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					Value of Construction Put in Place: January 2003
Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place
Seasonally adjusted annual rate in billions of dollars
Current dollars 1996 dollars

Issued March 2003

C30/03-01

The May 2003 issue will be the last "Value of Construction Put in Place" publication. The current types of construction classifications will no longer be available; new monthly detailed types of construction will be presented. Also, the constant dollar series will be discontinued. For further details see: http://www.census.gov/const/C30/newtc.html.
900

Current Construction Reports

Total Construction
475 440 405

Private Residential Construction

820

740 370 660 335 580 300 265

500 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

230 210 190 170 150 130 110

Private Nonresidential Construction

230 210 190 170 150 130 110

Public Construction

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Value of Construction Put in Place.

Questions regarding these data may be directed to Michael Davis, Construction Expenditures Branch, Manufacturing and Construction Division, telephone: 301-763-1605. For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov; Phone: toll free 1-866-512-1800; DC area 202-512-1800; Fax: 202-512-2250; Mail: Stop SSOP Washington, DC 20402-0001

US C E N SUS BUREAU
Helping You Make Informed Decisions

U.S. Department of Commerce
Economics and Statistics Administration
U.S. CENSUS BUREAU

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION PUT IN PLACE Construction put in place during January 2003 was estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $877.9 billion, 1.7 (±4.9) percent above the revised December 2002 estimate of $863.4 billion. The January figure is 2.1 (± 4.9) percent above January 2002. In constant (1996) dollars, the January annual rate was $702.2 billion, 0.8 (±4.8) percent above the revised estimate of $696.7 billion for December. Spending on new residential housing units was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $328.6 billion in January, 4.1 percent above the revised December estimate of $315.8 billion. Nonresidential building construction was at a rate of $157.9 billion, 0.3 (±3.2) percent below the revised December estimate of $158.4 billion. In January, the estimated seasonally adjusted annual rate of public construction put in place was $210.0 billion, 1.0 (±4.8) percent above the revised December estimate of $207.9 billion. The ‘‘value of construction put in place’’ is a measure of the value of construction installed or erected at the site during a given period. For an individual project, this includes— 1. Cost of materials installed or erected. 2. Cost of labor (both by contractors and force account) and a proportionate share of the cost of construction equipment rental. 3. Contractor’s profit. 4. Project owner’s overhead and office costs. 5. Cost of architectural and engineering work. 6. Miscellaneous costs chargeable to the project on the owner’s books. 7. Interest and taxes paid during construction. The total value-in-place for a given period is the sum of the value of work done on all projects underway during this period, regardless of when work on each individual project was started or when payment was made to the contractors. For some categories, estimates are derived by distributing the total construction cost of the project by means of historic construction progress patterns.

ADDITIONAL DATA Additional data related to the value of construction put in place can be found in the following publications: • Current Construction Reports, Value of Construction Put in Place: May 2002, C30/02-5, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 2002; contains annual data for 1997 to 2001 and monthly data for 1998 to 2001. • Current Construction Reports, Value of Construction Put in Place: June 2002, C30/02-6, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 2002; contains annual value of construction put in place for private nonresidential buildings by geographic area and detailed types of construction for 1995 to 2001. • Current Construction Reports, Value of New Construction Put in Place: October 1992, C30/92-10, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1992; contains total time and monthly progress from start to completion for private nonresidential buildings and for state and local construction. • Current Construction Reports, Value of New Construction Put in Place in the United States, 1964 to 1980, C30-80 supplement, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1981; contains annual data for 1915 to 1963. • Current Construction Reports Special Study, Expenditures for Nonresidential Improvements and Repairs: 1992, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 1994.

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U.S. Census Bureau

Table 1. Annual Value of Construction Put in Place: 1998-2002
[Millions of dollars] Current dollars Type of construction 1998 Total construction . . . . . . . . . Private construction . . . . . . . . . . . Residential buildings . . . . . . . . . . New housing units . . . . . . . . . . . 1 unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 units or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . Improvements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels, motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and institutional . . . . . . Miscellaneous1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Farm nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . Public utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . Other public utilities . . . . . . . . . . Railroads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electric light and power . . . . . . Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Petroleum pipelines . . . . . . . . . All other private2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public construction . . . . . . . . . . . . Buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . Military facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . Sewer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous public4 . . . . . . . . . 705,685 551,383 314,607 223,983 199,409 24,574 90,624 190,710 40,484 42,226 14,816 53,598 6,594 9,698 13,793 9,501 4,284 39,212 12,458 26,754 5,736 12,381 7,372 1,265 2,570 154,302 72,418 5,187 1,010 35,001 3,923 27,297 44,676 2,530 5,466 9,943 6,678 12,591 1999 765,876 596,331 350,562 251,272 223,837 27,434 99,290 193,935 32,639 47,582 15,951 56,915 7,371 9,645 13,530 10,301 5,059 44,066 18,404 25,662 4,670 14,585 4,918 1,489 2,709 169,545 80,418 4,653 925 42,427 4,026 28,387 48,851 2,125 6,088 9,864 6,541 15,658 2000 820,345 641,783 374,457 265,047 236,788 28,259 109,410 208,241 31,801 55,605 16,293 60,381 8,019 11,375 14,434 10,332 5,988 50,144 18,799 31,345 4,263 21,149 4,930 1,003 2,954 178,561 88,566 4,308 1,157 49,814 4,135 29,151 49,262 2,441 6,063 8,807 5,993 17,429
r

Constant (1996) dollars 2001 842,539 650,030 388,705 279,772 249,086 30,686 108,933 201,094 29,046 52,020 14,421 60,297 8,310 12,629 15,114 9,259 6,134 51,114 18,538 32,576 4,149 22,515 4,969 943 2,983 192,509 96,967 4,751 1,556 55,752 4,053 30,855 54,026 2,843 7,122 8,751 7,152 15,648 2002
r

1998 665,156 519,859 297,960 212,068 188,785 23,283 85,892 177,644 37,720 39,333 13,794 49,915 6,139 9,039 12,853 8,850 3,989 37,818 12,188 25,631 5,463 11,883 7,072 1,213 2,447 145,297 67,517 4,913 941 32,589 3,656 25,418 42,249 2,377 5,237 9,526 6,405 11,985

1999 694,123 540,220 317,236 227,467 202,620 24,848 89,769 173,429 29,206 42,552 14,274 50,870 6,590 8,621 12,102 9,214 4,519 42,534 18,305 24,229 4,311 13,892 4,625 1,401 2,501 153,904 71,928 4,218 827 37,904 3,600 25,378 44,559 1,922 5,682 9,214 6,147 14,453

2000 711,328 556,426 323,977 229,324 204,867 24,457 94,653 178,074 27,194 47,534 13,944 51,635 6,858 9,726 12,342 8,841 5,115 46,641 18,272 28,370 3,781 19,280 4,411 897 2,619 154,902 75,772 3,726 990 42,588 3,538 24,930 42,764 2,105 5,494 7,982 5,327 15,459

2001 704,747 542,782 322,305 232,008 206,557 25,451 90,297 166,587 24,072 43,112 11,948 49,933 6,880 10,454 12,518 7,670 5,076 46,230 17,440 28,789 3,595 19,990 4,374 830 2,584 161,965 80,280 3,940 1,288 46,148 3,355 25,549 45,415 2,372 6,371 7,828 6,138 13,561

2002r 693,086 525,163 336,582 240,479 213,467 27,012 (NA) 137,135 13,301 30,961 8,338 45,690 6,776 11,087 14,151 6,832 (NA) (NA) 15,630 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,305 167,922 86,536 4,316 1,520 51,417 4,085 25,200 44,262 2,389 6,842 8,176 6,064 13,653

846,571 642,628 415,581 296,921 263,583 33,338 (NA) 168,097 16,301 37,945 10,217 56,008 8,307 13,592 17,353 8,374 (NA) (NA) 16,793 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,727 203,944 106,134 5,329 1,863 63,041 5,008 30,894 54,297 2,929 7,812 9,336 7,266 16,168

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1 2 3

Revised.

Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4 Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

3
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 2. Annual Value of Public Construction Put in Place: 1998-2002
[Millions of dollars] Current dollars Type of construction 1998 Total public construction . . . . State and local construction . . . . . Total buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . . . Educational. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . Sewer systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous nonbuilding2 . . . . . . Federal construction . . . . . . . . . . . . Total buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . Military facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . Miscellaneous public4 . . . . . . . . . . . 154,302 139,984 66,392 4,649 34,986 2,914 23,844 44,419 1,930 9,943 6,678 10,622 14,318 6,026 538 1,010 15 1,009 3,454 257 2,530 3,536 1,969 1999 169,545 155,519 74,948 4,229 42,411 3,175 25,133 48,600 2,053 9,864 6,541 13,513 14,025 5,469 424 925 15 850 3,255 251 2,125 4,035 2,145 2000 178,561 164,396 83,408 3,926 49,785 3,413 26,284 48,925 2,003 8,807 5,993 15,260 14,165 5,158 382 1,157 29 722 2,867 337 2,441 4,061 2,169
r

Constant (1996) dollars 2001 2002
r

1998 145,297 131,792 61,894 4,403 32,575 2,715 22,200 42,006 1,849 9,526 6,405 10,112 13,505 5,624 510 941 14 941 3,217 243 2,377 3,387 1,873

1999 153,904 141,107 67,031 3,834 37,890 2,838 22,469 44,330 1,916 9,214 6,147 12,469 12,796 4,896 384 827 14 762 2,909 229 1,922 3,766 1,983

2000 154,902 142,484 71,356 3,395 42,563 2,920 22,478 42,471 1,815 7,982 5,327 13,534 12,418 4,416 331 990 25 618 2,452 292 2,105 3,679 1,925

2001 161,965 149,147 76,044 3,591 46,119 2,805 23,528 45,177 2,172 7,828 6,138 11,788 12,818 4,236 349 1,288 29 550 2,021 238 2,372 4,200 1,773

2002r 167,922 153,995 82,225 3,901 51,381 3,429 23,514 44,025 2,164 8,176 6,064 11,342 13,927 4,311 415 1,520 36 656 1,685 (NA) 2,389 4,678 2,311

192,509 177,527 91,852 4,330 55,718 3,389 28,415 53,743 2,427 8,751 7,152 13,602 14,981 5,115 421 1,556 35 664 2,440 283 2,843 4,695 2,046

203,944 187,358 100,846 4,817 62,997 4,205 28,828 54,006 2,469 9,336 7,266 13,435 16,585 5,288 512 1,863 44 804 2,066 (NA) 2,929 5,343 2,733

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1 2

Revised.

