Vice President. The number of electors elected from each state equals the number of Senators and Representatives elected from that State. In addition, three electors are elected from the District of Columbia. The electors meet in the State capital after their election to cast their votes for a given Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate. Since the sole purpose of the electors is to select a President and a Vice President, the electors are not counted as elected officials in census statistics on popularly elected officials.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

APPENDIX A A-3

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Alabama

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (105) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (35) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Public service commissioners (3). . . . . . . . Board of education (8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (130). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture and industries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of civil appeals judges (5). . . . . . . . . Court of criminal appeals judges (5) . . . . . District attorneys (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (98) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district At large Congressional district

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Per diem and expenses

Governor is an ex officio member of the board.

4 4 6 4 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 6 4

At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large At large Judicial circuit Judicial district At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary

4

See remarks

See remarks

Composition varies from county to county, but governing body is uniformly designated the county commission. Number of members is usually five but may vary from three to seven. Most counties have one or more members elected at large but in some cases with district residence requirements. Compensation is usually in the form of salary and expenses.

Other elective offices: Clerk of the circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 per precinct) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deputy district attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deputy clerk of the circuit court . . . . . . . . . Judge of probate court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 4 4 6 6 6

At large Precinct At large Judicial circuit Judicial circuit At large

Salary Fees Fees Salary Salary Fees or salary

Office may be abolished by local legislation. Authorized in counties of less than 300,000 population. Appointive in Jefferson County. Elected in a few counties under special legislative provisions. Elected only in counties with more than five circuit court judges. In a number of counties, serves as presiding officer of the county governing body and in this capacity receives per diem and expenses.

Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 6 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary or fees and commissions Salary or fees and commissions Salary or commissions

Elected in only a few counties under special legislative provisions.

A-4

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ALABAMA

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Type of government and title of elective office SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager cities and towns . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor-council cities and towns: Governing body—aldermen: Over 12,000 population . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Alabama are designated cities or towns. Operate under either mayor-council or commission form of government (see below).

4

See remarks

Salary

If population is 12,000 to 20,000 and city has seven wards or fewer, two aldermen are elected from each ward at large. If population is 20,000 or more and city has seven wards or fewer, two aldermen are elected from each ward. If city has more than seven wards, one alderman is elected from each ward and enough elected at large to equal 14. Cities of 12,000 to 30,000 population may provide for election of five aldermen at large. Cities of more than 30,000 population having five wards may, by vote of council, provide that only one be elected from each ward.

Less than 12,000 population (5). . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President of city council (12,000 or more population) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission cities and towns (over 1,000 population only): Governing body—commissioners: General law (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special law (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS County school systems: Governing body—county board of education (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—county superintendent of education. . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Soil and water conservation districts: Governing body—board of supervisors. . . Other boards—watershed conservancy district board of supervisors (5) . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

3 6

At large At large

Salary Salary Alabama has no township governments.

6 4

At large At large

Per diem and expenses Salary Office is appointive in most counties.

Appointed by State soil conservation committee. 4 Watershed district Expenses Watershed districts that may include all or part of one or more soil conservation districts are classified as dependent activities of the soil conservation district creating them.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ALABAMA

APPENDIX A A-5

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Alaska

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (20). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State dependent public school systems: Regional educational attendance area board members (5-11). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Election district Senatorial district

Salary Salary

3

See remarks

Salary

Regional educational attendance area advisory school boards

Established in areas of the unorganized borough and military reservations not served by other public school systems. Elected from regional educational attendance area at large or by section thereof. These boards may be established by regional education attendance area boards.

Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (19). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8 4 4 4 6

At large Judicial district At large At large Judicial district

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BOROUGH GOVERNMENTS

10

At large

Salary

See ‘‘Superior court judges,’’ below. See ‘‘Superior court judges,’’ below. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected on same ticket. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Appeals court, superior court, and supreme court judges are appointed by Governor from nominations by judicial council. Question of retention is submitted at general election after 3 years in office and also after completion of term. District court judges are similarly nominated but stand for election after 2 years and on completion of term. See ‘‘Superior court judges,’’ above. Excludes the consolidated city and borough governments of Anchorage, Juneau, and Sitka, which are included under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. Also excludes the ‘‘unorganized borough’’ (which is divided into 11 census areas for purposes of population statistics). The borough governments in other Alaska boroughs, although designated as as ‘‘municipalities’’ under Alaska statutes, resemble county governments in other States. The Constitution provides that first class boroughs may adopt home rule charters.

Home rule boroughs

A-6

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —ALASKA

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Type of government and title of elective office General law: Governing body—assembly members (5 to 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

See remarks

See remarks

Salary

Number depends on population of borough. By voter approval, members may be elected at large, by districts, at large with district residence requirements, or both by districts and at large. Composition of assembly is determined by ordinance in accordance with equal representation requirements. Term is normally 3 years but may be changed by ordinance so long as it does not exceed 4 years. Since 1985, city council members are not allowed to be borough assembly members.

Other boards: Borough dependent public school systems: Borough school board members: Systems with 5,000 or more pupils (7, 9. or 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Systems with fewer than 5,000 pupils (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Advisory school board members. . . . . . . . . .

In some boroughs, the borough assembly, by ordinance, serves as the borough school board. 3 3 At large At large Salary Salary May be established by borough school boards. Borough school board prescribes manner of selection, organization, powers, and duties. See remarks At large Salary Term is usually 3 years, but borough assembly may specify another term so long as it does not exceed 4 years. In boroughs adopting the council-manager form of government, an appointed manager assumes the duties of the mayor. Includes municipal (city) governments only. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities in Alaska. The Constitution provides that first class cities may adopt home rule charters that provide for their government. Although Anchorage, Juneau, and Sitka operate under home rule charters, provisions for their government are shown here bcause these three cities represent a rare situation of city and borough consolidation. Assembly consists of 11 members members in Anchorage, nine members in Juneau, and seven members in Sitka. Term (subject to 4-year maximum) and election area are specified by ordinance, subject to equal representation requirements.

Other elective offices: Borough mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SUBBOROUGH GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

Unified home rule municipalities (Anchorage, Juneau, and Sitka)

Governing body—assembly members

Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: City school board members . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large At large

Salary Salary

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

School board consists of seven elected members in Anchorage and Juneau, and five elected members in Sitka. Term and compensation are specified in charter. In cities adopting the councilmanager form of government, an appointed manager assumes the duties of the mayor.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —ALASKA

APPENDIX A A-7

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Type of government and title of elective office General law cities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks First class cities have 400 or more permanent residents. Other cities are second class.

Governing body: First-class cities—council (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Salary

Second-class cities—council (7) . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: City school board members—first class cities in unorganized borough (5 or 7) . . 3 Other: Utility boards (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

See remarks

Salary

Term is usually 3 years but council may specify another term so long as it does not exceed 4 years. Elected at large unless city provides, by ordinance, for election of members by district. See ‘‘First Class Cities,’’ above.

At large At large

Salary Salary May be either elected or appointed. Where elected, term is usually two years but council may specify another term so long as it does not exceed 4 years. Elected only in first-class cities; selected by council in second-class cities. Term may be 1 to 4 years. Alaska has no township governments. Alaska has no independent school district governments. Special district governments in Alaska are governed by appointed boards.

At large

Salary

A-8

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —ALASKA

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Arizona

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (60) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (30). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Corporation commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisors of natural resources conservation districts (3 per district). . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 6 6

Legislative district Legislative district At large See remarks

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem Salary Per diem and salary There are 38 natural resources conservation districts in the State. Each district also has two supervisors appointed by the State land commissioner. Elected members are elected from natural resources conservation district at large. Salary increases for elected State officials require voter approval. In Division 1, ten judges are residents of, and elected from, Maricopa County, and five from the other seven counties of the division; in Division 2, four judges are residents of, and elected from, Pima County, and two from the other six counties of the division.

Other elective offices: Appeals court justices (21). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Division Salary

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mine inspector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . Other boards: County-dependent public school systems . . . .

4 4 2 4 4 6 4

At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4

Supervisor district

Salary County accommodation schools and county special education cooperatives are governed by the county superintendent of schools (see ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ below).

Other—directors of anti-noxious weed districts (3 per district). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of superior court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 per precinct) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (1 per precinct) . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

District at large At large At large At large Justice precinct Justice precinct At large At large At large At large

Not specified Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

One in each county, but in counties over 30,000 population, one additional judge for each additional 30,000 inhabitants, if authorized by Governor on petition of county board of supervisors. As of January 1990, the total number of superior court judges in the State was 101.

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARIZONA

APPENDIX A A-9

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Type of government and title of elective office SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments1 Charter cities Common-council cities and towns: Governing body—council members: Towns of 1,500 or more population (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Arizona are designated cities or towns. Cities over 3,500 population may adopt a charter that provides for their government.

See remarks Towns of fewer than 1,500 population (5) . See remarks Towns of 3,000 or more population assuming city organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 or 4

At large At large

Salary or per diem Salary or per diem

Term is 2 years unless municipality adopts staggered terms. Term is 2 years unless municipality adopts staggered terms. Seven members elected at large or six members (called aldermen) elected from wards and seventh member elected at large to serve as mayor. In common council cities and towns, mayor is selected by council members from among their number, except when elections are by wards (see above). Election of mayor by voters is optional in other cities or towns. Election is optional. Municipal ordinance provides for office. Governing body sets compensation. Represents a temporary form of operation for liquidating affairs of a disincorporated municipality. Board of trustees form is authorized by law but is not now used by any municipality.

See remarks

Salary or per diem

Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Police justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Boards-of-trustees cities and towns . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—police justice . . . . . . . . Common-council cities and towns (other provisions): Governing body—council members: 600 to 850 votes cast in preceding municipal election (4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fewer than 600 votes cast in preceding municipal election (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Not specified Election is optional. Provision for office is by municipal ordinance. The statutory provisions presented below are authorized by law but are not now used by any municipality.

4 2

At large Wards

Not specified Not specified Both classes elect a mayor and a police chief (or marshal). A recorder and a treasurer are elected in those cities and towns with 600 to 850 votes cast. Arizona has no township governments. Governing body is designated as board of trustees, high school board of education, or community college board, as appropriate. Number may be increased to five members who serve 4-year terms. One elected from each county in district. Remainder are elected at large. Same provisions as unified school districts, below. Governing boards of coterminous common school and high school districts comprise the governing board of the unified school district.

Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Common school districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Community college districts—1981 law (5) . . . Joint common school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . Joint unified school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unified school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 4

At large Precinct See remarks

Expenses Not specified Not specified

Union high school districts (3 or 5). . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Not specified

A-10

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARIZONA

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Type of government and title of elective office SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Agricultural improvement districts—directors: General plan (3 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Generally the directors are elected by division, but election may be from the district at large. The law also provides for an alternate form of administration. Districts of this type include the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District. Two directors are elected at large and the remainder by division. Provisions apply only to districts with an area of 160 acres or more. Number and term of directors is specified in petition establishing district. Elected by district division or at large. Only persons having a land interest in district may vote in district elections. Board must consist of an odd number of members. Applicable in districts without an elected fire chief. Elected by district division or at large.

Optional plan—over 175,000 acres in district (14). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Community park maintenance districts— directors (3 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks 4 3 4

At large

Expenses

Drainage districts—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . Electrical districts—directors (3-15) . . . . . . . . . Fire districts—directors (3 or 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . Flood control districts—1921 law—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health service districts—directors (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors: Districts with 25,000 acres or more (9) . . . . Districts with fewer than 25,000 acres (3). .

See remarks At large At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Expenses

4 4 4 3 3

See remarks At large At large District division See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Normally elected by district division. If district has 10,000 acres or fewer, directors may be elected at large. If district has more than 10,000 acres, three directors are elected by division and two at large.

Irrigation water delivery districts—trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan public transit authorities—directors (5 to 11)2 . . . . . . . . . . . Pest control districts—1957 and 1983 laws— directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary districts with area over 160 acres —directors (3 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special road districts—trustees (3). . . . . . . . . . Water conservation districts—directors (1 to 10 per county served) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Agricultural improvement districts—alternate form (over 175,000 acres in district). . . . . . . .

2

At large

Unpaid

4 2 2

District division At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Two elected at large, three from district division; or all may be elected at large.

4 3 6

At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Not specified Expenses Number of directors per county served depends on population of county.

Council (30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Division

Per diem and expenses

Districts of this type include the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District. District divisions equal 10, with 3 council members elected from each.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARIZONA

APPENDIX A A-11

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices: Agricultural improvement districts: General plan—president . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternate form—over 175,000 acres in district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vice president . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire chief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary-treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

At large

Per diem and expenses Districts of this type include the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District.

4 4

At large At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Fire chief and secretary-treasurer are elected in districts without an elected board of directors.

4 4

At large At large

Salary Not specified

1 Municipal governments in Arizona with a population of less than 3,000 are classified as towns. Those with a population of 3,000 or more may choose to be either a city or a town. If a community increases in population from under 3,000 to more than 3,000, they may change to city status by resolution of the council and a majority vote of the registered voters. 2 The board of a metropolitan public transit authority is initially appointed, but is elected upon the expiration of the terms of the initial members.

A-12

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARIZONA

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Arkansas

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (35). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chancellors (32) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (66) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

County Senatorial district

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem

4 4 6 4

At large At large Chancery district Judicial circuit

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Count of 32 excludes combined circuit court judges-chancellors. Judicial circuits entitled to two or more judges are divided into divisions for their election. Judges may be combined with chancellors in some localities. Count of 66 includes 33 combined circuit court judges-chancellors. There are eight community college districts in the State. Elected at large with district residency requirement.

Community junior college districts—directors (9 per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of appeals judges (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of State lands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prosecuting attorneys (24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

6 8 4 4 4 2 4 8 4

College district See remarks At large At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large At large

Not specified Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governing body—quorum court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other boards—board of education (5) . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2 2

See remarks Zones At large At large

Per diem and expenses Expenses Salary Salary

Quorum court is composed of county judge and nine to 15 justices of the peace (see below).

Collector of taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 per township) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (2 per district) . . . . . . . .

2 2 2 2 2 2

At large Township At large At large At large District

Salary Salary and fees Salary and fees Salary Salary See remarks

Also serves as chancery court clerk and county recorder except in Pulaski County. Circuit court clerk and county clerk may be combined in some counties. In most counties, sheriff acts as collector of taxes.

Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 2 2

At large At large At large

Salary and fees Salary and fees Salary and fees

May serve as ex officio clerk of the county and probate courts and as recorder. Also serves as chairperson of the quorum court. Receives salary, plus per diem and expenses for quorum court attendance. Counties were divided into 9 to 15 districts for election of justices of the peace by 1977 legislation. May also serve as ex officio collector of taxes (see above).

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARKANSAS

APPENDIX A A-13

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Type of government and title of elective office SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments1 Charter cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body: Administrator form (cities over 2,500 population)—directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Arkansas are designated cities or incorporated towns. Any first or second class city may adopt a charter that provides for its government.

4

See remarks

Per meeting

Mayor is elected and serves as chairperson of the board but does not vote. Three directors are elected at large and four by wards.

Commission form (cities with population between 18,000 and 75,000)— commissioners(4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manager form (over 2,500 population)— directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Mayor is additional member of board of commissioners. City may provide for only two commissioners plus mayor. Cities with population between 13,000 and 15,500, and between 28,000 and 35,000, may choose to have four elected at large and three by wards. Term is 4 years in cities of 50,000 or more population and 2 years if population is under 50,000; elected at large with ward residence requirement unless council provides by ordinance for election by wards. Elected at large with ward residency requirements. City council may provide for election of one alderman from each ward by all voters of the city, and the other aldermen from each ward by voters of that ward only. Recorder (see below) also serves as ex officio clerk of the council. Optional for second class cities and towns. Term is 4 years if population is 2,500 to 50,000 and 2 years if population is under 2,500. Receives salary in first class cities, and either salary or fees in second class cities. Elected in council form cities. May be combined with treasurer. Office is optional at discretion of council. Office is mandatory in second class cities but may be appointive, and is optional for towns. Cities may provide for salary in lieu of fees. In manager form, mayor is appointed by council.

4

See remarks

Salary

Council form—aldermen: First class cities (2 per ward). . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Salary

Second class cities (2 per ward). . . . . . . .

2

See remarks

Salary

Towns (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

Salary

See remarks

At large

See remarks

Clerk—first class cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector—second class cities. . . . . . . . . . . . Marshal—second class cities and towns) . .

4 2 2

At large At large At large

Salary Salary or fees Fees

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judge (cities over 2,500 population) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary or fees Not specified

Recorder—second class cities and towns . See remarks

Authorized as an elective office only for first class cities where council has not provided for municipal court. Office of recorder and treasurer may be combined in second class cities (see below). Term is 4 years in cities and 2 years in towns. Serves as council clerk in towns.

A-14

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARKANSAS

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Type of government and title of elective office Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) See remarks

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Term is 4 years in council form cities of 50,000 population or more and 2 years if population is under 50,000. Office is appointive in other forms. May be combined with clerk. In second class cities term is 2 years and office may be combined with recorder. Office is optional for towns. Arkansas has no township governments.

Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of directors: Consolidated school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 See remarks Unpaid

Number of members and their terms varies according to number of districts consolidated. Directors may be elected at large, by zones, or both.

County school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservation districts—directors (3). . . . . . . . .

5

Zones

Per diem

3

At large

Expenses

Each district board also has two members appointed by State soil and water conservation commission. Elected by county in multi-county districts, and at large in single-county districts. Some levee districts have been established by special acts that provide for their government. Three directors are elected from each county in the district. Number of directors may be increased by circuit court.

Fire protection districts—commissioners (5 or 7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Levee districts (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Regional water distribution districts—directors (3 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Levee districts—assessors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3

See remarks At large

Expenses Per diem

6

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

3

At large

Per diem

1 Municipal governments are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class cities--2,500 or more; second class cities--500 to 2,499; towns--less than 500. However, towns that had voted previously to become cities of the second class continue in this classification.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ARKANSAS

APPENDIX A A-15

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California

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Assembly members (80) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Board of equalization—members (4) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appellate court judges (88) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4

Assembly district Senatorial district Equalization district

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem Salary

May not serve more than three terms. May not serve more than two terms. State controller also serves as an ex officio member. Initially appointed by Governor with approval of commission on judicial appointments. Is subsequently elected on record. May not serve more than two terms. May not serve more than two terms. May not serve more than two terms. May not serve more than two terms. May not serve more than two terms. See ‘‘Appellate court judges,’’ above. May not serve more than two terms. Excludes City and County of San Francisco, which is counted under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. Provisions for government are made in charters. Officers are the same as in general law counties but may be either elected or appointed except for the board of supervisors, the board of education, the assessor, the district attorney, the sheriff, and the treasurer which, under Constitutional provisions, must be elected.

12

Appellate court district

Salary

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

4 4 4 4 4 4 12 4

At At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Charter counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

General law counties: Governing body—supervisors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: County dependent public school systems . . .

4

Supervisor district

Salary County special service schools are governed directly by the county superintendent of schools (see ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ below).

Other: County board of education (5 or 7) . . . . . . . See remarks

Trustee area

Per diem and travel

Length of term is determined by county committee on school district reorganization. May be elected at large with trustee area residency requirement at request of county clerk where area precincts do not coincide with county precincts.1 Upon voter approval, offices shown below may be appointive.

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 At large At large Salary Salary

In counties of more than 220,000 population, office of auditor may be abolished by voter approval and an appointive director of finance substituted.

A-16

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CALIFORNIA

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years) 6 4 4 4 6 6 4 4

Election area Justice district At large At large At large Judicial district Judicial district At large At large

Method of compensation Fees Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Remarks In some counties, the sheriff serves as the constable. Office may be abolished by county supervisors and replaced by an appointive medical examiner.

Constables (1 per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justice court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public administrator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public defender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Established in districts of less than 40,000 population. Number of judges is fixed by law. Established in districts of more than 40,000 population. Number of judges is fixed by law. Office may be created at discretion of board of supervisors and may be elective or appointive. May be created in cooperation with another county.

Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (1 to 240 per county) .

4 4 4 6

At At At At

large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Charter cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City and County of San Francisco . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

May not serve more than two terms. Number of judges per county depends on county population. As of January 1992, the total number of superior court judges in the State outside San Francisco was 746. Office of surveyor may be appointive at discretion of county board of supervisors.

Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in California are designated cities or towns. Municipalities of 3,500 or more population may adopt a charter that provides for their government. Although the City and County of San Francisco operates under a special charter, provisions for its government are presented here because it presents a rare situation of city and county consolidation. 4 4 4 4 4 6 4 4 6 4 At large At At At At At At At At large large large large large large large large Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Offices below are appointive on majority vote of voters. 4 4 4 At large At large At large See remarks See remarks See remarks Compensation is fixed by ordinance. If elected, mayor retains membership on council. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. California has no township governments.

Governing body—supervisors (11). . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judges (16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public defender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law cities: Governing body—council (4 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

At large or by district

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CALIFORNIA

APPENDIX A A-17

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Type of government and title of elective office SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

Governing bodies are designated as ‘‘boards of education’’ in city school districts and as ‘‘boards of trustees’’ in other school districts. 4 At large Per meeting Provisions for districts serving charter cities are found in city charter; if charter does not provide otherwise, board of elementary school district serving city is the board of education and generallaw provisions apply. Board members in cities of 250,000 population or more may receive per diem. School district serving city of Sacramento has an appointed board. Districts may increase number of trustees to five. Number may be increased from five to seven by county committee on school district organization. If voters approve, trustees may be elected from trustee areas or at large with trustee area residency requirement. With voter approval, trustees may be elected from trustee areas or at large with area residency requirement. Board may also include one or more nonvoting pupil members. With voter approval, members may be elected from trustee areas or at large with area residency requirement. Board may include one or more nonvoting pupil members. See ‘‘High school districts,’’ above. See ‘‘High school districts,’’ above.

Elementary school districts: City districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Regular districts (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Per meeting

Union, joint, and joint union districts (5 or 7) .

4

At large

Per meeting

High school districts:

County districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Union and joint union districts (5 or 7) . . . . . . Community college districts superimposed on two or more high school or unified school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Per meeting Per meeting

4

At large

Per meeting

Unified school districts (5 or 7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Per meeting

Number of trustees may be increased to seven if voters approve dividing district into trustee areas. Members may be elected from trustee areas or at large with trustee area residency requirement. Special provisions allow larger boards in some districts. Board may include one or more nonvoting student members. Unified district including all or part of a chartered city or having average daily attendance of 2,000 or more is considered a city school district (see above). Method of selection is subject to voter approval. If district is divided into trustee areas, election may be from such areas or by district at large with trustee area residency requirement. Countywide unified districts must be divided into an odd number of trustee areas, up to 15. Board may include one or more nonvoting pupil members. Optional provisions of legislation authorizing some of the types of districts shown below provide that the county board of supervisors or the city governing body may serve as the district governing body in lieu of a separate elected district board.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS2

A-18

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CALIFORNIA

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Districts governed by the county board of supervisors or by the city governing body are classified as dependent agencies of the county or city government they serve, and are not counted as separate governments. In addition, county supervisors may appoint governing body members of harbor, library, local and multi-county fire protection, and police protection districts if only one person files for the office, and shall appoint if no one files.

Governing body: Airport districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Community service districts—directors (3 or 5).

4 4

At large At large

Expenses Per meeting and expenses Expenses District by-laws provide for term and election area of trustees.

Drainage districts:3 Drainage districts—1885 law—trustees (3) . . See remarks Drainage districts—1903 law—directors (3, 5, or 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

See remarks

See remarks

Drainage districts—1923 law—directors Storm water districts—1909 law—trustees (3 or 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Per diem and expenses If three directors, elected at large. If five, elected by division. If six, either two from each of three divisions or one from each of five divisions and one at large. Directors may be either elected by voters or appointed by county board of supervisors. Per diem and expenses Elected at large except when district includes unincorporated area with incorporated area, one trustee must be elected from unincorporated area. Provisions shown below are those that were in effect on January 1, 1992.4 Per meeting and expenses Per meeting Not specified On petition, may be elected by division. On petition, may be elected by division. Elected from division or, on petition, may be elected at large. Number and election area of board members may be changed with voter approval. Some, but not all, districts of this type are organized under special acts that provide for their government.

4

See remarks

Fire districts: Fire protection districts—1961 law— directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local fire protection districts—1939 law— commissioners (3 or 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multicounty fire protection districts—1939 law—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire protection districts—1987 law— directors (3 to 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flood control districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Levee districts—1905 law—trustees (3) . . . . . Levee districts—1959 law—directors (3) . . . . Protection districts—1880 law—trustees (3) . Geologic hazard abatement districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . 2 4 4 4 4 4 At large At large Division At large Zone or at large See remarks

4 3 3

At large At large See remarks

4

See remarks

Per diem

Unpaid See remarks Per diem Not specified Per meeting and expenses See remarks Compensation is fixed by board.

Number of directors is discretionary. Elected by division or at large. Compensation is per diem and expenses or salary.

Library districts: Library districts—trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Library districts in unincorporated towns and villages—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Memorial districts—directors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Not specified Unpaid Expenses

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CALIFORNIA

APPENDIX A A-19

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Type of government and title of elective office Municipal improvement districts—directors (3 or 5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police protection districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Port and harbor districts Harbor districts—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . Small craft harbor districts—directors (5) . . . . Reclamation districts—trustees (3, 5, or 7) . . . . Recreation and park districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation and park districts—directors (5). . Regional park, open space, and park and open space districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . Resort improvement districts—directors (4). . . .

Term (years) 4 3

Election area At large At large

Method of compensation Per meeting Unpaid

Remarks

4 4 2 or 4

At large At large At large

Expenses Per meeting and expenses See remarks

Some, but not all, districts of this type are organized under special acts that provide for their government. Also may receive salary if gross non-tax revenue of district exceeds $20,000.

4 4 4

See remarks See remarks At large

Not specified Per diem Per meeting and travel

Compensation is fixed by district board. Some, but not all, districts of this type are organized under special acts that provide for their government. Elected at large or by divisions. Divided into five or seven wards or subdistricts, with one director elected from each. The member of the county board of supervisors whose area comprises the largest area of the district is the fifth member.

Resource conservation districts—directors (5) . Sanitation and sewer districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary districts—1923 and 1891 laws— directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transit districts—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Per meeting and expenses Some, but not all, districts of this type are organized under special acts that provide for their government.

4

At large

Per diem and expenses Transit districts are established by special acts, or by general laws with special application. Provisions are found in the specific authorizing legislation for each district. Directors may be either elected or appointed. Some, but not all, districts of this type are organized under special acts that provide for their government. Elected at large but nominated by ward. If district is in one county, three directors are elected at large. Otherwise, one is elected from each county and either three or four are elected at large as required to constitute an odd number. Compensation is fixed by board.

Utility districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal utility districts—directors (5 or 7) . . Public utility districts—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 See remarks See remarks Per meeting See remarks

Water supply and water conservation districts: ‘‘California’’ water districts—directors (5,7, 9,or 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

County water authorities—special acts . . . . . .

Elected at large, except when district includes unincorporated area with incorporated area, one trustee must be elected from unincorporated area. Compensation is fixed by board. County water authorities under 1943 general law do not have any elected officials. However, county water authorities organized under special acts are governed either by elected or appointed boards, according to the specific authorizing legislation for each authority.

County water districts—directors (5, 7, 9, or 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Municipal water districts—directors (5) . . . . . . Water conservation districts—1927 law— directors (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

Division Division or at large

Per diem and expenses Number of directors is optional in districts that have assumed obligations of sanitary districts. Elected by division or at large. Per meeting Per diem and expenses

A-20

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CALIFORNIA

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Type of government and title of elective office Water conservation districts—1931 law— directors (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water replenishment districts—directors (5) . Water storage districts—directors . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Irrigation districts and ‘‘California’’ water districts:

Term (years) 4 4 4

Election area Division Division Division

Method of compensation

Remarks

Per diem and expenses Per meeting Per diem and expenses Number of directors may be 5, 7, 9, or 11, depending on number of divisions in district.

Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary districts—assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 2

4 4 4 2

At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Offices of assessor, tax collector, and treasurer may be combined. Compensation is either per meeting and expenses or as fixed by district board. See ‘‘Irrigation districts and California water districts,’’ above. See ‘‘Irrigation districts and California water districts,’’ above. See ‘‘Irrigation districts and Calfornia water districts,’’ above. Compensation is either per meeting and expenses or as fixed by district board.

In California, county boards of education do not operate local schools directly. They are supervisory bodies only. Authorizing legislation for horticulture protection districts is still in effect, but no districts of that type were reported in operation in January 1992. 3 Authorizing legislation for drainage districts organized under the 1885 and 1923 laws has been repealed, but existing districts may continue to operate. 4 Authorizing legislation for fire districts under 1939 and 1961 laws was repealed in 1987, but existing districts organized under those laws may continue either to operate under provisions of the 1939 and 1961 laws, or to reorganize under provisions of the 1987 law.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CALIFORNIA

APPENDIX A A-21

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Colorado

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Representatives (65) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (35). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State board of education (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 6

Representative district Senatorial district See remarks

Salary Salary Expenses One member elected from each congressional district. If total is an even number, one additional member elected at large.

University of Colorado regents (9) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (16). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (110). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judges of juvenile court in Denver (3) . . . . . . . Judge of probate court in Denver . . . . . . . . . . . Judge of superior court in Denver Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer and collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments1 Home rule cities and towns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 8 4 4 6 4 6 6

At large At large At large Judicial district Judicial district At large At large At large

Not specified Not specified Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Provisions for this office were repealed in 1986. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected on same ticket.

4 4 10 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

4

At large

Salary

Excludes City and County of Denver, which is included under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. Usually three commissioners, but counties of 70,000 or more population may elect five.

4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary Provisions for this office were repealed in 1984. One in each county, except for two counties which have three, and five counties which have two.

4 4

At large At large

Fees or salary Salary Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Colorado are designated cities or towns. Cities or towns may adopt a charter that provides for their government.

A-22

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—COLORADO

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Type of government and title of elective office City and County of Denver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Detailed provisions for the City and County of Denver, which operates under a home rule charter, are included here since they represent an instance of citycounty consolidation. The constitutional amendment authorizing the consolidation provides that Denver must designate officers who will perform the acts and duties required of county officers by the constitution and general laws so far as practicable.

Governing body—council members (13) . . . . . Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Election commissioners (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor-council form: Governing body—council members (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager form: Governing body—council members . . . . . . . . . Towns: Governing body—trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Waterworks board of trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

Councilmanic district At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

2

Ward

Salary

Formerly called aldermen. Term may be increased to 4 years by local option.

2 2 2 2 or 4

At large At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary See remarks Two are elected from each ward and one at large. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance within statutory limits. In addition, town may provide for election of attorney, marshal, recorder, and treasurer. Terms (up to 4 years) and compensation are fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Colorado has no township governments.

2 or 4 6

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Junior college districts—board members (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affiliated junior college districts—board members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other school districts—directors (5 or 7). . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Ambulance districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . Drainage districts: Drainage districts under general law— directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grand Junction Drainage District— directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire protection districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . Ground water management districts— directors (5 to 15). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . Internal improvement districts—directors (5) .

2

At large

See remarks

4

See remarks

Expenses

Elected at large or from board member districts. Elected at large or from board member districts. Elected at large, or at large with division residency requirement.

4 4 or 6

See remarks See remarks

Expenses Not specified

4

See remarks

Per meeting

Elected at large or by director district.

2 3 4 4 4 5

See remarks Division See remarks Division See remarks See remarks

Per diem and expenses Elected at large or by division. Per diem and expenses Per meeting Elected at large or by director district. Expenses Per meeting Elected at large or by director district. Per diem and expenses Elected at large but with precinct residency requirement.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—COLORADO

APPENDIX A A-23

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Type of government and title of elective office Irrigation districts: Irrigation districts—1905 law— directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—1921 law— directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—1935 law—directors (5 to 25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

3 3 6

See remarks At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Elected at large but with division residency requirement. Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Provisions repealed in 1963, but districts already in existence may continue to operate under this law. Elected at large with division residency requirement. Per meeting Elected at large or by director district. Not specified See remarks Per meeting Per diem Compensation is fixed by board. Elected at large or by director district. Two directors are elected at large and five by zone.

Metropolitan districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . Mine drainage districts—supervisors (5) . . . . . Moffat Tunnel Improvement District— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Park and recreation districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rail districts—directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Regional service authorities—directors (5 to 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 5 2 4 4 4

See remarks At large Division See remarks See remarks Director district

Per diem and expenses Number of directors depends on service area population; if population exceeds 500,000, 15 directors; if population is between 50,000 and 500,000, nine directors; if population is under 50,000, five members. Salary Expenses

Regional Transportation District—directors (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soil conservation districts—directors (5) . . . . . Water conservation districts: Water conservancy districts—directors (5 to 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

Director district At large

4

At large

Salary

Board is ordinarily appointed, but one or more directors may be elected on petition of voters.

Water and sanitation districts—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large or by district

Per meeting

1 Municipal governments are classified by population. Cities are incorporated places with 2,000 or more inhabitants. Towns are incorporated places with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants.

A-24

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—COLORADO

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Connecticut

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (151) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (36). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judges of probate (132) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriffs (8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Assembly district Senatorial district At large At large At large Probate district At large At large County At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Fees Salary Salary Salary and fees Salary Connecticut has no county governments. The subcounty general purpose governments in Connecticut comprise municipal (city and borough) governments and town governments. In Connecticut, city, borough, and town governments have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities and boroughs in Connecticut. Some, but not all, cities and boroughs in Connecticut exist in areas where there is an active town government.1 Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipalities’’ is applied by Connecticut statutes, are counted as town or township governments in census statistics on governments. Cities and boroughs are under home rule charters or special acts that provide for their government.2 Although not differing in legally authorized powers from the types of municipal governments described above, units in Connecticut designated as ‘‘towns’’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. The entire area of the State is encompassed by town government except for areas where a town is consolidated with a city or borough government. Any town may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Salary is paid by the State. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected on same ticket.

Municipal Governments

Town or Township Governments

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CONNECTICUT

APPENDIX A A-25

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Type of government and title of elective office Governing body: Selectmen (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 2

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Applies to towns not having the representative town meeting form of government. Towns of 10,000 or more population may elect up to six members. One member who is designated first selectman is voted for separately and is town agent. In towns having the representative town meeting form of government, town meeting members are elected to represent the voters at the annual town meeting. The members, in turn, select the town officers. The number, the method of election, and the term of town meeting members are specified in the town charter. Terms of board members as shown are as provided by general law; special laws, however, provide for terms of different lengths. These provisions apply in the absence of special acts or charter provisions pertaining to a specific town. Towns may provide for appointment and fix length of term and compensation. Office is optional. Method of election, number of commissioners, term of office, and compensation are determined by ordinance. Applies only to towns with 35,000 population or more. Office is optional, and may be established by vote of town. Office is optional, and may be established by ordinance.

Representative town meeting members . . . . .

Other boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Town dependent public school systems: Town board of education (3, 6, 9, or 12). . . Other: Board of assessors (1 to 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Board of commissioners for special service districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 or 6

At large

Expenses

4

At large

See remarks

Board of finance (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Board of police commissioners (3, 5, or 7) .

6 4

At large At large At large At large

Unpaid Expenses Expenses Expenses

Board of tax review (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Economic development commissioners (5 to 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Inland wetland and watercourse commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks 6

Method of election or appointment, term of office (up to 6-year maximum), and compensation are fixed by ordinance. Method of selection, and number and term of members, are fixed by ordinance. Most commission members are appointed. Number of directors is set locally but must be divisible by 3. Method of election or appointment and term of office are fixed by ordinance. Method of election or appointment and term of office are fixed by ordinance. Offices of clerk, collector of taxes, and treasurer may be made appointive by ordinance. Compensation is usually fees, but salary may be fixed by vote of the town. Term is usually 2 years, but by vote of town may be up to 6 years. Compensation is usually fees, but salary may be fixed by vote of the town. Compensation is established by vote of town. Town of Groton may elect 14 constables. Towns may provide for appointment of constables by chief executive officer.

At large

Unpaid

Library directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Planning and/ or zoning commissioners (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

At large At large At large

Unpaid Unpaid Unpaid

See remarks Zoning board of appeals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 See remarks 2

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Constables (1-7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

At large

See remarks

A-26

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CONNECTICUT

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Type of government and title of elective office Registrars of voters (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Towns divided into voting districts may be authorized by town vote to elect two per district, instead of two at large. Council establishes compensation in addition to expenses. Town may fix compensation by referendum or by ordinance.

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Regional school district boards (5-9) . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Fire, sewer, and other special purpose districts established after 1957 under general law . . . . . Governing body—directors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vice president . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

2

At large

See remarks

4

See remarks

Not specified

May be appointed if so provided by ordinance. Elected at large or by region.

For districts formed before 1957, the same provisions applicable to town school officers apply to these districts. See ‘‘Town Governments,’’ above. 1 1 1 1 1 At large At At At At large large large large Not specified Not Not Not Not specified specified specified specified

Nine boroughs (all except Naugatuck) and one city (Groton) are all located in areas where there is an active town government. One borough—Woodmont—is counted as a separate municipal government in census statistics on governments, but governmental functions performed in other parts of the State by town governments are performed in Woodmont by an adjacent city, Milford. The other 19 cities and the borough of Naugatuck are also located within town areas, but in each of these instances the town government and the city or borough government have been consolidated. Each of these 20 consolidated governments covered only once in census statistics on governments. If the consolidated government is designated as a city or borough, it is counted as a municipal government; if the consolidated government is designated as a town, it is counted as a town(ship) government. 2 Members of borough or city boards of education, which govern municipal-dependent public school systems, are elected in the absence of special acts or charter provisions pertaining to a specific borough or city.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—CONNECTICUT

APPENDIX A A-27

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Delaware

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (21). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Soil and water conservation districts— supervisors (4 per district)1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

Salary Salary

4

See remarks

Expenses

There are three soil and water conservation districts in the State. Each district may also have two appointed members. Elected members are elected from the soil and water conservation district at large.

Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Kent County—levy court commissioners (7) . . New Castle County: County council (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President of council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sussex County—county council (5) . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk of the peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioners of unincorporated towns (3 per town) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller (Kent County) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County executive (New Castle County) . . . . . . Receiver of taxes and treasurer (Kent County) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register in chancery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of wills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At

large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks Salary

In addition to salary, receives per diem for duties on board of pardons. Special legislation covering each county provides for governing body.

