Lesson 1-3 Study Guide
1. What is a Catastrophic Event?
A catastrophic event is a natural
event that causes destruction.
2. List some examples of Catastrophic
Tornadoes, hurricanes, volcanoes,
3. What is a globe? What is a map?
A globe is a spherical model of the
A map is a flat representation of the
4. How do scientists take pictures of
the Earth from space?
They use satellites that orbit the
5. What does a tornado watch mean?
A tornado watch means that
tornadoes are possible.
Thunderstorms that might produce a
tornado are in the area.
6. What does a tornado warning mean?
A tornado warning means that a
tornado has actually been spotted or
detected by radar.
7. What is a vortex?
A vortex is a circulation of liquids or gases
around a central axis.
8. What are some examples of vortices that
occur in nature?
Tornado, hurricane, dust devil, swirling leaves
9. What causes a vortex to form in the
The uneven heating of the earth’s surfaces, the
force of gravity, and the earth’s rotation can all
10. What is a thunderstorm?
A thunderstorm is a disturbance in the
atmosphere that causes thunder and lightning.
What is it? A rotating column A massive rotating
of air that forms in storm that forms
a narrow path over over tropical
What causes When warm, When warm, moist
it to form? moist air meets air rises over
cool, dry air.
Where does Tornado Alley in Tropical Oceans
it form? the Central
Plains of the U.S.
With what Fujita Scale Saffir/Simpson
scale can you Scale
15. Describe the heating and cooling
rates of soil and water.
Soil heats and cools quickly, whereas
water heats and cools more slowly.
16. What is weather?
Weather is the state of the
atmosphere at a particular time and
17. What is climate?
Climate refers to weather patterns
that are characteristic of a region or
place for many years.
18. What is the main source of the
The sun / solar energy
19. In which layer of the
atmosphere do we live?
20. By what three ways can heat be
Radiation, conduction, and