Ch. 2 and 3 Test sample questions
1. Replacement rate, the number of births needed to keep a population at a stable level without
immigration, requires a total fertility of
2. The number of European countries at or above replacement level is:
3. Countries with aging populations attempt to stimulate economic growth to lessen the effect of
rising medical and retirement costs by
A) cutting social security.
B) encouraging increased birth rate.
C) promoting immigration.
D) promoting emigration of the elderly.
4. Not all countries with aging populations resort to immigration to offset economic problems. An
C) the United States.
5. The arithmetic density of population for a country is determined by dividing the total
A) population by the number of farmers.
B) area of square miles by 5.
C) area of the country by the population.
D) population by the total area.
6. The problem with using arithmetic population density to investigate the population pattern of a
country is that such a density figure does not take into consideration
A) annual population increases.
B) internal clustering of people within the country.
C) annexation of new territory.
D) possible loss of territory.
7. It has been estimated that 98 percent of Egypt's population occupies only ___ percent of the
country's total area.
8. The number of people per unit area of agriculturally productive land is the
A) average density.
B) total density.
C) physiologic density.
D) agricultural density.
9. Switzerland's physiologic density is ____ as/than its arithmetic density.
A) the same
C) 10 times greater
D) 1.7 times greater
10. The world's three largest population concentrations are all found on the same landmass, which
A) North America.
B) South America.
11. Associated with the East Asian population cluster are ribbon-like extensions of dense population
penetrating the interior. These extensions represent
A) volcanic areas of good soil.
B) narrow regions of favorable climate.
C) basins and lowlands of China's major rivers.
D) areas where the Chinese Government has forced people to settle.
12. About ___ percent of the world's population is concentrated in China.
13. In India the greatest concentration of population is found on the
A) plain of the Ganges River.
B) central Deccan Plateau.
C) west coast.
D) foothills of the Himalayan Mountains.
14. Over large parts of Bangladesh the rural population density is between _____ people per square
A) 1000 and 2000
B) 2000 and 3000
C) 3000 and 5000
D) 5000 and 8000
15. Terrain and environment appear to have a different association with the population cluster of
Europe that extends from the British Isles into Russia than in Asia. This means that in Europe,
terrain and environment play a
A) greater role than in Asia.
B) role that varies form country to country.
C) lesser role than in Asia.
D) greater role now than in the past.
16. The European population axis is directly related to the
A) orientation of Europe's coalfields.
B) orientation to Europe's rivers.
C) early location of Roman settlement.
D) effect of two world wars.
17. In comparison to Asia, the percentage of the population living in urban places in Germany and
the United Kingdom is
A) less than in Asia.
B) about the same as in Asia.
C) greater than Asia.
18. After the three Eurasian population clusters, the next-ranking cluster comprises the east-central
United States and southeastern Canada. This cluster is not nearly as large as the smallest of the
Eurasian clusters. It is, in fact only ___ the size.
19. The major focus of North America's population is
C) the Megalopolis region.
D) the South.
20. In 1789, a British economist named Thomas Malthus published an essay in which he claimed
that while population increased at what he called a geometric rate, the means of subsistence
grew only at
A) an arithmetic (linear) rate.
B) a rate depending on the particular culture involved.
C) a declining rate.
D) an unpredictable rate.
21. Food production, contrary to the predictions of Malthus, has grown exponentially because of a
number of factors. Which one of the following is not one of these factors?
A) expanded agricultural acreage
B) improved strains of seeds
C) fertilizer application
D) an increase in the number of farmers in Britain
22. Births and _______ add to the population growth of a particular country.
A) rise in the death rate
D) increased agricultural output
23. Today, world population doubling time is
A) 300 years
B) increasing (i.e. taking longer to double)
D) ten years
24. At the present rate of births and deaths in the world, we are adding about _____ million
inhabitants every year.
