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					        Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
        Indicator 2



                       Prior Knowledge
                          Treaty of Versailles and its long-term impact
                          Great Depression and its causes
                          Understanding of American foreign policy during the 1920’s
                       SC Indicator:
                       Analyze the causes of World War II in Europe and the Pacific and the involvement of the United States in the war (5.3.2).
                       SC Objectives(Assessment Limits):
                       5.3.2.a Explain the events that led to the beginning of the Second World War including the Failure of the Treaty of
Knowledge and Skills




                       Versailles, the rise of totalitarian regimes in Europe and Asia and the worldwide recession of the 1920’s and
                       1930’s.(Causes of World War II, totalitarianism, fascism, Nazism, protectionism, tariffs, Smoot-Hawley tariff,
                       global recession, Axis powers)
                       5.3.2.b Explain the United States gradual involvement in the war in Europe through legislative and executive measures,
                       such as Cash and Carry, Lend Lease, and the Atlantic Charter. (Cash & Carry, Lend Lease, Atlantic Charter, fall of
                       France, isolationism, America First movement)
                       5.3.2.c Describe how the economic and political conflicts between Japan and the United States led to the attack on Pearl
                       Harbor. (Pearl Harbor, oil embargo, freezing assets)
                       5.3.2.d Examine military strategies and technologies employed by the United States in WWII including D-Day, island
                       hopping and the development and use of atomic weapons. (Midway, Stalingrad, El Alamein, D-Day, Island Hopping,
                       Atomic weapons, Manhattan Project)
                       5.3.2.e Investigate the response of the United States government to the discovery of the Holocaust and immigration
                       policies with respect to refugees. (Holocaust)
                       5.3.2.f Analyze how the events, such as the Yalta and Potsdam conferences and creation of the United Nations shaped the
                       post war world. (Yalta, Potsdam, United Nations, internationalism)
                       5.3.2.g Analyze the long-term consequences of the United States’ involvement in WWII and the emergence of America as
                       an economic and military force. (Long-term effects of US in World War II, superpower)
                       Government CLG/Assessment Limits
                       2.1.1 The student will analyze economic, political, social issues and their affect on foreign policies of the United States
                             (national defense, security of other nations, trade, human rights, foreign aid, spread of democracy)
                       2.1.2 The student will evaluate the effectiveness of international alliances and organizations from the perspective of the
                             United States (United Nations, NATO, issues: national sovereignty, self-determination, human rights)
                       2.2.1 The student will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of various types of governments throughout the world
                             (democratic: parliamentary & presidential, authoritarian: monarchy, dictatorship & totalitarianism)


        Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies             Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT                 1
Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
Indicator 2

     VOCABULARY                             ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS
     Appeasement                               During times of great crisis, there is a large philosophical and policy shift by the
     Atlantic Charter                           government that allows the country to effectively deal with the crisis.
     Cash and Carry                            War often sparks great leaps in technology.
     D-Day                                     Individuals are willing to make great sacrifices in order to preserve a way of life.
     Embargo
     Lend- Lease                            ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
     Island Hopping                            How did World War II change the role of the United States in the world arena?
     Isolationism                              How did the sacrifice of citizens show the American character of overcoming adversity,
     NATO                                       and being able to adapt to an ever-changing situation?
     Tariffs                                   How did the United States rise out of the Depression, fight World War II, and then
     Totalitarianism                            become a superpower?
     United Nations



     Vocabulary Activities

     Teacher Definitions




Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies            Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT              2
        Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
        Indicator 2



                                                                   LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND STRATEGIES
                          SC Objective:                 Activity                           Description                                Materials/Resources

                          5.3.2.a                The Great War:           By studying a variety of primary sources,           Edsitement:
Suggested Learning Plan




                          Explain the            Evaluating the Treaty    maps, and supporting documents concerning           http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_l
                          events that led to     of Versailles            the post-war peace process, students will           esson_plan.asp?id=424
                          the beginning of                                develop a context for evaluating whether the
                                                                          treaty was a viable, fair one, and for
                          the Second World
                                                                          considering some of the complex questions
                          War including the                               this issue raises about the historical causality
                          failure of the                                  and responsibility.
                          Treaty of                                                                                           Textbooks:
                          Versailles, the                                                                                      America: History of Our
                          rise of totalitarian                                                                                   Nation: pages 802-807
                          regimes in Europe                                                                                    Call to Freedom (CTF): pages
                          and Asia and the                                                                                       462-467,476-478
                          worldwide                                                                                            History Alive!: pages 435-445
                          recession of the                                                                                     United States History:
                          1920’s and                                                                                             Reconstruction to Present:
                          1930’s                                                                                                 pages 436-442

                          5.3.2.b                FDR and the Lend-        This lesson shows students how broadly              Edsitement:
                          Explain the            Lease Act                Lend-Lease empowered the federal                    http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_l
                          United States                                   government—particularly the President—              esson_plan.asp?id=769
                          gradual                                         and asks students to investigate, through
                          involvement in                                  speeches and photographs, how FDR
                          the war in Europe                               promoted the program.
                          through                How “Grand” and          This lesson plan will survey the nature of          Edsitement:
                          legislative and        “Allied” was the Grand   what Winston Churchill called the Grand             http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_l
                          executive              Alliance?                Alliance between the United States, Great           esson_plan.asp?id=703
                          measures, such                                  Britain, and the Soviet Union in opposition
                          as Cash and                                     to the aggression of Nazi Germany and
                          Carry, Lend                                     Imperial Japan.
        Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies                   Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT                  3
Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
Indicator 2

