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					Folding Paperboard Box Manufacturing: 2002
2002 Economic Census Manufacturing
Industry Series

Issued December 2004

EC02-31I-322212 (RV)

U.S. Department of Commerce
Economics and Statistics Administration
U.S. CENSUS BUREAU

CONTENTS

Introduction to the Economic Census Manufacturing Tables 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6a. 6b. 7. Historical Statistics for the Industry: 2002 and Earlier Years Industry Statistics for Selected States: 2002 Detailed Statistics by Industry: 2002 Industry Statistics by Employment Size: 2002 Industry Statistics by Primary Product Class Specialization: 2002 Products Statistics: 2002 and 1997 Product Class Shipments for Selected States: 2002 and 1997 Materials Consumed by Kind: 2002 and 1997

v ix

1 2 3 4 5 6 8

Appendixes A. B. C. D. E. F. Explanation of Terms NAICS Codes, Titles, and Descriptions Methodology Geographic Notes Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Comparability of Product Classes and Product Codes: 2002 to 1997
Not applicable for this report.

A–1 B–1 C–1

F–1

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

iii

Table 1.

Historical Statistics for the Industry: 2002 and Earlier Years
All estab lish ments3 490 N N N N 582 All employees Number4 38 43 46 47 50 50 398 618 677 584 798 465 1 1 1 1 1 1 Payroll ($1,000) 499 664 791 759 794 745 759 152 259 206 138 178 Production workers Number4 30 35 37 38 40 40 893 094 725 480 637 114 Hours (1,000) 65 74 80 83 85 87 208 874 707 656 131 845 1 1 1 1 1 1 Wages ($1,000) 055 149 238 210 235 195 469 350 271 841 569 314 3 3 4 4 4 4 Value added ($1,000) 744 807 146 017 154 118 935 303 607 143 589 767 4 4 4 4 5 4 Total cost of materials ($1,000) 351 723 773 691 045 802 896 693 462 093 175 008 Total value of shipments ($1,000) 8 8 8 8 9 8 070 570 931 701 223 929 852 421 413 477 520 351 Total capital expendi tures ($1,000)
r305

[Data based on the 2002 Economic Census and the 2002 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM). For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and explanation of terms, see note at end of table. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Industry and year1

Com panies2 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 345 N N N N 434

322212, Folding paperboard box manufacturing

296 368 433 409 443

389 736 912 617 257 225

1Statistics presented for years ending in 2 and 7 are census data. Interim census years are derived in a representative sample of manufacturing establishments canvassed in the Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM). 2For the census, a company is defined as a business organization consisting of one establishment or more under common ownership or control. 3Includes establishments with payroll at any time during the year. 4Number of employees figures represent average number of production workers for pay period that includes the 12th of March, May, August, and November plus other employees for payroll period that includes the 12th of March.

Note: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census and the 2002 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM). To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain sampling errors and nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C.

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

1

Table 2.

Industry Statistics for Selected States: 2002
All establishments2 All employees Production workers Total capital expendi tures ($1,000)

[States that are a disclosure or with less than 100 employees are not shown. Data based on the 2002 Economic Census. For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, explanation of terms, and geographical definitions, see note at end of table. For information on geographic areas followed by *, see Appendix D. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Industry and geographic area E1 Total

With 20 em ploy ees or more

Number3

Payroll ($1,000)

Number3

Hours (1,000)

Wages ($1,000)

Value added ($1,000)

Total cost of materials ($1,000)

Total value of shipments ($1,000)

