Docstoc

1995 - present October 2003

Document Sample
1995 - present October 2003 Powered By Docstoc
					U.S. Census Bureau Erica Filipek (301) 763-5160 Raemeka Gant

For Release 8:30 A.M. EST, Wednesday, November 19, 2003 CB03-181

NEW RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION IN OCTOBER 2003
BUILDING PERMITS Privately-owned housing units authorized by building permits in October were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,973,000, according to estimates reported today by the U.S. Commerce Department's Census Bureau. This is 5.2 percent (±0.7%) above the revised September rate of 1,875,000 and is 8.8 percent (±1.0%) above the October 2002 estimate of 1,813,000. Single-family authorizations in October were at a rate of 1,535,000; this is 3.2 percent (±0.7%) above the September figure of 1,487,000. Authorizations of units in buildings with five units or more were at a rate of 356,000 in October. HOUSING STARTS Privately-owned housing starts in October were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,960,000. This is 2.9 percent (±5.8%) above the revised September estimate of 1,905,000 and is 18.6 percent (±6.8%) above the October 2002 rate of 1,653,000. Single-family housing starts in October 2003 were at a rate of 1,617,000; this is 5.7 percent (±6.2%) above the September figure of 1,530,000. The October estimate for units in buildings with five units or more was 319,000. HOUSING COMPLETIONS Privately-owned housing completions in October were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,727,000, according to estimates released jointly today by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. This is 0.7 percent (±7.7%) above the revised September estimate of 1,715,000 and is 8.5 percent (±7.5%) above the October 2002 rate of 1,591,000. Single-family housing completions in October 2003 were at a rate of 1,475,000; this is 4.6 percent (±8.1%) above the September figure of 1,410,000. The October rate for units in buildings with five units or more was 230,000. EXPLANATORY NOTES
In interpreting changes in the statistics in this release, note that month-to-month changes in seasonally adjusted statistics often show movements which may be irregular. It may take 4 months to establish an underlying trend for building permit authorizations, 5 months for total starts, and 6 months for total completions. The statistics in this release are estimated from sample surveys and are subject to sampling variability as well as nonsampling error including bias and variance from response, nonreporting, and undercoverage. Estimated relative standard errors of the most recent data are shown in the tables. Whenever a statement such as “2.5 percent (±3.2%) above” appears in the text, this indicates the range (-0.7 to +5.7 percent) in which the actual percent change is likely to have occurred. All ranges given for percent changes are 90-percent confidence intervals and account only for sampling variability. If a range contains zero, it is uncertain whether there was an increase or decrease; that is, the change is not statistically significant. The same applies to the confidence intervals for percent changes shown in the tables. On average, the preliminary seasonally adjusted estimates of total building permits, housing starts and housing completions are revised about one percent. Explanations of confidence intervals and sampling variability can be found on our web site listed below.

New Residential Construction data for November will be released on Tuesday, December 16, 2003, at 8:30 A.M. EST.

Our Internet site is: http://www.census.gov/newresconst

Table 1. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Authorized in Permit-Issuing Places
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
2002: October November December 2003: January February March April May June July August September
r

