Timeline Timeline by benbenzhou


									 Timeline 1865- 1900

The Western movement and the
        Guilded Age
           End of the War
• 1865 The Confederate surrender at
  Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, brings
  an end to the Civil War.
• The Union Pacific Railroad begins moving
  westward, laying track at an average rate
  of one mile per day. In California, Chinese
  laborers join the Central Pacific work
  gangs, providing the strength, organization
  and persistence needed to break through
  the mountains.
         Western Movement
• 1866 Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving
  blaze the first cattle trail, driving a herd of
  2,000 longhorns from Texas to New
  Mexico in what will become an annual
  tradition across the southern plains.
• Nebraska enters the Union.
• The United States purchases Alaska from

• The Senate approves a treaty permitting
  unrestricted immigration from China.
• A Golden Spike completes the
  transcontinental railroad at Promontory
  Point, Utah.
• 1869 Wyoming becomes the first place in
  the United States where women have the
  right to vote.
• 1870 A California court rules in White vs.
  Flood that a black child may not attend a
  white school, setting the legal precedent
  for school segregation.
• 1875 Pinkerton agents fire-bomb the
  James family farm in Missouri in an
  unsuccessful attempt to kill the notorious
  outlaws. The incident stirs widespread
  sympathy for the James Gang, who are
  seen as populist enemies of the banks and
  railroads who "rob" the common man.
        Custer and Sitting Bull
• 1876 On June 25, George Armstrong Custer,
  discovers Sitting Bull's encampment on the Little
  Bighorn River. Terry had ordered Custer to drive
  the enemy down the Little Bighorn toward
  Gibbon's forces, who were waiting at its mouth,
  but when he charges the village Custer
  discovers that he is outnumbered four-to-one.
  Hundreds of Lakota warriors overwhelm his
  troops, killing them to the last man, in a battle
  later called Custer's Last Stand.
• 1877 The last Federal troops withdraw
  from the South, bringing the
  Reconstruction era to an end.
      Chinese Exclusion Act
• 1880 President Benjamin Hayes signs the
  Chinese Exclusion Treaty, which reverses
  the open-door policy set in 1868 and
  places strict limits both on the number of
  Chinese immigrants allowed to enter the
  United States and on the number allowed
  to become naturalized citizens.
               Billy the Kid
• 1881 Legendary outlaw Billy the Kid,
  charged with more than 21 murders in a
  brief lifetime of crime, is finally brought to
  justice by Sheriff Pat Garrett, who trails
  The Kid for more than six months before
  killing him with a single shot at Fort
  Sumner, New Mexico.
             Jesse James
• 1882 Jesse James, the notorious outlaw
  who was a veteran of Quantrill’s Raiders
  during the Civil War, is shot in the back by
  Robert Ford, a kinsman who hoped to
  collect a $5,000 reward. James' death
  ends the career of an outlaw gang that
  terrorized the West for more than a
• 1883 The Northern Pacific Railroad,
  connecting the northwestern states to
  points east, is finally completed, after a 19-
  year struggle against treacherous terrain
  and intermitent financing.
• Along the line, crews blast a 3,850-foot
  tunnel through solid granite and construct
  a 1,800-foot trestle. As a result, the round
  trip to the Columbia River that took Lewis
  and Clark two-and-a-half years in 1803
  now takes just nine days.
• 1896 William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of
  Gold" speech against the restrictive gold
  standard makes him the Presidential
  candidate of the Democratic and Populist
  parties, but his appeal to rural voters in the
  West and South does not carry him to the
  White House.

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