Includes Includes 3 Includes 4 Includes

general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

4
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 3. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
YEAR TO DATE January 2002. . . . . . . . . . January 2003. . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . 57,605 55,427 63,253 67,269 73,402 77,893 78,176 80,180 77,939 77,060 71,783 62,551 58,703 57,051 63,375 68,232 73,303 76,250 78,065 79,383 78,229 77,189 72,744 64,048 60,024 45,545 43,641 50,136 52,384 56,612 59,744 59,659 60,679 59,252 58,967 55,295 48,115 45,304 43,613 49,765 52,928 55,924 57,829 58,527 58,525 57,441 58,161 55,593 49,018 46,316 25,535 24,034 28,735 30,741 34,051 36,315 36,265 37,213 36,844 36,544 34,215 28,214 27,355 25,681 30,951 33,118 36,557 38,506 38,814 38,842 38,584 38,623 37,018 31,533 30,801 18,736 18,253 21,316 22,423 24,133 25,391 26,138 26,528 25,978 25,475 24,456 20,946 19,821 19,279 22,771 23,978 25,475 26,519 27,490 27,451 27,298 27,091 26,369 23,378 22,761 16,512 15,992 18,909 19,960 21,437 22,686 23,511 23,797 23,380 22,793 21,761 18,347 17,148 16,768 20,088 21,080 22,466 23,639 24,587 24,508 24,485 24,310 23,761 20,745 19,982 2,223 2,262 2,407 2,463 2,696 2,704 2,627 2,731 2,598 2,682 2,694 2,598 2,674 2,511 2,683 2,899 3,009 2,881 2,903 2,943 2,813 2,782 2,608 2,634 2,778 16,219 15,933 17,223 17,149 17,210 17,906 17,597 17,433 16,972 16,883 15,846 14,723 13,810 13,636 14,038 14,755 14,448 14,368 14,232 14,237 13,819 14,247 13,806 12,701 11,696 2,600 2,361 2,659 2,564 2,446 2,676 2,601 2,530 2,527 2,214 1,924 1,944 1,568 1,439 1,454 1,426 1,379 1,435 1,375 1,263 1,203 1,265 1,222 1,273 1,115 4,670 4,453 4,871 4,632 4,582 4,684 4,369 4,179 4,010 4,173 3,889 3,508 3,437 3,216 3,318 3,431 3,287 3,177 3,214 3,157 2,959 2,980 2,989 2,781 2,541 1,206 1,218 1,228 1,213 1,235 1,276 1,286 1,249 1,193 1,159 1,120 1,040 969 954 919 973 949 853 838 777 757 760 734 734 706 4,328 4,523 4,787 5,033 5,116 5,273 5,443 5,464 5,393 5,354 5,058 4,526 4,312 4,395 4,644 4,929 4,732 4,761 4,738 4,876 4,867 4,956 4,700 4,100 3,805 608 604 637 665 682 702 734 775 751 752 738 662 656 643 661 720 702 694 688 728 711 735 719 651 609 874 848 921 966 1,031 1,149 1,146 1,227 1,146 1,148 1,114 1,060 1,003 1,022 1,051 1,153 1,221 1,202 1,232 1,218 1,107 1,190 1,139 1,055 1,011 1,225 1,191 1,285 1,263 1,301 1,299 1,239 1,245 1,253 1,311 1,247 1,256 1,194 1,275 1,323 1,393 1,446 1,499 1,446 1,477 1,534 1,626 1,649 1,492 1,346 708 736 836 814 818 847 780 766 698 772 758 727 671 692 668 731 732 748 703 740 683 736 653 617 564 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,392 1,311 1,432 1,527 1,837 1,596 1,503 1,697 1,474 1,639 1,578 1,553 1,190 1,208 1,274 1,422 1,473 1,510 1,513 1,482 1,273 1,548 1,392 1,509 (NA) 199 200 192 200 218 246 294 310 306 283 265 270 208 220 234 254 234 251 206 256 244 226 212 184 159 58,703 60,024 2.3 45,304 46,316 2.2 27,355 30,801 12.6 19,821 22,761 14.8 17,148 19,982 16.5 2,674 2,778 3.9 13,810 11,696 –15.3 1,568 1,115 –28.9 3,437 2,541 –26.1 969 706 –27.1 4,312 3,805 –11.8 656 609 –7.2 1,003 1,011 0.8 1,194 1,346 12.7 671 564 –15.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,190 (NA) (NA) 208 159 –23.6

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and Misinstitucellational neous3

Public utilities4 Telecommunications

New housing units 2 units or more Industrial Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial Reli- Educagious tional

Total1

Total2

Total

1 unit

Total

Total

All other private5

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003. . . . . . . . . –6.3 –5.5 –2.3 –2.6 –3.7 5.5 –7.9 –12.4 –8.6 –3.8 –7.2 –6.5 –4.2 –9.8 –8.6 (NA) (NA) –13.6

See footnotes at end of table.

5

Table 3. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in Current Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
YEAR TO DATE January 2002. . . . . . . . . . January 2003. . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . 12,060 11,786 13,118 14,885 16,790 18,149 18,518 19,501 18,687 18,093 16,488 14,436 13,399 13,439 13,610 15,303 17,379 18,421 19,538 20,858 20,787 19,028 17,151 15,030 13,708 6,650 6,484 6,938 7,628 8,028 8,567 9,069 9,539 9,144 8,884 8,228 7,809 7,523 7,646 7,632 8,348 8,924 9,417 9,791 10,456 10,060 9,531 8,815 7,992 7,642 375 350 362 389 417 412 367 374 403 444 427 429 375 378 377 415 431 488 475 512 509 453 461 455 463 123 102 114 133 108 125 125 125 211 77 115 198 112 174 154 171 165 164 155 187 152 115 159 155 171 3,623 3,518 3,776 4,181 4,468 4,917 5,670 6,045 5,418 5,205 4,629 4,304 4,228 4,311 4,287 4,809 5,329 5,682 6,203 6,606 6,177 5,704 5,104 4,603 4,474 302 289 294 310 338 375 345 356 383 356 350 353 421 383 393 398 400 395 409 429 485 429 432 436 393 2,227 2,225 2,392 2,615 2,696 2,737 2,562 2,639 2,728 2,802 2,707 2,525 2,386 2,402 2,421 2,554 2,599 2,689 2,549 2,723 2,737 2,830 2,659 2,343 2,142 2,431 2,387 3,089 3,943 5,146 5,918 5,946 6,154 5,466 5,634 4,601 3,310 2,978 2,767 2,761 3,512 4,652 5,226 5,973 6,390 6,312 5,672 4,523 3,532 2,927 216 195 214 258 232 258 239 269 303 196 245 220 188 183 222 214 264 260 283 246 334 182 256 299 243 529 537 578 505 607 567 540 665 901 517 607 570 577 613 665 628 619 611 599 689 920 589 647 656 615 608 595 648 723 764 792 751 822 777 811 803 659 656 661 691 731 835 853 840 895 863 846 796 669 655 426 458 509 597 603 661 654 661 693 657 649 583 491 494 503 573 655 664 629 651 687 711 632 577 517 1,200 1,130 1,141 1,232 1,410 1,387 1,319 1,391 1,403 1,394 1,355 1,286 986 1,074 1,136 1,298 1,430 1,391 1,424 1,532 1,613 1,497 1,483 1,304 1,109 13,399 13,708 2.3 7,523 7,642 1.6 375 463 23.5 112 171 52.7 4,228 4,474 5.8 421 393 –6.7 2,386 2,142 –10.2 2,978 2,927 –1.7 188 243 29.3 577 615 6.6 656 655 –0.2 491 517 5.3 986 1,109 12.5

6
U.S. Census Bureau

Total

Housing and redevelopment

Industrial

Educational

Hospital

Other public buildings6

Highways and streets

Military facilities

Conservation and development

Sewer systems

Water supply facilities

Miscellaneous public7

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003. . . . . . . . . –8.8 –4.4
p

1.8

10.3
r

–2.8

–9.9

–8.6

–17.1

–18.7

–6.2

–2.1

–10.4

–15.0

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. 1 Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. 2Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. 3Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. 4Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. 5Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 6Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 7Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 4. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
2001: January . . . . . . . . . February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . November. . . . . . . . December. . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . 836,473 841,671 845,710 849,713 846,591 852,562 843,603 838,638 835,965 836,571 836,550 841,809 860,238 874,310 855,224 856,914 847,098 833,700 837,774 829,808 832,156 840,020 850,516 863,435

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and MisReli- Educa- institucellagious tional tional neous3
7,941 8,152 8,213 8,434 8,311 8,722 8,728 8,627 8,309 8,008 8,206 8,092 8,406 8,678 8,792 8,919 8,822 8,454 8,171 8,031 7,903 7,711 8,198 7,911 8,048 12,453 12,057 12,253 12,191 11,927 12,028 11,744 12,369 12,927 13,725 13,896 14,306 14,223 14,427 13,951 14,539 14,107 12,651 12,775 12,355 12,611 14,203 14,094 14,110 14,237 15,640 15,103 15,542 14,900 15,442 15,463 15,192 14,641 14,672 15,128 14,468 15,253 15,358 16,184 15,998 16,520 17,114 17,770 17,656 17,394 17,956 18,616 19,083 18,065 17,317 9,490 9,614 10,100 9,479 9,625 9,929 9,220 8,901 8,134 8,809 8,903 8,989 9,012 9,040 8,098 8,549 8,589 8,741 8,338 8,567 7,994 8,395 7,709 7,646 7,592