1,813 1,764 1,907 1,777 1,786 1,688 1,724 1,803 1,823 1,800 1,901 1,875

1,390 1,377 1,420 1,406 1,319 1,311 1,332 1,349 1,427 1,434 1,484 1,487

71 70 77 87 78 71 82 84 77 77 84 88

352 317 410 284 389 306 310 370 319 289 333 300

173 161 180 157 170 150 152 166 158 161 189 164

128 123 136 119 100 106 110 111 115 118 119 121

364 340 394 354 308 324 341 343 379 364 377 384

270 275 287 277 250 257 258 262 282 287 290 298

800 776 869 796 777 777 784 819 843 810 866 841

617 616 642 620 595 607 622 627 667 665 700 681

476 487 464 470 531 437 447 475 443 465 469 486

375 363 355 390 374 341 342 349 363 364 375 387

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,973
1

1,535
1

82
3

356
1

185
1

126
2

379
1

302
1

890
1

710
1

519
1

397
1

Percent Change: October 2003 from September 2003 90% Confidence Interval
3

5.2% ± 0.7 8.8% ± 1.0

3.2% ± 0.7 10.4% ± 0.9

-6.8% ± 2.3 15.5% ± 3.5

18.7% ± 1.4 1.1% ± 1.7

12.8% ± 1.5 6.9% ± 2.6

4.1% ± 1.8 -1.6% ± 3.2

-1.3% ± 1.8 4.1% ± 1.7

1.3% ± 2.0 11.9% ± 1.9

5.8% ± 1.1 11.3% ± 1.5

4.3% ± 1.3 15.1% ± 1.7

6.8% ± 1.5 9.0% ± 2.0

2.6% ± 1.7 5.9% ± 2.3

October 2003 from October 2002 90% Confidence Interval 3

Not seasonally adjusted
2001 2002 RSE (%) 2002: Year to Date 2 2003: Year to Date 2 RSE (%) 1,636.7 1,747.7 (X) 1,475.5 1,582.5 (Z) 1,235.6 1,332.6 (X) 1,134.3 1,234.0 (Z) 66.0 73.7 (X) 63.3 69.6 2 335.2 341.4 (X) 278.0 278.9 (Z) 159.8 173.7 (X) 144.4 145.6 1 117.7 126.6 (X) 104.3 100.2 1 333.6 352.4 (X) 294.3 309.2 1 252.5 263.4 (X) 223.0 242.8 1 730.3 790.7 (X) 673.2 715.1 1 556.9 606.5 (X) 519.6 568.2 1 413.0 430.9 (X) 363.5 412.6 1 308.5 336.2 (X) 287.4 322.8 1

Year to Date Percent Change 4 90% Confidence Interval
2002: October November December 2003: January February March April May June July August September
r 3

7.2% ± 0.7
162.9 126.8 135.8 121.6 124.2 143.5 161.8 167.1 172.1 165.7 165.0 163.1

8.8% ± 0.9
123.0 96.0 94.6 95.3 91.2 114.1 130.2 129.5 135.5 134.9 128.6 127.3

10.0% ± 3.2
7.0 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.8 7.5 7.4 7.6 6.5 7.4 8.3

0.3% ± 0.8
32.9 25.6 35.5 20.8 27.7 23.6 24.1 30.1 29.0 24.2 29.0 27.6

0.8% ± 1.8
16.2 12.4 12.6 9.3 9.4 11.7 14.6 16.1 15.7 15.9 17.3 14.4

-3.9% ± 2.2
12.0 9.1 9.0 6.9 5.5 8.4 10.6 11.3 11.5 11.6 10.8 10.9

5.0% ± 0.8
36.2 25.2 26.7 18.6 17.9 26.6 34.4 33.6 36.6 35.1 33.6 35.8

8.9% ± 0.9
26.0 19.7 17.2 13.9 13.7 21.5 27.3 27.0 28.1 28.5 26.1 27.3

6.2% ± 0.6
68.6 55.6 63.0 60.8 59.5 67.5 71.5 74.3 76.4 72.2 74.4 71.1

9.4% ± 0.7
52.3 42.8 44.1 47.5 46.2 54.2 58.9 58.2 60.9 60.4 59.9 56.2

13.5% ± 1.3
41.9 33.5 33.4 32.9 37.4 37.8 41.3 43.1 43.4 42.4 39.8 41.9

12.3% ± 1.5
32.8 24.4 24.3 27.0 25.7 30.1 33.4 33.1 35.0 34.4 31.8 32.9

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

178.7
1

135.2
1

8.2
3

35.4
1

17.7
1

12.0
2

37.1
1

28.8
1

77.8
1

60.1
1

46.2
1

34.4
1

p

Preliminary. rRevised. RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards. X Not applicable. Z Relative standard error is less than 0.5 percent.
2 Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Reflects revisions not distributed to months. See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals 4

1 3

Computed using unrounded data.

