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                                                                       ( Student’s Name)                                ( Class Time )

        REL 243 “World Religions”
        Worksheet Packet #6C – 150 points
                Chapter 9 – Christianity

( IMPORTANT! )             Before you print . . .
        For optimum results in printing this worksheet packet, please follow the subsequent directions. Sometimes students will use
the default settings on their Microsoft Word 2003 or Microsoft Works 2007 program. This will result in an unsightly packet that may
skip over questions.
       TABS (Microsoft Word 2003) – Using your mouse, left-click on “Format” at the top of the page and scroll down to “Tabs”
and left-click. At the top right of the “Tabs” box, set your “Default tab stops” at “0.35”.
       TABS (Microsoft Word 2007) – Using your mouse, left-click on “Page Layout” at the top of the screen. At the “Paragraph”
section, left-click the little box at the bottom-right that will take you to the “Paragraph dialog box.” Then, left-click the “Tabs” button
at the bottom of the “Paragraph” box. At the top right of the “Tabs” box, set your “Default tab stops” at “0.35”.
       PAGE SETUP (Microsoft Word 2003) – Using your mouse, left-click on “File” at the top of the page and scroll down to
“Page Setup.” Set the top, bottom, left, and right margins at “0.5”.
       PAGE SETUP (Microsoft Word 2007) – Using your mouse, left-click on “Page Layout” at the top of the screen. At the
“Page Setup” section, left-click on “Margins.” You may now either left-click on the “Narrow” option or the “Custom Margins”
option, and then set the top, bottom, left, and right margins at “0.5”.

Worksheet Explanation . . .
      On the following pages of this packet are your worksheet questions. At the end of each question, a number or letter will be
given within brackets ( [ ] ) which will assist you in finding the answer to that particular question.
      A number, such as [ 2 ], will denote the chapter in the Molloy textbook where the answer can be found.
      An [ L ] notation means the answer will be given in one of the class lectures.
      A [ www ] means the answer can be found on one of the Internet sites listed below.
      An asterisk [ * ] means that you are on your own in answering these questions, but dictionaries, internet search engines
(remember, “Google” is your best friend), and good common sense will help you out.

Internet Sites . . .
       The information you will receive in this course will come from three sources – my lectures, the Molloy textbook, and from
various Internet sites. On page 2 of this packet are listed several of these sites that not only will assist you in finding answers to the
packet’s questions, but, hopefully, the information on these sites will also further your understanding of these religious traditions.
       On the left side of page 2 are the Internet addresses to the various webpages; on the right side are the titles of these webpages.
(These sites were all operational as of August 2011 – let me know as quickly as possible if you are unable to access any of these sites.)
       In accessing these webpages, please type the entire address to go directly to that webpage (for example, type in to go directly to “The Largest Religious Families in the United States” webpage).
       IMPORTANT – There may be an occasion where you will type in the full Internet address, but will not be able to screen up the
desired webpage. If this happens, first go to the website’s main address (for example, and then type in the remaining
address (/rel_USA.html). You may also use the website’s own search engine or you may have to simply view the home page for
directions to getting a particular webpage. You may also go to Google and type in quotation marks the title of the webpage in
question (for example, “The Largest Religious Families in the United States”).
                                                                                                                Worksheet Packet #6C ( 2 / 12 )

A –                                                              “First Vision” (of Joseph Smith)
B –                               “Fundamentalist Christianity”
C –                                   “The Stations of the Cross”
D –                                                      “The Thirteen Articles”
E –                                                             “Liberalism – Liberal Christianity”
F –                                                  “Christian Symbols and Glossary”
G -                                                               “Restoration of Jesus Christ’s Church”