25. In 2002, the world population grew at a rate of just over ___ percent.
26. Costa Rica has a lower crude death rate than the United States because Costa Rica
A) has a higher sex ratio
B) has more hospitals per person
C) has a milder climate
D) is in Stage 4 of the demographic transition
E) has a lower percentage of elderly people
27. Most of the countries with low population growth rates are also among the wealthiest. An
exception to this would be
28. In the 1970's, the government of India used this method to reduce the population growth rates in
certain areas of the country.
A) tax incentives
B) forced sterilization of males
C) free housing for small families
D) cash awards
29. The statistics that report the number of deaths per thousand people in a given year is called:
A) the adjusted mortality rate.
B) the crude death or mortality rate.
C) the adjusted population level.
D) the actual growth rate.
30. Demographically, Great Britain experienced a ___________________ in the period from the
late 1800s through WWII.
A) population decline
B) rising death rate
C) population explosion
D) rapid birth rate decline
31. Low population growth resulting from high CBR and very high CDR is characteristic of stage
____ of the demographic transition.
32. Of the following five countries, the highest natural increase rate is found in
33. The population of a country, city or other region is a function of three variables. Which is not
one of the variables?
D) ethnic background
34. In Europe the marked decline of the birth rate was the result of
A) rapid emigration.
B) stabilization of food supplies.
C) World Wars I and II.
D) the effects of Industrialization, urbanization, and general modernization.
35. A population pyramid with a wide base and narrow top is indicative of
A) developed countries.
B) countries in Stage IV of the demographic transition.
C) developing countries.
D) low infant mortality.
36. A developed country that has reached a stage where the population is most stable will develop a
population pyramid that is __________.
A) bell shaped
B) pear shaped
C) rectangular shaped
D) cone shaped
37. Highest rates of infant mortality are found in this region.
A) South America
B) Central Africa
C) East Asia
D) Eastern Europe
38. The lowest infant mortality rate among countries with large populations is in
A) the United States.
39. Sub-Saharan Africa's high mortality rate is strongly influenced by
D) traffic accidents.
40. Population policies which favor the promotion of birth control among certain groups in the
population (ethnic, religious, or socio-economic groups) are referred to as
A) population planning.
D) public health.
Ch. 3 Name: __________________________ Date: _____________
1. Cuban illegal immigrants who actually make it to the United States' shores will be
A) arrested and deported.
B) allowed to stay.
C) sent to Puerto Rico.
D) put back on their boats and sent back to sea.
2. Today, an estimated ___________ illegal immigrants live in the United States.
3. What percentage of Haiti's GNP comes from remittances sent by Haitians living in the United
4. The vast majority of legal agricultural workers in Canada are
B) unemployed Americans.
D) European student guest workers.
5. The type of movement that involves journeys that begin at and bring us back to our home base is
6. Commuters in Washington, DC may travel up to _____ miles each way to work daily.
7. Most nomadic movement takes place according to travel patterns that are
A) repeated time and time again.
B) very irregular.
C) limited to desert regions .
D) periodic in nature.
8. Which of the identified types of movement creates your activity space?
9. All of the following are examples of periodic movements except
A) going to college.
C) commuting to work.
D) migrant workers.
10. A periodic form of movement that involves a system of pastoral farming whereby livestock and
their keepers adjust their location to the seasonal availability of pastures is called:
A) nomadic herding.
C) livestock farming.
11. A common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million Americans is
A) summer camp.
C) military service.
D) sabbatical leaves.
12. The long-term relocation of an individual, household, or group to a new location outside the
community of origin is called
13. During the first decades of the twentieth century, African American families in the United States
migrated primarily to
A) the north.
B) the west.
C) the northwest.
D) other southern states farther west.
14. In the United States during the late twentieth century, internal migration streams were moving
A) west to east and south to north.
B) west to east and north to south.
C) east to west and south to north.
D) east to west and north to south.
15. On average, an American citizen moves approximately every ___ years.
16. Internal migration in Peru is fairly simple with the majority of migrants moving to
A) Iquitos on the Amazon.
