Having a long history of stewardship of the environment, and particularly of its 13,000
acres of land rich in natural beauty and biodiversity, Sewanee is well positioned to make
a serious commitment to reduce carbon emissions. Sewanee has made great strides in
recent years in developing its academic strength in environmental studies. The Island
Ecology Program, the Landscape Analysis Laboratory, and the Environmental Studies
Program with its four majors are all examples of collaborative, interdisciplinary
initiatives that have established a record of success in providing exciting opportunities for
Sewanee students interested in studying the environment. Similarly, Sewanee has
consistently incorporated sustainability in campus master planning, facilities operations,
and LEED building designs.

Within the last two years Sewanee has significantly intensified its commitment to
sustainability. In early 2008 Vice Chancellor Joel Cunningham appointed a
Sustainability Committee with the charge to develop strategic initiatives to attain
excellence in both academic study of the natural environment and in sustainable living at
the University.

The Committee drafted an addendum to the University Strategic Plan, and in the fall of
2008 the Board of Regents and the Board of Trustees adopted plans incorporating the
recommendations of these initial efforts of the Sustainability Committee. (The strategic
planning addendum is attached as an appendix to this plan).

As called for in the planning addendum, a Director of Environmental Studies was
appointed in the summer of 2009 with experience in interdisciplinary and undergraduate
teaching, a strong interest in advising undergraduate research, and responsibility for
guiding Sewanee’s strong Environmental Studies Program to new levels of excellence.

The Sewanee Environmental Institute was founded. The Institute will provide leadership
and support for existing programs and will guide the development of creative, new
academic initiatives such as a Summer Program for Field Studies. The Summer Program,
which held its first session in the summer of 2009, includes student-faculty research
opportunities, undergraduate field courses, post-baccalaureate student fellowships, and a
selective program for top high school students and high school teachers.

A Director of Sustainability was recently appointed to coordinate and catalyze campus
and community-wide sustainability efforts, with initial emphasis on a comprehensive
reassessment of energy usage in all buildings. A representative ongoing Sustainability
Steering Committee has been formed, and its early work has been focused on this carbon
neutrality plan.

Foremost and central to all our sustainability endeavors are the participation of students
in every aspect and the integration of academics and operations.

A Consideration of Carbon Neutrality for Sewanee

Technically, Sewanee is carbon neutral and has been since its founding. Sewanee has
benefitted in many ways from a 10,000-acre campus known as the Domain, most of
which is oak-hickory forest (in 2008, the University added 3,000 acres to its landholdings
and placed it in a perpetual conservation easement under a cooperative agreement with
the Land Trust for Tennessee; see “Carbon Sequestration” section below). In the biomass
of these forests an estimated 1.6 million metric tons of carbon are pooled, which are the
result of sequestration of almost 6.2 million metric tons of CO2. The annual sequestration
rate of CO2 is substantially greater than the annual campus emissions of 16,700 MT
eCO2. Cognizant of the intent of the Presidents’ Climate Commitment, we do not include
using our maintenance of the Domain as a business-as-usual approach to becoming
carbon neutral. Yet our 150 years of environmental stewardship of these lands reflects
the educational purpose of this institution and its unique role as an Episcopal university
committed to environmental justice and the stewardship of God’s gifts.

Greenhouse Gas Inventory
We completed an inventory of carbon emissions for the year 2008. The results are shown

                                          GHG Emissions        Percent of Total
                                            (MT eCO2)
  Electricity                                      11,227        67.36 percent
  Natural gas                                       3,013        18.08 percent
  Refrigerants & other chemicals                      376         2.26 percent

  Transportation                                      1,430       8.58 percent
  Agriculture                                            12       0.07 percent
  Solid waste                                           610       3.66 percent

 Total Sewanee Emissions                             16,668       100 percent

                                                      CO2E Sources in 2008

                                                    Solid waste
                  Refrigerants & other

                     Natural gas


Not surprisingly, 85 percent of our carbon emissions are from the energy we use (for
HVAC, lighting, domestic hot water, etc.) in 107 campus buildings totaling 1,317,985
square feet. Any plan to become carbon neutral must first address reductions in energy
use on campus through a deep energy conservation effort. Then we will neutralize the
remainder through a combination of renewable energy generation and/or carbon
sequestration. The other non-energy emissions likewise must be reduced or offset.

