ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE DESIGN
This information Sheet aims to increase knowledge and
awareness of environmentally sustainable development
and design, recognising the contribution that everybody
can make to assist Council in achieving its long term vision ESD or ‘environmentally sustainable
development’ is becoming increasingly
for a ‘Sustainable City of Boroondara’.
important in our everyday life. It is our
responsibility towards future
The City of Boroondara has developed a long term vision generations to ensure that what we
for the future called “Our Boroondara - Our City Our enjoy today can be protected for them
Future”. The Vision has four key themes that revolve to enjoy in the future.
around community connectedness and sustainability:
Vision theme 1 Community Wellbeing ‘Environmentally/ecologically
Vision theme 2 Managing a Sustainable Environment sustainable development’, at its
Vision theme 3 Planning a Well Designed & broadest meaning, is defined by the
World Commission on Environment
& Development in its 1990 report, as:
Vision theme 4 Connecting Our City Our Common Future:
Sustainable Development =
These four themes connect to the strategic objectives in development that meets the needs
the adopted Council Plan 2008 - 2013, which articulates of the present without compromising
Council’s future vision, ‘Our Boroondara - Our City Our the ability of future generations to
Future’. ‘Sustaining our environment’, is a key objective meet their own needs.
in the Corporate Plan stating that Council will provide
leadership in the area of ESD by incorporating sustainable Ecologically Sustainable Development
is a very broad term in its application
practices in the provision of its services and assets.
and covers all aspects of life, including
natural, social, cultural and economic.
Council’s vision is reflected in many strategic planning
policies, in particular those included in the Boroondara The focus of this Sheet is on the built
Planning Scheme. environment, which involves both the
built form and open spaces.
Clause 15 of the State Planning Provisions in the Planning
Scheme is entitled “Environment” and provides objectives The Sheet aims to provide guidance
and guidelines in various areas, including water, salinity, to residents, developers, applicants
and any other groups who may be
air quality, noise etc, all of which aim to achieve a healthier
involved in the design and planning of
and more sustainable environment. our environment. Achieving a more
sustainable environment requires that
Clause 21.06 of the Local Planning Policy provides more both Council and developers/applicants
detailed objectives and strategies that are specific to work collaboratively to reduce their
Boroondara. It is Council’s intention that a more rigourous greenhouse gas emissions and
assessment is used to ensure that environmental sustain- carbon footprints.
ability is embedded in the design of new development.
This Information Sheet therefore
provides some simple, yet effective
measures, which applicants need to
consider in their planning applications
to demonstrate that an environmentally
sustainable outcome is achieved
for their proposals.
Council’s initiatives in the ESD area
include the ‘Low Carbon Strategy’
and the ‘Eco Living Centre’ , which can
be accessed on Council’s website:
Passive Solar Design
This fact sheet provides guidance to applicants by high-
lighting a number of simple, yet cost effective measures
reducing greenhouse gases and improving environmental
performance of new deveolopment. As part of the planning
assessment process, Council will be evaluating the environ-
mental performance of new proposals, focusing on the
1. Passive solar design: e.g. north orientation, sunlight
access and cross ventilation.
2. Energy efficiency: e.g. heating, cooling, lighting &
3. Water conservation: e.g. water use, recycling grey water Information contained in this
and Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD). brochure is sourced from:
4. Sustainable transport: e.g. bike storage and facilities. http://yourdevelopment.org/
5. Building materials: e.g. energy efficient materials, re-use http://museumvictoria.com.au/
and recycling of existing materials. DiscoveryCentre/Infosheets/Planets/
6. Indoor air quality.
The Nature of Sustainable Development,
7. Waste management: e.g. recycling. Sharon Beder, Earth Foundation
8. Light and noise pollution. Australia, second edition 1996
9. Building management systems.
11. Sustainable Transport.
The first stage in any concept development should focus on producing a site analysis that
documents all existing conditions. Solar access is the most important factor when considering
design layout and siting. Working out the best orientation to get adequate sunlight access to the
development without compromising solar access to neighbouring properties and the public
domain is the first step towards achieving a sustainable design outcome and can provide
enormous environmental and monetary benefits in the long term.
