BUDDHISM by 34OIj8J

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									        BUDDHISM




A short presentation by Arvid & Sascha
Structure
   Short information
   Map of different religions
   Cause and effect : Karma
   Samsara – circle of life
   Reincarnation
   Dharma
   Bhodi
   Nirvana
   World-view
SHORT INFORMATION

 350 - 500 millions of followers
 China, Bhutan, Japan, Kambodscha, Laos,
  Mongolei
 Foundation in Siddhartha Gautama, the
  historical Buddha, which had been living in
  North-India
MAP OF DIFFERENT RELIGIONS
CAUSE AND EFFECT : KARMA

    Karma (Sanskrit: karman ; Pali : kamma = deed,
    operation) is a spiritual concept whereby every action(
    physical and mental) has inevitably a consequence
    can concern the current life as well as the lives after it
    closely connected to Samsara, which is belief in the
    cycle of new births
    every act and mental activity produces Karma and
    further ensnarements
    Buddhists try to stop the production of Karma to
    interrupt the circular flow
    the three ways to a positive Karma : modesty ,
    goodness , understanding
SAMSARA – CIRCLE OF LIFE

 A continuous circle of life, death, rebirth
 Target: break out of this circle
REINCARNATION

    Reincarnation (Pali : Punabbhava) means new birth,
    was already known in the Indian philosophie before
    Buddha's appearance
    Buddha denied the idea of the “self” (Sanskrit : atman ;
    Pali : atta), presented it as an illusion of the character of
    the world
    personality evolves from five acquisition groups : body,
    perception, apperception, mental inspiration,
    consciousness
   no constant unit => no rebirth as such
   impulse emerging from the Karma
DHARMA

 Dharma has two different meanings
 Basis of the „Dharma“ are the four noble
  truths.
 These truths are building one of the three
  jewels and serve for a „resort object“
 The common ground of all phenomenon which
  are earthly ( nature and their legality )
BODHI

 Bodhi is the process of the awakening, the
  enlightenment
 Requirements:

 the comprehension of the four noble thruths

 The overcoming of all needs which are
  requiered for life
 Bodhi affords the breakthrough of Samsara
  and getting the Nirvana
NIRVANA

 Target: leaving Samsara
 You can‘t describe Nirvana with words, it can
  just be experienced through methods like
  meditation and awareness
 Nirvana describes the end-state, no rebirth in
  another sphere
 State of statelessness
WORLD-VIEW

 religion, but also philosophie
 no exclusion of other religions/world-views

 important aspects : Karma doctrine, the four
 noble verities of Buddha
 contradictory to most other religions

 much different interpretations of Buddhism

 religion as definition sometimes insufficient

								
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