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					Value of Construction Put in Place: February 2003
Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place
Seasonally adjusted annual rate in billions of dollars
Current dollars 1996 dollars

Issued April 2003

C30/03-02

The May 2003 issue will be the last "Value of Construction Put in Place" publication. The current types of construction classifications will no longer be available; new monthly detailed types of construction will be presented. Also, the constant dollar series will be discontinued. For further details see: http://www.census.gov/const/C30/newtc.html.
900

Current Construction Reports

Total Construction
475 440 405

Private Residential Construction

820

740 370 660 335 580 300 265

500 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

230 210 190 170 150 130 110

Private Nonresidential Construction

230 210 190 170 150 130 110

Public Construction

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Value of Construction Put in Place.

Questions regarding these data may be directed to Michael Davis, Construction Expenditures Branch, Manufacturing and Construction Division, telephone: 301-763-1605. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov; Phone: toll free 1-866-512-1800; DC area 202-512-1800; Fax: 202-512-2250; Mail: Stop SSOP Washington, DC 20402-0001

US C E N SUS BUREAU
Helping You Make Informed Decisions

U.S. Department of Commerce
Economics and Statistics Administration
U.S. CENSUS BUREAU

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION PUT IN PLACE Construction put in place during February 2003 was estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $872.2 billion, 0.2 (±4.8) percent below the revised January estimate of $873.7 billion. The February figure is 0.2 (± 4.8) percent below February 2002. During the first 2 months of this year $116.8 billion of construction was put in place, 0.9 (±4.8) percent above the $115.8 billion for the same period in 2002. In constant (1996) dollars, the February annual rate was $695.0 billion, 0.5 (±4.8) percent below the revised estimate of $698.7 billion for January. Spending on new residential housing units was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $328.1 billion in February, 0.3 (±1.6) percent above the revised January estimate of $327.2 billion. Nonresidential building construction was at a rate of $158.8 billion, 0.3 (±3.2) percent above the revised January estimate of $158.3 billion. In February, the estimated seasonally adjusted annual rate of public construction put in place was $203.8 billion, 2.9 (±4.7) percent below the revised January estimate of $210.0 billion. The ‘‘value of construction put in place’’ is a measure of the value of construction installed or erected at the site during a given period. For an individual project, this includes— 1. Cost of materials installed or erected. 2. Cost of labor (both by contractors and force account) and a proportionate share of the cost of construction equipment rental. 3. Contractor’s profit. 4. Project owner’s overhead and office costs. 5. Cost of architectural and engineering work. 6. Miscellaneous costs chargeable to the project on the owner’s books. 7. Interest and taxes paid during construction. The total value-in-place for a given period is the sum of the value of work done on all projects underway during this period, regardless of when work on each individual project was started or when payment was made to the contractors. For some categories, estimates are derived by distributing the total construction cost of the project by means of historic construction progress patterns.

ADDITIONAL DATA Additional data related to the value of construction put in place can be found in the following publications: • Current Construction Reports, Value of Construction Put in Place: May 2002, C30/02-5, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 2002; contains annual data for 1997 to 2001 and monthly data for 1998 to 2001. • Current Construction Reports, Value of Construction Put in Place: June 2002, C30/02-6, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 2002; contains annual value of construction put in place for private nonresidential buildings by geographic area and detailed types of construction for 1995 to 2001. • Current Construction Reports, Value of New Construction Put in Place: October 1992, C30/92-10, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1992; contains total time and monthly progress from start to completion for private nonresidential buildings and for state and local construction. • Current Construction Reports, Value of New Construction Put in Place in the United States, 1964 to 1980, C30-80 supplement, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1981; contains annual data for 1915 to 1963. • Current Construction Reports Special Study, Expenditures for Nonresidential Improvements and Repairs: 1992, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1994.

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U.S. Census Bureau

Table 1. Annual Value of Construction Put in Place: 1998-2002
[Millions of dollars] Current dollars Type of construction 1998 Total construction . . . . . . . . . Private construction . . . . . . . . . . . Residential buildings . . . . . . . . . . New housing units . . . . . . . . . . . 1 unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 units or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . Improvements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels, motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and institutional . . . . . . Miscellaneous1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . Public utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . Other public utilities . . . . . . . . . . Railroads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric light and power . . . . . . Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum pipelines . . . . . . . . . All other private2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public construction . . . . . . . . . . . . Buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . Military facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . Sewer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous public4 . . . . . . . . . 705,685 551,383 314,607 223,983 199,409 24,574 90,624 190,710 40,484 42,226 14,816 53,598 6,594 9,698 13,793 9,501 4,284 39,212 12,458 26,754 5,736 12,381 7,372 1,265 2,570 154,302 72,418 5,187 1,010 35,001 3,923 27,297 44,676 2,530 5,466 9,943 6,678 12,591 1999 765,876 596,331 350,562 251,272 223,837 27,434 99,290 193,935 32,639 47,582 15,951 56,915 7,371 9,645 13,530 10,301 5,059 44,066 18,404 25,662 4,670 14,585 4,918 1,489 2,709 169,545 80,418 4,653 925 42,427 4,026 28,387 48,851 2,125 6,088 9,864 6,541 15,658 2000 820,345 641,783 374,457 265,047 236,788 28,259 109,410 208,241 31,801 55,605 16,293 60,381 8,019 11,375 14,434 10,332 5,988 50,144 18,799 31,345 4,263 21,149 4,930 1,003 2,954 178,561 88,566 4,308 1,157 49,814 4,135 29,151 49,262 2,441 6,063 8,807 5,993 17,429
r

Constant (1996) dollars 2001 842,539 650,030 388,705 279,772 249,086 30,686 108,933 201,094 29,046 52,020 14,421 60,297 8,310 12,629 15,114 9,259 6,134 51,114 18,538 32,576 4,149 22,515 4,969 943 2,983 192,509 96,967 4,751 1,556 55,752 4,053 30,855 54,026 2,843 7,122 8,751 7,152 15,648 2002
r

1998 665,156 519,859 297,960 212,068 188,785 23,283 85,892 177,644 37,720 39,333 13,794 49,915 6,139 9,039 12,853 8,850 3,989 37,818 12,188 25,631 5,463 11,883 7,072 1,213 2,447 145,297 67,517 4,913 941 32,589 3,656 25,418 42,249 2,377 5,237 9,526 6,405 11,985

1999 694,123 540,220 317,236 227,467 202,620 24,848 89,769 173,429 29,206 42,552 14,274 50,870 6,590 8,621 12,102 9,214 4,519 42,534 18,305 24,229 4,311 13,892 4,625 1,401 2,501 153,904 71,928 4,218 827 37,904 3,600 25,378 44,559 1,922 5,682 9,214 6,147 14,453

2000 711,328 556,426 323,977 229,324 204,867 24,457 94,653 178,074 27,194 47,534 13,944 51,635 6,858 9,726 12,342 8,841 5,115 46,641 18,272 28,370 3,781 19,280 4,411 897 2,619 154,902 75,772 3,726 990 42,588 3,538 24,930 42,764 2,105 5,494 7,982 5,327 15,459

2001 704,747 542,782 322,305 232,008 206,557 25,451 90,297 166,587 24,072 43,112 11,948 49,933 6,880 10,454 12,518 7,670 5,076 46,230 17,440 28,789 3,595 19,990 4,374 830 2,584 161,965 80,280 3,940 1,288 46,148 3,355 25,549 45,415 2,372 6,371 7,828 6,138 13,561

2002r 692,672 524,776 336,490 240,402 213,446 26,956 (NA) 136,919 13,246 30,961 8,322 45,624 6,772 11,062 14,121 6,811 (NA) (NA) 15,621 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,297 167,895 86,541 4,312 1,519 51,425 4,077 25,208 44,281 2,391 6,832 8,172 6,069 13,610

846,057 642,189 415,515 296,861 263,590 33,271 (NA) 167,850 16,235 37,950 10,198 55,934 8,303 13,562 17,318 8,350 (NA) (NA) 16,793 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,717 203,868 106,153 5,324 1,863 63,059 5,000 30,908 54,269 2,929 7,805 9,335 7,264 16,112

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1 2 3

Revised.

Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4 Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

3
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 2. Annual Value of Public Construction Put in Place: 1998-2002
[Millions of dollars] Current dollars Type of construction 1998 Total public construction . . . . State and local construction . . . . . Total buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . . . Educational. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . Sewer systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous nonbuilding2 . . . . . . Federal construction . . . . . . . . . . . . Total buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . Military facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . Miscellaneous public4 . . . . . . . . . . . 154,302 139,984 66,392 4,649 34,986 2,914 23,844 44,419 1,930 9,943 6,678 10,622 14,318 6,026 538 1,010 15 1,009 3,454 257 2,530 3,536 1,969 1999 169,545 155,519 74,948 4,229 42,411 3,175 25,133 48,600 2,053 9,864 6,541 13,513 14,025 5,469 424 925 15 850 3,255 251 2,125 4,035 2,145 2000 178,561 164,396 83,408 3,926 49,785 3,413 26,284 48,925 2,003 8,807 5,993 15,260 14,165 5,158 382 1,157 29 722 2,867 337 2,441 4,061 2,169
r

Constant (1996) dollars 2001 2002
r

1998 145,297 131,792 61,894 4,403 32,575 2,715 22,200 42,006 1,849 9,526 6,405 10,112 13,505 5,624 510 941 14 941 3,217 243 2,377 3,387 1,873

1999 153,904 141,107 67,031 3,834 37,890 2,838 22,469 44,330 1,916 9,214 6,147 12,469 12,796 4,896 384 827 14 762 2,909 229 1,922 3,766 1,983

2000 154,902 142,484 71,356 3,395 42,563 2,920 22,478 42,471 1,815 7,982 5,327 13,534 12,418 4,416 331 990 25 618 2,452 292 2,105 3,679 1,925

2001 161,965 149,147 76,044 3,591 46,119 2,805 23,528 45,177 2,172 7,828 6,138 11,788 12,818 4,236 349 1,288 29 550 2,021 238 2,372 4,200 1,773

2002r 167,895 153,987 82,239 3,897 51,389 3,431 23,523 44,044 2,157 8,172 6,069 11,307 13,908 4,302 415 1,519 36 646 1,685 (NA) 2,391 4,676 2,303

192,509 177,527 91,852 4,330 55,718 3,389 28,415 53,743 2,427 8,751 7,152 13,602 14,981 5,115 421 1,556 35 664 2,440 283 2,843 4,695 2,046

203,868 187,304 100,876 4,812 63,015 4,207 28,842 53,978 2,461 9,335 7,264 13,389 16,563 5,277 512 1,863 44 793 2,066 (NA) 2,929 5,343 2,722

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1 2

Revised.

