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True Sabbath Keeping Galatians 4:8-12 and the Christian’s Relationship to the Sabbath July 31, 2005 Ryan Habbena The Sabbath Commands EXODUS 20:8 "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. ISAIAH 56:2 "How blessed is the man who does this, And the son of man who takes hold of it; Who keeps from profaning the sabbath, And keeps his hand from doing any evil." What is the Christian’s Relationship to the Sabbath in light of the cross of Christ? The Two Scriptural Concepts of “Sabbath” 1)The Ritual Observance – Do not do any work, as prescribed by the law, on the 7th day of the week. 2)The Theological Principle – The “rest” granted by God to his people from toil. Rest is rooted in “Creation” and “Exodus.” “Turning Back” to Slavery GAL 4:8-9 However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again? “Observing” in Vain GAL 4:10-11 You observe days and months and seasons and years. I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored over you in vain. An Ironic Reversal GAL 4:12 I beg of you, brethren, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; A Summary of Paul’s Argument The coming of the King has fulfilled the promises to which the Jewish calendar foreshadowed, therefore it is not necessary to observe them. In fact, we are called in light of the cross to abandon these as a condition of covenant obedience. We Enter Ultimate Rest through Faith HEB 4:2-3 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. For we who have believed enter that rest HEB 4:9-11 So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God. For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so that no one will fall, through following the same example of disobedience. Our True Rest is Wholly Centered on the Savior MAT 11:28-29 Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. Matthew 12:6-8 "But I say to you that something greater than the temple is here. But if you had known what this means, 'I desire compassion, and not a sacrifice,' you would not have condemned the innocent. "For the Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath." Is Sunday the New Sabbath? Romans 14:4-6 Who are you to judge the servant of another? To his own master he stands or falls; and he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand. One person regards one day above another, another regards every day alike. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. He who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, does so for the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who eats not, for the Lord he does not eat, and gives thanks to God. Application True Rest is Found in Christ, and in Christ Alone Enticed to “Turn Back” "This is not a minor issue. (Keeping Saturday Sabbath) This is one of God's Ten Commandments! Would you consider it a minor issue if 98 percent of the church was committing adultery, stealing, lying, murdering, worshipping idols, or using the Lord's name in vain continuously week after week throughout each and every year?" (Modern Sabbatarian) #1 “Turn away” from the Elementary Principles of the Ceremonial Law HEB 4:1 Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. #2 Turn to the “True Sabbath” Colossians 2:13-15 When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him. #2 Turn to the “True Sabbath” Colossians 2:16-17 Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day -- things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. #3 Rest in the Assurance that you are Known by God 1John 4:9-10 By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through Him. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
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