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					ANU Kioloa/NASA Pathfinder GLCTS Site (1997): P.I./Data Custodian; Dr.
Brian Lees

Kioloa Geology (1997).

The geology was derived from digitizing a number of different geological
maps of the area. The projections and scales differed between the maps
and where possible the largest scale map was used. They were all
projected to UTM.

filename: geolgrid.asc
datatype: ascii
file type: integer
min x: 229000
max x: 286750
min y: 6043000
max y: 6116500


Lineage:

5 different geological maps were digitized in 1995 and 1996 by Kevin
Cowan and Belinda Allison to produce the geology of the area. These were:

Jervis Bay and Currarong 1:50 000 9027-VI, 1
Compiled by Geological Survey of NSW
Published by the Central Mapping Authority, Department of Lands NSW 1972.

Ulladulla 1:250 000 Geological Series Sheet S1 56-13
Compiled by Geological Survey of NSW
Published by NSW Department of Mines 1966.

Tianjara 1:63 360 1 Mile Geological Series Sheet no. 448 zone 8.
Compiled by Geological Survey of NSW
Published by NSW Department of Mines to accompany Bulletin No. 17, no
date given.

Ulladulla 1:63 360 1 Mile Geological Series Sheet no. 453 zone 8.
Compiled by Geological Survey of NSW
Published by NSW Department of Mines to accompany Bulletin No. 17, no
date given.

Kioloa 1:25 000
Gostin, V.A. PhD thesis (Geology) Australian National University 1969.


The maps were digitized and projected to UTM and then pasted together.
Where overlaps occurred, the map with the most detail was used (generally
the largest scale map). Where necessary, arcs were adjusted to join at
map edges.


Completeness:
The Geology is complete. The polygons are labelled with the appropriate
geology type ('geol_type').


Consistency:

Consistency is variable due to the range of different map scales.


Correctness:

Correctness is variable. Where necessary arcs were adjusted to join at
map edges. Where differences occurred between overlapping maps, the
geology from the largest scale map was assumed to be correct.


Map Legend:




insert picture here


A: Ulladulla 1:250 000

B: Jervis Bay and Currarong 1:50 000

C: Tianjara 1:63 360

D: Ulladulla 1:63 360

E: Kioloa 1:25 000

(For more details refer to Lineage above)

              A                B                  C                 D
              E
Quaternary

Qal           Alluvium gravel,                    Alluvium
Alluvium            Beach and dune
              swamp deposits and
                    alluvium sands
              sand dunes

Qd                             Sand (Dune)

Ql                             Sand and dominantly
                               sandy sediments (Low
                               level sand, Esturine
                               and tidal flat)
Qhll                           Sand (Low level sand
                               Esturine, tidal flat and
                               lagoonal)

Qha                            Silt, clay, sand
                               (Fluvial)

Qhs                            Organic rich sediments
                               and peat (Swamp,
                               freshwater)

Qhda                           Sand (active dunes)

Qhbb                           Sand (beach, stable
                               foredune)

Qhbbu                          Sand (beach, unstable
                               foredune)


Qhbdr                          Sand (bedrock controlled
                               dunes)

Qhd                            Sand (dunes)

Qhbd                           Sand (barrier dunes)

Qhbr                           Sand (barrier beach
                               ridges)

Qph                            Sand (high level dunes
                               and sand sheets)

Qpbd                           Sand (barrier dunes-
                               degraded)

Qpbr                           Sand (barrier beach
                               ridges)


Tertiary

Tg                                                   Gravel, sand, clay,
Gravel, sand, clay,
                                                     quartzite, sandstone,
           quartzite, sandstone,
                                                     conglomerate
conglomerate

Tb           Basalt, Olivine        Basalt                      Olivine basalt
           Olivine basalt
             basalt

Tl                             Ferruginuous gravel,
                                laterite

Ts                              Clay silt, sandy silt
                                and clay, silcrete and
                                intercalated basalt
                                flows

Tm          Quarts sandstone
            and sand
            "Meringo Creek
            Formation"

