Chart LMF1.6.A by HC1112092282

VIEWS: 13 PAGES: 10

									                                                                                          OECD Family database (www.oecd.org/els/social/family/database)



                                                                        1        2
Chart LMF1.6.A: Incidence of part-time employment , 2009

                           Men       Women
Netherlands                17.0        59.9
Switzerland                 9.2        46.1
United Kingdom             10.9        38.8
Australia                  13.2        38.3
Germany                     8.0        38.1                                                                                                Men         Women
Ireland                    10.7        37.4                       60
New Zealand                11.9        34.5
Japan                      10.5        33.8                       50
Austria                     6.7        32.2
Belgium                     6.6        31.8                       40
Luxembourg                  5.4        31.1
Italy                       5.9        30.5                       30
Norway                     11.3        30.4
Canada                     11.9        27.0
                                                                  20
Iceland                    10.0        25.8
Malta                       4.5        25.5
                                                                  10
Denmark                    13.6        24.8
OECD 34-average             7.9        24.2
Israel (3)                  7.1        23.8
                                                                   0
Turkey                      6.4        23.5
France                      5.1        22.4
Spain                       4.4        21.4
Sweden                     10.0        19.8
United States               9.2        19.2
Finland                     8.7        15.9
Chile                       6.0        15.2
Greece                      4.5        14.4
Korea                       6.9        14.2
Portugal                    5.9        13.8
Poland                      5.0        13.1
Cyprus (4,5)                4.8        11.5
Estonia                     5.5        11.1
Romania                     9.1        10.8
Mexico                      7.5        10.4
Slovenia                    6.6        10.4
Lithuania                   4.9         8.6
Latvia                      4.6         8.1
Czech Republic              2.1         6.2
Hungary                     2.3         5.0
Slovak Republic             2.2         4.1
Bulgaria                    2.0         2.7
EU27-average                6.5        20.3


Countries are ordered in decreasing order of incidence of part-time work among women
1) Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours in their main job.
2) 2007 for Israel; 2008 for Chile and non-OECD EU countries.
3) The data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of
such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli
settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
4) Footnote by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to Cyprus relates to the southern part
of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island.
Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is
found within the context of United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue”.


5) Footnote by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Commission: The
Republic of Cyprus is recognized by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. The
information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic
of Cyprus.


Source: OECD Employment Outlook, 2010; and ELFS for non-OECD EU countries
                                                                                   OECD Family database (www.oecd.org/els/social/family/database)




Chart LMF1.6.B: Change in the percentage share of women's part-time employment rates, 20001 to 20092

                      Change in the female          2000            2009
                      share of all PT work
                                                   share           share
Slovak Republic                 11.6                  70.6          59.0   12.0
Luxembourg                       8.8                  90.0          81.2
Sweden                           8.7                  72.9          64.2   10.0
Austria                          7.5                  88.1          80.6
Denmark                          7.1                  69.4          62.3    8.0
Iceland                          6.9                  77.0          70.0
Mexico                           6.9                  65.1          58.2    6.0
Hungary                          6.2                  71.2          65.0
Norway                           6.2                  77.0          70.8    4.0
Germany                          4.1                  84.5          80.4
Portugal                         3.8                  71.5          67.7    2.0
Czech Republic                   3.7                  72.5          68.7
United Kingdom                   3.6                  79.4          75.8
                                                                            0.0
Australia                        1.8                  72.7          70.9
Canada                           1.7
                                                                           -2.0
                                                      69.2          67.5
United States                    1.6                  68.1          66.5
                                                                           -4.0
Estonia                          1.6                  69.7          68.1
Japan                            1.4                  71.3          69.9
                                                                           -6.0
New Zealand                      1.3                  73.2          71.9
Israel (3)                       1.3                  74.5          73.3   -8.0
Netherlands                      1.2                  76.2          75.0
Finland                          0.1                  63.8          63.6
Switzerland                     -0.5                  80.6          81.1
Slovenia                        -0.7                  56.6          57.3
Spain                           -0.8                  78.5          79.3
France                          -1.0                  78.8          79.8
Korea                           -1.6                  57.7          59.3
Belgium                         -1.7                  79.0          80.6
Greece                          -2.2                  65.4          67.7
Ireland                         -2.4                  74.4          76.8
Chile                           -2.5                  53.9          56.4
Turkey                          -2.9                  55.4          58.4
Poland                          -6.6                  61.7          68.4
Italy                           -7.0                  70.5          77.6
OECD 34-average                  2.0                  71.8          69.8