True – False . . . (2 points each)
       Now, I do my true/false questions a bit different from the usual practice. In each statement a particular word or phrase will be
written in italics. If there is anything that would make the statement true or false, it will fall in the italicized word/phrase – consider
the un-italicized words as being true and accurate.
       If the statement is true, place a clear CAPITAL “T” in the appropriate place. If you are correct that the statement is true, you
will receive 2 points. If the italicized word/phrase causes the statement to be false, place a clear CAPITAL “F” in the appropriate
place. If you are correct that the statement is false, you will receive 2 points.
       IMPORTANT! This is where I do things a bit differently. If the statement is false because of the italicized word/phrase, cross
out the italicized word/phrase, and if you are able to insert a word/phrase that would then make the statement true, you will receive +1
extra-credit point that I will add to your score at the end of the packet in the “Score” textbox. Extra-credit points are GOOD !!
       Make sure your “T” and “F” answers are clearly written – if I find it difficult to determine your response, I will mark your
answer as “incorrect.” Just print your answers clearly and we won’t have any problems, okay?

_____       001 Very few Jews in Jesus’ day thought they were living in the “end times,” when God would destroy all enemies of
            pious Jews and would then bring a new age of justice and love, led by God’s envoy, the Messiah. [ 9 ]

_____       003 In reading the Christian Gospels in the New Testament, scholars find that it is difficult to establish the historical
            accuracy of statements of Jesus or of those words attributed to him by later believers and manuscript copiers. [ 9 ]

_____       005    John the Baptist was Jesus’ stepbrother – same mother, different father. [ 9 ]

_____       007 After Jesus’ death, resurrection, and ascension into the skies, the early Christian group that remained in Jerusalem
            seems to have been almost entirely Jewish and was led by Jesus’ brother James. The Jewish-Christian Church, led
            by Jesus’ relatives, was a strong influence for the first forty years of Christianity’s history. [ 9 ]

_____       009 Most biblical and historical scholars believe that the Gospels of Matthew and Luke were both based on the Gospel
            of Mark which was written earlier. [ 9 ]

_____       011 The New Testament book titled “Acts of the Apostles” is believed to be written by the same author that penned the
            Gospel of Luke. [ 9 ]

_____       013 While early Eastern Orthodox monks sought life secluded from the social world, Western monks took an active
            role as missionaries in converting various population centers. [ 9 ]

_____       015 The effort to make the Christian Bible more readable to the general population by translating the Bible into English
            was met with strenuous opposition in 14th century England. [ 9 ]

_____       017 The “Society of Jesus,” also known as the Jesuits, was founded by Ignatius of Loyola as a response to the
            Protestant Reformation. [ 9 ]
                                                                                                                Worksheet Packet #6C ( 3 / 12 )

_____         019   Christmas, the celebration of the birth of Jesus, was the first Christian festival to develop. [ 9,L ]

_____         021 In the present day, mainstream Christian denominations are looking for common ground between each other’s
              beliefs and work together in a movement called evangelism, from the Greek word for “household.” Evangelism
              sees all mainstream Christian groups as a part of a single “household” of Christianity and tries to encourage
              dialogue between all its major branches. [ 9 ]

_____         023 “Liberal” Christianity views the Bible not so much as the ultimate authority but as a record of humanity’s evolving
              religious ideas, that the New Testament has authority only in the teachings of Jesus, and that the rest of the New
              Testament changes the gospel from the religion OF Jesus to a religion ABOUT Jesus. [ www ]

Multiple Choice . . . (1 point each)
  Clearly mark the choice that best answers the question.

025     In Jesus’ time, what Mediterranean power controlled Israel? [ 9, L ]
        A    Egypt
        B    Greece
        C    Persia
        D    Rome

026     The Gospels make only the slightest reference to which one aspect of Jesus’ life? [ 9, L ]
        A    His childhood
        B    His death
        C    His disciples
        D    His miracles

027     Why did Jesus oppose divorce? [ 9 ]
        A   Divorce left a woman unable to support herself
        B   He allowed a man to marry up to four wives
        C   He believed that everyone should be married
        D   It is forbidden in the Hebrew scriptures

028     The early Christian community that was primarily Jewish in background had its headquarters where? [ 9, L ]
        A    Antioch
        B    Corinth
        C    Jerusalem
        D    Rome

029     Literally, the word “synoptic” means … [ 9 ]
        A     “breaking bread.”
        B     “good news.”
        C     “new Law.”
        D     “together see.”

