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Botany_Report

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 9

									MAKERERE UNIVERSITY




DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY




 ANNUAL REPORT 2008
                              MAKERERE UNIVERSITY
                             DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY
                                  ANNUAL REPORT 2008


1.      STAFFING SITUATION AS AT DECEMBER 2008
a)     Academic Staff
No.   Names                         Sex    Qualifications
A.    PROFESSORS
1.    Bukenya-Ziraba                Male   Dip. Ed., B.Sc. M.Sc. Ph.D. (Plant
                                           Taxonomy           &         Biosystematics;
                                           Ethnobotany).
2.    H. Oryem-Origa                Male   Dip. Ed., B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Plant
                                           Physiology; Ethnolobotany).
      ASSOC. PROFESSORS
3.    Dr.J.M. Kasenene              Male   Dip.Ed B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (Plant Ecology
                                           & Conservation).
4     G.M. Mutumba                  Male   Dip. Ed., B.Sc. Ph.D. (Plant Physiology)
5.    P. Mucunguzi                  Male   B.Sc., M.Sc. Ph.D. (Plant Ecology and
                                           Conservation)
6.    E.K. Kakudidi (HEAD)          Female Dip. Ed., B.Sc. Dip. Sc. M.Sc. Ph.D. (Plant
                                           Taxonomy/Ethnobotany)
7.    S. Nyakaana                   Male   Cert. Cons. Genet., Dip. Ed., B.Sc., Dip. Ed.
                                           B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Genetics)
B.    SENIOR LECTURER
8..   J. Kalema                     Male   B.Sc., M.Sc. Ph.D. (Plant Ecology &
                                           Conservation).
9.    J.T. Kashambuzi (on contract) Male   B.Sc., M.Sc. (Plant Physiology)
10.   M. Kamatenesi-Mugisa          Female B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Medical Ethnobotany)

C.    LECTURERS
11.   S.M. Byarujali (retiring)        Male       Dip. Ed. B.Sc., M.Sc., Psi Dip. Cert.
                                                  Limnology Ph.D. (Algology)
12.   C. Nyakoojo                      Male       B.Sc., Dip. Ed., M.Sc. Ph.D. Candidate

13.   E. Olet                          Female     B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Plant Taxonomy &
                                                  Biosystematics )
14.   P. Ipulet                        Female     B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Plant Pathology)
D.    ASSISTANT LECTURERS
15.   A.K. Tugume                      Male       B.Sc., M.Sc. (Genetics) Ph.D. Candidate
                                                  (Study Leave)
16.   G. Nabulo                        Female     Dip. Ed., B.Sc., M.Sc. (Plant Physiology)
                                                  Ph.D. Candidate – Study Leave
E.    TEACHING
17.   P. Tugume                        Female     B.Sc., M.Sc. (Microbiology)
18.   T. Tindyebwa                     Male       B.Sc., M.Sc. Candidate
                                              1
      Herbarium Curator
19.   P. Segawa                        Male       B.Sc., M.Sc. Ph.D. (Plant Ecology and
                                                  Conservation)
      PrincipalHerbarium Curator
20.   M. Namaganda               Female           B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Plant Taxonomy &
                                                  Biosystematics )
      Part Time Lecturers
1.    Dr. Barugahare B.                Male
2.    Dr. P. Sekimpi                   Male
3.    Mr. J. Senteza                   Male
6.    Dr. Barugahare John              Male
7.    Mr. Byarugaba Dominic            Male
8.    Ms. Lydia Battibwe               Female
9.    Ms. Christine Kabuye             Female
10    Prof. H.K. Taligoola             Male
11    Mr. C. Kirimuhuzya               Male
12    Dr. J. Mpagi                     Male

Academic staff disciplines not yet filled
-      Biostatistics, and Microbiology – these are critical because these can not be taught
by any body in the department.

b)     Technical & Supporting Staff:

-      Chief Technician                            Vacant
-      Principle Technician                        1
-      Personal Secretary                          0
-      Senior Technician                           0
-      Technicians                                 4
-      Lab Assistants                              3
-      Lab. Attendants                             4
-      Stenographer                                0
-      Senior Copy Typist                          1
-      Nursery worker                              1
-      Cleaners                                    3
-      Grounds men/women                           3

2.     APPOINTMENTS/PROMOTIONS/DEPARTURES

       Appointments:
       1. E. Olet as Lecturer
       2. P. Ipulet as lecturer
       3. P. Segawa as Herbarium Curator
       4. M. Namaganda as Principal Herbarium Curator

       Promotions:
       1.   Dr. P. Mucunguzi                       Associate Professor

                                              2
     2.    Dr. Maud Kamatenesi- Mugisha       Senior lecturer


     Departures
     1.    Mr. M. Male - retired

3.   STUDENTS AFFAIRS
     (a) Students Numbers
         B.Sc. First Year       -      35
         Second Year            -      22
         Third Year             -      24
                                       81
     B.Sc. (Botany)
     First Year                 -      26
     Second Year                -      23
     Third Year                 -      16
                                       65

     B.Sc. in Conservation Biology
     First Year                  -     22
     Second Year                 -     15
     Third Year                  -     19
                                       56
     B.Sc. in Ethnobotany
     First Year                 -      11
     Second Year                -      18
     Third Year                 -       5
                                -      34

     Graduate Students
     M.Sc.                   -         5
     Ph.D                    -         4
                              9
     (b)   Undergraduate Courses:

     (i)   B.Sc. Botany (Basic/Traditional Programme)

     First Year:
     Elementary Genetics; Basic Ecology; Introduction to Plant Functions; Flowering
     Plant Growth & Development; Plant Form, structure and Classification (Lower &
     Higher Plants); Introductory Microbiology.

     Second Year:
     Plant Taxonomy, Diversity and evolution: Dicots, Monocts, Algae; Fungi; Plant
     Physiology; Bacteriology & Virology; Biostatistics.

     Third year:

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Plant Biochemistry; Environmental Science & Energy Relations of Plant
Communities; Crop Improvement & Evolution of Cultivated Plants; Weed iology.

ELECTIVES:
Genetics, Advanced, Advanced Plant Taxonomy; Plant Pathology & Microbiology;
Natural Resources Ecology; Plant Physiology.

(ii)   B.Sc. in Ethnobotany

This is a fully fledged Three-year programme
Courses offered cut across various disciplines in Botany and also include courses in
Chemistry, Pharmacology, Anthropology, Economics, Environmental law, etc. The
details of the programme are available on request.

(iii) B.Sc. In Conservation Biology
This is a Three-year programme, which started in October 2001. It is mounted by
the Faculties of science & Forestry. Botany and Zoology are Core Departments from
the Faculty of Science participating in this programme. This programme addresses
key issues in Conservation Biology. Detailed courses are available on request.

(c)    M.Sc. Courses:

(i)    M.Sc. by Research & Dissertation

First Year Courses
Compulsory:
Biostatistics; Computing; Key aspects to Uganda’s Biostatistics; Computing; Key
aspects to Uganda’s environment; Communication Skills.

Options:
Plant Taxonomy & Biosystematics; Natural Resources Ecology; Plant Pathology &
Microbiology; Genetics; Plant Physiology.

Second Year: Research & Production Dissertation
(ii)   M.Sc. by Research & Thesis.
Research & production of a thesis. However students may be advised to take the
Compulsory Courses or any other courses to boost their academic standing.

4.     STAFF RESEARCH & PUBLICATIONS

a)     PUBLICATIONS

G. NABULO., H. ORYEM-ORIGA., G. NASINYAMA and D. COLE. 2008.
Assessment of Zn, Cu, Pb and Ni contamination in wetland soils and plants. Int. J.
Environ. Sci. Tech. 5 (1) 413-419.

MAUD KAMATENESI-MUGISHA, HANNINGTON ORYEM-ORIGA and
OLWA ODYEK and DOMINIC, W. MAKAWITI. 2008. Medicinal Plants used in
                                      4
the treatment of fungal and bacterial infections in and around Queen Elizabeth
Biosphere Reserve, Western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 46 (Suppl.1),
90-97

MUCUNGUZI, P. 2008. Diversity and Distribution of Epiphytic Orchids in Kibale
national Park, Uganda, Selbyana 29 (29) in press

NANTALE, G., & KAKUDIDI, E.K 2008. Scientific basis for banana cultivar
proportions on farm in east Africa, Journal of African Crop Science 16 (1) 41 – 50.