Our Principles
As far as possible, carbon neutrality should be achieved by things that can be done on
campus and that can be a part of the learning experience of Sewanee students. Thus, we
are not focusing on the use of renewable energy generation or carbon offsets that might
achieve net reductions in carbon emissions from afar.

Energy Conservation

We have identified the need to reassess our energy usage in order to ensure that our
buildings are thoroughly current with all justifiable energy saving measures. We plan to
make that a prime focus over the next two years.

We conducted detailed energy audits of many of our largest buildings in 1990. Since
then we have progressively implemented the findings from those audits in most of our
buildings when opportunities arose. Comparing the energy use of all of the audited
buildings (that have not had drastic changes) in 2009 versus 1990, we find we have
reduced electricity usage an average of 12 percent and natural gas usage an average of 24

Energy conservation measures we have implemented broadly on campus include:

       1. Building Automation System (BAS), which executes and monitors the
          following HVAC energy-saving control strategies in many areas of 36 largest
          buildings: limits space temperatures to specific range during occupancy; sets
          back and shuts down systems during unoccupied periods; controls ventilation
          using CO2 sensors; uses outside air temperature deadbands to keep systems
          off seasonally; resets hot water supply temperature with outside air

       2. Programmable thermostats (in 12 buildings not served by the BAS)

       3. Variable Air Volume systems with variable-speed drives for most systems
          added or upgraded in last 15 years

       4. Low-flow lab hoods in the Spencer Hall science building which opened in
          August 2009 (expected to achieve LEED Silver certification)

       5. Heat wheel for lab exhaust/make-up air systems in the Spencer Hall science

       6. Very high efficiency condensing hot water boilers and domestic water heaters
          in many locations

       7. Lighting retrofits for virtually all fixtures on campus: T12 to T8 fluorescents;
          electronic ballasts; incandescent bulbs to compact fluorescents; LED exit
          lights; high-pressure sodium outdoor lights controlled by photocells. Motion
          sensors and photocells used extensively to control lighting.

       8. Low-flow shower heads throughout all residence halls

       9. Low-flow toilets in most buildings

       10. Front-loading clothes washers in all residence halls

       11. Environmental Residents program established with a student leader in each
           residence hall to influence students to make wise energy choices

   In 1999 we constructed a very high efficiency chilled water plant which serves central
   campus air conditioning. It features very low kw/ton centrifugal chillers; variable
   secondary chilled water flow; and most-open-valve control of chilled water flow to
   air handling units.

   Recognizing the importance of reducing energy consumption as the first step in
   lowering carbon emissions, we have committed to the following plan:

       1. Launch an aggressive energy conservation program with prominent and
          ongoing support of the administration. Reducing energy use is the best way to
          reduce the University’s carbon footprint and saves money that can be invested
          in sustainability initiatives with a snowballing effect. We estimate that
          conservation practices can achieve a minimum of 10 percent energy savings,
          and potentially more. A 10 percent energy savings will provide $250,000
          annual savings in current utility costs.

       2. Conduct new energy audits of every building and establish prioritized lists of
          energy conservation measures for each.

       3. Establish expectations for operations of campus buildings that are less
          wasteful than at present; some large buildings now are fully heated and cooled
          even when only a few people might be present. Establish policies that clarify
          expectations and set ranges of expected temperatures for different occupancy
          modes. Establish policies for lighting systems that minimizes the use of non-
          essential lighting.

       4. Improve campus residents’ operating choices with an education campaign to
          raise awareness of the many choices facing consumers of energy. We expect
          this to have significant effects on energy use.

       5. Include investment in the next level of energy conservation measures,
          including those that have somewhat longer paybacks of investment, such as
          new window systems, additional insulation, lighting system retrofits and
          controls, additions to the central building automation system, and more
          efficient HVAC systems.

Renewable Energy
The following is a summary of our deliberations considering the alternatives for
generating energy to meet campus needs without the carbon intensive emissions of our
existing supply methods.

All of our buildings are served with natural gas. Space heating is achieved with hot water
natural gas boilers. Domestic hot water is also typically made with natural gas in each
building. The natural gas we burn directly emits 18 percent of our total carbon emissions
through CO2 in the flue stacks. Natural gas is distributed and metered to each building
through branch piping (from a network that also serves private homes and businesses
interspersed on campus) owned by the local gas public utility company. The heat is
produced locally (through a system with limited transmission losses) and the fuel is much
less carbon intensive than coal. However, natural gas is a fossil fuel.

