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					S-1

Supplement. Value of Construction Put in Place for Private Nonresidential Buildings, by Geographic Area and Type of Construction
The following tables present data on the value of construction put in place for private nonresidential buildings by geographic area and type of construction. Table S-1 shows annual value put in place by major construction types in the four Census regions and nine geographic divisions. Table S-2 shows annual value put in place in the four regions for specified types of construction. Hospitals and Institutional Buildings

Hospitals, clinics, and infirmaries—Includes surgical or outpatient clinics. Buildings which are used primarily for doctors’ offices, but include some testing facilities, are classified as office buildings even though they may be known as clinics. Nursing homes, rest homes, and related buildings—Includes sanatoria, convalescent homes, homes for the aged, orphanages, and similar establishments for prolonged institutional care.
Other Commercial Buildings

SOURCE OF INFORMATION
These statistics are estimated from the sample of projects used to collect monthly value of private nonresidential building construction put in place. In the private nonresidential survey, owners are asked to report the amount of work done on their projects each month until completion. This survey is described in Current Construction Reports C30/98-5, Value of Construction Put in Place: May 1998.

Retail and service establishments—Includes shopping centers, malls, retail stores, restaurants, service stations, freight and truck terminals, and other projects of a retail nature. This group is divided into projects of $1 million or more and projects costing less than $1 million. Commercial warehouses—Includes warehouses and storage buildings, cold storage plants, grain elevators, and silos not located at industrial establishments. Miscellaneous—Includes parking garages, one-story bank buildings, commercial laboratories, and buildings not classified elsewhere.

DEFINITIONS
Annual value of construction put in place is the cumulative value of work done on projects active during the year. This estimate corresponds with the value put in place estimates for private nonresidential buildings published monthly in this report. Private nonresidential building construction categories are the same as those used in the monthly survey, and are defined in Current Construction Reports C30/98-5. For this supplement, estimates have been made for specified types of construction within some of the major categories. These types of construction are defined as follows:

LIMITATIONS OF THE DATA
The statistics in this supplement are obtained from a sample survey and are subject to sampling variability as well as errors of response and nonreporting. The standard error is a measure of the sampling variability. As calculated for this report, it also partially measures the effect of certain nonsampling errors, but does not measure any systematic biases in the data. Sampling errors shown in the tables are in the form of relative standard errors—the standard error of the estimate divided by the value being estimated. The sample estimate and an estimate of its standard error allow us to construct interval estimates with prescribed confidence that the interval includes the average result of all possible samples with the same size and design. A 90-percent confidence interval is defined to be from 1.6 standard errors below the estimate to 1.6 standard errors above the estimate. If all possible samples

Private Nonresidential Buildings
Industrial Buildings

Manufacturing plants—Includes buildings or complexes involved in the direct manufacturing of products. Other—Includes office buildings, industrial warehouses, and other buildings at industrial sites.
U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM Sep. 23, 1998

S-2

were selected and surveyed under essentially the same conditions and all the respective 90-percent confidence intervals were generated, then approximately nine-tenths of the intervals would include the average value of all sample estimates and approximately one-tenth would not include this estimate. For example, the value of construction put in place for all nonresidential building projects in the Northeast in 1997 was estimated to be $27.2 billion with a relative standard error of 3 percent.

Multiplying $27.2 billion by .03, we obtain $0.8 billion as the standard error. To obtain a 90-percent confidence interval, multiply $0.8 billion by 1.6; add and subtract the result from $27.2 billion, yielding limits of $25.9 billion and $28.5 billion. The average value of construction put in place for all nonresidential building projects in the Northeast in 1997 may or may not be contained in this computed interval, but one can say that the average is included in the constructed interval with a specified confidence of 90 percent.

