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					                                      PREFACE


                      SOLARIS (Opearting System)
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems. It superseded
their earlier SunOS in 1993. Oracle Solaris, as it is now known, has been owned by Oracle
Corporation since Oracle's acquisition of Sun in January 2010.

Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, and for originating many
innovative features such as DTrace, ZFS and Time Slider. Solaris supports SPARC-based
and x86-based workstations and servers from Sun and other vendors, with efforts underway
to port to additional platforms. Solaris is registered as compliant with the Single Unix
Specification.

Solaris was historically developed as proprietary software, then in June 2005 Sun
Microsystems released most of the codebase under theCDDL license, and founded
the OpenSolaris open source project.[5] With OpenSolaris Sun wanted to build a developer
and user community around the software. After the acquisition of Sun Microsystems in
January 2010, Oracle decided to discontinue the OpenSolaris distribution and the
development       model. As      a      result,   the    OpenSolaris     community forked as
the OpenIndiana project,[8] a part of the IllumosFoundation. August 2010, Oracle discontinued
providing public updates to the source code of the Solaris Kernel, effectively turning Solaris
11 into a closed source proprietary operating system. However, through the Oracle
Technology Network (OTN), industry partners can still gain access to the in-development
Solaris source code. On September 4, 1991, Sun announced that it would replace its existing
BSD-derived Unix, SunOS 4, with one based on SVR4. This was identified internally
as SunOS 5, but a new marketing name was introduced at the same time: Solaris 2. While
SunOS 4.1.x micro releases were retroactively named Solaris 1 by Sun, the Solaris name is
almost exclusively used to refer to the SVR4-derived SunOS 5.0 and later.
OS server
A system that provides services to systems on a network. To serve diskless
clients, an OS server must have disk space set aside for each diskless                                      Table of Contents
client's root (/) file system and swap space (/export/root, /export/swap).


Root
The top level of a hierarchy of items. Root is the one item from which all                   Preface ……………………………………………………..……….....                        i
other items are descended. See root directory or root (/) file system.


Root directory
The top-level directory from which all other directories stem.
                                                                                    1. Installing With the Solaris Installation Program ………………………..…..     1

Solaris DVD or CD images                                                            2. Insert the Solaris Operating System for SPARC Platforms ………………...   2
The Solaris software that is installed on a system, which you can access on
                                                                                      2.1 Boot the system ………………………………………………….………....                      2
the Solaris DVDs or CDs or an install server's hard disk to which you have
copied the Solaris DVD or CD images.                                                3. Start the Solaris installation program…………………………………………..            3

Solaris installation program                                                          3.1 Select the language ………………………………………………………...                     3
A graphical user interface (GUI) or command-line interface (CLI) installation       4. Specify the media you are using to install. …………………………………....       5
program that uses wizard panels to guide you step-by-step through installing
the Solaris software and third-party software.                                        4.1 Accept the license agreement ……………………….…………………….                 5

                                                                                    5. Select the type of installation …………….…………………………………......           6
Subnet mask
A bit mask that is used to select bits from an Internet address for subnet
addressing. The mask is 32 bits long and selects the network portion of the
Internet address and 1 or more bits of the local portion.                                    Commands ……………………………………………………………..                            8

                                                                                             Glossary …………………………………………………….………..                           10
System configuration file
(system.conf) A text file in which you specify the locations of the sysidcfg file
and the custom Jumpstart files you want to use in a WAN boot installation.


URL
(Uniform Resource Locator) The addressing system used by the server and
the client to request documents. A URL is often called a location. The format
of a URL is protocol://machine:port/document.
                                       Glossary

Archive
A file that contains a collection of files that were copied from a master system. The file also
contains identification information about the archive, such as a name and the date that you
created the archive. After you install an archive on a system, the system contains the exact
configuration of the master system.


Core Software Group


A software group that contains the minimum software that is required to boot and run the
Solaris OS on a system. Core includes some networking software and the drivers that are
required to run the Common Desktop Environment (CDE) desktop. Core does not include the
CDE software.


Developer Solaris Software Group


A software group that contains the End User Solaris Software Group plus the libraries,
include files, man pages, and programming tools for developing software.


Install server


A server that provides the Solaris DVD or CD images from which other systems on a network
can install Solaris (also called a media server). You can create an install server by copying
the Solaris DVD or CD images to the server's hard disk.