030     Which gospel appears to be written for a Jewish audience and portrays Jesus as the “new Moses?” [ 9 ]
        A   John
        B   Luke
        C   Mark
        D   Matthew

031     Jesus’ statement, “I am the Light of the world,” is found in which gospel? [ 9 ]
        A     John
        B     Luke
        C     Mark
        D     Matthew
                                                                                                          Worksheet Packet #6C ( 4 / 12 )

032   A letter addressed to an early Christian community is called a(n) … [ 9, L ]
      A     apostle.
      B     epistle.
      C     gospel.
      D     psalm.

033   Which one of the following was/were the first of the New Testament books to be written? [ 9 ]
      A   The Gospels
      B   The Pauline Epistles
      C   The Revelation of John
      D   The Universal Epistles

034   Who was the Christian bishop of North Africa who wrote his “Confessions” and “City of God,” and who influenced
      much later Christianity? [ 9 ]
      A    Alexander
      B    Aquila
      C    Aquinas
      D    Augustine

035   The term “orthodoxy” literally means … [ 9, L ]
      A     “right action.”
      B     “right belief.”
      C     “right path.”
      D     “right tradition.”

036   In the Orthodox Church, a religious two-dimensional image is called a(n) … [ 9, L ]
      A     dogma.
      B     eucharist.
      C     idol.
      D     icon.

037   Which church council served as a Roman Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation? [ 9 ]
      A   Council of Chalcedon
      B   Council of Ghent
      C   Council of Nicaea
      D   Council of Trent

038   Students will notice that in the western traditions the Christian holy day Easter changes its date every year (i.e., it is
      not always on April 1), whereas Christmas is always celebrated on December 25. According to the textbook, how is it
      determined on which Sunday Easter is to be celebrated? [ 9 ]
      A     The first Sunday after the full moon that follows the spring equinox
      B     The first Sunday before the full moon that follows the spring equinox
      C     The last Sunday after the full moon that follows the spring equinox
      D     The last Sunday before the full moon that follows the spring equinox

039   At the Second Vatican Council, the Roman Catholic Church … [ 9 ]
      A     authorized the ordination of female deacons.
      B     declared the sacred status of the Latin Vulgate edition of the Bible.
      C     permitted the use of vernacular language in the celebration of the Mass.
      D     published an Index of Prohibited Books and Movies.

040   Approximately, how many Christians are there in the world today? [ L, * ]
      A   100,000,000
      B   200,000,000
      C   1,000,000,000
      D   2,000,000,000
                                                                                                                Worksheet Packet #6C ( 5 / 12 )

041   Who designed the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City which is considered to be the administrative capital of
      the Roman Catholic Church and the residence of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome? [ * ]
      A    Pierre Charles L’enfant
      B    Leonardo da Vinci
      C    Michelangelo
      D    Christopher Wren

042   Jesus told little stories to depict different aspects of his teachings about the Kingdom of God. What are these little
      stories called? [ L, * ]
      A     Pablum
      B     Parables
      C     Parabolas
      D     Paradoxes

043   The belief and doctrine that states that the death of Jesus had paid the price of God’s judgment for wrongdoing is
      called … [ L, * ]
      A     ascension.
      B     assumption.
      C     atonement.
      D     forgiveness.

044   The development of the New Testament as scripture was a process that took several hundred years and some books
      were hotly debated as to whether they were as authoritative as others and as a result, took longer to be accepted as
      Christian scripture. The textbook notes three of these debated books. Which one of the following is NOT mentioned
      in the textbook as a debated book? [ 9 ]
      A     Acts of the Apostles
      B     Hebrews
      C     James
      D     Revelation

Short Answer . . . (1 point each)
      Answer the following questions with a word or phrase. You are not required to answer the questions with complete sentences,
though your answers should be clear in definition and composition – if I think your answer is too short and doesn’t fully answer the
question, I will mark it as “incorrect.” Also, don’t scribble your answers – if I can’t read or understand your answer, I will mark it as
“incorrect.” Remember, clear communication, whether written or oral, is necessary for understanding!