Includes Includes 3 Includes 4 Includes

general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

4
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 3. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
YEAR TO DATE February 2002 . . . . . . . . . February 2003 . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . 55,427 63,253 67,269 73,402 77,893 78,176 80,180 77,939 77,060 71,783 62,551 58,703 57,051 63,375 68,232 73,303 76,250 78,065 79,383 78,229 77,189 72,744 63,533 59,782 56,983 43,641 50,136 52,384 56,612 59,744 59,659 60,679 59,252 58,967 55,295 48,115 45,304 43,613 49,765 52,928 55,924 57,829 58,527 58,525 57,441 58,161 55,593 48,579 46,066 44,227 24,034 28,735 30,741 34,051 36,315 36,265 37,213 36,844 36,544 34,215 28,214 27,355 25,681 30,951 33,118 36,557 38,506 38,814 38,842 38,584 38,623 37,018 31,466 30,758 28,651 18,253 21,316 22,423 24,133 25,391 26,138 26,528 25,978 25,475 24,456 20,946 19,821 19,279 22,771 23,978 25,475 26,519 27,490 27,451 27,298 27,091 26,369 23,318 22,680 21,820 15,992 18,909 19,960 21,437 22,686 23,511 23,797 23,380 22,793 21,761 18,347 17,148 16,768 20,088 21,080 22,466 23,639 24,587 24,508 24,485 24,310 23,761 20,752 19,979 19,079 2,262 2,407 2,463 2,696 2,704 2,627 2,731 2,598 2,682 2,694 2,598 2,674 2,511 2,683 2,899 3,009 2,881 2,903 2,943 2,813 2,782 2,608 2,567 2,701 2,741 15,933 17,223 17,149 17,210 17,906 17,597 17,433 16,972 16,883 15,846 14,723 13,810 13,636 14,038 14,755 14,448 14,368 14,232 14,237 13,819 14,247 13,806 12,455 11,714 11,818 2,361 2,659 2,564 2,446 2,676 2,601 2,530 2,527 2,214 1,924 1,944 1,568 1,439 1,454 1,426 1,379 1,435 1,375 1,263 1,203 1,265 1,222 1,207 1,057 1,046 4,453 4,871 4,632 4,582 4,684 4,369 4,179 4,010 4,173 3,889 3,508 3,437 3,216 3,318 3,431 3,287 3,177 3,214 3,157 2,959 2,980 2,989 2,786 2,514 2,457 1,218 1,228 1,213 1,235 1,276 1,286 1,249 1,193 1,159 1,120 1,040 969 954 919 973 949 853 838 777 757 760 734 715 715 696 4,523 4,787 5,033 5,116 5,273 5,443 5,464 5,393 5,354 5,058 4,526 4,312 4,395 4,644 4,929 4,732 4,761 4,738 4,876 4,867 4,956 4,700 4,025 3,892 3,995 604 637 665 682 702 734 775 751 752 738 662 656 643 661 720 702 694 688 728 711 735 719 647 620 630 848 921 966 1,031 1,149 1,146 1,227 1,146 1,148 1,114 1,060 1,003 1,022 1,051 1,153 1,221 1,202 1,232 1,218 1,107 1,190 1,139 1,025 1,006 993 1,191 1,285 1,263 1,301 1,299 1,239 1,245 1,253 1,311 1,247 1,256 1,194 1,275 1,323 1,393 1,446 1,499 1,446 1,477 1,534 1,626 1,649 1,457 1,365 1,421 736 836 814 818 847 780 766 698 772 758 727 671 692 668 731 732 748 703 740 683 736 653 593 546 581 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,311 1,432 1,527 1,837 1,596 1,503 1,697 1,474 1,639 1,578 1,553 1,190 1,208 1,274 1,422 1,473 1,510 1,513 1,482 1,273 1,548 1,392 1,509 999 (NA) 200 192 200 218 246 294 310 306 283 265 270 208 220 234 254 234 251 206 256 244 226 212 173 159 146 115,754 116,765 0.9 88,917 90,293 1.5 53,035 59,408 12.0 39,100 44,499 13.8 33,915 39,057 15.2 5,185 5,442 5.0 27,445 23,532 –14.3 3,007 2,103 –30.1 6,653 4,971 –25.3 1,923 1,411 –26.6 8,708 7,887 –9.4 1,299 1,250 –3.8 2,025 1,999 –1.3 2,469 2,786 12.8 1,364 1,127 –17.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,397 (NA) (NA) 428 306 –28.5

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and Misinstitucellational neous3

Public utilities4 Telecommunications

New housing units 2 units or more Industrial Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial Reli- Educagious tional

Total1

Total2

Total

1 unit

Total

Total

All other private5

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003 . . . . . . . . –4.7 –4.0 –6.9 –3.8 –4.5 1.5 0.9 –1.0 –2.3 –2.7 2.6 1.6 –1.3 4.1 6.4 (NA) (NA) –8.2

See footnotes at end of table.

5

Table 3. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in Current Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
YEAR TO DATE February 2002 . . . . . . . . . February 2003 . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . 11,786 13,118 14,885 16,790 18,149 18,518 19,501 18,687 18,093 16,488 14,436 13,399 13,439 13,610 15,303 17,379 18,421 19,538 20,858 20,787 19,028 17,151 14,954 13,716 12,756 6,484 6,938 7,628 8,028 8,567 9,069 9,539 9,144 8,884 8,228 7,809 7,523 7,646 7,632 8,348 8,924 9,417 9,791 10,456 10,060 9,531 8,815 8,011 7,801 7,323 350 362 389 417 412 367 374 403 444 427 429 375 378 377 415 431 488 475 512 509 453 461 451 468 473 102 114 133 108 125 125 125 211 77 115 198 112 174 154 171 165 164 155 187 152 115 159 155 171 138 3,518 3,776 4,181 4,468 4,917 5,670 6,045 5,418 5,205 4,629 4,304 4,228 4,311 4,287 4,809 5,329 5,682 6,203 6,606 6,177 5,704 5,104 4,621 4,547 4,223 289 294 310 338 375 345 356 383 356 350 353 421 383 393 398 400 395 409 429 485 429 432 428 394 382 2,225 2,392 2,615 2,696 2,737 2,562 2,639 2,728 2,802 2,707 2,525 2,386 2,402 2,421 2,554 2,599 2,689 2,549 2,723 2,737 2,830 2,659 2,357 2,222 2,107 2,387 3,089 3,943 5,146 5,918 5,946 6,154 5,466 5,634 4,601 3,310 2,978 2,767 2,761 3,512 4,652 5,226 5,973 6,390 6,312 5,672 4,523 3,504 2,829 2,452 195 214 258 232 258 239 269 303 196 245 220 188 183 222 214 264 260 283 246 334 182 256 299 243 239 537 578 505 607 567 540 665 901 517 607 570 577 613 665 628 619 611 599 689 920 589 647 649 619 634 595 648 723 764 792 751 822 777 811 803 659 656 661 691 731 835 853 840 895 863 846 796 668 647 605 458 509 597 603 661 654 661 693 657 649 583 491 494 503 573 655 664 629 651 687 711 632 575 519 511 1,130 1,141 1,232 1,410 1,387 1,319 1,391 1,403 1,394 1,355 1,286 986 1,074 1,136 1,298 1,430 1,391 1,424 1,532 1,613 1,497 1,483 1,248 1,057 993 26,837 26,472 –1.4 15,169 15,124 –0.3 753 941 25.0 286 308 7.7 8,539 8,770 2.7 804 776 –3.5 4,788 4,329 –9.6 5,746 5,281 –8.1 370 482 30.3 1,189 1,253 5.4 1,318 1,252 –5.0 986 1,030 4.5 2,060 2,050 –0.5

6
U.S. Census Bureau

Total

Housing and redevelopment

Industrial

Educational

Hospital

Other public buildings6

Highways and streets

Military facilities

Conservation and development

Sewer systems

Water supply facilities

Miscellaneous public7

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003 . . . . . . . . –7.0 –6.1
p

1.1 Preliminary.

–19.3
r

–7.1

–3.0

–5.2

–13.3

–1.6

2.4

–6.5

–1.5

–6.1

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Revised.

Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. 2Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. 3Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. 4Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. 5Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 6Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 7Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 4. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
2001: February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . November. . . . . . . . December. . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . November. . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . 841,671 845,710 849,713 846,591 852,562 843,603 838,638 835,965 836,571 836,550 841,809 860,238 874,310 855,224 856,914 847,098 833,700 837,774 829,808 832,156 840,020 850,516 856,684

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and MisReli- Educa- institucellagious tional tional neous3
8,152 8,213 8,434 8,311 8,722 8,728 8,627 8,309 8,008 8,206 8,092 8,406 8,678 8,792 8,919 8,822 8,454 8,171 8,031 7,903 7,711 8,198 7,884 8,211 8,452 12,057 12,253 12,191 11,927 12,028 11,744 12,369 12,927 13,725 13,896 14,306 14,223 14,427 13,951 14,539 14,107 12,651 12,775 12,355 12,611 14,203 14,094 13,758 14,147 13,968 15,103 15,542 14,900 15,442 15,463 15,192 14,641 14,672 15,128 14,468 15,253 15,358 16,184 15,998 16,520 17,114 17,770 17,656 17,394 17,956 18,616 19,083 17,682 17,556 18,102 9,614 10,100 9,479 9,625 9,929 9,220 8,901 8,134 8,809 8,903 8,989 9,012 9,040 8,098 8,549 8,589 8,741 8,338 8,567 7,994 8,395 7,709 7,377 7,387 7,596

Public utilities4 TelecommuniAll caother tions private5
18,794 17,831 19,573 21,483 18,578 17,987 18,098 18,064 17,280 17,071 18,249 16,993 17,210 16,488 17,448 17,279 18,392 17,344 16,392 15,235 16,354 15,668 16,731 14,388 (NA) 2,966 2,618 2,660 2,746 2,922 3,283 3,166 3,256 2,969 3,019 3,143 2,972 3,247 3,163 3,388 2,962 2,993 2,301 2,627 2,590 2,419 2,419 2,033 2,274 2,156

New housing units 2 units or 1 unit more
247,291 245,307 246,933 248,546 249,757 250,562 251,596 251,174 250,931 250,130 250,190 251,555 259,961 261,730 260,509 260,473 260,004 261,793 259,348 263,757 267,877 273,380 282,014 30,462 29,989 29,945 30,720 30,528 30,402 30,688 30,474 30,623 32,107 32,925 35,376 33,858 33,677 35,136 34,424 32,797 33,367 33,377 32,965 31,850 31,388 32,696

Total1
654,012 654,467 654,974 648,790 658,421 651,016 650,576 648,548 643,432 639,681 640,795 651,536 659,372 655,341 656,682 642,165 634,564 635,706 627,052 626,450 636,786 643,770 649,985

Total2
386,317 382,301 386,325 383,942 388,982 385,816 391,687 393,476 392,337 394,732 395,218 403,277 413,482 413,815 411,828 413,524 410,802 414,047 409,257 412,172 418,002 427,174 440,229

Total
277,753 275,296 276,878 279,266 280,286 280,964 282,284 281,648 281,554 282,237 283,115 286,931 293,819 295,407 295,645 294,897 292,801 295,159 292,725 296,721 299,727 304,768 314,709

Total
213,796 217,623 210,578 201,972 207,149 203,223 195,449 192,259 190,048 185,395 184,358 185,613 183,208 178,545 179,575 170,498 166,684 163,740 159,775 156,543 160,232 161,785 155,589

Industrial
32,086 33,947 32,250 29,057 30,995 30,210 29,026 28,611 24,599 22,459 23,011 20,883 19,552 18,463 17,548 16,613 16,738 15,830 14,618 13,785 14,213 14,308 13,954 14,265 14,196

Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial
57,898 60,132 55,922 52,413 54,998 51,854 48,167 46,996 47,739 45,614 44,036 44,158 41,677 40,963 40,800 37,890 37,853 37,809 36,713 34,542 34,189 35,229 34,504 32,503 32,081 15,559 14,660 14,426 14,470 14,982 15,230 14,593 14,312 13,581 13,314 12,651 12,261 12,177 11,440 11,285 11,202 10,070 9,825 9,100 8,999 8,892 8,984 8,771 9,129 8,872 63,327 62,775 62,976 60,726 60,031 61,044 59,125 58,297 58,459 58,534 58,021 61,311 61,473 60,838 61,416 56,160 54,408 53,336 52,999 52,753 54,012 54,180 51,659 55,071 55,485

Total
(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

873,743 663,786 451,512 327,235 291,657 872,212 668,400 454,371 328,070 291,279

35,578 158,269 36,791 158,753

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003. . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. –0.2 0.7 0.6 0.3 –0.1 3.4 0.3 –0.5 –1.3 –2.8 0.8 2.9 –1.3 3.1 2.8 (NA) (NA) –5.2

7

Table 4. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in Current Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
2001: February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . 187,660 191,243 194,739 197,802 194,141 192,587 188,062 187,417 193,140 196,869 201,014 208,702 214,938 199,882 200,232 204,932 199,136 202,068 202,757 205,706 203,234 206,747 206,699 209,957 203,812

8
U.S. Census Bureau

Total
92,155 93,607 96,586 97,062 94,894 96,819 96,884 97,807 100,977 100,295 102,071 104,647 108,858 103,940 105,468 108,406 104,528 104,901 106,320 107,712 107,652 108,087 105,382 108,309 104,112

Housing and redevelopment
4,727 4,550 4,669 4,867 4,769 4,418 4,463 4,473 5,000 5,008 5,267 4,943 5,172 4,806 5,096 5,137 5,672 5,724 6,017 5,594 5,070 5,369 5,507 6,120 6,419

Industrial
1,362 1,380 1,636 1,365 1,454 1,469 1,509 1,896 1,048 1,417 2,308 1,470 2,321 1,876 2,097 2,056 1,896 1,841 2,231 1,383 1,557 1,963 1,830 2,234 1,845

Educational
52,241 53,734 54,887 55,444 52,634 56,614 56,856 56,727 59,262 58,347 58,088 61,052 63,861 60,875 62,789 65,856 61,156 62,292 62,423 64,837 65,000 64,400 63,438 65,187 62,167

Hospital
3,842 3,658 3,826 4,017 4,308 4,087 4,198 4,184 4,025 4,145 4,385 5,375 5,068 5,017 4,845 4,759 4,657 4,813 5,093 5,308 4,841 5,176 5,165 4,973 5,043

Other public buildings6
29,984 30,286 31,568 31,369 31,730 30,230 29,858 30,527 31,642 31,377 32,023 31,808 32,435 31,366 30,641 30,599 31,148 30,231 30,554 30,591 31,183 31,178 29,442 29,795 28,638

Highways and streets
52,754 55,917 56,199 57,932 57,828 56,181 50,965 49,432 51,612 54,183 55,250 61,726 61,726 52,418 51,456 51,881 51,401 54,548 53,806 54,728 52,036 54,490 56,668 57,057 56,249

Military facilities
2,684 2,493 3,262 2,754 2,965 2,802 3,110 2,900 2,894 2,838 2,559 2,481 2,533 2,609 2,720 3,094 2,962 3,318 2,845 3,141 2,721 2,983 3,428 3,210 3,301

Conservation and development
7,589 7,479 6,553 7,384 6,586 6,432 7,005 7,564 7,239 7,115 7,461 8,159 8,661 8,693 7,885 7,378 7,343 6,975 7,505 7,692 8,347 7,734 8,191 8,481 8,747

Sewer systems
8,876 8,668 9,022 8,952 8,691 8,469 8,744 8,235 8,586 9,218 8,881 9,536 9,884 9,334 9,192 9,773 9,376 9,477 9,487 9,158 8,987 9,113 9,050 9,393 9,007

Water supply facilities
6,595 7,032 7,318 6,960 7,581 7,233 7,231 7,546 6,772 7,381 7,636 7,270 7,197 6,935 7,091 7,572 7,570 6,963 7,080 7,424 7,340 7,193 7,477 7,643 7,436

Miscellaneous public7
17,007 16,048 15,799 16,757 15,596 14,652 14,124 13,932 15,060 15,840 17,155 14,884 16,078 15,953 16,419 16,827 15,957 15,886 15,715 15,850 16,151 17,146 16,502 15,864 14,960

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003 . . . . . . . . –2.9 –3.9
p

4.9 Preliminary.

–17.4
r

–4.6

1.4

–3.9

–1.4

2.8

3.1

–4.1

–2.7

–5.7

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Revised.

Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. 2Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. 3Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. 4Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. 5Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 6Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 7Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 5. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
2001: February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . November. . . . . . . . December. . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . November. . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . 711,412 712,678 716,029 711,763 713,399 706,674 700,283 696,376 692,794 691,484 694,083 709,933 720,947 705,281 706,625 696,048 681,990 687,693 679,957 679,602 683,541 689,763 691,361

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and MisReli- Educa- institucellagious tional tional neous3
6,810 6,844 7,034 6,914 7,214 7,231 7,130 6,850 6,575 6,732 6,627 6,891 7,102 7,207 7,311 7,219 6,890 6,670 6,550 6,441 6,264 6,649 6,358 6,579 6,756 10,073 10,211 10,167 9,923 9,949 9,730 10,222 10,657 11,268 11,400 11,716 11,658 11,806 11,436 11,917 11,544 10,310 10,428 10,078 10,278 11,538 11,431 11,095 11,336 11,166 12,617 12,952 12,427 12,847 12,790 12,586 12,100 12,095 12,420 11,869 12,492 12,589 13,244 13,113 13,541 14,005 14,482 14,413 14,187 14,634 15,123 15,477 14,260 14,068 14,470 8,032 8,417 7,906 8,007 8,213 7,639 7,356 6,706 7,232 7,304 7,362 7,387 7,398 6,638 7,007 7,029 7,124 6,807 6,987 6,515 6,820 6,252 5,949 5,919 6,072