Tbe         Gravel, sand, clay
            "Bergalia Formation"

T           Gravel, sand, clay,
            quartzite, sandstone,
            conglomerate

Mesozoic

Mmm         Monzonite "Milton
            Monzonite" (see also
            Pmm)

Mte         Essexite "Termeil
            Essexite"
            (see also Pte)


Late Permian or Mezozoic

Pte
Essexite                 Essexite

"Termeil Essexite"              "Termeil Essexite"
                                                                         (see
also Mte)           (see also Mte)

Permian

Pmm                                                  Monzonite "Milton
Monzonite "Milton
                                                     Monzonite" (see
Monzonite" (see
                                                     also Mmm)           also
Mmm)


Psb         Siltstone, shale,
            sandstone "Berry
            Formation"
Pac1
                 Sandstone, minor

                 siltstone,

                 conglomerate

                 "Snapper Point

                 Formation"

Pac2
                 Siltstone, claystone,

                 (some) sandstone

                 "Pebbly Beach

                 Formation"

Pac3
                 Sandstone, minor

                 conglomerate,

                 sedimentary breccia

Pd                             Porphyritic dolerite

Pdk                            Dolerite, weathered
                               to white kaolinte clay

Pcc        Sandstone, shale,                      Sandstone, shale,
Sandstone, shale,
           coal "Clyde Coal                       coal "Clyde Coal
coal "Clyde Coal
           Measures"                              Measures"
Measures"


Permian (Shoalhaven Group)

Psn        Quartz, sandstone Quartzose, sandstone       Quartz, sandstone
         Quartz sandstone
           "Nowra Sandstone" and minor siltstone        "Nowra Sandstone"
         "Nowra Sandstone"

Psw        Siltstone, silty Mid grey to dark grey      Siltstone, silty
         Siltstone, silty
           sandstone, pebbly micaceous siltstone,      sandstone, pebbly
         sandstone, pebbly
           in part                 pebbly siltstone to       in part
         in part
            "Wandrawandian        fine sandstone            "Wandrawandian
          "Wandrawandian
            Siltstone"                          Silstone"
Siltstone"

Psc         Conglomerate,                            Conglomerate,
          Conglomerate,
            sandstone, silty                    sandstone, silty
sandstone, silty
            sandstone                           sandstone
sandstone
            "Conjola Formation"                      "Conjola Formation"
          "Conjola Formation"

Psy         Conglomerate, thin                       Conglomerate, thin
          Conglomerate, thin
            shale and sandstone                      shales and
sandstone       shales and sandstone
            inter beds "Yadboro                      "Yadboro
"Yadboro
            Conglomerate"                            Conglomerate"
          Conglomerate"

Pmd                                                                  Basalt

"Murramarang Flow"

Psp        Siltstone, shale,
Siltstone, shale and
           fine sandstone
fine sandstone
           "Pigeon House Creek
"Pigeon House Creek
           Siltstone"
Siltstone"

Pss                          Quartz and lithic
                             quartz sandstone and
                             pebbly sandstone.
                             Minor siltstone and
                             conglomerate


Upper Devonian

Dum         Sandstone, quartzite,                    Sandstone,
quartzite,      Sandstone, quartzite,
            conglomerate,                            conglomerate,
conglomerate,
            siltstone, claystone                     siltstone, mudstone
          siltstone, mudstone
            Note: includes undifferentiated                 "Merrimbula
Formation"     "Merrimbula Formation"
            Upper Devonian sediments
              along northern border
              "Merrimbula Formation"

Dub
Baslat, siltstone,

mudstone

Dua                                     Acid volcanics,    Acid
volcanics,
                                        breccia and
breccia and
                                        interbedded sediments
interbedded sediments
Duc        Rhyolite, rhyolite
           breccia, basalt, siltstone
           claystone "Comerong
           Volcanics"

Dud           Basalt and dolerite

Dur           Rhyolite

Devonian?

Dg            Granite

Post Upper Ordovician - Pre-Permian

Dug                                     Granite

Silurian?

