RED BADGE OF COURAGE
1. What army was seen upon a riverbank at the novel's opening?
2. What was the general reaction to Jim Conklin's rumor? A) despair B)
arguing C) complaining D) fright
3. When Mrs. Fleming said, "'Henry, don't you be a fool,'" she was
attempting to persuade Henry not to A) follow in his father's footsteps.
B) join the army. C) dream so much about heroic deeds. D) be a coward
4. On his way to Washington, which food was not served? A) bread and
cold meats B) coffee C) pickles and cheese D) chocolate cake and ice
5. What was Henry's reaction to veterans? A) He believed them. B) He
suspected them. C) He confided in them. D) He reported them.
6. Jim's response to Henry's question about running in the face of battle
indicated that Conklin could A) stretch the imagination. B) pontificate
with pride. C) calculate the future. D) speculate upon options.
7. To conclude that all "untried men possessed great and correct
confidence" was A) an assertion made by loud Wilson. B) a belief held
by tall Jim Conklin. C) a tenant espoused in the Civil War training
manuel. D) an assumption on Henry's part.
8. Cite and explain the animal metaphor in chapter one.
9. What was one of Henry's "new laws of life." A) to look out, as far as he
could, for his personal comfort B) to win the mental, mathematical
argument for holding steadfast C) to show his mother he was a man D)
to show the sun-tanned, philosophical lot that Yanks were not scum bags
10. Henry's mother relied on whom to take care of similar women in her
plight? A) men who hadn't joined the army B) the Lord C) city folk D)
tithings from soldier paychecks
11. What "reality of war" was Henry learning from his army experiences? A)
Hurry up and wait. B) Winning the internal war of courage over "fear
and shame" were requisites to facing battle in a real war. C) Uniforms
were cool to wear, especially in a procession. D) Idealistic patriotism
would be met with contempt. E) He was not alone in his self-
wonderment about running.
12. Upon discovering the falsehood of the moving-out scuttlebutt, why was
Henry not relieved? A) Delays meant a postponement in the test to his
courage. B) Waiting shredded the spirit. C) He would have to bond with
his comrades. D) He would have to listen to Wilson.
13. What were the "red eyes" from across the river? A) Confederate camp
fires across the Rappahannock. B) veteran red coats from the American
Revolution. C) morning torches across the Hannarappa River. D) angry
Confederate soldiers taking early-morning aim with blood-shot eyes.
14. Which animals were mentioned twice? A) dragons and monsters B)
monsters and cranes C) dragons and serpents D) serpents and monsters
15. T/F: The colonel shared a cigar with the messenger horseman.
16. Henry's despondency was connected to what? A) listening to rumors B)
drilling C) the ambivalence caused by his internal conflict D) moving
away from the river
17. T/F: Catcalls were shouted and whistles were blown toward the farm-
house young woman because of her pretty legs.
18. Which character used "lick," "thump," and "skeddadle" as part of his
19. Which was not a part of Henry's nostalgia? A) memory of laboring with
farm animals B) the barn C) the house D) memory of his temper E)
fondness toward parents
20. Henry proved to be what? A) a wizard with weapons B) a mental outcast
C) incapable of demonizing his plight D) quite the poker player
21. The internal bidding at the chapter's end alluded to what? A) the time
soldiers would be awoken B) the rhetorical bet cast out by the loud one
C) the number killed in the first skirmish D) the number of days
necessary for innermost warfare to subside
22. Why were there "perspiration and grumblings"?
23. Why were veteran regiments "small aggregations of men"?
24. Which term or phrase did not synonymously pair up with the other two?
A) mob B) moving box C) merciless government
25. What was "the Question"?
26. T/F: When feeling corraled and hearded, Henry twisted the fact of his
enlistment and began to blame the government for his imagined
27. Who first mentioned "that there was denoted a lack of purpose on the
part of the generals"?
28. Why was the youth anxious to enter battle?
29. As Henry scrambled up a bank expecting to see a battle scene, which
feeling did he possess? A) cowardice B) curiosity C) courage D)
30. From examining the level of "ardor" in chapter one with the level of
"ardor" in chapter three, which one moved like a thermometer from hot
to cold? Explain.