Who was emperor of Rome when Jesus was born? [ * ]


The calendar of which we are familiar is based on the central event of Jesus’ birth in history, but the BC and AD (or BCE and
CE) dating was not used in ancient times. Who does tradition say began this dating system (question 046) and when did this
person live (question 047)? [ 9 ]



The Gospels mention Jesus’ brothers and sisters. Some traditions state that these relatives were cousins or stepbrothers or
stepsisters. What are these “cousin”-interpreting traditions seeking to preserve? [ 9 ]

                                                                                                         Worksheet Packet #6C ( 6 / 12 )

The Christian Bible has been read and interpreted by Christians in a whole spectrum of ways. The liberal approach
emphasizes the subjective aspect of the scriptures, interpreting them primarily as a record of beliefs. The conservative
approach sees the Bible as a work of objective history and authoritative morality, dictated word for word by God. State the
biblical example that the author of the textbook gives to demonstrate these two differing interpretations. [ 9 ]


The monastic movement is seen today as a fairly universal expression of piety and is found in many religious traditions, such
as Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism, and in Christianity. How does the author of the textbook define the difference between a
monk and a priest? [ 9 ]

      050   Monk –

      051   Priest –

Martin Luther was a teacher at what university town, which would later become the center of the Protestant Reformation? [9]


The “Protestant Principle” has been called the heart of Protestant Christianity and is one of the reasons for so many different
denominations within the Protestant tradition. Define this “Protestant Principle.” [ 9 ]


The Protestant tradition seeks to find, and live by, what is essential to the Christian experience. The textbook notes six points
of emphasis in this Protestant movement. Name them. [ 9 ]







Name the French theologian who moved to Geneva, Switzerland, and made that city a center for the Protestant Reform
movement. [ 9 ]


What was the name of the French Protestants who were persecuted by French authorities in the 16-17th centuries? [ 9 ]

                                                                                                         Worksheet Packet #6C ( 7 / 12 )

Give the English equivalents to the list below of the types of church leaders/officers that are described in the New Testament.
                                                                                                                         [ 9, * ]
      062 presbyter –

      063   diakonos –

      064   episkopos –

The Amish and Mennonite communities are survivors from what radical Protestant group? [ 9 ]


Name the two English brothers who would found the Methodist church? [ 9, L ]



The Roman Catholic tradition accepts all traditional Christian beliefs, such as the Trinity, the divine nature of Jesus, and the
authority of the Bible. The textbook notes that, as a result of the Protestant Reformation, the Roman Catholic tradition would
defend six areas of belief and practice that sets itself apart from Protestant tradition. Name them. [ 9 ]







Name the seven sacraments that are accepted by both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. Circle the two
sacraments that are recognized by the Protestant churches. [ 9, L ]







                                                                                                       Worksheet Packet #6C ( 8 / 12 )

According to the author of the textbook, what is the greatest challenge to Christianity today? [ 9 ]


The Roman Catholic popes in the 19th and 20th centuries established two important doctrinal beliefs about the birth and death
of Mary, the mother of Jesus. Name these two doctrines. [ L ]

      084   Her birth –

      085   Her death –

Name the “Five Fundamentals” that underscore the basic beliefs of “Fundamentalist” Christians. [ www ]






Name the five beliefs of “Liberal” Christianity as found on this one particular website. [ www ]





                                                                                                           Worksheet Packet #6C ( 9 / 12 )

Yes or No: Roman Catholic “Stations of the Cross” [ www ] – 1 point each
Answer “Y” (Yes) or “N” (No) for the following statements. Are the statements representative of the “Stations of the Cross” (Y) or
are they not representative (N) ?