Table 2. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Authorized, but Not Started, at End of Period
[Not seasonally adjusted. Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total
2002: October November December 155.1 150.8 154.9

Northeast
5 units or more
49.8 49.6 53.0

Midwest

South

West

In structures with -1 unit
100.9 96.5 97.2

2 to 4 units
4.5 4.7 4.7

Total
16.5 16.7 16.6

1 unit
11.5 11.5 11.8

Total
23.6 18.8 19.5

1 unit
18.6 15.6 15.2

Total
78.4 77.5 81.7

1 unit
48.3 47.0 48.4

Total
36.5 37.9 37.2

1 unit
22.4 22.4 21.8

2003: January February March

158.6 170.9 170.2

101.4 108.4 107.8

4.2 4.8 5.1

53.0 57.6 57.4

18.3 19.1 18.6

13.3 13.7 13.7

19.5 22.7 25.0

14.6 16.6 19.1

85.4 89.8 87.9

52.0 55.5 52.0

35.4 39.3 38.8

21.5 22.6 23.0

April May June

180.1 184.6 183.2

113.8 116.5 114.2

5.7 6.0 6.7

60.6 62.1 62.3

19.8 21.7 21.9

12.9 12.9 14.0

29.2 28.3 27.8

21.8 21.0 19.8

92.4 95.1 97.2

55.7 58.6 59.6

38.7 39.6 36.2

23.4 24.0 20.8

July August
r r

178.3 179.0 177.1

114.5 114.7 114.1

6.2 6.1 5.1

57.6 58.2 58.0

19.0 20.0 19.4

13.2 11.8 12.2

28.2 25.7 23.2

19.2 18.3 16.5

94.8 96.1 95.6

59.6 60.0 60.1

36.3 37.2 38.9

22.5 24.6 25.2

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

188.3
3

123.2
4

5.5
15

59.5
7

22.1
9

14.1
11

25.4
10

18.2
9

98.6
5

61.4
5

42.2
7

29.5
10

Percent Change: 2 October 2003 from September 2003 90% Confidence Interval
3

6.3% ± 4.9 21.4% ± 9.0

8.0% ± 8.2 22.2% ± 11.8

8.0% ± 17.0 21.6% ± 41.5

2.8% ± 7.0 19.6% ± 17.0

13.6% ± 8.1 33.6% ± 24.6

16.1% ± 8.2 23.1% ± 16.6

9.7% ± 12.3 7.6% ± 20.0

9.9% ± 15.3 -2.4% ± 18.5

3.1% ± 5.0 25.7% ± 11.5

2.2% ± 6.6 27.1% ± 13.4

8.5% ± 16.5 15.5% ± 24.1

16.9% ± 31.6 31.7% ± 41.0

October 2003 from October 2002 90% Confidence Interval
p 1

3

Preliminary. rRevised. RSE Relative Standard Error. 2 Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Computed using unrounded data. 3 See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals Note: These data represent the number of housing units authorized in all months up to and including the last day of the reporting period and not started as of that date without regard to the months of original permit issuance. Cancelled, abandoned, expired, and revoked permits are excluded.

Table 3. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Started
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
2002: October November December 2003: January February March April May June July August
r r

1,653 1,760 1,815 1,828 1,640 1,742 1,627 1,745 1,844 1,890 1,831 1,905

1,366 1,403 1,462 1,509 1,312 1,393 1,357 1,389 1,499 1,533 1,490 1,530

(S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S)

254 323 318 278 298 313 239 329 317 321 309 329

145 144 162 145 142 155 150 151 162 186 152 178

116 109 115 115 98 112 130 116 106 121 110 112

321 379 386 349 279 351 319 357 353 392 401 424

251 300 322 327 247 281 283 293 290 321 325 346

702 807 792 820 759 814 724 791 822 866 848 856

617 658 645 646 602 680 589 620 683 728 711 696

485 430 475 514 460 422 434 446 507 446 430 447

382 336 380 421 365 320 355 360 420 363 344 376

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,960
3

1,617
3

(S)
(X)

319
10

146
9

109
9

390
6

331
6

898
4

731
4

526
5

446
5

Percent Change: October 2003 from September 2003 90% Confidence Interval
2

2.9% ± 5.8 18.6% ± 6.8

5.7% ± 6.2 18.4% ± 7.0

(S) (X) (S) (X)