1) 2001 for Australia; and 2002 for Estonia, Japan and Slovenia.
2) 2007 for Israel; 2008 for Chile.
3) see note (3) for Chart LMF1.6.A

Source: OECD Employment Database, March 2011
Chart LMF1.6.C: Gender differences in full-time1 employment rates, 20092


                                          Gender gap
                          Gender gap         FTE
                          employment      employment
                             rate            rate
Turkey                       40.3            41.9
                                                                                                                      Gender gap employment rate
Mexico                       34.7            33.3
Chile                        30.5            32.6
                                                                         50
Greece                       24.6            28.3
Italy                        22.3            32.3
Korea                        21.4            23.8                        40
Japan                        20.4            32.2
Czech Republic               17.2            19.1
Luxembourg                   16.2            30.0                        30
Slovak Republic              14.8            15.4
Spain                        14.0            22.5                        20
Poland                       13.4            17.0
Australia                    11.5            26.6
Hungary                      11.2            12.3                        10
Belgium                      11.2            24.5
New Zealand                  11.1            25.0
                                                                          0
Switzerland                  10.8            37.0
Austria                      10.5            26.7
Germany                      10.3            29.1
Netherlands                  10.2            38.8
United Kingdom               10.2            27.3
Portugal                      9.5            13.9
Ireland                       9.5            23.9
Israel (3)                    8.7            17.2
United States                 8.6            14.1
France                        8.3            18.2
Slovenia                      7.2             9.2
Denmark                       5.2            12.7
Canada                        4.9            14.7
Norway                        4.0            17.7
Sweden                        3.9            10.4
Iceland                       3.4            15.3
Estonia                       1.1             4.5
Finland                       1.0             5.8



                      Part-time persons who refers to persons who hours per week in than 30 job. Data week only persons job. Data include only per
1) Full-time employmees refers to employmentusually work more than 30usually work less their mainhours per includein their main declaring usual hours.
2) 2007 for Israel; 2008 for Chile
3) see note (3) for Chart LMF1.6.A
Source: OECD Employment Outlook, 2010




                                Employment rates                        % of Part-time jobs                    % of Full-time jobs


                             Women            Men                        Women          Men                     Women


Australia                      66.2           77.7                         38.3         13.2                      61.7
Austria                        66.4           76.9                         32.2          6.7                      67.8
Belgium                        56.0           67.2                         31.8          6.6                      68.2
Canada                         69.1           74.0                         27.0         11.9                      73.0
Chile             42.1   72.6   15.2    6.0   84.8
Czech Republic    56.7   73.8    6.2    2.1   93.8
Denmark           73.1   78.3   24.8   13.6   75.2
Finland           67.9   68.9   15.9    8.7   84.1
France            59.8   68.0   22.4    5.1   77.6
Germany           65.2   75.5   38.1    8.0   61.9
Greece            48.9   73.5   14.4    4.5   85.6
Hungary           49.9   61.1    5.0    2.3   95.0
Iceland           77.2   80.6   25.8   10.0   74.2
Ireland           57.8   67.3   37.4   10.7   62.6
Italy             46.4   68.6   30.5    5.9   69.5
Japan             59.8   80.2   33.8   10.5   66.2
Korea             52.2   73.6   14.2    6.9   85.8
Luxembourg        57.0   73.2   31.1    5.4   68.9
Mexico            43.0   77.7   10.4    7.5   89.6
Netherlands       70.6   80.8   59.9   17.0   40.1
New Zealand       67.4   78.6   34.5   11.9   65.5
Norway            74.4   78.4   30.4   11.3   69.6
Poland            52.8   66.1   13.1    5.0   86.9
Portugal          61.6   71.1   13.8    5.9   86.2
Slovak Republic   52.8   67.6    4.1    2.2   95.9
Spain             53.5   67.5   21.4    4.4   78.6
Sweden            70.2   74.1   19.8   10.0   80.2
Switzerland       73.8   84.5   46.1    9.2   53.9
Turkey            24.2   64.6   23.5    6.4   76.5
United Kingdom    65.6   75.7   38.8   10.9   61.2
United States     63.4   72.0   19.2    9.2   80.8
Estonia           63.0   64.1   11.1    5.5   88.9
Israel            54.6   63.3   23.8    7.1   76.2
Slovenia          63.8   71.0   10.4    6.6   89.6
                 Gender gap employment rate        Gender gap FTE employment rate




per week in their main job. Data include only persons declaring usual hours.




          % of Full-time jobs                    Full-time equivalent                        Gender gap
                                                                                                         FTE
                                                                                     Employment
                                                                                                    employment
                          Men                     Women         Men                 rate gap (men-
                                                                                                   rate gap (men-
                                                                                       women)
                                                                                                      women)
                          86.8                      40.9        67.5                      11.5           26.6
                          93.3                      45.1        71.7                      10.5           26.7
                          93.4                      38.2        62.7                      11.2           24.5
                          88.1                      50.5        65.1                      4.9            14.7
94.0   35.7   68.2   30.5   32.6
97.9   53.1   72.3   17.2   19.1
86.4   55.0   67.7   5.2    12.7
91.3   57.1   62.9   1.0    5.8
94.9   46.4   64.5   8.3    18.2
92.0   40.3   69.5   10.3   29.1
95.5   41.9   70.2   24.6   28.3
97.7   47.4   59.7   11.2   12.3
90.0   57.3   72.6   3.4    15.3
89.3   36.2   60.1   9.5    23.9
94.1   32.2   64.6   22.3   32.3
89.5   39.5   71.8   20.4   32.2
93.1   44.8   68.5   21.4   23.8
94.6   39.3   69.2   16.2   30.0
92.5   38.5   71.8   34.7   33.3
83.0   28.4   67.1   10.2   38.8
88.1   44.2   69.2   11.1   25.0
88.7   51.8   69.5   4.0    17.7
95.0   45.8   62.8   13.4   17.0
94.1   53.1   66.9   9.5    13.9
97.8   50.6   66.1   14.8   15.4
95.6   42.1   64.6   14.0   22.5
90.0   56.3   66.7   3.9    10.4
90.8   39.7   76.8   10.8   37.0
93.6   18.5   60.4   40.3   41.9
89.1   40.2   67.5   10.2   27.3
90.8   51.2   65.3   8.6    14.1
94.5   56.0   60.6   1.1    4.5
92.9   41.6   58.8   8.7    17.2
93.4   57.2   66.4   7.2    9.2
                                                                                      OECD Family database (www.oecd.org/els/social/family/database)




Chart LMF1.6.D: Incidence of temporary employment in dependent employment, 20091

                          Women           Men
Spain                       27.3          23.8
Poland                      26.6          26.3
Korea                       26.2          17.7
Portugal                    23.2          20.9
                                                                                                                                       Women   Men
Japan                       21.3           8.1
Netherlands                 20.3          16.4                         30
Cyprus (2,3)                19.2           7.6
Finland                     18.4          10.6                         25
Slovenia                    17.8          15.1
Sweden                      17.6          12.9
                                                                       20
France                      15.0          12.1
Italy                       14.6          10.8
Germany                     14.6          14.4                         15
Greece                      14.1          10.6
Switzerland                 13.6          12.9                         10
Norway                      13.1           6.5
Canada                      12.9          12.1
                                                                        5
Mexico                      11.9          24.9
Turkey                      11.4          10.5
Iceland                     10.5           9.0
                                                                        0
Czech Republic              10.2           7.0
Belgium                     10.2           6.5
Denmark                     9.6            8.3
Ireland                     9.6            7.4
Austria                     9.0            9.2
Luxembourg                  8.4            6.3
Hungary                     7.8            9.0
Malta                       7.7            3.7
United Kingdom              6.1            5.3
Australia                   5.9            4.5
Bulgaria                    5.5            5.0
United States               4.2            4.2
Slovak Republic             4.1            4.6
Latvia                      2.9            5.5
Lithuania                   2.3            4.9
Estonia                     2.1            3.0
Romania                     1.5            1.7


OECD 31-average             13.5          11.3
EU27-average                12.1          10.0


Countries are ranked by decreasing incidence of temporary work for women
1) 2004 for Mexico; 2005 for the United States; 2006 for Australia; 2007 for Cyprus, Malta, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania.
2) and 3) see notes (4) and (5) for chart LMF1.6.A


