three little pigs un by liaoqinmei


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      A picture is worth a thousand words
      Observe attentively the details of this picture. On another piece
      of paper, answer the questions below with full sentences. Be
      prepared to fully justify your answers (you do not need to write
      down your justification)

1. For which meal is the table set for?
2. How many people will eat at the table?
3. Who will sit at each of these seats?
4. How can you tell if the baby is a girl or a boy?
5. Are their any “lefties” in the family? If so, who is it?
6. What are the people going to drink?
7. In your opinion, how old is the father of this family? Chose between 18, 35,
         and 56 years old. Explain your answer.
8. What does the father do for a living?
9. Does the family have a pet? If so, which?
10.      What chores do the children need to do? How do you know?
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Your Words
   1. Stereotypes                        2. Prejudice                       3. Racism

   4. Sexism                             5. Ageism                          6. ethnicity

   7. Discrimination                     8. Bias                            9. nationality

Definitions and Examples

      Stereotypes are generalizations

       When we assume that people of shared physical, religious, cultural or other
       characteristics have certain behavioural attributes, this is called a stereotype. Some
       examples of stereotypes are:

          o    Men are more adventurous than women
          o    Women are more emotional than men

      Prejudice is a belief

       Prejudice is often based on stereotypes. It divides people into inferior and superior
       groups based on what one person thinks about another person or group. Some
       examples of prejudice are:

          o    Racism or Anti-Semitism – believing that race, skin colour or culture makes
               certain people inferior (e.g. believing that whites are superior to people of
               colour or people who practice Judaism)
          o    Classism – believing that certain economic classes are superior (e.g. the rich
               are superior to the poor)
          o    Sexism – believing that sex and gender determine status (e.g. boys and men
               are superior to girls and women)
          o    Lookism – believing that appearance and looks determine status (e.g.
               "unattractive" people are inferior to "attractive" people)
          o    Ableism – believing that physical and/or mental ability makes one group
               superior (e.g. that differently abled people are inferior to typically abled
          o    Ageism – believing that age determines status (e.g. adults are superior to
               young people and the elderly)

      Discrimination is an action
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       When people act based on their prejudices, they are discriminating against others.
       Some examples of discrimination include

           o   A rich-looking person getting served before a poorer-looking person at a
           o   A woman getting turned down for a job promotion in favour of a man
           o   A police officer keeping a closer watch on a black teenager than a white
               teenager hanging out in front of a store
           o   An woman in her 30s getting treated better than a woman in her 70s by a
               store’s staff

The Effects of Prejudice

Prejudice and discrimination are harmful behaviours that limit the opportunities of certain
groups of people by reducing or withholding access to people defined as inferior and by
increasing or extending access to people defined as superior.

Some of the opportunities that prejudice and discrimination limit include:

      approval and popularity
      rights and privileges
      power
      knowledge
      employment
      promotion

Prejudice and discrimination also leave people open to a variety of social risks including:

      victimization (violence, abuse, theft and bullying)
      suspicion (blame or assumed guilt for crimes and harmful actions)
      rejection, alienation and isolation (which all can lead to low self-esteem, self-hatred
       and self-destruction)
      exploitation and oppression

One of the worst things about prejudices is that over time people may come to believe what
they hear and may start to believe that they are superior/inferior. This can lead to:

      emotional suffering
      reduced self-esteem
      sense of futility or lack of control
      blaming victims
      losing hope in the future
      fear/mistrust of others
      lack of respect for authority

Activity 2: Read the following passages, “the Three Little Pigs” and answer
the question table that follows.
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                                                                             The Three Little Pigs

                                                         Once upon a time there were three little pigs and the time
                                                         came for them to leave home and seek their fortunes.

                                                         Before they left, their mother told them " Whatever you do
                                                         , do it the best that you can because that's the way to get
                                                         along in the world.

                                                         The first little pig built his house out of straw because it
                                                         was the easiest thing to do.

                                                         The second little pig built his house out of sticks. This was
                                                         a little bit stronger than a straw house.

The third little pig built his house out of bricks.

One night the big bad wolf, who dearly loved to eat fat little piggies, came along and saw the first little pig in
his house of straw. He said "Let me in, Let me in, little pig or I'll huff and I'll puff and I'll blow your house

"Not by the hair of my chinny chin chin", said the little pig. But of course the wolf did blow the house in and
ate the first little pig. The wolf then came to the house of sticks.