Public utilities4 TelecommuniAll caother tions private5
19,883 18,794 17,831 19,573 21,483 18,578 17,987 18,098 18,064 17,280 17,071 18,249 16,993 17,210 16,488 17,448 17,279 18,392 17,344 16,392 15,235 16,354 15,668 16,747 (NA) 2,827 2,966 2,618 2,660 2,746 2,922 3,283 3,166 3,256 2,969 3,019 3,143 2,972 3,247 3,163 3,388 2,962 2,993 2,301 2,627 2,590 2,419 2,419 2,165 2,286

New housing units 2 units or 1 unit more
241,940 247,291 245,307 246,933 248,546 249,757 250,562 251,596 251,174 250,931 250,130 250,190 251,555 259,961 261,730 260,509 260,473 260,004 261,793 259,348 263,757 267,877 273,380 282,241 29,610 30,462 29,989 29,945 30,720 30,528 30,402 30,688 30,474 30,623 32,107 32,925 35,376 33,858 33,677 35,136 34,424 32,797 33,367 33,377 32,965 31,850 31,388 33,515

Total1
649,245 654,012 654,467 654,974 648,790 658,421 651,016 650,576 648,548 643,432 639,681 640,795 651,536 659,372 655,341 656,682 642,165 634,564 635,706 627,052 626,450 636,786 643,770 655,538

Total2
375,088 386,317 382,301 386,325 383,942 388,982 385,816 391,687 393,476 392,337 394,732 395,218 403,277 413,482 413,815 411,828 413,524 410,802 414,047 409,257 412,172 418,002 427,174 441,527

Total
271,550 277,753 275,296 276,878 279,266 280,286 280,964 282,284 281,648 281,554 282,237 283,115 286,931 293,819 295,407 295,645 294,897 292,801 295,159 292,725 296,721 299,727 304,768 315,756

Total
217,071 213,796 217,623 210,578 201,972 207,149 203,223 195,449 192,259 190,048 185,395 184,358 185,613 183,208 178,545 179,575 170,498 166,684 163,740 159,775 156,543 160,232 161,785 158,363

Industrial
34,591 32,086 33,947 32,250 29,057 30,995 30,210 29,026 28,611 24,599 22,459 23,011 20,883 19,552 18,463 17,548 16,613 16,738 15,830 14,618 13,785 14,213 14,308 14,626 14,982

Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial
60,134 57,898 60,132 55,922 52,413 54,998 51,854 48,167 46,996 47,739 45,614 44,036 44,158 41,677 40,963 40,800 37,890 37,853 37,809 36,713 34,542 34,189 35,229 34,367 32,715 15,284 15,559 14,660 14,426 14,470 14,982 15,230 14,593 14,312 13,581 13,314 12,651 12,261 12,177 11,440 11,285 11,202 10,070 9,825 9,100 8,999 8,892 8,984 8,967 9,016 61,537 63,327 62,775 62,976 60,726 60,031 61,044 59,125 58,297 58,459 58,534 58,021 61,311 61,473 60,838 61,416 56,160 54,408 53,336 52,999 52,753 54,012 54,180 52,670 53,969

Total
(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

877,900 667,886 452,595 328,586 292,069

36,517 157,876

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. 1.7 1.9 2.5 4.1 3.5 9.0 –0.3 2.4 –4.8 0.5 2.5 1.7 0.9 –4.1 –0.7 (NA) (NA) 5.6

7

Table 4. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in Current Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
2001: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . 187,227 187,660 191,243 194,739 197,802 194,141 192,587 188,062 187,417 193,140 196,869 201,014 208,702 214,938 199,882 200,232 204,932 199,136 202,068 202,757 205,706 203,234 206,747 207,896 210,015

8
U.S. Census Bureau

Total
92,952 92,155 93,607 96,586 97,062 94,894 96,819 96,884 97,807 100,977 100,295 102,071 104,647 108,858 103,940 105,468 108,406 104,528 104,901 106,320 107,712 107,652 108,087 105,344 106,514

Housing and redevelopment
4,885 4,727 4,550 4,669 4,867 4,769 4,418 4,463 4,473 5,000 5,008 5,267 4,943 5,172 4,806 5,096 5,137 5,672 5,724 6,017 5,594 5,070 5,369 5,535 6,034

Industrial
1,610 1,362 1,380 1,636 1,365 1,454 1,469 1,509 1,896 1,048 1,417 2,308 1,470 2,321 1,876 2,097 2,056 1,896 1,841 2,231 1,383 1,557 1,963 1,832 2,231

Educational
52,569 52,241 53,734 54,887 55,444 52,634 56,614 56,856 56,727 59,262 58,347 58,088 61,052 63,861 60,875 62,789 65,856 61,156 62,292 62,423 64,837 65,000 64,400 63,412 64,370

Hospital
3,855 3,842 3,658 3,826 4,017 4,308 4,087 4,198 4,184 4,025 4,145 4,385 5,375 5,068 5,017 4,845 4,759 4,657 4,813 5,093 5,308 4,841 5,176 5,273 4,971

Other public buildings6
30,032 29,984 30,286 31,568 31,369 31,730 30,230 29,858 30,527 31,642 31,377 32,023 31,808 32,435 31,366 30,641 30,599 31,148 30,231 30,554 30,591 31,183 31,178 29,292 28,907

Highways and streets
50,901 52,754 55,917 56,199 57,932 57,828 56,181 50,965 49,432 51,612 54,183 55,250 61,726 61,726 52,418 51,456 51,881 51,401 54,548 53,806 54,728 52,036 54,490 57,044 58,146

Military facilities
2,839 2,684 2,493 3,262 2,754 2,965 2,802 3,110 2,900 2,894 2,838 2,559 2,481 2,533 2,609 2,720 3,094 2,962 3,318 2,845 3,141 2,721 2,983 3,434 3,231

Conservation and development
7,412 7,589 7,479 6,553 7,384 6,586 6,432 7,005 7,564 7,239 7,115 7,461 8,159 8,661 8,693 7,885 7,378 7,343 6,975 7,505 7,692 8,347 7,734 8,283 8,394

Sewer systems
8,828 8,876 8,668 9,022 8,952 8,691 8,469 8,744 8,235 8,586 9,218 8,881 9,536 9,884 9,334 9,192 9,773 9,376 9,477 9,487 9,158 8,987 9,113 9,096 9,478

Water supply facilities
6,313 6,595 7,032 7,318 6,960 7,581 7,233 7,231 7,546 6,772 7,381 7,636 7,270 7,197 6,935 7,091 7,572 7,570 6,963 7,080 7,424 7,340 7,193 7,506 7,635

Miscellaneous public7
17,984 17,007 16,048 15,799 16,757 15,596 14,652 14,124 13,932 15,060 15,840 17,155 14,884 16,078 15,953 16,419 16,827 15,957 15,886 15,715 15,850 16,151 17,146 17,188 16,616

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003. . . . . . . . . 1.0 1.1 9.0 21.8 1.5 –5.7 –1.3 1.9 –5.9 1.3 4.2 1.7 –3.3

p r NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. 1 Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. 2Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. 3Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and airline 4 terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. 5Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 6Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 7Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 5. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
2001: January . . . . . . . . . February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . November. . . . . . . . December. . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . February. . . . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . 709,814 711,412 712,678 716,029 711,763 713,399 706,674 700,283 696,376 692,794 691,484 694,083 709,933 720,947 705,281 706,625 696,048 681,990 687,693 679,957 679,602 683,541 689,763 696,708

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and MisReli- Educa- institucellagious tional tional neous3
6,656 6,810 6,844 7,034 6,914 7,214 7,231 7,130 6,850 6,575 6,732 6,627 6,891 7,102 7,207 7,311 7,219 6,890 6,670 6,550 6,441 6,264 6,649 6,390 6,465 10,439 10,073 10,211 10,167 9,923 9,949 9,730 10,222 10,657 11,268 11,400 11,716 11,658 11,806 11,436 11,917 11,544 10,310 10,428 10,078 10,278 11,538 11,431 11,397 11,435 13,109 12,617 12,952 12,427 12,847 12,790 12,586 12,100 12,095 12,420 11,869 12,492 12,589 13,244 13,113 13,541 14,005 14,482 14,413 14,187 14,634 15,123 15,477 14,592 13,909 7,955 8,032 8,417 7,906 8,007 8,213 7,639 7,356 6,706 7,232 7,304 7,362 7,387 7,398 6,638 7,007 7,029 7,124 6,807 6,987 6,515 6,820 6,252 6,176 6,098

Public utilities4 TelecommuniAll caother tions private5
18,954 17,882 16,933 18,588 20,325 17,331 16,826 16,930 16,882 16,149 16,044 16,976 15,837 15,936 15,338 16,231 16,088 16,983 16,271 15,234 14,185 15,242 14,629 15,593 (NA) 2,469 2,577 2,267 2,317 2,392 2,517 2,845 2,748 2,829 2,566 2,614 2,689 2,549 2,773 2,710 2,886 2,512 2,511 1,955 2,208 2,166 2,023 2,028 1,811 1,894

New housing units 2 units or 1 unit more
204,341 208,158 205,795 206,466 206,949 207,958 208,455 208,103 207,068 205,345 203,855 203,904 205,184 212,387 213,309 212,660 211,767 210,871 212,667 210,852 213,395 215,508 218,704 224,357 25,008 25,641 25,158 25,038 25,579 25,419 25,292 25,383 25,123 25,060 26,167 26,833 28,854 27,661 27,446 28,682 27,987 26,600 27,105 27,135 26,671 25,624 25,110 26,641

Total1
550,532 552,520 551,286 551,191 544,487 550,625 544,590 542,067 538,850 531,338 526,856 527,116 536,341 542,691 538,997 540,593 526,634 518,589 520,785 513,375 511,069 517,263 520,615 527,213