322212, Folding paperboard box manufacturing
United States Alabama California Colorado Connecticut Florida Illinois Indiana Kentucky Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Wisconsin 1 1 2 – 1 – 1 4 2 2 1 – – – 3 1 – – 2 – – 1 – 490 10 44 6 11 13 42 17 5 15 13 13 13 4 30 28 27 35 31 4 21 16 12 338 9 30 5 9 5 24 13 4 10 10 9 9 4 15 16 24 24 17 2 18 13 11 38 398 795 2 869 538 812 723 2 942 1 485 538 1 193 762 898 1 470 594 1 881 1 589 2 982 2 800 1 180 239 2 468 1 292 1 419 1 499 26 121 22 31 28 122 59 21 43 31 40 58 21 85 67 109 107 44 9 86 39 63 759 668 983 822 923 249 590 280 102 376 232 416 403 074 517 600 605 899 119 591 437 245 740 30 893 716 2 296 411 656 523 2 421 1 162 456 928 612 705 1 224 432 1 483 1 162 2 350 2 231 960 145 1 986 1 101 1 165 65 208 1 489 4 922 853 1 408 1 090 4 991 2 607 1 071 1 854 1 276 1 452 2 517 902 3 155 2 359 4 897 4 625 2 022 299 4 256 2 531 2 613 1 055 22 84 15 21 15 87 41 16 28 21 27 45 12 55 39 77 74 31 5 60 29 47 469 273 568 475 907 251 908 269 384 010 724 752 527 567 750 307 688 626 470 429 714 459 641 3 744 44 287 40 69 70 295 154 55 83 74 84 131 52 199 140 257 285 108 20 238 155 179 935 155 879 325 003 062 048 124 125 839 932 652 971 980 276 905 351 931 921 654 232 991 672 4 351 82 345 78 65 55 383 171 66 96 101 117 173 58 143 107 287 331 116 10 243 151 185 896 540 235 691 522 313 341 099 822 081 482 231 372 696 400 120 516 991 089 146 333 520 309 8 070 129 629 120 133 125 668 316 120 179 174 203 301 111 338 248 544 613 225 30 480 311 359 852 510 946 395 927 828 861 566 030 099 238 533 834 403 352 986 485 752 701 770 345 999 626
r305 r2 r24 r7 r3

2

r29 r6 r2 r6 r4 r7 r8

389 325 391 379 414 032 289 353 142 651 368

745 325 989 645 908 197 108 104 r622 r34 162 r8 377 r10 977 2 r10 r9 r24 r20 r9

1Some payroll and sales data for small single establishment companies with up to 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry) were obtained from administrative records of other government agencies rather than from census report forms. These data were then used in conjunction with industry averages to estimate statistics for these small establishments. This technique was also used for a small number of other establishments whose reports were not received at the time data were tabulated. The following symbols are shown where estimated data account for 10 percent or more of the figures shown: 1–10 to 19 percent; 2–20 to 29 percent; 3–30 to 39 percent; 4–40 to 49 percent; 5–50 to 59 percent; 6–60 to 69 percent; 7–70 to 79 percent; 8–80 to 89 percent; 9–90 percent or more. 2Includes establishments with payroll at any time during the year. 3Number of employees figures represent average number of production workers for pay period that includes the 12th of March, May, August, and November plus other employees for payroll period that includes the 12th of March.

Note: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census. To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C. For geographical definitions, see Appendix D.

2

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Table 3.

Detailed Statistics by Industry: 2002
Item Value

[Data based on the 2002 Economic Census and the 2002 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM). For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and explanation of terms, see note 2 at end of table. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

322212, Folding paperboard box manufacturing
Companies1 All establishments2 Establishments with 1 to 19 employees Establishments with 20 to 99 employees Establishments with 100 employees or more All employees3 Total compensation Annual payroll Total fringe benefits Production workers, average for year Production workers on March 12 Production workers on May 12 Production workers on August 12 Production workers on November 12 Production worker hours Production worker wages Total cost of materials Materials, parts, containers, packaging, etc., used Resales Purchased fuels Purchased electricity Contract work Quantity of electricity purchased for heat and power Quantity of electricity generated less sold for heat and power Total value of shipments Primary products value of shipments Secondary products value of shipments Total miscellaneous receipts Value of resales Contract receipts Other miscellaneous receipts Primary products specialization ratio Value of primary products shipments made in all industries Value of primary products shipments made in this industry Value of primary products shipments made in other industries Coverage ratio Value added Total inventories, beginning of year Finished goods inventories Work in process inventories Materials and supplies inventories Total inventories, end of year Finished goods inventories Work in process inventories Materials and supplies inventories Gross value of depreciable assets (acquisition costs) at beginning of year Total capital expenditures (new and used) Buildings and other structures (new and used) Machinery and equipment (new and used) Automobiles, trucks, etc., for highway use Computers and peripheral data processing equipment All other expenditures for machinery and equipment Total retirements Gross value of depreciable assets at end of year Depreciation charges during year Total rental payments Buildings and other structures Machinery and equipment Total other expenses4 Response coverage ratio5 Repair and maintenance services of buildings and/or machinery4 Communications services4 Legal services4 Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services4 Advertising and promotional services4 Expensed computer hardware and supplies and purchased computer services4 Refuse removal (including hazardous waste) services4 Management consulting and administrative services4 Taxes and license fees4 All other expenses4 number number number number number number $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 number number number number number 1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 1,000 kWh 1,000 kWh $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 percent $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 percent $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 percent $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000
r3