Public utilities4 TelecommuniAll caother tions private5
17,882 16,933 18,588 20,325 17,331 16,826 16,930 16,882 16,149 16,044 16,976 15,837 15,936 15,338 16,231 16,088 16,983 16,271 15,234 14,185 15,242 14,629 15,478 13,164 (NA) 2,577 2,267 2,317 2,392 2,517 2,845 2,748 2,829 2,566 2,614 2,689 2,549 2,773 2,710 2,886 2,512 2,511 1,955 2,208 2,166 2,023 2,028 1,707 1,892 1,799

New housing units 2 units or 1 unit more
208,158 205,795 206,466 206,949 207,958 208,455 208,103 207,068 205,345 203,855 203,904 205,184 212,387 213,309 212,660 211,767 210,871 212,667 210,852 213,395 215,508 218,704 223,820 25,641 25,158 25,038 25,579 25,419 25,292 25,383 25,123 25,060 26,167 26,833 28,854 27,661 27,446 28,682 27,987 26,600 27,105 27,135 26,671 25,624 25,110 25,949

Total1
552,520 551,286 551,191 544,487 550,625 544,590 542,067 538,850 531,338 526,856 527,116 536,341 542,691 538,997 540,593 526,634 518,589 520,785 513,375 511,069 517,263 520,615 522,259

Total2
325,182 320,722 323,015 319,685 323,882 320,979 323,976 324,383 321,061 321,705 322,101 328,937 337,812 337,257 336,186 336,199 333,173 336,350 332,729 333,473 336,285 341,739 349,388

Total
233,799 230,953 231,503 232,528 233,377 233,747 233,485 232,191 230,405 230,022 230,738 234,038 240,048 240,755 241,342 239,753 237,471 239,772 237,988 240,066 241,132 243,814 249,769

Total
178,609 181,352 175,628 168,030 171,339 168,370 161,528 158,499 156,033 152,088 150,989 152,142 149,925 146,348 147,193 139,524 135,847 133,666 130,322 127,582 130,164 131,212 125,475

Industrial
26,805 28,289 26,898 24,174 25,637 25,029 23,988 23,587 20,196 18,424 18,846 17,118 16,000 15,134 14,384 13,595 13,642 12,923 11,923 11,234 11,546 11,604 11,253 11,430 11,348

Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial
48,369 50,110 46,640 43,605 45,491 42,961 39,808 38,743 39,195 37,419 36,066 36,195 34,106 33,576 33,443 31,007 30,850 30,865 29,945 28,152 27,773 28,572 27,826 26,044 25,645 12,998 12,217 12,032 12,039 12,392 12,618 12,060 11,799 11,150 10,922 10,361 10,050 9,965 9,377 9,250 9,167 8,207 8,021 7,423 7,334 7,224 7,286 7,073 7,315 7,092 52,905 52,313 52,523 50,521 49,653 50,575 48,863 48,060 47,996 48,018 47,519 50,255 50,305 49,868 50,341 45,958 44,342 43,539 43,229 42,994 43,877 43,941 41,661 44,128 44,352

Total
(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

698,740 528,321 354,684 257,058 229,110 694,971 529,579 354,701 256,105 227,384

27,949 126,818 28,720 126,901

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003. . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. –0.5 0.2 (Z) –0.4 –0.8 2.8 0.1 –0.7 –1.5 –3.0 0.5 2.7 –1.5 2.9 2.6 (NA) (NA) –4.9

9

Table 5. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in 1996 Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
2001: February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . 158,892 161,392 164,838 167,276 162,774 162,084 158,216 157,526 161,456 164,629 166,967 173,592 178,255 166,284 166,032 169,414 163,401 166,907 166,582 168,533 166,278 169,148 169,102 170,419 165,392

10
U.S. Census Bureau

Total
77,019 78,031 80,565 80,754 78,516 80,229 80,073 80,632 82,891 82,249 83,575 85,756 89,075 85,174 86,432 88,685 85,167 85,611 86,705 87,752 87,411 87,602 84,915 86,689 83,103

Housing and redevelopment
3,979 3,817 3,904 4,053 3,971 3,676 3,691 3,687 4,091 4,082 4,292 4,032 4,226 3,917 4,160 4,176 4,600 4,650 4,892 4,526 4,079 4,295 4,370 4,807 5,011

Industrial
1,138 1,150 1,364 1,136 1,203 1,217 1,247 1,563 861 1,163 1,890 1,205 1,899 1,538 1,719 1,682 1,545 1,503 1,820 1,127 1,265 1,592 1,476 1,790 1,475

Educational
43,643 44,778 45,778 46,126 43,535 46,905 46,988 46,766 48,656 47,865 47,574 50,043 52,259 49,897 51,467 53,892 49,842 50,851 50,916 52,842 52,803 52,231 51,159 52,233 49,694

Hospital
3,209 3,048 3,191 3,342 3,563 3,386 3,470 3,449 3,305 3,400 3,592 4,405 4,147 4,113 3,971 3,895 3,795 3,929 4,154 4,326 3,933 4,198 4,166 3,985 4,031

Other public buildings6
25,049 25,239 26,329 26,097 26,245 25,046 24,676 25,167 25,978 25,740 26,227 26,072 26,543 25,710 25,115 25,040 25,385 24,678 24,922 24,931 25,332 25,286 23,744 23,875 22,892

Highways and streets
44,294 46,753 47,385 48,929 48,351 47,370 43,081 41,856 43,262 45,341 45,624 51,098 50,845 43,357 42,316 42,491 41,654 44,785 43,709 44,243 42,066 44,158 46,450 46,351 45,768

Military facilities
2,248 2,081 2,737 2,309 2,467 2,340 2,600 2,423 2,401 2,352 2,105 2,043 2,080 2,147 2,233 2,534 2,406 2,715 2,315 2,550 2,205 2,419 2,787 2,591 2,662

Conservation and development
6,825 6,720 5,904 6,634 5,844 5,732 6,249 6,748 6,457 6,381 6,621 7,259 7,671 7,734 6,965 6,489 6,379 6,140 6,537 6,666 7,233 6,719 7,049 7,230 7,476

Sewer systems
7,982 7,788 8,128 8,043 7,712 7,548 7,800 7,346 7,660 8,267 7,881 8,484 8,755 8,304 8,121 8,596 8,146 8,342 8,264 7,935 7,788 7,918 7,788 8,007 7,699

Water supply facilities
5,750 6,125 6,358 6,010 6,452 6,166 6,154 6,417 5,768 6,325 6,488 6,187 6,099 5,897 5,979 6,347 6,261 5,817 5,847 6,135 6,071 5,960 6,257 6,353 6,207

Miscellaneous public7
14,776 13,894 13,762 14,597 13,434 12,697 12,260 12,104 13,017 13,714 14,675 12,765 13,730 13,670 13,986 14,272 13,387 13,497 13,206 13,252 13,504 14,372 13,856 13,198 12,477

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003 . . . . . . . . –2.9 –4.1
p

4.2 Preliminary.

–17.6
r

–4.9

1.2

–4.1

–1.3

2.7

3.4

–3.8

–2.3

–5.5

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Revised.

Z Less than 0.05 percent.

Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. 2Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. 3Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. 4Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. 5Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 6Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 7Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 6. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
YEAR TO DATE February 2002 . . . . . . . . . February 2003 . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . 46,853 53,314 56,675 61,705 65,172 65,487 66,970 64,926 63,818 59,346 51,616 48,431 47,060 52,263 56,259 60,221 62,343 64,072 65,031 63,867 62,798 58,997 51,330 47,793 45,424 36,867 42,236 44,074 47,504 49,959 49,908 50,563 49,201 48,691 45,552 39,622 37,286 35,909 40,935 43,565 45,854 47,237 47,944 47,909 46,837 47,242 44,960 39,098 36,664 35,078 20,231 24,106 25,704 28,352 30,237 30,171 30,780 30,374 29,905 27,885 22,994 22,312 20,981 25,225 27,035 29,721 31,230 31,530 31,579 31,217 31,073 29,615 24,973 24,161 22,366 15,365 17,882 18,749 20,094 21,141 21,746 21,942 21,416 20,847 19,931 17,071 16,168 15,750 18,558 19,574 20,711 21,508 22,331 22,318 22,086 21,795 21,095 18,506 17,816 17,033 13,461 15,863 16,689 17,849 18,890 19,560 19,683 19,275 18,652 17,735 14,953 13,987 13,699 16,371 17,208 18,265 19,172 19,973 19,926 19,810 19,557 19,009 16,469 15,694 14,894 1,904 2,019 2,059 2,245 2,252 2,186 2,259 2,142 2,195 2,196 2,118 2,181 2,052 2,187 2,366 2,447 2,336 2,358 2,392 2,276 2,238 2,086 2,037 2,122 2,140 13,311 14,353 14,303 14,318 14,810 14,579 14,408 13,992 13,861 13,000 12,058 11,319 11,158 11,506 12,095 11,823 11,710 11,618 11,613 11,263 11,573 11,197 10,044 9,386 9,447 1,972 2,216 2,138 2,035 2,213 2,155 2,091 2,084 1,818 1,578 1,592 1,285 1,177 1,192 1,169 1,128 1,170 1,122 1,030 980 1,028 991 973 847 836 3,720 4,059 3,863 3,812 3,874 3,619 3,453 3,306 3,426 3,190 2,873 2,817 2,632 2,720 2,812 2,690 2,589 2,624 2,575 2,412 2,421 2,424 2,247 2,014 1,964 1,017 1,023 1,012 1,027 1,055 1,065 1,032 983 951 918 851 794 781 753 798 777 696 684 634 617 618 595 576 573 556 3,778 3,989 4,197 4,256 4,361 4,510 4,516 4,446 4,396 4,150 3,706 3,535 3,597 3,807 4,040 3,872 3,880 3,868 3,977 3,966 4,026 3,812 3,246 3,118 3,193 505 531 555 567 581 608 640 619 617 605 542 537 526 542 590 575 566 561 594 580 597 583 521 497 503 708 768 806 857 950 949 1,014 945 943 914 868 822 836 861 945 1,000 979 1,005 993 902 966 924 827 806 794 995 1,071 1,053 1,082 1,074 1,027 1,029 1,033 1,076 1,023 1,029 979 1,043 1,084 1,142 1,183 1,221 1,181 1,205 1,250 1,321 1,337 1,175 1,094 1,136 615 696 679 681 701 646 633 576 633 621 596 550 567 548 599 599 610 573 604 556 598 530 478 438 465 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,247 1,360 1,450 1,738 1,489 1,406 1,587 1,377 1,531 1,483 1,444 1,109 1,118 1,185 1,323 1,372 1,394 1,420 1,377 1,186 1,443 1,300 1,396 914 (NA) 174 166 174 190 212 255 269 266 245 230 231 179 188 200 217 198 210 175 215 204 189 177 146 133 122 95,491 93,217 –2.4 73,195 71,742 –2.0 43,293 46,527 7.5 31,918 34,849 9.2 27,686 30,588 10.5 4,233 4,262 0.7 22,477 18,833 –16.2 2,462 1,683 –31.6 5,449 3,978 –27.0 1,575 1,129 –28.3 7,132 6,311 –11.5 1,063 1,000 –5.9 1,658 1,600 –3.5 2,022 2,230 10.3 1,117 903 –19.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,227 (NA) (NA) 367 255 –30.5

