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					                List of symbols

          for topographic map 1:500 000


 Symbol
numbers    Symbols                                  Designated objects

                     LOCALITIES
                                           Big cities (with population of 50 000
                                           people and more) and large railway
1                                          junctions




                                           Small towns (with population less
2                                          than 50 000 people) and urban
                                           communities

3

                                           Rustic units:

      1                                    1) block development


                                           2) ribbon development
      2

4
                                           3) sporadic development
      3



                                           4) dispersed development
      4



                                           Summer colonies
5


7                                          Small rustic units

              Representation of blocks and streets
                                          Built-up blocks:
      1
                                           1) in big cities

9                                          2) in small towns and urban
      2                                    communities




                                                                                   1
 Symbol
numbers                    Symbols                                    Designated objects
                                                             3) in rustic units
      3



10                                                           Small built-up area in cities and
                                                             other localities

                                                             Streets in big cities (that are
11                                                           highways crossing):
                                                             1) main roads and streets
                                                             2) other streets and driveways

                                                             Streets in other cities and urban
12                                                           communities:
                                                             1) main roads and streets
                                                             2) other streets and driveways

                                                             Streets in rustic units:
13                                                           1) main ones; 2) others


                                Representation of single buildings
                                                           Residential and nonresidential
14                                                         buildings in localities as well as
                                                           single yards and buildings

15                                                           Notable high-rise buildings (70 is
                                                             the height of a building in metres)

16                                                           Permanent yurt camps, etc.

17                                                           Castles, forts and fortifications

          I N D U S T R I A L, R U R A L A N D S O C I A L O B J E C T S
18                                                           Points of the State control network


19                                                           Astronomical points

                                                             Factory chimneys, chimney-stalks
20                                                           and others (70 is the height of a
                                                             chimney in metres)

      1                                                      Plants, factories and mills
21                                                           1) with chimneys (50 is the height of
                                                             a chimney in metres)
      2                                                      2) without chimneys

22                                                           Mines and mine galleries at work

23                                                           Places of surface mining (pits); 15
                                                             is the depth of a pit, in metres


24                                                           Dirt piles (60 is the height in metres)

                                                                                                     2
 Symbol
numbers   Symbols           Designated objects

25                  Salt stripping



26                  Oilfields and gas fields

27                  Turbaries

28                  Fuel storages and gas-holders

29                  Hydro-electric plants


30                  Generating stations


31                  Transforming substations and
                    converter substations

32                  Radio stations and television
                    centres

33                  Television towers (160 is the height
                    of a tower in meters)

34                  TV, radio and radio-relay masts

      1             1) Airdromes and seadromes
35
      2             2) a piece of the road equipped as
                    landing field

36                  landing place (on land and on the
                    surface of the water)

                    Capital tower buildings (water-towers,
37                  etc); 55 is the height of a tower in
                    meters)

40                  Meteorological stations

41                  Churches

42                  Mosques

43                  Buddhistic churches, pagodas

44                  Memorials, monuments and mass
                    graves

48                  Underwater communication cables




                                                             3
  Symbol
 numbers   Symbols                        Designated objects
50                              Power lines on metal supports or reinforced
                                concrete supports (on girders, on 14 m posts
                                and on posts higher than 14 m); 150 kV is
                                the voltage in thousand volts, 25 is the height
                                of a support in meters
51                              Several parallel power lines (2 is
                                the number of lines)

       1                        Oil pipelines:
                                1) ground ones; 2) underground
52                              and underwater ones;
       2                        transfer stations


       1                        Gas-pipes:
                                1) ground ones; 2) underground
53                              and underwater ones;
       2                        booster stations


54                              Several parallel oil and gas pipelines (2
                                and 1 are the number of pipelines)

55                              Siphons on oil and gas pipelines



56                              Ancient historical walls (5 is the
                                height in metres)

                     RAILWAYS
       1                        Railways:
                                1) single-track

58     2                        2) double-track

       3                        3) three-way


59                              Electrified railways: 1) single-track;
                                2) double-track; 3) three-way

61                              Narrow-gauge railways and their
                                stations

65                              Railway stations. Disposition of the main
                                station building: 1) sideways; 2) between
                                railways; 3) unknown disposition

66                              1) crossings, stages, passing tracks; 2)
                                sidings and stub tracks

68                              Tunnels (2600 is the length, 8 is the height,
                                12 is the width in metres) and galleries; mine
                                shafts on tunnels (70 is the shaft depth in
                                metres)




                                                                                 4
  Symbol
 numbers             Symbols                            Designated objects
69                                             1) scaffold bridges;
                                               2) embankments and excavations (8 is the
                                               height or the depth in metres)


