Oregon Shines, Oregon Benchmarks and Sustainability in Oregon

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					    Oregon Shines,
Oregon Benchmarks and
Sustainability in Oregon



       Presentation by Rita Conrad
 to the Mt. Hood C.C. Sustainability Class
             Gresham, Oregon
               May 2, 2006
           Goal of Sustainability
   To simultaneously improve environmental,
    economic, and community health for today
    and for future generations.
    - “State Agency Guidance for Implementing EO 03-03”
   To ensure that human activity meets the
    needs of the existing residents of the
    planet without compromising the ability of
    future generations to meet their own
    needs (WCED 1987).
    - Adam Zimmerman thesis, 2002
THE POWER OF INDICATORS
               Tell the story
              Quantify goals
            Identify priorities
               Align actions
            Assess Progress
           Allocate Resources

 (What gets measured tends to get done.)


Indicators = Red Flags
            What‟s the story here?

Economic Systems                                   Red flag:
                                                   FEDERAL
                               Social justice      DEFICIT
 Sustain




                                                   Red flag:
Social Systems                                  GAPS IN SOCIAL
                                                   EQUITY
                Clean air and water
  Sustain




               and healthy habitats



                                                   Red flag:
Natural and Physical Systems                        GLOBAL
                                                   WARMING
                                                                                                    Red flag:
                                                                                                    FEDERAL
                                                                                                    DEFICIT
            Composition of Spending as a
             Share of GDP Baseline Extended
      Percent of GDP



                 Revenue




                Net Interest                               Medicare & Medicaid
                Social Security                            All other spending
Notes: In addition to the expiration of tax cuts, revenue as a share of GDP increases through 2015 due to (1)
real bracket creep, (2) more taxpayers becoming subject to the AMT, and (3) increased revenue from tax-
deferred retirement accounts. After 2015, revenue as a share of GDP is held constant.
Source: GAO’s March 2005 analysis.
                                                                                                                5
Composition of Spending as a Share of GDP
         Assuming Discretionary Spending Grows with GDP after 2005
                and All Expiring Tax Provisions are Extended

        Percent of GDP



                   Revenue




                 Net Interest                              Medicare & Medicaid
                 Social Security                           All other spending
 Notes: Although expiring tax provisions are extended, revenue as a share of GDP increases through 2015
 due to (1) real bracket creep, (2) more taxpayers becoming subject to the AMT, and (3) increased revenue
 from tax-deferred retirement accounts. After 2015, revenue as a share of GDP is held constant.
 Source: GAO’s March 2005 analysis.
                                                                                                            6
   Red flag:
GAPS IN SOCIAL
   EQUITY
   Red flag:
GAPS IN SOCIAL
   EQUITY
Red flag:
 GLOBAL
WARMING
  Where do Oregon‟s
indicators come from?
     Oregon Shines

Oregon's Strategic Vision, Oregon Shines
    -Drafted in 1989
    -Revised in 1997
    -Third revision is overdue

 Oregon Progress Board
     -Monitors implementation of plan
     -Chaired by the Governor
     -Created in 1990
     -Is on life support
    Indicators of progress =
   OREGON BENCHMARKS


        Results Not
          Effort
“Quality of life vital signs for Oregon”
Oregon Shines addresses the
    Triple Bottom Line.


  Environment             Community




                Economy
      90 Oregon Benchmarks
        similarly organized
                                    Community
      Surroundings                  Civic Engagement
Community Development               Social Support
          Environment               Public Safety




                        Economy
                        Economy
                        Education
 Benchmarks measure progress
towards 3 Oregon Shines goals.
          www.oregon.gov/DAS/OPB

1. Economy           1. Economy
  (quality jobs)     2. Education

2. Community         3. Public Safety
  (safe, caring      4. Social Supports
   & engaged)        5. Civic Engagement

3. Environment       6. Development
  (healthy,          7. Environment
  sustainable surroundings)
Do Oregon Benchmarks
measure sustainability?
           Bellagio Principles for
          sustainability indicators
         International Institute for Sustainable Development