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and Misinstitucellational neous3

Public utilities4 TelecommuniAll caother tions private5

New housing units 2 units or more Industrial Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial Reli- Educagious tional

Total1

Total2

Total

1 unit

Total

Total

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003 . . . . . . . . –5.0 –4.3 –7.4 –4.4 –5.1 0.8 0.6 –1.3 –2.5 –3.0 2.4 1.2 –1.5 3.8 6.2 (NA) (NA) –8.3

See footnotes at end of table.

11

Table 6. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in 1996 Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
YEAR TO DATE February 2002 . . . . . . . . . February 2003 . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . 9,986 11,078 12,601 14,201 15,213 15,579 16,407 15,725 15,127 13,794 11,993 11,145 11,151 11,328 12,694 14,367 15,106 16,128 17,122 17,030 15,555 14,037 12,232 11,129 10,346 5,419 5,783 6,363 6,679 7,088 7,515 7,884 7,538 7,292 6,747 6,394 6,165 6,257 6,254 6,841 7,300 7,673 7,990 8,527 8,196 7,739 7,144 6,455 6,244 5,845 295 304 326 347 343 305 310 333 363 348 350 306 308 307 339 351 395 386 416 412 365 369 358 368 369 85 95 111 90 104 103 103 174 63 95 162 92 142 126 140 135 133 127 152 124 93 129 125 137 110 2,939 3,146 3,487 3,717 4,067 4,698 4,996 4,467 4,273 3,797 3,525 3,466 3,528 3,514 3,942 4,361 4,631 5,063 5,388 5,034 4,633 4,139 3,726 3,644 3,375 242 245 258 282 311 286 294 316 293 287 289 345 313 322 327 327 322 334 350 395 348 350 345 316 306 1,859 1,994 2,181 2,243 2,264 2,123 2,181 2,249 2,300 2,220 2,068 1,956 1,965 1,985 2,094 2,127 2,192 2,081 2,221 2,231 2,299 2,157 1,901 1,780 1,684 2,004 2,583 3,325 4,347 4,948 5,013 5,202 4,629 4,723 3,850 2,734 2,465 2,280 2,283 2,888 3,810 4,235 4,904 5,190 5,103 4,585 3,665 2,872 2,298 1,995 163 178 216 194 214 199 225 253 162 203 181 154 150 183 176 216 211 232 200 271 147 207 243 196 192 483 520 455 546 503 481 593 804 461 545 506 513 543 592 555 545 531 527 600 797 511 562 558 528 542 535 582 651 686 702 669 733 693 723 720 584 584 586 615 646 734 741 739 780 748 733 691 575 552 517 399 444 519 521 563 558 563 589 560 556 495 418 419 428 483 549 549 525 537 568 588 523 481 432 426 981 988 1,073 1,228 1,195 1,143 1,207 1,219 1,205 1,173 1,100 845 917 973 1,106 1,213 1,167 1,210 1,287 1,348 1,252 1,243 1,048 879 829 22,296 21,475 –3.7 12,422 12,089 –2.7 614 737 20.0 234 247 5.6 6,994 7,019 0.4 658 622 –5.5 3,921 3,464 –11.7 4,745 4,293 –9.5 304 388 27.6 1,056 1,070 1.3 1,170 1,069 –8.6 837 858 2.5 1,762 1,708 –3.1

12
U.S. Census Bureau

Total

Housing and redevelopment

Industrial

Educational

Hospital

Other public buildings6

Highways and streets

Military facilities

Conservation and development

Sewer systems

Water supply facilities

Miscellaneous public7

PERCENT CHANGE January 2003February 2003 . . . . . . . . –7.0 –6.4
p

0.3 Preliminary.

–19.7
r

–7.4

–3.2

–5.4

–13.2

–2.0

2.7

–6.3

–1.4

–5.7

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Revised.

Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. 2Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. 3Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. 4Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. 5Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 6Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 7Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 7. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,686 11,920 13,719 15,573 16,865 17,330 18,181 16,906 17,015 15,250 13,167 12,222 12,133 12,247 13,972 15,973 17,029 18,163 19,434 18,988 17,888 15,764 13,494 12,383 11,449 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 6,120 6,516 7,231 7,634 8,108 8,638 9,108 8,565 8,507 7,833 7,346 7,124 7,199 7,212 7,899 8,460 8,971 9,336 9,980 9,575 9,157 8,369 7,594 7,381 6,946 318 333 364 378 376 333 341 372 400 390 390 341 329 337 372 399 443 439 458 458 409 416 413 428 436 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 252 243 267 279 290 280 297 287 313 303 318 346 307 338 349 336 334 335 355 400 381 358 369 351 328 2,035 2,171 2,423 2,512 2,527 2,358 2,428 2,494 2,592 2,511 2,338 2,214 2,254 2,252 2,374 2,403 2,517 2,364 2,565 2,548 2,665 2,493 2,195 2,060 1,963 2,372 3,072 3,922 5,130 5,888 5,915 6,119 5,435 5,603 4,577 3,293 2,964 2,753 2,745 3,492 4,626 5,197 5,941 6,356 6,279 5,641 4,499 3,486 2,815 2,437 Conservation and development 187 206 196 226 200 203 232 203 189 215 179 195 198 211 236 226 207 220 224 221 186 179 158 158 148 Water supply facilities 458 509 597 603 661 654 661 693 657 649 583 491 494 503 573 655 664 629 651 687 711 632 575 519 511 Miscellaneous construction2 954 969 1,051 1,216 1,216 1,169 1,239 1,233 1,248 1,174 1,108 791 827 886 1,042 1,171 1,137 1,198 1,328 1,363 1,345 1,290 1,013 862 803

Educational 3,516 3,771 4,177 4,465 4,915 5,668 6,042 5,413 5,202 4,628 4,301 4,224 4,309 4,285 4,804 5,323 5,677 6,199 6,603 6,171 5,703 5,101 4,618 4,542 4,219

Sewer systems 595 648 723 764 792 751 822 777 811 803 659 656 661 691 731 835 853 840 895 863 846 796 668 647 605

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,100 1,198 1,166 1,217 1,284 1,187 1,320 1,781 1,078 1,237 1,269 1,177 1,306 1,363 1,331 1,406 1,392 1,376 1,425 1,800 1,141 1,387 1,460 1,334 1,307 Educational 2 5 4 2 2 3 3 5 3 1 3 5 2 2 5 6 5 4 3 6 1 3 3 5 3 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 37 51 43 59 85 65 59 97 44 46 36 75 76 54 49 64 61 74 74 85 48 74 59 43 55 190 222 193 184 210 204 211 234 210 196 187 173 148 169 180 196 172 186 159 190 165 166 162 162 144 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 195 214 258 232 258 239 269 303 196 245 220 188 183 222 214 264 260 283 246 334 182 256 299 243 239 Conservation and development 351 373 309 381 366 337 433 698 328 392 391 382 415 454 392 393 404 379 465 699 403 468 491 461 486 Miscellaneous construction4 176 173 181 194 171 150 152 171 146 181 178 195 247 250 257 259 253 227 204 250 152 193 235 195 191

Total 364 421 397 394 459 431 431 579 377 395 463 399 448 420 448 464 446 454 476 485 373 446 417 420 377

Housing 33 30 26 40 37 34 33 32 44 37 40 34 49 41 44 33 44 36 54 51 44 45 38 40 37
p

Industrial 102 114 133 108 125 125 125 211 77 115 198 112 174 154 171 165 164 155 187 152 115 159 155 171 138
r

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Preliminary.

Revised.

Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. 2Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. 3Includes federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

13
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 8. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 172,680 176,709 179,850 182,782 179,180 178,321 173,149 172,200 177,164 182,169 185,409 192,959 197,152 183,124 183,624 187,926 182,563 185,778 186,393 190,496 186,281 189,940 189,070 192,370 186,131 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 87,286 88,489 91,681 92,089 89,573 91,733 91,680 92,606 95,866 95,443 96,669 99,431 102,866 98,830 99,969 102,634 99,359 99,508 100,626 103,313 102,588 102,581 100,450 102,810 99,060 4,292 4,187 4,349 4,368 4,342 4,012 4,064 4,187 4,404 4,556 4,804 4,494 4,520 4,313 4,562 4,730 5,158 5,301 5,371 5,128 4,468 4,819 5,056 5,592 5,920 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 3,345 3,036 3,296 3,268 3,322 3,316 3,487 3,315 3,434 3,576 3,971 4,396 4,054 4,357 4,240 3,970 3,951 3,931 4,209 4,535 4,188 4,269 4,468 4,412 4,312 27,438 27,592 29,192 29,039 29,297 27,824 27,309 28,423 28,801 28,973 29,843 29,549 30,457 29,311 28,434 28,157 29,153 28,027 28,657 28,867 28,942 29,127 27,524 27,682 26,706 52,422 55,609 55,900 57,752 57,535 55,888 50,675 49,152 51,328 53,900 54,966 61,436 61,414 52,115 51,163 51,591 51,116 54,256 53,520 54,442 51,751 54,201 56,377 56,775 55,904 Conservation and development 2,863 2,960 2,500 2,672 2,235 2,222 2,338 2,073 1,926 2,512 2,399 3,026 3,053 3,060 2,995 2,649 2,328 2,413 2,264 2,255 1,900 2,054 2,117 2,442 2,295 Water supply facilities 6,595 7,032 7,318 6,960 7,581 7,233 7,231 7,546 6,772 7,381 7,636 7,270 7,197 6,935 7,091 7,572 7,570 6,963 7,080 7,424 7,340 7,193 7,477 7,643 7,436 Miscellaneous construction2 14,638 13,952 13,430 14,357 13,566 12,776 12,483 12,588 12,686 13,715 14,857 12,260 12,738 12,850 13,214 13,706 12,815 13,162 13,416 13,904 13,714 14,797 13,599 13,308 12,429

Educational 52,210 53,674 54,844 55,413 52,612 56,581 56,819 56,681 59,226 58,337 58,051 60,992 63,836 60,848 62,733 65,778 61,096 62,248 62,389 64,782 64,989 64,367 63,402 65,124 62,122

Sewer systems 8,876 8,668 9,022 8,952 8,691 8,469 8,744 8,235 8,586 9,218 8,881 9,536 9,884 9,334 9,192 9,773 9,376 9,477 9,487 9,158 8,987 9,113 9,050 9,393 9,007

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,980 14,534 14,889 15,020 14,961 14,266 14,913 15,217 15,976 14,700 15,605 15,743 17,785 16,759 16,608 17,007 16,574 16,290 16,364 15,210 16,953 16,807 17,629 17,586 17,681 Educational 31 60 43 30 22 33 36 47 37 10 37 60 25 27 56 78 60 44 35 54 11 33 35 63 46 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 496 622 530 749 986 772 711 868 591 569 414 979 1,014 660 605 790 705 882 884 772 653 908 698 561 731 2,546 2,694 2,377 2,329 2,432 2,406 2,550 2,104 2,841 2,404 2,180 2,259 1,979 2,055 2,207 2,442 1,995 2,204 1,898 1,724 2,241 2,051 1,919 2,113 1,932 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 2,684 2,493 3,262 2,754 2,965 2,802 3,110 2,900 2,894 2,838 2,559 2,481 2,533 2,609 2,720 3,094 2,962 3,318 2,845 3,141 2,721 2,983 3,428 3,210 3,301 Conservation and development 4,726 4,519 4,054 4,712 4,351 4,210 4,667 5,491 5,312 4,603 5,063 5,132 5,608 5,633 4,890 4,729 5,015 4,562 5,241 5,437 6,446 5,681 6,074 6,039 6,453 Miscellaneous construction4 2,369 2,096 2,369 2,400 2,030 1,876 1,641 1,344 2,374 2,124 2,298 2,623 3,340 3,103 3,205 3,121 3,142 2,725 2,298 1,946 2,437 2,349 2,904 2,556 2,531

Total 4,870 5,118 4,905 4,973 5,321 5,086 5,204 5,201 5,112 4,852 5,402 5,216 5,992 5,110 5,499 5,772 5,169 5,393 5,694 4,400 5,065 5,505 4,932 5,499 5,052

Housing 435 363 320 499 427 406 398 286 595 452 463 449 653 492 534 407 513 423 646 466 603 550 450 527 499
p

Industrial 1,362 1,380 1,636 1,365 1,454 1,469 1,509 1,896 1,048 1,417 2,308 1,470 2,321 1,876 2,097 2,056 1,896 1,841 2,231 1,383 1,557 1,963 1,830 2,234 1,845
r

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Preliminary.

Revised.

Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. 2Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. 3Includes federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

14
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 9. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 145,987 148,912 152,043 154,353 150,049 149,903 145,481 144,512 147,830 152,096 153,748 160,219 163,196 152,029 152,002 155,114 149,559 153,221 152,895 155,831 152,111 155,131 154,439 155,927 150,794 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 72,948 73,764 76,474 76,616 74,113 76,015 75,771 76,344 78,696 78,272 79,153 81,483 84,172 80,988 81,926 83,963 80,956 81,210 82,062 84,169 83,302 83,143 80,943 82,292 79,074 3,613 3,512 3,636 3,637 3,615 3,338 3,362 3,452 3,604 3,713 3,915 3,666 3,692 3,515 3,724 3,846 4,184 4,306 4,367 4,149 3,594 3,855 4,013 4,393 4,621 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 2,795 2,530 2,749 2,718 2,748 2,747 2,882 2,733 2,820 2,934 3,252 3,603 3,318 3,571 3,475 3,249 3,220 3,209 3,433 3,696 3,402 3,462 3,603 3,535 3,447 22,922 22,994 24,347 24,159 24,233 23,052 22,569 23,432 23,646 23,768 24,441 24,220 24,924 24,026 23,306 23,041 23,760 22,879 23,374 23,526 23,511 23,623 22,196 22,181 21,348 44,015 46,496 47,133 48,777 48,106 47,123 42,836 41,619 43,024 45,105 45,389 50,858 50,588 43,106 42,075 42,253 41,423 44,545 43,477 44,011 41,836 43,923 46,211 46,121 45,488 Conservation and development 2,575 2,660 2,252 2,400 1,983 1,980 2,085 1,849 1,718 2,253 2,128 2,692 2,704 2,723 2,646 2,330 2,022 2,124 1,972 1,954 1,647 1,784 1,822 2,082 1,961 Water supply facilities 5,750 6,125 6,358 6,010 6,452 6,166 6,154 6,417 5,768 6,325 6,488 6,187 6,099 5,897 5,979 6,347 6,261 5,817 5,847 6,135 6,071 5,960 6,257 6,353 6,207 Miscellaneous construction2 12,718 12,080 11,699 12,507 11,685 11,071 10,836 10,937 10,965 11,875 12,709 10,515 10,878 11,011 11,255 11,625 10,751 11,182 11,274 11,625 11,466 12,403 11,418 11,072 10,366

Educational 43,618 44,728 45,742 46,101 43,517 46,877 46,958 46,728 48,625 47,857 47,544 49,993 52,239 49,875 51,420 53,828 49,793 50,815 50,888 52,797 52,794 52,204 51,131 52,183 49,658

Sewer systems 7,982 7,788 8,128 8,043 7,712 7,548 7,800 7,346 7,660 8,267 7,881 8,484 8,755 8,304 8,121 8,596 8,146 8,342 8,264 7,935 7,788 7,918 7,788 8,007 7,699

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 12,905 12,480 12,796 12,923 12,725 12,180 12,735 13,014 13,626 12,533 13,219 13,373 15,059 14,255 14,030 14,300 13,841 13,687 13,686 12,702 14,168 14,017 14,663 14,493 14,598 Educational 26 50 36 25 18 27 30 39 30 8 31 49 21 22 46 64 49 36 28 44 9 27 29 50 36 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 415 518 442 623 815 639 588 716 485 467 339 802 830 541 496 646 575 720 721 630 530 736 563 450 584 2,127 2,245 1,982 1,938 2,012 1,993 2,107 1,735 2,332 1,972 1,785 1,851 1,619 1,684 1,809 1,999 1,626 1,799 1,548 1,405 1,821 1,663 1,547 1,693 1,544 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 2,248 2,081 2,737 2,309 2,467 2,340 2,600 2,423 2,401 2,352 2,105 2,043 2,080 2,147 2,233 2,534 2,406 2,715 2,315 2,550 2,205 2,419 2,787 2,591 2,662 Conservation and development 4,250 4,060 3,652 4,234 3,861 3,752 4,163 4,898 4,739 4,128 4,492 4,566 4,967 5,012 4,320 4,159 4,357 4,016 4,565 4,712 5,586 4,935 5,227 5,149 5,515 Miscellaneous construction4 2,058 1,815 2,063 2,091 1,749 1,626 1,425 1,168 2,052 1,839 1,966 2,250 2,852 2,659 2,730 2,647 2,636 2,315 1,932 1,627 2,037 1,969 2,438 2,126 2,111

Total 4,071 4,267 4,092 4,138 4,403 4,215 4,301 4,288 4,195 3,978 4,422 4,274 4,903 4,186 4,506 4,722 4,211 4,401 4,642 3,583 4,110 4,459 3,972 4,398 4,029

Housing 366 305 267 415 355 338 330 236 487 368 377 366 533 401 436 331 416 343 525 377 485 440 357 414 389
p

Industrial 1,138 1,150 1,364 1,136 1,203 1,217 1,247 1,563 861 1,163 1,890 1,205 1,899 1,538 1,719 1,682 1,545 1,503 1,820 1,127 1,265 1,592 1,476 1,790 1,475
r

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Preliminary.

Revised.

Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. 2Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. 3Includes federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

15
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 10. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,038 10,050 11,600 13,154 14,122 14,566 15,278 14,198 14,210 12,739 10,920 10,146 10,045 10,169 11,570 13,185 13,945 14,973 15,930 15,523 14,604 12,880 11,019 10,030 9,266 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 5,115 5,432 6,031 6,351 6,708 7,158 7,528 7,061 6,983 6,424 6,014 5,838 5,890 5,910 6,474 6,921 7,310 7,620 8,139 7,801 7,436 6,783 6,119 5,908 5,544 267 279 304 314 313 277 282 306 327 318 317 278 269 274 304 324 359 357 372 370 329 333 327 336 340 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 211 202 223 232 240 232 245 236 257 249 260 283 251 277 286 275 272 273 289 326 309 291 297 281 262 1,700 1,809 2,021 2,090 2,090 1,954 2,007 2,056 2,128 2,060 1,915 1,815 1,844 1,846 1,946 1,966 2,051 1,929 2,092 2,076 2,165 2,022 1,770 1,651 1,569 1,992 2,569 3,307 4,333 4,923 4,987 5,172 4,602 4,697 3,830 2,720 2,454 2,268 2,270 2,872 3,789 4,211 4,878 5,163 5,076 4,560 3,646 2,857 2,287 1,983 Conservation and development 168 185 176 203 178 181 207 181 169 193 159 174 176 188 209 199 179 193 195 192 162 156 136 135 127 Water supply facilities 399 444 519 521 563 558 563 589 560 556 495 418 419 428 483 549 549 525 537 568 588 523 481 432 426 Miscellaneous construction2 829 839 915 1,059 1,048 1,013 1,075 1,071 1,078 1,016 948 678 706 759 887 993 954 1,018 1,116 1,139 1,125 1,081 851 717 669

Educational 2,937 3,142 3,484 3,715 4,065 4,696 4,993 4,462 4,271 3,797 3,522 3,462 3,526 3,512 3,938 4,356 4,627 5,060 5,386 5,029 4,633 4,137 3,724 3,640 3,373

Sewer systems 535 582 651 686 702 669 733 693 723 720 584 584 586 615 646 734 741 739 780 748 733 691 575 552 517

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryr . . . . . . . . . . . . . Februaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 948 1,028 1,001 1,047 1,091 1,013 1,129 1,527 917 1,055 1,073 999 1,106 1,159 1,124 1,183 1,162 1,155 1,192 1,507 951 1,157 1,213 1,099 1,080 Educational 2 4 3 2 2 2 2 4 2 1 3 4 2 2 4 5 4 3 2 5 1 2 2 4 3 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 31 43 36 49 70 54 49 80 36 38 29 61 62 45 40 52 50 61 60 69 39 60 48 34 44 159 185 161 153 174 169 175 193 172 161 153 141 121 139 147 161 140 152 129 155 134 135 131 129 115 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 163 178 216 194 214 199 225 253 162 203 181 154 150 183 176 216 211 232 200 271 147 207 243 196 192 Conservation and development 315 335 278 343 325 300 386 622 292 352 347 339 367 404 346 346 351 334 405 605 349 406 423 393 415 Miscellaneous construction4 153 150 157 169 147 130 132 148 127 157 152 167 211 214 219 220 212 193 171 209 127 162 197 162 159

Total 304 351 331 328 380 357 356 477 309 324 379 327 366 344 367 380 364 371 388 395 303 362 336 336 301

Housing 27 25 22 33 31 29 27 26 36 30 32 28 40 33 36 27 36 29 44 42 36 36 30 32 29
p

Industrial 85 95 111 90 104 103 103 174 63 95 162 92 142 126 140 135 133 127 152 124 93 129 125 137 110
r

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Preliminary.

Revised.

Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. 2Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. 3Includes federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

16
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 11. Indexes Used in Deriving Estimates of the Value of Construction Put in Place in Constant Dollars
[1996 = 100] Engineering NewsRecord U.S. Census Bureau Houses Under Construction Handy-Whitman public utility C.A. Turner telephone plant

U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. Census Bureau Period Composite fixedweighted

Implicit price deflator

Buildings

Construction

Fixedweighted

Price deflator

Federal Highway AdminisTurner tration Bureau of Concompos- Reclama- struction ite tion Company Annual indexes

Buildings

Electric

Gas

Water

1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

106.0 110.3 115.3 119.6 122.2

106.1 110.4 115.4 119.6 122.1

105.8 107.9 110.5 111.6 113.1

105.3 107.8 110.7 112.8 116.2

105.6 110.4 115.4 120.6 124.1

105.6 110.4 115.5 120.5 124.2

105.2 111.9 119.3 118.7 121.2

105 107 111 112 114

109 113 118 121 123

104 107 110 113 116

104 105 109 113 115

104 107 111 114 116

104 107 112 116 120

102 101 103 106 108

Monthly indexes 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . 2003: January . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
p

Quarterly indexes 118.2 118.7 119.2 119.7 120.3 120.3 120.5 121.1 121.4 122.3 122.8 122.9 123.0 122.7 122.6 122.2 122.7 123.2 123.2 123.2 123.8 124.5 125.1 r 126.2
r p

Semiannual indexes

117.8 118.3 118.7 118.8 119.2 119.7 119.6 119.9 120.2 120.9 121.1 121.5 121.5 121.5 121.3 121.2 121.6 122.2 121.9 122.2 122.6 123.1 123.3 r 124.0
r p

117.9 118.3 118.6 118.7 119.0 119.5 119.4 119.7 120.0 120.8 121.0 121.2 121.2 121.2 121.3 121.3 121.7 122.3 121.8 122.1 122.5 122.9 123.3 r 123.8
r p

110.7 110.4 110.5 110.5 110.7 111.5 113.2 112.6 112.3 112.4 112.3 111.7 111.8 111.8 112.3 111.8 112.8 113.1 114.0 113.9 114.1 114.0 114.1 113.6 113.9 114.1 113.9

111.7 111.6 111.7 111.8 111.8 112.4 113.9 113.6 113.7 113.8 114.0 113.7 114.9 114.9 115.6 115.3 115.8 116.2 117.5 116.0 117.2 117.0 117.0 116.7 117.0 118.1 117.9

118.4 118.8 119.2 119.6 120.1 120.1 120.2 120.9 121.3 122.2 122.7 122.7 122.6 122.4 122.7 122.5 123.0 123.3 123.1 123.0 123.6 124.3 125.0 r 126.0
r p

123.9

112

121 112 111 113 115 105

111.9

112

121

115.2

112

122 114 112 114 117 106

127.1

113

122

121.6

113

122 114 114 115 117 107

129.1

113

122

121.8

115

123 117 117 117 120 107

112.8

116

123

125.0 125.4

125.1 125.4

127.4 128.2

127.3 128.1

(NA)

117

123 116 115 116 120 109

Preliminary.

r

Revised.

17

Table 12. Factors Used to Seasonally Adjust Estimates of the Value of Construction Put in Place
[Percent] Type of construction Feb. 2003p Jan. 2003r Dec. 2002r Nov. 2002 Oct. 2002 Sep. 2002 Aug. 2002 July 2002 June 2002 May 2002 Apr. 2002 Feb. 2002

PRIVATE CONSTRUCTION Residential buildings: New housing units: 1 unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 units or more. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings: Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels, motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and institutional . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous nonresidential . . . . Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All other private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PUBLIC CONSTRUCTION State and Local Buildings: Housing and redevelopment . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . . . Sewer systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous construction . . . . . . . . Federal Buildings: Housing and redevelopment . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Military . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . . . Miscellaneous construction . . . . . . . .
p

78.6 89.4 88.4 91.9 94.1 86.4 89.4 85.3 94.2 91.8 83.1 81.3

82.2 91.1 88.9 92.8 94.0 84.8 90.6 85.3 93.3 88.7 83.3 84.1

88.3 94.2 103.8 96.9 97.8 93.5 98.4 89.4 98.9 96.4 108.2 102.3

104.3 99.7 102.5 101.8 98.0 104.1 105.3 97.0 103.7 101.7 106.6 105.0

108.9 104.8 106.8 104.6 102.6 110.1 114.3 100.5 104.8 105.2 113.6 112.2

111.4 102.4 104.7 102.8 100.9 110.7 108.0 105.3 102.5 102.5 100.3 112.9

113.4 105.8 103.7 103.2 102.5 110.4 108.8 118.3 101.9 103.7 108.5 116.7

112.7 104.4 104.2 102.0 102.3 106.6 101.0 115.7 98.3 101.1 104.7 107.5

109.1 105.4 102.9 100.7 101.7 105.0 98.5 114.0 101.2 102.7 98.5 100.5

103.5 104.9 99.6 104.1 101.7 101.1 95.5 103.9 101.4 102.2 102.3 94.6

97.1 99.0 97.5 100.9 103.5 96.3 96.8 95.2 101.2 102.6 97.8 90.1

77.4 89.0 88.3 92.6 94.0 85.8 88.9 85.0 94.5 91.9 84.2 81.2

88.4 81.5 91.2 88.2 52.3 77.5 80.6 82.4 77.5

91.8 83.7 95.5 89.3 59.5 77.7 82.7 81.5 77.7

97.9 87.4 99.0 95.7 74.2 89.4 88.6 92.3 89.4

103.7 95.1 100.7 102.7 99.6 104.6 104.8 105.4 104.6

109.8 105.3 109.1 110.5 130.8 117.7 113.0 116.3 117.7

107.1 114.3 105.7 105.9 138.4 117.6 113.1 111.0 117.6

102.3 127.0 101.1 107.4 142.5 118.8 113.2 110.3 118.8

99.4 119.5 102.1 101.2 131.4 109.2 106.3 108.4 109.2

103.1 111.5 101.5 103.6 122.0 106.5 109.2 105.2 106.5

101.1 97.1 101.6 102.4 107.6 102.5 102.5 103.8 102.5

97.8 91.9 98.8 100.2 81.9 94.6 95.4 96.9 94.6

87.3 81.0 90.9 88.8 53.8 77.9 80.3 82.4 77.9

89.5 89.5 89.5 89.5 89.5 86.7 90.4 90.4

91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.0 91.6 91.6

101.5 101.5 101.5 101.5 101.5 104.6 97.0 97.0

97.3 97.3 97.3 97.3 97.3 102.9 98.8 98.8

88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 80.1 75.0 75.0

132.2 132.2 132.2 132.2 132.2 127.4 154.2 154.2

100.3 100.3 100.3 100.3 100.3 103.9 106.4 106.4

101.1 101.1 101.1 101.1 101.1 102.4 99.8 99.8

103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 105.2 96.7 96.7

96.5 96.5 96.5 96.5 96.5 102.3 99.7 99.7

97.8 97.8 97.8 97.8 97.8 94.5 96.1 96.1

89.7 89.7 89.7 89.7 89.7 86.5 88.7 88.7

Preliminary.

r

Revised.

