Analysis Questions: Answer the following analysis questions using complete sentences. You should
write at least a well-developed paragraph, though some questions may need a lengthier answer. All
answers should be typed or written in pen. Support your answers with examples from the text. For all
questions, try to go beyond the literal. Think about “big ideas” when answering your questions.
1. Ralph, Piggy, and Jack are arguably the main characters of the novel. Choose one character to
focus on in these chapters. Choose one of the following to answer.
a. Piggy reveals himself to be sickly and overprotected. He also shows that he can think
through a situation and form logical conclusions. How do Piggy’s thought-out
conclusions develop into his suggestions and actions toward social order? How does
Piggy influence Ralph’s leadership? How does Piggy’s exclusion help the group? What
is the significance of Piggy’s glasses being cracked? How might this affect Piggy? How
might it affect the other boys?
b. Ralph betrays Piggy’s trust by revealing his nickname. Ralph also excludes Piggy from
the group of explorers. Why does Ralph emerge as the popular leader? Why does Ralph
want Jack’s friendship? How do Ralph’s views and ideas change as the chapters progress
(specifically his idealism)?
c. The choir first appears as a dark shadow and Jack Merridew is a tall, thin choir boy.
What do his appearance and his domination over the choir tell you about Jack’s
personality? How does Jack’s failure to kill the pig add to your understanding of his
character? What changes occur in Jack—physically and mentally? How is he described
while hunting? How does the mask change Jack? What do these changes reveal about
the way Jack’s personality is changing?
2. Describe the role of the “beastie” in these chapters. How do Ralph and Jack react differently to
the beastie? How does Simon react to the “beastie”?
3. Describe the role of the fire in these chapters. Who wants a fire and who does not? Why? What
does fire represent for the boys? Why is the uncontrollable fire Jack ignites significant? What is
significant about the fire going out? How does the fire change the relationship between Jack and
4. How does Simon differ from the other boys? How does the point of view change when Simon is
the focus (end of Ch. 3)? What does Simon notice about the forest that the other boys may not?
How does the depiction of Simon in the jungle compare to the earlier description of Jack in the
jungle? What does he seem to represent?
5. How do Maurice and Roger exercise their power over the smaller boys? How do they feel about
this power? Why does Roger refrain from hitting Henry with stones? How is this particular
scene significant? What does it reveal about the boys?
1. Discuss the power struggle between Jack and Ralph. How do both try to exercise power? What
is important to each boy? Why is this significant or what might it suggest? What type of
government do both represent? How does Ralph differ from Jack’s hunters? What do the
hunters want and what does Ralph want?
2. What role does the “beast” play in the boys’ society? How do Ralph, Jack, and Piggy each
respond to the boys’ fears about the beast? Whether or not the beast is real, what does the fear
of “the beast” allow to emerge in the boys? What does Simon say about the beast? What might
be significant about his views?
3. What is the role of hunting for the boys? Why do the boys long to hunt? Why do they reenact
the pig killing? Why do you think Maurice suggests they get a drum? What happens to Robert
during this ritual? In order to engage in a real attack, the boys need a real pig, or, as Jack says,
they can “use a littlun.” What might this foreshadow? What does the ease with which Jack says
this suggest? How do hunting and the rituals that go along with it change the boys? How do
things change when Ralph has experienced the thrill of the hunt?
4. The boys mistake the fallen parachutist for “the beast.” What is significant about the
parachutist? Why does the parachutist land here? What does this suggest is going on in “the real
world”? Is it any different than what is occurring on the boys’ island? How do thing change
once the leaders see “the beast”? How does this change their fears? What new problems arise
because of “the beast”?
5. How is Simon different from the other boys on the island? What does Simon learn during the
illusion that the Lord of the Flies is speaking to him? What might be suggested in the Lord of
the Flies’ comment, “We shall do you?” Who is “we”? What will they do to Simon? How does
Simon resemble “the Lord of the Flies”? Why does “the beast” only talk to Simon? How is
Simon different than any of the other boys?
1. Ralph asks, “What makes things break up like they do?” What symbols have helped to represent
disintegration or retrogression on the island? What does each of these symbols suggest about
the disintegration of the society? Think about objects, locations, and characters to answer this
question. Think deeply!
2. What happens to Simon? Why is this significant? How are the boys described? How is it
similar to his encounter with “The Lord of the Flies”? What happens to the parachutist “beast”?
How do Piggy and Simon react to what happens to Simon? What about Samneric? Why? How
do Jack and his tribe react to Simon’s death? What does Jack say about “the beast” and Simon?
3. How does Jack change when he becomes the elected leader? What is the significance of him
appearing stark naked? How do the other boys treat Jack as a leader? Why does he give new
names to the hunters? How does he maintain control of his tribe?
4. What is significant about blind Piggy carrying the conch as they head to Jack’s tribe? What is the
significance of Piggy’s death? How is Piggy’s cause of death significant? Think particularly
about the role of rocks and Roger earlier in the text.
5. What is ironic about the fire on the island? How do the boys get rescued? How are the boys
described when the adults are present? What is significant about the adults that do rescue the
boys? What were these adults doing when they saw the boys? What might Golding be trying to