Syed, Zach and Brandon
What is gerd?
(GERD) is a condition
in which food or liquid
from the stomach to
This action can irritate
What are the symptoms?
Cough or wheezing
Hoarseness or change in voice
Nausea and vomiting
Regurgitation of food
What cause Gerd?
Gastro esophageal reflux is a common
condition that often occurs without
symptoms after meals
It is often related to a problem with the
lower esophageal sphincter
If this sphincter doesn't close properly, food
and liquid can move backward into the
esophagus and may cause the symptoms.
What are the treatments?
The five classes of drugs that are most
commonly recommended for the treatment of
Antacids - use different combinations of three
basic salts -- magnesium, calcium, and
aluminum -- with hydroxide or bicarbonate ions
to neutralize the acid in your stomach.
Foaming agents - work by covering
your stomach contents with foam to prevent
-These drugs may help those who have no
damage to the esophagus.
H2 blockers- These lower the level of acid
produced by your stomach.
These drugs reduce the amount of acid that your
PPIs are effective at both relieving heartburn
symptoms and healing the damage that GERD does
to the esophagus.
Help the lower esophageal sphincter close off more
than it did before (acid). This can prevent stomach
juices from moving back up into the esophagus.