       1                                       Railways in the course of building:
70                                             1) broad-gauge;
       2                                       2) narrow-gauge


           H I G H W A Y S A N D D I R T R O A D S, P A T H W A Y S
73                                             Highways


       1                                       Motor roads: 1) with improved surface
                                               (improved broadways);
74     2                                       2) with surface (broadways);


       3                                       3) without any surface (improved dirt roads)



75                                             Roads characteristic: 8,6 are the roadways
                                               width; 2 is the number of roadways; Ц, А, Щ
                                               are a material of the surface

76                                             Country roads

77                                             Field and forest roads

78                                             Winter snow roads

79                                             Caravan tracks and pack roads

84                                             Motor ways in the course of building

       1                                       Broadways in the course of building:
                                               1) with improved surface
85     2                                       2) with surface

       3                                       3) without surface

86                                             Embankments and excavations (5 is the
                                               height or the depth in metres)


87                                             Tunnels (2500 is the length, 8, 12
                                               are the height and the width in
                                               metres)

88                                             Crossings of highways and
                                               broadways with improved surface




                                                                                              5
  Symbol
 numbers        Symbols                                              Designated objects
89                                                          Parking areas and exits for highways; P is
                                                            the designation for parking


90                                                          1) Road number; 2) distance between points
                                                            in kilometres




             Examples of road symbols combinations
           Road crossings and road junctions for highways, railways and dirt roads
92


                1) overbridges; 2) overpasses; 4) highways near the railway

                        Causeways (highways as well as dirt roads)
95




                            HYDROGRAPHY
98                                                          Permanent and well-defined coastline of
                                                            seas, rivers, lakes and reservoirs


99                                                          Changeable and undefined coastline
                                                            (shrinking lakes, low and flooded seashores,
                                                            lakes and rivers in bogs)


100                                                         Offshore bars and shallows



101                                                         Shores that are tide areas



102                                                         Abrupt coasts and rocky shores:
                                                            1) without a beach; 2) with a beach that is
                                                            not given in the scale of the map (12 and 5
                                                            are the heights of bluffs and rocks)


103                                                         Perennial streams:
                                                            1) the width is less than 60 m;
                                                            2) the width is from 60 till 30 m;
                                                            3) streams are given in the scale of
                                                            the map and their width is more
                                                            than 300 m




                                                                                                           6
  Symbol
 numbers   Symbols           Designated objects
104                  Intermittent streams:
                     1) described by a line;
                     2) described by two lines

105                  Underground and disappearing river
                     pieces

106    1             Canals with the width:
                     1) 60 m and more;
       2             2) from 20 till 60 m;
                     3) less than 20 m
       3


107    1             Ship canals with the width:
                     1) 60 m and more;
       2             2) from 20 till 60 m;
       3             3) less than 20 m


108                  Canals in the course of building described by
                     one and two lines: 1) innavigable; 2)
                     navigable



110                  Underground canal pieces


111                  Waterfalls (5 is the height of water fall in
                     metres)
112                  The beginning of the regular navigation

                     Arrows reference to the set of a current (0,5
                     is the current velocity in m/sec, placed only
113
                     on navigable rivers)


114                  Stages of a shore line



115                  Characteristic of rivers and canals: 612 and
                     12 – the width, 2,2 and 3,3 – the depth in
                     metres; П is the nature of the bottom (are not
                     placed on a 1:500 000 map)



                     Fords
116
                     Ferriages

117
                     Ferries

118




                                                                     7
  Symbol
 numbers   Symbols             Designated objects
119                  Bridges and overbridges that are not given in
                     the scale of the map, with the length: 1) less
                     than 50 m; 2) from 50 till 800 m

                     Bridges and overbridges that are given in the
120                  scale of the map, with the length more than
                     800 m

121-124              Bridges

                     Characteristic of bridges, overbridges,
                     overpasses: ЖБ – the structure material, 8 -
                     the height of the truss bottom above water
125                  level (for navigable rivers), 370 – the length
                     of a bridge, 10 – the width of a roadway in
                     metres, 60 – bridge capacity in tons (is not
                     designated for railway bridges)

126                  Locks




129                  Dams



130                  Water developments




131                  Dikes (5 – the height in metres)


132                  Rivers, canals and ditches with one-
                     side and two-side dikes

133                  Borders and areas of reservoirs
                     which are in the course of building




134                  Areas of big river and lake freshets,
                     and areas flooded in wet season
                     when flooding is more than two
                     month



135                  Aqueducts



136                  Above-ground water lines



                                                                      8
  Symbol
 numbers   Symbols         Designated objects
137                  Underground water lines

138                  Ditches

139                  Wells

140                  Main wells (500 liter in an hour for
                     well filling)

141                  Wells

142                  Blow-wells

143                  Springs

144                  Reservoirs and other structures to be flooded
                     which are not given in the scale of the map
                     (basins, rain-water pits, etc.)

