TBI- mild - Brochure A Guide for Teachers by Sarahsinthekinchin


									    Accommodations                                          For more
Possible accommodations might in-                           information…..
clude, but are not limited to, the follow-

ing:                                                     Wisconsin Department of Public
                                                         Instruction- Traumatic Brain Injury
•   Structure and simplify the
    classroom environment as
                                                         Judy O’Kane, State TBI Consultant
    much as possible (same

    schedule each day, re-                               608-267-3748
    duced clutter, consistent                            www.dpi.wi.gov/sped/tbi.html
    cues, and written classroom rules)

•   Break tasks into component parts; present            CESA 11 Traumatic Brain Injury
    parts in gradually increasing levels of difficulty   Initiative.
•   Allow frequent breaks to avoid cognitive fa-         Therese Canfield, Project Director
    tigue and overload                                   715-986-2020 ext. 2169

                                                                                                              A Guide for Educators
•   Provide a quiet area for rest breaks                 www.cesa11.k12.wi.us/speceduc/TBrainI
•   Tailor assignments and homework (three ten-
    minute assignments achieve more than one
    half-hour assignment)                                Brain Injury Association of
•   Utilize positive reinforcement (rewards)
                                                         Wisconsin, Inc.
•   Provide concise verbal instructions
                                                         21110 W. Capital Drive, Suite 5                      When
                                                         Pewaukee, WI 53072
•   Provide written, as well as verbal directions,
    for tasks
                                                         1-800-882-9282 (In Wisconsin)
                                                         262-790-9660 (Outside Wisconsin)
•   Use visual prompts                                   www.biaw.org
•   Adjust expectations to take into account the                                                               a
    student's physical problems (headaches, fa-
    tigue, medication side effects)
                                                         Brain Injury Association of
•   Prepare the student for and assist                   1608 Spring Hill Road, Suite 110
    with transition activities                           Vienna, Virginia 22182                                               than
•   Have the student use assistive                       703-761-0750
    technology (tape recorders, com-
    puters, alarm watches, organiza-
                                                         www.biausa.org                                                         a
    tional planners, and calculators)                    This brochure is adapted from a brochure devel-
                                                         oped by the Utah Department of Human Ser-
If necessary, conduct an assessment to                   vices. This is in the public domain. Please dupli-
determine eligibility for school-based accommoda-
                                                         cate and distribute widely.
tions provided by Section 504 or refer the student
for an evaluation for Special Education.
What is a mild brain injury?                          Watch for longer-lasting effects of a brain         •   Processes less quickly
• A blow or jolt to the head can result in a trau-    injury that can occur several weeks, or             •   Easily overwhelmed
    matic brain injury (TBI), which can disrupt the   even months, following a bump to the
                                                                                                          •   Difficulty initiating and/or completing a task
    function of the brain. Concussions, also called   head. These effects can occur even if
                                                      symptoms were not observed immediately              •   Difficulty with word retrieval
    "closed head injuries," are types of TBI.
                                                      after the injury:
• The symptoms may be mild, but could affect                                                              Watch for any changes in the student’s be-
    the child's long-term functioning.                Physical changes                                    havior and/or performance since the brain
                                                      •   Fatigued                                        injury and report them to parents.
Where can injuries occur in schools?
                                                      •   Tires more quickly
•   Classrooms and hallways                                                                               Classroom observations
                                                      •   Continuing headache
•   Playgrounds                                                                                           •   Cannot tolerate classroom noise
                                                      •   Dizziness
•   Gym class                                                                                             •   Cannot concentrate
                                                      •   Sensitivity to light and noise
•   Sporting activities                                                                                   •   Exhibits frustration
                                                      •   Decreased endurance
•   Almost anywhere!                                                                                      •   Has difficulty with school routines and/or
                                                      •   Sleep changes (can't sleep, nightmares, etc.)
Immediately following the injury:                     Behavior or personality changes                     •   Easily fatigued
If your student has one or more of these              •   Frustrated                                      •   Excessive tardies and absences
problems after an injury to the head, follow          •   More easily upset or angered                    •   Negative interpersonal interactions
your school's accident reporting procedures           •   Anxious or moody                                •   Failing grades
and notify the child's parents immediately.
                                                      •   Withdrawn or isolated
Symptoms may include:                                 •   Impulsive
• Severe and/or worsening headache                    •   Difficulty following the established routine
• Noise or light sensitivity                          •   Socially inappropriate (disruptive, doesn't
                                                          inhibit comments)
• Concentration or attention problems
• Behavior changes/ irritability                      Cognitive (thinking) changes
• Lethargy                                            •   Easily distractible
• Vision problems                                     •   Trouble paying attention and staying on task
• No memory of the impact or what happened            •   Memory difficulties-trouble learning new in-
   immediately before the incident                        formation
                                                                                                          Regional Traumatic Brain Injury consultants are
• Clumsiness, coordination problems                   •   Unable to organize information-may get lost,
                                                                                                          available to assist school teams and parents by
                                                          confused, or miss instructions
• Dizziness or confusion                                                                                  providing information and resources for students
                                                      •   Problems with judgment, problem solving         with identified Traumatic Brain Injury. A list of
• Vomiting
                                                          and/or considering others' ideas                these contacts is available at:
• Blood or clear fluid from nose or ears              •   Takes longer to understand information          http://www.cesa11.k12.wi.us/speceduc/T
•   Seizures or convulsions                                                                               BrainInjury.cfm

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