Maggie

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					Celebrating 100 - August 3 1905
    MAGGIE KUHN




          Elena Portacolone
“Dosomething
 outrageous
 every day”
              VERY Brief Overview
1905 Born in Buffalo, NY
30s-40s “Coordinator Young Women Christian Association”
  YWCA, Philadelphia
  sexism, women empowerment, sexual education, being
  single
WWII National Executive “United States Organization” USO,
  New York
  all of the above plus: racism, urban housing, poverty
50-60s Executive Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia
   all of the above plus: universal health care, social justice
1970 Forced Retirement, …met with 6 friends
1972 Gray Panthers “Aged and Youth In Action”
  all of the above plus: ageism, intergenerational
  exchange, critique of disengagement theory,
   Nursing Home Reform, support of Social Security
1995 Died in Philadelphia
          Modus Operandi

 Rigorous research
 Identify root causes
 Constructive criticism
 “Go to the people at the
  top”
 Networking
 Simple and precise
  language
Modus Operandi

        Leading by
         empowerment
        Media are key, high
         visibility
        Age & youth together
        Use your limits as
         your strengths
        Guerrilla Theatre
     MAIN
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
Raised Key Issues For The First Time
             Wrinkled babyhood

             Racism and Agism

             Age segregation

             Gerontologists
            as agents of social control

             Sexual pleasures
        Issues Reframing
       Paradigm Changing
     “Fight retirement,
enjoy sex and don’t become a
       wrinkled baby!”
             REFRAMED THOSE ISSUES
“We live in an age of liberation from marginalization,
stereotyping, and the family of “ism’s”. Ageism, sexism, racism,
and economic imperialism…”

“Coalition building is a basic strategy for today’s liberation
struggles. A coalition of the disabled and the elderly is a
wonderful illustration of a liberation struggle”.

THE RAINBOW COALITION: links among marginalized
populations: Young & Old & Ethnic Minorities & Women &
Disabled
                      REFRAMED THOSE ISSUES

“We are ALL - young and old – aging. Our militancy
means devising strategies against age discrimination
that will work for teenagers as well as people
in their 80s and 90s”

“Ageism afflicted many of the institutions serving older
adults with a deep, insidious paternalism. Ageism
infects us when we reject ourselves and despise our
powerlessness, wrinkled skin and physical limitation”

AGEISM = SEGREGATION, STEREOTIPING and
STIGMATIZING of people on the basis of age.
Even worst for women and minorities.
        INVOLVED AND EMPOWERED
 “From the start I hoped that our group would serve as
a model for grass-root activism”

            1981: Gray Panthers with 60,000 subscribers,
10,000 dues paying members and over 100 chapters.

Focus on providing the training & tools to be heard and to
understand

Medicare counseling and health education training

Timing traffic lights and studying buildings accessibility

Media Watch and Task forces on health, housing,
employment, the older poor, transportation, minorities

 1980 Older Women League & “Raging
Grannies of Tucson” in 2005
        THE EMPEROR HAS NO CLOTHES!
Maggie managed to go at the heart of complex public
issues and identifying the root causes of inefficiencies
and discrimination

Some examples:

 American Medical Association like a patient with $ instead of
a heart

 “Paying through the Ear” FDA convinced to monitor and
regulate the hearing aid industry for fraudulent practices.

 Published a directories of doctors who
accepted Medicare Assignment. Improved the Medicare
claim appeal process.

Public Transportation: Improvements and reduction
of prices for seniors and disabled

 The special agenda of AARP
      Growling Carroll Estes



    “Gerontologists neglect the
     socioeconomic structures
& forces that segregate, stereotype
     and victimize old people”
  “Our economy
  ought to serve
  human needs.

Our economy ought
 to be directed by
democratic means”
“Gray Panthers believe that
  the major causes of the
 current economic deficit
 are the BLOATED MILITARY
BUDGET and INEQUITABLE TAX
 CUTS to corporations and
       individuals”
Gray Panthers believe that
  Social Security
 is a contract between the
 American people and their
    elected government to
provide every citizen with
  the dignity of financial
 independence. It is based
    on the constitutional
   right to life, liberty,
      and the pursuit of
       happiness for all
           Americans.
            THE NATIONAL HEALTH REFORM
             MOVEMENT: RAISING THE BAR
“Too often, the profit margin, not the patient’s needs, determines
the quality of the service offered”

“I urged the society to take stand on a new socialized health care
system”

“Nursing Home reform is hard and controversial work. It’s not for
sissies.”
1975 National Association Coalition
Nursing Home Reform started by Elma
Holder

1976 Over 60 Free Health Center in
Berkeley

 1977 “Nursing Homes: A Citizens’s Action
Guide”

Patient Advocates
                                                     Over 60 Health Center
                    REACHING OUT
“We are working for basic social change
to improve the quality of life for people
of all ages”

 Gray Panthers as first NGO in the
  United Nations

 Awareness raised outside US, with
  organizations similar to GP created in
  Canada, Europe and Latin America

 Global Aging Task Forces created at
  the World Health Organization and
  United Nations
  MAGGIE’S
   LEGACY



   “We are
 a new breed
of old people”
 Testers

 Builders

 Watchdogs

 Advocates


 Monitors

 Critical analysts
  “Instead of
avoiding all the
world’s problems
     or being
 overcome by
      them,
  I like to see
  them as an
  invitation”

   Maggie Kuhn

				
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