All our buildings are served with electricity provided by a regional electrical cooperative,
but ultimately generated remotely by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The
cooperative owns the primary voltage electrical distribution wiring and the transformers
at each building. The University owns the secondary voltage distribution wiring.
Electricity is used for lighting, HVAC, motors, computers, and other typical building and
outdoor uses. Unfortunately, there are significant efficiency losses due to distant
generation and repeated conversions and transformations; 64 percent of the electricity is
generated by burning coal, most of which comes from Wyoming.

In order to eliminate carbon emissions from purchased energy we must find new
renewable energy sources that can satisfy our facility needs within the constraints
outlined above. We have considered a variety of options:


Annual solar insolation in Sewanee is slightly more than half the insolation received by
areas in the continental U.S. that receive maximum sunshine. At the outset this puts us at
a significant disadvantage for justifying solar electricity generation compared to more
suitable locations with greater exposure to sunshine.

Under construction at this time is a new photovoltaic (PV) solar system that will cover
the entire south-facing roof of the new addition to Snowden Hall Forestry and Geology
building. It will be operational by June 2010, and will consist of 162 modules totaling
32.4 kW, expected to produce 36,700 kWh per year. At full installation price and
standard electric rates the simple payback would be approximately 55 years. Because of
a significant discount from the supplier, an elevated electricity buy-back rate by TVA for
10 years, and generous donor gifts, we are able to achieve a simple payback of less than
10 years.

In considering PV solar as a major component of our campus energy needs, there are
several considerations. We are not likely to replicate the low net unit costs of this
original system if we were to apply PV solar broadly on campus. On the other hand, of
all the renewable energy technologies, PV solar is the one most likely to have future
reductions in cost. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory projects installed costs
for PV solar to be one-half of current by 2014 and one-fourth of current by 2025.

Another serious challenge with PV solar is the intermittent nature of sunshine. The
mismatch between when electricity can be generated by the sun and our around-the-clock
demands on campus creates the need for electricity storage and/or selling into the grid, a
common dilemma.

Thermal solar for space heating has the additional challenge in that we have a limited
heating season. Thermal solar for domestic hot water does have potential in some
buildings. One of the most attractive uses of thermal solar can be for indoor pool heating.
We did a feasibility study several years ago and found that our indoor pool is completely
heated by heat recovery from the air-conditioning system that dehumidifies the

It appears that, for now, solar PV and thermal solar are options we should consider on a
case-by-case basis, but are probably not candidates for major campus energy supply.


We have never measured the wind power potential on the Domain. TVA has offered to
collaborate with us to measure the wind at several elevated locations in Sewanee.
National wind maps would suggest that the annual wind power in general in our area is
less than half the wind received by those areas in the continental U.S. that have the
highest wind potential, and where windmills are found at this time. We may have a
significant disadvantage for justifying wind electricity generation compared to other

On the other hand, large scale systems in windy places can produce electricity at prices
that can compete with fossil fuel generation. But as with solar, the challenge of
electricity storage must be solved, or windmills must be sized for peak loads and either be
underutilized or sell into a grid at other times, which can hurt the economic feasibility.

It appears that, for now, the wind option is more likely to offer smaller scale potential in
Sewanee rather than a solution providing major renewable generation.

New and Protected Carbon Sequestration in Forests on the Domain

In February 2008, in partnership with The Land Trust for Tennessee, we purchased 3,000
acres of forested land in addition to the historical 10,000-acre Domain. A conservation
easement among Sewanee, The Land Trust for Tennessee, and the Heritage Conservation
Trust Fund asserts that the property “will be conserved and retained forever
predominantly in its natural, scenic, and forested condition” and prevents “any use of the
Property that will significantly impair or interfere with Conservation Values of the
Property,” while allowing uses of the property that are compatible “with Sewanee’s
educational mission and traditional uses such as approved timber harvesting under a
forestry plan and recreation through a trail system.” This easement protects these
valuable acres from inappropriate development and timber clear-cutting, both practices
that are common in this area and that result in the release of stored carbon and the loss of

ongoing carbon sequestration. The protection of these forests is a carbon offset and
promoting similar protections for forests of the world was a major goal in Copenhagen.