-3.0% ± 18.7 25.6% ± 23.4

-18.0% ± 10.5 0.7% ± 16.2

-2.7% ± 13.7 -6.0% ± 11.3

-8.0% ± 11.5 21.5% ± 17.2

-4.3% ± 10.9 31.9% ± 19.9

4.9% ± 9.1 27.9% ± 12.1

5.0% ± 9.5 18.5% ± 11.7

17.7% ± 13.0 8.5% ± 9.3

18.6% ± 14.8 16.8% ± 10.4

October 2003 from October 2002 90% Confidence Interval 2

Not seasonally adjusted
2001 2002 RSE (%) 2002: Year to Date 2003: Year to Date RSE (%) 1,602.7 1,704.9 1 1,448.8 1,547.1 2 1,273.3 1,358.6 1 1,158.7 1,260.9 3 36.6 38.5 12 33.0 27.8 15 292.8 307.9 3 257.1 258.4 8 149.2 158.4 2 134.8 133.3 6 110.8 117.8 1 100.6 96.1 7 330.4 349.6 2 294.7 313.8 5 269.3 276.7 2 233.2 264.2 5 732.0 781.5 1 667.1 703.7 4 590.3 628.2 2 537.3 576.5 4 391.1 415.5 1 352.2 396.3 4 303.0 335.8 2 287.5 324.1 5

Year to Date Percent Change 3 90% Confidence Interval 2
2002: October November December 2003: January February March April May June July August
r r

6.8% ± 1.6
146.8 133.0 123.1 117.8 109.7 147.2 151.2 165.0 174.5 175.8 163.8 169.4

8.8% ± 1.6
118.8 102.6 97.2 95.9 88.1 120.1 128.2 133.7 144.4 142.8 132.2 136.0

-15.9% ± 18.8
3.2 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.0 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.5 3.3 2.9 4.1

0.5% ± 5.7
24.9 27.5 23.3 19.0 19.6 24.3 20.4 29.0 27.6 29.7 28.7 29.3

-1.1% ± 5.0
13.4 12.0 11.6 7.8 7.9 12.0 13.2 14.4 15.8 17.6 15.0 16.3

-4.5% ± 3.7
10.5 9.0 8.1 5.8 5.0 8.7 11.4 11.3 10.8 11.6 11.1 10.4

6.5% ± 3.4
30.7 30.5 24.4 17.7 15.0 26.8 30.7 36.0 36.1 37.8 36.8 40.3

13.3% ± 3.4
23.9 23.8 19.7 16.2 12.9 21.4 27.6 30.4 30.6 31.2 29.7 33.4

5.5% ± 2.4
60.7 59.5 54.9 57.6 55.4 71.8 66.9 72.6 75.2 77.6 75.0 73.5

7.3% ± 2.4
52.4 46.8 44.1 45.7 45.0 61.4 55.4 57.5 63.1 64.8 62.3 59.3

12.5% ± 3.6
42.0 31.1 32.2 34.7 31.4 36.6 40.4 42.0 47.5 42.8 37.1 39.3

12.7% ± 3.5
32.0 23.1 25.3 28.3 25.1 28.6 33.7 34.4 39.9 35.1 29.1 33.0

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
p 1

172.6
3

139.5
3

2.3
21

30.7
10

13.4
9

9.9
9

36.5
6

30.8
6

78.2
4

62.1
4

44.5
5

36.8
5

Preliminary. rRevised. X Not applicable.

RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards.
2

1 3

Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Computed using unrounded data.