345 490 152 189 149 38 398 1 889 199 1 499 759 389 440 30 30 30 30 31 893 963 802 709 021

65 208 1 055 469 4 351 896 4 031 410 150 673 22 520 84 481 62 812 1 320 889 S 8 070 852 7 512 697 339 853 218 302 165 859 4 494 47 949 96 8 054 665 7 512 697 541 968 93 3 744 935 840 471 115 253 876 489 123 263
r305 r28 r277 r4 r16 r256 r165

088 403 512 173 140 854 040 246

943 353 389 140 249 387 142 720 592 r4 083 150
r284

492

122 285 65 000 57 285 620 553 84 99 853 11 119 7 924 5 341 5 027 7 175 8 949 9 258 23 295 417 220

and November plus other employees for payroll period that includes the 12th of March. 4Based on Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) sample data. 5A response coverage ratio is derived for this item by calculating the ratio of the weighted employment (establishment data multiplied by sample weight) for those Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) establishments that reported to the weighted total employment for all ASM establishments classified in this industry. Note 1: The amounts shown for other expenses reflect only those services that establishments purchase from other companies. Note 2: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census and the 2002 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM). To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain sampling errors and nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C.

1For the census, a company is defined as a business organization consisting of one establishment or more under common ownership or control. 2Includes establishments with payroll at any time during the year. 3Number of employees figures represent average number of production workers for pay period that includes the 12th of March, May, August,

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

3

Table 4.

Industry Statistics by Employment Size: 2002
All employees Production workers Hours (1,000) Wages ($1,000) Value added ($1,000) Total cost of materials ($1,000) Total value of shipments ($1,000) Total capital expendi tures ($1,000)

[Data based on the 2002 Economic Census. For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, and explanation of terms, see note at end of table. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Employment size class E1

All estab lish ments2

Number3

Payroll ($1,000)

Number3

322212, Folding paperboard box manufacturing
All establishments Establishments with 1 to 4 employees 5 to 9 employees 10 to 19 employees 20 to 49 employees 50 to 99 employees 100 to 249 employees 250 to 499 employees 500 to 999 employees 1,000 to 2,499 employees 2,500 employees or more Administrative records4
1Some