At large

4 4 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

District District At large At large At large At large At large At large At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Not specified Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Includes municipal (city, town, and village) governments only. Municipal governments in Delaware are designated cities, towns, or villages. Provisions for cities and towns in Delaware are found in their individual charters granted by the legislature. Any city of 1,000 population or more may be granted a home rule charter. Delaware has no township governments. Applies to unincorporated towns with a population of 300 or more.

Also serves as clerk of court of chancery.

Town or Township Governments

A-28

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —DELAWARE

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Reorganized school districts—board of education (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

At large

Unpaid

The number of board members and their election areas vary in some districts on the basis of special legislation. Boards for the vocational-technical schools are appointed.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Park districts in New Castle County— commissioners (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax ditches—managers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Tax ditches—secretary-treasurer . . . . . . . . . . .

6 1

At large At large

Unpaid See remarks

Compensation is set by annual district meeting. Number of managers is specified in order creating drainage ditch. Compensation is set by annual district meeting.

1

At large

See remarks

1 In Delaware, the soil and water conservation districts rely solely on State and county appropriations, and do not have any independent source of revenue. They are therefore not counted as separate governments.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —DELAWARE

APPENDIX A A-29

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District of Columbia

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Although the District of Columbia performs some State-type functions, and is classified as a separate county area and as a separate State area in population statistics, it is counted as a municipal government, and not as a State government, in census statistics on governments. There are no county governments in the District of Columbia. Includes one municipal government —the District of Columbia government—only.

COUNTY GOVERNMENTS SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Government Governing body—council members (13) . . . . . . . . 4 See remarks Salary

The District of Columbia is divided into eight wards. Each ward elects one council member from the ward. The chairperson and four other council members are elected at large.

Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: System board—board of education (11) . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Operates all public elementary and secondary schools in the District of Columbia. Has three members elected at large and one from each of the eight school election wards.

Other: Advisory neighborhood commissioner (1 per commission area) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

2

Commission area

Expenses

Established by petition of 5 percent of voters in commission area.

4

At large

Salary There are no township governments in the District of Columbia. There are no independent school district governments in the District of Columbia. Special district governments in the District of Columbia are governed by appointed boards.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

A-30

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

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Florida

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (120) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (421) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 6

House district Senatorial district At large Judicial circuit

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem Salary See remarks

Circuit court judge receives salary and expenses from the State and may receive such other compensation as the counties in which judge sits may provide.

Commissioner of agriculture and consumer services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County court judges (241). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court of appeals judges (57) . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 6

At large At large At large County Appellate district

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public defenders (20) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorneys (20). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court judges (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 6

At large At large Judicial circuit At large Judicial circuit At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary and per diem Salary

Number of judges in each county is specified by statute. Salaries of judges are paid by the State. Initially appointed by Governor from list submitted by judicial nominating commission. Question of retention is submitted at next general election 1 year or more subsequent to appointment and every 6 years thereafter. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. Governor may not serve for more than 8 years. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. One public defender is elected for each judicial circuit. One State’s attorney is elected in each judicial circuit. Initially appointed by Governor from list submitted by judicial nominating commission. Question of retention is submitted at next general election 1 year or more subsequent to appointment and every 6 years thereafter. Also serves ex officio as insurance commissioner. Excludes Duval County (Jacksonville), which is a consolidated city-county government and is counted under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. Any county may adopt a charter that provides for its government.

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

4

At large

Salary

Charter counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General-law counties: Governing body—commissioners (5 or 7) . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk of circuit court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Property appraiser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor of elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Nominated from commissioners districts and elected as provided by law. This office may be split into two positions—a clerk of circuit court and a comptroller.

4 4 4 4 4

At large At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —FLORIDA

APPENDIX A A-31

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Type of government and title of elective office SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Includes municipal (city, town, and village) governments only. Municipal governments in Florida are designated cities, towns, or villages. All municipalities may establish their own municipal offices, fix compensation, and provide for terms and election of these officers by adopting a charter through voter approval. Although Jacksonville operates through a special charter, provisions for its government are presented here, because it represents an instance of city-county consolidation. Five council members are elected at large and the remainder by council districts.

The City of Jacksonville. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—council members (19) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk of circuit court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Property appraiser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor of elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other municipalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—county school board (5 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—county superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—districts under general law: Community development districts—supervisors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mobile home recreation districts—trustees (9) . Mosquito control districts—commissioners (3)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At At

large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Exact provisions appear in charters. Florida has no township governments.

4

See remarks

Salary

Nominated by residence area but elected at large, unless voters approve election by residence areas. May be appointed if voters approve such a provision.

4

At large

Salary

4 2 4

At large At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Not specified Salary Unpaid Board membership may be increased upon voter approval. Length of supervisors’ term is not is not specified. In districts that are governed by the county or city governing body ex officio, the district is not counted as a separate government for census purposes. Term is 4 years, but general law with special application provides for exceptions. Formerly known as drainage or water management districts. The supervisors of some districts may include State and county appointees. Per diem may be paid with voter approval.

Recreation districts—supervisors (5)2 . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Soil and water conservation districts— supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water control districts—supervisors (3) . . . . . .
3

4 3

At large At large

Expenses Expenses

1 Some, but not all, mosquito control districts are organized under special acts. Provisions concerning districts organized under special acts are found in the specific authorizing legislation for that district. Furthermore, some, but not all, mosquito control districts of this type are not counted as separate governments in census statistics on governments, according to the provisions of the specific authorizing legislation. 2 Some, but not all, recreation districts are organized under special acts. Provisions concerning districts organized under special acts are found in the specific authorizing legislation for that district. 3 Some, but not all, water control districts are organized under special acts. Provisions concerning districts organized under special acts are found in the specific authorizing legislation for that district. Furthermore, some, but not all, water control districts are not counted as separate governments in census statistics on governments, according to the provisions of the specific authorizing legislation.

A-32

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —FLORIDA

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Georgia

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (180) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (56). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Public service commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of labor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (45) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State school superintendent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (155) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district At large At At At At At large large large large large

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks Salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks

Judicial circuit At large At large At large At large Judicial circuit

Comptroller general is the commissioner of insurance. Receives a base salary which is often supplemented by salary authorized by special act of the general assembly.

Receives a base salary which may be supplemented by salary authorized by special act of the general assembly. Judges for Atlanta circuit are elected for an 8-year term. Excludes the consolidated governments of Columbus and Athens-Clarke County, which are included under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. Provisions for county governing bodies are determined by special legislation. The board is designated board of county commissioners and in most counties has three or five members; however, 14 counties have a single commissioner and one county has nine. For most counties, the board members are elected at large or by districts. Compensation is usually fixed by special acts of the of the general assembly. Georgia laws authorize the employment of a county manager. Members are elected at large or by district. The number of additional appointed magistrates per county is determined by the superior court judges or by local law. Office has been abolished in several counties, and replaced by appointed county medical examiner.

Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

6

At large

Salary

Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Other elective offices: Chief magistrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of superior court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Fees or salary Fees or salary Fees or salary Salary Salary

Although this court is called a ‘‘State court,’’ its judges and solicitors are paid by the county. This court is established by special acts that specify term, election area, and compensation, but its jurisdiction is specified by general law.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —GEORGIA

APPENDIX A A-33

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Type of government and title of elective office State court solicitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4

Election area At large At large

Method of compensation Fees See remarks

Remarks See ‘‘State court judges,’’ above. May be appointed when election fails to fill office. General assembly may combine offices of tax collector and tax receiver to form office of tax commissioner, and has done so in all counties. Compensation is commission, salary, or a combination of the two. See ‘‘Tax collector,’’ above. See ‘‘Tax collector,’’ above. General assembly may abolish this office and has done so in all but 25 counties. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Georgia are designated cities or towns. Cities and towns in Georgia are established by special acts of the general assembly that provide for their operation. Legislation enacted in 1965 provides limited home rule for cities. Columbus was consolidated with Muscogee County in 1971, and Athens was consolidated with Clarke County in 1991. Both are counted only once in census statistics on governments—as municipal governments. Although the Unified Government of Athens-Clarke County operates under a special charter, provisions for its government appear here because it represents a rare instance of city-county consolidation. Eight are elected by district and two are elected at large. May not serve more than two terms.

Tax commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax receiver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Commission or salary Commission or salary Commission or salary

The Unified Government of Athens-Clarke County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—commissioners (10) . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Chief elected officer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chief magistrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of superior court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State court solicitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Consolidated Government of Columbus . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Fees or salary Fees or salary Fees or salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks

Governing body—commissioners (10) . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Chief magistrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of superior court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State court solicitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

See remarks At large At large At large At At At At At large large large large large

See remarks Salary Fees or salary Fees or salary

As specified by special act. See ‘‘State court judge,’’ above. Compensation is commission, salary, or a combination of the two. Although the Consolidated Government of Columbus (formerly Muscogee County) operates under a special charter, provisions for its government appear here because it represents a rare instance of city-county consolidation. As specified by charter.

As specified by charter. Fees or salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks

As specified by special act. See ‘‘State court judge,’’ above. Compensation is commission, salary, or a combination of the two. Georgia has no township governments.

A-34

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —GEORGIA

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body:1 County school systems—county board of education members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

County

See remarks

Independent school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

As of January 1992, members are elected in 103 counties through special legislation. Appointed by grand jury in all other counties except five where board is appointed by grand jury in conjunction with city or county governing body. As of January 1992, special legislation provides for the government of these districts. Board is elected only if special legislation so provides. Elected in 114 counties as of January 1992. Appointed by board of education in remainder of counties through special legislation.

Other elective offices: County superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . .

4

County

Salary

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Soil and water conservation districts districts—supervisors (5 or more). . . . . . . . . .

4

County

Per diem and expenses

Each district board also has two appointed members.

1 A constitutional amendment approved by the voters in November 1992 makes school board members and county superintendents of schools elective in all counties, but this amendment was not yet in effect in January 1992.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —GEORGIA

APPENDIX A A-35

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Hawaii

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (51) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (25). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State-dependent public school system: State board of education (13) . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem

4

School board district

Per diem and expenses

In Hawaii, the State board of education operates all public elementary and secondary schools in the State. The board also has one nonvoting student member. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected on the same ticket. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Excludes City and County of Honolulu, which is included under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. Also excludes County of Kalawao, which is classified as an adjunct of the State government in census statistics on governments.

Other elective offices: Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

Governing body—council members: Hawaii County (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kauai County (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maui County (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2 2

See remarks At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

Council members are elected at large; however, at least one member must reside in each of six residence districts. One member is elected as chairperson. One member must reside in each of each of the following islands: Lanai and Molokai. On the Island of Maui, one must reside in East Maui, one in West Maui, and three in Central Maui. In addition, two members are elected at large. Elected to 2-year term in Kauai County, and to 4-year term in Hawaii and Maui Counties. Elected in Hawaii and Kauai Counties. Includes only one municipal government—the City and County of Honolulu.

Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

See remarks 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

Municipal Governments The City and County of Honolulu . . . . . . . . . . . . . Honolulu, which has a combined city and county government, is the government, is the only local government in Hawaii counted as a municipal government in census statistics on governments. Although Honolulu operates under a home-rule charter, provisions for its government are included here because they represent a rare instance of city and county consolidation. 4 4 Council member district Salary At large Salary Hawaii has no township governments.

Governing body—council members (9) . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

A-36

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —HAWAII

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Type of government and title of elective office SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Hawaii has no independent school district governments. ‘‘School districts’’ in Hawaii are administrative areas of the State department of education and are not counted as separate governments.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Soil and water conservation districts: Governing body—directors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 At large Expenses Each district board also has two appointed members.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —HAWAII

APPENDIX A A-37

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Idaho

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (84) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (42). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (33). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 4

Legislative district Legislative district At large At large Judicial district At large At large At large At large At large At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Elected at large with district residence requirement. At each biennial election, one commissioner is elected for a 4-year term, and two for a 2-year term.

Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

4 4 2 4 4 4

At large At large At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Also acts as ex officio auditor, recorder, and clerk of board of county commissioners.

Serves as ex officio public administrator and tax collector. Includes municipal (city) governments only. Municipal governments in Idaho are designated cities. Cities that do not elect to adopt the city manager form are under the mayor-council form.

Governing body: Mayor council form—council members (4 or 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

The number of council members is by local option within range allowed by statute. During transition to greater or smaller number, term of one member is 2 years. Elected by council member district or at large. See ‘‘Mayor council form,’’ above. Office is elective in mayor council form and salary is fixed by council. Election is optional in city manager form but, if elected, the mayor’s position replaces one of the council members’ positions on the ballot; also, in the city manager form, the term may be either 2 or 4 years. If mayor is designated by council, term is 2 years. Idaho has no township governments.

City manager form—council members (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

See remarks At large

Salary See remarks

Town or Township Governments

A-38

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—IDAHO

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Type of government and title of elective office SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—trustees: Elementary school districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Junior college districts (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other school districts (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Auditorium districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . Cemetery maintenance districts— commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire protection districts—commissioners (3). . Groundwater management districts—directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highway districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

3 6 3

Zones At large Zones

Expenses Unpaid Expenses

Number of trustees may be as high as nine in consolidated districts.

6 4 4

At large See remarks See remarks

Salary Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Elected at large with subdistrict residence requirement. See ‘‘Cemetery maintenance districts,’’ above. Directors are elected by water users. Elected at large with subdistrict residence requirement; includes countywide districts in which three commissioners are elected to a 4-year term. Number of divisions must be no fewer than three nor more than seven. Directors are elected at large with division residence requirement. Each district may be subdivided into five trustee zones. If so, trustee must reside in zone. Elected at large with subdistrict residence requirement. See ‘‘Port districts,’’ above. One trustee is elected from each legislative district except in specified regions where one additional trustee is elected. Each board has two appointed members. The number of supervisors may be increased to seven; if so, four are elected.

3 4

At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Hospital districts—trustees (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors (1 per division) . .

6 3

At large See remarks

Salary Per diem and expenses

Levee districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . Library districts—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Port districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation districts—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . Regional airport authorities—trustees . . . . . . . Soil conservation districts—supervisors (5) . . Water and sewer districts—directors (5) . . . . . Watershed improvement districts—directors (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 5 6 4 4 4 6 4

At large At large See remarks See remarks See remarks At large At large At large

Not specified Expenses Per diem and expenses Expenses Expenses Expenses Per meeting Expenses

Each board also has one appointed member.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—IDAHO

APPENDIX A A-39

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Illinois

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Representatives (118) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (59). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: University of Illinois trustees (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appellate court judges (42) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 6 10

Representative district Legislative district At large Judicial district

Salary Salary Unpaid Salary Board also has ex officio members. Includes 18 elected from Cook County judicial district, and six from each of the other four judicial districts. Other judges serve under temporary supreme court assignment based on need.

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (181) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 4 4

At large Judicial circuit At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resident circuit court judges (124) . . . . . . . . . .

4 6

At large See remarks

Salary Salary

Governor and Lieutenant Governor are nominated separately in the primary, but are elected jointly in the general election. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. In Cook County, judges are elected from subcircuits both inside and outside the Chicago city limits. In all other counties, judges are elected from the county at large. Includes three elected from Cook County judicial district, and one from each of the other four judicial districts.

Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS
1

4 10 4

At large Judicial district At large

Salary Salary Salary

Governing body—county board: In 17 nontownship counties—members (3). . . In Cook County: Commissioners (17) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . In 84 township counties—members . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 2 or 4

At large See remarks At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Per diem or salary Includes 10 members from within Chicago city limits, and seven from portion of county outside Chicago. The commissioner with the highest number of votes becomes president. Number of members may vary from 5 to 29. Members serve staggered terms; each must serve one 2-year term per decade. Election may be at large or by district. Chairperson may be elected by voters or selected by board members, and need not be a board member. If elected by voters and not required to be a board member, term is 4 years.

A-40

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ILLINOIS

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Type of government and title of elective office Other boards: Regional board of school trustees (7) . . . . . . .

Term (years) 6

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Expenses

Remarks Not more than one shall be a resident of any one congressional township unless county contains fewer than seven townships, in which case not more than two shall reside in the same township. If regional board serves two or more counties, county residency requirements apply. This board does not exist in Cook County. Compensation is fixed by county board. An assessing officer may be elected or appointed in lieu of an elected board. Compensation is fixed by county board. These boards existed in January 1992, but subsequently were abolished by 1994 legislation. Board may be appointive. Compensation is fixed by county board. Authorized in townships having a lendable fund producing income in excess of $2,500 annually and located in counties under 220,000 population. Elected from township at large unless more than three districts. Office exists in Cook County only. Office of supervisor of assessments did not exist in January 1992, but has been created subsequently by 1994 legislation. Compensation fixed by county board. As of January 1992, position is optional in home rule counties. Compensation is fixed by county board. Office may also exist in smaller counties but only as an appointive office. Compensation is fixed by county board. Cook County auditor is also appointed. Position may be elective or appointive; may be abolished by referendum. Position is mandatory.

Board of appeals—Cook County (2). . . . . . . . . Board of assessors—counties of 150,000 to 1,000,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Board of review—counties of 150,000 to 1,000,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School township land commissioners (3 per township) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

District

See remarks

4

Township

Expenses

School township trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

See remarks

Unpaid

Other elective offices:

Assessor—Cook County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessor—counties of 150,000 to 1,000,000 population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor—counties of 75,000 to 3,000,000 population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

4

At large

See remarks

Clerk of the circuit court (1 per county) . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highway commissioners—nontownship counties (1 per road district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder of deeds—counties of 60,000 or more population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Regional superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large Road district At large See remarks

Salary and per diem Salary Salary Per diem or salary Salary Salary

May be elected or appointed. In counties under 60,000 population, county clerk serves as recorder. In counties served by a multicounty educational service region, regional superintendents are counted, for census purposes, under the county where their office is located. Elected from county at large in other counties. Office does not exist in Cook County. Position is mandatory. Position is mandatory.

Road district clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

Road district At large At large At large

Per diem or salary Salary Salary Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ILLINOIS

APPENDIX A A-41

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Type of government and title of elective office SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The subcounty general purpose governments in Illinois comprise municipal (city, town, and village) governments and township governments. Municipal governments in Illinois are designated cities, villages, or incorporated towns. In the 85 counties with township governments, municipalities exist within township areas, except for the city of Chicago.3 General law provides a 4-year term as standard for municipal officials (except in Chicago), but terms may be reduced to 2 years by referendum.

Municipal Governments2

City of Chicago: Governing body—aldermen (50) . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor-council form—cities: Governing body—aldermen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

Ward At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary May not serve more than two terms. May not serve more than two terms. Voters may provide for half the number authorized by general law. Provisions show below were those in effect on January 1, 1992. Minimum of 14 members plus additional two for each 20,000 inhabitants in excess of 30,000 but not to exceed 20. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. May be appointed. Council may provide for election or appointment of a collector, comptroller, corporation counsel, marshal, superintendent of streets, and other officers. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. In villages of 5,000 population or more, trustees are elected from districts if voters so decide. In other villages, trustees are elected at large. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. In incorporated towns and villages where established by popular vote. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. May be appointed in villages under 5,000 population.

Over 30,000 population (14 to 20) . . . . . . . .

2 or 4

Ward

See remarks

20,000 to 30,000 (14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,000 to 20,000 population (10) . . . . . . . . . 3,000 to 15,000 population (8) . . . . . . . . . . . Under 3,000 population (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional offices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 2 2 2

or or or or

4 4 4 4

Ward Ward Ward Ward At large At large At large

See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks

2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Trustee form—incorporated towns and villages: Governing body—trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Other boards—library board of trustees (7) . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional offices in incorporated towns over 25,000 population only: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 or 6

At large

Expenses

2 or 4 2 or 4

At large At large

See remarks Salary

2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

A-42

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ILLINOIS

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Type of government and title of elective office Optional managerial form—cities or villages not exceeding 500,000 population: Governing body: Cities retaining wards—aldermen (6 to 20)4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cities not retaining wards—council members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 or 4

Ward

Salary

Same provision as for mayor-council form above or one per ward. If population is under 50,000, four members. If population is 50,000 to 99,999, six members. If population is 100,000 to 500,000, eight members.

2 or 4

At large

Salary

Villages retaining districts—trustees (6). . . . Villages not retaining districts—trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Cities—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Villages—president . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4 2 or 4

District At large

Salary Salary Provisions as of January 1992; found only where council members or trustees are elected at large.

2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary See remarks

City treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4

At large

See remarks

Compensation fixed by ordinance except that, in cities over 100,000 population, a salary is specified. May be appointed in cities under 100,000 population. Compensation fixed by ordinance. May be appointed in cities under 100,000 population.

Optional commission form—cities or villages not exceeding 200,000 population: Governing body—commissioners (4) . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional strong mayor form—cities with population between 5,000 and 500,000: Governing body—aldermen Population Population Population Population Population over 80,000 (20). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60,001 to 80,000 (16) . . . . . . . . . 40,001 to 60,000 (14) . . . . . . . . . 25,001 to 40,000 (10) . . . . . . . . . under 25,001 (8). . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

Mayor and commissioners together comprise the council. See ‘‘Governing body —commissioners,’’ above.

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Ward Ward Ward Ward Ward At large At large At large

See See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks

Two aldermen are elected per ward. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. See ‘‘Governing body—aldermen,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—aldermen,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—aldermen,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—aldermen,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—aldermen,’’ above. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Township governments exist in 85 of the 102 Illinois counties. Within the 85 counties with township governments, the only areas lacking township government are the city of Chicago and the town of Cicero. Supervisor (see below) is the chief administrative officer of the township, but the town meeting acts as the governing body. Found only in townships where established by popular vote. Supervisor and four elected trustees together comprise the board. If authorized by voters. Compensation is set by trustees within statutory limits. Compensation fixed by board of trustees within statutory limits. In some localities, this officer may serve two or more municipalities, or may be appointive.

Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Board of township trustees (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Community building board of managers (3) . . Township library board of trustees (7) . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 or 6 At large At large At large Per diem Salary or per diem See remarks

4

At large

See remarks

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ILLINOIS

APPENDIX A A-43

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Type of government and title of elective office Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector (counties over 100,000 population) . Highway commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4 4 4

Election area At large At large At large At large

Method of compensation Salary or fees Commission Per diem or salary Salary

Remarks Also serves on consolidated township board of auditors for road district. Office may be discontinued in a county by referendum. Two townships may consolidate and elect one highway commissioner for both townships. Also serves as an ex officio member of board of township trustees and on consolidated township board of auditors for road districts.

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Community college districts—board members (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

See remarks

Expenses

Not applicable to Community Colleges of Chicago.That system is governed by an appointed board. Elected at large or by board member district. Elected at large except in a few instances in community unit and community high school districts where members are elected at large with area residency requirements. Chicago Board of Education is governed by an appointed board.

School districts of over 1,000 population— board of education (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 or 6

See remarks

Unpaid

School districts under 1,000 population— board of directors: Community high school districts (7) . . . . . . . Consolidated or combined districts (7). . . . . Nonhigh school districts—board of education (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 or 6 4

At large At large At large

Not specified Not specified Not specified

See ‘‘Nonhigh school districts,’’ below.

County superintendent of schools is an ex officio member. Nonhigh school districts do not operate schools but are taxing districts established to provide funds for tuition payments.

Other school districts under 1,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School districts with population between 100,000 and 499,999—board of education (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special charter school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—local school councils . . .

4 or 6

At large

Not specified

4 or 5

See remarks

Not specified

2

See remarks

Expenses

Form is optional. Election may be at large, by district, or three at large and four in districts. Individual charters provide for election or appointment of board members. These councils exist within the Chicago school district only. Each council has 11 members and serves one school, except high school councils which have 12 members. Only eight are elected by the voters; the other members serve ex officio.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Chain of Lakes-Fox River Waterway Management Agency—directors (7) . . . . . . . . Drainage districts—commissioners (3). . . . . . .

4 3

See remarks At large

Expenses Per diem and expenses

Fire protection districts—trustees (3, 5, or 7) .

6

At large

Salary

Chairperson is elected at large. Other directors are elected from the county they represent. May also be known as outlet drainage districts, drainage and levee districts, mutual drainage districts, and mutual drainage and levee districts. Board is ordinarily appointed but may be elected upon petition of landowners. Election of trustees is optional.

A-44

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ILLINOIS

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Type of government and title of elective office Park districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Provisions for pleasure driveway and township park districts have been repealed, but existing districts of those types continue to operate under former law. Chicago Park District is governed by an appointed board. District may increase number of commissioners to seven by referendum.

General park districts—commissioners (5) . Pleasure driveway and parkway districts: President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Township park districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public library districts—trustees (7). . . . . . . . . . Sanitary districts: Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago—commissioners (9) . . Sanitary districts for drainage and levees— 1907 law—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . .

4 or 6

At large

Unpaid

4 4 6 6

At large At large At large At large

Unpaid Unpaid Unpaid Expenses

As of January 1992, may be either elected or appointed.

6 4

At large See remarks

Salary See remarks Elected at large except that, in joint county districts of $100,000,000 or more assessed valuation, trustees are elected from each county served. Compensation is set by county board up to statutory limit. Board is usually appointed but referendum may provide for an elected board. Compensation is set by board. Compensation is set by board.

Sanitary districts for drainage and sewage disposal—1936 law—trustees (3) . . . . . . . . North Shore Sanitary District—trustees (5) . Soil and water conservation districts— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 4 2

At large Ward At large

See remarks See remarks Per diem and expenses

1 Home rule counties may be formed as provided in Article 7 section 6 of the 1970 Illinois constitution. A home rule county is one that elects a chief executive (at present, only Cook County does so). A home rule unit may establish its form of government by referendum except for certain provisions prescribed by law. 2 Home rule cities may be formed as provided in Article 7 section 6 of the 1970 Illinois constitution. A home rule municipality is one with 25,000 population or more, or one with less than 25,000 population that elects home rule by referendum. A home rule unit may establish its form of government by referendum except for certain provisions prescribed by law. 3 The town of Cicero exists within a township area, but lacks a separate township government. In 18 other townships that are coterminous with a city or village, the township funds are separate from those of the city or village, and the township performs functions that are distinct from those of the city or village. In these 18 areas, the township government is counted as a separate government in census statistics on governments. 4 The number of aldermen depends on population, as follows: under 3,000, six aldermen; 3,000 to 14,999, eight aldermen; 15,000 to 19,999, ten aldermen; 20,000 to 29,999, 14 aldermen; two additional aldermen for every 20,000 inhabitants over 30,000, not to exceed 20 in cities under 500,000 population.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—ILLINOIS

APPENDIX A A-45

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Indiana

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Representatives (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (50). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district At large At large Judicial circuit At large Appellate district

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

May serve only two terms in a 12-year period.

Circuit court judges (90) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Clerk of supreme court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Court of appeals judges (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prosecuting attorneys (90) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State superintendent of public instruction . . . . Superior court judges (150) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 6

At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large County

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Court of appeals judges and supreme court justices are selected by the Governor from a list of three nominees submitted by the judicial nominating commission. If the Governor fails to make a timely selection, the chief justice makes the appointment. At the next general election after completion of an initial 2-year term, the judges or justices stand for approval or disapproval by the voters. If approved, the judges or justices serve a 10-year term. May only serve two terms in a 12-year period. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected on the same ticket. May only serve two terms in a 12-year period. State salary may be supplemented by county in which county is located. In Lake and St. Joseph Counties, ten and eight judges respectively are appointed by Governor from a list of three nominees submitted by a judicial nominating commission. If the Governor fails to make a timely selection, the chief justice makes the appointment. At the next general election after completion of the initial 2-year term, judges stand for approval or disapproval by the voters. See ‘‘court of appeals judges,’’ above. See ‘‘court of appeals judges,’’ above. If Governor fails to make an appointment from among the nominees, a new list of nominees is submitted to the Governor. May only serve two terms in a 12-year period. Excludes the consolidated government of Indianapolis and Marion County (the City of Indianapolis), which is included under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below.

Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Tax court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large At large

Salary Salary

Treasurer of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

4

At large

Salary

A-46

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—INDIANA

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Type of government and title of elective office Governing body—county commissioners (3) . . .

Term (years 4

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Salary and per diem

Remarks In 89 counties, county commissioners are elected from a commissioner district by voters of the entire county. In Lake and St. Joseph Counties, commissioners are elected from a commissioner district by the voters of that district only.

Other boards: Counties with only two second class cities— council members (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Council member district Salary

Other counties—council members (7) . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary or per diem

Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constitutional officers: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of the circuit court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other: County assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 At At At At At At At large large large large large large large Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Applies only to St. Joseph County —the only Indiana county with only two secondclass cities at the time of the 1990 Census of Population. In 89 counties, council consists of three members elected at large, and four members elected by voters of a council member district only. In Lake County, each of the seven county council members is elected by voters of a council member district only. In counties under 95,000 population, officials listed below also receive per diem. Constitutional officers must be elected in each county. They may only serve two terms in a 12-year period. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. See ‘‘Constitutional officers,’’ above. Separate office from township assessor, below. Position established in 45 counties. Number of judges in each county or group of counties having county court judges is specified by law.

At large At large

Probate court judges—St. Joseph County . Township assessor (one in each township with a population of 8,000 or more) . . . . . .

6 4

At large Township

Salary Salary Township assessors are paid from county appropriations. During periods of reassessment, also receives per diem. Assessors may also be elected in townships with 5,000 to 7,999 inhabitants if the advisory board declares a need for an assessor, and in townships that were required to elect an assessor before January 1, 1979. The subcounty general purpose governments in Indiana comprise municipal (city and town) governments and township governments. Municipal governments in Indiana are designated cities or towns. All cities and towns exist within township areas. Although Indianapolis operates under general legislation pertaining to consolidated city-county governments, the provisions for its government appear here because they represent a rare situation of city-county consolidation.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Municipal Governments1

The City of Indianapolis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—city-county council members (29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Four council members are selected from the entire area of Marion County, and 25 council members are elected from 25 council member districts.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—INDIANA

APPENDIX A A-47

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marion County officers:

Term (years 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks

Members of Marion County Board of Commissioners:

All Marion County officers listed below are classified as officials of the City of Indianapolis in census statistics on governments. The assessor, the auditor, and the treasurer serve ex officio as the Marion County Board of Commissioners. This board is classified as an agency of the City of Indianapolis in census statistics on governments. 4 4 4 At large At large At large Salary Salary Salary Election is required by State Constitution. Election is required by State Constitution. Election tion. Election tion. Election tion. Election tion. Election tion. is required by State Constituis required by State Constituis required by State Constituis required by State Constituis required by State Constitu-

Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Marion County officers: Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other cities: Governing body—common council members:2 Second-class cities (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third-class cities (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4 4

See remarks See remarks

Salary Salary

Includes six elected from council member districts, and three at large. Includes two elected at large and five from council member districts. By local option, three may be elected at large and four by district. Includes one elected at large and four from council member districts. By local option, two may be elected at large and three by district. All elected at large, but four are nominated from council member districts. Court may be created or abolished by ordinance.

Third class cities—optional plans: Cities under 10,000 population (5) . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Cities under 7,000 population (5) . . . . . . . Other elective offices: City or town judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk-treasurer—third class cities only. . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Towns: Governing body—trustees (1 per ward). . . . . . Other elective offices—clerk-treasurer. . . . . . . Town or Township Governments Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large See remarks At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Elected at large or by ward residency requirement, or both, under local ordinance. Township governments encompass the entire area of the State. Indiana townships have no governing body as such. The elected township trustee (see below) is the chief administrative officer.

Other boards—township board (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Constables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Fees and expenses One elected for each small claims court judge (see below).

A-48

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—INDIANA

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Type of government and title of elective office Small claims court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years 4 4

Election area At large At large

Method of compensation Salary Salary

Remarks Court is established in each county containing a first class city (Marion). Also serves as township assessor in townships that do not have a separate township assessor.

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County school corporations: 1949 law—county board of education (5) . . Any school district may propose a modified plan for electing its governing body, subject to voter approval. 4 See remarks Salary Board may be selected by township trustees acting collectively. An elected board is optional. When elected, election is at large with district residency requirement. Elected at large, but may have district residency requirements. Provisions for board are fixed in election establishing corporation. Trustees may be elective or appointive. If elected, may consist of three, five, or seven members. Residency requirements vary according to option chosen by voters at establishing election. If corporation is formed from two or more districts operating a joint high school, nine trustees may be elected. Provision may be made for two or more residence districts, one of which may contain the entire school district. Includes five members elected from districts and two elected at large. Includes five members elected from districts and two elected at large. The township trustees in Indiana serve in a dual capacity as both civil and school township trustee (see ‘‘Township Governments,’’ above). Provisions for united school corporations, which serve territory in two or more counties, are the same as for community school corporations, above.

1969 law—trustees (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . Community school corporations—trustees . . .

4 4

See remarks See remarks

Salary Salary

Metropolitan school districts—board members (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School cities and towns: Indianapolis—commissioners (7). . . . . . . . . . South Bend—members (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School townships—trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Residence district

Salary

4 4

See remarks See remarks

Salary and per diem Unpaid

United school corporations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservancy districts—directors (1 per district division) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

District division

Per diem and expenses

Elected by voters in Allen County Conservancy District, and by freeholders in other conservancy districts. Order creating district may specify either elected or appointed trustees. Term may not exceed four years. May be elected at large or by district. Each district board also has two appointed members. Election is by the occupiers of land lying within the district.

Regional water and sewer districts—board of trustees (odd number from 3 to 9) . . . . . . . . . See remarks Soil and water conservation districts—supervisors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

3

At large

Per diem and expenses

1 The following classes of cities exist in Indiana: first class--250,000 or more inhabitants, second class--35,000 to 249,999 inhabitants, and third class--fewer than 35,000 inhabitants. Towns include all municipal governments that have not converted to city status. Conversion of a municipality from a town to a city requires a population of 2,000 or more, plus voter approval. However, once a municipality, it retains city status, regardless of its population, unless a petition to convert the municipality from a city to a town, signed by two thirds of the resident taxpayers, is filed with the circuit court. If the population of a second class city decreases to fewer than 35,000 inhabitants, the city may either adopt an ordinance to become a third class city, or remain a second class city until the next decennial census. 2 Provisions for the governing body of first class cities were superseded in 1981 by provisions applicable to consolidated city-county governments. The only first class city now in existence--Indianapolis--operates as a consolidated city-county government.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—INDIANA

APPENDIX A A-49

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Iowa

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (50). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of appeals judges (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4 6

Legislative district Senatorial district At large At large At large

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem Salary Salary Salary

District court associate judges (46) . . . . . . . . .

4

County

Salary

District court judges (101). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . .

6 4 4 4 4 8 4

Judicial district At large At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary and per diem Salary Salary Salary Salary

Court of appeals judges, district court judges, and supreme court justices are appointed by the Governor from nominations made by a special committee. The question of retention is submitted to the voters in a special election after one year in office, and again at the end of the term. Formerly municipal court judges. Under court reorganization, these judges may continue to stand for retention in office within the county of their residence. If not retained, or if position becomes vacant, a new associate judge is not appointed. See ‘‘court of appeals judges,’’ above.

See ‘‘Court of appeals judges,’’ above.

4

See remarks

See remarks

Elected at large under general law. Supervisors may, on own initiative, and must if so petitioned (after referendum), divide county into districts for election of supervisors, either at large with district residency requirement or from single-member districts. Compensation is salary or per diem and expenses.

Other boards: County agricultural extension district council (1 member per township) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Unpaid

County hospital board of trustees (7). . . . . . . .

6

At large

Expenses

Each county comprises a district except Pottawattamie County which comprises two districts. However, county districts may be combined. In counties with county-owned hospitals only. Elected at large but not more than four members may be residents of municipality where hospital is located.

County hospital board of trustees—counties with population under 150,000 (5) . . . . . . . . . Township trustees (3 per township) . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 4

At large At large

Expenses Per diem and fees

Position is abolished wherever a city constitutes, and is coterminous with, one or more townships. Any two countywide elective or appointive offices may be combined except supervisors, county attorneys, or sheriffs.

A-50

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—IOWA

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Type of government and title of elective office Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Township clerk (1 per township) . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4 4 4 4 4

Election area At large At large At large At large At large See remarks

Method of compensation Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks

Remarks Salary and fees in counties over 60,000 population. Initially appointed by district judges of each judicial election district. Is thereafter subject to election.

Elected from township at large in townships located outside the area of any incorporated city. On voter approval, may be appointed by county supervisors. Compensation is per diem, fees, and commissions. The subcounty general purpose governments in Iowa comprise municipal (city) governments only. The townships in Iowa are not counted as separate governments in census statistics on governments. All municipal governments in Iowa are designated as cities. Provisions are spelled out in charters. General provisions are the same as for mayor-council cities. Provisions are spelled out in charters. Charter must provide for odd number of council members not less than five. Term of office may be either 2 or 4 years. Mayor may be an elected member of council. Election area may be at large, at large with residency requirement, by singlemember district, or a combination of at large and single-member districts. See ‘‘Governing body—other city forms,’’ above. One member of council is designated mayor. See also ‘‘Governing body —other city forms,’’ above. Mayor and two council members are elected at large and one council member is elected from each of four wards, or one each from six wards. See also ‘‘Governing body—other city forms,’’ above. Council members are elected at large unless election area is changed by ordinance. In cities under 5,000 population, council may have three members. See also ‘‘Governing body —other city forms,’’ above. In mayor-council cities only. In commission form, council may provide for election or appointment of treasurer.

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4

At large

Salary

Municipal Governments Special charter cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Home rule cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—other city forms:

Commission form—council members (5). . . . . Council manager at large form—council members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager-ward form—council members (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

4

See remarks

Salary

4

See remarks

Salary

Mayor-council form—council members (5) . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Other elective offices—other city forms: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—IOWA

APPENDIX A A-51

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Type of government and title of elective office Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The civil townships in Iowa are distinct geographical areas. Except in areas where boundaries of one or more civil townships are coterminous with the boundaries of a city, an elected board of township trustees governs each township.1 Upon voter approval, township trustees may be appointed by county supervisors. Although Iowa township trustees may levy taxes, the compensation of township trustees (other than fees) is paid by the county government. For this reason, townships in Iowa are classified as administrative subdivisions of county governments, and are not counted as separate governments, in census statistics on governments. For township trustees and township clerk, see ‘‘County Governments,’’ above.

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of directors: Community school districts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 See remarks Unpaid Petition for organization specifies either five- or seven-member board and method of election. With voter approval, trustees may be appointed by county supervisors. Provisions for these districts have been repealed and replaced by those for community school districts. However, consolidated school districts organized prior to the repeal may continue to operate.