Understanding the manner in which the sun interacts with buildings is therefore critical for a
good site analysis and an environmentally responsive
design outcome. Summer sun’s path
East The sun’s apparent path across the sky in summer
270 in Melbourne
Sunset sun’s path
The Path of the Sun 180
The diagram below shows the path of the Sun across
the sky in Melbourne for four important dates: The sun’s apparent path across the sky in winter
the Autumn Equinox- March 21; the Winter Solstice - June 22; in Melbourne
the Spring Equinox - Sep 23; & the Summer Solstice -Dec 22.
Passive Solar Design
Siting and orientation of buildings is one of the
fundamental principles of climate responsive, passive
design. Proper siting and orientation can achieve energy
efficiency through maximising natural ventilation and
solar access. The following are some basic strategies to
apply to the internal layout of spaces, especially for
residential development: Your Development: Creating
Sustainable Neighbourhoods, 2008,
1. Orienting the long axis of buildings east-west to www.yourdevelopment.org
maximise exposure to north.
2. Locating living areas to face true north to maximise The Good Design Guide for
sun light access, especially in winter. medium-density housing, Department
3. Placing bedrooms and kitchens to the east to access of Planning and Development, Vic
Australia’s Guide to Good Residential
4. Locating outdoor areas and private open spaces to
Design, the National Office of Local
north to take advantage of winter sun. Government & RMIT
5. Locating non-habitable areas on the western or
southern side to enable activity areas to get good sun Also, visit the following sites for more
6. Orienting and locating windows and openings to www.abcb.gov.au
encourage natural ventilation and air flow by www.seav.vic.gov.au
prevailing winds. www.seav.vic.gov.au/buildings
7. Maximising opportunities for cross ventilation by www.buildingcommission.com.au
careful design, location of habitable rooms and
placement of windows and openings.
8. Providing proper shading devices such as eaves, external screens and overhangs on east
and west elevations.
9. Careful choice of materials and finishes for roof and walls can assist in reducing heat gain or
loss e.g. lighter coloured materials absorb less heat and double glazing of windows can reduce
winter heat loss.
10.Providing sheltered outdoor spaces that have access to sunlight in winter, but protected
from the sun in summer.
A proper site analysis should identify
the main opportunities & constraints
of the land, which will influence the
design, in particular north orientation
and potential solar access.
Passive solar design means using
the heat of the sun and natural air
movement to maintain a
environment all year round.
Factors that influence passive
solar design include:
building orientation, building
siting and shape, zoning of
activities, daylight access
and potential heat loss,
ventilation, thermal mass
Passive Solar Design
Passive solar design has a strong and interdependent
relationship with energy consumption. Maximising the
passive solar performance of a building by taking
advantage of the sun’s free warmth and light will help
buildings be more comfortable for occupants and save
money, as less energy will be needed for cooling or heating.
There are many design strategies that can assist in achieving There are many accreditation
an environmentally responsive building, as demonstrated programs used to measure the
in the diagrams below. environmental performance of
buildings. The most well known
Natural Ventilation system is the use of Star Ratings.
Building design should consider natural cross ventilation A summary of each of these
through proper siting of windows and doors. Openings programs or tools is provided below:
should be located to allow the greatest air exchange and
flow. Carefully located and appropriately sized windows NaTHERS: is the Nationwide House
Energy Rating Scheme established by
can assist in minimising heat loss in winter and heat gain in
the Ministerial Council on Energy.
summer. East, north and west facing windows need to be
It is managed by the Australian
protected from summer heat through the use of external Greenhouse Office. This Scheme uses
shading devices, or by planting deciduous trees. computer simulations to rate the
potential energy efficiency of
Windbreaking Deciduous shade Australian homes on a scale of zero
planting to 10 stars. The more stars, the better
trees to the east
the environmental performance.