___   096   Jesus eats his Last Supper with his               ___   109   Jesus appears to the men of the road to
            disciples                                                     Emmaus

___   097   Jesus talks to the women of Jerusalem             ___   110   Jesus prays in the Garden of Gethsemane

___   098   Simon of Cyrene helps carry the cross             ___   111   Joseph of Arimathea helps carry the cross

___   099   The soldiers gamble for Jesus’ clothes            ___   112   Jesus rises from the dead

___   100   Anne gives Jesus water                            ___   113   Mary gives Jesus water

___   101   Jesus dies on the cross                           ___   114   Jesus falls for the first time

___   102   Jesus falls for the second time                   ___   115   Jesus falls for the third time

___   103   Jesus falls for the fourth time                   ___   116   Jesus falls for the fifth time

___   104   Jesus is given the cross                          ___   117   Jesus is laid in the sepulcher

___   105   Jesus is led to Caiaphus                          ___   118   Jesus is led to Pilate

___   106   Jesus is sentenced to death                       ___   119   Jesus is nailed to the cross

___   107   Jesus is stripped of his garments                 ___   120   Jesus is taken down from the cross

___   108   Jesus meets his mother                            ___   121   Veronica wipes Jesus’ face
                                                                                                            Worksheet Packet #6C ( 10 / 12 )

Matching: Christian terms [ 9, www, L, * ] – 1 point each
Match the following terms with their appropriate definitions (listed on pages 10 and 11). Please note that there are more definitions
than terms listed. Answer in clear CAPITAL LETTERS !!

____ 122 Advent                                 ____ 132 Creed                               ____ 141 Maundy Thursday

____ 123 Angel                                  ____ 133 Cross                               ____ 142 Messiah

____ 124 Apocalypse                             ____ 134 Crucifix                            ____ 143 Original Sin

____ 125 Apostle                                ____ 135 Easter                              ____ 144 Palm Sunday

____ 126 Ascension                              ____ 136 Ecumenism                           ____ 145 Pentecost

____ 127 Ash Wednesday                          ____ 137 Fundamentalism                      ____ 146 Pentecostalism

____ 128 Biblical inerrancy                     ____ 138 Good Friday                         ____ 147 Resurrection

____ 129 Christmas                              ____ 139 Grace                               ____ 148 Rosary

____ 130 Church                                 ____ 140 Lent                                ____ 149 Sacrament

____ 131 Constantine                                                                         ____ 150 Saint

A     1st century Roman emperor who ruled during the time of Jesus’ birth.
B     4th century Roman emperor who legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire.
C     5th century Roman emperor who elevated chocolate to the status of a god, to the status of “divinity.”
D     4-day-long fast that remembers the consecration of Jesus as a Nazirite.
E     4-week-long season of preparation for Christmas and Jesus’ second coming.
F     40-day-long season of repentance and fasting that remembers the 40 years the Hebrews spent in the wilderness of Sinai
      before entering into the Promised Land.
G     40-day-long season of repentance and fasting that serves as a spiritual preparation for the joy of Easter.
H     “Anointed One.”
I     The physical, bodily raising up (with accompanying spiritual, emotional, intellectual, etc. “raising up”) of one who has died.
J     Chief symbol of Christianity – making the sign of this symbol is considered a blessing.
K     Chief symbol of pseudo-Christianity – wearing this symbol is thought to ward off vampires, zombies, and other chocolate -
          hating fiends.
L     Doctrine that states all persons are born in separation from God.
M     Doctrine that states all persons are literally the physical children of God.
N     Doctrine that states all persons are symbolically the children of God.
O     Doctrine that states the Bible is correct in every detail.
P     Doctrine that the Bible is to be read metaphorically.
Q     “Exalted One.”
R     Free and unmerited love given by God to the undeserving individual.
S     Free and unmerited love given by God to the deserving individual.
                                                                                                           Worksheet Packet #6C ( 11 / 12 )