See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals

Table 4. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Under Construction at End of Period
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted
2002: October November December 1,026 1,030 1,039 696 694 703 (S) (S) (S) 304 309 309 125 125 127 73 73 75 208 211 214 149 149 151 426 429 432 294 296 299 267 265 266 180 176 178

2003: January February March

1,054 1,052 1,053

721 719 724

(S) (S) (S)

307 307 304

126 121 124

76 74 76

218 217 214

156 154 154

436 437 441

302 303 309

274 277 274

187 188 185

April May June

1,046 1,044 1,058

724 721 732

(S) (S) (S)

298 299 302

122 118 119

77 76 76

211 210 211

154 155 158

436 439 444

304 303 305

277 277 284

189 187 193

July August
r r

1,073 1,097 1,116

741 755 767

(S) (S) (S)

308 318 324

124 123 127

77 76 76

212 219 225

160 165 169

455 467 478

314 322 331

282 288 286

190 192 191

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,129
2

778
2

(S)
(X)

327
3

124
4

74
5

229
4

173
4

486
3

335
2

290
3

196
3

Percent Change: October 2003 from September 2003 90% Confidence Interval 2 October 2003 from October 2002 90% Confidence Interval 2 1.2% ± 0.8 10.0% ± 2.4 1.4% ± 1.0 11.8% ± 2.4 (S) (X) (S) (X) 0.9% ± 1.5 7.6% ± 5.4 -2.4% ± 1.5 -0.8% ± 5.4 -2.6% ± 1.9 1.4% ± 5.3 1.8% ± 1.9 10.1% ± 7.0 2.4% ± 1.6 16.1% ± 6.5 1.7% ± 1.4 14.1% ± 4.3 1.2% ± 1.7 13.9% ± 4.2 1.4% ± 1.6 8.6% ± 2.8 2.6% ± 1.9 8.9% ± 3.8

Not seasonally adjusted
2002: October November December 1,057.0 1,039.7 1,001.2 723.0 700.1 668.8 26.6 27.2 26.3 307.3 312.3 306.0 129.8 128.3 125.0 77.0 75.9 73.8 217.5 214.2 207.1 157.6 151.4 145.0 434.5 430.7 413.0 301.3 296.2 280.8 275.3 266.5 256.0 187.1 176.6 169.2

2003: January February March

1,005.2 999.4 1,014.2

675.2 671.6 687.6

25.4 25.6 24.4

304.6 302.2 302.3

122.2 115.0 119.6

72.6 68.7 71.8

206.1 201.9 200.9

144.8 140.2 141.0

415.6 418.6 429.3

282.6 286.8 298.5

261.3 263.9 264.5

175.2 175.9 176.3

April May June

1,032.2 1,055.6 1,083.9

708.8 729.6 756.6

23.8 23.8 23.7

299.6 302.3 303.7

120.7 118.3 120.3

75.2 75.6 77.1

202.8 211.5 218.1

146.0 155.7 165.1

435.3 446.5 455.1

302.7 309.2 315.5

273.4 279.3 290.4

185.0 189.1 198.9

July August
r r

1,117.3 1,136.0 1,152.9

782.7 795.9 805.2

24.1 24.1 24.5

310.5 315.9 323.2

126.8 126.8 129.4

79.9 79.6 78.5

224.1 230.2 236.8

171.7 176.8 181.1

470.9 481.6 490.6

328.7 337.3 343.9

295.5 297.3 296.1

202.5 202.2 201.7

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)1

1,166.2
2

810.6
2

24.4
9

331.2
3

128.3
4

77.4
5

241.1
4

184.1
4

497.3
3

344.9
2

299.5
3

204.3
3

p

Preliminary. rRevised. X Not applicable.

RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards.
2

1

Average RSE for the latest 6-month period.

See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals

Table 5. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Completed
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
2002: October November December 2003: January February March April May June July August
r r

1,591 1,706 1,674 1,647 1,672 1,621 1,680 1,742 1,663 1,678 1,573 1,715

1,286 1,394 1,353 1,314 1,326 1,293 1,371 1,385 1,363 1,415 1,325 1,410

(S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S)

279 284 290 284 321 281 270 325 274 234 228 261

132 157 134 140 210 118 149 191 156 138 151 146

108 112 102 99 128 77 106 125 103 114 124 116

311 356 339 282 309 348 359 349 332 352 326 356

263 302 289 248 283 275 289 257 246 283 265 299

758 731 763 795 732 729 766 746 744 720 695 730

608 608 623 628 568 598 647 623 645 618 599 599

390 462 438 430 421 426 406 456 431 468 401 483

307 372 339 339 347 343 329 380 369 400 337 396

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,727
4

1,475
4

(S)
(X)