AK Alaska

WEST
Pacific Mountain

MIDWEST
West North Central East North Central

NORTHEAST
Middle New Atlantic England
ME Maine VT Vermont NH New Hampshire MA Massachusetts RI Rhode Island CT Connecticut NJ New Jersey West Virginia DE Delaware MD Maryland Washington, DC

WA Washington

MT Montana

ND North Dakota SD South Dakota

MN Minnesota WI Wisconsin NY New York PA Pennsylvania

OR Oregon

ID Idaho

MI Michigan

WY Wyoming

NV Nevada CA California

NE Nebraska

IA Iowa

IN IL Indiana Illinois

OH Ohio

UT Utah

CO Colorado

KS Kansas

MO Missouri KY Kentucky

WV

VA Virginia

AZ Arizona

NM New Mexico

OK Oklahoma

AR Arkansas

TN Tennessee

NC North Carolina SC GA Georgia South Carolina

HI Hawaii TX Texas LA

MS Mississippi AL Alabama

Florida Louisiana FL

West South Central

East South Central

South Atlantic

SOUTH

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Sep. 21, 1998

S-3

Table S1. Value of Construction Put in Place for Private Nonresidential Buildings, by Geographic Division and Type of Construction: 1993 to 1997
[Millions of dollars. Detail may not add to totals because of rounding]
Northeast Type of construction and year All regions New Total England Middle Atlantic Midwest East North Central West North Central South South Atlantic East South Central West South Central West Mountain

Total

Total

Total

Pacific

Total Nonresidential 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Industrial 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Office 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Hotels and Motels 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Other Commercial 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Religious 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Educational 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) 4,649 4,822 5,493 6,742 8,437 5 1,598 1,565 1,736 2,699 2,981 7 695 618 803 1,189 1,378 10 904 947 932 1,510 1,603 9 1,105 1,094 1,264 1,178 1,557 11 750 778 827 730 1,161 13 355 316 436 448 397 19 1,282 1,340 1,389 1,877 2,262 12 879 860 769 1,230 1,450 12 157 202 251 266 358 17 245 278 368 380 455 19 664 824 1,104 989 1,637 10 128 158 417 287 450 24 536 666 687 701 1,188 11 3,887 3,869 4,326 4,534 5,885 5 356 323 357 482 425 18 58 37 35 115 147 40 298 287 322 368 278 19 995 1,007 1,088 1,083 1,417 12 639 667 653 724 938 15 356 340 435 359 479 22 1,658 1,683 1,948 2,027 2,625 8 799 894 988 923 1,426 12 431 298 445 490 497 20 429 491 515 614 702 21 878 856 932 941 1,418 15 294 332 365 344 685 25 585 524 567 598 733 19 32,453 37,551 42,654 48,188 50,763 2 4,763 6,331 6,330 7,518 7,373 6 1,616 1,984 1,626 2,829 2,653 12 3,147 4,347 4,704 4,689 4,719 7 7,863 9,469 10,376 10,452 11,387 6 5,660 7,003 7,362 7,401 8,554 7 2,203 2,466 3,015 3,050 2,833 12 11,330 12,993 15,366 16,598 19,337 4 6,509 6,817 8,639 9,184 11,647 5 1,789 1,977 2,260 3,033 3,192 12 3,032 4,198 4,466 4,381 4,498 11 8,496 8,758 10,582 13,619 12,666 6 2,577 2,858 3,553 5,716 4,878 12 5,919 5,901 7,029 7,904 7,788 7 4,565 4,648 7,112 10,912 12,752 4 846 402 579 1,278 1,643 7 550 105 74 553 534 23 296 297 505 725 1,109 7 411 783 1,236 1,960 1,909 11 191 536 925 1,072 1,230 12 220 248 311 888 679 21 1,144 1,353 2,035 3,622 4,827 8 554 503 855 1,741 2,609 9 338 556 610 1,101 926 25 274 294 571 779 1,292 20 2,143 2,109 3,262 4,053 4,373 8 1,631 1,621 2,544 3,315 3,318 13 511 488 719 737 1,055 8 20,920 22,178 25,613 27,886 32,816 3 4,635 5,079 5,294 4,624 6,781 5 1,230 1,153 1,209 1,126 1,804 7 3,404 3,925 4,085 3,498 4,976 6 4,686 5,326 5,499 5,463 5,711 8 3,469 3,850 3,710 3,341 3,684 5 1,219 1,477 1,789 2,122 2,027 11 6,274 6,342 7,292 8,119 10,485 4 3,584 3,523 4,108 5,407 6,375 4 618 753 840 1,108 1,298 15 2,074 2,066 2,344 1,604 2,813 10 5,323 5,430 7,529 9,679 9,839 5 968 1,285 2,385 2,233 2,473 13 4,355 4,146 5,144 7,446 7,366 5 26,482 28,947 32,505 32,657 31,394 2 5,692 4,548 3,626 3,047 3,025 5 1,277 1,135 837 968 874 9 4,415 3,414 2,789 2,079 2,151 6 5,826 7,076 9,048 9,040 8,883 4 4,809 5,589 6,563 6,595 7,437 5 1,017 1,486 2,484 2,445 1,445 11 10,237 10,196 10,442 12,047 11,881 4 4,450 4,433 3,895 4,723 5,214 6 1,391 1,902 2,171 2,768 2,774 6 4,397 3,861 4,376 4,556 3,892 7 4,727 7,126 9,389 8,522 7,606 5 1,003 2,605 3,230 2,843 1,871 13 3,723 4,522 6,159 5,679 5,735 6 110,635 120,285 135,022 150,350 165,146 1 22,039 22,819 22,556 23,875 27,183 3 6,875 6,643 5,936 8,008 9,130 5 15,163 16,176 16,620 15,867 18,053 3 25,128 29,715 32,771 33,505 36,661 3 18,506 21,734 23,100 22,917 27,597 3 6,622 7,981 9,672 10,588 9,064 5 37,375 39,158 43,757 51,287 59,499 2 19,616 19,463 21,999 27,432 33,408 3 6,131 6,880 7,287 9,579 9,965 5 11,628 12,815 14,472 14,277 16,127 5 26,092 28,593 35,937 41,682 41,803 3 7,906 9,901 13,643 16,173 15,209 6 18,186 18,692 22,294 25,509 26,595 3

