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Introduction to Modern Day Furbearer Trapping

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Introduction to Modern Day Furbearer Trapping Powered By Docstoc
					Introduction to Modern Day
 Furbearer Management &
   Trapping’s critical role
     The Harvest of Wild Furbearers is All About:
           Conservation and Management


   Trapping is Highly Regulated

   Trapping is Ecologically Sound

   Trapping is Beneficial to Society and Wildlife

   Animals trapped are Common and Abundant
        Wild Furbearer Trapping is
            Highly Regulated


•   Mandatory licensing of trappers
•   Mandatory trapper education
•   Restricted seasons for trapping
•   Mandatory daily checking of traps
•   Restrictions on the size of traps
•   Restricted areas for trapping certain species
•   Mandatory tagging of traps to identify owner
•   Restrictions on the types of traps
                    Trapping is Ecologically Sound

       Regulated Harvests:

   Help to maintain wild populations

   Help to maintain some populations in
    ecological balance with their habitat
   Provide a local, healthy, organic source
    of food (or clothing) with minimal impacts
    to other resources
   Help to control populations of introduced exotics as nutria
   Help to protect declining, rare, threatened, or endangered species
    by targeting specific predators that are negatively affecting
    recovery efforts
   Provide an opportunity for millions of people to interact with
    nature and the out-of-doors thereby fostering stewardship and
    conservation efforts.
    Animals Captured are Common and Abundant
       All of the furbearing species that are legally trapped in the
       Northeast are common and abundant in the area where they
       live. None are threatened or endangered.




   Trapping does not cause
    wildlife to become
    endangered
   Modern management
    ensures abundant wildlife
   Management amidst habitat
    loss and degradation
    Trapping is Beneficial to Society and Wildlife



        Key Points:

   Reintroducing Wildlife
   Protecting America's Wetlands
   Maintaining National Wildlife Refuges
   Protecting Public Safety & Private Property
   Protecting Endangered Species from Predators
         History of Trapping in the United States
         and it’s evolution

   Historical Perspective

       The trapping of furbearers has been an enduring
         element of human culture
       Trapping furbearers for their fur, meat and other natural
         products has a long tradition in the Northeast
       Many cities and towns founded as fur trading centers
         during that period still bear witness to the fact that
         furbearer trapping had a major influence on our history
       The utilization of furbearer resources was unchallenged
         throughout that history until early in the 20th century,
         when the first organized opposition to furbearer
         trapping emerged
           History of Trapping in the United States
           (continued)
           The Fur Trade: 300 years ago

                                                  Bartering System:
                                              2 yards of broad fine cotton ------- 1 otter

                                              6 knives ----------------------------- 8 Mink

                                              5 pecks of Indian corn--------------- 1 Bear

                                              6 combs ------------------------ 4 Raccoons

                                              2 pints of gun powder ----- 5lbs of Feather

                                              1 shirt----------------------- 2 Woodchucks

                                              1 pint of shot -----------------------2 Foxes

                                              2 small axes -------------4 large seal skins

                                              10 pounds of pork -----------1/2 Moose hide


The trade in the furs of wild animals between the native Indian people and
the first European colonists was the single most important means of contact
between two widely different cultures.
     Historical perspective on challenges to
     uses of animals and trapping

   1920’s - Opposition fought to ban the harvest of all
    furbearers (focusing on trapping abuses)
   1930’s - Furbearer trapping had become a
    recurrent public issue
   Since that time, pro and anti trapping factions
    have disseminated contradictory information
   1980’s – “Animal Rights” organizations gain
    momentum globally
   During later time period, new technologies,
    advances in ecology, wildlife biology statistics and
    population biology allowed Wildlife Management to
    develop into a scientific profession
    Animal Rights vs. Animal Welfare
   Animal Rights and Animal Welfare represent two entirely
    different perspectives on human/animal coexistence
   Animal Rights is based on personal values and philosophy
   Animal Welfare is based on Science
   Animal Welfare proponents believe that human use of animals
    is appropriate as long as practical measures are taken to
    ensure that human use does not cause any undue pain or
    suffering to animals
   Animal Rights proponents oppose any human use of animals
    because they believe animals have the same rights as
    humans, and therefore should not be used, eaten or owned by
    people
   The primary concern of Animal Welfare advocates is the well-
    being of animals
   The well-being of animals is a secondary concern for Animal
    Rights advocates
Professional wildlife biologists advocate Animal Welfare. The
  International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies
  (IAFWA), noting that "the worldwide growth of the animal
  rights movement threatens all traditional uses of animals,"
  adopted the following position in 1989:

      "The IAFWA acknowledges that humans have an
 inseparable relationship with all other parts of the natural
world. Furthermore, humanity is answerable to another set
of laws and concepts that is uniquely a product of human
    society. Animals cannot be subject to those laws and
concepts and therefore do not have the rights of humans.
It is agreed, nonetheless, that animal welfare is a realistic
 and desirable concept which we support. Humanity does
     have responsibilities to animals: ensure ecological
  integrity, preserve genetic diversity and sustain species
  and ecosystems. All animals use other animals for their
    existence. The responsible human use of animals is
                   natural and appropriate."
Today’s Trappers
Who are they and why do they trap?



    It’s a way of life – Choice of Lifestyle
    Independent
    Self-sufficient, hardworking
    Stewards of the land
    Trapping is a central theme in the lives
     for those who trap – even if living
     suburbia
    Strong supporters of Conservation
     programs and Environmental Protection
         Today’s Trappers
    Primary reasons people trap today:

    1.    Trapping is a component of their lifestyle that defines them

    2.    Has deep meaning and purpose

    3.    Provides sustenance (food, clothing, money)

    4.    Provides an enduring connection and experience with the natural
          world.
             The Connection ALL Sportsmen
                 Have With One Another


   Primary Reason people Hunt, Fish and TRAP
    are the same:

       Lifestyle choice, has deep meaning and purpose,
        provides food and is an enduring connection to the
        environment.
Animal Welfare:
Best Management Practices for Trapping
(BMP’s)

National effort by State and Federal agencies

Derived From Five Components:

           1.   Welfare of animals
           2.   Efficiency of traps
           3.   Selectivity of traps
           4.   Safety of the traps to people
           5.   The Practical application
    Animal Welfare:
    Testing Traps for BMP’s

   1.2 million dollars spent on trap testing program
   32 trap types tested in 18 States
   Cage traps, snares, footholds and kill traps tested
   Tests conducted in real world conditions
   Used experienced trappers with wildlife technicians
    on the trapline

    Everyone - managers, regulators, biologists, veterinarians and
    the public who traps - is interested in using the best technology
    available for the responsible capture of furbearers.
     Animal Welfare:
     Trapping is Selective
1.   Location: Where a trap is located determines to a great extent what animals are
     likely to enter it.

2.   Type of Trap: The use of certain types of traps virtually eliminates the chance
     that certain species will be captured.

3.   Size of Trap: The size of the trap determines to some extent what size animals
     it will capture.
     Pan Tension: Pan or trigger tension is adjustable on many traps.

4.   Lure or Bait: Specific baits and lures, often used in conjunction with trap sets,
     are attractive to specific species of animals.

5.   Position of Trigger: Trigger configuration on kill-type traps can be set to allow
     nontarget species to pass through without setting off the trap.
6.
     Trap Set: How a trap is handled or placed influences what animals can be
     captured.
7.   Timing: The timing of when traps are set during the trapping season can
     influence which gender and what age class of animals will be captured
    Animal Welfare:
    Improving Traps with Science

   Computer simulation and mechanical evaluation
    of traps;
   Studies of how animals approach traps;
   Trap performance testing in fenced enclosures;
   Trap performance testing in the field, and finally
   Confirmation tests utilizing independent
    trappers.
Live Restraint Devices are HUMANE When
Used by Responsible & Trained Individuals
                               Education
                                   Through
                        Factual Information

 What can you do to help move Massachusetts forward?

• Get involved and Learn more – Take the Trapper Training Course
•Get your Conservation organization and it’s members to officially recognize
trapping as an important activity, and support it
• Call, write, or email your District Representatives. Tell them we need
         trapping back in this state (tell friends and relatives to do the same)
• Write you local newspaper, and give your opinion on trapping and why we
        need it
• Go to State public hearings on trapping and make your voice heard
• Make sure people have the facts on trapping
            Change Will Not Occur Without YOU
Get Involved. Do it For Yourself - For Your Kids - For Wildlife - For Future Generations

				
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