NEMA Brochure.indd by Sarahsinthekinchin


									Crops are produced by the poor and sold to the less poor     * Look up what proportion of the budget both national
and rich in Uganda and abroad, thus nutrient mining            and local government is spending on environmental
transfers resources from the poor to the rich. The average     management activities such as;
small farmer in Uganda is calculated to “give away” the
value of US$153 (UShs. 247,860) per year.                        Improving poor people’s access to land and


                                                                  natural resources,
Keep your Millennium promises.                                   Land use planning,

                                                                 Sustainable and Collaborative natural resources                       G                                  L


Tackling extreme poverty is one of the MDGs which                 use and management,                                                       SU                        VE
                                                                                                                                                 S TA            DE
Uganda has agreed to to achieve. You, as decision/policy         Monitoring vegetation cover,                                                          INABLE
maker, part of Uganda’s government, have committed               Building community skills in conserving soil
yourself to halve poverty by 2015. You have also agreed           fertility,
to ensure environmental sustainability and to reverse the        Ecological Agriculture
loss of natural resources.                                       Improving fish stocks
                                                                 Protecting soil on slopes from being washed away
                                                                                                                           Planning for Prosperity?
When you meet as leaders do you:                                  by water or wind.
                                                                 Counting and protecting wild plants and animals.
• Check that your priorities address the poverty and
  environment goals?                                         * Follow up the impact previous spending has made to
                                                               the quality of life and environment from the Poverty
• Know that ensuring environmental sustainability will         Monitoring reports, Uganda Bureau of Statistics and
  help you achieve other MDGs as well as your sector           District reports.
                                                             * Check the sources of revenue for running your local
Making environment count in the ‘Prosperity-for-all’           authority.
                                                             * Check where natural resources revenue goes.
You can act now !
                                                             * Participate in and promote the new conservation
* Prioritise environment in your policies,         plans,      economy.
  programmes and budget for them.
                                                             * Suggest ways to invest in the environment in your
* Increase budget allocation for the Environment and           meetings.
  Natural Resources.
                                                             * Read the National State of the Environment Reports.        Members of Parliament in a meeting with the Batwa
                                                                                                                                    people in Bundibugyo district.
                                                             * Read your District Environment Profile.                    (Photo from Parliament PR and Information Office).
                                                             * Link environment to poverty and livelihood security.
                                                                                                                         Have you counted the resources
                                                              Produced for Planners and Political leaders by NEMA with       you are counting on?
                                                              support from UNDP and UNEP: Poverty and Environment
                                                                                   Initiative (PEI)

                                                                           For more information Contact:
                                                                National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)
                                                                      Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI),
                                                                              P o. Box. 22255, Kampala
                                                                          Call us: 256 - 414 - 251064/5/8
                                                                          Direct line: 256 - 414 - 664 692
                                                                              Fax: 256 - 414 - 257 521
Poverty is not natural, wealth is!                                           The forestry sector employs over 850,000 people. The          The benefits side:
                                                                             total economic value of forests has been estimated at
                                                                             UShs.468 billion. That is roughly equivalent to 5.2% of       o Sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction
                                                                             the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) .
                                                                                                                                           o Increased revenue and foreign exchange earnings
                                                                             If we count the environmental services including cleaning       from a vibrant Environment and Natural Resource
                                                                             the air, climate regulation, flood control, and water           (ENR) base.
                                                                             filtration, then we can add many more billions of shillings
                                                                             to the positive side of nature’s balance sheet.
                                                                                                                                           o Reduced human vulnerability to environmental
                                                                             Natural resources run the country!                              disasters for example land slides, droughts and floods
                                                                                                                                             that hit the poor more leading to loss of lives and
                                                                             Most local authorities depend on natural resource               property.
                                                                             revenues to run their daily administration. For example,
                                                                             Nakasongola district gets 76% of it’s revenue from            o Improved human livelihood security and reduced
                                                                             charcoal, fishing licenses and fees.                            likelihood of natural resource related conflicts which
       Fisherman with fish, caught from Lake Victoria.                                                                                       magnify poverty and vulnerability.
                Photo by Richard Kimbowa                                     How much of the national budget is allocated to
                                                                             environmental management?                                     o A healthy and productive labour force since over 90%
According to Nelson Mandela,                                                                                                                 of the diseases in Uganda are related to the state of
“Poverty is not natural, it is man made and can be overcome                  The budget for 2008-2009 allocates only a shockingly            the environment in which people live.
and eradicated by the actions of human beings.”                              low share of 0.58% , to the environment, the asset base
                                                                             on which 80 % of the population depend!                       The bottom line:
Recent figures show that 88% of the 28.3 million
Ugandans live in rural areas, with most depending on                         Why invest more in the environment?                           Our natural assets are the foundation of our
natural resources.                                                                                                                         economy, if we do not care for them, we will destroy
                                                                                Investment in environment offers a unique and cost-        our economy!
Uganda’s wealth is natural capital. It comes from                               effective opportunity for achieving the Millenium
natural resources.                                                              Development Goals (MDGs) and sustainable human             The Sustainability Index (51.3) shows that Uganda is
                                                                                development (UNDP 2005).                                   already living beyond its environmental means. The
Natural resources, biggest employer!                                                                                                       economic gains are at the cost of the capital base of the
                                                                                To ensure macroeconomic stability for example              economy, that is ENR. The annual cost of Environmental
Of the population living in rural areas, 80% depend on                          through low/stable food prices and stable foreign          and Natural Resource degradation to the economy has
land for agriculture and 95% on wood for energy .                               exchange earnings.                                         been calculated as in the Table below.

In Masindi, Kabale and Kisoro, forest products contribute                       To prevent environmental degradation and increase           Table 1: Estimated annual cost of ENR degradation to
up to 30% of households’ livelihoods; see fig.1:                                productivity of degraded ecosystems.                                       the Ugandan economy.
    Fig 1.Dependency on forests for rural livelihoods.
                                                                                To reduce soil degradation which costs the country
                                                                                                                                                                                Ug.Shs. billions
100%         3                                                                  US$625m (UShs.1.013tn) annually thus saving 11%
                         11                               10
                                    12         14
                                                                                of the GDP This is a cost paid annually by the poor        Biodiversity loss                    506
                         13         8
                                               10                               equivalent to payments on a debt of US$ 4.7bn over         Forest destruction                   3.8
                                                                                a 20 year period.
 60%         54                     43                           Others
                                                                                                                                           Wildlife degradation                 55 - 353
                         52                    48
                                                                 Livestock      To be part of the new economy of sustainable               Soil Degradation                     225
                                                                 Crops          enterprises which includes Payments for Ecosystem
                                                                                Services for example, payments for watershed               Rangeland degradation                815
 20%         29
                                               28         30
                                                                                services, for biodiversity conservation and for Reduced    Wetlands encroachment                2
 10%                                                                            Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).
 0%                                                                                                                                        Water Hyacinth pollution             870
         Kasenene   Nyantozi    Ncundura   Muhindura   Average                  To increase control and benefits to the communities        Contamination of water systems.      38 - 61
        (Masindi)   (Masindi)   (Kabale)   (Kisoro)
                                                                                living near protected areas through collaborative
 Source: Cornelius Kazoora et al, (2008): Uganda Policy                         management schemes.
             brief paper on forest linkages.                                                                                               Source: Moyini and Muramira, 2001.

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