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Sep. 21, 1998

S-4

Table S1. Value of Construction Put in Place for Private Nonresidential Buildings, by Geographic Division and Type of Construction: 1993 to 1997—Con.
[Millions of dollars. Detail may not add to totals because of rounding]
Northeast Type of construction and year All regions New Total England Middle Atlantic Midwest East North Central West North Central South South Atlantic East South Central West South Central West Mountain

Total

Total

Total

Pacific

Hospital and Institutional 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Miscellaneous 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error . . . . . . . . . .(percent) 5,188 6,002 6,071 7,650 9,358 4 789 1,199 1,213 1,159 1,559 11 267 428 257 232 412 21 521 771 956 927 1,147 13 1,294 1,455 1,471 1,551 2,042 9 957 1,067 962 1,050 1,555 11 338 388 509 501 487 17 1,662 1,708 1,784 2,815 3,361 7 653 807 962 1,647 2,111 9 578 451 122 266 379 21 430 450 701 901 871 15 1,443 1,639 1,603 2,126 2,396 10 680 662 577 813 791 14 764 977 1,027 1,312 1,606 13 12,492 12,268 11,248 11,780 13,741 4 3,442 3,371 3,422 3,067 3,398 8 1,075 1,184 1,094 995 1,329 13 2,365 2,188 2,328 2,072 2,069 10 2,959 3,505 2,790 2,777 3,755 10 2,136 2,244 2,098 2,003 3,038 11 823 1,260 692 774 717 15 3,880 3,543 3,501 4,184 4,721 9 2,182 1,626 1,782 2,577 2,575 10 701 741 588 546 541 20 997 1,176 1,131 1,061 1,604 19 2,212 1,850 1,535 1,752 1,868 9 313 382 572 621 744 23 1,899 1,468 963 1,132 1,124 10