"Let me in ,Let me in little pig or I'll huff and I'll puff and I'll blow your house in" "Not by the hair of my
chinny chin chin", said the little pig. But the wolf blew that house in too, and ate the second little pig.

The wolf then came to the house of bricks.

" Let me in , let me in" cried the wolf

"Or I'll huff and I'll puff till I blow your house in"

"Not by the hair of my chinny chin chin" said the pigs.

Well, the wolf huffed and puffed but he could not blow down that
brick house.

But the wolf was a sly old wolf and he climbed up on the roof to look
for a way into the brick house.

The little pig saw the wolf climb up on the roof and lit a roaring fire in the fireplace and placed on it a large
kettle of water.

When the wolf finally found the hole in the chimney he crawled down and KERSPLASH right into that kettle
of water and that was the end of his troubles with the big bad wolf.
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The next day the little pig invited his mother over . She said "You see it is just as I told you. The way to get
along in the world is to do things as well as you can." Fortunately for that little pig, he learned that lesson.
And he just lived happily ever after.

Stereotypes are fixed ideas that we have about people or animals. What
stereotypes about wolves appear in your group's story?

What bias exists in your story? Which characters are protagonists
(the "good guys"), and which characters are antagonists (the "bad
guys")? Whose point of view is the story told from?
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                      What is the message of your story?

SOMERSET PA (AP) -- A. Wolf took the stand today in his own defense. This shocked and stunned
the media who predicted that he would not testify in the brutal double murder trial. A. Wolf is
accused of killing (and eating) The First Little Pig, and The Second Little Pig. This criminal trial is
expected to be followed by a civil trial to be brought by the surviving Third Little Pig. The case has
been characterized as a media circus.

His testimony is transcribed below:

"Everybody knows the story of the Three Little Pigs. Or at least they think they do. But I'll let you in
on a little secret. Nobody knows the real story, because nobody has ever heard my side of the story.
I'm Alexander T. Wolf. You can call me Al. I don't know how this whole Big Bad Wolf thing got
started, but it's all wrong. Maybe it's because of our diet. Hey, it's not my fault wolves eat cute little
animals like bunnies and sheep and pigs. That's just the way we are. If cheeseburgers were cute, folks
would probably think you were Big and Bad too. But like I was saying, the whole big bad wolf thing
is all wrong. The real story is about a sneeze and a cup of sugar.


Way back in Once Upon a Time time, I was making a birthday cake for my dear old granny. I had a
terrible sneezing cold. I ran out of sugar. So I walked down the street to ask my neighbor for a cup of
sugar. Now this neighbor was a pig. And he wasn't too bright either. He had built his whole house
out of straw. Can you believe it? I mean who in his right mind would build a house of straw? So of
course the minute I knocked on the door, it fell right in. I didn't want to just walk into someone else's
house. So I called, "Little Pig, Little Pig, are you in?" No answer. I was just about to go home
without the cup of sugar for my dear old granny's birthday cake.

That's when my nose started to itch. I felt a sneeze coming on. Well I huffed. And I snuffed. And I
sneezed a great sneeze.

And you know what? The whole darn straw house fell down. And right in the middle of the pile of
straw was the First Little Pig - dead as a doornail. He had been home the whole time. It seemed like a
shame to leave a perfectly good ham dinner lying there in the straw. So I ate it up. Think of it as a
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cheeseburger just lying there. I was feeling a little better. But I still didn't have my cup of sugar . So I
went to the next neighbor's house. This neighbor was the First Little Pig's brother. He was a little
smarter, but not much. He has built his house of sticks. I rang the bell on the stick house. Nobody
answered. I called, "Mr. Pig, Mr. Pig, are you in?" He yelled back."Go away wolf. You can't come
in. I'm shaving the hairs on my shinny chin chin."

I had just grabbed the doorknob when I felt another sneeze coming on. I huffed. And I snuffed. And I
tried to cover my mouth, but I sneezed a great sneeze.

And you are not going to believe this, but the guy's house fell down just like his brother's. When the
dust cleared, there was the Second Little Pig - dead as a doornail. Wolf's honor. Now you know food
will spoil if you just leave it out in the open. So I did the only thing there was to do. I had dinner
again. Think of it as a second helping. I was getting awfully full. But my cold was feeling a little
better. And I still didn't have that cup of sugarr for my dear old granny's birthday cake. So I went to
the next house. This guy was the First and Second Little Pig's brother. He must have been the brains
of the family. He had built his house of bricks. I knocked on the brick house. No answer. I called,
"Mr Pig, Mr. Pig, are you in?" And do you know what that rude little porker answered? "Get out of
here, Wolf. Don't bother me again."
Talk about impolite! He probably had a whole sackful of sugar. And he wouldn't give me even one
little cup for my dear sweet old granny's birthday cake. What a pig!