Total2
316,797 325,182 320,722 323,015 319,685 323,882 320,979 323,976 324,383 321,061 321,705 322,101 328,937 337,812 337,257 336,186 336,199 333,173 336,350 332,729 333,473 336,285 341,739 350,976

Total
229,349 233,799 230,953 231,503 232,528 233,377 233,747 233,485 232,191 230,405 230,022 230,738 234,038 240,048 240,755 241,342 239,753 237,471 239,772 237,988 240,066 241,132 243,814 250,998

Total
181,953 178,609 181,352 175,628 168,030 171,339 168,370 161,528 158,499 156,033 152,088 150,989 152,142 149,925 146,348 147,193 139,524 135,847 133,666 130,322 127,582 130,164 131,212 127,918

Industrial
28,995 26,805 28,289 26,898 24,174 25,637 25,029 23,988 23,587 20,196 18,424 18,846 17,118 16,000 15,134 14,384 13,595 13,642 12,923 11,923 11,234 11,546 11,604 11,815 12,034

Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial
50,406 48,369 50,110 46,640 43,605 45,491 42,961 39,808 38,743 39,195 37,419 36,066 36,195 34,106 33,576 33,443 31,007 30,850 30,865 29,945 28,152 27,773 28,572 27,760 26,277 12,812 12,998 12,217 12,032 12,039 12,392 12,618 12,060 11,799 11,150 10,922 10,361 10,050 9,965 9,377 9,250 9,167 8,207 8,021 7,423 7,334 7,224 7,286 7,243 7,242 51,582 52,905 52,313 52,523 50,521 49,653 50,575 48,863 48,060 47,996 48,018 47,519 50,255 50,305 49,868 50,341 45,958 44,342 43,539 43,229 42,994 43,877 43,941 42,545 43,348

Total
(NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)

702,164 532,204 356,093 258,525 229,795

28,731 126,808

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . See footnotes at end of table. 0.8 0.9 1.5 3.0 2.4 7.8 –0.9 1.9 –5.3 (Z) 1.9 1.2 0.3 –4.7 –1.3 (NA) (NA) 4.6

9

Table 5. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in 1996 Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
2001: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . 159,282 158,892 161,392 164,838 167,276 162,774 162,084 158,216 157,526 161,456 164,629 166,967 173,592 178,255 166,284 166,032 169,414 163,401 166,907 166,582 168,533 166,278 169,148 169,495 169,960

10
U.S. Census Bureau

Total
77,945 77,019 78,031 80,565 80,754 78,516 80,229 80,073 80,632 82,891 82,249 83,575 85,756 89,075 85,174 86,432 88,685 85,167 85,611 86,705 87,752 87,411 87,602 85,021 85,454

Housing and redevelopment
4,126 3,979 3,817 3,904 4,053 3,971 3,676 3,691 3,687 4,091 4,082 4,292 4,032 4,226 3,917 4,160 4,176 4,600 4,650 4,892 4,526 4,079 4,295 4,400 4,747

Industrial
1,350 1,138 1,150 1,364 1,136 1,203 1,217 1,247 1,563 861 1,163 1,890 1,205 1,899 1,538 1,719 1,682 1,545 1,503 1,820 1,127 1,265 1,592 1,480 1,792

Educational
44,065 43,643 44,778 45,778 46,126 43,535 46,905 46,988 46,766 48,656 47,865 47,574 50,043 52,259 49,897 51,467 53,892 49,842 50,851 50,916 52,842 52,803 52,231 51,222 51,703

Hospital
3,232 3,209 3,048 3,191 3,342 3,563 3,386 3,470 3,449 3,305 3,400 3,592 4,405 4,147 4,113 3,971 3,895 3,795 3,929 4,154 4,326 3,933 4,198 4,259 3,993

Other public buildings6
25,173 25,049 25,239 26,329 26,097 26,245 25,046 24,676 25,167 25,978 25,740 26,227 26,072 26,543 25,710 25,115 25,040 25,385 24,678 24,922 24,931 25,332 25,286 23,661 23,219

Highways and streets
43,100 44,294 46,753 47,385 48,929 48,351 47,370 43,081 41,856 43,262 45,341 45,624 51,098 50,845 43,357 42,316 42,491 41,654 44,785 43,709 44,243 42,066 44,158 46,078 46,554

Military facilities
2,391 2,248 2,081 2,737 2,309 2,467 2,340 2,600 2,423 2,401 2,352 2,105 2,043 2,080 2,147 2,233 2,534 2,406 2,715 2,315 2,550 2,205 2,419 2,774 2,591

Conservation and development
6,677 6,825 6,720 5,904 6,634 5,844 5,732 6,249 6,748 6,457 6,381 6,621 7,259 7,671 7,734 6,965 6,489 6,379 6,140 6,537 6,666 7,233 6,719 7,172 7,205

Sewer systems
7,953 7,982 7,788 8,128 8,043 7,712 7,548 7,800 7,346 7,660 8,267 7,881 8,484 8,755 8,304 8,121 8,596 8,146 8,342 8,264 7,935 7,788 7,918 7,875 8,136

Water supply facilities
5,508 5,750 6,125 6,358 6,010 6,452 6,166 6,154 6,417 5,768 6,325 6,488 6,187 6,099 5,897 5,979 6,347 6,261 5,817 5,847 6,135 6,071 5,960 6,203 6,253

Miscellaneous public7
15,707 14,776 13,894 13,762 14,597 13,434 12,697 12,260 12,104 13,017 13,714 14,675 12,765 13,730 13,670 13,986 14,272 13,387 13,497 13,206 13,252 13,504 14,372 14,371 13,766

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003. . . . . . . . . 0.3 0.5 7.9 21.1 0.9 –6.2 –1.9 1.0 –6.6 0.5 3.3 0.8 –4.2

p r NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. Z Less than 0.05 percent. 1 2 3 Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and air4 5 line terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and 6 Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 7 postal facilities, etc. Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 6. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
Private construction Residential buildings Period Total construction
YEAR TO DATE January 2002. . . . . . . . . . January 2003. . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . 48,864 46,853 53,314 56,675 61,705 65,172 65,487 66,970 64,926 63,818 59,346 51,616 48,431 47,060 52,263 56,259 60,221 62,343 64,072 65,031 63,867 62,798 58,997 51,745 48,011 38,604 36,867 42,236 44,074 47,504 49,959 49,908 50,563 49,201 48,691 45,552 39,622 37,286 35,909 40,935 43,565 45,854 47,237 47,944 47,909 46,837 47,242 44,960 39,486 36,910 21,566 20,231 24,106 25,704 28,352 30,237 30,171 30,780 30,374 29,905 27,885 22,994 22,312 20,981 25,225 27,035 29,721 31,230 31,530 31,579 31,217 31,073 29,615 25,066 24,233 15,824 15,365 17,882 18,749 20,094 21,141 21,746 21,942 21,416 20,847 19,931 17,071 16,168 15,750 18,558 19,574 20,711 21,508 22,331 22,318 22,086 21,795 21,095 18,584 17,908 13,946 13,461 15,863 16,689 17,849 18,890 19,560 19,683 19,275 18,652 17,735 14,953 13,987 13,699 16,371 17,208 18,265 19,172 19,973 19,926 19,810 19,557 19,009 16,490 15,722 1,878 1,904 2,019 2,059 2,245 2,252 2,186 2,259 2,142 2,195 2,196 2,118 2,181 2,052 2,187 2,366 2,447 2,336 2,358 2,392 2,276 2,238 2,086 2,094 2,186 13,595 13,311 14,353 14,303 14,318 14,810 14,579 14,408 13,992 13,861 13,000 12,058 11,319 11,158 11,506 12,095 11,823 11,710 11,618 11,613 11,263 11,573 11,197 10,260 9,394 2,179 1,972 2,216 2,138 2,035 2,213 2,155 2,091 2,084 1,818 1,578 1,592 1,285 1,177 1,192 1,169 1,128 1,170 1,122 1,030 980 1,028 991 1,028 896 3,915 3,720 4,059 3,863 3,812 3,874 3,619 3,453 3,306 3,426 3,190 2,873 2,817 2,632 2,720 2,812 2,690 2,589 2,624 2,575 2,412 2,421 2,424 2,246 2,041 1,011 1,017 1,023 1,012 1,027 1,055 1,065 1,032 983 951 918 851 794 781 753 798 777 696 684 634 617 618 595 593 567 3,628 3,778 3,989 4,197 4,256 4,361 4,510 4,516 4,446 4,396 4,150 3,706 3,535 3,597 3,807 4,040 3,872 3,880 3,868 3,977 3,966 4,026 3,812 3,311 3,056 509 505 531 555 567 581 608 640 619 617 605 542 537 526 542 590 575 566 561 594 580 597 583 526 489 732 708 768 806 857 950 949 1,014 945 943 914 868 822 836 861 945 1,000 979 1,005 993 902 966 924 852 812 1,027 995 1,071 1,053 1,082 1,074 1,027 1,029 1,033 1,076 1,023 1,029 979 1,043 1,084 1,142 1,183 1,221 1,181 1,205 1,250 1,321 1,337 1,205 1,081 593 615 696 679 681 701 646 633 576 633 621 596 550 567 548 599 599 610 573 604 556 598 530 498 453 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,327 1,247 1,360 1,450 1,738 1,489 1,406 1,587 1,377 1,531 1,483 1,444 1,109 1,118 1,185 1,323 1,372 1,394 1,420 1,377 1,186 1,443 1,300 1,405 (NA) 174 174 166 174 190 212 255 269 266 245 230 231 179 188 200 217 198 210 175 215 204 189 177 154 132 48,431 48,011 –0.9 37,286 36,910 –1.0 22,312 24,233 8.6 16,168 17,908 10.8 13,987 15,722 12.4 2,181 2,186 0.2 11,319 9,394 –17.0 1,285 896 –30.3 2,817 2,041 –27.5 794 567 –28.6 3,535 3,056 –13.6 537 489 –8.9 822 812 –1.2 979 1,081 10.4 550 453 –17.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,109 (NA) (NA) 179 132 –26.3

U.S. Census Bureau

Nonresidential buildings Hospital and Misinstitucellational neous3

Public utilities4 TelecommuniAll caother tions private5

New housing units 2 units or more Industrial Other Hotels, comOffice motels mercial Reli- Educagious tional

Total1

Total2

Total

1 unit

Total

Total

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003. . . . . . . . . –7.2 –6.5 –3.3 –3.6 –4.7 4.4 –8.4 –12.8 –9.1 –4.4 –7.7 –7.0 –4.7 –10.3 –9.0 (NA) (NA) –14.3

See footnotes at end of table.

