October 2004

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October 2004 Powered By Docstoc
					U.S. Census Bureau Erica Filipek (301) 763-5160 Raemeka Gant

For Release 8:30 A.M. EST, Wednesday, November 17, 2004 CB04-212

NEW RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION IN OCTOBER 2004
The U.S. Commerce Department’s Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development jointly announced the following new residential construction statistics for October 2004: BUILDING PERMITS Privately-owned housing units authorized by building permits in October were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,984,000. This is 0.7 percent (±0.9%) below the revised September rate of 1,998,000 and is 1.5 percent (±0.9%) below the October 2003 estimate of 2,015,000. Single-family authorizations in October were at a rate of 1,525,000; this is 2.2 percent (±0.8%) below the September figure of 1,559,000. Authorizations of units in buildings with five units or more were at a rate of 364,000 in October. HOUSING STARTS Privately-owned housing starts in October were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 2,027,000. This is 6.4 percent (±7.5%) above the revised September estimate of 1,905,000 and is 2.2 percent (±5.7%) above the October 2003 rate of 1,983,000. Single-family housing starts in October 2004 were at a rate of 1,645,000; this is 5.7 percent (±7.3%) above the September figure of 1,556,000. The October estimate for units in buildings with five units or more was 338,000. HOUSING COMPLETIONS Privately-owned housing completions in October were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,834,000. This is 2.7 percent (±7.5%) above the revised September estimate of 1,785,000, and is 6.0 percent (±8.0%) above the October 2003 rate of 1,731,000. Single-family housing completions in October 2004 were at a rate of 1,538,000; this is 0.1 percent (±8.0%) below the September figure of 1,539,000. The October rate for units in buildings with five units or more was 271,000. EXPLANATORY NOTES
In interpreting changes in the statistics in this release, note that month-to-month changes in seasonally adjusted statistics often show movements which may be irregular. It may take 4 months to establish an underlying trend for building permit authorizations, 5 months for total starts, and 6 months for total completions. The statistics in this release are estimated from sample surveys and are subject to sampling variability as well as nonsampling error including bias and variance from response, nonreporting, and undercoverage. Estimated relative standard errors of the most recent data are shown in the tables. Whenever a statement such as “2.5 percent (±3.2%) above” appears in the text, this indicates the range (-0.7 to +5.7 percent) in which the actual percent change is likely to have occurred. All ranges given for percent changes are 90-percent confidence intervals and account only for sampling variability. If a range contains zero, it is uncertain whether there was an increase or decrease; that is, the change is not statistically significant. The same applies to the confidence intervals for percent changes shown in the tables. On average, the preliminary seasonally adjusted estimates of total building permits, housing starts and housing completions are revised about one percent. Explanations of confidence intervals and sampling variability can be found on our web site listed below.

New Residential Construction data for November will be released on Thursday December 16, 2004, at 8:30 A.M. EST. Our Internet site is: http://www.census.gov/newresconst

Table 1. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Authorized in Permit-Issuing Places
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
2003: October November December 2004: January February March April May June July August September
r

