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The Civil Rights Movement

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					The Civil Rights
  Movement:
Chapter 37-38 Review
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
 Truman ends segregation in armed forces
  1948
 Congress refuses to pass civil rights
  legislation
 Jim Crow still ruled the South
 Decision of civil rights left up to the
  Supreme Court head by Chief Justice Earl
  Warren
Brown v.
Board of Education
 1954
    Montgomery Bus Boycott
 Began w/ Rosa Parks
 Lasted 1 year
 Gave rise to 27year old Rev. Martin Luther
  King
Rosa Parks
1955
Death of Emmett Till
             His death caused a
              serge in the Civil
              Rights Movement
             Showed the brutality
              of southern violence
              towards African-
              Americans
              created outrage
              across the nation
Emmett Till
           Little Rock Nine
 September 1957- Central High School was
  to enroll 9 black students
 Gov. Orval Faubus of Arkansas mobilized
  the National Guard to keep the students
  from entering
 President Eisenhower sent in troops to
  escort children to their classes (1st time
  her act on behalf of civil rights)
          Civil Rights Act 1957
        passed under Eisenhower
   Set up a civil rights commission to
    investigate violations of civil rights and
    authorized federal gov. to protect voting
    rights
       Martin Luther King Jr.
 Formed the Southern Christian Leadership
  Conference 1957
 Mobilized black churches to work towards
  black rights
 Believed in peaceful demonstrations
 1st phase of Civil Rights Movement
“Sit-In”
Student Non-violent Coordination
      Committee (“snick”)
Freedom Ride
1961
Robert Kennedy
         President Kennedy
 Campaigned on civil rights legislation
 June 11, 1953 Kennedy calls civil rights
  issue a “moral issue” & commits to finding
  a solution
 Calls for new civil rights legislation
 MLK “March on Washington”
      Kennedy Assassination
 Kennedy unable to pass Civil Rights
  Legislation due to southern democrats
 After assassination Lyndon B. Johnson
  continues the fight for Civil Rights
 Civil Rights Act of 1964- banned
  discrimination based on sex, race, religion
 Voting Rights Acts of 1965- eliminated
  literacy tests in the South
 Watts,
  Los
Angeles
             Black Power
 2nd phase of Civil Rights movement
 Civil Rights movement changes from non-
  violence protests of MLK to use of force
  tactics of Malcolm X
 Nation of Islam
 Elijah Muhammad
1965
            Black Muslims
 Nation of Islam (Black Muslims)
 Belief that Blacks should separate from
  white society as whites caused their
  condition
 Malcolm X was a follower believed in
  armed self defense
           Black Panthers
 Began in Oakland, Ca.
 Led by Stokely Carmichael
 “Black Power”
April 4, 1968- MLK Assassination
        June 5,1968
Robert Kennedy Assassination
2009

				
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