11

Table 6. Monthly Value of Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in 1996 Dollars—Con. [Millions of dollars]
Public construction Buildings Period Total
YEAR TO DATE January 2002. . . . . . . . . . January 2003. . . . . . . . . . Percent change . . . . . . . . MONTHLY DATA 2001: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . November . . . . . December . . . . . 2002: January. . . . . . . February . . . . . . March . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . September . . . . October. . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . Decemberr . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . 10,261 9,986 11,078 12,601 14,201 15,213 15,579 16,407 15,725 15,127 13,794 11,993 11,145 11,151 11,328 12,694 14,367 15,106 16,128 17,122 17,030 15,555 14,037 12,259 11,101 5,576 5,419 5,783 6,363 6,679 7,088 7,515 7,884 7,538 7,292 6,747 6,394 6,165 6,257 6,254 6,841 7,300 7,673 7,990 8,527 8,196 7,739 7,144 6,450 6,130 317 295 304 326 347 343 305 310 333 363 348 350 306 308 307 339 351 395 386 416 412 365 369 362 364 103 85 95 111 90 104 103 103 174 63 95 162 92 142 126 140 135 133 127 152 124 93 129 125 137 3,037 2,939 3,146 3,487 3,717 4,067 4,698 4,996 4,467 4,273 3,797 3,525 3,466 3,528 3,514 3,942 4,361 4,631 5,063 5,388 5,034 4,633 4,139 3,718 3,593 253 242 245 258 282 311 286 294 316 293 287 289 345 313 322 327 327 322 334 350 395 348 350 352 315 1,866 1,859 1,994 2,181 2,243 2,264 2,123 2,181 2,249 2,300 2,220 2,068 1,956 1,965 1,985 2,094 2,127 2,192 2,081 2,221 2,231 2,299 2,157 1,892 1,721 2,058 2,004 2,583 3,325 4,347 4,948 5,013 5,202 4,629 4,723 3,850 2,734 2,465 2,280 2,283 2,888 3,810 4,235 4,904 5,190 5,103 4,585 3,665 2,853 2,343 182 163 178 216 194 214 199 225 253 162 203 181 154 150 183 176 216 211 232 200 271 147 207 241 195 476 483 520 455 546 503 481 593 804 461 545 506 513 543 592 555 545 531 527 600 797 511 562 568 528 548 535 582 651 686 702 669 733 693 723 720 584 584 586 615 646 734 741 739 780 748 733 691 579 562 372 399 444 519 521 563 558 563 589 560 556 495 418 419 428 483 549 549 525 537 568 588 523 477 424 1,048 981 988 1,073 1,228 1,195 1,143 1,207 1,219 1,205 1,173 1,100 845 917 973 1,106 1,213 1,167 1,210 1,287 1,348 1,252 1,243 1,091 919 11,145 11,101 –0.4 6,165 6,130 –0.6 306 364 19.0 92 137 48.9 3,466 3,593 3.7 345 315 –8.7 1,956 1,721 –12.0 2,465 2,343 –4.9 154 195 26.6 513 528 2.9 584 562 –3.8 418 424 1.4 845 919 8.8

12
U.S. Census Bureau

Total

Housing and redevelopment

Industrial

Educational

Hospital

Other public buildings6

Highways and streets

Military facilities

Conservation and development

Sewer systems

Water supply facilities

Miscellaneous public7

PERCENT CHANGE December 2002January 2003. . . . . . . . . –9.4 –5.0
p

0.6
r

9.6

–3.4

–10.5

–9.0

–17.9

–19.1

–7.0

–2.9

–11.1

–15.8

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. 1 2 3 Includes farm nonresidential and other private categories, not shown separately. Includes residential improvements, not shown separately. Includes amusement and recreational buildings, bus and air4 5 line terminals, animal hospitals and shelters, etc. Includes gas, electric, railroad, and petroleum pipelines, not shown separately. Includes privately owned streets and bridges, parking areas, sewer and 6 Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, civic centers, passenger terminals, space facilities, water facilities, parks and playgrounds, golf courses, airfields, etc. 7 postal facilities, etc. Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc.

Table 7. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,914 10,686 11,920 13,719 15,573 16,865 17,330 18,181 16,906 17,015 15,250 13,167 12,222 12,133 12,247 13,972 15,973 17,029 18,163 19,434 18,988 17,888 15,764 13,548 12,348 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 6,246 6,120 6,516 7,231 7,634 8,108 8,638 9,108 8,565 8,507 7,833 7,346 7,124 7,199 7,212 7,899 8,460 8,971 9,336 9,980 9,575 9,157 8,369 7,564 7,226 339 318 333 364 378 376 333 341 372 400 390 390 341 329 337 372 399 443 439 458 458 409 416 417 427 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 260 252 243 267 279 290 280 297 287 313 303 318 346 307 338 349 336 334 335 355 400 381 358 366 344 2,027 2,035 2,171 2,423 2,512 2,527 2,358 2,428 2,494 2,592 2,511 2,338 2,214 2,254 2,252 2,374 2,403 2,517 2,364 2,565 2,548 2,665 2,493 2,181 1,983 2,416 2,372 3,072 3,922 5,130 5,888 5,915 6,119 5,435 5,603 4,577 3,293 2,964 2,753 2,745 3,492 4,626 5,197 5,941 6,356 6,279 5,641 4,499 3,514 2,913 Conservation and development 191 187 206 196 226 200 203 232 203 189 215 179 195 198 211 236 226 207 220 224 221 186 179 165 154 Water supply facilities 426 458 509 597 603 661 654 661 693 657 649 583 491 494 503 573 655 664 629 651 687 711 632 577 517 Miscellaneous construction2 1,027 954 969 1,051 1,216 1,216 1,169 1,239 1,233 1,248 1,174 1,108 791 827 886 1,042 1,171 1,137 1,198 1,328 1,363 1,345 1,290 1,059 884

Educational 3,621 3,516 3,771 4,177 4,465 4,915 5,668 6,042 5,413 5,202 4,628 4,301 4,224 4,309 4,285 4,804 5,323 5,677 6,199 6,603 6,171 5,703 5,101 4,600 4,472

Sewer systems 608 595 648 723 764 792 751 822 777 811 803 659 656 661 691 731 835 853 840 895 863 846 796 669 655

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,145 1,100 1,198 1,166 1,217 1,284 1,187 1,320 1,781 1,078 1,237 1,269 1,177 1,306 1,363 1,331 1,406 1,392 1,376 1,425 1,800 1,141 1,387 1,482 1,360 Educational 2 2 5 4 2 2 3 3 5 3 1 3 5 2 2 5 6 5 4 3 6 1 3 3 2 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 42 37 51 43 59 85 65 59 97 44 46 36 75 76 54 49 64 61 74 74 85 48 74 70 49 200 190 222 193 184 210 204 211 234 210 196 187 173 148 169 180 196 172 186 159 190 165 166 162 159 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 216 195 214 258 232 258 239 269 303 196 245 220 188 183 222 214 264 260 283 246 334 182 256 299 243 Conservation and development 337 351 373 309 381 366 337 433 698 328 392 391 382 415 454 392 393 404 379 465 699 403 468 491 462 Miscellaneous construction4 173 176 173 181 194 171 150 152 171 146 181 178 195 247 250 257 259 253 227 204 250 152 193 246 225

Total 404 364 421 397 394 459 431 431 579 377 395 463 399 448 420 448 464 446 454 476 485 373 446 428 416

Housing 36 33 30 26 40 37 34 33 32 44 37 40 34 49 41 44 33 44 36 54 51 44 45 38 36

Industrial 123 102 114 133 108 125 125 125 211 77 115 198 112 174 154 171 165 164 155 187 152 115 159 155 171

p r NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. 1 2 Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. Includes open amusement 3 and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. Includes federal office buildings, prisons, court4 houses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

13
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 8. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in Current Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 171,998 172,680 176,709 179,850 182,782 179,180 178,321 173,149 172,200 177,164 182,169 185,409 192,959 197,152 183,124 183,624 187,926 182,563 185,778 186,393 190,496 186,281 189,940 189,987 192,127 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 87,676 87,286 88,489 91,681 92,089 89,573 91,733 91,680 92,606 95,866 95,443 96,669 99,431 102,866 98,830 99,969 102,634 99,359 99,508 100,626 103,313 102,588 102,581 100,276 101,077 4,410 4,292 4,187 4,349 4,368 4,342 4,012 4,064 4,187 4,404 4,556 4,804 4,494 4,520 4,313 4,562 4,730 5,158 5,301 5,371 5,128 4,468 4,819 5,084 5,564 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 3,305 3,345 3,036 3,296 3,268 3,322 3,316 3,487 3,315 3,434 3,576 3,971 4,396 4,054 4,357 4,240 3,970 3,951 3,931 4,209 4,535 4,188 4,269 4,443 4,337 27,419 27,438 27,592 29,192 29,039 29,297 27,824 27,309 28,423 28,801 28,973 29,843 29,549 30,457 29,311 28,434 28,157 29,153 28,027 28,657 28,867 28,942 29,127 27,372 26,833 50,586 52,422 55,609 55,900 57,752 57,535 55,888 50,675 49,152 51,328 53,900 54,966 61,436 61,414 52,115 51,163 51,591 51,116 54,256 53,520 54,442 51,751 54,201 56,754 57,868 Conservation and development 2,921 2,863 2,960 2,500 2,672 2,235 2,222 2,338 2,073 1,926 2,512 2,399 3,026 3,053 3,060 2,995 2,649 2,328 2,413 2,264 2,255 1,900 2,054 2,209 2,377 Water supply facilities 6,313 6,595 7,032 7,318 6,960 7,581 7,233 7,231 7,546 6,772 7,381 7,636 7,270 7,197 6,935 7,091 7,572 7,570 6,963 7,080 7,424 7,340 7,193 7,506 7,635 Miscellaneous construction2 15,675 14,638 13,952 13,430 14,357 13,566 12,776 12,483 12,588 12,686 13,715 14,857 12,260 12,738 12,850 13,214 13,706 12,815 13,162 13,416 13,904 13,714 14,797 14,147 13,691