Smg           Biotile granite
              "Moruya Granite"

Smt           Granodiorite
              "Moruya Granite"


Upper Silurian

Sus           Slate, phyllite
              sandstone, limestone

Upper Ordovician

Ou            Phyllite, slate, shale
              chert, sandstone


Ordovician?
Oup                                           Phyllite, chert,
Phyllite, chert,
                                              shale, sandstone       shale,
sandstone

Os          Siltstone, claystone,                   Siltstone, mudstone,
          Siltstone, mudstone,
            sandstone, quartzite,                   sandstone,
quartzite,      sandstone, quartzite,
            chert                             chert and associated
chert and associated
                                              quartz veins
quartz veins

Oa
                      Argillite,

                      metaquartzite, chert,

                      quartz veins

Cambrian?

Ew              Chert, conglomerate,
                agglomerate, slate,
                sandstone, phyllite,
                "Wagonga Beds"




Geology identifcation values.

Identification values for geology types were inserted into the geology
dataset using Arcedit. These are the following values given to each
geology type.

Record        GEOGL_TYPE    SYMBOL
          1   Dg                        1
          2   Duc                       2
          3   Dug                       3
          4   Dum                       4
          5   Ew                        5
          6   Pte/Mte                   6
          7   Os                        7
          8   Oup                       8
          9   Psb                       9
         10   Pac1                     10
         11   Pac3                     11
         12   Pcc                      12
         13   Pmd                      13
         14   Pmm                      14
         16   Psc                      16
      17   Psn                  17
      18   Psp                  18
      19   Pss                  19
      20   Psw                  20
      21   Psy                  21
      23   Qal                  23
      24   Qbal                 24
      25   Qha                  25
      26   Qhbb                 26
      27   Qhbbu                27
      28   Qhbd                 28
      29   Qhbdr                29
      30   Qhbr                 30
      31   Qhda                 31
      32   Qhll                 32
      33   Qhs                  33
      34   Qpbd                 34
      35   Qph                  35
      36   Smg                  36
      37   Tb                   37
      38   Tg                   38
      39   Ts                   39
      40   water                40


The following brief descriptive text fields for each geology type are
available in the file geogldesc.csv. Not all geology types have
associated geolocail unit names.


Record Geol_typGeol_desc
Geol_unit
1       Dg       Devonian granite
2       Duc      Upper Devonian rhyolite, rhyolite breccia, basalt,
siltstone, claystone                      Comerong Volcanics
3       Dug      Devonian granite
4       Dum      Upper Devonian sandstone, quartzite, conglomerate,
siltstone, claystone                      Merrimbula Formation
5       Ew       Cambrian chert, conglomerate
Wagonga Beds
6       Pte/Mte Late Permian or Mesozoic essexite
Termiel Essexite
7       Os       Ordovician siltstone, claystone, sandstone, quartzite,
chert
8       Oup      Ordovician phyllite, chert, shale, sandstone
9       Psb      Permian siltstone, shale, sandstone
Berry Formation
10      Pac1     Permian sandstone, siltstone, conglomerate
Snapper point Formation
11      Pac3     Permian sandstone, conglomerate, sedimentary breccia
12      Pcc      Permian sandstone, shale, coal
Clyde Coal Measures
13      Pmd      Permian basalt
Murramang Flow
14      Pmm      Permian monzonite
Milton Monzonite
16      Psc      Permian conglomerate, sandstone, silty sandstone
Conjola Formation
17      Psn      Permian quartz, sandstone, quartzose, sandstone
Nowra Sandstone
18      Psp      Permian siltstone, shale, fine sandstone
Pigeon House Creek Siltstone
19      Pss      Permian quartz and lithic quartz sandstone, pebbly
sandstone
20      Psw      Permian siltstone, silty sandstone, pebbly micaceous
siltstone                               Wandrawandian Siltstone
21      Psy      Permian conglomerate, thin shale and sandstone interbeds
Yadboro Conglomerate
23      Qal      Quaternary alluvium gravel, swamp deposits and sand dunes
24      Qbal     Quaternary alluvium, beach deposits
25      Qha      Quaternary silt, clay, sand (fluvial)
26      Qhbb     Quaternary sand (beach, stable foredune)
27      Qhbbu    Quaternary sand (beach, unstable foredune)
28      Qhbd     Quaternary sand (barrier dunes)
29      Qhbdr    Quaternary sand (bedrock controlled dunes)
30      Qhbr     Quaternary sand (barrier beach ridges)
31      Qhda     Quaternary sand (active dunes)
32      Qhll     Quaternary sand (low level sand estuarine, tidal flat and
lagoonal)
33      Qhs      Quaternary organic-rich sediments and peat (swamp,
freshwater)
34      Qpbd     Quaternary sand (barrier dunes-degraded)
35      Qph      Quaternary sand (high level dunes and sand sheets)
36      Smg      Silurian granite
Moruya Granite
37      Tb       Tertiary basalt, olivine basalt
38      Tg       Tertiary gravel, sand, clay, quartzite, sandstone,
conglomerate
39      Ts       Tertiary clay silt, sandy silt and clay, silcrete and
intercalated basalt flows
40      water    Water
bb                     26
      27 Qhbbu                   27
      28 Qhbd                    28
      29 Qhbdr                   29
      30 Qhbr                    30
      31 Qhda                    31
      32 Qhll                    32
      33 Qhs                     33
      34 Qpbd                    34
      35 Qph                     35
      36 Smg                     36
      37 Tb                      37
      38 Tg                      38
      39 Ts                      39
      40 water                   40
The following brief descriptive text fields for each geology type are
available in the file geogldesc.csv. Not all geology types have
associated geolocail unit names.