31. Which event occurred first? A) the exchange of letters from the loud
soldier to Henry B) the dialogue about useless walking
32. T/F: The chapter ended with Wilson apologizing for having kicked
Henry awake earlier in the morning.
33. Similar to what occurred in Chapter Three, where battle was viewed
from a hilltop, give a contemporary example where battle was viewed
34. Why did the Union troops in the field of battle begin running toward the
35. What caused a shower of pine needles?
36. A thousand wee and invisible axes were compared to what?
37. T/F: Henry became known to the captain of the company because the
youth bandaged the lieutenant's wounded hand.
38. Which word best characterized the impact of the officers' words and
actions upon the target soldiers? A) precise B) effective C) ineffective
39. By the chapter's end, Henry was determined to get a view of what?
40. The haze through which the reserves saw a friendly regiment engaging
the enemy represented what?
41. The blue line saw in its approaching comrades the look of A) fortitude
B) wild terror C) intense commitment D) benign stubbornness
42. Who were the "brown swarm of running men"? A) attacking Rebels B)
members of the circus C) dusty deserters D) back-up troops
43. Wondering if he (Henry) had loaded his weapon was an example of A)
agoraphobia B) claustrophobia C) anxiety D) paranoia
44. Concluding that Henry shot before the captain yelled "fire" would be A)
a mistake B) an inference C) a proven fact D) an in-depth analysis.
45. In the following passage, which set of words are an example of
alliteration? "There was a consciousness always of the presence of his
comrades about him. He felt the subtle battle brotherhood more potent
even than the cause for which they were fighting. It was a mysterious
fraternity born of the smoke and danger of death."
46. T/F: The sounds of fire forced the youth to contemplate amputating
himself from his regiment.
47. What contemporary weapon would have subdued Henry's rage?
48. Which one died? A) the lieutenant B) the soldier who couldn't reload his
piece C) the captain D) the color guard
49. Which part of nature offers the best opportunity for comparing the flow
of the battle? A) stars B) mountain tops C) shore line D) canyons
50. A "dirty smile" bore what?
51. Fallen bodies from the sky was an image used to reinforce what effect?
52. Noting the color of red in the victory flags of Union troops was followed
by what? A) a positive connotation B) a negative connotation
53. The chapter ended with what observation about nature? A) Nature was
angry with man. B) Nature was impervious to man's fiendishness. C)
Nature was personified as a caring mother. D) Nature was depicted as a
54. Why didn't Henry kill any Confederate soldiers in Chapter Five?
55. The battle scene in Chapter Five depicted man as what? A) a mob
without a purpose B) a sputtering motor about to stall C) a mechanical
machine with each part working D) a mountain of heroes
56. Why did the luster fade from the eyes of the men in the 304th?
57. Endurance, skill, and valor were exaggeratingly attributed to whom?
58. Henry's retreatful running was compared to all but A) a rabbit B) a
chicken C) a blind man D) a wounded dog E) an insane sprinter
59. What objects did the youth leave behind?
60. What were Henry's two opinions of the brigade that "was hurrying
briskly to be gulped into the infernal mouths of the war god"?
61. T/F: Henry's prediction of impending doom for the back-up brigade
turned out to be false.
62. Why was the general in a carnival of joy?
63. The action of the chapter followed what pattern for the soldiers who
stayed and fought? A) reprieve, engagement, rejoice B) relief, remorse,
rejection C) joy, amazement, defeat D) victory, failure, victory
64. T/F: The Rebels were defeated by a red and green monster.
65. Justifying fleeing because of impending annihilation was an example of
what? A) rationalization B) realization C) recognition D) remonstration
66. By seeing himself under "iron injustice," Henry saw himself as a what?
A) victor B) smart soldier C) victim D) champion
67. T/F: The youth felt his punishment fit the crime.
68. "He conceived Nature to be a ________ with a deep aversion to
69. What literary technique did Crane employ by attributing feelings to
nature? A) Alliteration B) Personification C) Magnification D)
Detachment E) Irony
70. The actions of what creature were used to elevate and align the youth's
actions with the laws of nature?