& west http://www.nathers.gov.au
Green Star: the Green Building
Council of Australia runs Green Star,
which is an assessment tool that
covers a range of environmental
categories including indoor
SUMMER environmental quality, energy,
transport, water, materials, landuse,
Windbreaking site selection and ecology, plus
planting innovation. Green Star is a
Deciduous trees adjacent comprehensive, national, voluntary
to northern wall permit environmental rating scheme that
solar access evaluates the environmental design
wall of buildings. Current tools available
are for office, education, retail
centres, health and multi-unit
WINTER NABERS: the National Australian Built
Environment Rating System (NABERS)
is a performance-based rating system
Poor ventilation Good ventilation for existing buildings. It is a national
Cooling initiative managed by the NSW
breeze Government. NABERS is a voluntary
rating tool measuring a range of
operational environmental impacts of
buildings, in stars. NABERS now
incorporates the Australian Building
Greenhouse Rating (ABGR), which has
been re-named NABERS Energy for
Passive Solar Design
Another key strategy in Passive Solar Design is to consider
the use of heavy construction materials to make the
climate work for buildings. Heavy-weight materials absorb
the heat during the day and release it at night.
Thermal mass is a term used to describe the ability of any Continue from page 4.
building material to absorb, store and at a later time, ABGR: the Australian Building
release heat back to the air. Heavy-weight materials like Greenhouse Rating (ABGR) Scheme
concrete and brick have a high thermal mass and are is administered nationally by the
better in achieving this. When combined with appropriately NSW Department of Energy, Utilities
& Sustainability (DEUS).
sized windows and insulation, thermal mass can be
As of May 2008, the ABGR was
effective in minimising heat loss and creating a comfortable renamed NABERS Energy. The (ABGR)
internal environment, while saving energy. is a scheme that helps building
owners and tenants across Australia
benchmark the greenhouse
performance of their premises.
It is a voluntary rating that provides
market recognition and encourages
best practise in design, operation
and maintenance. The ABGR scheme
rates buildings from zero to five
stars (in half star increments) with
5 stars representing exceptional
greenhouse performance and
Re-branding of ABGR as NABERS
Heat released http://www.nabers.com.au/
GreenSmart: GreenSmart is a
voluntary practical approach to
building that focuses on educating
Thermal mass effectively evens out the day and night builders, designers, product
temperature variations in buildings. Using materials with manufacturers and consumers about
thermal mass will absorb heat where it can be re-radiated the benefits of environmentally
at night. responsible housing. GreenSmart is
an industry-driven initiative that
Unprotected single glazing 100% provides both training and accredit-
ation for the housing industry.
Vertical or venetian blinds 100%
Unlined drapes or Holland blinds, no pelmet 92% http://hia.com.au/hia/content/
Heavy, lined drapes, no pelmet 87% Builder/region/National/classification/
25 mm polysterene, shutters, good airseal 75-85%
Unlined drapes or Holland blinds, pelmet 79% References:
1. Australia’s Guide to Good
Double glazing 69% Residential Design, produced by
Heavy lined drapes, pelmet 63% RMIT for the National Office of
Double glazingd with Local Government
57% 2. Solar Access for Lots: Guidelines for
Double glazing Residential Subdivision in NSW, by
heavy drapes, pelmet
Double glazed (3mm clear 2w 3. Manningham Sustainability
45% Guidelines - City of Manningham
12mm air space)
Double glazed (6mm clear 2w, 4. Sustainable Design Guidelines,
12mm air space) 44% City of Yarra
5. The Smarter Green Book by James
(4mm clear + 4mm Sungate 28% Hardie.
500w 12mm argon filled)
Heat Loss through Windows
Comparison of heat loss through
different window treatments in winter
Passive Solar Design
Insulation of the roof space and walls against heat and Continue from pages 4 & 5.
cold transfer is the most important measure in ensuring
A scientifically-based branding
that a building is efficiently and economically heated. system designed to make it easier
for purchasers to recognise and
select more environmentally
Where possible, insulate the ceilings, walls and sustainable developments &lifestyles.
in some cases, the floor of your renovation Certified developments have been
Insulate walls carefully designed to protect the
between ceilings to environment and use resources
the same R-rating ‘Sarking’ under responsibly, whilst offering a range of
Pay special as the ceilings the roof adds to benefits to applicants.
attention to insulation level www.envirodevelopment.com.au
Insulate At least R2.0
ceiling insulation Ecospecifier: is a knowledge base of
over 3500 eco-products, eco-materials,
technologies and resources, and is the
Do not leave
leading global source of sustainable
development & life-cycle assessed
green product information.