T    Gathering of Christians.
U    “Hidden” message of the final days.
V    “Hidden” message of the evangelists.
W    Holy day commemorating the time 40 days after Jesus’ resurrection in which he was taken up to heaven.
X    Holy day commemorating the Last Supper that Jesus shared with his disciples. In many churches, the priest or worship
     leader will often wash the feet of some worshipers in remembrance of Jesus washing the feet of his disciples before their last
     meal together.
Y    Holy day commemorating the gift of the Holy Spirit to the disciples following Jesus’ resurrection.
Z    Holy day commemorating the death of Jesus on the cross.
AA   Holy day commemorating the birth of Jesus in Nazareth.
BB   Holy day commemorating the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem.
CC   Holy day commemorating Jesus’ resurrection.
DD   Holy day commemorating Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem the week before his resurrection.
EE   Holy day commemorating Jesus’ baptism in the Jordan River.
FF   Holy day in which worshipers will dip strawberries into dark chocolate in remembrance of the “sweetness” of life that Jesus
     brings to believers.
GG   Holy day in which worshipers will have crosses marked on their foreheads as a sign of repentance for their wrongdoings.
HH   Model of a cross bearing the crucified body of Jesus, this symbol is used most widely in churches where Jesus’ passion
     (death) is emphasized.
II   Movement that promotes the unity of Christians rather than emphasize denominational differences; it seeks to promote
     greater understanding and tolerance among the various branches of Christianity.
JJ   “One who is sent to baptize others,” a title most often used to refer to the worship leader of a particular Christian
KK   “One who is sent to preach the good news,” a title most often used to refer to the twelve original disciples of Jesus.
LL   “One who is sent to warn,” a title most often used for the prophets called by God to lead people into the one and only true
MM   Person who shares in the holiness of God.
NN   Person who symbolizes the presence of God.
OO   “Savior.”
PP   Secret sign used by the early persecuted Christians to designate themselves as followers of Paul.
QQ   Set of repeated prayers, which may include the prayer, “Hail, Mary, full of grace…” These prayers help believers think
     about the lives of Jesus and Mary. Often, people will use a special set of beads to help them to remember the prayer and to
     aid concentration.
RR   Spiritual being, often seen as a messenger from God to humans.
SS   Spiritual being, often seen as either obtuse or acute.
TT   Statement of belief.
UU   Symbolically raising up of one who has died.
VV   Term used since the 1920s to refer to the most religiously conservative groups within Christianity, its roots can be traced to
     the late 19th century as a reaction against liberal movements in Biblical scholarship and analysis.
WW   Term used to refer to the movement within Christianity which believes in the baptism of the Holy Spirit, a second
     manifestation of the power of God which follows an individual’s conversion to Christianity. It is evidenced by glossalia, or
     “speaking in tongues.”
XX   Visible sign of the help given to people to live the way God intends.
                                                                                                           Worksheet Packet #6C ( 12 / 12 )

Extra Credit Questions . . .
      You may earn up to 5 extra credit points for answering one of the questions below or up to 10 extra credit points by answering
two, though you may only answer a maximum of two questions. IMPORTANT: Each answer should be 3-4 paragraphs long;
anything less will not receive the full 5 extra credit points. You may either write these answers out or print them out from your
computer. Your answers are due at the same time as this worksheet packet … and no later.

A – There are some who speak of the United States as a “Christian” nation. In what sense might this be true? In what sense might
     this be misleading?

B – The staggering number of Christian denominations and traditions have prompted some to ask what the essence of Christianity
     might be. Indeed, the quest to define essential Christianity has a long history. Why, in your opinion, has the quest been
     elusive? Can Christianity be boiled down to a single essence? If so, what is this single essence?

C – Though the Gospels relate the life of Jesus, they are not conventional biographies. How do they differ from conventional
     biographies? What do they relate about the life, work, and teachings of Jesus?

D – To what extent is Christianity a product of Judaism? How and why did early Christians differentiate themselves from Jews?

E – Was the Protestant Reformation a political, social, or religious movement? Explain your answer.


                  ______/ 150      Point score                                   ______/ 150      Total Score

                  __________       Extra Credit Points (typos)                   ________%        Percentage

                  __________       Extra Credit Points (T/F)                     __________       Letter Grade

                  _______/ 10      Extra Credit Points (essays)

                  __________       Lateness Penalty (-20 pts for each class day late)

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