71. What comment about life can be made from the actions of the ants?
72. "After a time he paused, and, breathless and panting, listened. He
imagined some strange voice would come from the dead throat and
squawk after him in horrible menaces." Were the voice to have
materialized and spoken uninterruptingly without reply, it would have
been what? A) monologue B) dialogue C) catalog to courage D)
boulevard back to battle
73. Whether in battle or in the forest chapel, what was there to greet Henry?
74. What effect did the panther-like clashing of the two armies have upon
75. Battle was compared to what? A) colored apparel B) a wave upon a rock
C) two bolts from Zeus clanging one another D) a grinding machine
76. "He must go close and see it produce ________."
77. "In this place the youth felt that he was an ______. This forgotten part of
the battleground was owned by the dead men, and he hurried, in the
vague apprehension that one of the swollen forms would rise and tell
him to ________."
78. The forgotten spot where Henry encountered ____ corpses was not a
place where he would longingly look into their eyes as he did with the
other dead ____ soldier. A) three, Confederate B) four, Rebels C) five,
Union D) six, New York
79. "One [of the wounded] was swearing that he had been shot in the arm
through the commanding general's ________ of the army."
80. The torn bodies of the injured that the youth joined were part of what?
A) an extension of war B) an extended metaphor C) the juxtaposition of
opposites D) the clarity of a simile
81. T/F: Henry was quick to exchange stories of battle with the tattered man.
82. For Henry to double his speed away from the one with two wounds was
an example of what? A) a defense mechanism B) passive avoidance C)
active engagement D) a subtle invitation
83. Fidgeting with his button was an indicator of what? A) external shame
B) internal anxiety C) external uneasiness D) internal peace
84. At the beginning of the chapter, which emotion did Henry feel? A) guilt
B) pride C) waxy D) terrific
85. "At times he regarded the wounded soldiers in an envious way. He
conceived persons with torn bodies to be peculiarly happy. He wished
that he, too, had a wound, a ________ of courage."
86. What caused other wounded soldiers to shift their attention away from
87. As indicated from Jim Conklin's "shaking whisper," of what was he
88. Whose "eyes rolled in the wilderness of his terror"?
89. Which word was not used to describe Jim's condition? A) paste B) stone
C) dull D) dazed
90. Explain "He was at the rendezvous."
91. Internet question: The movie Alien had a scene depicting similar
contortions to those of Jim's, where it appeared "an animal was within
and was kicking and tumbling furiously to be free." Could the movie be
shown on a high school campus without parental and district consent?
92. What creature(s) killed Jim Conklin? A) wolves B) alligators C) man D)
Southern Rebels E) the green monster F) the beast of mismanagement
93. The imagery at the chapter's end depicted what? A) man's indifference
B) nature's indifference C) the sun's intolerance D) that nature, too, could
paste a mirror image of man's unsweetened plight
94. Explain the meaning of new red blood. Jim's wound wouldn't coagulate
and heal on its own.
95. T/F: After seeing Jim's grey-lipped smile on his dead face, Henry turned
toward the battlefield with rage.
96. What did the tattered man mean by referring to Jim as a "reg'lar jim-
97. Who said, "'...we might as well begin t' look out fer ol' number one'"?
98. Which occurred? A) Pea soup was consumed. B) The youth buried Jim's
body without help. C) The tattered man gained insight into the direction
from which Henry had come. D) Henry's internal wounds were tended.
99. Why were "the simple questions of the tattered man" like "knife thrusts"
100. Explain the irony of the arrows?
101. Why couldn't Henry smile in chapters nine and ten?
102. Which men did Henry envy most? A) the men with the mass of
wagons B) the forward-going column of infantry C) slain soldiers D)
angry, animal-like men
103. Why were rifles "extraordinarily profuse"? Explain.
104. What killed Henry's courage to fight again?
105. "A certain ____ quality within him kept him in the vicinity of the
106. When did Henry imagine lying to his companions? A) before the
worm and moth B) in between the worm and moth C) after the worm and
moth D) when the worm became the moth
107. T/F: The youth contemplated the personal advantages of a Union
108. T/F: The youth could not find a good excuse to give his regiment.
109. That Henry imagined himself as the brunt of derogatory gossip
made him worry about becoming a what?
110. How would a moral vindication help Henry wear the sore badge
111. Why would a Union victory doom the youth's life to isolation?
112. Some of the infantry men stampeded in retreat like ____ ____.
113. Finally, Henry's head wound came from what?
114. Why was Henry afraid to move rapidly?
115. To escape head pain, Henry reminisced about all but what? A) his
mother's cooking B) swimming in a shaded pool C) Conklin's painful
116. Who was the drunken man?
117. T/F: The red animal of war had its fill with the cheery man's
118. Who joined the fray?
119. Henry was guided in the dark of night back to his what?
120. T/F: The cheery man's magic wand was actually a compass.
121. Paragraph one revealed Henry's what to be down? A) defensive
guard B) night vision C) memory of purpose D) rifle
122. T/F: The black and monstrous figure was a wandering Rebel
behind enemy lines.
123. T/F: Henry lied to the loud Wilson.
124. The corporal's words indicated what? A) that Wilson's letters
weren't lost after all B) that more wayward men, or deserters, were
returning to the regiment C) that the witche's prophecy was all wrong D)
that their maps were good enough
125. T/F: The corporal and the nurse knew that the youth really hadn't
been grazed by a bullet.
126. Wilson put what on Henry's head?
127. Similar to what he had done in Chapter ____, Henry began
fumbling with his coat buttons whenever he was nervous about the truth
piercing his lie.
128. Which term best characterized Wilson's behavior toward Henry?
A) caring B) callous C) concerned D) cautious
129. Why was Henry not put into an ambulance wagon and taken to the
130. T/F: The men circling the fire symbolized buzzards 'bout to pick
away at Henry's cover up.
131. Upon waking, the youth felt he was in the house of the A) somber
B) sullen C) tortured D) dead
132. Henry saw the sleeping soldiers as what? A) ready to rise and
squawk at the officers B) ready to rebend the sun's rays C) ready to
silence the drummer and bugel boy D) a prophecy of their future
positions and conditions
133. Wilson's reaction to Henry's protest was what? A) persistent
calmness B) perturbed friendliness C) gregarious silence D) silent
134. Henry noted all of the following changes in Wilson except which?
A) better at cooking meat on a stick B) not so pompous about his
physical prowess C) less irritated by trivialities D) more inner strength to
135. What was "tinsel courage"?
136. Which soldier had "climbed a peak of wisdom"?
137. Which soldier felt the Union troops handled the Rebels pretty
138. T/F: Wilson motioned toward the Pacific to get arguing soldiers to
move away westward and not disturb the peace before the war.
139. Why did Wilson think the Rebels had killed half his regiment?
140. What lies did the youth let live in Wilson's head?
141. How did the youth use Wilson's letters? A) for insight B) for
reflection C) as leverage D) as an anecdote
142. Which was not true about Henry's imagination of himself? A) He
felt confident his mistakes in the dark would not be exposed to judges.
B) He felt his flight of foot was dignified and different from other
deserters. C) He felt feverish about viewing war from afar. D) He felt he
could face the dragons of war.
143. T/F: Henry returned Wilson's letters without hammering home
comments about Wilson's prior weakness or fears or incorrect intuitions.
144. Why did Henry feel pity toward Wilson's shame?
145. Which character exemplified the power of the mind to be
dishonest with oneself? A) the molested B) Henry C) Wilson D) females
falling for war stories
146. Which phrases were synonymous? A) deep sleep and fog-filled air
B) dull popping and curtains of trees C) terrific fracas and stupendous
wrangle D) firing in the fog and thudding sound
147. Internet question: Based on "'All quiet on the Rappahannock,'" in
which state was Henry entrenched?