230
12

160
10

126
9

321
10

284
9

784
5

673
5

462
6

392
7

Percent Change: October 2003 from September 2003 90% Confidence Interval
2

0.7% ± 7.7 8.5% ± 7.5

4.6% ± 8.1 14.7% ± 8.3

(S) (X) (S) (X)

-11.9% ± 20.6 -17.6% ± 17.5

9.6% ± 17.6 21.2% ± 35.2

8.6% ± 17.0 16.7% ± 28.5

-9.8% ± 18.1 3.2% ± 15.9

-5.0% ± 17.1 8.0% ± 16.1

7.4% ± 13.5 3.4% ± 10.0

12.4% ± 14.6 10.7% ± 11.9

-4.3% ± 10.2 18.5% ± 16.6

-1.0% ± 12.4 27.7% ± 20.1

October 2003 from October 2002 90% Confidence Interval 2

Not seasonally adjusted
2001 2002 RSE (%) 2002: Year to Date 2003: Year to Date RSE (%) 1,570.8 1,648.4 1 1,338.3 1,364.4 3 1,255.9 1,325.1 1 1,068.2 1,115.2 3 33.9 35.0 11 30.0 27.0 22 281.0 288.2 3 240.1 222.2 10 144.8 147.9 3 120.8 126.7 10 113.7 113.3 4 92.6 91.1 9 316.4 329.8 3 264.9 272.2 8 261.1 272.0 3 215.7 221.1 7 726.3 757.8 1 623.4 608.4 4 578.2 614.8 2 502.7 507.6 5 383.3 412.8 1 329.1 357.0 5 302.9 325.0 1 257.2 295.4 6

Year to Date Percent Change 3 90% Confidence Interval 2
2002: October November December 2003: January February March April May June July August
r r

2.0% ± 2.5
143.2 149.7 160.4 113.3 115.7 125.4 129.5 142.9 144.2 141.6 143.2 153.2

4.4% ± 2.4
117.4 125.6 131.3 90.1 92.3 101.0 105.2 113.4 117.1 117.5 117.1 127.0

-10.0% ± 18.5
2.2 2.2 2.8 3.4 1.7 3.5 3.1 2.6 2.3 2.7 2.1 3.8

-7.4% ± 7.2
23.6 22.0 26.2 19.8 21.7 20.9 21.3 26.9 24.8 21.4 24.0 22.4

4.9% ± 7.7
11.8 13.8 13.3 9.5 14.3 8.6 11.0 16.0 13.8 11.4 14.0 14.1

-1.6% ± 6.9
9.7 10.3 10.4 6.6 8.7 5.5 7.6 10.5 9.0 9.2 11.2 11.5

2.8% ± 5.6
29.5 33.6 31.3 18.4 19.2 25.3 27.4 28.3 28.6 30.6 30.2 33.8

2.5% ± 5.4
25.4 29.5 26.8 16.0 17.4 19.9 22.0 20.7 20.9 24.2 23.7 28.9

-2.4% ± 3.8
67.4 61.3 73.0 56.3 52.2 57.7 59.7 61.1 64.8 60.8 62.4 63.4

1.0% ± 3.7
54.7 51.8 60.3 44.7 41.1 47.9 50.3 50.9 55.9 51.5 52.3 52.1

8.5% ± 4.7
34.6 41.0 42.7 29.2 30.0 33.8 31.4 37.5 36.9 38.7 36.6 41.9

14.9% ± 5.1
27.6 34.0 33.8 22.8 25.0 27.7 25.3 31.3 31.3 32.5 29.9 34.5

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
p 1

155.4
4

134.5
4

1.9
22

19.0
12

14.0
10

11.3
9

30.4
10

27.4
9

70.1
5

60.9
5

40.8
6

35.0
7

Preliminary. rRevised. X Not applicable.

RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards.
2

1 3

Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Computed using unrounded data.

See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals