Hospitality and Tourism

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					Oklahoma Department of Career and
      Technology Education

         Research and Development             August 2007




          Hospitality and Tourism
           Career Cluster Report


             Region: State Analysis




          Economic Modeling Specialists Inc
Executive Summary
Hospitality and Tourism Career Cluster
(Bachelor's degree and below)

                                                                                                           2006 Hourly
                  Education                          2007 Jobs    2012 Jobs   Change      Replacement
                                                                                                              EPW
 Short-term on-the-job training                         127,742     139,580      11,838           19,869          $7.09
 Moderate-term on-the-job training                       87,624      92,204       4,580            8,395         $12.34
 Long-term on-the-job training                           19,257      20,252         995            2,602         $10.59
 Work experience in a related field                      57,505      62,523       5,018            5,775         $15.71
 Postsecondary vocational award                           4,653       5,096         442              556          $9.91
 Bachelor's degree                                       12,700      13,718       1,019              875          $9.04
                                                        309,481     333,373      23,892           38,072         $10.53
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07



Largest Occupations




                                                 2007    2012               2006 Hourly
               Description                                        Change                            Education
                                                 Jobs    Jobs                  EPW
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing                                                   Moderate-term on-the-job
                                                31,127 31,461         334        $11.63
clerks                                                                                  training
Waiters and waitresses                          28,485 30,810       2,325         $6.26 Short-term on-the-job training
Janitors and cleaners, except maids
                                                28,435 30,909       2,474         $7.88 Short-term on-the-job training
and housekeeping cleaners
Maids and housekeeping cleaners                 27,435 31,473       4,038         $5.69 Short-term on-the-job training
Executive secretaries and                                                               Moderate-term on-the-job
                                                22,558 23,759       1,201        $13.63
administrative assistants                                                               training



                                                           Page 1
                                                 2007        2012              2006 Hourly
               Description                                           Change                            Education
                                                 Jobs        Jobs                 EPW
Maintenance and repair workers,                                                              Moderate-term on-the-job
                                        20,073 21,657                  1,584        $12.87
general                                                                                      training
First-line supervisors/managers of
office and administrative support       17,771 18,530                   759         $16.13 Work experience in a related field
workers
Managers, all other                     13,490 14,238                   748         $23.52 Work experience in a related field
First-line supervisors/managers of food
                                         9,510 10,290                   780         $10.37 Work experience in a related field
preparation and serving workers
Teachers and instructors, all other      9,268 9,680                     411         $7.55 Bachelor's degree
Cooks, restaurant                        8,995 9,701                     706         $7.69 Long-term on-the-job training
Police and sheriff's patrol officers     7,974 8,261                     287        $14.37 Long-term on-the-job training
Food service managers                    6,870 8,336                   1,466        $12.92 Work experience in a related field
Sales representatives, services, all                                                       Moderate-term on-the-job
                                         5,955 6,530                    576         $14.65
other                                                                                      training
Nonfarm animal caretakers                5,467 6,046                    579          $5.86 Short-term on-the-job training
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food
                                         4,490 4,788                    298          $6.52 Short-term on-the-job training
concession, and coffee shop
Bartenders                               4,216 4,574                    358          $6.09 Short-term on-the-job training
Production, planning, and expediting
                                         3,863 3,944                     82         $17.59 Short-term on-the-job training
clerks
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant,
                                         3,814 4,130                    315          $6.51 Short-term on-the-job training
lounge, and coffee shop
Food servers, nonrestaurant              3,414 3,563                    149          $6.81 Short-term on-the-job training
Fitness trainers and aerobics
                                         3,153 3,555                    402          $9.85 Postsecondary vocational award
instructors
Dining room and cafeteria attendants
                                         3,110 3,385                    275          $6.22 Short-term on-the-job training
and bartender helpers
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-job
Laundry and dry-cleaning workers                     3,106   3,497      391          $7.07
                                                                                           training
Self-enrichment education teachers                   2,966   3,392      425         $12.16 Work experience in a related field
First-line supervisors/managers of
                                                     2,902   3,281      379         $10.38 Work experience in a related field
housekeeping and janitorial workers
Switchboard operators, including
                                                     2,599   2,510       -89         $9.08 Short-term on-the-job training
answering service
Reservation and transportation ticket
                                                     2,307   2,529      222         $14.17 Short-term on-the-job training
agents and travel clerks
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks                 2,247   2,402      155          $7.36 Short-term on-the-job training
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-job
Animal trainers                                      2,231   2,440      209          $8.38
                                                                                           training
Chefs and head cooks                                 2,223   2,484      261          $9.55 Work experience in a related field
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07




                                                              Page 2
Largest Growth




                                   2007 -
                                                            Annual Hourly
          Description               2012     Replacement                             Education
                                                           Openings EPW
                                  Change
Maids and housekeeping                                                         Short-term on-the-job
                                     4,038         2,741        548    $5.69
cleaners                                                                       training
Janitors and cleaners, except
                                                                               Short-term on-the-job
maids and housekeeping               2,474         2,632        526    $7.88
                                                                               training
cleaners
                                                                             Short-term on-the-job
Waiters and waitresses               2,325         7,158      1,432    $6.26
                                                                             training
Maintenance and repair workers,                                              Moderate-term on-the-
                                     1,584         1,885        377   $12.87
general                                                                      job training
                                                                             Work experience in a
Food service managers                1,466           520        104   $12.92
                                                                             related field
Executive secretaries and                                                    Moderate-term on-the-
                                     1,201         2,123        425   $13.63
administrative assistants                                                    job training
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                               Work experience in a
of food preparation and serving        780         1,103        221   $10.37
                                                                               related field
workers
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                               Work experience in a
of office and administrative           759         1,877        375   $16.13
                                                                               related field
support workers
                                                                             Work experience in a
Managers, all other                    748         1,292        258   $23.52
                                                                             related field
                                                                             Long-term on-the-job
Cooks, restaurant                      706         1,361        272    $7.69
                                                                             training
                                                                             Short-term on-the-job
Nonfarm animal caretakers              579           658        132    $5.86
                                                                             training


                                                Page 3
                                            2007 -
                                                                          Annual Hourly
            Description                      2012          Replacement                             Education
                                                                         Openings EPW
                                           Change
Sales representatives, services,                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
                                                     576           551        110   $14.65
all other                                                                                  job training
Self-enrichment education                                                                  Work experience in a
                                                     425           174        35    $12.16
teachers                                                                                   related field
Teachers and instructors, all
                                                     411           563        113    $7.55 Bachelor's degree
other
Fitness trainers and aerobics                                                              Postsecondary
                                                     402           348        70     $9.85
instructors                                                                                vocational award
Laundry and dry-cleaning                                                                   Moderate-term on-the-
                                                     391           408        82     $7.07
workers                                                                                    job training
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                                             Work experience in a
of housekeeping and janitorial                       379           329        66    $10.38
                                                                                             related field
workers
Social and community service
                                                     372           194        39    $13.52 Bachelor's degree
managers
                                                                                           Short-term on-the-job
Bartenders                                           358           810        162    $6.09
                                                                                           training
Bookkeeping, accounting, and                                                               Moderate-term on-the-
                                                     334         2,898        580   $11.63
auditing clerks                                                                            job training
                                                                                           Short-term on-the-job
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs                          319            94        19     $7.16
                                                                                           training
Hosts and hostesses,
                                                                                             Short-term on-the-job
restaurant, lounge, and coffee                       315           592        118    $6.51
                                                                                             training
shop
Counter attendants, cafeteria,
                                                                                             Short-term on-the-job
food concession, and coffee                          298         1,439        288    $6.52
                                                                                             training
shop
Police and sheriff's patrol                                                                  Long-term on-the-job
                                                     287         1,024        205   $14.37
officers                                                                                     training
Dining room and cafeteria
                                                                                             Short-term on-the-job
attendants and bartender                             275           506        101    $6.22
                                                                                             training
helpers
                                                                                           Work experience in a
Chefs and head cooks                                 261           317        63     $9.55
                                                                                           related field
Reservation and transportation                                                             Short-term on-the-job
                                                     222           291        58    $14.17
ticket agents and travel clerks                                                            training
Meeting and convention
                                                     210            94        19    $13.11 Bachelor's degree
planners
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
Animal trainers                                      209           223        45     $8.38
                                                                                           job training
Amusement and recreation                                                                   Short-term on-the-job
                                                     206           241        48     $6.45
attendants                                                                                 training
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07




                                                              Page 4
Highest Earnings




                                                         2007 -
                                       Hourly   2007
           Description                                    2012       Replacement           Education
                                        EPW     Jobs
                                                        Change
                                                                                 Work experience in a
Managers, all other                    $23.52 13,490        748             1,292
                                                                                 related field
Production, planning, and                                                        Short-term on-the-job
                                       $17.59   3,863           82           466
expediting clerks                                                                training
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                                    Work experience in a
of office and administrative           $16.13 17,771        759             1,877
                                                                                    related field
support workers
First-line supervisors/managers,
                                                                                    Work experience in a
protective service workers, all        $15.72    290            36            35
                                                                                    related field
other
Sales representatives, services,                                                  Moderate-term on-the-job
                                       $14.65   5,955       576              551
all other                                                                         training
                                                                                  Long-term on-the-job
Police and sheriff's patrol officers   $14.37   7,974       287             1,024
                                                                                  training
Reservation and transportation                                                    Short-term on-the-job
                                       $14.17   2,307       222               291
ticket agents and travel clerks                                                   training
Executive secretaries and                                                         Moderate-term on-the-job
                                       $13.63 22,558       1,201            2,123
administrative assistants                                                         training
Social and community service
                                       $13.52   2,137       372              194 Bachelor's degree
managers
Meeting and convention planners        $13.11    928        210                94 Bachelor's degree
                                                                                  Work experience in a
Food service managers                  $12.92   6,870      1,466              520
                                                                                  related field
Maintenance and repair workers,                                                   Moderate-term on-the-job
                                       $12.87 20,073       1,584            1,885
general                                                                           training
                                                                                  Work experience in a
Gaming managers                        $12.71    119            19             11
                                                                                  related field


                                                       Page 5
                                                                  2007 -
                                           Hourly     2007
             Description                                           2012     Replacement           Education
                                            EPW       Jobs
                                                                 Change
Self-enrichment education                                                                  Work experience in a
                                            $12.16    2,966          425            174
teachers                                                                                   related field
Set and exhibit designers                   $12.04      367           26             24    Bachelor's degree
                                                                                           Postsecondary vocational
Travel agents                               $12.03      709           -72           103
                                                                                           award
                                                                                           Work experience in a
Lodging managers                            $11.91    1,014           80             82
                                                                                           related field
Bookkeeping, accounting, and                                                               Moderate-term on-the-job
                                            $11.63 31,127            334           2,898
auditing clerks                                                                            training
Separating, filtering, clarifying,
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-job
precipitating, and still machine            $11.42      409           14             65
                                                                                           training
setters, operators, and tenders
                                                                                        Moderate-term on-the-job
Bus drivers, transit and intercity          $11.24    1,051          135            111
                                                                                        training
                                                                                        Work experience in a
Gaming supervisors                          $10.77      349           66             34
                                                                                        related field
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                                           Work experience in a
of housekeeping and janitorial              $10.38    2,902          379            329
                                                                                           related field
workers
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                                           Work experience in a
of food preparation and serving             $10.37    9,510          780           1,103
                                                                                           related field
workers
Fitness trainers and aerobics                                                              Postsecondary vocational
                                              $9.85   3,153          402            348
instructors                                                                                award
                                                                                           Work experience in a
Chefs and head cooks                          $9.55   2,223          261            317
                                                                                           related field
Gaming surveillance officers and                                                           Moderate-term on-the-job
                                              $9.40     439           54             46
gaming investigators                                                                       training
Switchboard operators, including                                                           Short-term on-the-job
                                              $9.08   2,599           -89           445
answering service                                                                          training
                                                                                           Long-term on-the-job
Interpreters and translators                  $9.00     856         -102             54
                                                                                           training
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-job
Tour guides and escorts                       $8.77     414           54             53
                                                                                           training
                                                                                           Long-term on-the-job
Bakers                                        $8.43   1,433          104            163
                                                                                           training
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07

*Note: Occupations with fewer than 10 employees are not shown.




                                                             Page 6
Executive Summary
Hospitality and Tourism Career Cluster
(Associate's degree and below)
                                                                                                             2006
                   Education                         2007 Jobs    2012 Jobs     Change          Replacement Hourly
                                                                                                             EPW
Short-term on-the-job training                          127,742      139,580           11,838         19,869  $7.09
Moderate-term on-the-job training                        87,624       92,204            4,580          8,395 $12.34
Long-term on-the-job training                            19,257       20,252              995          2,602 $10.59
Work experience in a related field                       57,505       62,523            5,018          5,775 $15.71
Postsecondary vocational award                            4,653        5,096              442            556  $9.91
                                                        296,781      319,655           22,874         37,197 $10.59
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07



Largest Occupations




                                                                               2006
                                                 2007    2012
               Description                                        Change      Hourly              Education
                                                 Jobs    Jobs
                                                                               EPW
Bookkeeping, accounting, and                                                          Moderate-term on-the-job
                                                31,127 31,461        334       $11.63
auditing clerks                                                                       training
                                                                                      Short-term on-the-job
Waiters and waitresses                          28,485 30,810      2,325        $6.26
                                                                                      training
Janitors and cleaners, except maids                                                   Short-term on-the-job
                                                28,435 30,909      2,474        $7.88
and housekeeping cleaners                                                             training
                                                                                      Short-term on-the-job
Maids and housekeeping cleaners                 27,435 31,473      4,038        $5.69
                                                                                      training


                                                            Page 7
                                                                               2006
                                                 2007        2012
               Description                                           Change   Hourly            Education
                                                 Jobs        Jobs
                                                                               EPW
Executive secretaries and                                                             Moderate-term on-the-job
                                                22,558 23,759        1,201     $13.63
administrative assistants                                                             training
Maintenance and repair workers,                                                       Moderate-term on-the-job
                                                20,073 21,657        1,584     $12.87
general                                                                               training
First-line supervisors/managers of
                                                                                        Work experience in a
office and administrative support               17,771 18,530          759     $16.13
                                                                                        related field
workers
                                                                                        Work experience in a
Managers, all other                             13,490 14,238          748     $23.52
                                                                                        related field
First-line supervisors/managers of                                                      Work experience in a
                                                     9,510 10,290      780     $10.37
food preparation and serving workers                                                    related field
                                                                                        Long-term on-the-job
Cooks, restaurant                                    8,995   9,701     706      $7.69
                                                                                        training
                                                                                        Long-term on-the-job
Police and sheriff's patrol officers                 7,974   8,261     287     $14.37
                                                                                        training
                                                                                        Work experience in a
Food service managers                                6,870   8,336   1,466     $12.92
                                                                                        related field
Sales representatives, services, all                                                    Moderate-term on-the-job
                                                     5,955   6,530     576     $14.65
other                                                                                   training
                                                                                        Short-term on-the-job
Non-farm animal caretakers                           5,467   6,046     579      $5.86
                                                                                        training
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food                                                     Short-term on-the-job
                                                     4,490   4,788     298      $6.52
concession, and coffee shop                                                             training
                                                                                        Short-term on-the-job
Bartenders                                           4,216   4,574     358      $6.09
                                                                                        training
Production, planning, and expediting                                                    Short-term on-the-job
                                                     3,863   3,944      82     $17.59
clerks                                                                                  training
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant,                                                        Short-term on-the-job
                                                     3,814   4,130     315      $6.51
lounge, and coffee shop                                                                 training
                                                                                        Short-term on-the-job
Food servers, nonrestaurant                          3,414   3,563     149      $6.81
                                                                                        training
Fitness trainers and aerobics                                                           Postsecondary vocational
                                                     3,153   3,555     402      $9.85
instructors                                                                             award
Dining room and cafeteria attendants                                                    Short-term on-the-job
                                                     3,110   3,385     275      $6.22
and bartender helpers                                                                   training
                                                                                        Moderate-term on-the-job
Laundry and dry-cleaning workers                     3,106   3,497     391      $7.07
                                                                                        training
                                                                                        Work experience in a
Self-enrichment education teachers                   2,966   3,392     425     $12.16
                                                                                        related field
First-line supervisors/managers of                                                      Work experience in a
                                                     2,902   3,281     379     $10.38
housekeeping and janitorial workers                                                     related field
Switchboard operators, including                                                        Short-term on-the-job
                                                     2,599   2,510     -89      $9.08
answering service                                                                       training
Reservation and transportation ticket                                                   Short-term on-the-job
                                                     2,307   2,529     222     $14.17
agents and travel clerks                                                                training
                                                                                        Short-term on-the-job
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks                 2,247   2,402     155      $7.36
                                                                                        training
                                                                                        Moderate-term on-the-job
Animal trainers                                      2,231   2,440     209      $8.38
                                                                                        training
                                                                                        Work experience in a
Chefs and head cooks                                 2,223   2,484     261      $9.55
                                                                                        related field
                                                                                        Short-term on-the-job
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs                          2,140   2,458     319      $7.16
                                                                                        training
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07




                                                              Page 8
Largest Growth




                                   2007 -
                                                       Annual Hourly
          Description               2012  Replacement                          Education
                                                      Openings EPW
                                  Change
Maids and housekeeping                                                   Short-term on-the-job
                                    4,038       2,741     548    $5.69
cleaners                                                                 training
Janitors and cleaners, except
                                                                         Short-term on-the-job
maids and housekeeping              2,474       2,632     526    $7.88
                                                                         training
cleaners
                                                                       Short-term on-the-job
Waiters and waitresses              2,325       7,158   1,432    $6.26
                                                                       training
Maintenance and repair workers,                                        Moderate-term on-the-
                                    1,584       1,885     377   $12.87
general                                                                job training
                                                                       Work experience in a
Food service managers               1,466        520      104   $12.92
                                                                       related field
Executive secretaries and                                              Moderate-term on-the-
                                    1,201       2,123     425   $13.63
administrative assistants                                              job training
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                         Work experience in a
of food preparation and serving       780       1,103     221   $10.37
                                                                         related field
workers
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                         Work experience in a
of office and administrative          759       1,877     375   $16.13
                                                                         related field
support workers
                                                                       Work experience in a
Managers, all other                   748       1,292     258   $23.52
                                                                       related field
                                                                       Long-term on-the-job
Cooks, restaurant                     706       1,361     272    $7.69
                                                                       training
                                                                       Short-term on-the-job
Non-farm animal caretakers            579        658      132    $5.86
                                                                       training



                                             Page 9
                                             2007 -
                                                                 Annual Hourly
             Description                      2012  Replacement                            Education
                                                                Openings EPW
                                            Change
Sales representatives, services,                                                   Moderate-term on-the-
                                                     576       551    110   $14.65
all other                                                                          job training
Self-enrichment education                                                          Work experience in a
                                                     425       174    35    $12.16
teachers                                                                           related field
Fitness trainers and aerobics                                                      Postsecondary
                                                     402       348    70     $9.85
instructors                                                                        vocational award
Laundry and dry-cleaning                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
                                                     391       408    82     $7.07
workers                                                                            job training
First-line supervisors/managers
                                                                                     Work experience in a
of housekeeping and janitorial                       379       329    66    $10.38
                                                                                     related field
workers
                                                                                   Short-term on-the-job
Bartenders                                           358       810    162    $6.09
                                                                                   training
Bookkeeping, accounting, and                                                       Moderate-term on-the-
                                                     334      2,898   580   $11.63
auditing clerks                                                                    job training
                                                                                   Short-term on-the-job
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs                          319        94    19     $7.16
                                                                                   training
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant,                                                   Short-term on-the-job
                                                     315       592    118    $6.51
lounge, and coffee shop                                                            training
Counter attendants, cafeteria,
                                                                                     Short-term on-the-job
food concession, and coffee                          298      1,439   288    $6.52
                                                                                     training
shop
                                                                                     Long-term on-the-job
Police and sheriff's patrol officers                 287      1,024   205   $14.37
                                                                                     training
Dining room and cafeteria                                                            Short-term on-the-job
                                                     275       506    101    $6.22
attendants and bartender helpers                                                     training
                                                                                     Work experience in a
Chefs and head cooks                                 261       317    63     $9.55
                                                                                     related field
Reservation and transportation                                                       Short-term on-the-job
                                                     222       291    58    $14.17
ticket agents and travel clerks                                                      training
                                                                                     Moderate-term on-the-
Animal trainers                                      209       223    45     $8.38
                                                                                     job training
Amusement and recreation                                                             Short-term on-the-job
                                                     206       241    48     $6.45
attendants                                                                           training
Hotel, motel, and resort desk                                                        Short-term on-the-job
                                                     155       495    99     $7.36
clerks                                                                               training
                                                                                     Short-term on-the-job
Food servers, nonrestaurant                          149       561    112    $6.81
                                                                                     training
                                                                                     Moderate-term on-the-
Bus drivers, transit and intercity                   135       111    22    $11.24
                                                                                     job training
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07