Consolidated school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Unpaid

Independent school districts: Districts containing all or part of a city over 15,000 population (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other independent school districts (5) . . . . . Area vocational schools and area community colleges—directors (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 or 4 3 3

At large At large Director district

Unpaid Unpaid Unpaid Number of directors and districts is established in plan submitted to State board of public instruction.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body is designated board of trustees except for soil conservation districts, where designation is board of commissioners. May be either elective or appointive. County supervisors appoint three trustees from the five candidates receiving the most votes. Thereafter, trustees may be elected or appointed. County supervisors appoint three trustees from the five candidates receiving the most votes. Thereafter, trustees may be elected or appointed. County supervisors appoint three trustees from the five candidates receiving the most votes. Thereafter, trustees may be elected or appointed. County supervisors appoint three trustees from the five candidates receiving the most votes. Thereafter, trustees may be elected or appointed. County supervisors appoint three trustees from the five candidates receiving the most votes. Thereafter, trustees may be elected

Benefited fire districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Expenses

Benefited law enforcement districts (3) . . . . . .

3

At large

Expenses

Benefited recreational lake districts (3) . . . . . .

3

At large

Expenses

Benefited street lighting districts (3) . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Expenses

Benefited water districts and subdistricts (3) .

3

At large

Expenses

A-52

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—IOWA

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Type of government and title of elective office Levee and drainage districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 3

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Per diem and expenses

Remarks Elected at large but must own land in election district represented. If the district is governed by the county board of supervisors, the district is not counted as a separate government. Elected by trustee districts. Number of trustees per trustee district is specified by statute for each regional library board. Term established by county supervisors, who appoint three trustees from the five candidates receiving the most votes. Succeeding boards may be elected or appointed. No two commissioners may reside in the same township. See ‘‘Levee and drainage districts,’’ above.

Regional library boards (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rural water districts (3 to 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary and sanitary sewer districts (3) . . . . .

4 3 3 to 6

See remarks At large At large

Expenses Not specified Per diem and travel

Soil and water conservation districts (5) . . . . . Soil conservation and flood control districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special land use districts (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

At large

Expenses

3 3

See remarks At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and travel

1 At the time of the 1990 Census of Population, there were 1,602 civil townships in Iowa (excluding those that are coterminous with the boundaries of a city). (See Bureau of the Census, A Guide to State and Local Census Geography, publication 1990 CPH-I-18, June 1993).

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—IOWA

APPENDIX A A-53

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Kansas

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (125) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Board of education—members (10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district Member district At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Appointed by Governor from list submitted by nominating committee. After 1 year and again at end of term, question of retention is submitted to voters.

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (145) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large Judicial district

Salary Salary Salary

Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—commissioners (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . .

4 4 4 6 4

At large At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Elections in 14 of the 31 judicial districts are partisan. Judges in the other 17 judicial districts are appointed by the Governor from a list submitted by a local nominating committee. Question of retention is submitted after 1 year and at the end of every 4-year term. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. May not serve more than two consecutive terms. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. See ‘‘Appeals court judges,’’ above.

4

Commissioner district

Salary

Number of commissioner districts is determined by local option. As of January 1992, 102 counties have three commissioners, and three counties have five. Elected by commissioner district or at large.

Other boards: Agricultural extension councils—members (24) . . . Agricultural extension districts—board members (4 per county). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital boards—directors (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Unpaid

4 2 to 4

At large See remarks

Not specified See remarks

County hospital boards may be elective or appointive. The number, election area, and compensation of directors are set by county commission.

Other elective offices: Clerk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

Office has been abolished in the five counties that elect a district attorney. Five judicial districts, each comprising one county, elect district attorneys whose salaries are tied by statute to the salaries of district court judges. Several counties have been authorized to create consolidated law enforcement agencies under special acts. As of January 1992, Riley County was the only county without an elected sheriff as a result of such a law.

Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

A-54

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —KANSAS

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Type of government and title of elective office Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Authorized in counties of 100,000 to 250,000 population having first -class cities of 75,000 or more population (Shawnee and Wyandotte Counties).

Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4

At large

Salary The subcounty general purpose governments in Kansas comprise municipal (city) governments and township governments. All municipal governments in Kansas are designated as cities. Third class cities exist within township areas, but first and second class cities exist outside the area of any township. Any city may exercise home rule powers by ordinance (including amending number, term, and election area of governing body members), subject to limitations imposed by uniform State law.

Municipal Governments1

General law cities: Governing body: Commission form—commissioners 160,000 to 180,000 population (5). . . . . . . . . . . 4 At large Salary

Elected mayor is a member of the board of commissioners. Cities of 160,000 to 180,000 population may establish five-member commissions through petition by 10 percent of voters, after voter approval.

Over 150,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60,000 to 150,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . First-class cities with population under 20,000 (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other first-class cities (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second- and third-class cities (3). . . . . . . . . . . . Commission-manager form—commissioners: Over 125,000 population and located in county having assessed valuation over $150 million (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65,000 to 125,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,000 to 65,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . First-class cities under 18,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second-class cities over 8,000 population (3). Under 8,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor-council form—council members: First-class cities (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second-class cities (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . Third-class cities (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor-council-manager form—council members: First-class cities (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second-class cities (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . Third-class cities (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modified mayor-council form Council members (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2 3 2 4

At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 2 2 2

At large At large At large At large At large At large Ward Ward At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Number may be increased to five by voters.

2 2 2 4

See remarks Ward At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Two are elected at large, and four by wards.

Any city may adopt this form. Three members are elected at large, and four by wards. Mayor is elected at large in all forms except the commission-manager form. In the commission-manager form, the mayor is selected by the commissioners from among their own number. Elective only in second-class cities under mayor-council form.

2

At large

Salary

Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —KANSAS

APPENDIX A A-55

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Type of government and title of elective office Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The entire area of the State is encompassed by townships except in areas where first and second class cities exist. In recent years, a number of township governments in Kansas have become inactive. As of January 1992, active township governments exist in 97 of the 105 Kansas counties. Trustee, clerk, and treasurer (see below) serve as township board.

Governing body Other elective offices: Clerk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Community junior colleges—trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . 4 See remarks Expenses

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Per diem or salary Per diem or salary Per diem or salary

Trustees are elected in one of four ways: at large; by six single-member districts; by three two-member districts; or by two three-member districts. See ‘‘Community junior colleges,’’ above. At least one member is elected at large.

Unified school districts—board of education (7)2 . . Other boards: Unified school districts—advisory board members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Unpaid

2

See remarks

Unpaid

Applies only in districts serving two firstclass cities. Four advisory board members are elected at large in each board of education member district. Board of education member serves as chairperson and fifth member of advisory board.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Boards of public utilities in first-class cities with 100,000 population or more (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cemetery districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Community building districts—directors (7) . . . . . . . Conservation districts—supervisors (5). . . . . . . . . . . Drainage districts: Drainage districts—1911 laws—supervisors (5) or directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 2 3

See remarks At large At large At large

Salary Not specified Expenses Expenses

Three members are elected at large, and three by districts. Joint city and township cemetery district board consists of township trustees and city mayor serving ex officio.

4

At large

Drainage districts—1905 law—directors (3). . . . . Joint drainage districts—directors (1 per county). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Groundwater management districts—directors (3 to 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—1984 law—board members (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Improvement districts—directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial districts—directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts: Irrigation districts—1891 law—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—1941 law—directors (3) . . . . .

4 4

At large County

Per diem and expenses Name of governing body is ‘‘supervisors’’ for districts organized under Laws 1911 ch. 168 and ‘‘directors’’ for districts organized under Laws 1911 ch. 173. Unpaid Per diem and travel If total number of directors is an even number, one additional member is elected at large.

3 3 2 2

At large At large At large At large

Expenses See remarks Per diem See remarks Board members are paid for expenses and any additional compensation determined by referendum. Directors receive $1.00 per year.

1 3

At large At large

Per diem Per diem and travel

A-56

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —KANSAS

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Type of government and title of elective office Library districts in third class cities and townships—directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Watershed districts—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 3

Election area At large See remarks

Method of compensation Not specified Expenses

Remarks Formed by third class cities and one or more townships. From three to 15 members, but number must be divisible by three. Elected at large with subdistrict residence requirement. Districts with more than 15 directors prior to 1987 may retain existing number of board members.

Water supply districts: Rural water districts—1957 law—directors (up to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water assurance districts—directors (3 to 9) . . . Water supply and distribution districts— district board members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Waterworks boards in cities with an adjacent military reservation (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3 4 4

At large At large At large At large

See remarks Not specified Salary Unpaid

Compensation is fixed by board. Elected by holders to water rights. Authorized in Franklin, Johnson, Miami, and Wyandotte Counties only.

1 Cities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: first class—15,000 or more; second class—2,000 to 14,999; third class—less than 2,000. However, a second class city may remain as such until it reaches a population of 25,000. Similarly, a third class city may remain as such until it reaches a population of 5,000. The class of a city does not change if its population declines. 2 An exception is the governing body of the Fort Leavenworth School district; that board is appointed by the commanding general of Fort Leavenworth.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —KANSAS

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Kentucky

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (38). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Railroad commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (14). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of public accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit and district court clerks (120) . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (92) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commonwealth’s attorneys (56) . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (125). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 8 4 4 6 8 4 6 4 4 4 4 4 8 4

Representative district Senatorial district Commissioner district Supreme court district At large At large County See remarks At large Judicial circuit Judicial district At large At large At large At large Supreme court district At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary and commission Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Two judges are elected from each supreme court district.

Salary is paid by State. Elected from judicial circuit or from division of circuit as provided by law.

May not serve more than two terms. Governor and Lieutenant Governor run on same ticket. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

Commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices Constables (1 per justice of peace district). . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

4 4 4 4

Justice of peace district At large At large At large

See remarks Salary See remarks See remarks

Excludes Lexington-Fayette Urban County, which is included under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below. County governing body is designated fiscal court and, in 104 counties, consists of the justices of the peace and the county judge/ executive (see below). In 15 other counties that have adopted the optional commission form, fiscal court consists of three commissioners and the county judge/ executive.1 Commissioners are elected at large with district residency requirements. Statutes permit fiscal court to fix compensation of most county officers within statutory limits. Constables receive salary in counties of 250,000 population or more, and receive fees in other counties. Compensation is salary, commission, and fees. County clerks receive a set salary in counties of 75,000 population or more. In other counties, they receive fees plus salary for serving as clerk of fiscal court. Office may be abolished by general assembly. If abolished, duties are assumed by sheriff.

County judge/ executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

A-58

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—KENTUCKY

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Type of government and title of elective office Justices of the peace (1 per district) . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area Justice of peace district

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Justices of the peace receive per diem as members of the fiscal court (see above).

Property valuation administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments2

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary and commission Salary and fees Fees Includes municipal (city) governments only. Municipal governments in Kentucky are designated cities. Compensation of municipal officers shall not be changed during their term of office. Voters may elect to adopt an alternative form of local government, consolidating the county government with one or more city governments in the county, in any county except counties containing a first class city. Comprehensive plan of consolidation must include all provisions covering selection of a governing body and officials. To date, only Lexington-Fayette Urban County has organized under this act. Although Lexington-Fayette Urban County operates under a special charter, provisions for its government are shown here because it represents a rare situation of city and county consolidation. Three members are elected at large for a four-year term, and 12 members are elected by districts for a two-year term.

Urban county form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Lexington-Fayette Urban County. . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—council members (15) . . . See remarks Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constitutional offices:

See remarks

Salary

4

At large

Salary The offices below are constitutionally created and cannot be abolished under the urban county charter. These offices still exist but often have very limited duties under the charter. Constables receive salary in counties of 250,000 population or more, and receive fees in other counties.

Constables (1 per justice district) . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judge/ executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (1 per district) . . . . Property valuation administrator . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charter county form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Justice district At large At large At large At large At large Justice district At large At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary and fees Salary and fees Salary Salary See remarks Salary and commission Salary and fees Fees

Receive per diem as member of fiscal court (see above).

As in the urban county form, voters may adopt this form of merged government. The charter county form may not be adopted in counties of the first class (Jefferson) or in areas with urban county government. To date, no government has adopted the charter county form. Applies to all first class cities. Elected at large with residency requirement. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. May not serve more than three terms.

First class cities: Mayor-alderman form: Governing body—legislative members (12). Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

See remarks

See remarks

4

At large

See remarks

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—KENTUCKY

APPENDIX A A-59

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Type of government and title of elective office Second through sixth class cities . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Cities of second through sixth class may adopt mayor-council, commissioner, or city manager forms below. Mayor may not serve more than three terms in second class cities.

Mayor-council form: Governing body: Second, third, and fourth class cities— council members (6 to 12) . . . . . . . . . . . . Fifth and sixth class cities—council members (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor—second class cities only . . . . .

2 2 4

Wards or at large Wards or at large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Compensation is set by ordinance. Compensation is set by ordinance. Legislation enacted in 1980 abolished authorization for this office, but provided that this office, where already in existence, will continue to exist until abolished by ordinance. Compensation is set by ordinance. See ‘‘Assessor,’’ above. See ‘‘Assessor,’’ above. Salary is set by ordinance. See ‘‘Assessor,’’ above. Mayor (see below) is also a member of the board of commissioners.

City attorney—second class cities (optional for fourth class cities) . . . . . . . . Comptroller and inspector—second class cities only. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer—second class cities only. . . . . Commission form: Governing body—commissioners (4) . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . City manager form: Governing body—commissioners (4) . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—boards of education: County school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

4

At large

See remarks

2 4 2 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Mayor (see below) is also a member of the board of commissioners. Kentucky has no township governments.

4

Division

Per diem and expenses

When independent district containing first class city merges with county district, board of merged system has seven members.

Independent school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservation districts—supervisors (5) . . . . . .

4

At large

Per diem and expenses

4

At large

Per diem and expenses

These districts are also called ‘‘soil and water conservation districts.’’ Each board also includes two appointed members. County drainage corporations and surface water drainage districts are not counted as special district governments in census statistics on governments, but are classified as dependent agencies of county governments.

Drainage districts:

Drainage districts—1918 law—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County boards of drainage commissioners—1912 law: In counties having 75 or more drainage districts—supervisors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . In counties having fewer than 75 drainage districts—directors (1 per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separate drainage districts—1912 law— commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

Precinct

Per diem and expenses

4

Division

Not specified

Optional for counties with fewer than 75 drainage districts.

1 3

Drainage district See remarks

Unpaid Not specified Elected at large with precinct residency requirement.

A-60

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—KENTUCKY

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Type of government and title of elective office Fire protection districts—trustees (2) . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Per meeting

Remarks Two trustees elected at meeting of district property owners. Three members are appointed and two additional members are selected by the volunteer firefighters. Authorizing legislation for new community districts was repealed in 1986.

New community districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Urban services districts—council members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Conservation districts—directors of watershed conservancy districts (5) . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

4

See remarks

Expenses

If territory in watershed conservancy district comprises more than one soil and water conservation district, three additional members are elected from each additional soil and water conservation district.3

Other elective offices: Drainage districts—1918 law—secretary . . . . .
1

1

At large

Per diem

The 15 counties governed by county commissioners are as follows: Bath, Boone, Boyd, Campbell, Daviess, Graves, Greenup, Jefferson, Johnson, Kenton, Knox, McCracken, Mason, Montgomery, and Scott. 2 Municipal governments are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class cities—100,000 or more; second class cities—20,000 to 99,999; third class cities— 8,000 to 19,999; fourth class cities—3,000 to 7,999; fifth class cities—1,000 to 2,999; and sixth class cities—fewer than 1,000. However, cities cannot change class without legislative action. Legislation enacted in 1980 consolidated numerous provisions relating to legally authorized elective offices of the various classes of municipal governments. 3 Watershed conservancy district directors may levy taxes and issue bonds subject to the approval of the overlying conservation district. Because approval by the conservation district is necessary, watershed conservancy districts are classified as dependent activities of the conservation districts in census statistics on governments, and are not counted as separate governments.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—KENTUCKY

APPENDIX A A-61

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Louisiana

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (105) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (39). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4

Representative district Senatorial district

See remarks See remarks

Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses, plus an allowance for office expenses. Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses, plus an allowance for office expenses.

Other boards: Board of elementary and secondary education (11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public service commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . Soil conservation districts—supervisors (3 per district)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6

Congressional district See remarks

Per diem and expenses Salary

Three additional members are appointed at large by the Governor. Elected by public service commission district. There are 43 soil conservation districts in the State. Each district also has two appointed members. Elected members are selected from the soil conservation district at large. Excludes three State officials who serve as ex officio members. Each circuit is divided into districts for the election of judges. The number of judges per district is specified by statute.

3

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

State soil and water conservation committee—members (5) and alternates (5). . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (55). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

Member district

Per diem and expenses

10

See remarks

Salary

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture and forestry . . . . Commissioner of elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court system: District court judges (166). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 6 6

At large At large At large At large Judicial district Judicial district

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Excludes Orleans Parish and other special district courts listed separately below. Has civil and criminal jurisdiction and, except where other courts are especially established (see below), sits ex officio as juvenile court judge. Number of judges per district is specified by statute.

Special district court judges in Orleans Parish: District civil court judges (14). . . . . . . . . . . District criminal court judges (10) . . . . . . . Judge of magistrate section of criminal district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Juvenile court judges (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special district court judges in parishes other than Orleans: Family court judges of East Baton Rouge Parish (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First parish court judges—Jefferson Parish (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Juvenile court judges: Caddo Parish (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 6 8

Parish Parish Parish Parish

Salary Salary Salary Salary

6 6 6

Parish See remarks Parish

Salary Salary Salary Elected by divisions of judicial districts.

A-62

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—LOUISIANA

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Type of government and title of elective office East Baton Rouge Parish (1) . . . . . . . . . Jefferson Parish (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parish court judge—Ascension Parish . . . Second parish court judges—Jefferson Parish (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judges in Orleans Parish (4) . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Traffic court judges in Orleans Parish (4) . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PARISH GOVERNMENTS

Term (years) 6 6 6 6 4 4 8 4 10 8 4 Parish Parish Parish See remarks At large At large At large At large Supreme court district Division At large

Method of compensation Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Remarks

Elected by divisions of judicial districts.

Home rule parishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

In Louisiana, the county governments are legally designated ‘‘parish’’ governments. The three parishes of East Baton Rouge, Orleans, and Terrebonne are substantially consolidated, for governmental purposes, with the cities of Baton Rouge, New Orleans, and Houma, respectively. Baton Rouge, New Orleans, and Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government are counted as municipal governments, rather than as parish governments, in census statistics on governments. Any parish may adopt a charter that provides for its government; 11 parishes have done so. 4 See remarks See remarks Number of police jury members is set by ordinance and is usually between 5 and 15 members per parish. If parish population is under 10,000, police jury size may be set by ordinance at three members. However, special legislation makes specific exceptions to this rule for a few parishes. Elected by police jury ward or district. Compensation is per diem and travel or salary.

Other parishes: Governing body—police jury (5 or more). . . . .

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 to 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 6

At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary See remarks

Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (1 to 14) . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff and tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBPARISH GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Special charter municipalities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 4

At large See remarks At large

See remarks See remarks Salary

Elected by justice of the peace ward. Constables receive fees for civil cases and nominal salary for criminal cases. Receives fees in most parishes, but some parishes provide for salaries. Elected by justice of the peace ward. See also ‘‘constables,’’ above. Includes municipal (city, town, or village) governments only. Municipal governments in Louisiana are designated cities, towns, or villages. Provisions for government are set forth in individual charters. The creation of new special charter cities by the legislature was prohibited by the 1974 State Constitution, but special charter cities already in existence may continue to operate.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—LOUISIANA

APPENDIX A A-63

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Type of government and title of elective office Home rule cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Method of compensation

Remarks Any municipality may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government. Of the home rule cities in Louisiana, only the provisions for Baton Rouge, New Orleans, and Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government are presented in detail below since they represent rare instances of consolidation of the respective city and parish governments.

Baton Rouge: Governing body—metro council members (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City judges (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 6 4 6

District At large At large At large At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary and fees Salary Salary and fees Fees See remarks

Justices of the peace receive fees for civil cases and a nominal salary for criminal cases. Elected by justice of the peace ward.

Mayor-president . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Orleans: Governing body—city council members (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Assessors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Civil sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of civil district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of criminal district court . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of first city court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of second city court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constable of first city court . . . . . . . . . . . . Constable of second city court . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Criminal sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First city court judges (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of mortgages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of conveyances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second city court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government: Governing body—parish council (15) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parish president . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary and fees

4

See remarks

Salary

Two members are elected at large, and five from council member districts.

4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 4 6 4 4 4 6

Municipal district At At At At At At At At At At At At At At large large large large large large large large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4

Council district

Per diem and travel

Compensation of members may be set by parish council.

4 6 4 6 4 6 4 4

At large At large At large See remarks At large See remarks At large At large

Salary Salary and fees Salary See remarks Fees See remarks Salary Salary

Constables receive fees in civil cases and nominal salary in criminal cases. Elected by justice of the peace ward. Elected by justice of the peace ward. See also ‘‘Constables,’’ above.

A-64

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—LOUISIANA

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Type of government and title of elective office Other municipalities: Governing body: Mayor-aldermanic form—aldermen: Cities—5,000 inhabitants or more (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

See remarks

Towns—1,001 to 4,999 inhabitants (5) . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Villages—1,000 or fewer inhabitants (3) . Commission form—council members . . . . . . 100,000 population or more (4). . . . . . . . . Less than 100,000 population (2) . . . . . . . Commission-manager form—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: City court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City court marshal or constable. . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

If eight or more aldermen, two are elected from each district and one at large. In other cases, an equal number are elected from each district and the remainder are elected at large. However, election area may be modified by ordinance. Compensation is set by ordinance. Elected at large, except that when town is divided into districts, one member is elected from each district and one at large. However, election area may be modified by ordinance. Compensation is set by ordinance. Compensation is set by ordinance. Restricted to municipalities over 2,500 population. Mayor (see below) is an additional member of the council.

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Restricted to municipalities of 2,500 population or more. Not found in all municipalities. One per city court except in Lake Charles and Baton Rouge (see above). Office may be appointive in some cities because of special legislation. In mayor-aldermanic form, compensation is set by ordinance. In commission form, receives salary up to statutory maximum. May be appointive by local option upon voter approval. Compensation is set by ordinance. Also serves as chief of police. Louisiana has no township governments.

6 6

At large At large

Salary and fees Salary

Mayor—mayor-aldermanic and commission forms only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

Marshal—mayor-aldermanic form only. . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—boards of education: Parish school districts—all parishes except Caddo, East Baton Rouge, Jefferson, and Orleans (5 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Election district

Per diem and travel

Caddo Parish school district (12) . . . . . . . . . East Baton Rouge Parish school district (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jefferson Parish school district (8) . . . . . . . . Orleans Parish school district (7) . . . . . . . . . Independent school districts of Bogalusa . . (7) and Monroe (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Election district

See remarks

One member per election district, or other election area in accordance with reapportionment plan or special law. Members receive per diem and travel, or expense allowance. Members receive per diem and travel, or expense allowance. Members receive per diem and travel, or expense allowance. Members receive per diem and travel, or expense allowance. Members receive per diem and travel, or expense allowance. Members receive per diem and travel, or expense allowance.

4 4 4

Single-member district Single-member district At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

4

Election district

See remarks

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—LOUISIANA

APPENDIX A A-65

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Method of compensation

Remarks Most special district governments in Louisiana are governed by appointed boards. However, special legislation specifies the election of board members in a few individual port, harbor and terminal districts.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

1 In Louisiana, the State soil and water conservation committee may disapprove the results of a referendum to create a soil and water conservation district. Furthermore, upon dissolution of a soil and water conservation district, the assets and the obligations of such a district pass to the State. Accordingly, soil and water conservation districts in Louisiana are classified as dependent activities of the State government, and are not counted as separate special district governments, in census statistics on governments.

A-66

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—LOUISIANA

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Maine

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (151) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (35). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State-dependent public school systems: Schools for children in unorganized territory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2

Representative district Senatorial district

Salary Salary

State schools for children in unorganized territory are governed by appointed boards. Tribal school committees are governed by elected boards with the same powers as town school committees. 4 4 See remarks At large Salary Salary Elected by prosecutorial districts, which may comprise one or more entire counties. Salary is paid by the State. May not serve more than two terms.

Tribal school committees (3 or 5 members) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other elective offices: District attorneys (8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk of judicial court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of probate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4

At large or by district

Salary Office is now appointive.

4 4 4 2 4

At At At At At

large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Office may be appointive in some counties. The subcounty general purpose governments in Maine comprise municipal (city) governments and town governments. In Maine, cities and towns have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities in Maine. Cities are created by special legislation and exist outside the area of any town. Under home rule, cities may draft their own charters.1 Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipality’’ is applied by Maine statues, and plantations, to which the term ‘‘municipality’’ is applied for some purposes by Maine statutes, are counted as town or township governments in census statistics on governments.

Municipal Governments

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— MAINE

APPENDIX A A-67

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Type of government and title of elective office Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Although not differing in legally authorized powers from the types of municipal governments described above, units in Maine designated as ‘‘towns’’ and ‘‘plantations’’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. Although town governments exist in each county, they do not cover the entire area of each county. Cities, gores, Indian reservations, and unorganized territory exist outside the area of any town or plantation. Any town may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government. If a town does not provide otherwise, the number of selectmen is three, their term is 1 year, and their compensation per diem.

Governing body—selectmen (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . See remarks

At large

See remarks

Other boards: Town-dependent public school systems: Town school committee (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large

See remarks

Term of school committee members is usually 3 years, but may be altered by charter provisions. School committee members are unpaid unless city or town authorizes compensation. Selectmen may serve as assessors. See also ‘‘Selectmen,’’ above. Under 1987 legislation, towns may, as an alternative, have a single appointed assessor. Selectmen may serve as overseers of the poor. See also ‘‘Selectmen,’’ above. General legislation provides only for offices listed, but authorizes election or appointment of other town officers.

Other: Assessors (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Overseers of the poor (3, 5, or 7). . . . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: School administrative districts—directors (5 to 18) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Coastal watershed districts—trustees (5-18) . Lake watershed districts—trustees (5-18) . . . . Sanitary districts—trustees (5-18) . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 3 1

At large

See remarks

At large

See remarks

At large

Per diem

3 or 4

Town and/ or city

Per diem

At large At large At large

Per diem and travel Per diem and travel Per diem and expenses

May also include members appointed by participating sanitary or sewer districts. May also include members appointed by participating water districts. Application for establishment of a district must be filed with State department of environmental protection and approved by the voters. Each district board also has two appointed members. Members may also receive compensation as voted by district meeting.

Soil and water conservation districts— supervisors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Expenses

Village improvement corporations—assessors, managers, or trustees (3 to 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and/ or sewer districts—trustees (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Village improvement corporations are established by special legislation for limited purposes within town areas. See remarks See remarks Per diem and expenses Term and election area are specified in district charter, but maximum term is 3 years. Compensation is set by action of district trustees.

1

Members of city school committees, which govern municipal-dependent public school systems, are elected.

A-68

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— MAINE

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Maryland

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Delegates (141) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

Legislative district

See remarks

Senators (47). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 10

Legislative district Appellate circuit

See remarks Salary

Compensation of delegates and senators is set by general assembly compensation commission. Three delegates and one senator are elected from each legislative district. See ‘‘Delegates,’’ above. Initially appointed by Governor. Judges run on record after first year in office and for subsequent terms. Two judges are elected from the sixth circuit and one judge from each of the other circuits. Initially appointed by Governor. Judges run against other candidates after first year in office and for subsequent terms. Judges are elected by each county (and Baltimore city) that comprise circuit. Judges serve for 15 years or until the age of 70, whichever comes first. One clerk is elected in each county and one in Baltimore city. Candidate for Governor names candidate for Lieutenant Governor. The two candidates run jointly. Governor may not serve more than two consecutive terms. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Initially appointed by Governor. Judges run on record after first year in office and for subsequent terms. Six judges are elected at large, two from sixth appellate circuit, and one from each of the other appellate circuits. Excludes the area of the city of Baltimore, which is an independent city outside the area of any county and is counted as a municipal rather than a county government. Baltimore County is a county government but excludes the area of Baltimore city. Laws with local application provide for the number and the election area of county governing body members. Two are elected at large, and three at large with district residency requirement.

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Circuit court judges (120) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large Judicial circuit

Salary Salary

Clerks of circuit court (24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

See remarks At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special appeals court judges (13). . . . . . . . . . .

4 10

At large See remarks

Salary Salary

COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Governing body: Commission (non-home rule) counties: Calvert County—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . Carroll County—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . Cecil and Garrett Counties—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . Charles and St. Mary’s Counties— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dorchester and Somerset Counties— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 See remarks At large See remarks Salary Salary Salary

Elected at large with district residency requirement. One is elected at large, and four at large with district residency requirement.

4

See remarks

Salary

4

District

Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— MARYLAND

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Type of government and title of elective office Frederick and Washington Counties— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charter (home rule) counties: Anne Arundel and Baltimore Counties— council members (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Harford County—council members (7). . . . . Howard County—council members (5). . . . . Montgomery County—council members (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prince George’s County—council members (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Talbot County—council members (5) . . . . . . Wicomico County—council members (7). . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks

4 4 4 4

Election district See remarks Election district See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Salary

One member is elected at large and six at large with district residency requirement.

Four members are elected at large and five at large with district residency requirement.

4 4 4

Election district At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary

Two members are elected at large and five at large with district residency requirement.

Code (home rule) counties: Allegany, Caroline, Kent, and Queen Anne’s Counties—commissioners (3). . . . . Worcester County—commissioners (5) . . . .

4 4

At large See remarks

Salary Salary

One member is elected at large and four at large with district residency requirement.

Other boards: County dependent public school systems: County board of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Allegany County (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carroll County (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charles County (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Garrett County (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 4 4

At large At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Boards of education are elected only in the 10 counties listed below. In the other 13 counties, board of education is appointed by Governor. Number of members (from five to nine) is generally related to size of school system. In addition, chairperson of county board of commissioners is an ex officio, nonvoting member. County board of commissioners also serves as ex officio, nonvoting member. One elected from each county commissioner district and two at large. Chairperson or vice chairperson of county commissioners serves as an ex officio non-voting member.

Howard County (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kent County (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Montgomery County (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 4

At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary

Prince George’s County (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . Somerset County (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Washington County (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: County executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orphans’ court judges (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4

School board district See remarks At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Five are elected by district and two at large. One student serves as a non-voting member for a 1-year term. One student serves as a non-voting member for a 1-year term. One elected from each county commissioner district and one at large.

Elected in Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties. Abolished in Harford and Montgomery Counties, where duties have been taken over by the circuit court.

Register of wills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

A-70

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— MARYLAND

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Type of government and title of elective office Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Elected only in Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Frederick, Garrett, Kent, St. Mary’s, Somerset, and Washington Counties. Includes municipal (city or town) governments only. Municipal governments in Maryland are designated cities or towns. Provisions for their government are found in individual charters. However, detailed provisions for the city of Baltimore are shown below since they represent a rare instance of an ‘‘independent’’ city—a city outside the area of any county, and performing functions performed elsewhere by county governments.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

City of Baltimore: Governing body: Council members (18) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President of council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Municipal-dependent public school systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orphans court judges (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of wills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Public drainage associations—managers (3) .

4 4

Council member district Salary At large Salary

Three members are elected from each council member district. President of council is an additional member.

The Baltimore city board of school commissioners is appointed by the mayor. 4 4 4 4 4 4 At At At At At At large large large large large large Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Maryland has no township governments. Maryland has no independent school district governments.

3

At large

Wages and expenses

Association may serve area within any one or more counties. In home rule counties, upon approval of county governing body, affected landowners may elect the managers. If a quorum is not present, the county governing body appoints the managers. In commission counties, the county board of commissioners appoints the managers. Compensation is set by district meeting. Association may serve area within any one or more counties or Baltimore city. Authorizing legislation for tax ditches has been repealed, but those already in existence may continue to operate. Many of the formerly authorized tax ditches, however, no longer exist.

Public watershed associations—directors (3 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax ditches—managers (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3

At large At large

See remarks Per diem

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— MARYLAND

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Massachusetts

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General court: Representatives (160) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (40). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Executive councilors (8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of the commonwealth . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer and receiver-general . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district Council district At large At large See remarks At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Excludes Suffolk County, which encompasses an area larger than the city of Boston but which is substantially consolidated with the city for governmental purposes and is counted as a municipal government in census statistics on governments (see ‘‘Municipal governments,’’ below). Also excludes Nantucket County. Nantucket County, which is coterminous with Nantucket town, is governed by the town selectmen, and is counted as a town government in census statistics on governments (see ‘‘Town or Township Governments,’’ below). The county commissioners are primarily an administrative body. They are elected at large, but no two may be from the same city or town. Major policy decisions governing Massachusetts counties are made by the State government. County agricultural schools are governed by appointed boards. Elected by criminal judicial district.

Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Other boards: County dependent public school systems Other elective offices: Clerk of courts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds (1 per district). . . . . . . . . . . . Register of probate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

6 6 6 6 6

At large District At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary The subcounty general purpose governments in Massachusetts comprise municipal (city) governments and town governments. In Massachusetts, cities and towns have similar powers and perform similar functions. One is elected from each of 21 districts in State.

A-72

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MASSACHUSETTS

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities in Massachusetts. Cities exist outside the area of any town. Cities, after referendum, may adopt home rule charters. Provisions for government are set forth in individual charters. Although the city of Boston operates under a special charter, provisions for its government appear here because it represents a rare situation of substantial consolidation of the city with the county of Suffolk for governmental purposes. Although Suffolk County covers an area larger than the city of Boston, the officials of that county are shown here because the city of Boston pays all expenses of the Suffolk County government. Nine are elected by district and four at large.

Municipal Governments

Home rule cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special charter cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City of Boston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—councilors (13) . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: School committee members (13) . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk of superior court (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of county supreme judicial court . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of probate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law optional forms: Governing body: Mayor-council form—councilors: Plan A (9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plan B—cities with more than seven wards (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plan B—cities with fewer than seven wards (11). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission form—Plan C— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council manager form—Plans D and E— councilors: Cities with seven wards or more (9) . . . . . Cities with fewer than seven wards (7) . . Council-mayor form—Plan F—council members (7, 9, 11, 13, or 15) . . . . . . . . . . .

2

See remarks

Salary

2

See remarks

Salary

Nine are elected by district and four at large. One clerk is elected for civil business and one for criminal business.

6 6 4 6 6 6

County at large County at large City at large County at large County at large County at large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

2 2

At large See remarks

Salary Salary One is elected from each ward. The remainder are elected at large. One is elected from each ward. The remainder are elected at large. Mayor is elected as the commissioner of administration.

2 2

See remarks See remarks

Salary Salary

2 2 2

At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Number of council members depends on number of wards. Number of council members must be from one to five more than number of wards. One member is elected per ward. Remainder of council members are elected at large.

Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: School committee members (6) . . . . . . . . See remarks

City at large

Unpaid

Mayor is ex officio chair of committee. Term is 3 years except under Plans E and F, where term is 2 years. In cities holding biennial election, term is 4 years.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MASSACHUSETTS

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices Mayor—Plans A, B, and F only . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Other officers retained from earlier general law forms may be elected.

2

At large

Salary Although not differing in legally authorized powers from the types of municipal government described above, units in Massachusetts designated as ‘‘towns’’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. The entire area of the State is encompassed by town governments except for areas within the boundaries of cities. Any town may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government.1 The town of Nantucket is coterminous with Nantucket County. The town government and the county government in Nantucket are substantially consolidated. The town selectmen also serve as the commissioners of Nantucket County. In addition to town officials shown below under ‘‘General law towns,’’ the following Nantucket County officials are counted as town government officials for census purposes: clerk of the courts, register of deeds, and sheriff. The town treasurer also serves as the county treasurer. Salary or compensation is fixed annually for town officers by the town meeting.

Home rule towns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town of Nantucket. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

General law towns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body: Representative town meeting members . . .

3

District

Unpaid

Selectmen (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 or 3

At large

See remarks

Applies only to towns under a representative town meeting form of government. Number of members is determined locally within statutory guidelines. The selectmen are an administrative board. The annual town meeting or representative town meeting is the town governing body.

Other boards: Town dependent public school systems: School committee members (3, 5, 6, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Offices that are required to be elected: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

See remarks

Unpaid except in towns within superintendency unions.

See remarks 1 or 3

At large

See remarks

Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Offices and boards that may be elective or appointive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

At large

See remarks

Term is 1 year or more. Clerk may obtain tenure after 5 years in office or by special legislation. See also ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. While provision is made for election of the boards and the offices listed below, towns may combine boards or combine functions under the board of selectmen or authorize the board of selectmen to appoint boards or single offices to perform specific functions. In still other instances, towns may decide by a vote of the town meeting or by law whether a specific board or office shall be elective or appointive. Salary or compensation of each elected town officer or board member is fixed annually by town meeting. See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above.

Assessors (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assistant assessors (3 or more) . . . . . . . . Auditor (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Up to 3 Up to 3 1 to 5

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

A-74

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MASSACHUSETTS

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Type of government and title of elective office Board of cemetery commissioners (3) . . . Board of health (3 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . Board of library trustees (any number divisible by 3) Board of public works (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of taxes (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . Constable (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directors of infirmary (3, 5, 7, or more) . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustees of soldier memorial (5) . . . . . . . . Tree warden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance committee—in towns with taxable valuation over $1 million . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 3 1 to 5 3 3 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 1 to 5 3 1 to 5 3 Up to 3

Election area At large At large At large At At At At At At At At large large large large large large large large

Method of compensation See remarks See remarks See remarks See See See See See See See See remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks

Remarks See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. See ‘‘General law towns,’’ above. See See See See See See See See ‘‘General ‘‘General ‘‘General ‘‘General ‘‘General ‘‘General ‘‘General ‘‘General law law law law law law law law towns,’’ towns,’’ towns,’’ towns,’’ towns,’’ towns,’’ towns,’’ towns,’’ above. above. above. above. above. above. above. above.

See remarks

See remarks

Highway surveyor (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 to 5

At large

See remarks

Municipal light board (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Park commission (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Planning board (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 or 5 Sewer commissioner (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . 1 to 5

At large At large At large At large

See remarks Unpaid See remarks See remarks

Number and election area are fixed by law. Other towns may provide for this office. Members may be appointed in some localities. Town may choose to elect a road commissioner at large for a 1-year term or a board of three road commissioners at large for a 3-year term in lieu of a highway surveyor. Term is fixed by town meeting. Term is fixed by town meeting. Term is fixed by town meeting. Board is mandatory in towns over 10,000 population. A board of three sewer commissioners may be elected for 3-year terms in lieu of a sewer commissioner. Board of road commissioners may serve as sewer commissioners.