Non-global zone


A virtualized operating system environment created within a single instance of the Solaris
Operating System. One or more applications can run in a non-global zone without interacting
with the rest of the system. Non-global zones are also called zones. See also Solaris Zones
and global zone.
subject in section number #                                         1. Installing With the Solaris Installation Program
man -s# Intro Show introductory man page for
section #
essages to people around the world.                                 BEFORE YOU BEGIN Perform the following tasks before you begin your installation.
                                                                      - Ensure that you have the following media.
                                                                              - For a DVD installation, the Solaris Operating System for SPARC Platforms DVD
File Hierarchy
                                                                              - For a CD installation:
cd dir1 —- Change to directory dir1
                                                                                         - Solaris Software CDs.
ls —- List files in directory
                                                                                         - Solaris Languages for SPARC Platforms CD
ls -l —- List files in detail
mkdir dir1 —- Create new directory dir1
                                                                              Note – If you want to upgrade a system that has non-global zones installed, you
rmdir dir1 —- Remove directory dir1
                                                                    cannot
cp f1 f2 —- Copy file f1 to f2
                                                                              use the Solaris Software CDs. You must use the Solaris Operating.
mv dir1 dir2 —- Rename directory dir1 as dir2
rm filename Delete —- (remove) file filename
ln file1 name —- Create a hard link to file1 called name                      - Verify that your system meets the minimum requirements.
ln -s file1 name —- Create a soft link to file1 called name                     Your system should meet the following requirements.
pwd —- Show path to current directory                                                    - Memory – 128Mbytes or greater
                                                                                         - Disk space – 6.8Gbytes or greater
File types and Listing                                                                   - Processor speed – 200 MHz or greater
file filename —- Classify the file                                                       For detailed information about system requirements, see “System
strings filename —- Show any ASCII strings in a file                Requirements and
cat filename —- Display contents of file to STDOUT                                       Recommendations” on page 9.
more filename —- Display contents of file one screenful at a time             - Gather the information you need to install the Solaris OS.
head filename Display first 10 lines of file                                             - For a nonnetworked system, gather the following information.
head -n filename —- Display first n lines of file                                                    - Host name of the system that you are installing
tail filename —- Display last 10 lines of file                                                       - Language and locales that you intend to use on the system
tail -n filename —- Display last n lines of file                                         - For a networked system, gather the following information.
tail -f filename —- Recursively display last 10 lines of file
cut —- Extract character or fields from text
wc filename —- Count lines, words and characters in file
diff f1 f2—- Find differences between two files
diff3 f1 f2 f3 —- Find differences between 3 files
sort filename —- Sort file alphabetically by first letter
uniq —- Report or filter out repeated line


                                                                                                                   1
                                                    8
Note – Starting with the Solaris 10 11/06 release, you have the option during an initial             If you are prompted, answer any additional configuration questions.
          installation to change the network security settings so that all network services,
                                                                                                        When you have provided the information that is required to install the system, the Ready to
except Secure
                                                                                                     Install
            Shell, are disabled or restricted to respond to local requests only. This security
option is only                                                                                       screen is displayed.
             available during an initial installation, not during an upgrade. An upgrade maintains
any
          previously set services. If necessary, you can restrict network services after an
upgrade by
             using the netservices command. See “Planning Network Security” in Solaris 10
11/06
             Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade.
             The network services can be enabled after installation by using the netservices
open or by
           enabling individual services by using SMF commands. See “Revising Security
Settings After
             Installation” in Solaris 10 11/06 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and
                                                                                                      Click InstallNowto install the Solaris software. Follow the instructions on the screen to
Upgrade.
                                                                                                     install the Solaris software.
             - Host name of the system that you are installing
                                                                                                        When the Solaris installation program finishes installing the Solaris software, the system
             - Language and locales that you intend to use on the system                             reboots Automatically or prompts you to reboot manually. If you are installing additional
             - Host IP address                                                                       products, you are prompted to insert the DVD or CD for those products. For installation
             - Subnet mask                                                                           procedures, refer to the appropriate installation documentation.
             - Type of naming service (for example, DNS, NIS, or NIS+)                                 After the installation is finished, installation logs are saved in a file. You can find the
             - Domain name                                                                           installation logs in the /var/sadm/system/logs and /var/sadm/install/logs directories.
             - Host name of the name server
             - Host IP address of the name server                                                    - If you are performing an initial installation, the installation is complete.
             - Root password                                                                           - If you are upgrading the Solaris software, you might need to correct some local
2. Insert the Solaris Operating System for SPARC Platforms DVD or Solaris Software                   modifications that were not preserved.
for SPARC Platforms                                                                                  a. Review the contents of the /a/var/sadm/system/data/upgrade_cleanup file to determine
- 1 CD.                                                                                                       whether you need to correct local modifications that the Solaris installation
                                                                                                     program could
 2.1 Boot the system.
                                                                                                     not preserve.
    If the system is new, out-of-the-box, turn on the system.
                                                                                                     b. Correct any local modifications that were not preserved.
    If you want to install a system that is currently running, shut down the system.
    The ok prompt is displayed.




2                                                                                                                                                                                                    7
Decide if you want to perform an initial installation or an upgrade. Click Next.
    If you are upgrading a system that has non-global zones installed, follow these steps.       3. Start the Solaris installation program.
 a. When you are prompted to select initial installation or upgrade, choose Upgrade.                - To boot from the local DVD or CD and start the Solaris installation GUI in a desktop
Click Next.                                                                                      session, type
 b. If your system has multiple root (/) partitions, select the partition that you want to             the following command.
upgrade on                                                                                          ok boot cdro
    Select Version to Upgrade panel.
  The Solaris installation program displays a message that indicates that you cannot                   - Toboot from the local DVD or CD and start the text installer in a desktop session, type
customize                                                                                        the
  your upgrade. The Solaris installation program analyzes your system to determine if the               following command.
system
                                                                                                        ok boot cdrom - text
    can be upgraded. The Ready to Upgrade panel is displayed.
                                                                                                        text Specifies to run the text installer in a desktop session. Use this option to override
  If your system has only one root partition, the Solaris installation program does not prompt   the
you
                                                                                                        default GUI installer.
    to select a partition to upgrade. The partition is automatically selected.
                                                                                                       For detailed information about the Solaris installation GUI and text installer, see “Solaris
 c. If you want to continue the upgrade, click InstallNowon the Ready to Upgrade                 Installation
panel.
                                                                                                        Program GUI or Text Installer Requirements” on page 10.
  The Solaris installation program begins to upgrade your system. After the upgrade is
                                                                                                      The installation begins. The installation program prompts you to select a language to
completed,
                                                                                                 use during the
    you might need to correct some local modifications that were not preserved. For more
                                                                                                        installation.
    information, go to Step a in Step 12.
                                                                                                  3.1 Select the language you want to use during the installation, and press Enter.
    If you do not want to continue the upgrade, click Back to perform an initial installation.
                                                                                                       After a few seconds, the Solaris Installation Program Welcome screen appears.
5. Select the type of installation you want to perform. Click Next.
    Select Default Install to install the Entire Solaris Software Group.
    Select Custom Install if you want to perform the following tasks.
     Install a specific software group
     Install additional software
     Install specific software packages
Note – The text installer does not prompt you to select a Default or Custom Installation. To
perform a
   default installation, accept the default values that are provided in the text installer. To
perform a
     custom installation, edit the values in the text installer screens.

                                                                                                 Solaris GUI Installation Program Welcome Screen




6                                                                                                                                                                                                   3
                                                                                                    You can safely select “No” as any services can be enabled after installation. For further
                                                                                                    information about these options, see “Planning Network Security” in Solaris 10 11/06
                                                                                                     Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade.
                                                                                                      The network services can be enabled after installation by using the netservices open
                                                                                                    command or by enabling individual services by using SMF commands. See “Revising
                                                                                                    Security Settings After Installation” in Solaris 10 11/06 Installation Guide: Planning for
                                                                                                    Installation and Upgrade.




Solaris Text InstallerWelcome Screen
Click Next to begin the installation. If you are prompted, answer the system
configuration questions.
 - If you preconfigured all of the system information, the installation program does not prompt
you
 to enter any configuration information. See Chapter 2, “Preconfiguring System
Configuration
    Information (Tasks),” in Solaris 10 11/06 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations for
    more information.
 - If you did not preconfigure all the system information, the installation program prompts you     Decide if you want to reboot the system automatically and if you want to automatically
for                                                                                                 eject the disc.
  this information on several screens. Use the “Checklist for Installation” on page 15 to help       Click Next.
you                                                                                                  The Specify Media screen appears.
    answer the configuration questions.                                                             4. Specify the media you are using to install. Click Next.
                                                                                                     The License panel appears.
- One configuration question asks you whether you want to enable network services for use
by                                                                                                   4.1 Accept the license agreement to continue the installation. Click Next.
  remote clients. The default response is “Yes, I would like to enable network services for use       The Solaris installation program then determines if the system can be upgraded. To
by                                                                                                  upgrade, the system must have an existing Solaris root (/) file system. The Solaris installation
    Remote clients.”                                                                                program detects the necessary conditions and then upgrades the system.
 Selecting “No” provides a more secure configuration in which Secure Shell is the only
network
  service provided to remote clients. Selecting “Yes” enables a larger set of services as in
previous
    Solaris releases.




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