2,015 1,920 1,979 1,913 1,913 1,975 2,006 2,097 1,945 2,066 1,969 1,998

1,558 1,504 1,546 1,488 1,516 1,551 1,544 1,610 1,546 1,586 1,556 1,559

82 94 77 96 78 93 99 96 83 113 82 80

375 322 356 329 319 331 363 391 316 367 331 359

199 192 204 184 183 206 198 196 197 189 175 191

131 131 126 120 124 140 139 127 130 119 119 119

383 387 369 351 343 350 369 355 339 358 349 376

310 292 286 277 285 285 282 283 278 283 288 287

908 849 914 880 884 916 905 994 902 964 910 904

721 689 721 690 701 723 711 748 730 747 723 732

525 492 492 498 503 503 534 552 507 555 535 527

396 392 413 401 406 403 412 452 408 437 426 421

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,984
1

1,525
1

95
5

364
2

175
3

115
3

353
2

275
2

947
1

735
1

509
1

400
1

Percent Change: October 2004 from September 2004 90% Confidence Interval
3

-0.7% ± 0.9 -1.5% ± 0.9

-2.2% ± 0.8 -2.1% ± 0.8

18.8% ± 1.7 15.9% ± 3.1

1.4% ± 3.6 -2.9% ± 1.6

-8.4% ± 1.7 -12.1% ± 2.9

-3.4% ± 2.1 -12.2% ± 3.6

-6.1% ± 2.9 -7.8% ± 1.8

-4.2% ± 3.3 -11.3% ± 2.1

4.8% ± 1.3 4.3% ± 1.1

0.4% ± 1.5 1.9% ± 1.3

-3.4% ± 1.8 -3.0% ± 2.2

-5.0% ± 2.1 1.0% ± 2.5

October 2004 from October 2003 90% Confidence Interval
3

Not seasonally adjusted
2002 2003 RSE (%) 1,747.7 1,889.2 (X) 1,332.6 1,460.9 (X) 73.7 82.5 (X) 341.4 345.8 (X) 173.7 182.4 (X) 126.6 124.4 (X) 352.4 371.0 (X) 263.4 287.3 (X) 790.7 849.3 (X) 606.5 670.1 (X) 430.9 486.5 (X) 336.2 379.0 (X)

2003: Year to Date2 2004: Year to Date2 RSE (%)

1,592.0 1,709.8 (Z)

1,240.0 1,342.0 (Z)

70.9 77.8 2

281.2 290.0 (Z)

147.4 161.6 1

101.2 107.3 2

310.2 304.7 1

244.1 245.0 1

718.4 792.8 1

570.6 627.8 1

416.0 450.6 1

324.0 361.9 1

Year to Date Percent Change 4 90% Confidence Interval
2003: October November December 2004: January February March April May June July August September
r 3

7.4% ± 0.8
182.8 130.5 147.9 127.6 131.2 183.6 186.7 184.8 191.0 181.7 176.5 172.9

8.2% ± 0.9
138.1 99.2 109.6 98.8 103.5 147.4 148.4 145.0 153.5 141.8 140.5 132.0

9.7% ± 3.1
7.7 6.9 5.9 6.0 5.0 8.6 9.2 8.3 8.8 9.1 7.3 7.0

3.1% ± 1.2
37.0 24.4 32.4 22.8 22.7 27.6 29.1 31.5 28.7 30.7 28.7 33.8

9.6% ± 2.4
18.8 14.1 15.1 10.6 9.9 17.7 18.5 18.0 20.7 17.6 16.4 16.8

6.1% ± 2.9
12.5 9.3 8.8 6.8 6.8 11.9 13.4 12.0 13.2 11.3 11.1 10.5

-1.8% ± 1.2
37.9 27.9 25.5 17.7 18.8 31.3 35.9 33.0 34.3 32.4 33.5 35.1

0.3% ± 1.3
29.8 20.1 18.0 13.9 15.6 25.7 29.0 27.2 28.9 26.6 27.2 25.9

10.4% ± 0.7
79.4 56.3 69.0 65.2 67.6 87.3 83.7 84.9 84.0 83.3 80.5 74.4

10.0% ± 0.8
61.1 44.7 52.3 51.0 53.3 70.8 66.9 65.1 70.0 65.1 64.7 59.4

8.3% ± 1.2
46.7 32.2 38.3 34.2 34.9 47.2 48.7 48.9 52.1 48.3 46.2 46.7

11.7% ± 1.3
34.7 25.1 30.5 27.1 27.9 39.0 39.0 40.8 41.3 38.8 37.4 36.3

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

164.4
1

122.1
1

8.4
5

33.8
2

15.1
3

9.9
3

32.2
2

24.3
2

76.5
1

56.9
1

40.6
1

31.1
1

p

Preliminary. rRevised. RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards. X Not applicable. Z Relative standard error is less than 0.5 percent.
2 Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Reflects revisions not distributed to months. See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals. 4

1 3

Computed using unrounded data.

