Oregon Country by 83yAjVI

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									Chapter 13, Section 1   Oregon Country
    • Why were settlers and trappers attracted
      to Oregon and the Far West?
    • How did mountain men help explore lands
      in the Far West?
    • What role did missionaries play in the
      settlement of Oregon?
    • What hardships did settlers face on wagon
      trains to the West?
                Settlers and Trappers Were
Chapter 13, Section 1
                    Attracted to Oregon
         Oregon Country—a huge region west of the Rocky
         Mountains that included present-day Oregon,
         Washington, Idaho, and parts of Wyoming, Montana,
         and western Canada.
          – Good farmland along the Pacific coast attracted farmers.
          – Fertile soil
          – Mild temperatures year round
          – Plentiful rainfall
          – Forests further inland and in the Rocky Mountains attracted fur
            trappers.
          – Beavers and other fur-bearing animals
         At first, four countries claimed Oregon—United States, Great Britain,
         Spain, and Russia. Later, Spain and Russia dropped their claims.
                Settlers and Trappers Were
Chapter 13, Section 1
                    Attracted to Oregon
        Mountain Men in the Far West
Chapter 13, Section 1




    • The China trade: New England merchants stopped along the
      Oregon coast to buy furs to sell in China.
    • The mountain men: These rugged individualists—people who
      follow their own independent course in life—led dangerous lives.
      They faced long, cold winters, wild animals, and hunger. Often
      they learned trapping and hunting skills from Indians.
    • The fur trade: During fall and spring, mountain men tended their
      traps. Then in July, many mountain men headed for a
      rendezvous—a French word meaning “get-together”—at a place
      chosen the year before. There they met with traders, who bought
      the furs.
    • Famous mountain men: In their search for furs, mountain men
      explored parts of the West, then showed settlers the way. Jedediah
      Smith, Manuel Lisa, and James Beckwourth were some well-known
      mountain men.
                    Missionaries in Oregon
Chapter 13, Section 1




    • The first white Americans to settle permanently in
      Oregon Country were missionaries, including Marcus
      and Narcissa Whitman.
    • The Whitmans built a mission near the Columbia River.
      They worked with the Cayuse Indians. Soon other
      missionaries and settlers joined them.
    • Missionaries attracted more settlers when they sent
      glowing reports about Oregon to friends and family in the
      East.
    • Some settlers carried diseases that struck the Indians. A
      measles outbreak killed many Cayuses.
    • Indians, angry over the spread of disease attacked the
      Whitman’s mission and killed the Whitmans and 12
                  Life On the Oregon Trail
Chapter 13, Section 1




         Beginning in 1843, wagon trains left an area near Independence,
         Missouri, every spring and followed trails 2,000 miles west to
         Oregon. The route became known as the Oregon Trail.
          – People met there and formed themselves into wagon trains.
          – Each group elected leaders.
          – On the trail, people awoke at dawn. Everyone had a job to do.
          – Often people discarded belongings along the way to lighten their
            wagons.
          – Wagon trains faced many dangers—rain-swollen rivers in the spring,
            blistering heat in the summer, early snows in the fall. The biggest threat
            was sickness.
          – Pioneers often traded with Native Americans for food.
Chapter 13, Section 1   Section 1 Assessment
    The mountain men of the West were known for trapping furs and also for
          a)   crossing the Pacific to sell their furs in China.
          b)   establishing missions among the Native Americans of the Oregon Country.
          c)   making beaver hats.
          d)   exploring the land and showing settlers the way west.


    The biggest danger pioneers on the Oregon Trail faced was
          a)   Indians.
          b)   illness.
          c)   wheat taller than a man.
          d)   not having enough gear.



    Want to connect to the American Nation link for this section? Click here.
Chapter 13, Section 1   Section 1 Assessment
    The mountain men of the West were known for trapping furs and also for
          a)   crossing the Pacific to sell their furs in China.
          b)   establishing missions among the Native Americans of the Oregon Country.
          c)   making beaver hats.
          d)   exploring the land and showing settlers the way west.


    The biggest danger pioneers on the Oregon Trail faced was
          a)   Indians.
          b)   illness.
          c)   wheat taller than a man.
          d)   not having enough gear.



    Want to connect to the American Nation link for this section? Click here.

								
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