1 6 6 6 2 1 – – – – – 9

490 55 42 55 103 86 127 21 1 – – 120

38 398 c 281 746 387 433 421 459 f – – 916

1 499 759 10 28 121 242 800 270 D 853 645 440 365 371 509 D – –

30 893 D 228 574 587 973 604 356 D – – 763

65 208 D 488 235 345 237 640 058 D – –

1 055 469 8 20 78 154 569 205 D 006 237 265 111 794 599 D – –

3 744 935 35 73 324 557 1 978 697 D 038 118 313 498 401 041 D – –

4 351 896 32 90 336 541 2 338 933 D 791 592 952 187 721 309 D – –

8 070 852 67 163 667 1 102 4 293 1 617 D 688 281 098 556 385 716 D – –

r305

389 D 356 009 945 446 403 196 D – – 970

3 6 20 6

2 4 16 5

1 5 10 35 11

r52 r30 r155 r52

r1 r7

36 245

1 658

27 363

79 301

105 897

185 197

r3

payroll and sales data for small single establishment companies with up to 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry) were obtained from administrative records of other government agencies rather than from census report forms. These data were then used in conjunction with industry averages to estimate statistics for these small establishments. This technique was also used for a small number of other establishments whose reports were not received at the time data were tabulated. The following symbols are shown where estimated data account for 10 percent or more of the figures shown: 1–10 to 19 percent; 2–20 to 29 percent; 3–30 to 39 percent; 4–40 to 49 percent; 5–50 to 59 percent; 6–60 to 69 percent; 7–70 to 79 percent; 8–80 to 89 percent; 9–90 percent or more. 2Includes establishments with payroll at any time during the year. 3Number of employees figures represent average number of production workers for pay period that includes the 12th of March, May, August, and November plus other employees for payroll period that includes the 12th of March. 4Some payroll and sales data for small single establishment companies with up to 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry) were obtained from administrative records of other government agencies rather than from census report forms. These data were then used in conjunction with industry averages to estimate statistics for these small establishments. Data are also included in respective size classes shown. Note: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census. To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C.

4

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Table 5.

Industry Statistics by Primary Product Class Specialization: 2002
All employees Production workers Hours (1,000) 65 208 Wages ($1,000) 1 055 469 Value added ($1,000) 3 744 935 Total cost of materials ($1,000) 4 351 896 Total value of shipments ($1,000) 8 070 852 Total capital expendi tures ($1,000)
r305

[Data based on the 2002 Economic Census. For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, and explanation of terms, see note at end of table. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Industry or product class code All estab lish ments1 490

Industry or primary product class

Number2 38 398

Payroll ($1,000) 1 499 759

Number2 30 893

322212

Folding paperboard box manufacturing Folding paperboard boxes, packaging, and packaging components

389

3222120

488

38 260

1 493 837

30 775

64 936

1 050 804

3 741 365

4 346 804

8 062 409

r304

811

1Includes establishments with payroll at any time during the 2Number of employees figures represent average number

year. of production workers for pay period that includes the 12th of March, May, August, and November plus other employees for payroll

period that includes the 12th of March. Note: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census. To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C.

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

5

Table 6a.

Products Statistics: 2002 and 1997

[Includes quantity and value of products of this industry produced by (1) establishments classified in this industry (primary) and (2) establishments classified in other industries (secondary). Transfers of products of this industry from one establishment of a company to another establishment of the same company (interplant transfers) are also included. Data based on the 2002 Economic Census. For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, and explanation of terms, see note 2 at end of table. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Number of companies with shipments of $100,000 or more 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 1,000 s tons 2002 1997 2002 1997 1,000 s tons 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 1,000 s tons 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 N N N N N N 74 74 N N 31 34 N N 62 73 70 85 N N 59 83 N N 43 57 22 38 N N 24 39 65 73 36 30 50 53 32 39 56 58 25 40 18 18 82 117 26 37 126 187 N N N N N N Product shipments Quantity of production for all purposes X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Value ($1,000) 8 054 665 8 564 381 8 054 665 8 564 381 1 177 342 869 959 1 177 342 869 959 1 261 560 888 345 1 261 560 888 345 544 752 232 298 311 453 666 134 828 555 838 579

Product code

Product

Quantity X X X X X X
q683.3

322212 3222120 32221201 3222120111 32221202 3222120221

Folding paperboard box manufacturing Folding paperboard boxes, packaging, and packaging components Folding paperboard boxes for dry food and produce, including pet and animal food Folding paperboard boxes for dry food and produce, including pet and animal food Folding paperboard boxes for bottled and canned beverages, including carriers for alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages Folding paperboard boxes for bottled and canned beverages, including carriers for alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages Folding paperboard boxes for cosmetics and medicinal products Folding paperboard boxes for cosmetics Folding paperboard boxes for medicinal products Folding paperboard boxes for paper goods or products, including book mailers Folding paperboard boxes for paper goods or products, including book mailers Folding paperboard boxes for fresh bakery products, butter, and ice cream and food pails Folding paperboard boxes for fresh bakery products Folding paperboard boxes for butter and ice cream and food pails Folding paperboard boxes and packaging components for all other end uses Folding paperboard boxes for biscuits and crackers Folding paperboard boxes for candy Folding paperboard boxes for processed meats, margarine, lard, and shortening Folding paperboard boxes for frozen foods Folding paperboard carryout boxes and trays for retail food Folding paperboard boxes for sporting goods, toys, and photographic equipment Folding paperboard boxes for soaps and detergents Folding paperboard boxes for tobacco Folding paperboard boxes for hardware and household supplies Paperboard backs for blister and skin packaging Folding paperboard boxes, packaging, and packaging components for all other end uses Folding paperboard boxes, packaging, and packaging components, nsk, total Folding paperboard boxes, packaging, and packaging components, nsk, for nonadministrative record establishments Folding paperboard boxes, packaging, and packaging components, nsk, for administrative record establishments 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons 1,000 s tons