Table 2. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Authorized, but Not Started, at End of Period
[Not seasonally adjusted. Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total
2003: October November December 186.9 160.0 166.6

Northeast
5 units or more
58.3 52.1 56.6

Midwest

South

West

In structures with -1 unit
123.2 103.3 105.2

2 to 4 units
5.5 4.7 4.8

Total
22.2 19.3 18.8

1 unit
14.1 12.6 10.6

Total
26.1 21.5 22.0

1 unit
18.7 15.0 14.3

Total
95.2 84.5 87.5

1 unit
59.1 53.0 54.2

Total
43.4 34.8 38.4

1 unit
31.4 22.7 26.1

2004: January February March

167.2 173.6 181.0

108.3 116.6 126.8

4.9 5.0 6.3

53.9 52.0 47.9

19.7 20.4 23.2

11.5 11.6 12.5

22.3 23.8 25.6

15.9 18.0 20.7

88.5 91.3 93.4

56.9 61.6 65.2

36.6 38.1 38.7

24.0 25.3 28.3

April May June

183.5 183.4 203.3

131.1 125.8 142.8

7.3 7.0 10.4

45.1 50.5 50.2

22.0 23.0 26.5

13.2 12.9 13.1

24.9 24.3 25.6

20.7 19.3 21.3

91.1 95.4 100.1

64.0 64.7 70.5

45.5 40.7 51.1

33.2 29.0 37.9

July August
r r

203.5 195.2 203.5

139.1 131.5 139.2

10.0 6.8 6.7

54.4 56.9 57.6

26.3 24.3 25.4

13.4 12.1 11.9

26.2 22.4 26.0

19.8 16.9 17.6

103.7 103.9 103.9

71.7 70.3 73.6

47.2 44.6 48.2

34.1 32.1 36.2

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

194.4
3

130.3
4

6.9
15

57.2
8

23.3
12

10.0
11

24.2
9

16.7
10

101.4
4

69.8
5

45.6
7

33.9
9

Percent Change: 2 October 2004 from September 2004 90% Confidence Interval
3

-4.5% ± 3.3 4.0% ± 7.7

-6.4% ± 3.9 5.8% ± 11.1

3.2% ± 16.3 25.9% ± 46.4

-0.7% ± 7.2 -1.9% ± 15.8

-8.3% ± 8.2 4.7% ± 17.1

-15.7% ± 5.5 -28.8% ± 11.7

-7.1% ± 9.3 -7.2% ± 15.6

-5.3% ± 14.9 -10.7% ± 15.6

-2.4% ± 4.4 6.5% ± 9.1

-5.2% ± 4.9 18.2% ± 12.2

-5.4% ± 7.7 5.0% ± 22.8

-6.3% ± 8.9 8.0% ± 36.5

October 2004 from October 2003 90% Confidence Interval
p 1

3

Preliminary. rRevised. RSE Relative Standard Error. 2 Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Computed using unrounded data. 3 See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals Note: These data represent the number of housing units authorized in all months up to and including the last day of the reporting period and not started as of that date without regard to the months of original permit issuance. Cancelled, abandoned, expired, and revoked permits are excluded.

Table 3. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Started
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
2003: October November December 2004: January February March April May June July August
r r

1,983 2,054 2,067 1,934 1,895 2,000 1,963 1,979 1,817 1,985 2,018 1,905

1,644 1,670 1,657 1,565 1,521 1,624 1,615 1,654 1,520 1,661 1,685 1,556

(S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S)

310 347 381 339 344 343 312 269 272 260 266 316

152 188 172 149 176 173 178 180 165 182 202 150

110 121 136 110 116 136 138 130 133 119 136 116

386 424 400 331 348 373 382 357 315 349 370 359

327 319 315 289 314 317 325 312 263 314 323 310

914 894 970 940 890 929 957 870 864 894 908 896

753 747 780 735 696 749 777 718 730 758 771 727

531 548 525 514 481 525 446 572 473 560 538 500

454 483 426 431 395 422 375 494 394 470 455 403

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

2,027
3

1,645
3

(S)
(X)

338
9

180
8

126
8

390
6

327
6

932
5

757
4

525
6

435
7

Percent Change: October 2004 from September 2004 90% Confidence Interval
2

6.4% ± 7.5 2.2% ± 5.7

5.7% ± 7.3 0.1% ± 6.0

(S) (X) (S) (X)