1.   Clear vision and goals
2.   Holistic perspective
     •     All parts of the system and the whole
     •     Subsystems – now and change over time
     •     Positive & negative impacts of human activity
3.   Essential elements
     •     Social equity
     •     Ecological conditions
     •     Economic development
Bellagio Principles for sustainability
       indicators, continued
4.   Adequate scope
     •   Short and long time lines and spatial
         distances
     •   Historical conditions anticipate future
5.   Practical focus
     •   Framework
     •   Limited # of key issues
     •   Limited # of indicators
     •   Standardized measurement
     •   Comparisons to targets
Bellagio Principles for sustainability
       indicators, continued
 6.   Openness
      •   Methods accessible to all
      •   Make explicit all judgments, assumptions….
 7.   Effective communication
      •   Address needs of audience and users
      •   Indicators stimulant engagement of decision-
          makers
      •   Simplicity, clear and plain language
 8.   Broad participation
      •   Grass-roots, professional & technical groups
      •   Decision-makers link to policies and action
Bellagio Principles for sustainability
       indicators, continued
 9.    Ongoing assessment
       •   Repeated measurement to get trends
       •   Iterative and adaptive
       •   Collective learning and feedback
 10.   Institutional capacity
       •   Responsibility and support for policy-making
       •   Institutional capacity for data collection,
           documentation, maintenance
       •   Support development of local assessment
           capacity
Bellagio: do Oregon Benchmarks
     measure sustainability?
 1.   Clear vision and goals
      YES – Benchmarks measure progress
      towards Oregon Shines vision & goals
 2.   Holistic perspective
      YES, but weakness is in subsystem
      linkages.
 3.   Essential elements
      YES, but need more work in ecological
      equity (new #88). Benchmarks address
      social and economic equity.
Bellagio: do Oregon Benchmarks
     measure sustainability? (cont.)
4.   Adequate scope
     No – Benchmarks do not explicitly
     analyze historical trends and project
     in to future. Benchmarks are state
     specific – don’t address being part of
     the planet.
5.   Practical focus
     Yes, but need additional work to
     establish a common metric for
     comparisons
     Bellagio: do Oregon Benchmarks
      measure sustainability? (cont.)
6.   Openness
     YES – Benchmarks are developed in open
     public meetings; reports and endnotes
     document carefully known issues.
7.   Effective communication
     No – Benchmarks are not widely understood
     or recognized by Oregonians.
8.   Broad participation
     YES – Benchmarks are developed within the
     context of Oregon Shines; thousands
     participate. Numerous collaborative efforts
     result from benchmark work.
Bellagio: do Oregon Benchmarks
 measure sustainability? (cont.)
9.    Ongoing assessment
      YES – Biennial benchmark reports
      on progress against Oregon Shines
      goals; biennial benchmark updates
10.   Institutional capacity
      YES – Oregon Progress Board
      (benchmark work and performance
      measure consultation)
    Oregon Benchmarks generally fit
      the bill according to Bellagio
   More work needed on
    • Increasing scope to address current and
      future generations, national/global issues
    • Tracking stocks and flows - are we
      managing our wealth in a sustainable
      manner?
    • Assessing impacts between domains of
      benchmarks - economy vs. social vs.
      ecological
    • Communicate better so Oregonians
      recognize and understand
  Do Oregon Benchmarks fit the bill?
         Other Perspectives
   60% of the 90 benchmarks had
    equivalents in 8 other sustainability
    indicator programs
   Experts rated benchmarks 1-10 for
    “usefulness” in measuring sustainability

Natural       Human         Economic Systems
Systems       Systems       Economy
Environment   Community     Benchmarks:
Benchmarks:   Benchmarks:   below 6
8 or higher   6 to 8


                                      Zimmerman thesis
      One challenge:
trying to describe linkages
   between subsystems
         (domains)
              „Cross-Domain‟ Benchmarks

                         Environment                       Community
                                                               •Teen Pregnancy
                •Native Fish and Wildlife                      •Volunteerism
                •Native Plant Species
                •Air Quality
                •CO2 Emissions          Comm.-Econ.-Environment
                •Marine Species                •Commuting
                At Risk                    •Traffic Congestion
                                             •Drinking Water
                                           •State Park Acreage
                                        •Municipal Waste Disposal
                                              •Forest Lands
                                           •Agricultural Lands
                                             •Timber Harvest
                                                                                 Community-Economy
                                                   •VMT
                                                                                 •Economic Diversification
                                                                                 •Overall Crime
Environment-Economy
                                                                                 •Juvenile Arrests
 •Stream Water Quality
                                                                                 •College Completion
     •Wild Salmon and                 •Research and Development                  •Child Abuse or Neglect
            Steelhead                      •Per Capita Income                    •Health Insurance
                                        •Economic Diversification                •Living Wage
                                             Economy                             •Affordable Housing
                                                                                 •Income Disparity
                                                                                 •Poverty
                                                                                 •High School Dropout
                                                                                 •Rate Teen Alcohol Abuse
                                                                                 •Hunger
                                                                                 •Homelessness
   Indices: another way to describe
inter-relationships between domains.




                       From A. Zimmerman Thesis 2002
Taking Oregon Benchmarks
     to the next level
   FRAME OREGON SHINES III IN TERMS
    OF SUSTAINABILITY
     Involve the numerous sustainability
      partners in Oregon
     Analyze intergenerational, cross-domain
      measurement and other issues
   NEW OREGON BENCHMARKS WILL
    REFLECT THE SUSTAINABILITY
    FRAMEWORK OF OSIII
www.oregon.gov/DAS/OPB
Progress.Board@state.or.us

				
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posted:12/8/2011
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