Besides these new and additional protections from development, we have the opportunity
for increasing the carbon sequestration rate in portions of our forests. A tree sequesters
carbon at a varying rate depending on age and species. Early in life the rate builds (the
rate is fast, but the tree is small) as the tree increases mass. Late in life the massive tree
experiences decreasing metabolism and the net annual sequestration falls. There is a time
in the middle of a tree’s life when its carbon uptake peaks. By managing the specific
mixture and age of individuals in a forest, a population of trees can be achieved that, on
average, is closer to the maximum uptake rate than would occur without such
management. In addition we have some limited parcels of land that have been pastures
and could be converted to forests, greatly increasing the carbon uptake rate. Boosting
carbon sequestration in forests is one form of carbon offset, and protocols are being
developed for quantifying forest carbon assessments for the express purpose of allowing
such carbon offsets to be marketed. In our case such increases would soak up some of
our own carbon emissions.

We plan to conduct research on our forests to quantify more specifically the existing
carbon pools. We also plan to research the carbon uptake rates of our forests and other
land and determine the change in carbon uptake rates we might achieve by managing
certain variables. At this time, we do not know what is possible quantitatively, but it
promises to be significant in relation to our campus carbon emissions.

Energy from Biomass

Carbon sequestration in trees produces wood. Extracting energy from wood, either by
combustion or gasification, releases the captured carbon and is carbon neutral in general
(ignoring for the moment auxiliary energy expended in the process). There are very
significant sources of wood for energy generation either from the Domain or from wood
wastes from various nearby businesses (tree service companies, sawmills, etc.).

Wood can be burned to make steam that can be used to make hot water (we do not use
steam directly in our buildings) or to drive a turbine to make electricity. The residual
ashes can be applied to the land. The wood-to-heat efficiency averages 60 percent and
the wood-to-electricity efficiency averages 25 percent.

Wood can be gasified (using a pyrolytic process by heating the wood anaerobically) to
produce a low BTU gas (syngas -- mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen) with residual
biochar. More advanced processes are being developed that boost the wood-to-electricity
efficiency to 40 percent, and even to 60 percent if the hydrogen feeds a fuel cell. Most
commercially sized plants are demonstration projects; the technology is still in the
developmental stages and not available commercially. There is significant excitement
about the use of biochar as a beneficial soil amendment, which boosts fertility by making
soil nutrients more available to plant roots and in other ways that are not yet well

There are several possibilities for a biomass facility on campus fueled by wood wastes:

       1. Combust wood and produce hot water or steam for space and domestic water
          heating. The major challenge here is that we would need a new piping
          distribution system to the buildings. This is likely prohibitive in cost since,
          atop the Cumberland Plateau, sandstone lies just below the surface of our soil
          and trenching through sandstone is very expensive. The piping needed would
          be extensive.

       2. Pyrolize wood and produce low BTU syngas and distribute it for combustion
          in buildings for space and domestic water heating. Several challenges make
          this difficult. The BTU per pound of this gas is much lower than the natural
          gas now being combusted in buildings. There are ways to manipulate its
          properties, but it is likely that boilers and water heaters would have to be
          replaced in order to use sygas directly. We would need to negotiate a
          purchase of the current natural gas piping system. This is complicated by the
          private customers on campus that buy gas from this network. This option is
          not likely to be feasible.

       3. Combust and/or pyrolize wood and produce electricity through a steam
          turbine. Waste heat from the process could be used to make hot water or
          steam in a combined heat and power system. The heat could be distributed or
          used in a single large facility near the biomass plant. We have a similar
          challenge with the electric distribution system as we do with natural gas
          piping – we do not own major parts of it and it has private customers
          interconnected also. The difference here is that our cooperative electricity
          supplier and the ultimate generator, TVA, both have incentives (and growing
          regulatory requirements) to produce more electricity from renewables. The
          opportunity exists for a partnership between the University and these suppliers
          to develop a biomass facility that feeds electricity into the grid. This would
          overcome the ownership problem and could provide external capital and
          distribute risk in a new plant. TVA already has a program whereby customers
          can buy Green Power and they are looking for ways to generate much more
          (In fact, we currently purchase over $25,000 per year of Green Power from

There are several sources of wood for a biomass facility:

       1. Waste wood from the Domain. We currently collect some wood – dead trees,
          fallen limbs, road maintenance, etc.

       2. Wood from harvesting forests on the Domain, especially with growth rates
          boosted by management practices that increase carbon sequestration

       3. Wood from area sawmills

       4. Wood from area tree-service companies

Harvesting wood from Domain forests will necessarily be limited in scope to protect the
many important and competing needs that the forests satisfy. Foremost, they provide an
outdoor academic laboratory that provides students at Sewanee the unmatched
opportunity for studies of the natural environment. They are extraordinarily rich in
biodiversity. They are beautiful and provide abundant recreational opportunities.
Nonetheless, there are a number of parcels that have been biologically disturbed for a
long time and are ready candidates for management for carbon sequestration,
reforestation, and wood production. Some management techniques may be acceptable in
some other limited areas if the goal of carbon neutrality is served. The University could
buy a parcel of nearby farmland and reforest with fast-growing species.

While the numbers are preliminary, from our initial studies it appears we would need a
multifaceted approach to wood gathering from all these sources and more to produce
enough electricity to replace our current usage. It does seem likely we could achieve the
quantities needed.

We plan to reduce our carbon emissions by 10 percent by the year 2013. A major focus
will be on the implementation of a broad and deep energy conservation program. We
will conduct fresh, new energy audits in all buildings and establish energy use policies.
The policies will educate building occupants and expect them to use energy wisely.
Deeper savings will require investment in energy retrofits with somewhat longer

Likewise, we will address the other categories of emissions (refrigerants, chemicals,
transportation, groundskeeping practices, solid waste, etc.) with the goal of reducing
them at least 10 percent or more.

We plan to advance the rest of the way to carbon neutrality by the year 2030 through a
combination of several actions.

We will continue to explore greater savings in all emissions categories as technological
advancements create new opportunities.

We will reduce some carbon emissions by generating renewable energy on campus from
individual building PV solar and perhaps wind as opportunities arise.

We plan to achieve the greatest overall reductions in net carbon emissions through a
combination of electrical energy generation from biomass and carbon sequestration in
Sewanee forests (some possibly achieved by the new protection of lands vulnerable to
development and some achieved by management practices that increase CO2
sequestration rates). We will research the various processes for extracting energy from

biomass, both those currently available and those still in development, and we will do
technical and economic feasibility studies to determine the best option. We will muster
wood from a variety of sources, notably from our 13,000 acres of land, to achieve the
quantity needed to produce the necessary electricity production. We will work with our
energy suppliers and other entities to seek partnerships that allow us to overcome the
barriers that arise from ownership and connection to distribution systems.


     Sewanee: The University of the South


The University’s strategic plan adopted in 2004 emphasized the parallel goals of quality
and distinction. This addendum to that plan commits Sewanee to major progress on both
those goals through environmental education and sustainable living. It sets ambitious
targets and puts in place strategies for reaching them.

Strategic Goal:
Cognizant of the unparalleled asset of the Domain, and mindful of its Purpose Statement,
unique assets, and obligations as an institution of the Episcopal Church, The University
of the South will attain excellence and national distinction for programs in the study of
the natural environment and the disciplined practice of sustainable living. This
commitment, worthy in its own right, will also enhance Sewanee’s national reputation
and its capacity to attract students, faculty, staff, and donors.

Strategic Objectives:
1) With current and future resources, the University will continue development of the
   Environmental Studies Program and its allied academic disciplines, and of the study
   of environmental ethics in the College and School of Theology, to achieve a level of
   nationally recognized excellence. This will include the study of eco-justice, the
   application of social justice principles to environmental issues. An assessment of
   energy sources and alternatives will also figure in our curricular offerings.

2) The University will promote academic and student life programs incorporating
   “environment across the curriculum” that will encourage all students at both College
   and School of Theology to engage with the commitment in the University purpose
   statement to “a reverent concern for the world.” The practice of sustainability on
   campus, of environmental citizenship, should be fundamental to the Sewanee
   experience, like the Honor Code.

3) The University will adopt and promote sustainable living practices in our common
   life on campus, Domain, and in relation to the larger world. In this way, we meet the
   commitments we have engaged and serve as a laboratory for the larger society and the
   Church on such issues. This includes a commitment to ensure full compliance with
   all applicable environmental laws and regulations, and, as far as possible, the
   adoption of “best practices” in purchasing and waste disposal, campus planning and
   building construction, and the use of energy, food, and water.

4) The University will encourage policies, practices, and decisions about Domain and
   campus management to serve as learning opportunities in the curricula of the
   University in both the environmental sciences and allied disciplines and in
   appropriate study of environmental ethics and eco-justice. The University will be a

   place of reasoned discourse among academic disciplines and between academia and
   the wider community.