Categorising products according to
R1.5 wall Insulate existing rating scheme compliance such as
insulation Consider walls where possible Green Star, ecospecifier helps you
under-floor insulation (including cavity reduce the time and costs of
where suspended between walls) implementing Best Practice Green.
timber floors are used. Its broader aim is to help create a
Insulate under existing more sustainable environment by
timber floors increasing the use of environmentally
preferable & healthy products,
materials & design processes.
Uninsulated ceilings, walls and even floors can account for
over 70% of total heat loss from a home. Air leaks can EcoSelector: is another materials
account for 15 to 25% of heat loss from an uninsulated database developed by RMIT for
VicUrban, showcasing their first
home and create uncomfortable draughts.
sustainable suburb in Aurora, Epping.
Source of draughts
While passive solar design measures can significantly
reduce energy consumption, in many cases, these need to
be supplemented by other mechanical systems to ensure
that a comfortable environment is created for occupants. GreenPower is a joint initiative of
Energy savings can be achieved in areas like ventilation, several State & Territory government
heating, cooling, lighting, hot water and other electrical agencies that have joined together
systems. According to Sustainability Victoria, heating is the to run the GreenPower accreditation
largest components of energy use, reaching up to 50% of program. GreenPower was set up in
total energy use, followed by hot water, which comprises 1997 by the NSW State Government
to encourage new investment in
25% of the total.
renewable energy. It was established
in conjunction with non-government
Heating & Cooling, Lighting & Hot organisations such as Greenpeace
Water Systems and the Australian Conservation
Electricity generated by fossil fuel is responsible for over Foundation, as well as the national
85% of the green house gas emissions in Australia. energy industry.
Where possible, applicants should investigate use of green The program was rolled out on a
national basis in 2000. The energy
power when preparing their planning applications for new
companies that supply Green Power
development. are audited annually to ensure that
the service provided still meets the
Green power is electricity generated from renewable energy requirements of this independent
sources (solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, & hydroelectric). organisation.
Many large power plants, wind power generating facilities The national GreenPower accreditation
as well as small power producers (such as photovoltaic program sets the rules & requirements
farms) feed electrical power into the grid for distribution to for energy suppliers who supply
users. renewable energy products and want
to market them to Australian consumers.
Consumers can now choose either renewable energy plans Renewable energy sources which
or GreenPower accredited energy plans. Both types of plans meet strict environmental standards;
enable Australian households to use energy from renewable Renewable energy sources built since
energy sources. Some electricity providers offer both types the introduction of the scheme in
of plans. 1997.
GreenPower agencies audit
The use of green power to generate your electricity may electricity retailers' sales and purchases
have a higher up front cost, but can considerably reduce as well as the electricity generators.
Green Power offers Australian residential
the ongoing operational cost of any development,
users the unique opportunity to choose
especially where developers choose to invest in solar panels renewable energy to power their home.
or wind turbines to generate their own electricity. While most of the electricity on the
power grid comes from coal fired
power stations, which is a polluting
and non-renewable source of energy,
household consumers can, by signing
up to GreenPower plans, choose to have
a proportion of their energy supplied
from renewable energy sources.
Other Useful websites:
Sustainable Energy Authority of
Use of alternative power sources - green power, such as wind Victoria (SEAV) website:
turbines and solar panels (PV Panels) to generate energy. www.seav.vic.gov.au
Appliances ratings: Ensure that your appliances have an
accredited rating scheme
Australia is the driest inhabited continent, yet has one of
the highest water consumption rates per capita in the
world. Households consume slightly more than half of all
of the water supplied to Melbourne. An average Melbourne
household uses about 240,000 litres of water per year,
which is the equivalent of five average-sized (52,000 litres)
“Living for our Future: Water in the
domestic swimming pools.