Source: OECD Employment Database, March 2011; and ELFS for EU-countries outside the OECD
Table LMF1.6.A: Female employment rates and gender employment gaps by educational attainment, 20081
                                                                                                                                            2
Number of 25-to-64-year-old females in employment as a percentage of the population aged 25 to 64, by level of education attained

                      All levels of education             Less than upper             Upper secondary and                 University/tertiary
                                                        secondary education           post secondary non-                    education
                                                                                       tertiary education
                     Employment         Gender        Employment         Gender      Employment     Gender           Employment        Gender
                        rate              gap            rate              gap          rate           gap              rate            gap
 Australia              67.4             -17.5           54.5             -20.8         69.6          -18.2             79.3            -11
 Austria                  68.7            -13.9            51.4           -16             72.3            -11.1           82.2           -7.4
 Belgium                  63.1            -14.3            38.1           -22.5           66.8            -15.1           81.5           -6.7
 Bulgaria                 67.8            -10.5            38.6           -18.3           72.2            -10.5            84            -6.2
 Canada                   71.3            -10.2            46.4           -20.1           69.7            -11.8           79.1           -7.6
 Cyprus3,4                68.9            -18.5            49.1           -31.1           69.2            -19.6           84.5           -6.4
 Czech
                          64.9            -20.3            41.3           -16.1           66.6            -19.3           77.2            -15
 Republic
 Denmark                  76.1            -8.7             57.9           -16.2           78.4            -7.3            87.1            -4
 Estonia                  75.1            -8.9              49            -17.2           74.6            -9.6             82            -10.5
 EU-27                    64.4            -15.7            44.7           -25.1           67.9            -13.7           81.8           -7.2
 Finland                  74.4             -5              53.7           -9.8            73.5            -6.9            83.3           -5.5
 France                   67.8            -10.3            50.4           -15.4            71             -9.4             82            -6.1
 Germany                  69.6            -12.2            48.2           -18.3           71.2            -9.9            82.7           -6.8
 Greece                   54.4            -29.4            39.3           -40.7           55.4            -30.1           78.1           -9.6
 Hungary                  57.7            -14.4            32.7           -14.8           61.5            -13.5           75.9           -9.2
 Iceland                  82.5            -9.9             78.3           -11.1           81.5            -11.6            89            -6.6
 Ireland                   64              -18             40.8           -28.8           64.6            -22.1           80.8           -9.6
 Italy                    52.2            -25.8            33.6           -37.1           64.5            -19.5           75.9           -10.6
 Japan                    62.2            -27.3           53.55           -27.7           59.8            -27.5           65.9           -26.9
 Korea                    57.8            -27.5            58.4           -19.8           55.5            -29.3           60.8           -28.4
 Latvia                   74.6            -6.7             47.3           -17.6            74             -8.9            85.6           -5.2
 Lithuania                72.9            -5.8             33.8           -15.6           69.8            -8.7            87.3           -4.1
 Luxembourg               62.2            -18.3            49.5           -25.7           62.2            -16.1           79.9            -9
 Malta                    35.8             -43             23.8           -49.5           66.5            -23.8            80            -12.4
 Mexico                   47.4            -43.9            40.2           -50.5            57             -36.2           73.2           -18.3
 Netherlands              71.6            -14.5            51.2           -27.2           75.7            -11.5           85.8           -4.7
 New Zealand              71.8            -16.3            62.5           -17.9           74.4            -17.1            79            -12.7
 Norway                   79.4            -6.6             60.8           -11.3           79.7            -7.7            89.1           -3.6
 Poland                   59.6            -16.1            32.4           -22.6           57.4            -18.7           82.2            -7
 Portugal                 68.8            -12.8            63.3           -16.5           77.3            -6.5            84.3           -6.1
 Republic
                          63.4            -17.6            28.5           -10.6           66.2            -16.7           79.7            -12
 Slovak
 Romania                  60.7            -14.9            46.1           -21.1           62.6            -13.1           86.1           -1.7
 Slovenia                 70.7            -8.8             47.9           -15.5            71             -9.8            87.3           -1.4
 Spain                    59.2             -21             43.5           -30.6           66.6             -17            79.4           -8.6
 Sweden                   79.2            -6.2             55.9           -18.1           79.2            -7.5            88.4           -1.8
 Turkey                   25.8             -50             21.4           -51.4           29.2            -52.4           64.5           -17.7
 United
                          69.3            -13.8            51.1           -19.5           72.6            -12.4           82.4           -7.3
 Kingdom
 OECD
                          64.7            -17.9            47.8           -22.8           67.1            -17.2           79.6           -10.0
 average