5) Domain and campus management will support the educational mission of the
   University and engage in an inclusive planning process focused on conservation and
   appropriate use of present resources, the restoration of areas previously subjected to
   environmental damage, and the pursuit of principles of eco-justice, with special
   attention to the immediate environment of the historically underprivileged parts of
   our community.

6) The University will undertake wide communication of our commitments, plans, and
   activities in this arena with the local community, alumni, donors, and others beyond
   Sewanee, inviting appropriate participation by all stakeholders.

7) The University will take a leadership initiative in conversations with other liberal arts
   colleges with similar commitments to share information and ideas.

8) The University will address staffing needs for these goals as resources allow, with
   particular attention to savings achieved from sustainable practices and the securing of
   new donors with interest in this area.

9) The University will monitor and evaluate progress in meeting these objectives.

Academic Programs
Sewanee has made great strides in recent years in developing its academic strength in
environmental studies. The Island Ecology Program, the Landscape Analysis
Laboratory, and the Environmental Studies Program with its four majors are all examples
of collaborative, interdisciplinary initiatives that have established a record of success in
providing exciting opportunities for Sewanee students interested in studying the

Sewanee is poised to take its academic program in the environment to a whole new level
and in doing so achieve national prominence. With the recent acquisition of Lost Cove,
there has been much discussion of how we might enhance and expand student
opportunities associated with the Domain. It is in the University’s strategic interest to
initiate a planning process that will allow us to manage the Domain as an educational
asset and to establish a Sewanee Environmental Institute. The Institute will provide
leadership and support for existing programs, and will guide the development of creative,
new academic initiatives involving the Domain, such as a Summer Program for Field

Operational Objectives

1) Sewanee Environmental Institute (SEI)

   A Sewanee Environmental Institute will be established, the first goal of which will be
       to establish a Summer Program for Field Studies that would include the following
       a) Student-faculty research opportunities
       b) Undergraduate field courses, including an archaeology field school
       c) Post-Baccalaureate Student Fellowships
       d) A selective program for top high school students and high school teachers
   A pilot of the SEI Summer Program for Field Studies will begin in the summer of

2) Domain Planning

   The Domain will be maintained and managed to support the educational mission of
   the College of Arts and Sciences and the School of Theology and to further the goal
   to make Sewanee a model of environmental education and stewardship.

   The University will initiate a Domain planning process in academic year 2008-09, to
   be finished by 2010, that enhances and encourages student opportunities with the
   following goals:
       a) Adopt the guiding vision for Domain management as established by the
           academic working group on sustainability
       b) Build on the review of existing Domain management operations
       c) Create a management plan for the Domain that will guide future management
       d) Develop a Domain management decision-making structure that will facilitate
           the implementation of this plan and its future revisions. This will include
           clearly defined roles for Domain staff and their coordination

3) Staffing

   The University will appoint a faculty Director with a full-time commitment to the
   Environmental Studies Program during the academic year 2008-09, under the
   matching grant from the Mellon Foundation for that purpose. Funding will be
   secured to match the Mellon grant by July 1, 2011; other funding will be sought for
   faculty in Environmental Studies, particularly in the areas of environmental policy,
   environmental economics, and archaeology.

4) Faculty Orientation to the Domain, the Plateau, and Campus Sustainability

   All faculty and administrative members of the College and the School of Theology
   will have the opportunity and incentive to learn about the Domain, the Cumberland
   Plateau, and campus sustainability issues. New faculty and staff will learn more
   about Sewanee and its land and commitments during orientation.

   Programs for faculty will be established that aim at:

       b) increased use of the Domain as an academic resource
       c) inspiring the design of compelling new courses and course modules related to
           sustainability and Sewanee’s environment
       d) increasing the across-the-board level of sustainability literacy (for faculty and
   A modest initial budget will be provided for a director of this program and research
   into similar programs in 2009-10 with the hope of initiating the program in the spring
   of 2010.

5) Integrating Academics and Operations (Environmental Service Learning)

   The University will enable students to think and live sustainably by giving them the
   opportunity to apply what they have learned in helping the University decide how
   best to increase the sustainability of its operations.

   The Environmental Studies Steering Committee and the Director of Physical Plant
   Services will encourage departments and faculty members to consider developing
   courses to embrace the opportunities for student research that arise in University
   operations and construction projects. The Environmental Studies Steering Committee
   and Director of PPS will meet at least once a year to develop plans for such
   cooperative projects.