18
U.S. Census Bureau

Appendix A. Reliability of the Estimates
The statistics on the value of construction put in place result from direct measurement and indirect estimation. A series results from direct measurement when it is based on reports of the actual value of construction progress or construction expenditures obtained from a complete census or sample survey. All other series are developed by indirect estimation using related construction statistics. On an annual basis, the estimates for series directly measured monthly, quarterly, or annually accounted for about 70 percent of total construction in 2001 (private multifamily residential, private residential improvements, private nonresidential buildings, farm nonresidential construction, public utility construction, all other private construction, and virtually all of public construction). On a monthly basis, directly measured data are available for about 51 percent of the value-inplace estimates. Some of the directly measured monthly construction value-in-place estimates are based on samples. Estimates from these samples may differ from statistics that would have been obtained from a complete census using the same schedules and procedures. An estimate based on a sample survey is subject to both sampling error and nonsampling error. The accuracy of a survey result is determined by the joint effects of these errors. MEASURE OF SAMPLING ERRORS Sampling error reflects the fact that only a particular sample was surveyed rather than the entire population. Each sample selected for the monthly value-in-place survey is one of a large number of similar probability samples that, by chance, might have been selected under the same specifications. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from one another. The standard error, or sampling error, of a survey estimate is a measure of the variation among the estimates from all possible samples and, thus, is a measure of the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average from all possible samples. Estimates of the standard errors for the monthly, yearto-date and annual estimates were computed from the sample data for selected statistics in this report. They are presented in the form of relative standard errors in the following table. The relative standard error equals the standard error divided by the estimated value to which it refers. The sample estimate and an estimate of its standard error allow us to construct interval estimates with prescribed confidence that the interval includes the average result of all possible samples with the same size and design. A 90-percent confidence interval is defined to be from 1.6 standard errors below the estimate to 1.6 standard errors above the estimate. If all possible samples were selected and surveyed under essentially the same conditions and all the respective 90-percent confidence intervals were generated, then approximately nine-tenths of the intervals would include the average value of all sample estimates and approximately one-tenth would not include this estimate. For example, suppose Table 3 of this report showed that the monthly VIP estimate for ‘‘total private nonresidential buildings’’ was $10.0 billion in a particular month. According to the following table, the relative standard error of this estimate is 2 percent. Multiplying $10.0 billion by .02, we obtain $200 million as the standard error. To obtain a 90-percent confidence interval, multiply $200 million by 1.6 and add and subtract the result from $10.0 billion, yielding limits of $9.68 billion and $10.32 billion. The average value of the monthly VIP estimate for ‘‘total private nonresidential buildings’’ may or may not be contained in this computed interval, but one can say that the average is included in the constructed interval with a specified confidence of 90 percent. The following table also presents coefficients necessary to compute standard errors for the month-to-month and year-to-date changes. To derive a specific standard error of a change, look up an appropriate coefficient (k1 or k2) for the change and apply the following formula: Standard error of a change = k (100 + (percent change shown in Tables 3 through 6)) Once the standard error is available, one can construct a 90-percent confidence interval of the change by multiplying the standard error by 1.6. No standard errors are shown for farm nonresidential or public utilities because the estimates are based on a complete enumeration. NONSAMPLING ERRORS As calculated for this report, the coefficient of variation estimates sampling variation, but does not measure all A-1
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nonsampling error in the data. Nonsampling error consists of both a variance component and a bias component. Bias is the difference, averaged over all possible samples of the same size and design, between the estimate and the true value being estimated. Nonsampling errors are usually attributed to many possible sources: (1) coverage error—failure to accurately represent all population units in the sample, (2) inability to obtain information about all sample cases, (3) response errors, possibly due to definitional difficulties or misreporting, (4) mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained, and (5) other errors of coverage, collection and nonresponse, response, processing, or imputing for missing or inconsistent data. These nonsampling errors also occur in complete censuses. Although no direct measures of these errors have been obtained, precautionary steps were taken in all phases of the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data to minimize their influence. A major source of nonsampling error in the published estimates is due to the need to impute data for nonrespondents and for late and inconsistent reports. For preliminary value-in-place estimates, the average imputation rates for major components are as follows: private nonresidential construction, 49 percent; state and locally owned public construction, 33 percent; private residential construction of 2 units or more, 42 percent; and private residential improvements, 15 percent. Each of these imputation rates is not an explicit indication of the potential error in statistics, but the degree of uncertainty regarding the accuracy of the statistics increases as the percentage of imputation increases. Other potential sources of bias are the upward adjustment of 25 percent made to the private nonresidential construction and the adjustment of the state and local owned public construction to the construction outlays from the Annual Survey of Government Finances in order to account for construction projects not included in their respective sampling frames. The adjustment for the nonresidential construction results from a coverage evaluation sample; hence, the estimated percentage adjustment is subject to sampling error and nonsampling errors associated with the evaluation study. In addition, the percentage was estimated from data collected during a limited time period; therefore, these adjustments do not reflect any recent changes in the proportion of projects not included in the frame. For state and locally owned construction, construction outlays from the Survey of Government Finances are available only through Fiscal Year 1999. (Outlays are

included if a government agency’s fiscal year ending date falls within July 1998 to June 1999 inclusive, and for three state agencies with fiscal years ending in August or September 1999.) As a result, the adjustment to the construction outlay levels of this survey must be projected ahead for 4 years from 1999 through April 2003. The relationship between the state and locally owned value-in-place and the capital outlays estimate changes from year to year so that revisions of 4 to 5 percent are expected in state and local construction and substantially larger revisions can be expected in the individual types of construction. In addition, because of the definition of fiscal year for the Survey of Government Finances, the reported capital outlays do not correspond to any 12 month period, but result from capital outlays made over a 26 month period. There are also definitional and timing differences between the concepts of capital outlays and value put in place. Consequently, even though the private nonresidential and state and local owned construction adjustments are designed to reduce the bias due to the failure to include projects in the sampling frames, for the above stated reasons, these adjustment procedures, themselves, may introduce a bias in the current estimates of value-inplace. Furthermore, additional nonsampling errors may be introduced into the estimates because the procedures such as phasing, extrapolating, and forecasting used to develop the indirectly measured series are subject to the validity of the underlying assumptions made and mathematical models used. No explicit measures of the effects of these procedures are available. MONTHLY REVISIONS TO ESTIMATES Statistics for the current month are preliminary estimates. These estimates are released to provide government and private data users with early measures of construction activity. A necessary part of the process of issuing these early data involves the issuance of subsequent revisions. The revisions to monthly construction put in place estimates are primarily the result of the replacement of imputed data with data which are reported in subsequent months. For total construction, the range of the difference between the last 12 preliminary and second revision estimates for the same months was from -1.5 percent to 1.0 percent with a median of -0.1 percent. The range of the difference between first revision and second revision was from -1.2 to 0.8 percent, with a median of 0.1 percent.

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Relative Standard Errors and Coefficients for Standard Errors of Changes
Relative standard error (percent) Type of construction Monthly estimate 2 3 5 2 2 4 2 3 4 7 5 9 7 6 7 2 8 (NA) 3 6 3 4 (NA) 4 6 8 8 2 8 3 8 4 4 16 6 8 9 (NA) Year-to-date estimate 2 3 4 2 2 4 2 3 4 7 4 9 6 6 6 1 6 (NA) 3 6 3 3 (NA) 3 4 6 7 2 6 3 8 4 3 12 4 6 8 (NA) Annual estimate 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 2 5 2 5 5 5 4 1 4 (NA) 2 4 2 2 (NA) 2 3 3 4 1 5 2 5 2 2 9 3 3 4 (NA) Coefficient for changes Month-to-month change (k1) .03 .04 .06 .01 .01 .03 .02 .04 .05 .09 .06 .12 .10 .07 .09 .03 .11 (NA) .04 .08 .04 .05 (NA) .06 .08 .11 .11 .03 .11 .04 .11 .05 .05 .23 .08 .11 .12 (NA) Year-to-date change (k2) .03 .04 .06 .02 .02 .04 .03 .04 .06 .10 .06 .13 .09 .08 .09 .01 .09 (NA) .04 .09 .04 .04 (NA) .04 .06 .09 .10 .03 .09 .04 .11 .06 .04 .17 .06 .09 .11 (NA)

Total construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Private construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 units or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels, motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other commercial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and institutional. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other public buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Military facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other public buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.

Note: All statistics are based upon 2002 data. The coefficient (k1) for the month-to-month change is applicable to change from the previous month and change from the same month a year ago.

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