Swastika Over Norway

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					Swastika Over Norway
Why Norway
 Germany needed bases
 Wanted coastline for submarine bases
 Needed to beat Britain to it.
Norway
 Britain had no intention of violating
  Norway’s neutrality
 Hitler did not respect neutrality- “might
  makes right”
Altmark Affair
 Altmark, a German ship, had taken
  British prisoners.
 Altmark was in Norweigian waters when
  sited by British ship, Cossack
 Hitler considered this a violation of
  Norwegian neutrality
Germany Invades Norway
 The invasion came without warning
 Denmark, which was included as a
  victim, fell in almost 24
 Norway did put up some resistance and
  caused the Germans to suffer heavy
  naval losses, which would handicap
  them later
Fall of Norway
 Vidkun Quisling proclaimed himself
 Prime Minister of Norway
Assault on the Low Countries
 May 10, 1940- Nazis cross neutral
  borders of Belgium, the Netherlands,
  and Luxumberg
 Says he is protecting them from an
  invasion planned by Great Britain and
  France
Change in British Government
 Chamberlain resigns as Prime Minister
  of Britain
 Winston Churchill is the new Prime
  Minister
 “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil,
  tears, and sweat”
Change In British Government
 Churchill brought a policy of victory
 Parliament voted unanimously
Overtaking the Netherlands
 Germans mass bomb Rotterdam even
  though negotiations for surrender were
  under way
 After defeat came oppression
Disaster in Belgium
 Nazi swept through Belgium at the
  same moment they struck Holland.
 Britain and France send troops
 Germans tanks break through the
  Ardennes Forest.
 King Leopold III of Belgium surrenders
Disaster in Belgium
 German panzers push Allied forces to
  the North
 Allies retreat to the one remaining port
  at Dunkirk
Dunkirk
 Called Operation Dynamo
 British Royal Air Force (RAF) kept the
  Luftwaffe fighting for days
 Every available English ship was used
  in the evacuation
   Civilian   ships
   Yachts
   Fishing    boats
Why Dunkirk Was Successful
 German bombing of troops did little damage
 Bad weather grounded the Luftwaffe part of
  the time
 Supreme effort of the RAF to win superiority
  in the sky over the evacuation area
 Hitler gives order to halt his panzers short of
  Dunkirk
The Debacle of France
 While men were evacuating from
  Dunkirk, France was falling
 It was as though France had lost the
  power to resist.
 They scattered their tanks instead of
  massing them.
The Debacle of France
 One French officer who committed
 suicide wrote:
 “I am killing myself, Mr. Premier, to let
 you know that all my men were brave,
 but one cannot send men to fight tanks
 with rifles.”
Italy Enters the War
 Just when France is almost defeated,
 Mussolini declares war on France and
 Italy
   They   invade southern France
 French Government fled to Tours
 Charles DeGuall, a colonel, seemed to
 be the only French leader that did not
 have a spirit of defeat.
The Fall of France
 June 14, 1940- Germans enter Paris
  and find a deserted city
 June 17th- Marshal Petain announces “It
  is with heavy heart that I say we must
  cease the fight.”
 June 21- Adolf Hitler arrives in
  Compiegne
The Fall of France
 France was cut in two
   North occupied by Germany
   South run by Marshall Petain with a capital
    at Vichy- called the Vichy government
 Germany now looks towards England.

				
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