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									                                       THE GENEALOGY OF JESUS
Matthew 1:1-17
Key Verse: 1:1
 "A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham."

Merry Christmas! I want to say “Merry Christmas.” Recently many people don‟t say “Merry Christmas.” They
say “Happy Holidays!” We are living in multi-cultural society in Canada. However, why can‟t we Christians
say “Merry Christmas!”? Let‟s say “Merry Christmas!” together. We celebrate Jesus‟ birth. Do you know why?
It‟s because birth of Jesus Christ is the greatest good-news of the whole universe. So, we should celebrate and
rejoice! Merry and happy Christmas!

From today, for 3 weeks we will learn Christmas stories based on Matthew Gospel. Matthew Gospel is the first
book of New Testaments. How many books are in the Bible? Yes. 66 books. How many books are in the New
Testaments? 27 books. You can memorize 3x9=27. Old Testaments are 39 books and New Testaments are 29
books. Who is Matthew? He was one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. He was a tax collector, but Jesus called him
and changed his life as Jesus‟ disciple. He wrote Matthew Gospel. He wrote this book for Jews basically. So, he
starts from genealogy. Verse 1a says “A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ” Genealogy is a record of
family tree. It tells about the ancestors and offspring lines. Who are the ancestors of Jesus? That was important
to Jews. Matthew tried to convince Jews that Jesus was the promised Messiah.

There are so many names in Matthew Chapter 1. More than 50 people‟s names are here. It‟s not easy to
pronounce all of them perfectly. If we try to know all of them, we don‟t have enough time today. So, let‟s focus
on some key persons today connecting Christ.

1. David (1a)

Look at verse 1.
  A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Matthew introduced Jesus as the son of David. David‟s name came first. David was the second king of Israel.
Who was the first king? Saul. Before Saul, there were no kings in Israel. The judges were the leaders of Israel.
However, Israel wanted to have powerful king like the Gentiles. Their intent was to rely on visible human king
rather than on invisible God. However, God allowed them kings. Saul‟s start was good, but he was not a man
after God‟s heart.
God raised David as the king. Acts 13:22 says “After removing Saul, he made David their king. He testified
concerning him: 'I have found David son of Jesse a man after my own heart; he will do everything I want him to
God called David as a man after God‟s own heart. God loved David and David loved God. David so loved God
that he danced half-naked in front of people when God‟s ark was returned to Israel. When we read psalms, we
will know how much David loved God and praised God. Even though he made some critical mistakes, he
repented with humble and broken heart before God. God used David and kept his promise to send the Messiah
from David‟s offspring. So, son of David meant the promised Messiah to Jews.

2. Abraham (1b)

“The son of Abraham” Who is Abraham? There‟s a famous Sunday school song. [Father Abraham] Abraham is
known as “the ancestor of faith”. Yes, it‟s true. Abraham is not only the ancestor of Israel people but also the
ancestor of all believers. God called Abraham out of Mesopotamia and formed a nation Israel. God promised
him to be a blessing. What kind of blessing he was? He was a blessing to bless all people through him and
through his offspring Messiah, Christ.

In Genesis 15:6 “Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness.”

Abraham believed God and he obeyed God‟s words. When God tested him how much he loved God through
burnt offering of Isaac, Abraham obeyed God and showed his love to God. Of course, God protected Isaac from
death and blessed Abraham and Isaac. „Jesus is the son of Abraham‟ means Jesus is the Messiah God promised
to Abraham to be a blessing.

3. Isaac and Jacob (2)

Look at verse 2. “Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, they are the main three patriarchs of Israel. God told Moses about himself, “I am
the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.”(Exodus 3:6) What did Isaac do? Isaac doesn‟t
look great. He didn‟t do many things comparing to Abraham and Jacob. He was a family man. He liked to eat
wild games. He blessed wrong person. He didn‟t have discernment. However, God used him also as an ancestor
of faith. He kept faith in God and passed God‟s blessing and promise over Jacob.
Jacob lived a life of diversity. He cheated his brother and father and stole God‟s blessing from firstborn Esau.
However, God used his human characters and made him the father of 12 tribes of Israel. After a long life of
agonies, he changed to a man of God.

4. Five women

Genealogy of Jesus has unusual things. There are five women were written.