                                                           Page 10
Highest Earnings




                                                         2007 -
                                       Hourly 2007
           Description                                    2012       Replacement          Education
                                        EPW Jobs
                                                        Change
                                                                                 Work experience in a
Managers, all other                    $23.52 13,490           748          1,292
                                                                                 related field
Production, planning, and                                                        Short-term on-the-job
                                       $17.59   3,863           82           466
expediting clerks                                                                training
First-line supervisors/managers of
                                                                                    Work experience in a
office and administrative support      $16.13 17,771           759          1,877
                                                                                    related field
workers
First-line supervisors/managers,
                                                                                    Work experience in a
protective service workers, all        $15.72    290            36            35
                                                                                    related field
other
Sales representatives, services,                                                    Moderate-term on-the-
                                       $14.65   5,955          576           551
all other                                                                           job training
                                                                                    Long-term on-the-job
Police and sheriff's patrol officers   $14.37   7,974          287          1,024
                                                                                    training
Reservation and transportation                                                      Short-term on-the-job
                                       $14.17   2,307          222           291
ticket agents and travel clerks                                                     training
Executive secretaries and                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
                                       $13.63 22,558       1,201            2,123
administrative assistants                                                           job training
                                                                                    Work experience in a
Food service managers                  $12.92   6,870      1,466             520
                                                                                    related field
Maintenance and repair workers,                                                     Moderate-term on-the-
                                       $12.87 20,073       1,584            1,885
general                                                                             job training
                                                                                    Work experience in a
Gaming managers                        $12.71    119            19            11
                                                                                    related field
Self-enrichment education                                                           Work experience in a
                                       $12.16   2,966          425           174
teachers                                                                            related field



                                                     Page 11
                                                                  2007 -
                                            Hourly 2007
              Description                                          2012     Replacement          Education
                                             EPW Jobs
                                                                 Change
                                                                                         Postsecondary
Travel agents                               $12.03      709           -72           103
                                                                                         vocational award
                                                                                         Work experience in a
Lodging managers                            $11.91    1,014            80             82
                                                                                         related field
Bookkeeping, accounting, and                                                             Moderate-term on-the-
                                            $11.63 31,127             334          2,898
auditing clerks                                                                          job training
Separating, filtering, clarifying,
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
precipitating, and still machine            $11.42      409            14            65
                                                                                           job training
setters, operators, and tenders
                                                                                        Moderate-term on-the-
Bus drivers, transit and intercity          $11.24    1,051           135           111
                                                                                        job training
                                                                                        Work experience in a
Gaming supervisors                          $10.77      349            66            34
                                                                                        related field
First-line supervisors/managers of
                                                                                           Work experience in a
housekeeping and janitorial        $10.38             2,902           379           329
                                                                                           related field
workers
First-line supervisors/managers of
                                                                                           Work experience in a
food preparation and serving       $10.37             9,510           780          1,103
                                                                                           related field
workers
Fitness trainers and aerobics                                                              Postsecondary
                                    $9.85             3,153           402           348
instructors                                                                                vocational award
                                                                                           Work experience in a
Chefs and head cooks                          $9.55   2,223           261           317
                                                                                           related field
Gaming surveillance officers and                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
                                              $9.40     439            54            46
gaming investigators                                                                       job training
Switchboard operators, including                                                           Short-term on-the-job
                                              $9.08   2,599           -89           445
answering service                                                                          training
                                                                                           Long-term on-the-job
Interpreters and translators                  $9.00     856          -102            54
                                                                                           training
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
Tour guides and escorts                       $8.77     414            54            53
                                                                                           job training
                                                                                           Long-term on-the-job
Bakers                                        $8.43   1,433           104           163
                                                                                           training
                                                                                           Moderate-term on-the-
Animal trainers                               $8.38   2,231           209           223
                                                                                           job training
                                                                                           Postsecondary
Slot key persons                              $8.23     276            44            27
                                                                                           vocational award
                                                                                           Postsecondary
Gaming dealers                                $8.02     515            68            78
                                                                                           vocational award
Source: Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. - 8/07

*Note: Occupations with fewer than 10 employees are not shown.




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