I was just about to go home and maybe make a nice birthday card instead of a cake, when I felt my
cold coming on. I huffed And I snuffed. And I sneezed once again.

Then the Third Little Pig yelled, " And your old granny can sit on a pin!" Now I'm usually a pretty
calm fellow. But when somebody talks about my granny like that, I go a Little crazy. When the cops
drove up, of course I was trying to break down this Pig's door. And the whole time I was huffing and
puffing and sneezing and making a real scene.

The rest as they say is history.

The news reporters found out about the two pigs I had for dinner. They figured a sick guy going to
borrow a cup of sugar didn't sound very exciting.

        So they jazzed up the story with all of that "Huff and puff and blow your house down"

            And they made me the Big Bad Wolf. That's it The real story. I was framed. "
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How to Detect Bias in the News
At one time or other we all complain about "bias in the news." The fact is,
despite the journalistic ideal of "objectivity," every news story is influenced by
the attitudes and background of its interviewers, writers, photographers and

Not all bias is deliberate. But you can become a more aware news reader or
viewer by watching for the following journalistic techniques that allow bias to
"creep in" to the news:

Bias through selection and omission

An editor can express a bias by choosing to use or not to use a specific news item. Within a
given story, some details can be ignored, and others included, to give readers or viewers a
different opinion about the events reported. If, during a speech, a few people boo, the reaction
can be described as "remarks greeted by jeers" or they can be ignored as "a handful of

Bias through omission is difficult to detect. Only by comparing news reports from a wide variety
of outlets can the form of bias be observed.

Bias through placement

Readers of papers judge first page stories to be more significant than those buried in the back.
Television and radio newscasts run the most important stories first and leave the less significant
for later. Where a story is placed, therefore, influences what a reader or viewer thinks about its

Bias by headline

Many people read only the headlines of a news item. Most people scan nearly all the headlines
in a newspaper. Headlines are the most-read part of a paper. They can summarize as well as
present carefully hidden bias and prejudices. They can convey excitement where little exists.
They can express approval or condemnation.

Bias by photos, captions and camera angles

Some pictures flatter a person, others make the person look unpleasant. A paper can choose
photos to influence opinion about, for example, a candidate for election. On television, the
choice of which visual images to display is extremely important. The captions newspapers run
below photos are also potential sources of bias.

Bias through use of names and titles

News media often use labels and titles to describe people, places, and events. A person can be
called an "ex-con" or be referred to as someone who "served time twenty years ago for a minor
offense." Whether a person is described as a "terrorist" or a "freedom fighter" is a clear
indication of editorial bias.
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Bias through statistics and crowd counts

To make a disaster seem more spectacular (and therefore worthy of reading about), numbers
can be inflated. "A hundred injured in aircrash" can be the same as "only minor injuries in air
crash," reflecting the opinion of the person doing the counting.

Bias by source control

To detect bias, always consider where the news item "comes from." Is the information supplied
by a reporter, an eyewitness, police or fire officials, executives, or elected or appointed
government officials? Each may have a particular bias that is introduced into the story.
Companies and public relations directors supply news outlets with puffpieces through news
releases, photos or videos. Often news outlets depend on pseudo-events (demonstrations, sit-
ins, ribbon cuttings, speeches and ceremonies) that take place mainly to gain news coverage.

Word choice and tone

Showing the same kind of bias that appears in headlines, the use of positive or negative words
or words with a particular connotation can strongly influence the reader or viewer.

Think you immune? When was the last time you heard someone yell out?

“Common you guys” – (When referring to a group of people)
“You throw like a girl!”
“Look at that little sissy boy cry!”

ACTIVITY 4: From any media source, find an example of a stereotype (newspaper, internet
book etc. Be prepared to explain to the class why your choice is an example of a bias. You
should also find a way to “diffuse” this bias (present the truth about this bias).

                   Where Monsters Can Grow: Activity 3

                       a. In groups, discuss the meaning of this poem :

                             What is that monster?
                             What is a “Green Monster”?
                             Why does learning and thinking strengthen us so
                              we won’t be the places where monsters can grow?
                       b. In groups of two, write a similar style poem about how
                          we promote tolerance, how we can avoid this same
                          monster or suggestions to others on how to avoid
                          stereotyping, bias, or prejudices (freestyle poem).
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