First, Tamar(3)
1:3 Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar, Perez the father of Hezron, Hezron the
father of Ram,

Tamar was a woman of misery. She was Judah‟s daughter-in-law. Her story was written in Genesis 38. In
modern point of view, it‟s not easy to understand her story. However, she was not an immoral woman. She
desperately wanted to fulfill the duty of the levirate marriage. God blessed her and her children. Her son Perez
became an ancestor of Christ.

Second, Rahab (5a)
1:5 Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab,
Rahab was a Gentile prostitute of Jericho. She knew God would destroy Jericho. She hid Israel spies and let
them go safely. In human point of view, she was a traitor of Jericho people because of her all people in Jericho
except her family were killed. It‟s not easy to understand in human point of view, but she believed in God and
God protected her and her family. Her name was also listed in Jesus‟ genealogy.

Third, Ruth (5b)
Boaz the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth, Obed the father of Jesse,

The book of Ruth tells about Naomi and Ruth. Ruth was a Moabite woman. Naomi was her mother-in-law and
Naomi became a widow in Moab. She had two sons and they married Moabite women. Unfortunately two sons
died too and two daughters-in-law became widows. Her sister-in-law Orpah left Naomi, but Ruth didn‟t leave
her mother-in-law because she accepted God of Israel. They returned to Bethlehem. Naomi coached Ruth how
to be Boaz‟s wife. Boaz accepted Ruth as his wife and Ruth became the grandmother of King David. She was a
Gentile widow, but by the grace of God, she also was named in Jesus‟ genealogy.

Fourth, Bathsheba (6)
1:6 and Jesse the father of King David. David was the father of Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah's wife,
David‟s biggest mistake was his sin of adultery and murder. Matthew wrote Solomon‟s mother had been
Uriah‟s wife not David‟s wife. King David committed sins of adultery with Uriah‟s wife. He tried to conceal his
sin through killing Uriah. Bathsheba‟s name was not written directly. She was a woman of tragedy in human
point of view. She committed sin with king. She lost her husband and a baby. However, God used her as the
mother of King Solomon. God is a God of mercy.

Fifth, Mary (16)
1:16 and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
We know Mary well. Mary was blessed Mother of Christ. She had baby Christ through the Holy Spirit.
However, she was regarded as an immoral woman by her fiancé Joseph as well as by other people. However,
she endured all misunderstanding of others and obeyed God‟s word and became mother of Christ. Mary was a
woman of faith.

Through Jesus‟ genealogy what can we learn?

1. God is faithful
As we see the names, most of them were not so great. Even Abraham and David had big mistakes. However,
they believed God and God used them. After Solomon, most of the kings were not men of faith except for
Hezekiah or Josiah. Even they were not perfect. However, God is faithful and he had kept his promise to send
Christ generation by generation. Deuteronomy 23:19 says God‟s faithfulness. “God is not a man, that he should
lie, nor a son of man, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not
What does the verse say? Man lies and changes mind, but God is so faithful and he acts what he said and fulfills
what he promised. Faithful God sent Jesus Christ as he promised and save us from sin and death through him.
We are not perfect. We are forgiven sinners and still we are weak before sin. However, God is faithful and he
will guide us and change us until we will see Jesus in Heaven. Praise God!

2. God of mercy
There are many mistakes and sins in the names. We cannot understand all things they did. However, God
changed their mistakes to goodness eventually. God keeps his promise even in their wrong-doings and sins and
failures. Their names were listed in Jesus‟ genealogy not because they were great, but because of God‟s mercy.
God is mercy. So, let us not be dismayed. Even if we are not great, God will show his mercy and encourage us
to live only by faith. When we live by faith, our names will be found in the book of Heaven.

3. Jesus is the King
Jesus‟ genealogy shows he is the King. There were many kings in his genealogy, but there was no perfect king.
They are so many kings in human history, but there is no king like Jesus. Jesus only is the perfect king. He is
the King of kings and the Lord of lords. Jesus is the king not only for the Jews but also Gentiles. Anyone who
believes in the Lord will be his people. Christmas is the season we should celebrate Jesus as the King.

In conclusion, we learned Jesus‟ genealogy. Not all of them were men of God, but because of God‟s
faithfulness and mercy, Jesus came to this world through the names. Jesus is the King of kings and the Lord of
lords. May God bless each of us to be filled with joy of Christmas! Merry Christmas!

Let‟s read key verse together. (1)
 "A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham."


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