145                  Geysers


146                  Shipping lanes and distance in
                     kilometers

       1             Sea ferryboats:
147                  1) railway ferry
       2
                     2) automobile ferry

148                  Naval bases

149                  Seaports

150                  Wharfs and anchor holds

151                  Beacons

152                  Moles and quays


153                  Small banks (5 – the depth in
                     metres)


154
                     Above-water rocks

155                  Islands which are not given in the scale of
                     the map


156
                     Underwater reefs


157                  Sometimes underwater, sometimes above-
                     water reefs


                                                                   9
 Symbol
numbers   Symbols                      Designated objects

      1                       Stones:
                              1) underwater;
                              2) above-water;
158   2                       3) sometimes underwater,
                              sometimes above-water
      3


159                           Sea-gates



160                           Isobaths and their names



161                           Depth-marks

                    TERRAIN
163                           1) index horizontals
                              2) intermediate horizontals
                              3) supplement horizontals (normal contours)
                              5) horizontal names in metres
                              6) indicators of the slope direction
                              (hachures)




164                           Barrancas (wadis, etc) and
                              depressions of dry lakes



      1                       1) spot elevations

165   2                       2) marks of commanding grounds

      3                       3) spot elevations at checkpoints

      4                       4) spot elevations of points that are
                              below sea level

      1                       1) passes, their spot elevations and
                              time of operation;
166                           2) main passes, their spot
                              elevations and time of operation
      2

167                           Remnant rocks (10 – the height in
                              metres)



                                                                        10
 Symbol
numbers        Symbols                           Designated objects
      1                                  1) holes (6 – the depth in metres);
169                                      2) burial mounds and hummocks (5
      2
                                         – the height in metres)

170                                      1) craters of volcanoes that are not
                                         given in the scale of the map
                                         2) craters of mud volcanoes

171                                      Entrance to the caves and grottoes

172                                      Karst areas

174                                      Dikes and other narrow and bluff
                                         hard-rock ridges (5 – the height of a
                                         ridge in metres)

175                                      Lava flows




          Representation of some terrain elements on maps
176                                      1) fields of rotten and granulated ice and
                                         perpetual snows
                                         2) ice streams
                                         3) ice breaks
                                         4) moraines
                                         5) rocky deposits
                                         6) rocks and krantzes
                                         7) borders of ) perpetual ice fields




177                                      Ice barriers and egresses of fossil
                                         ice (8 – the steep height in metres)


178                                      Screeses of loose and hard rocks
                                         (arenaceous and crushed-stone
                                         ones)

179                                      Icing



180                                      Earthfall areas



181                                      Steeps (18 – the height of a steep
                                         in metres)




                                                                                      11
  Symbol
 numbers     Symbols                  Designated objects
182                         Ravines and scours: 8 – the width between
                            edges, 6 – the depth in metres (are not
                            placed on 1:500 000 maps)


183                         Banks with the length of1 cm and
                            less in the scale of the map


184                         Banks with the length of more than1
                            cm in the scale of the map


           VEGETATION COVER AND SOILS
185                         Forests



       1                    Prevailing trees in the forest:
                            1) coniferous (fir, pine, cedar, etc.)
       2
                            2) deciduous (birch, oak, maple,
186                         etc.)
                            3) mixed
       3




187                         Narrow tract of forest and shelters


188                         Small forest areas that are not
                            given in the scale of the map


192                         Palm-woods


193                         Shinneries (dwarf forests)



194                         Forestry growth, forest nursery and
                            young forest planting with the less
                            than 4 m height

196                         1) thin forests
                            2) thin shinneries




197                         Burnt and dead-wood forests




                                                                        12
  Symbol
 numbers   Symbols         Designated objects
198                  Openings




199                  Bushes:
                     1) tumps
                     2) thick brushes


204                  Saksaul (a type of thorn-bushes):
                     1) tumps
                     2) thick brushes


205                  Stlanik (humifuse form of
                     suppressed coniferous and
                     deciduous trees)


206                  Bamboo brushes



207                  Mangrove brushes



208                  Orchards and citreous gardens



209                  1) vineyards
                     2) orchards and citreous gardens
                     with vineyards