Home and Garden” is a publication
produced by the City of Boroondara
in association with Swinburne
University and the National Centre
for Sustainability. The booklet
provides useful information on:
- Reducing water consumption;
- Recycling more water; and
- More efficient use of our existing
water supply system.
It can be accessed on Council’s
Other useful websites, include:
The diagram above shows the main water using areas in a household in com.au/
Melbourne - Source: Yarra Valley Water
Our Water Our Future
The diagram above shows the percentage of water use for www.ourwater.vic.gov.au
different purposes around the house, the highest being the Victorian Water Industry Association
bathroom use. www.vicwater.org.au
A Victorian based information portal
on water conservation featuring tips,
advice, case studies, awards and other
valuable educational information.
Water Efficiency Labelling and
Standards Scheme (WELS)
Rainwater collection and its re-use for different purposes around www.environment.gov.au/wels_
the home. public/searchPublic.do
City West Water
Selecting minimum flow (AAA rated) taps, showerheads & Yarra Valley Water
appliances and local drought tolerant plants can asist in water www.yvw.com.au
conservation. South East Water
Grow Me the Money (VECCI Initiative)
is a free program for Victorian small
to medium sized businesses interested
in environmental sustainability.
Grow Me the Money provides you with
a step-by-step guide to saving money
& reducing your resource consumption.
WELS is Australia's water efficiency labelling scheme. It
allows consumers to compare the water efficiency of
different products. The rating system has six stars.
The more stars the better.
Water Sensitive Urban Design
Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) aims at reducing
water consumption on site, as well as reducing the negative
impact of runoff from a site by improving the stormwater
quality. A range of sustainable water strategies are
available and should be considered in any planning
Replacing potable water with another water source,
such as collection of rainwater from the roof and
various surfaces and its re-use for gardening and toilet
Stormwater harvesting & re-use of grey or black water.
Selecting local indigenous and drought tolerant plants
to reduce the demand for garden watering.
Landscaping should be integrated in the design of any
development, not added at the end of the architectural
design. Sustainablity can be embedded in the design of
both hard and soft landscaping and if well integrated in the
architecture of the building can assist in providing shading
and improving the overall air quality and internal and
A landscape plan is required for planning applications and
it is imperative that the plan explains and illustrates how
sustainability is achieved.
Council has a wide range of information and fact sheets
that address varying components in the landscape design, Other Useful references:
including native flora and fauna, biodiversity and corridor 1. Your home: A step-by-step Guide
action plans. Some basic landscape design to buying a new house - Buyer’s
strategies to consider are: Guide.
- Integration of any driveways and pedestrians pathways 2. Your home: An independent
guide to improving your home -
in the design of the landscape and ensuring that a mix
of hard and soft surfaces are included; 3. STEPS - Sustainable Tools for
- Use of deciduous trees to provide shading in summer Environmental Performance
while allowing sunlight access in winter; Strategy, Moreland Green List,
- Use of native species and drought tolerant plants to Moreland City Council
reduce the need for watering; and 4. Doncaster Hill Sustainable
- Using planting to assist in achieving privacy & screening. Management Plan Checklist,
City of Manningham
5. Sustainable Design Scorecard
SDC, Cities of Port Phillip & Moreland
6. Sustainable Design Guidelines,
A series of booklets by Yarra City.
Sustainable Gardening Australia
Green Gardeners Au
Images illustrate the value of integrating landscaping in the
design of new development and its contribution to a
Embodied energy in building materials has been studied
for the past several decades to understand the relationship
between building materials, construction processes and
their environmental impacts.
