Cyber Bullying: by HC11120909525

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									 Cyber Bullying:
What does it look like today?
        What can be done?
Presented by:
Kathy Lockard, Olweus Trainer AEA 14
Jaymie Randel, Olweus Trainer AEA 267
Penny Bisignano, Iowa Olweus Coordinator
Today’s agenda:
 Whatis Cyber Bullying and why
 should schools address it?

 How does Cyber Bullying affect
 students and their ability to learn?

 Carol   Greta - legal responsibilities
Today’s agenda:
 What AEA resources are available to
 assist in bullying prevention?

 What can be done to prevent or
 intervene in Cyber Bullying?
 ◦ Resources that are available to assist with
   Cyber Bullying prevention and intervention?
The major resource for today’s
presentation is…


  Cyber Bullying: A Prevention Curriculum
              for Grades 6-12

 By Susan P. Limber, Ph.D., Robin M. Kowalski, Ph.D., and
                Patricia W. Agatston, Ph.D.
Resources at your fingertips:
"Cyber Bullying: A Prevention
Curriculum for Grades 3-5.“
Susan P. Limber, Ph.D., Robin M. Kowalski, Ph.D., and Patricia W. Agatston, Ph.D.



   Cyber-bullying Cyber-threats:
    Responding to the Challenge of On-
    line Social Aggression, Threats, &
    Distress
    Nancy Willard
Resources at your fingertips:
   Stop Bullying Now
http://stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/adult/indexAdult.asp?Area=cyberbullying




   Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
http://www.clemson.edu




   Cyber Smart
http://cybersmartcurriculum.org/Cyber Bullying/nsba/features




   That's Not Cool
http://www.thatsnotcool.com
Webinars re: Cyber Bullying
   The Stop Bullying Now Campaign will host a Web
    cast focusing on cyber bullying on April 22, 2009
    from 3:00-4:30 PM EST.

www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.govhttp://www.StopBullyingNow.hrsa.gov



    For up-to-date details related to this Web cast or if you
    would like a blurb about the Web cast for a newsletter or
    Web posting, please email: Nicolle Grayson at
    Nicolle.Grayson@widmeyer.com.
Bullying Prevention Resources
 Work to create a school environment
 in which respect and responsibility
 are promoted and bullying is not.

 Each AEA has trained personnel
 for assisting LEAs in
 implementing a school-wide
 approach to bullying prevention.
Think about traditional bullying
and Cyber Bullying.

 On a piece of paper, write the
 following headings:
     Traditional bullying is…..
     Cyber Bullying is…….

Take 5 minutes to fill in characteristics
 of each.
What is bullying?
 Bullyingis when someone
 repeatedly and on purpose says
 or does mean or hurtful things
 to another person who has a
 hard time defending himself or
 herself.
                       Olweus et al. 2007
What is Cyber Bullying?
 Cyber  Bullying is bullying
 through email, instant
 messaging (IMing), chat room
 exchanges, Web site posts, or
 digital messages or images sent
 to a cellular phone or personal
 digital assistant (PDA).
                       Kowalski et al. 2008
  Cyber
Bullying is
Bullying on
 Steroids!
Cyber Bullying can involve:
 sending mean or
 offensive messages
 repeatedly through
 emails, IM, texting,
 phone messages, chat
 room posts, or social-
 networking postings
Cyber Bullying can involve:

playing an online game
 and ruining the game
 for others on purpose
Cyber Bullying can involve:
 humiliating people by
 posting information
 that is not true,
 altering photos in an
 offensive way, or
 making fun of
 someone through
 statements, photos, or
 songs
Cyber Bullying can involve:

 sending mean or offensive
 messages as though they are
 from someone else so that
 the receiver thinks the
 targeted student sent them
Cyber Bullying can involve:
          creating Web sites
          designed to humiliate
          or embarrass others,
          such as “slam books”
          (Web sites that list
          students’ names for other
          students to make mean
          comments about)
Cyber Bullying can involve:

 sharingpersonal, often
 embarrassing, information
 about someone that they
 would not want shared by
 forwarding an email or a
 photo to others
Cyber Bullying can involve:
               hitting or hurting
               someone while
               photographing or
               videotaping the person,
               usually with a cell
               phone, and then
               sending the photos or
               videos to others for
               amusement
Cyber Bullying can involve:

 trickingsomeone into sharing
 personal information and
 then telling others about it
 through emails or text
 messaging
Cyber Bullying can involve:
 leavingsomeone out of a group by
 taking the person off buddy lists or
 leaving the person out of password-
 protected sites
Cyber Bullying can involve:
        threats intending to harm
 sending
 someone or encouraging the person
 to commit suicide
Let’s see if you are able to identify
what kinds of situations and
online communications could be
considered Cyber Bullying.

 Read each of the following situations and
 identify if it “is” or “is not” an instance of
 Cyber Bullying.
    Alicia sends a text message
    to Tina telling her that she
    has a crush on a boy in her
    math class but not to tell
    anyone. Tina shows the
    message to the boy and
    sends it to everyone else in
    the class.
    “Is” or “Is Not” Cyber Bullying?
       It is Cyber Bullying.
   Reason 1: Tina shares personal
    information that Alicia sends to her and
    does not want shared.