S

X X S

q762.7

32221203 3222120331 3222120335 32221204 3222120441 32221205 3222120551 3222120555 32221206 3222120661 3222120663 3222120665 3222120667 3222120671 3222120673 3222120675 3222120677 3222120681 3222120683 3222120691 3222120Y 3222120YWW

X X X X X X X X
q246.0

451 454 383 201 451 454 383 201 445 537 286 254 183 496 459 949

S

X X S S
q174.0

S

158 724 282 547 3 235 152 4 105 083 151 616 230 122 214 905 230 058 132 146 699 426 333 010 844 159

X X S q185.7 X X
q84.8

S

S p328.0
q254.2

S

304 718 395 806 127 165 139 308 135 365 344 523 102 160 707 488 897 885 589 543 917 133 589 350

S S 96.3 p220.6 S 196.3 X X X X X X X X X X X X

881 037 1 153 529 939 308 1 028 163 758 489 886 199 180 819 141 964

3222120YWY

Note 1: For some establishments, data have been estimated from central unit values that are based on quantity value relationships of reported data. The following symbols are used when percentage of each quantity figure estimated in this manner equals or exceeds 10 percent of published figure: p–10 to 19 percent estimated; q–20 to 29 percent estimated. If 30 percent or more is estimated, figure is replaced by S. Note 2: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census. To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C.

6

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Table 6b.

Product Class Shipments for Selected States: 2002 and 1997

[Not applicable for this report.]

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

7

Table 7.

Materials Consumed by Kind: 2002 and 1997
Material consumed Delivered cost ($1,000)

[Includes quantity and cost of materials consumed or put into production by establishments classified only in this industry. Data based on the 2002 Economic Census. For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, and explanation of terms, see note 2 at end of table. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] Material code Quantity

322212
00900001 32210005 32610021

Folding paperboard box manufacturing
Total materials Paper and paperboard (excluding boxes and containers) Fabricated plastics products (including closures, ends, film, strapping, etc.) 1,000 s tons 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 mil lb 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 2002 1997 X X S q4 978.8 X X X X X X X X S S X X S S X X X X 4 4 2 3 031 382 779 071 36 50 410 436 749 644 967 322

33120016 33131503 33211500

Steel sheet and strip (including tinplate) Aluminum sheet, plate, and foil Metal closures and crowns for containers

D N 18 350 20 303 D D 4 983 6 440 22 004 N 192 044 210 940 430 539 541 482 496 707 882 868

32410009 32552002 32591003

Petroleum wax Glues and adhesives Printing inks

mil lb

00970099 00971000

All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, nsk

Note 1: For some establishments, data have been estimated from central unit values that are based on quantity value relationships of reported data. The following symbols are used when percentage of each quantity figure estimated in this manner equals or exceeds 10 percent of published figure: p–10 to 19 percent estimated; q–20 to 29 percent estimated. If 30 percent or more is estimated, figure is replaced by S. Note 2: The data in this table are based on the 2002 Economic Census. To maintain confidentiality, the Census Bureau suppresses data to protect the identity of any business or individual. The census results in this table contain nonsampling errors. Data users who create their own estimates using data from American FactFinder tables should cite the Census Bureau as the source of the original data only. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For full technical documentation, see Appendix C.

8

Folding Paperboard Box Mfg

Manufacturing Industry Series
U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census