MUGISHA-KAMATENESI, M., DENG, A.L., OGENDO, J.O., OMOLO, E.O.,
MIHALE, M,.J., OTIM, M., BUYUNGO, J.P.,& BETT, P.K. 2008. Indigenous
knowledge of field pests and their management around Lake Victoria basin in
Uganda, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2 (80 in press

KALEMA, J. 2008. The use of herbarium plant databases in identifying
areas of biodiversity concentration: the case of family Acanthaceae in Uganda
African Journal of Ecology, 56 (Suppl.1), 1–2

SSEGAWA, P. & KALEMA, J. 2008 Species communities and associations
formed by the family Cyperaceae Juss. in some of Uganda’s wetlands Afr. J. Ecol.,
46 (Suppl. 1), 98–108.

b)     CHAPTERS IN BOOKS

GRACE NABULO, HANNINGTON ORYEM-ORIGA, George W. Nasinyama,
Donald C. Cole, & Miriam Diamond. 2008. Assessment of heavy metal
contamination of food crops in wetlands and from vehicle emissions. In Editors:
Donald Cole, Diana Lee-Smith & George Nasinyama. Healthy city harvests:
Generating evidence to guide policy on urban agriculture. Published by the
International Potato Center (CIP), convener for Urban Harvest and Makerere
University Press. Pp

4. ONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS:

Various members of staff are involved in research funded by various institutions.

(i) The Phytogeography and Databasing of Family Acanthaceae in East Africa.
Supported by DANIDA-ENRECA Project, Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs

(ii) The trees of Uganda: conservation status and a checklist: in collaboration with
The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Herbarium

(iii) Conservation strategy for Uganda’s Cycads, through the Plant Working Group,
NatureUganda, with support from Disney’s Rapid Response Fund and Fairchild
Botanic Gardens, USA


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(iv) NORAD 2006-09: Integration of medicinal plants and nutritional supplements in
Uganda

(v) VICRES 2006-09: Ethnobotanical pesticides for insect pest management around
Lake Victoria Basin

Community outreach: TBAs and women groups: Herbal medicine and income
generation and rain water harvesting in Mbarara District

5.     LINKAGES WITH OUTSIDE UNIVERSITIES

A Plant Resources of Africa (PROTA) project started the preparatory phase (2000-
2002). Implementation phase began in 2002. Seen Tropical African Institutions
(including Makerere) are participating in the project. The project is about
documenting the Plant resources of Tropical Africa in form of data base and books.

An agreement of Co-operation between University Libra de Brucelles and
department of Botany, Makerere University is still in operation.

An agreement of Cooperation between Makerere University and the Mellon
Foundation for digitizing Herbarium Type Specimen continued. Two staff attended
the workshop organized by the Mellon Foundation in Cape Town, S.Africa.

An agreement of Cooperation between Makerere University and Botanical Gardens
Conservation International (BGCI), digitizing Herbarium endangered and threatened
plant species, 2007 - 2009.

There is collaboration between the Department and NARO.
-      Enhanced Research Capacity (ENRECA) – Support from Denmark through
       MUINER, mainly support to the Herbarium data base, ended.

Members of staff are part of the Makerere Matrix Project Committee with the
University of Bergen, Norway.

6.     VISITORS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

a)     EXTERNAL EXAMINER (for B.Sc.):

       Prof. John. C. Onyango, Department of Botany, Maseno University
       P.O. Box 28, Masero, Kenya

b)     Other visitors include:
       1.    Vigidis Vandrik University of Bergen
       2.    Richard J. Telford University of Bergen
       3.    Jane Roberts, University of Gloucestershire
       4.    Gayle Mcglym, Trinity college University of Dublin
       5.    Helmut Dahtz, University of Hahemheim, Germany
       6.    Quentin Neunier, Rukararwe P.W.R.D
                                    6
       7.     Mwachala Geoffrey, Museums of Kenya, Nairobi
       8.     Gurja Beluk, University of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
       9.     John Ferrick, University of Wisconsin