Educational 52,542 52,210 53,674 54,844 55,413 52,612 56,581 56,819 56,681 59,226 58,337 58,051 60,992 63,836 60,848 62,733 65,778 61,096 62,248 62,389 64,782 64,989 64,367 63,377 64,342

Sewer systems 8,828 8,876 8,668 9,022 8,952 8,691 8,469 8,744 8,235 8,586 9,218 8,881 9,536 9,884 9,334 9,192 9,773 9,376 9,477 9,487 9,158 8,987 9,113 9,096 9,478

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,229 14,980 14,534 14,889 15,020 14,961 14,266 14,913 15,217 15,976 14,700 15,605 15,743 17,785 16,759 16,608 17,007 16,574 16,290 16,364 15,210 16,953 16,807 17,909 17,888 Educational 27 31 60 43 30 22 33 36 47 37 10 37 60 25 27 56 78 60 44 35 54 11 33 36 27 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 550 496 622 530 749 986 772 711 868 591 569 414 979 1,014 660 605 790 705 882 884 772 653 908 830 634 2,613 2,546 2,694 2,377 2,329 2,432 2,406 2,550 2,104 2,841 2,404 2,180 2,259 1,979 2,055 2,207 2,442 1,995 2,204 1,898 1,724 2,241 2,051 1,921 2,075 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 2,839 2,684 2,493 3,262 2,754 2,965 2,802 3,110 2,900 2,894 2,838 2,559 2,481 2,533 2,609 2,720 3,094 2,962 3,318 2,845 3,141 2,721 2,983 3,434 3,231 Conservation and development 4,491 4,726 4,519 4,054 4,712 4,351 4,210 4,667 5,491 5,312 4,603 5,063 5,132 5,608 5,633 4,890 4,729 5,015 4,562 5,241 5,437 6,446 5,681 6,074 6,017 Miscellaneous construction4 2,309 2,369 2,096 2,369 2,400 2,030 1,876 1,641 1,344 2,374 2,124 2,298 2,623 3,340 3,103 3,205 3,121 3,142 2,725 2,298 1,946 2,437 2,349 3,041 2,925

Total 5,276 4,870 5,118 4,905 4,973 5,321 5,086 5,204 5,201 5,112 4,852 5,402 5,216 5,992 5,110 5,499 5,772 5,169 5,393 5,694 4,400 5,065 5,505 5,069 5,437

Housing 475 435 363 320 499 427 406 398 286 595 452 463 449 653 492 534 407 513 423 646 466 603 550 451 469

Industrial 1,610 1,362 1,380 1,636 1,365 1,454 1,469 1,509 1,896 1,048 1,417 2,308 1,470 2,321 1,876 2,097 2,056 1,896 1,841 2,231 1,383 1,557 1,963 1,832 2,231

p r NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. 1 2 Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. Includes open amusement 3 and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. Includes federal office buildings, prisons, court4 Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc. houses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc.

14
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 9. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 146,136 145,987 148,912 152,043 154,353 150,049 149,903 145,481 144,512 147,830 152,096 153,748 160,219 163,196 152,029 152,002 155,114 149,559 153,221 152,895 155,831 152,111 155,131 154,596 155,199 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 73,520 72,948 73,764 76,474 76,616 74,113 76,015 75,771 76,344 78,696 78,272 79,153 81,483 84,172 80,988 81,926 83,963 80,956 81,210 82,062 84,169 83,302 83,143 80,933 81,095 3,725 3,613 3,512 3,636 3,637 3,615 3,338 3,362 3,452 3,604 3,713 3,915 3,666 3,692 3,515 3,724 3,846 4,184 4,306 4,367 4,149 3,594 3,855 4,041 4,378 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 2,770 2,795 2,530 2,749 2,718 2,748 2,747 2,882 2,733 2,820 2,934 3,252 3,603 3,318 3,571 3,475 3,249 3,220 3,209 3,433 3,696 3,402 3,462 3,589 3,484 22,983 22,922 22,994 24,347 24,159 24,233 23,052 22,569 23,432 23,646 23,768 24,441 24,220 24,924 24,026 23,306 23,041 23,760 22,879 23,374 23,526 23,511 23,623 22,109 21,553 42,834 44,015 46,496 47,133 48,777 48,106 47,123 42,836 41,619 43,024 45,105 45,389 50,858 50,588 43,106 42,075 42,253 41,423 44,545 43,477 44,011 41,836 43,923 45,843 46,332 Conservation and development 2,631 2,575 2,660 2,252 2,400 1,983 1,980 2,085 1,849 1,718 2,253 2,128 2,692 2,704 2,723 2,646 2,330 2,022 2,124 1,972 1,954 1,647 1,784 1,912 2,040 Water supply facilities 5,508 5,750 6,125 6,358 6,010 6,452 6,166 6,154 6,417 5,768 6,325 6,488 6,187 6,099 5,897 5,979 6,347 6,261 5,817 5,847 6,135 6,071 5,960 6,203 6,253 Miscellaneous construction2 13,690 12,718 12,080 11,699 12,507 11,685 11,071 10,836 10,937 10,965 11,875 12,709 10,515 10,878 11,011 11,255 11,625 10,751 11,182 11,274 11,625 11,466 12,403 11,829 11,343

Educational 44,042 43,618 44,728 45,742 46,101 43,517 46,877 46,958 46,728 48,625 47,857 47,544 49,993 52,239 49,875 51,420 53,828 49,793 50,815 50,888 52,797 52,794 52,204 51,193 51,681

Sewer systems 7,953 7,982 7,788 8,128 8,043 7,712 7,548 7,800 7,346 7,660 8,267 7,881 8,484 8,755 8,304 8,121 8,596 8,146 8,342 8,264 7,935 7,788 7,918 7,875 8,136

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,146 12,905 12,480 12,796 12,923 12,725 12,180 12,735 13,014 13,626 12,533 13,219 13,373 15,059 14,255 14,030 14,300 13,841 13,687 13,686 12,702 14,168 14,017 14,899 14,761 Educational 23 26 50 36 25 18 27 30 39 30 8 31 49 21 22 46 64 49 36 28 44 9 27 29 22 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 461 415 518 442 623 815 639 588 716 485 467 339 802 830 541 496 646 575 720 721 630 530 736 670 509 2,190 2,127 2,245 1,982 1,938 2,012 1,993 2,107 1,735 2,332 1,972 1,785 1,851 1,619 1,684 1,809 1,999 1,626 1,799 1,548 1,405 1,821 1,663 1,551 1,666 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 2,391 2,248 2,081 2,737 2,309 2,467 2,340 2,600 2,423 2,401 2,352 2,105 2,043 2,080 2,147 2,233 2,534 2,406 2,715 2,315 2,550 2,205 2,419 2,774 2,591 Conservation and development 4,046 4,250 4,060 3,652 4,234 3,861 3,752 4,163 4,898 4,739 4,128 4,492 4,566 4,967 5,012 4,320 4,159 4,357 4,016 4,565 4,712 5,586 4,935 5,259 5,165 Miscellaneous construction4 2,017 2,058 1,815 2,063 2,091 1,749 1,626 1,425 1,168 2,052 1,839 1,966 2,250 2,852 2,659 2,730 2,647 2,636 2,315 1,932 1,627 2,037 1,969 2,542 2,423

Total 4,425 4,071 4,267 4,092 4,138 4,403 4,215 4,301 4,288 4,195 3,978 4,422 4,274 4,903 4,186 4,506 4,722 4,211 4,401 4,642 3,583 4,110 4,459 4,088 4,359

Housing 401 366 305 267 415 355 338 330 236 487 368 377 366 533 401 436 331 416 343 525 377 485 440 358 369

Industrial 1,350 1,138 1,150 1,364 1,136 1,203 1,217 1,247 1,563 861 1,163 1,890 1,205 1,899 1,538 1,719 1,682 1,545 1,503 1,820 1,127 1,265 1,592 1,480 1,792

p r NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals. Preliminary. Revised. 1 2 Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. Includes open amusement 3 and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. Includes federal office buildings, prisons, court4 houses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

15
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 10. Monthly Value of Public Construction Put in Place—Not Seasonally Adjusted in 1996 Dollars [Millions of dollars]
State and locally owned public construction Buildings Period Total state and local 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,272 9,038 10,050 11,600 13,154 14,122 14,566 15,278 14,198 14,210 12,739 10,920 10,146 10,045 10,169 11,570 13,185 13,945 14,973 15,930 15,523 14,604 12,880 11,027 9,979 Housing and redevelopTotal ment 5,238 5,115 5,432 6,031 6,351 6,708 7,158 7,528 7,061 6,983 6,424 6,014 5,838 5,890 5,910 6,474 6,921 7,310 7,620 8,139 7,801 7,436 6,783 6,104 5,797 286 267 279 304 314 313 277 282 306 327 318 317 278 269 274 304 324 359 357 372 370 329 333 331 336 Highways and Other 1 streets Hospital buildings 218 211 202 223 232 240 232 245 236 257 249 260 283 251 277 286 275 272 273 289 326 309 291 296 276 1,699 1,700 1,809 2,021 2,090 2,090 1,954 2,007 2,056 2,128 2,060 1,915 1,815 1,844 1,846 1,946 1,966 2,051 1,929 2,092 2,076 2,165 2,022 1,761 1,593 2,045 1,992 2,569 3,307 4,333 4,923 4,987 5,172 4,602 4,697 3,830 2,720 2,454 2,268 2,270 2,872 3,789 4,211 4,878 5,163 5,076 4,560 3,646 2,838 2,332 Conservation and development 172 168 185 176 203 178 181 207 181 169 193 159 174 176 188 209 199 179 193 195 192 162 156 143 132 Water supply facilities 372 399 444 519 521 563 558 563 589 560 556 495 418 419 428 483 549 549 525 537 568 588 523 477 424 Miscellaneous construction2 897 829 839 915 1,059 1,048 1,013 1,075 1,071 1,078 1,016 948 678 706 759 887 993 954 1,018 1,116 1,139 1,125 1,081 885 733