Record Geol_typGeol_desc
Geol_unit
1       Dg       Devonian granite
2       Duc      Upper Devonian rhyolite, rhyolite breccia, basalt,
siltstone, claystone                      Comerong Volcanics
3       Dug      Devonian granite
4       Dum      Upper Devonian sandstone, quartzite, conglomerate,
siltstone, claystone                      Merrimbula Formation
5       Ew       Cambrian chert, conglomerate
Wagonga Beds
6       Pte/Mte Late Permian or Mesozoic essexite
Termiel Essexite
7       Os       Ordovician siltstone, claystone, sandstone, quartzite,
chert
8       Oup      Ordovician phyllite, chert, shale, sandstone
9       Psb      Permian siltstone, shale, sandstone
Berry Formation
10      Pac1     Permian sandstone, siltstone, conglomerate
Snapper point Formation
11      Pac3     Permian sandstone, conglomerate, sedimentary breccia
12      Pcc      Permian sandstone, shale, coal
Clyde Coal Measures
13      Pmd      Permian basalt
Murramang Flow
14      Pmm      Permian monzonite
Milton Monzonite
16      Psc      Permian conglomerate, sandstone, silty sandstone
Conjola Formation
17      Psn      Permian quartz, sandstone, quartzose, sandstone
Nowra Sandstone
18      Psp      Permian siltstone, shale, fine sandstone
Pigeon House Creek Siltstone
19      Pss      Permian quartz and lithic quartz sandstone, pebbly
sandstone
20      Psw      Permian siltstone, silty sandstone, pebbly micaceous
siltstone                               Wandrawandian Siltstone
21      Psy      Permian conglomerate, thin shale and sandstone interbeds
Yadboro Conglomerate
23      Qal      Quaternary alluvium gravel, swamp deposits and sand dunes
24      Qbal     Quaternary alluvium, beach deposits
25      Qha      Quaternary silt, clay, sand (fluvial)
26      Qhbb     Quaternary sand (beach, stable foredune)
27      Qhbbu    Quaternary sand (beach, unstable foredune)
28      Qhbd     Quaternary sand (barrier dunes)
29      Qhbdr    Quaternary sand (bedrock controlled dunes)
30      Qhbr     Quaternary sand (barrier beach ridges)
31      Qhda     Quaternary sand (active dunes)
32      Qhl

				
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