Native Voices in Post War Canada by benbenzhou

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									Lecture 17: Natives Speak Out
   I. Indian Affairs before WW2
   Assimilation and The Indian Act

   II. Government and Red Power
   WW2 and Ideological Shifts
   Native Organizations
   Special Joint Committee (1946-48)
   1951 Indian Act
   “Red Power”
   The Hawthorn Report (1964)
   The “White Paper” (1969)
   The “Red Paper”
   Aboriginal Women and Bill C-31
Indian Act of 1876

   Defined who was an “Indian”- for example it
    excluded women
   Outlaws cultural practices
   Applies laws unique to Natives
   Enfranchisement
Indian Act Benefits (love-hate
relationship)
   Exempt from taxes
   Statement of federal obligations
   Statement of special status of “Indians”
Special Joint Committee of the Senate and House of
Commons, 1946-48

Native message:

  1. condemned DIA interference

  2. opposed involuntary enfranchisement

  3. angry about treaties

  4. demand self-government
1951 Indian Act: Small Improvements

   Places limits on federal power
   Repealed ban on potlatch
   Drops mandatory enfranchisement
   Women are permitted to vote in band
    elections
1951 Indian Act: Big Shortcomings

   Assumes a continued goal of assimilation
    and a paternalistic attitude.

   Ottawa still claims control over Native
    communities.
Harry Hawthorn
Hawthorn Report Recommendations
(1966)
   “Citizens Plus”

   No forced assimilation

   100s of $1,000,000

   Extend provincial services to Native people
The White Paper

   Indian Act to be repealed

   Treaties ineffective; should be terminated

   DIA should be eliminated within 5 years

   $50 million over 5 years for economic
    development
Native Response – The Red Paper

   Special status should be recognised
   Recognition of treaty and aboriginal rights
   Demand a new Indian Act, not its abolition
   Demand a new federal agency – headed by a
    Minister solely responsible for Natives
   Do NOT implement White Paper
Jeanette Lavell
Sandra Lovelace

								
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