   Reason 2: It is embarrassing and, even
    though the message is sent one time, it
    really happens over and over every time
    someone else receives and reads the
    message.
    Mike sends links to
    inappropriate adult Web
    sites to Sophie through
    email several times over a
    few months, even though
    she keeps asking him to
    stop.

    “Is” or “Is Not” Cyber Bullying?
   It is Cyber Bullying.
 Reason  1: Mike is using technology
 to harass her.
 Reason  2: Mike continues to do it
 even though Sophie has asked him
 to stop.
 Note:Sophie should tell an adult
 immediately! Sexual harassment is
 against the law!
   Daniel is IMing with
    his girlfriend. She is
    angry with him and
    says some pretty nasty
    things to him online.

    “Is” or “Is Not” Cyber Bullying?
It is not Cyber Bullying.

 Reason 1: The messages
are not repeated.

 Reason 2: The messages
are not sent to anyone else.
Let’s summarize….
 Both traditional bullying and Cyber
 Bullying are very harmful.

      Bullying can reach and involve
 Cyber
 many people very quickly.
Let’s summarize….

 Peoplewho might not bully
 someone face to face might
 cyber bully someone because
 they can’t be seen and think
 they are anonymous.
Let’s summarize….
           bullying involves an
 Traditional
 imbalance of power.

 Because  those who cyber bully think
 they can be anonymous, they might
 not really be more physically or
 socially powerful.
Let’s summarize….
            forms of bullying can
 Traditional
 cause physical harm and
 psychological harm.

   most cases, Cyber Bullying causes
 In
 psychological harm.
Let’s summarize….
            bullying is usually limited
 Traditional
 to the people in the immediate area
 where the bullying is taking place.

 CyberBullying can reach many
 people immediately – and often the
 student who is targeted doesn’t
 know who is doing it.
Let’s summarize….
            bullying usually has a
 Traditional
 time and place, such as during lunch
 on school grounds.

 CyberBullying can happen anytime
 and anyplace.
Let’s summarize….
   is usually apparent
 It
 who is doing traditional
 bullying.

   is often difficult to find
 It
 out who is Cyber
 Bullying.
What are the warning
signs of Cyber Bullying?
   A child may be
    experiencing
    Cyber Bullying if
    he or she…
    appears upset after using the
     computer or being online.

    appears upset after viewing
     a text message.
What are the warning
signs of Cyber Bullying?
   A child may be experiencing Cyber
    Bullying or bullying at school if he or she…

    1) …appears sad, moody, or anxious.
    2) …avoids school.
    3) …withdraws from or shows a lack of
       interest in social activities.
    4) …experiences a drop in grades or
       decline in academic performance.
Students may cyber bully
because…..
   They think people won’t know who they
    are; they can be anonymous.
   They can’t be seen.
   They don’t have to see the other
    person’s reactions.
   They think everybody does it, so it’s no a
    big deal.
   They like making someone else feel bad.
How does Cyber Bullying
affect students, schools, and
communities?
   Current research suggests that
    students involved in Cyber Bullying,
    are more likely to….
    ◦   be anxious
    ◦   be depressed
    ◦   have low self-esteem
    ◦   have lower grades
    ◦   have higher absenteeism rates
                                   ◦ Kowalski et al. 2008
How does Cyber Bullying
affect students, schools, and
communities?
 Cyber Bullying affects everyone.
 You may be a part of Cyber Bullying
 even if you don’t know it. For
 example, if you’ve forwarded an
 email that makes fun of someone to
 one or more friends, that is
 considered Cyber Bullying.
How does Cyber Bullying
affect students, schools, and
communities?
 CyberBullying can also affect other
 people in the Bullying Circle.

 Those students who bully and are
 allowed to continue their behavior
 are also affected.
Everyone has the right to live
 his or her life without being
    bullied or harassed by
someone else. It is important
  to understand that even if
    someone cyber bullies
 another person as a joke, it
   may not be a joke to the
 person who is being bullied.
What should educators do if
they know or suspect Cyber
Bullying is occurring?

 Educate all students about how to
 report all forms of bullying.

 Advise the student to save any
 evidence of the Cyber Bullying and
 report it.
Help students know what to
DO FIRST.
Do not retaliate.

Off your buddy list.
Help students know what to
DO FIRST.
 Figure out who it is.
 Ignore it.
 Respond after you think about it
  carefully.
 Save the evidence
 Tell an adult.
                 Carol Greta
                       Attorney IDE
  State laws, litigation, and
  guidelines for teachers and
  administrators about legal
  issues and Cyber Bullying.
carol.greta@iowa.gov        http://www.iowa.gov/educate/index.php
515-281-8661
Resources at your fingertips:
   Stop Bullying Now
http://stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/adult/indexAdult.asp?Area=cyberbullying




   Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
http://www.clemson.edu




   Cyber Smart
http://cybersmartcurriculum.org/Cyber Bullying/nsba/features




   That's Not Cool
http://www.thatsnotcool.com
Contacts…
   Penny Bisignano, gbiz@mchsi.com

   Kathy Lockard, klockard@aea14.k12.ia.us

   Jaymie Randel, jrandel@aea267.k12.ia.us

   Local AEA Olweus Bullying Prevention
    Trainers

								
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