210                  Industrial crops plantations:
                     1) woody
                     2) shrubby


211                  Rice-fields




213                  Cany brushes




       1             Swamps:
                     1) impassable and heavy-going
                     2) passable
214

                                                         13
 Symbol
numbers   Symbols                   Designated objects

      2




      1                      Salt-marshes:
                             1) impassable
                             2) passable
215


      2



216                          Claypans




220                          Rocky placers and stone surfaces



221                          Polygonal surfaces



222                          Hillocky surfaces when hillocks are
                             not given in the scale of the map


223                          Plane sands



224                          Hillocky sands



225                          Sand belts and wind-blown sands



226                          Lunule sands and cavernous sands



227                          Sand-drifts




                    BOUNDARIES
228                          State boundaries



                                                                14
 Symbol
numbers        Symbols                              Designated objects

229                                       Boundaries of Russians polar
                                          territories

230                                       Boundaries of the former Soviet
                                          Union republics

231                                       Boundaries of autonomies, territories,
                                          regions and administrative units of the first
                                          order on foreign territories

232                                       Boundaries of autonomous regions
                                          and autonomies

233                                       National parks boundaries

            Examples of state boundaries on river lines
234                                       The boundaries goes on the middle of the
                                          river or canal described by one or two lines
                                          with the up-to-1 mm interval between them

235                                       The boundaries goes on the middle of the
                                          river described by two lines and the interval
                                          between them is from 1 till 6 mm

236                                       The boundaries goes on the one side of a
                                          lakeside, a river or a canal



237                                       The boundaries goes on a sea, a bay, a
                                          strait, a lake, a reservoir as well as on a river
                                          when its width is equal to 6 mm in the scale
                                          of the map




                    OTHER ELEMENTS
238                                       Polar circles and tropics

239                                       Isogonic lines and their names

240                                       Points and areas of magnetic
                                          declination anomalies and their
                                          names




          TYPE SPECIMENS FOR CAPTIONS
             with capital letter size, in millimetres

              Cities


                                                                                          15
 Symbol
numbers               Symbols                             Designated objects
                                                The capital of the Russian Federation,
                                                capitals of the former Soviet Union republics
251
                                                and capitals of foreign states with population
                                                of more than 1 000000 people.
                                                Cities with population of more than 1 000000
                                                people.

                                                Capitals of the former Soviet Union republics
                                                and capitals of foreign states with population
252
                                                of less than 1 000000 people.
                                                Cities with population from 500 000 till
                                                1000000 people.

                                                Capitals of autonomies, territorial and
                                                regional centers.
253
                                                Centers of administrative units of the first
                                                order on foreign territory.
                                                Cities with population from 100 000 till
                                                500000 people.

254                                             Centers of autonomous regions and
                                                autonomies.
                                                Cities with population from 50 000 till 100000
                                                people.

255                                             Cities with population from 10 000 till 50 000
                                                people.

256                                             Cities with population from 2 000 till 10 000
                                                people.

257                                             Cities with population less than 2 000
                                                people.

258                                             The type for second name of cities and
                                                captions out of the sheet frames


          Urban communities (industrial community, resort communities)
259                                             Population of 2 000 people and more


260                                             Less than 2 000 people


261                                             The type for second name of communities
                                                and captions out of the sheet frames


                       Rustic units and summer colonies
265
                                                     1000 and more residents



266
                                                     From 500 till 1000 residents
267

268
                                                    Less than 500 residents



270                                             Single yards and buildings


                                                                                                16
 Symbol
numbers   Symbols                             Designated objects

271                                 The type for second names of communities
                                    and captions out of the sheet frames


              Railway stations and wharfs
272                                 Railway junctions and big railway stations,
                                    big seaports and river harbours, wharfs

273                                 Stations, crossings, platforms, stop points
                                    and wharfs


          Explanatory notes and characteristics
274                                 Explanatory notes at symbols of industrial
                                    and other objects

275                                 Explanatory notes and proper names at
                                    symbols of wells, springs, etc.


276                                 Names of spot elevations and names of
                                    shore line stages


277                                 Names of commanding grounds marks



280                                 Names of road surface material and building
                                    materials of bridges and dams


281                                 Designation of time operation of passes

      1                             Notes of quantitative characteristics:
                                    1) objects designated on the map by black
                                    symbols (roads, bridges, tunnels, fords, etc.)