Educational 3,035 2,937 3,142 3,484 3,715 4,065 4,696 4,993 4,462 4,271 3,797 3,522 3,462 3,526 3,512 3,938 4,356 4,627 5,060 5,386 5,029 4,633 4,137 3,716 3,592

Sewer systems 548 535 582 651 686 702 669 733 693 723 720 584 584 586 615 646 734 741 739 780 748 733 691 579 562

Federally owned public construction Buildings Total federal 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . June. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . . . . Novemberr . . . . . . . . . . . Decemberr . . . . . . . . . . . 2003: Januaryp . . . . . . . . . . . . 989 948 1,028 1,001 1,047 1,091 1,013 1,129 1,527 917 1,055 1,073 999 1,106 1,159 1,124 1,183 1,162 1,155 1,192 1,507 951 1,157 1,232 1,122 Educational 2 2 4 3 2 2 2 2 4 2 1 3 4 2 2 4 5 4 3 2 5 1 2 2 2 Highways Other and 3 Hospital buildings streets 35 31 43 36 49 70 54 49 80 36 38 29 61 62 45 40 52 50 61 60 69 39 60 57 39 168 159 185 161 153 174 169 175 193 172 161 153 141 121 139 147 161 140 152 129 155 134 135 131 127 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) Military facilities 182 163 178 216 194 214 199 225 253 162 203 181 154 150 183 176 216 211 232 200 271 147 207 241 195 Conservation and development 304 315 335 278 343 325 300 386 622 292 352 347 339 367 404 346 346 351 334 405 605 349 406 425 396 Miscellaneous construction4 151 153 150 157 169 147 130 132 148 127 157 152 167 211 214 219 220 212 193 171 209 127 162 206 186

Total 339 304 351 331 328 380 357 356 477 309 324 379 327 366 344 367 380 364 371 388 395 303 362 345 333

Housing 31 27 25 22 33 31 29 27 26 36 30 32 28 40 33 36 27 36 29 44 42 36 36 30 28
p

Industrial 103 85 95 111 90 104 103 103 174 63 95 162 92 142 126 140 135 133 127 152 124 93 129 125 137
r

NA Not available, but estimates are included in totals.
1

Preliminary.

Revised.

Includes general administrative buildings, prisons, police and fire stations, courthouses, passenger terminals, civic centers, etc. 2Includes open amusement and recreational facilities, power generating facilities, transit systems, airfields, open parking facilities, etc. 3Includes federal office buildings, prisons, courthouses, space facilities, postal facilities, etc. 4Includes federal airport facilities, fish and wildlife preservation facilities, VA cemeteries, etc.

16
U.S. Census Bureau

Table 11. Indexes Used in Deriving Estimates of the Value of Construction Put in Place in Constant Dollars
[1996 = 100] Engineering NewsRecord U.S. Census Bureau Houses Under Construction Handy-Whitman public utility C.A. Turner telephone plant

U.S. Census Bureau

U.S. Census Bureau Period Composite fixedweighted

Implicit price deflator

Buildings

Construction

Fixedweighted

Price deflator

Federal Highway AdminisTurner tration Bureau of Concompos- Reclama- struction ite tion Company Annual indexes

Buildings

Electric

Gas

Water

1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

106.0 110.3 115.3 119.6 122.2

106.1 110.4 115.4 119.6 122.1

105.8 107.9 110.5 111.6 113.1

105.3 107.8 110.7 112.8 116.2

105.6 110.4 115.4 120.6 123.9

105.6 110.4 115.5 120.5 123.9

105.2 111.9 119.3 118.7 (NA)

105 107 111 112 114

109 113 118 121 123

104 107 110 113 (NA)

104 105 109 113 (NA)

104 107 111 114 (NA)

104 107 112 116 (NA)

102 101 103 106 (NA)

Monthly indexes 2001: January . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . 2002: January . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . March. . . . . . . . . . . . April . . . . . . . . . . . . . May . . . . . . . . . . . . . June . . . . . . . . . . . . . July. . . . . . . . . . . . . . August . . . . . . . . . . . September . . . . . . . October . . . . . . . . . . November . . . . . . . . December . . . . . . . . 2003: January . . . . . . . . . . February . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.
p

Quarterly indexes 118.2 118.7 119.2 119.7 120.3 120.3 120.5 121.1 121.4 122.3 122.8 122.9 123.0 122.7 122.6 122.2 122.7 123.2 123.2 123.2 123.8 124.5 r 125.1 r 126.0
p

Semiannual indexes

117.8 118.3 118.7 118.8 119.2 119.7 119.6 119.9 120.2 120.9 121.1 121.5 121.5 121.5 121.3 121.2 121.6 122.2 121.9 122.2 122.6 123.1 r 123.3 r 124.0
p

117.9 118.3 118.6 118.7 119.0 119.5 119.4 119.7 120.0 120.8 121.0 121.2 121.2 121.2 121.3 121.3 121.7 122.3 121.8 122.1 122.5 122.9 r 123.3 r 123.8
p

110.7 110.4 110.5 110.5 110.7 111.5 113.2 112.6 112.3 112.4 112.3 111.7 111.8 111.8 112.3 111.8 112.8 113.1 114.0 113.9 114.1 114.0 114.1 113.6 113.9 114.1

111.7 111.6 111.7 111.8 111.8 112.4 113.9 113.6 113.7 113.8 114.0 113.7 114.9 114.9 115.6 115.3 115.8 116.2 117.5 116.0 117.2 117.0 117.0 116.7 117.0 118.1

118.4 118.8 119.2 119.6 120.1 120.1 120.2 120.9 121.3 122.2 122.7 122.7 122.6 122.4 122.7 122.5 123.0 123.3 123.1 123.0 123.6 124.3 r 125.0 r 125.8
p

123.9

112

121 112 111 113 115 105

111.9

112

121

115.2

112

122 114 112 114 117 106

127.1

113

122

121.6

113

122 114 114 115 117 107

129.1

113

122

121.8

115

123 117 117 117 120 107

(NA)

116

123

125.1

125.0

127.3

127.1 (NA) (NA) (NA)

Preliminary.

r

Revised.

17

Table 12. Factors Used to Seasonally Adjust Estimates of the Value of Construction Put in Place
[Percent] Type of construction Jan. 2003p Dec. 2002r Nov. 2002r Oct. 2002 Sep. 2002 Aug. 2002 July 2002 June 2002 May 2002 Apr. 2002 Mar. 2002 Jan. 2002

PRIVATE CONSTRUCTION Residential buildings: New housing units: 1 unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 units or more. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings: Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels, motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and institutional . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous nonresidential . . . . Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . All other private . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PUBLIC CONSTRUCTION State and Local Buildings: Housing and redevelopment . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . . . Sewer systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous construction . . . . . . . . Federal Buildings: Housing and redevelopment . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other buildings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Military . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development . . . . Miscellaneous construction . . . . . . . .
p

82.1 91.3 89.3 93.2 93.9 84.6 90.8 85.2 93.3 89.1 83.5 83.5

88.2 94.3 104.4 97.1 98.2 93.4 98.8 89.7 99.1 96.8 108.1 101.8

104.3 99.7 102.5 101.8 98.0 104.1 105.3 97.0 103.7 101.7 106.6 105.0

108.9 104.8 106.8 104.6 102.6 110.1 114.3 100.5 104.8 105.2 113.6 112.2

111.4 102.4 104.7 102.8 100.9 110.7 108.0 105.3 102.5 102.5 100.3 112.9

113.4 105.8 103.7 103.2 102.5 110.4 108.8 118.3 101.9 103.7 108.5 116.7

112.7 104.4 104.2 102.0 102.3 106.6 101.0 115.7 98.3 101.1 104.7 107.5

109.1 105.4 102.9 100.7 101.7 105.0 98.5 114.0 101.2 102.7 98.5 100.5

103.5 104.9 99.6 104.1 101.7 101.1 95.5 103.9 101.4 102.2 102.3 94.6

97.1 99.0 97.5 100.9 103.5 96.3 96.8 95.2 101.2 102.6 97.8 90.1

92.1 95.6 94.5 97.2 96.4 91.6 90.2 90.4 99.2 99.0 92.7 88.6

81.8 90.7 90.1 93.4 94.8 84.4 93.6 84.6 93.3 89.4 84.0 84.1

92.0 83.4 95.2 88.7 60.4 77.5 82.9 81.3 77.5

98.4 87.1 98.9 95.6 74.3 89.8 88.3 92.2 89.8

103.7 95.1 100.7 102.7 99.6 104.6 104.8 105.4 104.6

109.8 105.3 109.1 110.5 130.8 117.7 113.0 116.3 117.7

107.1 114.3 105.7 105.9 138.4 117.6 113.1 111.0 117.6

102.3 127.0 101.1 107.4 142.5 118.8 113.2 110.3 118.8

99.4 119.5 102.1 101.2 131.4 109.2 106.3 108.4 109.2

103.1 111.5 101.5 103.6 122.0 106.5 109.2 105.2 106.5

101.1 97.1 101.6 102.4 107.6 102.5 102.5 103.8 102.5

97.8 91.9 98.8 100.2 81.9 94.6 95.4 96.9 94.6

93.7 84.5 93.2 92.2 63.2 82.7 88.8 87.0 82.7

91.0 83.1 94.4 89.9 57.9 77.4 82.6 81.1 77.4

91.8 91.8 91.8 91.8 91.8 90.4 92.1 92.1

101.4 101.4 101.4 101.4 101.4 104.4 97.0 97.0

97.3 97.3 97.3 97.3 97.3 102.9 98.8 98.8

88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 80.1 75.0 75.0

132.2 132.2 132.2 132.2 132.2 127.4 154.2 154.2

100.3 100.3 100.3 100.3 100.3 103.9 106.4 106.4

101.1 101.1 101.1 101.1 101.1 102.4 99.8 99.8

103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 105.2 96.7 96.7

96.5 96.5 96.5 96.5 96.5 102.3 99.7 99.7

97.8 97.8 97.8 97.8 97.8 94.5 96.1 96.1

98.7 98.7 98.7 98.7 98.7 102.3 96.8 96.8

91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 91.7 90.7 89.2 89.2

Preliminary.

r

Revised.