Note: The average relative standard error is the average for the last five years.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Sep. 21, 1998

S-5

Table S2. Value of Construction Put in Place for Private Nonresidential Buildings, by Region, for Specified Types of Construction: 1993 to 1997
[Millions of dollars. Detail may not add to totals because of rounding]
Industrial buildings Hospital and institutional buildings Nursing homes, rest homes, and related buildings Other commercial buildings Retail and service establishments of— $1,000,000 Less than or more $1,000,000 Commercial warehouses Miscellaneous

Region and year Manufacturing plants

Total All Regions 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error. . . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Northeast 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error. . . . . . . . . . . .(percent) Midwest 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error. . . . . . . . . . . .(percent) South 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error. . . . . . . . . . . .(percent) West 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Average relative standard error. . . . . . . . . . . .(percent) 4,727 7,126 9,389 8,522 7,606 5 10,237 10,196 10,442 12,047 11,881 4 5,826 7,076 9,048 9,040 8,883 4 5,692 4,548 3,626 3,047 3,025 5 26,482 28,947 32,505 32,657 31,394 2

Other

Hospitals, clinics, and infirmaTotal ries

Total

16,749 19,035 23,015 24,145 21,006 2

9,733 9,912 9,490 8,513 10,388 6

12,492 12,268 11,248 11,780 13,741 5

9,459 9,644 8,622 8,171 9,871 5

3,033 2,624 2,626 3,609 3,871 10

32,453 37,551 42,654 48,188 50,763 3

15,966 16,357 18,180 19,503 18,715 3

9,517 13,108 13,103 14,265 16,673 5

5,283 6,270 9,192 11,298 12,212 6

1,686 1,816 2,179 3,122 3,162 10

1,707 1,649 1,727 2,124 1,588 7

3,985 2,900 1,900 924 1,437 8

3,442 3,371 3,422 3,067 3,398 8

2,118 2,307 2,555 2,226 2,163 8

1,323 1,065 867 841 1,235 19

4,763 6,331 6,330 7,518 7,373 6

2,967 2,949 3,440 3,858 3,069 7

1,214 2,274 1,440 2,017 2,349 17

410 818 909 1,159 1,064 14

172 289 540 483 891 20

4,287 5,258 6,318 6,239 6,101 4

1,539 1,818 2,730 2,801 2,781 14

2,959 3,505 2,790 2,777 3,755 10

2,334 2,862 2,172 1,781 2,778 10

626 642 618 997 976 20

7,863 9,469 10,376 10,452 11,387 6

3,338 3,073 3,637 3,889 4,000 8

2,316 4,044 4,018 3,219 3,792 12

1,764 1,772 2,353 2,773 3,049 12

444 581 369 571 545 20

7,306 6,978 7,802 9,541 8,192 4

2,931 3,219 2,640 2,506 3,688 12

3,880 3,543 3,501 4,184 4,721 9

3,068 2,941 2,697 2,914 3,573 11

813 602 804 1,269 1,149 18

11,330 12,993 15,366 16,598 19,337 4

5,164 5,828 6,363 6,499 6,817 6

3,803 4,380 4,990 5,051 6,817 10

1,617 2,145 3,330 3,751 4,570 10

745 640 683 1,297 1,133 17

3,449 5,151 7,168 6,241 5,125 6

1,277 1,976 2,221 2,281 2,481 10

2,212 1,850 1,535 1,752 1,868 9

1,939 1,535 1,199 1,250 1,357 9

273 315 336 502 511 22

8,496 8,758 10,582 13,619 12,666 6

4,496 4,507 4,740 5,256 4,829 8

2,185 2,409 2,655 3,978 3,715 15

1,491 1,537 2,600 3,615 3,530 10

324 306 587 771 592 21

Note: The average relative standard error is the average for the last five years.

U.S. Census Bureau, the Official StatisticsTM

Sep. 21, 1998