Not Quite Black and White: School Desegregation in Arkansas, 1954-1966 by ProQuest

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									     Not Quite Black and White:
  School Desegregation in Arkansas,
             1954-1966
                                        JOHN A. KIRK

ONE EVENING IN FALL 1954, after imbibing several drinks at the after-
party of a forum they had both participated in at New York’s Hunter
College, Harry S. Ashmore, executive editor of the Arkansas Gazette,
and Thurgood Marshall, director-counsel of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People’s Legal Defense and Educa-
tional Fund, Inc., got into a heated debate about the implementation of
the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent Brown v. Board of Education school
desegregation decision. Ashmore urged caution. Different communi-
ties would face different problems in desegregating schools, he said,
and school districts should therefore be subject to different timetables
for change. In particular, Ashmore believed that, as he put it in his book
The Negro and the Schools, published just a day before the
								
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