1) 2006 for Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan, Korea, and New Zealand.
2) The gender gap is defined as the percentage point difference between the employment rates for men and women of the same age.
3) and 4) see notes (4) and (5) for Chart LMF1.6.A


Source : ELFS and OECD Education at a Glance, 2008
                                                                                            OECD Family database (www.oecd.org/els/social/family/database)




  number of occupations to account for half of workers
                                                Chart LMF1.6.E: Female employment is concentrated in a relatively limited number of occupations
                                            Number of occupations that account for half of the total of employment, 2007 1

                  Men     Women                                                      Men         Women
    Austria        28      10                             United States               39          24
   Belgium         13       9                             Czech Republic              34           20
  Switzerland      26      16                             Estonia                     25           19
                                                                                                                                                             Men   Women
    Cyprus         13       6                             Lithuania                   22           19
Czech Republic     34      20                             Switzerland                 26           16                         40
   Germany         17      10                             Finland                     33           15
                                                                                                                              35
   Denmark         15       8                             Hungary                     31           15
    Estonia        25      19                             Slovenia                    28           15                         30
     Spain         13       7                             Slovak Republic             34           15
    Finland        33      15                             Netherlands                 31           14
                                                                                                                              25
    France         15       8                             Latvia                      12           13                         20
    Greece         10       8                             United Kingdom              32           13
   Hungary         31      15                             OECD22-average              23           12                         15
    Ireland        10       8                             Italy                       15           11
                                                                                                                              10
     Italy         15      11                             Malta                       24           11
   Lithuania       22      19                             Poland                      24           11                          5
  Luxembourg       26      10                             Sweden                      31           11
                                                                                                                               0
    Latvia         12      13                             Austria                     28           10
     Malta        #REF!   #REF!                           Germany                     17           10
  Netherlands     #REF!   #REF!                           Luxembourg                  26           10
    Norway        #REF!   #REF!                           Belgium                     13           9
    Poland        #REF!   #REF!                           Norway                      23           9
   Portugal       #REF!   #REF!                           Denmark                     15           8
    Sweden        #REF!   #REF!                           France                      15           8
   Slovenia       #REF!   #REF!                           Greece                      10           8
Slovak Republic   #REF!   #REF!                           Ireland                     10           8
United Kingdom    #REF!   #REF!                           Spain                       13           7
 United States     39      24                             Portugal                    13           7
OECD-22 average #REF!     #REF!                           Cyprus (2,3)                13           6


                                            Countries are ranked by decreasing number of occupations for women.


                                            1) 2009 for the United States
                                            2) and 3) see notes (4) and (5) for chart LMF1.6.A


                                            Source: ELFS, 2007; and Current Population Survey, March 2009, for the United States.
                                                           OECD Family database (www.oecd.org/els/social/family/database)




Chart LMF1.6.F: Proportion of women among staff with managerial responsibilities, 2007 1


Latvia                    40.1
Lithuania                 38.4
France                    37.9
United States             36.7
Poland                    36.1                        40
Hungary                   35.1
United Kingdom            34.4                        35
Belgium                   34.0
                                                      30
Italy                     33.5
Estonia                   33.4                        25
Spain                     32.9
                                                      20
OECD22-average            32.1
Slovenia                  31.9                        15
Portugal                  31.8
                                                      10
Norway                    31.7
Sweden                    31.6                         5
Republic Slovak           30.8
                                                       0
Ireland                   30.7
Czech Republic            28.9
Greece                    27.9
Germany                   27.9
Denmark                   27.7
Netherlands               27.6
Finland                   27.4
Austria                   26.8
Luxembourg                21.3
Malta                     18.7
Cyprus (2,3)              15.1



1) March 2009 for the United States
2) and 3) see notes (1) and (2) for Chart LMF1.6.A


Source: ELFS, 2007; and Current Population Survey, March 2009, for the United States.

								
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