6) Support for Co-Curricular Efforts that Link Academics and Student Life

   The Student Life office will continue to determine the best way to support both
   student environmental organizations and the bridging of academics and Student Life
   with consideration of the following possibilities:
       a) At least one Student Life professional staff member’s responsibilities will
          include advising students interested in sustainability at Sewanee and with
          challenging students to lead lives responsive to the needs of our planet.
       b) Training for student leaders will include basic elements of sustainability and
          the benefits of the Domain.
       c) Additional means will be provided for enhancing sustainable living in
          residence halls.

7) Improving the Communication of Sewanee’s Environmental Program

  The Office of Marketing and Communications, in collaboration with the appropriate
  committees, will develop and implement strategies that are integrated with
  overarching institutional strategies to promote the University as a national leader in
  sustainability and the study of the natural environment.

8) Integrative Semesters that Highlight Environmental Studies

  Environmental Studies is by its nature an interdisciplinary subject. Yet, the way the
  subject is currently taught in Sewanee follows a traditional model: a group of students
  explores one topic under the direction of one faculty member. This model presents
  severe limitations on interdisciplinary learning; fruitful work requires that faculty and
  students from different disciplines be in conversation in order to synthesize their
  knowledge. One way of meeting this goal is through integrative semesters. Students
  enrolling in an integrative semester take four classes that are designed to intersect and
  overlap. Faculty members teach the classes as a team, sharing teaching
  responsibilities and exploring the connections and differences among the disciplines
  represented in the semester.

  During academic year 2009-10, an exploratory group including members of the
  Environmental Studies Steering Committee will examine models of integrative
  semesters at other schools, to draft a plan for how such a project could be applied in
  Sewanee’s curriculum to enhance the way we teach environmental studies, with a
  report due by September 2010.

9) Center for Religion and the Environment

   The Deans of the College and School of Theology, in consultation with the Chaplain,
   will investigate the possibility of a University-level Center for Religion and the
   Environment that would facilitate interaction and coordination among the College of
   Arts and Sciences, the School of Theology, and the Chapel and devise programs in
   which faculty and students could explore the connections between the environment
   and religion, both in study and in practice, from a variety of faith perspectives, with a
   report due in May 2009.

Campus Sustainability
Sewanee has made commendable progress on many fronts in adopting more sustainable
campus operations. From student activities like the Environmental Residents program
and the GreenHouse, to energy conservation, green building design, transportation
improvements, and many others, we have much to show. Just as in the area of
Environmental Studies, we are poised to take campus operations and community living to
a new level of sustainability.

To achieve national distinction will require significant advances in a number of important
areas. We will reduce our carbon emissions through advances in energy efficiency and
much more aggressive energy conservation. We will commit to design and build green
buildings. We will create a long-term plan to achieve carbon neutrality.

We will launch a bold sustainability campaign. We will appoint a Director of
Sustainability to lead the effort. We will establish a sustainability committee with broad
representation to achieve success.

We will expand Sewanee’s Green Corps to include all stakeholders: students, faculty,
staff, administrators, Regents, Trustees, and the larger Sewanee community. We will
establish an ethos of sustainability that is evident to all who come to Sewanee.

We will embrace practices that use materials wisely. We will provide food that is
healthier and that is produced more sustainably.

We will save at least 10 percent of current campus energy use in utility costs
(approximately $280,000 in 2007-08). These savings will help fund the sustainability

Operational Objectives

1) Office of Sustainability
   The University will create an Office of Sustainability and appoint a Director during

2) Implementation:
   During 2008-09, the University will establish a sustainability committee which will
   develop a campus sustainability plan and initiate its implementation.

   Key elements of the Sustainability Master Plan will include:
      a. Phased reduction of carbon emissions and implementation of an energy
          conservation plan.
      b. Steps to engage students, faculty, staff, and administration in this institutional
      c. Standards to encourage green building and home design/construction, for all
          new buildings and major renovations.
      d. Further measures to reduce the negative effects of driving on campus.
      e. Policies concerning acquisition, management, and recycling of materials.
      f. Creation and implementation of policies to establish best practices in food
          production, acquisition, preparation, serving, and disposal.
      g. Determination of best practices with respect to campus ecology.

3) Energy Conservation

   The University will launch an aggressive energy conservation program and give it
   prominent and ongoing support from the highest levels. During 2008-09, we will
   conduct fresh energy audits of all buildings and establish prioritized lists of energy
   conservation measures for each.


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