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Regional school districts Method of selecting district governing body is determined by establishing election. See ‘‘Regional school districts,’’ above.

Regional vocational-technical school districts . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservation districts—supervisors (5 to 7) . . Fire and water districts—commissioners . . . . . Fire districts in towns with 2,000 or fewer inhabitants—prudential committee . . . . . . . . . Housing authorities—members (4) . . . . . . . . . . 3 At large Per diem and expenses

Established by special acts but with substantially uniform provisions. Special acts contain provisions for government. 1 5 At large At large Not specified Expenses Law does not specify number of members. Applies to towns only. In cities, housing authority board members are appointed. State housing board appoints a fifth member. Law does not specify number of members.

Improvement districts—prudential committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reclamation districts—prudential committee (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewer and sanitary districts—commissioners.

1 3

At large At large

Not specified Not specified

Established by special acts but with substantially uniform provisions. Special acts contain provisions for government.

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices: Fire districts in towns with 2,000 or fewer inhabitants: Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Improvement districts and reclamation districts: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

1 or 3 1

At large At large

Not specified Not specified

1 1

At large At large

Not specified Not specified

Towns with a population less than 6,000 may not adopt a representative town meeting form of government under a home rule charter.

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MASSACHUSETTS

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Michigan

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (110) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (38). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Board of education (8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 8

Representative district Senatorial district At large

Salary Salary Per diem and expenses Governor is an ex officio member. Superintendent of public instruction is non-voting chairperson.

Michigan State University—trustees (8). . . . . . University of Michigan—regents (8) . . . . . . . . . Wayne State University—governors (8) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (177) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of appeals judges (24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (260). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Board of commissioners (5 to 35). . . . . . . . . . .

8 8 8 4 6 6 6 4 4 4 8

At large At large At large At large Judicial circuit Judicial district Judicial district At large At large At large At large

Expenses Expenses Expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Circuits consist of one or more counties. Eight are elected from each of three judicial districts. Districts consist of all or part of a county. Some are organized along municipal or township boundaries.

2

Commissioner district

See remarks

County may adopt a charter or one of two optional forms of government: executive commission form or manager commission form. Only three counties are organized under the board of commissioners form. Compensation is salary or per diem and travel. Although this board is authorized by statute, it is no longer in operation in any county. May have three-member elected board of road commissioners or, at option of county board of commissioners, may be appointed. In most counties, this board is appointed. This office is no longer in operation in any county.

Other boards: Board of auditors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Board of road commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 At large Salary

Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drain commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 At large At large At large Salary Salary Salary

Office may be combined with that of register of deeds. See ‘‘Board of commissioners,’’ above. May be abolished in counties of less than 12,000 population. Election is optional in charter counties. Counties with a department of public works may combine this office with the public works commissioner (see below).

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MICHIGAN

APPENDIX A A-77

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Type of government and title of elective office Inspector of mines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judge of probate (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 6

Election area At large At large

Method of compensation Salary and travel Salary

Remarks Authorized only in counties having iron and copper mines. Each probate court district has one judge of probate. The following counties each have two probate court judges: Barry, Berrien, Calhoun, Ingham, Jackson, Monroe, Muskegon, Saginaw, St. Clair, and Washtenaw. Genesee, Kalamazoo, and Macomb Counties each have three probate judges; Kent and Oakland Counties each have four probate court judges; Wayne County has 10.1

Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public works commissioner—counties with public works departments only . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary and per diem Salary

See ‘‘Clerk,’’ above. County board of commissioners may abolish this office.

At large

The subcounty general purpose governments in Michigan comprise municipal (city and village) governments and township governments. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities and villages in Michigan. Cities exist outside the area of any township, but villages exist within township areas. Provisions for government are found in individual charters. Provisions for government are found in individual charters, but, in cities, the charter must provide for election of a mayor and a legislative body. In villages, the charter must provide for election of a president, a legislative body, and a clerk. Provisions below no longer apply to any city. Since 1980, all cities are under charters. Two other aldermen may be elected at large in reincorporated cities having only two wards.

Municipal Governments

Special charter municipalities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Home rule municipalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Fourth class (general law) cities:

Governing body—aldermen (2 per ward). . . . . Other boards—library directors (6) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisors (1 per ward). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law villages: Governing body—trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 3 or 6 1 1 1 1 1 4

Ward At large At large Ward At large Ward At large At large

Salary Unpaid Salary Fees Salary Per diem and travel Salary Per diem

Term may be 2 years in villages that had passed such a provision prior to January 1, 1974.

Other boards—library directors (6) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

3 or 6 2 2 2 2

At large At large At large At large At large

Unpaid See remarks See remarks Per diem See remarks Compensation is fixed by council unless otherwise specified. See ‘‘Assessor,’’ above. See ‘‘Assessor,’’ above. Township governments encompass the entire State except for areas within the boundaries of cities.

A-78

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MICHIGAN

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Type of government and title of elective office General law townships: Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The township board includes, in addition to the trustees, the supervisor, the clerk, and the treasurer (see ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ below). In the smaller townships, two trustees are elected. If township has over 5,000 population, or has 3,000 or more registered voters, four trustees are elected. Compensation of trustees is fixed by township board.

Trustees (2 or 4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Other boards: Library directors (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Park commissioners (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 to 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charter townships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body—trustees (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 to 6 4

At large At large

Unpaid See remarks

Compensation is fixed by township board. Unless otherwise specified, compensation is fixed by voters or by local officials compensation commission.

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary Fees Salary Salary

Number of constables is determined by township board.

4

At large

Per diem and expenses

Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS2 Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

May be established by majority vote in townships of 2,000 population or more. The township board includes, in addition to the trustees, the supervisor, the clerk, and the treasurer (see ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ below). Generally, clerk, supervisor, and treasurer receive a salary. Board may, by ordinance, establish a local officials compensation commission to set compensation. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above.

Special school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body is designated board of education except for community college districts, where designation is ‘‘Board of trustees.’’ Established by special acts that provide for number, term, and compensation of board members. 4 See remarks At large Per diem Per diem Four members are elected at large, and seven by voting district. Term is usually 3 years, but when district is located in a city whose officers are elected at a biennial election, the term is 4 or 6 years, in accordance with local resolution. Term is 4 years. However, if board of education election coincides with city or village biennial spring election, the term may, by local option, be 6 years. Board of education receives per diem in most districts, but voters may authorize additional compensation. Board of education recieves per diem in most districts, but voters may authorize additional compensation. See ‘‘Fourth class school districts,’’ above. See ‘‘Fourth class school districts,’’ above. Board members are elected as president, secretary, and treasurer.

First class school districts (Detroit): Board of education (11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Second class school districts (9) . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Third class school districts (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large

See remarks

Fourth class school districts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fourth class districts operating kindergarten through 12th. grade (7) . . . . . Other fourth class districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary school districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 3 3

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MICHIGAN

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Type of government and title of elective office Community college districts—trustees (7 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 6

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Expenses

Remarks Number of members and election area varies with number of underlying school districts, number of counties within each district, and presence of large intermediate school district. Board members may be elected or appointed.

Intermediate school districts (7)3. . . . . . . . . . . .

6

At large

Per diem and expenses

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: District libraries—board members (7). . . . . . . . Soil conservation districts—directors (3) . . . . . Water and sanitation districts and authorities: Metropolitan districts—1929 law . . . . . . . . . . Rubbish and garbage disposal authorities— 1947 law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewage disposal and water supply authorities— 1955 law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water authorities—1952 law . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and/ or sewage disposal districts— 1956 law—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3 At large At large Per diem and expenses Expenses District charter may provide for election or appointment of members. Each district board also has two appointed members. District charter may provide for election or appointment of officers. District articles of incorporation provide method of selecting officers. District articles of incorporation provide method of selecting officers. District articles of incorporation provide method of selecting officers. 6 At large Expenses

1 The following groups of counties each share a probate court judge: Alger and Schoolcraft; Charlevoix and Emmet; Clare and Gladwin; and Mecosta and Osceola. 2 School districts are classified on the basis of the school census (ages 5 to 20) as follows: First class—120,000 or more; second class—30,000 to 119,999; third class—2,400 to 29,999; fourth class—75 to 2,399; and primary—fewer than 75. 3 Intermediate school districts provide special services to underlying school districts. They are classified for census purposes as joint activities of the constituent school districts, and are not counted as separate governments.

A-80

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MICHIGAN

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Minnesota

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (134) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (67). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County and probate judges (124) . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

See remarks See remarks

Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses. Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses.

4 4 6

At large At large County

Salary Salary Salary and fees Office of probate judge is retained in Hennepin and Ramsey Counties; number of judges may be increased. Since 1977, compensation is paid by the State. Salary may be supplemented by county government in counties over 200,000 population. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Office exists only in Hennepin and Ramsey Counties. Since 1977, compensation is paid by the State.

Court of appeals judges (16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (241). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judges (28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Home rule counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law counties: Governing body—commissioners . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 4 4 6 4 6 4

At large Judicial district At large At large County At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary and per diem Salary Salary Salary Salary

Counties may adopt home rule charters that provide for their government. 4 Commissioner district See remarks Usually five members, but may be three, five, seven, or nine. Optional forms (see below) retain the board of commissioners but some other elective offices may be appointive in optional forms, as noted below. Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses or mileage. May be adopted only if county board has five or seven members. Chairperson is a member of the board of commissioners. Voters may adopt the county administrator plan concurrently. Other popularly elected officials are elected as provided under the general law plan (see below). County administrator is appointed by board of commissioners; see ‘‘at large chairperson plan’’ above. Position must be elected but otherwise replaces auditor below. Other popularly elected officials are elected as provided under the general law plan.

Other elective offices: At-large chairperson plan: Chairperson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 At large Salary

County administrator plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County auditor-administrator plan: Auditor-administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION-MINNESOTA

APPENDIX A A-81

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Type of government and title of elective office County manager plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Manager is appointed by the board of commissioners. Under the county manager and elected executive plans, coroner and surveyor are appointed; the auditor, recorder, and treasurer positions are abolished; and other officials are elected as shown under ‘‘General law plan,’’ below. See ‘‘County manager plan’’ above for offices in addition to county executive.

Elected executive plan: County executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law plan: Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 At large At large At large Salary Salary Salary or fees

Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder (formerly register of deeds) . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large

See remarks Salary or fees Salary or fees See remarks

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4

At large

Salary or fees

May be elected or appointed. Election of auditor is optional. Special laws usually supplement general laws in determining exact method of compensation. May receive salary alone, salary and limited fees, salary and fees, or fees alone. Office of auditor may be consolidated with that of treasurer. Compensation is fees, per diem, and expenses. Election of recorder is optional; see also ‘‘Auditor,’’ above. Election of sheriff is optional; see also ‘‘Auditor,’’ above. May be abolished or appointive in counties of less than 200,000 population. Compensation and term are set by the county board. Election of treasurer is optional; see also ‘‘Auditor,’’ above. The subcounty general purpose governments in Minnesota comprise municipal (city) governments and township governments. All municipal governments in Minnesota are designated cities. Some, but not all, cities exist within township areas. Many cities have adopted home rule charters that provide for their government.

Municipal Governments Home rule municipalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard plan cities: Governing body—council members (3 or 5) . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary See remarks Compensation is fixed by council. May be combined with treasurer (see below). Also serves as ex officio member of council. Also serves as ex officio member of council. See ‘‘Clerk,’’ above.

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans for cities: Governing body: Plan A (mayor-council)—council members (4 or 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plan B (council-manager)—council members (4 or 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4 4

At large At large

Salary Not specified

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary Only cities with population over 1,000 may adopt this plan. Mayor also serves as an ex officio member of council. Also serves as an ex officio member of council.

2 or 4

At large

Salary

A-82

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION-MINNESOTA

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Type of government and title of elective office Town or Township Governments

Term (years

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The designation ‘‘town’’ is used interchangeably with ‘‘township’’ in Minnesota law. Township governments exist in 85 of the 87 Minnesota counties. In counties with township governments, unorganized territory and some, but not all, cities exist outside the area of any township. Compensation is set at town meeting. Compensation is set by town board. Offices of clerk and treasurer may be combined or made appointive. See ‘‘Clerk,’’ above.

Governing body—supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Special school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 2 2

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

These districts have individual charters that provide for the number of board members, term, method of election, and compensation. 3 3 At large At large Not specified See remarks Compensation is fixed by board. Change from six to seven elected directors requires voter approval.

Common school districts—school board (3) . . Independent school districts—directors (6 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Hospital districts—1957 and 1959 laws— directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Park districts—commissioners: Single-county districts (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multicounty districts

4

See remarks

See remarks

One director is elected from each municipality served and one elected at large. Compensation is fixed by board. Four are elected from election districts and three at large. Number of members, term, area of election, and compensation are specified in joint resolution establishing district. Directors may receive expenses and other compensation approved by the voters. Directors are elected by election division or at large. Elected at large but may be elected by district with consent of State soil and water conservation board.

4

See remarks

Expenses

Rural water user districts—directors (5 to 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

See remarks

See remarks

Soil and water conservation districts— supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

See remarks

Expenses

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION-MINNESOTA

APPENDIX A A-83

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Mississippi

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature:

Term (years) Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

Representatives and senators must receive a majority of both the popular vote and the electoral vote in their respective districts. 4 4 House district Senatorial district Salary Salary Highway commissioners and public service commissioners must receive a majority of both the popular vote and the electoral vote in their respective districts. See ‘‘Other boards,’’ above. See ‘‘Other boards,’’ above. Officials listed below, other than district attorneys, judges, or supreme court justices, must receive a majority of both the popular vote and the electoral vote. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Number of judges per district varies according to workload. Number of judges per circuit varies according to workload. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. May not serve more than two terms. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above.

Representatives (122) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (52). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards:

Highway commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public service commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices:

4 4

Supreme court district Supreme court district

Salary Salary

Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of public accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chancery court judges (39) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture and commerce . Commissioner of insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (20) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of supervisors (5) . . . . . Other boards: County dependent public school systems Other: County board of education—members (5) .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 4

At large At large Chancery court district Judicial circuit At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large At large Supreme court district At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary and per diem Salary Salary Salary

4

Supervisory district

Salary County agricultural high schools are governed by appointed boards.

6

Supervisory district

Per meeting and expenses

In the 11 counties that do not have county school districts, the county board of education serves as a supervisory agency, but does not operate schools directly. In three additional counties (Adams, Grenada, and Winston), there is no county board of education. In the other 68 counties, the county board of education serves as the governing board of the county school district. See ‘‘School district governments,’’ below.1

County board of election commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Supervisory district

Per diem

A-84

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MISSISSIPPI

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Legislature may combine any one or more of the following offices: assessor, coroner, sheriff, surveyor, and tax collector. Except where otherwise provided, the assessor is also the tax collector. Serves also as county auditor and clerk of board of supervisors. Receives salary provided by law as auditor; provided by law as clerk of chancery court; and fees allowed by board of supervisors for duties as clerk of the board of supervisors. Fees plus compensation as allowed by county board of supervisors. Additional constables may be elected under specific statutory provisions. Position is optional. Position is optional. Number of judges varies from one to three. Office is elective when it is filled by a doctor of medicine. Number of judges is based on population of county. In the 68 counties where the county superintendent of education is the chief administrator of a county school district, the county superintendent is counted as a school district official, and not as a county official, for census purposes. See ‘‘School district governments,’’ below. In 11 counties (Bolivar, Clarke, Issaquena, Jasper, Panola, Pike, Sharkey, Tallahatchie, Tippah, Washington, and Yalobusha), superintendent is counted as a county official and may be appointive on voter approval or by special State law. Office is abolished in three counties having countywide municipal separate school districts. Office is now elected only in 37 counties. In counties with $65 million or more assessed valuation, office of tax collector may be separate from that of assessor. Includes municipal (city, town, or village) governments only. Municipal governments in Mississippi are designated cities, towns, or villages. Provisions for government are found in individual charters.

Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of chancery court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary See remarks

Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (2 to 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justice court judges (2 to 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

At large Supervisory district At large At large At large Supervisory district At large At large

See remarks Fees Salary Salary Fees Salary Salary Salary

Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Fees Salary

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Private charter municipalities Code-charter municipalities: Mayor-board of aldermen form: Governing body—aldermen:2 10,000 population or more (7) . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Under 10,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

All seven may be elected at large, or one may be elected at large and the other six by ward. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. All five may be elected at large, or one may be elected at large and the other four by ward. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MISSISSIPPI

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Governing body may provide for appointment of these officers (except mayor and aldermen). Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Offices of tax assessor or tax collector may be combined with clerk or marshal. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Office is now appointive. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Mayor (see below) is third council member. Members are elected at large or by ward. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Number of council members may be increased by two in cities of 100,000 population or more to a maximum of ten members excluding the mayor, on voter approval. See ‘‘Council members,’’ above. Cities organized under current code provisions may hold a special election to maintain their number of council members (eight in cities of 100,000 or more population, six in cities under 100,000 population). Unless an election is so called, number automatically becomes five. Elected at large or by ward, or four by ward and one at large. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marshal (or police chief) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal judge (formerly police justice) . . . Street commissioner (formerly street superintendent) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission form: Governing body—council members (2) . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At

large large large large large

See See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks

At large At large See remarks

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager form: Governing body—concil members (5) . . . . .

4 4

At large See remarks

See remarks See remarks

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor-council form: Governing body—council members (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large See remarks

Salary See remarks Optional for all municipalities. Council members set salary by ordinance. Number of members may be five, seven, or nine, with one or two elected large and the others by wards. Optional to cities with 8,001 to 9,600 population as determined by 1940 Census. Six council members may be elected at large, or by wards. As an alternative, some may be elected at large and some by wards. Mayor serves as seventh member of council. Compensation is set by council. See ‘‘Council members,’’ above. Mississippi has no township governments.

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Council form: Governing body—council members (6) . . . .

4

At large

Salary

4

See remarks

See remarks

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Consolidated school districts and consolidated line school districts— trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

5

See remarks

See remarks

May be elected at large or by trustee districts. Compensation is per meeting and expenses.

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Type of government and title of elective office County school districts—county boards of education (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) Election area 6 Supervisory district

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks County school districts exist in 68 counties and operate elementary and secondary schools not operated by consolidated school districts or municipal separate school districts. Compensation is per meeting and expenses. In most such districts, boards of trustees are appointed, but districts serving area outside municipal limits also may have elected trustees. There are numerous variations of areas from which trustees are selected. Some municipal separate school districts have elected boards. Counted for census purposes as a school district official in the 68 counties where superintendent of education administers a county school district, and as a county official in 11 other counties. May be appointive on voter approval or by special act. Office is abolished in three counties having countywide special municipal separate school districts.3

Municipal separate school districts and special municipal separate school districts—trustees (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

See remarks

Per meeting and expenses

Other elective offices—county school districts— superintendent of education . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Flood control districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Only the Mississippi River Levee District and the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee District have elected boards. 4 See remarks Not specified Includes two commissioners each from Bolivar and Washington Counties, and one each from Humphreys, Issaquena, and Sharkey Counties. Includes two commissioners each from Coahoma and Tunica Counties, and one from other counties in district. May also be appointed. Manner of election and terms are specified in agreement creating district. Each district also has two appointed commissioners.

Mississippi River Levee District—levee commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee District— levee commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Not specified

Joint water management districts— commissioners (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Soil and water conservation districts— commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

At large

Expenses

1 In the following 11 counties, the county board of education does not operate schools directly: Bolivar, Clarke, Issaquena, Jasper, Panola, Pike, Sharkey, Tallahatchie, Tippah, Washington, and Yalobusha. In these 11 counties, the county superintendent of education and members of the county board of education are counted as county officials, rather than as school district officials, in census statistics on governments. 2 In 1976, a Federal district court order required a number of municipalities to elect all but one of their aldermen by ward, and invalidated provisions requiring election of aldermen on an at large basis. 3 In Bolivar, Clarke, Issaquena, Jasper, Panola, Pike, Sharkey, Tallahatchie, Tippah, Washington, and Yalobusha Counties, the county board of education and the county superintendent of education are counted as county officials, rather than as school district officials, in census statistics on governments.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—MISSISSIPPI

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Missouri

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Representatives (163) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (34). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Soil and water conservation districts districts—supervisors (4 per district)1 . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

Salary Salary

4

See remarks

Travel and expenses

Other elective offices

There are 112 soil and water conservation districts in the State. The four elected supervisors are elected by the landowners. Each district board also has an ex officio member—the county agricultural extension agent. Supervisors are elected from the soil and water conservation district at large. Judges of the supreme court, appellate courts, and circuit courts in St. Louis city and the counties of Clay, Jackson, Platte, and St. Louis listed below are appointed by the Governor from names submitted by nonpartisan judicial commissions. Question of retention is submitted to voters at next general election after 1 year in office and again at the end of the term. Salary is paid by State.

Appeals court judges (32). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Associate circuit court judges (170) . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (133) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court judges (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS2

12 4 4 4 6 4 4 4 12 4

Appellate court district County At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

May only serve two terms.

May only serve two terms. Excludes the area of the city of St. Louis, which is an independent city outside the area of any county and is counted as a municipal rather than a county government in census statistics on governments. St. Louis County is a county government, but excludes the area of St. Louis city. Under the Constitution, a county of over 85,000 population, or a county that had a population of 80,000 or more in the 1970 census, may adopt a charter for its government, but only Jackson and St. Louis Counties have done so.

Special charter counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other counties: Governing body—county commission (3): Presiding commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Associate commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: County health center trustees (5) . . . . . . . . .

4 2 4

At large District See remarks

Salary Salary Expenses Elected at large, but, in Raytown, no more than three are elected from city, town, or village where facility is located. Trustees are appointed if an insufficient number file for election.

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Type of government and title of elective office County hospital trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor—Class 1 and 2 counties. . . . . . . . . . Circuit court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of the county commission . . . . . . . . . . Collector of revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Expenses

Remarks See ‘‘County health center trustees,’’ above.

4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

County highway commissioners (2) . . . . . . . Public administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor—Class 2 and 3 counties . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4

District At large At large At large At large At large At large

Per diem Salary and fees Salary Salary Salary Fees Salary

Elected except in counties that became Class 2 after September 28, 1987. Court administrator serves as circuit court clerk in Jackson County. Listed as ‘‘clerk of county court’’ in 1987 Census of Governments. Elected in all counties except the 23 counties with township governments. Not elected in most non-home rule Class 1 counties. Election is optional in Class 2 counties with a population between 120,000 and 199,999. Counties without an elected coroner have an appointed medical examiner, who may serve more than one county under contract. Optional in Class 3 and 4 counties. Fees only if fees exceed $25,000 per year. Office may be combined with clerk of circuit court in Class 3 and certain Class 2 counties.

Treasurer serves ex officio as collector in the 23 counties with township governments, and receives salary and commission in those 23 counties.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Municipal Governments3

Constitutional charter cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The subcounty general purpose governments in Missouri comprise municipal (city, town, and village) governments and township governments. Municipal governments in Missouri are designated cities, towns, or villages. Cities, towns, and villages in Missouri exist within township areas, except for the city of St. Louis. Missouri laws provide that any city over 5,000 population may adopt a charter for its government. Up to January 1992, 29 cities had done so. Although the city of St. Louis has an individual charter, detailed provisions for its government appear below because it represents a rare situation of an ‘‘independent’’ city located outside the area of any county, and thus provides functions performed by county governments elsewhere.

St. Louis city: Governing body—board of aldermen: Aldermen (28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

Ward At large

Salary Salary Includes county-type officials whose election is required by State law. The assessor is now appointed by the mayor.

Circuit attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . License collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MISSOURI

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

Special charter cities and towns

There are six cities and towns still operating under an individual charter granted by the general assembly prior to adoption of the Constitution of 1875. Offices listed below are mandated by general law, but individual charters may provide for additional elective offices.

30,000 to 250,000 population in Class 1 counties: Governing body—council members (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 to 30,000 population: Governing body—aldermen (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marshal or chief of police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,000 to 10,000 population: In Class 1 counties: Governing body—council members (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . In other counties: Governing body—council members . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third class cities: Mayor-council form: Governing body—council members . . . . . . .

4

Ward

Not specified Not specified Not specified

4 At large 2 or more At large

4

Ward

Not specified Not specified Not specified Not specified See remarks Office may be appointive by ordinance. Office may be appointive by ordinance. Formerly police judge. Compensation is fixed by local ordinance. Office may be appointive by ordinance.

2 At large 2 At large 2 At large 2 or more At large

4

Ward

Not specified Not specified See remarks

4 At large 2 or more At large

Formerly police judge. Compensation is fixed by local ordinance. Office may be appointive by ordinance. One elected from each ward and one at large.

2

See remarks

Not specified

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large

Not Not Not Not Not Not Not

specified specified specified specified specified specified specified

Also serves as collector of revenue.

2

Ward

See remarks

Council must establish at least four wards. One or two members are are elected from each ward. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office may be appointive. City may also contract with county assessor and thus abolish office of city assessor. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office may be appointive. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office is abolished if a city contracts with a county or township for collection of taxes. Office may be appointive. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Not elected if city has a merit-system police department. Office may be appointive. Formerly police judge. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office may be appointive by ordinance.

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

See remarks

Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 2

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marshal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 2 or more

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

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Type of government and title of elective office Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 2

Election area At large

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office may be appointive.

Commission form: Governing body—concil members: 8,000 to 30,000 population (4) . . . . . . . . . . . 3,000 to 7,999 population (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City manager form: Governing body—council members (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Mayor is a regular member of council. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Council selects one council member as mayor. Election of members is at large for five-member councils; for sevenmember councils, five are elected by ward and two at large.

3

See remarks

Salary

Fourth class cities: Governing body—aldermen (2 per ward). . . . . Other elective offices:

2

Ward

See remarks

Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marshal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4 4 2 or 4

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office of marshal may be combined with that of collector. Ordinance may provide for appointment of collector and chief of police, after voter approval. Ordinance may also provide for election of assessor, attorney, clerk, municipal court judge, amd street commissioner. See ‘‘Fourth class cities— Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Fourth class cities—Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Fourth class cities—Other elective offices,’’ above.

Towns and villages: Governing body—trustees: Over 2,500 population (5 or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . 2,500 population or less (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

2 2

At large At large

Not specified Not specified Only third class counties may organize township governments. As of January 1992, township governments exist in 23 of the 114 Missouri counties. Townships in the other 91 Missouri counties are geographical areas only, and are not counted as governments. Within the 23 Missouri counties with township governments, the entire area of such counties is encompassed by township governments. Trustee (see below) is also a member of the township board.

Governing body—directors (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

Per diem

2 2 2

At large At large At large

Per diem and fees Commission See remarks

Serves as ex officio treasurer. Compensation is commission and per diem

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body of Missouri school district governments is called ‘‘board of directors’’ except for junior college districts, which are governed by boards of trustees. Elected at large unless subdistrict plan is approved, or district has a population exceeding 450,000. Applicable to St. Louis city school district only.

Junior college districts (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan school districts (4) . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6

See remarks At large

Unpaid Unpaid

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MISSOURI

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Type of government and title of elective office Six-director school districts (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special school districts for the handicapped (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 3 3

Election area At large See remarks

Method of compensation Expenses Unpaid

Remarks

Urban school districts (6 or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

At large

Unpaid

Elected at large unless district has a population in excess of 100,000, in which case board is elected by six election districts. Board has six directors if district contains most or all of a city from 75,000 to 300,000 population, and nine directors if district covers most or all of a city over 300,000 population.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Ambulance districts—directors (6) . . . . . . . . . .

3

See remarks

Expenses

Elected at large in second class counties having more than 105,000 population and located adjacent to a first class county with a population over 900,000 that does not contain a city of over 450,000 population. Elected by election districts in other ambulance districts.

County airport authorities—directors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drainage districts: Drainage districts organized by the circuit court—supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

At large

Expenses

5

See remarks

See remarks

Elected at large by landowners, but at least two members must reside in county or counties in which the district is situated or adjoining counties. Receive travel expenses and may also receive per diem if authorized at annual district meeting. Increase from three to five members is optional except in St. Louis County. Elected at large with election district residence requirement. Elected at large, by landowners, but at least two members must reside in county or counties in which the district is situated or adjoining counties.

Mine drainage districts—supervisors (5) . . . Fire protection districts—directors (3 or 5) . . . Hospital districts in counties of less than 400,000 population—directors (6). . . . . . . . . . Levee districts organized by the circuit court—supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 6 Up to 6 5

Supervisor district At large See remarks See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Unpaid Per diem and expenses

Nursing home districts—directors (6) . . . . . . . . Road districts: Benefit assessment special road districts— commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . Special road subdistricts— commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewer districts: Sewer districts in counties of 700,000 to 1,000,000 population—trustees (3). . . . . . .

6

Director district

Unpaid

3 3

At large At large

Expenses Not specified

6

At large

See remarks

Trustees receive salary and expenses unless a proposition to issue bonds has failed, in which case trustees receive expenses only.

Sewer districts in Class 2 counties— supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Street light maintenance districts in Class 1 counties—directors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation development districts— directors (5 to 15). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water conservancy districts—trustees (6). . . .

5 6 3 4

At large At large At large See remarks

Not specified Per diem and expenses Expenses Per diem and travel

Six are elected from election districts, and two are appointed by the Governor.

A-92

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MISSOURI

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Type of government and title of elective office Water supply districts: Metropolitan water supply districts— directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public water supply districts—directors (5) .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

3 3

At large Director district

Per diem and expenses Unpaid

1 In Missouri, soil and water conservation districts may not require contributions; furthermore, they may not make contracts without State approval. Accordingly, the 112 soil and water conservation districts in Missouri are not counted as special district governments, but are classified as dependent activities of the State government in census statistics on governments. 2 Counties are classified on the basis of their assessed valuation, as follows (as of January 1992): Class 1—$450 million or more; Class 2—$300 million to $449,999,999; Class 3—less than $300 million. However, counties that were classified as second class counties prior to August 13, 1988 will remain as second class counties despite the change in valuation requirements. 3 Municipalities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: Third class—3,000 or more; fourth class—500 to 3,000; however, towns and villages created by special act with a population of fewer than 500, and villages with a population of 200 or more, may become cities of the fourth class; a municipality remains in the class in which it was incorporated until it elects to become a city of another class. Former provisions concerning first and second class cities were repealed in 1975; at present, municipal governments other than charter cities are divided into third and fourth class cities only, plus towns and villages.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MISSOURI

APPENDIX A A-93

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Montana

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislative assembly: Representatives (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (50). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (37). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court clerk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS1

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4 6 4 4 4 4 6 8

Representative district Senatorial district At large At large Judicial district At large At At At At At large large large large large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

Excludes consolidated city-county governments of Anaconda-Deer Lodge and Butte-Silver Bow, which are counted under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below.

Commission-executive form: Governing body—commission members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

Other elective offices Executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks At large Not specified

May also be designated ‘‘council -mayor.’’ Number of members, term, and election area are set by referendum. Term may not exceed 4 years. A treasurer may also be elected by local option. Term, not to exceed 4 years, is set by referendum.

Commission-manager form: Governing body—commission members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

Commission form Governing body—commission members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks See remarks Not specified

May also be designated council.‘‘ Number of members, term (not to exceed 4 years), and election area are set by referendum. Chairperson may be selected by commission members or elected by voters, or selected provided by ordinance. Most counties (53) operate under this form. May also be designated ’’council.‘‘ Number of members, term, and election area are set by referendum. Term may not exceed 4 years. The following offices, where not abolished, may be either elective or appointive: Assessor, attorney, auditor, clerk of the district court, clerk and recorder, coroner, public adminstrator, sheriff, superintendent of schools, surveyor, and treasurer.

Other elective offices

A-94

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MONTANA

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Type of government and title of elective office Commission-chairperson form: Governing body—commission members (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

Charter form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All forms: Other boards—community council members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—justices of the peace (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

May also be designated ’’council.‘‘ Number of members, term (not to exceed 4 years), and election area are set by referendum. Commission selects chairperson from among its own membership. No county now operates under this form. Any county may adopt a charter that provides for its government, upon voter approval.

See remarks 4

District

Not specified

Community councils serve as advisers to commissioners. There is one justice of the peace court in each county seat. Additional justice of the peace courts may be authorized by the State legislature. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Montana are designated cities or towns. Although both Anaconda-Deer Lodge and Butte-Silver Bow operate under home rule charters, provisions for their government appear below, as these two governments represent rare instances of citycounty consolidation.

County

Salary

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments2 Consolidated city-county governments . . . . . . . .

Anaconda-Deer Lodge: Governing body—commissioners (5) . . . . . . Other elective offices: County attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justice of the peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Butte-Silver Bow: Governing body: Commissioners (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chief executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk and recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Police judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission-executive form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body—commission members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

Commission district At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary

Salary is set by ordinance.

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

District At large At At At At At At At At At At At At large large large large large large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks Salary Salary Salary Salary

Salary is set by ordinance. Two commissioners are elected from each district.

Salary is set by ordinance.

Most municipalities operate under this form. See remarks See remarks Not specified May also be designated ‘‘council -mayor.’’ Number of members, term (not to exceed 4 years), and election area are set by referendum. Treasurer may also be elected by local option. Term is set by referendum.

Other elective offices Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks At large Not specified

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MONTANA

APPENDIX A A-95

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Type of government and title of elective office Commission-manager form: Governing body—commission members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

May also be designated council.’’ Number of members, term (not to exceed 4 years), and election area are set by referendum. Chairperson may be selected by commission members or elected by voters, or selected as provided by ordinance.

Commission form: Governing body—commission members (3 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

May also be designated ‘‘council.’’ Number of members, term (not to exceed 4 years), and election area are set by referendum. No municipality now operates under this form. May also be designated ‘‘council.’’ Number of members, term (not to exceed four years), and election area are set by referendum. Chairperson is selected by commission from among its membership. This form may be adopted only by cities and towns with fewer than 2,000 inhabitants. A meeting of all qualified voters of the municipality serves as the legislative body. No municipality now operates under this form. The two officials listed below are elected by the town meeting. Compensation is set by ordinance. May serve as moderator. Office is optional. Any municipality may adopt a charter that provides for its government.

Commission-chairperson form: Governing body—commission members (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

Town meeting form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

Other elective offices: Town chairperson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town meeting moderator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charter form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All forms: Other boards: Community council members (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 or 2 1 At large At large See remarks Not specified

See remarks

District

Not specified

Applies to commission-executive, commission-manager, commission, and commission-chairperson forms. Community councils serve as advisers to commission members. Position may be filled by justice of the peace appointed by council. Provisions for city court judges apply in all municipalities that do not elect ‘‘municipal court judges,’’ below. Position is optional. Number of judges set by ordinance. In cities where established, this position supplants that of ‘‘city court judge,’’ above. Montana has no township governments.

Other elective offices: City court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Municipal court judges—cities with 10,000 or more inhabitants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS3 Governing body—trustees: Elementary school districts: First class districts (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second class districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third class districts (3 to 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

May be elected at large or by single member district at the option of the trustees. 3 3 3 See remarks See remarks See remarks Travel Travel Travel See ‘‘Governing body,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body,’’ above. Elected at large, but if district has more than one school house, one member must reside in an area in which other schools are located. See also ‘‘Governing body,’’ above.

A-96

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MONTANA

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Type of government and title of elective office High school districts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Even in cases where a joint board governs both a high school district and an underlying elementary school district, the two districts are separate legal entities, and are counted as separate school district governments for census purposes. See ‘‘Governing body,’’ above. Board consists of trustees of the elementary school district served. If more than one elementary district is served, trustees from each are designated. Up to four additional trustee positions in first class or second class districts, or two positions in third class districts, may be authorized on resolution of the elementary school districts. Elected at large unless one or more high school districts cover more than 43 percent of community college district, in which case three or four trustees are elected from such high school districts, and the remainder of trustees are elected from community college district at large.

Operating a county high school (7). . . . . . . . Others

3

See remarks

Travel

Community college districts—trustees (7) . . . .

3

See remarks

Travel

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservation districts—supervisors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Travel

In a district with no incorporated municipalities, district may have seven supervisors. Elected at large, but board may set district residency requirement. Each board also has one appointed member from each municipality in the district and one appointed member from the unorganized territory of each county in the district. Elected at large with division residency requirement. Commissioners receive expenses plus compensation as fixed by the district court.

County water and sewer districts—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Drainage districts—commissioners (3). . . . . . .

3

See remarks

See remarks

Fire districts—trustees (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire service areas—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—commissioners (3, 5, or 7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public hospital districts—trustees (3 or 5). . . . Urban transportation districts—members (3) .

3 3 3 3 4

At large At large See remarks At large At large

Unpaid Not specified Per diem and expenses Unpaid Travel

Elected at large but must reside in the county in which the division to be represented is located.

1 Counties are classified on the basis of assessed valuation, as follows: First class, $50,000,000 or more; second class— $30,000,000 to $49,999,999; third class—$20,000,000 to $29,999,999; fourth class—$15,000,000 to $19,999,999; fifth class—$10,000,000 to $14,999,999; sixth class—$5,000,000 to $9,999,999; and sixth class—less than $5,000,000. 2 Municipalities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class—10,000 or more; second class, 5,000 to 9,999; third class—1,000 to 4,999; towns—300 to 999; however, cities with a population between 5,000 and 7,499 may electe to be second or third class cities, and cities with a population between 1,000 and 2,499 may elect to be either a third class city or a town. 3 School districts are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class—6,500 or more; second class, 1,000 to 6,499; and third class—less than 1,000.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION —MONTANA

APPENDIX A A-97

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Nebraska

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Legislators (49) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Public service commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . State board of education (8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . University of Nebraska regents (8) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of public accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judges (57). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (48). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 6 4 6 6 4 4 6 6

Legislative district District District District Supreme court district At large At large Judicial district Judicial district

Salary Salary Expenses Expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Nebraska has a unicameral legislature.

Board also has three nonvoting student members. See ‘‘District court judges,’’ below.

Salary is paid by the State. Judges of appeals court, district court, and workers compensation court, and justices of the supreme court, are appointed by the Governor from a list supplied by nominating commissions. Question of retention is submitted to voters after 3 years in office and every 6 years thereafter. The offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor are jointly elected. Governor may not serve more than two consecutive terms. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court: Chief justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judges (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Workers compensation court judges (7) . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Counties without township organization organization—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . .

4 4 6 6 4 6

At large At large At large Supreme court district At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

See ‘‘District court judges,’’ above. See ‘‘District court judges,’’ above. Limited to two consecutive terms. See ‘‘District court judges,’’ above.

4

See remarks

Salary

In counties over 300,000 population (Douglas), five members are required. In other counties, three members are elected, unless voters approve five members. Elected by districts except in counties of 100,000 or more population, where commissioners are nominated by district and elected at large with district residency requirement. In virtually all counties with township organization, the supervisors are now elected by districts.

Counties with township organization: Supervisors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Supervisor district

Salary

Other boards: County weed control authorities—board members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

See remarks At large

Per diem and expenses Salary

Elected in counties where county governing body does not govern district.1 Election required in counties of 3,500 population or more. May be appointive in other counties.

A-98

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEBRASKA

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Type of government and title of elective office Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of the district court—counties of 7,000 population or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4

Election area At large At large

Method of compensation Salary Salary

Remarks

May be elective in counties under 7,000 population; otherwise, county clerk serves ex officio. Counties of 6,000 to 10,000 population may, by majority vote, abolish this office. Elected in each county over 150,000 population; also serves as county surveyor. In counties of 75,000 population or more. Appointed by Governor from list provided by nomination commissioners. There are two juvenile court judges in Douglas County and one each in Lancaster and Sarpy Counties. Elected in counties with 100,000 population or more and in other counties where established by county board. Compensation is fixed by county board.

County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County engineer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Juvenile court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 6

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

Public defender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

Register of deeds—counties of 20,000 or more population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Road overseer—counties not under township organization (1 per road district) . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2

At large Road district

Salary See remarks Elected only in counties not under township organization and not adopting countyunit road system. Compensation is fixed by county board. Not elected in counties of less than 3,000 population or where county comprises a single school district. Elected only in counties under 150,000 population. The subcounty general purpose governments in Nebraska comprise municipal (city and village) governments and township governments. Municipal governments in Nebraska are designated cities or villages. In counties with township governments, all villages and some, but not all, cities exist within township areas. Provisions for government are found in individual charters. The two cities qualifying for these classes (Omaha and Lincoln, respectively) operate under home rule charters that provide for their government (see above).

Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4 4

At large At large

Per diem and fees Salary

Municipal Governments2

Home rule cities (over 5,000 population) Metropolitan and primary class cities

First class cities: Governing body—council members (2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

Ward At large

Salary Salary Office may be combined with treasurer. Clerk and treasurer are elected only where council provides for election and are appointed elsewhere. See ‘‘Clerk,’’ above. Four to 12 members with at least two per ward.

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second class cities: Governing body—council members . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Villages: Governing body—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large Ward

Salary Salary Salary

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEBRASKA

APPENDIX A A-99

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Type of government and title of elective office Optional forms of government: Commission form—cities of 2,000 or more population: Governing body—council members: Metropolitan class cities (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary class cities (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cities of 2,000 to 40,000 population (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—excisemen (3) . . . . . City manager form—cities between 1,000 and 199,999 population: Governing body—council members: 40,000 population or more (7) . . . . . . . . . . Less than 40,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Office exists only in primary class cities.

4 4

At large or by ward At large or by ward

Salary Salary

Cities over 25,000 population may elect seven council members. Township governments exist in 28 of the 93 Nebraska counties. Within the 28 counties with township governments, the township governments do not cover the entire area of such counties; some cities, but not all, exist outside the area of any township. Elected clerk, treasurer, and chairperson of the board (see below) constitute the township board. Township board selects one of its members to serve as township highway superintendent.

Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Chairperson of the board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS3 Governing body: Class I school districts—school board (3). . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Per diem Per diem and fees Per diem and salary

3

At large

Not specified

Board of Class III, IV, V, or VI districts may include one or more non-voting student members. Board members are elected as president, secretary, and treasurer. Districts with a school census of 150 or more may, by vote, increase number of board members to six.

Class II school districts—trustees (6). . . . . . . . Class III school districts—board of education (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class IV school districts—board of education (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class V school districts—board of education (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class VI school districts—board of education: Districts formerly organized as rural high school districts (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational service units—members . . . . . . . .

4 6

At large At large or by ward

Not specified Unpaid Number of board members may be increased to nine.

4 4

District Ward

Not specified Not specified

3 4

At large See remarks

Not specified Expenses

One member is elected from each member county and four members are elected at large. Two members each are elected from five election districts and one member is elected at large.

Technical community college areas—members (11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Not specified

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Airport authorities: City airport authorities—board (5) . . . . . . . . . County airport authorities—board (5) . . . . . .

6 6

At large At large

Expenses Expenses

The Omaha Airport Authority board is appointed.

A-100

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEBRASKA

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Type of government and title of elective office Joint airport authorities—board (5) . . . . . . . . Cemetery districts—trustees (5 or more). . . . .

Term (years) 6 2

Election area Election district See remarks

Method of compensation Expenses Unpaid

Remarks Elected at large unless area of district includes five or more townships, in which case one trustee is elected from each township served. Initiating petition provides for number of members. Length of term is determined by number of members on board. Members may be elected at large, by district, or both.

Drainage districts: 1907 law—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

1905 law—supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary drainage districts—trustees: Districts containing a city of 40,000 or more population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other sanitary drainage districts (3) . . . . . Groundwater conservation districts Health districts—health boards (5) . . . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 4 4

At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Only one district of this type was still in operation as of January 1992. In counties over 200,000 population. Districts of over 25,000 acres may increase number of directors in any multiple of three up to nine by majority vote of voters. Number of directors is set by the natural resources district board within statutory guidelines. In January 1992, most directors were nominated by subdistrict but were elected at large. The number of subdistricts in each district was one less than the number of directors. Each district also had one or more directors nominated and elected at large.4 One member must reside outside Omaha city limits. If district includes more than 25 cities or villages, number of directors is set by petition to create district. If district includes 50 or more counties, there are seven directors. Other districts have five to 21 directors. Directors may be elected at large or by director district. If district includes 50 or more counties, there are seven directors. Elected at large or by director district.

6 4 3

At large At large Division

Expenses Expenses Per diem and expenses

Natural resources districts—directors (5 to 21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Omaha Metropolitan Utilities District— directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public power districts: Public power and irrigation districts— directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

At large

Salary

6

See remarks

Salary

Rural power districts—directors (5 to 21) . . Reclamation districts—directors (5 to 21) . . . . Road and street improvement districts—trustees (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rural and suburban fire protection — directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 6 4

See remarks Subdivision At large See remarks

Salary Salary Per diem See remarks

Elected at large with residency requirement. Directors receive compensation per meeting and for expenses.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEBRASKA

APPENDIX A A-101

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area At large At large At large See remarks

Method of compensation See remarks Per diem Per diem Expenses

Remarks Compensation is fixed by board.

Rural water districts—directors (9 or fewer) . . 3 Sanitary and improvement districts: 1949 law—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1947 law—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Weather control districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Number, term, and election area are specified in petition establishing district.

1 Since the county governing body may adjust weed control charges, county weed control authorities are not counted as separate special district governments, but are classified as dependent agencies of county governments, in census statistics on governments. 2 Cities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: Metropolitan class—300,000 or more (Omaha); primary class—100,000 to 299,999 (Lincoln); first class—5,000 to 99,999; second class— 800 to 4,999; villages are municipalities of 100 to 800 population. Second class cities may elect to return to the village classification; villages whose population falls subsequently below 100 may remain in existence. 3 School districts are classified as follows: Class I—providing elementary schools only; Class II—under 1,000 population; Class III—1,000 to 99,999 population; Class IV—100,000 to 199,999 population; Class V—200,000 population or more; and Class VI—providing high school education only. Class II, III, IV, and V school districts operate both elementary and high schools. Class I districts must join or affiliate with a district providing grades kindergarten through 12 for taxing purposes by 1995. 4 Legislation enacted in 1987 gives natural resources districts the option of nominating and electing directors at large, of nominating directors by subdistrict and electing them at large, or of nominating and electing directors by subdistrict. Unless all members are nominated and elected at large, the subdistricts must, effective with the 1988 election, be apportioned equally to population, and the apportionment plan must be approved by the State natural resources commission. In natural resources districts that are divided into subdistricts, the number of subdistricts continues to be one less than the number of directors.

A-102

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEBRASKA

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Nevada

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Assembly members (42) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (21). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State board of education (11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State board of regents (11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (45). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 6 4 4 6 4 4 4 6 4

Assembly district Senatorial district District District At large At large Judicial district At large At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks Per diem and travel Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Members receive salary and allowances for sessions, plus per diem and travel. Members receive salary and allowances for sessions, plus per diem and travel. Compensation is per meeting, per diem, and travel

May not serve more than two terms. Receives additional compensation during legislative sessions for duties as president of the senate.

Excludes Carson City, which is an independent city outside the area of any county, and is counted as a municipal, rather than a county government, in census statistics on governments. 4 4 4 Commissioner district Commissioner district See remarks Salary Salary Salary

Governing body—commissioners: More than 400,000 population (7). . . . . . . . . . . More than 100,000 but less than 400,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than 100,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . .

Elected at large but may be elected by district upon voter approval. Number of commissioners may be increased to five by ordinance, upon voter approval. Provisions apply only to counties under 400,000 population with a county hospital. In counties over 400,000 population, county commissioners serve ex officio as hospital trustees. In counties with population between 100,000 and 399,999, three county commissioners serve ex officio in addition to the five elected trustees, and the elected trustees receive a salary as well as per diem. In counties under 100,000 population, county commissioners may serve ex officio as hospital trustees. Boards listed below may be appointed by county commissioners or elected by voters.

Other boards: County hospital trustees—1929 law (5) . . . . . .

4

At large

Per diem and expenses

Unincorporated towns: Town board—members (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Advisory council—members (5). . . . . . . . . . . Town advisory board (in counties under 400,000 population)—members (3 or 5) . . 4 2 2 At large At large At large Not specified Unpaid See remarks

Compensation is set by county ordinance.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEVADA

APPENDIX A A-103

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Legislature may, by special act, combine any two or more of the offices listed below, except justices of the peace and constables. Compensation is fixed by special act of the legislature except where noted. Most county officers receive a salary. All county officers are reimbursed for actual expenses. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. County clerks in Churchill, Douglas, Esmeralda, Eureka, Lyon, Mineral, Pershing, and Storey counties serve as ex officio treasurers of their respective counties. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Office of constable is optional in counties with more than 400,000 or less than 100,000 population, or in in counties with only one township. The sheriff may serve as the constable in such counties. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. District attorneys in Lander, Lincoln, and White Pine Counties serve as ex officio public administrators of their respective counties.

Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Constables (1 per township) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Township

Salary

District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Justices of the peace: Township under 400,000 population (1 per 50,000 inhabitants). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Township of 400,000 or more population (1 per 100,000 inhabitants) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder and auditor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer and tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments1 Charter cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carson City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 4 4 4 4

Township Township At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks See ‘‘Other elective offices’’ and ‘‘District attorney,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices’’ and ‘‘Clerk,’’ above. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Nevada are designated cities or towns. Provisions for government are set forth in individual charters. Although Carson City operates under general legislation with specific application, and is treated as a county in Nevada statutes, provisions for its government are shown here because it represents a rare instance of an independent city —a city located outside the area of any county, and performing functions performed elsewhere by county governments.

Governing body—supervisors (4) . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

Supervisor district At large At large

Salary See remarks See remarks Compensation is fixed by special act. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Also serves ex officio as recorder and public administrator. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Also serves as a member of the board of supervisors. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above.

District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justice of the peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer and tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks Salary See remarks See remarks

A-104

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEVADA

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Type of government and title of elective office General law municipalities: Governing body—council members: First class (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

See remarks

Second class (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Ward

See remarks

Third class (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

Ward

See remarks

Other elective offices: All classes: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judge of municipal court (police judge) . . First and second class cities only: Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

One council member is elected at large and eight by wards. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Election is by ward except where ordinance provides for election at large with residency requirement. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Election is by ward except where ordinance provides for election at large with residency requirement. Term is 4 years except where ordinance provides for a 2-year term. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Offices other than mayor may be elective or appointive. Term is 4 years but may be changed to 2 years in third class cities. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Offices below are optional for third class cities. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Offices of clerk and treasurer may be combined. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. See also ‘‘clerk,’’ above. Nevada has no township governments. However, most counties are divided into townships for judicial and police power purposes. The Carson City School District is treated as a county school district in Nevada statutes.

See remarks 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

4 4 4

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS County school districts Governing body—trustees: 1,000 or more pupils enrolled (7) . . . . . . . . . 4 See remarks Salary and expenses

Fewer than 1,000 pupils enrolled (5) . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservation districts—supervisors (5) . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary and expenses

Elected at large, but may by local option be elected by trustee election areas. Must be elected by election areas if enrollment is 12,000 or more. Elected at large, but may by local option be elected by trustee election areas.

4

At large

Expenses

Formerly soil conservation districts. In addition to elected members, one member is appointed by the cities included in the district, and one by the counties. The appointed members serve for a 2-year term. Three or five are elected from precincts. By local option, three may be elected at large upon voter approval. Number, term, and manner of election of county hospital district trustees is specified by board of county commissioners. Maximum term is 4 years.

County fire protection districts—1937 law —directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County hospital districts—1969 law —trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

See remarks

See remarks

Not specified

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEVADA

APPENDIX A A-105

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Type of government and title of elective office General improvement districts—trustees (5). .

Term (years) 4

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Trustees are elected at large or by district. They may receive limited compensation at the discretion of the district board. Board of county commissioners may, at its option in specified cases, be the ex officio governing body of general improvement districts providing water and sewerage facilities. In such cases, the district would be classified as a subordinate agency of the county government, and would not be counted as a separate government, in census statistics on governments. Elected at large with division residence requirement or, by local option, by divisions. Receive per diem and expenses or, with voter approval, salary. Elected at large with division residence requirement. Receive per diem and expenses or, with voter approval, salary.

Irrigation districts —directors (3, 5, or 7) . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Local improvement districts—directors (3, 5, or 7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

1 Nevada cities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class—20,000 or more; second class—5,000 to 19,999; third class—less than 5,000. Effective July 1, 1969, the area of the former Ormsby County was consolidated with Carson City to form a single entity known as Carson City. Carson City is outside the area of any county, and is counted as a municipal, rather than as a county, government in census statistics on governments.

A-106

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEVADA

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New Hampshire

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General court: Representatives (400) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (24). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Councilors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 2

Representative district Senatorial district Councilor district

Salary and mileage Salary and mileage Salary and expenses

Receive per diem for extraordinary sessions. Receive per diem for extraordinary sessions. In the 1987 Census of Governments, councilors were listed under ‘‘Other elective offices.’’

2

At large

Salary

Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Salary

Elected from districts in eight counties, at large with district residency requirement in Carroll County, and at large in Strafford County. Term is 2 years except in Belknap, Carroll, Cheshire, Rockingham, and Sullivan Counties, where commissioners serve alternatively 2- and 4-year terms.

Other elective offices: Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of probate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

2 2 2 2 2

At large See remarks At large At large At large

Salary Salary and fees Salary Salary Salary

Elected at large unless two are elected, in which case they are elected by district. Compensation is set by supreme court.

The subcounty general purpose governments in New Hampshire comprise municipal (city) governments and town governments. In New Hampshire, cities and towns have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities in New Hampshire. Cities exist outside the area of any town. Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipalities’’ is applied by New Hampshire statutes, are classified as a separate type of government in census statistics on governments. Cities may adopt home rule charters. Number of members, terms, election area, and compensation are specified in charter. See ‘‘Governing body—aldermen,’’ above. Number of members, terms, election area, and compensation are specified in charter.

Municipal Governments

Local option charter forms: Mayor-aldermen form: Governing body—aldermen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Council manager plan: Governing body—council members . . . . . . .

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW HAMPSHIRE

APPENDIX A A-107

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Type of government and title of elective office All cities: Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: City board of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

City boards of education serving Berlin, Dover, Franklin, Laconia, Manchester, Nashua, Portsmouth, Rochester, and Somersworth may be either elected by the voters or appointed by the city council. Provisions on number, term, election area, and compensation of library trustees are specified by city charter. 3 At large See remarks Elected or appointed where city owns light or water systems. May also be called water or light commissioners. Compensation is fixed by city council. Although not differing in legally authorized powers from cities, units in New Hampshire designated as ‘‘towns’’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. Although town governments exist in each county, they do not cover the entire area of each county. Cities, gores, grants, purchases, unorganized locations, and unorganized townships exist outside the area of any town. Towns may adopt home rule charters.

Other: Library trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public utilities commissioners (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Town or Township Governments

Towns under general law (open town meeting form of government): Governing body—selectmen (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Board of assessors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3

At large At large At large At large

Not specified See remarks Not specified Not specified

Five-member board may be authorized by ballot vote. Optional board. Compensation may be fixed by voters. Provided for by vote of town meeting. Term is same number of years as number of members. Limited to towns voting to accept municipal budget law. Also has one member appointed by school board, one selectman, and a member of the board of commissioners of each village district located in the town. Elected members may be appointed by moderator if town meeting so determines. May elect only one trustee if value of trust fund is less than $15,000 and approved by voters. Trustees receive expenses plus compensation fixed by town board. May be elected in towns having a public library.Number of trustees must be an odd number. Board includes one selectman ex officio, and may be appointive. Elected only in towns that own water or light systems. May also be called water commissioners or light commissioners. May be appointive in some localities. Compensation is fixed by town meeting. Compensation is fixed by town selectmen.

Board of auditors (2 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Budget committee (3, 6, 9, or 12) . . . . . . . . . 3

Board of trustees (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

See remarks

Library trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Land use planning boards—members (4 or 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public utility commissioners (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Expenses

3

At large

Not specified

3

At large

See remarks

Sewer commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisors of the check list (3) . . . . . . . . . .

3 6

At large At large

See remarks Not specified

A-108

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW HAMPSHIRE

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices: Auditor (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 1

Election area At large

Method of compensation Not specified

Remarks Mandatory for all towns except those that request an audit by the State tax commission or that employ a certified public accountant to audit town accounts. Term may be extended to 3 years by vote of town meeting. Office is optional.Compensation is fixed by town meeting. Office may be consolidated with town clerk. Office is optional. When town meeting votes to elect, incumbent holds office until removed by town board or rescinded by town meeting. Office may be appointive. Compensation is fixed by town board. Office is optional.

Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of taxes (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 or 3 1 or 3

At large At large At large

Fees or salary See remarks Not specified

Constable or police officer (1 or more) . . . . See remarks Highway agent (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overseer of public welfare (1 or more) . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local option charter forms: Town council with no town meeting form: Governing body—council members (up to 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town council with budgetary town meeting form. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 to 3 2 1 1 or 3

At large At large At large At large

See remarks Not specified Not specified Not specified

Term, election area, and compensation are specified in town charter. Composition of administrative body is specified in charter. Town must hold annual meeting of voters to set its budget.

Representative town meeting form: Governing body: Representative town meeting members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks

Election district

See remarks

Board of selectmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices: Chairperson of town budget committee. . See remarks Town clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Special school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cooperative school districts: Governing body—school board (up to 15) . . .

At large

See remarks

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Is town legislative body.Charter specifies number, term, and compensation of representative town meeting members. Is town administrative body. Charter specifies number, term, and compensation of selectmen. Term and compensation are specified in charter. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above.

Provisions for government are found in special acts creating these districts. Term may be up to 3 years.Election area is determined by district. Members receive expenses plus whatever compensation is approved by district. Office is optional, but if established, must have same number of members, term, and method of election as school board. 3 At large Salary Number of members may be increased to five, seven, or nine if district operates a high school. Length of term is equal to the number of auditors.

Other boards—budget committee . . . . . . . . . . . Regular school districts: Governing body—school board (3, 5, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Auditor (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks 1 or 3 1 or 3 1 or 3

At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW HAMPSHIRE

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Village districts or precincts: Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 or 3 1 1 1 At large At large At large At large Not specified Not specified Not specified Not specified

A-110

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW HAMPSHIRE

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New Jersey

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Assembly members (80) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (40). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State dependent public school systems . . . . . Other elective offices—Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS
1

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Assembly district Senate district

Salary Salary

Terms beginning in the second year after a decennial United States census are for 2 years only. Members of the school boards of Stateoperated school districts are appointed. May not serve more than two terms.

4

At large

Salary

General law counties: Governing body—board of chosen freeholders (3, 5, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 or 4

At large

Salary or per diem

Since 1981, voters may choose to change the number of members to three, five, seven, or nine. Term of members may be extended from 3 to 4 years with voter approval.

Other elective offices: County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surrogate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charter counties: Governing body—board of chosen freeholders (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 5 3 5 3

At large At large At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary and expenses Salary Salary

Authorized in counties over 250,000 population after voter approval.

Other elective offices

Number of board members and election area provisions are specified in charter. The forms of government that the charter may specify include county executive; county manager; county supervisor; and board president. Offices of county manager and board president are appointive. As provided in charter, except for the positions shown below. Charter must include offices of county clerk, sheriff, and surrogate.

County executive form—county executive . County supervisor plan—county supervisor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All counties: Other boards: County dependent public school systems . .

4 3

At large At large

Salary Salary

County vocational schools, county special services school districts, county junior colleges or community colleges, community college agencies, and jointure commissions are governed by appointed boards. The subcounty general purpose governments in New Jersey comprise municipal (borough, city, town, and village) governments and township governments. In New Jersey, city, borough, town, township, and village governments have similar powers and perform similar functions.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW JERSEY

APPENDIX A A-111

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Type of government and title of elective office Municipal Governments2

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the boroughs, cities, towns, and villages in New Jersey. Townships, to which the term ‘‘municipalities’’ is applied by New Jersey statutes, are counted for census purposes as a separate type of government. All boroughs, cities, towns, and villages in New Jersey exist outside the area of any township. The provisions presented here for cities are those that can be readily identified in the statutes. Many more variations are authorized through permissive legislation and special classifications.

General law forms of government: Mayor council form: Cities: Governing body—council members (7) . .

3 or 4

See remarks

Salary

Six council members are elected from two wards for staggered 3 -year terms. One is elected for a 4-year term. Number and term of members may vary in some cities that have continued to operate under former provisions.

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . Boroughs: Governing body—council members (6) . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . Towns: Governing body—council members (8) . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . Villages: Governing body—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans available to any borough, city, town, township, or village: Commission form: Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . .

4 3 4 2 2 or 3

At large At large At large Ward At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Towns are divided into four wards. Two members are elected from each ward. Serves as member of council. May be elected for 3-year term upon voter approval. The mayor is selected by the trustees for a 1-year term. Villages have the same powers as townships. Boroughs that elected members by wards under former law may continue to do so.

3

At large

Salary

4

At large

Salary

Number of commissioners may, upon voter approval, be increased to five. Mayor is selected by commissioners from among their own number. Number of council members may, upon voter approval, be increased or decreased to three, five, seven, or nine members. Mayor is selected by council members from among their own number.

Council-manager plan—1923 law: Governing body—council members (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Mayor-council form—1950 law: Governing body—council members (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Members may, under provisions of charter, be elected by wards, or at large, or some by wards and others at large. Compensation is specified by ordinance. Compensation is specified by ordinance.

A-112

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW JERSEY

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Type of government and title of elective office Council-manager form—1950 law: Governing body—council members (5, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

Salary

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . Small municipalities form—1950 law: Governing body—council members (3, 5, or 7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

See remarks

Members may, under provisions of charter, be elected by wards, or at large, or some by wards and others at large. Compensation is specified by ordinance. One of the at large members serves as mayor. Mayor may be selected by council or elected by voters. To prevent double counting in cases where mayor is elected by voters, mayor is counted under ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ and not under ‘‘Governing body,’’ in census statistics. Mayor may be elected by voters or selected by council. Compensation is specified by ordinance. Applies to municipal governments with a population under 12,000. One of the members serves as mayor. Mayor may be selected by council or elected by voters. To prevent double counting in cases where mayor is elected by voters, mayor is counted under ‘‘Other elective offices’’ and not under ‘‘Governing body,’’ in census statistics. Compensation is specified by ordinance. Mayor may be elected by voters or selected by council. Compensation is specified by ordinance.

At large

Salary

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . All boroughs, cities, towns, or villages with a Type 1 school district: Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

4

At large

See remarks

Type 1 school districts are governed by appointed boards. Although not differing in legally authorized powers from boroughs, cities, towns, or villages, New Jersey townships are counted in census statistics on governments as a separate type of government. All areas of the State are encompassed by township governments except for areas within a borough, city, town, or village, and the area at Island Beach State Park. Townships may also adopt various optional plans shown under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ above. The voters may elect to increase or decrease the number of members to three or five. Townships that established wards under prior law may continue to elect one member at large and the other members by ward. Mayor is selected by township committee for a 1-year term. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Type 1 school districts are governed by appointed boards.

Governing body—township committee (3 or 5) .

3

At large

Salary

Other boards: Township dependent public school systems . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of education: Type II school districts (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . 3 At large Not specified

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW JERSEY

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Type of government and title of elective office Regional school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 3

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Not specified

Remarks If more than nine constituent districts comprise a regional district, the regional district has a board with one more member than the number of constituent districts. Constituent districts are grouped into representative districts from which regional district board members are elected, and weighted votes are allocated in proportion to population represented. If nine or fewer constituent districts comprise a regional school district, county superintendent of schools apportions regional school district board members among constituent districts according to population. Provisions authorizing fire districts in camp meeting associations, lighting districts, public road boards in townships, and sewerage districts in townships were repealed in 1989. Provisions authorizing borough borough drainage districts and garbage districts were repealed in 1987. Governing bodies are locally designated ‘‘commissioners.’’ No beach erosion control commissions were reported in operation as of January 1992.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

Governing body. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Beach erosion control commissions (3). . . . . . Fire districts: Fire districts in boroughs, cities, towns, townships, and villages not having a paid fire department—1971 law (5) . . . . . . . . . . . 3 At large Not specified

3

At large

See remarks

Compensation is as specified by the commissioners, subject to review by the governing body of the overlying borough, city, town, township, or village.

Water districts in townships (5) . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Not specified

1 Counties are classified according to location and population. The four classes of counties not bordering on the Atlantic Ocean are as follows: First class—550,000 inhabitants or more and a population density of more than 3,000 persons per square mile; second class—other counties with more than 200,000 inhabitants; third class— 50,000 to 199,999 inhabitants; and fourth class—fewer than 50,000 inhabitants. The two classes of counties bordering on the Atlantic Ocean are as follows: fifth class—more than 100,000 inhabitants; and sixth class—100,000 inhabitants or fewer. 2 Cities are classified according to location and population, as follows: First class—150,000 or more inhabitants; second class— 12,000 to 149,999 inhabitants; third class—fewer than 12,000 inhabitants, excluding seaside resorts bordering on the Atlantic Ocean; and fourth class—resort cities bordering on the Atlantic Ocean.

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW JERSEY

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New Mexico

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (70) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (42). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Board of education (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Corporation commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appellate court judges (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of public lands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (59). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 6 8 4 4 4 4 6 4 4 4 8 4

Legislative district Senatorial district Educational district At large At large At large At large At large Judicial district Judicial district At large At At At At large large large large

Per diem and mileage Per diem and mileage Per diem and mileage Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Board also includes five members appointed by Governor.

May not serve more than two consecutive terms. See ‘‘Attorney general,’’ above. See ‘‘Attorney general,’’ above.

Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected on the same ticket. May not serve more than two consecutive terms. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. See ‘‘Attorney general,’’ above. See ‘‘Attorney general,’’ above. Although Los Alamos County is incorporated, and performs municipal as well as county services, it is designated as a county, and is counted as a county government in census statistics on governments. Los Alamos County has adopted a charter that provides for its government. In all counties, all county officers are limited to two terms. Elected at large, but may be elected by district by local option. Any county may, by resolution, enlarge its board to five members. Election must be by district for five-member boards and for counties with more than 13,000 population.

Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Other boards: Special zoning districts—commissioners (5). . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magistrates (1 or more per county) . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan court judge—counties of 200,000 population or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

2

Zoning district

Unpaid Offices of assessor, clerk, surveyor, and treasurer are optional in some counties.

2 2 4 4 2 2 2 2

At large At large Magistrate district At At At At At large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Per diem and salary Salary Formerly small claims court judge.

Includes municipal (city, town, and village) governments only.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW MEXICO

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Municipal governments in New Mexico are designated cities, towns, or villages. Los Alamos County is counted as a county, rather than as a municipal, government in census statistics on governments. Any municipality may adopt a charter that provides for its government. Officers, term, election area, and compensation are determined by charter. At present, there are no consolidated citycounty governments in New Mexico.

Municipal Governments

Home rule cities, towns, and villages . . . . . . . . . . Combined city-county government—over 50,000 population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mayor-council form: Governing body: Cities—aldermen (4 to 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Towns and villages—trustees (4 to 10) . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission-manager form (cities of 3,000 or more population): Governing body—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

See remarks At large See remarks

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Governing body may provide for election from wards or at large. In In municipalities over 10,000 population, governing body is elected from single-member districts. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. See ‘‘Cities—aldermen,’’ above. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Elected at large but with district residency requirement. In municipalities over 10,000 population, governing body is elected from single-member districts. In other municipalities, governing body may be elected at large or by district. One required in all municipalities municipalities between 500 and 50,000 population. Governing body of municipality over 50,000 population may increase number of judges. New Mexico has no township governments.

All municipal corporations: Other elective offices—municipal judges (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Local school board of education trustees (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Community college district trustees (5 or 7) . . Branch community college board— trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Technical and vocational institute districts —directors (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Area vocational school board—members (5) . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Community land grants—trustees (3-9) . . . . . . 2 or 3 See remarks See remarks

4 6 4 4 4

See remarks See remarks At large At large At large

Unpaid Per diem and travel Not specified Unpaid Not specified

Districts with a population over 16,000 must elect trustees from single-member districts. Elected at large or, by local option, from single-member districts. These boards may also consist of local school board members serving ex officio.

Trustees of some grants are appointed. Method of compensation varies among individual grants. Elected at large with residency requirement.

Conservancy districts: Artesian conservancy districts— directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

District

Per diem

A-116

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW MEXICO

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Type of government and title of elective office Conservancy districts contracting with the United States under reclamation laws– directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservancy districts containing lands in four or more counties—directors (7 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other conservancy districts: Districts with 15,000 to 30,000 acres of area—directors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Districts with fewer than 100,000 acres of area—directors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drainage districts: Drainage districts within Federal reclamation projects—directors: 75,000 or more acres (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,000 to 74,999 acres (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25,000 to 49,999 acres (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fewer than 25,000 acres (3) . . . . . . . . . . . Other drainage districts—commissioners (number specified in petition creating district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Economic advancement districts—trustees (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

Salary

Four directors are elected precincts,and one at large.

from

4

See remarks

Not specified

Three directors are elected from most populous county, one from each additional county, and one at large.

6 6

At large At large

Not specified Not specified

2 2 2 2

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Elected at large requirement. Elected at large requirement. Elected at large requirement. Elected at large requirement.

with division residency with division residency with division residency with division residency

2 4

At large See remarks

See remarks Per diem and expenses

Commissioners receive expenses plus compensation fixed by court. One trustee elected from each member school district except for districts including fewer than three school districts, in which case the remaining members are elected at large.

Flood control authorities—directors (5) . . . . . . Flood control districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts: Electrical irrigation districts—directors (3) . . Irrigation districts cooperating with the United States under reclamation laws—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 2

At large At large See remarks

Expenses Expenses Per diem and expenses Elected at large with residency requirement. Number of directors is determined by the acreage in the district in the same manner as drainage districts within Federal reclamation projects (see above). Directors are elected at large with division residency requirement. Elected at large with division residency requirement. Four supervisors are elected from zones and one at large. Two additional supervisors may be appointed by the State natural resource commission. Board consists of five members or as many members as counties represented in the district, whichever number is greater. In districts that contain portions of five or more counties, one trustee is elected from each county. In districts containing only one county, election may be by district or at large. In other districts, one member is elected from each county and the remainder at large. Directors receive expenses plus whatever compensation is specified in petition for organization of district.

4

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Other irrigation districts—directors (3) . . . . . Soil and water conservation districts— supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3

See remarks See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and mileage

Special hospital districts—trustees (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

See remarks

Per diem and mileage

Water and sanitation districts—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 to 6

At large

See remarks

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW MEXICO

APPENDIX A A-117

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Type of government and title of elective office Other boards: Soil and water conservation districts—directors of watershed conservancy districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

Per diem and mileage

Three additional directors are elected for and from areas within soil and water conservation districts other than primary districts. If watershed district is entirely within one soil and water conservation district, directors of watershed conservancy districts are elected at large.

A-118

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NEW MEXICO

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New York

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Assembly members (150) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (61). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civil court judges in the City of New York (131) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County court judges (123) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (49). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 4

Assembly district Senate district At large

Salary Salary Salary Elected at same election as Governor and Lieutenant Governor.

10 4 10 6

Civil court district At large County See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Family court judges (77) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

County

Salary

Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large At large Judicial district County

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Supreme court justices (322) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Surrogates (33) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Elected at same election as Governor and Lieutenant Governor. This court serves areas outside the City of New York only. This court serves areas outside the City of New York only. Each judge is elected from a county or a portion of a county. Appointed in the City of New York but elected elsewhere in the State. Count of 77 excludes appointed judges. County court judges or surrogates may serve as family court judges in some counties. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are jointly elected. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. County judge may serve as surrogate in some counties. Term is 14 years in the City of New York, and 10 years elsewhere in the State. Excludes the five county areas comprising the City of New York —Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond (see ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ below). Other counties may, upon voter approval, adopt charters that provide for their government (also see below under ‘‘alternative county forms’’). Name of governing body may be board of supervisors, county legislature, board of legislators, or board of representatives. In general-law counties with a board of supervisors, the board consists of the elected town supervisors and city supervisors within the county. The supervisors are elected for 2-year terms and serve only to represent the city on the county board of supervisors. The town supervisors also serve as town government officials, but are counted only once —as town government officials—in census statistics on governments. Many counties now elect governing body members from districts that may or may not

COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

General-law counties: Governing body

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION–NEW YORK

APPENDIX A A-119

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks coincide with town lines. In some cases, county governing body members are elected for 4-year terms. In counties where board of supervisors are the governing body, voting power is weighted on the basis of population represented.1 Compensation is set by county governing body.

Other boards: County dependent public school systems

Community colleges sponsored by county governments are governed by appointed boards. 3 4 At large See remarks See remarks See remarks Office is authorized only on petition and voter approval. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Office may be replaced by the office of county medical examiner, which need not be an elective office. District attorney serves as coroner in Lewis County. Elected by district or at large. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. May include county executive, county manager, or county administrator forms. There are 15 counties with elected county executives. The subcounty general purpose governments in New York comprise municipal (city and village) governments and town governments. In New York, cities, villages, and towns have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities and villages in New York. Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipality’’ is applied by New York statutes, are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township rather than municipal governments (see below). Cities exist outside the area of any town, but villages exist within town areas. Cities are chartered by the State legislature. They may amend or replace their charters by local law pursuant to the Municipal Home Rule Law. Although the City of New York operates under a special charter, provisions for its government are presented here, since they represent a unique consolidation of five counties and the city for governmental purposes.2 4 See remarks Salary Two council members are elected at large from each of the five boroughs. Others are elected by State senate districts.

Other elective offices: Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner (1 to 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternative county forms

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Municipal Governments

Cities

The City of New York

Governing body: Council members (35) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

President of city council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

A-120

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION–NEW YORK

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Type of government and title of elective office Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: Board of education

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

Consists of two at-large members appointed by the mayor and one member appointed by the president of each of the five boroughs of the city. 3 At large Unpaid Each of the 33 community school boards in the city consists of nine members, and is fiscally subordinate to the Board of Education of the City of New York. They are not counted as separate governments.

Community school board members (288) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other elective offices: Borough presidents (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

Borough At large County At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Other cities over 125,000 population: Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: Board of education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Travel and expenses

Elected only in Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse. The board of education in Yonkers is appointed. In Buffalo, six members are elected by city school subdistricts for 3-year terms and three members are elected at large for 5-year terms. In Rochester and Syracuse, seven members are elected for 4-year terms. Usually four trustees are elected, but number may be changed, subject to voter approval. Term may be increased from 2 years to 4, subject to voter approval. Term may be increased from 2 years to 4, subject to voter approval. Office may be abolished or increased to three justices, subject to voter approval. Although not differing in legally authorized powers from the types of municipal governments described above, units in New York designated as ‘‘towns’’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. The entire area of the State is encompassed by town governments except for areas within the boundaries of cities or Indian reservations. The Municipal Home Rule Law authorizes towns to enact local laws superseding certain portions of the Town Law.

Villages: Governing body—board of trustees . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Village justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments3

Ward or at large

Salary

See remarks 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

Governing body: First class towns—council members (4) . . . . .

4

Ward or at large

See remarks

Number may be increased to six or decreased to two by referendum. Supervisors (see below) and council members constitute town board. Generally, first class towns are those over 10,000 population. Compensation is fixed by town council.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION–NEW YORK

APPENDIX A A-121

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Type of government and title of elective office Second class towns—council members (2) . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Number may be increased to six or decreased to two by referendum. Supervisors and council members constitute town board. In towns with a population under 300 and an assessed value under $100,000, town board consists of supervisor and town assessor. Compensation is fixed by town council. Per diem is fixed by town board up to $60. Applies only to certain districts created before June 29, 1933. All officers of towns may be appointive except council members, supervisors, town justices, tax collector of second class towns, and assessors of second class towns. Compensation of all town officials is fixed by town board. In some small towns, only one assessor is elected. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Normally is appointed. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. A town with a population one half the total population of its county may elect one additional supervisor. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Office may be abolished. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. By referendum, towns of 50,000 or more population may have three justices. Towns of 75,000 or more population may have four justices. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above.

Other boards: Improvement district commissioners (3) . . . . . Other elective offices

3

At large

See remarks

Assessors—second class towns only (3) . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receiver of taxes and assessments—first class towns only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2 4 2 2

At large At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Tax collector—second class towns only . . . . . Town justices (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Central school districts—trustees (5, 7, or 9) . City school districts—boards of education (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 to 5 5 At large At large Travel and expenses Travel and expenses Applies only to districts in cities under 125,000 population. Boards serving larger cities are not counted as separate school district governments (see ‘‘Municipal governments,’’ above). City school district boards are appointed in some cities. Smaller common school districts have only one trustee, serving for a 1-year term. Other common school districts have three trustees, serving for a 3-year term. Same provisions as city school districts, above.