282   2                             2) terrain objects (steeps, banks, ravines,
                                    quarries, holes, hillocks, etc.), as well as
                                    horizontals

      3                             3) hydrographic objects (rivers, canals,
                                    waterfalls, marshes) as well as depth, depth
                                    lines and horizontals on glaciers and fields of
                                    rotten and granulated ice

283                                 Additional numbering of rectangular and map
                                    grids

284                                 Designation of community centers


285                                 Notes of islands and other territories
                                    nationality



286                                 Terminal points of sea ferryboats, main oil
                                    pipe-lines and gas-lines

287                                 Names of terminal points of shipping lanes
                                    with distance in kilometers

288                                 Names of polar circles and tropics




                                                                                   17
 Symbol
numbers                  Symbols                              Designated objects
      1                                              Numbering of isogonic lines, points and
                                                     areas of magnetic declination anomalies

289
      2                                              Numbering of the air defense grid




          Names of oceans, seas, gulfs, straits, bays, fiords, lagoons, limans,
                                  lakes, reservoirs,




                         Names of navigable rivers and canals
291



                    Names of rivers, streams, canals and barrancas
292



                                                                                               18
 Symbol
numbers                    Symbols                             Designated objects

293                                                   Names of islands, peninsulas,
                                                      forelands, capes, skerries, reefs,
                                                      above-water rocks




294                                                   The type for second names and captions out
                                                      of the sheet frames

295                                                   Names of lowlands, plains, steppes,
                                                      sands, deserts, marshes,
                                                      solonchaks, forests, ravines,
                                                      valleys, cavins, depressions,
                                                      troughs


296                                                   Names of main massifs, ridges and
                                                      mounts


      1                                               1) names of other ridges and
                                                      mounts, mountains, rocks, glaciers,
                                                      passes, burial hills, hills

297
      2                                               2) names of sea mounts and ridges,
                                                      depressions, shoals, banks and
                                                      shelves


298                                                   The type for second names of ridges,
                                                      mountains, mounts, passes, sea
                                                      depressions, sea ridges, banks and captions
                                                      out of the sheet frames

299                                                   Names of national parks


300                                                   Trafficability notes of roads,
                                                      pathways, single routs, etc.




                              RANGE OF COLORS
              of dyes used for printing 1:500 000 topographic maps

1          Black                                      Line
          2558-01


                                                      Block areas of cities with less than 50
                                                      000 population and urban communities –
                                                      30% dot grid, 48 line per centimeter


                                                                                                19
                             RANGE OF COLORS
             of dyes used for printing 1:500 000 topographic maps

2     Dark-olive                                     Names of subordinate
       (mixed)                                       localities
     2558-37, 2558-
       39,2558-10
3        Blue                                        Hydrography and its
       2558-39                                       names: glaciers, perpetual
                                                     snows, solonchaks and
                                                     marshes

4      Turquoise                                     Water areas, glaciers
       (reduced)                                     shading
        2558-37


5       Brown                                        Terrain and its
       2558-62                                       characteristics



6      Orange                                        Block areas of cities with 50 000 and
                                                     more population as well as big railway
       2558-11                                       junctions; highways-bed, motor roads
                                                     with surface and notes of distance
                                                     between points




7        Violet                                      Isogonic lines and their numbering,
                                                     numbering of points and areas of
       (reduced)                                     magnetic declination anomalies;
        2558-74                                      additional numbering of the map grid.

                                                     Paint of state boundaries and boundaries
                                                     between Russia and republics of the
                                                     former Soviet Union – 50% dot grid, 34
                                                     line per centimeter

8       Green                                        Forests and gardens areas

      (reduced)
        2558-                                        Areas of shinneries (dwarf forests),
                                                     forestry growth, bushes of brushwood,
     45(reduced)                                     saksaul, bamboo, vineyards and stlanik -
                                                     50% dot grid, 34 line per centimeter

9    Gray-brown I                                    Terrain shading (base) – raster lineature
                                                     is 48 line per centimeter
       (mixed)
       2558-62
       2558-38
10   Gray-brown II                                   Terrain shading (emphasis) – raster
       (mixed)                                       lineature is 48 line per centimeter
       2558-20
       2558-01
       2558-30

                                                                                                 20
                           RANGE OF COLORS
           of dyes used for printing 1:500 000 topographic maps
11    Orange                                         The first layer of the layered paint - filling

     (reduced)
      2558-12
12    Orange                                         The second layer of the layered paint –
                                                     the linear grid 1:2, 24 line per centimeter
      (mixed)
      2558-12                                        The third layer of the layered paint - filling

      2558-10

13   Orange                                                       The fourth layer of the layered paint – the
                                                                  linear grid 1:2, 24 line per centimeter
     2558-10
                                                                  The fifth layer of the layered paint - filling




                                                                                                                   21

				
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