Crops are produced by the poor and sold to the less poor * Look up what proportion of the budget both national and rich in Uganda and abroad, thus nutrient mining and local government is spending on environmental transfers resources from the poor to the rich. The average management activities such as; small farmer in Uganda is calculated to “give away” the value of US$153 (UShs. 247,860) per year. Improving poor people’s access to land and ENSU ENT natural resources, Keep your Millennium promises. Land use planning, PM RI Sustainable and Collaborative natural resources G L N O Tackling extreme poverty is one of the MDGs which use and management, SU VE S TA DE Uganda has agreed to to achieve. You, as decision/policy Monitoring vegetation cover, INABLE maker, part of Uganda’s government, have committed Building community skills in conserving soil yourself to halve poverty by 2015. You have also agreed fertility, to ensure environmental sustainability and to reverse the Ecological Agriculture loss of natural resources. Improving fish stocks Protecting soil on slopes from being washed away Planning for Prosperity? When you meet as leaders do you: by water or wind. Counting and protecting wild plants and animals. • Check that your priorities address the poverty and environment goals? * Follow up the impact previous spending has made to the quality of life and environment from the Poverty • Know that ensuring environmental sustainability will Monitoring reports, Uganda Bureau of Statistics and help you achieve other MDGs as well as your sector District reports. priorities? * Check the sources of revenue for running your local Making environment count in the ‘Prosperity-for-all’ authority. calculations. * Check where natural resources revenue goes. You can act now ! * Participate in and promote the new conservation * Prioritise environment in your policies, plans, economy. programmes and budget for them. * Suggest ways to invest in the environment in your * Increase budget allocation for the Environment and meetings. Natural Resources. * Read the National State of the Environment Reports. Members of Parliament in a meeting with the Batwa people in Bundibugyo district. * Read your District Environment Profile. (Photo from Parliament PR and Information Office). * Link environment to poverty and livelihood security. Have you counted the resources Produced for Planners and Political leaders by NEMA with you are counting on? support from UNDP and UNEP: Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI) For more information Contact: National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI), . P o. Box. 22255, Kampala E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Call us: 256 - 414 - 251064/5/8 Direct line: 256 - 414 - 664 692 Fax: 256 - 414 - 257 521 Website: www.nemaug.org Website: www.unpei.org UNEP Poverty is not natural, wealth is! The forestry sector employs over 850,000 people. The The benefits side: total economic value of forests has been estimated at UShs.468 billion. That is roughly equivalent to 5.2% of o Sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) . o Increased revenue and foreign exchange earnings If we count the environmental services including cleaning from a vibrant Environment and Natural Resource the air, climate regulation, flood control, and water (ENR) base. filtration, then we can add many more billions of shillings to the positive side of nature’s balance sheet. o Reduced human vulnerability to environmental Natural resources run the country! disasters for example land slides, droughts and floods that hit the poor more leading to loss of lives and Most local authorities depend on natural resource property. revenues to run their daily administration. For example, Nakasongola district gets 76% of it’s revenue from o Improved human livelihood security and reduced charcoal, fishing licenses and fees. likelihood of natural resource related conflicts which Fisherman with fish, caught from Lake Victoria. magnify poverty and vulnerability. Photo by Richard Kimbowa How much of the national budget is allocated to environmental management? o A healthy and productive labour force since over 90% According to Nelson Mandela, of the diseases in Uganda are related to the state of “Poverty is not natural, it is man made and can be overcome The budget for 2008-2009 allocates only a shockingly the environment in which people live. and eradicated by the actions of human beings.” low share of 0.58% , to the environment, the asset base on which 80 % of the population depend! The bottom line: Recent figures show that 88% of the 28.3 million Ugandans live in rural areas, with most depending on Why invest more in the environment? Our natural assets are the foundation of our natural resources. economy, if we do not care for them, we will destroy Investment in environment offers a unique and cost- our economy! Uganda’s wealth is natural capital. It comes from effective opportunity for achieving the Millenium natural resources. Development Goals (MDGs) and sustainable human The Sustainability Index (51.3) shows that Uganda is , development (UNDP 2005). already living beyond its environmental means. The Natural resources, biggest employer! economic gains are at the cost of the capital base of the To ensure macroeconomic stability for example economy, that is ENR. The annual cost of Environmental Of the population living in rural areas, 80% depend on through low/stable food prices and stable foreign and Natural Resource degradation to the economy has land for agriculture and 95% on wood for energy . exchange earnings. been calculated as in the Table below. In Masindi, Kabale and Kisoro, forest products contribute To prevent environmental degradation and increase Table 1: Estimated annual cost of ENR degradation to up to 30% of households’ livelihoods; see fig.1: productivity of degraded ecosystems. the Ugandan economy. Fig 1.Dependency on forests for rural livelihoods. To reduce soil degradation which costs the country Ug.Shs. billions 100% 3 US$625m (UShs.1.013tn) annually thus saving 11% 11 10 90% 14 12 14 . of the GDP This is a cost paid annually by the poor Biodiversity loss 506 11 80% 13 8 10 equivalent to payments on a debt of US$ 4.7bn over Forest destruction 3.8 70% a 20 year period. 60% 54 43 Others Wildlife degradation 55 - 353 49 50% 52 48 Livestock To be part of the new economy of sustainable Soil Degradation 225 40% Crops enterprises which includes Payments for Ecosystem 30% Forests Services for example, payments for watershed Rangeland degradation 815 20% 29 37 28 30 services, for biodiversity conservation and for Reduced Wetlands encroachment 2 25 10% Deforestation and Degradation (REDD). 0% Water Hyacinth pollution 870 Kasenene Nyantozi Ncundura Muhindura Average To increase control and benefits to the communities Contamination of water systems. 38 - 61 (Masindi) (Masindi) (Kabale) (Kisoro) living near protected areas through collaborative Source: Cornelius Kazoora et al, (2008): Uganda Policy management schemes. brief paper on forest linkages. Source: Moyini and Muramira, 2001.
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