Common school districts—trustees . . . . . . . . . See remarks Enlarged city school districts Union free school districts—board of education (3 to 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

At large

Travel and expenses

3 to 5

At large

Travel and expenses

A-122

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION–NEW YORK

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Type of government and title of elective office SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Provisions shown below are those under general law. Special acts may provide for numerous other elected officials in individual districts.

Town fire districts: Governing body—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—treasurer. . . . . . . . . . . .

5 3

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Commissioners are unpaid unless voters authorize compensation by vote. Treasurer may be appointive. Compensation of treasurer is fixed by commissioners.

1 The 20 New York counties in which town supervisors also serve as county supervisors are Chenango, Columbia, Delaware, Essex, Fulton, Hamilton, Jefferson, Livingston, Madison, Montgomery, Nassau, Ontario, Saratoga, Schoharie, Seneca, Sullivan, Warren, Washington, Wayne, and Wyoming. 2 The five county areas within the City of New York—Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond—are coterminous with the boroughs of Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island, respectively. The five boroughs (and five county-type geographic areas) in the City of New York are substantially consolidated with the city for governmental purposes, and are not counted as separate governments in census statistics on governments. 3 Town governments are classified by population, as follows: First class—10,000 or more inhabitants; and second class— fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. However, numerous exceptions exist.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION–NEW YORK

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North Carolina

Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Representatives (120) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (50). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerks of superior court (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of labor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (37) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (175). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (82) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS 2 2 8 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 4 8 4 Representative district Senatorial district At large At large At large County At large At large At large Prosecutorial district Judicial district At large At large At large See remarks At large At large At large See remarks See remarks Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Compensation is salary, per diem, and travel. Compensation is salary, per diem, and travel.

Clerks of superior court are paid by the State.

May not serve more than two consecutive terms. May not serve more than two consecutive terms. Nominated by district, but elected at large.

Special acts provide numerous exceptions to the general legislation. General law also provides for optional plans. Usually three or five members, but some counties have more. Term is usually 4 years, but 2-year terms are authorized in some counties. In some counties, some or all members are elected by district. In other counties, election is at large or at large with district residence requirement. Chairperson may be elected separately. Compensation is set by the county commissioners. 4 See remarks See remarks Most county boards of education are elected at large in the area they serve, but some are elected by board member districts. City boards of education exist by special act and may be elective or appointive. Compensation of board members is set by the county governing body.1 Elected in only a few counties. This office has been abolished in most counties.

Governing body—commissioners (3 or more) . .

Other boards: County dependent public school systems: County board of education (5) . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other elective offices: Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Fees Salary Salary

Office no longer exists.

A-124

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NORTH CAROLINA

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Includes municipal (city, town, and village) governments only. Municipal governments in North Carolina are designated cities, towns, or villages. Municipalities may adopt a mayorcouncil or a council-manager form of government under general law. General law provisions shown below apply to both forms. General law provisions below are subject to modification by special or local laws. Elected at large, by district, or a combination of the two. Compensation is set by ordinance. May be elected by voters or appointed by council from among its membership. North Carolina has no township governments. The ‘‘townships’’ in North Carolina are geographical areas only. North Carolina has no independent school district governments.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

Governing body—council members (3 to 12) . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

2 or 4 2 or 4

See remarks At large

See remarks Salary

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Drainage districts—commissioners . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary districts—district board (3) . . . . . . . . . 2 or 4 At large See remarks

Effective with 1990 legislation, commissioners of drainage districts are no longer elected. Number of board members may be increased to five by the county commissioners. Compensation is per diem and expenses if district population is under 15,000, and is set by district board in other districts. Three supervisors are elected at large in each county served. If district comprises fewer than four counties, State soil and water conservation commission appoints two additional supervisors. If district comprises four or more counties, State commission may, but is not required to, appoint two additional supervisors.

Soil and water conservation districts — supervisors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Watershed improvement districts— trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

At large

Per diem and expenses

1 Both county and city boards of education are classified, in census statistics on governments, as dependent agencies of county governments, and are not counted as separate school district governments.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—NORTH CAROLINA

APPENDIX A A-125

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North Dakota

Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

STATE GOVERNMENT Legislative Assembly: Representatives (106) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (53). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Public service commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of labor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (27). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Tax commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Home rule counties General law counties: Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 At large At large At large Salary Salary Salary 4 See remarks See remarks Any county may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government. Elected by district or at large with residency requirement. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. All elected officials whose duties involve travel may receive travel expenses. Serves ex officio as register of deeds in counties under 6,000 population. Authorized in counties not having a court of increased jurisdiction. Two or more counties may share the same county judge. Office is now appointive. See ‘‘Clerk of district court,’’ above. Sheriff performs most of the duties formerly performed by coroner. 2 4 6 4 4 4 4 4 6 4 4 4 10 4 4 4 Legislative district Legislative district At large At large At large At large At large At large Judicial district At large At At At At At At large large large large large large Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

Public administrator Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional county government forms

4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . Other elective offices—county-manager forms only: County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Includes consolidated office forms, county manager form, short form of county manager, and county manager form with elected manager. Elected by district or at large with residency requirement. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. No counties now operate under countymanager forms. See ‘‘County judge’’ under ‘‘General law counties,’’ above. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

4 4

At large At large

Salary See remarks

A-126

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— NORTH DAKOTA

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Type of government and title of elective office Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks In counties with a short form of county manager government, county manager appoints the superintendent.

Sheriff (not authorized for short form of county manager government) . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4

At large

Salary The subcounty general purpose governments in North Dakota comprise municipal (city) governments and township governments. All municipal governments in North Dakota are designated cities. All cities exist outside the area of any township. Any city with a population of 100 or more may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government.

Municipal Governments Home rule cities Mayor-council form: Governing body—aldermen: 10,000 population or more (14). . . . . . . . . . . 600 to 10,000 population (4, 6, 8, 10, or 12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Under 600 population (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission form: Governing body: Commissioners (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—municipal judge. . . . . . City manager form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modern council form: Governing body—aldermen (5, 7, 9, or 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Ward

Salary

Number of aldermen may be reduced to 10, in which case seven are elected by ward and three at large. Number may be changed by ordinance. Cities under 5,000 population may elect aldermen at large. Cities under 200 population may reduce the number of aldermen to two. Compensation is set by governing body within statutory limits. Office may be abolished in cities under 5,000 population.

4 4 4 4

Ward At large At large At large

Salary Salary See remarks Salary

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Same provisions as for mayor-council form, above.

4

See remarks

Salary

May be elected at large or a combination of at large and by ward. Mayor is an elected member of the council. Township governments exist in 48 of the 53 North Dakota counties. In the counties that have township governments, these governments do not cover the entire county area. Cities and unorganized territory exist outside the area of any township.

Town or Township Governments

Townships under general law: Governing body—supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multi-township governments: Governing body—supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . . . .

3 2 2

At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Salary and expenses Per diem and expenses Office may be appointive. Office may be combined with that of treasurer. Office was abolished in 1989. See ‘‘Clerk,’’ above. Board consists of one member elected from each township. If two or four townships are consolidated, one additional member is elected at large.

2 3

At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 2

At large At large

Not specified Not specified

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— NORTH DAKOTA

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Fargo school district—board of education (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public school districts—school board (5, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3 or 4

At large See remarks

Unpaid Per diem and expenses Elected at large unless reorganization plan specifies otherwise, but election at large with area residence requirement is mandatory for certain rural districts.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Garrison Diversion Conservancy District — directors (26) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—directors (5 or more) . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors: Districts with 10,000 acres or more (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Districts with fewer than 10,000 acres (5). . Park districts serving cities—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recreation service districts—commissioners (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rural ambulance service districts—directors (5 to 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rural fire protection districts—directors (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2 4 4

County At large Division or precinct At large

Per diem and expenses Unpaid Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

One director is elected from each county in the district.

If district is divided into precincts or divisions, the same provisions as for districts with more than 10,000 acres apply. Commissioners receive such compensation as city governing body allows.

4

At large

See remarks

3 2 2

At large At large At large

Unpaid Unpaid Unpaid One member is elected as president, one as vice president, and one as secretarytreasurer. Elected at large at large with residency requirement. Two additional supervisors in each district may be appointed by the elected supervisors. Two members are elected from each county and three members from the city of Dickinson.

Soil conservation districts—supervisors (3) . . 6 Southwest Water Authority—directors (25) . . . 4 At large See remarks Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION— NORTH DAKOTA

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Ohio

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (99) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (33). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State board of education (21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appellate court judges (65) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 6 6 4 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district Congressional district Appellate district At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary

Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Statutory counties: Governing body—board of county commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards—county board of education (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 6 4

At At At At

large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor may not serve more than two consecutive terms. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Chief justice is elected as such. Any county may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government.

4 4

At large At large

Salary Per diem and travel Provides services to local school districts in the county.1 Excludes county boards of education in 11 counties with only one local school district (county boards of education in those 11 counties are shown under ‘‘School District Governments,’’ below).

Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common pleas court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common pleas court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 6

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

At least one per county, but general assembly may increase number. As of January 1992, the total number of common pleas court judges in the State was 357. Established only in portions of county not under the jurisdiction of municipal courts (see below). Number of judges (between one and 12 per district) depends on district population.

Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6

At large District

Salary Salary

Engineer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternate plan of county government (county executive): Governing body—board of county commissioners (3 to 21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At

large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4

At large or by district

Salary

Other elective offices:

Board consists of three to nine members when members are elected at large, and 3 to 21 members when members are elected by district. Officers listed above under statutory counties are also elected under county executive plan.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OHIO

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Type of government and title of elective office County executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Office may be appointive; if so, executive serves an indefinite term. The subcounty general purpose governments in Ohio comprise municipal (city and village) governments and township governments. Municipal governments in Ohio are designated cities and villages. Cities and villages may exist within township areas, but where township boundaries become identical with those of a city or village, township offices are abolished and their duties are performed by municipal governments. Provisions for government are found in individual charters.

Municipal Governments

Home rule municipalities Statutory cities: Governing body—council members (7 to 17) . 2 or 4 See remarks Salary

Number elected is determined by population but three are elected at large and others by wards. Alternative method sets number of members (from 5 to 17) and election area (at large or by wards) in a resolution approved by voters.

Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Director of law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statutory villages: Governing body—council members (6) . . . . . . Other boards—trustees of board of public affairs (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At

large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary See remarks See remarks Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Required in villages owning or operating public utilities, except that in villages having a village administrator, the board is abolished. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Office of clerk and treasurer may be combined. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. See ‘‘Clerk,’’ above.

At large At large

Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Optional plans for municipalities: City manager plan: Governing body—council members: Over 25,000 population (9). . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 10,001 to 25,000 population (7) . . . . . . . . 4 Not more than 10,000 population (5) . . . . 4 Commission plan: Governing body—commissioners: Over 10,000 population (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Not more than 10,000 population (3) . . . . 4 Mayor-council (‘‘Federal’’) plan: Governing body—council members (3 to 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large At large At large At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary If population is under 10,000, council members are elected at large. In other cities, council members are either elected at large or by wards. Term is 4 years if elected at large, and 2 years if elected by wards.

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . All municipalities—other elective offices: Municipal court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6

At large See remarks

Salary Salary Elected only in those municipal court districts where a municipal court exists. Clerk is appointed in some districts.

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OHIO

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Type of government and title of elective office Municipal court judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 6

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Exists only where established by State law. Number of judges is determined by statute. Judges are elected in district where they have jurisdiction. Districts may include municipalities other than the one where the court is located, and include named surrounding townships. The entire area of the State is encompassed by township governments, except where township boundaries become identical with those of a city or village, or except where the county governing body approves a petition to create a new township excluding municipal territory. Any township may, upon voter approval, adopt limited self-government.

Town or Township Governments

Governing body—board of township trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of education: City school districts: 150,000 population or more (5 to 7). . . . . . . 50,000 to 149,999 population (2 to 9) . . . . . Under 50,000 population (3 to 5) . . . . . . . . . Exempted village school districts (5) . . . . . . . . Joint county school districts: Option one (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Option two (see remarks) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local school districts (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Per diem or salary Salary

May receive salary by salary unanimous vote of the board.

4 4 4 4

At large See remarks At large At large

Per meeting Per meeting Per meeting Per meeting

From two to seven members are elected at large and not more than two from subdistricts.

Under one of two governing options listed below. 4 4 4 At large Subdistrict At large Per diem and travel Per diem and travel Per meeting Board has an odd number of members no greater than nine. In 11 counties where there is only one local school district, the county board of education serves as the governing body of the local school district, and is counted as a school district government in census statistics on governments.2

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: New community districts—trustees (3 to 6) . . Regional water and sewer districts—trustees 2 At large Not specified Trustees may be either elected or appointed as determined by each district. Number of trustees is specified in the district organization plan. 3 At large Expenses

Soil and water conservation districts — supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Although county boards of education in Ohio receive their funds from the State and from the school districts they supervise, they are classified as subordinate agencies of the county governments, and are not counted as separate governments, in census statistics on governments, except in the 11 counties (as of January 1992) where there is only one local school district. In those 11 counties, the county board of education serves as the governing body of the local school district, as noted under ‘‘School District Governments.’’ 2 As of January 1992, there were 11 counties with only one local school district: Adams, Carroll, Fayette, Gallia, Harrison, Jacson, Monroe, Morgan, Noble, Vinton, and Wyandot. In these 11 counties, the county board of education consists of five members, elected from the county at large for a 4-year term. Members receive per diem and travel expenses.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OHIO

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Oklahoma

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (101) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (48). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Corporation commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor and inspector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of labor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of criminal appeals judges (5). . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 6 6 4 4 4 6

Legislative district Senatorial district At large Congressional district At large At large At large See remarks

Salary and per diem Salary and per diem Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Judges are initially appointed by the Governor from a list of three nominees supplied by the judicial nominating commission. After at least 12 months in office, judges stand for retention in office at the next general election by voters in court of criminal appeals district. Elected at large with residency requirement. As of August 1990, there are 72 district court judges and 77 associate district court judges. May not serve more than two consecutive terms.

District attorneys (27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices:1 Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Charter cities Aldermanic cities: Governing body—council members (1 or 2 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 6 4

District District court district At large At large At large At large Supreme court district At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

See ‘‘court of criminal appeals judges,’’ above.

4 4 4 4 4 4

Commissioner district At At At At At large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Oklahoma are designated cities or towns. Provisions for government are found in individual charters.

4

See remarks

See remarks

Elected at large with ward residency requirements. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OKLAHOMA

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Governing body may consolidate elective offices. Offices shown below may be made appointive upon voter approval. Office of treasurer may be consolidated with any of the other offices shown below. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Each city has from four to six wards with one member per ward and one member at large.

Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marshal or police chief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Street commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager cities: Governing body—council members . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At At

large large large large large

See See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks

See remarks

Expenses

Strong mayor-council cities: Governing body—council members (4 or 6) . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Towns: Governing body—trustees (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

Ward At large

Expenses See remarks Mayor is a council member ex officio who is elected at large. Compensation is fixed by council. Trustees are elected at large or at large with ward residency requirements. Compensation is fixed by trustees. Towns may also be governed by a town meeting form of government in which officers are elected at large at a biennial town meeting. Compensation is fixed by trustees. Compensation is fixed by trustees. Oklahoma has no township governments.

4

See remarks

See remarks

Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of education: Elementary school districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

3

At large

Expenses

Independent school districts (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Expenses

Districts of this type were formerly referred to in Oklahoma statutes as ‘‘dependent’’ school districts, but always have been counted as separate school district governments in census statistics on governments. Generally elected by election districts, but may be elected at large in districts under 1,000 enrollment. Districts with more than 150,000 enrollment have a seven-member board. Term is 5 years for five -member boards, 4 years for seven-member boards, and 3 years for nine-member boards. Election area and term are as specified by State board of vocational and technical education.

Area vocational technical school districts (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Community college districts—trustees (7) . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Conservancy districts: Conservancy districts—directors (3) . . . . . . .

See remarks 7

See remarks At large

Travel Not specified

3

See remarks

See remarks

Elected at large with area residency requirement. Directors receive expenses plus compensation allowed by district court.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OKLAHOMA

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Type of government and title of elective office Master conservancy districts—directors . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Per diem and mileage

Remarks Number and election area of directors are initially determined by district court. District may change number and election area by referendum. Each government served by a master conservancy district must be represented by at least one director. Representation on board is based on population, but no one government may have more than three directors. Each district also has two appointed members. District may, by resolution, increase number of directors to five. Term of directors in districts with five directors is 5 years. Authorizing legislation for hospital districts was repealed in 1989.

Conservation districts—directors (3). . . . . . . . . Fire protection districts—directors (3) . . . . . . .

3 6

At large At large

Expenses Unpaid

Hospital districts—directors Irrigation districts—directors (3 to 9) . . . . . . . . Rural water, sewer, gas, and solid waste management districts—directors . . . . . . . . . . .
1

3 3

Division At large

Per diem and expenses Not specified Maximum number of directors is nine.

The office of county superintendent of schools was abolished in 1989.

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OKLAHOMA

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Oregon

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislative assembly: Representatives (60) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (30). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (89) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of bureau of labor and industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (36) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (61). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 6 4 6 4 4 6

Representative district Senatorial district At large At large Judicial district At large County County

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Formerly labor commissioner. Salary is paid by State. Salary is paid by State. Not elected in every county, but number varies from two to 14 in counties that have district court judges. May not serve more than two consecutive terms. May not serve more than two consecutive terms.

Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Home rule counties

4 4 4 6 4 6

At large At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

May not serve more than two consecutive terms.

The following counties have adopted home rule charters: Benton, Clatsop, Hood River, Jackson, Josephine, Lane, Multnomah, and Washington. The governing body consists of three commissioners in Benton, Jackson, Josephine, and Umatilla Counties and five commissioners in the other home rule counties, and is elected by districts in Clatsop, Hood River, Lane, Multnomah, and Washington Counties.

General law counties: Governing body: Commission counties—commissioners (3) .

4

At large

See remarks

Commissioners run for numbered positions. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by county court. Term for county judge is six years except that term is 4 years in counties where county judge retains no judicial functions. If judge retains no judicial functions, office of county judge may be abolished and made into a third commissioner’s position. Compensation is fixed by county court.

Other counties—county court: Commissioners (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Other boards: Diking districts—advisory board (3 members per district). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

Diking district

See remarks

Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Elected by landowners of district.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OREGON

APPENDIX A A-135

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Type of government and title of elective office Wind erosion districts—advisory board (4 members per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 2

Election area Wind erosion district

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Elected by landowners of district. Provisions below do not apply to home rule counties. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Office was abolished in 1981. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Office has been abolished in areas having district courts. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Compensation is fixed by county governing body. Includes municipal (city and village) governments only. Municipal governments in Oregon are designated cities or villages. Virtually all Oregon cities operate under home rule charters that provide for their government. Some cities have charters initially granted by the legislative assembly, either by general law or by special act, but those charters are amended locally. The provisions shown below apply only to cities without home rule charters. Any county having a city of 300,000 or more population may consolidate with the largest city in the county. These consolidated governments would be counted as municipal governments in census statistics on governments. No consolidated city -county governments were reported in operation as of January 1992. Applies to municipalities under this law that were incorporated before 1942. Three members are elected every 2 years—two members for a 4 -year term, and one member for a 2-year term. Mayor is chosen by council from among its membership.

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (up to 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Home rule municipalities 4 At large See remarks

4 6 4 4 4

At large District At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Consolidated city-county governments

Municipalities operating under Oregon Revised Statutes, section 221.010: Governing body—council members (5) . . . . . . See remarks At large Not specified

Municipalities operating under Oregon Revised Statutes, section 221.901: Governing body—aldermen (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Marshal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

2 2 2 2 2

At large At At At At large large large large

Unpaid See remarks Unpaid See remarks See remarks Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Oregon has no township governments. ‘‘Joint’’ school districts are common school districts or union high school districts with territory in more than one county.

A-136

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OREGON

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Type of government and title of elective office Governing body: Common school districts—directors: Over 300,000 population (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Under 300,000 population (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . Community college districts—board of education (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County unit districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . Education service districts—directors (7) . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4 4 4 4

Zone or at large Zone or at large Zone or at large Zone or at large See remarks

Expenses Expenses Expenses Expenses Expenses

No more than five members are elected by zones; at least two are elected at large. If district consists of fewer than five common school districts, one director is elected from each of the constituent districts and the remainder at large. Elected at large or by zone. Elected in subdistricts of county unit district or at large or by subdistrict in union high school and common school districts.

Union high school districts comprising more than 2 school districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . Other boards: Local school committees (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . .

4 3 or 4

See remarks See remarks

Expenses Not specified

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Airport districts—board members (5 or 7) . . . . Cemetery maintenance districts—committee directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Domestic water supply districts — commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drainage districts—supervisors (3) . . . . . . . . . . Emergency communications districts—board members (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geothermal heating districts— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Health districts—directors (5 to 15) . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . Library districts—district board members (5) . Mass transit districts—directors (7) . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 4 At large At large At large At large At large At large At large See remarks See remarks Subdistrict Not specified Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Not specified Per Per Per Per diem diem diem diem and and and and expenses expenses expenses Elected at large or by division. expenses May be elected all at large, all by zone, or some at large and some by zone. Applies to Salem Mass Transit District only. Directors of mass transit districts serving Portland and Eugene are appointive.

Expenses

Metropolitan service districts— councillors (13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Park and recreation districts—board members (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peoples utility districts—directors (5) . . . . . . . . Pesticide control districts—committee members (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 3

Subdistrict See remarks Division At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Not specified Elected at large or by zone. Directors may also receive salary and expenses at discretion of board. Formerly called ‘‘chemicals control districts.’’ Each pesticide control district also has two members appointed by the State department of agriculture. Elected at large unless voters approve election of commissioners by subdistricts. May be elected at large or by subdistrict.

Ports—commissioners (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Road assessment districts—directors (3) . . . . Rural fire protection districts—directors (5). . . Sanitary authorities and districts: Sanitary authorities—board members (5) . . Sanitary districts—sanitary board members (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soil and water conservation districts — supervisors (5 or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Television translator districts—board members (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation districts—board members (7) . Water control districts—directors (5, 7, or 9) . Water improvement districts—directors (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

See remarks At large See remarks At large At large At large At large At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Expenses Expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Each supervisor represents one zone but is elected at large.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OREGON

APPENDIX A A-137

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Type of government and title of elective office Water supply or sanitary authorities—board members (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weather modification districts— commissioners (up to 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Metropolitan service districts—executive officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4 4

Election area See remarks At large At large

Method of compensation Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary

Remarks Elected at large or by zone.

A-138

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—OREGON

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Pennsylvania

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (203) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (50). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common pleas judges (325) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commonwealth court judges (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . Community court judge (1 for each 75,000 inhabitants) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4 10 10 6

Representative district Senatorial district At large At large Judicial district At large Judicial district

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary May not serve more than two terms. May not serve more than two terms.

District justices (538) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Philadelphia municipal court judges (22) . . . . . Philadelphia traffic court judges (6) . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS
1

6 4 4 6 6 10 10 4

Magisterial district At large At large City City At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Established on approval of voters. Where established, this court supplants any municipal or traffic courts previously in operation and all district justices. No community courts were reported in operation as of January 1992. Each county except Philadelphia (see ‘‘Municipal governments,’’ below) is divided into magisterial districts. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly, and may not serve more than two terms. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above. Salary is paid by State. Salary is paid by State.

May not serve more than two terms. Excludes the area of Philadelphia County, which is consolidated with the city of Philadelphia and is counted under ‘‘Municipal governments,’’ below.

General law counties: Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Auditors (3) or controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of the court of common pleas. . . . . . . Clerk of the orphans’ court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 per ward in cities, boroughs, or townships). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inspectors of elections (2 per district) . . . . . Judges of elections (1 per district) . . . . . . . . Jury commissioners (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prothonotary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of wills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Home rule counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans:

4

At large

Salary Combinations of offices occur in some counties. Auditors receive per diem and expenses. Controller receives salary. Not elective in second class counties (Allegheny). The duties of constables are related to the judicial system.

4 4 4

At large At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary

6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Ward At large At large District District At large At large At large At large At large At large

Fees and mileage Salary Salary Per diem Per diem Salary or per diem Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Office is usually combined with clerk of orphans’ court.

Any county may adopt a charter that provides for its government. May be adopted by any county.

GOVERNMENTS— GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—PENNSYLVANIA

APPENDIX A A-139

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Type of government and title of elective office Executive-council plan: Governing body—council members (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager plan: Governing body—council members (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4 4 4 4 4

See remarks At At At At At large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Elected at large or by election district. Election is optional. May also be called ‘‘Mayor.’’ Election is optional. Election is optional.

4

See remarks

Salary

Mayor is generally selected by council from among its membership, but mayor may also be elected at large as a council member. Council members are elected at large or by election district. Election is optional. Election is optional. Election is optional. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ under the State home rule and optional plans statute, applies to counties and townships as well as cities, boroughs, and incorporated towns. Elected at large or by election district. Election is optional. Also serves as presiding officer of council. May also be called ‘‘Mayor.’’ Election is optional. Election is optional. Subcounty general purpose governments in Pennsylvania comprise municipal (borough, city, and town) governments and township governments. In Pennsylvania, boroughs, cities, towns, and townships have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to cities, boroughs, and incorporated towns in Pennsylvania. Townships, to which the term ‘‘municipality’’ is applied by Pennsylvania statutes, are counted for census purposes as a separate type of government. All boroughs, cities, and incorporated towns in Pennsylvania exist outside the area of any township. Any city, borough, or incorporated town may adopt a charter that provides for its government, or adopt one of the optional plans shown below. Provisions for Philadelphia, which operates under a home rule charter, are included here since they represent a rare instance of city-county consolidation. Officers of Philadelphia County are therefore counted as municipal officials in census statistics on governments. Seven members are elected at large. The remainder are elected from council member districts.

Other elective offices: Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small municipality plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

At At At At

large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governing body—council members (2, 4, 6, or 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4 4 4 4 4 4

See remarks At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Municipal Governments2

Home rule municipalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

First class cities—Philadelphia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Governing body—council members (17) . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

A-140

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS— GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—PENNSYLVANIA

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices: City commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of quarter sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inspectors of elections (2 per district) . . . . . Judge of elections (1 per district) . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of wills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third class cities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4 4 4 2 2 4 4 4

Election area At large At large At large At large Election district Election district At large At large At large

Method of compensation Salary Salary Salary Salary Per diem Per diem Salary Salary Salary

Remarks

Third class cities may adopt home rule charters, adopt an optional plan, or retain the general law provisions shown below. 4 At large Salary Each council member is in charge of one of four departments (accounts and finance, public safety, streets and public improvements, and parks and public property). Office is optional in fourth- to eighth-class counties. In January 1992, no cities had elected assessors. Also serves as member of council and as head of city department of public affairs. Only cities operating under optional third class city charter law before 1972 may retain these forms.

General law provisions—commission form: Governing body—council members (4) . . . .

Other elective offices: Assessors (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional third class city charter law . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

Ward At large At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary Salary

Mayor-council plan A: Governing body—council members (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager plan: Governing body—council members (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessors (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans that may be adopted by any city, borough, incorporated town, or township: Mayor-council plan: Governing body—council members (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessors (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary

4

At large

Salary

Under this plan, mayor is chosen by council from among its membership. Compensation is fixed by county commissioners. Office exists only in fourthto eighth-class counties.

4 4 4

Ward At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary

4 4 4 4 4

See remarks Ward At large At large At large

Salary See remarks Salary Salary Salary

Elected at large or by election district. Compensation is fixed by county commissioners. Office exists only in fourthto eighth-class counties. Election is optional. Election is optional.

GOVERNMENTS— GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—PENNSYLVANIA

APPENDIX A A-141

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Type of government and title of elective office Council-manager plan: Governing body: Council members (3, 5, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4

See remarks

Salary

Mayor is generally selected by council from among its membership, but may be elected at large as a council member. Council members are elected at large or by election district. Compensation is fixed by county commissioners. Office exists only in fourthto eighth-class counties. Election is optional. Election is optional.

Other elective offices: Assessors (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Small municipality plan: Governing body—council members (2, 4, 6, or 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessors (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boroughs: Governing body—council members . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4

Ward At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary

4 4 4 4 4

At large Ward At large At large At large

Salary See remarks Salary Salary Salary Compensation is fixed by county commissioners. Office exists only in fourthto eighth-class counties. Election is optional. Also serves as a member of the council. Election is optional. Boroughs may adopt a home rule charter, or an optional plan, or retain the general law provisions shown below. If borough is divided into wards, one or two members are elected per ward. Otherwise, seven members are elected at large. Number of members may be reduced to five or three. Elective in fourth to eighth class counties only. If borough is divided into wards, one is elected from each ward. Otherwise, one is elected at large. Auditors, who receive per diem, may be elected for a 6-year term. In lieu of auditors, a controller, who receives a salary, may be elected for a 4-year term. Office may be eliminated by the appointment of an independent auditor. Compensation (either salary or commission) is fixed by the council. Incorporated towns may adopt a home rule charter, or an optional plan, or retain the general law provisions shown below. Mayor (see below) is also a member of the council. Elected in fourth- to eighth-class counties only. Compensation is fixed by the county commissioners. Office may be eliminated by appointment of an independent auditor. Mayor is also a member of the council. Although not differing in legally authorized powers from boroughs, cities, or incorporated towns, Pennsylvania townships are counted in census statistics on governments as a separate type of government. All areas of the State are encompassed by township governments except for areas within a city, borough, or incorporated town.

4

See remarks

Salary

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Per diem

Auditors (3) or controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

At large

See remarks

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Incorporated towns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body—council members (6) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessors (1 per ward) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments3

4 4

At large At large

Salary See remarks

4

At large

Salary

4 4 4

Ward At large At large

See remarks Fees Salary

A-142

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS— GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—PENNSYLVANIA

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Type of government and title of elective office Home rule charters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Any township may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government. Townships may adopt optional mayorcouncil, council-manager, or small municipality plans described under ‘‘Municipal Governments,’’ above.

Townships under general law: First class townships: Governing body—commissioners (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

In townships not divided into wards, five commissioners are elected at large. If township is divided into five or more wards, one commissioner is elected per ward. If township has fewer than five wards, one commissioner is elected per ward and the remainder at large. In townships located in fourth to eighth class counties only. See ‘‘Assessor,’’ above. An independent auditor may be appointed in lieu of three elected auditors, or one elective controller may fill this office. Term of auditors auditors is 6 years; term of controller is 4 years. Auditors receive per diem; controller receives salary.

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large At large At large

Per diem Per diem See remarks

Assistant assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Auditors (3) or controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second class townships: Governing body—supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . .

4 6

At large At large

Commission or salary Salary Referendum may be held for election of two additional supervisors. Supervisors may be employed by the township in specified positions and receive additional compensation. In townships located in fourth to eighth class counties only.

Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tax collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS4 Governing body—directors: First class school districts (Philadelphia). . . . . First class A school districts (Pittsburgh). . . . . Second, third, and fourth class school districts (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 4

At large At large At large

Per diem Per diem Commission or salary

4

Director district

Not specified

Directors are appointed by the mayor. As of January 1992, Pittsburgh school district had nine directors. Districts may be divided into regions with one director elected from each of nine regions or three from each of three regions. As an alternative, some or all directors may be elected at large. All special district governments in Pennsylvania are governed by appointed boards.

4

See remarks

Expenses

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

1 Counties are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class—1,500,000 or more; second class—800,000 to 1,499,999; second class A—500,000 to 799,999; third class—225,000 to 499,999; fourth class—150,000 to 224,999; fifth class—95,000 to 149,999; sixth class—45,000 to 94,999; seventh class—20,000 to 44,999; and eighth class—less than 20,000. Counties having 35,000 to 44,999 inhabitants may, by ordinance or resolution of the board of county commissioners, become sixth class counties. 2 As of January 1992, cities were classified on the basis of classification, as follows: First class—1,000,000 or more; second class—500,000 to 999,999; second class A—100,000 to 499,999; and third class—under 500,000 and not electing to become a city of second class A. Pittsburgh, the only present second class city, and Scranton, the only present second class A city, both operate under home rule charters. 3 Townships are classified as follows: First class—those having a population density of 300 or more per square mile and where the voters have approved first class status in a referendum; and second class—all other townships. 4 Under the reorganization law of 1963, school districts are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class— 1,500,000 or more; first class A—350,000 to 1,499,999; second class—30,000 to 349,999; third class—5,000 to 29,999; and fourth class—less than 5,000.

GOVERNMENTS— GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—PENNSYLVANIA

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Rhode Island

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (50). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2

Representative district Senatorial district

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Districts consist of a city or town or portions thereof.

2 2 2 2 2

At At At At At

large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Rhode Island has no county governments.1 The subcounty general purpose governments in Rhode Island comprise municipal (city) governments and town governments. In Rhode Island, cities and towns have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities in Rhode Island. Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipalities’’ is applied by Rhode Island statutes, are counted as town or township governments in census statistics on governments. Cities in Rhode Island are established by special acts, and are located outside the area of any town.2 Any city may adopt a home rule charter that provides for its government. Although not differing in legally authorized powers from cities, units in Rhode Island designated as ‘‘towns’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. The entire area of the State is encompassed by town government except for areas within the boundaries of cities. The elective offices shown below are those that are authorized by general law. Numerous exceptions to the general law exist in various localities because of special legislation and home rule charters. May be elected at large or by district.

Municipal Governments

Town or Township Governments

Governing body—council (3 to 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Town-dependent public school systems: Town school committee (3 or more) . . . . . .

2

See remarks

Not specified

3 or 4

See remarks

Not specified

May be elected at large or by district. Some school committees are appointed.

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—RHODE ISLAND

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices:

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks In addition to the offices listed below, the following are authorized by State law, but are seldom, if ever, filled: auctioneer, corder of wood, gauger of casks, packer of fish, poundkeeper, sealer of leather, sealer of weights and measures, and viewer of fences.3 In most towns, a single assessor is appointed by the town council.

Assessor (3 to 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sergeant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—regional school districts . . . . .

2 2 2

At large At large At large

Not specified Per diem Per diem

Judge of probate court is appointed by the town council. 2 2 At large At large Not specified Not specified

Method of selecting regional school district governing body is determined by the participating cities and towns. Special district governments in Rhode Island are either governed by appointed boards or are organized under special acts that provide for their government.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

The sheriffs in each of the five county areas in Rhode Island are appointed by the Governor. Their salaries are paid by the State government. Members of city school committees, which govern municipal-dependent school systems, are elected in the absence of special acts pertaining to a specific city. 3 The following offices are authorized by general law, but are appointive in virtually all towns: collector of taxes, constable, and director of public welfare.
2

1

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—RHODE ISLAND

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South Carolina

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General Assembly: Representatives (124) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (46). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Adjutant general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit solicitors (16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Comptroller general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

Salary Salary

Also receive per diem for days (up to 40) in which Statewide business is transacted. Also receive per diem for days (up to 40) in which Statewide business is transacted.

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large At large At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

May not serve more than two consecutive terms.

Each of the county governments in South Carolina is organized under one of the following five forms of government: council, council-manager, council-supervisor, council-administrator, or board of commissioners. 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 See remarks At large At large See remarks Salary Salary Salary Salary Supervisor serves as chairperson of the council and votes in case of ties. Elected by election district or at large. Elected by election district or at large.

Council form: Governing body—council members (3 to 12) . Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-supervisor form: Governing body—council members (2 to 12) .

Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-administrator form: Governing body—council members (3 to 12) . Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council-manager form: Governing body—council members (5 to 12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4

At large At large At large See remarks At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Elected by election district or at large.

2 or 4

See remarks

Salary

Elected by election district or at large. Offices of auditor and treasurer may be elective at the option of county council or may be appointed by the Governor. Elected by election district or at large.

Board of commissioners form: Governing body—commissioners (4 to 12). . .

2 or 4

Election district

Salary

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—SOUTH CAROLINA

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices—supervisor . . . . . . . . . . All forms: Other boards—county board of education (in counties having two or more school districts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 2 or 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Office is optional and may be appointive.

Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Under general law, county boards of education are appointive, but special legislation provides for an elected board of education in some counties.1 The elective offices listed below are authorized by the Constitution or general laws, but may be appointive in some counties because of special acts. Some offices that are appointive under general law may, similarly, be elective in some counties because of special acts. In many counties, certain officers, most notably magistrates, are nominated in the primary election and then appointed by the Governor. 4 4 4 4 4 At large At large At large At large At large Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Clerk of court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Mayor-council form: Governing body—council members (4 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Council and council-manager form: Governing body—council members (4, 6, or 8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

Office has been abolished in Clarendon County. Office has been abolished in most counties. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in South Carolina are designated cities or towns.

2 or 4 2 or 4

See remarks At large

Salary Salary

Council members may be elected at large, by district, or by any combination of these two areas of election.

2 or 4 2 or 4

See remarks At large

Salary Salary

Council members may be elected at large, by district, or by any combination of these two areas of election. South Carolina has no township governments. The ‘‘townships’’ in South Carolina are geographical areas only.

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Countywide school districts—county board of education2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other school districts—trustees . . . . . . . . . . . .

Is an appointive office under general law, but special acts provide for an elected board of education in many counties. General law provides for appointment of the trustees by the county board of education, but special acts permit the election of trustees in some school districts.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—SOUTH CAROLINA

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Type of government and title of elective office SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Drainage districts: Drainage districts—1920 law—supervisors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

3

See remarks

See remarks

Elected at large, but at least two must reside in county where district is located or in an adjoining county. Supervisors receive expenses only unless annual meeting of district authorizes per diem and travel. Members, after election, serve for as long as they choose. Districts of this type that are created under general law have elected boards. However, some districts of this type that have been created by special acts have appointed boards. Each district board also has two appointed members.

Levee or drainage districts—1911 law— commissioners (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Electric lighting, fire, sewer, and water districts—commissioners (3 or more). . . . . . . 6

At large

Per diem

At large

Per diem and mileage

Soil and water conservation districts districts—supervisors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Soil and water conservation districts— watershed conservation district directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Expenses

4

See remarks

Expenses

Watershed conservation districts are not counted as separate governments. They are under the supervision of a soil and water conservation district. The directors are elected from the watershed conservation district at large.