7.     HERBARIUM & BOTANIC GARDEN

The Makerere University Herbarium was established in 1945 under the management
of the Department of Botany, Faculty of Science. It is one of the most important
sections used in botanical research, taxonomic training and reference for many local
and international researchers and research institutions. It houses over 70,000
collections (including several type specimens) of plants from Uganda and other
countries. About two years ago, the herbarium was entrusted with over 150,000
collections from the National Forestry Authority (formerly called the Forest
Department) and they are yet to be incorporated into the main collection. It serves
the students’ community, staff and researchers from all over the world in botanical
research, determination of plant species, training and ethnobotanical research.
Members of staff have also been involved in various projects involving botanical
research with several institutions.


Within Makerere University, the Herbarium serves both staff and students in the
following faculties: Faculty of Science (i.e. Botany, Zoology & Biochemistry);
Makerere University Institute of Environment and Natural Resources; Faculty of
Forestry and Nature Conservation; Faculty of Arts (i.e. Department of Geography;
Tourism and Environmental management); Faculty of Technology (Department of
Architecture); The School of Medicine (Department of Pharmacology and
Therapeutics) and the School of Fine Art. At the national level, the herbarium is
consulted and works closely with several government institutions including Uganda
Wildlife Authority, Uganda National Council of Science and Technology, National
Forestry Authority, Wetlands Inspection Division, National Environment
Management Authority, National Chemotherapeutics Research Laboratory (MoH),
THETA, NARO, Ministry of Lands and Environment. Other institutions that are
always consulting the herbarium include Mbarara University Science and
Technology, Ndejje University and Kyambogo University. The herbarium has had a
close working relationship with the East African Herbarium (Nairobi), Royal Botanic
Gardens, Kew (England) and the Missouri Botanic Gardens (USA) in the form of
training and exchange of plant taxonomic expertise.

Therefore, the Makerere University herbarium serves as a national herbarium in
terms of botanical research, training, housing of collections and provision of
reference material for taxonomic research and use. With support from NORAD
(2001 – 2005), the physical infrastructure was rehabilitated.

The Andrew Mellon Foundation is also supporting the digitization of type specimens
only and has provided some equipment. These include a herbscan, workstation and
external back-up drive. However, there is need for digitization and databasing of the
collections in order for this information to be available to the various stakeholders
more easily than it is today, especially within the university. It will also help to
                                      7
      safeguard the collections in the herbarium against overuse, destruction and accidents
      like fire. Botanical databases are being used all over the world to share information.
      There is also need to incorporate the collections from the National Forestry
      Authority and other researchers (which are over 300,000) into the main collection at
      the herbarium. This will involve taxonomic determination and confirmation of
      identifications, mounting of collections, databasing and incorporation into the
      herbarium cabinets as reference material.

   Other on-going activities:
   (i)   BIOTA databasing activities with emphasis on threatened and economic plants
   (ii)  BGCI-JRS database activities with emphasis on endemic plants
   (iii) Capacity building particularly in Biodiversity Informatics and Redlisting
   (iv)  Maintenance of Botanic Garden

   Challenges
    Lack of man power in both herbarium and botanic garden
    Limited funding to sustain activities in both herbarium and botanic garden including
     maintenance
    Lack of trained personnel

   Future plans
    Development and refurbishment of the Botanic Gardens to improve visibility and
      encourage use by other people other students
    Capacity building in both herbarium and botanic garden
    Further enhancement and incorporation of collections
    Continued databasing activities

   Staff employed by Makerere University
   The In-charge of the Herbarium and Botanic Garden is referred to as the Curator (Dr.
   Paul Ssegawa) is assisted by the Principal Assistant Curator (Dr. Mary Namaganda).
   The Technician is Ms. Olivia Maganyi.

   Other staff employed under various projects
    Mr. Protase Rwaburindore (Technician), Mr. Collins Kukunda Byobona
   (Databasing Technician) and Ms Jalia Kiyemba (Databasing Technician).

    PhD students doing taxonomic work
    Ms. Maria Mbatudde (BIOTA project) and Mr. Colins Bulaffu (Matrix project)



Signed:      _____________________________                        Date: _____________
             Dr. Esther Kakudidi
             HEAD/BOTANY




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