There are two forms of embodied energy in buildings:
· Initial embodied energy; and
· Recurring embodied energy
Embodied energy is measured as
The initial embodied energy in buildings represents the a quantity of non-renewable
non-renewable energy consumed in the acquisition of raw energy per unit of building material.
materials, their processing, manufacturing, transportation It may be expressed as megaJoules
to site, and construction. This initial embodied energy has (MJ) or gigaJoules (GJ) per unit of
two components: weight (kg or tonne) or area
1. Direct energy used to transport building products to (square metre). Embodied energy
the site and then to construct the building; and is an indicator of the overall
2. Indirect energy used to acquire, process and environmental impact of building
materials. However, it must be
manufacture the building materials, including any
carefully weighed against
transportation related to these activities. performance and durability since
these may have a mitigating or
The recurring embodied energy in buildings represents compensatory effect on the initial
the non-renewable energy consumed to maintain, repair, environmental impacts associated
restore, refurbish or replace materials during the life of the with embodied energy.
building. The building envelope, structure
Some basic principles that can assist in reducing the and services contribute fairly
impacts of construction materials on the environment equally and account for about
three-quarters of total initial
Re-use of existing building materials where possible; The finishes, which represent only
Designing robust and flexible buildings which can be 13% of the embodied energy
modified over their life cycle for different purposes ; initially, typically account for the
Specifying building materials with less embodied highest increase in recurring
energy unless this is counterbalanced by their durability; embodied energy. The current
Where possible, using recycled and recyclable materials preoccupation with lower first
with low embodied energy, e.g. timber, brick etc. costs in buildings reveals its
Encouraging use of timber harvested from plantation disregard for sustainability when
viewed from a building life cycle
forests and local materials that do not require long
Ecospecifier is a leading global source Green Building Products is a
of sustainable development & life-cycle comprehensive directory of green
assessed green product information, building products for home building
grouping products according to and remodeling, featuring more
rating scheme compliance, than 1,600 descriptive listings.
e.g. Green Star. See website: All phases of residential
www.ecospecifier.org/ construction are covered, from
sitework to flooring to renewable
The images illustrate a range of building Websites and references:
materials and finishes that can be of high www.buildinggreen.com
quality, yet of low embodied energy. www.ecospecifier.org/
Detailed information on building products www.selector.com/
can be obtained from EcoRecycle Victoria www.canadianarchitect.com/
or Ecospecifier. Refer to pages 5 & 6. asf/perspectives_sustainibility/
Indoor Environment Quality (IEQ)
There is growing scientific evidence that the air within
buildings can be more seriously polluted than the outdoor
air. In major cities people spend as much as 90% of their
time indoors, much of it in buildings with mechanical
ventilation systems. Poor indoor air quality may cause a
range of health effects from mild and generally non-
specific symptoms such as headaches, tiredness or
lethargy to more severe effects such as aggravation of
asthma and allergic responses. These symptoms are
referred to as "Sick Building Syndrome".
Generally, the quality of indoor air can and does impact on
productivity, personal comfort, building maintenance
costs and occupational health and safety.
The four steps to better air quality are:
1. Elimination through identification of the source of air
problems and wherever possible, elimination through
better product selection and design.
2. Ventilation by preventing the accumulation of
pollutants to levels that can pose health and comfort
problems. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs):
3. Separation of problem materials from occupants by are chemicals containing carbon
using air barriers or sealers such as coatings. that evaporate into the atmosphere
4. Absorption through measures such as indoor plants. at room temperature. They often
have an odour and are present in a
wide range of household products,
Some simple strategies include selecting buildings products construction materials and new
including floor finishes, paints and adhesive compounds furnishings. Household products
with no or very low VOC’s. Also, ensure that buildings are that contain VOCs include paints,
sealed well to reduce pest entry, eg. use insect screens for varnishes, adhesives, synthetic
openable windows. fabrics, cleaning agents, scents
Strategies to reduce VOC exposure
in the building take two forms:
- Stop or reduce the use of
products that contain VOCs.
- If the product is necessary,
ensure adequate ventilation
when using it.
- Open doors and windows
whenever possible & practicable.