148. What flew like birds? A) bullets B) rumors C) bayonets D) canon
149. Who "were yelling shrill and exultant"?
150. The sarcastic man pierced the youth after Henry complained of
what? A) marching B) hell-roosters C) inaccurate rifles D) lunkhead
generals E) fallacious maps
151. What effect did the sarcastic man's comment have upon Henry?
152. With regard to seemingly mindless marching and ill-clad plans of
victorious attacks, Henry lodged complaints viewing the troops as all but
what? A) dogs in a cage B) kitten in a bag C) chased rats D) tangled up
153. T/F: At the forthcoming muzzle flashes, the youth proclaimed to
the distant enemy, "Bring on the music, you jackasses."
154. The opening paragraphs revealed Henry to be all but what? A) in
agreement with Wilson's view B) angry about the foe's fighting resolve
C) angry about not being able to rest and contemplate D) in the middle
of being hunted like an animal
155. Were it available, which weapon would the youth have preferred
to bring about "abominable cruelties" with "an engine of annihilating
power"? A) Glock B) knife C) bow and arrow D) hatchet E) uzzi F)
156. Similar to Henry's view of the fighting troops, what contemporary
animals have been tossed into a pit for a death struggle?
157. T/F: Strong feelings still remained after the youth imagined his
rifle to be an impotent stick.
158. Which side behaved like a wounded snake?
159. T/F: Henry ceased firing because he was thirsty.
160. What connotation did "war devil" have?
161. Which term was not attributed to Fleming? A) pagan B) barbarian
C) insect D) knight E) beast F) hero G) cats H) dog
162. T/F: Some soldiers wore the black smudge of a Catholic on their
foreheads so as not to be pagans against faith on Ash Wednesday.
163. Why did the lieutenant exclaim, "'Hot work! Hot work!'"?
164. Which thought would NOW take opposition to?
165. Who was inches away from joining Jim Conklin?
166. Why did Henry join Wilson's water run?
167. T/F: Not finding the stream, Henry took the opportunity to chide
Wilson for his lame-brain idea.
168. From the way Wilson and Henry saw it, which object might
produce the same effect as did the bright steel bayonets? A) stakes B)
mirror C) uniform D) boots E) saddle
169. What were slinking through the woods? A) wounded men and
other stragglers B) lieutenants trying to catch deserters C) generals trying
to catch lieutenants D) Rebels from the rear
170. Why did the two foot soldiers exchange "glances of
171. T/F: Wilson and Henry, without contemplating desertion, "hurried
back to the line."
172. After being yelled at by their lieutenant, Henry and Wilson told
him that their regiment will what? A) sweep right B) sweep left C) forge
forward into the guts of the enemy D) charge
173. The man with "a final objection" asked what kind of question? A)
a reasonable one B) an unreasonable one C) a cowardly question D) a
174. T/F: As usual, while "many tightened their belts carefully and
hitched at their trousers," the youth began fidgeting with his button.
175. Henry and Wilson displayed what character trait as they were
poised to attack? A) fright B) courage C) obstinance D) elasticity
176. T/F: The shaggy man reaffirmed a part of the commander's
opinion about the attack.
177. How did Henry's regiment begin their advance?
178. How was Henry's face described during the initial stages of his
advancing endeavor? A) drawn hard and tight B) glazed and uncertain
C) relaxed and confident
179. What shape did the regiment form during part of the advance? A)
circle B) oval C) triangle D) square E) pyramid
180. T/F: Henry was able to avoid being struck by one of the yellow
181. What happened to the size of Henry's regiment?
182. What initiative did the lieutenant display?
183. How did Henry respond to being grabbed by the lieutenant?
184. After successfully dodging bullets like a football player, what did
Henry [and Wilson] grab with stalwart pride?
185. T/F: The female goddess prevented the color sergeant's head from
thumping harshly on the battle ground.
186. To which side did the "dejected remnant" belong?
187. Regarding carrying the flag, which soldier was at greater risk?
188. Why did the youthful lieutenant "swear with incredible power"?
189. State two synonymous phrases used to describe the Union retreat.
190. T/F: Henry hated the man who called his troops "mule drivers"
more than he hated the enemy.