D) new farmland in rural areas.
17. Irish migration to North America in the mid-1800s is an example of
A) forced migration.
B) migration which reflects both forced and voluntary aspects of migration.
C) voluntary migration.
D) cyclical migration.
18. Gender studies of migration indicate that men ______________ than women.
A) are more mobile
B) migrate farther
C) have more employment choices and income
D) all of the above
19. The smallest number of slaves involved in the Atlantic slave trade was sent to
A) British Caribbean.
C) French Caribbean.
D) British North America.
20. Between 1788 and 1838, tens of thousands of convicts were shipped from Britain to which of
the following continents?
B) North America
21. One of the “laws” of migration as derived by Ravenstein states that
A) urban residents are more migratory than rural.
B) rural residents are more migratory than urban.
C) urban residents are less migratory than rural.
D) rural inhabitants hardly ever migrate.
22. Ravenstein, in his study of migration, suggested that there is an inverse relationship between the
volume of migration and the distance between the source and destination. That is, the number
of migrants _____ as the distance they know they must travel increases.
C) remains the same
D) decreases and then rises
23. What is the model which states that spatial interaction between places (e.g. migration) is directly
related to the population size and inversely related to the distance between them?
A) gravity model
B) model of emigration
C) distance decay model
D) intervening opportunity model
24. According to Ravenstein, migrants who move longer distances tend to choose
A) warmer destinations.
B) open “frontier” areas.
C) big-city destinations.
D) to migrate as a family unit.
25. What push factor compelled more than 50,000 Asians to leave Uganda in 1972?
A) It was too hot and crowded.
B) Food was in short supply.
C) Uganda's economy collapsed.
D) Ugandan leader Idi Amin expelled them.
26. Of the 10,000 inhabitants of the Caribbean island Montserrat, 7,000 have left the island and the
remaining 3,000 have moved to the north coast of the island because of
B) the collapse of the banana economy.
C) volcanic eruptions.
D) civil war.
27. European migration to colonies reached its peak during the period
D) post World War II.
28. British colonial authorities stimulated migration of people from this region to colonies such as
Singapore, Fiji, and Trinidad.
B) South Asia
D) South America
29. European colonialism stimulated the movement of ___________ to the cities (islands of
development) of Southeast Asia where they have become a significant minority population.
30. In terms of total number of refugees, _____ is the geographic realm most severely affected by
B) Central America
C) South America
D) tropical Africa
31. The intervention of what country in the civil war in Afghanistan caused great numbers of
refugees to leave the country?
B) the Soviet Union
C) the United States
32. One recent refugee crisis in Southwest Asia took place in 1991, when, in the aftermath of the
Gulf War, the __________ population of northern Iraq was forced to leave their villages and
flee across the Turkish and Iranian borders.
33. The Afghan Taliban (Islamic fundamentalists) movement, spawned in Pakistan, created a
counter migration of 2.5 million Afghanis to ________ when they came to power.
34. Today, the largest refugee numbers in Southeast Asia are reported from
B) Myanmar (Burma).
35. In 1995, the collapse of which of the following European countries produced the largest refugee
crisis in Europe since the end of World War II?
36. In 1997, the only country in the western hemisphere that had a serious refugee problem was
37. Which is not an example of a fortified barrier to migration?
A) the United States - Canadian border
B) the Great Wall of China
C) the Berlin Wall
D) fences along the Rio Grande River
38. In the period from 1882-1907, the United States Congress passed exclusionary immigration
laws designed to keep __________ out of the immigrant stream.
39. The practice of excluding people with criminal records, health problems, or subversive political
beliefs from immigrating is referred to as
A) selective immigration.
C) asylum refusal.
D) chain migration.
40. Since September 2001, there has been a greater concern about immigration control to
A) illegal immigrations impact on unemployment rates.
B) the spread of infectious diseases.
C) interrupt drug trafficking.
D) prevent terrorism.
41. Today, major internal migrations in the United States are toward the Sunbelt and western states.