7.0% ± 21.0 9.0% ± 20.2

20.0% ± 28.3 18.4% ± 21.3

8.6% ± 23.2 14.5% ± 13.7

8.6% ± 13.5 1.0% ± 12.5

5.5% ± 14.8 0.0% ± 10.6

4.0% ± 11.8 2.0% ± 8.0

4.1% ± 10.9 0.5% ± 8.2

5.0% ± 14.7 -1.1% ± 12.2

7.9% ± 15.8 -4.2% ± 15.3

October 2004 from October 2003 90% Confidence Interval
2

Not seasonally adjusted
2002 2003 RSE (%) 1,704.9 1,847.7 1 1,358.6 1,499.0 1 38.5 33.5 9 307.9 315.2 2 158.4 162.6 2 117.8 115.9 3 349.6 374.1 2 276.7 309.0 3 781.5 838.7 1 628.2 686.3 2 415.5 472.3 2 335.8 387.8 2

2003: Year to Date 2004: Year to Date RSE (%)

1,549.8 1,672.9 3

1,263.9 1,382.0 3

28.1 35.9 22

257.7 255.0 9

134.5 147.6 9

96.1 107.7 6

313.9 306.1 5

264.0 265.5 6

704.7 777.5 4

578.9 639.4 4

396.7 441.7 6

325.0 369.5 7

Year to Date Percent Change 3 90% Confidence Interval 2
2003: October November December 2004: January February March April May June July August
r r

7.9% ± 1.5
173.5 153.7 144.2 124.5 126.4 173.8 179.5 187.6 172.3 182.0 185.9 163.2

9.3% ± 1.7
141.6 121.0 114.1 99.5 102.1 143.5 149.9 159.1 146.7 152.5 155.4 132.0

27.6% ± 29.2
2.7 3.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 2.6 3.1 4.9 2.2 5.8 6.2 2.9

-1.0% ± 5.8
29.1 29.5 28.0 23.0 22.4 27.7 26.5 23.6 23.4 23.7 24.3 28.3

9.8% ± 5.6
14.0 15.6 12.5 8.1 9.7 13.3 16.0 17.1 16.5 17.1 19.6 13.5

12.0% ± 2.8
10.0 10.0 9.8 5.5 5.8 10.4 12.6 12.7 13.7 11.4 13.6 10.5

-2.5% ± 3.1
36.3 33.8 26.4 16.0 18.1 30.1 35.6 35.7 32.9 33.1 35.6 33.1

0.6% ± 3.3
30.7 24.9 20.1 13.1 15.9 25.6 30.8 31.8 28.4 29.9 31.3 28.7

10.3% ± 2.5
78.7 65.1 68.9 65.4 65.2 83.9 86.8 80.0 80.2 79.4 81.2 74.1

10.5% ± 2.8
63.5 52.5 54.9 51.4 52.5 69.4 71.4 66.7 68.6 67.0 68.6 59.0

11.3% ± 2.6
44.6 39.2 36.5 35.1 33.5 46.5 41.1 54.7 42.8 52.4 49.5 42.4

13.7% ± 3.0
37.3 33.6 29.2 29.5 27.9 38.2 35.1 47.9 36.0 44.2 41.9 33.7

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
p 1

177.5
3

141.3
3

4.2
23

32.0
9

16.6
8

11.5
8

35.8
6

29.9
6

81.4
5

64.7
4

43.7
6

35.2
7

Preliminary. rRevised. RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards. X Not applicable. Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Computed using unrounded data.
2

1 3

See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals.

Table 4. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Under Construction at End of Period
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted
2003: October November December 1,134 1,154 1,181 781 793 811 (S) (S) (S) 329 336 346 126 126 129 74 72 74 228 235 240 173 176 179 490 494 503 337 338 344 290 299 309 197 207 214

2004: January February March

1,197 1,207 1,226

822 825 840

(S) (S) (S)

349 357 360

130 132 133

73 73 74

237 235 238

178 176 179

518 525 533

353 355 361

312 315 322

218 221 226

April May June

1,225 1,230 1,224

838 850 850

(S) (S) (S)

360 351 346

136 140 139

76 79 81

239 235 231

180 177 175

539 535 537

364 364 368

311 320 317

218 230 226

July August
r r

1,243 1,237 1,238

855 867 862

(S) (S) (S)