1 The 17 counties that do not have a single countywide school district are as follows: Anderson, Bamberg, Barnwell, Clarendon, Dillon, Dorchester, Florence, Greenwood, Hampton, Laurens, Lexington, Marion, Orangeburg, Richland, Spartanburg, Sumter, and York. In these 17 counties, the county board of education is classified as a county government agency, and is not counted as a separate government. In the other 29 South Carolina counties, the county board of education administers a single countywide school district directly, and is counted as a school district government in census statistics on governments. 2 These provisions apply in the 29 counties that have a single countywide school district, as follows: Abbeville, Aiken, Allendale, Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Cherokee, Chester, Chesterfield, Colleton, Darlington, Edgefield, Fairfield, Georgetown, Greenville, Horry, Jasper, Kershaw, Lancaster, Lee, McCormick, Marlboro, Newberry, Oconee, Pickens, Saluda, Union, and Williamsburg.

A-148

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—SOUTH CAROLINA

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South Dakota

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (70) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (35). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Public utility commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (35) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of school and public lands. . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 6

Legislative district Legislative district See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Elected at large with commissioners’ district residency requirement.

4 4 8 4 4 4 4 8 4

At large At large Judicial district At large At large At large At large Supreme court district At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. May not serve more than two consecutive terms. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . . Other elective offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

There are no areas in South Dakota lacking county government. However, in two county areas —Shannon and Todd—the county commissioners contract with adjacent counties (Fall River and Tripp, respectively) for administration of county government functions. For this reason, Shannon and Todd Counties are not counted as separate governments in census statistics on governments, but are classified as adjuncts of Fall River and Tripp Counties, respectively. Any county may adopt a home rule charter. Elected by commissioner district or at large. Compensation is salary, per diem, and travel. Any two of the offices listed below may be combined with voter approval. In addition, two or more counties may combine a county office with voter approval. May be appointed in counties over 75,000 population.

Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

4 4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Municipal Governments

The subcounty general purpose governments in South Dakota comprise municipal (city and town) governments and township governments. Municipal governments in South Dakota are designated cities or towns. All cities and towns exist outside the area of any township. South Dakota municipalities may adopt home rule charters that provide for their government.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—SOUTH DAKOTA

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Type of government and title of elective office Cities: Governing body: Aldermanic form—aldermen (2 per ward) . . Commission form with city manager— commissioners (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission form without city manager— commissioners (2 or 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor: Aldermanic form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission form without city manager . . Towns: Governing body—trustees (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 3 Up to 5

Ward At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary

Compensation is fixed by governing body.

Mayor (see below) is a member of the board of commissioners.

2 to 4 Up to 5 3

At large At large At large

See remarks Salary See remarks

Compensation is set by governing body.

Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Township governments exist in 52 of the 66 South Dakota county areas. In the 52 county areas that have township governments, these governments do not cover the entire county area. Cities, towns, and unorganized territory exist outside the area of any township.

Governing body—supervisors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—school board (5, 7, or 9). . . . .

3 1 2 1

At large At large At large At large

Salary and per diem See remarks Not specified Salary and per diem Compensation is salary, per diem, and fees. Office of constable is optional.

3

See remarks

Per diem and travel

Multidistrict occupational-vocational centers. .

Members are generally elected at large, but districts with a population that is at least 20 percent outside incorporated municipal areas must have rural representation. Members may also be elected from representation areas. These centers are classified as joint agencies of the participating school districts, and are not counted as separate school district governments in census statistics on governments. The governing boards of these centers may be elected or appointed.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Ambulance districts—directors (5 or more). . . Conservation districts—supervisors (5) . . . . . . Consumers power districts—directors (5 to 21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County paving districts—trustees (3) . . . . . . . . Improvement districts—directors (5 to 7) . . . . Irrigation districts—directors (3, 5, or 7). . . . . . Public hospital districts—trustees (7) . . . . . . . . Rural fire protection districts—directors (5 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4 6 3 6 3 4 2 At large Zones or at large Subdivision At large At large See remarks At large See remarks Unpaid Expenses See remarks Unpaid Salary Per diem and expenses Unpaid Per diem and expenses Members are generally elected at large, but rural representation is required in districts in which at least 20 percent of the registered voters live outside incorporated towns. Directors receive expenses plus such other compensation as they may determine.

Directors are elected by division, but if the district contains fewer than 50 voters, directors may be elected at large.

Sanitary districts outside corporate limits— trustees (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Per diem and mileage

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—SOUTH DAKOTA

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Type of government and title of elective office Water development districts—directors:

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Directors are elected from rural and municipal director areas in accordance with a statutory formula.

Population of 25,000 or less (5) . . . . . . . . . . Population between 25,001 and 75,000 (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population of 75,001 or more (9) . . . . . . . . . Water project districts—directors (3 to 7) . . . .

4 4 4 3

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Number and election area of directors is specified in petition creating district. Elected by division or at large.

Watershed districts—managers (3 or 5) . . . . . Water user districts—board members (5 to 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3

At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Elected by division or at large.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—SOUTH DAKOTA

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Tennessee

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (99) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (33). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Public service commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 6

See remarks Senatorial district See remarks

See remarks See remarks Salary

Members receive salary, per diem, and expenses. Elected by county and floterial district. See also ‘‘General assembly,’’ above. See ‘‘General assembly,’’ above. Elected at large, but one member must reside in each of the three grand divisions of the State. Elected at large, but not more than four may reside in any of the three grand divisions of the State. Listed as ‘‘chancery court judges’’ in 1987 Census of Governments. Elected at large, but three judges must reside in each of the three grand divisions of the State.

Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

See remarks

Salary

Chancellors (33) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (69) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of criminal appeals judges (9). . . . . . . . . Criminal court judges (26). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys general (31) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8 8 8 8 8 4 8

Judicial district Judicial district See remarks Judicial district Judicial district At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

May not serve more than two terms. Elected at large but no more than two may reside in each of the three grand divisions of the State. Excludes the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County and the Metropolitan Government of Lynchburg and Moore County, which are included under ‘‘Municipal governments,’’ below.1 Any county may adopt a charter that provides for its government.

COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Charter counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governing body: County commissioners form—board of county commissioners (9 to 25) . . . . . . . . .

4

District

See remarks

No more than three commissioners may be elected from any one district. Compensation is set by the board of county commissioners within statutory guidelines. This form may be adopted by any county with a population under 400,000. One member is elected from each of four council member districts, and three members are elected at large. Council members receive salary plus whatever additional compensation is provided by ordinance. To date, no county has adopted this form of government.

County-manager form—council members (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

See remarks

Other boards: County dependent public school systems: County board of education . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Through special acts, about one half of the counties have elective boards of education. Provisions for selection of these boards are specified in the authorizing legislation.

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GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TENNESSEE

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Type of government and title of elective office Other: Commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks In a few counties, boards of commissioners are elected to administer road funds or to control institutions. Specific provisions are found in the special acts creating such boards. As a result of numerous special acts, some of the county offices listed below may not be found in all counties, and some other offices, not listed below, may be found.

Other elective offices:

Assessor of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of criminal court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 2 or 4 4 4 2

At large At large At large At large District

Salary Salary Salary Salary Fees

Authorized by special acts in some counties. Elected only in counties where criminal courts have been established. Term may be increased to 4 years on voter approval. Constables are elected from districts set by the county legislative body. Office has been abolished in some counties by general laws with special application.

County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County mayor (Shelby County only) . . . . . . . County superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . General sessions judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Special charter municipalities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 8 4 4 4

At At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Elected in most counties.

Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Tennessee are designated cities or towns. Most municipal governments in Tennessee operated under special charters that provide for their government.

Metropolitan Governments of Nashville and Davidson County and Lynchburg and Moore County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Detailed provisions for the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County and the Metropolitan Government and Lynchburg and Moore County, both of which operate under special charters, appear here, as they represent rare instances of city-county consolidation. The county officials provided by the State Constitution continue to be elected, although their titles and duties may be changed.

Nashville and Davidson County: Governing body—metropolitan council (40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Municipal-dependent public school system: City board of education (9). . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of criminal court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General sessions judge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan court judges (2) . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

Five are elected at large and 35 from districts.

4 4 4 4 8 4 8

District At At At At At At large large large large large large

See remarks Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TENNESSEE

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Type of government and title of elective office Metropolitan tax assessor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public defender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vice-mayor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lynchburg and Moore County: Governing body—metropolitan council (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4 4 4 4 4 4 At At At At At At

Election area large large large large large large

Method of compensation Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Remarks

4

Council member district See remarks

Compensation is fixed by ordinance. The three council members residing within the urban services district comprise the urban council.

Other boards: Municipal-dependent public school system: City board of education (5). . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constable (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan court judges (1 or more) . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General-law municipalities: All forms except city manager form B: Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: City board of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 4 4 4 4 4 4 8 4 4 4

Council member district See remarks At large At large At large At At At At At At At large large large large large large large Salary Salary See remarks Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

Office is optional. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

Provisions for city boards of education, in cities that have such boards, are specified by local charters. 2 or 4 See remarks See remarks Elected at large with ward residency requirement (unless changed by ordinance). Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

Mayor-council form: Governing body—aldermen (2 per ward). . .

Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . City-manager form A: Governing body—commissioners: Population of 5,000 or more (5) . . . . . . . .

2 or 4

At large

See remarks

4

See remarks

Salary

Population under 5,000 (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

May be elected at large, by single member district, or at large with a district residency requirement. Number of commissioners may be increased to five by ordinance. Mayor is chosen by commissioners from their own number, except in cities where mayor is elected separately. This form of government may be adopted only in newly-incorporated cities previously in unincorporated areas.

City-manager form B: Governing body—council members (minimum of 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Per meeting and expenses

Elected from voting precincts by voters in that precinct. All members may be elected at large pursuant to special act. If fewer than seven precincts, additional members are elected at large. Mayor is elected by and from council, and receives salary in addition to other compensation.

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TENNESSEE

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Type of government and title of elective office Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems: City board of education (5). . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—city judge . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Special school districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance or by special act. Tennessee has no township governments.

Special school districts operate under special acts that determine the selection of officers.

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Soil conservation districts—supervisors (3) . . Utility districts in counties of 482,000 or more population—commissioners (3). . . . . . . 3 At large Per diem Each district board also has two appointed members. Provisions for elected board apply only to districts in Shelby County. Boards of other districts are selected by vote of the remaining commissioners. Each county in multi-county districts must elect at least one director. A community assembly of the voters is the governing body of a sanitary district. 1 1 1 At large At large At large Not specified Not specified See remarks

6

At large

Per diem

Watershed districts—directors (5 to 9) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Sanitary districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary inspector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

County

Expenses

Compensation is fixed by the community assembly.

1 Although the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, and the Metropolitan Government of Lynchburg and Moore County, are each classified under Tennessee law both as a county and as a municipality, these two metropolitan governments are each counted only once in census statistics on governments—as municipal governments.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TENNESSEE

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Texas

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (150) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (31). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

Salary and per diem Salary and diem

Although the standard term is 4 years, a new senate is chosen after each apportionment, with half the senators being elected to 4-year terms and half to 2-year terms. All are elected to 4-year terms at subsequent elections.

Other boards: Railroad commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Board of education (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of appeals justices (80) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of general land office . . . . . . . . Comptroller of public accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of criminal appeals judges (9). . . . . . . . . Criminal district attorneys (41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Criminal district court judges (10) . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (80) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (344). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family district court judges (32) . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

6 4 4 6 4 4 4 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 4

At large Board member district At large See remarks At large At large At large At large See remarks See remarks Judicial district Judicial district Judicial district At large At large At large At large

Salary Expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Elected by court of appeals district.

Elected by criminal judicial district. Elected by criminal judicial district.

Governing body—commissioners (4) . . . . . . . . . .

4

Commissioner precinct

See remarks

County officers in counties of 20,000 population or more receive salaries. In smaller counties, county officers may receive either fees or, unless otherwise specified below, salary as determined by commissioners court. Commissioners plus county judge (see below) comprise commissioners court. See also ‘‘County governments,’’ above.

Other boards: County board of school trustees: Counties of 350,000 population or more (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counties under 350,000 population (5) . . . . Storm water control districts—directors (5). . . Other elective offices: Assessor and collector of taxes . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 2 4 4

See remarks See remarks At large At large

Per diem Per diem Per diem and expenses See remarks

Three are elected at large and four by commissioner precincts. One is elected from each commissioner precinct and one at large. Office has been abolished in some counties.

Constables (1 per precinct) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Precinct

Salary

Mandatory in counties over 10,000 population and optional, by vote, in other counties. See also ‘‘County governments,’’ above. Number of precincts is determined population of county within statutory guidelines.

A-156

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TEXAS

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Type of government and title of elective office County attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area At large

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks Elected in counties not having a resident district attorney. See also ‘‘County governments,’’ above. See ‘‘County governments,’’ above. See ‘‘County governments,’’ above. This court has not been established in all counties. In many counties, this office is appointive. This office has been abolished in many counties. Combined with office of county clerk in counties having a population under 8,000, unless office is retained by special election. See also ‘‘County governments,’’ above. Office is elective in only a few counties. County may be divided into one to eight justice of the peace precincts. One justice is elected per precinct, except that one additional justice may be elected in each precinct having a city with a population of population of 18,000 or more. Office may be abolished or be made appointive. Serves as assessor and collector of taxes in counties of less than 10,000 population. This court has not been established in all counties. Some county courts at law are called ‘‘county criminal courts.’’ Office may be abolished in certain counties. See ‘‘County governments,’’ above. Office may be abolished in certain counties. Includes municipal (city, town, and village) governments only. Municipal governments in Texas are designated cities, towns, or villages. Municipalities with a population of 5,000 or more may adopt a charter that provides for their government. Municipalities of under 5,000 population must organize under general law. General legislation provides for two classes of municipalities—‘‘cities and towns’’ under 1875 legislation, and ‘‘towns and villages’’ under 1858 legislation. The terms of office listed below are those provided under general law. Under Constitutional amendment, terms of office may be increased to 4 years, upon voter approval.

County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County probate judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County superintendent of schools . . . . . . . . . . District court clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks Salary Salary See remarks

Inspector of hides and animals . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (1 per precinct) . . . . . . .

4 4

At large Precinct

Fees Salary

Public weigher (1 per precinct) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statutory county court judge (formerly listed as county court at law judge). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Home rule cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law municipalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 4

At large At large

Fees Salary

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Fees See remarks

Aldermanic form: Governing body—aldermen: Cities and towns (2 per ward or 5 at large). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Towns and villages (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 1 or 2

Ward or at large At large

See remarks Not specified

Compensation is fixed by ordinance.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TEXAS

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Type of government and title of elective office Other elective offices:

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Mayor and marshal are elected for 2 years in ‘‘cities’’ and towns‘‘ organized under 1875 general law and for 1 year in ’’towns and and villages‘‘ organized under 1858 under 1858 general law. Other offices listed below apply to ’’cities and towns‘‘ organized under the 1875 law, and may be abolished or be made appointive. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. See ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. See ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. See ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. Serves ex officio as police chief. See also ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. See ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. Mayor serves ex officio as municipal judge unless governing body authorizes the election or the appointment of a municipal judge. See ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. See ’’Other elective offices,‘‘ above. Mayor (see below) is a member of the commission. May be established under either commission or aldermanic form, but only in cities under 5,000 population. Where established, all offices, except the governing body, are abolished. Texas has no township governments. In addition to general-law provisions shown below, there are additional variations resulting from general laws with special application.

Assessor and collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Engineer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Marshal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Municipal judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

At At At At

large large large large

See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks

At large At large

See remarks Not specified

Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission form: Governing body—commissioners (2) . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . City-manager form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 2 2 2

At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks Salary or per diem Salary or per diem

Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS

Governing body: Common school districts—trustees (3) . . . . . . Community college districts: County and joint county junior college districts—trustees (7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enlarged college districts—regents (14) . . .

3

At large

Not specified

When two or more common school districts have been consolidated, seven trustees are elected.

6 6

See remarks See remarks

Expenses Per diem

May be elected at large or by single -member districts. Formerly called regional junior college districts. One regent is elected per school district and one additional regent for each 15,000 students in a county. One additional regent is elected in each school district with at least $67.5 million in assessed property value. May be elected at large or by singlemember districts. May be elected at large or by singlemember districts. Number of trustees is determined by enrollment. Trustees are elected at large or by single-member district except in countywide districts, where four are elected from commissioners districts and three at large. Term may be from 2 to 6 years.

Independent community college districts with separate boards—regents (9) . . . . . . . Union junior college districts—trustees (7) . Independent school districts—trustees (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 See remarks

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Expenses Expenses Unpaid

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TEXAS

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Type of government and title of elective office Industrial training school districts—trustees (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 6

Election area At large

Method of compensation Unpaid

Remarks Each board also has four members appointed by the elected members from among city, county, and school district officials. May be elected at large or by singlemember district. In some districts, by local option, the trustees are appointed. The initial board is appointed, and consists of one director for each county commissioner precinct, plus one director at large and one director for each 100,000 inhabitants. After the expiration of their initial term, directors from commissioner precincts are elected. If area of district is 100 square miles or more, trustees are elected at large. Otherwise, trustees are elected at large but with subdistrict residency requirement.

Municipal school districts—trustees (3, 5, 7, or 9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rehabilitation districts—directors . . . . . . . . . . .

2 to 6 4

At large See remarks

Not specified Expenses

Rural high school districts—trustees (7) . . . . .

3

See remarks

Not specified

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Airport authorities—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and reclamation districts . . . . . . Drainage districts—commissioners (3). . . . . . . See remarks Hospital districts—1957 law—trustees (5). . . . 2 At large Per diem Airport authorities are organized under special acts that may provide either for elected or appointed boards. Conservation and reclamation districts are organized under special acts that may provide for elected or appointed boards. Drainage districts have appointed directors unless landowners petition for elected directors. Term is normally 4 years, but may be 2 years in certain counties. Provisions apply only to districts in counties under 75,000 population that have been organized under 1957 general law. Many hospital districts in Texas have been organized under special acts that provide either for elected or appointed boards.1 Number and election area of directors are specified in petition creating district. Three directors are elected from most populous county and two from each other county in district. Levee improvement districts have appointed directors unless landowners petition for an elected board. In countywide districts with an elected board, one member is elected at large. Commissioners are appointed in districts organized under general law, but may be elected in districts that have been organized under special acts. Some navigation districts are called ’’port authorities.‘‘ Noxious weed control districts are authorized only in specified counties. If district covers more than one county, one director must reside in each county, but all directors are elected at large. River authorities are organized under special acts that may provide for elected or appointed boards.

At large

Expenses

Hospital districts—1989 general law—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—directors (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . Jail districts—directors (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . Levee improvement districts—directors (5). . .

2 4 2 4

See remarks Precinct See remarks Precinct

Expenses Per diem Not specified Per diem

Navigation districts—commissioners . . . . . . . .

Noxious weed control districts—directors (5) .

2

See remarks

Per diem and travel

River authorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TEXAS

APPENDIX A A-159

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Type of government and title of elective office Rural fire prevention districts—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 2

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Expenses

Remarks Elected only in districts covering more than one county. If district covers only one county, district commissioners are appointed by county commissioners court. In newly-created districts, there are three elected and two appointed supervisors who serve until the next regular election. Their successors are elected. Number of directors is specified in resolution creating district.

Soil and water conservation districts— supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

Division

Per diem and travel

Special utility districts—directors (5 to 11) . . . Water districts: Fresh water supply districts—supervisors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal water districts—directors (5) . . . . Underground water conservation districts —directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water control and improvement districts —directors (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water improvement districts—directors (5) .

1 to 3

At large

Salary

4 4

At large At large

Per diem Per diem

Some districts of this type are called ’’municipal utility districts.‘‘

4 4 4

Precinct At large or precinct At large

Per diem Per diem Per diem

In districts of not more than 12,000 acres where a majority of landowners are nonresident, board may be appointive. Constituent districts are the water improvement, water control and improvement, and irrigation districts that underlie the water supply district.

Water supply districts—directors (1 per constituent district)2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

Division

Per diem

Other elective offices—assessor-collector: Fresh water supply districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water control and improvement districts . . . . . Water improvement districts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 2

2 2 2

At large At large At large

Salary See remarks See remarks

Office is appointive unless district board orders election. Compensation is fixed by district board. See ’’Water control and improvement districts,‘‘ above.

Hospital districts are distinct from hospital authorities. Hospital authorities are organized under a separate general law and have appointed boards. Provisions concerning water supply districts are no longer in the Texas Water Code, but some water supply districts are still in existence.

A-160

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—TEXAS

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Utah

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (75) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (29). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: State board of education (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of appeals judges (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (35). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Juvenile court judges (13). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS General law plan: Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . Other elective offices Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constables (1 per precinct) Justice court judge (1 per precinct) . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4

Representative district Senatorial district Election district

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Board includes one non-voting student member.

4 4 6 6 6 4 6 4 10 4

At large At large Judicial district At large Judicial district At large Juvenile district At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. The Lieutenant Governor in Utah also serves as secretary of state.

4

At large

Salary County commissioners may consolidate non-judicial positions shown below by ordinance.

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

In counties having assessed valuation of less than $100 million, county clerk is the ex officio auditor. This office became appointive pursuant to 1990 legislation. Initially appointed by the county governing body and subject to a retention election thereafter.

4

At large

Salary

4 4 4 4 4

Precinct At At At At large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Counties may choose between four optional structural forms and four optional management forms. Any structural form may be combined with any optional management form. An optional management form may be used in conjunction with the general law plan (see above).

Optional structural forms: General county modified and urban county forms: Governing body—council members (3 or more) Other elective offices

Provisions for election are included in plan submitted to voters for adoption. Provisions for election of officers are included in plan submitted to voters for adoption or by ordinance.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—UTAH

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

Community council and consolidated city and county forms: Governing body—council members (5 or more) Other elective offices: Optional management forms: County executive and chief administrative officer-council form, county executive -council form, county manager-council form, and council-county administrative officer form

Provisions for election are included in plan submitted to voters for adoption. Provisions for election are included in plan submitted to voters for adoption, or are specified by ordinance.

Other elective offices—county executive

Optional management forms may be approved in conjunction with either the general law plan or one of the optional structural forms (see above). Chief administrative officer may be appointed by the county executive or by the county council. Provisions for election are included in plan submitted to voters for adoption. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Utah are designated cities or towns. Cities may adopt a charter that provides for their government.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments1 Home rule cities First and second class cities—commission form: Governing body—commissioners: First class cities (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second class cities (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third class cities—weak mayor form: Governing body—council members (5) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Towns: Governing body: Council members (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional plans for municipalities: Council-mayor and council-manager form: Governing body—council members . . . . . . . 4 4 4 4 At large At large At large At large See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Mayor is a member of the governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body.

4 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body.

4

At large

See remarks

Compensation is fixed by governing body.

4

At large

See remarks

Also serves as member of council. Compensation is fixed by governing body.

4

See remarks

Salary

Number of council members and election area is stated in resolution or initiative. Office exists in mayor-council form only. Mayor also serves as member of council. Utah has no township governments.

Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

Town or Township Governments

A-162

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—UTAH

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Type of government and title of elective office SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—board of education: County school districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . School districts serving a city over 100,000 population (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS2 Governing body: Cemetery maintenance districts— commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County service areas—trustees (3 or more) . . Fire protection districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Improvement districts for water and sewer systems—trustees (3 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

4 4

Precinct Ward

See remarks See remarks

Compensation is fixed by board. Compensation is fixed by board.

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large See remarks

Expenses Salary Expenses Salary

Elected only on petition of voters.

Applies to districts that are not coterminous with a county or a city. District has elected trustees only if voters so petition. A district with elected trustees that includes a noncoterminous municipality may have trustees representing that municipality appointed by the municipal governing body. The number of elected members is then determined by extent of unincorporated area in the district, but must be one or more. In districts without an elected board, the county board of commissioners are the trustees, or, if the district is coterminous with a municipality, the municipal governing body serves as the trustees. Compensation is fixed by board. Elected at large with residency requirement. Board members may be elected or appointed; number of members is specified in petition creating district.

Irrigation districts and water conservation districts—directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soil conservation districts—supervisors (5) . . Special service districts—board members .

4 4 4

See remarks At large Not specified

See remarks Expenses Per diem

1 Municipalities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class cities—100,000 or more; second class cities—60,000 to 99,999; third class cities—800 to 59,999; towns—less than 800. 2 Districts that are governed by a county or municipal governing body ex officio are classified as dependent agencies of the county or municipal government they serve, and are not counted as separate special district governments in census statistics on governments.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—UTAH

APPENDIX A A-163

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Vermont

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Representatives (150) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (30). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor of accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Assistant judges (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: High bailiff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate judges (1 per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State’s attorney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Representative district Senatorial district At At At At At At large large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4

At large

Per diem and expenses

The assistant judges also have judicial functions. May exercise the functions of the sheriff. Collects the same fees as the sheriff.

2 4 4 4

At large District At large At large

See remarks Salary Salary Salary

The subcounty general purpose governments in Vermont comprise municipal (city and village) governments and town governments. In Vermont, cities, villages, and towns have similar powers and perform similar functions. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities and incorporated villages in Vermont. Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipalities’’ is applied in Vermont statutes, are counted as town or township governments in census statistics on governments. Cities exist outside the area of any town, but villages exist within town areas. Cities in Vermont are established by special acts that provide for their government. Villages may also be incorporated by special acts of the general assembly. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 At large At large At large At large At large At large At large Not specified Not specified Fees See remarks Not specified See remarks See remarks This office is optional. Receives commission and fees if village meeting fails to fix compensation. Receives commission and fees if village meeting fails to fix compensation. This office is optional. Compensation is fixed by the village board of trustees.

Municipal Governments

Cities Incorporated villages: Governing body—trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Chief engineer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Presiding officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tree warden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A-164

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VERMONT

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Type of government and title of elective office Town or Township Governments

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks Although not differing in legally authorized powers from cities and villages, units in Vermont designated as ‘‘towns’’ are counted in census statistics on governments as town or township governments. Although town governments exist in each county in Vermont, they do not cover the entire area of each county. Cities, ‘‘gores,’’ ‘‘grants,’’ and unorganized towns exist outside the area of any town with an organized town government. Two additional selectmen may be elected for one or two year terms. Compensation is fixed by annual town meeting or, if the town meeting fails to act, by the auditors. Compensation of all elective officers is fixed at annual town meeting or, if the town meeting fails to act, by the selectmen. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Elected only if town meeting so orders. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Town may vote to elect the clerk for a 3-year term. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Elected if town meeting so orders. In towns with appointed town manager, the town manager serves in this capacity. Elected if town meeting so orders. Second constable may be elected if needed. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Number of justices elected varies according to population of town. Office may be appointive. Town may vote to elect two additional listers. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Elected if town meeting so orders. Office may be made appointive. In towns with an appointed town manager, the town manager may serve in this capacity. Town may vote to elect treasurer for a three-year term. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Elected if town meeting so orders. Elective only in town retaining possession of surplus funds of United States received under Act of 1836. No such funds are now outstanding. Elected if town so orders. Water commissioners may, as an alternative, be appointed by the town selectmen.

Governing body—selectmen (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

See remarks

Other elective offices

Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cemetery commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of current taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 3 1 1 or 3 1

At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

At large At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks Fees Not specified See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Collector of delinquent taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First constable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grand jurors (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace (maximum of 15). . . . . . Library trustees (5 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Listers (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Patrolmen (1 or more) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Road commissioners (1 or 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 1 or 2 1 2

2 or more At large 3 At large 1 1 1 At large At large At large

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee of public funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee of public money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 or 3 1 1

At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Water commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

See remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Incorporated school districts: Governing body—school board (3). . . . . . . . . . 3 At large See remarks Formerly called ‘‘prudential committee.’’ District meeting may elect two additional members to serve terms of 1 or 2 years. If compensation is not fixed by district meeting, district auditors do so. If compensation is not fixed by district meeting, school board does so. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Office of clerk is optional. See also ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above.

Other elective offices: Auditors (1 or 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 At large At large See remarks See remarks

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VERMONT

APPENDIX A A-165

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Type of government and title of elective office Collector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town and city school districts: Governing body—directors (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Union school districts: Governing body—directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 1 1 1 3

Election area At large At large At large At large

Method of compensation See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

Remarks See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. See ‘‘Other elective offices,’’ above. Two additional directors may be elected for 1 or 2-year terms. Compensation is fixed at annual district meeting. Largest town elects three members of the board with other towns electing a proportionate share of the directors, based on enrollment, but each town must electe at least one director. Compensation is fixed at district meeting. Compensation is fixed at district meeting. Compensation is fixed at district meeting. Compensation is fixed at district meeting. Treasurer is elected unless a supervisory union treasurer is designated to act as district treasurer.

3

Town

See remarks

Other elective offices: Auditors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 1 1 1

At large At large At large At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks See remarks

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Consolidated sewer districts—commissioners (3 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consolidated water districts—commissioners (3 to 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire districts—prudential committee (3) . . . . . .

3

Constituent town

See remarks

Number of commissioners is determined at organizational meeting. Compensation is fixed by commissioners. Number of commissioners is determined at organizational meeting. Compensation is fixed by commissioners. Upon vote of committee, two additional members may be elected for 1-year terms. Each district board may also have two appointed members.

3 3

Constituent town At large

See remarks Not specified

Natural resources conservation districts— supervisors (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Consolidated sewer districts: Auditors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consolidated water districts: Auditors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moderator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fire districts: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Collector of taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

At large

Per diem and expenses

3 1 1 1 3 1 1 1

At At At At At At At At

large large large large large large large large

See See See See See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks remarks

Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. Compensation is fixed by governing body. At the option of the district meeting, a chief engineer and one or more assistant engineers may be elected.

1 1 1

At large At large At large

Not specified Not specified Not specified

A-166

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VERMONT

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Virginia

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT General assembly: Delegates (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (40). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4 4

House district Senatorial district At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Excludes the area of the 41 cities, which are independent cities outside the area of any county and are counted as municipal, rather than county, governments in census statistics on governments. Governor may not serve more than one term consecutively.

Governing body: Traditional form of county government— supervisors (3 to 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Salary

In most counties, one supervisor is elected per magisterial district. However, in some counties, supervisors may be elected on an at large basis, or a combination of at-large and district representation. A few counties have multi-member districts.

Optional forms of county government: Special county manager plan—county board (5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

County manager form—supervisors (3 to 9). .

4

See remarks

Salary

County board form—supervisors (3 to 11) . . . County executive form—supervisors (3 to 9) .

4 4

See remarks See remarks

Salary Salary

County may be divided into five districts upon voter approval, with one supervisor elected from each district. This plan is available only to counties with 500 or more persons per square mile, or with fewer than 60 square miles of area. Arlington County operates under this plan. In the referendum adopting this form of government, the voters designate whether representation is on an at large basis or by district. Supervisors are elected by magisterial district or at large. Henrico County operates under this form. One supervisor is elected at large, plus one from each magisterial district. Four counties operate under this plan. In the referendum adopting this form of government, the voters designate whether representation is on an at large basis or by district. There may also be a referendum on electing a chairperson at large. Supervisors are elected by magisterial district or at large. Albemarle and Prince William Counties operate under this plan.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VIRGINIA

APPENDIX A A-167

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Type of government and title of elective office Urban county executive form—supervisors (1 per district plus chairperson). . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area Magisterial district

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Applicable only to a county with more than 90,000 population (provided it does not adjoin a city with a population of 200,000 or more). Chairperson is elected at large. Fairfax County operates under this plan. County school systems in Virginia are governed by appointed boards.1 Upon voter approval, two or more counties or cities, or any combination thereof, may share one or more constitutional officers. In cases where a county shares one or more constitutional officers with an adjoining city, the officer is counted as a county official in census statistics on governments.

Other boards: County dependent public school systems Other elective offices—Constitutional officers

Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commonwealth’s attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8 4 4 4 4

At large At large At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Office is not authorized for the optional county executive, county manager, or urban county executive forms.

Office is not authorized for the optional county executive, county manager, or urban county executive forms. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Virginia are designated cities or towns. Cities exist outside the area of any county, and perform county-type as well as municipal functions. By contrast, towns exist within county areas. Each city has a charter specifying its governmental structure. The forms listed below are authorized by general law but are not used by any city. Common council members and aldermen together comprise the city council.

SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments

Cities: Special charter cities Other cities Governing body: General law provisions—cities with 10,000 population or more Common council members (5 to 40) . . . . Aldermen (3 to 22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General law provisions—cities under 10,000 population—council members (8 to 40) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Optional forms (available only to cities under 50,000 population): General councilmanic form—council members: Population of 30,000 to 50,000 (3, 5, 7, 9, or 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population of 20,000 to 29,999 (3, 5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population of 10,000 to 19,999 (3, 5, or 7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population under 10,000 (3 or 5) . . . . . Modified commission form—council members (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City manager form—council members: Population of 10,000 or more (5 to 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Population under 10,000 (3 or 5) . . . . . 4 4 4 Ward Ward Ward Salary Salary Salary

4 4 4 4 4

At large or by ward At large or by ward At large or by ward At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary

A-168

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VIRGINIA

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Type of government and title of elective office Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems Other elective offices: Mayor

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks City school systems in Virginia are governed by appointed boards.2 Provisions for selection of the mayor are specified by charter. In most cities, mayor is selected by council members, but a few cities have elected mayors. Upon voter approval, two or more cities or counties, or any combination thereof, may share one or more constitutional officers. If a city shares one or more constitutional officers with an adjoining county, the officer is counted as a county official in census statistics on governments. Provisions concerning the five constitutional officers shown below apply only in the absence of special legislation. These officers need not be elected in cities that were not required to elect them before 1971.

Constitutional officers

Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commonwealth’s attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Towns: Special charter towns General law provisions:

8 4 4 4 4

At At At At At

large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Each town has a charter that specifies its governmental structure. These provisions are authorized by general law, but are not used by any town.

Governing body: General councilmanic plan—council members (2 or 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Town manager plan—council members (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Other boards: Municipal dependent public school systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

At large At large

Salary Salary

Term of office is fixed by charter. Term of office is fixed by charter.

Only two towns—Colonial Beach and West Point—have separate town school systems. Town school systems in Virginia are governed by appointed boards.3 At large At large Salary Salary Provisions for selection of the mayor are specified by charter. This office is elective only in towns where the charter so provides. Virginia has no township governments as defined for census purposes.4 Virginia has no independent school district governments.

Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sergeant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Service districts—commissioners . . . . . . . . .

2 2

4

Election district

Not specified

Service district commission consists of both elected and appointed members. The elected members constitute a majority of the commission, but the exact number is specified in the district charter. As of January 1992, no service districts were reported in operation.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VIRGINIA

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Type of government and title of elective office Soil and water conservation districts— directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 3

Election area At large

Method of compensation Expenses

Remarks If district encompasses all or part of one county or city, the board consists of five members, with three elected at large and two appointed. If the district encompasses a larger area, two members are elected from each county or city, or portions thereof, and two members are appointed.

1 Legislation approved in April 1992 authorized elected county school boards by local option. However, as of January 1992, all county school boards in Virginia were appointed. 2 Legislation approved in April 1992 authorized elected city school boards by local option. However, as of January 1992, all city school boards in Virginia were appointed. 3 Legislation approved in April 1992 authorized elected town school boards by local option. However, as of January 1992, all town school boards in Virginia were appointed. 4 Virginia law authorizes ‘‘township’’ governments that encompass the areas of towns within a county that consolidates with another city or county. If the town does not sign the consolidation agreement, it may continue in existence as a ’’township‘‘ government. Such a ’’township‘‘ would continue to have the same powers and elect the same officers as towns, and would be counted as a municipal government, rather than as a township government, in census statistics on governments. As of January 1992, there were no ’’township‘‘ governments in Virginia.

A-170

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—VIRGINIA

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Washington

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives (98) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (49). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards: Conservation districts—supervisors (3 per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4

Representative district Senatorial district

See remarks See remarks

Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses. Compensation is salary, per diem, and expenses.

3

See remarks

Expenses

There are 48 conservation districts in the State. In addition to the three elected members, each district has two Stateappointed members. Supervisors are elected in district at large or by zones in district. There are nine educational services districts in the State. expenses expenses expenses expenses expenses expenses expenses expenses expenses Half of salary is paid by State.

Educational services districts—ESD board (7 or 9 members per district) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Appeals court judges (17). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of public lands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurance commissioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Superior court judges (149) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS1

4

Board member district

Expenses

6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 4

At large At large At large At large At large At large At large At large At large Superior court district At large At large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

and and and and and and and and and

Any county may adopt a charter that provides for its government. Clallam, King, Pierce, Snohomish, and Whatcom Counties have done so. 4 See remarks Salary Nominated by commissioner districts but elected at large. Number of commissioners may be increased to five in counties over 300,000 population.

General law counties: Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . .

Other boards: Improvement districts for drainage, diking, or sewerage—supervisors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

Improvement district

See remarks

County engineer is also ex officio member of each board, and is sole member in districts having fewer than 500 acres. Compensation is fixed by board.

Weed districts (including intercounty weed districts)—directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 4 4 4 4

Weed district At large At large At large At large

Not specified Salary Salary Salary Salary

In counties under 5,000 population, office of clerk may be combined with that of auditor. In counties under 40,000 population, the prosecuting attorney serves ex officio as coroner.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WASHINGTON

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Type of government and title of elective office District court judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 4

Election area See remarks

Method of compensation Salary

Remarks Number of district court judges per county is specified by law. These judges are the successors to former justices of the peace, and are elected by district court jurisdiction. When a city of 400,000 population or more provides for a separate municipal court judge, the number of district court judges is reduced accordingly. One half of the salary of prosecuting attorneys is paid by the State. Serves ex officio as county assessor in counties under 3,300 population. Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Washington are designated cities or towns. A charter for a consolidated city -county government may be adopted upon voter approval. None has been formed to date. Any city with a population of 10,000 or more may adopt a charter that provides for its government without changing its classification.

Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments2 Consolidated city-county governments

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

Home rule cities

All cities—other elective offices: Municipal court judges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

At large

Salary

First class cities Second class cities: Governing body—council members (12) . . . . . Other elective offices: Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third class cities:

Elected in cities over 400,000 population. Office may be appointive. Number of judges per city is specified by ordinance. Provisions for first class cities are found in their individual charters. Elected at large or by wards. Maximum number of wards in city is six.

