�CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES� Brain Tumor

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�CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES� Brain Tumor Powered By Docstoc
					“CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
   DISEASES” Brain Tumor
GROUP MEMBERS:
FAKHRUNNISA ASGHAR
ONAIZA ASHRAF
AREEBA SAJID
NIDA FATIMA
KHADIJA MOHSIN

CONDUCTED BY:
MRS ARSHIA SAEED
(BIOLOGY TEACHER)
“PATIENT’S HISTORY”
 Male.
 89 years.
 6’ 2”, 150Lbs.
 Pakistani.
 Physically unfit.
 Presenting
  Complain:
 Slurred speech.
 Paralysis on half
  face.
   “HISTORY OF PRESENTING
          COMPLAIN”
 The concerned patient is a motor
  mechanic. He started to develop
  headache which was initially not
  very severe but with the going
  time, the headaches result in fits.
 Vomiting, drowsiness, blurring of
  vision also accompanied the
  effect of fits.
 When the person was examined,
  paralysis of half face was found.
            “ON EXAMINATION!!”


 On examination, the positive findings were:
               Brain cancer.
                Brain tumor.
                 Paralysis.
    “PROVISIONAL DIAGNOSIS”
 On the basis of the positive results
    of our examination, we proposed
    the following diagnostic
    procedures and the results were as
    follow:
   Neurological Examination-
    physician test reflexes, muscle
    strength, eye and mouth
    movement, coordination and
    alertness.
   CBC.
   X-Ray-------Space occupying leis
    ion was found.
   MRI----------Space occupying leis
    ion was found.
   CT SCAN--------Space occupying
    leis ion was found.
        “WHAT CAUSES BRAIN
             TUMOR?”
 On the basis of the results
  of our proposed
  diagnostic procedures, we
  suspected Encephalitis
  disease caused due to:
 Abnormalities of genes
  involved in cell cycle
                                Abnormality of Genes
  control, causing
  uncontrolled cell growth.
 Certain genetic conditions
  (i.e. neurofibromatosis,
  von Hippel-Lindau
  disease, Li-Frameni
  syndrome and
  retinoblastoma).
 Certain chemical toxins.
“TREATMENT FOR BRAIN
       TUMOR”
           The proposed treatments
              are:
             Surgery.
             Chemotherapy.
             Radiation therapy.
             Steroids for CSF pressure.
             Anti-seizure medication.
             VP shunt.
             Spinal tap.
             Bone marrow
              transplantation.
             Antibiotics.
             Stereo tactic radio
              surgery.
             Gene therapy.
                   “DISEASE OUTLOOK”
 A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the
    brain. the tumor can either originate in the brain itself
    or come from another part of the body and travel to
    the brain.
   Brain tumor may be classified as either benign (non
    cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) depending on
    their behavior.
   Brain tumors are third leading cause of death from
    cancer in persons ages 20-39.
   Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in
    children.
   More research is needed to improve treatment,
    decrease side effects of disease and develop a cure.
           “RESOURCES”


 http://www.curesearch.org/
g/

				
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posted:12/9/2011
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