357 335 340

142 145 145

81 83 83

227 222 222

175 175 174

551 539 540

368 372 369

323 331 331

231 237 236

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,254
1

874
2

(S)
(X)

343
3

143
5

82
6

225
3

176
4

550
2

376
2

336
3

240
3

Percent Change: October 2004 from September 2004 90% Confidence Interval 2 October 2004 from October 2003 90% Confidence Interval 2 1.3% ± 1.0 10.6% ± 2.2 1.4% ± 1.2 11.9% ± 2.4 (S) (X) (S) (X) 0.9% ± 1.9 4.3% ± 5.3 -1.4% ± 3.7 13.5% ± 7.5 -1.2% ± 2.6 10.8% ± 6.0 1.4% ± 1.6 -1.3% ± 4.0 1.1% ± 1.9 1.7% ± 4.7 1.9% ± 1.3 12.2% ± 3.3 1.9% ± 1.6 11.6% ± 3.3 1.5% ± 2.2 15.9% ± 4.2 1.7% ± 3.1 21.8% ± 5.9

Not seasonally adjusted
2003: October November December 1,163.3 1,166.5 1,141.4 808.1 799.2 772.9 24.6 25.4 24.4 330.7 341.8 344.2 129.1 129.3 128.1 76.8 74.1 73.3 237.8 241.5 234.7 182.3 181.3 173.5 499.1 495.8 482.6 345.6 337.7 324.3 297.3 299.9 296.1 203.4 206.2 201.8

2004: January February March

1,145.7 1,149.9 1,186.6

773.6 772.3 800.7

25.4 25.0 25.9

346.6 352.5 360.0

126.6 126.1 128.2

70.1 67.8 69.5

224.7 218.6 223.4

165.6 160.1 164.5

495.9 504.6 523.6

332.5 336.7 351.0

298.6 300.6 311.4

205.5 207.8 215.7

April May June

1,210.9 1,239.1 1,247.0

822.4 857.4 873.5

26.7 28.7 28.3

361.7 353.0 345.2

133.9 139.9 140.4

73.8 78.3 82.8

229.6 234.0 237.4

170.5 176.0 181.4

538.5 542.7 547.5

363.0 371.0 378.6

308.9 322.5 321.7

215.1 232.1 230.6

July August
r r

1,286.5 1,278.2 1,278.7

897.0 912.8 906.7

30.8 34.5 35.5

358.8 330.8 336.5

145.2 147.8 148.4

84.0 86.7 87.3

238.1 233.4 233.6

185.6 186.7 185.9

568.2 553.3 552.5

384.4 388.1 383.3

335.1 343.6 344.2

243.0 251.3 250.2

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)1

1,289.3
1

907.2
2

36.7
9

345.4
3

147.3
5

86.1
6

236.3
3

187.1
4

561.3
2

386.4
2

344.4
3

247.6
3

p

Preliminary. Revised. RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards. X Not applicable. Average RSE for the latest 6-month period.
2

r

1

See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals

Table 5. New Privately-Owned Housing Units Completed
[Thousands of units. Detail may not add to total because of rounding]

United States
Period Total In structures with -1 unit 2 to 4 units 5 units or more

Northeast

Midwest

South

West

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Total

1 unit

Seasonally adjusted annual rate
2003: October November December 2004: January February March April May June July August
r r

1,731 1,709 1,736 1,714 1,729 1,782 1,944 1,928 1,865 1,876 1,914 1,785

1,483 1,459 1,459 1,437 1,458 1,488 1,654 1,523 1,524 1,541 1,551 1,539

(S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S)

227 227 244 264 240 274 268 383 317 303 344 227

157 162 151 129 139 143 140 145 177 154 167 157

125 137 110 123 113 117 114 105 107 120 118 114

319 316 334 380 377 340 369 380 356 369 425 329

283 267 298 318 334 293 321 325 284 299 325 300

775 805 828 726 762 837 894 919 837 869 870 838

670 695 698 607 648 691 759 713 697 718 719 721

480 426 423 479 451 462 541 484 495 484 452 461

405 360 353 389 363 387 460 380 436 404 389 404

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
1

1,834
4

1,538
4

25
(X)