18
U.S. Census Bureau

Appendix A. Reliability of the Estimates
The statistics on the value of construction put in place result from direct measurement and indirect estimation. A series results from direct measurement when it is based on reports of the actual value of construction progress or construction expenditures obtained from a complete census or sample survey. All other series are developed by indirect estimation using related construction statistics. On an annual basis, the estimates for series directly measured monthly, quarterly, or annually accounted for about 70 percent of total construction in 2001 (private multi-family residential, private residential improvements, private nonresidential buildings, farm nonresidential construction, public utility construction, all other private construction, and virtually all of public construction). On a monthly basis, directly measured data are available for about 51 percent of the value-inplace estimates. Some of the directly measured monthly construction value-in-place estimates are based on samples. Estimates from these samples may differ from statistics that would have been obtained from a complete census using the same schedules and procedures. An estimate based on a sample survey is subject to both sampling error and nonsampling error. The accuracy of a survey result is determined by the joint effects of these errors. MEASURE OF SAMPLING ERRORS Sampling error reflects the fact that only a particular sample was surveyed rather than the entire population. Each sample selected for the monthly value-in-place survey is one of a large number of similar probability samples that, by chance, might have been selected under the same specifications. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from one another. The standard error, or sampling error, of a survey estimate is a measure of the variation among the estimates from all possible samples and, thus, is a measure of the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average from all possible samples. Estimates of the standard errors for the monthly, yearto-date and annual estimates were computed from the sample data for selected statistics in this report. They are presented in the form of relative standard errors in the following table. The relative standard error equals the standard error divided by the estimated value to which it refers. The sample estimate and an estimate of its standard error allow us to construct interval estimates with prescribed confidence that the interval includes the average result of all possible samples with the same size and design. A 90-percent confidence interval is defined to be from 1.6 standard errors below the estimate to 1.6 standard errors above the estimate. If all possible samples were selected and surveyed under essentially the same conditions and all the respective 90-percent confidence intervals were generated, then approximately nine-tenths of the intervals would include the average value of all sample estimates and approximately one-tenth would not include this estimate. For example, suppose Table 3 of this report showed that the monthly VIP estimate for ‘‘total private nonresidential buildings’’ was $10.0 billion in a particular month. According to the following table, the relative standard error of this estimate is 2 percent. Multiplying $10.0 billion by .02, we obtain $200 million as the standard error. To obtain a 90-percent confidence interval, multiply $200 million by 1.6 and add and subtract the result from $10.0 billion, yielding limits of $9.68 billion and $10.32 billion. The average value of the monthly VIP estimate for ‘‘total private nonresidential buildings’’ may or may not be contained in this computed interval, but one can say that the average is included in the constructed interval with a specified confidence of 90 percent. The following table also presents coefficients necessary to compute standard errors for the month-to-month and year-to-date changes. To derive a specific standard error of a change, look up an appropriate coefficient (k1 or k2) for the change and apply the following formula: Standard error of a change = k (100 + (percent change shown in Tables 3 through 6)) Once the standard error is available, one can construct a 90-percent confidence interval of the change by multiplying the standard error by 1.6. No standard errors are shown for farm nonresidential or public utilities because the estimates are based on a complete enumeration. NONSAMPLING ERRORS As calculated for this report, the coefficient of variation estimates sampling variation, but does not measure all A-1
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nonsampling error in the data. Nonsampling error consists of both a variance component and a bias component. Bias is the difference, averaged over all possible samples of the same size and design, between the estimate and the true value being estimated. Nonsampling errors are usually attributed to many possible sources: (1) coverage error—failure to accurately represent all population units in the sample, (2) inability to obtain information about all sample cases, (3) response errors, possibly due to definitional difficulties or misreporting, (4) mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained, and (5) other errors of coverage, collection and nonresponse, response, processing, or imputing for missing or inconsistent data. These nonsampling errors also occur in complete censuses. Although no direct measures of these errors have been obtained, precautionary steps were taken in all phases of the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data to minimize their influence. A major source of nonsampling error in the published estimates is due to the need to impute data for nonrespondents and for late and inconsistent reports. For preliminary value-in-place estimates, the average imputation rates for major components are as follows: private nonresidential construction, 49 percent; state and locally owned public construction, 33 percent; private residential construction of 2 units or more, 42 percent; and private residential improvements, 15 percent. Each of these imputation rates is not an explicit indication of the potential error in statistics, but the degree of uncertainty regarding the accuracy of the statistics increases as the percentage of imputation increases. Other potential sources of bias are the upward adjustment of 25 percent made to the private nonresidential construction and the adjustment of the state and local owned public construction to the construction outlays from the Annual Survey of Government Finances in order to account for construction projects not included in their respective sampling frames. The adjustment for the nonresidential construction results from a coverage evaluation sample; hence, the estimated percentage adjustment is subject to sampling error and nonsampling errors associated with the evaluation study. In addition, the percentage was estimated from data collected during a limited time period; therefore, these adjustments do not reflect any recent changes in the proportion of projects not included in the frame. For state and locally owned construction, construction outlays from the Survey of Government Finances are available only through Fiscal Year 1999. (Outlays are

included if a government agency’s fiscal year ending date falls within July 1998 to June 1999 inclusive, and for three state agencies with fiscal years ending in August or September 1999.) As a result, the adjustment to the construction outlay levels of this survey must be projected ahead for 4 years from 1999 through April 2003. The relationship between the state and locally owned value-in-place and the capital outlays estimate changes from year to year so that revisions of 4 to 5 percent are expected in state and local construction and substantially larger revisions can be expected in the individual types of construction. In addition, because of the definition of fiscal year for the Survey of Government Finances, the reported capital outlays do not correspond to any 12 month period, but result from capital outlays made over a 26 month period. There are also definitional and timing differences between the concepts of capital outlays and value put in place. Consequently, even though the private nonresidential and state and local owned construction adjustments are designed to reduce the bias due to the failure to include projects in the sampling frames, for the above stated reasons, these adjustment procedures, themselves, may introduce a bias in the current estimates of value-inplace. Furthermore, additional nonsampling errors may be introduced into the estimates because the procedures such as phasing, extrapolating, and forecasting used to develop the indirectly measured series are subject to the validity of the underlying assumptions made and mathematical models used. No explicit measures of the effects of these procedures are available. MONTHLY REVISIONS TO ESTIMATES Statistics for the current month are preliminary estimates. These estimates are released to provide government and private data users with early measures of construction activity. A necessary part of the process of issuing these early data involves the issuance of subsequent revisions. The revisions to monthly construction put in place estimates are primarily the result of the replacement of imputed data with data which are reported in subsequent months. For total construction, the range of the difference between the last 12 preliminary and second revision estimates for the same months was from -1.5 percent to 1.0 percent with a median of -0.1 percent. The range of the difference between first revision and second revision was from -1.2 to 0.8 percent, with a median of 0.1 percent.

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Relative Standard Errors and Coefficients for Standard Errors of Changes
Relative standard error (percent) Type of construction Monthly estimate 2 3 5 2 2 4 2 3 4 7 5 9 7 6 7 2 8 (NA) 3 6 3 4 (NA) 4 6 8 8 2 8 3 8 4 4 16 6 8 9 (NA) Year-to-date estimate 2 3 5 2 2 4 2 3 4 7 5 9 7 6 7 2 8 (NA) 3 6 3 4 (NA) 4 6 8 8 2 8 3 8 4 4 16 6 8 9 (NA) Annual estimate 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 2 5 2 5 5 5 4 1 4 (NA) 2 4 2 2 (NA) 2 3 3 4 1 5 2 5 2 2 9 3 3 4 (NA) Coefficient for changes Month-to-month change (k1) .03 .04 .06 .01 .01 .03 .02 .04 .05 .09 .06 .12 .10 .07 .09 .03 .11 (NA) .04 .08 .04 .05 (NA) .06 .08 .11 .11 .03 .11 .04 .11 .05 .05 .23 .08 .11 .12 (NA) Year-to-date change (k2) .03 .04 .06 .01 .01 .03 .02 .04 .05 .09 .06 .12 .10 .07 .09 .03 .11 (NA) .04 .08 .04 .05 (NA) .06 .08 .11 .11 .03 .11 .04 .11 .05 .05 .23 .08 .11 .12 (NA)

Total construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Private construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Residential buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 units or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonresidential buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotels, motels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other commercial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Religious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital and institutional. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Public construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other public buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Military facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State and local construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Housing and redevelopment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Educational . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hospital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other public buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Highways and streets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conservation and development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sewer systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water supply facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Federal construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NA Not available.

Note: All statistics are based upon 2002 data. The coefficient (k1) for the month-to-month change is applicable to change from the previous month and change from the same month a year ago.

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