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Genetically Modified Organisms - PowerPoint by ll0I8Ag

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									Genetically Modified
   Organisms
           By
     Patrick Hurley
Genetically Modified Organisms
   Definition: A genetically modified organism
    (GMO) is an organism whose genetic
    structure has been altered by incorporating
    a gene that will express a desirable trait,
    often termed gene splicing.
                 Examples
   Pesticide Resistant Rape Plants- Allows
    crop to resist pesticide exposure and
    survive.
   Sweet Corn- Produces a poison that kills
    harmful insects.
   Golden Rice- Contains more A-Vitamins
   Long-lasting Tomatoes- Does not rot as
    quickly (first available GMO 1994).
      Where are GMO’s grown?
   4 countries produce 99% of GMOs
     USA- 68%
     Argentina- 22%
     Canada- 6%
      China- 3%
          Europe’s GMOs
Since June 2002 Europe has allowed 3
  GMO Crops:
Soy Beans- Resistant to crop spray
Sweet Corn- Produce insecticides
Rape Plants- Does not produce pollen
                  Fun Fact
   In 2001 52.6 million Ha were under
    cultivation for GMOs. This includes food
    and non-food crops.
                   Safety
   There is no evidence to support that
    GMOs are dangerous for human
    consumption
   Test feeds have been conducted on
    animals
   It is estimated that Americans eat 65%
    GMO food
                     Pros
   Use less spray
   Grow larger crops
   Environment no longer exposed to large
    amounts of chemicals
   Gives starving people more nutrition in a
    staple crop (rice)
   Lengthier transport time
                    Cons
   Pest could become resistant
   May harm beneficial insects (Bt Corn)
   Fear that poor countries are becoming too
    dependent on Western culture
   Fear that large companies will own the
    rights to all the good crops
           Questions?
Sources
  www.ohioline.osu.edu
  www.bionetonline.org

								
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