191. What were "a hundred flames"?
192. Why did the soldiers run "hither and thither" instead of in a
straight line to safety?
193. That Henry saw seemingly "new" enemy uniforms meant what?
194. Which line first indicated a Union victory in this particular
195. To what did "impossible proportions" refer?
196. T/F: "A hoarse cheer of elation broke from their dry lips" because
"they were men."
197. Why were the men nervous while they returned to the blue lines?
198. How was reference to "mother" used?
199. When Henry reflected upon the old position, what did he
200. What were Henry's views toward his war performance?
201. Why couldn't Henry revel in self-satisfaction for very long?
202. T/F: The lieutenant stood up for his men and the way they fought.
203. That Henry had a "tranquill philosophy" during "these moments
of irritation" indicated what?
204. T/F: The colonel and the youthful lieutenant exchanged words of
praise for both Fleming and Wilson for bravely being at the front of the
205. Who "exchanged a secret glance of joy and congratulation"
toward the other?
206. Explain: "The past held no pictures of error and disappointment."
207. How did Henry feel when another attack began? A) exhausted B)
weary C) serene self-confidence D) Invincible
208. T/F: The opposing infantry, especially while toiling personally in
the "pitiless monotony of conflicts," were incognizant of the national
reasons for the Civil War.
209. The "lighter-hued regiments" were who?
210. What was "rolling thunder" and why did it irritate friendly troops?
211. Which occurred during the "riotous surges"? A) monotonous
slithering B) maniacal yelling C) cautious dashing D) reserved lunges for
212. T/F: The positioning of the "color of cloth" didn't always indicate
who was winning.
213. "When assaulted again by bullets," the blue troops did what? A)
advanced with determination B) retreated with wisdom C) cowered like
turtles D) tossed their bayonets as a last resort
214. T/F: As a spectator to the battle, Henry's vibrating flag
symbolized the jitters he felt within.
215. The "flock of bullets" was mentioned within the context of
portraying Union soldiers as what? A) sheep who would only fire upon
command B) geese who had the overview above the smoke C) wild
wolves following the alpha dog D) self-determined striking soldiers
216. Memory of being called "mud diggers" had what effect upon the
217. "Arrows of scorn" had what effect upon Henry?
218. T/F: Extravagant bleeding sometimes led to twisted bodies.
219. Wilson's "powder-smeared" face was not enough to hide what? A)
his valor B) his anger C) his tranquility D) his wound
220. In paragraph two, "the shouts" referred to what? A) Wilson's
protest B) the soldiers' grumblings against new orders C) the officers'
disenchantment with the colonel's order to attack D) the officers' orders
221. T/F: The soldiers' scampering clearly indicated a lack of courage.
222. How did Henry lead the electrifying assault? A) with reserved
energy for the confrontation B) with tamed enthusiasm C) with wild and
daring fervor D) with reluctant desires to crash against "the gates of the
223. The individuals who "wheeled" were doing what? A) turning to
fire as they retreated B) attacking in groups of four C) driving their
comrades to stake a stand against the blue line D) running in circles
224. How did the charging cheers change? A) They became
impersonal. B) They became less intense. C) They became more
forceful. D) They became more intimate.
225. T/F: Henry sprang like a panther and captured the enemy flag.
226. Tossing caps and hats into the air indicated what?
227. Which prisoner summoned the wrath of the gods upon his
captors? A) victim one B) victim two C) victim three D) victim four
228. T/F: The prisoner who displayed the most inquisitiveness was also
glad to hear human voices.
229. Which containee had regret for his loss of freedom and "the right
to antagonize"? A) prisoner one B) prisoner two C) prisoner three D)
230. Settling down on the side of the fence they chose signified what?
231. What was the significance of "long grass"?
232. What did the purple and gold colors connote?
233. How did Henry contend with the haunting ghosts from his past?
234. If it were true that Henry changed his soul by changing himself,
what change allowed Henry to move from turmoil to tranquility?