     Lease, and the                                                                                          Textbooks:
     Atlantic Charter                                                                                         America: History of Our
                                                                                                                Nation: pages 807-811
                                                                                                              Call to Freedom (CTF): page
                                                                                                                478
                                                                                                              History Alive!: pages 446-447
                                                                                                              United States History:
                                                                                                                Reconstruction to Present:
                                                                                                                pages 443-450
     5.3.2.c                   The Road to Pearl          Using contemporary documents,                      Edsitement:
     Describe how the          Harbor: The United         students in this lesson will explore the           http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_l
     economic and              States and East            rise of animosity between the United               esson_plan.asp?id=748
     political conflicts       Asia, 1915-1941            States and Japan.
     between Japan                                                                                 Textbooks:
     and the United                                                                                 America: History of Our
     States led to the                                                                                Nation: pages 809-811
     attack on Pearl                                                                                Call to Freedom (CTF): page
     Harbor                                                                                           479
                                                                                                    History Alive!: page 446
                                                                                                    United States History:
                                                                                                      Reconstruction to Present:
                                                                                                      pages 452-457
     5.3.2.d                   Firestorms: The            Students read and answer questions about Constitutional Rights Foundation:
     Examine military          Bombing of Civilians       military tactics against civilians.      http://crf-
     strategies and            in World War II                                                     usa.org/bria/bria15_3.html
     technologies
     employed by the           Choices: Truman,           Students read and answer questions about Constitutional Rights Foundation:
     United States in          Hirohito, and the          the choices facing President Truman.     http://crf-
     WWII including            Atomic Bomb                                                         usa.org/bria/bria15_3.html#atom
     D-Day, island                                                                                 ic
     hopping and the




Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies          Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT                 4
Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
Indicator 2

     development and           Victory in Europe,         This lesson plan will focus on the overall         Edsitement:
     use of atomic             1944-1945                  strategy pursued by the Allies in the final        http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_l
     weapons                                              months of World War II in Europe. By               esson_plan.asp?id=656
                                                          examining military documents and
                                                          consulting an interactive map of the
                                                          European theater, students will learn why
                                                          they chose to land at Normandy, and how
                                                          the Allied offensive in the West
                                                          contributed to Germany's defeat.
                                                                                                             Textbooks:
                                                                                                              America: History of Our
                                                                                                                Nation: pages 811-815, 821-
                                                                                                                825
                                                                                                              Call to Freedom (CTF): pages
                                                                                                                484-498
                                                                                                              History Alive!: pages 465-470,
                                                                                                                472-477
                                                                                                              United States History:
                                                                                                                Reconstruction to Present:
                                                                                                                pages 457-459,466-472, 482-
                                                                                                                491

     5.3.2.e                   The Voyage of the St.      Students learn about US immigration and            The US Holocaust Museum:
     Investigate the           Louis                      refugee policy during the 1930’s & 40’s.           http://www.ushmm.org/museum/
     response of the                                                                                         exhibit/online/stlouis/teach/
     United States
     government to             American Jews and          This lesson informs students about the             350 Years of American Jewish
     the discovery of          the Holocaust              policies of the government and the actions         History:
     the Holocaust and                                    of American Jewry during the Holocaust,            http://www.350th.org/er/lp/have
     immigration                                          and in the process invites them to explore         n/lp05.html
     policies with                                        the parameters of knowledge and
     respect to                                           responsibility of the American Jewish
     refugees                                             community and the American government
                                                          during the Holocaust.


Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies          Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT                 5
Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
Indicator 2

                                                                                                             Textbooks:
                                                                                                              America: History of Our
                                                                                                                Nation: pages 826-827
                                                                                                              Call to Freedom (CTF): pages
                                                                                                                498-499
                                                                                                              History Alive!: page 471
                                                                                                              United States History:
                                                                                                                Reconstruction to Present:
                                                                                                                pages 492-497
     5.3.2.f                   Sources of Discord,        This lesson will examine the U.S.-Soviet           Edsitement:
     Analyze how the           1945-1946                  disagreements regarding Germany and                http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_l
     events, such as                                      Eastern Europe. Students will read                 esson_plan.asp?id=685
     the Yalta and                                        excerpts from the agreements reached at
     Potsdam                                              Yalta and Potsdam, then, based on later
     conferences and                                      documents, will study how these
     creation of the                                      arrangements unraveled.
     United Nations                                                                                          Textbooks:
     shaped the post                                                                                          Call to Freedom (CTF): pages
     war world                                                                                                 509-512
                                                                                                              History Alive!: pages 479-483
                                                                                                              United States History:
                                                                                                                Reconstruction to Present:
                                                                                                                pages 498-502



     5.3.2.g                                                                                                 Textbooks:
     Analyze the long-                                                                                        America: History of Our
     term                                                                                                       Nation: pages 558-559
     consequences of                                                                                          Call to Freedom (CTF): pages
     the United States’                                                                                         512-517
     involvement in                                                                                           United States History:
     WWII and the                                                                                               Reconstruction to Present:
     emergence of                                                                                               pages 502-503
     America as an

Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies          Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT                 6
Unit #3: The United States in a Time of Crisis (1929-1945)
Indicator 2

     economic and
     military force



                                                          DIFFERENTIATION

                                                            Accommodations

                                                     G.A.T.E./Enrichment
     5.3.2.d
      “Would You Drop It?” Chapter 13, Hip-Hop U.S. History (Flocabulary, Vendor TBD)




Baltimore City Public Schools: Office of Social Studies    Unit 3, Indicator 2 -Grade 9 United States History DRAFT   7

				
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