4

See remarks

Salary

4 4 4

At large At large At large See remarks

Salary Salary Salary Per meeting and expenses One member is elected for a 2-year term and six for 4-year terms. Generally elected at large but may be elected by ward. Offices of attorney, clerk, and treasurer may be made appointive by ordinance; if appointive, these officials serve at pleasure of mayor. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Salary is fixed by ordinance. Salary is fixed by ordinance. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. If office of treasurer is combined with that of clerk, the clerk (an appointed official) assumes duties of treasurer.

Governing body—council members (7) . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices

Attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Towns (fourth class municipalities): Governing body—council members (5) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4 4 4 4

At At At At

large large large large

See See See See

remarks remarks remarks remarks

At large At large At large

Salary Salary See remarks

Commission form—optional for cities of 2,000 to 30,000 population: Governing body—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . 4 At large Salary These provisions exclude the cities of Raymond and Wenatchee, which function as noncharter code commission cities under a grandfather clause. Salary is fixed by charter or by ordinance.

A-172

APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WASHINGTON

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Type of government and title of elective office Council manager form—optional for all cities and towns under 30,000 population: Governing body—council members

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

Population of 2,000 to 30,000 (7) . . . . . . . . . Population under 2,000 (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Noncharter code mayor-council cities: Governing body—council members

4 4

See remarks See remarks

See remarks See remarks

Elected at large or by wards as determined by ordinance. Compensation is as provided by law for the class to which the city or town belongs. Biennially, the council chooses a mayor from among their number. See ‘‘Governing body—council members,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—council members,’’ above.

Population of 2,500 or more (7) . . . . . . . . . . Population under 2,500 (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Noncharter code council-manager cities: Governing body—council members

4 4 4

See remarks See remarks At large

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Elected at large or by wards as determined by ordinance. Compensation is as provided by ordinance except for first elective officers when city initially became a code city. There can be some variation in terms of council members if a municipality retains the form of government under which it was operating before it became a noncharter code city. See ‘‘Governing body—council members,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—council members,’’ above. Compensation is fixed by ordinance. Elected at large or by wards as determined by ordinance. Compensation is provided by ordinance except for first elective officers when city initially became a code city. There can be some variation of terms of council members if a municipality retains the form of government under which it operated before becoming a noncharter code city. Biennially, the council chooses a mayor from among their number. See ‘‘Governing body—council members,’’ above. See ‘‘Governing body—council members,’’ above. Washington has no township governments.

Population of 2,500 or more (7) . . . . . . . . . . Population under 2,500 (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS3 Governing body—directors: First-class districts serving a city with 400,000 or more inhabitants (7) . . . . . . . . . . . Other first class districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second class districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Cemetery districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . County airport districts—commissioners (3) . .

4 4

See remarks See remarks

See remarks See remarks

4 4 4

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Elected at large or by director district. Elected at large or by director district. Elected at large or by director district.

6 2

At large At large

Expenses Expenses

Districts are governed by the county board of commisisoners unless voters approve creation of a separate district board of commissioners.4

Diking and drainage districts— commissioners: Diking or drainage districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . Intercounty diking and drainage districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ferry districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . .

6 6 3

At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Not specified

Ferry districts are authorized, but none was reported still in existence as of January 1992.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WASHINGTON

APPENDIX A A-173

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Type of government and title of elective office Fire protection districts—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Flood control districts—1937 law— directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation or reclamation districts—directors (3, 5, or 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years) 6 6 3

Election area At large At large See remarks

Method of compensation Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses

Remarks

Number of district directors is stated in formation petition, but number may be changed by submitting the question to the voters. In districts with more than 200,000 acres, directors must be elected by divisions. In districts with fewer than 200,000 acres, directors are elected at large unless voters choose to create divisions for election purposes.

Metropolitan park districts—commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Park and recreation districts— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Port districts—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . . .

6 4 4 or 6

At large At large Commissioner district

Unpaid Expenses See remarks

Public hospital districts—commissioners (3) . .

6

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Commissioners receive per diem in districts under $25 million in assessed valuation, and salary in districts over $25 million in assessed valuation. Elected at large but with commissioner district residency requirement, or by district. In five-commissioner districts, three commissioners must reside in a particular commissioner district and two others must reside in an ‘‘at large’’ district. Term is 4 years for commissioners from ‘‘at large’’ districts and 6 years for other commissioners. Per diem may be allowed by district resolution in addition to expenses. Amount of salary is based on gross revenue of district. Elected at large with commissioner district residency requirement. Per diem may be allowed by district resolution in addition to expenses. See ‘‘Irrigation or reclamation districts,’’ above. Commissioners cannot be employed full time by the district. Commissioners cannot be employed full time by the district.

Public utility districts—commissioners:5 Five-commissioner districts (5) . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Salary and expenses

Three-commissioner districts (3) . . . . . . . . . .

6

See remarks

Salary and expenses

Reclamation districts Sewer districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . Water districts—commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . 6 6 At large At large Per diem Per diem and expenses

1 Legislation enacted in 1991 eliminated references to formal classes of counties. Since 1991, all State statutes pertaining only to certain population size groups of counties specify the population size range to which the statute applies. 2 Municipalities are classified on the basis of poopulation. As of January 1992, the classifications were as follows: First class—20,000 or more; second class—10,000 to 19,999; third class—1,500 to 9,999; and fourth class (towns)—300 to 1,499. However, change from one class to another is subject to voter approval. 3 School districts are classified on the basis of enrollment, as follows: First class—2,000 or more; and second class—under 2,000. 4 Districts that are governed by the county board of commissioners are classified as dependent agencies of the county government in census statistics on governments. Such districts are not counted as separate special district governments. 5 Commissioners who must reside in a particular commissioner district are elected by county commissioner district if the public utility district is coterminous with a non-home rule county. Otherwise, they are elected by public utility commissioner districts.

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APPENDIX A

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WASHINGTON

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West Virginia

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Delegates (100) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (34). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (60) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commissioner of agriculture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS

Term (years

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 4 8 4 4 4 12 4

Delegate district Senatorial district At large At large Judicial circuit At large At large At large At large At large

Salary and expenses Salary and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governing body—commissioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks

See remarks

Salary and per diem

Usual number of members is three, but one county has five and one other county has eight. Commissioners are elected at large, but no two may be from the same magisterial district.

Other elective offices: Assessor (1 or 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of county commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magistrates (2 to 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 6 4

At large At large At large At large

Salary and commission Salary Salary Salary

The offices of circuit court clerk and county clerk may be combined. The number of magistrates per county is set by the supreme court of appeals on the basis of population and caseload, in accordance with a statutory formula.If magistrates serve in more than one location, they are also compensated for expenses. May not serve more than two consecutive terms.

Prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor of lands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Charter cities

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary and expenses Fees

Includes municipal (city, town, and village) governments only. Municipal governments in West Virginia are designated cities, towns, or villages. A 1936 Constitutional amendment permits any city of 2,000 or more population to adopt a charter providing for its government. Some other cities are under special legislative charters. All charter cities are under one of the four plans outlined below. The charter specifies the number, the term (not to exceed 4 years), and the compensation for governing body members, and provides for election or appointment of other municipal officers. Members of the governing body may be elected at large, or by ward, or a combination of the two. See ‘‘Other cities,’’ above. See ‘‘Other cities,’’ above.

Governing body: Mayor-council plan—council members Strong-mayor plan—council members

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WEST VIRGINIA

APPENDIX A A-175

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Type of government and title of elective office Commission government—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manager plan—council members (5 to 11) Manager-mayor plan—council members (5 to 11) Other elective offices: Mayor General law cities, towns, and villages

Term (years See remarks

Election area At large

Method of compensation See remarks

Remarks See ‘‘Other cities,’’ above. See ‘‘Other cities,’’ above. See ‘‘Other cities,’’ above. Elected under mayor-council and strong mayor plans only. See also ‘‘Other cities,’’ above. Upon attaining a population of 2,000 or more, municipality may continue to operate under general law, or adopt a home rule charter. At least five members if elected at large. Number per ward is determined by council if city is divided into wards. Council fixes compensation of its members. Board may be appointive. Compensation is fixed by council. Compensation is fixed by council. Council may authorize election and fix compensation of this office by ordinance. West Virginia has no township governments.

Governing body—council members . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4

Ward or at large

See remarks

Other boards: Municipal board of park commissioners (3 to 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal or police judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—county board of education (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Drainage, levee, and reclamation districts —supervisors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Soil conservation districts—supervisors. . . . . .

6 2 or 4 2 or 4 2 or 4

At large At large At large At large

Expenses See remarks See remarks Salary

4

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Elected at large, but no more than two members are elected from the same magisterial district.

3 3

At large See remarks

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses One or two supervisors are elected from each county or portion thereof lying within the district. Each district board also has two appointed members.

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Wisconsin

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Representatives to the assembly (99) . . . . . . . Senators (33). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Attorney general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Circuit court judges (216) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court of appeals judges (14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District attorneys (71) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 6 6 2

Assembly district Senatorial district At large Judicial circuit Appeals court district County

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lieutenant Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS Governing body—supervisors: Milwaukee County (1 per district) . . . . . . . . . . . Menominee County

4 4 4 4 10 4

At large At At At At At large large large large large

Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Effective 1990, salaries of district attorneys are paid by the State. In Menominee and Shawano Counties, the same district attorney serves both counties. Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected jointly. See ‘‘Governor,’’ above.

4

Supervisory district

Salary Menominee County is coterminous with Menominee town. The town board is the governing body of the county. However, the town board members are counted only once—as town government officials—in census statistics on governments.1 Actual number of supervisors is determined by individual county boards, subject to maximum numbers determined by population, as follows: 100,000 to 500,000 population, up to 47 members; 50,000 to 99,999 population, up to 39 members; 25,000 to 49,999 population, up to 31 members; under 25,000 population, up to 21 members. Compensation is per diem and expenses, or salary at option of county board. County handicapped children’s education boards are governed by appointed boards. Effective January 1990, district attorneys are classified as officials of the State government in census statistics on governments. Compensation is fixed by county board. Office is replaced by a medical examiner in counties over 500,000 population. Other counties may opt for a medical examiner. Compensation is fixed by county board. Compensation is fixed by county board. Compensation is fixed by county board. Elected in Milwaukee County, and optional in other counties.

Other counties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

Supervisory district

See remarks

Other boards: County dependent public school systems Other elective offices

Clerk of circuit court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 2

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 4

At large At large

See remarks See remarks

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Type of government and title of elective office Register of deeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surveyor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS

Term (years) 2 2 2 2

Election area At large At large At large At large

Method of compensation Salary Salary Salary Salary

Remarks

Office is abolished in Milwaukee County and is optional in other counties.

The subcounty general purpose governments in Wisconsin comprise municipal (city and village) governments and town governments. The term ‘‘municipality,’’ as defined for census statistics on governments, applies only to the cities and villages in Wisconsin. Cities and villages in Wisconsin exist outside the area of any town. Towns, to which the term ‘‘municipality’’ is applied by some Wisconsin statutes, are counted as township governments in census statistics on governments. Provisions are found in special legislation.

Municipal Governments2

First class cities—Milwaukee Second, third, and fourth class cities: Governing body—common council: Mayor-council form—aldermen . . . . . . . . . . .

2 or 4

Aldermanic district

Salary

Commission form—aldermen (2). . . . . . . . . .

6

Aldermanic district

Salary

City-manager form—council members

Other elective offices:

Mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

See remarks 2

At large

Salary

Municipal judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

At large

Salary

The number of aldermen elected from each district is determined by each city’s charter ordinance. Two aldermen may be elected from each district. Mayor (see below) is a member of council. Number of aldermen may be increased in second and third class cities to one per district, elected by district, or to one per 4,000 population or major fraction thereof, elected at large. If number is increased, term is 2 years. Number, term, election area, compensation, and term of council members is specified in petition or ordinance providing for required referendum. Listed below are only the mandatory elective offices. Election of other city officers is by local option. Length of term may be changed by council. Elected for 2 years, unless otherwise provided by charter or ordinance. Term is 6 years if the mayor is a member of a three -member council. Office is optional and may be created by vote of the governing body. Salary is fixed by the governing body. Term may be extended to a maximum of 4 years by ordinance. Six trustees are authorized but number may be changed by ordinance. Villages with a population of 350 or less have two trustees. All offices below except municipal justices may have their method of selection and term changed by the trustees.

Villages: Governing body: Trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

Salary

President . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Constable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Municipal judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

Salary

2 2 2 2

At At At At

large large large large

Not specified Not specified Not specified Salary

Office may be abolished. Office is optional and may be created by vote of the governing body. Salary is fixed by the governing body. Term may be extended to a maximum of 4 years by ordinance.

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Type of government and title of elective office Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments

Term (years) 2

Election area At large

Method of compensation Not specified

Remarks

Units in Wisconsin designated as towns are counted as township governments in census statistics on governments. Town governments encompass the entire State except for areas within the boundaries of cities and villages. The entire area of Milwaukee County, however, consists of cities and villages. 2 See remarks See remarks One or more supervisors are elected at large and one from each ward. Compensation is set by town meeting. See also Menominee County under ‘‘County governments,’’ above. Number of supervisors may be increased to four or five. Compensation is set by town meeting. Town board of supervisors may constitute itself as the sanitary district commission or may provide for elected or appointed sanitary district commissioners. Compensation is fixed by town board. Compensation of town officers is set by town supervisors or by town meeting. Office of assessor may be appointive, or may be combined with town clerk (see below). No person may hold offices of assessor and treasurer simultaneously. Compensation is per diem, salary, or both. Office of clerk may be combined with assessor or treasurer. Compensation is per diem, salary, or both. Number of constables is set by town meeting. Office of constable may be abolished. Compensation is per diem, salary, or both. Office is established at option of town supervisors. Term may be extended to a maximum of 4 years by ordinance. Salary is set by town supervisors. Office of treasurer may be combined with clerk (see above). No person may hold offices of assessor and treasurer simultaneously. Compensation is per diem, salary, or both.

Governing body—supervisors: Menominee town (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other towns (3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other boards—town sanitary district commissioners (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

See remarks

6

At large

See remarks

Other elective offices: Assessor (1 or more). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 At large See remarks

Clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

See remarks

Constables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

See remarks

Municipal judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

Salary

Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

At large

See remarks

SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Milwaukee school district—directors (9) . . . . . Common and union high school districts — directors (3, 5, 7, 9, or 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 See remarks Salary One director is elected at large and eight by school director districts. Number of members depends on size and type of district. Where district includes several cities and towns, voters may choose to create an apportionment plan among the municipalities served. Compensation is set by district meeting. May be elected by district in some localities.

3

At large

Salary or per diem

Unified school districts—directors (5, 7, or 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

At large

Salary or per diem

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WISCONSIN

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Metropolitan sewerage districts— commissioners (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

At large

Per diem or expenses

Commissioners may be elected or appointed. The 11 commissioners of Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District are appointed. Provisions apply only to districts that were created by county board. Each district created by county board also has two appointed members. Compensation is set at annual district meeting by voters and property owners.

Public inland lake protection and rehabilitation districts—commissioners (3) . .

3

At large

Expenses

1 Although Menominee County and Menominee town are governed by the same officials, the tax levies imposed by Menominee County are separate from those imposed by Menominee town. For this reason, Menominee County and Menominee town are each counted as separate governments in census statistics on governments. 2 Wisconsin municipalities are classified on the basis of population, as follows: First class—150,000 or more; second class— 39,000 to 149,999; third class—10,000 to 38,999; and fourth class—less than 10,000.

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Wyoming

Type of government and title of elective office STATE GOVERNMENT Legislature: Represenatitves (64) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Senators (30). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other elective offices: Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . District court judges (17). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Governor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Secretary of state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Superintendent of public instruction . . . . . . . . . Supreme court justices (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COUNTY GOVERNMENTS1 Governing body—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . . . . Other elective offices: Assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerk of the district court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

2 4 4 6 4 4 4 8 4

House district Senate district At large Judicial district At At At At large large large large

Per diem and expenses Per diem and expenses Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary Salary

Prior to 1992 legislation, members of legislature were elected by county. Number of representatives will be decreased to 60 by 1992 legislation.

Governor appoints judges to a 1-year term, after which they stand for election on a nonpartisan basis.

Governor appoints justices to a 1-year term, after which they stand for election on a nonpartisan basis.

At large

4

See remarks

See remarks

Elected at large or by election district. Compensation is fixed by county commissioners within statutory limits.

4 4 4

At large At large At large

Salary Salary Salary

Elected in first and second class counties only. In other counties, county clerk is the ex officio clerk of the district court. County courts replace justice of the peace courts in all counties over 30,000 population and may be established in counties under 30,000 population by county resolution. Number of county judges is fixed by the legislature. Election is on a nonpartisan basis.

Coroner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County clerk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County and prosecuting attorney . . . . . . . . . . . Justices of the peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4 4 4

At large At large At large Justice precinct

Fees Salary Salary or fees or both See remarks

Two or more counties may share the same county and prosecuting prosecuting attorney. Number of justices of the peace is determined by supreme court and by county commissioners. Justices of the peace receive salary in precincts with a population of 1,500 or more, and fees in other precincts. See ‘‘County judges,’’ above.

Sheriff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treasurer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SUBCOUNTY GENERAL PURPOSE GOVERNMENTS Municipal Governments Mayor-council form: Cities of the first class:2 Governing body—council members . . . . . . . Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 4

At large At large

Salary Salary Includes municipal (city and town) governments only. Municipal governments in Wyoming are designated cities or towns.

4 4

See remarks At large

Per diem Salary

Members may be elected by ward, at large, or both. Number of members is determined by council.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WYOMING

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Type of government and title of elective office

Term (years)

Election area At large At large At large

Method of compensation Per diem Salary Salary

Remarks

Towns: Governing body—council members (4) . . . . 4 Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Commission form: Governing body—commissioners (2) . . . . . . . . See remarks Other elective offices—mayor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See remarks Manager form: Governing body—council members: 20,000 or more population (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,000 to 19,999 population (7) . . . . . . . . . . . Less than 4,000 population (3) . . . . . . . . . . . Town or Township Governments SCHOOL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body—trustees: Community college districts (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elementary school districts (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unified school districts (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS Governing body: Cemetery districts—trustees (6) . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation districts: Districts under 1941 law—supervisors (3). . Districts under 1973 law—supervisors (5). . County improvement and service districts — directors (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Drainage districts—commissioners (3). . . . . . . 4 3 4 4 4 4

At large

Salary

Mayor (see below) is a member of commission. Term is normally 2 years, but may be increased to 4 years by ordinance. 2-year term may be increased to 4 years by ordinance. May be elected by wards, at large, or both, as determined by voters. See ‘‘Manager form—Governing body,’’ above. See ‘‘Manager form—Governing body,’’ above. See ‘‘Manager form—Governing body,’’ above. Wyoming has no township governments. In most counties, elementary and high schools are operated by unified school districts.

See remarks See remarks See remarks

Salary Salary Salary

4 4 4

See remarks At large See remarks

Not specified Travel Travel

Elected at large or by election subdistricts. Authorized under former law; some still exist. Elected at large with residency requirements.

At large At large See remarks

Unpaid Expenses Expenses Each board also has two appointed members. Three supervisors are rural residents; one is an urban resident; and one is elected at large.

5 2

At large At large

Expenses See remarks

Fire protection districts—directors (3) . . . . . . .

4

See remarks

Unpaid

Board is elective if landowners so petition. Members receive expenses plus compensation set by district court. Number of directors may be increased to 5 in districts with an assessed valuation of $3 million or more. Elected at large or by director district.

Flood control districts—directors (6) . . . . . . . . Hospital districts—trustees (6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irrigation districts—commissioners (3 or 5) . . . Predatory animal districts—directors (6) . . . . . Public irrigation and power districts— directors (5 to 13). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanitary and improvement districts— trustees (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special museum districts—trustees (6) . . . . . . Water conservancy districts—directors (5 to 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water and sewer districts—directors (5) . . . . .

3 4 3 3

At large At large Subdivision At large

Unpaid Unpaid See remarks Unpaid

Commissioners receive expenses plus compensation set by district court. Board may include one member appointed by the county. Number of directors is specified in initiating petititon.

3 4 4 5 6

At large At large At large At large At large

Per diem and expenses Per meeting Unpaid Salary Per meeting

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Type of government and title of elective office Other boards: Conservation districts—watershed improvement district directors (5) . . . . . . . . . .

Term (years)

Election area

Method of compensation

Remarks

3

See remarks

Per diem and expenses

Watershed improvement districts are classified for census purposes as dependent agencies of the conservation districts they serve. They are not counted as separate governments. Directors are elected from watershed improvement district at large.

1 Counties are classified on the basis of assessed valuation, as follows: First class—$20 million or more; second class—$10 million to $19,999,999; and third class— less than $10 million. 2 Cities with a population of 4,000 or more are first class cities.

GOVERNMENTS—GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION—WYOMING

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Appendix B. Definitions

TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS
In addition to the Federal Government and the 50 State governments, the Bureau of the Census recognizes five basic types of local governments. Of these five types, three are general-purpose governments—county, municipal, and township governments. The other two types are special purpose governments—school district governments and special district governments. These types of governments are briefly described as follows: 1. County governments—Organized local governments authorized in State constitutions and statutes and established to provide general government; includes those governments designated as boroughs in Alaska, as parishes in Louisiana, and as counties in other States. 2. Sub-county general purpose governments—This category comprises municipal and township governments. Municipal and township governments are distinguished primarily by the historical circumstances determining their incorporation. a. Municipal governments—Organized local governments authorized in State constitutions and statutes and established to provide general government for a specific concentration of population in a defined area; includes those governments designated as cities, villages, boroughs (except in Alaska), and towns (except in the six New England States and in Minnesota, New York, and Wisconsin). b. Town or township governments—Organized local governments authorized in State constitutions and statutes and established to provide general government for areas defined without regard to population concentration; includes those governments designated as towns in Connecticut, Maine (including organized plantations), Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire (including organized locations), New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin, and townships in other States. 3. School district governments—Organized local entities providing public elementary, secondary, and/ or higher education which, under State law, have sufficient administrative and fiscal autonomy to qualify as separate governments. Excludes ‘‘dependent public school systems’’ of county, municipal, township, or State governments. GOVERNMENTS–GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

4. Special district governments—All organized local entities other than the four categories listed above, authorized by State law to provide only one or a limited number of designated functions, and with sufficient administrative and fiscal autonomy to qualify as separate governments; known by a variety of titles, including districts, authorities, boards, commissions, etc., as specified in the enabling State legislation.

TYPES OF ELECTIVE OFFICES
This report distinguishes between three types of elective offices—the governing body, other boards, and other elective offices: Governing body—the principal policymaking body for a government. This heading encompasses the United States Congress and the State legislatures as well as the governing bodies of local governments. In some States, the legislature may be officially designated as ‘‘general assembly,’’ ‘‘general court,’’ or ‘‘legislative assembly.’’ The names of the governing bodies of local governments vary widely from one State to another, as the information in appendix A indicates. Other boards—boards that perform a specialized function within a particular State or local government, and whose members are directly elected by the voters. For State, county, municipal, and township governments, information reported under this heading includes the board members of ‘‘dependent’’ public school systems that are operated as a part of those governments. Information on board members of ‘‘dependent’’ public school systems is also provided in table 15 by type of parent government. Other elective offices—all other officials that are directly elected by the voters, including judgeships and other court-related positions that are filled by popular election. For the Federal Government, this heading includes the President and the Vice President, even though these two officials are elected by Presidential electors rather than directly by the people. These three types of offices are not comparable to legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. For example, the United States Congress and the State APPENDIX B B-1

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legislatures are, in all instances, extremely important lawmaking agencies, and the governing bodies of municipal governments also exercise legislative powers in the enactment of local ordinances. However, the governing bodies of county and township governments have very limited legislative powers in many instances. Similarly, the governing bodies of school district and special district governments are basically administrative boards. Furthermore, there is frequent overlapping of administrative and judicial responsibility for offices associated with courts.

Other—a county government with none of the above forms of government. The forms of government shown in table 9 for municipal governments and in table 10 for town or township governments are as follows: Mayor-council—a municipal or township government with an elected mayor and an elected council or other governing body. The powers of the mayor under this form of government may vary widely. In some mayorcouncil municipalities, the mayor is the chief executive, with broad powers. In some other mayor-council cities, the mayor has limited powers. Council-manager—a municipal or township government with an elected council or other governing body responsible for overall policy, and an appointed manager responsible for administration. The council may select a chairperson from among their own number, who may, in many localities, be designated as the mayor. Commission—a municipal or township government with an elected board of commissioners responsible for overall policy. Each commissioner is responsible for administration of one or more departments of the municipal government. The board may select a chairperson from among their own number, who may, in many localities, be designated as the mayor. Selectmen—a municipal or township government with a town meeting or representative town meeting responsible for making basic policy, plus an elected board (often called a " board of selectmen’’ or ‘‘supervisors’’) responsible for day-to-day administration. Other—a municipal or township government with none of the above forms of government. Table 10 also presents exhibit statistics on town or township governments with town meetings, as follows: Town meeting—a township government in which an annual town meeting of resident voters makes basic policy. An elected board (often called ‘‘board of selectmen’’ or " township supervisors‘‘) is responsible for day-to-day administration of the township. Representative town meeting—a township government in which a town meeting composed of elected representatives of the resident voters makes basic policy. This form of government is usually found in the more populous towns or townships. An elected board (often called " board of selectmen" or " township supervisors" ) is responsible for day-to-day administration of the township. GOVERNMENTS–GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

ELECTION AREA
Officials of Federal, State, or local governments may be elected at large or by districts, as follows: At large—the official is elected from an area comprising the entire area served by a government. District—the official is elected from a geographical subdivision of the area served by a government. These subdivisions may be designated by a variety of names, including " districts," " wards," and " zones."

FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
The forms of government shown in table 7 for county governments are as follows: Council-commission—a county government with an elected governing body, but without an elected or appointed chief executive. The governing body shares administrative responsibility with officials elected or appointed to specific positions. Council-administrator—a county government with an elected governing body responsible for overall policy, and an appointed administrator responsible for administration. In some counties, the administrator is called a county manager, county commissioner, or county judge. The powers of the administrator under this form of government may vary widely. In some council-administrator counties, the administrator has broad powers. In some other council-administrator counties, the administrator has limited powers. Council-elected executive—a county government with an elected governing body and an elected chief executive. In some counties, the executive is called a president or a chairperson of the board. The powers of the executive under this form of government may vary widely. In some council-elected executive counties, the executive has broad powers. In some other councilelected executive counties, the executive has limited powers. B-2 APPENDIX B

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HOME RULE CHARTERS
Local governments under a " home rule charter" are those governments in which the form and the organization of the government is specified by a locally approved charter rather than by general or special State law.

HISPANIC ORIGIN
Persons of Hispanic origin include persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, excluding Brazil, Jamaica, or Haiti. Hispanic origin persons may be of any race.

RACE OF ELECTED OFFICIALS
Information on the race of officials is based on the responses of local government officials to a mail survey. For census purposes, races are defined as follows: White—persons of European or Near Eastern ancestry. Examples include Canadian, German, Italian, Lebanese, near Easterner, Arab, and Polish. Black—persons of African ancestry. Examples include Negro, African American, Afro-American, Jamaican, black Puerto Rican, West Indian, Haitian, and Nigerian. American Indian or Alaskan Native—persons of American Indian or Alaskan Native ancestry. Examples include Eskimo, Aleut, and members of the various American Indian tribes. Asian or Pacific Islander—persons of Asian or Pacific Islands ancestry. Examples include Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Korean, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian, Thai, Hmong, Asian Indian, Hawaiian, Guamanian, and Samoan.

REGIONS
The States located within each census region are as follows: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

GOVERNMENTS–GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Appendix C. County-Type Areas Without County Governments

Areas with governments legally designated as city-counties and operating primarily as cities (8): Alaska. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City and borough of Anchorage, city and borough of Juneau, and city and borough of Sitka. California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City and county of San Francisco. Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City and county of Denver. Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . City and county of Honolulu. Montana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anaconda-Deer Lodge County and Butte-Silver Bow. Areas designated as metropolitan governments and operating primarily as cities (2): Tennessee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metropolitan government of Nashville and Davidson County, and metropolitan government of Lynchburg and Moore County. Areas having certain types of county offices, but as part of another government (city, township, or State) (17): County of Duval (city of Jacksonville). County of Clarke (city of Athens) and County of Muscogee (city of Columbus). County of Kalawao (State of Hawaii). County of Marion (city of Indianapolis). Lexington-Fayette Urban County. Parish of East Baton Rouge (city of Baton Rouge), parish of Orleans (city of New Orleans), and Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government. Massachusetts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County of Nantucket (town of Nantucket) and county of Suffolk (city of Boston). New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counties of Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond (all part of the city of New York). Pennsylvania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . County of Philadelphia (city of Philadelphia). Area classified as a separate county area and as a separate State area in population statistics, but counted as a municipal government in census statistics on governments (1): District of Columbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Washington city. Cities located outside of any ‘‘county’’ area and administering functions elsewhere commonly performed by counties (44): Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nevada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Virginia (41 cities). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baltimore city (distinct from Baltimore County). St. Louis city (distinct from St. Louis County). Carson City. Alexandria, Bedford, Bristol, Buena Vista, Charlottesville, Chesapeake, Clifton Forge, Colonial Heights, Covington, Danville, Emporia, Fairfax, Falls Church, Franklin, Fredericksburg, Galax, Hampton, Harrisonburg, Hopewell, Lexington, Lynchburg, Manassas, Manassas Park, Martinsville, Newport News, Norfolk, Norton, Petersburg, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Radford, Richmond, Roanoke, Salem, South Boston,Staunton, Suffolk, Virginia Beach, Waynesboro, Williamsburg, and Winchester. Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Georgia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hawaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kentucky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Louisiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Unorganized areas bearing county designations (15): Connecticut (eight county areas with no county government) . . . . Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, Middlesex, New Haven, New London, Tolland, and Windham. Rhode Island (five county areas with no county government) . . . . Bristol, Kent, Newport, Providence, and Washington. South Dakota (two county areas attached to other counties for governmental purposes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shannon and Todd. Other unorganized county-type areas (12): Alaska. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 census areas. Montana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Area of Yellowstone National Park (areas of the park located in Idaho and Wyoming are included in county areas in those States).

GOVERNMENTS-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Appendix D. Persons Who Reviewed Individual State Presentations

The following persons were consulted by the Bureau of the Census concerning the completeness and the accuracy of the individual State presentations of legally authorized elective offices included in this report. The advisers gave generously of their time and effort, and their comments and suggestions were extremely valuable. However, responsibility for particular classification decisions, and for the definitions and the criteria applied in this report, rests with the Bureau of the Census. Alabama Mr. Bob McCurley, Alabama Law Institute Alaska Ms. Patience Frederiksen, Alaska State Library Arizona Mr. John Hall, Arizona State University Arkansas Mr. R. A. Miller, State Division of Legislative Audit Colorado Ms. Lesley Nearman, Division of Local Government, Department of Local Affairs Connecticut Mr. Stuart Mahler, State Office of Policy and Management Delaware Mr. Donald Coker, Division of Research, Delaware State Legislature District of Columbia Mr. Nathan P. Levy, D.C. Office of Planning Florida Mr. Jim Smith, Secretary of State Georgia Mr. J. D. Weeks, University of Georgia Hawaii Ms. Frances Enos, State Legislative Reference Bureau Idaho Mr. Steve Tobiason, Office of the State Attorney General GOVERNMENTS-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

Illinois Mr. Tyler S. FItch, Legislative Research Unit, Illinois General Assembly Indiana Mr. J. Bradley King, State Election Board Iowa Mr. Jerry Stubben, Iowa State University Kansas Mr. Christopher McKenzie, League of Kansas Municipalities Kentucky Mr. Peter J. Clayton, Legislative Research Commission Louisiana Ms. E. Anne Dunn, Louisiana House of Representatives Maine Mr. William Livengood, Maine Municipal Association Maryland Ms. Susan G. Phelps, Department of Legislative Reference, General Assembly Massachusetts Ms. Susanne Tompkins, Massachusetts Taxpayers Foundation Michigan Mr. Kenneth VerBurg, Michigan State University Mississippi Mr. Dana B. Brammer, Public Policy Research Center, University of Mississippi Missouri Mr. John Ballard, Governmental Services Inc. Montana Mr. James Lopach, University of Montana Nebraska Mr. Robert Sittig, University of Nebraska APPENDIX D D-1

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Nevada Mr. Robert Erickson, Legislative Counsel Bureau New Hampshire Ms. Karen Ladd, Department of State, and Ms. Andrea Reid, Department of Revenue Administration New Jersey Mr. David Mattek, County and Municipal Government Study Commission New Mexico Mr. Joe Guillen, Local Government Division, State Department of Finance and Administration North Carolina Mr. David M. Lawrence, Institute of Government, University of North Carolina North Dakota Ms. Holly Flanagan, Bureau of Governmental Affairs, University of North Dakota Ohio Ms. Elizabeth K. Mase, Ohio Legislative Service Commission Oklahoma Ms. Alicia R. Emerson, State House of Representatives

Oregon Mr. Kenneth C. Tollenaar, Bureau of Governmental Research and Service, University of Oregon Pennsylvania Mr. Charles Hoffman, Bureau of Local Government Services, State Department of Community Affairs South Dakota Mr. Scott C. Peterson, South Dakota Legislative Research Council Vermont Mr. Steven Jeffrey, Vermont League of Cities and Towns Virginia Mr. Ted McCormick, State Commission on Local Government Washington Ms. Barbara Bonham, Office of State Auditor West Virginia Ms. Jo A. Boggess, Joint Legislative Committee on Government and Finance Wisconsin Mr. Richard L. Roe, Legislative Reference Bureau Wyoming Dr. Michael Horan, University of Wyoming

D-2

APPENDIX D

GOVERNMENTS-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION

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Publication Program
1992 CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS
The Bureau of the Census has conducted a Census of Governments every 5 years since 1957 covering four major subject fields relating to State and local governments—organization, taxable property values, employment, and finances. The results of the 1992 Census of Governments are being issued in both printed and electronic formats. The printed material includes two preliminary reports and five volumes, which are described individually below. The electronic dissemination will encompass a variety of media—tapes, diskettes, CD-ROM, and electronic networks—described in a separate section following the report descriptions. No. 2. Finances of Special Districts Fiscal year 1992 statistics on finances of special district governments, by States, and for selected large districts. No. 3. Finances of County Governments Statistics on revenue, expenditure, debt, and financial assets of county governments in fiscal year 1992. Report provides national summaries, population size-group information, State area data, and displays of all individual county governments. No. 4. Finances of Municipal and Township Governments Fiscal year 1992 statistics on revenue, expenditure, debt, and financial assets of municipalities and townships. There are national summaries and aggregations by population size-group and State. Report provides data for all individual municipalities and townships with a population of 25,000 or more. No. 5. Compendium of Government Finances A summary of census findings on fiscal year 1992 government finances for Federal, State, and local governments. In addition to financial amounts, report includes derivative calculations of percentage distributions, per capita amounts, and amounts per $1,000 of personal income. Data are presented for the Nation, for State areas by type of government, and for local governments in each individual county area. No. 6. Employee Retirement Systems of State and Local Governments Membership, receipts, expenditure, number of beneficiaries, and financial assets of State and local government employee retirement systems. Data are shown for the Nation, for States, and for individual retirement systems having assets of $50 million or more.

PRELIMINARY REPORTS
No. 1. Government Units National and State figures on number of governments by type. No. 2. Popularly Elected Officials National and State counts of popularly elected officials by type of government and type of office.

FINAL REPORTS Volume 1. Government Organization
No. 1. Government Organization Data for the Nation and by States on county, municipal, and township governments by population size; on public school systems by size of enrollment, grades provided, and number of schools; and on special district governments by function and amount of outstanding debt. Also shown is the number of local governments, by type, in each county area in the Nation. A description of local government structure in each State is a major feature of this report. No. 2. Popularly Elected Officials Data for the Nation and by States on the number of officials directly elected by the voters, by type of office and by type of government. Also included is the number of officials that are elected directly by the voters in each county area in the Nation. This report includes also a tabular presentation describing elective offices authorized by State constitutions and general laws, with information for each office on length of term, geographic area, and method of compensation.

Volume 5. Guide to the 1992 Census of Governments
A compilation of table samples from the 1992 Census of Governments report series.

ELECTRONIC MEDIA
The census data will be available in the following electronic formats—diskettes or computer tapes; CD-ROM disks; and electronic network. The diskettes or computer tapes will be data files generally compatible with previous annual survey and census of government versions. In general, these files contain: State area data by type of government; local government county area totals; and individual government detail. The CD-ROM disks will provide information found in the diskettes or computer tapes, plus an electronic version of each report. Electronic networks, such as INTERNET and possibly others, will carry the data described as being available on diskettes or computer tapes.

Volume 2. Taxable Property Values
No. 1. Assessed Valuations for Local General Property Taxation Figures for the Nation, States, counties, and cities having a population of 50,000 or more on assessed values (gross and net) of taxable property. No. 2. Taxable Real Property Assessment/ Sales Price Ratios Data on assessment levels—including assessment/ sales price ratios and dispersion coefficients—that provide important statistical measures relating to real property taxation. Report provides information for selected State and county areas.

HOW TO PURCHASE PRINTED REPORTS
When the printed reports described above become available, they will be sold by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20401. Telephone or fax orders may be used to reduce processing time if your order is to be charged to VISA, MasterCard, or prepaid Superintendent of Documents Deposit Account. Customers will be able to call the Order Desk in Washington, DC, at 202-783-3238, between 7:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., eastern time, Monday through Friday, except holidays.

Volume 3. Public Employment
No. 1. Employment of Major Local Governments Statistics on October 1992 employment and payrolls for: all county governments; subcounty general purpose governments (municipalities and townships) having 25,000 or more population; school systems having 5,000 or more enrollment; and special district governments having 100 or more full-time employees. No. 2. Compendium of Public Employment Employment and payroll data for the month of October 1992 by government function for the Nation, by States, and by type of government. Report also displays data summarized by county area for local government employment and payrolls.

HOW TO PURCHASE DATA ON ELECTRONIC MEDIA
The Data User Services Division of the Bureau of the Census will market all electronic media described above. The telephone and fax numbers for ordering are: telephone, 457-763-4100; fax, 301-457-3842. To expedite processing, you can charge your order to VISA, MasterCard, or a prepaid Bureau of the Census account. You will also be able to order this service by mail from the Data User Services Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC 20233-8300.

Volume 4. Government Finances
No. 1. Public Education Finances Statistics on revenue, expenditure, debt, and financial assets of school systems, presented for the Nation, for States, and for school systems having 5,000 or more enrollment. Data describe financial activity in fiscal year 1992.