A great deal of practical information
in relation to IEQ and other
Winter gardens, atriums and courtyards can assist in improving elements of Sustainable Design
ventilation, which in turn improves air quality. can be found in the “Technical
Manual Design for Lifestyle and the
Future”, which can be accessed on
For internal spaces, use products & adhesives
that are of low or zero VOC
Boroondara has adopted a “Waste Minimisation and
Recycling Strategy 2003-2010”. The Strategy outlines key
principles, objectives and actions for Council and the
community in achieving the targets set for the
municipality by 2010. The main direction in the strategy is
to follow the waste hierarchy: The City of Boroondara, in
‘Avoid, Reduce, Re-Use, Recycle’ . association with Swinburne University
and the National Centre for
A waste management plan is required with any planning Sustainability, have produced a
applications for medium to large scale development. The publication titled “Waste in and
Around the House”, which
plan should provide detailed information about the
can be accessed from Council’s
facilities and measures taken for waste minimisation and website.
avoidance, the location and provisions of recycling within http://boroondara.vic.gov.au/
the private and semi-public spaces. living-sustainably
Council’s “Waste Minimisation
and Recycling Strategy 2003-2010”
includes objectives and actions for
Council as well as the community,
and can be accessed on Council’s
Source: EcoRecycle Victoria& website:
Environment Protection Act 1970. http://boroondara.vic.gov.au/
Waste in the public domain:
Council’s strategies for waste
minimisation and recycling
are implemented in the
public and private domain.
A significant fraction of the
solid waste generated is
organic material that can
be recycled through small
scale or backyard
Source: EcoRecycle Victoria&
Environment Protection Act 1970.
Electricity from landfill gas diagram above: Boroondara is a part
owner of the Clayton landfill. The buried rubbish produces
methane gas which is collected in pipes, cleaned, and transported
to a generator plant.
Source: Australian Energy News
Transport is a key factor in contributing to green house gas
emissions, as cars are the highest generators of air pollution.
Boroondara has strategies that encourage sustainable
transportation, most notably, “Living for our future -
Transport”, which is a series of fact sheets produced by The overall goal of Council’s Bicycle
Council in association with Swinburne University and the Strategy is to increase the number of
National Centre for Sustainablity. cyclists using Boroondara’s bicycle
network and facilities. This can be
The draft “Boroondara Bicycle Strategy - 10 Year Strategy”, achieved by:
- Ensuring planning for cycling is
is an important document that identifies key issues and
integrated within overall
highlights measures & actions to address them. transport and land use planning;
It is strongly encouraged that new applications include a - Encouraging consideration of
Transport Strategy and a Green Travel Plan, especially for cycling in all infrastructure
medium to large scale development. Adequate bicycle design and opportunities to
storage & shower facilities are required for all development. improve facilities or to extend
the bicycle network;
- Monitoring bicycling volumes;
- Expanding and improving the
Sustainable continuity & legibility of existing
transportation and future bicycle corridors;
modes include cycling, - Improving integration and facilities
walking and public at key trip attractors & between
transport adjacent municipalities;
- Coordinating the provision of
bicycling facilities across
relevant agencies & organizations;
- Facilitating ongoing research and
investigation of new initiatives;
- Undertaking audits of facilities and
develop remedial action plans.
Other Useful references:
1. Your home: A step-by-step Guide
to buying a new house - Buyer’s
Light & Noise Pollution 2. Your home: An independent
guide to improving your home -
The nuisance caused by light spill and noise is another Renovator’s Guide.
factor for creating discomfort in internal spaces, hence the 3. STEPS - Sustainable Tools for
term ‘light and noise pollution’. Environmental Performance
Strategy, Moreland Green List,
Moreland City Council
As a minimum requirement, light spill should be directed 4. Doncaster Hill Sustainable
within the site boundaries or upwards. New development Management Plan Checklist,
should reduce light spill onto adjacent residential City of Manningham
properties and the local environment. 5. Sustainable Design Scorecard
SDC, Cities of Port Phillip & Moreland
In respect of noise, generally sources of noise, such as car 6. Sustainable Design Guidelines,
parks, should be located away from residential areas A series of booklets by Yarra City.
and any noise generated by a development should be Sustainable Gardening Australia
reduced through the use of noise attenuation measures.
Green Gardeners Au