271
12

185
13

135
11

351
8

298
9

808
5

678
5

490
7

427
8

Percent Change: October 2004 from September 2004 90% Confidence Interval
2

2.7% ± 7.5 6.0% ± 8.0

-0.1% ± 8.0 3.7% ± 8.4

(S) (X) (S) (X)

19.4% ± 28.5 19.4% ± 23.5

17.8% ± 39.2 17.8% ± 28.5

18.4% ± 20.2 8.0% ± 22.7

6.7% ± 12.8 10.0% ± 17.1

-0.7% ± 12.1 5.3% ± 16.7

-3.6% ± 10.7 4.3% ± 11.2

-6.0% ± 11.7 1.2% ± 11.4

6.3% ± 16.2 2.1% ± 16.8

5.7% ± 19.9 5.4% ± 20.1

October 2004 from October 2003 90% Confidence Interval
2

Not seasonally adjusted
2002 2003 RSE (%) 1,648.4 1,678.7 1 1,325.1 1,386.3 1 35.0 31.5 10 288.2 260.8 3 147.9 154.6 3 113.3 113.6 2 329.8 332.2 3 272.0 274.2 3 757.8 755.6 2 614.8 635.5 2 412.8 436.2 2 325.0 363.1 2

2003: Year to Date 2004: Year to Date RSE (%)

1,363.7 1,508.4 4

1,115.5 1,244.5 4

26.8 19.0 19

221.4 245.0 12

125.9 127.5 15

90.5 95.2 10

271.7 300.0 7

220.6 250.1 7

607.2 688.5 6

507.2 569.5 6

359.0 392.5 9

297.1 329.7 11

Year to Date Percent Change 3 90% Confidence Interval
2003: October November December 2004: January February March April May June July August
r r 2

10.6% ± 2.4
155.4 148.5 166.4 118.6 119.5 137.0 152.0 159.5 162.1 159.0 176.6 159.2

11.6% ± 2.2
135.2 129.4 141.4 99.4 101.2 115.1 129.0 125.1 130.4 127.8 137.2 138.0

-29.3% ± 14.8
1.7 1.8 3.0 0.9 2.1 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.2 3.0 2.0 1.6

10.6% ± 9.0
18.5 17.3 22.0 18.2 16.2 20.4 21.3 32.5 29.5 28.2 37.4 19.6

1.3% ± 9.3
13.5 14.5 14.2 9.5 9.6 10.1 10.6 12.0 15.4 13.4 16.5 13.6

5.2% ± 8.8
10.9 12.6 10.5 9.1 7.9 8.1 8.5 8.7 8.9 10.3 11.1 9.9

10.4% ± 5.6
30.1 29.4 31.1 25.1 24.2 24.3 28.5 31.1 30.1 31.8 40.3 31.8

13.3% ± 5.1
27.2 25.7 27.9 20.8 21.3 20.8 24.7 26.5 23.4 25.3 29.5 29.3

13.4% ± 3.7
69.0 67.7 80.8 51.0 54.1 66.1 70.0 76.4 73.2 73.5 79.2 73.4

12.3% ± 3.2
60.5 59.3 69.0 42.8 46.4 55.2 59.3 58.9 60.2 59.5 62.8 63.3

9.3% ± 3.6
42.8 36.9 40.4 32.9 31.6 36.5 42.9 39.9 43.4 40.2 40.6 40.5

11.0% ± 4.2
36.6 31.9 34.1 26.7 25.6 30.9 36.5 31.1 37.9 32.8 33.8 35.5

September

Octoberp
Average RSE (%)
p 1

165.0
4

141.3
4

2.0
24

21.7
12

16.8
13

12.8
11

32.7
8

28.4
9

71.5
5

61.1
5

44.0
7

39.0
8

Preliminary. rRevised. RSE Relative standard error. S Does not meet publication standards because tests for identifiable and stable seasonality do not meet reliability standards. X Not applicable. Average RSE for the latest 6-month period. Computed using unrounded data.
2

1 3

See the Explanatory Notes in the accompanying text for an explanation of 90% confidence intervals.